Fire Inspection Requirements

Original Language Title: 消防监督检查规定

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Fire inspection requirements

    (April 30, 2009 the Ministry of public security announced the 107th come into force on May 1, 2009) directory

    Chapter I General provisions

    Form and content of chapter II fire fighting supervision and inspection

    Chapter III fire inspection program

    Chapter fourth police station of fire control and supervision and inspection

    The fifth chapter law enforcement and supervision

    The sixth chapter supplementary articles

    Chapter I General provisions

    First in order to strengthen and regulate the fire supervision and inspection work, urged organs, organizations, enterprises, institutions and other units (hereinafter referred to as units) to carry out fire safety duties in accordance with the People's Republic of China Law on fire, these provisions are formulated.

    Provisions of this article apply to the public security fire control institutions and public security police units comply with fire laws and regulations for fire fighting supervision and inspection.

    Third municipalities, city (region, State, AU), County (district, county-level cities, banners) public security fire control institutions implement fire inspection, determine the key unit of fire safety within their respective jurisdictions and reported by the respective public security organs of the people's Government for the record.

    Police station against residential property services companies, neighbourhood or village Committee carry out fire safety duties and higher units of public security organs to determine the implementation of routine fire inspection.

    Police station of fire control and supervision and inspection of the units is determined by the provincial public security fire control institutions and the competent government departments on the development of the work of police substation, the provincial public security authorities.

    Article fourth superior public security fire control institutions shall be to subordinate public security fire control institutions implementing fire fighting supervision and inspection for guidance and supervision.

    Public security fire control institutions shall common oversight in the area of fire and police station, and to guide police station daily fire fighting supervision and inspection work carried out, fire supervision and operational training of the public security police on a regular basis.

    Article Fifth fire inspection results, public security fire control institutions can be announced to the public in an appropriate manner; found fire hazards that affect public safety should be regularly published, suggesting that public attention to fire safety.

    Form and content of chapter II fire fighting supervision and inspection

    Sixth forms for fire fighting supervision and inspection are:

    (A) places of public gathering in fire safety checks before put into use, business;

    (B) to comply with the statutory fire safety conditions of supervision;

    (C) verification of fire safety violations to report complaints;

    (D) for large-scale mass activities held in front of a fire safety inspection;

    (E) according to other fire fighting supervision and inspection needs.

    Seventh public security fire control institutions according to the region's fire laws, characteristics such as fire safety need to organize supervision; in the fire season, before or during major festivals, major events, shall organize the supervision. Key unit of fire safety should be the focus of supervision, non-key units for fire safety must occupy a certain proportion in the supervision and spot checks the number of units.

    Belonging to persons, places, key units for fire safety inspection at least once a year.

    Article eighth before a public gathering places in use, business unit or use the unit should be to places where the people's Governments above the county-level public security fire control institutions to apply for fire safety checks, and submit the following materials:

    (A) fire protection declaration form;

    (B) copy of business license or Enterprise name pre-approval notice issued by the Administration for industry and Commerce;

    (C) lawfully obtained construction inspection or copy of fire control acceptance for filing legal documents;

    (D) fire safety systems, fire-fighting and emergency evacuation;

    (E) fire safety education for employees ' orientation training records and automatic fire protection systems operations staff access to the fire protection industry-specific types of vocational qualification certificate;

    (Vi) other undeclared material according to law.

    Fire on law acceptance record and do not record spot checks of public gathering places of fire safety inspections, fire should also be submitted to the indoor decoration design and construction drawings, fire safety product quality certificate, and fire performance as well as decoration materials complying with the technical standards documents, factory certificate.

    Public security fire control institutions application for fire protection shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions of the administrative license to accept.

    Nineth public gathering places into fire safety checks before using, operating, you should check the following:

    (A) the location is through fire control acceptance or fire control acceptance record checks of qualified law fire control acceptance record and there is no place for a record checks compliance with technical standards;

    (B) fire safety, fire-fighting and emergency evacuation plans for the development of the management system;

    (C) automatic fire control system operators are certified, whether pre-fire safety training of employees;

    (D) fire-fighting facilities and equipment meet technical standards and in good working condition;

    (E) evacuation channels and safety exits and fire lane was clear;

    (F) indoor decoration materials with the fire protection technical standards.

    Article tenth units comply with the statutory fire safety conditions of supervision, should be checked against the actual unit the following elements:

    (A) buildings or sites shall conduct fire by fire inspection or acceptance for the record, before a public gathering places by putting to use, business fire safety inspections;

    (B) buildings or places of use and fire inspection fire acceptance record, determine or match the nature;

    (C) fire safety systems, fire-fighting and emergency evacuation plans are developed;

    (D) regularly conducts comprehensive tests to the building fire protection facilities, fire equipment, fire safety signs and equipment are regular inspection, maintenance and is in good working condition;

    (V) electrical lines, gas pipelines are periodic maintenance and inspection;

    (Vi) evacuation routes, emergency exits, fire engines channel is smooth, fireproof partition is changed, fire prevention space occupied;

    (VII) fire inspections, fire drills and fire safety education and training of employees, automatic fire fighting system the operator is certified;

    (VIII) producing, Stockpiling, trading places where inflammable and explosive dangerous goods with the shelter set up in the same building;

    (I) the production, Stockpiling, other places and shelter set up in the same building, compliance with technical standards;

    (10) are required by law to inspect the contents.

    Crowded places should also check interior decoration materials with the fire protection technical standards.

    Article 11th fire control key unit perform the statutory duties of supervision and inspection of fire safety, apart from the checks provided for in this article tenth of the content, you should check the following:

    (A) are you sure fire safety Manager;

    (B) whether the daily fire prevention patrol and set up patrol record;

    (C) organize regular training in fire safety and fire drills;

    (D) fire safety in building fire files, determining key positions.

    Belonging to key units for fire safety in crowded places, should also be checked in fire-fighting and emergency evacuation bear extinguishing and organized the evacuation of mission personnel to confirm.

    12th in the large-scale mass activities held before the event fire safety checks, should focus on the following:

    (A) the buildings used for indoor activity (sites) it shall conduct fire by fire inspection or acceptance for the record, before the public gathering places is through the use of, operation of fire protection;

    (B) temporary buildings in compliance with the fire safety requirements;

    (C) whether the fire-fighting and emergency evacuation, and organizing drills;

    (D) the clear division of fire safety responsibilities and determine whether fire safety Manager;

    (E) the site is equipped with fire control facilities and equipment are complete and in good working condition;

    (F) the event that evacuation channels and safety exits and fire lane was clear;

    (G) the event evacuation signs and emergency lighting in compliance with technical standards and in good working condition.

    13th big crowded places and other special construction construction site for fire fighting supervision and inspection should be focused on checking the construction unit shall perform the following duties on fire control security situation:

    (A) whether the construction site fire safety systems, fire-fighting and emergency evacuation;

    (B) on electric welding, gas welding, hot work is there a fire safety protection measures;

    (C) it is set commensurate with the progress of the interim fire water, installation of fire hydrants and equipped with a water gun, fire-fighting equipment is equipped with and in good working condition;

    (D) is there a fire lane and smooth;

    (E) whether staff fire safety training and fire drills;

    (F) staff dormitories with separate construction sets, staff dormitories there is illegal use of fire, electricity, oil and gas.

    Chapter III fire inspection program

    14th public security fire control institutions when implementing a fire inspection, inspectors shall be not less than two, and produce their identity documents.

    Fire inspection should complete inspection records, record of inspection.

    Article 15th before a public gathering places in use, business fire safety inspections, public security fire control institutions shall, within ten working days from the date of acceptance of the application for examination, made within three working days from the date of check agrees or does not agree to put into use or business decision, and delivered to the applicant.

    16th section of large-scale mass activities held in fire safety checks before, public security fire control institutions shall receive the level police security service checks within three working days from the date of notification and inspection record transfer-level public security organs and order departments.
17th public security fire control institutions received a complaint of fire safety violations, acceptance, registration in a timely manner, and in accordance with the procedures of public security organs in handling administrative cases article 38th of the regulations.

    18th public security fire control institutions shall, in accordance with the following time limits, field verification of reported complaints of violations of fire safety:

    (A) the complaint takes up closed, congestion, evacuation routes, exits or other safety evacuation behavior and stop use fire control facilities without authorization, shall, within 24 hours after receiving the complaint be verified;

    (B) to report fire safety violations complaints other than the first paragraph shall, within three working days as of receipt of the complaint for verification. After verification of fire safety violations should be dealt with according to law.

    Processing shall timely inform the complainant reported; cannot be told, should be indicated in the accepting registrations.

    Article 19th in fire inspection, public security fire control institutions found that shall be ordered to correct or be ordered to correct violations of fire safety should be made on the spot correction notices, and shall be punished according to law.

    Violations of minor corrections, and no administrative penalty according to law, and verbal correction and indicate on the inspection records.

    Article 20th rectification in accordance with law, based on the ease of correcting violations should be rationally determine the correct duration. Public security fire control institutions shall be ordered to correct the expiry or review by the receiving party within three working days from the date of the application for review.

    For those who do not correct it, shall be punished according to law. 21st article in fire supervision check in the, found urban and rural fire security layout, and public fire facilities not meet fire security requirements, or found this area exists effect public security of major fire hidden of, police organ fire institutions should organization collective research determine, since check of day up seven a days within proposed processing views, by belongs police organ written report this level Government solution; on effect public security of major fire hidden,

    Should also be determined within three working days from the date of written notification that there is a major fire hazard unit for rectification. Major fire hazard decision involving complex or difficult technical issues, public security fire control institutions shall, before determining the Organization experts.

    Organizational experts, renewable period of ten working days provided for in the preceding paragraph.

    22nd public security fire control institutions found in fire inspection fire hazard, shall notify the relevant entities or individuals to take immediate measures to eliminate; have one of the following circumstances, does not eliminate a serious threat to public safety in a timely manner shall be the provisional seizure of dangerous sites or sites:

    (A) the serious shortage of evacuation routes and safety or congestion, does not have the safe evacuation conditions;

    (B) serious damage to building fire protection facilities, no longer fire protection functions;

    (C) the staff-intensive sites violating fire safety regulations, use, storage of inflammable and explosive dangerous goods;

    (D) technical standards for public gathering places in violation, using flammable and combustible materials decoration, which can lead to heavy casualties;

    (E) other potentially serious threats to public safety, fire hazard. Provisional seizure shall not exceed one month.

    But fails to eliminate fire hazards, not affected by the seizure of term limits.

    23rd provisional seizure shall be in accordance with the following procedures and implementation:

    (A) inform the parties intended the facts, reasons and basis for the provisional seizure, and shall inform the Parties shall have the right, listening to and recording statements of the parties and to defend themselves. (B) the heads of public security fire control institutions shall organize and implement the provisional seizure at collective research.

    Decision provisional seizure, should make clear the provisional seizure dangerous position or place the scope, duration and method and check within three business days of the date produced and served on the provisional seizure decisions.

    (C) implementation of provisional seizure shall be quarantined or places prominently post the provisional seizure decision, and dangerous sites or venues and related facilities, affix seals on equipment or to take other measures to dangerous sites or places to stop production, operation or use. (D) implementation of provisional seizure record.

    If necessary, crime scene photography or video recordings can be made.

    In critical situations, immediately seal up may be a serious threat to public security, fire fighting supervision and inspection personnel in his oral report to the heads of public security fire control institutions agree on immediately after dangerous sites or places of the provisional seizure, and within 24 hours after the provisional seizure in accordance with the preceding paragraph made the provisional seizure decision served on the parties concerned. Provisional seizure is implemented by organizations of Heads of public security fire control institutions.

    Need to cooperate with other departments of the public security organs or police station, public security organs of public security fire control institutions shall be submitted to the Member organization. Following the imposition of provisional seizure, the parties request the dangerous positions seized or place a rectification fire hazard shall be permitted.

    But not in danger of being seized parts or place in the production, operation or use. After 24th fire hazard elimination, the party made the decision on the provisional seizure should be public security fire control institutions to apply for termination of the provisional seizure.

    Public security fire control institutions shall, within three working days as of receipt of the application checks check within three working days as of making the decision whether to agree to the provisional seizure, and served on the party.

    Check that fire danger has been eliminated, should make the lifting of the provisional seizure decisions.

    25th to the fire control law of the parties article 60th third, fourth, fifth, sixth, provision of fire safety violations, shall be ordered to correct refuses, public security fire control institutions shall organize forced removal or dismantlement of related barriers and obstructions, the costs borne by the violation.

    Party fails to implement the public security fire control institutions to suspend, stop, stop construction decision, public security fire control institutions shall set forth the relevant site, location, facility, or equipment is subject to seizure, penalty units or places to stop production, trade, use or construction.

    26th enforcement should be in accordance with the following procedures and implementation:

    (A) inform the parties intended to enforce the facts, reasons and basis for decision, and shall inform the Parties shall have the right, listen to the statements of the parties and to defend themselves and record.

    (B) the heads of public security fire control institutions shall organize collective study on the enforcement program, the party refused to correct or decision within five working days from the date of expiry of the period of production and sent to the enforcement of decisions.

    (C) enforcement, shall be enforced or places prominently post to enforce decisions, set out and in accordance with the enforcement of a decision of the enforcement methods. (D) to make a written record of the enforcement process.

    If necessary, crime scene photography or video recordings can be made. Enforcement should be by public security fire control institutions in charge of the decision implementation.

    Need to cooperate with other departments of the public security organs or police station, public security organs of public security fire control institutions shall be submitted to the Member organization needs other administrative departments, public security fire control institutions shall comment, and shall be reported by the respective public security organs of the people's government organizations.

    27th was ordered to stop construction, stop, suspend punishment client request for restoration of the construction, use, production, management, and public security fire control institutions shall, within three working days of receiving a written request for examination, take a decision within three working days from the date of the check, and served on the party.

    Fire safety violations have been corrected, the parties meet the fire safety requirements, public security fire control institutions shall agree to resume construction, use, production and business; offences have not been corrected, do not meet the fire safety requirements, should not agree to resume construction, use, production, management, and explain the reasons.

    Chapter fourth police station of fire control and supervision and inspection

    28th police station for day-to-day supervision and inspection of units, should be a routine fire inspection at least once a year.

    Police station to complain about reports of fire safety violations, should be accepted in a timely manner and dealt with according to law; on the jurisdiction of the public security fire control institutions shall, in accordance with the provisions of handling administrative cases by public security organs timely after the acceptance of the transfer of public security fire control institutions.

    On 29th police station units are held for fire fighting supervision and inspection, you should check the following:

    (A) buildings or sites shall conduct fire by fire inspection or acceptance for the record, public gathering places through before put into use, business fire safety inspections according to law;

    (B) formulate fire control safety system;

    (C) organize fire prevention inspection, fire safety awareness training, fire-fighting and emergency evacuation drills;

    (D) the fire lane and evacuation channels and safety exits are unblocked, indoor fire hydrants, evacuation signs, emergency lighting, fire extinguisher is in good working condition;

    (E) producing, Stockpiling, trading places where inflammable and explosive dangerous goods with the shelter set up in the same building.

    For units equipped with fire-fighting facilities, and police stations should also check whether the units of building fire protection facilities for at least one full inspection per year.

    Residential property management service for routine fire inspection, police stations in addition to checking this article (b) to (d) of the content, should also check the Realty service enterprise to manage shared fire-fighting facilities maintenance and management in the region.

    30th police station to the neighbourhood or village Committee to conduct routine fire inspection, you should check the following:

    (A) fire safety Manager is identified;

    (B) the fire safety system, the village (neighborhood) whether the safety of fire;

    (C) whether publicity and education of fire, fire safety inspections;

    (D) whether on the community, village water source (hydrant), fire Lane, fire equipment maintenance and management (v) whether to establish volunteer fire department and other fire service organizations.
31st in daily fire fighting supervision and inspection, the public security police, found the unit under inspection of any of the following acts, shall be ordered to correct according to law:

    (A) failure to formulate fire control safety systems, fire inspection and fire safety training, fire drills;

    (B) occupancy, blockage, closure of evacuation routes, emergency exits;

    (C) occupation, jams, closed fire Lane, prevent the passage of fire engines;

    (D) who bury, occupy fire hydrant or occupy fire prevention space, shelter;

    (E) fire hydrant, fire extinguishers, evacuation signs and emergency lighting is not kept in good working condition;

    (Vi) in densely populated places on the doors and Windows settings affect escape and firefighting and rescue the obstacle;

    (G) violations of fire safety regulations to enter places where inflammable and explosive dangerous goods are produced and stored;

    (VIII) breach of the requirement to use naked light in operation or in a fire and explosion dangerous places to smoke, use naked light in;

    (IX) and operation of inflammable and explosive dangerous goods are produced and stored places and shelter set up in the same building;

    (10) no regular full inspection of building fire protection facilities.

    Police station found to be not legally passed fire inspection of check-unit or fire control acceptance record, unauthorized use; public gathering places without fire safety checks before using, operating, unauthorized use of, business, you should check the date of transfer of public security fire control institutions in writing within five working days.

    Public security police for routine fire inspection should fill out inspection records, records found that fire safety violation, shall be ordered to correct the situation.

    In daily fire fighting supervision and inspection in the 32nd police station and found that there is a serious threat to public safety and fire hazard, shall be ordered to correct written report at the same time the Township people's Governments or sub-district offices and public security fire control institutions.

    The fifth chapter law enforcement and supervision

    Article 33rd public security fire control institutions shall improve the fire supervision and inspection work system, establishment of law enforcement files, regular law enforcement evaluation, implementation of the fault responsibility investigation of law enforcement.

    Public security fire control institutions and their staff for fire fighting supervision and inspection, should consciously accept the supervision by the units and citizens.

    34th public security fire control institutions and their staff in fire fighting supervision and inspection in the following circumstances, directly in charge of personnel and other persons directly responsible shall be given administrative sanctions according to law constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated in accordance with law:

    (A) not required production, service of legal documents, do not perform fire-fighting duties of supervision and inspection in accordance with this, it refuses;

    (B) does not meet the fire safety requirements of public gathering places for admission of qualified fire protection;

    (C) undue delay in fire safety checks, do not perform their duties within the statutory time limit;

    (D) not in accordance with the regulations on organization of fire supervision and inspection;

    (E) fire hazard do not inform relevant units or individual corrective action;

    (Vi) the use of fire protection products fire inspection authority specified for the user's brand, sales units or the specified fire safety technical services, construction, repair and maintenance of fire-fighting facilities unit;

    (VII) accept the units under inspection, personal property or other improper interests;

    (VIII) other acts of abuse of authority, dereliction of duty or engages in.

    35th article of public security fire control institutions staff of close relatives is forbidden under its jurisdiction, region or business within the scope of business, contract fire protection engineering, fire companies to sell products.

    Violation of the provisions of the preceding paragraph, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the public security fire control institutions staff be disposed of.

    The sixth chapter supplementary articles

    Article 36th has one of the following situations should be identified as a potential fire hazard:

    (A) the effects of evacuation or fire-fighting and rescue operations, cannot be corrected immediately;

    (B) fire-fighting equipment is not maintained in good working condition, affecting fire protection function;

    (C) without changing the fire zone, easily lead to the spread of fire, expanded;

    (D) violation of fire safety regulations in the crowded place, use, storage of inflammable and explosive dangerous goods cannot be corrected immediately;

    (E) the layout of urban fire safety requirements are not met, affecting the safety of the public;

    (Vi) other substance may increase the fire hazard or hazardous situation.

    Major fire hazards in accordance with the relevant standard. 37th has a fixed place of business and individual industrial and commercial households with a certain scale should be incorporated into the range of fire fighting supervision and inspection.

    Specific standard by the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities public security fire control institutions identify and publicly announce it.

    38th railway, transportation, civil aviation, forest fire supervision and inspection carried out under the public security authorities in the jurisdiction with reference to these provisions.

    39th legal instruments needed for the implementation of the provisions of article style, developed by the Ministry of public security. 40th article of the regulations come into force on May 1, 2009. Released on June 9, 2004 fire inspection regulations (Ministry of public security, the 73rd) repealed simultaneously.

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