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Railway technical policies
(Released January 9, 2013 the Ministry of railways to 34th since February 1, 2013) Chapter I General provisions First railway as the main artery of the national economy, national critical infrastructure and popular means of transport, is the backbone of a comprehensive transportation system, with energy-saving, environmental protection, security, transportation and other characteristics, critical role in China's economic and social development.
Must adhere to the scientific concept of development to raise the overall modernization level, improve transport capacity and quality to better serve national economic and social development, for the majority of the people.
Second general principle is the development of railway technology: based on the security, market-oriented and efficiency as the Center, system to improve transport safety, engineering, business management, technology and equipment level, enhancement of railway scientific and technological innovation capacity, providing technical support and guarantee for scientific development of China railway.
Article III general objectives for the development of railway technology is: relying on scientific and technological progress and innovation, build a comprehensive passenger high-speed, convenient, cargo overloading, fast, speed, density, weight, matching, both high-tech and applied technology, coordinated development of technology and equipment of different grades, with the characteristics of China's railway system, safety, high efficiency, energy saving, environmental protection and information of the modern railway.
Fourth article of the technical platform for railway technology development policy is the document, guiding railway planning, regulations, procedures, norms, standards, such as the preparation and revision.
Chapter II speed, density, weight Fifth high-speed rail link as a new design line 250km/h (reserve) and above EMU trains, initially operating speed of not less than 200km/h passenger railway.
Design of high-speed railway train track minimum interval time according to 3min, axle load shall not exceed 17t, grouping is less than 16. Article sixth heavy haul railway to meet the train weight 8000t, axle load to 27T and above and above, at least 150km line segment last year transportation volume is greater than 40 million tons of two railways in the three conditions.
New heavy haul railway design speed is not more than 100km/h, axle weight not less than 30t, train weight ton or above. Article seventh mixed passenger and freight railway line for passenger trains and freight trains sharing the same line speed 200km/h operation, design and below the railroad.
New passenger and freight trains sharing lines 200km/h railway passenger train the maximum operating speed, maximum operating speed of express freight train 160km/h, General 120km/h maximum operating speed of freight trains. Double-line railway passenger train track minimum interval time according to 5min design.
Passenger train is not more than 20 vehicles.
Axle weight is not more than 16.5T,120km/h bus 160km/h bus axle shall not exceed 18t. Common passenger locomotive axle load shall not exceed 23t, freight locomotive axle load in promoting the 25t.
Truck axle spread 25t, 27T for research and development.
Chapter railway construction
Article eighth speed up formation of "four vertical and four horizontal" for the nation's rapid passenger transport network, building capacity for regional route. Priority to the construction of a dense urban area with different speed levels of passenger dedicated line; other areas for priority development 200km/h and the following mixed passenger and freight railway line; should develop new coal transportation channel heavy haul railway.
New railway should make full use of existing parallel to the road passenger and freight facilities, giving priority to development of 200km/h railways, and strive to realize passenger and freight line transporting. Strengthen dots coordinated to achieve major tonnage matching of lines, the lines and the extension. Building transfer convenient, functional and affordable passenger transport station. Function and optimization of marshalling station layout, improving the transportation system, improve flow capacity.
Construction and other transportation methods closely integrated transportation hub and Logistics Center. Nineth improve existing railway electrification rate. Fast passenger transport network and large capacity trunk lines, construction of coal transport passage of electrified railways.
According to the transport and routes, as well as emergency and disaster preparedness, national defense transportation needs in all major regions of the country to keep a certain proportion of diesel traction.
Article should be reasonable arrangements for construction of railway construction, established construction standards and construction period, enhance quality, safety, construction, investment, environmental protection measures, promoting standardized management, mechanical, industrial, professional and information as an important means of support, establish and implement technology, management, operating the three standards, building quality projects. 11th and energy-saving assessments of environmental impact assessment of railway construction projects. Strengthen the nature reserves, scenic, heritage and ecological environment protection and other special conditions. Take integrated measures to save land, intensive land use.
Study on noise, vibration, wastewater, solid waste, electromagnetic pollution control technologies.
Fourth chapter of railway transportation
12th organizations adhere to the principle of centralized and unified railway transport, optimizing the allocation of resources, implemented in phases for passenger and freight line transport, improving the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of passenger and freight transport.
13th to develop passenger and freight transport business, extending rail service chain and promote diversification. Strengthen the construction of customer service center. Development and extension services through the Internet, telephone and other tickets.
Develop shipping e-commerce, online accepted, wholly integrated logistics business and implement the freight transportation demand online one-stop handling. 14th dynamic optimizing the structure of passenger transportation product, open lines of different levels, different speeds of passenger trains. 300-350km/h high-speed rail line allows speed, taking into account the 250km/h EMU trains. New high-speed rail line is generally not running freight trains and locomotives pulling passenger trains.
Special area of operation diagram of the railway can be different depending on the season. 15th development of freight products. Give priority to the development of container transport, greatly enhance the proportion of container transport. Development of high value-added goods transportation of different speed grade faster freight products. Development adapted to the overload of bulk cargo transport, direct freight products.
Development of special cargo transport. 16th developing modern logistics industry.
Overall optimizing rail freight facilities Division and distribution, form a comprehensive, clear, perfect function of the railway network of logistics centres, expanding the "door to door" service, improved logistics management and service level. 17th article promoting the use of fuel-saving, energy-saving, water-saving, saving, waste heat utilization and other new technologies, the active use of clean energy, photovoltaic power, ground source heat pumps and other new products.
Application bulk goods transport dust suppression technology.
The fifth chapter driving safety
Article 18th adhered to the "safety first, prevention first and comprehensive" approach, to promote security risk management, strengthen safety and risk management Foundation, strengthen process control security risks, security risks, emergency, construction safety risk management system to improve railway safety. 19th enhanced transport control equipment and facilities. Technical standards and norms of sound equipment and facilities. Insist on fault-oriented security principles.
Promoting third-party evaluation and testing.
Railway safety reserve of railway construction projects and basic safety equipment must be used in conjunction with engineering designed, built and.
20th promoting railway safety monitoring and controlling system construction, and constantly improve the detection, monitoring and control technology, expanding the scope of application.
Development of comprehensive testing, inspection technology of high-speed locomotive and car safety technology, development of online inspection technology of mobile equipment, improve the infrastructure for real-time monitoring, service monitoring and control technology, data security assessment, enhance the diagnosis and treatment of security risks.
Article 21st research and application of wind, rain, ice, snow, Thunder, fire and other disasters and geological disaster prevention, monitoring and emergency handling techniques, improve natural disaster and foreign bodies invade limit monitoring system of high speed railway, improve the perilous mountain railway monitoring system of complex geology, development and application study on earthquake warning and disaster reduction in disposal systems of the railway. 22nd strengthen railway key, key objectives, security complex sectors of security protection. Strengthening the construction of protection facilities along the railway.
Strengthening monitoring of peripheral security environment along the railway. Improved crossing protection technology, step by step the existing level crossing of "conversion". Reconstruction design of the new, open 120km/h and above trains railroad rail volume reach the required volume or design criteria, need to intersect with the road, you should set up interchanges.
Design of railway trains should be running 120km/h and above all closed administration. 23rd exploration facility application status changes, perfecting maintenance system and make scientific standards for repairing and strengthening quality control.
Key components to implement lifetime management.
24th perfecting railway emergency plan, sound railway emergency rescue network, improve safeguards under abnormal operating conditions, establish emergency early warning, prevention, control and emergency response systems.
Improve passenger transport, heavy haul, Highland railway emergency rescue capabilities, research and application of complex terrain, rescue technology, equipment and facilities under special circumstances. 25th railway that strengthen the public health system, improving the quality of health and emergency response capacity of public health emergencies.
Active use of occupational safety and prevention and control technique, improving the working environment and working conditions, railway workers in occupational safety and health.
The sixth chapter of railway informatization
Article 26th adhere to unified planning, unified standards, interoperability and resource sharing principles, and comprehensively promote the railway Informationization construction, vigorously develop the digital intelligent railway.
27th forward transport dispatch, transportation organizations, passenger and freight transport marketing services, capacity allocation, resource management, safety monitoring, railway construction and management, information technology, system integration, business process reengineering and optimal allocation of resources, further development and utilization of information resources, information as a whole benefit into full play.
Positive developments in application networking, cloud computing, GIS, satellite navigation, the next generation of the Internet and other modern information technology.
28th railway information infrastructure construction, promoting common coding platform and an information-sharing platform, the basis for railway geographical information system, railway construction and use of the portal and data centers, broadband information network covering the whole road-building.
29th of upholding the principle of active defense and comprehensive prevention, using a variety of security policies, the implementation of information classified security protection system, implement the disaster recovery measures, strengthening and monitoring information system, establish and improve information security systems and information systems operation and maintenance system, improving network and information security emergency response capacity.
Seventh chapter, rolling stock and power supply Article 30th locomotives and equipment systems are relatively unified, dynamic configuration of appropriate redundancy.
Propulsion engines and key parts standardization, serialization and modularization, Jian Tong.
31st development suitable for different geographical and climatic conditions for safe, comfortable, affordable, convenient maintenance, energy conservation, environmental protection, harmonization of the 160km/h, 200km/h, 250km/h, 350km/h and above EMU products.
32nd AC driving locomotive for development technology, perfect optimization of locomotive-type spectrum development adapted to heavy haul transport, fast freight and passenger transport demand, different axis, different power and speed rating of AC drive diesel and electric locomotive series.
Article 33rd development of light weight, good performance of passenger car series. Development monitoring and service network of passenger trains. Promotion of bus power supply technology of locomotive.
New bus collecting device should be used.
Article 34th development of light weight, weight, high strength, corrosion resistance of new goods vehicles, heavy goods vehicles and container trucks, coal cars, motor transport and other special lorries and vans. 35th electrified railway power supply capacity must be compatible with the line transport capacity, power supply conditions should be set aside. Catenary of high strength, corrosion resistance, low maintenance parts, improve the reliability and resilience of electrified railways. Matching performance and optimize the catenary wire system, improve the interaction between pantograph. Promote the integrated supervisory control and data acquisition technologies.
Promotion of bow network monitoring technologies, and development of on-line monitoring system and technology.
Electrical distribution systems must be safe and reliable, redundant capabilities, improve railway independent electricity transmission and distribution network.
Eighth chapter works with the works 36th railway survey and design should strengthen geological survey and assessment, development of integrated survey technology and dynamic design techniques, achieving integration of survey and design, digital, and continuously improve the level and quality of investigation and design. Seismic design of railway engineering.
200km/h above railway survey and design should be established, engineering construction and operation and maintenance of triple precision surveying control network. Reliability research on the theory of limit States design standards system.
Unified standards of design live load for different conditions of transport. 37th subgrade design of geotechnical structures design concept, strengthening the subgrade, base and design and settlement control technology of transition section, strengthening of Foundation waterproofing and drainage measures, development of control technology of subgrade settlement and hardening technology, improve project quality and prevention capacities.
Perfect condition monitoring, maintenance and disaster treatment for subgrade. Article 38th development of high strength and a new bridge structure, strengthening the dynamic performance of bridges and bridge derail protection design, perfect durability design and construction techniques. Research on long-span bridges and research of deep water Foundation. Strengthen the study of seismic isolation technology of railway bridge.
New heavy haul railway long-span bridge and both overloads of bridges and culverts to strengthen technological research. 39th strengthening tunnel engineering geology route selection and assessment. Improved tunnel waterproof and drainage hole and protection measures, improve the reliability, durability and maintainability of the tunnel structure. Study on full-face construction technology under the condition of soft rock, the active use of full-face TBM.
Development of tunnel geological prediction, monitoring and disaster treatment technology. 40th perfect piece of track structure under different conditions of transport. New 300km/h above railway, tunnel and tunnel track can be used within the group. Improved track, reliability and durability.
Improved track structures.
New overloads and 120km/h and the above line should be a laying of trans-section CWR, the active use of 100m (60kg/m), 75m (75kg/m) long length of rail.
Positive development of durability of heavy haul railway turnouts and rail technology, enhanced technology and transformation of existing heavy rail line bridge and tunnel. 41st positive development of an integrated, efficient, energy-saving and environmentally-friendly large track maintenance machinery, special equipment for works. High-speed, heavy haul, high altitude and the main line railway large maintenance machinery construction and maintenance should be used.
Deepening study on plateau frozen earth area bridge renovation technology.
Nineth part of communication and signal
42nd full centralized traffic control system of high speed railway and other lines to adopt centralized dispatching system, completed dispatching system. 43rd Chinese train control system (CTCS), optimization technology and technical standards.
Provide the basis for development based on the transponder data of train operation monitoring device (LKJ) technology. Train control equipment selection depending on the line speed allowed.
160km/h mixed passenger and freight railway line CTCS0 or CTCS1 control system, 200km/h mixed passenger and freight railway CTCS2 train control systems, 250km/h preferred the CTCS3 control system of high speed railway, railways CTCS3 train control systems 300km/h and above. 44th unified automatic block system, improve the station code.
Double-track line automatic blocking should be used, single-track with automatic block or semi-automatic block. Article 45th computer interlocking system to develop secure computer platform technologies, active use of three-phase flow point machine. Research development of interlocking, occlusion, train control technology.
Main line towards using dynamic external locking switch equipment.
Promoting the upgrading of control system for marshalling station, active development of comprehensive automation system of marshalling station.
Article 46th drive transmission networks, broadband data communication network and intelligent, form a road uniform, stable and reliable, the communications network that hosts a wide variety of business information platform. 47th development GSM-R, the full realization of high speed railway GSM-r network coverage, establishing digital mobile communication system covering the whole way. Construction and improvement of integrated video monitoring, emergency communications, dispatching and communication system.
Promoting train safety, safety warning equipment.
Conduct research on next-generation mobile communication technology.
48th positive developments in railway communication signal of static and dynamic detection, monitoring and intelligent analysis techniques, improving remote diagnosis, prediction and integrated network management systems and equipment.
The tenth chapter quality, standards and Metrology
49th and strengthen industry management, improve the administrative licensing, product certification in the form of access system of railway products, improve product quality, quality of the project. 50th perfecting the technology standard of the railway system and the standardization of management system. Active participation in international standardization work.
Strengthening the implementation of the technical standards, implementation and supervision. 51st improvement of railway special measurement and management system, the implementation of new product technology certification system of measuring instruments, enhanced traceability management of railway transport safety monitoring and control equipment.
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