43 OF 1993
Official Journal No. 40,735 of 1 February 1993
By means of which the rules regarding the acquisition, renunciation, loss and recovery of Colombian nationality are established; the number of the seventh of the article is developed href="policy_constitution_1991_pr001.html#40"> 40 of the Political Constitution and other provisions are dictated.
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA,
OF COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY.
1. By birth:
a. The natural persons of Colombia, with one of two conditions: that the father or the mother have been natural or Colombian nationals or that, being children of foreigners, some of their parents are domiciled in the Republic at the moment of birth;
b. The children of Colombian father or mother, who would have been born in foreign land and then will be domiciled in the Republic.
2. For adoption:
a. Foreigners who apply for and obtain a naturalization letter in accordance with this Law;
b. Latin Americans and the Caribbean by birth, domiciled in Colombia that with government authorization and in accordance with the law and the principle of reciprocity, ask to be registered as Colombians before the municipality where they are established;
c. The members of indigenous peoples who share border territories, with application of the principle of reciprocity and according to public treaties that for the purpose are celebrated and are duly perfected.
FROM COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY BY BIRTH.
ARTICLE 2o. OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ACQUISITION OF COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY BY BIRTH. They are natural of Colombia those born within the limits of the national territory as stated in the href="policy_constitution_1991_pr003.html#101"> article 101 of the Political Constitution, or in those places abroad assimilated to the national territory as provided in international treaties or international custom.
For children born abroad, the Colombian nationality of the father or mother is defined in the light of the principle of dual nationality according to which, " the quality of Colombian national is not lost due to the fact of acquiring another nationality ".
Home is the residence in Colombia accompanied by the intention to stay in the national territory in accordance with the relevant rules of the Civil Code.
ARTICLE 3o. PROOF OF NATIONALITY. 38 of Law 962 of 2005. The new text is as follows: > For all legal effects will be considered as proof of Colombian nationality, the citizenship card for those over eighteen (18) years, the identity card for the over fourteen (14) years old and under eighteen (18) years or the civil registration of birth for children under fourteen (14) years, issued under the organisation and management of the National Civil Registry, accompanied by proof of domicile where appropriate.
PARAGRAFO. However, people who have met the conditions set out in Article 96 of the Political Constitution to be Colombian by birth and the documents proving the nationality, in accordance with the provisions of this Article, have not been issued to them, may, for the purposes of renouncing the Colombian nationality, present the respective application accompanied by the documentation to verify that the person is a Colombian national and the compliance with the requirements of the aforementioned article of the Political Constitution.
OF COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY BY ADOPTION.
ARTICLE 4. DEFINITION AND COMPETENCE. The naturalization is a sovereign and discretionary act of the President of the Republic, under which the Colombian nationality is granted to those who request it and comply with the requirements that for this purpose they have The Political Constitution and the laws. It is up to the President of the Republic to know of the requests for naturalization, recovery of Colombian nationality and cases of resignation. These functions may be delegated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
ARTICLE 5o. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ACQUISITION OF COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY BY ADOPTION. 39 of Law 962 of 2005. The new text is as follows: > Only Nature Charter or Enrollment Resolution may be issued:
To foreigners referred to in literal (a) of article 96 of the Political Constitution than during the five (5) years immediately preceding the date of filing of the application has been domiciled in the country on a continuous basis and the foreign resident visa holder. In the event where the foreign mentioned are married, or are permanent companions of Colombian national, or have Colombian children, the term of continuous domicile will be reduced to two (2) years.
To Latin Americans and the Caribbean by birth that during the year immediately prior to the filing date, have been domiciled in the country continuously, taking into account the principle of reciprocity. using existing international treaties.
The children of foreigners born in the Colombian territory to whom no State recognizes their nationality, proof of nationality is the civil registry of birth without the requirement of domicile. However, it is necessary for foreign parents to certify through the certification of the diplomatic mission of their country of origin that the country does not grant the nationality of the parents to the child by consanguinity.
PARAGRAFO 1o. The above provisions shall apply without prejudice to the particular status of nationality in international treaties in which Colombia is a party.
PARAGRAFO 2o. For the purposes of this article, it is understood that foreigners are domiciled when the National Government issues the respective Resident Visa. Therefore, the terms of domicile will be counted from the issuance of the said visa.
PARAGRAFO 3o. Pursuant to Article 20 of the San Jose Pact of Costa Rica, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and article 93 of the Political Constitution, the children of foreigners born in Colombian territory to whom no State recognizes their nationality, will be Colombians and will not be required proof of their domicile, and in order to prove that no other State recognizes them. the nationality shall be required to be declared by the Diplomatic or Consular Mission of the State of the nationality of the parents.
ARTICLE 6o. HOME INTERRUPTION. 40 of Act 962 of 2005. The new text is as follows: > The absence of Colombia for a term equal to or greater than one (1) year, interrupts the period of continuous domicile required in the previous article.
Only the President of the Republic with the signature of the Minister of Foreign Affairs will be able to reduce or exonerate the term of domicile provided for in the literals a) and b) of the previous article, when in his judgment it is considered of convenience for Colombia.
You will also be able to exempt from the requirements outlined in article 9o of Law 43 of 1993, when you consider it to be of convenience for Colombia. The provisions of paragraph 1 and 5 of that Article shall be exempted from this provision.
ARTICLE 7o. conditions for the entry and stay of foreigners in the national territory will be accredited by the Administrative Department of Security, DAS.
ARTICLE 8o. FILING OF APPLICATIONS. 78 of Decree 2150 of 1995. The new text is as follows: > Letter of Nature applications will be filed with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the Governor's Office. Applications for the registration of Latin Americans and the Caribbean by birth shall be made before the municipal offices of their respective homes or before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Applications submitted to the Governor's Office or the Mayor's Office will be forwarded to the Foreign Ministry for their decision.
ARTICLE 9o. DOCUMENTATION. 41 of Law 962 of 2005. The new text is as follows: > For the issuance of the Nature Charter or Enrollment Resolution as Colombians for adoption, the foreigner must present the following documents:
Memorial addressed to the Minister of Foreign Affairs requesting Colombian nationality, with their respective motivation.
Accreditation of the satisfactory knowledge of the Spanish language, when this is not his mother tongue. For indigenous people who share border territories that speak one or more of Colombia's official indigenous languages, knowledge of the Spanish language will not be a requirement. It is also excepted to credit this requirement to those who have completed their secondary or university studies in Colombia and those over sixty-five (65) years old.
Accreditation of basic knowledge of the Colombian Constitution and general knowledge of the country's history and geography. The exception of this requirement is that those who have completed their secondary or university studies in Colombia and those over sixty-five (65) years old.
Accreditation of profession, activity or trade that it exercises in Colombia with certification issued by competent authority.
Accreditation, by appropriate document, of the place and date of birth of the applicant.
Valid Marriage Civil Registry in Colombia in case the applicant is married (a) to Colombian (or), or the court judgment proffered by the family judge to prove the conformation of the marital union in fact.
Birth registration of children born in Colombia, if applicable.
Photocopy of the current foreign card.
PARAGRAFO 1o. The petitioner who is unable to accredit some of the requirements outlined in this article must accompany the nationalization application for an explanatory letter of the reasons that prevent him from doing so, addressed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which in its judgment will consider authorizing the submission of the extra evidence of the case.
PARAGRAFO 2o. People who obtain Colombian nationality by adoption will define their military situation in accordance with national law, unless they have established that they have defined such a situation in accordance with the law of their country of origin.
PARAGRAFO 3o. Knowledge exams cannot be done with multiple selection questions.
PARAGRAFO 4o. If the foreigner loses the knowledge exams, they can be repeated six (6) months after the start date of the initial examinations, as long as the interested party communicates in writing. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is interested in repeating them.
PARAGRAFO 5o. In the opinion of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the applicant may be given an interview by the officials of the Legal Advisory Office (Area of nationality).
ARTICLE 9o. BIS. OF THE EVALUATION COMMITTEE. The Governors shall organize an Evaluation Committee, which shall be composed of the Secretary of Education and the Secretary or Legal Adviser, or their delegates, and a Spanish teacher of the highest rank in the scale, which shall be appointed by the respective Governor. This Committee will have the role of practicing, foreign nationals applying for nationality, examinations on knowledge of Spanish language, Colombian Political Constitution, Homeland History and Geography of Colombia.
ARTICLE 10. REPORT ON THE APPLICANT. 42 of Law 962 of 2005. The new text is as follows: > The Ministry of Foreign Affairs may request the respective official authority, the information necessary to have full knowledge of the background, activities of the applicant and others. information relevant to the purposes set out in this law. The Ministry will request the Administrative Department of Security, DAS, information on the activities of the foreigner, if the latter has a judicial record and any other information that this entity considers important. In any case, the report shall contain the information provided by the respective International Bureau of Police, Interpol. The report sent by the Administrative Department of Security, DAS and the DIAN, if this is the case, will be reserved. At the event that the concept is not satisfactory, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may, without further processing, deny the request for nationality.
ARTICLE 11. REVIEW OF THE DOCUMENTATION. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall review the documentation and when they do not meet the legal requirements, it shall notify the person concerned within the first two months of the date of receipt, in order to comply with them.
After six months from the date of receipt of documentation without the notified petitioner having completed it, it will be presumed that it has no interest in acquiring Colombian nationality. The file will be ordered in this event.
For the six months referred to in the preceding paragraph, the interested party may request in writing and for only one time the extension of the term to complete the missing documents.
ARTICLE 12. CONVENIENCE, NOTIFICATION AND PUBLICATION. Revised documentation and compliance with all the requirements will be analyzed the appropriateness of the nationalization and if the case is issued Charter of Nature or Resolution authorizing the registration as Colombians for adoption.
The above acts shall be notified in accordance with the rules on the matter. Once the notification has taken place, the person concerned will cancel the respective taxes and request the publication in the Official Journal. Fulfilled the above the Minister of Foreign Affairs will forward to the Governorate the original of the Charter of Nature or to the Mayor copy authentic copy of the resolution as the case may be.
ARTICLE 13. OATH AND PROMISE TO COMPLY WITH THE CONSTITUTION AND THE LAW. Received by the respective Governorate the Charter of Nature or by the Mayor's Office the copy of the authorization resolution, the Governor, or the Mayor, will proceed to quote the interested party for the practice of the oath and registration.
The presence of the Governor or the Mayor, and that of the person concerned, will be required. The petitioner will swear or protest solemnly, if his religion does not allow him to swear, that as a Colombian by adoption he will undergo and obey faithfully the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Colombia.
PARAGRAFO. 80 of Decree 2150 of 1995. In case of national convenience, the oath may be taken by the President of the Republic or the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
ARTICLE 14. RIGHT OF NATURALIZED TO RETAIN NATIONALITY OF ORIGIN. 81 of Decree 2150 of 1995. The new text is as follows: > Nationals for adoption are not obliged to give up their nationality of origin or adoption.
PARAGRAFO. If the nationalized person is interested in giving up his or her nationality of origin or adoption, the Governor or the Mayor, as well as the President or the Minister of Foreign Affairs, will be aware of this fact in the act of oath.
ARTICLE 15. NATURALIZATION FILE AND REGISTRATION. Fulfilled the above requirements the Government, the Mayor and the Minister of Foreign Affairs will organize the file of the actions and the corresponding record in the terms that the National Government establishes.href="ley_0043_1993.html#top"title="Go to Start" style="white-space:nowrap">
ARTICLE 16. THE COMPLETION OF THE NATIONALITY LINK. The naturalisation of any person who is issued with a Charter of Nature or a Resolution of authorisation shall only be understood to be perfected with:
(a) Your publication in the Official Journal, a requirement that the payment of the corresponding rights and the cancellation of the respective taxes are met, and
b) The provision of the solemn oath or protest if your religion does not allow you to swear, and the inscription according to the case.
PARAGRAFO. Perfected the naturalization process, according to the report of the respective Government or Mayors, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will communicate within the following month such a fact to the State of which the person is or has been his national, to the Administrative Department of Security, DAS and to the National Registry of the Civil State.
ARTICLE 17. OF THE EXTENT OF NATIONALITY. The nationality for adoption may be extended to the minor children of a person to whom the nationality is granted for adoption. From the above, the text of the Charter of Nature or Resolution of the respective authorization will be recorded.
The application for the extension of the nationality must be signed by those who exercise the parental authority in accordance with the law.
PARAGRAFO 1o. When the minor to whom the nationality has been extended, the majority of the age will be able to express their desire to continue being Colombian, providing only the oath established in the article 13 of this Act before consuls, crediting the Charter or Resolution where the nationality was extended, to the Governor or the Mayor, as the case may be, who shall send a copy of the oath of oath to the Ministry of Foreign Relations, to the National Registry of the Civil State and to the Department Administrative Security, DAS.
PARAGRAFO 2o. If within six (6) months of the age-majority compliance, the data subject has not indicated the desire to continue to be Colombian, he shall be required for this purpose and to take the oath of office. rigor present a certificate of judicial background or good conduct of the country where he was domiciled.
ARTICLE 18. DENIAL OF NATIONALISATION. The President of the Republic, or by delegation the Foreign Ministry, will be able to deny the nationalization by resolution, in which case only a new application can be submitted two years after the denial.
ARTICLE 19. OF THE REVOCATION OF LETTERS OF NATURE AND RESOLUTIONS OF AUTHORIZATION. The President of the Republic or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by delegation may revoke, by reasoned resolution, the Letters of Nature or the Authorization Resolutions issued, where the person concerned has not complied, within the the six (6) months following their issue, with the necessary requirements for the improvement of naturalisation, unless there is a justified cause which has prevented it from fulfilling them.
Of the resolution that revokes a Charter of Nature or Resolution of Authorization, the interested party will be notified and the Administrative Department of Security, DAS, the National Registry of the Civil State and the State of which the person is or would have been their national.
ARTICLE 20. OF THE NULLITY OF LETTERS OF A NATURE AND OF DECISIONS OF AUTHORIZATION. The Letters of Nature or Resolutions of Authorization issued by the President of the Republic or the Minister of Foreign Affairs by delegation, are subject to the process of nullity before the competent judicial authority, in the following cases:
a) If they have been issued by virtue of evidence or vitiated documents of falsehood.
b) If the nationalized foreigner had committed a crime in another country before being based in Colombia and that he would be extradited.
PARAGRAFO 1o. The provisional suspension of the Nature Charter or Resolution whose nullity applies will not proceed.
PARAGRAFO 2o. The authority shall forward, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs within ten (10) days following its execution, a certified copy of the judgment declaring the nullity of the Charter of Nature or Authorization Resolution.
ARTICLE 21. OF THE REVOCATION OF THE ACTION OF NULLITY IN RESPECT OF LETTERS OF A NATURE AND OF THE RESOLUTIONS OF AUTHORIZATION OF REGISTRATION. The nullity of the Letters of Nature and of the Resolutions of Authorization that are issued hereafter and of those issued prior to the validity of this Law may be requested. In both cases the action will have an expiry term of 10 years, counted from the date of the issue.
ARTICLE 22. COLOMBIAN NATIONAL QUALITY IS NOT LOST. The quality of Colombian national is not lost due to the fact of acquiring another nationality.
Birth nationals who acquire another nationality will not lose the civil and political rights recognized by the Colombian Constitution and Legislation.
Access to the performance of functions and public charges of adoption nationals who have another nationality may be limited in the terms provided for in the Constitution and in the law.
The Colombian national with dual nationality, in the national territory, will be subject to the Constitution and the laws of the Republic. Consequently, their entry and stay in the territory, as well as their departure, must always be made in the quality of Colombians, and must be identified as such in all their civil and political acts.
OF THE RESIGNATION AND LOSS OF COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY.
ARTICLE 23. THE COLOMBIAN NATIONALS WILL HAVE THE RIGHT TO GIVE UP THEIR NATIONALITY, WHICH WILL BE PRODUCED BY A WRITTEN DEMONSTRATION PRESENTED TO THE FOREIGN MINISTRY OR THE Colombia, which will be included in an act, whose copy will be sent to the National Registry of the Civil State, the Administrative Department of Security, DAS, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
ARTICLE 24. LOSS OF NATIONALITY BY ADOPTION. The Colombian nationality for adoption will be lost by way of resignation, for crimes against the existence and security of the state and the constitutional regime.
RECOVERY OF COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY.
ARTICLE 25. OF THE RECOVERY OF THE NATIONALITY. The nationals by birth or by adoption who have lost Colombian nationality as a result of the application of the article 9o., of the Constitution and those who renounce it in accordance with the provisions of this Law, may recover it, making an application in this regard to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Consulates of Colombia, or to the Governor's Office, demonstrating its willingness to support and abide by the Constitution and the laws of the Republic. This is stated in a report to be sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Registry of the Civil State, and the Administrative Department of Security, DAS.
PARAGRAFO 1o. Those who have lost Colombian nationality as a result of the application of Article 9o., of the previous Constitution, in formulating their application for recovery, they will be able to extend it to their minor children born in foreign land so that they can be Colombians by birth, once they meet the requirement of the domicile in Colombia.
PARAGRAFO 2o. Those who have been national for adoption must have set their address in Colombia one year before proceeding to request the recovery of Colombian nationality and present a certificate of good conduct and judicial record.
PARAGRAFO 3o. The official to whom the requests referred to in this article are submitted shall resolve within five working days. If it is a Consul, it will communicate its determination to the National Registry of the Civil State, within three days of its decision.
FROM THE COMMISSION FOR NATIONALITY ISSUES.
ARTICLE 26. CREATION-INTEGRATION. Create a commission for issues of nationality integrated by the following people:
-The Foreign Minister or his delegate who will preside over it.
-Legal Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or its delegate.
-The Director of the Administrative Department of Security, DAS.
-A member of the Senate's Second Committee, elected by the Senate.
-A member of the House's Second Commission, elected by the House.
[El Comercio] The Congressman elected by the Indigenous Special Constituency that has won the most votes in the last elections.
[El Tiempo] [El Tiempo] The congressman that has obtained the most votes in the last elections, held by Colombians residing abroad.
-The National Registrar of the Civil State or its delegate.
TRANSITORY PARAGRAPH. Until both Colombian residents and residents of the country choose their congressmen, a delegate of the Colombian associations resident abroad will act in their representation. Chancellery.
ARTICLE 27. DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION FOR MATTERS OF NATIONALITY. The Commission for matters of nationality shall have the following functions:
I. To give the Ministry of Foreign Affairs a concept in those cases that the Legal Secretariat presents to it, when there is doubt about the desirability of issuing a Nature Charter or a Resolution of Authorization and in the cases of revocation of these.
2. To conceptualize the use and provenance of supplementary evidence in the terms established by the Code of Civil Procedure, when the applicant is unable to make the requested main documentation.
3. To provide a concept on the desirability of applications when the Administrative Department of Security reports are unfavourable to the person concerned.
4. Other than that determined by the Ministry.
PERFORMANCE OF CERTAIN PUBLIC CHARGES BY COLOMBIANS FOR ADOPTION.
ARTICLE 28. RESTRICTIONS TO OCCUPY CERTAIN POSITIONS. The Colombians for adoption will not be able to access the performance of the following public charges:
2. Senators of the Republic (article 172 C.N.)
4. Attorney General of the Nation (article 267 C. N)
6. Comptroller General of the Republic. (article 26 C.N.)
7. Attorney General of the Nation (article 280 C.N.)
8. Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of National Defense.
9. Member of the Armed Forces as officers and non-commissioned officers.
10. Directors of the intelligence and security agencies.
11. Those who determine the law.
ARTICLE 29. LIMITATIONS ON COLOMBIAN NATIONALS FOR ADOPTION WHO HAVE DUAL NATIONALITY. Colombian nationals who are dual nationals of adoption shall not be able to access the performance of the following functions or public charges:
1. The references in the previous article
2. The Congressmen (article 179, number 7o. C.N.)
3. Ministers and Directors of Administrative Departments
REGARDING IDENTITY DOCUMENTS, VISAS, PASSPORTS, AND MILITARY SERVICE.
ARTICLE 30. FROM THE ISSUE OF ORDINARY OR BORDER PASSPORTS TO CHILDREN OF COLOMBIAN PARENTS BORN ABROAD. The consular officers of the Republic may issue an ordinary or border passport to the minor children of parents. or Colombian mother, born abroad, leaving the following annotation on the page of clarifications of the corresponding book: " the issue of this passport does not imply recognition of Colombian nationality, nor does it constitute proof of the same. It is granted in consideration that the holder is a son of a Colombian father (or mother) and may be a Colombian national by birth when he meets the requirement to establish his domicile in the national territory. "
ARTICLE 31. FROM THE ISSUE OF PROVISIONAL PASSPORTS TO THE OLDEST CHILDREN OF COLOMBIAN FATHER OR MOTHER BORN ABROAD. The consular officers of the Republic may issue provisional passports to the oldest children of the age of father or Colombian mother, born abroad, only valid for travel to Colombia in order to define her nationality, leaving the following annotation on the page of observations of the corresponding book.
" The issue of this passport does not imply recognition of Colombian nationality, nor does it constitute proof of it. It is granted in consideration that the holder is a son of a Colombian father (or mother) and may be a Colombian by birth when he meets the requirement to establish his domicile in the national territory. "
OF THE FOREIGN REGIME APPLICATION.
ARTICLE 32. THE ISSUE OF VISAS OF RESIDENTS TO THOSE WHO GAVE UP COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY BEING COLOMBIAN BY ADOPTION. The Colombians for adoption who have acquired foreign nationality, renouncing their Colombian nationality in accordance with the provisions of this Law, as well as their children born abroad, may apply for a visa resident as a family member of Colombian national to establish his home in Colombia one year before proceeding to request the recovery of Colombian nationality.
PARAGRAFO. Foreign nationals residing in Colombia shall not be required to make periodic submissions to the authorities, unless they are by a court order or by an express request of the competent administrative authorities, in cases where specific and duly justified.
ARTICLE 33. OF THE ISSUE OF VISAS OF RESIDENTS TO WHOM THEY RENOUNCE COLOMBIAN NATIONALITY BEING COLOMBIANS BY BIRTH. The Colombians by birth who have acquired foreign nationality, renouncing their Colombian nationality compliance with the provisions of this Law, may be established in the country indefinitely by obtaining a resident's visa as a family member of the Colombian national.
ARTICLE 34. OF THE MILITARY SERVICE FOR COLOMBIANS RESIDENT ABROAD. Colombians resident abroad will define their military situation in accordance with the provisions of the legislation in force in Colombia, through the authorities. corresponding consular.
ARTICLE 35. OF THE MILITARY SERVICE FOR COLOMBIANS WHO HAVE DUAL NATIONALITY RESIDING ABROAD. Colombians who have dual nationality residing abroad will define their military situation in accordance with the provisions of the legislation in force in Colombia, unless they have done so abroad, which shall be verified by certification issued by the competent foreign authorities.
ARTICLE 36. OF THE MILITARY SERVICE FOR COLOMBIANS WHO HAVE DUAL CITIZENSHIP IN COLOMBIA. Colombians who have dual nationality, resident in Colombia, will define their military situation in accordance with the laws in force in the country, less than has already been defined according to the law of the country of their other nationality, which shall be verified by certification issued by the respective foreign consulate accredited to the National Government.
ARTICLE 37. DISCLOSURE OF THIS LAW. In the month of publication of this Law and for one year, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is obliged to implement a massive program of disclosures of the rules contained in the previous article, through Press notices in the newspapers of foreign countries, television propagandas and publication of leaflets that will be distributed through embassies, consulates and associations of Colombian colonies accredited abroad. Likewise, this disclosure will be made in Colombia through accredited embassies and consulates, for foreigners who want to make use of it.
PARAGRAFO. During the year of disclosure referred to in the previous article, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will present to the Senate and House Committees, a report on the execution of the outreach program that includes coverage, shows of the support elements such as press notices, propagandas and brochures. Report that at least it must be met twice during the stipulated time.
ARTICLE 38. VALIDITY AND DEROGATIONS. This Law governs from the date of its publication and repeals Laws 145 of 1988 and 22 Bis of 1936; Decrees 2247 of 1983 and 1872 of 1991 and other provisions that are contrary to it.
The Secretary General of the Honorable Senate of the Republic,
PEDRO PUMAREJO VEGA.
The President of the Honorable House of Representatives,
CESAR PEREZ GARCIA.
The Secretary General of the Honorable House of Representatives,
DIEGO VIVAS TAFUR
Republic of Colombia-National Government.
Publish and execute.
Dada en Santafe de Bogota D.C., a first (1)
February of a thousand nine hundred and ninety-three.
CESAR GAVIRIA TRUJILLO.
The Foreign Minister,
NOHEMI SANIN DE RUBIO.