People's Republic Of China Cultural Relic Protection Law

Original Language Title: 中华人民共和国文物保护法

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(October 28, 2002, adopted at the 30th session of the Standing Committee of the ninth People's Republic of China presidential order released come into force on the date of promulgation, 76th) Chapter I General provisions article in order to enhance the protection of cultural relics, inheriting the splendid historical and cultural heritage, the promotion of scientific research, in patriotism and the revolutionary tradition of education and construction of socialist spiritual civilization and material civilization, according to the Constitution, this law is enacted.     Second article in People's Republic of China territory, following heritage by national protection: (a) has history, and art, and science value of ancient culture site, and ancient tombs, and ancient building, and Grotto Temple and stone, and mural; (ii) and major history event, and Revolution movement or famous characters about of and has important Memorial meaning, and education meaning or historical value of modern modern important historical, and real, and representative building; (three) history Shang the times precious of art, and arts and crafts products;     (D) the various historical periods of important documents as well as historic, artistic or scientific value of manuscripts and books, and (e) reflect the various historical periods, the national social systems, representation of social production and social life in kind.     Artifacts found standards and measures shall be formulated by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council, and submitted to the State Council for approval.     Scientific value of vertebrate paleontology fossils and ancient human fossils and artifacts are protected by the State.     Article sites of ancient culture, ancient tombs, ancient architectural structures, cave temples, stone carvings, frescoes, modern and important historical sites and typical buildings and other immovable cultural relics, according to their historical, artistic or scientific value, it can be identified as a national key cultural relics protection units, provincial-level cultural relic protection units, municipal and county-level cultural relic protection units.     Historically all important objects, works of art, documents, manuscripts, books, reference materials, represented real movable cultural relics, into precious cultural relics and heritage, precious relics into heritage, Heritage II, third class.     The fourth work carrying out of cultural relics protection, rescue first, reasonable use, strengthening management approach.     Fifth People's Republic of China remains underground in the territory, inland waters and territorial waters of all cultural relics belong to the State. Sites of ancient culture, ancient tombs and cave temples are owned by the State.     National designated for protection by the Memorial buildings, ancient architectural structures, stone carvings, frescoes, modern and typical buildings and other immovable cultural relics, except otherwise stipulated by the State, is owned by the State.     Not because of its ownership of State-owned immovable cultural relics attached to land ownership or the right to changes.     Following can mobile heritage, belongs to national all: (a) China territory unearthed of heritage, national another has provides of except; (ii) State-owned heritage collection units and other State, and forces and State-owned enterprise, and career organization, collection, and custody of heritage; (three) national collection, and purchase of heritage; (four) citizens, and corporate and other organization donation to national of heritage; (five) legal provides belongs to national all of other heritage.     Belongs to the State the ownership of movable cultural relics for their custody, termination or alteration of the unit while changing.     Ownership of State-owned cultural relics are protected by law, inviolable. Article sixth of collectively-owned and private Memorial buildings, ancient buildings and ancestral heritage and other cultural relics legally obtained, their ownership is protected by law.     Heritage owners must comply with the relevant national heritage protection laws and regulations requirements.     Article seventh all organs, organizations and individuals shall have the obligation to protect cultural relics.     Article eighth Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council responsible for cultural relics protection work nationwide. Local people's Governments at all levels are responsible for heritage conservation work within their respective administrative areas.     Local people's Governments at or above the county level shall take on cultural relic protection departments to supervise and administer the heritage within their respective administrative areas.     Relevant administrative departments of the people's Governments above the county level in the context of their respective responsibilities, are responsible for the protection of cultural relics.     The Nineth people's Governments at various levels should pay attention to the protection of cultural relics, correctly handle the relationship between economic development, social development and protection of cultural relics, to ensure their safety.     Infrastructure, tourism development must comply with heritage conservation policy, their activities do not cause harm to cultural relics.     Public security organs, the Administration for industry and commerce, customs, urban construction planning departments and other State organs concerned, it shall fulfill the duties for the protection of cultural relics, order of maintenance of cultural relics administration. Tenth national development and cultural relics protection.     The people's Governments above the county level shall take the relics protection into national economic and social development plan, the requirements are included in the financial budgets.     National financial allocations for cultural relics protection along with increased revenue.     State-owned museums, memorials, cultural relics protection units such as business income, dedicated to heritage conservation, no unit or individual shall embezzle.     Encouraged by the State, including through establishment of the heritage conservation community fund donation, earmarked for cultural relics protection, no unit or individual shall embezzle. 11th cultural relics are unrenewable cultural resources.     Countries strengthen conservation education to enhance public awareness of heritage conservation, encourage scientific study of cultural relics protection, improving the level of science and technology of conservation. 12th article has following deeds of units or personal, by national give spirit encourages or material rewards: (a) seriously implementation heritage protection legal, and regulations, protection heritage results significantly of; (ii) for protection heritage and illegal crime behavior for strongly struggle of; (three) will personal collection of important heritage donated to national or for heritage protection career made donation of; (four) found heritage timely reported or handed, makes heritage get protection of; (five) in archaeological excavations work in the made major contribution of; (six) in heritage     Protection of important inventions or other important contribution to science and technology; (VII) cultural relics face destruction when active rescue cultural relics, and (VIII) has long been engaged in work related to cultural relics, have made outstanding achievements.     13th chapter immovable cultural relics Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council at the provincial, municipal and county-level cultural relic protection units, the selection is of great historical, artistic or scientific value as a national key cultural relics protection units, or directly as a national key cultural relics protection units and reported to the State Council for approval and publication.     Provincial-level cultural relic protection units, announced by the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, and submitted to the State Council for the record.     Municipal and county-level cultural relic protection units, respectively, by the city divided into districts, autonomous prefectures and County approved and announced, and reported to the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities for the record.     Not yet approved and announced as immovable cultural relics of the cultural relics protection units, be registered and published by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the county level.     14th save the unusual wealth of cultural relics and city with great historical value or high revolutionary Memorial significance, published by the State Council for approval and for historical and cultural cities.     Particularly rich in heritage preservation and have great historical value or high revolutionary Memorial significance of towns, streets, villages, provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities authorized release of historic neighborhoods, towns, and submitted to the State Council for the record.     Historic and cultural city and the cultural district, village and seat of the local people's Governments at or above the county level shall organize the preparation of special historical and cultural cities and cultural blocks, protection planning, and incorporated into the overall urban planning.     Historical and cultural city and measures for the protection of the historic neighborhoods, towns, formulated by the State Council. 15th level cultural relic protection units, respectively, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the people's Governments at City and County shall be determined and the necessary protection scope, make signs, building records and different setting or person responsible for the management of the specialized agencies.     The scope of protection of the national key cultural relics protection units and records, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council for the record.     Local people's Governments at or above the county level administrative Department for cultural relics shall, depending on cultural relics protection needs, development of cultural relics protection units and unmovable cultural relics that are not approved for cultural relic protection units of specific protection measures and announcement purposes.     16th people's Governments at various levels to develop urban construction planning, based on conservation needs should be prior agreed upon by urban construction planning authorities and the Administrative Department for cultural relics protection measures for cultural relics protection units at various levels within their respective administrative areas, and included in the planning. 17th may be undertaken within the scope of protection of the cultural relics protection units other construction projects or blasting, drilling and mining operations. But, for special situation need in heritage protection units of protection range within for other construction engineering or blasting, and drilling, and mining, job of, must guarantee heritage protection units of security, and by approved announced the heritage protection units of Government approved, in approved Qian should consent of Shang level Government heritage administrative sector agreed; in national focus heritage protection units of protection range within for other construction engineering or blasting, and drilling, and mining, job of, must by province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities Government approved,     Before its ratification should ask the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     The 18th article according to the actual needs of heritage preservation, approved by the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, you can draw a certain cultural relics protection units around the building control areas, and to the public.     In cultural relics protection units of building construction works within the control zone, may destroy the historical character of the cultural relics protection units; engineering design based on cultural relic protection unit should be level, as appropriate, approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics and urban construction planning departments. 19th in the scope of protection of the cultural relics protection units and construction within the control zone, pollution shall be built heritage conservation units and facilities shall not carry out activities may affect the safety of cultural relics protection units and its environment.     Existing facilities for the cultural relics protection unit and environmental pollution, should be prescribed period of time.     Site of the construction project of the 20th article, should steer clear of unmovable cultural relics as possible because of special circumstances cannot be avoided, to protect cultural relics protection unit should be as far as possible to site.     Implementation of in-situ protection, the construction unit shall first identify protection measures, according to the level of cultural relic protection unit reported that the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics, and protection measures included in the feasibility study report or proposal. Unable to implement in-situ protection, you must migrate offsite protection or dismantling shall be reported to the approval of the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities; removal or dismantling of provincial-level cultural relic protection units, prior permission subject to the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council agree.     National key cultural relics protection units shall not be removed needs to be migrated, the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the State Council for approval.     In accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph in the dismantling of State-owned immovable cultural relics that have value to the collection of murals, sculptures and architectural elements, such as, collection unit designated by the Administrative Department for cultural relics collection.     This section provides requirements for protection, migration, dismantle the site, the construction unit included in the project budget. 21st State-owned immovable cultural relics by the user is responsible for the repair, maintenance, non-State-owned immovable cultural relics by the owner responsible for repairs and maintenance.     Non-State-owned immovable cultural relics damaged danger, owners do not have the ability to repair, local people's Governments should help all people with repair capabilities but refuses to fulfill the obligation to repair, the people's Governments above the county level may give rescue repair, the required fee shall be borne by the owner.     To repair cultural relics protection units should be based on the level of cultural relic protection unit reported that the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics; not approved for immovable cultural relics protection units to carry out repairs, approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the county level shall be registered.     Repair, relocation, reconstruction of the cultural relics protection units, made by cultural relics protection units of engineering qualification certificate.     Immovable cultural relics repair, maintenance, migration, it must comply with the principle of cultural relics in the status quo. 22nd of unmovable cultural relics have all been destroyed, should implement site protection shall not be rebuilt.     However, due to special circumstances need to be rebuilt, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities after the Administrative Department for cultural relics Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council consent, approval of the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities; national key cultural relics protection units need to be rebuilt, the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the State Council for approval. 23rd article approved for heritage protection units of belongs to national all of Memorial buildings or ancient building, except can established Museum, and custody by or new for visit tour places outside, if must for other uses of, should by approved announced the heritage protection units of Government heritage administrative sector consent of Shang level heritage administrative sector agreed Hou, reported approved announced the heritage protection units of Government approved; national focus heritage protection units for other uses of, should by province, and autonomous regions, and Municipalities to the State Council for approval.     State-owned immovable cultural relics that are not approved for cultural relic protection unit for other purposes, it shall report to the County Administrative Department for cultural relics. 24th State-owned immovable cultural relics may not be transferred or mortgaged.     Established museums, storage or turned into places of visit State-owned cultural relics protection units, not as an enterprise asset management.     25th article of non-State-owned immovable cultural relics may not be transferred, mortgaged to foreigners.     Non-State-owned immovable cultural relics transferred, mortgaged or change of use shall be determined according to the level corresponding to the Administrative Department for cultural relics; by the local people's Government to help repair, shall be submitted to the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics.     Article 26th unmovable cultural relics, must comply with the principle of cultural relics in the status quo, is responsible for the protection of the security of the building and its attached cultural relics shall not add damage, alteration, construction or demolition of unmovable cultural relics.     Against cultural relics protection unit security, destruction of cultural relics protection unit historic buildings and structures, the local people's Governments shall promptly investigate and deal with and, if necessary, for the demolition of the buildings and structures.     Chapter III article 27th all archaeological excavations archaeological excavation, and approval procedures must be fulfilled; units engaged in archaeological excavation, shall be approved by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     Underground relics, no unit or individual is allowed to explore. 28th units engaged in archaeological excavations, scientific research conducted archaeological excavations, it shall submit an excavation project, approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council; archaeological excavation project of national key cultural relics protection units shall be approved by the State Council after examination by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council before approval or approval shall consult the social scientific research institutes and other scientific research institutions and relevant expert opinions.     Large-scale infrastructural projects on the 29th, the construction unit shall advance approval of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics under organizational units engaged in archaeological excavation within the project area likely burial place to carry out archaeological investigations, explorations.     Artifacts found in the archaeological investigation, prospecting, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the heritage conservation requirements in conjunction with the construction of a common agreed protective measures in case of important discoveries, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council. Article 30th needs to facilitate the construction of archaeological excavations, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics in exploration work on the basis of an excavation project, the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council for approval.     Before the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council shall consult the social scientific research institutes and other scientific research institutions and relevant expert opinions.     Pressing time limit due to construction or destruction of nature dangerous and urgent rescue excavation sites of ancient culture or ancient tombs, the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the administrative departments for cultural relics discovered, and go through examination and approval procedures.     31st because of capital construction and construction needs of archaeological investigation, prospecting, excavation, cost by construction unit included in the project budget. 32nd in the construction or agricultural production, no unit or individual is discovered, should be to preserve the site and immediately report to the Administrative Department for cultural relics, the Administrative Department for cultural relics after receiving the report, such as the absence of exceptional circumstances, shall, within 24 hours to the scene, and put forward opinions in the 7th.     Administrative Department for cultural relics can be reported to the local people's Government shall notify the public security organ to help protect the site and found artifacts should be reported immediately to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council, the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council shall, after receiving the report put forward opinions in the 15th.     Relics found in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph shall belong to the State, and no unit or individual shall not encroach upon, privately divide, hide.     Article 33rd without special permission of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council to the State Council, any foreigner or foreign groups are not allowed in the People's Republic of China territory to conduct archaeological investigation, prospecting, exploring.     Article 34th archaeological investigation, prospecting, exploitation of results, it shall report to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics. Archaeological excavation of cultural relics shall register, safekeeping, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State handed over by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the cultural relics administrative department or designated by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council's State-owned museums, libraries or other State-owned collections of collections.     By the Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics or Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council approval, units engaged in archaeological excavation may retain a small amount of unearthed cultural relics as a scientific specimen.     Archaeological excavation of cultural relics, no unit or individual may appropriate.     35th according to guarantee security, to carry out scientific research and give full play to the role of heritage needs of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the people's Governments at the corresponding level, you can call the administration of relics; approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council, the State Council, you can call the national important archaeological finds.     Fourth chapter Museum 36th Museum, library and other collections of units of cultural relics, a distinction must be cultural relics set compile files, establish a strict management system, and reported to the competent administrative Department for cultural relics.     Local people's Governments at or above the county level administrative departments were established within the administrative area of the museum archives; the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council shall set up a national level cultural relics archive and its collection of State-owned cultural relics museum archives.     37th heritage collection units can be made through heritage: (a) the purchase, (ii) donations and (iii) shall exchange; (iv) otherwise stipulated by laws and administrative regulations.     State-owned collections of cultural relics units can also be specified through the Administrative Department for cultural relics storage or transfer obtained artifacts. 38th collection unit should be based on the collections of cultural relics protection needs, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State establish and improve the management system, and reported to the competent administrative Department for cultural relics.     Without permission, no unit or individual may obtain collections of cultural relics. Collection unit the legal representative is responsible for the safety of the collection.     The legal representatives of State-owned cultural relics collected when she should be in accordance with the museum archives the Museum transfer formalities. 39th Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council may allocate the country's State-owned collections of cultural relics.     The provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the allocation of the supervisors of State-owned cultural relics collected in the administrative area of historical relics; allocation of State-owned collections of objects should be reported to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council for the record.     State-owned collection units can apply for allocation of State-owned collections of cultural relics.     40th collection unit should be Museum role into full play, through exhibitions, research and other activities, strengthening of Chinese history and culture and the education of revolutionary traditions.     State-owned cultural relics collected by exhibitions and scientific research need to use collections of cultural relics, shall be reported to the competent administrative Department for cultural relics; using collection objects, should be approved by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     Non-State-owned cultural relics collection units and other units of State-owned collections of cultural relics exhibitions need to use, should be reported to the competent administrative Department for cultural relics for approval; use State-owned collections of objects should be approved by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     Collection units to use cultural relics shall not exceed a maximum period of three years.     41st Museum archive collections of State-owned cultural relics unit has been established, by the Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics, and report to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council for the record, the Museum can be exchanged between State-owned cultural relics collected; exchange of collection objects, must be approved by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     42nd Museum archive collections of State-owned cultural relics unit has not been established, not in accordance with the 40th, 41st, dispose of its collection.     Article 43rd transfers and exchanges, using state-owned collections of cultural relics and heritage collection units can be made to provide heritage collection units to give reasonable compensation to specific management measures shall be formulated by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     Allocating State-owned cultural relics collection, Exchange, lend artifacts obtained compensation, must be used to improve the condition of heritage collections and collecting new artifacts, shall not be diverted to other uses; any unit or individual may appropriate.     Transfers and exchanges, borrowing of cultural relics must be strictly kept and not lost, damaged or destroyed.     44th prohibits State-owned collections of cultural relics Museum gifts, leased or sold to other entities or individuals.     45th State-owned collections of cultural relics unit solution no longer collections of cultural relics, shall be separately formulated by the State Council. Article 46th fixed collections of cultural relics shall not change the collection of undisturbed; copying, photographing, rubbings collection, shall not cause damage to collections of cultural relics.     Specific management measures shall be formulated by the State Council.     Immovable cultural relics of individual cultural relics restoration, copying, photographing, rubbing, provisions of the preceding paragraph shall apply.     47th Museum, library and other collections of units shall, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State are equipped with fire, theft, natural damage-proof facilities, ensuring the safety of Museum. 48th collection-level cultural relics damaged, shall be submitted to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council the process of verification.     Other collections of cultural relics damaged should be reported to people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics verification process; the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the verification results should be reported to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council for the record.     Collections of cultural relics were stolen, robbed or lost, the collection unit should be immediately reported to the public security organs, and to report to the competent administrative Department for cultural relics.     49th cultural relics administrative departments and staff members shall not use State-owned cultural relics of the State-owned cultural relics collected shall not be illegal appropriation of State-owned cultural relics.     Fifth chapter civil collection heritage 50th article heritage collection units yiwai of citizens, and corporate and other organization can collection through following way made of heritage: (a) law inherited or accept gift; (ii) from heritage store purchase; (three) from business heritage auction of auction Enterprise purchase; (four) citizens personal legal all of heritage mutual exchange or law transfer; (five) national provides of other legal way.     Heritage collection units other than the citizens, legal persons and other organized collections of cultural relics in the preceding paragraph shall flow.     51st article citizens, and corporate and other organization shall not sale following heritage: (a) State-owned heritage, but national allows of except; (ii) non-State-owned collection precious heritage; (three) State-owned not mobile heritage in the of mural, and sculpture, and building component,, but law demolition of State-owned not mobile heritage in the of mural, and sculpture, and building component, not belongs to this method 20th article fourth paragraph provides of should by heritage collection units collection of except; (four) source not meet this method 50th article provides of heritage.     52nd State encourages the collection of units of citizens, legal persons and other organizations to its collection of artifacts donated to the State-owned cultural relics collected or loaned to cultural relics collection and exhibition and research.     State-owned collections of cultural relics unit shall respect and in accordance with the donor's wishes, to donate the proper collection, storage and display of cultural relics.     Country prohibited cultural relics, shall not transfer, lease, pledge to foreigners.     53rd antique shops shall be formulated by the Administrative Department for cultural relics or approval of the cultural relics administration of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities established and managed according to law.     Antique shops shall not be engaged in cultural relics auction business activities may not be establishment engaged in the auction of cultural relics auction companies.     54th lawfully established auctions of cultural relics auction business shall obtain cultural relics auction licenses issued by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council.     Operate the auction of cultural relics auction companies shall not engage in buying and selling operations of cultural relics shall not establish cultural relics stores.     55th cultural relics Administrative Department staff may hold or participate in cultural shop or business auction of cultural relics auction companies.     Collection unit may not organize or participate in organized cultural relics stores or operate the auction of cultural relics auction companies.     Prohibition of the establishment of Sino-foreign joint ventures, Sino-foreign cooperative and foreign-owned shop or business cultural relics auction the auction business.     Except with the approval of the antique shops, operating outside the auction of cultural relics auction companies, other entity or individual may engage in the business activities of cultural relics.     56th shops selling cultural relics, sold as shall be approved by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics under; to allow sales, Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics identification should be made.     Cultural relics auction company auctions, before the auction shall be approved by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department for cultural relics under audit, and report to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council for the record; the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities administrations are unable to determine whether the auction of cultural relics, shall be submitted to the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council approval.     57th antique shops buying, selling cultural relics auction company auctions of cultural relics, shall be made in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State records, and report to the Administrative Department for cultural relics of the original audit records.     When heritage auction, seller and buyer requirements to keep their identities secret, cultural relics Administration for its secrecy, however, except as otherwise provided in laws and administrative regulations. Article 58th in auditing the relics to be auctioned, the Administrative Department for cultural relics, you can specify the priority purchase of the State-owned cultural relics collected and precious cultural relics.     Purchase price from collection units and representatives of cultural relics of the client consultation. 59th banks, refineries, paper mills and recycling units, should jointly with the local cultural relics administration departments are responsible for selecting doped in gold and silver and used materials in the cultural heritage. Chosen heritage except as required for banking research historical currency can be retained by the people's Bank, and should be transferred to the local cultural relics administration.       Transfer of selected artifacts, should be given reasonable compensation.     The sixth chapter entry cultural relics out of the 60th State-owned cultural relics, of non-State-owned cultural relics of precious artifacts and other cultural relics of the State regulations prohibited shall not exit, but in accordance with the provisions of this law and exit exhibitions or special needs except those approved by the State Council. Cultural relics out of the 61st article, it should be examined by the cultural relics Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council designated entry and exit Authority audit.     Auditing allows the exit of cultural objects, export permit issued by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council cultural relics, from the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council specified port departure.     Any unit or individual shipping, mailing, carrying out of cultural relics shall be declared to the Customs customs release of relics of the export permit.     The 62nd departure exhibitions of cultural relics shall be reported to the approval of the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council; the objects exceed the amount stipulated by the State Council, shall be submitted to the State Council for approval.     Relics of the orphan and vulnerable, stop the exhibition. Exit the exhibition of cultural relics out of, by means of audit agency audit, registration of cultural relics. Customs approved by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council, or the State Council document released.     Complex entry exit exhibitions of cultural relics, the original entry and exit audit agency audit inspection of cultural relics.    63rd heritage provisional entry shall be declared to the customs, and submitted to the inward and outward audit agency audit and registration of cultural relics. Heritage complex of the temporary entry and exit, entry and exit of cultural relics must be registered by the original audit, the audit agency audit inspection; audited the identification is correct, exit permit issued by the Administrative Department for cultural relics under the State Council cultural relics, the Customs shall release of relics of the export permit.     Seventh chapter legal responsibility 64th article violation this method provides, has following behavior one of, constitute crime of, law held criminal: (a) robbing ancient culture site, and ancient tombs of; (ii) deliberately or fault damaged national protection of precious heritage of; (three) unauthorized will state-owned collection heritage sold or privately to non-State-owned units or personal of; (four) will national ban exit of precious heritage privately sold or to foreigners of; (five) to profit for purpose reselling national ban business of heritage of;     (F) smuggling of cultural relics, and (VII) theft, encroach upon, privately divide or the illegal appropriation of State-owned cultural relics, and (VIII) shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in other cultural relics management behavior.     The 65th in violation of the provisions of this law, resulting in loss of, damage to cultural relics, shall bear civil liability.     Violation of the provisions of this law, activities contravening public security management by the public security organs shall be subject to administrative penalties for public security.     Violation of the provisions of this law, constitute acts of smuggling, does not constitute a crime, by the customs in accordance with provisions of relevant laws and administrative rules and penalties. 66th article has following behavior one of, is not constitute crime of, by County above Government heritage competent sector ordered corrected, caused serious consequences of, at 50,000 yuan above 500,000 yuan following of fine; plot serious of, by original sent card organ revoked qualification certificate: (a) unauthorized in heritage protection units of protection range within for construction engineering or blasting, and drilling, and mining, job of; (ii) in heritage protection units of construction control zone within for construction engineering, its design programme without heritage administrative sector agreed, and     Reported urban and rural construction planning sector approved, on heritage protection units of history style caused damage of; (three) unauthorized migration, and demolition not mobile heritage of; (four) unauthorized repair not mobile heritage, obviously change heritage undisturbed of; (five) unauthorized in site reconstruction has all destroyed of not mobile heritage, caused heritage damage of; (six) construction units not made heritage protection engineering qualification certificate, unauthorized engaged in heritage repair, and migration, and reconstruction of.     Carved, deface or damage to cultural relics is not serious, or damage in accordance with the 15th article provides for the establishment of cultural relic protection unit sign, by the public security organ or unit of cultural relics in a warning, and may also be fined.     67th in the protection of cultural relics protection units within the construction within the control zone or construction of facilities for cultural relic protection unit and environmental pollution, or the pollution of cultural relic protection unit and environmental facilities are not completed in the specified period of governance, the Administrative Department of environmental protection in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and regulations be punished.     68th article has following behavior one of of, by County above Government heritage competent sector ordered corrected, confiscated illegal proceeds, illegal proceeds 10,000 yuan above of, and at illegal proceeds twice times above five times times following of fine; illegal proceeds insufficient 10,000 yuan of, and at 5,000 yuan above 20,000 yuan following of fine: (a) transfer or mortgage State-owned not mobile heritage, or will state-owned not mobile heritage as enterprise assets business of; (ii) will non-State-owned not mobile heritage transfer or mortgage to foreigners of;     (C) altering the use of State-owned cultural relics protection units.     69th article history culture city of layout, and environment, and history style, was serious damage of, by State revoked its history culture city title; history culture town, and street, and village of layout, and environment, and history style, was serious damage of, by province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities Government revoked its history culture blocks, and village title; on has responsibility of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel law give administrative sanctions.     70th article has following behavior one of, is not constitute crime of, by County above Government heritage competent sector ordered corrected, can and at 20,000 yuan following of fine, has illegal proceeds of, confiscated illegal proceeds: (a) heritage collection units not according to national about provides equipped with fire, and anti-theft, and anti-natural damaged of facilities of; (ii) State-owned heritage collection units statutory representative people outgoing Shi not according to collection heritage archives transfer collection heritage, or by transfer of collection heritage and collection heritage archives inconsistent of;     (C) State-owned collections of cultural relics of the gift, lease or for sale to other entities or individuals; (d) violation of the 40th, 41st, 45th, stipulates that State-owned collections of cultural relics (v) misappropriation or violation of the 43rd article occupation of law transfer, Exchange, lend artifacts of compensation costs.     71st article sale national ban sale of heritage or will ban exit of heritage transfer, and rental, and pledge to foreigners, is not constitute crime of, by County above Government heritage competent sector ordered corrected, confiscated illegal proceeds, illegal business amount 10,000 yuan above of, and at illegal business amount twice times above five times times following of fine; illegal business amount insufficient 10,000 yuan of, and at 5,000 yuan above 20,000 yuan following of fine.     72nd article without license, unauthorized established heritage store, and business heritage auction of auction enterprise, or unauthorized engaged in heritage of commercial business activities, is not constitute crime of, by business administration sector law be stop, confiscated illegal proceeds, and illegal business of heritage, illegal business amount 50,000 yuan above of, and at illegal business amount twice times above five times times following of fine; illegal business amount insufficient 50,000 yuan of, and at 20,000 yuan above 100,000 yuan following of fine.     73rd article has following case one of of, by business administration sector confiscated illegal proceeds, and illegal business of heritage, illegal business amount 50,000 yuan above of, and at illegal business amount 1 time times above three times times following of fine; illegal business amount insufficient 50,000 yuan of, and at 5,000 yuan above 50,000 yuan following of fine; plot serious of, by original sent card organ revoked license book: (a) heritage store engaged in heritage auction business activities of; (ii) business heritage auction of auction enterprise engaged in heritage purchase and sale business activities of;     (C) cultural relics stores sales, auction company auctions of cultural relics, unaudited; (d) the collection activities of units engaged in the business of cultural relics.     74th under any of the following acts, does not constitute a crime, by the competent authorities and the public security organs of the people's Governments above the county-level cultural relics recovered cultural relics are serious, fine of between 50,000 yuan and 5,000 yuan the following: (a) discovered, latent does not or refuses to submit, (ii) are not transferred pursuant to the provisions of selected cultural relics. 75th article has following behavior one of of, by County above Government heritage competent sector ordered corrected: (a) change state-owned not approved for heritage protection units of not mobile heritage of uses, not in accordance with this method provides report of; (ii) transfer, and mortgage non-State-owned not mobile heritage or change its uses, not in accordance with this method provides record of; (three) State-owned not mobile heritage of using people refused to law perform repair obligations of; (four) archaeological excavations units without approved unauthorized for archaeological excavations,     Or not truthfully report archaeological excavations results of; (five) heritage collection units not according to national about provides established collection heritage archives, and management system, or not will collection heritage archives, and management system record of; (six) violation this method 38th article provides, without approved unauthorized adjustable take collection heritage of; (seven) collection heritage damaged not reported heritage administrative sector verification processing, or collection heritage was stolen, and was Rob or lost, heritage collection units not timely to police organ or heritage administrative sector report of;     (VIII) cultural relics store sales or auction company auctions heritage, is not in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State records or failing to keep a record of the records made by the Administrative Department for cultural relics.     76th article heritage administrative sector, and heritage collection units, and heritage store, and business heritage auction of auction enterprise of staff, has following behavior one of of, law give administrative sanctions, plot serious of, law fired public or revoked its practitioners qualification; constitute crime of, law held criminal: (a) heritage administrative sector of staff violation this method provides, abuse approval permission, and not perform duties or found violations not investigation, caused serious consequences of;     (B) the staff of State-owned cultural relics Administrative Department for cultural relics and collections unit borrowed or the illegal appropriation of State-owned cultural relics and (iii) staff or participate in organized cultural relics Administrative Department for cultural relics shop or operate the auction of cultural relics auction companies; (iv) caused by the irresponsible cultural relic protection unit, damage to or loss of precious cultural relics (v) corruption, misappropriation of cultural relic protection fund.     The preceding paragraph have been dismissed, or revocation of, qualifications of personnel, have been dismissed or been revoked within ten years from the date of qualification shall not hold heritage managers or workers to business activities.     This law when the 77th 66th, 68th, 70th, 71st, 74th, 75th, one of the acts listed in article, in charge and other direct liable persons responsible are agents of the State, shall be subject to administrative sanctions.     78th public security organs, the Administration for industry and commerce, customs and urban construction planning departments and other State bodies, in violation of provisions of this law, abuse of power, negligence, malpractice, resulting in damage to or the loss of precious cultural relics of national protection, the persons in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.       79th people's courts, people's procuratorates and the public security authorities, customs and industrial and commercial administrative departments of cultural relics confiscated should register, safekeeping, closed free after surrender of the Administrative Department for cultural relics, State-owned collections of cultural relics units designated by the Administrative Department for cultural relics collection. Eighth chapter supplementary articles article 80th this law come into force on the date of promulgation.

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