Infectious Disease Patients Or Suspected Patients Of Infectious Diseases Under Autopsy

Original Language Title: 传染病病人或疑似传染病病人尸体解剖查验规定

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(Released April 30, 2005 the Ministry of health, the 43rd come into force on September 1, 2005) first to the timely identification of infectious disease etiology, improve the level of diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases, effective control of the epidemic, prevent the spread of the epidemic, according to the People's Republic of China article 46th of the prevention and control of infectious diseases (hereinafter referred to as the communicable disease prevention Act), these provisions are formulated.
    Provisions of this article apply to infectious diseases of unknown etiology patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases the autopsy work.
    Article infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases autopsy shall be designated by the Administrative Department of public health with patients of infectious diseases autopsy qualified institutions (hereinafter referred to as inspection bodies).
    Districts of city-level administrative departments of public health disease prevention work should be based on the area the actual need, specified has the independent ability of pathological anatomy medical institution or Department of pathology or forensic Department of universities as inspection bodies.
    A class infectious diseases and take a class infectious disease prevention, control of other infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases autopsy of the bodies, designated by the health administrative departments at or above the provincial level.
    Fourth article identification institutions should has following conditions: (a) has independent of Anatomy room and the corresponding of auxiliary with room, people, and logistics, and air flow reasonable, lighting good, which Anatomy room area not less than 15 square meters; (ii) has autopsy Taiwan, and slice machine, and dehydration machine, and attract device, and microscope, and photography equipment, and measurement equipment, and disinfection isolation equipment, and personal protection equipment, and pathology organization based table, and store and transport specimens of necessary equipment, and body save facilities and meet environmental requirements of sewage, and dirt real processing facilities;
    (Three) at least has two name has subtropical high level above pathology professional technology positions served qualification of physician, which has a name has orthometric height level pathology professional technology positions served qualification of physician as main check personnel; (four) has sound of regulations and specification of technology operation, and regularly on staff for training and assessment; (five) has body Anatomy identification and career exposed of emergency plans.
    A class infectious diseases and take a class infectious diseases prevention and control measures, other infectious diseases or suspected patients of infectious diseases autopsy body autopsy room should also have the external filter exhaust air disinfection conditions.
    Fifth medical organizations in order to find the causes of infectious diseases, deaths in medical institutions of infectious patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases, approved by the seat of the municipal public health Administrative Department, postmortem inspection and informed the family members of the deceased, and completes the record.
    Sixth disease prevention and control institutions received notification of relevant departments, medical institutions outside the death, patients with infectious disease characteristics should be taken disinfection and quarantine measures; need to find the causes of infectious diseases, approved by the seat of the municipal public health Administrative Department, postmortem inspection and informed the family members of the deceased, and completes the record.
    Seventh autopsy shall follow the principle, according to local health administrative departments require the use of special vehicles were sent to the inspection bodies.
    Article eighth autopsy work needs, no units or individuals may need to autopsy bodies handling, washing, dressing, burial, cremation and other treatment.
    Nineth medical institutions shall provide the inspection body with copies of clinical data and handing over procedures and inspection institutions. Article tenth inspection bodies shall appoint inspectors.
    Inspection personnel before the autopsy examination, should carefully read the relevant clinical data.
    11th autopsy should be done in strict compliance with the relevant technical and operating rules and practices and in accordance with the provisions of the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
    In the autopsy specimen collection, storage, carrying and transport should be the implementation of the pathogen laboratory biosafety regulations and other rules.
    Specimens collected during the autopsy, should be in line with bio-safety requirements for laboratory test.
    12th in the autopsy process, arising out of medical waste in accordance with the relevant provisions of the regulations on the management of medical waste for processing. Article 13th autopsy pathology professional and technical personnel of the identification work in the course of the autopsy should implement standard precautions, strictly comply with the relevant technical rules and take effective measures to prevent cross contamination, environmental pollution caused by spread of the disease.
    Identification of the bodies responsible for the technical staff of health surveillance work.
    14th preliminary examination report issued by the inspection bodies shall as soon as possible, and timely feedback to the medical institutions or administrative departments of public health, disease prevention and control institutions.
    Medical institutions according to a preliminary report on etiology, pathology reports and inspection reports, clinical manifestations, diagnosis as soon as possible, and report as required. 15th dead body after the end of the autopsy pathology professional bodies should be stitched, cleaning.
    Inspection bodies shall be located in disease prevention and control institutions under the guidance of the health requirements or according to their bodies, anatomical site and the surroundings were strictly disinfected.
    After sanitary treatment of the body after the autopsy and cremated or buried in accordance with regulations.
    16th parked infectious or suspected patients of infectious diseases place, private transport and monomer freezers are used should be in accordance with strict disinfection.
    17th units and individuals in violation of the provisions of article, any of the following circumstances, the health Administrative Department under the communicable disease prevention law and the medical practitioners Act, the medical institution management regulations and other relevant laws and regulations for processed, competent and responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be given administrative sanctions causing serious consequences constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
    (A) medical institutions without approved, unauthorized on causes unknown and has infectious diseases features of patients body for Anatomy identification of; (ii) identification institutions and staff in anatomy identification process in the, not by provides take effective of disinfection, and protection, and isolation, measures of; (three) identification institutions and staff issued false identification report of; (four) identification institutions not by provides perform identification duties of; (five) legal, and administrative regulations provides of other illegal case.
    18th article in accordance with the provisions of the law on prevention of infectious diseases, to find cause of infectious diseases, the corpses of patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases, conduct autopsy, health administrative departments shall ensure implementation funding for staff to take effective measures for health protection and medical care.
                                          19th article of the regulations come into force on September 1, 2005.

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