Why The Public Service Of Higher Education Is Organized

Original Language Title: Por la cual se organiza el servicio público de la Educación Superior

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Law 30 of 1992 (December 28)
Official Gazette No. 40,700 of December 29, 1992
Whereby the public service of higher education is organized. Summary

Term Notes
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA,
DECREES: TITLE I.

FUNDAMENTALS OF HIGHER EDUCATION CHAPTER I.


PRINCIPLES ARTICLE 1o. Higher Education is a lifelong process that enables the development of human potential in a comprehensive manner, it is done after the middle or secondary education and aims at the full development of students and their academic or professional training.
Article 2.
. Higher Education is a cultural public service inherent to the social purpose of the State.

ARTICLE 3. The State, in accordance with the Constitution of Colombia and with this Law, guarantees university autonomy and ensures the quality of education through the exercise of the supreme inspection and surveillance of Higher Education.

ARTICLE 4. Higher Education, without prejudice to the specific purposes of each field of knowledge, will awaken in students a thoughtful spirit, oriented to the achievement of personal autonomy, within a framework of freedom of thought and ideological pluralism which takes into account the universality of knowledge and particularity of existing cultural forms in the country. Therefore, higher education will be developed within a framework of freedom of teaching, learning, research and academic.

The 5th ITEM. Higher education is accessible to those who can demonstrate the required capabilities and meet the academic conditions required in each case.
CHAPTER II. OBJECTIVES


ARTICLE 6o. The objectives of higher education and its institutions:
a) Deepening the integral formation of Colombians within the modalities and quality of higher education, enabling them to meet professional, research and social service functions required by the country.
B) To work for the creation, development and transmission of knowledge in all its forms and expressions and promote their use in all fields to meet the needs of the country.
C) To provide the community with quality service, which refers to academic results, the media and processes used, institutional infrastructure, the qualitative and quantitative dimensions of the same and the conditions under which it develops each institution.
D) Be factor of scientific, cultural, economic, political and ethical development at national and regional level.
E) Acting in harmony with each other and with other educational and training structures.
F) Contribute to the development of educational levels that precede to facilitate the achievement of their respective purposes.
G) To promote national unity, decentralization, regional integration and inter-agency cooperation towards the various areas of the country have the human resources and appropriate to enable them adequately address their needs technologies.
H) To promote the formation and consolidation of academic communities and coordination with their counterparts at international level.
I) To promote the preservation of a healthy environment and promote ecological education and culture.
J) To preserve and promote cultural heritage.
CHAPTER III.
FIELDS OF ACTION AND ACADEMIC PROGRAMS

ARTICLE 7. The fields of action of Higher Education, are: the technique, the science of technology, the humanities, art and philosophy.

Article 8. The undergraduate and graduate institutions offering Higher Education, will refer to the above mentioned fields of action, in accordance with their training purposes.

Article 9. Undergraduate programs prepare for the performance of occupations, for the exercise of a particular profession or discipline, scientific or technological nature or in the area of ​​the humanities, arts and philosophy.
Undergraduate programs are also those multidisciplinary nature also known as liberal arts studies, meaning general studies in science, arts or humanities, with emphasis on some of the disciplines that are part of these fields.
ARTICLE 10.
graduate programs are specializations, master's degrees, doctorates and post - doctorates.
ARTICLE 11.
specialization programs are those that develop after an undergraduate program and enable the improvement in the same occupation, profession, discipline or related or complementary areas.


ARTICLE 12. Programs master's, doctoral and post-doctoral research have as a foundation and necessary scope of its activity.
The masters seek to expand and develop skills for resolving disciplinary, interdisciplinary or professional problems and give the person the basic tools that enable a researcher in a specific area of ​​science or technology or that allow deepen theoretical and conceptually in a field of philosophy, humanities and arts.
PARÁGRAFO. Mastery is not a condition for access to doctoral programs. Culminating in a research paper.

ARTICLE 13. Doctoral programs focus on research training at an advanced level based on the willingness, capacity and knowledge acquired by the person in the previous levels of training.
The doctorate must culminate in a thesis.

ARTICLE 14. The requirements for admission to the various programs of higher education, in addition to those who point to each institution, the following:
a) For all undergraduate programs, have bachelor's degree or its equivalent in the outside and have presented the State Exam for admission to higher education. Effective Jurisprudence


B) For specialization programs related to occupations, have the title in the corresponding occupation or related occupations.
C) For specialization programs, master's and doctorate, referring to the field of technology, science, humanities, arts and philosophy, have professional title or degree in an academic discipline.
PARÁGRAFO. They may also enter the career technical training in higher education institutions empowered to advance training programs in occupations operational and instrumental character, who meet the following requirements:
a) Have completed and approved Basic Education Secondary full.
B) have obtained the Certificate of Professional Aptitude (CAP) issued by the National Apprenticeship Service (SENA) and
c) have worked in the specific field of the training for a period not less than two (2) years after the SENA training. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 15. The institutions of higher education programs may advance in the methodology of ODL in accordance with this Law.
CHAPTER IV.
INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Article 16. Higher Education Institutions:
a) Professional Technical Institutions.
B) or Technological Institutions of Higher Education Schools.
C) Universities.

ARTICLE 17. They are professional technical institutions, those legally entitled to offer training programs in occupations operational and instrumental character and expertise in their respective field of action, without prejudice to own humanistic aspects of this level. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 18. Are universities or technical schools, those empowered to advance training programs in occupations, academic training programs in professions or disciplines and specialization programs.
ARTICLE 19.
universities are the currently recognized as such and institutions that prove their performance criteria of universality in the following activities: Scientific and technological research; academic training in professions or disciplines and production, development and transmission of knowledge and universal and national culture.
These institutions are also entitled to advance training programs in occupations, professions or disciplines, specialization programs, master's, doctoral and post-doctoral accordance with this Law.

ARTICLE 20. The Minister of National Education prior favorable opinion of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU), recognize as a university, from the effective date of this Act, to colleges or technical schools that within a accreditation process prove to have:
a) Experience in high-level scientific research.
B) Academic programs and programs in Basic Sciences also support the first.
C) To authorize the National Government, so that within six (6) months, set the other requirements deemed necessary for the purposes of this article.
These requirements shall refer, in particular, the number of programs, number of teachers, dedication and academic training them and infrastructure. Effective Notes

Effective Jurisprudence


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ARTICLE 21. Only
may be authorized by the Minister of Education to offer master's, doctoral and post-doctoral and grant the respective titles, after approval of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU), those universities that meet the requirements set out in articles 19 and 20.
PARÁGRAFO. They may also be authorized by the Minister of Education to offer master's and doctoral degrees and issue titles, colleges, universities or technical schools, without complying with the requirement in paragraph b) of Article 20 meet with quality requirements according to the National Accreditation System in fields related to the proposed action program prior favorable opinion of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU). Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 22. The Minister of Education, after approval of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU) may approve the operation of new higher education institutions and determine the field or fields of action in which they can play their academic and in accordance with this Law character.

Term Notes Effective Jurisprudence

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ARTICLE 23. Because of its origin, higher education institutions are classified as state or official, private and Solidarity Economy.

CHAPTER V. SECURITIES AND STATE EXAMS

ARTICLE 24. The title is explicit recognition of academic character, granted to a natural person, the culmination of a program for purchasing a certain knowledge in an Institution of Higher Education. Such recognition shall be stated in a diploma.
The granting of degrees in higher education is the exclusive competence of the institutions of that level in accordance with this Law.
PARÁGRAFO. Titles that give higher education institutions the corresponding record will be left Legal Status.

ARTICLE 25. Academic programs according to their field of action, when offered by a Professional Technical Institution, leading to the title in the occupation or area. The title should come before the name of "Professional Technician ......" Jurisprudence Effective


Those offered by universities or technical schools, or by a university, leading to the title in the respective occupation, in which case should come before the name "Professional Technician in ......" If they make regarding professions or academic disciplines, the title may come before the name of "Professional ..." or "Technologist ...." Jurisprudence Effective


Programs leading to undergraduate Arts degree "Master in ......"
specialization programs lead to the title of specialist occupation, profession, discipline or related respective area.
Programs master's, doctoral and post-doctoral, master's degree lead to the doctor or appropriate to advance post-doctoral title, which should refer to the respective discipline or an interdisciplinary area of ​​knowledge. PARAGRAPH 1.
. Undergraduate programs in education may lead to the title of "Bachelor ......"
These programs will be integrated and gradually assimilated to the academic programs offered at other universities or technical schools and the universities. PARAGRAPH 2.
. The Government, according to the laws governing the matter, shall regulate the issuance of securities referred to in this article, prior favorable opinion of the National Council for Higher Education (CESU). Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 26. The nomenclature of the titles will be in correspondence with the kinds of institutions, fields of action, the name, content, duration of their programs and undergraduate and graduate levels. Effective Jurisprudence


The Minister of National Education, with the advice of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU), regulate this matter.

ARTICLE 27. The State Examinations are academic tests official character purporting:
a) Check minimum levels of skills and knowledge.
B) Check knowledge and skills for the issue of certificates to graduates of programs approved is not in force. Effective Jurisprudence



C) To issue certification on approval or disapproval of courses that have been advanced in dissolution institutions whose legal status has been suspended or canceled.
D) Standardize and validate educational qualifications Higher Education made abroad, where relevant judgment of the National Council for Higher Education (CESU).
CHAPTER VI.
AUTONOMY OF INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION

ARTICLE 28. The university autonomy enshrined in the Constitution of Colombia and in accordance with this Law, recognizes universities the right to take and modify its statutes, appoint academic and administrative authorities, create, organize and develop their academics, define and organize their training work, academic, educational, scientific and cultural programs, grant the corresponding titles, select their teachers, admit their students and take their corresponding regimes and establish, develop and apply their resources to fulfill its social and institutional mission function. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 29. The autonomy of universities or technical schools and professional technical institutions will be determined by its scope and in accordance with this Act in the following aspects:
a) Giving and amend its statutes .
B) Appoint their academic and administrative authorities.
C) Create, develop their academic programs, as well as issuing the corresponding titles.
D) Define and organize your training work, academic, educational, scientific, cultural and extension.
E) Select and link their teachers, as well as their students. Effective Jurisprudence


F) To adopt the regime of students and teachers.
G) Devise and apply its resources to fulfilling its social mission and its institutional role.
PARÁGRAFO. To develop contemplated in subparagraphs a) and e) requires notification to the Minister of National Education, through the Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education (ICFES).

ARTICLE 30. It is typical of higher education institutions seeking truth, free and responsible exercise of criticism, the chair and learning in accordance with this Law.
CHAPTER VII.
THE PROMOTION, INSPECTION AND SURVEILLANCE

ARTICLE 31. In accordance with Articles 67 and 189, paragraphs 21, 22 and 26 of the Constitution of Colombia and in accordance with this Law, promotion, inspection and surveillance of teaching that the President of the Republic, will be directed to:
a) Protect freedom of teaching, learning, research and lecture.
B) monitoring compliance and prevail fully and integrally the constitutional guarantee of university autonomy.
C) Guarantee the right of individuals to establish institutions of higher education according to law.
D) Take measures to strengthen research in higher education institutions and provide special conditions for their development.
E) Provide to eligible people access to knowledge, science, technology, art and other cultural goods as well as financial mechanisms to make it viable.
F) Create incentives for people and institutions to develop and promote technical, science, technology, humanities, philosophy and the arts.
G) Encourage knowledge production and the country's access to the domain of science, technology and culture.
H) To foster the creation of mechanisms for evaluating the quality of academic programs at institutions of higher education.
I) Encourage the development of scientific and pedagogical thinking in principals and teachers of higher education institutions.
J) To ensure the quality and continuity of public service of higher education.
K) Tend the best moral, intellectual and physical training of students and meeting the goals of higher education.
L) To ensure adequate coverage of the public service of higher education.
M) than in private institutions of higher education, established as legal entities of public utility, their incomes are maintained and properly implemented and that in all essentials compliance with the will of its founders, but may devote himself or be in any way the profit.

N) in the official institutions of Higher Education will attend the nature of public cultural service and the social function inherent in them, the legal and statutory provisions governing them are met and that their incomes are retained and applied duly. Effective Notes

ARTICLE 32.


Term Notes Legislation Previous


ARTICLE 33. In accordance with Article 211 of the Constitution of Colombia, the President of the Republic may delegate to the Minister of National Education all functions set out in Articles 31 and 32 of this Act.
the final inspection and supervision of the institutions of higher education shall be exercised by the national government with the immediate assistance of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU), in accordance with the provisions of this Act and with the cooperation of communities academic, scientific and professional, of those territorial entities and state agencies for the development of Science, Technology, Art and Culture.
TITLE II.
THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION (CESU)
AND THE COLOMBIAN INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION (ICFES)

CHAPTER I. THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION (CESU)

ARTICLE 34. Create the National Council of Higher Education (CESU), permanent, as the national government agency under the Ministry of National Education, with functions of coordination, planning, recommendation and advice.

ARTICLE 35. The National Council of Higher Education (CESU), will be composed as follows:
a) The Minister of Education, who chairs.
B) The Head of the National Planning Department.
C) The Rector of the National University of Colombia.
D) The Director of the Colombian Fund for Scientific Research and Special Projects "Francisco José de Caldas" Colciencias.
E) A Rector of state or official university.
F) Two rectors of private universities.
G) A University Rector of solidarity economy.
H) A rector of a university or technological, state or official school.
I) A Rector of state or official professional technical institution.
J) Two representatives of the productive sector.
K) A representative of the academic community or official state university.
L) A university professor.
M) A student of the last years of college.
N) The Director of the Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education (ICFES), with voice but no vote.
PARÁGRAFO. For the selection of the representatives set out in subparagraphs e), f), g), h), i), j), k), l) and m), the National Government will establish a comprehensive rules to ensure the participation of each of the estates represented, which will have a period of two years.
This regulation will be issued within six (6) months following the effective date of this Act.

Effective Decisions
ARTICLE 36. The functions of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU) propose to the National Government:
a) policies and plans for the march of Higher Education.
B) The rules and procedures for:
1. Organize Accreditation System.
2. Organizing the National Information System.
3. Organize state examinations.
4. Establish guidelines on naming titles.
5. The creation of institutions of Higher Education. Editor's Notes


D) mechanisms to assess the academic quality of higher education institutions and their programs.
E) its own rules of operation.
F) The functions it deems appropriate in implementing this Act.
PARÁGRAFO. The National Council of Higher Education (CESU), regulate the representation of higher education institutions Solidarity Economy in advisory committees referred to in Article 45 of this Law, in accordance with its growth and academic development.
CHAPTER II.
THE COLOMBIAN INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION (ICFES)

ARTICLE 37. The Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education (ICFES) is a public establishment of national, under the Ministry of National Education. Effective Notes


ARTICLE 38. The functions of the Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education (ICFES). They are: Effective Notes


A) Implement policies on Higher Education trace the National Government, the same as exercising the Technical Secretariat of the National Council of Higher Education (CESU). Effective Notes



B) Constitute information and documentation center of higher education, for which the institutions will provide academic, financial and administrative reports are requested. Effective Notes


C) Conduct baseline studies of Higher Education. Effective Notes


D) Encourage cooperation between higher education institutions and between them and the international community. Effective Notes


E) Collaborate with institutions of higher education to stimulate and improve their self-evaluation procedures. Effective Notes


F) To promote the preparation of teachers, researchers, managers and administrators in higher education. Effective Notes


G) Promote the development of research in higher education institutions. Effective Notes


H) To encourage the development of higher education institutions in the regions, as well as their integration and cooperation. Effective Notes


I) Standardize and validate titles of study undertaken abroad. Effective Notes

Effective Jurisprudence


J) define guidelines on the nomenclature of academic programs Higher Education. Effective Notes


K) Perform state tests in accordance with this Law.

ARTICLE 39. The management and administration of the Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education (ICFES), will be run by a Board of Directors and a Director General, who is the legal representative of the Institute. Effective Notes

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