Requirements For The Safe Use And Operation Of Machines

Original Language Title: požadavky na bezpečný provoz a používání strojů

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378/2001 Sb.


of 12 October. September 2001,

laying down more detailed requirements for the safe operation and use of

machines, technical equipment, instruments and tools

The Government ordered pursuant to section 134a para. 2 of Act No. 65/1965 Coll., code

work, as amended by Act No. 155/2000 Coll.:

§ 1

This Regulation shall apply, in accordance with the law of the European

the community, "^ 1") on the safe use and operation of machines, technical

equipment, instruments and tools (hereinafter referred to as "equipment"), if the requirements for

safety of operation and use of the device does not provide a specific legal

prescription else. ^ 2)

§ 2

For the purposes of this regulation, means a

and by using the device) activity associated with running, in particular

the stopping, transport, repair, adjustment, manipulation, alteration,

maintenance and cleaning for the entire period of its operation,

(b)) danger zone space inside or outside of the device on which it is

the employee is exposed to the risk of health hazards,

c) protective devices, electrical, electronic, mechanical, or other

a similar device used to security and the protection of life and health


d) attended an employee who uses a device, and it is to this activity


e) accompanying documentation file of documents containing the manufacturer's instructions for

mounting, handling, repair, maintenance, default and subsequent regular

the control and inspection equipment, as well as guidelines for possible replacement or

a change of equipment parts,

f) operating documentation file of documents containing the accompanying

documentation, the last record or extraordinary revision or inspection,

If provided for by a special law, or if such a legal

a prescription is not issued, if so provided by the accompanying documents or

the employer,

g) local operational safety regulation regulation of the employer

including in particular the working procedures for the application of technology

equipment and the rules of movement of equipment and employees in the areas and on the

the workplace of the employer,

h) significantly above reference the value of a specific technical requirement contained in the

Czech technical standard.

§ 3

(1) the minimum requirements for the safe operation and use of the equipment in the

Depending on the particular risk created by the device are

and use of equipment for the purpose) and under the conditions for which it is intended, in the

accordance with the operating documentation; the employer may impose additional

safety requirements for local operational safety regulation, and

at least to the extent that significantly above reference value,

(b) the employer provided for safe access) to your device and

sufficient clearance in view of the technological process and

Organization of work, to allow safe use of the equipment,

(c)) feeding or draining of all forms of energy and substances used or

produced, in a safe way,

d) equipment barrier or protective devices or adoption

measures where there is a risk of contact or capture the employee

moving parts of work equipment or falling of the load,

(e) the assembling and dismantling the device) under safe conditions, in accordance with the

instructions supplied by the manufacturer, ^ 3) or, if not available, manufacturer's instructions

the instructions laid down by the employer,

(f) the protection of workers against dangerous) contact with the device under voltage

and before the phenomena caused by the effects of electricity,

(g)) the protection device, which may be exposed to atmospheric

electricity, in particular, the lightning,

h) location of controls that affect the safe operation of equipment

outside of hazardous areas, safe operation, and even if their

faults or damage, good visibility, recognition and at specified

cases appropriate labelling; If they can't be the controls from the

for technical reasons, located outside of hazardous areas, must not be

control the source of danger, even as a result of the accidental Act,

even the startup device only) an intentional act of the operator using the controls,

that is intended for that purpose,

l) facilities for the full safety stop control; in a time when the

the device is not in use, turn it off, and in specific cases, its

disconnect from power sources and security,

to control) the equipment for the emergency stop, which blocks the boot

controls where necessary; at the same time stopping the device

or its dangerous parts must turn off energy intakes to

drives, except if there was a threat to the life or

employee health,

l) equipment clearly identifiable devices for its

isolate it from all energy sources; the subsequent connection of the device to

sources of energy must not constitute a risk for employees,

m) the equipment of the workplace, where the device control to stop

any or all of the device depending on the type of risk,

n) fastening, anchoring or securing devices, or parts of it in an appropriate

in a way, if it is necessary for the safe operation and use,

about the neohrožování employee risk factors), such as noise,

vibration or temperature, which is developing the device,

p) if necessary, designation of the warning or information signs,

notices, markings or signalling, which are understandable, they have

the unique character and must not be harmed to the normal operation of the device,


r) equipment, suitable protective devices and security against threats

life and health damage to protect employees in particular

1. prior to falling or ejected objects, odlétajícími released

from the device,

2. from the risk of fire or explosion, followed by a fire or the effects of the

explosive mixtures of substances produced, used or stored in

the device,

3. against the dangers resulting from the discharge or leakage of gas, liquid

or solid emissions,

4. before possible damage to health caused by the capture of the employee or

destruction of the moving parts of the device.

(2) the Repair, adjustment, adjustment, maintenance and cleaning of the equipment shall be carried out,

only when the device is disconnected from the energy supplies; If this is not technically

possible, with appropriate safeguards.

(3) the operator must be able to ensure that the hazardous

There is no employee spaces; If this requirement cannot be

meet the safety system before starting or stopping

the device must emit a sound or even a visible warning signal to

employees shall mean, in the danger zones always have enough time

a dangerous area to leave.

(4) Protective devices

and) must have a fixed damage-resistant construction,

(b)) must be located at a safe distance from the danger zone,

(c)) shall not prevent the installation, repair, maintenance, servicing, handling and

cleaning; employee access must be limited to the part of the device,

where the activity takes place, and as far as possible without removing the protective

the device,

(d)) may not be easily removable or rendered inoperative,

(e)) must not obstruct views of the operation of the plant more than is strictly


f) must meet additional technical requirements for blocking or protection

established by specific legislation, or significantly above reference value,

do not arise if the other requirements of a specific legislation.

(5) additional requirements for the safe operation and use of

and lifting equipment) and employees are listed in the annex.

1 to this regulation,

(b)) and lift device movement of suspended loads are listed

in annex 2 to this regulation,

(c) mobile devices) are listed in annex 3 to this regulation,

d) devices transport costs are provided in annex 4 to

of this regulation,

e) stable storage of bulk materials are listed in the annex

No. 5 to this regulation.

§ 4

(1) check the safety device before commissioning is

carried out in accordance with the accompanying documentation of the manufacturer. Where the manufacturer is not known or

If there is no accompanying documentation available, provides a range of controls

local operational safety equipment the employer provision.

(2) the device must be equipped with the operating documentation. Follow-up

must be performed at least once every 12 months to the extent

local operational safety regulation, unless otherwise provided by a specific legal

prescription, or accompanying documents or standard values and range

the frequency of subsequent inspections or else. ^ 4)

(3) the operational documentation must be kept throughout the operation


§ 5

This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 January 2000. January 1, 2003.

Prime Minister:

Ing. Zeman v.r.

1. the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of labour and Social Affairs:

PhDr. In r.

Č. 1

Additional requirements for the safe operation and use of the equipment for the lifting

loads and staff

Other requirements for the safe operation and use of the equipment for the lifting

loads and staff are

1. strength and stability during use with regard to the size and weight of the

zdvihaných loads and stresses resulting from anchoring or provided by

points structure; for mobile devices, its stability with regard to

conditions of use envisaged and the substrate, after which the


2. Prevent potential interceptions, crushing or ramming


3. Prevent the device or its parts or a dangerous drift.

4. Prevention of accidental release of work equipment or its parts.

5. The designation of the rated capacity and, where necessary, as well as the nominal

load capacity for each work position of the device.

6. the labelling of slings for lifting, so that it was possible to determine the

the characteristics essential for safe use.

7. Measures to ensure that employees were under a suspended load,

unless otherwise required by the special conditions of work laid down by the local production

safety regulation, and that the burden of nepřepravovalo above

unprotected work, and if this is not possible, to ensure the

the safety of employees.

8. the choice of lifting slings with regard to manipulated the burden,

gripper and binding sites, and weather conditions, depending on the

a method and arrangement of the slings.

9. storage of suspension of funds so as to avoid confusion

or damage.

10. A clear indication of temporarily installed equipment that the operator can

determine its characteristics and ensure its safe

the use of.

11. Clear and appropriate marking of the equipment that is not designed for lifting

employees by prohibiting the lifting of persons.

The specific requirements for use of the device for safe lifting

the employees are

1. Prevent staff and equipment; If you cannot avoid falling

the cab, the use of shackles is increased by a factor of strength and

carrying out their checks every day, when the device is in use.

2. Avoid any interceptions, crushing or ramming


3. Avoid compromising staff in the booth in case of failure of the drive and

enable their evacuation or easy recovery.

4. The use of equipment for lifting loads in exceptional cases

for lifting workers is only possible provided that they are taken

appropriate measures to ensure their safety; the operator on the control

unit must have the possibility of reliable resources to communicate with

zdvihanými employees, and in the event of danger, it must be available

reliable resources for any evacuation or rescue zdvihaných


5. To stop operation of the equipment installed in the outdoor space,

If weather conditions deteriorate so much that they threaten the safe

the use of the device or the safety and health of workers and to limit

other risks arising from this situation for operators and employees.

Č. 2

Additional requirements for the safe operation and use of the equipment for lifting and

movement of suspended loads

Other requirements for the safe operation and use of the equipment for the lifting

and the movement of suspended loads are

1. choice, control and performance of all operations, so that the

ensure safety and health of workers.

2. protection to prevent folding, roll-over, slide, or slipping

the burden; regular inspection and maintenance of equipment.

3. Measures taken to prevent collisions of the load or the parts of the installation with the surrounding

objects or to employees who are found in its handling

the area, in the event that the operator cannot track the path of zdvihaného and

přemisťovaného the burden throughout its motion.

4. the method of binding or odvazování the burden of eligible employee is always in

coordination and full cooperation with the operator lifting devices

It controls.

5. Ensure mutual coordination of handlers, if the load zdvihána or

Exchange of two or more devices.

6. Avoid colliding with the equipment or parts thereof, or a collision with a

loads, if two or more devices are so placed that their

handling areas overlap.

7. implementation of the supervision of a suspended load employee responsible for

the employer, if it is not preventing access to the danger zone and

If it is not the burden of proof in case of failure of the actuator mounted.

8. protection of employees under partial or total failure of the actuator and

the risk of falling of the load.

9. To stop operation of the equipment installed in the outdoor space,

If weather conditions deteriorate so much that they threaten the safe

the use of the device or the safety and health of workers; the adoption of the

appropriate measures to prevent spontaneous movement of equipment or

the roll-over of the equipment.

Č. 3

Additional requirements for the safe operation and use of the mobile device

Other requirements for the safe operation and use of the mobile device


1. equipment equipment operator appropriate to limit protection

risk of damage to health that can arise as a result of capture

employee travel to parts of the device.

2. equipment of the power unit to guard against damage

cases of accidental seizing, deadlock or snagged accessories or

additional or towed equipment; If the seizing, deadlock or snagged

cannot be prevented, it is necessary to take all available measures.

3. Ensure the working condition of drive units if their

pollution or damage.

4. security equipment operator before reversing the operation

under normal conditions, and this protective device, to ensure that the

mobile device at more than a quarter of the maximum tilt,

or structures that will ensure sufficient space around operators, even if the

tilt will be larger than a quarter of the maximum tilt, or other

technical measures having the same effect; protective structures are not

necessary, if the device is kept during the activity or if the

its design makes it impossible to roll over; There is a risk

crushing roll-over device the operator can only be used for such

the device, which is fitted with a restraint system, such as security


5. handling the wheelchair lift Equipment (hereinafter referred to as "the trolley") device

to reduce the risk of tipping over, such as

and protection structure for the operator),

(b)) overturning the wheelchair construction,

(c) to ensure the construction of roll-over) the operator sufficient safe

the space between the truck, terrain or floor

d) restraint system, to ensure the securing of the operator to the seat to

It has not been crushing roll cart.

6. requirements for mobile devices that may endanger employees in

close to it, are

and security before running) by unauthorized employees,

(b)) equipment equipment that minimizes the consequences of the collision when the

on the guiding device more units,

(c) means of braking equipment) and stop; If required by the

the safety of employees, equipment, emergency brake is easily accessible

control or automatic systems in case a failure occurs

the main facility,

(d)) the addition of a system to improve the visibility, if there is no field of vision

the operator sufficient,

e) equipment, appropriate lighting so that operating at night or in the environment

with reduced visibility enabled the safe use,

f) equipment with necessary quantity of suitable types of fire techniques,

factual resources of fire protection or fire-safety

equipment; This does not apply if these are located within easy reach of mobile

work equipment,

g) protection against damage to the remote controls, automatic stop

the device, if the mobile device with self propelled goes out

the reach of the remote controls, or in its handling of space experience


7. the towed Equipment, towed, or in the case of the Spanish device

transport workers suitable protective equipment; Customizing

the speed, if the device carries out his work during the campaign,

towing or carry.

8. The prohibition of the use of equipment with a combustion engine without catalytic converter in

closed spaces and workplaces of the employer.

Č. 4

Additional requirements for the safe operation and use of the device for continuous

the carriage of goods

Other requirements for the safe operation and use of the device for continuous

transport costs are

1. Ensure the safe access to all operating platforms or

odpočívadlům and their safe conduct.

2. protection of the holes closed parts of the device that allows access to the

the moving parts of the lockable or blocked protective


3. measures against accidental bulk spadávání bulk

or the fall of the individual loads transported above unprotected workplaces

or communications.

4. Mutual blocking the Central and the local control device.

5. the processing of local production safety rules, in which

the employer shall be

and employees authorised to use) and for the keeping of

books on the use of equipment and the number of operating hours,

(b)) the terms, scope and method of carrying out inspections of equipment,

(c) the procedure for the application of the) technological equipment, including acts and

activities which are prohibited,

d) measures to ensure occupational safety in harmful environment

detect the presence of dangerous substances and to protect against static static


Č. 5

Additional requirements for the safe operation and use of stable storage

equipment bulk materials

Other requirements for the safe operation and use of stable

storage of bulk materials (hereinafter referred to as "storage device"),

which devices are stable or 3-d designs

storage of bulk material, which is more than 3 m3 and in which it can be

stored bulk material with a height of more than 1.5 m,

1. Prevent access to a dangerous area in which could be

to capture employees.

2. protection against falling, odlétajícími or rozprašovanými bulk

fuel and prevent intrusion into the storage


3. protection against dangerous effects of static electricity.

4. To prevent fire or explosion followed by a fire in case

the possible risk of the accumulation of gaseous or solid emissions or their

mixtures in explosive concentrations.

5. determination of the size and shapes of openings with protective devices

taking into account the dangerous area and having regard to the characteristics,

the structure and the quantity of stored bulk materials and on the possibility of forfeiture

employees in the storage facility.

6. Security at the entrances and openings in closed hazardous area against

unwanted or inadvertent entry of workers falling; the protection of the

inputs to the open storage facility, where the possibility of the Standing

access to the top of the opening, from falling inside the storage facility

fixed Rails with upper handrail at a height of 1.1 m.

7. Ensure reliable tightness to be poured into the openings and their closures

to match the properties of the stored bulk material, bulk of the

permissible pressure or vacuum and in order to avoid accidental


8. Secure the installed protective devices against

the release; locking detachable parts key or other tool.

9. the establishment of platforms and access bridges for the operator of a width of 0, 5


10. equipment effective protective devices to limit the harmful

the concentration of pollutants.

11. The adoption of security measures to prevent the creation of the vaults,

funnels, the cornices of the stored materials or sticking to the walls of the

storage facility, to prevent the potting of the bulk material stored in the

around the filling holes of the storage devices that are located below the

the ground or floor above the height of 1.5 m from the ground level or

the floor.

12. Ensure the lighting, including emergency lighting, in handling

area where he resides, the operator and the employees.

13. the processing of local production safety rules, in which

the employer shall be

and employees authorised to use) a storage facility and to conduct

the records containing the terms of maintenance, the scope and the way it


(b) entry to) the arrangements for the storage of equipment, in particular, the technological

procedure, the signaling method for ensuring against unwanted startup,

Security employees and their security at the entrance to the storage

device with at least two other employees via a tension lock

the rope and the supervision,

c) measures to ensure occupational safety in harmful environment

detect the presence of dangerous substances and to protect against static static


(d)) way to ensure the entry holes into sealed storage

the device,

(e) technological procedure for operators), if there is a break


f) terms and scope of the checks the properties of the stored bulk materials from

aspects of possible spontaneous combustion or explosion,

g) prohibited acts and activities, in particular the input drain hole if

There is no storage facility empty, entering the stored material,

control in the storage facility of the loading area of the transport

the resource and the presence on its platform for the entire period of performance or


1) Council Directive 89/655/EEC on minimum requirements for the safety and

health of workers at work equipment at používávání

work (second individual Directive within the meaning of article 16 (1) of Directive

89/391/EEC), as amended by Council Directive 95/63/EC.

2) for example, Act No. 61/1988 Coll. on mining activities, explosives and

the State Mining Administration, as amended by Act No. 425/1990 Coll., Act No.

542/1991 Coll., Act No. 171/1993 Coll., Act No. 128/1999 Coll., Act No.

71/2000 Coll. and Act No. 121/2000 Coll., Act No. 266/1994 Coll., on rail,

as amended by Act No. 189/1999 Coll., Act No. 23/2000 Coll., Act No.

71/2000 Coll. and Act No. 132/2000 Sb.

3) Act No. 102/2001 Coll., on the General safety of products and amending

Some laws (law on general product safety).

4) for example, Decree No. 18/1979 Sb, which specify the dedicated

pressure equipment and lays down certain conditions to ensure that they

security, as amended by Decree No. 97/1982 Coll., Decree No. 550/1990 Coll.

and Government Regulation No. 352/2000 Coll., Decree No. 19/1979 Coll., which

specify the dedicated lifting equipment and lays down certain conditions to

ensure their safety, as amended by Decree No. 550/1990 Coll. and

Government Regulation No. 352/2000 Sb.

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