People's Republic Of China Law On Prevention Of Infectious Diseases

Original Language Title: 中华人民共和国传染病防治法

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(, February 21, 1989, sixth August 28, 2004 11th) People's Republic of China 17th Xinhua News Agency Beijing reporter August 28-People's Republic of China 17th President of the People's Republic of China Law on infectious disease prevention and control
By the People's Republic of China of deputies of the 11th meeting of the Standing Committee adopted on August 28, 2004, as amended, now revised the People's Republic of China published in the infectious diseases prevention law, as of December 1, 2004.
People's Republic of China President Hu Jintao August 28, 2004 contents chapter I General provisions chapter II chapter III prevention of infectious diseases outbreak reporting, informed and fifth chapter published its fourth outbreak control supervision and administration of medical treatment the sixth chapter seventh safeguard eighth chapter legal liability the Nineth chapter by-laws chapter I General provisions article in order to prevent, control and eliminate the occurrence and prevalence of infectious diseases, protection of human health and public health, this law is enacted.
Second national approach to infectious disease prevention, combining prevention with treatment, classification management, relying on Science, rely on the masses.
Infectious diseases provided for in article III of this law are divided into classes a, b and c classes.
A class infectious diseases shall include plague and cholera.
B class infectious diseases is refers to: infectious non-typical pneumonia, and AIDS, and viral hepatitis, and polio, and people infection high pathogenic sex avian influenza, and measles, and epidemic hemorrhagic fever, and rabies, and je, and dengue fever, and anthrax, and bacteria sex and Amoeba sex dysentery, and tuberculosis, and typhoid and paratyphoid, and epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, and pertussis, and diphtheria, and newborn tetanus, and Scarlet hot, and Blu's bacteria disease, and gonorrhea, and syphilis, and hook end pallidum disease, and Schistosoma disease, and malaria.
C class infectious diseases: influenza, mumps, measles, acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, leprosy epidemic and endemic typhus, Kala Azar, echinococcosis, filariasis, in addition to cholera, bacillary and amebic dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid infections other than diarrhea.
Infectious disease other than the above, in accordance with its outbreak, prevalence and degree of need to be included in Group b and c class infectious diseases, decided by the health Administrative Department under the State Council and to the public. Fourth in the b class infectious diseases infectious atypical pneumonia of pulmonary anthrax, anthrax, and people infected with highly pathogenic avian influenza, taking a class infectious diseases in this law of prevention and control measures.
Other b class infectious diseases and emergent infectious diseases of unknown cause need to take a class infectious diseases in this law to prevent and control measures shall be formulated by the Administrative Department of public health reported to the State Council for approval in time to be released, implementation.
People's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities within the administrative area of common and many other endemic infectious diseases, can decide according to the circumstances in accordance with class b or class c infectious disease management and to the public, reported the health Administrative Department under the State Council for the record.
Disease prevention work at various levels shall exercise leadership in v.
The people's Governments above the county level shall develop infectious disease control planning and implementation, and establish and improve the prevention and control of infectious diseases for disease control and prevention, medical treatment and supervision and management system. Sixth health administrative departments of the State Council the national infectious disease prevention and control, supervision and management work.
Health administrative departments under local people's Governments at or above the county level are responsible for infectious disease prevention and control, supervision and management of work within their respective administrative areas.
Other departments of the people's Governments above the county level in the disease prevention work within the scope of their respective duties and responsibilities.
Army infectious disease prevention and control, in accordance with this law and the relevant regulations of the State, by Chinese health authorities exercising supervision and management.
Article for disease prevention and control institutions at all levels to assume infectious disease monitoring, prediction, epidemiological surveys, outbreaks have been reported, as well as other prevention and control work. Medical institutions and medical treatment-associated infectious diseases prevention and treatment and prevention of infectious diseases within their area of responsibility.
Urban communities and rural grass-roots medical institutions guided by the disease prevention and control institutions, take on urban communities, rural disease prevention work accordingly.
Eighth national development of modern medicine and traditional Chinese medicine and other traditional medicine, supports and encourages scientific research in infectious disease prevention, improve the level of science and technology of prevention and control of infectious diseases.
State support and encourage international cooperation in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Nineth State support and encourage units and individuals to participate in prevention and control of infectious diseases.
Governments at all levels should improve the system convenient for units and individuals involved in the fight against infectious disease education, report, volunteer and donation activities.
Residents ' and villagers ' committees shall organize residents, villagers in communities and rural areas of communicable disease prevention and control activities. Tenth State to carry out health education in the prevention of infectious diseases.
News media should be free of infectious disease control and public health education public awareness.
All types of schools at all levels shall carry on health literacy and disease prevention education.
Shall strengthen preventive medicine education in medical colleges and scientific research, for students as well as other preventive medicine and infectious disease prevention and control and personnel education and training, providing technical support for infectious disease prevention and control.
Disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies shall regularly to infectious disease prevention and control its staff knowledge and skills training.
11th in the disease prevention work in have made remarkable achievements and contributions to the units and individuals, recognition and rewards.
Persons involved in infectious disease prevention and control of disease, disability, death, in accordance with the relevant regulations, subsidies and compensation. 12th People's Republic of China in the area of all units and individuals must accept the disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies on infectious disease investigations, testing, sampling, quarantine, treatment, and prevention and control measures, and provide relevant information.
Disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies shall not divulge any information related to personal privacy and data.
Administrative Department of public health and other relevant sectors, disease prevention and control institutions and medical administrative or preventive and control measures imposed by law, violations and the legitimate rights and interests of individuals, units and individuals may apply for administrative reconsideration or bring an action.
Chapter II prevention of infectious diseases article 13th people's Governments at all levels to carry out public health activities, health education in the prevention of infectious diseases, advocate a civilized and healthy lifestyle, and heighten public awareness on the prevention and control of communicable diseases and response capacity, strengthening the construction of environmental health, eradication of rodent vectors such as mosquitoes, flies and hazards.
Governments at all levels in agriculture, water conservancy, Forestry Division of responsibilities for the Executive Department responsible for directing and organizing the Elimination of farmlands, lakes, rivers, pastures, forest rodents and schistosomiasis hazards, as well as other animals and vectors of infectious disease hazards.
Railways, transportation, civil aviation Administrative Department is responsible for organizing the Elimination of transportation and relevant places rodents and mosquitoes, flies and other disease vectors of hazards.
14th local people's Governments at all levels should be systematic construction and renovation of public health facilities, improving water sanitation and harmless disposal of sewage, sullage, dung. 15th State practices systematic vaccination system. The health Administrative Department under the State Council and people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the health Administrative Department under the prevention and control of infectious diseases requires developing infectious disease vaccination planning and implementation.
Vaccine for vaccination must meet national quality standards. System of national certificate of vaccination of children. National immunization project vaccinations free of charge. Medical and disease prevention and control institutions cooperate with child's guardian should be to ensure that children receive timely vaccinations.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council. 16th State and society should be concerned about and help patients with infectious diseases, pathogen carriers and suspected infectious disease patients and its treatment in a timely manner.
No unit or individual shall discriminate against infectious disease patients, pathogen carriers and suspected infectious disease patients.
Patients of infectious diseases, pathogen carriers and suspected infectious disease patients, in front of the cured or cleared of suspicion, may not engage in legal and administrative regulations and the Health Administration Department under the State Council prohibits doing by causing the spread of infectious diseases.
17th National infectious disease monitoring system established. Formulated by the health administrative departments under the State Council national infectious disease surveillance plans and programmes.
The provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the health administrative departments under the people's Governments national infectious disease surveillance plans and programmes, infectious disease monitoring plan and programme of work of their respective administrative areas.
Disease prevention and control institutions at all levels of infectious diseases and epidemic and factors affecting the outbreak and prevalence of, monitoring abroad, is not yet occurring infectious diseases or new infectious diseases, monitoring. 18th article levels disease prevention control institutions in infectious diseases prevention control in the perform following duties: (a) implementation infectious diseases prevention control planning, and plans and Programme; (ii) collection, and analysis and report infectious diseases monitoring information, forecast infectious diseases of occurred, and popular trend; (three) carried out on infectious diseases outbreak and burst public health event of epidemic learn survey, and site processing and effect evaluation; (four) carried out infectious diseases laboratory detection, and diagnosis, and disease original learn identification; (five) implementation immune planning,
Responsible for the management of preventive Bioproducts; (f) carrying out health education, counselling, popularize the knowledge about prevention and treatment of infectious diseases; (VII) Guide and training lower-level disease prevention and control institutions and their staff to carry out surveillance of infectious diseases; (VIII) communicable disease prevention applied research and health assessment, and providing technical advice.
National and provincial agencies responsible for disease control and prevention of infectious diseases and epidemic monitoring and distribution, to forecast the major epidemic trend, proposed prevention and control strategies, participation and guidance to investigate the outbreak of the epidemic, infectious disease aetiology, establishing quality control system, applied research and evaluation.
Districts of the city and county-level disease prevention and control agencies are responsible for infectious disease prevention and control plan, the implementation of the programme, organize implementation of immunization, disinfection and control of vectors of hazards, popularize the knowledge about prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, responsible for the areas, and monitoring and reporting of public health emergencies, carrying out epidemiological and pathogenic microorganisms detection.
19th State to establish early warning system for infectious diseases.
The health Administrative Department under the State Council and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities according to the forecasting and epidemic trend of infectious diseases, infectious disease warning issued in a timely manner, as the case may be published. 20th local people's Governments at or above the county level shall develop infectious disease prevention and control plan, reported to the people's Governments at a higher level for the record.

Infectious diseases prevention, and control plans should including following main content: (a) infectious diseases prevention control command of composition and related sector of duties; (ii) infectious diseases of monitoring, and information collection, and analysis, and report, and informed system; (three) disease prevention control institutions, and medical institutions in occurred infectious diseases outbreak Shi of task and duties; (four) infectious diseases outbreak, and popular situation of grading and corresponding of emergency work programme; (five) infectious diseases prevention, and epidemic points area site control, emergency facilities, and equipment, and
Treatment of drugs and medical devices, as well as other goods and technology stocks and calls.
Local people's Governments, and disease prevention and control institutions received the health administrative departments or Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities after the issue of early warning of infectious diseases, shall, in accordance with communicable disease prevention and control plan, take appropriate preventive and control measures.
21st medical institutions must strictly enforce the health Administrative Department under the State Council's management systems, practices, and prevention of iatrogenic infection of infectious diseases and hospital-acquired infections.
Medical institutions should establish special departments or personnel, take on infectious disease outbreaks have been reported, the infectious disease prevention, control and prevention of infectious diseases within their area of responsibility; in medical activities and related risk factors of hospital infection monitoring, safety protection, disinfection, quarantine and disposal of medical waste.
Disease prevention and control institutions shall assign special personnel in charge of disease prevention work on medical institutions for guidance, assessment, conduct epidemiological investigation.
Article 22nd of disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies laboratories and units engaged in pathogenic microorganism experiment, should be consistent with national conditions and technical standards, strict supervision and management system, samples of pathogens of infectious diseases in accordance with the stringent regulatory measures, to prevent pathogens laboratory of infectious diseases and the proliferation of pathogenic microorganisms. Article 23rd blood collection and supply institutions, production of biological products units must strictly implement relevant regulations of the State, ensuring the quality of blood and blood products.
Prohibition of illegal collection of blood or others to sell blood.
Disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies use of blood and blood products must comply with relevant regulations of the State, preventing blood, using blood products caused by the incidence of blood-borne diseases. 24th of people's Governments at various levels shall strengthen AIDS prevention and control work, to take preventive and control measures to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council.
25th agriculture and forestry administration departments at or above the county level, as well as other relevant departments, in accordance with their respective duties and zoonotic infectious diseases related to the control of animal infectious disease management.
Associated with zoonotic infectious diseases of wild animals, livestock and poultry, after passing quarantine, shall be sold or transported.
26th State establishes and virus strains of infectious diseases.
And virus strains of infectious diseases and infectious diseases testing sample collection, storage, carrying, transport and use of classification management, establish a strict management system. That could lead to a class infectious diseases spread and the Health Administration Department under the State Council of samples of bacteria and viruses and infectious diseases, is absolutely necessary to capture, storage, carrying, transport, and use of, subject to the approval of the people's Governments above provincial health administration.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council.
27th to be contaminated with pathogens of infectious diseases sewage, sullage, places and objects, units and individuals must be in the disease prevention and control institutions under the guidance of or in accordance with the hygiene requirements, strictly disinfected to denial of disinfection, the Administrative Department of the local health or disease prevention and control institutions of compulsory sterilization. 28th in natural foci of States confirmed plans to build water conservancy, transportation, tourism, energy and other major construction projects, in advance by the provincial disease control and prevention health surveys the construction environment. Construction unit should be based on disease prevention and control institutions, take necessary infection prevention and control measures. During construction, the construction unit shall assign individuals responsible for epidemic prevention work on the site.
Upon completion of the works, disease prevention and control institutions shall monitor infectious diseases that may occur.
Article 29th of disinfection for infectious disease prevention and control products, drinking water supply unit to supply drinking water and drinking water health security product shall comply with national health standards and norms.
Drinking water units engaged in the production or supply activities shall obtain a health permit. Production of disinfection products for infectious disease control unit and production of disinfection products for infectious disease prevention and control, and shall obtain the approval of the people's Governments above provincial level health Administrative Department.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council.
Third chapter outbreak report, and informed and announced 30th article disease prevention control institutions, and medical institutions and mining for blood institutions and implementation positions of personnel found this method provides of infectious diseases outbreak or found other infectious diseases outbreak, and popular and burst reasons unknown of infectious diseases Shi, should followed outbreak report territorial management principles, according to State provides of or State health administrative sector provides of content, and program, and way and time report.
Military medical institutions to provide public health services, found that the epidemic situation of infectious diseases prescribed in the preceding paragraph, shall be reported in accordance with the provisions of the health Administrative Department under the State Council.
31st no units and individuals to found infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases, should be near to the disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies reported.
32nd ports, airports, railways for disease prevention and control agencies and frontier health and quarantine Office discovers a class infectious diseases patients, pathogen carriers and suspected infectious disease patients, and frontier ports shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State immediately to the local disease prevention and control institutions or the health administrative departments under local people's Governments at or above the county level and keep each other informed of the report. Article 33rd for disease prevention and control institutions shall collect, analyze, investigate, verify information on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases.
Receiving a class and b class infectious diseases outbreak reporting or detection of infectious disease outbreaks, epidemics, shall immediately report to local health administrative departments, local health administrations to immediately report to the local people's Governments, and report to the higher administrative departments of public health and health administration departments of the State Council.
Disease prevention and control institutions shall set up or designate departments and persons responsible for the information on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases management, verification, analysis of the report in a timely manner. Article 34th health administrative departments under local people's Governments at or above the county level shall be submitted to the administrative area of disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies as well as information about the monitoring, early warning of infectious.
Received notification of disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies shall timely inform the person concerned.
35th the health Administrative Department under the State Council shall be submitted to the State Council relevant departments and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department of health under the national infectious disease monitoring, early warning of and related information.
Adjacent to the administrative departments of public health and relevant local people's Governments shall promptly inform each other of the administrative area of infectious disease outbreaks, as well as information about the monitoring, early warning.
Relevant departments of the people's Governments above the county level find epidemic situation of infectious diseases shall be promptly to inform the Department of the people's Government at the health.
Chinese health authorities when finding the epidemic should be to inform the Administrative Department of health under the State Council.
36th animal epidemic prevention and disease prevention and control institutions shall promptly inform each other of animal and zoonotic infectious disease outbreaks that occur in the world, and related information.
37th article, in accordance with the provisions of this law with infectious disease reporting responsibilities related to the people's Government departments, disease prevention and control institutions and medical agencies, blood collection and supply institutions and their staff shall not conceal, misrepresent, and delaying the report infectious diseases.
38th State establishment of infectious disease information system. The health Administrative Department under the State Council published the national information on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases.
The provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Administrative Department of health under the publishing the administrative information on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases.
Outbreaks, epidemics of infectious diseases, the health Administrative Department under the State Council is responsible to the public information on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases, and may authorize the provincial, autonomous region, municipality directly under the respective administrative areas and the Administrative Department of health under the public information on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases.
Published information on the epidemic situation of infectious diseases should be timely and accurate.
Fourth chapter outbreak control 39th article medical institutions found methyl class infectious diseases Shi, should timely take following measures: (a) on patients, and disease original carry who, be isolation treatment, isolation term according to medical check results determine; (ii) on suspected patients, confirmed Qian in specified places separate isolation treatment; (three) on medical institutions within of patients, and disease original carry who, and suspected patients of close contact who, in specified places for medical observation and take other necessary of prevention measures.
Refused treatment in isolation or quarantine period is not allowed out of isolation, could help medical institutions by public security organs to take compulsory isolation treatment.
Medical institutions found that class b or class c infectious disease patients shall be determined according to take the necessary measures to treat and control the spread of the disease.
Medical institutions within the unit is contaminated by pathogens of infectious diseases places, items and clinical waste must be disinfected in accordance with laws and regulations and harmless treatment. 40th article disease prevention control institutions found infectious diseases outbreak or received infectious diseases outbreak report Shi, should timely take following measures: (a) on infectious diseases outbreak for epidemic learn survey, according to survey situation proposed delineation epidemic points, and area of recommends, on was pollution of places for health processing, on close contact who, in specified places for medical observation and take other necessary of prevention measures, and to health administrative sector proposed outbreak control programme; (ii) infectious diseases outbreak, and popular Shi, on epidemic points, and
Sanitary treatment of SARS, to the administrative departments of public health disease control programme, and in accordance with the request of the Administrative Department of public health measures, (iii) supervise the implementation of lower-level disease prevention and control institutions infectious diseases preventive and control measures, organize and guide the unit's handling of the epidemic. 41st had a class infectious diseases occurred the site or specific areas of the site personnel, seat of the local people's Governments at or above the county level may take isolation measures, and at the higher level people's Government reports; reports higher people's Governments shall immediately make a decision on whether to approve it. Superiors shall not be approved decisions of the Government, people's Governments shall immediately withdraw such measures of quarantine measures.

During the isolation period, people's Governments implement quarantine measures shall provide protection for isolated personnel; quarantined persons have their units, where the unit may stop paying their wages during the isolation.
Lifting of the quarantine measures, the original agency decision and the decision was announced. 42nd article infectious diseases outbreak, and popular Shi, County above place Government should immediately organization power, according to prevention, and control plans for control, cut infectious diseases of spread way, necessary Shi, reported by Shang level Government decided, can take following emergency measures and be announcement: (a) limit or stop market, and theaters performances or other crowd gathered of activities; (ii) shutdown, and closed, and closed; (three) closed or sealed was infectious diseases disease original body pollution of public drinking water, and food and related items
(Iv) control or culling infected wild animals, domestic animals and fowls (v) closed places of possible spread of infectious diseases.
Higher people's Government received lower level people's Governments report on urgent measures listed in the preceding paragraph, shall immediately make a decision.
Lifting of emergency measures, the original agency decision and the decision was announced. Article 43rd a class and b class infectious diseases outbreaks, epidemics, local people's Governments at or above the county level by a higher people's Government decision to declare part or all of the administrative regions to the affected area; the State Department can decide and declare that span areas of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the.
Local people's Governments at or above the county level can be taken in the area of the emergency measures provided for in article 42nd and persons, goods and means of transport entering or leaving an infected area sanitary and quarantine.
The provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities may decide to group a infectious disease is epidemic within the administrative area of the blockade, but blocked in large, urban areas or blockades across provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the area, cause disruption to mainline services and blockade affected areas or blocking the border, decided by the State Council.
Areas the lifting of the embargo, the original agency decision and the decision was announced. 44th when a class infectious diseases occurred, in order to prevent the infectious disease spread by transport and transport of people, goods and communications health quarantine can be implemented.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council.
Article 45th infectious disease outbreaks, epidemics, according to infectious disease control needs, State Council entitled to nationally or across provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities within the local people's Governments at or above the county level have the right to, within the administrative area of the emergency mobilization of personnel or by calling the stocks temporarily requisitioned housing, transportation and related facilities and equipment. Emergency mobilization of personnel, should be given reasonable remuneration in accordance with regulations.
Temporary acquisition of housing, transportation and related facilities and equipment, it shall compensate; return, shall be promptly returned. Article 46th with a class infectious diseases, anthrax death, corpses should be immediate health and cremated.
Other infectious disease deaths and, if necessary, should be the body cremated after sanitary treatment or buried in accordance with regulations.
In order to find the causes of infectious diseases, medical agencies may, when necessary in accordance with the provisions of the health Administrative Department under the State Council, the corpses of patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases, conduct autopsy, and shall inform the family members of the deceased.
47th SARS pathogens of infectious diseases in contaminated or likely to be contaminated with pathogens of infectious diseases articles, disinfection can be used, should be under the guidance of the local disease prevention and control institutions, after disinfection, shall be used, sold and transported.
48th epidemic situation of infectious diseases, disease prevention and control institutions and the people's Governments above provincial level assigned by the Administrative Department of public health professional and technical bodies relating to communicable diseases, can enter the infectious disease outbreak, epidemic investigation, samples, technical analysis and testing. 49th infectious disease outbreaks, epidemics, drug and medical device manufacturers, suppliers shall promptly produce, supplying drugs to combat infectious diseases, and medical devices. Railways, transportation, civil aviation and business units must give priority to the transportation of infectious people as well as drugs to combat infectious diseases, and medical devices.
Relevant departments of the people's Governments above the county level shall organize work.
Fifth chapter of care 50th people's Governments above the county level shall strengthen and improving the medical service network construction, specifies the conditions of treatment of infectious diseases and medical institutions to assume the ability of infectious disease treatment tasks, or treatment of infectious diseases infectious disease hospital needs to be set.
51st medical institutions of basic standards, design and service processes, shall comply with the requirements to prevent infectious diseases hospital infection.
Medical institutions shall, in accordance with the provisions on medical devices disinfected; once used in accordance with the provisions of the medical devices, shall be destroyed after use.
Medical institutions shall be prescribed by the Administrative Department of health under the State Council of infectious disease diagnosis and treatment requirements, take the appropriate measures, improve the ability of medical treatment of infectious diseases.
52nd medical institutions should be to infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases, providing medical assistance, rescue and admissions treatment, writing medical records as well as other relevant information, and safekeeping. Medical institutions should carry out the system of preliminary and diagnosis of infectious diseases; infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases, should lead to the relative isolation of the triage point for newly diagnosed. Does not have the appropriate treatment of medical institutions, patients and their copy of the medical records should be transferred to appropriate treatment in conjunction with medical institutions.
Specific measures shall be prescribed by the Administrative Department of health under the State Council. Sixth chapter supervision management 53rd article County above government health administrative sector on infectious diseases control work perform following supervision check duties: (a) on subordinate government health administrative sector perform this method provides of infectious diseases control duties for supervision check; (ii) on disease prevention control institutions, and medical institutions of infectious diseases control work for supervision check; (three) on mining for blood institutions of mining for blood activities for supervision check; (four) on for infectious diseases control of disinfection products and production units for supervision check,
And drinking water units engaged in the production or supply activities and products supervision and inspection of drinking water health security; (v) and virus strains of infectious diseases and infectious diseases testing sample collection, storage, carrying, transport, use, supervision and inspection (vi) on the health of the public and the authorities concerned conditions and infectious disease prevention and control measures for supervision and inspection.
People's Governments above provincial level health Administrative Department is responsible for organizing the handling of infectious disease control on major issues. 54th Department of the people's Governments above the county level health while performing their duties of supervision and inspection, right to enter into the inspected unit and infectious disease outbreak investigation and evidence, inspect or copy the relevant information and samples.
The units under inspection shall cooperate, and may not refuse or obstruct. 55th health administrative departments under local people's Governments at or above the county level shall, in carrying out their duties of supervision and inspection, and found to be contaminated with pathogens of infectious diseases of public drinking water, food and related items, such as control measures in a timely manner may result in the spread of infectious diseases, the popular, can be closed, sealed from public drinking water food and related goods or suspend sales of temporary control measures, and to be tested or disinfected.
Upon examination, belongs to the contaminated food, shall be destroyed; no contaminated food or objects which can be used after disinfection, control measures shall be withdrawn.
56th article health Administrative Department staff perform their duties according to law, shall be not less than two persons and produce their documents, fill out the health-law instruments. After check, the health-law instruments should be handled by health and law enforcement officials and the signatures of the parties.
The parties refused to sign, health and law enforcement personnel shall indicate the situation.
57th public health Administrative Department shall establish an internal oversight system, and to its staff perform their duties in accordance with the statutory powers and procedures of monitoring.
Superior Administrative Department of public health found that subordinate public health authorities do not handle duties within the scope of issues or failed to perform their duties, shall be ordered to correct or to deal with it directly. Article 58th of health administrative departments and their staff to perform their duties, should consciously accept the supervision of society and citizens. Units and individuals have the right to up-level people's Governments and their public health departments to report violations of this law.
Receives reports of Governments or the public health Administrative Department shall promptly investigate and deal with.
Chapter seventh safeguard measures article 59th national disease prevention work will be incorporated into the national economic and social development plan, local people's Governments at or above the county level shall include infectious disease prevention work in their respective administrative areas of national economic and social development plan.
60th local people's Governments at or above the county level in accordance with the level of Government responsible for the administration of responsibility communicable disease prevention, control and supervise the work daily requirements. The health Administrative Department under the State Council in conjunction with the relevant departments of the State Council, according to infectious disease trends, determine national infectious disease prevention, control, treatment, monitoring, prediction, early warning, supervision and other projects.
On difficult areas of major infectious diseases prevention and control projects in the central budget subsidies.
People's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities under this epidemic trend of infectious diseases in their own administrative areas, within the scope of the projects identified in the health Administrative Department under the State Council to determine infectious disease prevention, control, and supervision of project and guarantee project funding.
61st national grass-roots construction of infectious disease prevention and control system, and supporting disease prevention work in poverty-stricken areas and ethnic minority areas.
Local people's Governments at various levels shall guarantee the urban communities, funding for rural grass-roots prevention of infectious diseases. 62nd national medical aid for people with difficulties imposed on specific infectious diseases, medical expenses relief.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the health Administrative Department under the State Council in conjunction with the financial sector and other departments.
63rd and above the county level shall be responsible for the reserves against infectious diseases drugs, medical devices and other supplies, for calls.
64th to infectious disease prevention, medical care, research, teaching, field personnel handling the epidemic, as well as in production and other personnel working with pathogens of infectious diseases, the authorities concerned shall, in accordance with the national provisions, take effective measures for health protection and medical care, and appropriate allowances. The eighth chapter legal liability

65th article place levels Government not in accordance with this method of provides perform report duties, or hide, and lied about, and sustained reported infectious diseases outbreak, or in infectious diseases outbreak, and popular Shi, not timely organization treatment, and take control measures of, by superior Government ordered corrected, informed criticism; caused infectious diseases spread, and popular or other serious consequences of, on has responsibility of competent personnel, law give administrative sanctions; constitute crime of, law held criminal. 66th article County above government health administrative sector violation this method provides, has following case one of of, by this level Government, and superior government health administrative sector ordered corrected, informed criticism; caused infectious diseases spread, and popular or other serious consequences of, on has responsibility of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel, law give administrative sanctions; constitute crime of, law held criminal: (a) not law perform infectious diseases outbreak informed, and report or announced duties, or hide, and lied about, and
Sustained reported infectious diseases outbreak of; (ii) occurred or may occurred infectious diseases spread Shi not timely take prevention, and control measures of; (three) not law perform supervision check duties, or found violations not timely investigation of; (four) not timely survey, and processing units and personal on subordinate health administrative sector not perform infectious diseases control duties of reported of; (five) violation this method of other dereliction of, and malfeasance behavior.
67th relevant departments of the people's Governments above the county level are not in accordance with the provisions of this law of infectious diseases prevention and protection responsibilities, by the people's Government of the people's Governments at the corresponding level or by the relevant Department in charge shall command a correction, criticized causing the spread of infectious diseases, epidemic, or other serious consequences, the persons in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law. 68th article disease prevention control institutions violation this method provides, has following case one of of, by County above government health administrative sector ordered deadline corrected, informed criticism, give warning; on has responsibility of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel, law give downgraded, and dismissed, and fired of disposition, and can law revoked about responsibility personnel of practice industry certificate; constitute crime of, law held criminal: (a) not law perform infectious diseases monitoring duties of; (ii) not law perform infectious diseases outbreak report, and
Informed duties, or hide, and lied about, and sustained reported infectious diseases outbreak of; (three) not active collection infectious diseases outbreak information, or on infectious diseases outbreak information and outbreak report not timely for analysis, and survey, and verified of; (four) found infectious diseases outbreak Shi, not according to duties timely take this method provides of measures of; (five) deliberately leaked infectious diseases patients, and disease original carry who, and suspected infectious diseases patients, and close contact who involved personal privacy of about information, and information of. 69th article medical institutions violation this method provides, has following case one of of, by County above government health administrative sector ordered corrected, informed criticism, give warning; caused infectious diseases spread, and popular or other serious consequences of, on has responsibility of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel, law give downgraded, and dismissed, and fired of disposition, and can law revoked about responsibility personnel of practice industry certificate; constitute crime of, law held criminal: (a) not according to provides bear this units of infectious diseases prevention, and Control work, and hospital infection control task and responsibility regional within of infectious diseases prevention work of; (ii) not according to provides report infectious diseases outbreak, or hide, and lied about, and sustained reported infectious diseases outbreak of; (three) found infectious diseases outbreak Shi, not according to provides on infectious diseases patients, and suspected infectious diseases patients provides medical ambulance, and site rescue, and reception, and referral of, or refused to accept referral of; (four) not according to provides on this units within was infectious diseases disease original body pollution of places, and
Items and medical waste implementation disinfection or harmless of disposal of; (five) not according to provides on medical devices for disinfection, or on according to provides once using of medical apparatus not to destroyed, again using of; (six) in medical treatment process in the not according to provides custody medical records information of; (seven) deliberately leaked infectious diseases patients, and disease original carry who, and suspected infectious diseases patients, and close contact who involved personal privacy of about information, and information of. 70th article mining for blood institutions not according to provides report infectious diseases outbreak, or hide, and lied about, and sustained reported infectious diseases outbreak, or not implementation national about provides, led to for entered blood caused by blood spread disease occurred of, by County above government health administrative sector ordered corrected, informed criticism, give warning; caused infectious diseases spread, and popular or other serious consequences of, on has responsibility of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel, law give downgraded, and dismissed, and fired of disposition,
And the practicing license revoked in blood collection and supply institutions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
Illegal collection of blood or organizing others to sell blood, health administration under the people's Governments above the county level shall be banned, confiscate the illegal income, and may be fined not more than 100,000 yuan constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
71st frontier health and quarantine, animal epidemic prevention agencies failing to perform their duties of notification of infectious diseases, by the relevant authorities, within the scope of their respective duties shall be ordered to correct, informed criticism resulted in the spread of infectious diseases, epidemic, or other serious consequences, the persons in charge and other direct liable persons, shall be subject to punishment by demotion, dismissal, discharge constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
72nd railway, transportation, civil aviation operating units that are not in accordance with the provisions of this law priority shipping of infectious persons and combating infectious diseases of drug and medical device, a rectification by the relevant authorities and given a warning, causing serious consequences, the persons in charge and other direct liable persons, shall be subject to punishment by demotion, dismissal, discharge.
73rd article violation this method provides, has following case one of, led to or may led to infectious diseases spread, and popular of, by County above government health administrative sector ordered deadline corrected, confiscated illegal proceeds, can and at 50,000 yuan following of fine; has made license of, original sent card sector can law temporarily buckle or revoked license; constitute crime of, law held criminal: (a) drinking water water units supply of drinking water not meet national health standard and health specification of;
(Ii) involved drinking water health security of products not meet national health standard and health specification of; (three) for infectious diseases control of disinfection products not meet national health standard and health specification of; (four) sold, and transport area in the was infectious diseases disease original body pollution or may was infectious diseases disease original body pollution of items, not for disinfection processing of; (five) biological products production units production of blood products not meet national quality standard of.
74th article violation this method provides, has following case one of of, by County above place Government health administrative sector ordered corrected, informed criticism, give warning, has made license of, can law temporarily buckle or revoked license; caused infectious diseases spread, and popular and other serious consequences of, on has responsibility of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel, law give downgraded, and dismissed, and fired of disposition, and can law revoked about responsibility personnel of practice industry certificate; constitute crime of, law held criminal: (A) disease prevention control institutions, and medical institutions and engaged in disease original microbial experiment of units, not meet national provides of conditions and technology standard, on infectious diseases disease original body sample not according to provides for strictly management, caused laboratory infection and disease original microbial diffusion of; (ii) violation national about provides, collection, and preserved, and carry, and transport and using infectious diseases strains, and HIV species and infectious diseases detection sample of; (three) disease prevention control institutions, and medical institutions not implementation national about provides, led to for entered blood, and
Using blood products caused by blood-borne diseases.
75th without selling, transport associated with zoonotic infectious diseases of wild animals, livestock and poultry, animal husbandry and veterinary administrative departments of local people's Governments above the county level shall be ordered to desist from the illegal act and shall be subject to administrative penalties. 76th article in national confirmed of natural epidemic source to built water, and traffic, and tourism, and energy, large construction project, without health survey for construction of, or not according to disease prevention control institutions of views take necessary of infectious diseases prevention, and control measures of, by County above government health administrative sector ordered deadline corrected, give warning, at 5,000 yuan above 30,000 yuan following of fine; late not corrected of, at 30,000 yuan above 100,000 yuan following of fine, and can drew attention to the about Government according to duties permission,
Ordered to freeze or shut down.
77th units and individuals in violation of the law, led to the spread of infectious diseases, epidemics, and personal and property damage to others shall bear civil liabilities according to law.
Nineth chapter supplementary articles article 78th this law, the following terms mean: (a) infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases: issued by the health Administrative Department under the State Council of the People's Republic of China provides diagnostic criteria for management of infectious disease prevention and control of infectious diseases, who meets diagnostic criteria for infectious disease patients or suspected patients of infectious diseases.
(B) the pathogen carriers: infected with pathogens without clinical symptoms but can discharge of pathogens of man.
(C) epidemiological investigations: in a population disease or investigation on the distribution and determinants of health, disease prevention and control measures and health measures are proposed.
(D) the epidemic: that pathogens from infection to spread around smaller or single foci.
(E) areas: infectious disease outbreaks, popular in the crowd, the pathogen to spread around the affected areas.
(Vi) zoonotic infectious diseases: people suffering from infectious diseases together with vertebrates, such as plague, rabies, schistosomiasis and other.
(G) the natural foci: refers to certain pathogens that can cause infectious diseases in humans in the natural World Wildlife persistence and circulation areas.
(H) the vectors: refers to pathogens from human or other animals to human beings, such as mosquitoes, flies, fleas, etc.
(IX) nosocomial infection: in medical services, for the spread of pathogens causing infection. (J) the hospital infection: in nosocomial infection in hospitalized patients, including hospital infections and nosocomial infections that occur after discharge from hospital, but not before admission has started or is in the incubation period of the infection on admission. Hospital staff in nosocomial infection is nosocomial infections.

(11) laboratory: refer to laboratory work, infection due to exposure to pathogens.
(12) the bacteria and virus: refers to bacteria that can cause infectious diseases provided in this law bacterium, virus, virus.
(13) the disinfection by chemical, physical and biological methods of killing or eliminate pathogenic micro-organisms in the environment.
(14) disease prevention and control institutions: refer to disease prevention and control activities of disease prevention and control center as well as with the business activities in the same unit.
(15) the medical institution: refers in accordance with the medical practitioner medical institution regulations permit institutions engaged in disease diagnosis and treatment activities.
79th in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases related to food, medicines, blood, water, medical waste and pathogens of management of animal epidemic prevention and the frontier health and quarantine, the law does not specify, respectively, applying the provisions of other relevant laws and administrative regulations. 80th article this law shall enter into force on December 1, 2004.

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