Zhejiang Province environmental management approach
(December 18, 2011 No. 289 Zhejiang Province people's Government promulgated as of February 1, 2012) Chapter I General provisions
First in order to strengthen the environmental management, environmental safety and health, in accordance with the People's Republic of China environmental protection law, the People's Republic of China Law of prevention and control of radioactive pollution, radioactive isotopes and radiation equipment safety and protection regulations and other laws and regulations, combined with the facts of the province, these measures are formulated.
Second article this regulation is applicable in the province within the administrative area of radiation safety management and management of electromagnetic radiation.
Radiation safety management in these measures refers to use of nuclear facilities, nuclear technology, uranium, radioactive waste (thorium) and mines associated with radioactivity arising out of utilization of ionizing radiation safety management.
Management of electromagnetic radiation in these measures refers to protection against electromagnetic radiation of electromagnetic radiation generated by the system and equipment management.
The third people's Governments above the county level shall strengthen leadership of the work of the environmental management, environmental management into their environmental protection programs, and establish and improve relevant systems, and strengthening supervision and administration, coordinate major issues in environmental management.
Fourth environmental protection departments under the people's Governments above the county level shall exercise unified supervision and management environmental management within the administrative area.
People's Governments above the county level health, public safety, transportation, development and reform, economic and information technology, broadcasting, film and television, Ministry of land and resources, housing and urban-rural development, quality supervision, industry and commerce administration, science and technology sectors, shall, in accordance with their respective responsibilities, to good environmental management related work.
Fifth in the industrial, scientific, radiation medical events such as the relevant enterprises and institutions should be to strengthen the radiological safety and protection, shall establish a sound management system, management responsibility, prevention of radiation pollution.
Sixth people's Government above the county level and their departments and units should organize environmental management awareness, universal access to scientific knowledge of radiation environment.
Encourage, support for environmental management of the scientific research and technological development.
Article seventh project on construction of radiation shall be in accordance with the national classification list of requirements on the construction project environmental impact assessment environmental impact assessment law, and by the right of approval and approval of the Department of environmental protection; planning associated with the construction project environmental impact assessment should be carried out according to law, relevant regulations, by country, province. Environmental impact assessment identifies the need for supporting the construction of facilities for prevention of radiation pollution, should be the main part of the project design, construction, and use. Pollution prevention facilities after acceptance, the law, main part of the project may be put into production (used).
Project owner shall ensure the normal use of the radiation pollution prevention facilities, without the approval of the Environmental Protection Department, shall not be removed, idle radiation pollution control facilities.
Chapter II administration of radiation safety Eighth production, sale and use of radioisotopes and radiation-emitting devices, shall obtain a radiation safety permit.
Environmental impact assessment of radiation safety licence shall be in the file after the approval in accordance with law to apply for.
Nineth production, sale and use of radioisotopes and radiation-emitting devices, storage and transportation of radioactive isotopes, uranium (thorium) development units, should carry out the safety first policy, in accordance with practical justification, optimization and the principle of individual dose limits, do the following:
(A) the workplace according to the requirements for design and construction, and equipped with the necessary supplies and equipment for radiation protection;
(B) to establish and improve the safety management system, clear accountability, and strict operating procedures, security management and information flow, time to identify and correct problems that affect protection and safety;
(C) itself or entrust a qualified environment monitoring agency regularly in the workplace and environmental radiation monitoring, the implementation of individual dose monitoring and occupational health management, establishing databases of individual dose, strengthening evaluation and application of monitoring information;
(D) foster safety culture and enhance safety education and training of staff and to have the appropriate qualifications;
(E) strengthening internal management oversight, strict implementation of the radiation source, storage system, effectively preventing loss of radioactive sources;
(F) according to the requirements of the decontamination, waste disposal;
(G) establish the working account, strengthen archive management;
(H) emergency plan for this unit, and report the Environmental Protection Department, troubleshooting, and promptly eliminate hidden dangers and prevent accidents;
(IX) national and provincial regulations of other work.
Article tenth of the production, sale and use of radioisotopes and radiation-emitting devices, should be the unit of radioactive isotopes and radiation-emitting devices annual assessments of the safety and protection of, and radiation safety permit from the before the end of January in each year to submit an annual assessment report on the environmental protection sector.
Annual assessment report should include the following:
(A) operation and maintenance of radiation safety and protection facilities;
(B) the radiological safety and protection systems, and the formulation and implementation of measures;
(C) the import and export of radioactive isotopes, such as send, transfer, storage and the radioactive isotope, radiation equipment account;
(D) place the radiation monitoring and workers ' individual dose monitoring and data;
(V) radiological accidents and emergency response;
(F) nuclear technology building, rebuilding, expansion or decommissioning of the project;
(VII) security hidden danger and the corresponding corrective measures;
(H) in accordance with the relevant laws, regulations, rules and regulations should be implemented in other cases.
Annual assessment security vulnerability is discovered, it should be immediately corrected.
11th use of radioactive isotopes and radiation equipment for radiological diagnosis and treatment of medical and health institutions, should establish and improve the management system, strengthen internal management and safety education and training, regular inspection of equipment, preventing operational errors, equipment failure and dosage errors caused by accidental exposure.
Radiological diagnosis and treatment of medical and health institutions should be publicized in medical diagnostic procedures and service standards, guidance medical personnel treatment. Article 12th mobile inspection operations, use of unsealed radioactive substances work units shall, in accordance with national standards and approved requirements for environmental impact assessment document, designated safety area, set the obvious signs of radioactive, to take protective measures, preventing staff from entering.
Security protection area of mobile workplaces where testing is difficult to draw, flaw operating units must build a testing room.
13th the radioactive source in the administrative regions of the province move jobs across the city divided into districts, the operating unit should be operational before 10th, report to the operations, environmental protection departments, districts radioactive source parameter, the job location and time radiation protection management and the proposed measure, responsible for radiation protection and the contact phone number, and so on.
Article 14th units produce radioactive waste, should be strictly in accordance with the relevant laws, rules and regulations and national standards of management goals and requirements gathering, processing, transportation, storage and disposal of radioactive waste. Used or unused radioactive sources used should be in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State return the production unit or the exporting Party or centralized storage and disposal of units to obtain the relevant qualification.
Centralized storage and disposal cost borne by the users. Prohibition of the arbitrary stacking, buried, discarded radioactive wastes.
Together with ordinary waste disposal of radioactive waste is prohibited. 15th production, sales and use of radioisotopes or unit shall, in accordance with the regulations of the low-level radioactive waste generated is equipped with staging.
Staging database and its devices must comply with the relevant specifications to meet security needs.
16th radioactive waste storage units should be regularly monitored and the surrounding environment, and report to the provincial environmental protection departments monitoring and operations.
Article 17th units produce radioactive waste, no storage or disposal of radioactive waste in accordance with law, and environmental protection departments under the people's Governments above the county level shall supervise the law; find it difficult to identify all abandoned emission sources, the people's Governments above the county level to environmental protection, public security, public health and other sectors in accordance with the requirements of radiation accident emergency shouzhu measures in a timely manner.
18th must scrap the x-ray devices, and use of radiation-emitting devices should be dismantling the high pressure tubes, verification and radiation safety permit from the report of the Environmental Protection Department. 19th dismantling, recycling, scrap metal smelting enterprises, should be equipped with radiation detection equipment, personnel, and to detect radioactive scrap metal, faithfully record the test results.
Detection of abnormal levels of radioactivity, it shall immediately take the appropriate control measures and reports the local environmental protection department. 20th article production radioisotope of places, using ⅰ class, and II class, and III class radiation source of places, and end run Hou produced radioactive pollution of non-sealed radioactive material using places and Ray device, need terminated or part terminated related activities of, related units should prepared retired environment effect evaluation file, reported original issued radiation security license of environmental protection sector approval, and according to approval requirements implementation pollution governance, and places repair and protection, the retired measures.
Complete decommissioning and radiation safety permit from the former Department of environmental protection after final acceptance, cancellation or alteration in accordance with law on radiation safety permit.
Uranium (thorium) need to be retired, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State.
21st mines associated with radioactivity in the production enterprises shall strengthen raw material and product testing and staff associated with radioactivity necessary radiological protection in accordance with the relevant national standards for the production of products. 22nd production of granite stone, ceramic products, or fly ash, gangue, slag, manufacturing brick, cement and other building decoration products should conform to national radionuclide limited standard of building materials products factory, sales, shall be attached to product certification and product specifications, express standard, use, cautions and safety commitments.
Does not meet the criteria, no factory, sales.
Prohibition of the use of uranium tailings, the industrial waste concentration of radionuclides and other production materials or directly as a building material.
Article 23rd operating unit of the nuclear power plant and other nuclear facilities should be carried out in accordance with the provisions of safety inspection and evaluation, strengthen emergency management capacity-building to ensure the stability, reliability and security of nuclear facilities.
Article 24th operating unit of the nuclear power plant and other nuclear facilities should establish and improve the monitoring system, in accordance with State regulations on nuclear facility effluent and ambient monitoring of nuclear facilities once a year to the province and the city and County (city, district) people's Government informed the monitoring results, and facility operation and emission of pollutants released to the public for the public inquiry.
Nuclear power plant refueling overhaul and running major events involving the environmental impact, or total amount of radionuclide concentrations in the effluent and when an exception occurs, nuclear facilities business unit shall promptly report to the provincial environmental protection department.
Chapter III management of electromagnetic radiation
25th people's Governments above the county level in organizations when formulating urban and rural planning, should fully take into account radar, radio and TV transmitting stations (stations) and other systems and equipment on the surrounding environmental impact of electromagnetic radiation, plan, arrange layout, prevention of radiation pollution.
Article 26th radar, radio and TV transmitting stations (stations) distance from the densely-populated area, must meet the relevant national requirements, the strength of the electromagnetic waves emitted shall not exceed the limits specified in national standards.
27th construction shall conform to the urban and rural construction planning of mobile communication base station, base stations electromagnetic radiation impact on the surrounding environment shall conform to the national standards for environmental protection of electromagnetic radiation.
Has passed the approval of the environmental impact assessment for mobile communication base stations, it may not increase the transmit power of approved parameters such as electromagnetic radiation level; need to shall be subject to approval after approval of the Environmental Protection Department, to be put into use.
28th high voltage electricity transmission project construction should fully consider the potential impact on the surrounding environment of construction projects, building layout in strict accordance with the relevant provisions of the State, actively the use of advanced technologies and processes.
In the construction of high voltage transmission and transformation project implementation phases is necessary to adjust the route of the unit should adjust the complement part of the environmental impact assessment statement and prior to construction to the original examination and approval of environmental impact assessment the environmental protection departments of the file; route or significant changes in location, environmental impact assessment and construction should again be required for approval again.
The construction unit in the same region, in the same period of planning and construction of high voltage transmission and transformation project, you can press the same batch or holistic environmental impact assessment grade.
Article 29th in the industrial, scientific, medical and other activities using applications of electromagnetic energy, shield and other protective measures should be taken to ensure electromagnetic radiation in the electromagnetic radiation levels in line with national standards for environmental protection.
30th article in electromagnetic radiation over limited value of regional, has public daily long time stay of, run and using electromagnetic radiation system and equipment of units should take rectification measures, reduced electromagnetic radiation, ensure electromagnetic radiation meet related standard provides of limited value; has public may into and short stay of, run and using electromagnetic radiation system and equipment of units should through set warning logo, and fence, site management measures, control public into.
31st electromagnetic system and construction of the equipment shall be in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations, the provisions of regulation, in front of the project information related to public construction projects, public surveys, receive public inquiries related to construction projects, comments, notes, science, and interpretation.
Article 32nd by the Environmental Protection Department and other departments concerned shall approve construction and operation of the system and device of electromagnetic radiation are protected by law, and no unit or individual may obstruct or destroy its construction and operation.
Supervision and administration of the fourth chapter
33rd people's Governments above the county level environmental protection, public health, public security and transportation departments should be established in accordance with the Division of responsibilities and improve environmental management system implementation responsibilities, enhancing management capacity, strengthen information exchange and law enforcement cooperation, a comprehensive grasp of basic conditions of supervised entities, completes the environmental management work together.
Article 34th provincial environmental protection departments should cooperate with the Environmental Protection Department under the State Council of province administrative kernel facilities siting, design, construction, operation and decommissioning activities, such as supervision and management.
35th provincial environmental protection departments in accordance with relevant provisions of national and provincial, specific provisions of the provincial environmental protection departments at all levels of radiation and environmental impact evaluation of construction project document approval authority and submitted to the provincial people's Government for approval.
36th provincial environmental protection departments in accordance with statutory authority responsible for radiation safety permit issuance work; the specific work, commissioned a set of municipal environmental protection departments in accordance with law.
Progress on radiation safety permit should be issued by the Environmental Protection Department regularly informed at the public security, health, transportation and other sectors.
37th provincial environmental protection department shall, in accordance with the provincial environmental protection planning, Organization building the province's radiation supervision monitoring networks, information systems, early warning and emergency management command.
Article 38th provincial environmental protection department shall, in accordance with the actual situation of construction and development activities in the province, in conjunction with the provincial development and reform, land and resource sector organizations, such as the province's mines associated with radioactivity survey to guide the exploitation of mines associated with radioactivity radiation protection management.
39th health under the authorities above the county level shall strengthen the radiological diagnosis and evaluation of occupational hazards of radiation environment supervision and management, and shall participate in a radiation accident response.
40th security departments above the county level shall strengthen the radioactive source safety and security and monitoring the safety of road transport, shall participate in a radiation accident response; lost and stolen radioactive sources should be timely filing a case, investigation and recovery.
The people's Government above the county level transportation departments should strengthen supervision of water transport safety of radioactive sources, and the highway and waterway transport on the internal security management oversight and guidance.
41st people's Governments above the county level of quality and technical supervision, industry and commerce administration departments shall, in accordance with the Division of responsibilities, strengthening the supervision of product quality and professional markets such as construction materials, preventing radiation hazards; environmental protection departments under the people's Governments above the county level shall give assistance, support and guidance.
42nd entry-exit inspection and quarantine agencies shall, in accordance with the relevant national standards for reporting of imported scrap metal for radiation detection and required to maintain inspection records; finding surpass, the Customs shall order return.
43rd people's Governments above the county level environmental protection departments and relevant units shall do the radiation science and technology popularization work to promote public understanding of the relevant knowledge; clear disclosure of management information and providing a channel to improve management transparency, enhance public confidence in the environmental radiation safety policy and measures of support.
44th people's Governments above the county level and the environmental protection, public security, health, transportation and other departments shall, in accordance with national and provincial regulations strengthen the radiological emergency, revising, and improve contingency plans in a timely manner, strengthening coordination between the relevant plans and docking, and organized emergency training and drills.
Article 45th nuclear power plant nuclear power plant emergency emergency management in accordance with the regulations, nuclear power plant in Zhejiang Province of the Radiation Ordinance provides for the implementation of environmental protection; other nuclear facilities, nuclear emergency management, reference to its implementation.
46th article production, and sales, and using radioisotope and Ray device of units occurred radiation accident of, accident units should immediately started this units of emergency plans, take emergency measures, and in accident occurred Hou 2 hours within local County (city, and district) or set district of city environmental protection, and police sector submitted radiation accident initial report; caused or may caused personnel radiation hurt of, also should while to local health sector report.
Receiving radiation incident reports to environmental protection, public security and health departments, shall, within 2 hours of radiation accident information reporting level people's Governments on environmental protection, public security, health sector, until the provincial people's Government, environmental protection, public security and health departments. Environmental protection, public security, the people's Governments above the county level after radiation accidents reported to the Health Department, and shall, according to requirements and emission of radiation accident emergency plan for the severity of the accident and immediately sent to the scene, and to conduct on-site investigations, and take effective measures to control and eliminate accidents and radiation accident report the people's Governments at the corresponding level.
According to the relevant regulations of the State shall report to the relevant departments of the State, from its provisions.
47th radiation following the accident, the people's Government above the county level and their departments such as environmental protection, public security, health, shall, in accordance with levels of radiation accident and emergency plans, do a good job handling of radiation accidents.
People's Government is responsible for emergency response should be in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and regulations, unified, accurate and timely release to the public of relevant developments and emergency handling of information.
The fifth chapter legal liability
48th acts in violation of these rules, the relevant laws, rules and regulations on administrative penalties from its provisions.
49th in violation of these rules, any of the following circumstances, by the Environmental Protection Department between 2000 and 500 Yuan fine, and rectification; fails, fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 Yuan:
(A) is not provided for by 13th report of radiation source of job information;
(B) not according to article 19th is equipped with detection equipment, records test results, report exceptions.
50th article violates this article seventh paragraph, abnormal use of electromagnetic radiation pollution prevention facilities, or unauthorised removal, free of electromagnetic radiation pollution prevention facilities, by the Environmental Protection Department fined 2000 Yuan and 10,000 yuan, and rectification; fails, fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 30,000 yuan.
51st radiation of the enterprises or institutions, violation of these measures stipulated in article 18th, 26th and 30th, failure to perform radiation management responsibilities, obligations, shall be ordered by the Environmental Protection Department to correct within; it fails, fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 yuan.
52nd in violation of provisions of this article 22nd, factory, sales of building materials do not meet the requirements, the quality and technical supervision, industry and Commerce Administration Department in accordance with the relevant laws, rules, and regulations will be punished.
53rd the enterprises or institutions do not implement radiation safety and protection management responsibility, radiation safety, responsible persons shall be disposed of or processed.
54th, Department of environmental protection has one of the following acts, directly responsible shall be disciplined in charge and other direct liable persons:
(A) illegal licenses or approval documents;
(B) failing to conducting supervision and inspection, or found not to investigate and punish the violations;
(C) delaying the report, conceal, misrepresent, fail to radiation accidents;
(D) not in accordance with the provisions of radiation accident emergency or failing to discharge the responsibilities of radiation accident emergency management;
(E) in the supervision and management of radiation protection in other misfeasance or malfeasance.
55th article violates these rules, violation of civil rights, shall be liable to eliminate hazards, pollution and damages infringement liability constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
The sixth chapter supplementary articles
56th article of the method, the following terms mean:
Radioisotopes, refers to certain kinds of radioactive decay of elements that have the same atomic number but different nuclides.
Radioactive sources, means the category of research reactors and power reactor nuclear fuel cycle material, permanently sealed in a container or tightly clad and solid radioactive material.
Radiation-emitting devices, refers to the x-ray machines, accelerators and neutron generators, and devices containing radioactive source.
Testing, refers to the use of x rays or gamma-ray device to internal defects in object of photography checking work process.
Unsealed radioactive substances is not permanently sealed in the envelope or tightly consolidated radioactive material in the cover.
Mines associated with radioactivity, refers to non-uranium mines containing high concentrations of natural radionuclides.
Radioactive waste, are those containing a radionuclide or radionuclide-contaminated, its concentration or specific activity greater than certain level of cleaning solution is expected to waste no longer in use.
Radiation accident is a radioactive source is lost, stolen, and out of control, or radioactive isotopes and radiation equipment out of control caused by exposure to unexpected exceptions.
System and device of electromagnetic radiation refers to electromagnetic radiation in the national construction projects and equipment lists and incorporated into the management system of environmental protection and equipment of electromagnetic radiation. 57th these measures come into force February 1, 2012.