People's Republic of China ships crew duty regulations
(December 17, 2012 2012 10th release from the Ministry of transport as of February 1, 2013) Chapter I General provisions
First in order to standardize the seafarers will be on duty to ensure safety of life and property at sea, protection of the marine environment, strengthen the management of ship security, according to the People's Republic of China maritime traffic safety law and the People's Republic of China Law on marine environmental protection and the People's Republic of China crew regulations, and relevant international conventions concluded or acceded to demands, these rules are formulated.
Article 100 gross tons and above ships with foreign nationalities of the crew on duty to apply this rule, except for the following ships:
(A) military vessels;
(B) fishing vessels;
(C) pleasure craft;
(D) construct a simple wooden boat.
Article III of the national maritime authority is implementing rules of the competent authority.
Maritime administrative agency in accordance with the specific responsibilities at all levels are responsible for supervision and management of ship's crew on duty.
Article fourth shipping company shall, in accordance with the rules and requirements related to the International Convention on the preparation of the driving rules, ships such as the rules of engine room watchkeeping duty rules, posted in the shipping sector are easy to see in, requiring the crew to comply with the implementation in order to ensure the safe navigation of that ship.
Fifth shipping companies should ensure that crew on duty assigned to serve on the Board are familiar with ship-related equipment, vessel characteristics, and personal responsibility and duty requirements, can effectively perform safety, pollution prevention and security functions.
Sixth captain and crew on duty, shall abide by the laws, administrative regulations, relevant international conventions and local requirements relating to prevention and control of marine pollution from ships, to take all possible preventive measures, to prevent improper operation or accidents causing marine pollution of the marine environment.
Chapter II General requirements for voyage planning and on-duty
First voyage plan
Seventh captain should be according to the voyage task, organizing pilot study of the relevant information and making voyage planning, inform the work of various departments in preparation for sea, ensure the ship and crew in the airworthiness and competency.
Make voyage plan should meet the following requirements:
(A) after consultation with the Chief Officer, Chief Engineer, determine in advance and implement the voyage required a variety of gas-run material, supplies, fresh water and the number of spare parts;
(B) to ensure that all kinds of ship's certificates and crew documents complete and valid;
(C) guarantee this voyage involved nautical and other nautical publications is accurate, complete, up to date;
(D) ensure the transport document and port documentation is complete.
Eighth voyage plan includes the following:
(A) the total time total route mileage, and is expected to sail;
(B) the weather and sea conditions on the planned route;
(C) the turning points of latitude and longitude;
(D) paragraphs airline flight time and is expected to reach the turning point;
(V) complex leg sailing near dangerous material hedging means and routes;
(Vi) special area of attention.
Before Nineth sail, the master shall properly use nautical publications, and other nautical publications, planned from the start to the next port of call of the book in Hong Kong routes clearly plotted on a chart, and to verify the scheduled routes.
Pilot sailed on schedule routes should be carefully verified during each course to be taken.
Tenth voyage, under the planned route of a port changes or substantial deviation from the planned route of the ship, the master shall plan early to correct the route, and again plotted on the chart.
Section II General requirements for duty
11th maritime company captain and crew of ships should be equipped with a sufficient number of qualified to maintain security on duty. 12th master shall arrange qualified crew on duty, clear duty crew duties.
Watchkeeping arrangements shall comply with the guarantee that the ship, cargo security and the requirements of the protection of the marine environment, and to ensure the rest of crews on duty to prevent fatigue duty.
Under the unified command of the captain, the pilot on duty is responsible for the safety of the ship.
Captain, the Chief Engineer agreed, reasonable arrangements for turbines will be on duty to ensure cabin safety.
Captain shall, in accordance with security requirements, schedule and maintain appropriate and effective security on duty.
13th on duty shall comply with the following bridge and engine-room resource management requirements:
(A) based on the rational arrangement of the crew on duty;
(B) consider the limitation of the duty crew qualifications and competency;
(C) the duty of the crew should be familiar with their duties and responsibilities;
(D) the duty crew on duty received and navigation-related information should be able to understand correctly, proper disposal, and share them with other departments as appropriate;
(E) the crew on duty should maintain proper communication between departments;
(Vi) actions being taken to ensure safety, crew on duty if you have any doubts about, it shall immediately inform the master, Chief Engineer, responsible for the officers on duty.
14th the officers believe the succession of officers on duty obviously perform watchkeeping duties effectively, not shift and immediately reported to the captain or chief engineer.
15th the officer on duty in front of the shift is important, shall confirm the operation completes before the shift, except the captain or chief engineer orders otherwise.
16th relieving officer should confirm that this person can fully and effectively discharge their responsibilities before they can take over.
17th shall bear the impact will be on duty during the arrangement of the crew on duty.
Article 18th shift important events that took place during the crew on duty should be recorded as and when required.
Chapter on duty driving
First shift schedules
Article 19th when determining the composition of the bridge watch, you should consider the following factors to ensure safe navigation requires:
(A) ensure the bridge 24 hours;
(B) the weather and visibility conditions, day and night driving requirements vary;
(C) close to navigational hazards need to be on duty when additional navigational duties;
(D) electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS), radar or electronic position indicator, such as navigational aids and the use of any other equipment affecting the safe navigation of ships and working condition;
(E) ship fitted with automatic steering;
(Vi) If you need to perform radio duties;
(VII) the bridge unattended engine room control devices, alarms and indicators, their limitations and use;
(VIII) special operating environment for special requirements for navigational watch.
Section II watch 20th master shall arrange sailing crews on duty to maintain continuous formal look.
When the captain on duty arrangement the factors to be considered include:
(A) the visibility, weather and sea conditions;
(B) traffic density in the area of navigation and other activities that have taken place;
(C) routeing and nearby waters in the region must pay attention to the situation;
(D) steered by ship features, instant request and expected operation may cause additional workload;
(E) specify the crew on duty for duty;
(Vi) professional competence and experience of the crew on duty;
(G) the officer of the watch on the ship equipment, devices, and familiarity with the procedures and manoeuvring capability;
(H) if necessary, call the on-call personnel immediately to the bridge to help the possibility of
(I) the driving instrument and control devices (including alarm systems) working conditions;
(J) the rudder and propeller control and ship handling characteristics;
(11) position and command ship vision;
(12) the structure on attendant on Bridge Watch impact;
(13) other shift schedules, fitness for duty-related standards, procedures and guidelines.
Article 21st OOW should always maintain a proper lookout and should meet the following requirements:
(A) use Visual, auditory, and all available ways and means for the prevailing circumstances and conditions to maintain continuous observation, observation;
(B) the full estimated that collisions, groundings and other dangerous situation that may endanger the safety of navigation and;
(C) timely detection of ships and aircraft in distress persons in distress, ship, discover shipwrecks and other objects endangering navigational safety.
22nd on the bridge and the chart room is divided into the boat, officer of the watch to carry out its necessary functions, make sure safety cases, entering the chart room for a short time.
23rd watch officer and helmsman duties should be separated, helmsman when Steering duties should not at the same time served as a lookout.
Vision around the steering position has not been blocked and there is no night vision disorders, the cases without prejudice to maintain a proper lookout, helmsman and served as lookout duties.
Article 24th in cases that meet all of the following requirements, officer of the watch may be the only lookout:
(A) the day;
(B) may be the need to call immediately when other suitable personnel to the bridge to help;
(C) the following factors to ensure safe conditions:
1. weather and visibility conditions;
2. the traffic density;
3. nearby navigational hazard;
4. in the TSS must pay attention to when navigating within or near its waters;
5. other factors influencing the safety of navigation.
25th night should at least have a sailor on duty to assist the driver's watch.
Section III transfer of duty
Article 26th relieving officer prior to the succession shall be to verify the ship's reckoning, or the actual position, confirming passage plan, course and speed and unmanned engine room control device working conditions, and should take into account any navigational hazards that may be encountered during the shift.
27th relieving officer at vision is not fully adjust to the environmental conditions, should not take over.
28th, relieving officer should be clearly transfer the following situations:
(A) the master standing orders relating to the navigation of the ship and other special instructions;
(B) the position, course, speed and water;
(C) the time and prediction of tide, current, weather, visibility and other factors and their influence on course and speed;
(D) in the bridge control procedure and method of operation of the host when the host; (V) navigation environment.
Navigation environment shall include at least:
1. is in use or on duty during the use of all navigational equipment and safety equipment;
2. error of gyro and magnetic compasses;
3. near the ship's location and dynamics;
4. during the watch and dangerous situation that may be encountered;
5. the ship's yaw, pitch, and water density and squat on the possible impact of the additional depth.
Fourth quarter to watchkeeping duties
29th the OOW in charge of navigation are responsible for the safe navigation of the ship, and in accordance with the international regulations for preventing collisions at sea 1972 as amended and other manipulated the rules for safe navigation and collision avoidance.
Article 30th officer of the watch should be done:
(A) bridge to remain on duty, shall not leave the bridge;
(B) when the captain on the bridge, officer of the watch shall be responsible for the safe navigation of ships, unless it has been explicitly informed the captain has assumed responsibility;
(C) giving all watchkeeping personnel all appropriate instructions and information, in order to maintain security on duty. 31st OOW safety speed should be used. Necessary, shall immediately take the helm, host variable, and use measures such as sound signals.
When circumstances permit, shall promptly notify the cabin to be host variable, or in accordance with applicable procedures and effectively use UMS host on bridge control device.
32nd OOW must fully grasp in any draft of the ship's handling characteristics such as stroke, and should take into account other ships may have different handling characteristics.
Article 33rd officer of the watch should be fully aware of all the security methods and the location and operation of navigational equipment, skilled in the use of electronic navigational aids, and understand the limitations of these devices on the performance and operations.
During the 34th officer of the watch on duty, efficient use of the navigational aids on board, and at appropriate intervals to sail the course, position and speed is checked to ensure that ships travelling along the planned route, and sounder at the appropriate time. 35th OOW should be regular and precise determination of Compass azimuth and distance approaching the ship, earlier judged to have no risk of collision.
VHF radio telephone when necessary, coordinate with the vessel collision avoidance measures.
Article 36th in the following case, officer of the watch should operate on navigational equipment testing:
(A) Hong Kong and Hong Kong;
(B) foreseeable impact on safety of navigation hazards before they occur.
When circumstances permit, and at sea during the officer of the watch should as far as possible the navigation equipment for operational testing.
These tests shall be recorded.
37th OOW should regularly check the following:
(A) ensure that the manual steering or automatic pilot on the ship in the right direction;
(B) the standard compass error should be determined at least once per class, if possible, also should be determined after the drastic change of course; standard compass and gyro compass should always check complex system synchronized with the master compass shall be as shown in if found error variation shall be promptly reported to captain;
(C) each class is tested at least once a manual operation of the autopilot;
(D) ensure that the navigation lights and signal lights and other navigational equipment working properly;
(E) ensure that radio equipment operating correctly and in accordance with the requirements on duty;
(F) ensure that the bridge unattended engine room control devices, alarms and indicator work normal.
In using the autopilot, the 38th, officer of the watch should be taken into account:
(A) in order to deal with potentially dangerous situations that may occur at any time, helmsman in place in a timely manner and to manual steering possibilities;
(B) in the absence of assistance by taking urgent measures to break up at risk.
Converting manual steering and autopilot should be decided by the OOW.
39th officer of the watch should be proficient in the use of radar, and should do it: (A) have or expect to while navigating in restricted visibility or in crowded navigable waters, and radar should be used, and its limitations.
When radar is used shall comply with the international regulations for preventing collisions at sea 1972 as amended by provisions of using radar; (B) should be sure to use a converted radar range at sufficiently frequent intervals, so that as early as found objects.
Should be considered weak or poor reflective objects may be omitted;
(C) when radar is used, you should select appropriate range, carefully monitor, and that early radar plotting or systematic analysis;
(D) when the weather is good, if possible, the OOW used radar should practice.
40th when the following conditions occur, officer of the watch should be immediately reported to captain, the captain should be driving as soon as possible after receipt of the report and, if necessary, under the command of Captain directly:
(A) have or expect to poor visibility;
(Ii) doubts about the traffic conditions or dynamic vessels;
(C) to keep the course was difficult;
(D) expected from time to time to see land, AIDS to navigation, or depth cannot be measured;
(E) surprised to see land, AIDS to navigation, or sudden changes in depth;
(F) the host, propulsion control systems, servos and other major failure of the navigation equipment, alarm or indicator;
(VII) radio equipment failure;
(H) the suspected hazards of meteorological bad weather;
(IX) found persons or vessels in distress, as well as his ship for help;
(J) meet other emergencies or expressed concern over the situation.
When the urgency of the situation, and to the safety of the ship, officer of the watch apart from the captain immediately reported, should also take decisive action.
Fifth section on duty driving under special circumstances
41st encountered or anticipated during poor visibility, officer of the watch should be done:
(A) sound fog signals;
(B) traveling at a safe speed;
(C) put the hosts in the immediate operation readiness;
(D) inform the captain;
(E) the arrangements for formal look;
(Vi) display the navigation lights;
(G) operations and the use of radar.
42nd in sailing during the night while on duty, the master and the OOW organized a look should give special consideration to the bridge equipment and navigational aids and its limitations, the area of the environment and situation, as well as the implementation of the procedures and security measures.
Captain should be sailing instructions and precautions or other important specifically charged the captain of night order book, officer of the watch should follow. Article 43rd and crowded navigable waters along the coast, ship suitable for the water and should be used in accordance with the most up-to-date information to correct the largest scale chart.
Determined there was no risk of collision situation, position measurement, environmental permit should also use a variety of methods.
The use of electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS), select the appropriate display electronic charts, and at appropriate intervals by a different positioning methods to verify the ship's position.
OOW should exactly identify coastal landmarks and all relevant navigation marks. 44th ship by the pilot when the pilot does not relieve the master management and navigation of ships responsible. Captain and pilot shall exchange information on navigational methods, local conditions and vessel performance and other information. Captain, the officer of the watch should cooperate closely with pilots, remain on the ship and ship dynamic checks.
Pilot error should indicate the captain, shall be corrected, if necessary. Article 45th masters in non hazardous air away from the bridge, should inform the pilot, and specify the driver responsible.
The OOW when you have doubts about the pilot's actions or intentions, pilots should be required to be clarified, if still in doubt, it should be immediately reported to captain and to take the necessary action before captain.
Article 46th ship anchoring, officer of the watch should be:
(A) under the anchor should be immediately determined position, and mark the anchor position and maneuver range on the chart, the anchorage of the tide, flow, bathymetry, sediment, surrounding conditions and local weather recorded in the logbook;
(B) when circumstances permit, should always use fixed buoys or Bank easily recognizable objects, checking on whether ships remained at anchor position;
(C) maintain a proper lookout and pay attention to the following situations, and should:
1. around moored ships, especially in the dynamic of the anchored vessel upwind or upstream direction lest he boat anchor to endanger the safety of ship;
2. to mooring berth the ship has adequate safety distances, as too close, should attempt to notify each other and reported to captain;
3. passing ships or nearby moored boat sailed too close to parking away from the ship, should pay close attention to the dynamic, when judged a threat to the ship, should signal a warning to each other.
(D) inspect ship at appropriate time intervals, note the additional depth under keel, keel and the status of the ship;
(E) attention to observing the weather, tides and sea conditions change, note the anchor position, anchor chain and bow slew; when the bypass, it should also be noted the hull around the Rotary and ship movements and, if necessary, to take urgent measures to prevent this ship or boat anchor urgent situation or accident;
(F) the ship or vessel anchor dragging, or when the ships too close to dangerous situations in the past, should decisively to take all effective measures to avoid or minimize the loss and immediately inform the captain;
(VII) in a rapid mooring or event of stormy weather, in addition to implementing the captain directions should also test berth, patrolled the deck, check that the chain and the chain stopper is normal and should be checked carefully push the sailor on duty every hour mooring, mooring and anchoring equipment;
(H) urge the sailor on duty time lifting the flag and the anchor ball, switches anchor lights, deck lights, display or hang the lamp size in accordance with regulations, sound the appropriate sound signals;
(I) during poor visibility, should earnestly implement the amended the relevant provisions of the international regulations for preventing collisions at sea 1972, strengthened the looks, sound fog signals, turn on the anchor light and deck lights, and notified the captain;
(J) anchor handling, in addition perform duties related to loading and unloading operations in the harbor watch, it should also be noted by ship, barge mooring, fenders and rope ladders and various other security measures;
(11) according to the anchorage and the relevant provisions, by very high frequency radio-telephone channel under maintain listening watch on;
(12) strict compliance with the pollution prevention provisions, take effective measures to combat ships causing pollution to the aquatic environment.
When the captain deems necessary, ships sail on the mooring under continuous duty.
Fourth chapter engineering navigational watch
First shift schedules
The composition of the 47th Chief Engineer on duty should be appropriate to the circumstances and conditions in order to ensure that all machinery and equipment affecting the safe operation of the ship during the automatic operation, manual operation mode can operate safely.
Article 48th marine duty composition, you should consider the following factors:
(A) to maintain the normal operation of the ship.
(B) ship type, equipment type and status;
(C) critical to the safe operation of machinery and equipment of the ship to focus on the duty of monitoring requirements;
(D) due to weather, ice, pollution, shallow waters, all kinds of emergencies, marine loss control disposal or pollution changes the special mode of operation;
(E) the qualifications and experience of the staff on duty;
(Vi) human life, shipping, cargo and port security and environmental protection requirements;
(VII) relevant international conventions, national legislation and local regulations.
Section II transfer of duty
49th, the liner should be clear transfer of the following matters:
(A) the Chief Engineer on the ship systems and standing orders that run machinery and special instructions;
(B) all of the mechanical equipment and systems operation and purpose, participants, and potential risks;
(C) sewage tanks, ballast tanks, sewage tanks, spare tank, fresh water tank, waste, lubricating oil tank usage, and level and to use or deal with the special requirements for storage;
(D) spare fuel tank, sedimentation tank, daily service tank and the fuel level in the fuel storage equipment and usage;
(E) the special requirements of the health system;
(F) main engine, auxiliary systems (including distribution system) mode of operation, and health;
(VII) monitoring equipment and manual handling equipment;
(H) automatic boiler controls and other associated with steam boiler operation the condition and mode of operation of the equipment;
(I) the bad weather, frozen, contaminated waters or shallow water causing a potential threat;
(10) in equipment failures or threaten the safety of ships taken by special operations and emergency measures;
(11) the engine room crew assignments;
(12) the availability of fire-fighting equipment;
(13) the engine log to fill out.
50th liner docking course matters not satisfied or observed with engine log record does not match, no succession.
Section III to watchkeeping duties
51st engineer on duty are representatives of the Chief Engineer, is responsible for ship security-related machinery and equipment in a safe and efficient operation and maintenance, if required, is responsible for the turbines within the scope of the duty of all machinery and equipment inspections, operations, and testing to ensure security on duty. 52nd engineer on duty should maintain the normal shift schedules established.
Cabin crew should be on duty to assist the engineer on duty hosts, safe and effective operation of auxiliary systems.
When the 53rd Chief Engineer in the engine room, the engineer on duty should continue to work is solely responsible for the cabin, unless it has been explicitly informed the chief engineer had to take responsibility.
54th Engineer should be familiar with all of the members were on duty assigned to watchkeeping duties, and master of the ship to the following conditions:
(A) the proper use of internal communications system;
(B) the engine room escape route;
(C) the engine room alarm system and the ability to identify a variety of alerts;
(D) fire-fighting equipment in the engine room and damage control the number, location, and type of the device, as well as their use and should comply with all safety precautions.
55th Chief Engineer on duty at the start of all machinery and equipment should be working, parameters to be verified, analysis, to stay within the normal range values.
56th engineer on duty during regular patrols on duty engine and steering gear room, found a kind of fault and damages, and to take the appropriate measures. 57th engineer on duty should be dysfunctional, may fail or require special handling machinery and equipment, as well as detailed records of the measures that have been taken.
When necessary, measures should be taken to make arrangements.
58th unattended engine room watchkeeping engineer should be able to manipulate propulsion system, in response to direction and speed required.
Unattended engine room, the engineer on duty was informed that when an alarm call, should immediately reach the cabin.
59th Engineer on duty shall execute commands on bridge. The commutation and speed control of main propulsion shall be recorded.
Manual operation, the engineer on duty shall ensure that the operation of the main propulsion unit unattended without interruption and in a State of preparation and operation at any time.
60th engineer on duty should be abreast of maintenance of machinery and equipment (including mechanical, electrical, electronic, hydraulic and pneumatic system) and its safety control devices and related equipment, all cabin service systems and equipment maintenance, and that record its use of materials and spare parts.
61st Chief Engineer on duty should be proposed preventive maintenance, damage control and repair work, notify the engineer on duty.
The engineer on duty shall be responsible for the duty liability is intended to deal with all the machinery and equipment isolation, bypassing and adjustment, and has been for all of the work record.
62nd when the cabin is in the standby state, the engineer on duty shall ensure that all the machinery and equipment used in the operation may be available at any time, and sufficient power reserves, to meet the needs of steering gear and other equipment.
63rd engineer on duty should guide the class the person on duty, told the may machinery adversely affect or endanger lives, safety of potentially hazardous situations. 64th engineer on duty of the cabin should be kept continuously monitor.
When attendants lost the ability to shift, schedule replacements.
65th engineer on duty shall take the necessary measures to alleviate the damage to the equipment, fire, flooding, breakdown, damage caused by collisions, groundings and other reasons.
66th for preventive maintenance, damage control or maintenance work, the engineer on duty should be in conjunction with engineer in charge of maintenance work, do the following:
(A) to isolate the processing machinery and equipment, and reserve duty required of the channel;
(B) during the maintenance period, adjust the device to full and safe functioning State;
(C) in the engine log book or other appropriate documentation as detailed records of maintenance equipment, participants and take security measures;
(D) when necessary, repairs of machines and equipment to test, adjust, and put into use.
67th engineer on duty shall ensure that, in automatic equipment failure to fulfil maintenance duties of the engineering crew to immediately assist the machines for manual operation. 68th engineer on duty should be aware of losing steerage or stall due to mechanical failure would endanger the safety of ships and life at sea, when the engine room fire or causes of action to be taken in the cabin speed drops, momentary loss of steerage, marine propulsion systems to stop operation or power failure, or similar threats to safety, it shall immediately notify the bridge.
If possible, you should notice before action is taken, so that the bridge would have sufficient time to take all possible measures to avoid accidents at sea.
69th to appear the following situations, the engineer on duty shall immediately notify the Chief Engineer, and take measures as appropriate:
(A) malfunction or damage likely to endanger the safe operation of the ship;
(B) may lead to propulsion machinery, auxiliary equipment, monitoring systems, control system damaged, abnormal phenomena;
(C) other emergency or when in doubt.
70th engineer on duty other cabin attendants should be given appropriate instructions and information, in order to maintain security on duty.
Routine maintenance of mechanical equipment should be included in the duty.
All mechanical, electronic and electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic equipment repair work shall be carried out under the Chief Engineer and the engineer on duty informed, and make a record.
Fourth section under special environmental engineering watch
71st engineer on duty should be to guarantee the sound signal with air or steam pressure and driving variable speed, reversing the order at any time, should also be prepared for control all auxiliary machinery.
72nd engineer on duty received a notification from ships entering the crowded navigable waters shall ensure that those involved in ship handling machinery and equipment can be placed in manual mode at any time, the rudder and the operation of other devices have enough spare power, State of emergency steering gear and other assistive devices are available at any time.
Article 73rd in the open outside of anchorage or anchoring in open waters, the engineer on duty should do the following:
(A) maintain effective marine on duty;
(B) regularly check all running and mechanical equipment in the ready state is normal;
(C) driving publishers to host and auxiliary equipment to maintain readiness command;
(D) compliance with applicable pollution prevention rules, controlling marine environment pollution from ships;
(E) maintain damage control and fire fighting system at the ready.
At an open anchorage, Chief Engineer shall be agreed with the captain still maintain with China in the same engine when on duty.
The fifth chapter radio watch
First radio operator
74th shipping company, Captain, perform radio watchkeeping duty radio operator and in accordance with the requirements of the global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) equipment of radio operators on ships shall comply with the provisions of this chapter. 75th ship radio equipment by holds the appropriate radio operator certificate of competency management and operations.
Send distress alert shall be subject to approval of the master.
Section II-duty arrangement
76th Captain arrangements radio when on duty, should pay attention to the following:
(A) ensure radio watch in accordance with the radio regulations and the amended provisions of the 1974 International Convention for the safety of life at sea;
(B) avoid ship radio communication effect radio watch;
(C) radio equipment installed on the ship and its working conditions.
Section III radio watchkeeping duties
77th radio operator on duty shall do the following:
(A) in the radio regulations and amended the 1974 International Convention for the safety of life at sea on a designated frequency remain on duty;
(B) regularly check the power supply of the radio and working conditions, equipment failure reports in a timely manner the captain;
(C) the daily use of a standard proof radio clock time signal at least once;
(D) port State requirements in Hong Kong in the open letter, loading and unloading, cleaning or volatile flammable and explosive goods, according to the master or the OOW instructed not to open and repair all the letters of the device.
78th out of Hong Kong, are specified as in distress with radio communication duties as a radio operator shall ensure compliance with the following requirements:
(A) all distress and safety communications radio equipment, standby power is in effective working order, and recorded in the radio log;
(B) prepared the provisions of all international conventions files, NOTAM and the national maritime authority requires additional files, and modify it according to the latest information received, there are discrepancies immediately reported to captain;
(C) in accordance with the standards set radio clock time signal;
(D) the antenna damage and properly connected;
(E) update ship will sail as much as possible and masters of other regions as required by the latest weather reports and navigational warnings and to provide this information to the captain.
79th in Hong Kong and enable a radio device, the radio operator on duty shall, where appropriate on the distress frequency of unattended and send reports to a ship reporting system as directed by Captain. 80th at sea, designated as in the event of a distress radio operator bears primary responsibility for radio communications should be in accordance with the requirements of radio equipment on a regular basis inspected, tested, to ensure that the device is working properly.
Inspection, test results should be recorded in the radio log. 81st is designated for general communications radio operators, should take into account the vessel position and may need to communicate business coast stations and Coast Earth station location, and maintain effective communication on the frequency of unattended.
In communications, a radio operator shall comply with the relevant provisions of the International Telecommunication Union.
Port 82nd when radio is turned off, the radio operator on duty shall ensure that the grounding of the antenna and check for standby power supply is secure and power full. 83rd distress alert or distress call has priority over other traffic.
When the radio receives a distress alert shall immediately cease any interference to distress Communications launch.
84th radio operator on duty when a distress alert is received, it should be immediately reported to captain.
85th article of the ship in distress, or when a distress alert is received, is specified as in the event of a distress radio operator bears primary responsibility for radio communications, shall, in accordance with the procedural provisions of the radio regulations to take corresponding measures.
86th radio operator on duty shall, in accordance with the radio regulations and amended the 1974 International Convention for the safety of life at sea requires following record about radio logs:
(A) summary of radio distress, urgency and safety communications;
(B) the important events associated with the radio service;
(C) condition of radio equipment, including power status summary.
When conditions allow, can be recorded once a day position.
87th radio log stored shall meet the following requirements:
(A) distress communications records;
(B) easy to master search;
(C) facilitate national maritime administration or authorized by a State party officials check out.
In the sixth chapter of Hong Kong duty
First section of on duty in Hong Kong should comply with the General requirements 88th vessels sailing in the Harbour when parked, the master shall arrange for appropriate and effective watch.
For a special form of propulsion or auxiliary equipment, as well as loads of hazardous, hazardous, toxic, flammable liquids or other special cargo ships, should also be in accordance with the specific requirements of the relevant provisions on duty.
89th captain on duty should be based on the parking situation, the type of ship and character and staffed with skilled abilities of crew members on duty and arrange the necessary equipment.
During the 90th ship parked in Hong Kong duty arrangement shall meet the following requirements:
(A) ensure that people, ship, cargo, port and environmental safety;
(B) ensure the safe operation of machinery associated with cargo operations;
(C) to comply with relevant international conventions, national laws and local regulations;
(D) maintenance of ship works.
91st parked at the deck watchkeeping officers shall include at least one officer of the watch on duty and a sailor.
92nd chief engineer should be determined in consultation with the master engine room watchkeeping arrangements.
When deciding on the engine room personnel on duty, you should consider the following:
(A) at least one engineer on duty;
(B) the ship propulsive power 750-kilowatt and above, at least one mechanic on duty to assist the engineer on duty.
Engineer during the watch, should not bear its monitor ship mechanical systems on other tasks.
Section II driving duty
93rd in the harbor when on duty, officer of the watch should do the following:
(A) master the dynamics of ship personnel, four weeks of regular inspections of ships, loading and unloading and the workplace, focus on work at height, outboard and closed cabin staff safety, urged the attendants stick to their posts, maintain clear intersectoral linkages;
(B) urge the sailor on duty hoisting flags and switches on the light in time, revealed or hanging the lights sizes;
(C) regular inspection ramps, mooring, diving board and a safety net, timely adjustment of mooring cables, in a berth with large tidal range, should step up inspection and, if necessary, measures should be taken to ensure that mooring equipment is in safe working order;
(D) take note of additional depth under keel, keel and the overall status of the ship;
(E) according to the ship's type characteristics, in accordance with the stowage plan requirements, responsible for boat Harbour contact and collaboration, supervise loading and unloading operations safety and quality, master the loading progress, solve problems in loading and unloading, the Suppression of illegal operations, pay attention to the weather and sea conditions, timely switch module; level of handling dangerous goods, heavy, valuable goods to site supervision and guidance;
(Vi) attention to listen to weather reports in a timely manner, when you receive severe weather warnings and to take the necessary measures to protect the security of persons, ships and cargo;
(VII) in accordance with the instructions of the master, Chief Officer or as circumstances require, notification engine injection, discharge or adjustment of ballast water, and the ship balanced; check bilge, ballast and fresh water tank measurement records; retrofitting supervision received fresh water and materials, refueling ships to notify the cabin and pay attention to fire safety;
(VIII) when emergency situations occur that endanger shipping safety, sound alarm, inform the captain, to take measures to prevent damage to the persons on board and the ship and cargo, if necessary, requests for assistance from nearby ships or shore;
(IX) master ship stability and to provide fire departments with spraying while the fire on board without danger to his ship the approximate quantity of water;
(X) hot work and repair work on the ship, to take the necessary preventive measures;
(11) no mooring area discharge of oily water, garbage and debris, and to take measures to prevent the vessel to other forms of pollution to the surrounding environment;
(12) Note that ships in the past, with his boat on the ship or in berths should watch at the site, and take the appropriate safety measures when the accident occurred, shall immediately record the ship names, nationality, port of registry and the accident, and to report to the captain;
(13) providing assistance to ships in distress and people;
(14) master test should confirm that no obstructions near the propeller without obstruction and his ship, does not damage the ramp, gangway, cable, handling and port facilities as is the case back can be done, and to take the necessary preventive measures.
Section III Marine on duty
94th article while on duty in Hong Kong, the engineer on duty should do the following:
(A) compliance with the special operations command on the prevention of hazardous situations, procedures and regulations;
(B) monitoring the operation of all machinery and equipment and the instrumentation and control systems;
(C) compliance with local provisions relating to pollution prevention, in accordance with the provisions of the necessary technology, methods and procedures, prevention of pollution from ships on the surrounding environment;
(D) to view the changes of bilge water;
(E) emergency and necessary, alert and take all possible measures to avoid the boat people, damage to the ship and its cargo;
(F) understanding requirements for pilot equipment required for loading and unloading cargo, as well as the additional requirements for ballast and ship stability control system;
(G) regular inspections of equipment malfunctions or damage that may occur to determine, equipment malfunctions or damage is found, remedial measures should be taken to ensure that the ship, cargo, port and environmental security;
(H) the mandate to take the necessary measures to avoid the ship's electrical, electronic, hydraulic, pneumatic and mechanical systems have an accident or damage;
(I) the effects of machinery on board operation, adjustment or repair of the important records.
Fourth quarter driving on duty shifts
95th Strip, relief driver shall, before the handover inspection tour around the ship and seriously well handle the handover work.
96th relieved shall inform the relieving officer of the following matters:
(A) recorded in logbooks and Harbor watch log-related contents, shipping company, and the captain ordered, the officer came on Board liaison and external relations matters;
(B) the weather, tides, berth water depth, the ship's draught, mooring, berth and mooring conditions, ship turning when the bypass, host States and the possibility of emergency use, and other parking-related marine security;
(C) all work to be carried out on the ship, including requirements for stowage plans, Chief Officer, loading and unloading schedule, start hatch separated and number of shifts, cargo liner, loading and unloading, loading and unloading quality attachments, dangerous goods and heavy and the precautionary and contingency measures, precious cargo, the sailor on duty and contacts with Hong Kong matters;
(D) the bilge water, ballast water, fresh water and adding fuel, fresh water;
(E) fire-fighting equipment;
(F) the port and the ship was flying the signals the lights, display size and the sound of Musketry, port particular provisions, emergency situations or when you need assistance ship and Hong Kong contact information;
(G) the requirements in the dynamics of the number of crew and ship personnel;
(VIII) the project of maintenance, quality, schedule and safety measures;
(I) by ship, barge, anchored around the ship's dynamic;
(10) the special requirements of the port;
(11) the crew, the ship and cargo security and other important to combat water pollution, as well as due to pollution caused by ships reported to the relevant authorities of the program.
97th before relieving officer in charge of the deck watch shall verify the following:
(A) the appropriateness of mooring cable or chain;
(B) the nature of the loading and unloading of hazardous or dangerous goods, as well as after a spill or fire shall take the appropriate measures;
(C) the ship was flying the signals the lights, display size and sound of acoustic number is correct;
(D) whether the security measures and fire fighting requirements effective compliance;
(E) whether there is a danger to his ship, and the ship is endangering other ships.
98th when shift workers cast doubt on transition matters shall be promptly reported to the chief mate or master.
Marine on duty in the fifth section the shift
99th, the liner should be clear transfer of the following:
(A) the standing orders of the day, related to ship operations, maintenance, marine machinery repair special commands or control equipment;
(B) the maintenance of all machinery and systems, personnel involved and potential hazards;
(C) the bilge, residues, ballast, waste oil tanks, manure, reserve tank fluid level and condition, as well as to use or deal with the special requirements for storage;
(D) the special requirements of the health system;
(E) fire-fighting equipment and smoke detection systems and stand-by situation;
(F) the personnel authorized to engage in or assist in machine repair and repair projects and work sites, as well as other personnel authorized to ship;
(G) port on ship emissions, fire codes and vessel preparedness of specific regulations;
(H) in case of emergency or if you need assistance, ship and shore personnel, relevant authorities have access to means of communication;
(IX) other crew, ship, cargo security and prevention of environmental pollution and other important information;
(10) when marine pollution resulting from activities, and reported to the relevant authorities of the procedures.
Section 100th liner crew on duty assume tasks should also do the following:
(A) an understanding of existing and available electricity, heat, water and lighting sources and distribution;
(B) understanding of the ship's supply of fuel oil, lubricating oil and fresh water availability;
(C) the machine was ready to respond to an emergency.
Sixth section job duty
101th line should be developed to ensure cargo safety requirement.
Responsible for the planning and implementation of cargo operations officer should be through the control of specific risks, ensuring the safety of operations implemented.
102th when vessels carrying dangerous goods and dangerous goods, the master shall keep goods safe watchkeeping arrangements are made.
Ships carrying dangerous goods in bulk, security on duty up to the deck and engine departments comprising at least one senior officer and crew.
Carrying non-dangerous bulk cargo ship captain on duty arrangements should take into account the nature of the dangerous goods, quantity, packing and stowage on board, all the special situation on the water and ashore.
Seventh chapter driving, engine system
Section before departure
103th captain should be 24 hours before the estimated time of departure to inform Chief Engineer, such as stopping less than 24 hours in Hong Kong shall, immediately after their arrival will notify chief engineer estimated time of departure; the Chief Engineer shall report to the master of the main electromechanical equipment, fuel, lubricating oil and water stocks; time of departure changes, should be corrected in a timely manner.
104th 1 hour before departure, officer of the watch shall, together with the engineer on duty to check ships clock, projects, test the rudder and so on, and will be recorded in the logbook, engine logbook and Telegraph record within. 105th host prior to commissioning, the engineer on duty should ask the OOW permission.
When it is ready to host cabin shall be notified to the bridge.
106th before each shift, duty engineer will host an average speed and seawater temperature parameter tells the OOW, OOW should be back to tell the class the average speed and wind, respectively recorded in logbooks and engine room logs; every day at noon, bridge and engine room proof clocks and exchange the midday report. 107th ships entering and leaving the port, through narrow channels, shallow, dangerous waters or anchored under the car while navigating bridge should notify the cabin to prepare in advance.
In case of emergencies such as fog or heavy rain, the engineer on duty should be prepared as soon as possible after receiving notice hosts.
Judge will have bad weather comes, the captain shall notify the Chief Engineer made all the preparations.
108th, pilot waiting tide, such as parking and other reasons to be broke down for a short time, officer of the watch shall notify the engineer on duty.
109th navigation command could not be performed due to mechanical failure, Chief Engineer shall organize rush repairs, notify the bridge reported to captain and will malfunction and exclude time and recorded in logbooks and engine log. Parking should ask the captain for permission first.
But in critical condition, does not immediately stop threats to physical security or host security, Chief Engineer to stop immediately and promptly notify the bridge.
110th due to replacement of the generator, and vehicle and need temporary power outage, the engineer on duty shall inform the driver in advance.
111th in contingency cases, the engineer on duty should immediately implement the bridge signals, timely provision of required water, gas, steam, electricity and so on.
112th engineer officer of the watch on duty and should implement the captain and the Chief Engineer agreed hosts a variety of speeds, except as otherwise indicated.
113th before shipping to Hong Kong, shall stop the host, back testing, when unattended engine room is required to attended, driving shall timely notify the engineer.
114th article prior to its arrival, Chief Engineer of the vessel of oil should be inform the captain.
Section III Park
115th after their arrival, the master shall inform the Chief Engineer of the ship's dynamic is expected to schedule work, dynamic subject to change should be corrected in a timely manner; engine room if you need to repair affected train equipment, Chief Engineer shall first work and time required to report to captain, obtained consent to proceed. 116th OOW should pickup and delivery at any time notify the engineer on duty to ensure safe power supply.
In the loading and unloading of dangerous goods, heavy lifts, special or prior to using the heavy lift, the Chief Officer shall notify the Chief Engineer sent someone to check the winch, when necessary, send someone on duty.
117th tilt caused by loading and unloading ships, affect the normal work of cabin, Chief Engineer shall notify the Chief Officer or the officer of the watch to take effective measures to remedy the situation.
Article 118th and marine sectors of the ballast should be adjusted, and may involve the operation of ocean pollution, build effective links, including the written notice and the corresponding record.
119th added fuel before, Chief Engineer of the ship's oil should be added the oil tank and the tank and plan number added to inform the Chief Officer for the purpose of calculating stability and water gauge and adjust the TRIMs.
The eighth chapter on duty to protect
120th shipping company and the master shall take effective measures to prevent crew fatigue operation.
Except for emergency or extraordinary circumstances, is responsible for the crew on duty and designated to security, prevention of pollution and security responsibilities of crew rest time should meet the following requirements:
(A) not less than 10 hours in any 24-hour;
(B) not less than 77 hours in any 7-day;
(C) any within 24 hours of rest may be divided into no more than 2 periods, one time there must be at least 6 hours, the interval between consecutive rest periods shall not exceed 14 hours.
The captain in accordance with subsection (b), (c) set out in schedule a break can have exceptions, but any break of not less than 70 hours within 7 days. (B) the provision of weekly rest period exceptions should not be more than two weeks in a row.
On board two exceptions exceptions should not be less than the duration of the time interval of twice.
(C) the exceptions provided for, may be divided into no more than 3 times, one time period is at least 6 hours, and the other two time period should not be less than 1 hour. Resting intervals shall not exceed 14 consecutive hours.
Exceptions in any 7-day period shall not exceed two 24-hour time period.
121th emergency muster drills, fire and boat drills and other exercises prescribed by national laws, regulations, international conventions, should be to break the least disturbance and does not lead to forms of crew fatigue.
Crews are on call case, was assigned to interrupt the normal rest period should be given compensatory leave.
122th due to emergency vessel, persons on board or cargo security needs, or to help other ships or persons in distress at sea, the master may suspend implementation of the break system, until the situation returns to normal.
After the normal situation has been restored, the master shall according to the actual situation the crew as soon as possible to get plenty of comp time.
123th ship ship work schedule should be posted in a visible place.
Ship crews should be daily rest period records, and produced by the captain or Captain authorized personnel and crew rest my endorsement of time sheets I issued to crew members.
Boat schedule and rest time sheets shall be referred to the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) work on the preparation of the Mariners ' schedule and crew working hours or rest periods recorded format Guide, and using the working language on board and English setting.
124th master scheduling crew on duty, should take fully into account physiological characteristics and relevant regulations of the State of the female crew members. 125th crew not drinking.
Drinking is prohibited in four hours before the attendant on duty, on duty and during the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is not higher than 0.05% or breath alcohol levels not higher than 0.25mg/L.
126th crew members not on duty may lead to unsafe medication. 127th shipping company should formulate corresponding measures to prevent crew members on alcohol and drug abuse.
Crew to perform watchkeeping duties or relating to safety, pollution prevention and the ability to shift responsibility for security while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, not its duty.
Nineth legal liability
128th crew has one of the following, by the maritime administrative agency fined 1000 Yuan and 10,000 yuan in serious cases, and temporarily suspended the crew service book, seafarers ' certificates for more than 6 months to 2 years until revoked the crew of service book, punishment of seafarers ' certificates:
(A) does not maintain a proper lookout as and when required;
(B) fails to perform watchkeeping duties;
(Iii) it fails to require transfer of duty;
(D) does not use the safe speed;
(E) in accordance with the provisions to keep listen to navigation communications;
(Vi) not testing, maintenance of vessel equipment in accordance with regulations;
(VII) found or dangerous situations, accidents, security incidents or influencing the safety of navigation is not timely reporting;
(H) statutory instrument is not required to fill out or about the ship;
(I) the duty on board the ship during the alcohol concentration in excess of the prescribed limit;
(J) performing as a crew on board, ingestion effects of illicit drugs on duty security;
(11) does not comply with the other provisions of this rule.
129th captain has one of the following, by the maritime administrative agency fined 2000 Yuan and 20,000 yuan in serious and withholding of competency certificates for more than 6 months to 2 years until the penalty of revocation of competency certificates:
(A) failure to ensure that competency in accordance with the provisions to ships equipped with full crew;
(B) is not in accordance with the requirements of the arrangements on duty;
(C) does not guarantee that the ship and crew to bring in line with statutory requirements, certificates, instruments as well as relevant navigational information;
(D) does not guarantee that the ship and crew to sail in airworthiness, competency status;
(V) does not guarantee shipping safety is on duty;
(Vi) not in accordance with the provisions on duty on the bridge;
(VII) failure to comply with this rule under other circumstances.
The tenth chapter by-laws
130th the meaning of these rules, the following terms and abbreviations:
(A) "ship" means sailing at sea and river of all types of motorized and non-motorized boats.
(B) the "yacht" means a yacht defined by the regulations on the safety management of the ship.
(C) "shipping company" refers to bear the responsibilities and obligations of safety and pollution prevention management of shipping companies, including the owner, operator, Manager or bareboat charterer.
(D) "operator" means the chief mate, second mate, third mate of the collectively.
(E) "engineer" refers to the second engineer, second engineer, Third Engineer collectively.
(F) "radio operator" refers to the level of GMDSS Radio Electronics, GMDSS Radio Electronics II, GMDSS General operator, GMDSS restricted operators collectively.
(G) "Marine on duty" refers to a person or form a group of people on duty to fulfil its responsibilities, including an officer visit the engine room or do not visit the engine room to perform the duties of its officers.
(VIII) "radio regulations" means the revised radio regulations of the International Telecommunication Union.
(I) "work" means asks the crew to work for ships of the time.
(10) "rest" means time outside working hours, but does not include a brief rest. 131th duty provisions of this rule of minimum duty requirements for seafarers.
Shipping companies or ship based on different routes on duty, ship classes or levels to develop appropriate procedures and requirements, but shall not be lower than the duty prescribed in the rules.
132th under 100 gross tons of ships according to these rules to develop appropriate crew on duty procedures and requirements, within reasonable and feasible in accordance with the requirements of this rule, and fully taking into account the protection of the marine environment and that this type of ships and the safety of other ships in the same area.
133th into People's Republic of China waters, territorial seas and waters under the jurisdiction of the foreign vessels crew on duty, shall comply with the People's Republic of China Government concluded or acceded to by the corresponding provisions of the International Convention. 134th this rule come into force February 1, 2013, October 20, 1997, issued by the Ministry of the People's Republic of China ships crew duty rules (People's Republic of China Ministry of 1997 of 11th) repealed simultaneously.