Meteorological Observation And The Facilities Protection

Original Language Title: 气象探测环境和设施保护办法

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(September 7, 2004 China Meteorological Bureau makes 7th, released since October 1, 2004 up purposes) first article to protection meteorological detection environment and facilities, guarantee meteorological detection work of smooth for, ensure gets of meteorological detection information has representative, and accuracy, and compared sex, improve climate changes of monitoring capacity, and meteorological forecast accurate rate and meteorological service level, for economy and people life provides reliable guarantees, according to People's Republic of China Meteorological method, developed this approach.
    Second approach applies to People's Republic of China area and People's Republic of China Meteorological detection in other sea areas under the jurisdiction and the facilities protection.
    Article III meteorological observation environment in these measures refers to avoid the interference to ensure accurate access to meteorological information meteorological observation facilities necessary for minimum distance the environmental space.
    Meteorological observation facilities mentioned in these measures refers to all kinds of meteorological observation sites, instruments, equipment and associated facilities.
    Fourth the competent Meteorological Department under the State Council is responsible for managing the national meteorological observation environmental protection work and facilities.
    Local meteorological departments at various levels in the higher level meteorological departments and under the leadership of the people's Governments at the same level, is responsible for managing the meteorological observation environmental protection and facilities within the administrative area.
    Has a meteorological station and other relevant departments of the State Council of province, autonomous region and municipalities responsibilities in accordance with other relevant departments, do the meteorological station of the Department of environmental protection and facilities, and receive peer guidance, supervision and management of meteorological departments.
    Other relevant departments under the responsibility, meteorological departments cooperate with meteorological observation protection of environment and facilities.
    Fifth State law protected environs for meteorological and facilities.
    Any organizations and individuals have obligations protected environs for meteorological and facilities, the right to report embezzlement, damage, and unauthorized mobile meteorological facilities and damage behavior of the meteorological environment.
    Article sixth people's Governments and relevant departments at all levels shall strengthen the meteorological observation environmental publicity and education facilities and to protect, establish a sense of national and protected environs for meteorological facilities.
    Protected environs for meteorological facilities and contribute to the work of the units and individuals, rewarded.
    Seventh article this approach protection following meteorological detection environment and facilities: (a) national benchmark climate station, and national basic weather station, and national General weather station, and automatically weather station, and sun radiation Observatory, and acid rain stations, and ecological meteorological monitoring station (containing agricultural weather station) of detection environment and facilities; (ii) high meteorological detection station (including wind profile line instrument, and sound radar, and laser radar,) of detection environment and facilities; (three) weather radar station of detection environment and facilities; (Four) meteorological satellite ground station (containing still meteorological satellite ground station, and very rail meteorological satellite ground station), and satellite control station, and satellite ranging station of detection environment and facilities; (five) atmosphere this end of Taiwan station, and sandstorm stations, and pollution meteorological monitoring station, environment meteorological stations of detection environment and facilities; (six) remote sensing satellite radiation correction field of detection environment and facilities; (seven) lightning detection station of detection environment and facilities; (eight) GPS meteorological detection station outfield environment; (nine) meteorological dedicated channel, and frequency
    , Wiring, networks and related facilities; (j) and other protected environs for meteorological facilities.
    Eighth various weather stations around should be open, keep airflow smooth.
    Nineth national reference climate stations, national weather station, national meteorological and solar radiation monitoring stations around the buildings, crops, trees and other obstacles and other sources of meteorological observation and meteorological observation field fence must maintain a certain distance, specific protection standards see annex 1. Automatic weather stations around without causing abnormal changes of meteorological element of interference sources.
    Specific protection of automatic weather station standard category according to the layout of the station in accordance with Schedule 1.
    Eco-climate monitoring station (including agricultural weather stations), acid rain monitoring stations specifically protect standard according to the layout of the class reference in Schedule 1.
    Sources mentioned in these measures refers to provincial Meteorological Authority identified on the meteorological observation data representativeness, affect the accuracy of large boilers, waste water, waste gas, dumps and other sources of interference or other sources.
    Article tenth high altitude meteorological observation stations around the obstacle detection system antenna block the elevation angle of not greater than 5 °, high altitude meteorological station within the prevailing downwind direction 120 °, shall not be greater than 2 degrees. Balloon cast sites within a radius of 50 meters, without overhead wires, buildings, trees and other obstacles.
    Other buildings and fire and hydrogen distance shall not be less than 50 meters.
    11th weather radar station the main exploration block in the direction of the angle must not be greater than 0.5 °, azimuth isolation shielding must not be greater than 0.5 °; block in the other direction elevation shall not exceed 1 °, azimuth isolation shielding must not be greater than 1 °, and a total shielding angle shall not exceed 5 °.
    Weather radar station shall not interfere with radar jamming around the source.
    12th the meteorological satellite ground receiving station (including the geostationary meteorological satellite ground receiving stations, polar orbit meteorological satellite ground receiving station), satellite ground station, satellite ranging exploration environment and facilities protection in accordance with the State of the electromagnetic environment protection requirements for Earth station (GB13615-92).
    Obstructions around the polar orbit meteorological satellite ground receiving station shall not be greater than 3 ° of elevation.
    13th atmospheric background station divided into a core of protected areas protected areas, protected areas, outside protected areas, and the scope of protection of the specific implementation of the standard in accordance with Schedule 2.
    Article 14th sandstorm weather monitoring stations, weather stations, pollution monitoring stations to detect environmental protection standards and facilities by the competent Meteorological Department under the State Council separately.
    15th radiometric calibration site is strictly prohibited in the market to engage in any construction and changes in the market behavior of natural state.
    Radiometric calibration site in these measures, refers to the use of radiation characteristics of stable and uniform ground objects serve as a reference base, through satellite-ground synchronous observation, the on-orbit remote sensing instruments are absolute radiometric calibration or on-board radiometric calibration site. 16th lightning detection of high frequency probe antenna with 60 ° angle of space without any obstacle. High frequency probe antenna lightning detection stations as the Center, within a radius of 100 meters, there shall be no conductive objects or obstructions above antenna system.
    Radius of 100 meters outside the range (100 m), obstacle and the elevation of the antenna shall not be greater than 3 °, electromagnetic interference should be smaller than the lightning receiver threshold. Article 17th GPS meteorological observation station field of view around obstructions shall not be greater than 10 ° of elevation and far from the high power radio transmitters, and high voltage transmission lines.
    All radio transmitters and GPS receivers for meteorological observation station antenna distance shall not be less than 2 km high voltage transmission line distance from the receiver antenna shall not be less than 200 meters.
    GPS meteorological observation station may not have a large area of water or other electromagnetic wave reflection (absorption) strongly object. 18th all radio (station) you will not interfere on the weather channel, frequency.
    Meteorological telecommunication lines and installations shall not be diverted, misappropriate, damage, and to ensure the timely and accurate meteorological information transmission.
    Weather Radio frequency protection, according to the State radio management regulations.
    19th meteorological departments at various levels should meteorological environment and facilities protection standards submitted to the local people's Government and the relevant departments for the record. 20th relating to town and country planning, construction, land Department, meteorological station built in approval may affect environmental and facilities construction projects requires a prior consent of the meteorological departments had permission to consent.
    Without consent of the meteorological departments, the departments concerned shall not be approved.
    Construction, reconstruction and expansion of meteorological stations and facilities shall comply with the meteorological observation environmental protection standards and facilities. Article 21st without approval, no organization or individual may relocate meteorological stations and facilities. Due to the implementation of urban planning or construction of State key projects, you need to transfer national reference climate stations, national weather stations, upper air sounding, weather radar station, atmospheric background station meteorological station of national sites such as shall be approved by the competent Meteorological Department under the State Council; need to migrate other meteorological stations, should be approved by the meteorological authorities of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities.
    Demolition and new meteorological stations and facilities of all costs borne by the Governments at the same level, or the project owner, and ensure the quality of new meteorological stations and facilities in line with national standards.
    Meteorological station of migration should be comparing observations in accordance with the competent Meteorological Department under the State Council. 22nd unattended automatic weather stations, should be determined by the delegate all units of local government or social organizations, enterprises and individuals to be responsible for protecting.
    Book of the bailment shall be signed by the parties, clearly the respective rights and obligations.
    23rd article ban following against meteorological detection environment and facilities of behavior: (a) occupation, and damaged and unauthorized mobile observatory station building, and equipment and transmission facilities; (ii) in meteorological detection environmental protection range within set obstacles real; (three) in meteorological detection environmental protection range within for blasting, and mining sand (stone), and take soil, and burning, and grazing, behavior; (four) in meteorological detection environmental protection range within planting effect meteorological detection environment and facilities of crop, and trees;
    (E) the settings affecting the effectiveness of meteorological facilities of high frequency electromagnetic radiation devices; (vi) effect from the meteorological station meteorological exploration activities; (VII) other acts against meteorological environment and facilities.
    24th article violates these rules, any of the following acts, by relevant meteorological authorities in accordance with the permission shall be ordered to desist from the illegal act, restitution or take other remedial measures of limited duration, may be fined a maximum of 50,000 yuan; losses caused shall bear liability constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law. (A) seize or damage, and unauthorized mobile meteorological station buildings, equipment and transport facilities, (ii) put up barriers around the environs for meteorological, (iii) settings affecting the effectiveness of meteorological facilities of electromagnetic radiation of high frequency devices and (iv) other acts against meteorological environment and facilities.

    25th article violates these rules, any of the following acts, by relevant meteorological authorities in accordance with the permission shall be ordered to desist from the illegal act, restitution or take other remedial measures of limited duration, may be fined a maximum of 30,000 yuan; losses caused shall bear liability constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
    (A) in the meteorological observation environmental protection within the blasting, sand (stone), soil, burning, grazing and other acts of (ii) meteorological observation meteorological observation environmental protection within the cultivation environment and facilities of crops, trees, (iii) effect from the meteorological station meteorological exploration activities.
    26th State Council relevant departments and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities other relevant Department of meteorological stations of the environmental protection standards and facilities, in accordance with the measures implemented.
    27th is greater than, less than, than in these measures, including the number itself.

    28th article of the rules take effect on October 1, 2004. Schedule 1: various weather station meteorological observation field fence and around obstacles edge and various effect source body edge Zhijian distance of protection standard = ┌-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┬-the-the-the-the-the-the ┬-the-the-the-the-the-the ┬-the-the-the-the-the-the ┬-the-the-the-the ┐ │ station class or project │ national benchmark │ national basic │ national General │ Sun radiation │ │ name │ climate station │ weather station │ weather station │ and sunshine, │ ├-the-the-the-the ┬-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the       ┼------,-┼ ┤│││≥ │ │ ≥ ≥ Height height height rows │ ││││ 10 times or 10 times or obstacle to obstacle │ │ │││││ 8 times or obstacles block the elevation of ≤ ≤ │ │ objects to cover the elevation ≤│││ objects to cover the elevation and obstructions │ │ │ 7.13 │ 5.71 5.71 ° ° °        │ In Sunrise, and │ │ distance ├-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┤ sunset direction ││││≥ obstacles height │ ≥ obstacles height │ ≥ obstacles height │ obstacles of │││ isolated │ of 10 times times or obstacles │ of 8 times times or obstacles │ of 3 times times or obstacles │ height angle ≤││││ real block elevation ≤ │ real block elevation ≤ │ real block elevation ≤ │ 5 °; │││   │ 5.71 ° │ 7.13 ° │ 18.44 ° │ around obstacles │ ├-the-the-the-the ┴-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┤ real shall not cover │ │ and railway subgrade distance │ > 200 meters │ > 200 meters │ > 200 meters │ block instrument sense │ ├-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┤ should surface │ │ and highway subgrade distance │ > 30 meters │ > 30 meters │ > 30 meters ││├-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┤││ and large water distance │ > 100 meters │ > 100 meters │ > 50 meters ││├-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┴-the-the-the-the-the-the ┴-the-the-the-the-the-the ┴-the-the-the-the ┤ │ and crop, and trees distance │ observation field around 10 meters range within shall not planting above 1 meters of crop, and trees │ ├-the-the-the-the-the-the-the -The-the ┴-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┤ │ on meteorological detection has effect of various source body, and observation field fence of distance must is greater than 500 meters │ ├-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┤ │ ecological meteorological monitoring station (containing agricultural weather station), and acid rain stations reference implementation │ └-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┘ =
    Tbl/> "obstruction" refers to buildings, crops, trees and other effects observed flow smooth, accuracy or data representation object.
    "Orphaned" field fence barrier nearest obstacle refers to the observation point, looking towards the direction of obstacles, with neighbouring objects lateral distance of ≥ 30 m maximum shielding angle of a single object in the horizontal direction ≤ 22.5-degree barrier.
    "Rows" field fence barrier nearest obstacle refers to the observation point, looking towards the direction of obstacles, individual objects or a single object collection object of lateral distance ≤ 30 m in the horizontal angle of the maximum block > 22.5-degree barrier.
    "Height ratio" refers to the observation field fence barrier nearest the distance and obstacle top beyond the observed ratio of the height of the land.

    "Large water bodies distance" refers to the reservoir, Lake and river waters, such as the record high level from the level of the observation field fence distance.                              附表2:大气本底台站保护区划分和保护标准
=
┌─────┬───────────────┬─────────────┐
│          │                              │     保护范围(半径)     │
│保护区划分│           保护要求           ├──────┬──────┤
│          │            │ Regional station │ global station │ ├-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┼-the-the-the-the-the-the ┤││ shall not engaged in any change district within natural ecological and ││││ core reserves │ surface features of activities, shall not in district within construction │ 0.5 – 1 km │ 1 – 2 km │││ permanent buildings, and Xiang level above highway, and iron │ │            │
│          │路等                          │            │            │
├─────┼───────────────┼──────┼──────┤
│          │不得改变区内的土地利用状况和区│            │            │
│          │内的地理特征,避免对观测项目造│ │ │││ Protected areas into the lasting effects of man-made pollution local │ │ 5-10 km or 10-20 km │││ sources (sewage serious plant, mine │││││, large farms) │││├-----┼------------------┼--------            ┼-------┤││ Shall not be wholesale changes to the land use in the area-││││ │ outside protected areas and the geographical features of the area, such as the new towns │ │ 20-30 km 30-50 km │││, large industries (mining) areas, large reservoirs, such as │││││, avoid open air fixed routes in the district │ │ │ └-----┴-----------------┴------┴;------┘ =Tbl/> Note: protected area radius of according to the local meteorological conditions need to be determined after evaluation. The principle is, in the leading and dominant wind direction, on to protect larger radius value, small value on non-dominant wind direction protection RADIUS.
        This standard refer to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) of the relevant standard-setting.

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