People's Republic Of China On Frontier Health And Quarantine Law

Original Language Title: 中华人民共和国国境卫生检疫法

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People's Republic of China President 83rd of the Standing Committee of the national people's Congress to amend People's Republic of China on frontier health and quarantine law of the decision by the People's Republic of China of deputies of the 31st meeting of the Standing Committee, adopted on December 29, 2007, are hereby promulgated and, as of the date of promulgation. People's Republic of China President Hu Jintao December 29, 2007 the Standing Committee on the revision of the People's Republic of China on frontier health and quarantine law of the decision (December 29, 2007 Deputies adopted by the 31st session of the Standing Committee of deputies of the 31st meeting of the Standing Committee decided to People's Republic of China on frontier health and quarantine law as follows: the 14th article modified to: "the body of the entry, exit, and Pass by the shipper or its agent, must be declared to the frontier health and quarantine offices, after passing the inspection, brought in or out.
"This decision come into force on the date of promulgation.

People's Republic of China on frontier health and quarantine law in accordance with this decision be revised and republished.  People's Republic of China on frontier health and quarantine law (December 2, 1986 the last session of the Standing Committee of the national people's Congress adopted at the 18th meeting on December 29, 2007th the 31st meeting of the Standing Committee of the national people's Congress to amend People's Republic of China decision on frontier health and Quarantine Law Amendment) contents chapter I General provisions chapter II chapter III of the quarantine infectious diseases monitoring the fourth chapter health monitoring the fifth chapter legal sixth chapter supplementary articles article I of chapter I General provisions
    In order to prevent infectious diseases from spreading into or from the ROC, the implementation of frontier health and quarantine, the protection of human health, this law is enacted.
    Article in the People's Republic of China international ports, airports and land frontiers and boundary rivers port (hereinafter frontier ports), the establishment of frontier health and quarantine offices, in accordance with the provisions of this law, quarantine and quarantine, monitoring and health surveillance.
    The health Administrative Department under the State Council in charge of the nation of frontier health and quarantine work.
    Provisions of article III of this law refers to diseases or infectious diseases surveillance for infectious diseases.
    A quarantinable infectious disease, refers to the bubonic plague, cholera, yellow fever and other infectious diseases determined and announced by the State Council.
    Surveillance of communicable diseases, confirmed and announced by the health Administrative Department under the State Council. Fourth entry or exit of persons, means of transport, transport equipment and may transmit quarantinable infectious diseases articles such as luggage, goods or postal parcels, should be subject to quarantine, the frontier health and quarantine authorities for permission, entry or exit.
    Specific measures shall be prescribed by the rules for the implementation of this law. Article fifth frontier health and quarantine offices when discovered or suspected quarantinable infectious diseases, in addition to taking the necessary measures, must be immediately notified to the Administrative Department of public health, and the fastest way to report the health Administrative Department under the State Council, shall not be more than 24 hours at the latest.
    Post and telecommunications sector reported should be prioritized delivery.
    People's Republic of China report of epidemic situation of infectious diseases with the foreign, the Administrative Department of health under the State Council together with the relevant departments.
Sixth in foreign or domestic quarantine when the pandemic, the State Council ordered the borders or take other urgent measures relating to the embargo. Seventh chapter and quarantine inbound transportation and personnel designated area must be at the first border port quarantine. In addition to pilot insurance, without the permission of frontier health and quarantine offices, no person shall be allowed to transport, are not allowed to load and unload articles such as luggage, goods or postal parcels.
    Specific measures shall be prescribed by the rules for the implementation of this law.
    Article eighth out of the vehicles and personnel, must be the last to leave the border port quarantine. Nineth foreign ships, aircraft parking non-port location, landed in China when the charge of the vessel or aircraft shall immediately notify the nearest frontier health and quarantine offices or local health authority.
    Except in cases of emergency, without a frontier health and quarantine offices or local health Administrative Department, no person shall be allowed to vessels, aircraft, are not allowed to load and unload articles such as luggage, goods or postal parcels.
    Article tenth found in border ports and quarantine suspected quarantinable infectious diseases of infectious diseases, or a non-accidental injury and death, and the cause is unknown, heads of units of the border ports and means of transport shall be reported immediately to the frontier health and quarantine offices, and apply for a temporary quarantine.
    11th frontier health and quarantine organs according to the quarantine doctor of quarantine results, not contaminated with diseases or sanitization of transport, issued an entry quarantine permit or an exit permit.
    12th frontier health and quarantine organ diseases plague victim should immediately quarantine isolation period determined according to the results of medical examination; the quarantinable epidemic suspect should check it, check the term determined in accordance with the incubation period of infectious diseases.
    Who died from a quarantinable infectious disease body must be cremated.
    13th has one of the following means of transportation to undergo a quarantine, disinfection, deratization, deinsectization and other health treatment: (a) from a quarantinable infectious disease is epidemic, (ii) is a quarantinable infectious disease contamination; (c) revealing the presence of rodents which affect human health or insects which are carriers of disease.
    If foreign transportation officials refused to accept treatment, except in exceptional circumstances, to allow it to transport under the supervision of the frontier health and quarantine offices, immediately leave the People's Republic of China territory.
    14th the frontier health and quarantine organs coming from an infected area, being a quarantinable infectious disease contamination or diseases media may be items such as luggage, goods or postal parcels, should carry out health checks, disinfection, deratization, deinsectization and other treatment.
Body of the entry, exit, pass by the shipper or its agent, must be declared to the frontier health and quarantine offices, after passing the inspection, brought in or out.
    Chapter 15th frontier health and quarantine offices of infectious disease surveillance of entry and exit of personnel infectious disease surveillance, and shall take the necessary preventive and control measures.
    16th frontier health and quarantine offices have the right to request entry and exit of personnel to complete a health declaration form, to show some kind of infectious disease vaccination certificate, health certificate or other related documents. Article 17th with monitoring infectious people, foreign monitoring infected area or the monitoring of close contacts of infectious diseases, the frontier health and quarantine organ should be distinguished, to issue an instant card, implementation of the check or take other preventive and control measures, and promptly notify the local Health Administration Department.
Personnel of medical units to hold an instant card around, should be given priority treatment.
    Fourth chapter health supervision 18th article border health quarantine organ according to national provides of health standard, on border port of health status and stay in border port of entry, and exit of transport of health status implementation health supervision: (a) supervision and guide about personnel on rodents, and disease media insects of control; (ii) check and test food, and drinking water and store, and supply, and transport facilities; (three) supervision engaged in food, and drinking water supply of practitioners of health status, check its health certificate;
    (D) the supervision and inspection of garbage, waste, sewage, manure, treatment of ballast water.
    19th the frontier health and quarantine offices at frontier port health supervisors, implementation of frontier health and quarantine offices to task.
Frontier health supervisor in carrying out their duties, right on the border ports and entry or exit of transport for health supervision and technical guidance, the factors of the spread of infectious diseases caused by poor hygiene and possible suggestions for improvement, in collaboration with relevant departments to take the necessary measures, sanitary treatment.
    Fifth chapter legal responsibility 20th article on violation this method provides, has following behavior one of of units or personal, border health quarantine organ can according to plot weight, give warning or fine: (a) escape quarantine, to border health quarantine organ hide real situation of; (ii) entry of personnel without border health quarantine organ license, unauthorized upper and lower transport, or handling luggage, and goods, and parcel, items, not listening to discourage of.
    All fines turned over to the State Treasury. 21st party who refuses to accept the decision from the frontier health and quarantine offices, from the date of receipt of the notification on 15th, to the local people's Court.
    Fails to bring or carry out, the frontier health and quarantine authorities may apply to a people's Court for compulsory execution.
    22nd in violation of the provisions of this law, which caused quarantine diseases spread or a grave danger of the spread of infectious diseases, in accordance with the People's Republic of China Criminal Code article 178th shall be investigated for criminal responsibility.
23rd staff of frontier health and quarantine authorities shall enforce, loyalty, the entry or exit of vehicles and personnel, timely quarantine against breach of disciplinary sanction, if the circumstances are serious enough to constitute a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law. The sixth chapter supplementary articles article 24th People's Republic of China concluded or acceded to international treaties relating to sanitary and phytosanitary provisions of this law, the provisions of the international treaty shall apply.
    However, the People's Republic of China declared reservations except those on.
    25th People's Republic of China border authorities and the interaction between neighbouring border agencies in the border areas, people living in the border areas of the two countries in the border areas of temporary ties, both transport and quarantine of entry and exit of personnel, in accordance with the agreement between the two parties, and the absence of an agreement, in accordance with the relevant regulations of the Chinese Government.
    26th frontier health and quarantine organ health and quarantine, in accordance with the charges set by the State.
    27th the health Administrative Department under the State Council in accordance with this law, formulate the implementing rules, submitted to the State Council for approval before implementation. 28th article this law shall enter into force on May 1, 1987. Released on December 23, 1957, the People's Republic of China on frontier health and quarantine regulations repealed simultaneously.