Why The "convention For The Pacific Settlement Of International Disputes", Made In The Hague On October 18, 1907 Approved

Original Language Title: Por la cual se aprueba la "Convención para el Arreglo Pacífico de los Conflictos Internacionales", hecha en la Haya el 18 de octubre de 1907

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LAW 251
1995 (December 29)
Official Gazette No. 42,171 of December 29, 1995
Through which the "Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes" was approved, made in the Hague on 18 October 1907. Summary

Term Notes
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA
having regard to the text of the official translation of the "Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes" at The Hague on 18 October 1907.
(To be transcribed. photocopy of the full text of that instrument, duly authenticated by the Head of the Legal Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) is attached.
I. CONVENTION


For the peaceful settlement of international conflicts.
His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia; the President of the United States of America; President of Argentina, His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary, His Majesty the King of the Belgians, the President of the Republic of Bolivia, the President of the United States of Brazil , his royal Highness the Prince of Bulgaria, the President of the Republic of Chile, his majesty the Emperor of China, the President of the Republic of Colombia, the Provisional Governor of the Republic of Cuba, his majesty the King of Denmark, President of the Dominican Republic, the President of the Republic of Ecuador, his majesty the King of Spain, the President of the French Republic, his majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the British Overseas Territories, Emperor India, his majesty the King of Greece, the President of the Republic of Guatemala, the President of the Republic of Haiti, his majesty the King of Italy, his majesty the Emperor of Japan, his Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke Nassau, the President of the United States Mejicanos, his Royal Highness the Prince of Montenegro, his majesty the King of Norway, the President of the Republic of Panama, the President of the Republic of Paraguay, his majesty the Queen of the Netherlands , the President of the Republic of Peru, his Imperial majesty the Schah of Persia, his majesty the King of Portugal and Las Algarves, etc., his majesty the King of Romania, his majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, the President of the Republic of El Salvador, his majesty the King of Serbia, his majesty the King of Siam, his majesty the King of Sweden, the Swiss Federal Council, his majesty the Emperor of Turkey, the President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, President of the United States of Venezuela:
Animated strong will to attend to the maintenance of general peace.
Resolved to promote by all their efforts the friendly settlement of international conflicts.
Recognizing the solidarity which unites members of the society of civilized nations.
Wanting to extend the rule of law and strengthen the sense of international justice.
Convinced that the permanent institution of an arbitration jurisdiction accessible to all, in the midst of independent powers, can contribute effectively to this result.
Considering the advantages of general and regular organization of the arbitration proceedings.
Deeming with Augusto Initiator of the International Peace Conference that matters in an international agreement enshrining the principles of equality and law on which rest the security of States and the welfare of peoples.
Desiring, within this purpose, to better ensure the practical operation of the Commissions of Inquiry and the courts of arbitration and facilitate the use of arbitration justice when it is likely to allow a summary procedure litigation.
Have judged necessary to revise certain points and complete the work of the First Peace Conference for the pacific settlement of international conflicts.
The High Contracting Parties have decided to conclude a new conference for this purpose and have named for their plenipotentiaries:
His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia:
His Excellency Baron Marschall Bieberstein his minister of state, his extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador to Constantinople;
Lord Doctor Johannes Kriege, his envoy extraordinary to this Conference mission, his close adviser of legation and Legal Counsel in the Imperial Ministry of Foreign Affairs, member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration.
The President of the United States of America:
His Excellency Joseph H. Choate, Ambassador Extraordinary;
His Excellency Horace Porter, Ambassador Extraordinary;
His Excellency Mr. Uriah M. Rose, ambassador extraordinary;

His Excellency Mr. David Jayne Hill, Plenipotentiary Minister of the Republic in The Hague;
Lord Charles S. Sperry, Admiral, Minister Plenipotentiary;
Mr Georges B. Davis, Brigadier General, chief of military justice of the Federal Army, Minister Plenipotentiary;
Mr. William I. Buchanan, Minister Plenipotentiary;
The President of the Republic of Argentina:
His Excellency Roque Saenz Pena, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in Rome, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Luis M. Drago, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of the Republic, national deputy, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Mr. Carlos Rodriguez Larreta, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of the Republic, member of the permanent court of arbitration.
His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, etc. and Apostolic King of Hungary: His Excellency Gaetán
Merey Kapos-Mere, his close adviser, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary;
His Excellency Charles Baron Machio, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Athens.
His Majesty the King of the Belgians: His Excellency Mr. Beernaert
, his Minister of State, member of the House of Representatives, a member of the Institute of France and the Royal Academy of Belgium and Romania, member of honor the Institute of International law, Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration;
His Excellency J. Van Den Heuvel, his Minister of State, former Minister of Justice;
His Excellency Mr. Baron Guill Aume, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague, a member of the Royal Academy of Romania;
The President of the Republic of Bolivia: His Excellency Mr. Claudio
Pinilla, Minister of Foreign States of the Republic, Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration;
His Excellency Mr. Fernando E. Guachalla, Minister Plenipotentiary in London.
The President of the United States of Brazil: His Excellency Mr.
Ruy Barbosa, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Mr. Eduardo Dos Santos FS Lisbon, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague.
His Royal Highness the Prince of Bulgaria:
Lord Vinaroff Urban, General-senior staff, overall in succession;
Mr. Ivan Karandjouloff, Attorney General of the Court of Cassation.
The President of the Republic of Chile:
His Excellency Mr. Domingo Gana, Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in London;
His Excellency Augusto Matte, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in Berlin;
His Excellency Mr. Carlos Concha, former minister of war, former president of the Chamber of Deputies, former envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Buenos Aires.
His Majesty the Emperor of China:
His Excellency Lou-Tseng-Tsiang, his Ambassador Extraordinary;
His Excellency Tsien * Sun, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague.
The President of the Republic of Colombia:
Mr. Jorge Holguin, general; Santiago Perez Triana
Lord;
His Excellency Marceliano Vargas, general, envoy extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in Paris.
The Provisional Governor of the Republic of Cuba:
Mr. Antonio Sanchez de Bustamante, professor of International Law at the University of Havana, Senator of the Republic;
His Excellency Gonzalo de Quesada y Arostegui, Plenipotentiary Minister of the Republic in Washington;
Mr. Manuel Sanguily, former director of the Secondary school in Havana, Senator of the Republic.
His Majesty the King of Denmark:
His Excellency Constantin Brun, his chamberlain, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Washington;
Lord Chriatin Frederik Scheller, Admiral;
Mr. Axel Vedel, his chamberlain, head of section at the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The President of the Dominican Republic:
Mr. Francisco Enriquez and Carvajal, former Secretary of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
Mr. Apolinar Tejera, Rector of the Professional Institute of the Republic, member of the permanent court of arbitration.
The President of the Republic of Ecuador:
His Excellency Mr. Victor Rendon, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in Paris and Madrid;
Mr. Enrique Dorn and Alsua, charge d'affaires.
His Majesty the King of Spain;

His Excellency Mr. WR DeVilla-Urrutia, Senator, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary in London;
His Excellency Mr. Jose de la Rica y Calvo, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague;
Mr. Gabriel Maura Y. Gamazo, Count of Mortera, deputy to the Cortes.
The President of the French Republic:
His Excellency Mr. Leon Bourgeois, Ambassador Extraordinary of the Republic, former president of the council of ministers, former minister of foreign affairs, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
Lord Baron D'Estournelles Constant, Senator, Minister Plenipotentiary first class, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
Mr. Louis Renault, Professor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Paris, Honorary Minister Plenipotentiary, Legal Advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, member of the Institute of France, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Mr. Marcellin Pellet, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the French Republic in The Hague.
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the British Overseas Territories, Emperor of India.
His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Edward Fry, GCB member of the Privy Council, its extraordinary ambassador, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency The Right Honourable Sir Ernest Mason Satow, GCMG, member of the Privy Council, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency The Right Honourable Donald James Mackay, Baron Reay, GCSL, GCIE, member of the Privy Council, former president of the Institute of International Law;
His Excellency Sir Henry Howard, KCMG, CB, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague.
His Majesty the King of Greece:
His Excellency Mr. Cleon Rizo Rakgabe, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Berlin;
Mr. Georges Streit, professor of international law at the University of Athens, member of the permanent court of arbitration.
The President of the Republic of Guatemala: Mr. José Tible
Machado, charge d'affaires of the Republic in The Hague and London, a member of the permanent court of arbitration;
Mr. Enrique Gómez Carrillo, charge d'affaires of the Republic in Berlin;
The President of the Republic of Haiti:
His Excellency Mr. Jean Joseph Delbemar, Plenipotentiary Minister of the Republic in Paris;
His Excellency Mr. JN Leger, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the Republic in Washington;
Mr. Pierre Rudicourt, ex_profesor of public international law, a lawyer in Port au Prince.
His Majesty the King of Italy:
His Excellency Count Joseph Tornielli Brusati Di Bergao, Senator of the Kingdom, Ambassador of His Majesty the King in Paris, member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, president of the Italian delegation;
His Excellency Commander Guido Pompili, Member of Parliament, deputy secretary of state and foreign affairs Royal member;
The Lord Commander Guido Pusinato, state councilor, member of parliament, former Minister of Education.
His Majesty the Emperor of Japan: His Excellency Mr. Keiboku
Tsudeuki, his ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary;
Aimaro His Excellency Mr. Sato, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague.
His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau:
His Excellency Mr. Eyschen, his Minister of State, Prime Minister Grand Ducal;
Lord Count De Villers, chargé d'affaires of the Grand Duchy in Berlin.
The President of the United States Mejicanos:
His Excellency Mr. Gonzalo A. Esteva, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in Rome;
His Excellency Mr. Sebastian B. De Mier, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in Paris;
His Excellency Mr. Francisco L. Beard, Plenipotentiary Minister of the Republic in Brussels and The Hague.
His Royal Highness the Prince of Montenegro:
His Excellency Mr. Nelidov, current Imperial Privy Councillor, Ambassador of His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias in Paris;
His Excellency Mr. de Martens, Imperial Privy Councilor, permanent member of the council of the Imperial Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia;
His Excellency Mr. Tabarikow, counselor current Imperial State, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias at The Hague.
His Majesty the King of Norway:

His Excellency Mr. Francis Hagerup, ex_presidente council, a former law professor, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague and Copenhagen, member of the permanent court of arbitration.
The President of the Republic of Panama:
Mr. Belisario Porras.
The President of the Republic of Paraguay: His Excellency Mr. Eusebio
Machain, Plenipotentiary Minister of the Republic in Paris;
Mr. Earl G. Du Moncleau De Bergendal, Consul of the Republic in Brussels.
Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands:
Mr. WH De Beauport, ex-Minister of Foreign Affairs member of the Second Chamber of the States-General;
His Excellency MTC Asser, his minister of state, member of the State Council, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Gentilhombre Poortugael JCC Den Beer, retired Lieutenant General, former war minister, member of the council of state;
His Excellency JA Gentilhombre Roell, his aide in extraordinary service, retired Vice Admiral, ex-minister of marine;
MJA Loeff, his former justice minister, a member of the second chamber of the States General.
The President of the Republic of Peru:
His Excellency Mr. Carlos G. Candamo, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic in Paris and member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in London.
His Imperial Majesty the Schah of Persia:
His Excellency Samad Khan Montazos Saltaneh, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Paris, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Mirza Sadiq Ul Mulk Armed Kham, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague.
His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves, etc .:
His Excellency Marquis de Soveral his state councilor, Peer of the Realm, ex_ministro of foreign affairs, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in London, his ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary;
His Excellency Count of Selir, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague;
His Excellency Mr. Alberto D'Oliveira, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Bern.
His Majesty the King of Romania:
His Excellency Mr. Alexandre Beldiman, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Berlin;
His Excellency Mr. Edgar Mavrocordato, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague.
His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias:
His Excellency Mr. Nelidow, your current private counselor, his ambassador in Paris;
His Excellency Mr. de Martens, his privy councilor, permanent member of the council of the Imperial Ministry of Foreign Affairs, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Tebarikow, its current state counselor, his chamberlain, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at The Hague.
The President of the Republic of Salvador:
Mr. Pedro L. Matheu, charge d'affaires of the Republic in Paris, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
Mr. Santiago Perez Triana, charge d'affaires of the Republic in London.
His Majesty the King of Serbia:
His Excellency Mr. Sava greUitch, general, president of the council of state;
His Excellency Mr. Milovan Milovanovitch, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Rome, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Mr. Michel Militrevitch, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in London and The Hague.
His Majesty the King of Siam:
Mon Chatidej Udom, Major General;
Lord C. Corragioni D'orelli, counselor of legation;
Luang Bruvanabarth Narcbal, Captain.
His Majesty the King of Sweden Des Goth et des Vendes:
His Excellency Mr. Knut Hjalmar Leonard Hammarskjold, his former justice minister, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary in Copenhagen, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
Mr. Johannes Hellner, ex-minister without portfolio, former member of the Supreme Court of Sweden, a member of the permanent court of arbitration. The Swiss Federal Council
:
His Excellency Mr. Gaston Carlin, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Swiss Confederation in London and The Hague;
Mr. Eugene Borel, Colonel General Staff, Professor at the University of Geneva;
Mr. Max Huber, a professor of law at the University of Zurich.
His Majesty the Emperor of Turkey: His Excellency Turcahm
Pacha, his extraordinary ambassador, minister Evkaf;
His Excellency Rechid Bey, his ambassador in Rome; Pacha Mehemmed
His Excellency Vice Admiral.
The President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay:

His Excellency Mr. Jose Batlle y Ordonez, former president of the Republic, member of the permanent court of arbitration;
His Excellency Mr. Juan P. Castro, former Senate President Plenipotentiary Minister of the Republic in Paris, member of the permanent court of arbitration.
The President of the United States of Venezuela:
Mr. Jose Gil Fortoul,
charge d'affaires of the Republic in Berlin.
Who, after having presented their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed as follows:

TITLE I. GENERAL MAINTENANCE OF PEACE
ARTICLE 1o. To prevent as far as possible the use of force in relations between states, the Contracting Nations agree to use their best efforts to ensure the peaceful settlement of international conflicts.
CHAPTER II.
THE GOOD OFFICES OF MEDIATION

Article 2.
. In case of serious disagreement or conflict, before an appeal to arms, the Contracting States agree to have recourse, as far as circumstances allow, to the good offices or mediation of one or several friendly nations.

ARTICLE 3. Independently of this recourse, the contracting states deem it expedient and desirable that one or more foreign-conflict states offer their own initiative when circumstances lend themselves to it, their good offices or mediation to the States in conflict.
The right to offer good offices or mediation belongs to states outside the conflict, even during the course of hostilities.
The exercise of this right can never be regarded by one or other of the parties in dispute as an unfriendly act.

ARTICLE 4. The role of the mediator consists in reconciling the opposing claims and appeasing the resentments that may arise between nations in conflict.

The 5th ITEM. The functions of the mediator are from the time it is established, either by one of the parties to the dispute, or by the mediator himself, that the means of reconciliation proposed by him are not accepted.

ARTICLE 6o. Good offices and mediation, either on the use of the conflicting parties, either on the initiative of the states involved in the conflict, have exclusively the character of advice and never have binding force.

ARTICLE 7. The acceptance of mediation can not have the effect, unless otherwise agreed, disrupt, delay or hinder the mobilization and other preparatory measures for war.
If it intervenes or occurs after the beginning of hostilities, not interrupt, unless otherwise agreed, the ongoing military operations.

Article 8. The contracting states agree to recommend the application, in circumstances allow, of special mediation in the following form.
In the event of serious controversy that compromises the peace of states in conflict, respectively choose a nation to which entrust the mission of entering into direct contact with the state chosen by the other party, in order to prevent rupture peaceful relations.
For the duration of this mandate which term, unless otherwise stipulated, can not exceed thirty days, the States in dispute cease from all direct relationship, the issue of the conflict, which is considered to be given exclusively to the mediating nations. These should apply all efforts to settle the dispute.
If effective rupture of pacific relations, these nations will continue responsible for the common mission to take every opportunity to restore peace.
TITLE III. INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS

reporter
Article 9. In disputes of international order that do not compromise neither the honor nor essential and from a difference of appreciation on points of fact interests, the contracting nations deem it expedient and desirable that the parties were unable to agree through diplomatic channels, instituted , as circumstances permit, an international Commission of inquiry or informer, charged with facilitating the resolution of such disputes, esclaraciendo, by an impartial and thorough examination, questions of fact.

ARTICLE 10. International Commissions of Inquiry or reporter are constituted by special agreement between the parties in dispute.
The survey convention precise facts to be examined; it determines the mode and training within the Commission and scope of the powers of the Commissioners.

It also determines if the case so requires, the headquarters of the Commission and the ability to move, the language of the Commission will be served and those whose employment will be authorized to it, as well as the date on which each party shall exhibit or present their statement of facts and generally all conditions that the parties have agreed.
If the parties consider it necessary to appoint assessors, the convention survey determines the mode of their appointment and the scope of its powers.

ARTICLE 11. If the survey convention has not designated the headquarters of the Commission, then it will be held at The Hague.
Once the seat can not be changed by the Commission but with the consent of the parties set.
If the survey convention has not determined the languages ​​to be used, this is decided by the Commission.

ARTICLE 12. Unless otherwise stipulated, the survey commissions are formed in the manner determined by Articles 45 and 57 of this Convention.

ARTICLE 13. In case of death, resignation or impediment for any reason whatsoever, of one of the Commissioners, or possibly one of the advisers, has been to provide replacement in accordance with the mode set for appointment.

ARTICLE 14. The parties have the right to appoint to the Commission of Inquiry special agents with the mission to represent and serve as intermediaries between them and the Commission.
In addition, they are authorized to commission advice or lawyers appointed by them, expose and support their interests before the Commission.

ARTICLE 15. The International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration serves as the Secretariat to the Committees that are based in The Hague and put its offices and staff at the disposal of the contracting nations for the operation of the Commission of Inquiry.

ARTICLE 16. If the Commission lies elsewhere other than The Hague, appoints a Secretary General whose office serves as Secretariat.
The Secretariat is responsible, under the authority of the President, the material organization of meetings of the Commission, the wording of the minutes and, during the time of the survey guard files that are then deposited in the international Bureau at the Hague.

ARTICLE 17. In order to facilitate the institution and functioning of the Commissions of Inquiry, the contracting states recommend the following rules shall apply to the inquiry procedure while the parties do not adopt other rules.

ARTICLE 18. The Commission shall regulate the details of the procedure not provided for in the special convention survey or in this Convention and shall proceed to all formalities which involves the administration of the tests.

ARTICLE 19. The survey takes place in court.
On schedule, each party communicates to the Commission and the other party the statements of fact, if the case so requires, and in all cases, records, and documents which it deems useful for the discovery of truth as well as the list of witnesses and experts they want to hear.

ARTICLE 20. The Commission has the power, with the consent of the parties, momentarily transported to places where it deems appropriate to resort to such means of information, or to delegate it to one or more of its members. The authorization of the state on the territory which must proceed to this information must be obtained.

ARTICLE 21. All material findings and visits all the places must be made in the presence of agents and tips parties or they must be called properly.

ARTICLE 22. The Commission has the right to request one or the other party the explanations and information that she deems useful.

ARTICLE 23. The parties undertake to supply the Commission of Inquiry, in the broadest measure they deem possible, all means and all necessary facilities for the full knowledge and accurate assessment of the facts in question.
They agree to use the means available by domestic legislation, to ensure comparescencia of witnesses or experts who are within its territory and summoned before the Commission.
If they can not appear before the Commission, they will to proceed to listen to its competent authorities.

ARTICLE 24 For all notices that the Commission have to make on the territory of a third Contracting State, the Commission shall apply direct to the Government of this state. It will proceed in the same way whether it is appropriate to make it in place for the establishment of all the evidence.

The surveys of this effect will be made by means that the nation has required in accordance with its domestic law. They can not be reused but only in the event that this nation deems them to be such that infringe its sovereignty or its security.
The Commission will also always the option of using the mediation of the nation on the territory of which it is based.

ARTICLE 25. The witnesses and experts are called at the request of the parties or ex officio by the Commission and, in all cases, through the State Government in the territory of which they are.
The witnesses are heard in succession and separately in the presence of agents and councils and in an order to be determined by the Commission.

ARTICLE 26. The examination of witnesses is directed by the President. However, members of the Commission can ask the questions they deem appropriate to clarify or complete your return or for information about each witness of everything concerning the witness within the limits necessary for the manifestation of the truth.
Agents and tips parties may not interrupt the witness in his statement, nor give any direct interpellation, but may ask the President to ask the witness the additional questions they deem useful.

ARTICLE 27. The witness must testify without being allowed to read any written draft. However, he may be authorized by the President to be helped notes or documents if the nature of the reported facts need their jobs.

ARTICLE 28. Minutes of the witness statement is written without adjourning and reading of it is given to the witness. This can make it the changes and additions that seem well and will be entered following his statement.
Once the witness made reading the set of his statement, he prompted the witness to sign.

ARTICLE 29. The agents are authorized, during the course and at the end of the survey, to present in writing to the Commission and the other party opinions, or summaries of requisitions fact they deem useful to the discovery of truth.

ARTICLE 30. The deliberations of the Commission take place behind closed doors and remain secret.
Every decision is taken by most members of the Commission.
The refusal of a member to take part in the vote must be recorded in the minutes.

ARTICLE 31. The sessions of the Commission are not public and the minutes and documents of the survey are not published but by virtue of a decision of the Commission taken with the consent of the parties.

ARTICLE 32. Once the parties have submitted all explanations and evidence and witnesses have been heard, the President pronounces the closing of the poll and the Commission is summoned to deliberate and draw up its report.

ARTICLE 33. The report is signed by all members of the Commission.
If one of the members refuses to sign, mention of it is made; however, the report remains valid.

ARTICLE 34. The report of the Commission is read at a public meeting, the agents and counsel of the parties being present or having been duly called.
A copy of the report refers to each of the parties.

ARTICLE 35. The report of the Commission, limited to fact-finding, in no way has the character of an arbitral award. He leaves the parties complete freedom to read to be given to this finding.
ARTICLE 36. Each load
part or is responsible for its own costs and an equal share of the costs of the Commission.
TITLE IV.
INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION CHAPTER I.


ARBITRATION OF JUSTICE
ARTICLE 37. International arbitration seeks the settlement of disputes between states by judges of their choice on the basis of respect for the law.
Recourse to arbitration implies the engagement to submit in good faith to the judgment.

ARTICLE 38. The legal issues, and firstly, on issues of interpretation or application of international conventions, arbitration is known by the contracting nations as the most effective and at the same time the most equitable to fix disputes have not been resolved through diplomatic channels.
It would therefore be desirable that, in disputes about the above issues, the contracting nations they had, if necessary, recourse to arbitration, as circumstances would allow.

ARTICLE 39. The arbitration agreement is made for answers already born or for any answers.

She may concern any dispute or only disputes of a certain category.

ARTICLE 40. Irrespective of the general or particular currently stipulate the obligation of recourse to arbitration for the contracting nations, Treaties these countries concluded new agreements general or specific reserve in order to extend compulsory arbitration at all They judge cases they may submit to it.
CHAPTER II. THE

Permanent Court of Arbitration
ARTICLE 41. In order to facilitate the immediate recourse to arbitration for international disputes that could not be arranged through diplomatic channels, the contracting states undertake to maintain, as was established by the First Peace Conference , the Permanent Court of Arbitration, accessible at all times running, unless otherwise stipulated, in accordance with the rules and procedures embodied in this Convention.

ARTICLE 42. The Permanent Court is competent for all arbitration cases, unless there is no understanding between the parties for the establishment of a special jurisdiction.

ARTICLE 43. The Permanent Court is based in The Hague.
An International Bureau serves as the secretariat to the Court; she is the intermediary communications relating to its meetings; she has the guard files and management of all administrative matters.
The contracting states undertake to inform the Office as soon as possible, a certified copy of any conditions of arbitration occurred between them and any arbitration award concerning them and dictated by special courts.
They also undertake to inform the Office of laws, regulations and documents that eventually to set down the execution of the judgments of the Court.
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