People's Republic Of China Highway Law

Original Language Title: 中华人民共和国公路法

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Deputies of the 11th meeting of the Standing Committee on the revision of the People's Republic of China Highway Act decision (August 28, 2004, deputies of the 11th meeting of the Standing Committee) to th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People's Congress decided to the People's Republic of China roads Act read as follows: the 50th article modified to "over highways, roads and bridges, roads and tunnels or car ferry loads, limit high, and limit bandwidth, Limit standard of the vehicle, shall not be limited in standard road or road tunnels, highway bridges, you may not use car ferries. Over road or highway bridge load limit standard is really necessary, must be approved by the transportation departments of people's Governments at and above the county level, and required to take effective protective measures; carried not overrun the dissolution, shall specify the time, route, speed, and raised the clearly marked.   "This decision come into force on the date of promulgation.   People's Republic of China Highway Act be revised in accordance with this decision, republished. Attachment: People's Republic of China highway law (2004 revision) (July 3, 1997 meeting of the Standing Committee of the national people's Congress, 26th through October 31, 1999, the ninth session of the 12th meeting of the Standing Committee of the national people's Congress to amend People's Republic of China highway law, the first amendment of the decision on August 28, 2004 deputies of the 11th meeting of the Standing Committee adopted,   On August 28, 2004 People's Republic of China President makes 19th, announced, since announced of day up purposes of x session national people's Congress Standing Committee 11th times Conference on modified straddling People's Republic of China Highway method of decided second times Amendment) directory first chapter General second chapter highway planning third chapter highway construction fourth chapter Highway conservation fifth chapter Highways Management seventh chapter supervision check eighth chapter legal responsibility Nineth chapter schedule attached: security management Punishment Ordinance about terms Chapter I General provisions article in order to strengthen the construction and management of highways, promote the development of roads, meet the needs of socialist modernization and people's lives, this law is enacted. Article in the People's Republic of China territory of highway planning, construction, maintenance, operation, use and management, this law shall apply. Roads in this law, including bridges, tunnels and roads crossing the road. Third road of development should be guided by overall planning, rational distribution, ensuring quality, ensuring smooth, protect the environment, construction and conservation principles. Article people's Governments at all levels should take effective measures to support and stimulate the construction of highways. Highway construction should be incorporated into the national economic and social development plan. The State encourages and guides domestic and foreign economic organizations invest in construction and management of highways according to law. Fifth national help and support minority regions, remote areas and poor areas to develop highways. Sixth road according to their position in the highway network is divided into national, provincial, County and township roads and technical level into highway, primary road, secondary highways and tertiary roads and four highways. Specific criteria by the Transportation Department under the State Council. New roads should meet the technical requirements. Outer road of the original does not meet the minimum grade requirements, steps should be taken to gradually transformed to meet the technical requirements of road. The seventh road is protected by the State, no unit or individual may disrupt, damage or illegally occupied roads, ancillary facilities of roads and highways. All units and individuals have to protect highways, roads and highway affiliated facilities obligations, to inform and bring charges against destruction, damage to roads, highways, and ancillary facilities of roads and road safety act. Eighth transportation departments under the State Council in charge of the nation highway work. Local people's Governments at or above the county level transportation departments in charge of the road work in the administrative area, but local transportation departments of people's Governments at or above the county level to national highway, provincial road management, supervisory responsibilities, determined by the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. Townships, nationality townships and towns shall be responsible for the construction and maintenance of township roads within their respective administrative areas. Local transportation departments of people's Governments at or above the county level may decide the highway administration bodies exercise Highway administrative duties in accordance with the provisions of this law. Nineth prohibits any units and individuals on highways set up checked posts, charges, fines and stop the car. Tenth country encourages highway work in scientific and technological research, in the road of scientific and technological research and application give awards to units and individuals who have made outstanding achievements. Provisions concerning special roads in the 11th article of the law, apply to apecial roads. Private roads are administered by enterprises or other units of construction, maintenance, management, exclusively or mainly for the enterprise or the units providing road transport services. 12th chapter highway planning highway planning should be based on national economic and social development and national defense needs, and the development of urban construction planning and coordinated development planning for transportation in other ways. 13th highway construction plan should be consistent with land use planning, when the use of land for construction should be included in the annual land programme. 14th national road planning by the Department of transportation under the State Council in conjunction with the departments concerned and along the national road of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities, approved by the State Council. Provincial planning by provincial, autonomous regional and municipal people's Governments in conjunction with the departments concerned and the competent Department along the road to the next level, the people's Governments, provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities approved, and transportation departments of the State Council for the record. County Road planning and transportation departments of people's Governments at the county level in conjunction with the relevant departments at the same level, through local government approval, approved at a higher level. Town planning and transportation departments of people's Governments at the county level to assist Township, the people's Governments of townships, nationality townships, and county-level people's Government. In accordance with paragraph, fourth paragraph approval of County and township roads plan, shall be submitted to the approval authority of the transportation departments of people's Governments at a higher level for the record. Provincial plan shall be coordinated with national planning. County plan shall be coordinated with the provincial planning. Town planning should be coordinated with county planning. 15th special Highway planned by a special unit in charge of the road system, approval by the competent departments, transportation departments of people's Governments at above county level auditing. Plan shall be coordinated with highway planning of special roads. Transportation departments of people's Governments at above county level shall find plans of special roads and state highways and provincial roads, county roads and township roads planning have not been coordinated out shall propose amendments, dedicated highway departments and units should be modified accordingly. 16th section of State Road plans partial adjustments decided by the original organ of formulation. State Road plans need to make major changes, proposed by the original organ of formulation change programme, approved by the State Council. Approved provincial road, County Road and Township Road plans need to be modified, modified by the original organ of formulation proposed programmes, the original approval authority. 17th National Road naming and numbering, determined by the Transportation Department under the State Council; provincial, County and Township Road naming and numbering, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the transportation departments of people's Governments in accordance with the relevant provisions of the transportation departments of the State Council. 18th planning and new town development zone, should maintain a set distance from the road and avoid the roads, preventing Highway Street, affecting the safety and smooth flow of road running. 19th State encourages special roads for public transport. Special roads mainly used in public transport, by special units in charge of the application, or by the parties concerned to apply for special roads authorities agreed, and the approval of the transportation departments of people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, can be converted to provincial and county roads or township roads. 20th chapter road construction transportation departments of people's Governments above the county level should be based on the duty to maintain the highway construction order and strengthen supervision and management of highway construction. 21st raising highway construction funds, in addition to the financial allocation of the people's Governments at all levels, including tax law to raise special funds to finance highway construction funding, according to law or foreign government loans from foreign financial institutions. Countries encouraged domestic and foreign economic organizations to invest in highway construction. Development, operation road of the company in accordance with the laws, administrative regulations, stock, corporate bonds to raise capital. In accordance with the provisions of this law, grant road tolling revenue must be used for highway construction. To businesses and individuals to raise funds to build roads, must be based on needs and possibilities, adhere to the voluntary principle, should not force assessment and in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State Council. Highway construction funds can also be taken in accordance with the law, or by other methods prescribed by the State Council to raise. 22nd road construction should be in accordance with the national infrastructure program and related provisions. 23rd road construction projects shall be implemented in accordance with the relevant provisions of legal person responsibility, public bidding system and the project supervision system. 24th road construction should according to the characteristics of road construction projects and technical requirements, choose a qualified survey design, construction units and project supervisory units, and in accordance with relevant laws, regulations, rules and requirements of highway engineering technique standard, respectively, signed a contract and specify the rights and obligations of both parties. Undertake feasibility study on highway construction project, survey design, construction units and project supervisory units must hold a certificate prescribed by the State. 25th construction of highway construction projects, required by the Transportation Department under the State Council to request the approval of the transportation departments of people's Governments at and above the county level. 26th road construction must conform to the road engineering technical standards. Take highway construction project design, construction units and project supervisory units shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State to establish a sound quality assurance system, implementation of the responsibility system, and in accordance with relevant laws, rules, regulations, and technical standards of highway engineering requirements and contract for the design, construction and supervision to ensure highway engineering quality. 27th road construction using land in accordance with relevant laws and administrative rules and regulations. Highway construction should implement the principle of effective protection of cultivated land and economizing on land. 28th road construction need to use State-owned barren hills, wasteland or in State-owned barren hills, unreclaimed lands, beaches, beach sand-digging and quarrying, on Earth, after shall be handled according to relevant laws, administrative regulations, and no unit or individual may obstruct or unlawfully charged. 29th road construction of local people's Governments at various levels to the lawful use of land and the relocation of residents, should provide necessary support and assistance. 30th the design and construction of highway construction project should be consistent with the law to protect the environment, the requirements of the protection of cultural relics and prevent soil erosion. Highway planning and carrying out the requirements of national defense in highway construction projects should be strictly in accordance with the plan for construction, in order to ensure national defense transportation needs. 31st due to construction of Highway affect railway, water conservancy, electric power, telecommunications and other facilities during normal use, highway construction units shall obtain the consent of the relevant authorities agree with damage caused by highway construction on the facilities, highway construction units shall not be less than the repair facility infrastructure technical standards, or appropriate financial compensation. When the 32nd Highway, the construction units should be noticeable construction on both ends of the construction signs, safety signs. Need vehicles around, should set the flag in the bypass road; you cannot bypass, must build temporary roads, vehicles and pedestrians. 33rd road construction projects and highway repair projects are completed, should be carried out in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State acceptance; acceptance or unqualified acceptance of, and shall not be delivered. Roads built, should be in accordance with the provisions of the transportation departments of the State Council sets clear signs and lines. 34th of local people's Governments at or above the county level shall determine roadside ditches (Swales and slope foot berm, hereinafter the same) origin of at least one meter outside the road use. Fourth chapter 35th road for road maintenance authorities shall, according to the Transportation Department under the State Council's technical specifications and procedures for road maintenance to ensure roads are often in good technical condition. 36th State to raise funds for road maintenance taxes according to law, specific measures and procedures prescribed by the State Council. Tax law to raise funds for road maintenance, must be earmarked for road maintenance and improvements. 37th the County and township-level people's Governments for road maintenance of sand, stone, soil and water, should provide necessary support and assistance. 38th the County and township-level people's Governments shall, within the scope of rural volunteer, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State Organization of rural residents on both sides of the road to perform for road construction and maintenance obligations to provide services. 39th in order to protect the personal safety of highway maintenance workers, road maintenance personnel when carrying out maintenance work, should be wearing a uniform safety signs suit used vehicles when carrying out maintenance work, should set clear job on the highway vehicle logo. Road maintenance vehicles during operations, without prejudice to the premise of vehicles in the past, its routes and directions from highway signs and lines limited vehicles for road maintenance vehicles and personnel should be taken to avoid. When the construction of highway maintenance vehicles, pedestrians, and 32nd of the construction unit shall, in accordance with the law regulations. 40th state highways, provincial roads due to severe natural disasters disrupted traffic, highway administrative departments should promptly repair road management agencies is difficult to fix, the local people's Governments at or above the county level shall organize a local authorities, public organizations, enterprises and institutions and the urban and rural residents is being urgently carried out and may request the support of the local garrison, early resumption of the traffic. 41st road Hill within the land, wasteland, managed by the Highways Agency is responsible for water and soil conservation.   42nd road greening work, managed by the Highways Agency according to the road engineering technical standards organizations. Road with trees on the ground shall not be felled; cut needs to be updated, local transportation departments of people's Governments at or above the county level shall be subject to approval, in accordance with the People's Republic of China Forestry Act regulations and approval procedures, and replant the update completes the task. Fifth chapter Highways Management 43rd local people's Governments at various levels shall take measures to strengthen the protection of highway. Local transportation departments of people's Governments at or above the county level shall earnestly perform their duties according to law to protect highway work and endeavour to adopt scientific management methods and advanced techniques to improve highway management level, gradually improving road service facilities, ensuring the integrity, security and smooth. 44th without authorization, no unit or individual is allowed to occupy or dig the roads. From the construction of railways, airports, power stations, telecommunications facilities, water conservancy projects and other construction projects needed to occupy or dig the roads or highway relocation, the construction unit shall first seek consent of the Transportation Department agreed to affect traffic safety, subject to approval of the public security organs concerned. To occupy or dig the roads or the highway relocation, the construction unit shall not be lower than the original technical standards of Highway repairs, alterations or appropriate financial compensation. 45th article across, and through highway built bridge, and aqueduct or erection, and laid pipeline, facilities of, and in highway with to range within erection, and laid pipeline, and cable, facilities of, should prior by about traffic competent sector agreed, effect traffic security of, also must consent of about police organ of agreed; by built, and erection or laid of facilities should meet highway engineering technology standard of requirements. Damage to highways, shall, in accordance with the extent of the damage compensation. 46th no unit or individual is allowed on the road and Highways within the stalls set up here, stacked objects, dump garbage, set obstacles, ditch water, the use of roadside ditches to belch pollution or other damage, highway and road clear of activities. 47th large highway bridges and ferries around 200 metres above, road tunnel entrances and within 100 metres, as well as on the sides of roads within a certain distance, not sand, gravel, soil, dumping of waste, shall not be carried out blasting and other highways, roads and bridges, highway tunnels, highway ferry safety activities. In the context of the preceding paragraph for rescue, need to build dams, compress or widen the river for flood control, shall be submitted to the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the approval of the transportation departments of people's Governments, together with the water conservancy Administrative Department, and relating to the effective protection of highways, roads and bridges, highways, tunnels, highway ferry safety measures. Was reported in the 48th agricultural machinery field work requires driving on the highway a short distance on the ground outside, iron-wheeled vehicles, tracked vehicles and other equipment that might damage the road surface may not be driving on the highway. Is really necessary, and must be agreed by the transportation departments of people's Governments at and above the county level, to take effective protective measures, and specify the time in accordance with the public security organs, and routes. Damage to highways, shall, in accordance with the extent of the damage compensation. 49th in the axle-load mass of vehicles on the road shall conform to the requirements of highway engineering technique standard. 50th over highways, highway bridge, tunnel or a car ferry limited load, height, width restriction and limit the vehicle, shall not be limited in standard road or road tunnels, highway bridges, you may not use car ferries. Over road or highway bridge load limit standard is really necessary, must be approved by the transportation departments of people's Governments at and above the county level, and required to take effective protective measures; carried not overrun the dissolution, shall specify the time, route, speed, and raised the clearly marked. Transport units would not take protective measures in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, by the Department of transportation to help it to take protective measures, the cost borne by the transport unit. 51st by motor vehicle manufacturers and other units may not be the road test motor vehicle braking performance test site. 52nd no unit or individual is allowed to damage or move or alter ancillary facilities of roads. Highway affiliated facilities in the preceding paragraph refers to the protection, conservation road and ensuring traffic safety of Highway drainage, conservation, protection, management, services, traffic safety, ferrying, monitoring, communication, charges, facilities, equipment, and special-purpose buildings, structures, and so on. 53rd caused road damage, responsibility should timely report the authority, site surveys and by the highway authority. 54th no units and individuals without approval of the transportation departments of people's Governments at and above the county level shall not be highway within the highway logo signs other than. 55th additional crossing on the road, must be approved in accordance with State regulations, and in accordance with the State standard. 56th other than road protection and conservation needs, prohibited within the control areas on both sides of the road construction of buildings and structures on the ground; laying of pipelines and cables in the control areas can also be such facilities shall be prior approval of the transportation departments of people's Governments at and above the county level. Scope of control areas under the preceding paragraph, run by the local people's Governments at or above the county level by ensuring security and the principles of economical use of land in accordance with the regulations of the State Council. Building control areas by the local people's Governments at or above the county level in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph after the delimitation, local transportation departments of people's Governments at or above the county level shall set the stakes, boundary markers. No unit or individual is allowed to damage or move the stakes, boundary markers. 57th apart from the 47th article of provisions of this law, and transportation departments of the provisions of this chapter by the exercise of management functions, can be provided for in the eighth of the fourth paragraph of this law, exercised by the highway authority. 58th State allows toll road established by law, as well as to control the number of toll roads. In addition to the 59th article of this law can charge a toll highway, and no roads charging tolls. 59th article meet state traffic competent sector provides of technology grade and scale of following highway, can law charged vehicles passage fee: (a) by County above place Government traffic competent sector using loan or to enterprise, and personal fund-raising built of Highway; (ii) by both at home and abroad economic organization law by let preceding paragraph charges Highway charges right of Highway; (three) by both at home and abroad economic organization law investment built of highway. 60th transportation departments of people's Governments at and above the county level shall use loans or financing built toll road toll period, the charging principle to repay loans, funds raised, by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities shall be determined in accordance with the transportation departments of the State Council. Transfer of toll road on the right, the right after the transfer, by the assignee to charge business. Toll right transfer of the assignment, the agreed upon by both parties and submitted to the approval authority for the review and approval of toll collection right, but shall not exceed the State Council term. Domestic and foreign economic investment to build roads, must be in accordance with the relevant provisions of the approval procedures; after the road was built from investors charging operations. Charge duration in accordance with the principle of return on investment and has a reasonable recovery, by the Transportation Department agreed with the investors and approval formalities in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State, but shall not exceed the State Council term. 61st this law article 59th national highway in the first provision of highway toll right transfer, must be approved by the Transportation Department under the State Council; national road toll road other than the transfer of the right, must be approved by the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, and transportation departments of the State Council for the record. Highway toll right transfer of the provisions of the preceding paragraph the minimum price, the value determined on the basis of State-owned assets Evaluation Agency. 62nd by highway toll right on highway construction and investment domestic and foreign economic organizations shall be established according to law development, operation road of enterprise (hereinafter referred to as road companies). 63rd toll road toll fees from toll road proposal, submitted to the provincial, autonomous regional and municipal transportation departments of people's Governments in conjunction with the price administrative departments for examination and approval. 64th toll road toll fees, shall be submitted to the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities for review and approval. Across provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of toll road toll charge station, identified by the consultations with the Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities concerned through consultation, by the Department of transportation under the State Council decision. The same toll roads organized by the different departments of transportation construction or by a different road management enterprises shall, in accordance with the "flat rate, according to the percentage of" the principles of overall planning, rational toll station. The distance between two toll stations, shall not be less than the standard transportation departments under the State Council. 65th road transfer road tolling, toll collection right contract expiration, the right by the lessor to recover. By domestic and international economic organizations, in accordance with the provisions of this law established and operated toll road, expiry of the period prescribed by the, unpaid by the State to recover the highway, managed by the relevant departments of transportation. 66th article in accordance with article 59th right or operated by domestic and foreign economic organizations invested in highway maintenance work by the highway operation enterprise is responsible for. By the highway enterprises during the operation shall, according to the Transportation Department under the State Council's technical specifications and procedures for road maintenance work. At the expiry of the right, or at the expiration of term of operation, the highway should be in good technical condition. Prescribed in the preceding paragraph of road greening and roads within the soil and water conservation work by the highway operation enterprise is responsible for. Roads road management in the first paragraph, the provisions of this law shall apply to the fifth chapter. The road administration duties by local people's Governments at or above the county level transportation departments or highway agencies, staff of regulatory bodies to exercise. 67th on the toll roads in this law article 44th, 45th, 48th, 50th of the activities listed in section, except in accordance with the provisions of that article, but causes losses to the highway enterprises, should be given appropriate compensation. Specific measures for the administration of the 68th toll road, formulated by the State Council in accordance with the law. Seventh 69th chapter supervision and inspection departments of transportation, road management agencies in accordance with the relevant highway law, supervise and inspect the implementation of the regulations. 70th transportation departments, road management agencies have responsibility for management and protection of highway, the right to inspect and stop all occupation, damage to roads, highways, the ancillary facilities of roads and other acts in violation of the provisions of this law. 71st road supervisory and checking personnel shall be in roads, the control areas, parking places, vehicle units when conducting supervision and inspection, and no unit or individual may obstruct. Road operators, users and other relevant units and individuals shall be subject to road supervisory and checking personnel shall implement supervision and inspection, and provide convenience. Road supervisory and checking personnel carrying out their duties, should wear a sign holder. 72nd departments of transportation, road management agencies should strengthen the road supervisory and checking personnel management and education, requires road supervisory and checking personnel are familiar with relevant laws and regulations of the State, fair and honest, warm service and justly, for Highway supervision and inspection of law enforcement should strengthen supervision and inspection of its violation should be corrected in a timely manner and according to law. The 73rd special vehicles for Highway supervision and inspection, you should set up Unified signs and warning lights. 74th eighth chapter legal liability for breach of laws or the State Council provisions, arbitrarily set up checked posts on the highway, toll, and by the Department of transportation shall be ordered to desist from the illegal act, confiscate the illegal income, and may be fined not more than three times the illegal income, no illegal income, and may be fined not more than 20,000 yuan; for persons who are directly in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions. 75th 25th article violates this law, without the approval of the transportation departments of construction, the Transportation Department could be ordered to stop construction, and may be fined not more than 50,000 yuan.   76th article has following violations one of of, by traffic competent sector ordered stop violations, can at 30,000 yuan following of fine: (a) violation this method 44th article first paragraph provides, unauthorized occupied, and mining highway of; (ii) violation this method 45th article provides, without agreed or not according to highway engineering technology standard of requirements built bridge, and aqueduct or erection, and laid pipeline, and cable, facilities of; (three) violation this method 47th article provides, engaged in endanger Highway security of job of; (Four) violation this method 48th article provides, iron round car, and track car and other may damage road of machines unauthorized in highway Shang driving of; (five) violation this method 50th article provides, vehicles super limited using car ferry or in highway Shang unauthorized super limited driving of; (six) violation this method 52nd article, and 56th article provides, damaged, and mobile, and altered Highway subsidiary facilities or damaged, and moved building control district of standard pile, and pillar, may endanger Highway security of. 46th of the 77th article violates this law stipulates that cause damage to the road surface effects, pollution or traffic, or in violation of this law article 51st, ground on the road, by the Department of transportation shall be ordered to desist from the illegal act and may be fined not more than 5,000 yuan. The 78th article violates this law article 53rd, causing damage, not reported, by the Department of Transportation Office of less than 1000 Yuan fine. The 79th article violates this law article 54th, highway within the highway logo signs other than, by the Department of transportation ordered removed, may be fined not more than 20,000 yuan; fails to dismantle, by the Department of transportation removed, the costs borne by the setter. 55th 80th article violates this law provides that the unauthorized addition of level crossing on the highway, by the traffic authorities shall order restitution, fines of between 50,000 yuan. 81st breach of 56th article of this law, in highway construction to construct buildings within the control area, ground structures or laying of pipelines, cables and other facilities without authorization, by the Department of transportation ordered dismantled, and may be fined not more than 50,000 yuan. Fails to dismantle, by the Department of transportation removed, the costs are borne by the builders, building. 82nd in addition to 74th, 75th as provided in this law, the provisions of this chapter by the Transportation Department and administrative measures of administrative punishment right, in accordance with the eighth of the fourth paragraph of this law provides that the highway authority to exercise. 83rd blocking highways or highway repairs, road construction or repair is not carried out properly, has not caused serious losses, the penalty shall be imposed in accordance with the article 19th. Damaged road or unauthorized mobile highway signs, which may affect traffic safety, but not serious enough for criminal punishment, penalty shall be imposed in accordance with the regulations of 20th. Refuse or obstruct road supervisory and checking personnel shall carry out their duties without resorting to violence or intimidation, in accordance with the provisions of section 19th penalty. 84th in violation of the relevant provisions of this law, to constitute a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law. The 85th in violation of the relevant provisions of this law, of damage to highways, shall bear civil liability. Caused large damage to road vehicles must stop immediately, to preserve the site and report the authority, by the highway authorities investigate and deal with the rear left. 86th Transportation Department, highway authorities of dereliction of duty, favoritism, abuse of power, constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law; do not constitute a crime, administrative sanctions according to law.   Nineth chapter supplementary articles article 87th this law shall enter into force on January 1, 1998. Attached: security management Punishment Ordinance about terms 19th article has following disrupt public order behavior one of, is enough criminal punishment of, at 15th following detention, and 200 Yuan following fine or warning: (a) disrupt organ, and groups, and enterprise, and institutions of order, led work, and production, and business, and medical, and teaching, and research cannot normal for, yet caused serious loss of;...... (VII) refuse or obstruct the national staff perform their duties according to law, without resorting to violence and threat. 20th under any of the following acts impairing public security one of the 15th the following detention, fined a maximum of 200 Yuan or given a warning: ... ... (H) on waterways, dams, railways, roads, waters, mining pits, placed obstructions, damaged, moving signs, which may affect the transport, but not serious enough for criminal punishment.