ACT 508 OF 1999
Official Gazette No. 43651 of July 30, 1999
By which the National Development Plan for the years 1999-2002 is issued. Summary
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA DECREES: TITLE I.
GENERAL PART ARTICLE 1o. OBJECTIVES OF THE PLAN. The primary objective of the National Development Plan is the pursuit and maintenance of peace, in order to place the country on a path of sustainable growth with social cohesion. To this end it seeks:
- Promote the generation of wealth, significantly reduce unemployment, reduce poverty and protect an appropriate use of the environment.
- Offering incentives for social and economic advancement of the population, equal to the expansion of social opportunities, particularly for the population living in conditions of particular vulnerability, due to its socioeconomic, cultural, ethnic, territorial, religious or gender.
- Contribute to the creation of a culture of peace, to make us fit for the daily exercise of coexistence in solidarity, tolerance and respect for human rights as the basis for national reconciliation.
- Improving efficiency and equity in the allocation of public resources, taking into account criteria of income and regional redistribution and gender.
The National Development Plan proposes to mobilize society as a whole according to their ability to make the quadrennial not a single child stops attending until the ninth grade, which meets the compulsory and is quoted by the actual value of revenue, the General System of Social Security in Health; for members of the scheme subsidized health are truly the most vulnerable; that domestic violence is not tolerated and have better family relationships; that children are better protected and better nourished. Better conditions offered to the disabled.
In order to rebuild the social fabric the National Development Plan aims to influence deeply on access opportunities and poor segments of the population with low incomes have essential assets. That is why in the context of the National Development Plan, the social policy of the state is the way institutionally is achieved that the individual accumulation of human capital and collective social capital formation articulate balanced with physical accumulation, individual and collective to maximize national development and achieve sustainable economic growth with social cohesion.
It is to adopt a state policy on peace that transcends governmental periods, to address the affected by violence population and incorporate these actions as part of the management processes of territorial development, within the framework of the deepening decentralization.
The proposed peace policy sector investments aimed at improving conditions that strengthen peaceful coexistence and discouraging factors that promote violence in sectors such as agriculture, infrastructure, justice, the environment, defense and security, which will be complemented with special measures to combat corruption.
A special plan for economic, social and environmental reconstruction in the areas affected by the conflict will be launched.
PARAGRAFO. Merge as an annex to this law the document "Change to Build Peace", prepared by the Presidency of the Republic and the National Planning Department, with additions and modifications referred to in paragraphs of article 1. of the paper for the second debate and those approved in second debate.
. PLAN FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF THE COFFEE. Also as a general part of the Development Plan, strategies relevant to the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the community affected by the earthquake in the coffee, seeking sustainable development, promoting the recovery of the quality of life of its inhabitants and reintegration of be included region to the national and international economy. Such strategies are developed further through the Investment Plan and implementation mechanisms.
PUBLIC INVESTMENT PLAN CHAPTER I. Projection of financial resources
ARTICLE 3o. SOURCES OF FUNDING OF PUBLIC INVESTMENT PLAN. The National Public Investment Plan 1999-2002 will be worth sixty five billion five hundred sixty billion pesos ($ 65.56 billion), at constant 1998 pesos financed as follows:
Revenue Sources Resources Indebted Other / 2 Total
own / 1 ing applications running applications
Nation / 3
Government Investment Central
12.04 0.76 8.29 2.99 Excluding Eje Cafetero
11.21 8.29 2.92 0.76 0.07 0.83 Eje Cafetero Investment
9.47 9.47 public Sector investment
decentralized 7.03 2.87 0.08 9.99 Transfers
social 28.31 28.31 Total sources 29.07 16.50 11.17 3.07 59.81
investment fund for peace
5.75 TOTAL iNVESTMENT PLAN
1999-2002 65.56 / 4
/ 1 for public establishments corresponds to funds managed by entities (SNUFF).
/ 2 are funds from privatization, portfolio management, etc. In the decentralized sector also it corresponds to contributions of entities. It includes capitalization pension fund Telecom.
/ 3 Includes $ 1,008,712.6 million pesos in 1998 from 2 per thousand for the coffee and the effect on territorial transfers from tax revenues (24.5%).
/ 4 Does not include additions to housing programs and water and sewage.
Description of key investment programs
. DESCRIPTION OF MAJOR INVESTMENT PROGRAMS. The description of the main programs and subprograms that the National Government hopes to run in the term of the National Investment Plan 1999-2002 is:
1. State viable and participatory
1.1 Deepening of decentralization
The national government will, in a concerted and participatory manner with local authorities, the private sector and civil society, deepening a policy of decentralization guided by the principles of recognition of heterogeneity, flexibility, gradual, harmonious development of regions, participation of civil society and consolidation of regional and local autonomy. 1.1.1
Land-use planning in Colombia This program aims to boost national and territorial debate in order to identify the type of system that requires the country to project the economic, social and environmental future, participation of civil society. In this sense, it is provided that the Ministry of Interior and the DNP, in coordination with other ministries, local authorities and commissions order of Congress, among others, perform the following actions:
i) Conform the Zoning Commission;
Ii) Establish principles and criteria of the country with a strategic vision to guide the debate;
Iii) To prepare the draft Organic Law on Territorial Organization in a participatory manner, and
iv) Develop a strategy to implement the process of Land Management.
1.1.2 Strengthening fiscal and institutional management of local authorities
fundamental to deepen the decentralization process and achieve sustainability in the medium and long term aspect is the strengthening of territorial finance, to make them entities viable to ensure their own income operation and promote regional development. This forces to take action via strengthening revenue and retrenchment within comprehensive fiscal adjustment strategies. Subprograms associated with this program are as follows:
22.214.171.124 Support and technical assistance at the regional level in tax matters and tax.
126.96.36.199 Financial support for those territorial entities that engage in the implementation of fiscal adjustment measures and institutional restructuring aimed at ensuring their financial viability and improve administrative efficiency.
1.1.3 Strengthening the participation of civil society in public administration
The objective of this program is to promote the active involvement of civil society in governance, strengthening the effective power by citizens to organize and participate in decision-making, sharing responsibility with private entities in the social, economic and environmental development. 1.2 Modernization of the State
The national government will induce and will launch a unified, coordinated and evaluable state modernization, which go beyond the programs or projects process, legislative reform, budget cuts or isolated efforts.
This will be a state policy, a permanent activity of adjustment and rapid adaptation, which will allow the State to fully comply with its purposes.
In this vein, State modernization will involve not only the adoption of policies but also, and simultaneously, the implementation of plans and projects with visible and measurable results in the short, medium and long term, under the following criteria: redefinition of the state role; reducing duplication of functions, programs and projects; rationalization of public expenditure; development of the decentralization process; adequate and efficient service delivery and compliance functions.
In order to modernize fiscal management in the public utilities companies, the Comptroller General of the Republic shall regulate the matter with a view to eliminating practices of prior control and other controls that hinder the efficient management of companies public services. Will seek the National Comptroller has a prevalent control over other territorial comptrollers and have obtained the same information that the private shareholders pursuant to the Commercial Code.
Corruption Strategy 1.2.1: Priority consolidation of a peaceful environment (Major Programs)
188.8.131.52 Reduction of impunity for corrupt behavior
Through the installation of the Commission national for Moralisation, created by Article 67 of Law 190 of 1995, seeks to increase moral costs associated corrupt practices and promote the development of codes of ethics within all public sector entities. Additionally, offices and mailboxes receipt of complaints and phone calls to the reporting of crimes against public administration be established lines. As a complement, awareness-raising and education of the population regarding corruption they will be made.
The National Government will regulate the manner and conditions governing transactions between public entities and entities intermediating in the stock market, in order to realize the value of transparency.
Without prejudice to special rules concerning disqualifications and incompatibilities, to ensure proper use of public resources, the government will issue rules on transparency that allow comprehensively regulate conflicts of interest in the public sector and those entities that provide public services.
184.108.40.206 Strengthening Information Systems and Control of Public Management Oriented
increase the likelihood of actually discovering the corrupt official, and at the same time discourage such behavior, said strengthening includes actions such as design of indicators of public perception about the quality of services and the development of a special training program for officials, to know, internalize and implement the mechanisms and procedures provided by Decree 2150 of 1995, Act 190 of 1995 and other tools for institutional modernization. Also, technical mechanisms be established to meet the costs of corruption.
Covenants 220.127.116.11 Anti-Corruption in Public Procurement
To convene civil society in the fight against corruption, accession will promote the global program of "Transparency International - Islands of Integrity" so proponents in national and international public tenders anticorruption force through agreements with personal and economic responsibilities. Additionally greater transparency by making public information on procurement processes, so that the community can exercise real control is sought. ethical behavior agreements with trade associations and members who contract with the State will also be established. Citizens
18.104.22.168 Management Control and Results of Public Investment Tips
The presidential program against corruption, or his substitute, will form in each department, Citizens Advice Management Control and Public Investment results, IRGC, as mechanisms to promote the effective control of citizenship on governance and its results and to channel citizens' initiatives to prevent and control crimes against public administration. Applications of these councils have the character of right of petition. Any public official who did not respond to requests for the IRGC incur grounds for misconduct.
The composition and function of these councils will be defined by the Government.
At the request of Citizens Management Control and Public Investment Results Councils, the entities responsible for investment projects pacts promote public transparency and efficiency of the implementation of the investment. In these agreements will involve public entities that promote, contractors and citizens' organizations. Its purpose is to establish by consensus the rules governing the management of programs and investment projects. For this purpose must establish the responsibilities of the social and institutional stakeholders, on the technical, social, environmental, financial and administrative aspects required to ensure efficiency, effectiveness and efficiency of public investment.
1.2.2 Modernization of the financial administration of the State
will be sought to modernize, facilitate and expedite public financial management; for it is especially important to ensure the necessary resources for the implementation of the Plan through the following mechanisms: flexible public finances, define the extraordinary revenues can not support permanent expenditure by the risk of serious imbalances in the Public finances; allow the change of funding sources subject to such authorization of Congress; noted financial investments may be made public entities; establish a streamlined process for reducing the budget because of the reserves and accounts payable; define the budgetary scope of contracts with multilateral agencies; specify the non-profit entities that under Article 355 of the Constitution may receive state resources; establish new mechanisms for participation in infrastructure projects; pointing the way to transfer the resources under Law 226 of 1995 they correspond to local authorities and clarify some procedures for the privatization of state-owned shareholding.
Systematized financial and accounting system will be developed throughout the State. The Ministry of Finance and Public Credit will coordinate its implementation.
The Plan proposes a great social commitment to education, youth and sport. Government efforts will focus on five key aspects of the entire national education system: human development, coverage, efficiency, equity and quality.
In coverage, the priority is to increase enrollment of preschool and secondary education and universal basic education. To do this, fairness between municipalities seek favoring the poorest; the conditions will be created to increase social control and actions will be advanced structural changes in the sector.
Along with increasing coverage, improving the quality of education in the country is set as a priority for government. The government will pay priority attention in order to improve the quality of education, to the following factors: the accuracy of the guidelines and curriculum standards; the supremacy of students as the center of the educational process; the qualifications and training of teachers, increased participation of the educational community; compensation of educational inequalities; innovation and educational research; educational and vocational guidance; System consolidation Educational Evaluation and strengthening the school.
2.1 Basic Education Program 2.1.1
Walker Enlargement policy coverage is guided by the principles of efficiency and equity. In this context, the Wayfarer program aims to expand coverage in preschool and secondary levels, and universal coverage in basic education. For this purpose a program of rationalization that will take place gradually adjusted to the particular conditions of each territorial entity will be arranged.
In rural secondary programs that provide a link between education and production for children and youth in grades six through nine will be strengthened.
Also as part of this program, educational opportunities will be offered to people with disabilities or exceptional talents and capabilities, young people and adults in overage behind the system through alternative forms of care with quality and equity, reducing at one point the national illiteracy rate of the population aged 15 years or more. educational establishments will be supported to develop educational activities that allow the integration of people with physical, sensory, mental or emotional limitations.
2.1.2 The organization of formal education
This program aims to improve the organization of formal education. It will promote the construction of a system that links autonomy and cohesion, through the active participation of the educational community in school projects and curricula, within the framework of school governance, Board and Academic Council.
In addition to the goals of expanding coverage it will be sought that the system is constituted in such a way that guarantees the permanence of the student from kindergarten to high school.
This process of improving the education system -encaminado to school a learning organization and adapts to the environment in which it is inserted will be carried out in order to ensure the promotion and human development of all children and young people of Colombia. In cases where the best way to achieve these purposes consists of the articulation of different campuses, this will be done with the integration of state schools from kindergarten to only average, under one administration and under a single Board. 2.1.3 Education is quality
The plan aims to provide quality education to all Colombians development of the aims of education contained in article 5. of the General Law of Education, namely the full development of personality; training in respect for life, human rights and peace; learning scientific, technical and artistic knowledge; the development of critical, reflective and analytical skills; the acquisition of an awareness for environmental improvement; training in work practice and creating an awareness of national sovereignty.
In development program is Quality Education, curriculum guidelines will be defined and standards shall be established by knowledge; It will consolidate and institutionalize the National Assessment of Education, which will cover the evaluation of the quality of teaching, evaluation of teachers and principals, the professional performance of educators, student achievement, efficiency methods and textbooks, administrative and physical organization, and efficiency in service delivery. The results that the system will be released periodically in order to nurture policy of teacher training, orientation of State financial resources for education and promote social enforceability of the quality of education.
Special attention will transform and accreditation of teacher training institutions; transformation, innovation and qualification processes ongoing training of educators. It will continue with strategies to identify, disseminate and replicate experiences recognized for their impact on student achievement.
The school day will be extended for the purpose of providing educational support to students in preparing homework, knowledge and use of methods of study, to promote reading through the provision of school libraries or support public libraries, and provide children and youth recreational activities, sports, artistic, cultural and civic education. Unica Day Day according to the criteria of infrastructure, staffing, personal and professional plant for teachers to assume this type gradually boost wages.
Agreements with educational institutions will be established to develop educational and therapeutic actions that allow the integration of people with physical, sensory, mental, sensory or emotional limitations.
Ursulas 2.1.4 This program seeks to recognize the integral formation of people starts from the womb. We will not have a fair system if all children have not developed, from conception, the fundamentals of learning.
To build the possibilities for such development, the Government will design and implement this program which is aimed at training parents and adults responsible for children, under the assumption that they correspond to the primary task of generating the psycho conditions necessary for infants to build an adequate system of learning.
This is only possible if adults become aware and accept the educational role in immediate and constant interaction they have with children and responsibility in creating affective, creative, stimulating and peaceful coexistence environments.
The Government will provide the adult perspective on the indicated action using different strategies and projects that take into account the practices favorable to the development of the population to which this program is directed breeding.
Within the education system, the content and purpose of the program will set Ursulas its main articulation with the required level of Early Childhood Education, which aims to expand coverage the government.
2.2 Average Education Secondary education requires a national debate to give a unique identity, which it lacks, to play a role between basic education and higher education or the world of work.
Without prejudice to the investment of resources situated tax and other official resources earmarked for Media Education, contributions to which Article 11, paragraph 4, of Law 21 of 1982 is concerned, with destination to schools industrial and official technical institutes, may be invested in academically oriented institutions to strengthen science and technology projects.
2.3 Colombia: knowledge society
This Plan aims to boost the construction of Colombia as a knowledge society, in a process that should be observed as a whole that includes the development of the human person from conception to the grave . In this perspective there are two key elements of the system are: Preschool, Basic and Secondary generated by the primary basis for performance in that company; and Higher Education that articulates guiding the process, generating research, teaching and extension, a horizon for training in the higher, towards which the entire educational system in particular and the nation in general is addressed.
With that achieved Colombia stand at an equal footing in the development of the global context and not in terms of growth periphery subordinating others.
This plan promotes national mobilization that is advancing the national government with the participation of all the educational institutions and other sectors of society, to jointly build a viable system characterized by the ability to learn and adapt to the changing environment . This system must balance autonomy and cohesion and allow responsible for the first year.
2.3.1 Credit System Expansion
The money earmarked for this subprogram are an additional resource and not a substitute for direct contributions of the Nation for public institutions of higher education.
This applet will run through Icetex and seeks two main objectives: to expand coverage and improve equity of the credit system as a tool for equitable access to higher education. Special emphasis will be given credit for support in this mechanism.
In this process elements will be introduced subsidy on credit to cover credit demand for strata one, two and three (1, 2 and 3) in institutions of higher education that meet the quality criteria established by the Minister National Education taking the concept of the National Accreditation Commission.
2.3.2 Quality Improvement
The objective of this sub-program is to improve the quality and level of higher education provided in the country, protecting the rights of users of this level. Within this sub-program will place special emphasis on teacher training programs and improving academic installed capacity in public institutions of higher education.
To achieve this goal requires the establishment of institutions and instruments of effective regulation; in particular, the information system of higher education that allows to discriminate the quality of supply and inspection processes, monitoring and accreditation support will be strengthened.
2.3.3 Promotion of technology education and scientific capacity
This sub-program is to promote scientific and technological universities so as to contribute to the development and the solution of the country's needs capabilities.
Special emphasis will be given to funding programs masters and doctorates in public universities To achieve this objective.
Similarly, the Nation will promote the improvement of the quality and relevance of technological education, as well as promote the selection of this type of program by young people with the intention to accelerate and facilitate scientific and technological modernization.
The Government will also support its consultative bodies especially the Colombian academies (Language, Medicine, Jurisprudence, History, Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences, Economics, Colombian Society of Engineers, Colombian Society of Architects, Colombian Geographical Society, Patronage of Arts and Sciences) and Instituto Caro y Cuervo, and all those that are part of the Maximum School of Colombian Academies. To this end, the Ministry of Education or other state entities may enter into contracts with these institutions in order to promote the advancement of knowledge and Colombian culture in the area that each one is responsible.
2.4 2.4.1 Youth Builders of a new country
In order to implement the National Youth Policy for the quadrennium and develop the Law 375 of 1997, the Ministry of Education, through the Vice Ministry youth, will focus on meeting the following objectives: to promote youth as peacemakers, generating new forms of service to society and enabling access to more and better goods and services; promote education and comprehensive training, including dimensions that allow youth to build, express and develop their identity to participate actively in the social life of the country; and promote technical assistance to local authorities and non-governmental organizations to design care policies to the youth population by promoting participation and institutionalization of programs for this population.
As basic lines of action to achieve this purpose, it will be implemented under the leadership of Vice Ministry, the National System of Youth as the set of institutions, organizations, institutions and individuals working with and on behalf of young people, encouraging Tips Youth; Integrated Youth Services by Solidarity Youth Corps as alternatives for young people to be projected, and the Houses of Youth as meeting spaces, socialization and youth training. 2.5 Sport
The National Government will support the decentralization process in the sector, advancing the transformation of the Colombian Sports Institute, COLDEPORTES, in a technical institution of research and consulting in sport, administering an Information System for monitor and evaluate results in local authorities.
Progress will be made in the decentralization of sport. The Nation promote initiatives of local authorities and the private sector for training programs and high performance sport.
In this regard the Government budgetarily ensure the holding of national sports games scheduled on technical criteria and equitable regions, as an integrator of Colombian youth, which will coordinate with the relevant National COLDEPORTES and territorial entities, their effective implementation. 2.6
Recreation: Tool peacebuilding and social development
The Plan operationalize recreation as integrating component of the various areas of wellness and adjustment of individuals and communities, ensuring that their character means comprehensive urban development and social, it is concrete in its contribution to the general welfare of children, young people and the elderly, taking into account gender, status and ethnicity.
This will be made possible by the implementation of the National Recreation Plan, which will support organizations and associations of civil society committed to the industry and Compensation Funds. Additionally it will support the consolidation of the National System of Recreation, the Compulsory Social Service and volunteerism in the sector and the information system for monitoring, tracking and evaluating management performance in recreation of local authorities.
culture sector organization
Through this program, the National System of Culture will be consolidated through the creation of councils and regional cultural institutions, strengthening non-governmental organizations and cultural actors and consolidation of the processes that give life and structure the system: training , information, planning, organization and financing. To this end, programs to financially strengthen the sector, both nationally and at local level, channeling resources generated by the culture to the same sector will be implemented. 3.2
Cultural Heritage of the Nation
State action will focus on the identification, investigation, analysis, conservation, restoration, dissemination and appreciation of cultural heritage materials (documentary, sound, visual, film, movable and immovable) and nonmaterial (memory, traditions, customs, etc.), which are part of the whole artistic and cultural heritage of the nation, heritage is fundamental axis of development and essential source of memory and identity.
Museums, libraries, documentation centers and archives, as axes of attention, care and strengthening of cultural heritage in the country will be strengthened. It also strengthened the National Museum, the National Library, the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and the General Archive of the Nation, entities that are as direct equity lines of government action. the physical expansion of the National Museum will be consolidated as a project of social interest to strengthen educational and cultural work and to support other museums in the country, in its educational and cultural services for Colombians in the next century. Artistic and cultural 3.3
Training This program will promote knowledge of our reality, history, myths and roots. The impulse to anthropology and archeology and rescue of teaching humanities at the school level will help to achieve this goal. strengthening programs and national and regional institutions responsible for developing educational and artistic and cultural processes and training and professionalization of creators and cultural managers will be promoted it will be promoted.
3.4 Promotion of creation and artistic and cultural creation
research and artistic research in order to recognize and promote the immense artistic potential that the country can guarantee the continuity of their cultural traditions will be encouraged; it is to reconcile concepts such as identity and globalization, and to raise the level of national artists and their professionalism.
3.5 Culture and Media
is seek to strengthen the (radio, television, print and film) communication processes that reinforce intercultural dialogues that occur in the country, with the aim of contributing to democratize information and access to activities, goods and artistic and cultural services. It will continue through community radio, to promoting real and efficient to protect, conserve, rehabilitate and disseminate our cultural heritage, in particular the sound (musical and oral) mechanisms.
Similarly, it will actively participate in the consolidation of cultural television channel, and shall strive for the expansion of areas of cultural programming at dealerships media of radio and television communication, seeking mechanisms to encourage private channels in order to produce and exhibit high cultural level programs. national film production will be promoted by generating public and private financing of national, bilateral and international source. Cultural industries
3.6 In order to strengthen the cultural sector as a source of economic and social development, in cases where this is possible and appropriate, will seek to incorporate cultural production in market dynamics, through industries and cultural services for which mechanisms that encourage investment in the sector, such as customs warehouses dedicated to cultural activity will be provided. The priority sectors for the development of these policies will be publishing, film, music industry and cultural tourism, among others. For strengthening resources to the Joint Film Promotion Fund and the National Joint Promotion Fund will be channeled.
4.1 Membership of the subsidized health system, care of traffic accidents, victims of natural disasters and strengthening the network of emergency
The National Government and local authorities ensure coverage subsidized membership of the social security system in health and promote its expansion. For this they go
resources Fosyga solidarity subaccount and other sources of financing the subsidized scheme.
The quota increase in subsidized coverage will be given mainly NBI levels and decreased coverage of the different municipalities, and the imbalance between different regions of the country are correct. The national level through the Fosyga allocate more resources for municipalities with higher NBI and less coverage and thus comply with the principle of equity and mandatory that speaks Act 100 of 1993.
The resources of the fund subaccount attention ECAT health of the victims of traffic accidents, terrorist accidents, natural disasters, or other events expressly approved by the National Council of Social Security in health, as well as compensation for permanent disability and death, funeral expenses and transportation costs the hospital in this same population. These resources will finance, once covered the above benefits, programs for institutional strengthening of the national network of emergency and prevention and care of traffic accidents, catastrophic events and terrorist, as well as those for the treatment and rehabilitation of victims, prior approval distribution and allocation by the National Council of Social Security in Health.
The National Government and the National Social Security Council will review and adjust stops benefit coverage by the SOAT and Fosyga. Other risks will be served under subaccounts ECAT according to the regulations issued. 4.2
basic care Plan The Ministry of Health agreed with the Ministries of Environment and National Education and local authorities under the Basic Health Plan, PAB, the development of integrated strategies for disease control emerging and reemerging with emphasis on health promotion, social participation and environmental management. The national government, local authorities, the EPS and ARS priority will be funding and timely supply of biological products required for compliance with certain goals in the expanded immunization plan in order to achieve universal coverage in terms of vaccinations.
The Ministry of Health will lead the implementation of a comprehensive strategy to promote responsible parenthood and sexual health, with emphasis on adolescents and gender. To implement this program the Ministry of Health will use the resources speaks the 2nd paragraph. Article 166 of Law 100 of 1993. In addition, the Ministry of Health will promote comprehensive health care to the population in a situation of forced displacement, it will encourage municipal spaces for the promotion of peaceful coexistence and guide the sector integration into the National Plan for Prevention and Violence. shares are included to prevent the consumption of alcohol, cigarettes and other psychoactive substances in children and adolescents. Likewise, within the National Plan of Care for People with Disabilities and Handicaps, it will launch actions to promote a culture of social integration of persons with disabilities equal opportunity.
The national government will prioritize and promote the hiring of BAP activities through the public network ensuring at least fifty percent (50%) and define minimum contract conditions both in the public network or private network .
4.3 Other programs 4.3.1 Financial Stability
evasion and avoidance of contributions will be controlled
To ensure the financial stability of the General System of Social Security in Health, SGSSS, and gain access to health services with equity, and the possibility of creating a single center will study revenue collection for the different contributions to the General Social Security System in Health, SGSSS, or other information systems as the only record of contributors will be used. Likewise, multiple affiliation to the system and prevent fraudulent affiliation. mechanisms in order to protect the rights of members to the Social Security System in Health, SGSSS, in terms of insurance and therefore the provision of services will be established if the Services Companies Health, EPS, or the Subsidized Regime, ARS, which are affiliated, have solvency problems or bankruptcy. On the other hand, resources for the sustainability of Subsidized Health System will be guaranteed. The National Government will establish the mechanisms and compensation procedures, designing stages of the process and filing dates.
Will incur grounds for misconduct, without prejudice to the civil and administrative actions that may be required tax, criminal, mayors or governors who diverted or delayed, or not timely deliver the appropriate resources to the General Social Security System health (SGSSS). Also it is the duty of the ARS promptly cancel their obligations to health institutions. 4.3.2 Increasing coverage
In order to ensure access of all people to health promotion, prevention, health recovery without the principle of financial balance is altered, ensuring sustainability the existing subsidized regime, and accepting the percentages of the term of 1999 the transition of Law 344 of 1996 processing subsidy supply to demand is suspended, to ensure the health care of the population linked to the system and to care pathologies not included in the Mandatory Health Plan (POS) subsidized regime.
The Board of Health and Social Security will review the transformation of subsidies from supply to demand, taking into account the fiscal resources and evaluation of the population linked and affiliated.
The Council of Social Security in Health can define access to health services for certain population groups under special conditions, such as the homeless, abandoned children and displaced persons. Similarly
partial subsidies will be created for freelancers level three (3) and four (4) Sisben, in accordance with regulations established by the National Council of Social Security in Health. The National Government will provide new resources for these partial subsidies. The National Government will finance the study to define the payment capacity of these groups, so that independent workers to contribute to their affiliation according to their income. They will study ways to reduce the percentage of contribution or pay the value of Capitation Payment Unit, UPC, and not poor population affiliation with the subsidized regime will be avoided. The population can not join join, should bear the costs of health care that requires directly. The family compensation funds that are managing group homes, may allocate new resources subsidized scheme for affiliation of children under six (6) years of poor and their families. In any case, the boxes must maintain their current funding the subsidized regime affiliates. 4.3.3
insurers and providers of health services entities
existing requirements for the formation of health insurers, administrators of the subsidized and institutions providing health services to be reviewed in the creation of new entities this, ensure the existence of technical, administrative and financial conditions that enable them to respond adequately its obligations.
Those who do not have financial viability will be settled. The Subsidized Regime, ARS, and joint health enterprises, ESS may be grouped to ensure risk compensation and strengthen their financial capacity. The National Government will define the character of the ARS to optimize the use of resources UPC subsidized for providing health services regime. If the resources that must allocate ARS to provide services are not required in the force as a whole, they must be reserved in a fund for the provision of services. The National Council of Social Security in Health will create a special account in the Fosyga provision to ensure the provision of services. the possibility of restructuring the ARP to finance health costs generated by occupational hazards will be studied. The national government will assess the response given by the entities that manage the Compulsory Insurance of Traffic Accidents, SOAT, in meeting its obligations, in order to ensure that all health expenses generated in traffic accidents are paid by this insurance. Traffic accidents coming from a professional risk will be paid to the resources of Occupational Hazards System. EPS and public institutions adapted must comply fully with the provisions of Law 100 of 1993. Likewise, EPS, ARS and adapted entities may not grant different incentives to improve the quantity and quality of health services provided in the system, or outsource all the POS with other entities, or delegate the guarantee and quality of service delivery.
The Institute of Social Security, ISS, will be strengthened institutionally and will operate the information system, which allows efficiently manage different insurance and membership in the General System of Social Security in Health, SGSSS.
To authorize the National Government until December 31, 1999, to adopt the measures required in order to restructure the health care services of the Social Welfare Fund of the Congress on the basis of their functional and financial viability in accordance with the technical and legal studies advance about with.
During this period, the Fund will continue to provide health care services under the same conditions in which it does. For purposes of financing additional services to the mandatory health plan with different resources of the compulsory contributions, the government set additional contributions as may be necessary, by members and the nation, applying to the latter effect the remedies provided in the Budget Law and Decree 2354 of November 19, 1998, section 1805 Provident Fund of Congress, A. Operation, 1805-1802 Health Unit, 3-5-3-7-10 category Other current transfers-Resources.
4.3.4 Strengthening quality assurance system
will work on strengthening the system of quality assurance in institutions providing health services, IPS, and Promoters Companies of Health Services, EPS, through mechanisms that promote the achievement of higher levels of quality. The Ministry shall establish a system of performance indicators to assess the quality in the provision of services and launched in coordination with EPS and ARS. Also, regulate the accreditation of the IPS.
4.3.5 Public hospitals Public hospitals should be transformed into state social enterprises, ESE. These should restructure their plants personnel recruitment system more flexible, improve management, ensure the solvency of their referral and systems and adapt their services to ensure sustainability. For this, the Government will implement institutional strengthening plans for the public network of health services, financed with local authorities and / or hospitals, to improve the delivery of health promotion, prevention, protection and recovery health holistically. In any case, the legal and contractual rights that have been agreed or recognized under the law is not infringed upon. The Ministry of Health and local authorities will provide technical assistance, training and the necessary financial support through loans, for the adaptation of plants personnel required under the level of complexity and the possibilities of each region.
The National Council of Social Security in Health will have the power to define the minimum percentage and conditions of the contract between the ARS and public IPS.
The National Government shall regulate the composition, qualities and attributes of the components of Boards of Social State Enterprises, ESE. 4.3.6 Information System
a comprehensive system of reliable and timely information on health that will permit monitoring the actions of local governments and the flow of information to these levels be established so that they facilitate their duties. Likewise, the standardization of information systems and integration of the actions of all stakeholders in order to achieve control and monitoring both system users as aspects related to the provision of services will be promoted and management of all the resources and infrastructure of the sector. 4.3.7
monitoring and control system
In this, the various bodies that constitute it, namely; the National Government and local authorities, clearly define the powers and functions that each instance will develop. Furthermore, mechanisms for citizen participation will be included in the integrated control of the General System of Social Security in Health, SGSSS, especially on the issues of membership and guarantee the satisfaction of users' rights. It will be structured and will adapt the monitoring and control system and the Superintendency of Health as head of the system. At the territorial level, the Superintendency of Health may require contracting authorities monitored external audits and / or mechanisms will be generated in order that supervised entities contribute to financing this feature.
Likewise, the Superintendency may contract audits when required.
Mechanisms for citizen participation in the integrated control of the General System of Social Security in Health, SGSSS be strengthened. 4.3.8
Health Scientific Research The Ministry of Health will advance actions to promote scientific research in basic health and applied in areas of interest to the country with a view to providing a continuous process improvement scientific and ethical quality in the provision of health services. Likewise, it promotes technology planning processes, in order to strengthen its rationalization and adequate provision.
The financial monopoly of lotteries, all games of chance and the set of the assigned revenue for health, with earmarked to finance the sector will be maintained. The National Government will determine a percentage of proceeds from games of chance destined for health research and science.
Family and childhood family and childhood 5.1 Program
The general guidelines of the Colombian family oriented policy are part of the search for a social commitment to promote better conditions for individual and collective development of its members, particularly the rights of children, as well as the correction of the additional inequality that is generated via the least human and social capital of poor families.
5.2 During this government the conditions for the strengthening and development of the Colombian family will be promoted, focusing on protective factors that favor the re-vegetation of the social fabric. To this end, the current tax structure of natural persons, tax rates by family type and family allowance, so that they operate in the direction of encouraging greater capital for the family will be studied. 5.2.1 Promotion and prevention
One of the emphasis of this Plan is to reinvigorate the promotion and prevention, through different mechanisms in which civil society will have a leading role and whose axis is the educational establishment and welfare group home. Teachers, parents, community mothers and other community agents will be trained in the early detection of abuse and family problems and actions to be taken as to how to approach the child and referral to other entities support cases as required.
5.2.2 National Food and Nutrition Plan
Through the National Family Welfare System eight lines of action of the National Food and Nutrition Plan, which act primarily on children in government schools will be articulated with emphasis on rural and marginal urban sectors with higher nutritional deficiencies, pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under six (6) years not covered by community homes. 5.2.3
National Plan against domestic violence
The Plan will generate national guidelines that will serve as a baseline or minimum standard of care for the articulation of the different preventive, educational activities, support, care and protection that will give new and appropriate responses to the problem of violence domestic. 5.2.4
National Plan on Drugs
This program aims to promote cultural change and improved quality of life through empowerment of the population, creating the necessary conditions for communities to achieve a comprehensive understanding of their reality, develop new strategies Community, take ownership of their problems and propose and implement alternative solutions.
5.2.5 Comprehensive care programs for children
The policy is aimed at promoting comprehensive care of children and conflict resolution within the family and community, under the principles of commitment, participation, gender equality and respect for cultural and regional differences in both urban and rural. 22.214.171.124
New community homes comprehensive care for children under six (6) years poor children will be promoted. For this, new models of care with the concurrence of ICBF, the family compensation funds, municipal governments and families of children, among other actors will be created. a single scheme of care can not handle, but which are designed must ensure comprehensive care. Each box of compensation, according to their possibilities and characteristics of its population, can structure the program.
Initiatives 126.96.36.199 municipal child care
This program seeks to qualify the care and protection offered to the population that has traditionally been a beneficiary of the programs of ICBF, through support of initiatives arising from self-management community, local government, businesses and organizations in the locality. It is intended that the solution to nutritional deficiencies and the care and protection of children, are primarily served within the family, society and the municipality. 5.2.6
Youths youth programs seek to contribute to improving the welfare of young people by strengthening the qualities, skills and abilities of the individual leading to comprehensive training, allowing their physical, psychological and social development and favoring a better and more active participation of young people in the country's development.
In this regard, the Government will promote the National System of Youth and formulate a National Plan of Youth Solidarity to promote social service and youth volunteering as a form of expression and potential for work. Likewise, it pays special support for the process of resocialization of juvenile prison population. 5.2.7
responsible reproduction Policies will be developed and will implement the National Plan for Sexual and Reproductive Health, led by the health sector in coordination with the education sector and the ICBF, addressing sexual health and care reproductive health comprehensively. 5.2.8 Social communication
A key component in the great change tending to the birth of a new culture in favor of the family is that of social communication, accompanying permanently, at national, departmental, municipal and all facilities (schools, health centers, hospitals, welfare homes), the implementation of the policies adopted. 5.3 Protection 5.3.1
Special Protection under 18
Through efficiency plan in protection will be done: the revision and updating of the rules and procedures of special protection; the promotion of mechanisms to expedite the legal and administrative processes; increasing measures familiar location of children in preference to institutional measures and in accordance with regional and cultural characteristics; the development of quality standards in the provision of services.
5.3.2 Special attention to the disabled and handicapped
This policy aims to create a culture of tolerance, respect for the rights and freedoms to be different, based on the constitutional principles of recognition of the dignity of the person, fundamental rights, equality and solidarity.
SISBEN and tax rates in order to recognize the higher costs incurred by a family living with a disabled member and incentives for the recruitment of this population will be created will be reviewed. It also will include the disabled population within the system of employment information SENA and the same entity will provide training to work with disabled in the areas where companies require when using this class of workers. 5.3.3
especially the population over 60 years
Protection Protecting the population over sixty (60) years will be carried out in coordination with local authorities, mainly through three different strategies: Incorporation this population to volunteer complementary school day, providing subsidies and membership program subsidized health regime. 5.4 Institutional 5.4.1
National Family Welfare System, SNBF
The National Government will put into operation the National Family Welfare System, SNBF, creating the conditions for its actors act interinstitutionally around politics family and child. He also will tend to its implementation at national level. 5.4.2
Colombian Family Welfare Institute
Given the powers and responsibilities currently in force for local governments on social programs, highlights the need to redefine the functions and operations of the Institute and its relationship with the System national Family Welfare.
5.4.3 Plan of Action for Children, PAFI
The National Government will promote compliance with the goals established in the Plan of Action for Children, PAFI, through coordination with the entities responsible in the national level, with departmental intersectoral groups and with territorial planning agencies to manage inclusion, implementation and monitoring of policies of family and children in the development plans of local authorities.
6. Plan for equal opportunities between women and men
The Plan of equality between women and men is the instrument through which the Colombian State intends to comply with the constitutional principles of equality and international agreements signed by the country regarding the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. It is effective through the design and formulation in different sectors of strategies to overcome constraints and obstacles to the participation of women on an equal footing with men in the political, economic, family, social, cultural life, decision-making positions and public power.
Under these rules, the national government has the obligation to design programs and projects that give priority to the employment of women, and promote training processes and integral development as recognition of their status as family axis and in turn, this as the core of society.
agricultural sector shares in the agricultural sector will be aimed at integrating and modernizing the rural sector through a policy that seeks to provide conditions for a competitive, equitable and sustainable development of the field, in their diversity and complexity.
To achieve this goal it is necessary to be efficient in the implementation of government programs developed in a participatory and decentralized manner based on an institutional setting that facilitates the integration and regionalization of actions and the adequacy of institutions to market dynamics by reducing procedures, improving efficiency and seeking coordination between entities.
Special emphasis will be given to incentives, private investment such as: Rural Capitalization Incentive, ICR, and Forestry Incentive Certificate, CIF. Likewise, preferentially it establishes development policy through strategic alliances using tools such as incentives via credit and Agricultural Guarantee Fund and agricultural insurance to rural funding, operation of capital markets of agricultural national exchange and sectoral policy instruments in science and technology, foreign trade, land reform and marketing policies, among others. This, in order to revive the rural investment in new productive projects, especially in short-cycle crops or late performance of their respective revenue streams suit, seeking greater achievements in competitiveness that will accompany the process transition. Purpose of the National Government is facilitating private sector participation in productive and social alliances as the basis of development.
Conforms government program the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development will design and launch a political transition to increase productivity of promising agricultural activities and to establish new activities to replace the one in which no opportunities are evidenced improve their competitiveness in an open market. These programs are aimed at overcoming the lack of preparation for the opening of the sector and to guide agricultural subsectors to export.
This policy will cover specific support, training of human resources, consulting, tax rebates and other incentives for investment, reforms to land ownership, research, adequacy of the institutional apparatus to meet the requirements of the transition and trade policy appropriate.
The Ministries of Agriculture and Foreign Trade in partnership with the unions of production define the products and regions under each program.
The objective of comprehensive policy expressed in productive and social alliances is to attract resources and boosting investment in agribusiness, agro-forestry, grazing and aquacultural projects of a social nature to enable further development and peace in rural areas through a close association between large, medium and small producers, domestic and foreign investors, industrial generators of technology, rural community, civil society and national, regional and local governments, for the realization of productive and rural social projects to enable boost the development of the sector and enable the equitable redistribution of income, overcoming poverty and achieving peace.
To increase the generation of employment and income of rural workers
a requisite essential to achieve an atmosphere of harmony and peace-, access to resources from productive factors will be provided, especially the Colombia Plan, the Investment Fund for Peace, and through the land reform program.
To achieve the revival of the countryside, rural employment generation, the decline of rural migration to the cities and to meet the goal of doubling exports proposed by this Plan. The National Government shall consider protection strategies with immediate actions that contribute to the policy of absorbing employment, recovering for the production of 120 thousand hectares in 1999 and an amount not less in the years following the effective date of this law, and support to national food production, giving preferential treatment to credit for production and marketing, and proceeding to the implementation of the reclassification of risk in accessing credit by the agricultural sector by improving infrastructure and establishing mechanisms to promote production and consumption internal food.
The entry of agricultural, agro-forestry and agro-industrial products to international markets will be supported; with the support of Proexport Colombia and the International Corporation, who is in charge of being productive incubator projects with research work and market intelligence and promotion of projects with export potential.
7.1 Incentives for rural capitalization
Through this program, will continue staking private sector resources for the benefit of development and agricultural competitiveness. Action will be taken to achieve results in areas such as land improvement, marketing, mechanization, modernization and inputs, support services and promotion of clean production.
In the allocation of ICR should be noted that the distribution reflects the possibilities offered by competitive products. 7.2
Foreign Trade Policy Under sectoral competitiveness agreements and international commitments, protection to domestic production which takes into account the competing countries tratamineto that give your production will be made, and sensitivity of domestic production. attempt shall be made by the clearing of distortions and barriers to trade.
Be reviewed and adjusted the protection regime currently in force at the level of the Andean community, within the framework of existing agreements.
International commitments through treaties and integration agreements to compliance with clear goals in modernization and sectoral competitiveness shall be attached.
Will be designed and implemented a trade policy transition, allowing the Colombian agricultural sector adapt to the challenges posed by integration processes.
The international market research will be supported in Colombia International Corporation (CCI) for agricultural, agro-industrial, agro-forestry and silvo pastoral products, identifying, promoting and developing opportunities and projects for agricultural goods production potential nationwide . 7.3 Internal marketing
In this field of agricultural marketing systems to reduce uncertainty for producers and improve their negotiating capacity, reduce transaction costs and increase the competitiveness of the sector will be modernized. In addition, policy incentives, compensation and subsidies to marketing to the private sector to implement the marketing policy will be strengthened, but will be removed in time and their benefits will be mainly for those agents that promote the modernization, competitiveness and agriculture contract. 7.4
agricultural credit policy to encourage rural investment, financing of activities of production, processing, marketing and services associated with agricultural activities, with resources from Plan Colombia and the Investment Fund to be promoted Peace. The national financial system, with the support of Finagro, will be essential in achieving these goals.
Lines of credit for productive projects with competitive potential in short-cycle crops or late performance to suit their revenue streams will be promoted. Integrally restructured and the Agrarian Fund will seek to develop a credit policy to improve rural financial services and expand coverage and access especially for small producers and overall rural economic activities.
The National Government will design legal mechanisms to guarantee access to credit for farmers, through the reclassification of risk.
The credit policy will be accompanied by mechanisms to solve the bad debt of small and medium producers with a view to rehabilitating them as subjects of credit and credit discipline normalize the sector, by buying discounted agricultural loan portfolio to financial intermediaries, at the same time support strategies that make viable the recovery of debts and acquired. This requires the creation of departmental funds reactivation and agricultural development as mixed companies formed by departments, municipalities, benefiting producers and associations will be promoted.
In accordance with Article 66 of the Constitution of Colombia, the Government will take the necessary measures to ensure effective prime rate for serctor related activities. 7.5 Agricultural health
technical and operational capacity of the ICA will be strengthened to fulfill the following functions: research and transfer control and preventive health care, registration of breeders; preservation and proper utilization of plant and animal genetic resources and risk prevention in the introduction, production and marketing of genetically modified organisms.
Looking for better coverage of its activities, the ICA may accredit and delegate to individuals and companies linked to the following National Agricultural Protection Subsystem, Simpagro, which has been running directly: analysis of animal and plant health; control and eradication of pests and diseases in animals and plants, residue analysis. Land reform 7.6
Land reform is implemented through the National System of Agrarian Reform and Rural Development Campesino, for this purpose the National Government will establish mechanisms to make effective the action of each component subsystems.
Land reform will be promoted through the use of a comprehensive, efficient, transparent and innovative model. voluntary negotiation and buying land, individually or collectively, within specific productive projects conducted in a decentralized manner and be sponsored citizen oversight.
Will advance to the integral development of peasant reserve zones, defined both in settlement areas and vacant areas in a framework of land use planning, developed in coordination with the Ministry of Environment.
Linking private capital to land reform programs, through financial contributions or land, through programs Productive Alliances for sustainable revival of agriculture will be sought. the effective implementation of extinction of ownership rights to lands acquired with money obtained from illegal activities and those unexploited land well below its potential will be promoted.
The cost of land and lease will be subject agricultural policy to seek their rationalization. 7.7
National Alternative Development Plan (Plante)
within the Plante will be promoted in coordination with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development profitable productive development activities that are options to illicit crops. Alternative Regional Development Plans aimed at rural infrastructure projects, research, agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry development will be advanced. Also oriented agribusiness, agro-forestry and silvopastoral projects that integrate credit components, environmental protection, technical assistance and promotion of private investment. 7.8
technological development policy will be designed and implemented programs to strengthen research and technology transfer and strengthen its institutions in order to increase productivity, efficiency and competitiveness of the agricultural sector. The criteria governing such programs will be the adjustment of products and services provided to members of producers and regional specificities practical requirements and, within a framework of cooperation and inter-sectoral and inter-agency coordination articulated with the National Protection and Plant Health.
Corpoica direct its resources to the research area and eminently concretize its action in the formulation of technology packages, making them available to producers and organizations providing technical assistance and rural extension.
To finance technical assistance programs, the Government will strengthen the mechanisms of subsidizing demand, progressively. 7.9 Policy
agricultural inputs will be awarded to priority projects co-financed for integrated pest management and the consequent transfer of technology especially in short-cycle crops, to reduce costs and improve competitiveness.
The Government will adapt the regulations to allow immediately the massive use of generic agrochemicals, allowing health and environmental licenses issued to commercial products automatically extend their generic components. It seeks decreasing production costs.
The overall goal of environmental policy is to restore and conserve priority areas in strategic ecoregions and design instruments and mechanisms to ensure a balance between supply and demand of environmental resources of the nation, promoting sustainable regional development in the context of peacebuilding.
To achieve this policy is structured in a collective environmental project, which develops through three goals, which are embodied in seven programs. The specific objectives are:
Conserve and restore priority areas in strategic ecoregions (water, biodiversity and forests).
Invigorate sustainable urban and regional development (quality of urban life and sustainability of endogenous production processes).
Contribute to environmental sustainability sectors (cleaner production and green markets).
The collective environmental project is structured around seven core programs. Interdependence between all these programs define a general policy guidance, consisting of systemic and concerted actions of all collective project environmental management. participation, information, coordination and articulation of national environmental system, municipal environmental management, land management and planning, knowledge generation and education, international cooperation and negotiation, regulations and instruments:
For the development of these programs will be established following instruments economic and financial, and policy instruments. Environmental policy
considers its water articulator axis; ie it is at the point between the water crisis and the social and economic crisis. Therefore, encourages the pursuit of concerted solutions to curb the deterioration of water ecosystems, explore alternative living around the collective interests on water, and influence local, regional and national levels of decision-making .
For optimum implementation of environmental policy should improve the level of coordination and cooperation between the agencies responsible for environmental management, through actions such as the strengthening of financial instruments by unifying and environmental funds generally promote the adequacy of the environmental institutions within existing resources and responsibilities.
Water 8.1 Program Goes to advance the system, proper handling and recovery of continental and marine ecosystems; in the first, increasing the capacity to regulate water in watersheds and in both, promoting efficient use and reducing pollution levels and risks.
Water linchpin of this environmental policy, must also guide our border relations, by developing bilateral agreements for the integrated management of shared river basins.
8.2 Biodiversity Program This program aims to improve the conservation and restoration of priority areas for forest ecosystems and forestry not in strategic ecoregions and protection of endangered species and limited distribution. Looking further strengthen knowledge and innovation systems on components and uses of biodiversity and optimize their social and economic benefits, strengthening technological capability, management and negotiation by the state and society.
In order to ensure long-term conservation of natural ecosystems, the establishment of new protected areas in regions such as the Orinoco and the Andean region is necessary, as well as strengthening existing in the Amazon and the Pacific. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the capacity for the conservation of important components (by threat or potential use) in living collections such as gene banks, botanical gardens, zoos and aquariums.
Conservation areas National Parks System will be held under the criteria of unity in the comprehensive management system and guidelines for national policy on protected areas. The administration of these areas continue coordination schemes, intersectoral coordination and inter-agency coordination at the national, regional and local level in order to implement a comprehensive policy for the conservation of these ecosystems, considering its importance from the point of ecologically and socially by its coincidence with nuclei of conflict, social marginality, illegal crops, illegal exploitation of natural resources, ethnic exclusion, conflicts of use and occupation, and phenomena of violence.
In addition, it is essential to ensure long-term natural ecosisemas and the establishment of protected areas in the Caribbean region conservation.
"Plan Siembra" was brought forward from the Mayor of Medellin whose overall objective is to develop reforestation programs, which contribute to improving environmental conditions and the environment of the city and generate new sources of employment, by running coordinated actions between public, private, social organizations and the community in general.
The research, use and sharing of benefits derived from biodiversity, and the use of genetic resources of the country should be to support a specific and applicable law, regarding their knowledge, use and conservation. A level is essential to ensure timely through these legislative developments raise the intellectual property of indigenous, black, native islanders and rural communities in general have on the use of biodiversity, with special emphasis on curative and medicinal aspects of plants and animals.
To do this in support of the development of the country's environmental policy will be proposed to Congress a legislative package on property rights of indigenous communities, which will articulate the complementary developments proposed to Law 29 of 1990 with provisions intellectual property. 8.3
forest Program Their efforts are aimed at advancing the conservation and restoration of priority areas in strategic ecoregions. In this context, seeks to promote and encourage joint action between the state and civil society in the conservation and sustainable use of forests, reforestation, ecological restoration and establishment of producing plantations that generate economic and social benefits to the population. also seeks to strengthen its incorporation into the national economy and improving the quality of life of the population.
To develop the specific aim of boosting urban and regional development, the following two programs are structured:
8.4 Program sustainability of endogenous production processes
It aims to encourage and promote the sustainable use of biological diversity and cultural heritage conservation processes with business management criteria for economic and social benefit of the regions as a strategy for strengthening the regional endogenous development. It also aims to support and encourage projects especially tourist services which are designed to promote knowledge and sustainable use of biological diversity. 8.5 Program
quality of urban life
It is aimed at preventing and controlling factors of deterioration of environmental quality in urban areas of greater population and economic dynamics; adopt models of sustainable urban development in accordance with the specific conditions of human settlements, meet the collective environmental needs and to protect and consolidate its natural capital. 8.6
cleaner production program aims to promote cleaner production in revitalizing sectors of the economy and greater environmental impact, among which stands out especially mining, and secondly, sectors such as energy, industry, tourism, agriculture and construction. It is also directed to incorporate the environmental dimension in the development of national infrastructure and growth sectors of the economy, to promote sustainability. 8.7
green markets program is intended to encourage the production of environmentally sound goods and services and increase the supply of competitive environmental services in domestic and international markets, ensuring the recognition of intellectual property rights and the country of origin respective .
The main objective of the policy will be directed towards generating actions that facilitate access to justice, enhance the generation of patterns of coexistence and establish mechanisms for the prevention, care and control of the factors associated with the presentation of offenses and development of violence. For this purpose both formal justice programs and non-formal justice be advanced. In the context of the economic downturn, special importance given to the pre-insolvency agreements that allow conflicts between debtors and creditors are resolved before initiating bankruptcy proceedings.
9.1 Modernization and development of physical infrastructure
The main objective of the program is aimed at the modernization of public administration through investment in physical infrastructure. For this reason, investment resources will be directed to the construction of the headquarters of the judicial offices and the administration of justice in the headwaters circuit or district considered priority.
9.2 Modernization and development of technological infrastructure
The efforts of this program will be aimed at the modernization of public administration through investment in technological means. For this purpose infrastructure resources and technology will be adapted to the new proposals for the organization of judicial offices and the administration of justice.
Other specific objectives of the program is the establishment of schemes of management organization and the adequacy of plant personnel through models designed for the purpose. 9.3
prison and penitentiary system Through this program seeks to comprehensively address the prison population in the management process it. the change in attitude toward the inmate taking into account the person, their conditions, needs, capacities, rights and obligations within a humanizing and dignifying under treatment by lawbreaker, enabling him to assess the prison space intended their potential.
Comprehensive care to the prison population will be sought by stimulating the progressive development of their individual and social values, self-esteem and allowing mejorándole act autonomously, facilitating the construction of a personal and social life of true human society to ensure their welfare and that of his family.
They designed and implemented actions aimed at social care and structuring of a health care program; job training; restructuring and strengthening of the mixed economy company, Renaissance, to transform it into the backbone of the selection, training and employment of labor in prisons, with a view to the progressive development of values and skills of the prison population through job training and education.
Under Construction Plan and Spare Prison, which will be an integral part of the National Development Plan, will progress in achieving adequate space to ensure inmates dignified living conditions for which such aspects are taken into account as differentiation between convicted and accused; age, sex, danger, etc. To this end, the prison infrastructure fund will be created.
Will be designed and coordinate with ICBF and the municipal governments, the implementation of protection programs and comprehensive care for children, children of inmates at the time of loss of freedom have been serving as heads of their households .
10.1 Strategies for Prevention and Attention to Disasters
10.1.1 Knowledge threats natural and man
The different entities that make up the National System for Disaster Prevention and Attention, SNPAD, and technical and scientific institutions members of the National Science and Technology will advance research and evaluation of natural hazards, and install and consolidate networks and detection systems and alert, to inform local and regional committees and to organize the community based on the information provided. This program includes the following subprograms: Installation and network consolidation; procedures and detection and warning systems for surveillance and early warning for the population, and risk assessment.
10.1.2 Incorporation of prevention and risk reduction in planning
subprograms provided for development of this program are: incorporating preventive security criteria and development plans and land use; inventory and management of human settlements and located in risk areas infrastructure, and coordination of environmental policy and disaster prevention.
10.1.3 Strengthening the Institutional Development System for Disaster Prevention and Attention
will study and implement measures to strengthen the National Directorate for Disaster Prevention and Attention to improve its coordination capacity SNPAD.
Institutional strengthening of institutions and regional and local committees involved in the SNPAD be promoted. This program includes the following subprograms: strengthening national institutions and regional technical and operational SNPAD; strengthening of regional and local prevention committees and disaster relief; protective measures and contingency infrastructure; developing and updating emergency and contingency plans; design of efficient mechanisms and preferential treatment reconstruction projects; Integrated Information System for prevention and disaster relief. Socialization 10.1.4
Prevention and Risk Mitigation
The non-governmental agencies public and private entities, and civil society committed to the National Plan for Disaster Prevention and actively participate in the implementation and development of the following sub-programs: public information for the prevention, mitigation and response adequate community in case of risk and disaster; incorporating the concepts of disaster prevention, risk mitigation and environmental protection in formal and non-formal education; development of a national system of training of trainers and officials and community development activities with civil society organizations.
10.2 Programs for demobilization
The program for demobilization seeks to create spaces for reconciliation among Colombians through the promotion of methodologies and the creation of a new culture of peaceful resolution of conflicts. It includes the necessary support to demobilized members of the armed organizations that have signed peace agreements since 1990 and who individually have done dereliction of weapons and have returned to civilian life.
11. Strategies for areas affected by the conflict
Since the programs in this field are aimed at creating conditions that make it viable to achieve peace and ensure its sustainability in the long term, within its objectives simultaneous investments contemplated in different sectors, both rural and urban areas, and in particular those most affected by the dynamics of conflict and violence areas. In that sense, it is not appropriate to separate or break up the programs according to their actions in different areas, because its effect in terms of creating conditions to reduce violence, will depend largely on its ability to integrate aspects of social policy, for example, emergency humanitarian assistance or building and strengthening human and social capital, with investments aimed at promoting the development of economic and productive activities such as infrastructure or strengthening business organization, among others.
11.1 11.1.1 Plan Colombia participatory production projects (rural)
To facilitate the development of economic activities that provide alternatives to the population to improve the level of income and quality of life, it seeks to strengthen Community business organization and increase productivity and competitiveness to compete in the national and international markets. This includes production, agriculture, agro-tourism, agro-industrial and administrative training, according to the particular needs of each region and product.
11.1.2 Humanitarian assistance and protection and promotion of human capital
seeks to recognize and attend to the victims of violence and promote development of the potential of citizens, as individuals and as a community, enabling them to be economically productive and socially. It involves, in part, actions of humanitarian assistance to victims of violence to mitigate losses caused by it, food assistance, shelter, health and sanitation; and other, care for the displaced population on topics such as quantification and qualification of the population, emergency care, prevention, return and relocation.
11.1.3 Institutional development and strengthening of social capital
Search alter patterns of behavior through which it develops and reproduces violence, strengthening local organizations action on peace, conflict resolution and violence domestic, among others. It will support the strengthening of local, national or international NGOs involve the community directly in the treatment of the effects of violence on children, youth and disabled, and behaviors learned in connection with the violent resolution of conflicts. 11.1.4
Infrastructure for Peace will promote the development of infrastructure projects for communicating and economically viable and socially productive activities, improve the quality of life of the population and disrupt socio-economic factors that reinforce violence . Identify the needs of construction, rehabilitation and maintenance projects secondary and tertiary networks, waterways, rural electrification, and social infrastructure in critical areas of violence, which are also essential to ensure the success of participatory production projects.
For the development of this sub-program, was created by Law 487 of December 1998, the "Investment Fund for Peace" as the main instrument for financing through public resources, private contributions and donations from foreign credit organizations and friendly governments for programs and structured projects that promote aspects such as the development of the agricultural sector and the preservation of the environment, productive land reform projects, development plans for peasant reserve zones, strengthening civil society in areas most affected by the armed conflict and violence, development of infrastructure in these same areas and once more justice and restoration of security and a political agenda of negotiating with armed groups.
11.1.5 Promoting environmental sustainability
seeks to generate social benefits in communities in areas affected by the conflict, so that through the provision of environmental goods and services, can boost regional development, with emphasis on job creation and higher income levels. In this regard, program actions sustainability of endogenous production processes of environmental policy Plan, development projects sustainable use of forests, reforestation through production-protective plantations, silvicultural projects and promotion of ecotourism are contemplated, especially in protected areas of national, regional or municipal level. The purpose is that all these projects involve the population in environmentally strategic areas, protected areas and buffer zones. It also seeks to generate profits in other areas because of its natural and cultural tourism potential, allow the production of such goods and services.
11.2 Policies of peace and peaceful coexistence
11.2.1 Program coexistence and security
Develop strategies to combat violence in urban areas, under a double aspect: on the one hand, policy control and violent crime and on the other hand, policies with greater emphasis on prevention of violence and the development of codes of coexistence and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms in cities, among other expressions.
12. Defense and security
The main objective of the defense and security sector of the country is to contribute to the consolidation of a climate of security and public trust as a basis for a just and lasting peace, which is the foundation of social and economic development.
This is intended to strengthen the military and police establishment, in order to reaffirm the full exercise of authority and the rule of law and strengthen the legitimacy of the state. Likewise, it seeks to consolidate a system of civic coexistence and public safety, so that it can act on crime effectively.
To achieve this central objective, we will work on the following specific objectives:
Increasing levels of effectiveness of law enforcement operations.
Neutralize and disrupt the capacity of groups and individuals outside the law.
Maintain a deterrent, real and credible capacity against external threats.
Lower crime rates.
These objectives are to be achieved with a highly skilled organization to conduct effective and efficient operations. In this sense, mobility and tactical support are vital, to the extent that the combat capability of the forces increases, providing them with the equipment and resources necessary, as in the case of the acquisition of helicopter gunships.
Likewise, in order to increase the levels of recruitment, logistical support will ensure the maintenance and materials and equipment currently available to the sector.
In addition, intelligence capabilities and telematics will be strengthened, expanding coverage, integration and timeliness of information. This should be supplemented by a trained security forces and employed efficiently, since the quality of human resources is a key point on any oriented towards the protection of state interests, especially in the protection and respect of human rights operation and international humanitarian law.
Finally, it aims to enhance public safety indices, by profes-ization and modernization of police interventions, crime prevention and crime reduction.
As essential for strengthening national security objective, the allocation of investment resources for the development and consolidation of the intelligence work carried out by the Administrative Department of Security (DAS) is expected.
These tasks will be oriented to the production of information to facilitate decision-making on state security and conducting specialized investigations of those phenomena that affect national interests.
The objectives will be developed through the modernization of the technological infrastructure, specifically in the field of data processing and communications, as well as the strengthening of the mechanisms of national and international interagency cooperation.
Of the resources allocated to the defense sector 16.5% for the National Police, an organization that will give priority to operational programs will be used, particularly the construction of barracks and police stations and the acquisition of operational equipment.
13.1 ethnic groups ethnic-indigenous peoples groups
policy for indigenous peoples will be oriented towards advocacy, support, strengthening and consolidation of ethnic and cultural rights enshrined in the constitutional and legal norms. This policy will develop the following objectives: 13.1.1
agricultural matters sanitation, and expanding the process of land allocation will be promoted by establishing safeguards and, where deemed necessary, for the development of indigenous peoples.
It should ensure the participation of indigenous peoples in land reform programs. Previously by the national government should be developed a clear and precise inventory of land belonging to indigenous peoples, assuring the ownership and possession over them. 13.1.2 Health
He will strengthen and consolidate indigenous insurers subsidized health system, seeking the substantial increase in the membership of indigenous and adequacy of services to the worldview and cultural practices of communities. Similarly, mechanisms will be established to jointly design and indigenous communities and between them and the national government a system ensuring the effectiveness of services in this area organizations. 13.1.3 Education
ethnic education programs, with special emphasis on bilingual and multicultural education, primary education and expanding coverage of secondary education will be developed through innovative methodologies of relevance to groups dispersed population. Likewise, mechanisms will be studied to amend Decree 804 of 1995 on ethnic education. It will seek that higher education institutions provide financial assistance to indigenous students, under the coordination of the Ministries of Education and Interior. 13.1.4 Institutional development
actions to assign priority to allocate resources to support the creation of indigenous territories as territorial entities, training process in political and administrative management of resguardos and new territorial entities will be developed; formulating development plans or life plans and training processes for generating legislative proposals on health and landmines, head of the Interior Ministry. Similarly, it will advise and support programs in public administration, with an emphasis on resource management transfer. 13.1.5
vulnerable population groups Similarly, will seek to develop and update mapping information and statistics of indigenous territories through a database to facilitate the process of self-managed and legal advice. It will seek to strengthen mechanisms for the defense of human rights of indigenous peoples, care for the displaced population and development strategies population for rapid reintegration into their territories and effectively address the situation of vulnerability in cases where there are indigenous peoples precarious living conditions, cultural disintegration, lack of territories to their physical and cultural survival. 13.1.6 Human Rights
will be encouraged and strengthened the Commission on Human Rights seeking agreements on legislative and administrative measures that may affect indigenous peoples.
13.1.7 Foreign State-Indigenous Peoples
He will adapt and improve the channels of coordination in the implementation of the indigenous policy among the various levels of government and between sectoral institutions, ensuring in any case a thorough attention to the agreement of the Maria-Piendamó signed between the government and indigenous authorities to which sixteen billion pesos ($ 16 billion) will be allocated currency. 13.1.8
special indigenous jurisdiction is expand the coverage in the instruments of justice in indigenous territories by promoting traditional forms of conflict resolution and the development of indigenous special jurisdiction. It will design and implement the necessary mechanisms for mediation in resolving conflicts generated in indigenous territories, in coordination with the Ministry of Justice and Law and the Higher Council of the Judiciary. 13.1.9
Prevention and disaster relief
development of an inter-agency scheme that allows the necessary coordination with the Ministry of Environment on the definition and use of verification mechanisms that may affect environmental impact be promoted to indigenous communities, ensuring their participation in these processes. 13.1.10
international borders and political meetings that will generate international agreements on development, cooperation, overcoming international and border conflicts related to indigenous peoples policies will be established through the development of forums, meetings and , conservation of biodiversity and the defense and promotion of the rights of indigenous peoples.
13.2 ethnic-People Groups Rom
The National Government through the Ministry of the Interior, will ensure the integration of these communities to their purposes of combating poverty and improving their quality of life, respecting their cultural particularities and devising, together with actions to the attention of their main problems.
13.3 Ethnic groups raizales-
-Afrocolombianos and shall aim at the following subprograms: basic sanitation, health, education, productive activities and institutional development, titling and land acquisition. Include
raizales Afro-Colombians and equal access of different economic, social and cultural sectors groups.
13.3.1 Basic sanitation infrastructure works being included concrete actions for institutional development, promotion of community participation and the technical and financial sustainability of the systems will be supported. Specific actions will aim to promote, through the Ministry of Development, the program water culture; promote the implementation of appropriate systems for the development of water supply, sewage disposal and solid waste technologies; strengthen local operating agencies authorized by law. 13.3.2 Health
addition to what is stated in the Plan sector strategy, decentralization of service in the municipalities will be supported, as well as the provision of technical assistance; mechanisms that ensure access to basic care and promotion and prevention of rural and marginal urban population will be strengthened, considering the ethno-cultural, social, environmental and economic peculiarities. In particular the implementation of territorial health plans will be promoted collective territories. 13.3.3 Education
the formulation and implementation of the project of Afro-Colombian ethnic education in the national education system is technically supported, promoting projects curriculum design, qualification and / or professionalisation of teachers and community educators, production of educational materials, as well as sociocultural research, linguistic, ethno-historical, among others. 13.3.4 Productive activities
a comprehensive approach that includes knowledge of promising species, as well as production, processing and marketing of products will be adopted. The actions of this strategy will be targeted for the following purposes: developing productive maps, support projects for subsistence, generate management plans for sustainable use of forests, develop sustainable productive projects, promote the creation, organization and strengthening of producer organizations , microentrepreneurs and Afro-Colombian entrepreneurs. 13.3.5 Institutional development
The aim is to increase the management capacity of communities, organizations of civil society and municipal and Afro-Colombian authorities.
To accomplish these purposes the following actions will be: strengthening of organizational processes and participation of the Afro-Colombian population; regulation and implementation of Law 70 of 1993; design and implementation of a system of statistical and demographic information for the Afro-Colombian population; promotion of successful models of local management and consolidating municipal associations.
13.3.6 Titling collective lands and land acquisition and allocation
will continue with the collective titling process for indigenous and black communities, and the implementation of development programs in titled territories will be supported. It was also adopted and will implement a special program of acquisition and land grant to support Afro-Colombian communities that have no land, or own it insufficiently, in areas of the country where it is not possible collective title. 13.3.7
Raizales protection programs will be promoted to the archipelago of San Andres and Providencia as a strategic area of tourism development. Likewise, the Raizal population of the archipelago, given its geographical, social, cultural and economic characteristics and the current problems (insularity, overpopulation, marginalization and increasing poverty), will be supported in order to seek alternative solutions. To this end the administrative political status of the island will be reviewed and the implementation of mechanisms for the participation of all stakeholders in the planning and development management will be promoted.
14. Transport infrastructure 14.1
188.8.131.52 14.1.1 Primary Highway Network (trunk and transverse)
investments in the Primary Network will target the completion of projects currently running. Likewise, they will aim to ensure good condition through proper maintenance programs in the 16 thousand kilometers that comprise it. These programs will be complemented by rehabilitation activities in 457 Km of it.
The network expansion will be achieved through the Grant Program, through private investment. With this investment 791 km will be built and rehabilitated 750 km. In addition, the routes given in concession will remain, which for 2002 is estimated to correspond to about 3,815 km. The main projects will be funded through national and from resources contributions of recovery, tolls, fuel surcharges and credit resources.
To facilitate road expansions should affect and reserve the necessary premises to advance its construction.
The National Government in the areas allocated for the transport in this law resources for the Fund for the replenishment of vehicle fleet to meet in relation to the social side of transport, emergency situation facing small forced conveyors Law 105 of 1993 and its implementing regulations to physically destroy their vehicles decrees.
Network 184.108.40.206 secondary and tertiary
The two main objectives are: to rehabilitate and maintain secondary and tertiary network still is in charge of the Nation.
The financing of investments in these two programs can be supplemented with resources from the National Royalties Fund and eventually with resources from regional road concessions. To identify opportunities in recent a study financed by the national budget will be brought forward.
These programs will be complemented with resources from the National Royalties Fund and national surtax ACPM.
The Government will support road projects that promote the development of municipalities and departments of the coast especially the improvement project and construction of the Santa Rosa road Lima - Soplaviento (includes construction of the bridge over the Canal del Dique between the municipalities of San Estanislao de Koska - Soplaviento).
This work benefits and develops the following municipalities:
1. Santa Rosa de Lima.
3. St. Stanislaus Koska.
5. San Cristobal.
7. Arroyo Hondo. 14.1.2
aeronautical and airport Sector Resources of the Nation will be used to increase the security of airspace and maintain existing infrastructure. These amounts will be supplemented by a program to support the decentralization process and airport privatization. This program will be advanced by the concession of the major airports. 14.1.3
In the iron sector resources from contributions of the Nation oriented to cover the development of sub rehabilitation of the national rail network through the concession system will be invested. These contributions will supplement resources from the private sector, which will be invested in the rail network both the Pacific and the Atlantic rail network.
The program includes the maintenance of 240 km through the public sector. With private resources the rehabilitation program will support 1,237 Km and concessioned, which in 2002 will amount to 1,890 km network will be maintained.
Program 14.1.4 river By the river Plan Investment Sector it is intended for the basins of the Magdalena, Orinoco, Amazon, Atrato and the Pacific Rim with its network of rivers and streams transport.
Improve and maintain infrastructure services in the river network, monitoring of rivers, rehabilitation of navigation canals, cleaning and grubbing, works of defense against erosion, and buoying. It is intended to carry out the rehabilitation of the Cienaga de la Virgen and design policies for granting the Meta River, which include the construction of a port on the bench and canalization to ensure their seaworthiness, then setting the toll system. Likewise, the grant program initiation system navigability of the Magdalena River and its river ports will tend.
The National Government will give special importance to river transport in the road expansion program. To do this, allocate the necessary resources within the National Budget and the Investment Fund for Peace (Colombia Plan).
Colombia's participation is considered essential in the draft Fluvial Integration of South America (IFSA) therefore the implications of this project with regard to the transport infrastructure vital for trade integration of the Andean Group with Mercosur, as the enormous potential of agriculture, livestock and forestry development of the Amazon and Orinoco Colombian which, in turn, opens up tremendous prospects for progress and peace for those regions have been detected deals foreign investment to support the limited resources National government.
14.1.5 Program maritime seaports in the program granting access channels will be developed. It is intended concession deepening, maintenance, operation and construction of complementary access channels works, initially in the ports of Barranquilla and Buenaventura. In addition, the resources of the national government access channels to ports concessioned not be maintained. Mines and Energy 14.2
14.2.1 Electricity shares of National Government in the electricity sector are aimed at consolidating the existing regulatory framework, encourage the participation of new players in the market, increase energy coverage in rural areas, with emphasis on new departments-and troubleshoot management of state enterprises that threaten the physical integrity of the system. Electricity generation
220.127.116.11 In order to increase the reliability and robustness of the system, is expected to increase installed capacity, through water and thermal resources to a total of 14,389 MW in 2000. || | in addition to the projects planned to go into operation in 2002, is considered the realization of other projects coming to reinforce the future generation of the country, giving preference to the development of those hydroelectric, thermal and geothermal projects that are of minimal environmental involvement, financially viable, economically competitive and that its location become pole of development of the most depressed regions. preference will be given to projects that enable viable development purposes provided for in regional and national Forest Program of the National Development Plan in particular. 18.104.22.168 Electrical Transmission
In order that the transmission sector operating under conditions of competition, and ensure the transmission works so that quality, continuity and safety is ensured, minimizing the operating cost overrun by restrictions and losses by the system, public calls for the design, construction and operation thereof will begin. For 2002 it will have 1,931 km of additional transmission lines.
22.214.171.124 rational and efficient use of energy
The objective of government policies on rational and efficient use of energy is aimed at achieving efficiency in energy consumption in the country, replacing power sources not appropriate to end use and optimize energy conversion for which the replacement program for fuel gas gasoline vehicle transport will be strengthened, financial, technological and regulatory facilities be created to harness the potential of cogeneration and savings methodologies will be developed in the most representative subsectors of the industry.
126.96.36.199 Non-Interconnected Zones, ZNI
correspond to those areas of the country that do not receive electricity service through the National Interconnected System (SIN). Electrification Plan will be established in isolated zones, according to the needs and energy potential of the regions and coverage in rural and remote areas will increase. Finally implement and consolidate an appropriate scheme to provide comprehensive energy solutions and possibly self-sustaining for ZNI. 188.8.131.52 Subsidies
clearing period of higher authorized by Law 142 of 1994 (extra-legal), for public service extends energy subsidies and orchestrate operational and financial solidarity and funds redistribution of income for energy and gas, which will increase service coverage and improve the quality of life of the inhabitants. 184.108.40.206 14.2.2 Oil
Hydrocarbon exploration wells number directly or in partnership with third parties will be increased; the increase in reserves, in order to maintain current production, and ensure adequate supply of oil in the future will look.
Mechanisms to improve the competitiveness of the sector, such as flexible royalty regime will be promoted. 220.127.116.11 Oil Production
To maintain the current oil production in 800 KBPDC should allocate much of Ecopetrol investments in drilling development wells. 18.104.22.168 Transport of crude
Ecopetrol's investment will focus on increasing the capacity of existing pipelines. Next in importance pipeline construction for new findings as well as the adequacy of stations and lines that require it. In addition, loss control projects, storage and security will be developed. 22.214.171.124.1 126.96.36.199 Gas
gas transport will concentrate on expanding the transport capacity of the backbone gas, mainly in the Ballena-Barrancabermeja pipeline, which is meets market needs. Additionally, fitness programs and maintenance of existing pipelines run. Underground storage
188.8.131.52.2 In order to reduce the vulnerability of trunk gas transport system will develop this project, which will increase the reliability of supply to all stakeholders. 184.108.40.206.3
Refining investments will be held in Ecopetrol refineries in order to mitigate its environmental impact and increase productivity. 220.127.116.11 14.2.3 Mining
Basic Exploration mining and prospecting activities developed by Ingeominas basic exploration will increase the level of coverage of geoscientific knowledge of the national territory. This sizing the purpose of geological hazards, so that incentivize private investment in exploration and mining.
The government will seek to channel resources royalties for promoting mining through Ingeominas and the National Mining Company Ltd.
18.104.22.168 Mineral exploitation of minerals will increase.; in particular the Cerrejon Zona Norte Complex advance investments in the adaptation of new mining areas, as well as investments aimed at developing transport infrastructure to allow adequate access to new mining areas, energy infrastructure and program equipment replacement. From 2000 it is expected that investments are fully assumed by the private sector, with the sale of the interests of the nation in the Cerrejon Zona Norte Complex.
22.214.171.124 Promotion and administration
In order to strengthen producers technically agents miners, an array of technical training will be structured in the exploration and exploitation of informal mining, through environmental, operational and business programs. This matrix will be at the head of the National Mining Company Ltda., And will help to resolve the limitations on the marketing and processing of minerals, critical factors for the competitiveness of the sector and enable economic and social development in the poorest regions.
126.96.36.199 Promotion coking coal projects
In order to harness the potential of coking coal in the country, the national government shall strive for the development of private initiative projects, preferably in port areas for the production of metallurgical coke, aimed to export steel material or use.
15. 15.1 Communications Telecommunications
Government actions included in the National Development Plan for the telecommunications sector contributes to increased productivity and competitiveness and improving the quality of life of Colombians are: | || 1. Achieve national coverage of telecommunications services.
2. Strengthen the regulatory and institutional framework for the sector.
3. Consolidate market liberalization.
4. Encourage the participation of new players in the provision of services and
5. Promote the development of the Colombian Information Infrastructure. Local Telephony 15.2
In local telephony, the Plan's actions will be aimed at increasing the coverage and quality of telephone service. Public, private and mixed telephone operators made investments in expansion and replacement of its switching and transmission networks, as well as their outside plant. 15.3
long distance telephone service operators The new long-distance telephony made aimed at financing the construction and expansion of new long-distance network investments. This, by laying modern fiber optic systems, microwave and radio links, to offer their services in much of the country. The National Telecommunications Company, Telecom, will make investments to modernize their core and alternative networks and participate in the submarine cable system 15.4
Maya I. cellular and PCS Mobile Phones
With the award of concessions Systems Personal Communications, PCS, is to attract significant investment in new mobile wireless networks and cellular mobile. These investments will be directed to the installation and operation of networks for the provision of telecommunications services in the band of 1.8 GHz to 2.0. Thus it is encouraged competition in the provision of mobile and fixed wireless telecommunications services. 15.5
social Telephony By implementing the Plan of Social Telephony and the National Plan of Universal Service, the Communications Fund will finance investments in order to ensure that all the country's municipalities and localities with needs most pressing development, have access to community services and rural telecommunications. In addition, it is expected that during the four-year incentives to the participation of new agents generated in the provision of universal service in the country.
15.6 Value added in the provision of value added services is expected dynamic growth in the supply of telematic services and value added services currently offered to the productive sectors, which will enable the national economy to increase their competitiveness in international markets. Television
15.7 Shares television public sector comprise the Plan for Strengthening Technical Inravisión and regional channels. The priorities of this plan will focus the improvement and expansion of the coverage of public television channels, using satellite television segments and replacement emission systems, production, transmission and distribution. strengthening the public educational and cultural television it will also be sought. Private investment in turn will be directed to improving the coverage and technical capabilities of private television channels of national and local coverage and assembling networks of new dealers zonal, and local TV channels.
15.8 Other services
For mail service, the public sector will make investments in the period 1999-2002, to expand its offerings and improve operational efficiency. Additionally, we shall strive for the allocation of investment resources for the research program and development of Telecom. The Government will also promote the widespread use of Internet through the development of telecommunications infrastructure and information technology to enable adequate coverage of Internet in the country. It also will promote the strengthening of university networks and research, seeking to improve existing connections with other academic and research centers in the world.
16. Foreign trade
The design of the foreign trade policy will promote the adaptation of the Colombian business sector to the challenges and opportunities arising from new schemes of industrial organization and greater competitiveness to be achieved in the international context.
In implementation of Article 337 of the Constitution, the National Government is empowered to create SEZ export in four municipalities border each located in a different region of the country, whose economic activities have the sole purpose of attracting investment and strengthen national export process by creating special conditions that favor the concurrence of private capital. The government has six months to regulate these areas. Industry and trade 16.1
To achieve compete successfully in the international market and the local market, strengthening the productive exportable supply will be sought, which will consolidate internationalization patterns sustainable in the medium and long term. 16.1.1
Business Development Support Fund 188.8.131.52 National Productivity and Competitiveness
The basis of industrial policy will be the strengthening of the productive apparatus to diversify and strengthen the Colombian exportable supply in international markets, by implementing a single coordinator, financial and management entity, formed by entities that support and leverage business development through the creation of the National Fund for Productivity and Competitiveness.
Is ensured, consistency in the complementarity between the actions of the National Innovation System, System Services Exports, the National Credit System for small and medium enterprises -Pymes-, and actions referred to in export policy, industrial and technological development. Under this scheme
intervention aimed at raising business competitiveness, a new model of care and technical assistance to businesses to ensure greater fluidity and promote inter-agency arrangements and timetables for intervention, comprehensive and cross will be launched. For the purposes of strengthening the competitiveness of export products, the Fund will promote projects that generate fundamental changes in the organization of production, by the increasing introduction of innovative processes, increased product quality and improvement of modern management techniques production and marketing. support for industrial production through the promotion of activities to stimulate the quality, innovation, renewal and diversification of products, incorporating design technologies to industry and generally strengthening the service offering will be geared technical assistance and financing. Of special interest are projects that promote and strengthen export activity in border areas of the country, for which a service line will be designed, taking into account the characteristics of the respective areas.
In addition, the Fund will include investment and risk resources in viable enterprises and have demonstrated in the last five (5) years capacity to generate employment and to be productive and competitive in domestic or export markets.
In developing this strategy, the Government may assign or Fiducoldex BANCOLDEX, directly and without prior notice, the administration of pension trusts to be created in developing the National Fund for Productivity and Competitiveness. 184.108.40.206
Promoting Innovation scientific development and technological innovation will be supported through the consolidation of programs, projects and activities of institutions and strategies created from the formation of the national system Science and Technology.
The purpose will be to target resources available to finance scientific activities in strategic sectors. This, taking into account the needs of competitiveness of the company, the requirements of the export sector in need of support to competitive innovation and management along with training of human resources in technical and technological aspects.
In developing a state policy of science and technology will be regulated and develop Law 29 of 1990 with the following main aspects:
1. To set the instruments and mechanisms so that, within a period not exceeding two years, a plan of science and technology medium and long term, concerted effort with the scientific community and the productive sector is made.
2. budgetary coordination mechanism for science and technology will be designed. Articles 4o. and 7th. will be regulated in order to ensure that within a year, such a mechanism is in operation.
3. scientific and technological diplomacy is put into operation, based on the provisions of article 9. of Law 29 of 1990.
4. a supplementary law of Law 29 of 1990, establishing incentives, exemptions, tax credits and other tax advantages to promote science and technology will be presented to Congress.
5. 5o items be regulated. and 10 of Law 29 of 1990, in order to implement the provisions.
220.127.116.11 Support for promoting competition, intellectual property and quality improvement.
This program will search the Superintendency of Industry and Commerce and other entities with responsibilities in the field, have the physical and human infrastructure needed to efficiently manage the National Quality System, with emphasis on compliance with international standards as a mechanism to win foreign markets and protect our consumers. It
be achieved in that state and others, appropriate and adequately resourced institutional arrangements to ensure the effectiveness of consumer rights and compliance with the rules on unfair competition and restrictive trade practices.
The Plan proposes to advance the provision of resources for the administration of Industrial Property System, ending the historical backwardness and for the country taking advantage of the opportunities opened up by the entry of Colombia to multilateral treaties, such as the agreement on aspects of intellectual property related to trade, TRIPS annex to the WTO and the patent Cooperation treaty, PCT.
18.104.22.168 Business Modernization of the State towards the export sector.
Conjunction with the modernization of the State entities that should coordinate, support and control operational aspects of foreign trade, proceedings of import and export of goods, services and technology will be reviewed, and will compile all the provisions in force on Colombian trade policy.
22.214.171.124 microenterprise programs.
The Ministry of Development in coordination with the Corporation for micro-enterprise development, and to seek to strengthen existing bodies operative coordination of the National Plan for Microenterprise, especially the Policy Advisory Board for microenterprises, develop mechanisms relevant to the expansion of regional coverage and users and foster because they continue appropriating the resources to ensure the continuation and growth of programs Plan. Likewise, institutional and technical strengthening of the executing agencies of the Plan, co-funding in the same way as in the past, the programs implemented by them and achieve maintain flexibilizándolos, existing credit facilities to micro be sought, seeking to increase the resources available to meet demand, creating as far as possible, a permanent fund.
Microenterprise programs will be also aimed at modernizing and encouraging small businesses and neighborhood shops. Tourism 16.2
For this purpose resources will be directed Tourist Promotion Fund, in accordance with the provisions of Law 300 of 1996. Similarly, funds will be channeled to activities such as training police tourism and development of a culture of tourism promotion. a joint strategy with the environmental authorities to promote Ecotourism be established.
17. Science and Technology
To fulfill the objectives of the Development Plan requires a policy of science and technology to advance in all areas of knowledge and its applications, giving priority to technologies aimed at meeting basic needs citizens and achieving international competitiveness of the Colombian productive apparatus. By its nature, scientific and technological activities are multisectoral and involve different territorial levels in the country.
17.1 Strengthening the National System of Science and Technology (SNCyT)
Whereas the National Council of Science and Technology is the first instance of SNCyT, the Plan commits to undertake institutional improvements required by the National Science Technology to improve the articulation of the various components and public and private institutional actors in the different regional commands engaged in scientific and technological development. System levels involve policy design, financing strategies, promotion, sustainability and implementation of coordinated scientific and technological activities. National Councils of programs will be strengthened and the Regional Commissions will be appropriate.
17.2 Subsystem educational, scientific and cultural
17.2.1 Science education programs in science education including training of teachers and researchers not only for the university and industry but for education will be promoted basic, and the provision of teaching laboratories at all levels.
17.2.2 Research training is necessary to achieve the formation of a critical mass of researchers and professionals specialized in strategic areas for the country. doctoral training programs will be strengthened, national research programs aimed at developing knowledge in basic sciences, social sciences, engineering and other disciplines or areas considered strategic will be established. Special interest will have use of the research infrastructure of the centers of public and private higher education and independent research centers. 17.2.3
National Information System National Information System on science and technology activities in advance and implemented by Colciencias to facilitate decision-making by the agencies responsible for planning and decisions will be strengthened in the matter.
17.2.4 Linking SENA to be sought
SNCyT link to SENA to science and technology policy, avoiding dispersion of effort and duplication of activities with other entities like Colciencias and other private centers of technological development, and overcoming the disarticulation of the training provided by SENA, the National Science and Technology and the global educational system. the destination of 20% of the resources of SENA (Act 344 of 1996) to the programs of competitiveness, technological development and innovation, through the development of Law 29 of 1990.
17.3 Natural Subsystem be guaranteed. rational use of resources
scientific and technological capacity of the country will be improved to study, learn, conserve and rationally use its natural resources and biodiversity and develop productive projects in priority areas such as agro-industry, science and technologies of the sea, environmental science, energy and mining. new production projects using technologies such as modern biotechnology, genetic engineering, information science, telematics, biomedical technologies, new materials, microelectronics and pharmaceutical industries will be promoted.
17.4 17.4.1 Health social subsystem
The SNCyT support the increased coverage and improving the quality of prevention programs and health promotion, as well as improving nutrition levels childhood.
Social Sciences 17.5 Given the priority of the peace process research in social sciences is to articulate the socioeconomic aimed at improving quality of life and public policy conditions element. Consequently it supports research in social sciences in universities and independent research centers.
17.6 International technical cooperation will be attract and rationalize the use of resources of international technical cooperation to support scientific and technological development, according to the objectives of the Plan. Technological Cooperation Agency will work in coordination with the SNCyT for this purpose.
17.7 Commission of Science and Technology in Congress
creation will be promoted in Congress of a committee of science and technology whose main concern will be the legislative and political control development related to the development of science and technology in the country.
18. social infrastructure
18.1 18.1.1 Housing Program
urban housing urban housing program aims to build 500,000 new housing solutions, 420 thousand will be of social interest (value less than 200 SMLM ) being backed 242,000 subsidized housing. The grant resources come mainly from the national budget, quasi-fiscal income managers by the Family Compensation and Military Housing Fund, being complemented by municipal contributions. In addition to subsidies, there will be resources of household savings and credit of the National Savings Fund and Loans System.
The policy of social housing will continue based on the orientation of demand subsidies aimed at the purchase of new housing and developable lots with minimum unit. In order to concentrate resources available for the family housing allowance, preference will be given to least-cost solutions with a progressive scheme of subsidies, reviving the system of programmed savings. It will also transparency to the system by unifying the procedures of eligibility and supply promotion, as well as the application, allocation and payment of the subsidy to families. The aim of the subsidy policy for the VIS is that people with lower incomes to 4 SMLM with emphasis on the population whose income is less than 2 SMLM. The programs to be developed in subsidiable housing policy are double subsidy program and the subsidy for equity program. 126.96.36.199 Sub
double Subsidy This program is aimed at people with incomes of less than 2 SMLM that requires the concurrence between municipalities and the nation to deliver a double subsidy (national subsidy and municipal subsidy). The municipal subsidy can be delivered by private or community organizations. Seeks to strengthen the decentralization process, recognizing that solving the housing problem is a function of the municipality and create the real possibility of lower-income families to access housing solutions. In order to benefit the poorest, the order of eligibility will give priority to supply lower-cost housing. The value of the national subsidy is 25 SMLM for this program. The municipal or private subsidy should correspond with the final price of the housing solution.
The subprogram double subsidy for female heads of households will have a quota of 10% of the total resources for this program.
188.8.131.52 Subprogram for social equity
is a program for households with incomes between 2 and 4 SMLM, which seeks to increase the supply of VIS, particularly in the income range between 2 and 3 SMLM, as it is where the largest housing deficit in the country is concentrated. It seeks to enhance the action of the private sector by subsidizing demand generating processes of transparency and improving credit conditions through programmed savings. The allocation of resources to this program will be based on existing national and local housing deficit in each income range. A1 As in the previous program, the order of eligibility will give priority to supply lower-cost housing.
The national housing subsidy in this program will be 20 SMLM. For beneficiaries with incomes between 2 and 3 SMLM an additional score will be taken in order to focus on this range of housing solutions, seeking greater equity in the distribution of resources. two sub-programs will be promoted; the strategic alliances with public and private entities that own land to develop projects VIS and urban projects, in order to stimulate the development of massive social housing programs.
184.108.40.206 Coordination with family compensation
This subprogram aims to link the Family Compensation in three major activities of social policy: social housing, care for children under six (6) years and additional day. This relationship shall be on the understanding that there is a need to amend some of the percentages that the law imposes on them today.
To achieve the objective described is important to clarify that the boxes retain independent financial management and separate accounts resources for marketing, IPS and EPS. Similarly, for the optimization of resources, the Family Compensation will continue to provide non-formal education programs that do not show overlap with those offered by the SENA. 18.1.2
Rural Housing Programme The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development jointly with the Ministry of Economic Development, will coordinate the implementation of policies on rural development in the areas of land use planning, housing and processes land titling and in coordination with the departments and municipalities.
Agrarian reform programs, incorporate the corresponding housing plan whose implementation will be coordinated by the Agrarian Fund Incora and based on projects undertaken by the Incora. 18.2
Water Supply and Sanitation Sector policy will aim to create a comprehensive policy to order the action of national bodies and allow us to modernize the entities providing such that achieve high levels of efficiency in their management. Under these conditions the lending institutions will be encouraged to increase the coverage and quality of water and sanitation services. Also, in coordination with the environmental policy, it seeks to advance a plan of treatment of wastewater and integrated waste management when economically, socially and environmentally viable.
In the new sector policy, funding should come primarily from the collection of user fees, contributions from municipalities under Law 60 of 1993 and local taxes (for fee subsidies Subsidizable users or investments expansion of services), Findeter credit resources to entities providing or municipalities and private sector contributions. Complementarily, the Nation may allocate resources support to solve the structural problems of the sector, promoting business modernization to ensure sustainability and efficiency in services. The projects compete for support resources of the Nation, who have complied with the following conditions:
1. Compliance with legislation and sectoral policy. That is, that the rules defined by the Regulatory Commission for Drinking Water on tariffs and management to be taken, have obtained studies and design criteria of minimum economic cost, there is technical and economic rationality on the priority of works and the technical standards of the Ministry of Economic Development, among others are met. Disbursements will be made pari passu compliance with local commitments.
2. Maximizing the use of tariffs, credit resources and local contributions in the financing of projects.
3. Subsidizable priority attention to users.
4. In cases where it is linked to the private sector, it will take into account the percentage of Subsidizable users served by it; the deadlines for obtaining efficiency levels; lower collateral requirements of the public sector and its coverage by the municipalities; and that the connection is achieved through competitive processes (number of bidders contest deadline, requirements for proponents). 18.2.1
Transformation and institutional adjustment seeks to create the institutional, regulatory and control at the national, to produce clear, stable, flexible and in line with local conditions signals. In the context of decentralization and municipal responsibility, the subprogram Business Modernization will support the creation of entities, autonomous, technically and financially viable providers, the agglomeration of markets in regional companies, the creation of community enterprises and small operators and linking private sector. 18.2.2
Improving the delivery of public services
The municipalities and organizations providing services will advance projects to expand the coverage of water and sanitation and improve quality. In this modification program it is also expected to transition to the dismantling of extra subsidies and clarification of the contributing factors in the rates charged for this service.
They are part of the policy of potable water and basic sanitation Nation contributions made through the Ministry of Economic Development, the Escaribe program, the resources of the Pacific Plan and the contributions of the National Royalties Fund allocated to this sector. To complement the financing of investments in the Caribbean coast it may resort to hiring foreign loans, according to the fiscal targets of the Nation.
In terms of potable water and basic sanitation in rural areas, the Ministry of Economic Development will coordinate with the Ministry of Agriculture implementing policies, plans and programs for investment and technical assistance.
19. 2000 Emergency computer
The arrival of 2000 has generated worldwide an emergency because of technological failures that may occur at the failure of electronic equipment to assimilate the millennium. Colombia is no stranger to the problem as aircraft systems, communications systems and generally all activities that depend on computers and other electronic systems with microchips may be affected. It is then necessary to take all necessary measures to avoid the chaos computer, why provisions are included to provide the necessary tools to deal with computer crisis.
urban development program to support the implementation of urban projects
The Government will support local authorities in the formulation and management of macro-projects and urban renewal plans and promote the evaluation and monitoring them.
20.2 National Program to promote urban transport policy
The national government will implement a program of technical assistance to local authorities to advance management processes and modernization of urban transport systems.
20.3 Support Programme shaping information centers of urban land
The National Government will work in a national program of technical assistance to cities with population over 100 thousand inhabitants for installation, implementation and monitoring observatories land and housing market.
20.4 Program massive regulation of property and modernization of cadastre and registry systems
optimization, promotion and monitoring of the work of mass land titling and institutional management to improve information and process will be implemented cadastral and registration issues.
20.5 Program promoting economic development of urban centers
The National Government will design the technical and financial tools necessary to promote strategic alliances between public and private entities, the qualification of the workforce and to attract investment urban centers.
21. solidarity economy
As stated, the production of capital while it is impossible to prime the conflict and there is the perception that economic decisions are made by a few and for the economic benefit of a few. It is impossible to achieve social cohesion while there are high rates of poverty and unemployment and social inequality, as those prevailing in Colombia.
In this sense, the solidarity economy plays a major role in achieving the capital increase, to the extent that the culture of solidarity enables production through participatory processes of dialogue, consultation between the State and society civil, construction of identities broken by war, the formation of a solidary citizen who participates in decisions of common interest and the construction of an ethic of the economy, coexistence and provide skills for living together, solidarity, participatory and tolerant.
Consequently, the policy of the national government and civil society is mainly geared to promoting economic solidarity sector participation in rural and urban areas for the poor and marginalized unemployed manage themselves their own work with technical, technological assistance and financial that the State and the solidarity sector can provide.
The Government is committed to strengthening participatory business development projects aimed at the creation and consolidation of sustainable enterprise organizations that help communities to multiply productive work and income.
22. Political control the economic emergency
In order to ensure that both the domestic private sector and the public sector have the necessary resources to finance development projects included in this investment plan, the Congress of the Republic, in exercise of political control under the Constitution, introduce some provisions to allow the tax of 2 per thousand on financial transactions meet the objectives for which it was created. It also details some rules on the Economic Emergency related to the earthquake in the coffee are introduced.
23. economic and social reconstruction of the Eje Cafetero
In the recovery of the Coffee-City region affected by the earthquake of January 25, 1999, will take into account three main stages: the first, or emergency, to solve temporarily vital needs, the second transition and planning, and the third recovery and development of the area. The first stage will continue under the coordination and implementation of the national emergency organization composed of the National Government. Their actions and investments will be arranged with the respective local authorities and instances of citizen participation provided for in the Constitution and the laws; the second and third stages will be implemented within the framework of a comprehensive plan whose axis is the land use and development plans adjusted to the new conditions. This Plan will be developed in consultation with the planning authorities and bodies in the region, especially those enshrined Laws 152 of 1994 and 388 of 1997. 23.1
program for reconstruction or repair of buildings
The National Government technical, financial and institutional will participate in the reconstruction or repair of more than 90,000 affected properties, which must be rebuilt in its entirety more than half, mainly concentrated in the lower strata. This reconstruction includes, on the one hand, housing, and secondly, all urban infrastructure they require, and that goes from the connection to public services, to the construction and equipping of the centers of public attention as hospitals, schools , kindergartens and community centers.
23.2 Support for local planning, regulation and provision of public services
The national government will support municipal and departmental governments involved in the area affected by the earthquake so they can continue to fulfill its basic functions, such as the provision of public services (through its decentralized companies), whose infrastructure was severely affected in some municipalities, as well as planning and participation in the comprehensive reconstruction of its municipalities, control functions and urban regulation, representation their fellow citizens, etc.
The total value of the program of economic and social reconstruction of the coffee exceeds two trillion pesos, which may differ in time about 800 billion pesos, thanks to the subsidy mechanism the interest rate ( instead of an initial and direct) subsidy program created for the reconstruction of properties in Decree 196 of 1999.
in addition, major works to perform in the area are: care in temporary shelters for people affected not provided with dwelling place; seismic micro-zoning and to determine areas of risk studies; repair, reconstruction of houses and public buildings (hospitals, schools, prisons, local administration, etc.) directly affected by the earthquake, reconstruction of the control tower and airport platform Armenia; infrastructure repair utility affected; generating temporary income to people who lost their source of employment; restoration and modernization of the network and emergency prevention, removal and determination of centers of disposal of debris; restoration of productive infrastructure and housing in rural areas; and creation of new sources of generating long-term employment.
24. Caribbean Plan (Escaribe)
The Caribbean region will have a special program that will aim at improving the coverage and quality of water and sewage systems, improved transport system and improving human capital. This program will be financed through external credit and national counterparts, according to approval of the Interparliamentary Commission of Public Credit.
The 5th ARTICLE. VALUES programs and subprograms. The values assigned in the National Public Investment Plan 1999-2002 for the main programs and subprograms described in the previous article are expressed in millions of pesos of 1998 and are as follows: