Meteorological Disaster Warning Signal Issued In Henan Province And Communications Approach

Original Language Title: 河南省气象灾害预警信号发布与传播办法

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.chinalaw.gov.cn/article/fgkd/xfg/dfzfgz/201006/20100600256410.shtml

Meteorological disaster warning signal issued in Henan province and communications approach

    (December 22, 2009 Henan Province Government makes 128th, announced since February 1, 2010 up purposes) first article to specification meteorological disaster warning signal (following referred to warning signal) released and spread, improve meteorological disaster warning information using efficiency, effective defense and reduce meteorological disaster, protection national and people life property security, according to People's Republic of China Meteorological method, and Henan province meteorological disaster defense Ordinance and national about provides, combined this province actual, developed this approach.

    Article published in the administrative regions of the province and dissemination of early warning signals, shall comply with these measures.

    Article warning signals mentioned in these measures refers to has the right to publish the meteorological station for effective defenses and mitigation of meteorological disasters, early warning information released to the public. Warning signs are divided into heavy rain, heavy snow, drought, lightning, sleet, fog, high winds, low temperature, high temperature, dust storms, Frost, cold, icy roads, dry-hot wind and haze.

    Warning signs made up of names, icons, standards, and guidelines for Defense (see annex).

    When simultaneously or forecasts possible weather disasters, according to corresponding standards and issued several warning signals.

    Fourth warning signal level based on meteorological disasters can cause hazard, urgency and its development trend in General is divided into four levels: level IV (General) and level III (heavier), secondary (serious), class I (serious), followed by blue, yellow, Orange and red, along with English.

    V level of people's Governments at various levels shall under the early warning signal and local practice, develop appropriate defense meteorological disaster contingency plans.

    Agricultural, and water, and housing and urban and rural construction, and traffic transport, and communications, and land resources, and industrial and information, and safety regulatory, and human resources and social security, and education, and health, and police, and tourism, and power, about sector should reference this approach annex in the of warning signal defense Guide, combined this sector actual, developed and organization implementation meteorological disaster defense measures, avoid or reduced meteorological disaster caused of personnel casualties and economic loss.

    Sixth people's Governments at various levels shall strengthen the early warning signals release of leadership and communication work, establish and improve the early warning signal coordination of publishing and dissemination mechanisms of meteorological disaster warning and information-sharing platform.

    Meteorological departments at all levels are responsible for warning signals within their respective administrative areas released, release and dissemination of management, develop early warning signal production and publishing of business process and submitted to the competent Meteorological Department at a higher level for the record.

    Radio, film and television, communications, housing and urban-rural development, transport, tourism and other related sectors should cooperate closely with the competent Meteorological Department at the same level, establishment of working mechanisms for timely dissemination of early warning signals, develop specific measures for the dissemination of early warning signals, ensure early warning signal flow, spread in time.

    Article people's Governments at various levels shall strengthen meteorological disaster monitoring and early warning and early warning signal infrastructure construction such as production, release and dissemination.

    No organization or individual may seize, damage or unauthorized mobile early warning signal transmission facilities.

    Article eighth meteorological departments and other departments concerned shall do a good early warning signal of educational and publicity activities, popularize the knowledge of meteorological disaster and increase public awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation, and improve the ability of public self-help and mutual help. Nineth competent meteorological departments at various levels meteorological station forecast is responsible for publishing the services within the area of responsibility of warning signs.

    Any other organization or individual shall not be released to the public warning signals.

    Early warning signals issued include: publishing unit, time, weather hazard, warning levels, appear, influencing regional and defense tips.

    Tenth competent meteorological departments at various levels of meteorological stations should make full use of radio, television, fixed network, mobile network, the Internet, electronic display devices, including timely and accurately to the public warning signals and update according to the weather conditions or rescind the warning signal and reported to people's Governments at the same level and the superior the competent meteorological and communications departments.

    11th, radio, television, the Internet, media and telecom companies should be provided by the competent meteorological departments receive meteorological station within 15 minutes of real-time early warning signals began to spread the warning signal information, and indicate the date and name of the meteorological station.

    In the dissemination of early warning signals, without consent of the meteorological station, must not alter the content of the warning information and key words; may not be reproduced in other media broadcast weather information.

    12th people's Governments at various levels and departments concerned received the competent meteorological departments meteorological stations provide early warning signals should be based on the defense needs of meteorological disasters and the actual conditions, and starts the appropriate emergency plans in a timely manner in accordance with responsibilities and take effective measures, prevention of meteorological disasters, prevent or alleviate meteorological disasters.

    Article 13th schools, hospitals, shopping malls, business, mining, city square, airport, port, station, highways, management of tourist attractions and other crowded public places should use electronic display devices or other dissemination of early warning signals, and take effective measures to step up prevention work.

    14th meteorological staff negligence leads to warning signals issued grave mistakes, the head of personnel and related administrative sanctions are directly responsible constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

    15th article in violation of these regulations section 11th and in the dissemination of early warning signal change warning information and key terms, by the competent meteorological correction of minor, may be fined a maximum of 1000 Yuan more than 5000; if the heavier, may be fined a maximum of 5000 Yuan and 10,000 yuan. 16th these measures shall come into force on February 1, 2010.

    Published on July 4, 2005 the purpose of the Henan province meteorological disaster warning signals issued emergency measures repealed simultaneously.

    Attachment: Henan province meteorological disaster warning signals

    , Storm warning signals

    Rainstorm warning signal is divided into four levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) storm blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: will amount to more than 50 mm of rainfall within 12 hours, or more than 50 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent storm preparations. 2.

    Schools and kindergartens to take appropriate measures to ensure that students and young children safe. 3.

    Drivers should pay attention to the way water and traffic congestion, and ensure safety. 4.

    Check the drainage system of cities, farms, fish ponds, making drainage preparations.

    (B) yellow rainstorm warning signals

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 6 hours rainfall of 50 mm or more, or more than 50 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent rain. 2.

    The traffic Administrative Department shall, according to the road traffic control measures in sections of heavy rainfall, water road traffic guidance. 3.

    Cut off the low-lying danger outdoor power, suspended its outdoors in open areas, dangerous transfer of hazardous area personnel and residents took shelter to a safe place. 4.

    Check the drainage system of cities, farms, fish ponds, and take the necessary drainage measures.

    (C) the rainstorm Orange alert signals

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 3 hour rainfall of 50 mm or more, or more than 50 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent storm response. 2.

    Cut off the perils of outdoor power and suspended outdoors. 3.

    Unit should be closed in a danger zone, cessation, and take special measures to protect students, child care and other work staff security. 4.

    Cities, farmland drainage work, prevent possible flash floods, landslides and mud-rock flow disaster.

    (D) the red rainstorm warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 3 hour rainfall of 100 mm or more, or up to 100 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent storm emergency and rescue work. 2.

    Stop meeting, closed, closure (except for special industries). 3.

    Flash floods, landslides and mud-rock flow disaster prevention and rescue work.

    Second, Blizzard warning

    Blizzard warning signal is divided into four levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) the Blizzard blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: snowfalls of 4 mm or more within 12 hours, or more than 4 mm and snowfall continued, may have an impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Governments and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to anti-snow storms and cold preparations. 2.

    Transport, railway, electricity and communication departments should strengthen inspection of roads, railways, line maintenance, Road sweeping and snow melt. 3.

    Pedestrians warm non-slip, drivers ' careless driving, vehicle skid prevention measures should be taken. 4.

    Species breeding reserves to feed, make snow storms and freezing damage prevention preparations. 5.

    Reinforcement scaffold snow-temporary structures.

    (B) the Blizzard a yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: snowfalls of 6 mm or more within 12 hours, or up to 6 mm and snowfall may have an impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Governments and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to implement snow storms and freezing damage prevention measures. 2.

    Transport, railway, electricity and communication departments should strengthen inspection of roads, railways, line maintenance, Road sweeping and snow melt. 3.

    Pedestrians warm non-slip, drivers ' careless driving, vehicle skid prevention measures should be taken. 4.

    Types of aquaculture to hand feed, snow storms and freezing damage prevention preparations. 5.

    Reinforcement scaffold snow-temporary structures.

    (C) the Orange warning signs
Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 6 hour snowfalls up to 10 mm or more, or more than 10 mm and snowfall continued, may be or already has a great impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent snow storms and freezing damage response. 2.

    Transport, railway, electricity and communication departments should strengthen inspection of roads, railways, line maintenance, Road sweeping and snow melt. 3.

    Reduce unnecessary outdoor activities. 4.

    Reinforcement easy snow-temporary structures such as scaffolding, the outdoor animals into the feed housing.

    (D) the snowstorm red alert signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: within 6 hours of snowfall will be 15 mm or more, or more than 15 mm and snowfall continued, may be or already has a great impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent snow storms and freezing damage emergency preparedness and rescue work. 2.

    If necessary, suspension, cessation (except for special industries). 3.

    Suspended aircraft taking off and landing, if necessary, stop running the trains, highway was closed temporarily. 4.

    Disaster relief work.

    Third, drought early warning signals Drought early warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by Orange, red.

    Meteorological drought index classification based on the level of drought (GB/T20481-2006) of the integrated meteorological drought index for the standard.

    (A) drought Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: the next 1 week comprehensive meteorological drought index and drought (meteorological drought is 25-50 year), or a County (city, district) 40% per cent of the crops in the drought.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments under the drought emergency responsibility to defense work. 2.

    Relevant departments to enable emergency and standby water source and dispatch all available water sources in the area and give priority to safeguard water for urban and rural residents and livestock water. 3.

    Urban water supply reduction indicators and give priority to safeguard water for crop irrigation, limiting a large number of agricultural irrigation water. 4.

    Limit unproductive high water consumption and service industry, limiting discharges of industrial effluents. 5.

    Meteorological departments carried out artificial precipitation.

    (B) dry red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: the next 1 week comprehensive meteorological drought index and drought (a meteorological drought for more than 50 years return period), or a County (city, district) 60% per cent of the crops in the drought.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to defense drought emergency and disaster relief work. 2.

    Governments and relevant departments to start long distance water transfer emergency water supply, raising water, deep wells, automotive water and other means to ensure that urban and rural residents and livestock water. 3.

    Limited time or limited supply of living water, reduced or phased cessation of agricultural irrigation water. 4.

    Unproductive high water consumption and the service industry, is strictly prohibited, moratorium on discharges of industrial effluents. 5.

    Meteorological departments increasing artificial precipitation efforts at the right time.

    Four lightning warning signals

    Lightning warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) the lightning yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: within 6 hours of lightning activity may occur, could cause lightning disasters.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to mine. 2.

    Pay close attention to the weather, try to avoid outdoor activities.

    (B) lightning Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Standard: 2 hours of lightning activity is very large, or have been under the influence of lightning activity, and may continue, appeared lightning accidents more likely.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    And related departments in accordance with the duty of the Government to implement emergency measures of lightning. 2.

    People should stay indoors and close all Windows and doors. 3.

    Lightning protection of outdoor workers should take refuge in facilities within a building or a car. 4.

    Cut off the dangerous power, do not shelter under under trees, power poles, tower cranes. 5.

    In open space without an umbrella, not tools, badminton rackets, golf clubs on his shoulder.

    (C) lightning red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 2 hours of lightning activity is a distinct possibility, or intense lightning activity has occurred and may continue, there is a high probability of lightning disaster.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to mine emergency rescue work. 2.

    Personnel should try to hide in buildings or facilities of lightning, in a car, and close the doors and Windows. 3.

    Do not touch aerials, water pipes, wire fences, metal Windows and doors, facades, electric equipment away from the wires and other similar metal installations. 4.

    Try not to use no lightning or lightning protection device not complete televisions, phones and other electrical appliances. 5.

    Pay close attention to lightning early warning information publication.

    Five, hail warning signal

    Hail warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by Orange, red.

    (A) hail Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: hail may occur within 6 hours, and possible hail.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to hail the emergency work. 2.

    Meteorological departments to hail ready and looking for jobs. 3.

    Outdoor pedestrian immediately to secure places for sheltering. 4.

    Keep the poultry, livestock into the roof of the place, properly protect outdoor items such as hail-prone vehicles or equipment. 5. 

    Pay attention to defense hail accompanying lightning disasters.

    (Ii) hail the red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 2 hours hail a strong possibility, and may result in severe hail.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to hail an emergency and disaster work. 2.

    Meteorological Department artificial hail suppression operation in due course. 3.

    Outdoor pedestrian immediately to secure places for sheltering. 4.

    Keep the poultry, livestock into the roof of the place, properly protect outdoor items such as hail-prone vehicles or equipment. 5.

    Pay attention to defense hail accompanying lightning disasters.

    Six, heavy fog warning signal

    Fog warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) the yellow fog warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Standard: visibility was less than 500 meters may occur within 12 hours of fog, or have emerged in poor visibility of less than 500 meters, greater than or equal to 200 meters of mist and will continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to anti-fog preparation. 2.

    Airports, highways and ferry terminal and other units to strengthen traffic management and ensure public safety. 3.

    Driving changes in personnel in the fog, drive carefully. 4.

    Outdoor activities safely.

    (B) the fog Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Criterion: visibility was less than 200 meters may occur within 6 hours of fog, or have emerged in poor visibility of less than 200 meters, greater than or equal to 50 metres of mist and will continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to fog. 2.

    Units such as airports, highways, ferry terminal strengthen dispatching. 3.

    Drivers must strictly control vehicle, the travel speed of the ship. 4.

    Reduce outdoor activities.

    (C) the red fog warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Criterion: visibility less than 50 m may occur within 2 hours of fog, or there has been fog visibility less than 50 m and will continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    And fog-related departments in accordance with the responsibilities of the Government response. 2.

    Units in accordance with the industry provided timely traffic safety control measures, such as suspension of aircraft taking off and landing at the airport, highways closed, ferries had been suspended for the time being. 3.

    Driver driving under foggy provisions fog precautions are taken, according to environmental conditions in a reasonable way, as soon as possible and find a safe parking area is docked. 4.

    Not for outdoor activities.

    Seven, gale warning signs

    Gale (apart from Typhoon,) four levels of warning signals, respectively in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) the wind blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind of up to 6 or more, or gusts above level 7; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind is 6-7, 7-8 or gusts and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent high winds. 2.

    Close all Windows and doors, strengthening hoardings, scaffoldings, billboards and other structures which were blown by the wind, proper placement of outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covering building materials. 3.

    Relevant jobs on the water and ships to take active measures in the past, such as the return to Hong Kong typhoon shelter or bypass navigation. 4.

    Pedestrians as little as possible to ride a bike, wind, don't stay in Billboard, temporary structures, such as the following. 5.

    Relevant departments and units, such as forest fire.

    (B) wind yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 12 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind of up to 8 or more, or gusts of 9 or above; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind is 8-9, 9-10 or gusts and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent high winds. 2.

    Stop outdoor activities and outdoor dangers such as air operations, dangerous hazardous area personnel and residents tried to go to a sheltered place for shelter. 3.

    Relevant jobs on the water and ships to take active measures in the past, strengthening port facilities to prevent the ship anchors, groundings and collisions. 4.
Cut outdoor power dangerous to rehouse those outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covering building materials.

    5.

    Airports, highways and other units should take measures to guarantee traffic safety, relevant departments and units, such as forest fire.

    (C) wind Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 6 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind of 10 or more, or gusts above level 11; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind is 10-11, 11-12 or gusts and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to wind-proof response. 2.

    Houses wind resistance ability of primary and secondary schools and units should be closed, closed, staff out. 3.

    Relevant jobs on the water and ships should be returned to Hong Kong in the past for shelter reinforcing port facilities, ships anchor, stranding or collision. 4.

    Cut off the dangerous power of properly rehousing the outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covering building materials. 5.

    Airports, railways, highways, water transport units shall take measures to guarantee traffic safety, relevant departments and units including forest and grassland fire prevention.

    (D) strong winds red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 6 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind of 12 or more, or gusts above level 13; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind is 12 or more, or gusts above level 13 and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to wind-proof emergency and disaster work. 2.

    Personnel should remain in the wind as much as possible places of safety, don't go out. 3.

    Wind ship returning to Hong Kong to take positive measures, as appropriate, proper arrangements for people left behind or move to safe areas. 4.

    Cut off the dangerous power of properly rehousing the outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covering building materials. 5.

    Airports, railways, highways, water transport units shall take measures to guarantee traffic safety, relevant departments and units, such as forest fire.

    Eight, the dust storm warning signals

    Dust storm warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) dust storms a yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: sandstorms may occur within 12 hours of weather (visibility less than 1000 metres), or have dust storm weather and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to control sandstorms. 2.

    Close all Windows and doors, strengthening hoardings, scaffoldings, billboards and other structures which were blown by the wind to rehouse those vulnerable to strong wind outdoor items, covering building materials, precision sealing work. 3.

    Bring a face mask, scarf and other dust control products, so as to avoid dust damage to the eyes and respiratory tract. 4.

    Patients with respiratory diseases, more sensitive to wind staff not to outdoor activities.

    (B) the sandstorm Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standards: strong sandstorms may occur within 6 hours (visibility less than 500 meters), or has a strong dust storm weather and appears likely to continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent dust storm response. 2.

    Stop outdoor activities, water quality, and high altitude out dangerous work. 3.

    Airports, railways, highways and other transportation security measures, driving changes in personnel in the sandstorm, drive carefully. 4.

    Pedestrians as little as possible to ride a bicycle, outdoor workers should wear a mask, scarf and other dust control products, pay attention to traffic safety.

    (C) dust storms the red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: very strong sandstorms may occur within 6 hours of weather (visibility less than 50 m), or has very strong sand-dust storm weather and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent dust storm emergency and rescue work. 2.

    Staff should remain in place of wind-proof, dust-proof, not outdoors. 3.

    Schools and kindergartens to defer to or from school, until the end of Super severe dust storms. 4.

    Suspended aircraft taking off and landing, the train halts, and temporarily closed the highway.

    Nine, low temperature warning signal

    Low temperature alert signal levels, respectively, in blue, yellow.

    (A) low-temperature blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours minimum temperatures are about to or have already fallen to below lingxia10℃.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Personnel should pay attention to add clothing cold. 2.

    Relevant departments and units of antifreeze.

    (B) low temperature yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours minimum temperatures are about to or have already fallen to below lingxia15℃.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Staff (especially old, weak, sick people) cold warm work. 2.

    Do a good job of livestock, poultry, cold warm. 3.

    Agriculture, fishery, animal husbandry, and to take freezing measures to minimize losses.

    Ten, high temperature warning signal

    High temperature warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by Orange, red.

    (A) high-temperature Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours maximum temperatures rose above 37 degrees Celsius.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to implement heatstroke prevention safeguards. 2.

    Try to avoid outdoor activity at high temperatures, under high temperature conditions of personnel should be shortened working hours. 3.

    For the old, weak, sick, young population with heatstroke prevention guide, and take the necessary protective measures. 4.

    Consumption of relevant departments and units should be taken to prevent excessive and wires, transformers and other electrical overload caused by fire.

    (B) high-temperature red alert signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours maximum temperatures rose above 40 degrees Celsius.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to take summer cooling emergency measures. 2.

    Stop outdoor outdoor operation (except for special industries). 3.

    For the old, weak, sick, young people take protective measures. 4.

    Relevant departments and units should pay particular attention to fire prevention.

    Plenary, Frost warning signs

    Frost warning sign is divided into three levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, orange.

    (A) frost blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: March 1-April 30, September 1-October 31 each year, within 48 hours of the ground minimum temperature will drop to 0 c, have an impact on agriculture, or have fallen to 0 deg, have an impact on agriculture has and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    And Agriculture and forestry departments in accordance with the responsibilities of the Government prepared for Frost-proof work. 2.

    Crops, vegetables, flowers, fruits, forestry and breeding to take certain protective measures. 3.

    Rural grass-roots organizations and farmers to pay attention to the local Frost warning information in order to take measures to strengthen the protection.

    (B) the Frost yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: March 1-April 30, September 1-October 31 each year, within 24 hours of the ground minimum temperature will drop to degrees Celcius, will have a serious impact on agriculture, or have fallen to degrees celcius below, have a serious impact on agriculture has and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and the agriculture and forestry departments in accordance with the responsibility to frost-proof response. 2.

    Rural grass-roots organizations to extensively mobilize the masses, disaster. 3.

    On field irrigation crops, breeding and forestry should be taken against Frost, freezing measures to minimize losses. 4.

    For vegetables, flowers, and fruits to take cover, spraying antifreeze and other measures to reduce freezing damage.

    (C) frost Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: March 1-April 30, September 1-October 31 each year, minimum temperatures are going to drop to lingxia5℃ within 24 hours of the ground below, will have a serious impact on agriculture, or have fallen to lingxia5℃ the following, have a serious impact on agriculture has and will continue to.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and the agriculture and forestry departments in accordance with the responsibility to frost-proof response. 2.

    Rural grass-roots organizations to extensively mobilize the masses, disaster. 3.

    Crops, vegetables, flowers, fruits, forestry and breeding to take active measures to minimize losses.

    12, the cold wave warning signals

    Cold wave warning signal is divided into four levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) cold blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Standard: minimum temperatures will drop 8 ℃ within 48 hours, the minimum temperature is less than or equal to 4 c, average wind of up to level 5 on land; or a drop of 8 ℃, the lowest temperature less than or equal to 4 c, average winds of 5 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold preparations. 2.

    Notice to add clothes to keep warm. 3.

    Of aquatic products to take certain protective measures.

    (B) cold wave a yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 24 hour minimum temperature will drop more than 10 ℃, the lowest temperature less than or equal to 4 c, land with an average wind of up to 6 per cent; or a drop of 10 degrees or above, minimum temperature of less than or equal to 4, average winds of 6 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold. 2.

    Notice to add clothes to keep warm, take care of the old, weak, sick people. 3.

    Livestock, poultry and aquatic products, crops and other measures taken cold.

    (Iii) cold orange warning signal
Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: 24 hour minimum temperature will drop more than 12 c, the minimum temperature 0 ℃ or less, land with an average wind of up to 6 per cent; or a drop of 12 degrees or above, minimum temperature equal to or less than 0 ℃, average winds of 6 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold response. 2.

    Note the cold warm. 3.

    Agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, and to actively take measures to prevent Frost, freezing cold, such as measures to minimize losses.

    (Iv) cold red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Standard: 24 hour minimum temperature will drop 16 ℃, the lowest temperature 0 ℃ or less, land with an average wind of up to 6 per cent; or have fallen 16 ℃, the minimum temperature 0 ℃ or less, average winds of 6 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Government and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold emergency and disaster work. 2.

    Note the cold warm. 3.

    Agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, and to actively take measures to prevent Frost, freezing cold, such as measures to minimize losses.

    13, road icing early warning signals

    Icy roads warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) road icing yellow warning signal

    Chart: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Standard: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, have an impact on traffic may occur within 12 hours of icy roads.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Transportation and public security departments in accordance with duty prepared for icy roads to work. 2.

    Drivers should be paying attention to the road, safe driving. 3.

    Pedestrians to go out as little as possible to ride a bike, note the skid.

    (B) road icing Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, within 6 hours of traffic may appear to have a greater impact on icy roads.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Transportation and public security departments in accordance with the responsibility to icy roads for emergency work. 2.

    Driver skid prevention measures must be taken, follow instructions, slow exercise. 3.

    Pedestrians out attention slip.

    (C) road icing red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: this icon to see the plaintiff)

    Standard: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, within 2 hours of potential or already has a great impact on traffic of icy roads.

    Prevention guidelines: 1.

    Transportation and public security departments of icy roads for emergency and rescue work. 2.

    Transportation vehicle and public security departments direct and channel and, if necessary, shut down the icy road. 3.

    People out as much as possible.

    14, dry-hot wind

    Dry-hot wind warning signals at two levels, in Orange, red, respectively.

    (A) dry-hot wind Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: every year from May 1 to June 5, next 24 hours daily maximum air temperatures greater than or equal to 32 ℃, relative humidity less than or equal to 14 o'clock 30%, and 14 o'clock the wind speed is greater than or equal to 3 m/s, or it has occurred within 2 days of light to moderate rain over precipitation is forecast for the future 24-hour daily maximum air temperatures greater than or equal to 30 ℃, relative humidity less than or equal to 14 o'clock 40%, 14 o'clock the wind speed greater than or equal to 3 m/s.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Wheat initially poured in due course enough filling with water. 2.

    According to the weather forecast, as appropriate, water the good wheat yellow water. 3.

    Spraying potassium dihydrogen phosphate.

    (B) dried hot red alert signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: every year from May 1 to June 5, the next 24-hour daily maximum air temperatures greater than or equal to 35 ℃, relative humidity less than or equal to 14 o'clock 25%, and 14 o'clock the wind speed is greater than or equal to 3 m/s.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Wheat initially poured in due course enough filling with water. 2.

    According to the weather forecast, as appropriate, water the good wheat yellow water. 3.

    Spraying potassium dihydrogen phosphate.

    XV, haze warning signs

    Haze warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by yellow, orange.

    (A) the haze yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Standard: may occur within 12 hours of visibility less than 3000 m in haze, or visibility less than 3000 m in haze occurs, and may continue.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Drivers to drive carefully. 2.

    Due to significantly lower air quality, requires adequate protection. 3.

    Patients with respiratory diseases to minimize out, put on a mask when they go out.

    (B) the haze Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: the icons here see original)

    Criterion: visibility less than 2000 metres may occur within 6 hours of haze, or haze and visibility less than 2000 metres may have emerged.

    Defense Guide: 1.

    Airports, highways and ferry terminal and other units to strengthen traffic management and ensure public safety. 2.

    Drivers to drive carefully. 3.

    Poor air quality, requires adequate protection. 4. Reduce outdoor activities; patients with respiratory diseases to avoid going out, put on a mask when they go out.