People's Republic Of China Circular Economy Promotion Law

Original Language Title: 中华人民共和国循环经济促进法

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(August 29, 2008, adopted by the fourth meeting of the Standing Committee of the 11th NPC) People's Republic of China, fourth President of the People's Republic of China circular economy promotion law by the People's Republic of China the 11th session of the Standing Committee of the national people's Congress, adopted at the fourth meeting, on August 29, 2008, are hereby promulgated and, as of January 1, 2009.
People's Republic of China President Hu Jintao on August 29, 2008 contents chapter I General provisions chapter II chapter III of the basic management systems reduce the fourth chapter incentive measures and the resources of the fifth chapter sixth legal liability the seventh chapter by-laws chapter I General provisions article in order to promote the development of recycling economy, improve the efficiency of resources utilization, protection and improvement of the environment, achieving sustainable development, this law is enacted.
Second circular economy in this law, is in the process of production, circulation and consumption minimization, reuse, and recycling activities in General.
Reduction in this law, refers to the production, circulation and consumption reduction in resource consumption and waste production.
Recycling in this law refers to waste directly as products or repair, refurbish, Remanufacture and continue as a product, or to all or part of such waste as part of other products to be used.
Resources in this law refers to direct waste as raw material use or recycling of waste.
Article the development of recycling economy is a key strategy for national economic and social development, should be guided by overall planning and rational distribution, in line with local conditions, results-oriented, Government-driven, market-led, implemented by enterprises, public participation approach.
Article the development of recycling economy should be technically feasible and economically reasonable premise and contribute to saving resources and protecting the environment, in accordance with the reduction principle of giving priority to the implementation.
In the course of waste reuse and recycling, should guarantee the production safety, to ensure product quality in line with the State standards, and to prevent further pollution.
Fifth cycle integrated management is responsible for the economic development of the State Council to organize and coordinate, supervise and administer the national circular economy development of the State Council relevant departments for environmental protection in accordance with their respective functions and responsibility for the supervision and administration of the circular economy.
Comprehensive management of circular economy development in local people's Governments at or above the county level responsible for organization and coordination, supervision and management of the administrative circular economy development of the local people's Governments at or above the county level responsible for relevant departments for environmental protection in accordance with their respective responsibilities relating to the supervision and management of recycling economy.
The sixth national industrial policy, shall conform to the requirements of the development of circular economy.
The people's Governments above the county level for national economic and social development plans and annual plans, relevant departments of the people's Governments above the county level, such as environmental protection, science and technology planning, should include the development of circular economy.
The seventh State encouragement and support to develop the circular economy studies, development and promotion of science and technology, encourage recycling economy promotion, education, scientific knowledge and international cooperation.
Eighth people's Governments above the county level should establish target responsibility system of circular economy in development, take measures such as planning, finance, investment, government procurement, and promote the development of circular economy.
Nineth enterprises and institutions shall establish a sound management system, to take measures to reduce the consumption of resources, reduction of waste and emissions, and improve the level of reuse and recycling of waste.
Tenth citizen should enhance the awareness of saving resources and protecting the environment, and reasonable consumption and conserve resources.
Countries encourage and guide citizens to use energy, water, raw materials and environmentally friendly products and recycled products, and reduce the generation of waste and emissions.
Citizens have the right to report waste of resources, destruction of the environment are entitled to understand the information of Governments in developing recycling economy and its observations and recommendations. 11th the State encourages and supports industry associations in the circular economy development of technical guidance and services.
People's Governments above the county level may authorize conditional trade associations and other social organizations to promote circular economy development of the public service.
Countries encourage and support agencies, societies and other community organizations to develop the circular economy promotion, extension and advisory services, and promote the development of circular economy. 12th chapter two basic management system integrated management of circular economy development of the State Council in conjunction with the relevant departments for the environment national development planning of circular economy, after the approval of the State Council for implementation.
Districts of local people's Governments above city level integrated management of circular economy development in conjunction with the competent departments of the local government environmental protection circular economy development in the administrative plan, reported to the people's Governments at the corresponding level for approval for implementation.
Circular economy development plan should include objectives, scope, main content, priorities and safeguard measures, and provides resource productivity, waste reuse and recycling rates, and so on.
The 13th should be based on the people's Government of the people's Governments at and above the county level shall issue the administrative discharge of major pollutants, construction land and total amount control of water indicators, administrative areas of planning and adjustment of the industrial structure, promote the development of circular economy.
New construction, renovation or expansion projects, must be consistent with the administrative discharge of major pollutants, construction land and water volume control requirements.
14th General Administration in conjunction with the circular of the State Council economic development statistics, environmental protection and other relevant departments to establish and perfect evaluation index system of recycling economy.
Higher people's Government according to the provisions of the preceding paragraph of the circular economy evaluation index, the lower level people's Governments in developing recycling economy regular assessment, and completed as the main criteria for evaluation of Heads of local people's Governments and their content.
15th production included in the compulsory recycling directory of products and packaging businesses, must be responsible for waste products or packaging recycling; can take advantage of them, by the production company responsible for use because they do not have the technical and economic conditions and not fit for use, by the production company responsible for innocent treatment.
Waste products or packing materials provided for in the preceding paragraph, recycle producer Commission seller or other organizations or authorize use or disposal of the waste utilization or disposal companies, the trustee shall, in accordance with the relevant laws and administrative regulations, provisions and terms of the contract are responsible for recovery or recycling, disposal.
Listed in the compulsory recycling directory of products and packaging, consumers should be discarded products or packages to the producers or their authorized sellers of recovery or any other organization.
Compulsory recycling directory of products and packaging and management approach, integrated management Department under the circular economy development of the State Council.
16th State of iron and steel, nonferrous metal, coal, electricity, petroleum, chemical industry, building materials, construction, paper-making, printing and dyeing industry annual energy consumption, total water consumption exceed the State's key enterprises, the implementation of focused supervision and management system of energy consumption, water consumption.
Key unit of energy consumption and energy saving supervision and management in accordance with the People's Republic of China energy conservation provisions of that Act.
Focus on supervision and administration of unit of water, integrated management of circular economy development of the State Council in conjunction with the relevant departments under the State Council.
The 17th State to establish and improve statistical system of circular economy, enhanced and comprehensive utilization of resource consumption, waste management, and principal statistical indicators to the public on a regular basis.
Standardization Department of the State Council in conjunction with the circular economy development of integrated management and environmental protection and other relevant departments establish and perfect the standard system of circular economy, to develop and improve the energy, water, materials and waste reuse, recycling and other standards.
State shall establish energy efficiency label product, such as resource consumption marking system.
18th Chapter reduction circular economic development General Administration in conjunction with the relevant departments for environment protection, regularly publish encouraging, constraints and outdated technologies, processes, equipment, materials and products directory.
Banning the production, import and sales of equipment, materials and products included in the catalogue, include the prohibition of the use in the catalogue of technologies, processes, equipment and materials.
19th in technology, equipment, product and packaging design, should be in accordance with the requirements of reducing resource consumption and waste generation, and preferences are easy to recycle, easy to disassemble, easy degradation, harmless or less harmful materials and design with low toxicity and should comply with the mandatory requirements of the national standard. May result in environmental pollution in the process of dismantling and disposal of electric and electronic products shall not be designed using state prohibits the use of toxic substances.
Prohibited use toxic and harmful substances in electric and electronic products catalogue, circular by the State Council's economic development related to General Administration in conjunction with the Environmental Protection Department.
Designing product packaging packaging standard should be performed to prevent excessive packaging waste of resources and environmental pollution.
20th industrial enterprises should be advanced or applicable water conservation technologies, techniques and equipment, develop and implement a water conservation plan, strengthen the management of water-saving, water for production process control.
Industrial enterprises shall strengthen the management of water, water metering apparatus equipped with qualified and use, water consumption statistics and analysis of the water systems. New construction, renovation or expansion projects, supporting construction of water conservation facilities.
Should be the main part of the project of water saving facilities designed, constructed and put into use.
Coastal areas of countries to encourage and support seawater desalination and direct seawater utilization and conservation of freshwater resources.
21st the State encourages and supports enterprises to use highly efficient fuel saving products.
Electricity, petroleum, chemical industry, iron and steel, nonferrous metals and building materials enterprises, must fall within the time limit and as stipulated by the State, to clean coal, petroleum coke, natural gas and other clean energy alternative fuel oil, discontinue use do not meet state-mandated fuel generators and fuel-fired boiler.
Internal combustion engines and motor vehicle manufacturing enterprises shall, in accordance with the national regulations of internal combustion engines and motor vehicle fuel economy standards, fuel-saving technologies, reduce the consumption of petroleum products. 22nd in mining mineral resources, overall planning, development of reasonable development and utilization programme, adopting reasonable mining order, method, and processing. Mining permit issuing authority shall be submitted by the applicants in the development of mining recovery and mining dilution rate, recovery, mine water utilization and land reclamation rate indicators according to law review failed to pass the examination, no mining licence shall be issued.
Mining permit issuing authorities shall strengthen the supervision and management of mining mineral resources.
Mining enterprises in parallel with the main mineral mining should be commercially valuable paragenetic and associated integrated mining, rational utilization of mine; must be produced and the use of mineral and tailings containing useful elements, protective measures should be taken to prevent loss of resources and ecological destruction. 23rd building design, construction and construction units should be in accordance with the relevant regulations and standards, and on the design, construction, construction of buildings and structures using energy, water, land and materials technology and small, lightweight, recycled products.
Conditional areas should make full use of solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy and other renewable energies.
State encourages the use of toxic harmless solid waste production, building materials, encourage the use of bulk cement, promoting the use of ready-mixed concrete and mortar. Prohibition of damaged farmland brick.
At the State Department or the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities within the prescribed term and area, banning the production, sale and use of clay bricks.
24th people's Governments above the county level and agriculture departments should promote the intensive land use, encourage and support agricultural producers to use water, fertilizer, medicine and advanced plant breeding and irrigation techniques, promoting agricultural machinery and energy saving, giving priority to the development of ecological agriculture.
In the water-deficient areas should be adjusting the planting structure, giving priority to the development of water-saving agriculture to promote rainwater harvesting and utilization, construction and management of water-saving irrigation facilities to improve water use efficiency, reduce water evaporation and leakage. 25th State organs and other organizations should use government funds practicing strict economy and put an end to waste, lead in using energy, water, land and materials, products, equipment, and facilities and help protect the environment, economical use of office supplies.
State Council and local people's Governments at or above the county level administrative authority under the people's Governments at the corresponding level for Office work on Department-level State organs and other bodies, water quota, the financial sector make spending based on the quota standard. City people's Government and the owners or users, should take measures to strengthen the maintenance and management of buildings, and extend its service life.
To conform to the urban planning and construction standards, reasonable service life of buildings, except where the public interest needs of people's Governments of cities shall not demolish.
26th, dining, entertainment, hotels, service companies, shall use energy, water, raw materials and products in favour of protecting the environment, reducing the use of products or no waste resources and pollute the environment.
After the promulgation of this law the new restaurants, entertainment, hotels and other service companies, shall use energy, water, raw materials and the protection of the environment-friendly technologies, equipment and facilities. 27th the State encourages and supports the use of reclaimed water.
In areas where have the conditions for the use of reclaimed water, restrict or prohibit the use tap water as urban road cleaning, greening and landscape water use. The 28th State to guarantee product safety and health under the premise and limit the production and sale of disposable products.
Directory of circular economy development of integrated management by the State Council in conjunction with the financial, environmental and other relevant departments.
Included in the provisions of the preceding paragraph list of disposable consumer goods production and sale, shall be formulated by the finance, taxation and foreign trade departments of restrictive measures such as tax and export.
The fourth chapter 29th and resource people's Governments above the county level shall make an overall planning and regional economic layout, adjusting the industrial structure, promote cooperation in such areas as resource comprehensive utilization and achieve efficient use and recycling of resources.
Various enterprises within the zone should be organized, comprehensive utilization of resources, promote the development of circular economy.
National waste exchange encourages industrial parks of various types of enterprises, energy cascading utilization and land-use classification, water use and recycling, shared use of infrastructure and other facilities.
Building and rebuilding all kinds of environmental impact assessment of industrial park should be carried out according to law, and ecological protection and pollution control measures, ensure that the environmental quality of the region up to the required standard.
30th Enterprise shall, in accordance with State regulations, generated in the production of fly ash, coal gangue, ore tailings, waste, waste, waste gas and other industrial wastes utilization.
31st enterprises should develop a series of water system and water recycling systems, improve water reuse.
Enterprises shall employ advanced technologies, processes and equipment, recycling of production waste water produced in the process.
32nd enterprises shall adopt advanced or proper recycling technologies, processes and equipment, the production process of comprehensive utilization of waste heat and pressure. Building using heat and pressure, coal bed methane and coal gangue, coal slime, garbage, low calorific value fuel power generation projects should be made in accordance with the laws and regulations of the State Council administrative license or submitted for the record.
Power grid enterprises shall, in accordance with State regulations, grid-connected power generation companies signed agreements and comprehensive utilization of resources, providing Internet access, and a full acquisition of grid power project's electricity.
33rd units should be on the construction of comprehensive utilization of construction waste; utilization conditions do not have, or shall entrust a qualified production manager for comprehensive utilization of harmless treatment.
34th State shall encourage and support agricultural producers and related enterprises to adopt advanced and applicable technologies of crop straw, animal manure, by-products, waste agricultural plastic film, such as the utilization of agricultural products processing industry, development and utilization of biomass energy such as biogas.
35th people's Governments above the county level and forestry authorities should actively develop ecological forestry, encourage and support forestry producers and related enterprises to use timber saving and alternative technologies, forestry residues and small firewood, desert shrubs, such as utilization, improvement of timber utilization rate.
36th State support for production operators to establish an industrial waste exchange and information system, promote exchange of information on industrial wastes.
Enterprises on the comprehensive utilization of the waste generated in the production process do not have conditions should be provided to qualified comprehensive utilization of production operators.
The 37th state to encourage and promote waste recycling system.
Local people's Governments shall, in accordance with the urban and rural planning, rational distribution waste recycling outlets and markets in support of recycling of waste in enterprises and other organizations collection, storage, transportation, and information exchange.
Waste recycling market shall comply with the national environmental protection, safety and fire regulations.
Article 38th of waste electrical and electronic products, scrap motor vehicle shipping, automobile tires, scrap lead-acid batteries, and dismantling or reuse a particular product, shall comply with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations.
39th recycling of electrical and electronic products, after sales of repair, must comply with product standards, and prominently identified as recycled products.
Recycling of electrical and electronic products, requires dismantling and recycling, dismantling should be sold to qualified enterprises.
40th State supports enterprises to carry out parts of motor vehicles, construction machinery, machine tools and other products of the manufacture and retreading.
Sales of remanufactured products and quality refurbished products must meet the State standards, and prominently identified as products or new products.
41st people's Governments above the county level shall make an overall planning of urban and rural lives classified collection and recycling facilities, establish and improve the separate collection and recycling system, improve solid waste recycling rate.
The people's Governments above the county level shall support the enterprise resource utilization and construction of sludge disposal facilities, raise the level of comprehensive utilization of sludge to prevent recontamination. Fifth chapter incentive 42nd State Council and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities to set up special fund for the development of circular economy-related, supporting scientific and technological research and development of circular economy and circular economy technologies and products demonstration and extension, a major project of circular economy implementation, development of circular economy in information services.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the financial Department of the State Council in conjunction with the relevant departments for the integrated management of the development of circular economy development.
43rd State Council and provinces and autonomous regions and municipal people's Governments and relevant departments should be independent innovation of circular economy of major scientific and technological research projects research, demonstration and industrialization development in national or provincial-level science and technology development plan and high-tech industry development plan, and arrangements for Government funds to support it.
Using Government funds to introduce recycling economy of major technology and equipment, digestion, absorption and innovation programme should be established, and reported to the relevant authorities which supervise their implementation; relevant competent authorities shall, in accordance with the actual need to establish coordination mechanisms on major technology and equipment introduction and digestion, absorption and innovation the implementation of an integrated and coordinated, and to give financial support. The 44th state to promote the development of circular economy industrial activities give tax breaks, and the use of tax and other measures to encourage imports of advanced energy, water, raw materials, technologies, equipment and products, limiting the high energy consumption and heavy pollution in the production process of the product exported.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the finance and tax departments under the State Council.
Enterprise uses or production include national cleaner production and comprehensive utilization of resources directory of encouraging technical, process, equipment or products, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State tax.
45th circular development General Administration of the people's Governments above the county level shall develop and implement investment plans, should save energy, save water, land and materials, comprehensive utilization of resources and other projects as a key area of investment.
In line with State industrial policy of saving energy, saving water, land, raw materials, comprehensive utilization of resources, projects, financial institutions should give priority to loans, credit support, and actively provide financial services.
The manufacture, import, sell or use included in the catalogue of technology, process, equipment, material, or products of the enterprise, the financial institution shall not provide any form of credit support.
46th State applies a price policy in favour of conservation and rational use of resources, guiding unit and individual savings and the rational use of water, electricity, gas and other resource products.
State Council and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the people's Government price departments shall, in accordance with the State industrial policies, restrictions on the resource of high-consumption industries such projects, the implementation of restrictive price policy.
On the utilization of waste heat and pressure, coal bed methane and coal gangue, coal slime, garbage, low calorific value fuel power generation projects, pricing departments in accordance with the principle of comprehensive utilization of resources to determine its price. People's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities can be based on the Administration's economic and social development, the implementation of system of waste discharge fees.
Fees charged for use in garbage sorting, collection, transportation, storage, use and disposal, shall not be appropriated for other purposes.
Encouraged by way of trade-in, deposit and other waste recovery. 47th State practices conducive to the development of circular economy in government procurement policies.
Procurement using Government funds, should give priority to purchase energy, water and materials and environmentally friendly products and recycled products.
48th people's Government above the county level and their departments should be in circulation economic, scientific and technological research, product development, demonstration and promotion of outstanding successes in work units and individuals that recognize and reward.
Enterprises and institutions should make outstanding contributions to the development of circular economy in collective and individual recognition and rewards.
Sixth chapter legal responsibility 49th article County above Government cycle economic development integrated management sector or other about competent sector found violation this method of behavior or received on violations of reported Hou not investigation, or has other not law perform supervision management duties behavior of, by this level Government or Shang level Government about competent sector ordered corrected, on directly is responsible for of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel law give disposition.
50th production and sales included in the catalogue of products, equipment, in accordance with the People's Republic of China product quality law are punishable.
Using included eliminated directory of technology, and process, and equipment, and material of, by County above place Government cycle economic development integrated management sector ordered stop using, confiscated illegal using of equipment, and material, and at 50,000 yuan above 200,000 yuan following of fine; plot serious of, by County above Government cycle economic development integrated management sector proposed views, reported to the this level Government according to State provides of permission ordered closed or close. Violation of the provisions of this law, import of equipment, materials or products included in the catalogue, the Customs shall order return, may be fined not more than 100,000 yuan and 1 million Yuan.
Importer is uncertain, return liability of the carrier, or bear the costs of disposal. 51st article violation this method provides, on in split solutions or disposal process in the may caused pollution of electrical electronic, products, design using included national ban using directory of toxic harmful material of, by County above place Government products quality supervision sector ordered deadline corrected; late not corrected of, at 20,000 yuan above 200,000 yuan following of fine; plot serious of, by County above place Government products quality supervision sector to this level business administration sector informed about situation,
Industrial and commercial administrative department shall revoke its business license.
52nd article violation this method provides, power, and oil processing, and chemical, and steel, and nonferrous metals and building materials, Enterprise not in provides of range or term within stop using not meet national provides of fuel generator group or fuel boiler of, by County above place Government cycle economic development integrated management sector ordered deadline corrected; late not corrected of, ordered demolition the fuel generator group or fuel boiler, and at 50,000 yuan above 500,000 yuan following of fine.
53rd in violation of the provisions of this law, mine has not reached in accordance with law review of mining recovery and mining dilution rate, recovery, mine land reclamation and utilization rates and other indicators of the water cycle, geology and mineral resources departments above the county level people's Governments shall be ordered to correct within a fine of between 50,000 yuan and 500,000 yuan; it fails, mining licence shall be revoked by the mining permit issued according to law.
54th article violation this method provides, in State or province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities Government provides ban production, and sales, and using clay brick of term or regional within production, and sales or using clay brick of, by County above place Government specified of sector ordered deadline corrected; has illegal proceeds of, confiscated illegal proceeds; late continues to production, and sales of, by place Government business administration sector law revoked license.
55th in violation of the provisions of this law, power enterprises refusing to buy companies using heat and pressure, coal bed methane and coal gangue, coal slime, garbage, low calorific value fuel producing electricity, by national electric power regulatory authority a rectification caused business losses shall bear liability.
56th article violation this method provides, has following behavior one of of, by place Government business administration sector ordered deadline corrected, can at 5,000 yuan above 50,000 yuan following of fine; late not corrected of, law revoked license; caused loss of, law bear compensation responsibility: (a) sales no again using products identifies of again using electrical electronic products of; (ii) sales no again manufacturing or refurbished products identifies of again manufacturing or refurbished products of.
57th in violation of the provisions of this law, to constitute a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
Seventh chapter by-laws the 58th article this law shall enter into force on January 1, 2009.
(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, August 29) returns list of zoom text copy People's Republic of China, fourth President of the People's Republic of China circular economy promotion law by the People's Republic of China the 11th session of the Standing Committee of the national people's Congress, adopted at the fourth meeting, on August 29, 2008, are hereby promulgated and come into force on January 1, 2009.
People's Republic of China President Hu Jintao on August 29, 2008 contents chapter I General provisions chapter II chapter III of the basic management systems reduce the fourth chapter incentive measures and the resources of the fifth chapter sixth legal liability the seventh chapter by-laws chapter I General provisions article in order to promote the development of recycling economy, improve the efficiency of resources utilization, protection and improvement of the environment, achieving sustainable development, this law is enacted.
Second circular economy in this law, is in the process of production, circulation and consumption minimization, reuse, and recycling activities in General.
Reduction in this law, refers to the production, circulation and consumption reduction in resource consumption and waste production.
Recycling in this law refers to waste directly as products or repair, refurbish, Remanufacture and continue as a product, or to all or part of such waste as part of other products to be used.
Resources in this law refers to direct waste as raw material use or recycling of waste.
Article the development of recycling economy is a key strategy for national economic and social development, should be guided by overall planning and rational distribution, in line with local conditions, results-oriented, Government-driven, market-led, implemented by enterprises, public participation approach.
Article the development of recycling economy should be technically feasible and economically reasonable premise and contribute to saving resources and protecting the environment, in accordance with the reduction principle of giving priority to the implementation.
In the course of waste reuse and recycling, should guarantee the production safety, to ensure product quality in line with the State standards, and to prevent further pollution.
Fifth cycle integrated management is responsible for the economic development of the State Council to organize and coordinate, supervise and administer the national circular economy development of the State Council relevant departments for environmental protection in accordance with their respective functions and responsibility for the supervision and administration of the circular economy.
Comprehensive management of circular economy development in local people's Governments at or above the county level responsible for organization and coordination, supervision and management of the administrative circular economy development of the local people's Governments at or above the county level responsible for relevant departments for environmental protection in accordance with their respective responsibilities relating to the supervision and management of recycling economy.
The sixth national industrial policy, shall conform to the requirements of the development of circular economy.
The people's Governments above the county level for national economic and social development plans and annual plans, relevant departments of the people's Governments above the county level, such as environmental protection, science and technology planning, should include the development of circular economy.
The seventh State encouragement and support to develop the circular economy studies, development and promotion of science and technology, encourage recycling economy promotion, education, scientific knowledge and international cooperation.
Eighth people's Governments above the county level should establish target responsibility system of circular economy in development, take measures such as planning, finance, investment, government procurement, and promote the development of circular economy.
Nineth enterprises and institutions shall establish a sound management system, to take measures to reduce the consumption of resources, reduction of waste and emissions, and improve the level of reuse and recycling of waste.
Tenth citizen should enhance the awareness of saving resources and protecting the environment, and reasonable consumption and conserve resources.
Countries encourage and guide citizens to use energy, water, raw materials and environmentally friendly products and recycled products, and reduce the generation of waste and emissions.
Citizens have the right to report waste of resources, destruction of the environment are entitled to understand the information of Governments in developing recycling economy and its observations and recommendations. 11th the State encourages and supports industry associations in the circular economy development of technical guidance and services.
People's Governments above the county level may authorize conditional trade associations and other social organizations to promote circular economy development of the public service.
Countries encourage and support agencies, societies and other community organizations to develop the circular economy promotion, extension and advisory services, and promote the development of circular economy. 12th chapter two basic management system integrated management of circular economy development of the State Council in conjunction with the relevant departments for the environment national development planning of circular economy, after the approval of the State Council for implementation.
Districts of local people's Governments above city level integrated management of circular economy development in conjunction with the competent departments of the local government environmental protection circular economy development in the administrative plan, reported to the people's Governments at the corresponding level for approval for implementation.
Circular economy development plan should include objectives, scope, main content, priorities and safeguard measures, and provides resource productivity, waste reuse and recycling rates, and so on.
The 13th should be based on the people's Government of the people's Governments at and above the county level shall issue the administrative discharge of major pollutants, construction land and total amount control of water indicators, administrative areas of planning and adjustment of the industrial structure, promote the development of circular economy.
New construction, renovation or expansion projects, must be consistent with the administrative discharge of major pollutants, construction land and water volume control requirements. 14th General Administration in conjunction with the circular of the State Council economic development statistics, environmental protection and other relevant departments to establish and perfect evaluation index system of recycling economy.
Higher people's Government according to the provisions of the preceding paragraph of the circular economy evaluation index, the lower level people's Governments in developing recycling economy regular assessment, and completed as the main criteria for evaluation of Heads of local people's Governments and their content.
15th production included in the compulsory recycling directory of products and packaging businesses, must be responsible for waste products or packaging recycling; can take advantage of them, by the production company responsible for use because they do not have the technical and economic conditions and not fit for use, by the production company responsible for innocent treatment.
Waste products or packing materials provided for in the preceding paragraph, recycle producer Commission seller or other organizations or authorize use or disposal of the waste utilization or disposal companies, the trustee shall, in accordance with the relevant laws and administrative regulations, provisions and terms of the contract are responsible for recovery or recycling, disposal.
Listed in the compulsory recycling directory of products and packaging, consumers should be discarded products or packages to the producers or their authorized sellers of recovery or any other organization.
Compulsory recycling directory of products and packaging and management approach, integrated management Department under the circular economy development of the State Council.
16th State of iron and steel, nonferrous metal, coal, electricity, petroleum, chemical industry, building materials, construction, paper-making, printing and dyeing industry annual energy consumption, total water consumption exceed the State's key enterprises, the implementation of focused supervision and management system of energy consumption, water consumption.
Key unit of energy consumption and energy saving supervision and management in accordance with the People's Republic of China energy conservation provisions of that Act.
Focus on supervision and administration of unit of water, integrated management of circular economy development of the State Council in conjunction with the relevant departments under the State Council.
The 17th State to establish and improve statistical system of circular economy, enhanced and comprehensive utilization of resource consumption, waste management, and principal statistical indicators to the public on a regular basis.
Standardization Department of the State Council in conjunction with the circular economy development of integrated management and environmental protection and other relevant departments establish and perfect the standard system of circular economy, to develop and improve the energy, water, materials and waste reuse, recycling and other standards.
State shall establish energy efficiency label product, such as resource consumption marking system.
18th Chapter reduction circular economic development General Administration in conjunction with the relevant departments for environment protection, regularly publish encouraging, constraints and outdated technologies, processes, equipment, materials and products directory.
Banning the production, import and sales of equipment, materials and products included in the catalogue, include the prohibition of the use in the catalogue of technologies, processes, equipment and materials.
19th in technology, equipment, product and packaging design, should be in accordance with the requirements of reducing resource consumption and waste generation, and preferences are easy to recycle, easy to disassemble, easy degradation, harmless or less harmful materials and design with low toxicity and should comply with the mandatory requirements of the national standard. May result in environmental pollution in the process of dismantling and disposal of electric and electronic products shall not be designed using state prohibits the use of toxic substances.
Prohibited use toxic and harmful substances in electric and electronic products catalogue, circular by the State Council's economic development related to General Administration in conjunction with the Environmental Protection Department.
Designing product packaging packaging standard should be performed to prevent excessive packaging waste of resources and environmental pollution.
20th industrial enterprises should be advanced or applicable water conservation technologies, techniques and equipment, develop and implement a water conservation plan, strengthen the management of water-saving, water for production process control.
Industrial enterprises shall strengthen the management of water, water metering apparatus equipped with qualified and use, water consumption statistics and analysis of the water systems. New construction, renovation or expansion projects, supporting construction of water conservation facilities.
Should be the main part of the project of water saving facilities designed, constructed and put into use.
Coastal areas of countries to encourage and support seawater desalination and direct seawater utilization and conservation of freshwater resources.
21st the State encourages and supports enterprises to use highly efficient fuel saving products.
Electricity, petroleum, chemical industry, iron and steel, nonferrous metals and building materials enterprises, must fall within the time limit and as stipulated by the State, to clean coal, petroleum coke, natural gas and other clean energy alternative fuel oil, discontinue use do not meet state-mandated fuel generators and fuel-fired boiler.
Internal combustion engines and motor vehicle manufacturing enterprises shall, in accordance with the national regulations of internal combustion engines and motor vehicle fuel economy standards, fuel-saving technologies, reduce the consumption of petroleum products. 22nd in mining mineral resources, overall planning, development of reasonable development and utilization programme, adopting reasonable mining order, method, and processing. Mining permit issuing authority shall be submitted by the applicants in the development of mining recovery and mining dilution rate, recovery, mine water utilization and land reclamation rate indicators according to law review failed to pass the examination, no mining licence shall be issued.
Mining permit issuing authorities shall strengthen the supervision and management of mining mineral resources.
Mining enterprises in parallel with the main mineral mining should be commercially valuable paragenetic and associated integrated mining, rational utilization of mine; must be produced and the use of mineral and tailings containing useful elements, protective measures should be taken to prevent loss of resources and ecological destruction. 23rd building design, construction and construction units should be in accordance with the relevant regulations and standards, and on the design, construction, construction of buildings and structures using energy, water, land and materials technology and small, lightweight, recycled products.
Conditional areas should make full use of solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy and other renewable energies.
State encourages the use of toxic harmless solid waste production, building materials, encourage the use of bulk cement, promoting the use of ready-mixed concrete and mortar. Prohibition of damaged farmland brick.
At the State Department or the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities within the prescribed term and area, banning the production, sale and use of clay bricks.
24th people's Governments above the county level and agriculture departments should promote the intensive land use, encourage and support agricultural producers to use water, fertilizer, medicine and advanced plant breeding and irrigation techniques, promoting agricultural machinery and energy saving, giving priority to the development of ecological agriculture.
In the water-deficient areas should be adjusting the planting structure, giving priority to the development of water-saving agriculture to promote rainwater harvesting and utilization, construction and management of water-saving irrigation facilities to improve water use efficiency, reduce water evaporation and leakage. 25th State organs and other organizations should use government funds practicing strict economy and put an end to waste, lead in using energy, water, land and materials, products, equipment, and facilities and help protect the environment, economical use of office supplies.
State Council and local people's Governments at or above the county level administrative authority under the people's Governments at the corresponding level for Office work on Department-level State organs and other bodies, water quota, the financial sector make spending based on the quota standard. City people's Government and the owners or users, should take measures to strengthen the maintenance and management of buildings, and extend its service life.
To conform to the urban planning and construction standards, reasonable service life of buildings, except where the public interest needs of people's Governments of cities shall not demolish.
26th, dining, entertainment, hotels, service companies, shall use energy, water, raw materials and products in favour of protecting the environment, reducing the use of products or no waste resources and pollute the environment.
After the promulgation of this law the new restaurants, entertainment, hotels and other service companies, shall use energy, water, raw materials and the protection of the environment-friendly technologies, equipment and facilities. 27th the State encourages and supports the use of reclaimed water.
In areas where have the conditions for the use of reclaimed water, restrict or prohibit the use tap water as urban road cleaning, greening and landscape water use. The 28th State to guarantee product safety and health under the premise and limit the production and sale of disposable products.
Directory of circular economy development of integrated management by the State Council in conjunction with the financial, environmental and other relevant departments.
Included in the provisions of the preceding paragraph list of disposable consumer goods production and sale, shall be formulated by the finance, taxation and foreign trade departments of restrictive measures such as tax and export.
The fourth chapter 29th and resource people's Governments above the county level shall make an overall planning and regional economic layout, adjusting the industrial structure, promote cooperation in such areas as resource comprehensive utilization and achieve efficient use and recycling of resources.
Various enterprises within the zone should be organized, comprehensive utilization of resources, promote the development of circular economy.
National waste exchange encourages industrial parks of various types of enterprises, energy cascading utilization and land-use classification, water use and recycling, shared use of infrastructure and other facilities.
Building and rebuilding all kinds of environmental impact assessment of industrial park should be carried out according to law, and ecological protection and pollution control measures, ensure that the environmental quality of the region up to the required standard.
30th Enterprise shall, in accordance with State regulations, generated in the production of fly ash, coal gangue, ore tailings, waste, waste, waste gas and other industrial wastes utilization.
31st enterprises should develop a series of water system and water recycling systems, improve water reuse.
Enterprises shall employ advanced technologies, processes and equipment, recycling of production waste water produced in the process.
32nd enterprises shall adopt advanced or proper recycling technologies, processes and equipment, the production process of comprehensive utilization of waste heat and pressure. Building using heat and pressure, coal bed methane and coal gangue, coal slime, garbage, low calorific value fuel power generation projects should be made in accordance with the laws and regulations of the State Council administrative license or submitted for the record.
Power grid enterprises shall, in accordance with State regulations, grid-connected power generation companies signed agreements and comprehensive utilization of resources, providing Internet access, and a full acquisition of grid power project's electricity.
33rd units should be on the construction of comprehensive utilization of construction waste; utilization conditions do not have, or shall entrust a qualified production manager for comprehensive utilization of harmless treatment.
34th State shall encourage and support agricultural producers and related enterprises to adopt advanced and applicable technologies of crop straw, animal manure, by-products, waste agricultural plastic film, such as the utilization of agricultural products processing industry, development and utilization of biomass energy such as biogas.
35th people's Governments above the county level and forestry authorities should actively develop ecological forestry, encourage and support forestry producers and related enterprises to use timber saving and alternative technologies, forestry residues and small firewood, desert shrubs, such as utilization, improvement of timber utilization rate.
36th State support for production operators to establish an industrial waste exchange and information system, promote exchange of information on industrial wastes.
Enterprises on the comprehensive utilization of the waste generated in the production process do not have conditions should be provided to qualified comprehensive utilization of production operators.
The 37th state to encourage and promote waste recycling system.
Local people's Governments shall, in accordance with the urban and rural planning, rational distribution waste recycling outlets and markets in support of recycling of waste in enterprises and other organizations collection, storage, transportation, and information exchange.
Waste recycling market shall comply with the national environmental protection, safety and fire regulations.
Article 38th of waste electrical and electronic products, scrap motor vehicle shipping, automobile tires, scrap lead-acid batteries, and dismantling or reuse a particular product, shall comply with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations.
39th recycling of electrical and electronic products, after sales of repair, must comply with product standards, and prominently identified as recycled products.
Recycling of electrical and electronic products, requires dismantling and recycling, dismantling should be sold to qualified enterprises.
40th State supports enterprises to carry out parts of motor vehicles, construction machinery, machine tools and other products of the manufacture and retreading.
Sales of remanufactured products and quality refurbished products must meet the State standards, and prominently identified as products or new products.
41st people's Governments above the county level shall make an overall planning of urban and rural lives classified collection and recycling facilities, establish and improve the separate collection and recycling system, improve solid waste recycling rate.
The people's Governments above the county level shall support the enterprise resource utilization and construction of sludge disposal facilities, raise the level of comprehensive utilization of sludge to prevent recontamination. Fifth chapter incentive 42nd State Council and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities to set up special fund for the development of circular economy-related, supporting scientific and technological research and development of circular economy and circular economy technologies and products demonstration and extension, a major project of circular economy implementation, development of circular economy in information services.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the financial Department of the State Council in conjunction with the relevant departments for the integrated management of the development of circular economy development.
43rd State Council and provinces and autonomous regions and municipal people's Governments and relevant departments should be independent innovation of circular economy of major scientific and technological research projects research, demonstration and industrialization development in national or provincial-level science and technology development plan and high-tech industry development plan, and arrangements for Government funds to support it.
Using Government funds to introduce recycling economy of major technology and equipment, digestion, absorption and innovation programme should be established, and reported to the relevant authorities which supervise their implementation; relevant competent authorities shall, in accordance with the actual need to establish coordination mechanisms on major technology and equipment introduction and digestion, absorption and innovation the implementation of an integrated and coordinated, and to give financial support. The 44th state to promote the development of circular economy industrial activities give tax breaks, and the use of tax and other measures to encourage imports of advanced energy, water, raw materials, technologies, equipment and products, limiting the high energy consumption and heavy pollution in the production process of the product exported.
Specific measures shall be formulated by the finance and tax departments under the State Council.
Enterprise uses or production include national cleaner production and comprehensive utilization of resources directory of encouraging technical, process, equipment or products, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State tax.
45th circular development General Administration of the people's Governments above the county level shall develop and implement investment plans, should save energy, save water, land and materials, comprehensive utilization of resources and other projects as a key area of investment.
In line with State industrial policy of saving energy, saving water, land, raw materials, comprehensive utilization of resources, projects, financial institutions should give priority to loans, credit support, and actively provide financial services.
The manufacture, import, sell or use included in the catalogue of technology, process, equipment, material, or products of the enterprise, the financial institution shall not provide any form of credit support.
46th State applies a price policy in favour of conservation and rational use of resources, guiding unit and individual savings and the rational use of water, electricity, gas and other resource products.
State Council and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the people's Government price departments shall, in accordance with the State industrial policies, restrictions on the resource of high-consumption industries such projects, the implementation of restrictive price policy.
On the utilization of waste heat and pressure, coal bed methane and coal gangue, coal slime, garbage, low calorific value fuel power generation projects, pricing departments in accordance with the principle of comprehensive utilization of resources to determine its price. People's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities can be based on the Administration's economic and social development, the implementation of system of waste discharge fees.
Fees charged for use in garbage sorting, collection, transportation, storage, use and disposal, shall not be appropriated for other purposes.
Encouraged by way of trade-in, deposit and other waste recovery. 47th State practices conducive to the development of circular economy in government procurement policies.
Procurement using Government funds, should give priority to purchase energy, water and materials and environmentally friendly products and recycled products.
48th people's Government above the county level and their departments should be in circulation economic, scientific and technological research, product development, demonstration and promotion of outstanding successes in work units and individuals that recognize and reward.
Enterprises and institutions should make outstanding contributions to the development of circular economy in collective and individual recognition and rewards.
Sixth chapter legal responsibility 49th article County above Government cycle economic development integrated management sector or other about competent sector found violation this method of behavior or received on violations of reported Hou not investigation, or has other not law perform supervision management duties behavior of, by this level Government or Shang level Government about competent sector ordered corrected, on directly is responsible for of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel law give disposition.
50th production and sales included in the catalogue of products, equipment, in accordance with the People's Republic of China product quality law are punishable.
Using included eliminated directory of technology, and process, and equipment, and material of, by County above place Government cycle economic development integrated management sector ordered stop using, confiscated illegal using of equipment, and material, and at 50,000 yuan above 200,000 yuan following of fine; plot serious of, by County above Government cycle economic development integrated management sector proposed views, reported to the this level Government according to State provides of permission ordered closed or close. Violation of the provisions of this law, import of equipment, materials or products included in the catalogue, the Customs shall order return, may be fined not more than 100,000 yuan and 1 million Yuan.
Importer is uncertain, return liability of the carrier, or bear the costs of disposal. 51st article violation this method provides, on in split solutions or disposal process in the may caused pollution of electrical electronic, products, design using included national ban using directory of toxic harmful material of, by County above place Government products quality supervision sector ordered deadline corrected; late not corrected of, at 20,000 yuan above 200,000 yuan following of fine; plot serious of, by County above place Government products quality supervision sector to this level business administration sector informed about situation,
Industrial and commercial administrative department shall revoke its business license.
52nd article violation this method provides, power, and oil processing, and chemical, and steel, and nonferrous metals and building materials, Enterprise not in provides of range or term within stop using not meet national provides of fuel generator group or fuel boiler of, by County above place Government cycle economic development integrated management sector ordered deadline corrected; late not corrected of, ordered demolition the fuel generator group or fuel boiler, and at 50,000 yuan above 500,000 yuan following of fine.
53rd in violation of the provisions of this law, mine has not reached in accordance with law review of mining recovery and mining dilution rate, recovery, mine land reclamation and utilization rates and other indicators of the water cycle, geology and mineral resources departments above the county level people's Governments shall be ordered to correct within a fine of between 50,000 yuan and 500,000 yuan; it fails, mining licence shall be revoked by the mining permit issued according to law.
54th article violation this method provides, in State or province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities Government provides ban production, and sales, and using clay brick of term or regional within production, and sales or using clay brick of, by County above place Government specified of sector ordered deadline corrected; has illegal proceeds of, confiscated illegal proceeds; late continues to production, and sales of, by place Government business administration sector law revoked license.
55th in violation of the provisions of this law, power enterprises refusing to buy companies using heat and pressure, coal bed methane and coal gangue, coal slime, garbage, low calorific value fuel producing electricity, by national electric power regulatory authority a rectification caused business losses shall bear liability.
56th article violation this method provides, has following behavior one of of, by place Government business administration sector ordered deadline corrected, can at 5,000 yuan above 50,000 yuan following of fine; late not corrected of, law revoked license; caused loss of, law bear compensation responsibility: (a) sales no again using products identifies of again using electrical electronic products of; (ii) sales no again manufacturing or refurbished products identifies of again manufacturing or refurbished products of.
57th in violation of the provisions of this law, to constitute a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law. Seventh chapter by-laws the 58th article this law shall enter into force on January 1, 2009.