Statutory Justice Administration

Original Language Title: Estatutaria de la Administración de Justicia

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ACT 270 OF 1996
(March 7)
Official Gazette No. 42,745, of March 15, 1996
STATUTORY ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE Summary

Term Notes
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA,
whereas justice is a higher value enshrined in the Constitution that should guide state action and is called to ensure the effectiveness of fundamental rights within the framework of the Social State and democratic law, and achieve peaceful coexistence among Colombians and that given the importance of their mission should generate responsibility of those in charge of exercising,
DECREES: TITLE I.

PRINCIPLES oF MANAGEMENT
JUSTICE ARTICLE 1o. JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION. The administration of justice is the part of the public role of the State entrusted by the Constitution and the law to give effect to the rights, obligations, guarantees and freedoms enshrined therein, in order to achieve social harmony and achieve and maintain national harmony. Effective Jurisprudence

Article 2.
. ACCESS TO JUSTICE. The State guarantees access to all associated with the administration of justice. Will be responsible for the poverty and under public defender service. In each municipality there will be at least one public defender. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 3. RIGHT OF DEFENCE. In all judicial and administrative proceedings is guaranteed, without exception, the right of defense, according to the Constitution, the international treaties ratified by Colombia and the law. Law students belonging to the legal offices of universities duly recognized by the State may exercise a defense with the limitations established by law, as long as the university certifies that are suitable for exercise. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 4. Celerity, ORALIDAD.
The administration of justice must be prompt, thorough and effective solution in the bottom of the matters brought to its attention. Procedural terms are peremptory and strict compliance by judicial officials. Their unjustified violation constitutes grounds for misconduct, without prejudice to any criminal penalties that may apply. The same shall apply to holders of the disciplinary function.
The actions carried out in judicial proceedings shall be oral with the exceptions established by law. This new procedural statutes take oral proceedings and hearings, seeking unification of court proceedings, and take into account new technological developments. Effective Jurisprudence


PARÁGRAFO TRANSIENT. Authorize the National Government during the next four years included in the budget of revenues and expenditures an item equivalent to 0.5% of GDP according to the available budget, the Fiscal Framework of Medium Term Expenditure Framework for orality gradually develop in all proceedings established by law and to implement plans decongestion. Effective Jurisprudence

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The 5th ITEM. INDEPENDENCE OF AUTONOMY AND JUDICIARY. The judicial branch is independent and autonomous in the exercise of its constitutional and legal function of administering justice.
No immediate superior in the administrative or judicial order may insinuate, demand, determine or advise a judicial officer to impose decisions or criteria to be adopted in their decisions

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ARTICLE 6o. Gratuitousness. The administration of justice is free and its operation will be in charge of the State, without prejudice to the right agencies, costs, expenses and legal fees to be determined in accordance with the law.
You can not be charged tariff procedures work in criminal, labor, contentious, family, juvenile, or judgments of constitutional control or from the exercise of guardianship and other constitutional actions. Nor may be charged tariffs on poor people when under poverty or those prosecutions or judicial proceedings to determine the law is enacted.
The judicial duty shall constitute an official entry for the judicial branch

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ARTICLE 7. EFFICIENCY. The administration of justice must be efficient. Judicial officials and employees must be diligent in the conduct of affairs in charge, without prejudice to the quality of judgments to be uttered under competition set by the law. Effective Notes

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Article 8. Alternative mechanisms. The law may establish alternative mechanisms to the judicial process to resolve conflicts that arise between partners and the cases in which it will rise to the collection of fees for these services.
Exceptionally the law may confer certain judicial functions and certain administrative authorities to know of matters which by their nature or amount can be resolved by those properly and effectively. In this case the law shall specify the powers, guarantees due process and other necessary properly to protect the rights of the parties conditions. Against judgments or final decisions in judicial matters take the administrative authorities exceptionally so authorized, shall always appeals to the organs of the judicial branch of the state in the terms and conditions determined by law. Effective Notes


Individuals may be invested temporarily function of administering justice in the condition of conciliators or arbitrators duly authorized by the parties to utter failures in law or in equity.
The Superior Council of the Judiciary, in coordination with the Ministry of Interior and Justice, will monitor and evaluate the measures taken in developing the provisions of this Article and shall report biennially to the Congress. Effective Notes

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Article 9. RESPECT RIGHTS. It is the duty of judicial officials respect, protect and ensure the safeguarding of the rights of those involved in the process. Effective Jurisprudence


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ARTICLE 10. DECLARED INEXEQUIBLE. Effective Jurisprudence


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TITLE II.
GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

CHAPTER I. INTEGRATION AND COMPETENCE OF THE JUDICIARY

ARTICLE 11. The Judicial branch of government consists of:
I. The organs of the various jurisdictions:
a) of ordinary jurisdiction:
1. Supreme Court of Justice.
2. Superior Judicial District Courts.
3. Courts civil, labor, criminal, criminal adolescent, family, enforcement of sentences, small causes and multiple competition, and other specialized and promiscuous to be created under the law;
B) Jurisdiction of Administrative Litigation:
1. State Council
2.
3 Administrative Courts. Administrative Courts
c) of the Constitutional Jurisdiction:
1. Constitutional court; Effective Jurisprudence


D) Jurisdiction Peace: Justices of the Peace.
2. The Attorney General's Office.
3. The Superior Council of the Judiciary. Effective Jurisprudence

PARAGRAPH 1.
. The Supreme Court, the Constitutional Court, the State Council and the Higher Council of the Judiciary have jurisdiction throughout the national territory. The Superior Courts, Administrative Courts and Sectional Councils of the Judiciary have jurisdiction in appropriate judicial or administrative district. Circuit judges have jurisdiction in the respective circuit and municipal judges in the respective municipality; Judges small causes at municipal and local level.
Decongestion judges have territorial jurisdiction and specific material point them in the act of creation. PARAGRAPH 2.
. The Attorney General's Office and its delegates have jurisdiction throughout the national territory. PARAGRAPH 3.
. In each municipality will work at least one court any category whatsoever.
PARÁGRAFO 4o. In the cities they can be organized judicial offices in a decentralized manner. Effective Notes

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CHAPTER II.
THE PURSUIT OF JUDICIAL FUNCTION BY THE AUTHORITIES


ARTICLE 12. THE PURSUIT OF JUDICIAL FUNCTION IN THE JUDICIAL BRANCH. The judicial function is exercised as usual and own permanently by corporations and endowed with legal investiture to do people, as required by the Constitution and this Constitutional Law. Effective Jurisprudence


This function is exercised by the constitutional court, the Superior Council of the Judiciary, the jurisdiction of administrative litigation, special courts such as military criminal, indigenous and peace justice and ordinary jurisdiction to take cognizance of all matters that are not assigned by the Constitution or the law of another jurisdiction ". Effective Jurisprudence

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ARTICLE 13. THE PURSUIT OF JUDICIAL FUNCTION BY OTHER AUTHORITIES AND INDIVIDUALS. Exercise judicial functions in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution:
1. The Congress, on the occasion of the charges and disciplinary offenses made against the President or his substitute; against the judges of the Supreme Court, Council of State, the Constitutional Court and the Superior Council of the Judiciary and the Attorney General's Office, although they have ceased the exercise of their duties. Editor's Notes


2. Administrative authorities in respect of conflicts between individuals, according to the competition rules and procedures laid down in the laws. Such authorities shall not, under any circumstances, perform functions of instruction or criminal prosecution;
and 3. Individuals acting as conciliators or arbitrators authorized by the parties, under the terms stipulated by law. In the case of arbitration, which is not part of the state or any of its entities, individuals may agree on the rules of procedure, directly or by reference to an Arbitration Center, respecting, in any case the Constitutional principles integrate due process. Effective Notes

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CHAPTER III.
THE EFFECTS OF THE JUDGMENTS OF THE CHURCH AUTHORITIES
ARTICLE 14. DECLARED
INEXEQUIBLE. Effective Jurisprudence


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TITLE III.
OF CORPORATIONS AND JUDICIAL OFFICES CHAPTER I.

THE BODIES OF ORDINARY JURISDICTION
1. THE SUPREME COURT

ARTICLE 15. INTEGRATION. The Supreme Court is the highest court of ordinary jurisdiction and consists of twenty (23) judges elected by the same corporation for individual periods of eight years, from lists than five (5) candidates who meet the constitutional requirements, for each vacancy arises, sent by the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary.
The President elected by the Corporation and will represent the functions provided by law and regulations.
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PARÁGRAFO. The individual period of the Judges of the Supreme Court, elected prior to July 7, 1991, shall start from that date. PARAGRAPH 2.
. Without prejudice to the provisions of this article, the Labour Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice shall Magistrates decongestion in temporarily for a period not exceeding the term of eight (8) years from the date of possession . Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 16. SALAS. The Supreme Court shall perform its functions through five rooms, built well: the Plenary Chamber, by all judges of the Corporation; the Board of Governors, composed of the President, the Vice President and the Presidents of each of the specialized Chambers; the Civil Chamber and Agrarian, composed of seven judges; the Labour Appeal Chamber, composed of seven judges and the Criminal Appeals Chamber, composed of nine judges. Effective Jurisprudence



The Boards of Civil Cassation and Agrarian Labor and Criminal act according to their specialty as the Court of Cassation, may select the sentences object of delivery for the purpose of unification of jurisprudence, protection of constitutional rights and legality of failures . Also they are known conflicts of competence in the field of specialties, arising between the Chambers of the same court, or between courts, or between them and other district courts or between courts of different districts. Effective Jurisprudence


PARÁGRAFO. The Labor Cassation Chamber of the Supreme Court will have four rooms decongestion, each composed of three judges of decongestion, acting on a transitional and have the sole purpose of processing and deciding the appeals determined by the Appeal Chamber work of this Court. Judges of decongesting will be part of the Full Court, not dealt guardianships or review resources not know of appeals in special qualification processes collective suspension or stoppage of work, or conflicts of jurisdiction, which in the field her specialty arise, and have no administrative functions. The regulations of the Labor Cassation Chamber of the Supreme Court shall determine the conditions of allocation processes.
The rooms decongestion act independently of the Labor Cassation Chamber of the Supreme Court, but when most of the members of those deemed relevant change the law on a particular subject or create a new one, they return the file to the Labor Cassation Chamber for a decision.
The choice and the eligibility requirements for the post of judge of the Chambers of Labor decongestion shall be those provided in the Constitution and the law for the judges of the Supreme Court. The Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary, or his substitute, will determine the structure and staff of these plant halls. Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 17.
ROOM FULL. The Plenary Chamber shall perform the following functions:
1. Electing Judges of the Superior Courts Judicial District in accordance with the rules on judicial career.
Also, elect the Secretary General and appoint other employees of the Corporation, except for rooms and offices, which will be appointed by each of those or by the respective judges. Effective Notes

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2. Resolve administrative and jurisdictional matters pertaining to the Corporation.
3. Resolve conflicts of jurisdiction in the ordinary courts, which do not correspond to any of its divisions or other judicial authority.
4. Its own regulations.
5. Do, after the study in each Cassation, qualitative assessment factor of qualifying service of the judges of the High Courts of Judicial District, which serve as the basis for comprehensive qualification. Effective Notes

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7. The other functions prescribed by the Constitution, law or regulation.
PARÁGRAFO TRANSIENT. While the National Court subsists in his capacity as district court judges of regional corresponds to the Plenary Chamber of the Supreme Court Justice, elect their judges. Effective Jurisprudence


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ARTICLE 18. CONFLICTS OF COMPETITION. Jurisdictional disputes arising between authorities of ordinary jurisdiction having different specialty jurisdictional and belonging to different districts, will be resolved by the Supreme Court in the respective Cassation that according to the law have the character of higher functional authorities in conflict, and in any event by the Plenary Chamber of the Corporation.
Conflicts of the same nature that arise between authorities of the same or different category and belonging to the same district, will be resolved by the same Superior Court through the Joint Chambers of the manner determined by the internal regulations of the Corporation. Effective Jurisprudence


2. SUPERIOR COURT OF THE JUDICIAL DISTRICT.


ARTICLE 19. JURISDICTION. The Superior Courts are created by the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary to fulfill the functions determined by the procedural law in each judicial district. Have the number of judges determined the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary, in any case not be less than three. Effective Notes

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High Courts exercise their functions through the Plenary Chamber, composed of all the judges, by the Board of Government, by the specialized rooms and other rooms of plural Decision and mpares, according to the law .
TRANSITORY PARAGRAPH 1o. While Chambers odd Decision are integrated in places where there are dual rooms, they continue to fulfill the functions being developed.
TRANSITORY PARAGRAPH 2o. The Superior Judicial District Courts created prior to this Act, continue to perform its functions under the law.
ARTICLE 20.
ROOM FULL. Corresponds to the Full Court of the Superior Judicial District Courts, perform the following administrative functions:
1. Judges choose the appropriate Judicial District of lists drawn up by the Administrative Chamber of the respective Sectional Council of the Judiciary, the quality that is first in the system of judicial career. Effective Notes

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2. Elect the President and Vice President of the Corporation, and the employees responsible in accordance with the law or regulations. Effective Jurisprudence


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3. DECLARED INEXEQUIBLE. Effective Jurisprudence


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4. Make qualitative assessment factor of qualifying service of judges of the respective Judicial District, which serve as the basis for comprehensive qualification. Effective Notes

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5. Other than it has under the law or the regulations issued by the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary.
3. OF THE COURTS

ARTICLE 21. INTEGRATION. The basic cell of judicial organization is the court, whatever their category and specialty and will be integrated by the elected judge, the secretary, the assistants specialty demands and the qualified support staff as determined by the Superior Council of the Judiciary. Effective Jurisprudence


REGIME ARTICLE 22. THE COURTS. Civil, Criminal Courts, Family, Labor, Execution of Sentences, and Small Claims that in accordance with the needs of the administration of justice determined by the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary, to fulfill the functions envisaged procedural law in each circuit or municipality, comprise the ordinary courts. Their characteristics, name and number will be established by these corporations.
When the number of cases so justifies, the courts may be promiscuous for knowledge of civil, criminal, labor or family processes.
In accordance with the needs of each city and each municipality will be municipal judges and multiple small claims jurisdiction over matters of ordinary jurisdiction, legally defined as minor conflicts. The location of its headquarters will be decentralized in those sectors of cities and municipalities where it is justified because of the demand for justice. His performance will be oral, summary and possibly unique audience.
The Higher Judicial Council shall ensure that as from January 1. January 2008, at least one fifth of the courts operating in the cities of over one million inhabitants are located and begin working in offices geographically distributed in different localities or communes in the respective city. As of 1
. January 2009, forty percent (40%) of courts operating in the cities of more than one (1) million inhabitants and thirty percent (30%) of courts operating in cities of more two hundred thousand (200,000) must operate in geographically distributed locations between different localities or communes in the respective city.
The Superior Council of the Judiciary ensure that this distribution is made to all the towns and communes, but may make a corresponding to three locations or distribution neighboring communes. Effective Notes

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CHAPTER II.

INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION OF CRIMES PROSECUTOR GENERAL OF THE NATION.

ARTICLE 23. BASIC FUNCTION. It is up to the Attorney General's Office, ex officio, by denunciation or complaint, at the request of the Attorney General's Office, the Ombudsman or report public official, investigate crimes, declare precluded investigations, qualify by indictment or preclusion and support the prosecution of the alleged perpetrators before the competent courts, except the crimes committed by members of the security forces on active duty and in elation with the same service.
The functions provided in the second paragraph of Article 251 of the Constitution, may delegate in the National Directors and sectionals of the Office.
PARÁGRAFO. The prosecution is obliged to investigate matters both favorable and unfavorable to the accused and to respect their rights and procedural guarantees. Consequently, you can not refuse to answer their allegations and requests or to declare those tests required for their defense, except in cases provided by law. Effective Jurisprudence


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ARTICLE 24. DECLARED
INEXEQUIBLE. Effective Jurisprudence


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ARTICLE 25. DECLARED
INEXEQUIBLE. Effective Jurisprudence


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ARTICLE 26. PRINCIPLES. The Attorney General's Office shall exercise the functions of investigation and prosecution outlined in the Constitution and the rules with the force of law. In the performance of judicial functions under it, the principles of justice that treats the Constitution, the international treaties ratified by Colombia, this statutory law and other rules having the force of law apply to the prosecution. Effective Jurisprudence

ARTICLE 27. DOUBLE
INSTANCE. double jeopardy is guaranteed in jurisdictional actions by the Attorney General's Office. As such, against interlocutory delegate who utters the prosecutor conducting the investigation come appeals and fact.
When the processing and resolution of a motion for reconsideration or appeal is pending, the Attorney General's Office can not directly take over the investigation while the appeal is decided, without prejudice to can appoint another prosecutor of first instance to continue the investigation.
PARÁGRAFO. Judicial officials from the Attorney exclusively responsible for handling appeals come to perform their duties at the latest within two years after the effective date of this law. Effective Jurisprudence

ARTICLE 28.
administrative and budgetary autonomy. The Attorney General's Office is part of the Judicial Branch and has administrative and budgetary autonomy, subject to fiscal control exercised by the General Comptroller's Office. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 29. ELECTION. The General Attorney General shall be elected for a term of four years by the Supreme Court from a list submitted by the President of the Republic and may not be reelected.
The Attorney General shall have the same qualifications required for a judge of the Supreme Court.
Likewise, the Attorney General's Office, Deputy Attorney, and National Directors of Public Prosecutions may not be elected to any public office or members of public corporations within twelve (12) months following the date of termination of his months functions. Editor's Notes

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ARTICLE 30. ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF THE GENERAL PROSECUTOR OF THE NATION. The law is to determine the structure and functioning of the Attorney General's Office. The Attorney General develop such a structure subject to the general principles and rules defined by the law. In developing such a power plant will assign the appropriate personnel to each unit, you can vary it when necessary and establish the operating requirements and functions of each of the jobs.
In exercising these powers, the Attorney General may not create, under the Treasury obligations exceed the total amount allocated for the respective service in the initial appropriations law. Effective Jurisprudence



ARTICLE 31. National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences. Assigned to the Attorney General's Office operates the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, as a public law entity, with legal personality, administrative autonomy and heritage and organized with the character of public establishment of national order. The institute is responsible for providing assistance and technical and scientific support to the administration of justice throughout the national territory with regard to legal medicine and forensic science, to organize and direct the Single System of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences and control its operation and to perform other functions assigned by law. Effective Jurisprudence

ARTICLE 32. DECLARED
INEXEQUIBLE. Effective Jurisprudence


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ARTICLE 33. DIRECTION, COORDINATION AND CONTROL OF JUDICIAL POLICE FUNCTIONS. The Attorney General's Office or their delegates are responsible for directing, coordinating and controlling the functions of judicial police permanently by the national police, other agencies provided by law and other public bodies to which transiently the Attorney General has assigned them such functions, all of which exercised in accordance with the law, permanent, or temporary special directly or through agencies indicate this way.
Failure to comply with the orders, directives, guidelines and terms that imparts the prosecution to carry out the functions of judicial police, constitutes grounds for misconduct, subject to administrative, civil and criminal liability of the offender.
The Attorney General's Office, under its responsibility, immediately separate the functions of judicial police to the public servant who fails to comply with such orders, directives, guidelines and terms. If such a server is not official or employee of the prosecutor, the prosecutor conducting the investigation it available to its nominator who will initiate the corresponding disciplinary proceedings, without prejudice to other investigations that may take place.
PARÁGRAFO. Excepted from the provisions of this article the structure and functions of the Judicial Police of the Attorney General's Office, according to the statement by Article 277 of the Constitution. Effective Jurisprudence


CHAPTER III.
THE BODIES OF JURISDICTION of Administrative
1. COUNCIL OF STATE

ARTICLE 34. INTEGRATION AND COMPOSITION. The State Council is the highest court of the Jurisdiction of Administrative and shall consist of thirty-one (31) judges, elected by the Corporation for the individual periods that determines the Constitution, lists more than five (5) candidates who meet the constitutional requirements for each vacancy arises, sent by the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary.
The State Council exercises its functions through three (3) Chambers composed as follows: the Full, by all its members; the Administrative Disputes, for twenty (27) directors and Consultation and Civil Service, for four (4) other directors. Editor's Notes

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ARTICLE 35. POWERS OF THE BOARD FULL. The Plenary Chamber of the State Council shall have the following administrative powers:
1. Choose the Directors to provide the new positions to be created, fill vacancies in accordance with the Constitution and the law. Editor's Notes

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2. Elect the Secretary General and other employees of the Corporation other than those of the Chambers Sections and Offices, which will be appointed by each of those or by the respective directors. Editor's Notes


3. Editor's Notes

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4. Provide temporary absence of the General Comptroller of the Republic. Editor's Notes


5. Distribute, through Agreement, the functions of the Board of Administrative Litigation should not be exercised in full, between Sections that are, based on a criterion of specialization and workload. Editor's Notes


6. Integrate commissions be appointed in accordance with the law or regulation. Editor's Notes


7. Make qualitative assessment factor of qualifying service of the judges of the Administrative Courts, which serve as the basis for comprehensive qualification. Editor's Notes


8. Its own regulations.
Editor's Notes


9. Choose from three candidates submitted by the Supreme Court, for periods of two years, the Auditor with the Comptroller General of the Republic or who should replace him in his temporary or permanent faults, but in no case may reelect; and Editor's Notes


10. Perform the other functions prescribed by the Constitution, the law and regulations.

ARTICLE 36 OF THE CHAMBER of Administrative. The Chamber of Administrative Litigation will be divided into five (5) sections, each of which separately perform the functions according to their specialty and amount of work assigned by the Plenary Chamber of the State Council, according to the law and the internal regulations of the Corporation and shall be composed as follows:
First Section, for four (4) judges.
The second section will be divided into two (2) Subsections, each of which shall consist of three (3) Judges.
The Third Section will be divided into three (3) Subsections, each of which shall consist of three (3) judges.
The Section Four, four (4) judges, and
The Section Five, four (4) judges.
Without prejudice to the specific competences assigned by law, the regulation of the Corporation shall determine and allocate the issues and subjects whose knowledge corresponds to each respective Section and Subsections.
In any case, the action of loss of investiture of Congress will contest the full chamber of administrative litigation.
PARÁGRAFO TRANSIENT. The new offices that through this law are created for the integration of the Third Section of the Division of Administrative, have the same organization and structure that currently have existing offices in that section. Editor's Notes

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ARTICLE 36A. POSSIBLE REVIEW MECHANISM IN THE POPULAR AND GROUP ACTIONS AND REGULATION OF EXTRAORDINARY REMEDIES. In his capacity as Supreme Court of Administrative Disputes at the request of a party or the Public Ministry, the State Council, through its sections, in matters pertaining to class actions or group you can select, for possible review , judgments or other measures that determine the termination or the file of the respective process, proffered by the Administrative Courts, in order to unify jurisprudence. Editor's Notes

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The request of a party or the public prosecutor must be made within eight (8) days of notification of the judgment or order with which end to the respective process; Administrative Courts within the prescribed period of eight (8) days from the filing of the request, shall submit, bound for the corresponding room, section or subsection of the State Council, the case in which it has been proffered the respective judgment or order that provides or generates the completion of the process, so that within the maximum term of three (3) months from its receipt, the maximum Corporation Administrative rules on the selection, or not, of each of such arrangements for possible review. When deciding on the choice of a particular no providence, either party or the Public Prosecutor may insist on their selection for possible review, within five (5) days following the notification of that day. Editor's Notes

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PARAGRAPH 1.
. The law may provide that the eventual which this article refers to revision also applies in relation to proceedings arising in the course of other actions whose knowledge appropriate to the jurisdiction of administrative litigation. In such cases the law will regulate all aspects related to the origin and processing of the eventual, such as determining the time limits within which the parties or the public prosecutor may raise their applications review; the insistence that may arise regarding the refusal of the selection; the effects to be generated by the selection; the possibility that the eventual revision can concur with other ordinary or extraordinary resources. Effective Jurisprudence

PARAGRAPH 2.
. The law will regulate all matters relating to the origin and processing of resources, ordinary or extraordinary, which may be brought against decisions taken in each case in the proceedings filed before the court of administrative litigation.
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ARTICLE 37.
ROOM FULL of Administrative.
The Plenary Chamber of Administrative shall have the following special features:
1. Resolve conflicts of jurisdiction between Sections of the State Council. Editor's Notes

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2. Hear all administrative proceedings whose trial has under the law to the Council of State and have not been specifically assigned to sections. Editor's Notes


3. Produced every two years lists of ancillary justice.
4. Solve the extraordinary resources within their competence. Editor's Notes


5. Resolve matters referred to it by sections, by their legal importance or social significance, if I estimate the plea resolves assume jurisdiction; Editor's Notes


6. Knowing processes referred to it by sections to change or reform the law of the Corporation. Editor's Notes


7. Hear cases of loss of investiture of the Congressmen, in accordance with the Constitution and the law. The judgments ordering the removal from office must be approved by the members of the Plenary Chamber and the grounds set out exhaustively in the Constitution. Editor's Notes


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8. Hear appeals against judgments handed down by the Electoral Affairs Section, in cases determined by law. Editor's Notes


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9. Knowing the actions of nullity for unconstitutionality of decrees issued by the national government, whose competence does not correspond to the Constitutional Court; and

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Exercise other functions as prescribed by the Constitution and the law.
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PARÁGRAFO. Conflicts of jurisdiction between the Administrative Courts, including sections of different Administrative Courts, including the Courts and Judges of the Administrative Courts belonging to different administrative and among administrative judges of the various administrative judicial districts judicial districts, shall be settled by the respective Sections Subsections or State Council, according to their specialty. Conflicts between administrative courts of a circuit or between sections of the same Administrative Court shall be decided by the corresponding full Court. Editor's Notes

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Editor's Notes


ARTICLE 38. CONSULTATION ROOM AND CIVIL SERVICE. The Board of Consultation and Civil Service shall have the following powers:
1. Acquit the general legal consultations or private, that are made by the National Government. Editor's Notes


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2. Prepare bills and codes assigned by the National Government. The project will be delivered to the Government through the Minister or Director of appropriate administrative department for presentation to Congress for consideration. Editor's Notes


3. Review contracts and conceptualizing on legal issues Civil Service, in the cases provided by law.
4. Conceptualizing on contracts that intends to conclude with Colombian private companies, chosen by public contest of merits, in special cases authorized by law, to make the fiscal control of the national administration. Editor's Notes


5. Check in accordance with the Electoral Code, if each candidate for President of the Republic meets or not the constitutional requirements and issue the certification. Editor's Notes


6. Perform the other functions prescribed by the Constitution and the law.
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ARTICLE 39. FORMATION OF QUORUM IN THE ROOM FULL of Administrative IN SPECIAL CASES. Of the order made by Sections of the State Council, when it any place according to the law, know the Plenary Chamber of Administrative Litigation, excluding the Directors of the Division issued the decision, notwithstanding that they they can be called to explain. Effective Jurisprudence


2. ADMINISTRATIVE COURTS.


ARTICLE 40. JURISDICTION. Administrative Courts are created by the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary to fulfill the functions determined by the administrative procedural law in each judicial district. Have the number of judges determined the Administrative Chamber of the Superior Council of the Judiciary, in any case not be less than three.
Administrative Courts shall exercise their functions through the Full Court, composed of all the Judges; by the Board of Government, by the specialized rooms and other rooms plural and odd decision, in accordance with the law.
TRANSITORY PARAGRAPH 1o. While rooms are integrated odd decision in places where there are dual rooms, they continue to fulfill the functions being developed.
TRANSITORY PARAGRAPH 2o. Administrative Courts created prior to this law, continue to perform its functions under the law. Editor's Notes

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