Construction resist earthquakes in Sichuan province disaster management approach
(March 19, 2013 4th meeting consideration of the people's Government of Sichuan province on April 2, 2013 No. 266 promulgated by the people's Government of Sichuan province as of June 1, 2013) Chapter I General provisions
First to effectively counteract and mitigate earthquake disasters, according to the People's Republic of China Building Act and the People's Republic of China earthquake disaster mitigation Act and other laws and regulations, in Sichuan province, these measures are formulated.
Second earthquake resistance protection of construction projects within the administrative area of the province, these measures shall apply.
Construction project referred to in the preceding paragraph, including seismic zone construction and non-seismic zone schools, hospitals and other crowded places, and important public buildings.
Third construction project shall, in accordance with national and provincial requirements for seismic, classification of earthquake resistance protection of construction standards, construction engineering seismic design code and the relevant mandatory provisions of the professional code for seismic design of building to earthquake.
Fourth housing and urban-rural construction management departments at or above the county level shall be responsible for buildings and earthquake resistance protection of construction engineering supervision and management of urban infrastructure.
Above the county level transportation, water conservancy, energy, agriculture and other sectors and railway, electric power and other relevant units according to their respective functions to handle the professional earthquake resistance protection of construction project supervision and management.
Seismic work requirements and regulatory authorities are responsible for determining fortification.
The township (town) people's Government shall be responsible for the area housing construction earthquake resistance protection of villagers ' houses and guidance and supervision.
Chapter II urban earthquake disaster prevention planning
Article fifth seismic zone urban master planning of urban earthquake disaster prevention planning should be included.
Seismic zone of urban system planning, town planning and town and village planning should include the earthquake article.
Sixth province, city (State) housing and urban-rural construction, urban and Rural Planning Department in conjunction with the earthquakes, water conservancy, transportation, communications, electric power, railways, prepared jointly by provincial, city (State) of earthquake disaster prevention in urban system planning article.
City (State), County (city, district) housing and urban-rural construction, urban and rural planning departments to prepare urban earthquake disaster prevention planning within their respective administrative regions, urban and rural planning should be entrusted with preparing or architectural qualifications of specific preparation unit.
Seismic zone of the large-scale mining, electricity and ease of secondary disasters production and storage enterprises should be the preparation of earthquake disaster prevention planning.
Seventh article town system planning in the of seismic disaster designed article content should including: on regional of water to, and library dam, and Depot, and gas reserves and the adjustable pressure station, and railway, and highway, and bridge, and power, and electronic information and communications, and oil and gas route, and lost water route, major engineering and Lifeline engineering of seismic performance evaluation, and seismic countermeasures measures, earthquake Hou area, and City between of mutual coordination and support.
Eighth compilation of urban earthquake disaster prevention planning should consult with relevant departments, organizations, experts and the public, in line with the State of the urban earthquake disaster prevention planning standards, and meet the following requirements:
(A) traffic entrance according to the scale the number of urban lifeline systems, and meet the requirements of evacuation and disaster relief when disasters occur;
(B) identified as emergency, evacuation or temporary rehousing of urban green spaces, public buildings and areas;
(C) water, gas, electricity, telecommunications, sewage and other infrastructure construction, should meet the seismic requirements of grade and quickly resume operations after the quake, and in accordance with the prevention and control of explosion, fire, secondary disasters such as flooding and preventing secondary pollution requirements;
(D) the city and County (city, district) town, where the people's Governments shall determine the second water and emergency gas sources and identify at least two roads easily accessible open space or safe-haven green, meet the requirements of air transport and rescue helicopters.
Nineth of urban earthquake disaster prevention planning, the following should be considered as land planning and control of the construction project site conditions:
(A) the seismic fortification criterion;
(B) the construction requirements;
(C) emergency evacuation routes and emergency shelter-building requirements;
(D) emergency support required for water supply, drainage, electricity, fire protection, telecommunications, transport infrastructure;
(E) significant buildings and densely built area of earthquake resistance and disaster prevention measures.
Tenth provincial housing and urban-rural construction departments in charge of organization of urban earthquake disaster prevention planning and provincial, city (State) urban system planning in earthquake disaster prevention articles and technical review otherwise provided by laws and regulations, from its provisions.
City (State) housing and urban and rural planning and construction department is responsible for organizing the county seat of town government technical review on earthquake disaster prevention planning.
The County (city, district) housing and urban and rural planning and construction authorities responsible for town and country planning of earthquake disaster prevention in special technical review.
Provincial departments in charge of industry in conjunction with the Department of housing and urban-rural construction guide large mining, electricity production and ease of secondary disasters, such as production, storage compilation of earthquake resistance and disaster prevention planning of enterprises.
Chapter III engineering earthquake
11th article reform of the housing and urban-rural construction, development, transportation, water conservancy departments in charge of guiding the construction of seismic fortification criterion for implementation of the project.
New, expanded and reconstructed construction works shall, in accordance with national engineering construction compulsory standards and laws and regulations for earthquake. 12th new engineering seismic emphasis should be in accordance with specific security classes, security classes, standard security class, moderate security standard requirements are determined.
Construction project feasibility studies, site selection, engineering survey, design, construction drawing review, construction, supervision and completion, acceptance and use of implementation of the classification standards and construction of earthquake-related technical standards.
Any unit or individual is allowed to reduce the seismic fortification criterion.
13th new construction should be in accordance with the building code for seismic design of specification for seismic design of structures, seismic classification standards for construction projects as well as railways, roads, water conservancy, electric power facilities, water transport, air transport, nuclear power plants, petrochemical and other professional code for seismic design of earthquake-resistant design. Building code for seismic design, building seismic classification criteria to define specific security classes, is a major construction project and scope of the construction project of a possible serious secondary disasters, seismic safety evaluation should be carried out at the feasibility study stage and in accordance with the certified seismic safety evaluation reports established by seismic design requirements for seismic.
Otherwise provided by laws and regulations prevail. Article 14th earthquake in the region of schools, hospitals and other crowded places construction projects should be based on the construction of key security class in the classification criteria of earthquake fortification.
Seismic fortification intensity is 9 degrees, shall be 9 degrees higher than the required seismic means, according to the seismic fortification intensity to determine its role in the region.
Schools, hospitals and other non-seismic zone in the densely populated places and important public building construction projects according to seismic intensity 6-degrees of fortification.
15th article on seismic fortification district of based facilities, and municipal public based facilities and earthquake Shi may occurred serious secondary disaster of construction project and beyond engineering construction seismic fortification standard applies range of construction engineering for feasibility research Shi, County above traffic transport, and water, and power, and housing urban and rural construction, related competent sector should according to project category organization related experts on engineering location, and selected line and the design programme for seismic fortification special argument.
16th following construction of the seismic zone, design units in the preliminary design phase in seismic design review shall be compiled; construction according to project category submitted to the provincial housing and urban-rural construction, transportation, water conservancy, railways and other competent authorities conduct a special review of earthquake:
(A) the super high-rise building project;
(B) the classification of earthquake resistance protection of construction standards for special security class (group a) and medium key fortifications above class (b class) construction project;
(Three) new activities fault near, span over 150m of King Bridge and length is greater than 3000m of specialist tunnel, and structure or Foundation complex of large city bridge, and track traffic and power, and ventilation facilities, over 10,000 square meters of underground public facilities, earthquake Hou may occurred serious secondary disaster of water, and gas, and power, and communications facilities common laying of common ditch engineering, and sewage concentrated processing facilities and life garbage concentrated processing facilities;
(D) through the seismic zone of the railways, roads and bridges and passenger waiting building, traffic control, surveillance, transport, signals, communications, electricity, water supply construction;
(E) beyond the scope of engineering seismic fortification criterion for buildings and public facilities. According to the provisions of the preliminary design review of the construction project, its special review of earthquake should be merged with the preliminary design review.
Laws and regulations provide otherwise on Super high-rise building project, from its provisions. Article 17th should be special demonstration, review the construction of earthquake engineering and design units should be in accordance with the requirements for seismic and construction standards as well as special demonstration, review of earthquake design.
Earthquake resistance protection of construction drawing review body shall verify the special argument, review of implementation does not pass the special demonstration, review of earthquake or not according to the special argument, review of construction design of building engineering, construction drawing review failed.
18th construction plan review body shall, in accordance with national standards for engineering surveying documents, construction drawing design documents and seismic appraisal review report, and review responsibilities.
New construction, expansion or rebuilding engineering of fortification should be designed as documentation review of content. 19th construction figure in technology review, the review body, does not meet the national engineering construction compulsory standard, seismic classification requirements, shall notify the owner changes.
Unchanged, shall be granted by the construction drawing examination book.
20th construction units for construction of seismic design, construction process is responsible for and shall not be any of the following circumstances:
(A) explicitly or implicitly designed units reduce the seismic fortification criterion;
(B) design contract or contracts, implied, express, or additional terms qualified engineering of steel;
(C) the construction drawing inspection unqualified, through changes in construction plans review bodies to avoid corrective action responsibility;
(D) unauthorized alterations or cancellation of seismic fortification measures;
(V) selection does not meet the construction drawing design documents and relevant regulations of the State of materials, components and equipment.
21st Inspection Unit should be carried out in accordance with the engineering construction compulsory standard inspection, responsible for the truthfulness and accuracy of the survey and documentation provided, and shall not be any of the following circumstances:
(A) the depth of field of geotechnical work does not meet national standards;
(B) fraud, false geotechnical engineering investigation results;
(C) proposed in the report of geotechnical field seismic favorable and unfavorable location and area classification violations of State standards and the situation does not meet the project site;
(D) proposed in the report of geotechnical earthquake site classification, liquefaction evaluation of facts of violations of State standards and does not conform to the site;
(E) the Foundation in the report of geotechnical evaluations and recommends against national standards and does not meet the realities of Engineering site;
(Vi) other violations of national engineering construction compulsory standard for geotechnical investigation of the case. Construction unit should be in front of the shop drawing design document review, commissioned by the construction drawing review bodies review the engineering investigation file, after review by the housing and urban-rural construction, water conservancy, transportation, railway and other related departments.
Provisions of national professional project, from its provisions.
22nd engineering design unit for aseismic design quality and the accuracy of construction drawing design documents issued by and shall not be any of the following circumstances:
(A) violation of the requirements for seismic;
(B) violations of the national provisions concerning the type of earthquake;
(C) in violation of national standards of seismic fortification measures and identifying the role of;
(D) does not perform special arguments, of earthquake fortification special review;
(E) using the failure of the old standards, the old standard;
(F) violations of other circumstances as prescribed by law or regulations.
23rd country public buildings, infrastructure and unified planning, unified building villagers ' houses, should be carried out in accordance with the construction standards, procedures for capital construction planning, design and construction meet the seismic requirements.
24th village public building design and infrastructure should be borne by the organization with engineering qualifications, may not authorize a private design and construction supervision management.
25th of villagers ' houses should be in accordance with the town, Township, village and rural housing reconstruction after the Sichuan Wenchuan earthquake location techniques guidelines, herdsmen's settlement plan, Sichuan province, site of the technical provisions of the guidelines for site selection, avoid the earthquake rupture zone, zone, avoiding risks of geological disasters and vulnerable areas. Villagers build homes can choose a Department of housing and urban-rural construction with rural housing design universal Atlas, and in accordance with the seismic structure of residential buildings in rural areas of Sichuan province Atlas requirements for construction.
Villagers can be entrusted to qualified engineering design unit design or a registered architect, registered structural engineers and construction staff who are qualified, not without design and construction.
Article 26th villagers are approved in the House, renovation House reaches one of the following conditions, villagers should entrust the construction enterprises, construction of labor service enterprises, and township (town) people's Government declared into the engineering quality supervision:
(A) three-layer and above;
(B) more than 300 square meters;
(C) invested more than 300,000 yuan;
(D) the six-meter-span above. Village Builders according to the provisions of two-tier and given the residential construction.
Is strictly prohibited without qualification, seismic design, construction units and individual villagers ' houses.
The township (town) people's Government shall designate towns and management, rural planners and construction professionals to guide the villagers build, monitor.
27th construction enterprises, subcontracting companies and builders should be according to the drawings, implementation of seismic fortification measures, quality assurance, and responsible for the quality of the villagers ' houses, construction of earthquake.
28th spread in rural development, rural residential buildings with ethnic characteristics, seismic performance of structural form and construction method.
29th encourages building new technology, new technology, new materials, new equipment, research, science and technology, applied in line with local conditions and shock-isolated structures, steel structures, Assembly structure, wood structure, such as earthquake-resistant technology.
Relevant departments of the people's Governments above the county level and shall, in accordance with the national provisions promoting the seismic technology, new technology, new material, new equipment applications.
Provincial housing and urban-rural construction and other relevant competent administrative departments shall publish seismic new technology, new technology, new materials, new equipment, science and technology achievements promotion project, scope and restrictions, the prohibition of the use of technology. Article 30th engineering design of shock absorption and isolation technology of buildings shall be shock-isolation research unit, in conjunction with a and b to complete engineering design unit of qualification and preparation of the damping and isolation calculation.
Shock-absorbing, design of seismic isolation design unit can independently.
31st engineering survey and design of construction projects using seismic technology, know-how, patent technology-specific, approved by the unit reported to the development and reform, can be contracted out directly.
32nd provincial housing and urban-rural construction, railways, transportation, water conservancy departments in charge of construction projects, including surveying, designing earthquake-resistant technology training as important content of continuing education for practitioners.
The fourth chapter construction supervision for engineering acceptance
33rd building construction liability the Parties shall implement laws and regulations of capital programs and construction technical standards and the works quality and safety requirements.
Construction, survey, design, construction, construction supervision, project management, engineering quality monitoring agencies, seismic evaluation and documentation review body shall comply with earthquake resistance protection of construction engineering law, regulation and engineering construction compulsory standard requirement to ensure earthquake resistance protection of construction engineering quality. 34th construction units shall in accordance with the construction drawing design documents and construction engineering construction compulsory standard, and be responsible for construction quality.
No unauthorized changes of construction drawing design documents, not cutting corners.
Construction and construction units should be used in accordance with the construction drawing design documents and relevant regulations of the State materials, fittings and equipment.
35th the construction supervising units shall in accordance with the construction drawing design documents and supervision of engineering construction compulsory standard implementation and supervision responsibility for construction quality. Article 36th after completion of the construction, the construction unit shall organize a survey, design, construction and supervision unit to project completion.
Engineering quality supervision institutions to supervise the inspection procedures and quality.
Unit shall, within the statutory time limit for acceptance of construction works according to final acceptance of the record.
Fifth chapter building
37th has commissioned construction projects failed to take measures of earthquake or seismic fortification measures do not meet seismic requirements and not included in the recent plan of alteration, dismantling, building or property it shall delegate units with appropriate engineering qualifications in accordance with the relevant legal provisions, current seismic standards and necessary seismic evaluation and strengthening of the inspection report.
Article 38th conclusions recognized that could be strengthened to meet earthquake standards in schools, hospitals and other public buildings in crowded, in accordance with the key fortification such rebuilding and reinforcement of earthquake resistance standards.
39th seismic strengthening of engineering should include infrastructure management programs, implementation of engineering construction standards; seismic evaluation and strengthening for costs borne by the users or owners of the project.
Seismic strengthening of engineering and urban immediate plan, owner of housing maintenance planning and combining enterprise development planning.
Seismic Retrofit of significant heritage value and commemorative works, should be taken to maintain its original style.
40th intellectual property rights owners and users are not allowed to change or damage of building structures, vibration isolation, shock absorber parts and safety monitoring systems, observation systems, undermines the ability of earthquake engineering. Housing and municipal infrastructure within a reasonable service life, due to various factors that impaired ability of earthquake engineering, or load due to changed the original design using nature increases or need to improve earthquake resistance category, property or use rights shall entrust a qualified unit of seismic check, repair or reinforcement.
Engineering testing is needed, should be entrusted to a qualified units for testing.
The sixth chapter legal liability
41st acts in violation of these measures, is provided for in other laws or regulations, from its provisions.
42nd disobey article 16th, units in the initial design stages of engineering design preparation of earthquake resistance design article, above the county level by the housing and urban-rural construction administration authorities or other relevant competent administrative department in charge shall command a correction and fined not more than 5000 Yuan and 20,000 yuan. 43rd article violates this way 19th article, violating relevant regulations issued by a review of construction drawings of construction drawing examination book, above the county level by the housing and urban-rural construction administration authorities or other relevant competent administrative department in charge shall command a correction, and a fine of 30,000 yuan.
Losses shall be liable.
44th construction violates article 20th, there are second, third, and fourth, above the county level by the housing and urban-rural construction administrative departments or other administrative department fines of between 10,000 yuan and 30,000 yuan.
Article 45th design violates the provisions of article 22nd, construction drawing design file is invalid, the fourth, fifth, and above the county level by the housing and urban-rural construction administrative departments or other administrative department fines of between 10,000 yuan and 30,000 yuan.
46th national staff in earthquake resistance protection of construction engineering supervision and administration of dereliction of duty, abuse of authority or engages, shall be given administrative sanctions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
The seventh chapter by-laws
47th seismic zone mentioned in these measures refers to basic seismic intensity of 6 degrees and above the area (area of peak acceleration of ground motion 0.05g).
Non-seismic zone in these measures refers to the basic seismic intensity of less than 6 degrees.
Super high-rise building projects in these measures refers to beyond the current national norms, procedures as set forth in the applicable height and application of structure type of high-rise building, having a special irregular high-rise building, as well as relevant norms, rules should be carried out seismic special review of the high-rise building.
Lifeline in these measures refers to the urban functions, and production activities have a significant impact on the lives of power supply, gas supply, water supply, transportation, communication, health, fire and other engineering systems.
Serious secondary disasters in these measures refers to strong earthquake caused radioactive pollution, flood, fire, explosion, toxic or corrosive substances contain large spills and highly dangerous infectious diseases, catastrophic disasters such as the spread of the virus. 48th article of the measures come into effect June 1, 2013.