Publishing Of Inner Mongolia Meteorological Disaster Warning Signals And Communications Approach

Original Language Title: 内蒙古自治区气象灾害预警信号发布与传播办法

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.chinalaw.gov.cn/article/fgkd/xfg/dfzfgz/201108/20110800346637.shtml

Publishing of Inner Mongolia meteorological disaster warning signals and communications approach (November 22, 2010, people's Government of Inner Mongolia autonomous region, the 9th General Meeting announced on December 2, 2010, people's Government of Inner Mongolia autonomous region, the 178th since as of January 2, 2011) first in order to regulate the publishing and dissemination of meteorological disaster warning signals to avoid and mitigate the losses caused by meteorological disasters, protect the country and people's life and property safety, in accordance with the People's Republic of China law, the meteorological disaster prevention Ordinance and other relevant laws and regulations,

    Combined with State practice, these measures are formulated.

    Article autonomous region within the administrative area of publishing and dissemination of meteorological disaster warning signals for this approach.

    Article III meteorological disaster warning signals mentioned in these measures (hereinafter referred to as early warning signals), refers to the meteorological station of the competent meteorological departments (hereinafter referred to as meteorological station) of meteorological disaster warning information to the public.

    Warning signs made up of names, icons, standards, and guidelines for Defense, into heavy rain, heavy snow, cold, wind, dust, high temperature, drought, lightning, hail, Frost, fog, haze, icy roads, snow, forests (grassland), fire and so on.

    Fourth level early warning signal in accordance with meteorological disasters emergency levels, developing trends and potential hazards are classified into four grades: grade IV (General) and level III (heavier), secondary (serious), class I (serious), followed by blue, yellow, Orange and red, along with English.

    Fifth people's Governments above the county level shall strengthen the early warning signal issued and spread of leadership and coordination, organize relevant departments to establish meteorological disaster response mechanisms and systems, strengthening the early warning signal propagation facilities planning and construction, establish, effective early warning signal transmission channel.

    Meteorological authorities above the county level shall be responsible for the sixth flag warning signals within the administrative area release, release and dissemination of management.

    Radio, film and television, culture, press and publication, communications, civil affairs, agriculture and animal husbandry, water conservancy departments in accordance with their respective responsibilities, to do the warning signal propagation related work.

    Article seventh competent meteorological early warning signals for various steps should be taken to promote knowledge, enhance the public awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation, public rescue mutually ability.

    Township Township people's Governments and neighborhood offices shall identify personnel, assist the competent meteorological knowledge, home administration departments to carry out early-warning signal information, emergency contacts, information transfer, disaster hazard reporting and investigation work.

    Disaster management institutions at all levels, all kinds of school, gachacun (c) the Committee shall cooperate with the competent meteorological early warning signals of educational and publicity activities. Article eighth early warning signals the implementation of an integrated publishing system. Meteorological offices and stations should be in accordance with the publishing rights and business process warning signal, indicating the name and release date of the meteorological station, and to specify the area of meteorological disaster warning. When simultaneously or forecasts possible weather disasters, shall correspond to the standard also released several early-warning signals.

    Any other organizations or individuals may issue to the community early warning signals.

    Meteorological station issued forewarning signal should be timely, accurate, and free.

    Nineth meteorological offices and stations with radio stations, television stations, newspapers, websites and Telecom units to set up early-warning signal propagation mechanisms of cooperation, clear warning signal transmission channels, ensure the safety warning signal propagation. Tenth station reaches alert level after standard forecast, early warning signal shall immediately be transmitted to the radio stations, television stations, newspapers, Web sites and telecommunications units.

    Also reporting to the the people's Governments at the corresponding level, to inform the disaster prevention and relief agencies and their respective members.

    11th radio stations, television stations, newspapers, websites and Telecom units should be timely, accurate, and free dissemination of early warning signals to the public.

    In areas inhabited by ethnic minorities spread early warning signals to be used by Chinese language and spoken minority languages.

    12th radio, television and other media receive level meteorological stations provide direct blue, yellow warning signal shall be advertised to the public in 30 minutes; receive level meteorological station provided directly by Orange, red warning signal, it should be advertised to the public in 15 minutes.

    Radio stations, television stations and other media receives heavy rain, heavy snow, high winds, lightning, hail, the red warning signal shall immediately spots warning information. 13th Telecom unit after receiving warning signals issued by the meteorological station, should be within 15 minutes of warning dissemination of all mobile phone users in the region.

    Receives heavy rain, heavy snow, high winds, lightning, hail, the red warning signal shall immediately spread to the warning of all mobile phone users in the region.

    The 14th article in the process of dissemination of early warning signals, no organization or individual may change and deletion of content of the warning signal shall not be spreading false, obsolete and non-meteorological station to provide early warning signals.

    15th flag local people's Governments at or above the county level shall establish and improve early warning information release and communication systems, and according to the needs of prevention of meteorological disasters, transportation hubs, public places and other densely populated areas and meteorological disaster-prone regions to establish severe weather alert, warning signal and broadcast facilities, and ensure the normal operation of the facility.

    16th meteorological disaster prevention administrative departments concerned with meteorological departments to establish linkage mechanism, according to the places where inflammable and explosive, poisonous and harmful sites, important public places, large public facilities level of meteorological disaster risk assessment, developing defense meteorological disaster contingency plans, warning signal and a disaster prevention work.

    Article 17th of meteorological disaster warning area County after receiving early warning signals shall be immediately transmitted warning signals, and according to the level of warning and defense guide requirements, units of the Organization and staff to take effective measures, prevention of meteorological disasters, initiate a contingency plan to avoid or alleviate meteorological disasters.

    Township Township people's Government, the neighborhood offices, gachacun (neighborhood) committees after receiving early warning signals should be via radio, telephone and other means of communication to the public in a timely manner.

    Schools, hospitals, airports, railway stations, highways, tourist attractions, shopping venues, large business, entertainment, health and other public facilities management unit after receiving early warning signals, radio, notices, electronic display devices such as immediate dissemination of early warning signals.

    18th by any organization or individual may seize, damage or unauthorized mobile early warning signals special communications facilities; not allowed to take up dissemination of early warning signals of radio frequencies.

    19th article violates these rules, any of the following acts, in accordance with the People's Republic of China law and the relevant provisions of the regulations on prevention of meteorological disasters for punishment:

    (A) meteorological station early warning signal for other units and individuals released to the community;

    (B) spreading false, obsolete or non-weather stations to provide early warning signals;

    (C) seizing, damaging or unauthorized mobile meteorological early warning signals special communications facilities.

    20th disobey the 14th article change and deletion of warning signals in the dissemination of early warning signals, by the meteorological authorities above the county level shall be ordered to correct and can be fined a maximum of 3000 Yuan and 10,000 yuan.

    21st flag above the county level meteorological departments and related departments and their staff in early warning signals publication and dissemination of dereliction of duty, favoritism, abuse, in accordance with the direct responsible personnel or directly responsible shall be given administrative sanctions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

    22nd article this way come into force on January 2, 2011.

    The Inner Mongolia meteorological disaster warning signals and defense guide released with these measures.

    Attached: Inner Mongolia meteorological disaster warning and prevention guide

    , Storm warning signals

    Rainstorm warning signal is divided into four levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) storm blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: up to 50 mm of rainfall within 12 hours or more, or more than 50 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent storm preparations;

    2. schools and kindergartens to take appropriate measures to ensure that students and young children safe;

    3. drivers ' road waterlogging and traffic jams to ensure safety;

    4. check the drainage system of cities, farms, fish ponds, making drainage preparations.

    (B) yellow rainstorm warning signals

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: will amount to more than 50 mm of rainfall within 6 hours, or more than 50 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent heavy rain;

    2. the traffic management department according to the road traffic control measures in sections of heavy rainfall, water road traffic guidance;

    3. cut off the low-lying danger outdoor power, suspended its outdoors in open areas, dangerous transfer of hazardous area personnel and residents took shelter to a safe place;

    4. check the drainage system of cities, farms, fish ponds, taking the necessary drainage measures.

    (C) the rainstorm Orange alert signals

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 3 hour rainfall of 50 mm or more, or more than 50 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to storm-proof emergency work;

    2. cut off the perils of outdoor power and suspended outdoors;

    3. the unit should be closed in a danger zone, cessation, and take special measures to protect students, child care and other work staff security;

    4. cities, farmland drainage, guard could trigger mountain torrents, landslides and mud-rock flow disaster.

    (D) the red rainstorm warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 3 hour rainfall of 100 mm or more, or up to 100 mm and rainfall may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent storm emergency and rescue work;

    2. stop the rallies, closed, closed (except for special industries);

    3. mountain torrents, landslides and mud-rock flow disaster prevention and rescue work.

    Second, Blizzard warning

    Blizzard warning signal is divided into four levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) the Blizzard blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: snowfalls of 4 mm or more within 12 hours, or more than 4 mm and snowfall continued, may have an impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to snow storms and freezing damage prevention preparations;

    2. transport, railway, electricity and communication departments for road, railway, track inspection maintenance, Road sweeping and snow melt;

    3. pedestrians warm non-slip, drivers ' careless driving, vehicle skid prevention measures should be taken;

    4. reserves of agricultural and pastoral areas and species aquaculture feed, snow storms and freezing damage prevention preparations;

    5. reinforcement scaffold snow-temporary structures.

    (B) the Blizzard a yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: snowfalls of 6 mm or more within 12 hours, or up to 6 mm and snowfall may have an impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to implement snow storms and freezing damage prevention measures;

    2. transport, railway, electricity and communication departments should strengthen the road, railway, track inspection maintenance, Road sweeping and snow melt;

    3. pedestrians warm non-slip, drivers ' careless driving, vehicle skid prevention measures should be taken;

    4. agricultural and pastoral areas and types of aquaculture to hand feed, snow storms and freezing damage prevention preparations;

    5. reinforcement scaffold snow-temporary structures.

    (C) the Orange warning signs

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 6 hour snowfalls up to 10 mm or more, or more than 10 mm and snowfall continued, may be or already has a great impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent snow storms and freezing damage response;

    2. transport, railway, electricity and communication departments should strengthen the road, railway, track inspection maintenance, Road sweeping and snow melt;

    3. reduce unnecessary outdoor activity;

    4. reinforcing easy snow-temporary structures such as scaffolding, the outdoor animals into the feed housing.

    (D) the snowstorm red alert signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: within 6 hours of snowfall will be 15 mm or more, or more than 15 mm and snowfall continued, or already has a great impact on traffic or agriculture.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent snow storms and freezing damage emergency preparedness and rescue work;

    2. If necessary, suspension, cessation (except for special industries);

    3. suspended aircraft taking off and landing, if necessary, stop running the trains, highways temporarily closed;

    4. do pastoral disaster relief work.

    Third, the cold wave warning signals

    Cold wave warning signal is divided into four levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) cold blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original) criteria: the minimum temperatures will drop 8 ℃ within 48 hours, the minimum temperature is less than or equal to 4 c, average wind of up to level 5 on land; or drop of 8 ℃, the minimum temperature is less than or equal to 4 c, average winds of 5 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold preparations;

    2. notice to add clothes to keep warm;

    3. tropical crops and aquatic products to take certain protective measures;

    4. prepare the wind work.

    (B) cold wave a yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 24 hour minimum temperature will drop 10 degrees Celsius or above, minimum temperature of less than or equal to 4, land with an average wind of up to 6 per cent; or drop of 10 deg, the minimum temperature is less than or equal to 4 c, average winds of 6 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold surge;

    2. notice to add clothes to keep warm, take care of the aged, the weak, the sick;

    3. for livestock, poultry, and tropical and subtropical fruits and aquatic products, crops and other winter protection measures;

    4. wind-proof.

    (Iii) cold orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: minimum temperature will drop to 12 degrees centigrade within 24 hours or more, the minimum temperature 0 ℃ or less, land with an average wind of up to 6 per cent; or have fallen 12 deg minimum temperature equal to or less than 0 ℃, average winds of 6 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold wave emergency work;

    2. takes note of cold warm;

    3. agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, and to actively take measures to prevent Frost, freezing cold, such as measures to minimize losses;

    4. wind-proof.

    (Iv) cold red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 24 hour minimum temperature will drop 16 ℃, the minimum temperature 0 ℃ or less, land with an average wind of up to 6 per cent; or have fallen 16 ℃, the minimum temperature 0 ℃ or less, average winds of 6 or more, and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent cold wave emergency preparedness and rescue work;

    2. takes note of cold warm;

    3. agriculture, aquaculture, animal husbandry, and to actively take measures to prevent Frost, freezing cold, such as measures to minimize losses;

    4. wind-proof.

    Four, gale warning signs

    Gale (apart from Typhoon,) four levels of warning signals, respectively in blue, yellow, Orange, red.

    (A) the wind blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind up to level 6, 7 or gusts above; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind for 6~7-level or gust 7~8 level and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent high winds;

    2. close all Windows and doors, strengthening hoardings, scaffoldings, billboards and other structures which were blown by the wind, proper placement of outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covered with building materials;

    3. water operations and ships in the past to take active measures, such as return to Hong Kong typhoon shelter or bypass navigation;

    4. pedestrians as little as possible to ride a bike, wind, don't stay in Billboard, temporary structures, such as the following;

    5. the attention of the departments and units concerned including forest and grassland fire prevention.

    (B) wind yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 12 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind of 8 or more, or gusts of 9 or above; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind for 8~9-level or gust 9~10 level and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent high winds;

    2. stop outdoor activities and outdoor dangers such as air operations, hazardous area personnel and dilapidated housing residents try to go to places of shelter shelter;

    3. water operations and ships in the past to take active measures, strengthening of port facilities to prevent the ship anchors, groundings and collisions;

    4. cut outdoor power risk, properly placed outdoor goods susceptible to winds, covered with building materials;

    5. airports, highways and other units should take measures to guarantee traffic safety, relevant departments and units including forest and grassland fire prevention.

    (C) wind Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 6 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind of 10 or more, or gusts above level 11; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind for 10~11-level or gust 11~12 level and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to wind-proof emergency work;

    2. House wind resistance ability of primary and secondary schools and units should be closed, closed, people out;

    3. water operations and ships should be returned to Hong Kong in the past for shelter reinforcing port facilities to prevent the ship anchors, groundings and collisions;

    4. cut off the dangerous power of properly rehousing the outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covered with building materials;

    5. airports, railways, highways, water transport units shall take measures to guarantee traffic safety, relevant departments and units including forest and grassland fire prevention.

    (D) strong winds red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 6 hours may be under the influence of winds, average wind of 12 or more, or gusts above level 13; or have been under the influence of winds, average wind of 12 or more, or gusts above level 13 and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to wind-proof emergency and rescue work;

    2. personnel should remain in the wind as much as possible a safe place, do not arbitrarily go out;

    3. shelter ship returning to Hong Kong to take positive measures, as appropriate, proper arrangements for people left behind or move to safe areas;

    4. cut off the dangerous power of properly rehousing the outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covered with building materials;

    5. airports, railways, highways, water transport units shall take measures to guarantee traffic safety, relevant departments and units including forest and grassland fire prevention.

    Five, sand storm warning signals

    Dust storm warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) dust storms a yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: sandstorms may occur within 12 hours of weather (visibility less than 1000 metres), or have dust storm weather and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent sand storms;

    2. close all Windows and doors, strengthening hoardings, scaffoldings, billboards and other structures which were blown by the wind, proper placement of outdoor goods susceptible to wind, covering building materials, precision instruments and sealing work;

    3. bring a face mask, scarf and other dust control products, so as to avoid dust damage to the eyes and respiratory tract;

    4. patients with respiratory diseases, more sensitive to wind staff not to outdoor activities.

    (B) the sandstorm Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standards: strong sandstorms may occur within 6 hours (visibility less than 500 meters), or has a strong dust storm weather and appears likely to continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to prevent sandstorms emergency work;

    2. stop outdoor activities, water quality, and high altitude out dangerous work;

    3. airports, railways, highways and other transportation security measures, driving changes in personnel in the sandstorm, drive carefully;

    4. pedestrians as little as possible to ride a bicycle, outdoor workers should wear a mask, scarf and other dust control products, pay attention to traffic safety.

    (C) dust storms the red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: very strong sandstorms may occur within 6 hours weather (visibility less than 50 m), or has very strong sand-dust storm weather and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government emergency and related departments in accordance with the responsibility to control dust storms;

    2. personnel should remain in place of wind-proof, dust-proof, not in outdoor activities;

    3. in schools and kindergartens to defer to or from school, until the end of Super severe dust storms;

    4. the suspended aircraft taking off and landing, the train halts, and temporarily closed the highway.

    Six, the high temperature warning signal

    High temperature warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) high temperature yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original) Standard: daily maximum temperature is 35 degrees for three consecutive days or more.

    Defense Guide:

    1. preparing its responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units for cooling work;

    2. minimize outdoor activities in the afternoon;

    3. for the old, weak, sick, young population with heatstroke prevention guide;

    4. under the condition of high temperature operation and day long outdoor outdoor operation of personnel should take necessary protective measures.

    (B) high-temperature Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours maximum temperatures rose above 37 degrees centigrade.

    Defense Guide:

    1. responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units implementing heatstroke prevention safeguards;

    2. try to avoid outdoor activity at high temperatures, under high temperature conditions of personnel should be shortened working hours;

    3. for the old, weak, sick, young population with heatstroke prevention guide, and take the necessary protection measures;

    4. consumption of relevant departments and units should be taken to prevent excessive and wires, transformers and other electrical overload caused by fire.

    (C) high-temperature red alert signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 24 hours maximum temperatures rose above 40 degrees Celsius.

    Defense Guide:

    1. responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units to take emergency measures for cooling;

    2. stop outdoor outdoor operation (except for special industries);

    3. for the old, weak, sick, young people take protective measures;

    4. the relevant departments and units should pay particular attention to fire prevention.

    Seven, drought early warning signals Drought early warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by Orange, red.

    Drought index ranking, based on national standards of the meteorological drought (GB/T20481-2006) comprehensive meteorological drought index in the standard.

    (A) drought Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Criteria: expected next week a comprehensive meteorological drought index and drought (meteorological drought is 25-50 year), or a County (area) has more than 40% of crops in the drought.

    Defense Guide:

    1. the relevant departments and units in accordance with the responsibility to defense response of drought;

    2. the relevant departments to enable emergency and standby water source and dispatch all available water sources in the area and give priority to safeguard drinking water for urban and rural residents ' living and livestock;

    3. urban water supply reduction indicators, giving priority to water for crop irrigation, limiting a large number of agricultural irrigation water;

    4. limitation of high water consumption and unproductive service industry, limiting discharges of industrial wastewater;

    5. carry out artificial precipitation operations sector time.

    (B) dry red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Criteria: expected next week a comprehensive meteorological drought index and drought (meteorological drought for more than 50 years), or of a County (area) has more than 60% of crops in the drought.

    Defense Guide:

    1. responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units to defense drought emergency and relief work;

    2. Governments at all levels and relevant departments to start long distance water transfer emergency water supply, raising water, deep wells, automotive water and other means to ensure that urban and rural residents and livestock drinking water;

    3. time limitation or limited supply of living water, reduced or phased cessation of agricultural irrigation water;

    4. no high water consumption and unproductive service industry moratorium on discharges of industrial waste water;

    5. the meteorological departments increasing artificial precipitation efforts at the right time.

    Eight, the lightning warning signals

    Lightning warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) the lightning yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: within 6 hours of lightning activity may occur, could cause lightning disasters.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to mine;

    2. pay close attention to the weather, try to avoid outdoor activities.

    (B) lightning Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 2 hours of lightning activity is very large, or have been under the influence of lightning activity, and may continue, appeared lightning accidents more likely.

    Defense Guide:

    1. and related departments in accordance with the duty of the Government to implement emergency measures of lightning;

    2. personnel should stay indoors and close all Windows and doors;

    3. outdoor workers should take refuge in the mine facilities in buildings or cars;

    4. cut off the dangerous power, do not shelter under under trees, power poles, tower cranes;

    5. in the open space without an umbrella, not tools, badminton rackets, golf clubs on his shoulder.

    (C) lightning red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 2 hours of lightning activity is a distinct possibility, or already have a strong lightning activity, and may continue, there is a high probability of lightning disaster.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility to mine emergency rescue work;

    2. personnel should try to hide in buildings or facilities of lightning, in a car, and close the doors and Windows;

    3. do not touch aerials, water pipes, wire fences, metal Windows and doors, facades, electric equipment away from the wires and other similar metal installations; 4. try not to use no lightning or lightning protection device not complete televisions, phones and other electrical appliances;
    5. follow closely the lightning warning information release.

    Nine, hail, early warning signals

    Hail warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by Orange, red.

    (A) hail Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: hail can occur within 6 hours, and possible hail.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and relevant departments in accordance with the responsibility of hail emergency work;

    2. the meteorological departments of artificial hail suppression is ready and looking for jobs;

    3. outdoor pedestrian immediately to a safe place to avoid;

    4. keep the poultry, livestock into top place, protects vulnerable to hail outdoor items such as cars or equipment;

    5. pay attention to defense hail accompanying lightning disasters.

    (Ii) hail the red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 2 hours hail a strong possibility, and may result in severe hail.

    Defense Guide:

    1. Government and related departments under the responsibility of hail emergency and rescue work;

    2. Meteorological Department artificial hail suppression operation in due time;

    3. outdoor pedestrian immediately to a safe place to avoid;

    4. keep the poultry, livestock into top place, protects vulnerable to hail outdoor items such as cars or equipment;

    5. pay attention to defense hail accompanying lightning disasters.

    Ten, Frost warning signs

    Frost warning sign is divided into three levels, respectively, in blue, yellow, orange.

    (A) frost blue warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: surface minimum temperatures are going to drop to 0 for 48 hours below have an impact on agriculture, or have fallen below 0 c, have an impact on agriculture has been, and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. the Government and the competent authorities in accordance with the responsibility of agriculture and forestry do Frost prevention preparations;

    2. for crops, vegetables, flowers, fruits, forestry and breeding to take certain protective measures;

    3. rural grass-roots organizations and farmers to pay attention to the local Frost warning information in order to take measures to strengthen the protection.

    (B) the Frost yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: surface minimum temperatures are going to drop to degrees Celcius within 24 hours, will have a serious impact on agriculture, or have fallen to degrees Celcius, have serious implications for agriculture has been, and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. the Government and the competent authorities in accordance with the responsibility of agriculture and forestry do Frost-proof emergency work;

    2. the rural grass-roots organizations should extensively mobilize the masses, disaster;

    3. for field irrigation of crops, breeding and forestry should be taken against Frost, freezing measures to minimize losses;

    4. for vegetables, flowers, and fruits to take cover, spraying antifreeze and other measures to reduce freezing damage.

    (C) frost Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original) standard: surface minimum temperatures are going to drop to lingxia5℃ within 24 hours, will have a serious impact on agriculture, or have fallen to lingxia5℃ the following, have serious implications for agriculture has been, and will continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. the Government and the competent authorities in accordance with the responsibility of agriculture and forestry do Frost-proof emergency work;

    2. the rural grass-roots organizations should extensively mobilize the masses, disaster;

    3. for crops, vegetables, flowers, fruits, forestry and breeding to take active measures to minimize losses.

    Plenary, fog warning signal

    Fog warning signal is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) the yellow fog warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Criterion: visibility was less than 500 meters may occur within 12 hours of fog, or have emerged in poor visibility of less than 500 meters, greater than or equal to 200 meters of mist and will continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units prepared for anti-fog work;

    2. airports, highways and ferry terminal and other units to strengthen traffic management and ensure public safety;

    3. driving changes in personnel in the fog, drive carefully;

    4. outdoor activities safely.

    (B) the fog Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Criterion: visibility was less than 200 meters may occur within 6 hours of fog, or have emerged in poor visibility of less than 200 meters, greater than or equal to 50 metres from the fog and will continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units to fog;

    2. airports, highways and ferry terminal and other units to strengthen dispatching;

    3. the driver must strictly control vehicle, the travel speed of the ship;

    4. reducing outdoor activities.

    (C) the red fog warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Criterion: visibility less than 50 m may occur within 2 hours of fog, or there has been fog visibility less than 50 m and will continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. responsibilities in accordance with the relevant departments and units do antifogging emergency work;

    2. the units in accordance with the industry provided timely traffic safety control measures, such as suspension of aircraft taking off and landing at the airport, highways closed, ferries had been suspended for the time being;

    3. driving under foggy provisions fog precautions are taken, according to environmental conditions in a reasonable way, as soon as possible and find a safe parking area is docked;

    4. refrain from outdoor activities.

    12, haze warning signs

    Haze warning signal levels, respectively, indicated by yellow, orange.

    (A) the haze yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: may occur within 12 hours of visibility less than 3000 m in haze, or visibility less than 3000 m in haze occurs, and may continue.

    Defense Guide:

    1. drivers ' careless driving;

    2. air quality decreased, required adequate protection;

    3. try out less in patients with respiratory diseases, may also put on masks when they go out.

    (B) the haze Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: a visibility of less than 2000 meters within 6 hours of smog or haze and visibility less than 2000 metres may have emerged.

    Defense Guide:

    1. airports, highways and ferry terminal and other units to strengthen traffic management and ensure public safety;

    2. drivers to drive carefully;

    3. air quality is poor, and requires adequate protection;

    4. reduce outdoor activities, and patients with respiratory diseases to avoid going out, wearing masks when they go out.

    13, road icing early warning signals

    Icy roads warning sign is divided into three levels, namely yellow, Orange and red.

    (A) road icing yellow warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, may occur within 12 hours on icy roads affecting traffic.

    Defense Guide:

    1. transportation and public security departments in accordance with duty prepared for icy roads to work;

    2. drivers should be paying attention to the road, safe driving;

    3. the pedestrians to go out as little as possible to ride a bike, note the skid.

    (B) road icing Orange warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, within 6 hours of traffic may appear to have a greater impact on icy roads.

    Defense Guide:

    1. transportation and public security departments in accordance with the responsibility to icy roads emergency work;

    2. the driver skid prevention measures must be taken, follow instructions, and slow speed;

    3. pedestrian out attention slip.

    (C) road icing red warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: when the road surface temperature below 0 ° c, precipitation occurs, within 2 hours of potential or already has a great impact on traffic of icy roads.

    Defense Guide:

    1. transportation and public security departments of icy roads for emergency and rescue work;

    2. traffic, public security departments, such as command and manage vehicles and, if necessary, shut down the icy road traffic;

    3. people out as much as possible.

    14, snowstorm warning signals

    Snow (white) four levels of disaster early warning signals, respectively in blue, yellow, Orange, and red, respectively.

    (A) white blue-disaster early warning signal

    Icon: (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)

    Standard: 24 hour 5-10 mm snowfall; or have been in the past a snowfall of about 5 mm, the future appeared more than 5 mm of snow; or snow depth 10-15 cm; or snow depth (total) advantage of pasture height 10%