Act 347 1997

Original Language Title: LEY 347 de 1997

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LAW 347
1997 (January 16)
Official Gazette No. 42963 of January 21, 1997

Through which 171 Recommendations on Health services are approved at Work; 172 on the use of asbestos in safe conditions; 173 on the welfare of seafarers at sea and in port; 174 on the repatriation of seafarers; 176 on employment promotion and protection against unemployment; 178 on night work; 179 on working conditions in hotels, restaurants and similar establishments and 180 on the protection of workers' claims in case of employer insolvency, adopted by the General Conference of the International Labour Organization. Summary

Term Notes
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA,
having regard to the text of Recommendations 171 concerning health services at work; 172 on the use of asbestos in safe conditions; 173 on the welfare of seafarers at sea and in port; 174 on the repatriation of seafarers; 176 on employment promotion and protection against unemployment; 178 on night work; 179 on working conditions in hotels, restaurants and similar establishments and 180 on the protection of workers' claims in case of employer insolvency, adopted by the General Conference of the International Labour Organization.
(To be transcribed: enclosed photocopies of certificates unabridged texts of these international instruments, duly authenticated by the Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs). International Labour Conference


Recommendation 171 RECOMMENDATION Health Services at Work
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation
convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in that city on June 7, 1985 at its seventy-first meeting;
Given that the protection of workers against disease, whether or not professional, and against occupational accidents is one of the tasks assigned to the International Labour Organization by its Constitution;
Recalling international conventions and recommendations of the work on the matter, and especially the Recommendation on the protection of the health of workers, 1953; Recommendation services occupational medicine, 1959, the Convention on the workers' representatives, 1971, and the Convention and Recommendation on Safety and Health, 1981, which establish the principles of a national policy and a action at national level; and the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy adopted by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office;
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals concerning health services at work, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the meeting, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of a recommendation supplementing the Convention on health services at work, 1985, adopts 26 June of in 1985, this recommendation, which may be cited as the recommendation on health services at work, 1985:
I. Principles of National Policy.
1. In accordance with national conditions and practice and in consultation with employers' organizations and most representative workers, where they exist, each Member should formulate, implement and periodically review a coherent national policy on health services at work, including the principles general of its functions, its organization and its functioning.
2.1. Each Member should develop progressively occupational health services work for all workers, including public sector and members of production cooperatives in all branches of economic activity and all enterprises. The provisions made should be adequate and appropriate to the specific health risks prevalent in companies.
2. To the extent that this is necessary and practically feasible, provisions should also be adopted to facilitate the self-employed analogous to that provided for in the Convention on health services at work, 1985, and this Recommendation protection.
II. Functions.
3. The role of health services at work should be essentially preventive.

4. Health services at work should establish a program of activity adapted to the undertaking or undertakings they serve mainly based on occupational hazards that occur in the workplace and the specific problems encountered in the branches of economic activity.
A) Monitoring working environment.
5.1. Monitoring the working environment should include:
a) the identification and evaluation of environmental factors work that may affect the health of workers;
B) assessment of conditions of occupational hygiene and factors of work organization that can give rise to risks to the health of workers;
C) The evaluation of the means of collective and individual protection;
D) assessment, where appropriate, of exposure of workers to hazardous agents by valid control methods and generally accepted;
E) Verification of control systems designed to eliminate or reduce exposure.
2. Such surveillance should be carried out in relation to other technical services of the company and with the cooperation of the workers concerned and their representatives in the undertaking or the safety and health committee, where they exist.
6.1. In accordance with national law and practice, data resulting from the surveillance of the workplace should be recorded in appropriate manner and be available to the employer, workers and their representatives in the undertaking or committee of health and safety, where they exist.
2. These data should be used on a confidential basis and solely to provide guidance and advice on measures to improve the working environment and the health and safety of workers.
3. The competent authority should have access to these data, which should only communicate the health service work to others with the agreement of the employer, workers and their representatives in the undertaking or committee of health and safety, if any .
7. Monitoring the working environment should entail such visits by the personnel health services in the work necessary to examine the factors in the working environment which may affect the health of workers, the health of the working environment and working conditions.
8. Health services at work should:
a) To provide, where necessary, monitoring of workers' exposure to special health risks;
B) supervise sanitary installations and other made available to workers by the employer, such as drinking water, canteens and accommodation facilities;
C) Advise on the possible impact of the use of technologies in the health of workers;
D) participate in and advise on the selection of equipment necessary for the personal protection of workers against occupational hazards;
E) Assist in the analysis of jobs and the study of work organization and working methods, to ensure a better adaptation of work to the workers;
F) To participate in the analysis of occupational accidents and occupational diseases and in accident prevention programs.
9. Personnel providing health services at work should, after informing the employer, workers and their representatives, where appropriate:
a) To have free access to all workplaces and to the installations the company It provides for the workers;
B) To have access to information on methods, labor standards, products, materials and substances used or whose use is envisaged, subject to the confidentiality of any information of a confidential nature that seek to preserve and which does not affect health of workers;
C) Power to take samples for analysis, products, materials and substances used or handled.
10. It should be consulted health services at work on any planned changes in methods and conditions likely to have an effect on the health or safety of workers work.
B) Health surveillance of workers.
11.1. The health surveillance of workers should cover, in the cases and under the conditions defined by the competent authority, all assessments necessary to protect the health of workers, which may include:

A) An assessment of the health of workers before their assignment to specific tasks which may involve a danger to their health or that of others;
B) health assessment at periodic intervals during employment which involves exposure to a particular health risks;
C) An assessment of the health of workers who resume work after a prolonged absence for health reasons, with a view to its possible occupational origins, recommending appropriate action to protect workers and to determine the adaptability of workers to their tasks and the need for reassignment and rehabilitation;
D) health assessment at the end and after completion of assignments involving hazards likely to cause further damage to their health or to contribute to such damages.
2. Provisions should be adopted to protect the privacy of workers and ensure that health surveillance is not used for discriminatory or in any other manner prejudicial to their interests purposes.
12.1. When workers are exposed to specific occupational hazards, monitoring their health status should include, where appropriate, in addition to the health assessments provided for in paragraph II of this Recommendation, all examinations and investigations necessary to detect levels exposure and reactions and early biological effects.
2. When a valid and generally accepted method of biological monitoring of the health of workers for early detection of health effects of exposure to specific occupational hazards, the method may be used to identify workers who need a detailed medical examination , subject to the individual consent of the worker.
13. Health services at work should be informed of cases of illness among workers and absence from work for health reasons, in order to identify any relationship between the causes of illness or absence and health risks that may arise in the workplace. The staff responsible for health services at work should not be bound by the employer to verify the reasons for absence from work.
14.1. Health services at work should record data on the health of workers in personnel records and confidential health.
These files should also contain information about the tasks that have made workers from exposure to the inherent in their work and the results of any evaluation of worker exposure to these hazards.
2. Personnel providing health services at work should only have access to health records if the information contained in them is related to the performance of its functions. Where the files contain personal information of medical confidentiality this access should be restricted to medical personnel.
3. Personal data relating to the assessment of health status should only be communicated to third parties prior consent of the worker, duly informed.
15. National law, the competent authority or national practice based on guidelines recognized ethics should prescribe the conditions and the period of retention of personal health records, the conditions for the transmission and communication of such records, and the necessary measures to preserve confidentiality, particularly when the information they contain are found recorded on a computer.
16.1. At the end of a prescribed medical examination to determine the ability of a worker to a job involving exposure to a particular risk, the method which carried it out should communicate his conclusions in writing to the worker and the employer.
2. This communication should not contain any indication of a medical nature; as the case may indicate that the worker is fit for the post of planned work or specify the types of work and working conditions that are contra-indicated, either temporarily or permanently, from the medical point of view.
17. When a maintenance worker in a job is contraindicated for health reasons, health services should collaborate in efforts to find alternative employment in the company or another appropriate solution.

18. When the health surveillance has been detected through an occupational disease it should be notified to the competent authority in accordance with national law and practice. The employer, workers and their representatives should be informed that such notification has been made.
C) Information, education, training advice.
19. Health services at work should participate in the development and implementation of programs of information and education and training for staff of the company, on health and hygiene issues related to work.
20. Health services at work should participate in the training and regular retraining of first aid and the gradual and continuing education of all staff of the company contributes to safety and health at work.
21. In order to promote the adaptation of work to workers and improving the conditions and working environment, health services at work should assume the role of advisors to the employer, workers and their representatives in the company and the safety and health committee, where they exist, about the problems of health, hygiene and ergonomics and should collaborate with bodies already operating as advisers in this area.
22.1. Every worker should be informed, convenient and appropriate manner, of the health risks involved in their work, the results of health examinations that have been and evaluation of their health status.
2. Every worker has the right to any data which are erroneous or which might lead to error.
3. Health services should work well individually advise workers about their health in relation to their work.
D) First aid, treatment and health programs.
23. Given the national law and practice, health services at work in undertakings should provide first aid and emergency care workers victims of accidents or illness in the workplace, and help organize administration of first aid.
24. Given the organization of preventive medicine at the national level, health services at work might, where possible and appropriate:
a) carry out immunizations in relation to biological risks that arise in the workplace ;
B) Participate in campaigns of health protection;
C) Collaborate with the health authorities in the framework of public health programs.
25. Given the national law and practice and after consultation with employers' organizations and most representative workers, where they exist, the competent authority, if necessary, should authorize health services at work, according to stakeholders, including the worker and his own doctor, or a service of primary health care, where applicable, to take one or more of the following functions, or to participate in them:
a) the treatment of workers they have not stopped work or who have resumed work after an absence;
B) Treatment of victims of accidents;
C) treatment of occupational diseases and diseases aggravated by work;
D) Medical aspects of rehabilitation and retraining.
26. Given the national law and practice concerning the organization of health care and remoteness from centers that dispense, health services at work might engage in other activities related to health, including curative medical care workers and their families, in the manner permitted by the competent authority in consultation with employers' organizations and most representative workers, where they exist.
27. Health services at work should cooperate with other services involved in preparing contingency plans to deal with major accidents.
E) Other Functions.
28. Health services at work should analyze the results of monitoring the health of workers and the working environment and the results of biological monitoring and continuous individual monitoring of worker exposure to certain occupational hazards, where they exist, to assess possible links between exposure to occupational hazards and damage to health, and to propose measures to improve the conditions and the working environment.

29. Health services should develop work plans and, at appropriate intervals, reports on their activities and health conditions in the company. These plans and reports should be available to the employer and workers' representatives in the undertaking or safety and health committee, where they exist, and the competent authority should have access to them.
30.1. The extent of their resources, health services at work, in consultation with representatives of employers and workers should contribute to research, participating in studies or surveys carried out at the company level or branch of activity economic, for example, in order to gather epidemiological purposes and orienting their activities.
2. The results of the measurements made in environmental monitoring work and the results of health assessments of workers may be used for research purposes under the reservation of the provisions of paragraphs 6.3); 11.2); and 14.3), of this Recommendation.
31. Health services at work should participate with other services of the company, where appropriate, on measures to prevent the activities of an adverse effect on the general environment.
III. Organization.
32. As far as possible, health services at work should be located in the workplace or in the vicinity thereof, or be organized so that the performance of their duties in the workplace is guaranteed.
33.1. Employers, workers and their representatives, if any, shall cooperate and participate in the implementation of measures relating to the organization and other aspects of health services at work on an equitable basis.
2. In accordance with national conditions and practice, employers and workers or their representatives in the undertaking or the safety committee and health, where they exist, should participate in decisions on the organization and operation of these services, including those relating to employment of personnel and planning service programs.
34.1. Health services at work can be organized, as appropriate, such as services for a single company or common to several enterprises.
2. In accordance with national conditions and practice, occupational health services may be organized by:
a) Companies or groups of undertakings concerned;
B) public authorities or official services;
C) social security institutions;
D) any other bodies authorized by the competent authority;
E) A combination of any of the above formulas.
3. The competent authority should determine the circumstances in which Where no organized health services at work, appropriate existing could be provisionally recognized as authorized bodies within the meaning of subparagraph 2), d), supra.
35. In cases where the competent authority, after consultation with employers' organizations and interested representative workers where they exist, determine that the establishment of a health service at work or access to such a service is virtually impossible, companies should, provisionally and in consultation with representatives of workers in the company or the committee of health and safety, where they exist, to conclude an agreement with a medical service in the town to carry out health examinations prescribed by national legislation, control existing health conditions in the undertaking and ensuring that first aid and emergency treatment are properly organized.
IV. Operating conditions.
36.1. In accordance with national law and practice, health services at work should be made up of multidisciplinary teams whose depending on the nature of the tasks to be performed.
2. Health services at work should have sufficient technical personnel with specialized training and experience in such areas as occupational medicine, industrial hygiene, ergonomics, nursing care job training and other related issues. This staff should, to the maximum extent possible, keep abreast of progress in scientific and technical resources to fulfill its functions knowledge and be able to do so without any revenue loss.
3. Health services at work should also have the necessary administrative personnel for their operation.

37.1. It should safeguard the professional independence of staff serving in health at work, in accordance with national law and practice. This could be done through laws, regulations and appropriate consultations between employers, workers and their representatives and health and safety committees, if any.
2. The competent authority should, where appropriate, in accordance with national law and practice, the conditions for recruitment and termination of employment of staff of health services at work, in consultation with the representative organizations of workers and workers concerned.
38. Subject to the exceptions contemplated in the national laws and regulations, all staff of a health service at work should be obliged to professional secrecy about medical and technical data can get to know because of their functions and of service activities.
39.1. The competent authority may prescribe standards for the premises and equipment necessary for the operation of health services at work.
2. Health services at work should have adequate facilities to conduct analyzes and tests necessary for monitoring the health of workers and healthiness of the working environment.
40.1. Within the framework of a multidisciplinary approach, occupational health services should collaborate with:
a) The services that deal with the safety of workers in the company;
B) the various production units to assist them in formulating and implementing relevant preventive programs;
C) The department of company personnel and other departments concerned;
D) Representatives of workers in the company, as likewise their safety representatives and health and safety committee, if any.
2. Where appropriate, the services of occupational health and safety services might be organized together.
41. Besides health services at work should maintain contacts, when necessary, to the services and bodies outside the company that deal with issues of health, hygiene, safety, vocational rehabilitation, retraining and professional reclassification and working conditions and welfare of workers, as well as inspection services and the national body which has been designated to participate in the international warning system for safety and health of workers established under of the International Labour Organization.
42. The person in charge of a health service at work should be able, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 38, consult the competent authority after having informed the employer and workers' representatives in the undertaking or the safety committee and hygiene, if any, on the implementation of the safety and health at work in the company.
43. Health services in the work of a national or multinational enterprise with more than one establishment should provide the highest level of services, without discrimination, to the workers in all its establishments, regardless of the place or country in which they are located .
V. General disposition.
44.1. As part of its responsibility for the safety and health of workers employed, employers should take all necessary measures to facilitate compliance with the functions of health services at work.
2. Workers and their organizations should provide support for health services at work for the fulfillment of their duties.
45. Benefits related to occupational health services dispensed by health at work should be completely free for workers.
46. When health services at work have been established and their functions specified by national legislation, it should also determine how to fund such services.
47. For the purposes of this Recommendation, the term "workers' representatives in the undertaking" means persons who are recognized as such by national law or practice.
48. This Recommendation supplementing the Convention on health services, 1985, replaces the Recommendation concerning occupational health services, 1959.
The undersigned Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign
Foreign
DECLARES:

That this reproduction is faithful copy of the certificate text taken rests in the Legal Office of the Ministry.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, at eighteen (18)
days of August in 1994 (1994).
HÉCTOR Sintura ADOLFO VARELA,
Chief Legal Office.

Recommendation 172 RECOMMENDATION use asbestos safely

The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation
convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office work, and having met in its on June 4, 1986 at its seventy-second session.
Recalling international conventions and recommendations of the relevant work, in particular the Convention and Recommendation Occupational Cancer, 1974; the Convention and Recommendation on the working environment (air pollution, noise and vibration), 1977; the Convention and Recommendation on Safety and Health, 1981; the Convention and Recommendation on health services, 1985, and the list of occupational diseases as revised in 1980, annexed to the Agreement on benefits in case of accidents and occupational, 1964 diseases and the code of practice on safety in the use of asbestos, published by the International Labour Office in 1984, which establish the principles of national policy and action at the national level;
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals concerning the safe use of asbestos which is the fourth item on the agenda of the meeting.
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of a Recommendation supplementing the Asbestos Convention, 1986, adopts June 24 of in 1986, this recommendation, which may be cited as the recommendation 1986. asbestos
I. Scope and definitions
1. The provisions of the Asbestos Convention 1986, and this recommendation should apply to all activities where workers are exposed to asbestos in the course of their work.
2. In accordance with national law and practice, measures should be taken for independent workers enjoy similar protection to that provided for the 1986 Asbestos Convention and this Recommendation.
3. The employment of persons under eighteen years of age in activities involving a risk of occupational exposure to asbestos should receive special attention, as prescribed by the competent authority.
2. Among the activities involving a risk of occupational exposure to asbestos should include in particular:
a) mining and milling of minerals containing asbestos;
B) manufacture of materials or products containing asbestos;
C) The use or application of products containing asbestos;
D) stripping, repair or maintenance of products containing asbestos;
E) demolition or repair of plant or structure containing asbestos;
F) transport, storage and handling of asbestos} or materials containing asbestos;
G) Any other activities involving a risk of exposure to asbestos dust suspended in the air.
3. For the purposes of this recommendation:
a) The term "asbestos" means the fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to the groups of metamorphic rocks of the serpentine group, ie chrysotile (white asbestos), and amphibole group, ie actinolite, amosite (brown asbestos, cummingtonite-grunerite), anthophyllite, crocidolite (blue asbestos), tremolite, or any mixture containing one or more of these;
B) The term "asbestos dust" means airborne particles of asbestos in suspension. air or particles of asbestos which are liable to become suspended in the air in workplaces;
C) The term "airborne asbestos dust in the air" means, for purposes of measurement, dust particles measured by gravimetric assessment or other equivalent method;
D) The term "respirable asbestos fibers" means asbestos fibers having a diameter less than three microns and whose length and diameter ratio greater than 3: 1; measurement, only be taken into account only fibers greater than five microns length;

E) The term "exposure to asbestos" means exposure at work to respirable asbestos fibers or asbestos dust suspended in the air, originating from asbestos or from minerals, materials or products containing asbestos;
F) The term "workers" includes the members of production cooperatives;
G) The term "workers' representatives" designalos workers' representatives recognized as such by national law or practice, in accordance with the agreement on workers' representatives, 1971.
II. General
4 Principles. The measures prescribed pursuant to article 3. the Asbestos Convention 1986, should be designed so that apply to the various risks of occupational exposure to asbestos in all branches of economic activity and should be formulated properly taking into account the 1st items. and 2nd. the convention on occupational cancer in May 1974.
. The competent authority should periodically review the prescribed measures taking into account the code of practice on safety in the use of asbestos, published by the International Labour Office, other codes of practice or guidelines that may develop the International Labour Office, the conclusions of meetings of experts to convene this and the information provided by other competent bodies on asbestos and materials that can replace it.
6. For the purposes of applying the provisions of this recommendation, the competent authority should act in consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers.
7.1. In consultation and collaboration with the workers concerned or their organizations, and taking into account the views of relevant agencies, including health services at work, employers should resort to all measures that are appropriate to prevent or control exposure to asbestos.
2. In accordance with national law and practice, consultation and cooperation between employers and workers should be carried out through:
a) Delegates safety of workers;
B) Committees health and safety of workers or the joint committees on health and safety at work;
C) Other employee representatives.
8. Workers engaged in work with asbestos or products containing asbestos should be required within the limits of their responsibility to implement the procedures prescribed safety and hygiene and in particular, to use appropriate protective equipment is used.
9.1. Every worker to withdraw from a work situation they have reasonable grounds to believe that such a situation poses a serious danger to life or health should:
a) Warn your immediate supervisor;
B) be protected from retaliatory or disciplinary measures, in accordance with national conditions and practice.
2. It should not take any action to the detriment of a worker for having made a good faith complaint about what he considered to be a violation of the regulations or a serious deficiency in the measures taken by the employer in the field of safety and health workers and the working environment.
III. Prevention and protection
10.1. The competent authority should ensure the prevention or control of exposure to asbestos by prescribing engineering controls and work, including measures of hygiene in the workplace, to provide maximum protection to workers.
2. Based on the level of exposure and the circumstances prevailing in the working environment and in the light of scientific research and technological progress, the competent authority should periodically determine
a) The types of asbestos and the types of products containing asbestos whose use should be subject to authorization and the work processes that should be subject to authorization;
B) The types of asbestos and products containing asbestos whose use should be totally or partially prohibited and the work processes in which the use of asbestos or certain types asbestos and products containing asbestos should be banned.
3. The prohibition or authorization of the use of certain types of asbestos or certain products containing asbestos and their replacement by other substances should be based on a scientific assessment of the risk posed to health.

11. 1. The competent authority should encourage research and technical problems related to exposure to asbestos health, substitute materials and alternative technologies.
2. In order to eliminate or reduce risks to workers, the competent authority should encourage research and development concerning products containing asbestos, other substitute materials or alternative technologies which are harmless or less harmful.
12. 1. Where necessary to protect workers, the competent authority should require the replacement of asbestos by substitute materials, whenever this is possible.
2. It should not accept the use of substitute materials in any process without a careful assessment of their possible harmful health effects. The health of workers exposed to such materials should be continuously monitored.
13. 1. To ensure the effective implementation of national legislation, the competent authority should determine the information to be supplied in notifications of work involving exposure to asbestos under Article 13 of the Asbestos Convention 1986
2. This information should include in particular the following:
a) type and quantity of asbestos used;
B) activities and processes carried out;
C) processed products;
D) Number of exposed workers and the level and frequency of their exposure to risk;
E) Measures of protection and prevention adopted in compliance with national legislation;
F) Any other information necessary to protect the health of workers.
14.1. In the case of demolition of parts of plants or structures containing friable asbestos insulation materials, asbestos and the removal of asbestos from buildings or structures when there is a risk that asbestos can enter airborne, these works they should be subject to an authorization should be granted only to employers or contractors who are recognized by the competent authority as qualified to carry out such work in accordance with the provisions of this recommendation.
2. Before undertaking the demolition or removal, the employer or contractor should develop a work plan in which the measures to be taken before starting the works, including those to be specified:
a) Provide all the necessary protection to workers;
B) limit the release of asbestos dust in the air;
C) To know the general procedures and equipment to be used, and the precautions to be taken, workers that may affect the presence of asbestos dust in the air;
D) provide for the disposal of waste containing asbestos in accordance with paragraph 28 of this recommendation.
3) workers or their representatives should be consulted on the work plan that the 2nd subparagraph concerns. of this paragraph.
15.1. Each employer should establish and implement, with the participation of workers in their company, a program for the prevention and control of worker exposure to asbestos. This program should be reviewed periodically in view of developments in the work processes and machinery used or in the techniques and methods of prevention and control.
2. In accordance with national practice, the competent authority should undertake assistance, particularly to small businesses that may have insufficient knowledge or technical means, with a view to developing prevention programs in cases where there may be exposure to asbestos .
16. Technical protective appliances and appropriate measures to prevent the release of asbestos dust in the atmosphere of workplaces work practices should be adopted. Such measures should be taken even in cases where exposure limits or other evaluation criteria are respected, in order to reduce exposure to the lowest level that is reasonably practicable.
17. Among the measures to be taken to prevent or control exposure of workers to asbestos and to avoid any exposure should include the following in particular:
a) asbestos should be used only when it is possible to prevent or control the risks; otherwise I should be replaced, when technically feasible, by other materials or the use of alternative technologies that have been scientifically evaluated as harmless or less harmful;

B) Both the number of people whose work involves exposure to asbestos and the duration of exposure should be reduced to the minimum necessary to perform the task safely;
C) should machinery, equipment and work processes to eliminate or minimize the formation of asbestos dust used and, above all, their detachment in the workplace and the general environment;
D) Workplaces where the use of asbestos may result in the release of asbestos dust into the air should be isolated from the working environment in general, in order to avoid possible exposure of other workers asbestos;
E) The areas of activity involving exposure to asbestos should be clearly demarcated and indicated by warning signs to prevent access by unauthorized persons;
F) should be recorded in writing the location of asbestos used in building construction.
18.1. the use of crocidolite and products containing this fiber should be prohibited.
2. After consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers concerned, the competent authority should be empowered to allow exceptions to the prohibition provided in subparagraph 1o., When replacement is not reasonably practicable, provided that steps are taken to ensure that the health of workers is not placed at risk.
19.1. spraying of asbestos whatever form should be banned.
2. It should be prohibited from installing insulation friable asbestos materials.
3. After consultation with the most representative employers and workers organizations, the competent authority should be empowered to allow exceptions to the prohibition contained in subparagraph 1o. where it is not reasonable or feasible to use alternative methods, provided that measures are taken to ensure that workers' health is not at risk.
20. 1. Producers and suppliers of asbestos and manufacturers and suppliers of products containing asbestos should be responsible for appropriate and adequate labeling or packaging products.
2. National legislation should stipulate that the labels are printed in the language or languages ​​commonly used in the country in question and indicate that the container or product contains asbestos inhalation of asbestos dust carries health risks and should be appropriate protective measures.
3. National legislation should require producers and suppliers of asbestos and manufacturers and suppliers of products containing asbestos to develop and provide an informative data sheet in which the asbestos content indicating the risks to health and measures adequate protection.
21. The inspection system provided for in Article Asbestos Convention of 1986 was, should be based on the provisions of the convention on labor inspection, 1947. The inspection should be performed by qualified personnel. The employer should provide inspection services information in paragraph 13 of this recommendation concerns.
22. 1. The exposure limits should be set by reference to the concentration of airborne asbestos dust in the air, time weighted, commonly referred to an eight-hour day and a forty-hour week, and by reference to a recognized method sampling and measurement.
2. Exposure limits should be reviewed and updated periodically in the light of technological progress and the development of technical and medical knowledge.
23. Facilities, ventilation systems, machinery and protective devices designed to prevent and control the effects of asbestos dust should be regularly checked and maintained in good working order.
24. Workplaces should be cleaned by methods that ensure safety, with the frequency required to prevent the accumulation of asbestos dust on surfaces. The provisions of the Asbestos Convention 1986, and this recommendation should apply to the staff in charge of cleaning.
25.1. Where it is not possible to prevent or otherwise control the risks related to asbestos in airborne, the employer should provide, maintain and if necessary replace, without incurring any cost to the workers, a team of appropriate respiratory protection and special protective clothing when appropriate. In such cases, workers should be required to use such equipment.

2. Respiratory protective equipment should conform to the standards set by the competent authority and be used only temporarily, complementary emergency or exceptional measure and not an alternative to technical control.
3. In cases where it is required to use respiratory protective equipment should be provided sufficient time to rest in appropriate rest areas, taking into account the physical strain caused by the use of that equipment.
26.1. When asbestos dust can contaminate the personal clothing of workers, the employer, in accordance with national legislation and consultation with workers' representatives, should provide appropriate work clothing, which should not be worn outside the workplace, without incurring any cost to the workers.
2. The employer should provide workers with adequate information in an appropriate manner about the risks that could entail for the health of your family and other people if they carry home clothing contaminated by asbestos dust.
3. The handling and cleaning of work clothing and special protective clothing used should be carried out in under controlled conditions, in accordance with the provisions of the competent authority, in order to prevent the release of asbestos dust in the air.
27.1. Where necessary, they should be made available to workers engaged in activities involving exposure to asbestos, double changing rooms, toilet facilities, showers and rest areas.
2 In accordance with national practices in force should be given sufficient time, within working hours, for changing clothes, showering or washing after the work shift.
28.1. In accordance with national law and practice, employers should dispose of waste containing asbestos so that any risk to the health of the workers concerned, including those handling asbestos waste is not produced, or the population neighboring the business.
2) should be taken appropriate measures by the competent authority and by employers to prevent the general environment is contaminated by asbestos dust released from the workplace.
IV. Environment Monitoring Work and Health of Workers
29. In cases determined by the competent authority, the employer should take the necessary steps for the systematic monitoring of the concentration of asbestos dust suspended in the air of the workplace and of the duration and level of exposure of workers to asbestos, and for monitoring the health of workers.
30.1. The level of exposure of workers to asbestos should be measured or calculated in terms of concentrations measured and weighted in time for a given reference period.
2. Sampling and measuring the concentration of asbestos dust in the air suspension should be performed by qualified personnel using approved methods by the competent authority.
3. The frequency and extent of sampling and measurement should be related to the level of risk, changes in work processes and other relevant circumstances.
4. In assessing the risk, the competent authority should take into account the risk posed by asbestos fibers of all sizes.
31.1. For the prevention of disease and functional impairment related to exposure to asbestos, all workers who are to perform work involving exposure to asbestos should benefit in so far as necessary, of:
a) A medical examination prior to the performance of that work; b) periodic medical examinations at appropriate intervals;
C) Other tests and investigations, in particular chest radiographs and tests of lung function, which may be necessary to supervise their health in relation to the occupational hazard and to identify early symptoms of a disease caused by asbestos.
2. The intervals between medical examinations should be determined by the competent authority, taking into account the level of exposure and the age and health of workers in relation to the occupational hazard.
3. The competent authority should ensure that the necessary arrangements, in accordance with national law and practice, are taken to enable workers to continue to undergo appropriate medical examinations after termination of work involving exposure to asbestos.

4. Surveys, tests and investigations provided for in subparagraphs 1) and 3) should be made, as far as possible during working hours and should entail no cost to the worker.
5. When test results or medical investigations reveal the existence of effects of clinical or preclinical character, they should be taken to reduce or eliminate exposure of the workers concerned and prevent further deterioration of their health.
6. The results of medical examinations should be used to determine the state of health in relation to exposure to asbestos and should not be used to discriminate against the worker.
7. The results of medical examinations should be used to place the worker in another job compatible with their health status.
8. Workers whose health is found under surveillance should be entitled:
a) To respect the confidentiality of your personal and medical information;
B) To receive complete and detailed information on the objectives and results of the supervision;
C) To refuse to be invasive medical procedures which infringe on their physical integrity.
32. Workers should be informed sufficiently and properly grade in accordance with national practice, the results of medical examinations and receive individual advice concerning their health in relation to the work to be carried out.
33. When the health surveillance has been detected through an occupational disease caused by asbestos, this should be reported to the competent authority in accordance with national laws and practices.
34. When inadvisable from the medical point of view the permanent assignment to work involving exposure to asbestos should be made every effort to provide the workers concerned with other means of maintaining their income, consistent with national practice and conditions.
35. The national legislation should provide benefits for workers who contract a disease or develop a functional impairment related to occupational exposure to asbestos in accordance with the agreement on benefits in case of industrial accidents and occupational diseases, 1964. 36.1
. Control records working environment should be kept for a period not less than thirty years.
2. Records control worker exposure, as well as those parts of your medical history that refer to health risks from exposure to asbestos and chest radiographs, they should be kept for a period not less than thirty years after you completed tasks involving exposure to asbestos.
37. The workers concerned, their representatives and the inspection services should have access to the records of monitoring of the working environment.
38. In the case of closing a business, other determining the contract of a worker, records and information kept in accordance with paragraph 36 of this recommendation should be deposited in accordance with instructions issued by the competent authority.
39. In accordance with the Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy adopted by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, a national or multinational enterprise with more than one establishment should take, without discrimination measures security to prevent and control health risks due to occupational exposure to asbestos, in order to protect workers against these risks in all its establishments, regardless of the place or country in which they are.
V. Information and Education
40. The competent authority should take steps to promote training and information of all persons who concern the prevention and control of the risks to health occupational exposure to asbestos and to protection against such risks.
41. In consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers concerned, the competent authority should develop appropriate strategies for employers, workers and others tutorials.

42. The employer should ensure that any worker who may be exposed to asbestos receive periodically, at no cost to the, in a language and in a way that will be easily understood, training and instruction on the health effects of such exposure on the measures to be taken to prevent and control exposure to asbestos and, in particular, on the methods of correct work practices which prevent control the formation and release of asbestos dust in the air and on the use of collective protection equipment and individual made available to workers.
43. Educational measures should draw attention to the special risks involved in smoking habit health of workers exposed to asbestos.
44. Organizations of employers and workers should take concrete steps to contribute and collaborate in implementing training programs, information, prevention, control and protection in relation to occupational hazards caused by exposure to asbestos.
Certified copy and complete the Spanish text,
For the Director General of the International Labour Office: FRANCIS Maupain

Legal Adviser,
International Labour Office.
The undersigned Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

DECLARES:
That this faithful reproduction is taken photocopy of the certificate text, which rests in the legal office of the Ministry.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, at eighteen (18) days of August in 1994 (1994).
HECTOR ADOLFO VARELA Sintura
Chief Legal Office 173

RECOMMENDATION Recommendation on the welfare of seafarers at sea and in port

The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation | || convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in that city on 24 September 1987 at its seventy-fourth session;
Recalling the provisions of the Recommendation concerning the conditions of stay of seafarers in ports, 1936, and Recommendation on the welfare of seafarers, 1970;
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals on the welfare of seafarers at sea and in port, which is the second item on the agenda of the meeting, and
Having determined that these proposals the form of a recommendation supplementing the Convention on the welfare of seafarers, 1987, adopts this eighth day of October in 1987, this recommendation, which may be cited as the welfare of seafarers, 1987:
I. General
1. For the purposes of this Recommendation:
a) The term "seafarers" or "sea" means all persons employed in any capacity on board a vessel engaged in maritime navigation, public property or private, other than a warship;
B) The term "welfare facilities and services" means facilities and services, cultural, recreational and information.
2. To the extent it deems practicable, after consultation with the representative organizations of fishing vessel owners and fishermen, the competent authority should apply the provisions of this Recommendation to commercial maritime fishing.
3.1) Members should take measures to ensure that adequate facilities and services for seafarers both in port and on board ships are provided welfare, and shown them adequate protection in the exercise of their profession .
2) In implementing these measures, Members should take into account the special needs of seafarers on safety, health and recreation, particularly if it falls abroad or from entering war zones.
4. Among the measures taken to control the media and welfare services should include participation by representative organizations of shipowners and seafarers.
5. The media and welfare services provided pursuant to this Recommendation should be available to all seafarers, regardless of nationality, race, color, sex, religion, political opinion and social origin and irrespective of the State where the vessel is registered to board which they are employed.
6. Members should cooperate with each other with a view to promoting the welfare of seafarers at sea and in port. Such cooperation should include the following measures:

A) consultations between the competent authorities to facilitate or improve livelihoods and welfare services for seafarers both in port and on board ships;
B) Conclude agreements to pool resources into a common fund and jointly providing welfare facilities in major ports so as to avoid unnecessary duplication;
C) organizing international sports competitions and encourage seafarers to participate in sports activities;
D) To organize international seminars on the subject of welfare of seafarers at sea and in port.
II. Media and welfare services in ports
7.1) Members should provide or ensure the welfare facilities and services required in appropriate ports of the country are provided.
2) Members should consult the representative organizations of shipowners and seafarers in determining the appropriate ports.
3) The welfare facilities and services should be reviewed frequently to ensure they are appropriate, given the evolving needs of seafarers resulting from technical, functional or other registered progress in shipping industry.
8. 1) The media and welfare services should be provided, in accordance with national conditions and practice, of one or more of the following institutions:
a) public authorities;
B) The organizations of shipowners and seafarers, under collective agreements or other agreements;
C) voluntary organizations.
2) Measures should be taken to ensure that, to the extent necessary, it is technically competent persons employed full time in addition to any voluntary workers in the management of media and welfare services for seafarers.
9.1), as appropriate, with the following functions should be established welfare boards in the area of ​​the port or at the regional or national level.
A) Check if the means of existing welfare are still appropriate and determine whether to create or delete others that are underused;
B) Assist advising those responsible for providing welfare and means of ensuring coordination between them.
2) Welfare boards should include among their members representatives of organizations of shipowners and seafarers, the competent authorities and, where appropriate, voluntary organizations and social bodies.
3) Where appropriate, it should be associated with the consuls of maritime States and local representatives of foreign welfare organizations to the work of the boards of port, regional and national welfare, in accordance with national legislation.
10. 1) Members should ensure that regular and sufficient to media and welfare services for seafarers to be given financial support.
2) In accordance with national conditions and practice, this financial support should come from one or more of the following sources:
a) grants from public funds;
B) Fees and other special dues from shipping sources;
C) voluntary shipowners, seafarers or their organizations Quotes;
D) Voluntary contributions from other sources.
3) Where charges, levies and special contributions to fund welfare services are provided, they should be used only for the purposes for which they were created.
11. there should be hotels or hostels suitable for seafarers where there is need for them. Such hotels or hostels should be subject to appropriate controls, prices should be reasonable and, where necessary and feasible, provisions should be made for accommodating seafarers' families.
12. 1) should be established and developed the means necessary welfare and recreational facilities in ports. These should include:
a) Meeting and recreation rooms as required;
B) facilities for sports and outdoor facilities, including competitions;
C) Educational Media;
D) When appropriate, facilities for religious observances and for personal counseling.
2) These services can be provided by making available to seafarers in line with their needs facilities designed for more general use.

13. When large numbers of seafarers of different nationalities require a port, certain services, such as hotels, clubs and sports facilities, the competent authorities or bodies of the countries of origin of marine and country of registration of ships and as the international associations concerned, they should consult and cooperate with each other proceed with the competent authorities and bodies of the country where the port is located, in order to pool resources and to avoid unnecessary duplication of efforts.
14. 1) should be disseminated among seafarers on all facilities open to the public in ports of call-particularly transport, social services, education and recreation and places of worship and services specifically aimed at the seafarers.
2) This information may be disclosed:
a) the distribution on shore and, with the consent of the captain, also on board the ship brochures published in the most appropriate languages ​​giving clear information about the media and welfare services seafarers can find in the port where the ship is anchored or at the next port where do scale; such booklets should contain a plan of the city and the port area;
B) creation in the larger ports of information offices, easily accessible to seafarers and staffed by personnel capable of giving directly such explanations and useful guidance.
15. should be provided adequate means of transport at moderate prices at any reasonable time, when necessary, so that seafarers can reach urban areas from convenient points in the port area.
16. should take all appropriate measures to inform all seafarers arrive in a port:
a) All risks and diseases to which they may be exposed and means of avoiding them;
B) The need for persons suffering from diseases to undergo early medical care, and medical nearest facilities available for such;
C) The dangers of using drugs and alcohol.
17. They should be taken to ensure seafarers, during their stay in port, access to:
a) Outpatient treatment in case of illness or accident; b) hospitalization when necessary;
C) dental practice, especially in emergencies.
18. The competent authorities should take all appropriate measures to inform shipowners and seafarers to reach port any special laws and constumbres whose privacy infringement may jeopardize their freedom.
19. The competent authorities should provide the port areas and access roads to ports with adequate lighting and signposting and order are carried out regular patrols to ensure the protection of seafarers.
20. 1) With a view to the protection of foreign seafarers, measures should be taken to facilitate:
a) access to consuls of their countries;
B) effective cooperation between consuls and the local or national authorities.
2) Whenever any reason for a sailor is arrested on the territory of a Member, the competent authority, if requested by the applicant, it should immediately inform the State whose flag the ship and the State of which the sea is national. The competent authority should promptly inform the seafarer of the right to file such a request. The State of the seafarer should inform national turn to their closest relatives. If a seafarer is interned, the Member should allow consular officials to interview those .. right away and regular visits while he remains imprisoned.
3) The process of a marine detainee should start without delay in accordance with the procedure stipulated by law, and both the State whose flag the ship as the State of which the seafarer is a national should be kept informed of developments of process.
21. 1) should present the possible practical assistance to stranded in foreign ports pending their repatriation sailors.
2) In case of delay in the repatriation of seafarers, the competent authority should ensure that informed immediately the consular or local representative of the State whose flag the ship is flying.
22. Whenever necessary, Members should take measures to ensure the safety of seafarers from aggression and other unlawful acts while ships are in their territorial waters and especially in approaches to ports.

III. Media and wellness services in 23
sea. 1) should be provided means and wellness facilities to seafarers on board ships. As soon as practicable should be included among such facilities:
a) The reception of television and radio;
B) projection of films or videos, which should be adequate for the duration of the trip and, if necessary, changed at reasonable intervals;
C) sports equipment including exercise equipment, table games and deck games;
D) Whenever possible, facilities for swimming;
E) a library containing vocational and other, in sufficient quantity for the duration of the trip and whose content should be changed at reasonable intervals;
F) facilities for recreational handicrafts type.
2) Whenever possible and appropriate consideration should be given to installing bars for seafarers on board ships, unless this is contrary to national, religious or social customs.
24. In vocational training programs for seafarers should be provided education and information on matters relating to their welfare, including general risks to their health is exposed.
25. 1) should be allowed access to telephone communications between ship and shore, where they exist, and the price for use of the service should be reasonable.
2) Every effort should be to get the fastest possible way and secure mail to the seafarers. It should also be ensured that seafarers do not have to pay additional postage when mail has to be readdressed for reasons beyond their control.
26. 1) Except as provided by law or national or international regulations on the matter they should be taken to ensure that, wherever possible and reasonable, are expeditiously granted to marine authorization to receive visitors on board their spouses, relatives and friends, while the ship is in port.
2) it should take into account the possibility of allowing seafarers to be accompanied by their spouses occasionally on a journey, wherever this is possible and reasonable. The spouses should be adequately insured against accidents and diseases; the shipowners should give full support to seafarers for such insurance.
27. People have responsibilities that, in ports and on board, should do everything possible to allowing seafarers to go ashore as soon as possible after the arrival of the vessel to a port.
IV. Savings and sending wages
28. In order to help seafarers to save and to transmit their savings to their families:
a) it should be adopted a simple, rapid and safe system, operating with the assistance of consuls or other competent authorities, captains system, shipowners' agents or financial institutions to provide guarantees in order to enable seafarers, and especially that found abroad or sailing aboard a ship registered in a country other than their own, enter or remit the whole or part of their salary;
B) should be instituted or generalize a system enabling seafarers who wants, in the time of enrollment or during the journey, ensure their families periodically sending part of their salary;
C) such remittances should be sent in due time and directly to the person or persons designated by the sea;
D) should ensure that independent confirmation that remittances from seafarers have actually been sent to the person or persons nominated.
Certified copy and complete the Spanish text.
Director General of the International Labour Office,
FRANCIS Maupain.
Legal Adviser, International Labour Office,
The undersigned Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs DECLARES
:
That this faithful reproduction is taken photocopy of the certificate text, which rests on the Legal Office of the Ministry.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, at eighteen (18) days of August in 1994 (1994).

VARELA HECTOR ADOLFO Sintura Chief Legal Office

RECOMMENDATION Recommendation 174 Repatriation of seafarers.
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation
convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in that city on September 24, 1987 in his seventy-fourth meeting;

Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals concerning the revision of the Convention on the Repatriation of Seafarers, 1926 (No. 23), and Recommendation Repatriation of Masters and Apprentices, 1926 (No. 27), issue which is the fifth item on the agenda of the meeting, and
having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international recommendation supplementing the Convention on the repatriation of seafarers (revised), 1987, adopts ninth day of October in 1987, this Recommendation, which may be cited as the repatriation of seafarers, 1987:
Whenever a seafarer is entitled to repatriation in accordance with the Convention on the repatriation of seafarers (revised), 1987, and both the shipowner and the Member in whose territory the ship is registered in breach of the obligation under the Convention to organize repatriation and assume the cost of the same, the State of the territory to be repatriated sea, or the State of which the seafarer is a national should organize the repatriation and recover the cost from the Member in whose territory the ship is registered in accordance with paragraph a) of article 5. the Convention.
Certified copy and complete the Spanish text.
For the Director General of the International Labour Office.
FRANCIS Maupain
Legal Adviser, International Labour Office

Recommendation 176 RECOMMENDATION employment promotion and protection against unemployment
.
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation
convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its 1o. June 1988 at its seventy-fifth session;
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals concerning the promotion of employment and social security, which is the fifth item on the agenda of the meeting;
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of a Recommendation supplementing the Convention on employment promotion and protection against unemployment, 1988
adopts of June 21 in 1988 the present Recommendation, which may be cited as the Recommendation on employment promotion and protection against unemployment, 1988:
I. General Provisions 1. For the purposes of this Recommendation:
a) the term "legislation" includes laws and regulations as well as the statutory provisions on social security;
B) the term "prescribed" means determined by or under national legislation;
C) the term "Convention" means the Convention on employment promotion and protection against unemployment, 1988.
II. Promotion of productive employment
2. One of the main objectives of the National Policy should be the promotion of full, productive and freely chosen employment by all appropriate means, including social security. Such means should include, in particular, employment services and vocational training and guidance.
3. In times of economic crisis adjustment policies should include, under prescribed conditions, measures to encourage initiatives which involve the maximum use of labor.
4. Members should endeavor to grant in aid to occupational mobility, under prescribed conditions and in the most appropriate manner, in particular:
a) allowances towards defraying the expenses of travel and equipment necessary to enjoy the services provided for in the 2nd paragraph .;
B) allowances in the form of periodical payments calculated in accordance with the provisions of Article 15 of the Convention for a prescribed training or retraining period.
5. Members should also provide for the granting, in respect of aid for professional or geographical mobility under prescribed conditions and in the most appropriate manner, in particular:
a) temporary degressive allowances designed to offset, if necessary, reduction remuneration resulting from their professional reintegration;
B) allowances towards defraying the expenses of travel and removal;
C) allowances for separation;
D) resettlement compensation.
6. Members should ensure coordination of legal regimes and encourage the coordination of private pension schemes in order to remove barriers to occupational mobility.

7. Members should offer to protected persons, under prescribed conditions, facilities that they have access to temporary paid employment without jeopardizing the jobs of other workers, to improve their own chances of obtaining productive and freely chosen employment.
8. Members should, as far as possible and under prescribed conditions, financial support and advisory services to the unemployed who want to start their own business or take up another economic activity.
9. Members should consider the conclusion of bilateral and multilateral agreements which provide for aid to foreign workers protected by their legislation who freely wish to return to the territory of the State of which they are nationals or in which they formerly resided. In the absence of such agreements, Members should grant under its law, financial assistance to the workers concerned.
10. Members should, where appropriate, in accordance with the provisions of multilateral agreements, invest any reserves accumulated by statutory pension and provident funds reserves and encourage investment from private sources, including private pension schemes, with a view to encourage, not discourage, employment in the country, subject to the necessary guarantees for the safety and performance of investments.
11. The progressive introduction in rural and urban areas of community services, including health care services funded by contributions from social security or other resources, should lead to increased jobs and staff training, contributing to itself time specific to the realization of 'ational targets for employment promotion way.
III. Protection of the unemployed
12. In case of partial unemployment and in the case provided for in paragraph 3o. Article 10 of the Convention, compensation should be paid, under prescribed conditions, in the form of periodical payments fairly compensating for the loss of earnings due to unemployment. These damages could be calculated in terms of reducing the duration of sustained work for the unemployed, or fixed in an amount such that the total compensation and gains from part-time work this between the amount of previous earnings for full-time work and the amount of total unemployment compensation, in order not to discourage part-time work and temporary work, when these forms of work may assist the return to work full time.
13. 1) The percentages specified in Article 15 of the Convention for the calculation of benefits should be reached taking into account the gross earnings of the beneficiary, before deduction of taxes and social security contributions.
2) When appropriate, these percentages may be reached by comparing net periodical payments taxes and contributions with net earnings after tax and contributions.
14. 1) prescribed conditions, should not apply the concept of suitable employment:
a) employment involving a change of occupation which does not take into account the capabilities, qualifications, skills, work experience or retraining potential of the person concerned ;
B) employment involving a change of residence to a place where there are no suitable accommodation;
C) employment in which the conditions and remuneration are appreciably less favorable than those generally granted, at the relevant time, in the occupation and region in which employment is offered;
D) employment vacant as a direct result of a stoppage due to labor disputes in progress;
E) a job in which, for a reason other than those referred to in paragraphs a) to d), and having regard to all the circumstances, especially the family responsibilities of the person concerned could reasonably not criticize this it rejected.
2) In assessing the criteria defined in paragraphs a) to c) and e) of subparagraph should be considered, in general, the age of unemployed, seniority in their former occupation, experience, the duration of unemployment and employment market situation and the impact of the employment on personal and family circumstances.

15. If an unemployed person has temporarily accepted, within the limits of a prescribed duration, a job that can not be regarded as appropriate, having regard to the provisions of paragraph 14, or part-time employment in the case referred to in paragraph the 3rd referred . Article 10 of the Convention, the amount and duration of unemployment benefits paid at the end of such employment should not be adversely affected by the level of unemployment in income obtained from them.
16. Members should endeavor to extend progressively the application of their legislation concerning unemployment benefit to cover all employees. However, it could be excluded from protection to public employees whose employment guarantees national legislation until normal retirement age.
17. Members should endeavor to protect workers who are experiencing difficulties during the waiting period.
18. The categories of people on the 1st paragraph refers to. Article 26 of the Convention should apply, as appropriate, the following provisions:
a) In case of total unemployment, the benefit may be calculated in accordance with the provisions of Article 16 of the Convention;
B) The qualifying period should be adapted or waived, under prescribed conditions, for certain categories of new applicants for employment;
C) Where benefits are granted without condition grading period:
i) The waiting periods may be increased to a prescribed period;
Ii) The duration of payment of benefit may be limited under prescribed conditions notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1o. Article 19 of the Convention.
19. When the duration of payment of benefit is limited by national legislation, it should be extended, under prescribed conditions, until the age of admission to old-age pension for the unemployed who have reached a previous prescribed age at the age of admission old age pension.
20. Members whose legislation provides for the right to medical care and makes it directly or indirectly conditional upon occupational activity should endeavor to ensure, under prescribed conditions, medical assistance to the unemployed, including, if possible, those who do not enjoy of unemployment benefits, and people who they are in charge.
21. Members should endeavor under prescribed conditions, ensure the beneficiaries of unemployment benefits are taken into account the periods during which benefits are paid
a) For acquisition of the right and, as appropriate, calculating invalidity benefits, old-age and survivors;
B) For the acquisition of the right to medical care, sickness benefits and maternity and family benefit after the end of unemployment, when the legislation of a Member provides for such benefits and directly or indirectly subordinate the right to them to a condition of professional activity.
22. Members should endeavor to adapt statutory social security schemes related to the exercise of a professional to the conditions of professional activity of part-time activity. Such adjustments, provided for in Article 25 of the Convention, should relate in particular, under prescribed conditions, to:
a) The minimum hours of work and minimum earnings necessary for the entitlement to benefits under the basic schemes and supplementary schemes;
B) The maximum earnings for the calculation of contributions;
C) The qualifying period for entitlement to benefits;
D) The method of calculating cash benefits, especially pensions based on earnings and length of contribution, insurance or occupational activity;
E) The right to minimum benefits and flat-rate, especially family benefits without reduction.
23. Members should endeavor to foster a true understanding of the plight of the jobless, particularly those who are unemployed for a long time, and their need for sufficient income.
IV. Development and improvement of protection schemes

24. Given that a number of Members to develop a system of protection against unemployment is in its infancy, and others may be forced to contemplate changes to existing regimes, depending on the changing needs may be adopted legitimately different to help the unemployed approaches, and Members should give high priority to a full and frank exchange of information on aid to the unemployed.
25. To achieve at least the standards set by the provisions of Part IV ( "Unemployment benefits") of the Convention on Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952, Members who wish to develop their system of protection against unemployment should be guided, to the extent possible and appropriate, in the following provisions.
26.1) Members should aware of the technical and administrative difficulties involved in the planning and establishment of social security mechanisms for unemployment compensation. In order to introduce compensation arrangements for providing benefits not discretionary, should try to gather as soon as possible, the following conditions:
a) The institution and the satisfactory operation of a free public service) provided employment a network of employment offices and having acquired sufficient administrative capacity to collect and analyze information on the job market, record the supply and demand of employment and objectively verify the personal situations of involuntary unemployment;
B) A reasonable level of implementation and extensive experience of managing other branches of social security deemed to have priority on social and economic terms, such as primary health care and compensation for occupational accidents.
2) Members should aim high priority, fulfills the conditions set out in subparagraph 1) above by promoting a sufficiently high level of stable employment offering appropriate wages and conditions of work, especially through necessary and appropriate measures, such as vocational guidance and training, in order to facilitate voluntary matching of skills with job vacancies in the labor market.
3) should continue to be used cooperation services and technical advice from the International Labour Office to support any initiative taken by Members in this area, where national competences are insufficient.
4) When the conditions are met in subparagraph 1 refers) to Members should, as quickly as resources permit and if necessary in stages, institute of protection schemes for the unemployed, especially social security mechanisms for unemployment compensation.
27. When conditions are not met in subparagraph 1) of paragraph 26 refers to, Members should give priority to the adoption of special measures to help the needy unemployed, depending on available resources and the specific conditions of each country.
28. Members who have instituted a national provident fund could consider authorizing the benefit of account holders in the fund whose profits remain interrupted due to long-term unemployment and whose family situation is precarious, payment of periodic benefits cash to meet their essential needs. They could set limits on the amount and duration of these benefits depending on the circumstances and especially the account balance.
29. Members could also encourage the formation of organizations of employers and workers assistance funds in the area of ​​a company or group of companies. This method could be useful in companies and sectors that enjoy sufficient economic capacity.
30. Members whose legislation requires employers to pay severance to services to workers who have lost their jobs should require that employers do face common to this responsibility through the creation of funds financed by contributions of these employers in order to guarantee payment of such compensation to the affected workers.
Certified copy and complete the Spanish text.
For the Director General of the International Labour Office:
(Illegible signature)
The undersigned Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs DECLARES
:
That this reproduction is certified true copy taken from the text, which rests in the Legal Office of the Ministry.

Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, to dicieciocho (18) days of August in 1994 (1994).
HECTOR ADOLFO VARELA Sintura Chief Legal Office


Recommendation 178 Recommendation concerning Night Work
The General Conference of the International Labour Organization convened in Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office work, and having met in its on June 6, 1990, at its seventh meeting septugésima;
After making determined adoption of certain proposals on night work, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the meeting, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of a Recommendation supplementing the Convention night work, 1990;
Adopts June 26 of 1990, the following Recommendation which may be cited as the Night Work Recommendation, 1990:
I.
1 General provisions. For the purposes of this Recommendation:
a) The term "night work" means all work performed during a period of at least seven consecutive hours, including the interval between midnight and five o'clock and that will be determined by the competent authority after consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers or by collective agreements;
B) The term "night worker" means an employed person whose work requires the performance of hours of night work on a substantial number, above a certain limit. This number shall be fixed by the competent authority after consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers, or through agreements.
2. This recommendation to all employees applies, except for those working in agriculture, livestock, fisheries, maritime transport and inland navigation.
3.1. The provisions of this Recommendation may be applied by national legislation, collective agreements, arbitration awards or court decisions, a combination of these means or otherwise to national conditions and practice. They should be implemented through national legislation to the extent they are not applied by other means.
2. Where the provisions of this Recommendation are implemented by national legislation, it should first consult the most representative organizations of employers and workers.
II. Hours of work and rest periods
4.1. Normal hours of work for night workers should not exceed eight hours during any twenty-four hours in which they perform night work, except in cases which includes substantial periods of mere attendance or stand-by, in cases in which alternative working schedules give workers protection at least equivalent over different periods or in cases of exceptional circumstances recognized by collective or, failing that, by the competent authority agreements.
2. The normal hours of work of night workers should generally be less on average, and in no event exceed average to average those of workers performing on the same job with the same requirements, in the branch activity or the undertaking concerned.
3. Night workers should enjoy at least the same extent as other workers from general measures to reduce the normal duration of the working week and increase the number of days of paid vacation.
5. 1. Work should be organized so that, as far as possible, avoid night workers perform overtime before or after a working day in which night work is.
2. In occupations involving special hazards or heavy physical or mental exertion, night workers should not perform any extraordinary before or after a workday in which includes night except work force majeure or accident hour actual or imminent.
6. When shift work involves night work:
a) In any case two consecutive full shifts, time should be made except in cases of force majeure or of actual or imminent accident;
B) should ensure, to the extent possible, a break of at least eleven hours between two shifts.

7. The working days in which includes night work should include a break or breaks to enable workers to rest and feed. The scheduling and total length of these breaks should take into account the requirements that the nature of night work entails for workers.
III.
pecuniary compensation 8.1 Night work should generally give rise to appropriate financial compensation. Such compensation should be additional to the remuneration paid for the same work performed during the day, with the same requirements and:
a) should respect the principle of equal remuneration for men and women for the same work, or for work of equal value;
B) should be able to become by agreement in time.
2. In determining the amount of such compensation may take into account the extent has been reduced working hours.
9. Where financial compensation for night work is a normal element of the profits of night worker, it should be included in the calculation of the remuneration of paid annual leave, to paid public holidays and other absences that are normally paid as well as in the determination of contributions and benefits of social security.
IV.
10 safety and health. Employers and workers' representatives concerned should be able to consult health services at work, where they exist, on the consequences of different forms of organization of night work, especially when undertaken by rotating equipment.
11. In determining the tasks assigned to night workers should take into account the nature of night work, and the effects of environmental factors and forms of work organization. Special attention should be paid to factors such as toxic substances, noise, vibrations and lighting levels and to forms of work organization involving heavy physical or mental effort. Professionals such factors and forms of work organization cumulative effects should be avoided or reduced.
12. The employer should take the necessary measures to maintain the same level of protection against occupational hazards during the day, in particular avoiding, as far as possible, the isolation of workers during night work.
V. 13
social services. measures to limit or reduce the traveling time between the residence and workplace of night workers to spare additional travel costs or reduce these costs and improve their safety when traveling at night should be adopted. These measures could include:
a) Coordination between the hours begin and they end the working day in which night work and the schedules of local public transport services is carried out;
B) The provision by the employer of collective means of transport for night workers where there are no public transport services;
C) An aid that night workers to acquire an appropriate means of transport;
D) The payment of appropriate compensation for additional traveling expenses;
E) The construction of housing complexes within a reasonable distance of the workplace.
14. Measures should be taken to improve the quality of rest for night workers. Such measures could include:
a) advice and, where appropriate, assistance to night workers for noise insulation of their homes;
B) The design and equipping of housing complexes which take into account the need to reduce noise levels.
15. They should be made available to night workers Suitably equipped resting facilities in appropriate places in the establishment.
16. The employer should take the necessary measures to ensure that workers performing night work to obtain meals and drinks. Such measures, designed so that meet the needs of night workers, may include:
a) Make available in appropriate places in the food establishment and suitable for consumption at night drinks;
B) facilitate access to facilities where workers may, at night, prepare or heat and eat food which they have brought.

17. The importance of night work at the local level should be one of the factors to be taken into account when deciding to create childcare and other services for young children, when their location is chosen and determining their hours opening.
18. The specific problems of night workers should be duly taken into account by public authorities, by other institutions and by employers within the framework of the measures taken in order to encourage training and retraining, as well as cultural activities, sports and recreation workers.
VI. Other measures
19. At any time during your pregnancy, since this is known, women night workers who so request should be assigned to day work, as far as this is feasible.
20. If shift work, establishing the composition of night crews particular situations of workers with family responsibilities should take account of the following courses deformation and older workers.
21. Except in cases of force majeure or of actual or imminent accident, workers should be informed that reasonable notice to perform night work.
22. measures should be taken, where appropriate, for night workers, like other workers, training opportunities, including paid educational leave.
23.1. Night workers who have completed a certain number of years of night work should be accorded special consideration
to vacancies for day work for which they have the necessary qualifications.
2. such transfers by facilitating, when necessary, training of night workers in tasks normally performed by day should be prepared.
24. Workers who for a considerable number of years have been employed as night workers should be accorded special consideration with regard to the possibilities of progressive voluntary early retirement or, where such opportunities exist.
25. Night workers who have a trade union or staff representative function should be able to exercise it in appropriate conditions, like other workers who assume the same function. The need to carry out functions of representation of workers should be taken into account when decisions are made concerning assignment of workers' representatives to night work.
26. They should be improved statistics on night work and should step up the study of the effects of different forms of organization of night work, particularly when performed as a shift system.
27. Whenever possible, you should use scientific and technical progress, as well as innovations in work organization, in order to limit recourse to night work.
Certified copy and complete the Spanish text, by the Director General of the International Labour Office,
FRANCIS Maupain
Legal Adviser Labour Office Internacinnal
The undersigned Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
, DECLARES
:
That this reproduction is a faithful copy of the certificate text taken which lies in the Legal Office of the Ministry.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, at eighteen (18) days of August in 1994 (1994).
HECTOR ADOLFO VARELA Sintura Chief Legal Office


Recommendation 179 Recommendation concerning working conditions in hotels, restaurants and similar establishments

The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation | || convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in that city on June 5, 1991, at its seventy-eighth meeting;
After deciding adoption of certain proposals on working conditions in hotels, restaurants and similar establishments, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the meeting, and
After deciding, as a result of the adoption of the Convention on working conditions (hotels and restaurants), 1991, that these proposals shall take the form of a supplementary recommendation
adopts this twenty-fifth of June in 1991, the following recommendation, which may be cited as the recommendation on the working conditions (hotels and restaurants), 1991:
I. General provisions

1. This Recommendation applies to workers, as defined in paragraph 3, employed within:
a) hotels and similar establishments providing lodging;
B) restaurants and similar establishments serving food or drink, or both.
2. Members may, after consultation with the organizations of employers and workers concerned, extend the scope of this Recommendation to other related establishments providing tourism services.
3. For the purposes of this Recommendation, the term "workers concerned" means workers employed within establishments to which this Recommendation applies in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, whatever the nature and duration of their employment relationship.
4.1. This Recommendation may be implemented by national legislation, collective agreements, arbitration awards or court decisions, or any other appropriate manner consistent with national practice.
2. Members should:
a) Provide for effective monitoring of the implementation of the measures taken in implementation of this Recommendation through an inspection service or by other means deemed appropriate;
B) Encourage organizations of employers and workers concerned to actively promote the implementation of the provisions of this Recommendation.
5. The overall objective of this Recommendation is without stop respecting autonomy of organizations of employers and workers concerned, improve conditions for the workers concerned to bring them closer to those usually found among workers in other economic sectors.
II. Working hours and rest periods
6. Unless the methods specified in subparagraph 1) paragraph 4 as provide otherwise, the term "hours of work" refers to the time during which the worker is available to the employer.
7.1. The measures fixing normal hours of work and regulating overtime should be subject to consultations between the employer and the workers concerned or their representatives.
2. The term "workers 'representatives" means persons who are recognized as such under national law or practice, in accordance with the Convention on the workers' representatives, in March 1971.
. Overtime should be compensated with paid time off, a surcharge or surcharges for overtime worked, or a higher remuneration, as determined by national law and practice and after consultation between the employer and the workers concerned or their representatives.
4. measures to ensure that working hours and overtime are calculated and recorded and that each worker has access to your record should be adopted.
8. Whenever possible, split shifts should be progressively eliminated, preferably through collective bargaining.
9. The number and duration of meal breaks should be determined according to the customs of each country or region, and taking into account if eaten on site or outside it.
10.1. As far as possible, the workers concerned should be entitled to a weekly rest period of not less than thirty-six hours which, wherever practicable, should be uninterrupted.
2. The workers concerned should be entitled to a daily rest period of ten consecutive hours on average.
11. In cases where the duration of paid annual leave of the workers concerned is less than four weeks for one year of service, steps should be taken, through collective bargaining or in accordance with national practice, to achieve progressively that level.
III. Training
12.1. Members, in consultation with the organizations of employers and workers concerned, should develop policies and programs of vocational education and training and management training in the various occupations exercised in hotels, restaurants and similar establishments or, where appropriate, help organizations of employers and workers and other institutions to establish those policies and programs.
2. Training programs should be designed primarily to improve skills and the quality of work and career prospects of the participants.
Certified copy and complete the Spanish text. FRANCIS
MAUPIN For the Director General of the International Labour Office,

Legal Adviser International Labour Office. The Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, signed DECLARES
:
That this reproduction is certified true copy taken from the text, which rests in the Legal Office of the Ministry.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, at eighteen (18) days of August in 1994 (1994).

VARELA HECTOR ADOLFO Sintura Chief Legal Office

Recommendation 180 Recommendation on the protection of workers' claims in case of employer insolvency
The General Conference of the International Organization
job:
convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in that city on June 3, 1992, at its seventy-ninth session;
Underlining the importance of the protection of wage claims in case of employer insolvency and recalling the relevant provisions of Article 11 of the Convention on the Protection of Wages, 1949 and Article 11 of the Convention on Compensation of , 1925;
Noting that since the adoption of the Convention on the Protection of Wages, 1949, has been attributed greater importance to the rehabilitation of insolvent enterprises and that, because of the social and economic effects of insolvency efforts should be made, always it is possible to rehabilitate enterprises and safeguard employment;
Noting that since the adoption of these standards, legislation and practice of many Members have experienced an important evolution in the direction of better protection of workers' claims in case of insolvency of the employer, and considering that would be appropriate for the Conference adopted new rules on workers' claims;
Recognising that guarantee institutions, if properly designed, afford greater protection to workers' claims;
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals concerning the protection of workers' claims in case of insolvency of their employer, which is the fourth item on the agenda of the meeting;
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of a Recommendation supplementing the Convention on the protection of workers' claims in case of employer insolvency, 1992, adopts this twenty June in 1992, this Recommendation, which may be cited as the Recommendation on the protection of workers' claims in case of employer insolvency, 1992:
I. Definitions and methods of application
1.1) For the purposes of this Recommendation, the term "insolvency" refers to situations in which, in accordance with national law and practice, has opened a procedure concerning the assets of a employer in order to collectively pay your creditors.
2) For the purposes of this Recommendation, members can extend the term "insolvency" to other situations that can not be paid labor credits because of the financial situation of the employer, including the following:
a) When you have closed the company or have ceased their activities, or is the subject of a voluntary liquidation;
B) When the amount of the employer's assets is insufficient to justify the opening of insolvency proceedings;
C) When the sums owed to the worker in respect of their employment, are in the process of collection and found that the employer has no assets or that these are insufficient to pay the debt in question;
D) Where the employer has died, his estate was put in the hands of an administrator and can not be paid off amounts owed to the assets of the estate;
3) The extent to which the assets of employers subject to the procedures set forth in subparagraph 1) should be determined by national law or practice.
2. The provisions of this Recommendation may be applied by laws or by any other means consistent with national practice.
II. Protection of workers' claims by a privilege.

3 Credits license. 1. The protection afforded by a privilege should cover the following claims:
a) wages, overtime pay, commissions and other forms of remuneration for the work done for a certain period immediately prior to insolvency or termination of the employment relationship; This period should be fixed in national law and should not be less than twelve months;

B) The amounts due in respect of paid for the work done during the year in which the insolvency or the termination of the employment relationship holidays as well as for the previous year;
C) The amounts due in respect of other types of paid absence premium end of the year and other raw laid down in national law, collective agreements or individual employment contracts, corresponding to a given period should be not less prior to the insolvency or the termination of the employment relationship twelve months;
D) Any payment due in lieu of notice of dismissal;
E) severance pay services, compensation for unfair dismissal and other payments due to workers upon termination of their employment;
F) Compensation for accidents and occupational diseases payable directly by the employer.
2. The protection afforded by a privilege might cover the following claims:
a) contributions due under national statutory social security schemes, where failure to pay adversely affects workers' rights;
B) contributions due to private social protection schemes, whether professional or inter-company schemes outside the national statutory social security schemes, where failure to pay adversely affects workers' rights;
C) The benefits to which the workers were entitled prior to the insolvency by virtue of their participation in social protection schemes and Company which are payable by the employer.
3. The rights enumerated in sub-paragraphs 1 and 2, which have been awarded to a worker through adjudication or arbitration within the twelve months preceding the insolvency should be covered by the privilege regardless of the time limits specified in those subparagraphs | Limitations ||
4. when the amount of the claim protected by a privilege is limited by national legislation, so that it is not less than a socially acceptable, that amount should take into account variables such as the minimum wage, inembargable fraction of wages, the wages as the basis for calculating contributions to social security or the average wage in the industry.
Credits expired after the date of commencement of insolvency proceedings
5. Where authorized the continuation of the activities of a company that is the subject of insolvency proceedings, labor credits for work performed from the date on which it was decided, under national law, the following should be excluded from procedure and cleared their respective maturities with available funds.

Prompt payment procedures 6.1. When insolvency proceedings can not ensure rapid payment of workers' claims protected by a privilege, there should be a procedure for prompt payment for such loans be paid, without awaiting the end of the insolvency proceedings, with available funds or as soon as they become available, unless prompt payment of wage claims is secured by a guarantee institution.
2. Prompt payment of workers' claims may be ensured as follows:
a) The person or institution responsible for administering the employer's assets should pay such claims, once verified its authenticity and enforceability;
B) In case of dispute, the worker should be able to recognize the validity of their claims by a court or any other body competent in the matter, in order to then obtain payment in accordance with paragraph a).
3. Prompt payment procedure should cover the entire claim protected by a privilege, or at least a part thereof, set by national law.
III. Protection of workers' claims by a guarantee institution Scope

7. Protection of workers' claims by a guarantee institution should be as broad as possible. Operating Principles

8. Guarantee institutions might operate according to the following principles:
a) should have administrative, financial and legal autonomy from the employer;
B) Employers should contribute to financing, unless this is fully covered by the public authorities;

C) they should assume their obligations to workers protected, regardless of whether the employer has complied or not with any obligations to contribute to financing;
D) in the alternative should assume the obligations of insolvent employers regarding the claims protected by the guarantee, and to be subrogated to the rights of workers who have made payments;
E) The funds managed by guarantee institutions that are not from the Public Treasury may be used only for the purposes for which they were collected. Credits

protected by the Guarantee 9.1. The guarantee should cover the following claims:
a) wages, overtime pay, commissions and other forms of remuneration for the work performed during a given period, which should not be less than three months preceding the insolvency or termination of the employment relationship;
B) The amounts due in respect of paid for the work done during the year in which the insolvency or the termination of the employment relationship holidays as well as in the previous year;
C) premiums year-end and other bonuses under national law, collective agreements or individual contracts of employment for a given period, which should not be less than twelve months prior to the insolvency or termination of employment;
D) Amounts due in respect of other types of paid, related absences to a certain period, which should not be less than three months preceding the insolvency or the termination of the employment relationship;
E) Any payment due in lieu of notice of dismissal;
F) severance pay services, compensation for unfair dismissal and other payments due to workers upon termination of employment;
G) Compensation for accidents and occupational diseases, when they are directly paid by the employer.
2. The guarantee might cover the following claims:
a) contributions due under national statutory social security schemes, where failure to pay adversely affects workers' rights;
B) contributions due under private social protection schemes, whether professional or inter-company schemes outside the national statutory social security schemes, where failure to pay adversely affects workers' rights;
C) The benefits to which workers were entitled prior to the insolvency by virtue of their participation in the social protection of the company and which are payable by the employer;
D) wages or any other form of remuneration consistent with this Paragraph, awarded to a worker through adjudication or arbitration within three months prior to insolvency. Limitations

10. When the amount of the claim protected by a guarantee institution this limited, so it is not less than a socially acceptable level, should take into account variables such as the minimum wage, inmebargable fraction of the salary, the salary used as the basis for calculating the social security contributions or the average wage in the industry.
IV. common to Parts II and III provisions.
11. Workers or their representatives should receive timely information and be consulted with regard to insolvency proceedings which have been opened and which relate to workers' claims.
The undersigned Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs DECLARES
:
That this faithful reproduction is taken photocopy of the certificate text, which rests in the Legal Office of the Ministry.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, at eighteen (18) days of August in 1994 (1994).
HECTOR ADOLFO VARELA Sintura

Chief Legal Office PUBLIC AUTHORITY EXECUTIVE BRANCH PRESIDENCY OF THE REPUBLIC

Santa Fe de Bogota, DC
Approved. Submit to the consideration of the honorable National Congress for Constitutional effects.
(. Sgd.) (Signed) César Gaviria Trujillo

Noemi Sanin DE RUBIO Minister of Foreign Affairs
DECREES:

ARTICLE 1o. Apruébanse "Recommendations 171 on services Occupational Health; 172 on the use of asbestos in safety; 173 on the welfare of seafarers at sea and in port; 174 on the repatriation of seafarers ; 176 on employment promotion and protection against unemployment 178 night work; 179 on working conditions in hotels, restaurants and similar and 180 establishments on the protection of workers' claims in case of employer insolvency " adopted by the General Conference of the International Labour Organization.
Article 2.
. This Law governs from the date of publication. LUIS FERNANDO LONDOÑO CAPURRO

The President of the honorable Senate PUMAREJO VEGA PEDRO

The Secretary General of the honorable Senate GIOVANNI LAMBOGLIA MAZZILLI

The President of the honorable House of Representatives DIEGO VIVAS TAFUR

the Secretary General of the honorable House of Representatives
REPUBLIC oF COLOMBIA - NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND RUN

Given PUBLISH in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, 16 January 1997
Run prior review by the Constitutional Court, pursuant to Article 241-10 of the Constitution.
Ernesto Samper Pizano

VÉLEZ Maria Emma Mejia Foreign Minister ORLANDO OBREGON SABOGAL

The Minister of Labour and Social Security


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