Harbin Municipal Hazardous Waste Pollution Prevention Approaches

Original Language Title: 哈尔滨市危险废物污染环境防治办法

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(August 31, 2006 Harbin Government consideration at the 61st Executive meeting on September 20, 2006, Harbin municipal 151th released as of November 1, 2006) Chapter I General provisions article to combat pollution by hazardous wastes, protection of the ecological environment security, protection of human health, in accordance with the People's Republic of China Law of prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste, the State Council regulations on medical waste management and the safety management of dangerous chemicals Ordinance and relevant regulations of the State,
    Considering the actual situation in the city, these measures are formulated.
    Hazardous waste in these measures in article, refers to the inclusion of the national hazardous waste list of solid waste, medical waste, discarded dangerous chemicals, as well as prescribed by the Administrative Department of environmental protection, according to the national hazardous waste criteria and methods identified and published with the hazardous properties of solid waste.
    Article these measures shall apply to hazardous waste within the administrative area of the city, collection, storage, transport, use and disposal activities such as prevention and control of pollution of the environment.
    Fourth dangerous waste prevention the implementation of polluter pays, reducing hazardous waste generation, fully and rationally use and harmless treatment principles.
    The fifth generation, collection, storage, transport, use and disposal of hazardous waste unit, should establish and improve the responsibility system for hazardous waste management, the main person in charge must ensure that the hazardous waste management in compliance with the relevant laws, regulations, rules and requirements of the national standard, and the environment is responsible for the safety of the hazardous waste.
    The sixth article of the approach by the City Department of environmental protection administration (hereinafter referred to as Department of environmental protection) organizations.
    District and County (City) terms in accordance with the Environmental Protection Department is responsible for the supervision and administration of hazardous waste pollution prevention and control within the jurisdiction.
    Municipal solid waste management agencies commissioned by the City Department of environmental protection, is responsible for the supervision and management of hazardous wastes in the city daily.
    Health, industry and commerce, public security, supervision, administrative departments of the city administration, in accordance with their respective responsibilities, to collaborative management of hazardous waste pollution prevention.
    Seventh article of any unit and individual have the right to the production, collection, storage, transport, use and disposal of hazardous waste unit and supervision departments to monitor and report violations and his staff.
    Chapter II general provisions article eighth of hazardous waste pollution prevention and control of hazardous waste unit (hereinafter referred to as waste-producing units) should be the type and quantity of hazardous wastes, flow, storage, disposal and other relevant information of registration truthfully fill out the Declaration form of dangerous waste, in accordance with administrative rights submitted to the municipal, district and County (City) Environmental Protection Department.
    Waste-producing units of registration matters need to change should be 15th before the change to the registration authorities. Nineth of municipal or County (City) people's Governments shall arrange for the construction of hazardous waste disposal facilities.
    Disposal of the waste-producing units, should be the construction of hazardous waste disposal facilities.
    Hazardous waste disposal facility siting and construction, shall be executed in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State, upon the acceptance by the City Environmental Protection Department, to be put into use.
    Does not meet the disposal requirements of waste-producing units should be based on the principle of disposal of hazardous wastes to disposal of hazardous waste disposal units; waste disposal agreement with the hazardous waste disposal units, and hazardous waste disposal fee.
    Hazardous waste disposal units, should be in accordance with the collection, transport and disposal of hazardous waste disposal agreement.
    Tenth article has conditions of produced waste units should according to provides disposal its produced of dangerous waste, shall not unauthorized dumping, and stacked; not disposal of, by city, and district, and County (City) environmental sector according to management permission ordered deadline corrected; late not disposal or disposal not meet provides of, by city, and County (City) environmental sector specified units according to national about provides on behalf of disposal, disposal costs by produced waste units bear. 11th hazardous waste incineration facilities and incineration flue gas emissions should reach the national standard of pollution control on hazardous waste incineration.
    Incineration residue and fly ash from flue-gas treatment for secure landfill disposal should be in accordance with the requirements of environmental protection. Article 12th transfers of hazardous waste should fill out the transfer of hazardous waste, and to apply to the City Department of environmental protection. City Department of environmental protection should be the receiving districts after the agreement with the municipal environmental protection Department, may approve the transfer of dangerous waste. Without approval, and shall not be transferred.
    Cross-province transfer of hazardous wastes shall be accepted after agreement with the provincial environmental protection Department, may authorize the transfer.
    Hazardous waste waste-producing units shall report in the 3rd out of the Environmental Protection Department before the transfer, and expected time of arrival report to the Environmental Protection Department.
    13th in the collection, storage and disposal of hazardous wastes operation units (hereinafter referred to as the hazardous waste management units) in their operations and should have appropriate qualifications and in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State hazardous waste fluorescent permits from the Environmental Protection Department.
    Prohibition of operating without a business license or not in accordance with permit hazardous waste collection, storage, use, disposal and operational activities.
    14th prohibition of the production of waste hazardous waste provided or entrusted to the unit that does not have a business license for collection, storage, use, disposal activities.
    15th article has following case one of of, dangerous waste business units should according to original application program, again application received dangerous waste business license: (a) change dangerous waste business way of; (ii) increased dangerous waste category of; (three) new or alterations, and expansion original dangerous waste business facilities of; (four) business dangerous waste over original approved years business scale 20% above of.
    Hazardous waste management units in hazardous waste operating license to continue to engage in the business activities after the expiry, shall, before the expiration of 30 days make renewal application to the issuing authority.
    16th hazardous waste management unit in a hazardous waste, hazardous waste name, quantity, characteristics, morphology, packing and transfer form to fill in content, right to refuse to accept hazardous waste and shall promptly report to the Environmental Protection Department. 17th collection and storage of hazardous waste, should be in accordance with the hazardous waste components, using special containers classification does not open.
    Family classification of hazardous wastes should be gradual and garbage collection and disposal. Collection, storage, transportation and disposal of hazardous waste facilities, premises, equipment, containers, and packages, you should set up hazardous waste identification marks.
    In turn he spents shall pass to eliminate pollution, to be used. Storage of hazardous wastes should be secure and retrievable storage, prohibition of mixed hazardous and non-hazardous waste collection, storage.
    Has been mixed, all in accordance with hazardous waste disposal.
    18th, schools, offices, stores, hotels, and residential community shall set up a rechargeable battery and the button cell waste bins, recycling waste batteries reach a certain number of units organized by the environmental protection departments unified recovery, centralized storage. The 19th district and County (City) environmental protection departments shall organize relevant units to increase publicity about environmental hazards of pesticide wastes, and according to the situation on the ground to carry out centralized collection and safe disposal of pesticide wastes.
    Cannot be disposed of, units consolidated disposal by the municipal environmental protection department.
    20th electronic waste unit, should be based on environmentally sound collection, storage, use and disposal of electronic wastes, does not on its own collection, storage, use, disposal, and electronic waste should be provided or entrusted to the municipal or provincial environmental protection Department for approval of collection, storage, use, disposal.
    Waste electrical products recycling and disposal in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and regulations.
    21st environmental protection departments should be strict monitoring of surface treatment business management, failure of the emissions of pollutants compliance, not stability standards or the total surface treatment business, time limit, within unit shall complete control of tasks.
    For electroplating waste water fails to meet the electroplating business, shall, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the municipal, district and County (City) shall be ordered to shut down or suspend production.
    22nd cascade of medical institutions in the sewage treatment process slag, sludge and sludge from septic tanks, should be treated as hazardous waste.
    23rd transport hazardous waste shall comply with the national provisions relating to the transport of dangerous waste management, use private transport to avoid spilled or leaking hazardous waste.
    Prohibition of mixing hazardous waste with other passengers or cargo, trash mixed in the same transport vehicle carrying.
    24th hazardous waste management units should be in accordance with the national environmental protection standards and norms in treatment of hazardous waste in a timely manner.
    25th are directly involved in the collection, storage, transportation, use and disposal of hazardous waste-personnel, should receive professional training, examination and induction. 26th article production, collection, storage, transportation, use and disposal of hazardous waste, environmental emergency response plan should be developed, construction or the necessary environmental emergency response facilities, equipment, and exercises and drills on a regular basis.
    Environmental emergency response plan shall be in accordance with administrative rights submitted to the municipal, district and County (City) Environmental Protection Department.
    Environmental Protection Department shall, in accordance with the relevant provisions of environmental emergency response plan, and the production, collection, storage, transport, use, construction or hazardous waste disposal units with the necessary environmental emergency response facilities, equipment, and regularly check the walkthrough.
    27th due to accidents or other unexpected events, resulting in environmental pollution by hazardous waste unit, urgent measures should be taken to eliminate or reduce pollution of the environment, timely notice may be subject to harm prevention units and residents, and within 1 hour accident areas, counties (cities) and the City Department of environmental protection reported for investigation and settlement.
    Environmental responsible or responsible person absconded after the accident, incident to the district or County (City) shall be responsible for the implementation of the relevant provisions of the first paragraph of this article.
    Chapter pollution prevention article 28th of medical waste medical waste disposal hazardous waste operating permit issued by the City Department of environmental protection for approval.
    29th medical and related scientific research and teaching, epidemic prevention, family planning, autopsy and other units of centralized disposal of medical waste should be in accordance with the uniform; themselves, transfer or sale is prohibited.
    30th medical institutions admitted to infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases produce garbage separation and infectious diseases (including isolation units, isolated residential building or residential) generation of waste should be carried out in accordance with the hazardous waste collection, transport and disposal.
    31st medical and health institutions shall collect these wastes from medical units, and according to the category under seepage, sharps prevention through special packaging or an airtight container.
    After use, disposable medical devices, should be placed in special packaging of used disposable medical apparatus or an airtight container.
    Special packaging and containers provided by the medical waste disposal unit, the medical institution shall not be appropriated for other purposes.
    32nd medical and health institutions shall establish a strict transfer regime, each link of the disposable medical devices used in the transfer record, to prevent loss.
    Article 33rd medical waste disposal unit shall, at least once every 2 days to medical institutions collecting, transporting medical waste, and is responsible for the storage and disposal of medical waste.
    Article 34th medical waste disposal unit and transport of clinical wastes in medical and health institutions of private vehicles and tools used in this unit, within the place and time specified disinfection and cleaning. 35th medical waste disposal of medical waste disposal units, shall be charged to health institutions in accordance with the relevant provisions of medical waste disposal costs.
    Specific standards developed by the relevant departments of the municipal price control Department, submitted to the municipal people's Government for approval before implementation.
    Medical and health institutions in accordance with the provisions to the centralized disposal of medical waste medical waste treatment fees paid can be included in the cost of medical services.
    Medical and health institutions in accordance with the provisions for medical waste disposal fee, stopped paying medical waste generated by discharge of hazardous waste, solid waste disposal fee.
    36th medical waste disposal units should be filled month of medical waste disposal report and annual report form, in accordance with administrative privileges submitted to the municipal or County (City) Environmental Protection Department.
    Medical and health institutions shall report the annual report of clinical waste and in accordance with the administrative rights submitted to the municipal, district and County (City) Environmental Protection Department.
    37th medical waste disposal unit in the hazardous waste permit validity, should guarantee the normal operation of the equipment, shall not be suspended, and operational activities.
    Fourth chapter by discarded dangerous chemicals pollution prevention article 38th of schools, research institutes and other enterprises and institutions of laboratory, laboratory of waste centralized treatment of reagents, drugs should be prohibited discharge or disposal privately.
    Abandoned due to safety or traffic accident hazardous chemicals should be in accordance with the relevant laws, rules and regulations of relevant regulations.
    39th article dangerous chemicals of production, and store, and using units production, and discontinued, and closed, and dissolved or relocation of, should according to national about provides on dangerous chemicals of production or storage equipment, and products container or packaging real and abandoned chemicals be processing, and according to national about environmental protection standard and specification, on factory of soil and groundwater for detection, prepared environment risk assessment report, reported city, and district, and County (City) environmental sector record. Pollution of the ground, environmental recovery programme in accordance with administrative privileges should be reported to the municipal, district and County (City) after the agreement with the Environmental Protection Department, within the period specified in the environmental protection sector on environmental restoration of contaminated sites.
    Upon completion of the environmental restoration of contaminated sites shall entrust environmental testing organizations to test the site after recovery and testing reports submitted to the municipal, district and County (City) Environmental Protection Department.
    40th public security, customs, quality inspection, Commerce, industry, agriculture, safety, and environmental protection departments in the administration according to law collected or received by discarded dangerous chemicals, shall entrust the appropriate type and scale of operation of a hazardous waste operating permit for recycling, use and disposal.
    Discarded dangerous chemicals have a clear responsibility for collection, disposal costs borne by the responsible person, the collected administrative departments are responsible for the recovery; no clear responsibility for collection of waste hazardous chemicals or responsible person is unable to bear the costs of disposal, and receive the public submitted by discarded dangerous chemicals, the collection Administration Department is responsible for applying to the financial costs. 41st construction units in the process in mining by discarded dangerous chemicals shall promptly report to the Environmental Protection Department.
    Environmental protection departments should be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of the present article 40th. Fifth chapter regulatory 42nd Environmental Protection Department should be production, collection, storage, transport, utilization and disposal of hazardous waste unit for periodic inspection or irregular spot checks.
    Inspection and processing of the results shall be recorded and signed by inspectors after archiving. 43rd article production, collection, storage, transportation, use, hazardous waste disposal unit to the Department of environmental protection inspection, investigation and evidence collection should faithfully reflect the situation, provide the necessary information, shall not be refused and obstructed.
    Inspection authorities have an obligation to the inspected units keep confidential the technological know-how and business secrets.
    44th departments in the supervision and inspection of environmental protection or spot checks found production, collection, storage, transport, use and disposal of hazardous waste unit when there is an environmental safety hazard, shall be ordered to immediately eliminate hidden dangers.
    Article 45th environmental protection departments received the production, collection, storage, transport, use and disposal of hazardous waste unit and supervision and management departments and their staff after reports of violations should be verified in a timely manner and dealt with according to law, and the results are made public.
    Sixth chapter legal responsibility 46th article violation this approach provides, has following case one of of, by city, and district, and County (City) environmental sector ordered stop violations, deadline corrected, and according to this article II paragraph provides sentenced fine: (a) dangerous waste burning produced of residue, and flue gas processing produced of fly gray not by environmental requirements for security fill buried disposal of; (ii) business dangerous waste of units in accept dangerous waste Shi, found dangerous waste and joint single fill in of content inconsistent Shi, not timely to environmental sector report of;
    (Three) storage dangerous waste not according to requirements for security, and can back take storage of; (four) transport dangerous waste not used dedicated vehicles transport, occurred dangerous waste scattered or leak of; (five) transfer dangerous waste not to moved out to and accept to of environmental sector report of; (six) caused dangerous waste serious pollution environment of units, not take emergency processing measures elimination, and reduce on environment of pollution against, or not timely notification may by against of units and residents do prevention, or not by provides report of;
    (Seven) medical waste concentrated disposal units not by provides provides anti-leakage, and anti-sharp device penetrating of dedicated packaging real, and container of; (eight) medical health institutions not established closely of handover system, caused using Hou of one-time medical apparatus lost of; (nine) medical waste disposal units not by provides filled medical waste disposal situation monthly table and years report of, or medical health institutions not by provides filled medical waste produced situation years report of;
    (J) construction company unearthed during the construction process by discarded dangerous chemicals did not report to the Environmental Protection Department in a timely manner. The preceding paragraph of this section (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (g), (h), fined 2000 Yuan and 20,000 yuan fine; the preceding paragraph of this section (I), (j), fined a maximum of 1000 Yuan and 10,000 yuan.
    The preceding paragraph of this section (vi) case and fined 2000 Yuan and 20,000 yuan fine, and can be directly responsible to the head of personnel and other persons sentenced to between 10,000 yuan and 20,000 yuan fine. 47th article violation this approach provides, has following case one of of, by city, and district, and County (City) environmental sector ordered stop violations, deadline corrected, and according to this article II paragraph provides sentenced fine: (a) collection, and storage dangerous waste not used dedicated container for classification collection, and storage or open store of; (ii) collection, and storage dangerous waste Shi, will dangerous waste and non-dangerous waste mixed collection, and storage of; (three) transport dangerous waste Shi, will dangerous waste and passenger or other goods, and
    Trash mixed in the same transport vehicle carrying; (d) hazardous waste disposal units for disposal of hazardous wastes do not meet the requirements of the national environmental protection standards and norms (v) production, collection, storage, transport, use and disposal of hazardous waste unit, no contingency plans and reported to the environmental protection department or not building, equipped with the necessary facilities and equipment;
    (Six) medical institutions on admitted of infectious diseases patients or suspected infectious diseases patients produced of life garbage and infectious disease separation (including isolation units, isolation residents floor or community,) produced of waste not according to dangerous waste for collection, and transport and disposal of; (seven) dangerous waste business units in dangerous waste business license validity within, not guarantee equipment normal run, or suspended business activities of. Has this article Qian paragraph subsection (a) items case of, can sentenced 5000 Yuan following fine, late not corrected of, at 5000 Yuan above 10,000 yuan following of fine; has this article Qian paragraph subsection (ii), and (three), and (five) items case of, sentenced 10,000 yuan above 100,000 yuan following of fine; has this article Qian paragraph subsection (four), and (six) case of, give warning, and at 5000 Yuan above 10,000 yuan following of fine, late not corrected of, at 10,000 yuan above 30,000 yuan following of fine; has this article Qian paragraph subsection (seven) items case of,
    Fined 2000 Yuan and 20,000 yuan fine.
    There is a subsection of this section (c), (e), (g) causes the spread of infectious diseases or environmental pollution accidents, in addition to fines, can be used by the original Licensing Department suspended or revoked license to practice or business license constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
    48th article violation this approach provides, has following case one of of, by city, and district, and County (City) environmental sector ordered deadline corrected, late not modified of, sentenced 2000 Yuan above 20,000 yuan following fine: (a) dangerous waste concentrated disposal units, not according to disposal agreement collection, and transport, and disposal dangerous waste of; (ii) produced waste units not and dangerous waste concentrated disposal units signed disposal agreement of.
    49th article violates other provisions of this approach by the municipal, district and County (City) environmental protection departments in accordance with the relevant laws, rules and regulations will be punished.
    50th City Environmental Protection Department may entrust management of municipal solid waste agency sanctions for acts in violation of these rules.
    51st Environmental Protection Department staff and enterprise personnel appointed by State administrative organs should perform their duties according to law and not negligence, abuse of power, favoritism.
    Violations of the provisions of the preceding paragraph of this article, by their work units or by the competent authorities in accordance with the relevant provisions of administrative sanctions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law. 52nd these measures shall come into force on November 1, 2006.
                                                              Released February 1, 2002, the Harbin municipal hazardous waste pollution prevention measures at the same time abolish.