from day 4. October 2005
on sanitary requirements for premises and operation of the facilities and establishments
for the upbringing and education of children and adolescents
The Ministry of health, in agreement with the Ministry of education, youth and
sports and the Ministry of labour and Social Affairs provides under section 108
paragraph. 2 Act No. 258/2000 Coll., on the protection of public health and amending
some related laws, as amended by Act No. 320/2002 Coll., Act
No. 274/2003 Coll. and Act No. 362/2003 Coll. (hereinafter the "Act") to
the implementation of § 7 para. 1 of the Act:
(1) this Decree lays down the health requirements for spatial conditions,
equipment, traffic, lighting, heating, climatic conditions,
water supply and cleaning of kindergartens, primary and secondary schools,
conservatories, colleges, elementary art schools and
language schools with the State language law the test ^ 1) and school
device ^ 1) included in the register of schools and school facilities with ^ 1)
except for the further training of teaching staff,
educational consultancy and school feeding, and
social educational activities and facilities for children in need
immediate assistance ^ 2) (hereinafter referred to as "education and training"). This
the Decree also applies to trade custody of a child up to 3 years
age in day mode and trades extracurricular education ^ 3),
If the business is operated on the premises (the "premises for
upbringing and education ").
(2) the requirements for the workplace of the on-the-job training of pupils of secondary schools,
that takes place in schools and educational establishments, and on
workplaces, natural or legal persons, that have permission to
activities related to the scope of education and concluded with the school
agreement on the content, scope and conditions for the on-the-job training, provides
a special law ^ 4).
Interpretation of the terms
For the purposes of this Decree:
and the child of preschool age) a natural person who has not opened the filling
(b)) a pupil of an individual who has initiated a compulsory school attendance and
participates in the educational process in facilities for education and training,
c) disabilities mental, physical, Visual or hearing
disability, speech defect, concurrent involvement more faults, autism,
developmental disorders of learning or behavior,
d) long-term residents stay indoors or functionally
defined part, which takes in the course of one day 4 hours or more and
repeats during continuous use of buildings more than once a week; for
long-term residence and regular alternation of short stay
in different indoor spaces so that the total duration of stay in one has
e) short-term residents stay in the room during one day for
less than 4 hours,
f) directly větratelnými spaces spaces naturally ventilated (vented out of
the outer area of the building fresh air) or forced ventilated
g) display device that alters the electronic information on
optical and is intended for Visual communication with man,
h) Visual task of Visual activity required to work, or a place with
Visual elements of work to be performed,
I) place the optic of the task instead, where is the subject of the Visual
j) significantly above reference value or normovým specific technical requirement
the request contained in the respective Czech technical standard CSN, which
compliance with specific provisions shall be deemed to meet the established
(1) the city land area for education and training and
establishments for the education and training designed for stay and game kids
preschool age, including lawns, must be at least 4 m 1
child. In establishments for children in need of immediate assistance and in school
devices for institutional or protective care must be
undeveloped land area designated for stay and play at least 4 m2 for children
1 child, regardless of the age of the children. The land must be fenced off due to
protect the health and ensure the safety of children.
(2) Land equipment for education and training and educational establishments
and education providing basic education must be available to
a paved surface and a grassed area for pupils, přestávkový stay
area for sport and sport; the surface of this area must conform to the
normovým the requirements of Czech technical standards governing the quality and
safety surface ^ 4a). The land must be fenced to protect
health and ensure the safety of pupils.
(3) Land equipment for education and training and educational establishments
and education providing secondary education must be available to your desktop
for sport and sport and the surface of this area must match the normovým
the requirements of Czech technical standards governing the quality and safety of
surface ^ 4a).
(4) when choosing garden plants and trees on the land designated for
equipment for training and education and the establishment for the education and training
must be taken of the protection of the health of children and pupils. Trees may not cause
reduction of the daily illumination in teaching and subsistence
rooms under the limit of ^ 12). The distance from the tree species planted
the perimeter walls of the buildings must be the same, as is its estimated
the maximum height. Introduced plants, lawns and trees must be
properly maintained. For the maintenance of the water used must be at least first class
quality corresponding to Czech technical standard regulating the quality of water for
irrigation ^ 5).
(1) the spatial conditions and internal layout in facilities for the education and
education and establishments for training and education of preschool children
must be capable of teaching their children the free games, relaxation, personal hygiene
with the otužováním, physical exercises and boarding, if this is not
provided in other local eateries. 1 child must face daily
rooms used as a games room and a bedroom to make at least 4 m2; If
bedroom, dining room or gym building separate, they must face daily
the room shall be at least 3 m 2 on 1 child. Area 1 sun lounger or bed
for sleep must be at least 1.7 m2 for 1 child. Sun lounger or bed must
provide firm support. Space for storing chairs and bedding
must allow their proper airing and separate stowage of bed linen
for each child. Each child must have individually assigned,
(2) in the areas of equipment for training and education, with the exception of schools in
nature and establishments for training and education ^ 6) must 1 pupil
the light in the classroom at least 1.65 m2, in professional offices,
laboratories and computer labs, classrooms and in the language classroom
written and electronic communications at least 2 m2. Working in the classroom
the activities of basic schools shall fall on 1 pupil at least 4 m2. In
schools taking a training program for students with special
educational needs down to 1 student in the area of theoretical
the classroom at least 2.3 m2.
(3) for students with disabilities must be in schools
taking an educational program for pupils with special educational
the needs of the provisions according to the nature of their disability.
In the classrooms must be created with the corresponding relaxation corners
equipment located outside the area of benches. Earmarks are a space for
procrastination and the imposition of compensatory AIDS.
(4) Floors in facilities for the upbringing and education and the premises for
education and training must correspond to the nature of the activities
special legislation on technical requirements for construction ^ 8) and
must be easy to clean. In teaching rooms there must be a floor
covering Dim and bright.
(5) the equipment for education and training equips the number of changing rooms and
sanitation facilities, which provides a special law ^ 9). For more
the requirements for sanitary facilities and dressing rooms in facilities for the education and
education and in the premises of the educational and training are laid down in
Appendix No. 1 to this order and in a special legal Act ^ 7).
(1) equipment for education and training must be equipped with changing rooms, according to
requirements governed by special legislation ^ 8). For one student
floor area must be ensured 0.25 m2. Requirements for the number and
sanitation facilities are regulated in annex 1 to this
the Decree. Toilets and washing facilities shall be established separately by sex and must
be illuminated and ventilated. Ventilation requirements are laid down in annex
No. 3 to this notice.
(2) at the premises for education and training must be established for the pupils
lit and ventilated locker room. For one, the pupil must be ensured
floor area of 0.25 m2. Requirements for the number and equipment of sanitary
equipment are laid down in annex 1 to this notice. Toilets and
washing facilities shall be established separately by sex and must be illuminated, and
ventilated. Ventilation requirements are laid down in annex 3 to this
(3) in education and training and in the premises of the educational
and the education of children of pre-school age must be toilets and washrooms
accessible from the dressing room of children, on Sunday, according to gender and
must be lighted and ventilated. The numbers and equipment requirements
sanitation facilities are regulated in annex 1 to this notice.
Ventilation requirements are laid down in annex 3 to this notice.
(4) in the teaching premises of establishments for the education and training needs
be located at least one wash basin with cold drinking water supply.
If hot water is introduced, then discharges within the reach of students shall not have
temperatures above 45 ° c.
(5) in teaching facilities for education and training and
establishments for the education and training needs to be classroom art
domains located also sink with flowing supply of potable cold and hot
In facilities for the upbringing and education and the premises for education and
education standard values must be complied with under the relevant United
the technical standards governing the optimum reverberation time ^ 9a).
(1) premises used for the teaching of physical education and gym facilities
upbringing and education and the premises of the educational and training needs of its
construction and technical conditions allow for the implementation of physical education.
These rooms must be ventilated; ventilation requirements are addressed in the
Annex No. 3 to this notice. Control of the ventilation holes must be
reachable from the floor. The floor must be flexible at static and
the dynamic load, easy to clean, non-slip
surface ^ 8). The walls and the radiator must be secured in a
in a way, endangering the health of children and pupils, light fixtures and window
boards must be protected against breakage. Additional requirements for
gyms in establishments for training and education regulates the Special
legislation on technical requirements for construction ^ 8).
(2) must be provided in the gym locker room, shower room and toilets with ante-rooms
and sink, separate for boys and girls, if necessary
tool-room testifies. Changing rooms must be fitted with racks and benches; counting 0.4 m
the length of the bench on 1 pupil. The washroom must be accessible from the dressing room, the
allow the swapping of cleaning supplies, towels and laundry; for a maximum of 8
pupils must be installed 1 showerhead.
When teaching the work of education in primary schools, if space is
part of the school, students must be available space for swapping
the civilian clothes and for hand washing and toilet with a hallway and bathroom sink
separate for girls and for boys. Requirements on their facilities are
regulated in the annex No. 1 point 8 of this Decree.
Spaces for students in extracurricular education and
the premises for leisure education edit and arrange so that the
its structural and technical conditions allow the activity for which
they are established. The smallest area of the room is fixed dimension 2 m2 per 1
the pupil. If the premises for a stay in school after school club and school club are not
part of the school or school equipment for education and training, the
be available, dedicated space for clothing and footwear,
toilet with washbasin and separate for girls and boys and
for educators under a special legal regulation ^ 4).
Equipment sanitation requirements are laid down in annex No.
1 point 8 of this Decree.
Schools in nature
(1) in schools in nature teaching ^ 9b) residence in the room with the
surface at least 1.5 m2 of floor space on 1. If the free time
He spends indoors, you must go to the room with the area of residence
at least 1.5 m2 for 1 student or at least 3 m2 to 1 child preschool
(2) for the property in the school of outdoor minimum floor
area 3 m2 per 1 person.
(1) For accommodation in homes, boarding schools, youth in
children in need of immediate assistance and school facilities for the performance of
institutional and protective care and preventative educational care (hereinafter referred to as
"accommodation") is the smallest of the accommodation area of the bedroom 6 m2 per 1
resident. In school facilities for institutional and protective
education and preventative educational care must be set up in living room with
floor area of not less than 3 m2 per 1 resident, in the homes of youth and
boarding schools at least 1.5 m2 per 1 resident. In the accommodation
youth home study must be established, in which shall be not less than 1.5
M2 to 1 student.
(2) the accommodation shall be set up a tea kitchen, separate
uk clean linen, and warehouse space for drying clothes and for
storage and cleaning of footwear, cleaning and storage of seasonal needs. Part of the
the accommodation is the background for educators ^ 4). The requirements for the
sanitary facilities and equipment are laid down in annex 1 to the
Furniture and seating of the pupils
(1) equipment for training and education and the establishment of education and
education must be equipped with furniture that takes into account the different
height of children and pupils and promotes correct posture. Chairs and
tables for children and pupils must meet the standard values of Czech technical
standards governing the size of the pointer furniture ^ 9 c) and must be capable of
compliance with ergonomic principles of work of pupils in a sitting position, which are covered in the
Annex No 2 to this Decree. Work tables must have a matte finish. When
the use of the boards must be maintained at a minimum distance of 2 m from the front
edge of the first table of the pupil before the boards. For pupils with a heavier or a combined
the disabled are used orthopedic verticalization school
vocational rehabilitation recommendations bench worker with the possibility
(2) furniture in accommodation facilities must conform to the
the nature of the device and the age of children or pupils. Bunk beds are set up just
in justified cases, having regard to the physical and intellectual abilities
guests and must conform to the requirements of the United normovým technical standards
regulating the sizes and safety of double-decker beds ^ 11). Input on the top
the bed must be safe and must be affixed to the upper bed barrier against
the fall, as well as the waterproof pad under the mattress. Bunk beds not
use in education and training and the premises of the educational
and the education of children of preschool age and school accommodation
facilities for children and students under the age of 7 years. Each bed must provide
firm support back during sleep and have a separate room for saving the
bedding. Each room must be equipped with a desk, and a further number of chairs by
the number of guests.
(3) the positioning of the pupils in the classroom is governed according to their height; Additionally,
take account of the special educational needs, potential and vision
hearing defects and other disability pupils. When organizing
desks care for pupils to avoid one-sided loads
muscle groups, and to ensure compliance with the requirements for the level of lighting. When
arrangement of desks other than facing the Board is required to ensure regular
lateral rotation of seating pupils.
(1) the indoors buildings equipment for education and training and
the premises for education and training, intended for long stay
students must be an appropriate daily lighting matching normovým
the requirements of ^ 12). For buildings is used after previous consultation with the
the public health authority may exceptionally be used total
combined lighting. This lighting shall be in accordance with the standards
the requirements of Czech technical standards governing combined lighting ^ 13).
Places students in the pews in the classroom must be oriented so that the pupils
they were not in the field of oslňováni brightness of lighting openings and
nestínili instead of the Visual task.
(2) in areas intended only for short-term stay it is possible to use the
the total combined lighting. It is also possible the total combined
lighting used in cases with a different arrangement of pews before facing the
a whiteboard or in the workshops when you need to illuminate the shielded surfaces. For pupils with
Visual impairment or Visual defects is necessary to ensure both day and
artificial lighting of the corresponding specific needs according to their degree of
disability ^ 12 ^ 14). In the system of combined lighting day and additional
artificial lighting shall conform to the relevant values and normovým
the requirements of ^ 13).
(3) the parameters of artificial light indoors buildings equipment
for education and training and the premises of the educational and training needs
conform to the requirements of the United normovým technical standards governing the
the lighting requirements for indoor working areas ^ 14). Color tone
artificial light to vote for Our values L lx 200 warm white; 200 lx < Em L 1000 lx neutral white; Em > 1000 lx coldly white according to the standard
^ 14) requirements. The uniformity of the artificial lighting in the corridors and stairways
must be greater than 0.2.
(4) illumination of Blackboard must conform to the technical requirements of the Czech normovým
standards governing the lighting requirements for internal work
^ 14 spaces). Illuminance of the White Board must have at least the same level of
as the illuminance of the classroom. Boards must have a matte finish, which is
not apply to the Board to which it does not write in chalk. From all work
places in the direction of looking at the Blackboard, mirror lamps must be excluded
on the Board. On the wall behind the boards may not be lighting the opening (window or
sunroof), otherwise, it must be covered with an opaque
material, the reflection of light approaching the value of agents
the reflection of this wall.
section 13 of the
(1) the level of daylight and artificial lighting of spaces, display
units must be in accordance with the standards and values
requirements ^ 12 ^ 1, ^ 2).
(2) the offices for display unit must be positioned so that the pupils
oslňováni brightness of lighting openings were not and nor do they these holes
nezrcadlily on the screen. The fixture must be appropriately
located and have such a layout, highlight and the angles of the screening, in order to
nezrcadlila on the screen and prevent worsening of the optic
(3) the distance the display unit from the eyes must be adjustable,
at least 0.5 m from the top of the screen at eye level. U
workstations with display screen equipment must be for the maintenance of good
vision, Visual conditions of well-being and suitable working position secured
for all users the ability to edit a job based on their
individual needs (in particular according to the height and carried out
activities) and the regulation of natural lighting.
In the bedrooms of the accommodation must comply with the lighting of the day
normovým values for the living room ^ 12). Total artificial lighting in the
nothing necloněné comparative plane at the level of the floor must have Em = 100
LX. the local Lighting Fixtures must be adjustable so that the
lighting could be adapted for visually impaired users ' needs and to ensure
Em = 300 lx illuminance.
(1) for the majority of Visual activities in facilities for the education and
education and the premises for the training and education required direction
daily illumination from the left and from above. Fixtures for the artificial lighting systems
are placed on the ceiling parallel to the window wall, if it allows you to
the construction layout of the room, especially the vault or translations.
(2) when the visually difficult and demanding activities is the best
orientation lighting holes on the neslunečnou side.
(3) the Height of the horizontal comparative planes for the design and assessment of the
place the optic lighting task
a) for daylighting in establishments for children of preschool age is 0.45
m above the floor,
(b)) for daylighting in schools and school facilities for the education and
education and the premises for education and training is 0.85 m above
(c)) for artificial lighting in the facilities for education and training and
the premises for the training and education for children of preschool age is
0.45 m above the floor,
d) for artificial lighting in the school facilities for training and education
and the premises for education and training is the same as the predominant
height of benches.
(4) the place of the Visual task is treated as a space with benches or desk
in the immediate vicinity of the teacher and the optic a task is considered to be the space
the room is used.
(5) lighting system and part of the inside of the light-reflecting
must be cleaned and refreshed within the time limits of the maintenance plan in accordance
with the project lighting and must be maintained in such a condition that
the required lighting properties have been met throughout the life
lighting system. If it is not processed in the project lighting plan
maintenance, shall be treated in accordance with the provisions of section 22 (e). (e)).
section 16 of the
(1) Regulation of natural lighting, the light distribution and glare barrier must
be dealt with in accordance with the standards requirements ^ 12).
(2) lighting of premises intended for sport must be solved in accordance with the
the standards requirements ^ 2 ^ 15).
(1) Building buildings equipment for education and training and
establishments for the education and training must be designed so that
the surface temperature of internal parts of the exterior walls was not all year round
significantly different from air temperature in the room.
(2) in a room where natural ventilation is used, the Windows, the window must be
secured against breakage due to drafts. Control of ventilation
the holes must be reachable from the floor.
(1) the premises for education and training and educational establishments
and education for the stay must be ventilated directly. The requirements for the
ventilation fresh air (air exchange) at the time of use of the Interior
are laid down in annex 3 to this notice.
(2) when the air temperature in the classrooms for the stay of children and
pupils in three consecutive days below 18 ° c, but not less than
16 ° c, or when the temperature of the air in these classrooms in one day
below 16 ° c operation of the device must be for education and training and
establishments for the education and training stopped.
(3) during extreme outdoor temperatures, when the maximum outdoor temperature
the air is higher than 30 ° c, or when the temperature of the ball
thermometer tg greater than max 31 ° c, must be discontinued teaching and
ensure other compensatory measures for children and pupils with the possibility to stay at inter
the building including the drinking regime.
(4) if the outdoor status of environment does not allow to take advantage of natural ventilation
to exceed the limits of pollutants in outdoor environments,
must be climatic conditions and ventilation fresh air locked
air handling equipment.
(5) the Central changing rooms of children and pupils without natural ventilation must be
ventilated by forced air vacuum-controlled in accordance with the requirements of
modified in annex No. 3 to this notice.
(6) natural ventilation must be ensured in the case of a tight window systems
micro-ventilation or ventilation slits.
Equipment for training and education and the establishment for the education and training
must have a guaranteed supply of drinking water flowing under a special legal
prescription ^ 10). Capacity considerations must comply with the following delivery
and the child) in pre-school age must be at least 60 litres of water
on the day,
(b)) to 1 a school pupil must be available at least 25 litres of water per day,
c) in accommodation facilities must be available for 1 guest
a minimum of 200 l of water per day.
(1) the time teaching, the report layout and mode of delivery of equipment for
education and training establishments and for training and education shall be
According to the requirements of a special legal regulation ^ 1) having regard to the age
the peculiarities of children and pupils, their Biorhythm and demands of individual
subjects. When teaching care must be taken to prevent unilateral static
the burden of selected muscle groups bringing up the pupils to the correct seating and
(2) in education and training and the premises for education and
education for children of preschool age is time of day outdoors
usually 2 hours in the morning, the afternoon is governed by the length of stay of children in
device. In the winter and the summer time period of stay outside the Edit with
regard to the outdoor temperature. Stay outdoors may be truncated or
completely omitted only in exceptionally adverse weather conditions
and when the occurrence or possibility of episode. In the summer months
the operation of the adapted in order to bring the education activities of children
to the outdoor environment or shaded terraces, to the greatest extent.
Cleaning and change of bed linen
The cleaning of the facilities for the upbringing and education and the premises for
education and training is carried out:
and daily wiping all floors) and surfaces on damp, carpet cleaning
(b)) a day hauling garbage,
(c)) a day for the use of cleaning agents with disinfectant effect of washing them
wash basins and lavatories, the fastening of shells,
(d)) at least once a week by washing washable parts of the walls of the hygiene
equipment and disinfection of the washrooms and lavatories,
(e)) at least twice a year by the Windows including frames, lamps and lighting
(f)) at least twice a year the total clean up all the space and furniture
g) painting once every 3 years, or more frequently if appropriate and
h) regular maintenance of the forced ventilation or air conditioning and cleaning
the air handling unit according to the instructions of the manufacturer or supplier.
Article 23 of the
(1) the exchange of bed linen in the facilities for education and training and
the premises for education and education for children of pre-school age
carried out at least once every 3 weeks, change of towels once a week; in
immediately if necessary. The exchange of bed linen and laundry in the accommodation section
equipment for training and education, and the premises for education and
education is carried out once every 2 weeks, towels once a week; in
immediately if necessary.
(2) the used bedding must not sort in accommodation and subsistence
rooms and stored in suitable transport packaging
prevent contamination of the surrounding dirt. Packaging must be suitable for washing
or washable and disinfected or disposable. Used
bedding packages are stored in the specified area.
(3) Clean bedding shall be stored in separate warehouses or in clean,
lock cabinets or on shelves in packaging.
Transitional and final provisions
(1) the provisions of § 3 para. 1 and 2, § 5 para. 2, § 7, § 18 para. 2, the
do not apply to the construction of facilities for the upbringing and education and the establishment for
the education and training of children and adolescents, whose use has been enabled
before the date of entry into force of this order, or whose operation was
initiated before that date. Hygiene requirements for the construction and equipment
referred to in the first sentence are governed by existing laws, and
must not be reduced to their level of security the health requirements
achieved by the effective date of this Ordinance.
(2) facilities for the upbringing and education and the establishment of education and
the education of children and adolescents, the use of which was authorized prior to the date
the effectiveness of this Ordinance, shall meet the requirements of the provisions of § 11 (1) 1
and 2 relating to facilities the school furniture by 31. December
Repeals the Decree 108/2001 Coll. laying down hygiene
requirements for premises and operation of schools, preschools and some
section 27 of the
The effectiveness of the
This Decree shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date of its
doc. MUDr. Emmerova, CSc. v. r.
The requirements for sanitary facilities and dressing rooms
1. the number of sanitation facilities in schools and educational establishments
shall be as follows:
předsíňkách lavatories) 1 sink to 20 pupils,
(b)) 1 toilet for 20 girls
c) 1 urinal for 20 boys,
(d)) 1 toilet for 80 boys,
(e) sanitary cabin) on the 80 girls.
2. the number of sanitation in schools taking an education
children, pupils and students with special educational needs, and for
severe or profound disability shall be determined as follows:
předsíňkách lavatories) 1 sink on the first 10 pupils and every
another 20 pupils,
(b)) 1 toilet for the first 10 girls and every other 20 girls
c) 1 urinal on top 10 boys and every other 20 boys,
(d)) 1 toilet on the first 20 boys and every other 80 boys,
(e) sanitary cabin) to 60 girls over 12 years,
f) 1 shower (ready).
3. The number of sanitation facilities at the premises for education and training,
with the exception of the premises trades child care up to 3 years of age in day mode:
předsíňkách lavatories) 1 sink to 20 pupils,
(b)) 1 toilet for 20 girls
c) 1 urinal for 20 boys,
(d)) 1 toilet for 80 boys,
(e) sanitary cabin) on the 80 girls.
4. The number of sanitation facilities in the premises of the child care business to 3
years of age in day mode is determined as follows: toilets and washrooms in these
devices on Sunday by sex and 5 children must have 1 child
Bowl and 1 sink. Number of children's bowls can be one-third to replace
children's Potties. Furthermore, equips washroom. According to the children's age child
tray with a shower or shower box and flowing drinking supply
cold and hot water. Wash basins are placed so that the height of the upper edge of the
does not exceed 43 cm above the floor. Sinks and showers must be equipped with
only one discharge of water linked to the Central mixing battery
located out of the reach of children. Furthermore, equips the changing washroom.
table and indoor stamp a dustbin.
5. The number of sanitary equipment in the facilities for education and training and
at the premises for education and education for children of pre-school age
shall be as follows: for 5 children must be provided where one child's bowl and
wash-basin. A maximum of # 2 TOILET bowls can be installed urinals that children
are placed usually at the rate of 40 cm. Washbasin is placed generally in the
When piece measures 50 cm, close the outlet valve of 60 cm above the floor. The wash basins must
be connected to the common of the mixing battery, fitted out of the reach of children.
Each sink shall be only 1 the faucet valve. Shower room
equips 1 to 2 showers tackled so that children could enter into
shower without help.
6. The accommodation, sanitary facilities be established as either
part of the accommodation unit, and is established for the 2 triple rooms
1 toilet, 1 shower, 2 sinks, or as the Central sanitary facilities
in the range of 1 shower for 6 guests, 1 toilet for 6 girls, 1 toilet
for 6 boys, 1 sink for 4 guests and 1 sanitary cabin for 40
7. In the facilities for the upbringing and education and the premises for education and
education must be in at least one of the ventilated floor cleaning
Chamber with washable walls, equipped with a sink with flowing supply
potable cold and hot water, including the water outlet and each other
floor space with the sink with flowing supply of potable cold and hot
water, including the water outlet and odvětraným space for storing cleaning
resources and tools.
8. All sanitary facilities in facilities for education and training and
the premises for education and training must be equipped with wash basins with
running potable hot and cold water. Equipped with SOAP must be in
the dosage must be ensured and the possibility of hand drying towels in one
use or hands. In education and training and
the premises for the training and education for children of preschool age if
It is not solved by hand drying disposable hand towels, each child has
own towel placed so that they do not touch each other towels. In
all sanitary facilities must always be available toilet paper,
the WC of girls must be an indoor click Recycle Bin. Walls and floors
each of the sanitary installations must be washable and to clean up to the amount
at least 1.5 m and disinfect. If you are part of the
sanitary facilities, showers must have a secured supply of flowing drinking
cold and hot water.
Principles for the work of the pupils sitting and ergonomics school furniture
1. the functional dimensions of furniture for sitting position and proper compliance with the physiological
the position of the spine and pelvis:
and) seat height is equal to the length of the legs, plus vertically low
heel (1-2 cm). the feet are flat while the rear seating
in firm contact with the floor, so that it was possible for them firmly.
(b) of the seat supporting the Effective depth) at least 2/3 the length of the thigh. Front
edge of the seat must not interfere with the popliteal and must be rounded.
(c)) the backrest serves primarily as the fulcrum of the loin, not thoracic spine.
For the free movement of the upper limbs does not reach higher than to the bottom of the angle
the shoulder blades.
(d)) the height of the work surface of the table is placed at a height of elbow free
running arm seated pupil.
(e)) is easily adjustable tilt table tops. Level settings
for writing is 10-16 degrees for reading up to 35 degrees.
2. the chairs and tables in contact with the floor must be stable. For dynamic
the SED is a suitable seat in the anterior-posterior plane of governing from-5 to + 5 degrees.
3. at least troublesome sed, as for muscle activity, as well as for the pressure on the
the intervertebral disc is back with a slightly propped on the backbone of the
4. Because of the reduction of static overload a muscle groups
the musculoskeletal system is the important functional alternation of positions. A good idea is a
short term alternative positions outside of marshaling the bench (for example, klek,
Leh) and the use of assistive devices (for example, dynamic balance balls sed,
overball, balance pads).
Ventilation requirements and parameters of the microclimatic conditions
Table 1: the amount of the incoming fresh air in classrooms,
gyms, changing rooms and sanitary facilities in the
education and training establishments and for training and education:
The amount of air space type [URm3.hod-1]
Classroom 20-30 for 1 student
Gym 20-90 to 1 pupil ^ *
Dressing rooms 20 to 1 student
30 to 1 washroom sink
Shower 150-200 shower 1
50 to 1 toilet cabin, 1 urinal 25
* having regard to the specific application (according to the type of exercise being conducted) and
the capacity of the gym
Year-round permissible parameters, microclimatic conditions:
Table 2: average value of the resulting temperature, velocity and
relative air humidity
The resulting space type flow rate temperature relative humidity
TG min [° c] t g opt tg [° c] max [° c] va [m.s-1] rh [%]
Classrooms, Office, Room 2 28 20 22 +/-0.1-0.2 30-65
designed for long stay
The gym 18 20 +/-2 28
Locker room 20 22 +/-2 28
The resulting temperature difference in the level of the head and ankles may not be greater than 3
Where is the difference between the resulting temperature spherical thermometer tg and
the air temperature is less than 1 ° c, a temperature value can be used as a final
use the value of the [° c] measured dry thermometer.
Tentative control of the temperature of the air in prostotách, residents can
secure with wall thermometers. Thermometers should not be placed on
walls with Windows and walls exposed to direct impact of solar radiation.
Selected provisions of the novel
Article. (II) Decree No. 343/2009 Coll.
The provisions of § 3 para. 1 to 3, section 4, paragraph 4. 4, section 4A(1). 4 and 5, § 11 (1)
1 and § 18 para. 4 in the version in force from the date of entry into force of
This order shall not apply to the construction of facilities for training and education
and the establishment for the education and training of children and adolescents, whose
the use of which was authorized prior to the effective date of this Ordinance.
1) Act No. 561/2004 Coll. on pre-school, primary, secondary, higher
vocational and other education (the Education Act).
2) Act 359/1999 Coll. on social and legal protection of children, as
Act No. 257/2000 Coll., Act No. 272/2001 Coll., Act No. 309/2002 Coll.
Act No. 320/2002 Coll., Act No. 518/2002 Coll., Act No. 222/2002 Coll.
Act No. 52/2004 Coll., Act No. 315/2004 Coll., Act No. 436/2004 Coll.
Act No. 501/2004 Coll.
3) Government Regulation No. 469/2000 Coll. laying down specialist
4) Government Regulation No. 361/2007 Coll., laying down the conditions of protection
health at work.
4A) DIN EN 1177.
5) DIN 757143.
6) § 7 para. 3 of Act No. 561/2004 Coll.
7) Decree No. 369/2001 Coll., on general technical requirements
the use of the buildings belonging to the persons with reduced mobility
8) § 33 Decree No. 137/1998 Coll., on general technical requirements for
9) § 59 Decree No. 137/1998 Coll.
9A) DIN 730527.
9B) § 117 paragraph 1. 1 (b). (c) Act No. 561/2004) Sb.
9 c) EN 1729-1.
10) section 3 of the Act No. 258/2000 Coll., as amended by Act No. 274/2003 Coll.
11) EN 747-1 (910603).
12) DIN 730580-1,2,3.
13) DIN 360020.
14) EN 12464-1.
15) ČSN EN 12193.