Through Which Passes The "optional Protocol To The Convention On The Rights Of The Child On The Involvement Of Children In Armed Conflict", Adopted In New York, The Twenty-Five (25) Of May Two Thousand (2000)

Original Language Title: Por medio de la cual se aprueba el "Protocolo facultativo de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño relativo a la participación de niños en los conflictos armados", adoptado en Nueva York, el veinticinco (25) de mayo de dos mil (2000)

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Law 833 of 2003 (July 10) Official Journal No. 45.248, on July 14, 2003 public power - legislative branch which passes is the "Optional Protocol of the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict", adopted in New York, the twenty-five (25) of May two thousand (2000).
Summary of notes force the Congress of the Republic seen the text of the "Optional Protocol to the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict", adopted in New York, the twenty-five (25) of May two thousand (2000), that the letter says: (to be transcribed: attached photocopy of the full text of the international instrument mentioned).
PROJECT of law 110 of 2001 Senate by means of which approved the «Optional Protocol of the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict", adopted in New York, the twenty-five (25) of May two thousand (2000).
THE Congress of the Republic seen the text of the "Optional Protocol to the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict", adopted in New York, the twenty-five (25) of may of the year two thousand (2000), that the letter says: (to be transcribed: attached photocopy of the full text of the international instrument mentioned).
«Protocol optional of the Convention on the rights of the child relating to the participation of children in the conflicts armed the States parties to this Protocol, encouraged by the overwhelming support that has merited the Convention on the rights of the child, which shows that there is a general will to fight for the promotion and protection of the rights of the child Reaffirming that the rights of children require special protection and that it is therefore necessary to continue improving the situation of children without distinction, and to ensure that they develop and be educated in conditions of peace and security.
Concerned about the pernicious and general effects that armed conflicts for children, and its consequences in the long run for peace, durable, condemning the fact that in situations of armed conflict children security and development become a target, as well as direct attacks on objects protected under international law including places generally having a considerable child presence, such as schools and hospitals, taking note of the adoption of the Statute of the International Criminal Court, in particular the inclusion among the crimes of war in both international and non-international armed conflicts, recruitment or enlistment of children under the age of 15 years or using them to participate actively in hostilities Whereas it is necessary to continue to promote the realization of the rights recognized in the Convention on the rights of the child to increase the protection of children with a view to avoid participating in armed conflicts, noting that article 1 of the Convention on the rights of the child requires that, for the purposes of that Convention, child means every human being under 18 years of age except that, by virtue of the applicable law, is attained earlier of age, convinced that an optional protocol to the Convention which will raise the minimum age for recruitment of persons into armed forces and their direct participation in hostilities will contribute effectively to the implementation of the principle that the best interests of the child must be a primary consideration in all decisions concerning children Noting that in December 1995, the 26TH International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent recommended to parties to conflict that take all feasible step that children under 18 years of age do not take part in hostilities, taking note with satisfaction of the unanimous approval, in June 1999, of the Convention of the International Labour Organization number 182 on the prohibition of the worst forms of child labour and the action immediate for its elimination, in which is prohibits, among others, the recruitment forced u compulsory of children for use them in conflicts armed, condemning with sum concern the recruitment, training and use inside and out of them borders national of children in hostilities from groups armed different of them forces of a State, and recognizing the responsibility of who recruit They train and use children in this way, recalling that all parties to an armed conflict have the obligation to observe the provisions of international humanitarian law, stressing this Protocol shall be without prejudice to the objectives and principles which contains the Charter of the United Nations, including its article 51 and the relevant rules of humanitarian law, bearing in mind that for the full protection of children, in particular during armed conflicts and foreign occupation, is essential that conditions of peace and security based on full respect for the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and observance of existing instruments in the field of human rights, recognizing the special needs of children who are particularly vulnerable to recruitment or use in hostilities against the provisions of the present Protocol, because of their economic or social status or gender, conscious of the need to take into account the economic, social and political causes that motivate the involvement of children in armed conflicts convinced of the need to strengthen international cooperation in the implementation of the present Protocol, as well as of the physical and psychosocial rehabilitation and social reintegration of children who are victims of armed conflicts Encouraging the participation of the communities and, in particular, children and child victims in the dissemination of information and programmes of education on the implementation of the Protocol.
They have agreed as follows: Article 1. States parties shall take all feasible measures so that no member of their armed forces under age 18 participate directly in hostilities.

Article 2nd. States parties shall ensure that not necessarily being recruited into their armed forces to no less than 18 years.

Article 3.


1. them States parties rise the age minimum for the recruitment voluntary of people in their forces armed national above it set in the paragraph 3 of the article 38 of the Convention on them rights of the child, taking in has them principles formulated in said article, and recognizing that under that Convention them minor of 18 years have right to a protection special.
2. each State party shall deposit, to ratifying the present Protocol or acceding to it, a binding declaration that settles the minimum age in which will allow into their national armed forces voluntary recruitment and is offered a description of the safeguards it has taken to ensure that such recruitment by force or coercion does not occur.
3 States parties that permit voluntary recruitment into their national armed forces under 18 years will establish safeguards to ensure, as a minimum, that: a) such recruitment is genuinely voluntary;
(b) such recruitment is done with the informed consent of the parents or persons having legal custody;
(c) such children are fully informed of the duties involved in this service military;
(d) presented no reliable evidence of their age before being accepted into the national military service.
4. each State party may extend its declaration at any time by notification to that effect addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which shall notify all States parties. The notification shall take effect from the date that it is received by the Secretary-General.
5. the obligation to raise the age as set out in paragraph 1 of this article does not apply to schools operated or placed under the control of the armed forces of States parties, in accordance with articles 28 and 29 of the Convention on the rights of the child.

Article 4th.
1. the armed groups distinct from the armed forces of a State should not in any circumstances recruit or use in hostilities persons under 18 years.
2. States parties shall take all feasible measures to prevent such recruitment and use, including the adoption of legal measures necessary to prohibit and punish such practices.
3. the application of this article shall not affect the legal status of any party to an armed conflict.

Article 5th.
No provision of this Protocol shall be construed so as to prevent the application of the provisions of the law of a State party or international instruments of international humanitarian law when these precepts are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the child.

Article 6o.

1. each State party shall adopt all legal, administrative and other measures necessary to ensure the effective implementation and monitoring of the effective implementation of the provisions of the present Protocol within its jurisdiction.
2. the States parties undertake to disseminate and promote by appropriate means, among adults and children alike, the principles and provisions of the present Protocol.
3. States parties shall take all possible measures so that persons within their jurisdiction and have been recruited or used in hostilities contrary to this Protocol are demobilized or otherwise service. If necessary, States parties shall provide to these persons all appropriate assistance for their physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration.

Article 7th.
1. States parties shall cooperate in the application of this Protocol, in particular in the prevention of any activity contrary to the same and the rehabilitation and social reintegration of persons who are victims of acts contrary to the present Protocol, including through technical cooperation and financial assistance. Such assistance and cooperation will be conducted in consultation with concerned States parties and relevant international organizations.
2. States parties that are in a position to do so shall render such assistance through the programmes of multilateral, bilateral or other existing type or, inter alia, through a voluntary fund established in accordance with the rules of the General Assembly.

Article 8.

1. at the latest two years after the entry into force of the Protocol with respect to a State party, it shall submit to the Committee on the rights of the child a report containing an overview of the measures it has taken to give effect to the provisions of the Protocol, including the measures taken to implement the provisions on participation and recruitment.
2. on the presentation of the comprehensive report, each State party shall include in reports submitted to the Committee on the rights of the child in accordance with article 44 of the Convention, additional information that is available on the implementation of the Protocol. Other States parties to the Protocol shall submit a report every five years.
3. the Committee on the rights of the child may request the States parties further information on the implementation of this Protocol.

Article 9th.

1. the present Protocol shall be open for signature by any State that is a party to the Convention or has signed it.
2. the present Protocol is subject to ratification and open for accession by all States. The instruments of ratification or accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
3. the Secretary General, as depositary of the Convention and the Protocol, shall inform all States parties to the Convention and all States which have signed the Convention of the deposit of each instrument of declaration pursuant to article 13.

ARTICLE 10.

1. the present Protocol shall enter into force three months after the date on which the tenth instrument of ratification or accession has been deposited.
2. with regard to States that have ratified this Protocol or acceding to it after its entry into force, the Protocol shall enter into force one month after the date on which the instrument of ratification or accession has been deposited.

ARTICLE 11.


1. any State party may denounce the present Protocol at any time by notification in writing to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall inform the other States parties to the Convention and all States which have signed the Convention. The denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which the notification is received by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. However, if at the expiration of that period the State party complainant involved in an armed conflict, the denunciation shall not take effect until the termination of the armed conflict.
2. the denunciation shall not relieve the State party of obligations which under this Protocol with regard to any act that may have occurred before the date than that dispense effect. The complaint nor shall in any way prevent the Committee continued consideration of any matter initiated before that date.

ARTICLE 12.

1. any State party may propose an amendment and file it for the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall thereupon communicate the proposed amendment to States parties, asking that they notify him whether they favour a Conference of States parties in order to consider the proposal and put it to the vote. If within the four months following the date of such notification a third, at least, States parties declare themselves in favour of such Conference, the Secretary-General shall convene it under the auspices of the United Nations.
Any amendment adopted by a majority of States parties present and voting at the Conference shall be submitted by the Secretary-General to the General Assembly for approval.
2. any amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article shall enter into force when it has been approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations and accepted by a majority of two thirds of the States parties.
3. amendments, when they enter into force, shall be binding on those States parties which have accepted them; other States parties still being bound by the provisions of the present Convention and the earlier amendments which they have accepted.

ARTICLE 13.

1. the present Protocol, the Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations.
2. the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit certified copies of this Protocol to all States parties to the Convention and all States which have signed the Convention.
I hereby certify that the foregoing text is a true copy of the Optional Protocol to the convention on the rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 25 May 2000, the original of which is deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Je certifie that le texte qui precede est une copy as du Protocole facultatif to the Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant, concernant l'implication d'enfants dans les conflits armes, adopté par l' Assemblée générale des Nations Unies le 25 mai 2000, et dont l'original is Trouvé posologique auprès du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies.
For the Secretary-General The Assistant Secretary-General in charge of the Office of Legal Affairs.
Pour le Secretaire General Le Sous-Secrétaire General charge du Bureau des affaires juridiques Ralph Zacklin.
United Nations, New York 1 june 2000 Organisation des Nations Unies New York, le 1 juin 2000.
Branch Executive of the power public Presidency of the Republic Bogotá, D. C., approved may 15, 2001. Subject to consideration of the honorable National Congress for constitutional purposes.
(Fdo). Andrés PASTRANA ARANGO Minister of Foreign Affairs, (signed.) GUILLERMO FERNÁNDEZ DE SOTO".
Decree: Article 1. adopted the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, adopted in New York, the twenty-five (25) of May two thousand (2000).
Article 2nd. In accordance with the provisions of article 1 of law 1944 7a, the Optional Protocol of the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, adopted in New York, the twenty-five (25) of May two thousand (2000), which by article 1 of this law is approved, it will oblige the country from the date in which improve the international link with respect to the same.
Article 3. This law governs the date of its publication.
Given in Bogotá, D. C., to the...
Presented to the honorable Congress of the Republic by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of national defense, the Foreign Minister, GUILLERMO FERNANDEZ DE SOTO signed.
The Minister of national defence, GUSTAVO BELL LEMUS.
EXHIBITION of motives Honourable senators and representatives: on behalf of the national Government and in compliance with the provisions of articles 150 numeral 16 and 189 paragraph 2o of the Constitution politics of the Republic of Colombia, have the honor to submit to for consideration the draft law which approves the "Optional Protocol to the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict adopted in new York, twenty-five (25) of May two thousand (2000).
International context according to reports of the United Nations, while the preamble of the Charter of the Organization urges us to protect succeeding generations from the scourge of war, we are witnessing an abomination directed against innocent children, amounting to millions, who are still victims of the war, as targets or instruments.
Today, in approximately 50 countries of the world, children are suffering in the midst of armed conflict and, in the aftermath, some die and others orphaned. Others are maimed, uprooted from their homes, raped and other sexual abused, are deprived of education and health care, exploited as child soldiers and are marked by serious emotional trauma.
According to international humanitarian law, all non-combatants are entitled to protection, but children have priority in this law. Children are innocent and especially vulnerable. They are least prepared to adapt or respond to the conflict. They are the least responsible for conflict, but they suffer disproportionately from its excesses. Children are truly victims without blame for the conflict. In addition, they represent the hope and future of the whole society; destroying children destroyed society.

In the last decade, 2 million children have been killed in conflict situations, more than one million orphaned, over 6 million have been seriously injured or permanently disabled and over 10 million have been marked by serious psychic trauma. Many children, and especially many young women, have been subjected to rape and other forms of sexual violence as a deliberate instrument of war.
Currently, there are more than 20 million of children that is have displaced by the war within and outside their countries. About 300 thousand children under age 18 are exploited as child soldiers around the world. And every month about 800 children die or are maimed by land mines.
The magnitude of this abomination is proof of a new phenomenon: there has been a qualitative change in the nature and execution of the war, other than that he knew in the modern age.
This transformation is distinguished by several features: almost all the major armed conflicts in the world today are internal conflicts, which are prolonged and last for years, if not decades; the conflict facing adversaries who are well-known, namely compatriot against compatriot, neighbour against neighbour; they are characterized by social dissolution, widespread lawlessness, the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, the indiscriminate use of land-mines anti personnel and the participation of many armed groups often semi autonomous.
With the greater lack of scruples, it has forced children to become instruments of war, being recruited or kidnapped to become child soldiers. A key element of this fight is the demonization of the call "enemy community", which often is defined in religious, ethnic, racial or regional terms and vicious hate campaigns. In the intense and intimate conditions of internecine wars of today, village its main target has become the battlefield and civilian populations. It is the violence of the soldier against the civilian on an unprecedented scale.
In addition, the community values of many societies exposed to protracted conflicts have been radically undermined, if not destroyed completely. This has been a crisis of values, a "moral vacuum" in which international standards are unknown with impunity and traditional value systems have lost their authority.
In these circumstances, today up to 90% of the casualties of the ongoing conflicts, compared to 5% in the first world war and to 48% in the second, they are civilians, and the vast majority of them are women and children.
These excesses are no longer exceptional, are widespread throughout the world and occur today in 30 areas of conflict. [1] on 25 May 2000, the UN General Assembly of the, by consensus, adopted the Optional Protocol of the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.
With the approval of the Convention, States parties undertake to take all possible measures so that no member of their armed forces under age 18 participate directly in hostilities, as well as to ensure that not being recruited compulsorily into their armed forces to no less than 18 years.
In accordance with article 3 of the Protocol, the States parties undertake to raise the minimum age for the voluntary recruitment of persons into their national armed forces above specified in paragraph 3 of article 38 of the Convention on the rights of the child [2] taking into account the principles set out in that article and recognizing that under the Convention children under 18 years of age are entitled to special protection.
When ratifying or acceding to the instrument, each State party shall deposit a binding declaration, in establishing the minimum age in that it will allow the voluntary recruitment of persons into their national armed forces and offered a description of the safeguards that has taken to make sure that there is such recruitment by force or by coercion.
States parties that permit voluntary recruitment into its national armed forces of children under age 18, will establish safeguards to ensure, as a minimum, that: a) such recruitment is genuinely voluntary;
(b) such recruitment is done with the informed consent of the parents or persons having legal custody;
(c) such children are fully informed of the duties involved in such military service;
(d) presented no reliable evidence of their age before being accepted into the national military service.
Similarly, it is noted that, in accordance with article 4 of the Protocol, armed groups distinct from the armed forces of a State not must in no circumstances recruit or use in hostilities persons under 18 years. This is a clearly innovative provision in the human rights treaties and represents the first occasion in which a clause of one of these instruments includes obligations which are directly located at the head of a non-State actor such as irregular groups, as is the case with the rules of the international humanitarian law (IHL) applicable in non-international armed conflicts.
Likewise, States parties undertake to adopt all possible measures to prevent such recruitment and use, including the adoption of legal measures necessary to prohibit and punish such practices. However, and also in the manner as it is the case with the treaties of international humanitarian law, this will not affect the legal status of any party to an armed conflict.
Instrument committed also to the international community as a whole, to the extent that establishes that States parties shall cooperate in its implementation, in particular in the prevention of any activity contrary to the same and the rehabilitation and social reintegration of persons who are victims of acts of violation of the Protocol, including through technical cooperation and financial assistance. Such assistance and cooperation will be conducted in consultation with concerned States parties and relevant international organizations.
States parties that are in a position to do so shall provide such assistance through the programmes of multilateral, bilateral or other existing type or, inter alia, through a voluntary fund established in accordance with the rules of the General Assembly of the United Nations.

Finally, the instrument shall enter into force international three months after the date of deposit on which the tenth instrument of ratification or accession, which seems to indicate that soon it will be a treaty into force and fully binding on the parties.
Scope internal in accordance with Colombian law children under 18 years of age are excluded from the military ranks in all the forces. In effect, anticipating the entry into force of the law 548 of 23 December 1999, which extended the public order Act and determined that no less than 18 years may be incorporated into rows, so count on his own will and that of his parents, the national army, split on December 20 of 1999, all underage soldiers who were voluntarily in their ranks : total close to thousand people throughout the country.
He present Government, from their beginning, took it decision of adopt different measures oriented to the protection integral of the childhood, such as the not recruitment of minor, them actions of protection in relation to them girls linked to the conflict armed, the eradication of them mines anti personal (Convention that on the theme our country ratified recently), and the respect to the right international humanitarian , among other initiatives, which are put into practice.
The issuance of the law 548 of December 23, 1999, is one of the developments of such determination. In addition to 618 minors of 18 years who were licensed by the army, in application of the law, more than two hundred soldiers left the other armed forces.
That law after two additions of auxiliary high school graduates have been and in none of them were included under 18 years of age. Such prohibition is indicated explicitly in the instruction number 08 of 19 January of the year 2000, which provides that '(...) required strictly comply with this Act, whereby minors will not be incorporated into the military service in the national police."
Colombia hopes that this clear message from the international community has echo in the leadership of irregular groups operating in our country. Sadly, between 15 and 20% of the members of the guerrillas and self-defense groups are children. An investigation conducted by the Office of the Ombudsman, shows that 18% of these children has killed at least once. 60% has been killed; 78% have seen mutilated corpses; 25% has seen kidnap; 13% has kidnapped; 18% have seen torture; 40% has shot someone, and 28% have been injured. This situation must not continue. The Government has already adopted corresponding measures and expects that, as soon as possible, the actors in the armed conflict will do the same.
The decoupling and prevention to the linkage of children by guerrilla groups and self-defence party, part of the effort that the national Government has implemented and is embodied in the interest in the application of international humanitarian law, in particular with regard to the implementation of humanitarian agreements that protect specific to the civilian population and children from the effects of the armed conflict. The Government is insisting repeatedly that is not recruiting children under 18 years by irregular groups, this being a subject of permanent discussion of the negotiating table between the Government and the FARC and in talks the Government moving forward with the ELN.
Currently, ICBF caters for boys, girls and young people leaving the armed conflict, either by capture or desertion. In recent years he has attended approximately 360 children. From November of 1999, it has a special program of care to this population and institutions of reception and observation, which after a specialized diagnosis, define the location of these children with their families in institutional programs or social community environment.
Similarly, the ICBF ahead of a care programme to young people in youth clubs in areas of armed conflict aimed at the prevention of this problem.
Likewise, the new Criminal Code, in the chapter on offences against persons and property protected by international humanitarian law, punishable by imprisonment and fine to him that during and at development of the armed conflict, recruit persons under 18 years or forces them to participate directly or indirectly in hostilities or armed actions (article 162).
The 1991 Constitution constitutional protection, structured on the notion of the social and democratic State of law, and based on this principle, embodies a wide range of civil, political, economic and cultural rights. Therefore, the Colombian State has a comprehensive commitment to protection and realization of human rights, but this is not exhausted internal, as such commitment is also with the international community.
Thus with these principles, the Government proceeded to ratify the Convention on the rights of the child. The meaning of that instrument is to provide special protection for children, in consideration of their status as vulnerable group.
It should also highlight that the Colombian Government made a reservation to that international instrument consisting of declaring that the chronological threshold defining childhood, for the purposes of the provisions of article 38 of the Convention, was 18 and not that of the 15 years, as established by that provision. It is what is known as an "extensive" reservation, i.e., a unilateral statement by which the State which formulates it voluntarily assumes an obligation more strictly than provided for in the Treaty in question.
Led the State to fix since August 2000, a policy for the promotion, respect and guarantee of human rights and implementation of the international humanitarian law (IHL), within which contained, as a priority area of work, the humanization of the armed conflict.
To achieve that purpose, taken various measures, which have nevertheless been insufficient to attenuate the degree of degradation of the internal armed conflict in Colombia.

One of the factors contributing to the dehumanization of the armed conflict, is the perverse form of recruitment and use of children in combat or activities related with these by actors armed on the fringes of the law. The situation of children in armed conflict, makes the same victim, because they lack sufficient psychological maturity to understand the meaning of war activity and assess the consequences of the implications that have become involved in the participation of the hostilities in the context of the armed conflict.
Unfortunately this practice has increased significantly, which has generated particular concern.
The consequences that highlighted the United Nations, in a report submitted by Mrs. Graça Machel on the impact of armed conflicts on children, include: "show aggressive behaviors, even against themselves, including suicide; disorder of sleep, such as nightmares, dreams interrupted; perceptual disorders such as involvement of capabilities to speak clearly, nervousness, sweating, fears, lack of appetite, depression, identity problems, weakening of his personality, rupture with cultural references and the transmission of traditions. Frequent physical issues, relate the loss of vision, loss of hearing, loss of arms and legs. Most of these physical limitations is caused by the explosion of anti-personnel mines or bombs or grenades explosion".
Therefore, and taking into account that children are a vulnerable population that need special protection and that it is necessary to further improve their situation without distinction, is practical and symbolic importance of the ratification of this supplementary Treaty of the Convention framework on the rights of the child, where perhaps the most significant aspect, as already highlighted It lies in the express and unequivocal ban on different armed groups other than the armed forces of the State, recruit or use in hostilities persons under 18 years. In addition the ratification of this instrument would be in perfect coherence with the reservation made by the Government to the Convention, with regard to the age that defines childhood, because this Protocol establishes the prohibition does not involve minors of 18 years in armed conflict.
Early ratification of this international instrument, turns out to be a necessary consequence of the significant efforts and commitments developed and acquired by the Government and the Colombian State for compliance and comprehensive observance of humanitarian requirements. In addition, its ratification would be consistent with the active role played by the delegation of our country in the process of elaboration of the mentioned Protocol, as well as the prominent involvement of the Colombian delegation in the context of the process of adoption of international instruments envisaged as complementary to the Statute of the International Criminal Court instrument that is expressly mentioned in the preamble of the Protocol, where insist on unambiguous wording that gave shelter to the perverse and different modalities of involvement of children in activities military or related with these from those actors armed irregular, applying the limit chronological of them 18 years.
Additionally, all actors of civil society, without exception, have repeatedly expressed its repudiation and condemnation against the perpetration of these abominable practices contrary to human rights and international humanitarian law.
For these reasons, the adoption of this international instrument, in addition to strengthening the institutional coherence in our country for the protection of the rights of the child, would mean a resounding and very broad reiteration of condemnation of such practices, an additional setting in international evidence of its atrocious character and an opportunity to press in order to obtain a commitment via advanced by the Government in the humanitarian agreements and own tables of negotiation aimed to achieve the abstention of the same.
In this way it would contribute to the promotion, respect, guarantee and protection of the rights of children, and thus begin to build a culture of peace and human rights that are the axiological support of a fair and orderly society.
For these reasons, we would ask the honorable Congress of the Republic adopted the "Optional Protocol to the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict". Adopted in New York twenty five (25) of May two thousand (2000).
The Honourable senators and representatives, the Foreign Minister, GUILLERMO FERNANDEZ DE SOTO.
The Minister of national defence, GUSTAVO BELL LEMUS.
LAW 424 (January 13) 1998 which ordered the follow-up to the international agreements signed by Colombia.
THE Congress of COLOMBIA Decree: article 1. The national Government, through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall submit annually the latter commissions of Foreign Affairs of the Senate and House, and within the first thirty days calendar after the legislative period that begins each July 20, a detailed report on how they are fulfilling and developing the existing international agreements signed by Colombia with other States is.
Article 2nd. Each dependency of the national Government responsible for executing international treaties within their competence and require reciprocity in the same, transfer relevant information to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and, the latter commissions.
Article 3. The full text of this law will be incorporated as an annex to each and every one of the international conventions which the Ministry of Foreign Affairs submitted to the Congress for consideration.
Article 4th. This law governed from its promulgation.
The President of the honorable Senate of the Republic, AMÍLKAR ACOSTA MEDINA.
The Secretary-General of the honorable Senate of the Republic, PEDRO PUMAREJO VEGA.
The President of the honorable House of representatives, CARLOS ARDILA BALLESTEROS.
The Secretary General of the honorable House of representatives, DIEGO VIVAS TAFUR.
REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA - NATIONAL GOVERNMENT.
PUBLISHED AND EXECUTED.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogotá, D. C., on January 13, 1998.
ERNESTO SAMPER PIZANO, the Foreign Minister, MARIA EMMA Mejia VELEZ.
Executive branch of the power public Presidency of the Republic Bogotá, D. C., on May 15, 2001.

Approved. Subject to consideration of the honorable National Congress for constitutional purposes.
(Fdo). Andrés PASTRANA ARANGO Minister of Foreign Affairs, (signed.) GUILLERMO FERNÁNDEZ DE SOTO.
Decree: Article 1. adopted the "Convention on the marking of plastic explosives for the purpose of detection, done at Montreal, the first (1st) of March of thousands nine hundred ninety and one (1991)".
Article 2nd. In accordance with the provisions of article 1 of the law 7th of 1944, the "Optional Protocol of the Convention on the rights of the child on the involvement of children in armed conflict", adopted in New York, twenty-five (25) of May two thousand (2000).
Article 3. This law governs the date of its publication.
The President of the honorable Senate of the Republic, LUIS ALFREDO RAMOS BOTERO.
The Secretary General of the honorable Senate of the Republic, EMILIO RAMON OTERO DAJUD.
The President of the honorable House of representatives WILLIAM VELEZ MESA.
The Secretary General of the honorable House of representatives, ANGELINO LIZCANO RIVERA.
REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA - NATIONAL GOVERNMENT COMMUNICATE AND MET.
Run, upon review of the Constitutional Court, in accordance with article 241-10 of the political Constitution.
Given in Bogotá, D. C., on July 10, 2003.
ÁLVARO URIBE VÉLEZ the Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, responsible for the functions of the Office of the Foreign Minister, CLEMENCIA FORERO UCROS.
The Minister of national defense, MARTA LUCIA RAMIREZ DE RINCON.
FOOTNOTE: [1] source: document A/54/430 October 1999. Report of Olara Otunno, Special Representative for children, the General Assembly of the United Nations.
[2] article 38.
1. States parties undertake to respect and ensure respect for rules of international humanitarian law that are applicable in armed conflicts and that are relevant to the child.
2. States parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not yet attained 15 years of age do not participate directly in hostilities.
3. States parties shall refrain from recruiting in the armed forces who have not attained 15 years of age. If they recruit people who have completed 15 years, but who are under the age of 18, States parties shall endeavour to give priority to older.
4. in accordance with the obligations emanating from international humanitarian law to protect civilians during armed conflicts, States parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure protection and care of children affected by armed conflict.

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