Law 115 of 1994
Official Gazette No. 41214 of February 8, 1994
Whereby the general education law
Summary Effective Notes is issued
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA DECREES: TITLE I.
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS ARTICLE 1o. PURPOSE OF THE LAW. Education is a lifelong process, personal, cultural and social training that is based on a comprehensive conception of the human person, their dignity, their rights and their duties.
This Act provides the general rules governing the Public Service Education fulfills a social function in line with the needs and interests of individuals, family and society. It is based on the principles of the Constitution on the right to education of every person in the freedom of teaching, learning, research and academic and as a public service.
In accordance with Article 67 of the Constitution defines and develops the organization and delivery of formal education in their preschool, elementary (primary and secondary) and mean, non-formal * and informal levels, aimed at children and young age school, adults, peasants, ethnic groups, with exceptional abilities and persons requiring social rehabilitation. Effective Jurisprudence
Higher education is regulated by special law, except as provided in this Act.
Term Notes Article 2.
. EDUCATIONAL. The educational service includes the set of legal rules, curricular programs, education levels and degrees, non-formal * education, informal education, educational establishments, social institutions (state or private) with educational, cultural and recreational functions , human, technological, methodological, material, administrative and financial resources, articulated in processes and structures to achieve the objectives of education. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 3. Provision of educational services. The educational service will be provided in educational institutions. Individuals also may create educational institutions in the conditions for creating and managing establish the relevant rules and regulations of the National Government. Likewise
educational services may be provided in educational institutions, community-based, supportive, cooperative or non-profit.
The prevailing nature of the right to education on economic educational institutions is recognized. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 4. SERVICE QUALITY AND COVERAGE. The State, society and the family to ensure the quality of education and promote access to public education services, and is the responsibility of the Nation and territorial entities, ensure coverage.
The State shall attend permanently the factors promoting and improving the quality of education; especially will ensure the qualification and training of educators, teacher development, educational resources and methods, innovation and educational research, educational and vocational guidance, inspection and evaluation of the educational process.
The 5th ITEM. PURPOSES OF EDUCATION. In accordance with Article 67 of the Constitution, education will be developed according to the following purposes:
1. The full development of the personality without more limitations than those imposed on the rights of others and the legal order, within a process of physical, psychological, intellectual, moral, spiritual, social, emotional, ethical, civic comprehensive training and other human values.
2. Training in respect for life and other human rights, peace, democratic principles, coexistence, pluralism, justice, solidarity and equality, as well as the exercise of tolerance and freedom.
3. Training to facilitate the participation of all in decisions that affect them in the economic, political, administrative and cultural life of the nation.
4. Training in respect for legitimate authority and the law, national culture, history and Colombian national symbols.
5. The acquisition and generation of the most advanced scientific and technical, humanistic, historical, social, geographical and aesthetic knowledge, by appropriating suitable for the development of knowledge intellectual habits.
6. The study and critical understanding of national culture and the ethnic and cultural diversity of the country, as the foundation of national unity and identity.
7. Access to knowledge, science, technology and other goods and values of culture, promoting research and encouraging artistic creation in its various manifestations.
8. Creating and promoting a sense of national sovereignty and the practice of solidarity and integration with the world, especially Latin America and the Caribbean.
9. The development of critical, reflective and analytical capacity to strengthen national scientific and technological progress, oriented with priority to cultural improvement and quality of life of the population, participation in the search for alternative solutions to problems and social and economic progress of the country.
10. The acquisition of an awareness for the conservation, protection and improvement of the environment, quality of life, the rational use of natural resources, disaster prevention within an ecological culture and risk and heritage protection cultural life of the nation.
11. Training practice work by the technical knowledge and skills, as well as the assessment of it as the basis of individual and social development.
12. Training for the promotion and preservation of health and hygiene, comprehensive prevention of socially relevant problems, physical education, recreation, sport and the proper use of leisure time, and
13. The promotion in the person and society of the ability to create, investigate, adopt the technology required in the process of development of the country and allow the learner to enter the productive sector.
ARTICLE 6o. EDUCATIONAL COMMUNITY. According to Article 68 of the Constitution, the educational community participate in the management of educational establishments, under the terms of this Act.
The educational community is made up of students or students, educators, parents or guardians of students, alumni, teachers and school administrators managers. All of them, according to their competence, participate in the design, implementation and evaluation of Institutional Educational Project and the good performance of the respective educational establishment.
ARTICLE 7. THE FAMILY. The family as a fundamental unit of society and primarily responsible for the education of children until the age of majority or until any other kind or form of emancipation occurs, it belongs:
a) enroll their children in institutions education that meet their expectations, to receive an education in accordance with the aims and objectives set out in the Constitution, law and education project;
B) Participate in parent associations;
C) Inform on academic performance and behavior of their children, and on the progress of the school, and in both cases, participate in the improvement actions;
D) Seek and receive guidance on the education of children;
E) Participate in the Board, associations or committees to ensure adequate provision of educational services;
F) To contribute jointly to the educational institution for the education of their children, and
g) To educate their children at home and provide the right environment for their development.
Article 8. THE SOCIETY. Society is responsible for education with the family and the state. It will work with it in monitoring the provision of educational services and fulfilling its social function. The company will participate in order to:
a) To promote, protect and defend education as a social and cultural heritage of the entire nation;
B) Require the authorities fulfill their responsibilities to education;
C) Check the smooth running of education, especially with the authorities and institutions responsible for their provision;
D) Support and contribute to the strengthening of educational institutions;
E) Encouraging institutions supporting education, and
f) To implement the constitutional principle that the rights of children take precedence over the rights of others.
Article 9. THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION. The development of the right to education is governed by statutory law special character.
TITLE II. STRUCTURE OF EDUCATION SERVICE
CHAPTER I. FORMAL EDUCATION SECTION I.
ARTICLE 10. DEFINITION OF FORMAL EDUCATION. Formal education means that which is taught in educational establishments approved in a regular sequence of school cycles, subject to progressive curriculum guidelines, and leading to degrees and titles.
ARTICLE 11. LEVELS OF FORMAL EDUCATION. Formal education referred to in this Act, it is organized in three (3) levels:
a) The preschool will include a mandatory minimum degree;
B) Basic education with a duration of nine (9) degrees to be held in two cycles: Basic education elementary five (5) degrees and secondary basic education of four (4) degrees, and
c) secondary education with a duration of two (2) degrees.
Formal education at different levels, aims to develop learner knowledge, abilities, skills and values through which people can base their development on an ongoing basis.
ARTICLE 12. CARE SERVICE. The educational public service will be attended by educational levels and sequenced degrees, just as through non-formal education * and through informal educational activities taking into account the principles of integration and complementation. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 13. COMMON OBJECTIVES OF ALL LEVELS. It is paramount goal of every educational level of the overall development of students through structured actions aimed at:
a) Form the personality and ability to assume responsibility and autonomy, their rights and duties;
B) Providing a solid ethical and moral training, and encourage the practice of respect for human rights;
C) Encourage the school, democratic practices for learning the principles and values of the organization and citizen participation and encourage autonomy and responsibility;
D) To develop a healthy sexuality that promotes self-awareness and self-esteem, construction of sexual identity while respecting the equality of the sexes, affection, mutual respect and prepare for a harmonious family life and responsable;
E) To create and foster an awareness of international solidarity;
F) Develop actions of school, vocational and occupational counseling;
G) Form an educational awareness for the effort and work, and
h) To promote the interest and respect for the cultural identity of ethnic groups.
I) The Ministry of National Education, through coordinated with the Ministry of Transport work, the Ministry of Health and Social Protection and supported Road Prevention Fund, guide and support the development of educational programs for the implementation of teaching road safety education at all levels of primary and secondary education. Effective Notes
J) To develop competencies and skills that foster equal access and equity offering higher education and opportunities in business and labor fields, with particular emphasis on departments that have low levels of education coverage. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 14. COMPULSORY EDUCATION. In all official or private establishments that provide formal education is compulsory in the levels of preschool, primary and secondary education meet:
a) The study, understanding and practice of the Constitution and civic instruction, in accordance Article 41 of the Constitution;
Within the training referred to in this paragraph a, should be taught basic notions of jurisdiction of peace, alternative mechanisms of conflict resolution, family law, employment law and contract used;
B) The use of leisure time, promoting diverse cultures, the practice of physical education, recreation and sport training, for which the government will promote and encourage dissemination or development;
C) The teaching of environmental protection, ecology and conservation of natural resources in accordance with the provisions of Article 67 of the Constitution;
D) Education for justice, peace, democracy, solidarity, fraternity, cooperativism and, in general, the formation of human values, and
e) Sex education, taught in each case according to the mental, physical and emotional needs of students according to their age.
F) Developing safe habits and behaviors in road safety and training criteria for assessing the different consequences for comprehensive security have risky situations they are exposed as pedestrians, passengers and drivers. Effective Notes
. The study of these issues and training in such securities, except a) and b) does not require specific subject. This information should be incorporated into the curriculum and develop through everything in the curriculum.
. The programs referred to in paragraph b) of this Article shall be submitted by state institutions to the Ministry of Education of the respective municipality or to the body that replaces it for funding the participation of current revenues of the Nation earmarked by law for such areas of social investment. Effective Notes
SECTION II. PRESCHOOL
ARTICLE 15. DEFINITION OF PRESCHOOL. Preschool education is that provided the child for integral development in the biological, cognitive, psychomotor, socio-affective and spiritual, through experiences of pedagogical and recreational socialization.
ARTICLE 16. SPECIFIC GOALS OF PRESCHOOL. The specific objectives of preschool:
a) The understanding of the body and its possibilities of action as well as the acquisition of their identity and autonomy;
B) The child harmonious and balanced growth, so to facilitate motor skills, readiness and motivation for literacy and solutions to problems involving mathematical relations and operations;
C) The development of creativity, abilities and skills of the age, as well as their ability to learn;
D) The spatio-temporal location and the exercise of memory;
E) The development of the ability to acquire forms of expression, relationship and communication and to establish relations of reciprocity and participation, in accordance with rules of respect, solidarity and coexistence;
F) Participation in recreational activities with other children and adults;
G) Encouraging curiosity to observe and explore the natural, family and social environment;
H) Recognition of their spiritual performance criteria to support dimension;
I) Linking the family and the community in the educational process to improve the quality of life of children in their midst, and
j) The formation of eating habits, personal hygiene, cleanliness and order that generate awareness of the value and necessity of health.
K) The acquisition of habits of visual, auditory and motor skills for creating attitudes and behaviors facing traffic prevention, respect for the rules and authorities, and attitudes of public awareness on the use of satellite observation. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 17. MANDATORY DEGREE. The level of preschool education includes at least one (1) degree mandatory state educational establishments for children under six (6) years of age.
In municipalities where coverage of preschool education level is not total, the degree of preschool was widespread in all state educational institutions with basic first grade, within five (5) years from the enactment of this Act, without prejudice to existing degrees in educational institutions that offer more than one year of preschool. Editor's Notes
ARTICLE 18. EXTENSION OF CARE. Preschool level three grades are widespread in educational institutions of the state or institutions establish programs for the provision of this service, according to the schedule determined by the local authorities in their development plans.
To this effect is taken into account that the expansion of preschool education should be gradual from the coverage of eighty percent (80%) of compulsory pre-school grade established by the Constitution and at least eighty percent (80%) basic education for the population aged between six (6) and fifteen (15) years. Editor's Notes
ARTICLE 19. DEFINITION AND DURATION. Compulsory basic education corresponds to the one identified in Article 356 of the Constitution as primary and secondary education; It comprises nine (9) degrees and is structured around a common curriculum, consisting of the key areas of knowledge and human activity.
ARTICLE 20. OBJECTIVES OF BASIC EDUCATION. They are overarching objectives of basic education:
a) To promote general training through access, critically and creatively, scientific, technological, artistic and humanistic knowledge and its relations with social life and nature, so as to prepare the learner for the higher levels of the educational process and its relationship with society and work;
B) Develop communication skills to read, understand, write, listen, speak and express themselves correctly;
C) Expand and deepen the logical and analytical reasoning for the interpretation and solution of the problems of science, technology and everyday life;
D) To promote the knowledge and understanding of the national reality to consolidate the values of Colombian nationality such as solidarity, tolerance, democracy, justice, social harmony, cooperation and mutual assistance;
E) Promote interest and development of attitudes towards research practice, and
f) To promote the social, ethical, moral and other values of human development.
G) Develop communication skills to read, understand, write, listen, speak and express themselves correctly in a foreign language. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 21. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF BASIC EDUCATION IN PRIMARY CYCLE. The first five (5) grades of basic education which constitute the primary cycle, will have the following specific objectives:
a) The formation of the fundamental values for coexistence in a democratic, participatory and pluralistic society;
B) Encouraging the desire to know, personal initiative towards knowledge and against the social reality as well as the critical spirit;
C) The development of basic communication skills to read, understand, write, listen, speak and express themselves properly in Spanish and in the mother tongue, in the case of ethnic groups with their own linguistic traditions as well as the promoting the love of reading;
D) The development of the ability to appreciate and use the language as a means of aesthetic expression;
E) The development of mathematical skills needed to manage and use simple arithmetic and elementary logic procedures in different situations, and the ability to solve problems involving this knowledge;
F) The basic understanding of the physical, social and cultural environment at the local, national and universal level, according to the corresponding intellectual development at age;
G) The assimilation of scientific concepts in the areas of knowledge that are the subject of study, according to the intellectual development and age;
H) The assessment of hygiene and health of body and training for the protection of nature and the environment;
I) Knowledge and exercise of the body, through the practice of physical education, recreation and appropriate to their age and conducive to a harmonious development physical and sports;
J) Training for child participation and organization and proper use of leisure time;
K) The development of civil, ethical and moral values, social organization and human coexistence;
L) Artistic training through body language, representation, music, visual arts and literature;
M) The development of conversational skills, reading and writing at least one foreign language. Effective Notes
N) Initiation in the knowledge of the Constitution, and
o) The acquisition of skills to function independently in society.
ARTICLE 22. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF BASIC EDUCATION IN SECONDARY CYCLE. The four (4) subsequent grades of basic education which constitute the secondary cycle, will have the following specific objectives:
a) The development of the ability to understand and correctly express complex texts, oral and written messages in Spanish and to understand, through a systematic study, the various constituent elements of language;
B) The evaluation and use of the Spanish language as a means of literary expression and study of literary creation in the country and the world;
C) The development of capacities for logical reasoning, by mastering numeric, geometric, metric, logical, analytical systems, joint operations and relationships, as well as for use in the interpretation and resolution problems of science, technology and everyday life;
D) Advancing scientific knowledge of the physical, chemical and biological phenomena, by understanding the laws, approach problems and experimental observation;
E) The development of favorable attitudes to knowledge, appreciation and conservation of nature and the environment;
F) Understanding the practical dimension of theoretical knowledge and practical dimension of theoretical knowledge and ability to use in solving problems;
G) Initiation in the most advanced fields of modern technology and training in disciplines, processes and techniques that will allow the exercise of a socially useful function;
H) The scientific study of national and world history aimed at understanding the development of society, and the study of social sciences, with a view to analyzing the current conditions of social reality;
I) The scientific study of the universe, the earth, its physical structure, its division and political organization, economic development of the countries and the various cultural expressions of the peoples;
J) Training in the exercise of the rights and duties, knowledge of the Constitution and international relations;
K) The artistic appreciation, creativity aesthetic understanding, familiarity with the different means of artistic expression and knowledge, appreciation and respect for the artistic and cultural goods;
L) The development of conversational skills, reading and writing at least one foreign language. Effective Notes
M) The valuation of health and habits related to it;
N) The use critically the different contents and forms of information and the search for new knowledge through their own efforts, and
o) Physical education and practice of recreation and sports, participation and youth organization and proper use of leisure time.
ARTICLE 23. MANDATORY AND FUNDAMENTAL AREAS. To achieve the goals of basic education mandatory and fundamental areas of knowledge and training that necessarily have to offer in accordance with the curriculum and the Institutional Education Project are established.
Groups mandatory and fundamental areas that comprise at least 80% of the curriculum are as follows:
1. natural sciences and environmental education.
2. social sciences, history, geography, politics and democracy constitution.
3. artistic and cultural education. Effective Notes
4. ethics and human values education.
5. physical education, recreation and sports.
6. Religious education. Effective Jurisprudence
7. Humanities, English language and foreign languages.
9. And information technology.
PARÁGRAFO. Religious education will be offered in all educational establishments, noting the constitutional guarantee whereby, in state institutions, no person shall be compelled to receive it. Editor's Notes
religious education. It guarantees the right to religious education; educational establishments the established without prejudice to the constitutional guarantees of freedom of conscience, freedom of religion and the right of parents to choose the type of education for their minor children, as well as the constitutional precept that in establishments State no person shall be compelled to receive religious education. Effective Jurisprudence
In any case religious education is conducted in accordance with the provisions of statutory law that develops the right to religious freedom and worship.
ARTICLE 25. TRAINING AND MORAL ETHICS. Ethics and moral formation will be promoted in the educational establishment throughout the curriculum, relevant academic content, the environment, the honest behavior of managers, educators and administrative staff, straight and fair application of the rules of the institution, and other mechanisms that includes the Institutional Educational Project.
ARTICLE 26. SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICE WORK. The student who has completed or validated all grades of basic education, can access the special service of labor education provided by educational institutions or institutions of vocational training, where you can obtain the degree in art or craft or certificate of occupational proficiency corresponding.
The National Government shall regulate regarding the organization and operation of this service will be provided towards the State and individuals.
PARÁGRAFO. The Ministry of Education in coordination with the Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education, Icfes, the National Apprenticeship Service, SENA and the productive sector, establish a System Information and Guidance Professional and Occupational contributing to rationalization in the training of human resources, according to the requirements of national and regional development.
ARTICLE 27. DURATION AND PURPOSE. Secondary education is the culmination, consolidation and progress in achieving previous levels and comprises two degrees, the tenth (10th) and the eleventh (11th). It is aimed at the understanding of ideas and universal values and preparation for admission of learners to higher education and work. Editor's Notes
ARTICLE 28. CHARACTER EDUCATION MEDIA. Secondary education will have the character of academic or technical. At its conclusion the bachelor's degree that enables the learner to enter higher education at any level and get racing.
MEDIA ARTICLE 29. EDUCATION ACADEMIC. The academic secondary education allow students according to their interests and abilities, deepen in a specific field of science, arts or humanities and access to higher education.
ARTICLE 30. SPECIFIC GOALS OF EDUCATION ACADEMIC MEDIA. The specific objectives of academic secondary education:
a) Deepening of knowledge in a field or in a specific activity according to the interests and abilities of the learner;
B) Deepening advanced knowledge of the natural sciences;
C) The incorporation of the cognitive process research, both laboratory and national reality, in their natural, economic, political and social aspects;
D) Developing the ability to deepen a field of knowledge, according to the potentials and interests;
E) Linking development programs and social and community organization aimed at solving social problems of their environment;
F) Promoting awareness and educating responsible participation in civic and social service;
G) The reflective and critical capacity on the many aspects of reality and understanding of ethical, moral, religious and social coexistence values and
h) Compliance with the objectives of basic education content in subparagraphs b) of Article 20 c) of Article 21 c), e), h), i), k), 1), o) of Article 22 of this law. Effective Notes
I) Training in road safety. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 31. AREAS FUNDAMENTAL ACADEMIC SECONDARY EDUCATION. To achieve the objectives of academic secondary education shall be compulsory and core the same areas of basic education at a more advanced level, as well as economic, political science and philosophy.
PARÁGRAFO. Although all areas of academic secondary education are compulsory and core, educational institutions organize the schedule so that students can intensify, among others, natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, art or foreign language, according to their vocation and interests, as guidance to the race who will choose in higher education.
MEDIA ARTICLE 32. TECHNICAL EDUCATION. The technical education prepares students for job performance in one of the sectors of production and services, and continuing in higher education.
It will be aimed at training qualified in specialties such as agriculture, trade, finance, management, ecology, environment, industry, information technology, mining, health, recreation, tourism, sports and other required by the productive sector and services. Should incorporate in the theoretical and practical training, the most advanced science and technology, so that the student is able to adapt to new technologies and the advancement of science.
The specialties that offer different educational establishments must correspond to regional needs.
PARÁGRAFO. For the creation of institutions of technical education or for incorporation of others and for the supply of programs, you must have adequate infrastructure, qualified teaching staff and coordinate with the National Apprenticeship Service, SENA or other training institutions labor or productive sector.
ARTICLE 33. OBJECTIVES SPECIFIC MEDIA TECHNICAL EDUCATION. The specific objectives of the technical education:
a) The initial basic training for work;
B) Preparation for linking the productive sector and the training opportunities it offers, and
c) The right to secondary education academic goals, enabling the student admission to higher education training.
ARTICLE 34. EDUCATIONAL MEDIA ESTABLISHMENTS. In accordance with Article 138 of this Act, secondary education may be offered in the same establishments providing basic or specifically approved for that purpose education establishments, according to standards established by the Ministry of Education.
ARTICLE 35. INTERACTION WITH HIGHER EDUCATION. At the level of secondary education follows the level of higher education, which by Law 30 of 1992 and the rules that modify, add or replace regulated. Professional Technical Institutions
a);: this level is classified and
B) university institutions or technical schools, and
CHAPTER II. NO FORMAL EDUCATION *
ARTICLE 36. DEFINITION OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION *. * Non-formal education is offered in order to complement, update, supplement knowledge and training in academic or labor issues without being subject to the system of levels and grades set out in Article 11 of this Law.
ARTICLE 37. PURPOSE. * Non-formal education is governed by the principles and general aims of education set out in this law. Promotes the improvement of the human person, the knowledge and the reassertion of national values, training for craft, artistic, recreational, occupational and technical performance, protection and use of natural resources, and citizen and community participation. Effective Notes
OFFER NO FORMAL EDUCATION *. In institutions of non-formal education * may be offered job training programs in arts and crafts, academic training and materials leading to the validation and proper levels of formal education degrees, as defined in this Act.
To validate levels and degrees of formal education, the Government will issue the respective regulations.
Institutions of education for work and human development that elect to provide language programs must obtain certification in quality management of the institution and the program to offer, subject to compliance with other requirements of the rules in force for the development of programs at this level of training. Effective Notes
All state entities, whatever their legal or territorial nature, can only hire language teaching with organizations that have quality certificates provided for in this Article
ITEM NO FORMAL EDUCATION 39. * AS FAMILY ALLOWANCE. The studies conducted in non-formal education institutions * that according to the regulations of the National Government warrant will be recognized for purposes of payment of family allowances, in accordance with current standards. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 40. NO FORMAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS * A MICROENTERPRISES. The National Plan for Microenterprise Development will be responsible for approving micro training programs and advice, like micro-business support programs.
The approved training institutions to advance these programs will be considered a non-formal education institutions *.
The Ministry of Education will be part of the directives of the plan. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 41. PROMOTION OF NO FORMAL EDUCATION *. The State will support and encourage non-formal education *, provide opportunities to enter it and exercise permanent control for quality programs are offered. Effective Notes
ARTICLE 42. REGULATIONS. The creation, organization and operation of programs and non-formal education establishments * and issuing certificates of occupational proficiency shall be governed by the regulations for the purpose by the Government.
PARÁGRAFO. The service time providing teachers in Adult Education Centres, is valid for promotion in the National Teaching Escalafón, provided you meet the requirements of Decree Law 2277 of 1979. Effective Notes
CHAPTER III. INFORMAL EDUCATION
ARTICLE 43. DEFINITION OF INFORMAL EDUCATION. Informal education is considered mostly free and spontaneously knowledge acquired from individuals, institutions, mass media, print media, traditions, customs, social behavior and other unstructured.
ARTICLE 44. MISSION OF SOCIAL MEDIA. The National Government will encourage the participation of media and information in the process of continuing education and dissemination of culture, according to the principles and purposes of education as defined in this Act, without prejudice to the freedom of the press and freedom of expression and information.
Likewise, adopt mechanisms and incentives that allow for adequate and effective use of mass media as a contribution to improving the education of Colombians.
ARTICLE 45. NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM MASSIVE. Create the National Mass Education System in order to meet the demand for continuing education, validation for formal education and artistic and cultural dissemination. The program will be implemented with the use of electronic means of communication or data transmission, such as broadcasting, television, telematics or any other use of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The system includes direct or indirect actions carried out through contracts or agreements, leading to the design, production, transmission and reception of educational programs, as well as other complementary and related necessary for the proper fulfillment of the purposes of education .
Without prejudice to the provisions of the law that develops the constitutional mandates on plans and programs of the state television service, the National Government is authorized to participate in the creation of a mixed company, responsible for administering the system.