Qinghai Province Meteorological Disaster Warning Signal Issued And Communication Approaches

Original Language Title: 青海省气象灾害预警信号发布与传播办法

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
(December 14, 2007 Government 76th times Executive Conference considered through December 22, 2007 Government makes 63rd, announced since February 1, 2008 up purposes) first article to specification meteorological disaster warning signal released and spread, defense and reduce meteorological disaster, protection national and people life property security, according to People's Republic of China Meteorological method, and People's Republic of China burst event should method and Qinghai province meteorological Ordinance, combined this province actual, developed this approach.
    Article published in the administrative regions of the province and dissemination of meteorological disaster warning signals, these measures shall apply.
    Meteorological disaster warning signals mentioned in these measures (hereinafter referred to as early warning signals), refers to the meteorological station of the publishing rights of meteorological disaster warning information to the public.
    Warning signals constituted by name, icon, meaning and defense Guide, divided into heavy rain, heavy snow, cold, wind, dust, high temperature, drought, lightning, hail, Frost, fog, haze, icy roads, snow, forests (grassland) species such as fire (see in particular the Qinghai province meteorological disaster warning and Prevention Guide).
    Article warning sign based on meteorological disasters can cause hazard, urgency and its development trend in General is divided into four levels: level I (serious), secondary (serious) and three levels (heavier) and IV (General), with red, Orange, yellow, and blue respectively.
    Provincial meteorological authorities according to the competent Meteorological Department under the State Council of the meteorological disaster warning signals and guide to defense and defensive reduction of meteorological disasters in the province needs, selection of type of or additions to early warning signals, to develop and improve the Defense guidelines by the competent Meteorological Department under the State Council for examination and approval, submitted to the provincial people's Government for the record after the implementation.
    Article people's Governments at various levels shall strengthen the early warning signals release of leadership and communication work, establish and improve the meteorological disaster warning and prevention of meteorological disasters and social linkage mechanism, will be released early warning signals and communication infrastructure into urban and rural planning according to law, establish, effective early warning signal issuing and dissemination channels, expand the coverage of early-warning signals.
    Fifth province, meteorological authorities are responsible for the province's warning signals issued and communication management, organization of meteorological disaster monitoring and early warning studies, and continuously improve the meteorological early warning capacity.
    States (and cities) and counties (cities) meteorological authorities responsible for the administration of warning signal issued and communication management.
    Radio, television, press, communication administration organizations, such as the dissemination of early warning signals.
    Sixth article County above government education, and police, and land resources, and construction, and traffic, and water, and agricultural MU, and health, and security regulatory, and communications, and municipal, and tourism, administration sector should reference Qinghai province meteorological disaster warning signal and the Defense Guide, actual, perfect special emergency plans, guarantee traffic, and communications, and water, and drainage, and power, and gas, and heating, public facilities of security and normal run.
    Article seventh warning signs publishing and communications units and individuals that have achieved outstanding successes in work, the people's Governments above the county level shall commend or award or province, the Meteorological Authority.
    Eighth warning signals by the competent meteorological departments above the county level weather stations consolidated free released (including updates and early warning signals of the disarmament). The competent meteorological departments above the county level meteorological stations should be in accordance with the publishing rights, and business processes, and timely and accurate warning signals specified warning area, and according to the weather and meteorological disaster situation can occur, for the release of early warning signals to be updated or removed.
    Any other organizations or individuals may issue to the community early warning signals.
    When you appear or forecast weather disasters, you can publish a variety of warning signals.
    Issued warning signal shall promptly report to the level people's Government and the superior the competent meteorological and notice of related departments and units bear the dissemination of early warning signals.
    Nineth radio station or television station, newspaper and basic telecommunications services and value-added telecommunications services Telecom Enterprise (hereinafter referred to as bear warning signal communication unit) should be free to assume the dissemination of early warning signals.
    After the release of early warning signals, warning the meteorological station of the signal should be immediately borne early warning signals to local warning dissemination unit. Bear warning signal transmission units received warning signals from meteorological stations directly, based on early warning signals should be level, using a variety of forms of spot early warning signs, in the shortest possible time in the dissemination.
    Warning signal shall give warning signals transmitted meteorological station name and publication date, must not change the warning signal.
    No organization or individual is allowed to spread false warning signals.
    Tenth station and cover the dissemination of early warning signals of stable and effective cooperation mechanism should be established, improve the system of warning signal immediately spots and reliable early warning signal transmission channel to ensure safety warning signal transmission.
    11th meteorological disaster warning area above the county level people's Governments and relevant departments upon receipt of the warning signs, it should be immediately transmitted warning signals and warning signals level and the Defense requested in the guidelines, and units of the Organization and to take effective measures to step up prevention of meteorological disasters, initiate a contingency plan to avoid or alleviate meteorological disasters.
    Township people's Government, the streets, the village (home, animal husbandry) Committee and the community after receiving early warning signals, via radio, telephone and other means should be widely disseminated to the public in a timely manner.
    Schools, hospitals, airports, railway stations, docks, plazas, parks, population centres and public places such as tourist attractions management unit after receiving early warning signals, radio, signage, electronic display facilities should be used immediately transmitted warning signals, and based on the defense needs of meteorological disaster contingency plans.
    12th levels of people's Governments and relevant departments should do a warning signal and a knowledge of meteorological disaster prevention publicity.
    Meteorological departments should be through printed promotional materials and other means of warning signals about meteorological disaster prevention knowledge, enhance the public awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation, public rescue mutually ability.
    Radio, television, newspapers and other news media publicity related work shall do a good early warning signal.
    Article 13th warning dissemination violates these rules, the meteorological station of the competent meteorological departments do not use direct provision of timely early warning signals, by relevant meteorological authorities ordered corrective action and give a warning, and may be fined a maximum of 50,000 yuan.
    14th article violates these rules, spreading false warning signals, by relevant meteorological authorities ordered corrective action and warned persons directly responsible are agents of the State, shall be given administrative sanctions activities contravening public security management, the public security organs shall be punished.
    15th article violates these rules, did not spread or not timely dissemination of early warning signals, leading to grave loss of lives and property of people, the directly responsible person in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions.
    16th article violates these rules, meteorological departments and dereliction of his meteorological station, lead to warning signals issued grave mistakes, the supervisor directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be given administrative sanctions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law. 17th these measures shall come into force on February 1, 2008.
    Qinghai province, released on July 29, 2004, the severe weather warning signals issued rules repealed simultaneously.

    The Qinghai meteorological early warning signals and defense guide released with these measures.
    Attachment: Qinghai province meteorological disaster warning and prevention guide, storm warning storm warning signal levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.
    (A) storm blue warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 12 hours within rainfall will up 25 mm above, or has up 25 mm above and rainfall may continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, years precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, rainfall up 10 mm above), easy raised flood, and landslide, and debris flow, and city waterlogging, disaster.
    Defense Guide: 1, and storm district of Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-storm prepared work; 2, and school, and kindergarten take appropriate measures, guarantee students and children Security; 3, and driving personnel note road water and traffic jam, ensure lane security; 4, and received cover open drying items, case rain got; 5, and check city, and farmland, and dam drainage system, do drainage prepared.
    (Ii) storm yellow warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 6 hours within rainfall will up 25 mm above, or has up 25 mm above and rainfall may continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, years precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, rainfall up 10 mm above), raised flood, and landslide, and debris flow, and city waterlogging, disaster of possibilities larger.
    Defense Guide: 1, and storm district of Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-storm work; 2, and school, and kindergarten take defense measures, guarantee students and children Security; 3, and driving personnel note road water and traffic jam, ensure lane security; 4, and received cover open drying items, transfer low-lying easy dip area material; 5, and cut low-lying zone has dangerous of outdoor power; 6, and check city, and farmland, and dam drainage system, take necessary of drainage measures, pond, and reservoir keep security level.
    (Three) storm Orange warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 3 hours within rainfall will up 25 mm above, or has up 25 mm above and rainfall may continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, years precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, rainfall up 10 mm above), raised flood, and landslide, and debris flow, and city waterlogging, disaster of possibilities is big. Defense guidelines: 1, heavy rain area of Government and related departments to storm the prevention and emergency preparedness 2, according to the road traffic control measures in sections of heavy rainfall, water road traffic Guide; 3, schools and kindergartens to take emergency measures to ensure that students and young children safe; 4, drivers pay attention to slippery roads and landslides to ensure traffic safety;

    5, timely transfer of dangerous personnel and residents of geological hazard danger zone; 6, cut off the perils of outdoor power and suspended outdoors 7, close lid open to dry items, transfer low leaching material; 8, urban, agricultural drainage, guard heavy rains may cause urban waterlogging, flash floods, landslides, mud-rock flows and other disasters.
    (Four) storm red warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 3 hours within rainfall will up 50 mm above, or has up 50 mm above and rainfall may continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, years precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, rainfall up 17 mm above, Qinghai southern area 1 hours rainfall up 25 mm above), raised flood, and landslide, and debris flow, and city waterlogging, disaster of possibilities very big. Defense Guide: 1, and storm district of Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-storm emergency and rescue work; 2, and strong rainfall sections take traffic control measures, water sections implemented traffic Guide; 3, and in dangerous zone of units can closed, and school can closed; 4, and driving personnel note road sliding and collapse, ensure lane Security; 5, and timely transfer geological disaster dangerous zone of personnel and dangerous residents, personnel should left in security premises, outdoor personnel to security places temporarily avoidance; 6, and cut has dangerous of outdoor power,
    Suspension of outdoor operation; 7, close lid open to dry goods, transfer low leaching material; 8, do urban waterlogging, flash floods, landslides, mud-rock flow disaster prevention and rescue work.
    II, Blizzard warnings Blizzard warning signal levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.
    (A) Blizzard blue warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 12 hours within snow volume will up 5 mm above, or has up 5 mm above and snow continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, years precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, snow volume up 3 mm above), may on traffic or agricultural has effect.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Blizzard district of Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-Blizzard and anti-freeze prepared work; 2, and for road, and railway, and power facilities inspections maintenance, do city road snow of cleaning work; 3, and elderly disease young crowd note cold warm; 4, and pedestrian note cold anti-sliding, driving personnel carefully driving, on vehicles take anti-sliding measures; 5, and reinforcement plastic big shed, and simple big shed, easy was snow pressure of built real.
    (Ii) Blizzard yellow warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 6 hours within snow volume will up 5 mm above, or has up 5 mm above and snow continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, race precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, snow volume up 3 mm above), may on traffic or agricultural has larger effect.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Blizzard district of Government and the related sector according to duties implementation anti-Blizzard and anti-freeze measures; 2, and strengthening road, and railway, and power facilities inspections maintenance, do city road snow of cleaning work; 3, and elderly disease young crowd note cold warm; 4, and pedestrian note cold anti-sliding, driving personnel carefully driving, on vehicles take anti-sliding measures; 5, and reinforcement plastic big shed, and simple big shed, easy was snow pressure of built real; 6, and agricultural, and livestock and species aquaculture take necessary of defense measures.
    (Three) Blizzard Orange warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 6 hours within snow volume will up 10 mm above, or has up 10 mm above and snow continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, years precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, snow volume up 5 mm above), may on traffic and agricultural has larger effect or has on traffic or agricultural caused larger effect. Defense Guide: 1, and Blizzard district of Government and the related sector do anti-Blizzard, and freeze of prevention and emergency prepared work; 2, and strengthening road, and railway, and power facilities inspections maintenance, do city road snow of clear work; 3, and on snow road for traffic guide or control; 4, and elderly disease young crowd note cold warm; 5, and reduced not necessary of outdoor activities; 6, and reinforcement plastic big shed, and simple big shed, easy was snow pressure of built real, will outdoor livestock catch into housing feeding; 7, and agricultural, and
    Animal husbandry and plant breeding to take emergency measures.
    (Four) Blizzard red warning signal icon: (Editor Note: here icon see manuscript) meaning: 6 hours within snow volume will up 15 mm above, or has up 15 mm above and snow continued (Golmud City District, and big Qaidam, and Mang ya, and lenghu, years precipitation is less than 100 mm of area, snow volume up 10 mm above), may on traffic, and agricultural and the people life property security has major effect or has on traffic, and agricultural and the people life property security caused major effect. Defense Guide: 1, and Blizzard district of Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-Blizzard and anti-freeze emergency and rescue work; 2, and strengthening road, and railway, and power facilities inspections maintenance, do city road snow of clear work; 3, and closed snow road, necessary Shi aircraft suspended landing, and train suspended run, and highway temporarily closed; 4, and elderly disease young crowd note cold warm; 5, and in dangerous zone of units can closed, and school can closed; 6, and reduced not necessary of outdoor activities; 7, and reinforcement plastic big shed
    , Simple greenhouses such as snow-metre outdoor driving the cattle into the housing or in a timely manner to safely escape; 8, agriculture, animal husbandry and aquaculture take emergency measures.
    Three cold wave, cold wave warning signals warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red. (A) cold wave a yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: in spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November), within 24 hours of daily average temperature will drop 6 deg or had dropped 6 ℃, the lowest temperature less than or equal to 2 c, and may continue, average winds of 4 or above on land.
    Winter (December-February), within 24 hours of daily average temperature will fall by 4 above and may continue.
    Defense guidelines: 1, Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold surge; 2, notice to add clothes to keep warm; 3, altitude and other outdoor workers to take precautions of antifreeze; 4, crops, livestock, poultry and other measures taken cold. (B) cold orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: in spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November), within 24 hours of daily temperatures will drop 8 deg or has dropped to 8 degrees Celsius or above, minimum temperature of less than or equal to 0, and may continue, average winds of 4 or above on land.
    Winter (December-February), 24 hours daily average temperature dropped 6 ℃ and may continue.
    Defense guidelines: 1 initiate emergency Government and relevant departments in accordance with responsibilities, protect against cold wave emergency preparedness; 2, electric power and gas sectors energy scheduling; 3, notice to add clothes to keep warm; 4, altitude and other outdoor workers to take precautions of antifreeze; 5, agriculture, animal husbandry and other cold freezing measures, crops, livestock, poultry, cold work. (C) the cold red warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: in spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November), within 24 hours of daily average temperature will drop more than 10 ℃ or down to above 10 ℃, the minimum temperature 0 ℃ or less, and may continue, average winds of 4 or above on land.
    Winter (December-February), the daily temperatures will drop 8 ℃ within 24 hours and may continue.
    Defense guidelines: 1, Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold emergency and disaster work; 2, electric power and gas sectors energy scheduling; 3, notice to add clothes to keep warm; 4, pause, outdoor jobs, reduce unnecessary outdoor activity; 5, agriculture, animal husbandry, and taking cold freezing measures, crops, livestock, poultry, cold work.
    Four Gale, gale warning signal early warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.
    (A) wind yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: 12 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind up to grade 8, gust 9 or above; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind for grade 8, gust 9 and may continue (Xining, Haidong Prefecture, with an average wind and up to 7 levels, gusts of 8 or above).
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-Gale work; 2, and shut good doors and Windows, reinforcement surrounding Board, and scaffolding, and advertising brand, easy was wind blows of built real, properly placed easy by Gale effect of outdoor material and items, cover building material; 3, and don't in advertising brand, and temporary built real, following stay; 4, and stop open collective activities, cut outdoor dangerous power.
    (B) wind Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: within 6 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind up to level 9, gusts of 10 or above; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind for grade 9, gust 10 and may continue (Xining and Haidong average wind reached force 8, gust 9 or above). Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties timely started emergency plans, do anti-Gale emergency prepared work; 2, and shut good doors and Windows, reinforcement surrounding Board, and scaffolding, and advertising brand, easy was wind blows of built real, properly placed easy by Gale effect of outdoor material and items, cover building material; 3, and don't in advertising brand, and temporary built real, following stay, personnel as stay in wind security of place; 4, and stop open collective activities, suspended high, and outdoor job, cut outdoor dangerous power and advertising signs power
    ; 5, airports, highways and actively taking measures to ensure traffic safety. (C) strong winds red warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Meaning: within 6 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind up to level 10, gusts 11 or above; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind of 10, gusts 11 and may continue (Xining, Haidong Prefecture, and the mean winds of up to 9 levels, gusts of 10 or above). Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-Gale emergency and rescue work; 2, and shut good doors and Windows, reinforcement surrounding Board, and scaffolding, and advertising brand, easy was wind blows of built real, properly placed easy by Gale effect of outdoor material and items, cover building material; 3, and housing anti-wind capacity weaker of school and units can closed, and closed; 4, and personnel as stay in wind security of place, don't free out; 5, and stop open collective activities, suspended high, and outdoor job,
    Cut risk power and advertising signs, outdoor power supply 6, airports, highways and actively taking measures to ensure traffic safety.
    Five, sandstorm sandstorm warning signal early warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.
    (A) dust storms a yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: sandstorms may occur within 12 hours (visibility less than 1000 metres) or sandstorm weather and may continue.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-sandstorm work; 2, and respiratory disease patients, and on sand more sensitive personnel don't to outdoor activities; 3, and driving personnel note sandstorm changes, carefully driving; 4, and note carry masks, and scarf, dust supplies, so as not to dust on eyes and respiratory caused injury; 5, and shut good doors and Windows, reinforcement easy was wind blows of built real, properly placed easy by Gale effect of outdoor material and items, do precision instruments of sealed work.
    (B) the sandstorm Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: strong sandstorms may occur within 6 hours (visibility less than 500 meters), or has a strong dust storm weather and appears likely to continue. Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties timely started emergency plans, do anti-sandstorm emergency prepared work; 2, and respiratory disease patients, and on sand more sensitive personnel don't to outdoor activities; 3, and airport, and highway and the railway transport units do protection measures, driving personnel note sandstorm changes, carefully driving; 4, and outdoor personnel should with good masks, and scarf, dust supplies, note traffic security; 5, and stop open collective activities, suspended high and outdoor job; 6, and windy Shi don't in advertising brand
    , Temporary structures, and stay under the trees; 7, close the doors and Windows, reinforced structures which easily blown to rehouse those vulnerable to strong wind outdoor materials and goods, precision instrument and seal.
    (C) dust storm red warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: very strong sandstorms may occur within 6 hours of weather (visibility less than 50 m), or has very strong sand-dust storm weather and may continue. Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-sandstorm emergency and rescue work; 2, and school, and kindergarten postponed school or school, until special strong sandstorm end; 3, and personnel as stay in wind anti-sand security of place, don't in outdoor activities; 4, and aircraft suspended landing, train suspended run, highway temporarily closed; 5, and stop open collective activities, suspended high, and outdoor job; 6, and windy Shi don't in advertising brand, and temporary built real and tree Xia stay; 7, and shut good doors and Windows,
    Reinforcement of structures by wind to rehouse those vulnerable to strong wind outdoor materials and goods, precision instrument and seal.
    Six early warning signals for high temperature, high temperature warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.
    (A) high temperature yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: highest temperature will be within 24 hours or have risen to 35 deg.
    Defense guidelines: 1, preparing its responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units for cooling work; 2 avoid outdoor activities during early afternoon high temperatures; 3, providing cooling for the elderly and young people guidance; 4, operating under high temperature environment officers to take measures of heat control; 5, pay attention to food hygiene, strengthen heatstroke prevention awareness.
    (B) high-temperature Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: within 24 hours maximum temperatures are about to or have already risen to 37 degrees Celsius or more.
    Defense Guide: 1, and about sector and units according to duties implementation cooling measures; 2, and afternoon high temperature period as avoid outdoor activities; 3, and on elderly disease young crowd provides cooling Guide, and take necessary of protection measures; 4, and high temperature environment Xia job of personnel should shortened continuous work of time; 5, and note food health, strengthening cooling knowledge publicity; 6, and note prevention for electricity volume high, and wire, and transformer, power load had big and raised of fire.
    (C) high-temperature red alert signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: highest temperature will be within 24 hours or have risen to more than 40 ℃. Defense Guide: 1, and about sector and units according to duties take cooling emergency measures; 2, and take measures, ensure city normal water, and power; 3, and schools in high temperature period can decided closed; 4, and afternoon high temperature period as avoid outdoor activities; 5, and on elderly disease young crowd take protection measures; 6, and high temperature environment Xia job of personnel shortened continuous work of time, suspended high temperature period open job; 7, and note food health, strengthening cooling knowledge publicity; 8, and note prevention for electricity volume high,
    And wires, transformers and other electrical overload caused by fire.
    Seven, Thunder and lightning warning signals warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.
    (A) the lightning yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: may occur within 3 hours of lightning activity, may result in lightning disasters.
    Defense guidelines: 1, Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to implement prevention measures 2, pay close attention to the weather, try to avoid outdoor activities; 3, pause open collective activities and high altitude and other outdoor jobs.
    (B) the lightning icon Orange warning signal: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: 1 hours of lightning activity is very high, or have been under the influence of lightning activity, and may continue, appeared lightning accidents more likely.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties implementation anti-mine emergency measures; 2, and personnel should left in indoor, and shut good doors and Windows; 3, and suspended open collective activities and high, outdoor job; 4, and outdoor personnel as hiding into has anti-mine facilities of buildings or car within; 5, and cut dangerous power, away from metal doors and Windows, don't in tree Xia, and poles Xia, and crane Xia or mountain escape; 6, and in open site don't umbrella, don't put tools, and badminton took, and golf rod, metal items carry in shoulder Shang.
    (C) the lightning icon red alert signal: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: 1 hour the likelihood of lightning activity is very large, or has had a strong lightning activity, and may continue, there is a high probability of lightning disaster. Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-mine emergency and rescue work; 2, and personnel should left in indoor, and shut good doors and Windows; 3, and suspended open collective activities and high, outdoor job; 4, and outdoor personnel should hiding into has anti-mine facilities of buildings or car within; 5, and cut dangerous power, away from metal doors and Windows, don't in tree Xia, and poles Xia, and crane Xia or mountain escape; 6, and in open site don't umbrella, don't put tools, and badminton took, and golf rod, metal items carry in shoulder Shang; 7, and
    Do not touch aerials, water pipes, barbed wire, metal Windows and doors, facades, metal pipes, electric equipment away from the wires and other similar metal installations; 8, try not to use no lightning or lightning protection device not complete televisions, phones and other electrical appliances, when lightning occurs should turn off the phone.
    Hail, hail warning signal early warning signals of eight grade, respectively, indicated by Orange, red.
    (A) hail Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: hail may occur within 3 hours, and possible hail.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-hail of emergency prepared work; 2, and artificial anti-hail job units do artificial elimination hail of job prepared and timely for artificial elimination hail job; 3, and outdoor pedestrian immediately to security of place temporarily avoidance; 4, and drive poultry, and livestock into has ceiling of places, properly protection easy by hail attacks of car, outdoor items or equipment; 5, and note defense hail weather with of lightning disaster.
    (Ii) hail the red warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: hail likely occur within 1 hour, and may result in severe hail.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do anti-hail emergency and rescue work; 2, and artificial anti-hail job units for anti-hail elimination hail job; 3, and outdoor pedestrian immediately to security of place temporarily avoidance; 4, and drive poultry, and livestock into has ceiling of places, properly protection easy by hail attacks of car, outdoor items or equipment; 5, and close phone, wireless communications tool; 6, and note defense hail weather with of lightning disaster.
    Frost, Frost warning signals warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red. (A) frost yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Meaning: crop growing season (March-October), within 24 hours of the ground minimum temperature will drop to 0 c, have an impact on agriculture, or have fallen to 0 deg, have an impact on agriculture has been, and may continue (mild frosts).
    Defense guidelines: 1, the Government and the competent authorities in accordance with the responsibility of agriculture and Forestry prepared for Frost-proof work; 2, rural grass-roots organizations and farmers and herdsmen in pastoral areas are ground frost warning information in order to take measures to strengthen the protection; 3, to crops, cash crops, trees to take certain protective measures.
    (B) the Frost Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: within 24 hours of the ground minimum temperature will drop to degrees Celcius, will have a serious impact on agriculture, or have fallen to degrees Celcius, have serious implications for agriculture has been, and may continue (Frost).
    Defense guidelines: 1, Government and forestry departments in accordance with the responsibility to frost-proof emergency preparedness, 2, the wider rural area grass-roots organizations to mobilize the masses, disaster prevention; 3, freezing measures imposed on crops, cash crops, trees and other; 4, prepare a certain amount of crop seeds, for replays, and replanting purposes.
    (C) frost red warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: surface minimum temperatures are going to drop to lingxia5℃ within 24 hours, will have a serious impact on agriculture, or has been reduced to lingxia5℃, have a serious impact on agriculture has, and will continue (severe frosts).
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the agriculture and forestry competent sector according to duties do anti-Frost emergency and relief work; 2, and rural pastoral grass-roots organizations to widely launched masses, disaster disaster; 3, and on crop, and cash crops, and species, and livestock, take anti-Frost and frozen measures, as reduced loss; 4, and according to has emergence of crop area situation, prepared large of crop seed, for replay and replant of with.
    Ten early warning signals, fog fog warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.
    (A) the yellow fog warnings icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: visibility was less than 500 meters may occur within 12 hours of fog, or have emerged in poor visibility of less than 500 meters, greater than or equal to 200-meter fog and may continue.
    Defense guidelines: 1, responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units prepared for anti-fog work; 2, airports, highways and other units to strengthen traffic management and ensure safe; 3, driving changes in personnel in the fog, drive carefully; 4, outdoor activities safely.
    (B) the fog Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: visibility was less than 200 meters may occur within 6 hours of fog, or have emerged in poor visibility of less than 200 meters, greater than or equal to 50 metres fog and may continue.
    Defense Guide: 1, departments and work units in accordance with the responsibility to prevent fog 2, airports, highways and other units to enhance dispatch; 3, driver controlling speed, pay attention to traffic safety; 4, reducing outdoor activities.
    (C) the red fog warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: visibility less than 50 m may occur within 2 hours of fog, or fog visibility less than 50 m and appears likely to continue.
    Defense guidelines: 1, relevant departments and units in accordance with the responsibility to anti-fog response; 2, in accordance with the provisions of the industry traffic safety control measures, such as suspension of aircraft taking off and landing at the airport, highways closed; 3, driver fog prevention measures, according to environmental conditions in a reasonable way, as soon as possible and find a safe parking area stops; 4, not engaging in outdoor activities.
    Plenary, haze haze warning signals warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by yellow, orange.
    (A) the haze yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: visibility less than 3000 meters may occur within 12 hours of the haze, or visibility less than 3000 m in haze occurs, and may continue.
    Defense guidelines: 1, drivers ' careless driving; 2, due to significantly lower air quality, requires appropriate protection; 3, patients with respiratory diseases to minimize out, put on a mask when they go out.
    (B) the haze Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: visibility less than 2000 metres may occur within 6 hours of haze, or haze and visibility less than 2000 metres may have emerged.
    Defense guidelines: 1, airports, highways and other units to strengthen traffic management and ensure public safety; 2 drivers to drive carefully, 3, poor air quality, requires appropriate protection; 4, reducing outdoor activities, avoid going out in patients with respiratory disease. 12, drought early warning of drought early warning signals-signal second-level, respectively, indicated by Orange, red.
    Drought index ranking, based on national standards of the meteorological drought (GB/T20481-2006) comprehensive meteorological drought index in the standard.
    (A) drought Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: comprehensive meteorological drought index is expected next week to dry (meteorological drought is 25-50 year), or a County (area) over 40% of crops in the drought.
    Defense Guide: 1, and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibilities of the Government initiate contingency plans, drought prevention emergency preparedness; 2, emergency and standby water source is enabled, all available water in the scheduling area and give priority to safeguard water for urban and rural residents and livestock water; 3, limit unproductive high water consumption and discharges of industrial wastewater; 4, meteorological departments carried out artificial precipitation.
    (B) dry red warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: expected next week a comprehensive meteorological drought index and drought (meteorological drought for more than 50 years), or of a County (area) over 60% of crops in the drought.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do defense drought emergency and relief work; 2, and started far distance adjustable water, emergency water programme, take mention water, and playing deep, and car sent water, variety means, ensure urban and rural residents life and livestock water; 3, and limit unproductive high consumption water, suspended emissions industrial sewage; 4, and meteorological sector timely increased artificial increased rain job efforts.
    Snowstorm snowstorm warning signals warning signals 13, divided into two levels, respectively, in Orange, red.
    (A) snow Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: the next ten days, some counties (districts) snow cover an area of more than 60%, snow depth up to 5 cm.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties timely started emergency plans, do defense snow emergency prepared work; 2, and elderly disease young crowd note cold warm, reduced not necessary of outdoor activities; 3, and outdoor note wearing sunglasses, protection supplies, so as not to on body caused hurt; 4, and livestock active take measures, do anti-freeze prepared, enough feed, will outdoor livestock catch into housing feeding; 5, and do on snow disaster of relief relief prepared work.
    (B) the snowstorm red alert signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: the next ten days, some counties (districts) snow cover an area of more than 90%, snow depth up to 8 cm.
    Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the related sector according to duties do defense snow emergency and relief work; 2, and elderly disease young crowd strengthening cold warm, reduced not necessary of outdoor activities; 3, and take protection measures, avoid caused snow blindness, and frostbite; 4, and timely transfer was trapped personnel; 5, and livestock strengthening anti-freeze measures, enough feed, will outdoor livestock catch into housing feeding; 6, and do on snow disaster of relief relief work.
    14 icy roads, road icing early warning signals warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.
    (A) road icing yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, have an impact on traffic may occur within 12 hours of icy roads.
    Defense Guide: 1, traffic and public security departments in accordance with duty prepared for icy roads to work; 2, drivers should be paying attention to the road, safe driving; 3, pedestrians out attention slip.
    (B) road icing Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, within 6 hours of traffic may appear to have a greater impact on icy roads.
    Defense Guide: 1, traffic and public security departments in accordance with the responsibility to icy roads emergency work; 2, the driver slide-proof measures should be taken, follow instructions, slow exercise; 3, pedestrians out attention slip.
    (C) road icing red warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, within 2 hours of potential or already has a great impact on traffic of icy roads.
    Defense guidelines: 1, traffic, public security departments of icy roads for emergency and rescue work; 2, traffic and public security department command and manage vehicles and, if necessary, shut down the icy road; 3, people out as much as possible.
    XV, forests (grassland) forest fire early warning signals (Prairie) fire danger warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.
    (A) forests (grassland) fire yellow warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: more than 10 consecutive days 5 forest (grassland) fire weather ranks, moderate risk, easily lead to forest (grassland) fires. Defense guidelines: 1, Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to fire preparation; 2, strengthening forest (grassland) fire weather monitoring to inform the fire weather conditions;

    3, strengthening forest (grassland) inspections and strict management of field fire, fire prepare; 4, strengthening forest (grassland) fire safety publicity and education.
    (B) forests (grassland) fire Orange warning signal icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: more than 20 consecutive days 5 forest (grassland) fire weather ranks, high risk, forest (grassland) fires more likely.
    Defense guidelines: 1, Government and relevant departments in accordance with responsibilities in fire safety work; 2, strengthening forest (grassland) fire weather monitoring to inform the fire weather conditions; 3, further strengthening the forests (grassland) inspection, strictly control the wild fire; 4, focus fire districts to set up checked posts points, no kinding enter; 5, strengthen forest (grassland) fire safety publicity and education.
    (C) forests (grassland) fire red warning sign icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original) meaning: more than 30 consecutive days 5 forest (grassland) fire weather ranks, extremely dangerous, the forest (grassland) is a distinct possibility of fire.
                                                                                      Defense Guide: 1, and Government and the about sector according to duties timely started fire emergency plans, do fire emergency work; 2, and into emergency fire State, forest fire team to embattled; 3, and strengthening forest (Prairie) fire weather monitoring, timely informed fire weather situation; 4, and increased forest (Prairie) inspections efforts, ban all field with fire; 5, and in focus fire district set up checked posts cloth points, ban with fire into; 6, and strengthening forest (Prairie) fire publicity education.

Related Laws