DECREE N. 4,339? FROM August 22, 2002
Institutes principles and guidelines for implementation of the National Biodiversity Policy.
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC, in the use of the assignments that gives him the art. 84, inciso IV, of the Constitution, and
Considering the commitments made by Brazil to the sign the Convention on Biological Diversity, during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development-CNUMAD, in 1992, to which it was approved by Legislative Decree No. 2 of February 3, 1994 and promulgated by Decree No 2,519, of March 16, 1998;
Considering the provisions of the art. 225 of the Constitution, in Law No. 6,938 of August 31, 1981, which has on the National Environment Policy, in the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21, both signed by Brazil in 1992, during the CNUMAD, and in the remaining prevailing standards concerning the biodiversity; and
Considering that the development of strategies, policies, plans and national biodiversity programmes is one of the major commitments made by the member countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity;
Art. 1º Ficam instituted, as per the provisions of the Annex to this Decree, principles and guidelines for the implementation, in the form of the law, of the National Policy on Biodiversity, with the participation of the federal, district, state and municipal governments, and civil society.
Art. 2º This Decree comes into effect on the date of its publication.
Brasilia, August 22, 2002; 181º of Independence and 114º of the Republic.
FERNANDO HENRIQUE CARDOSO
José Carlos Carvalho
OF THE NATIONAL POLICY OF THE BIODIVERSITY
OF THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND GUIDELINES OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY
1. The principles set out in this Annex basically derive from those set out in the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Rio Declaration, both of 1992, in the Constitution and in the current national legislation on matter.
2. The National Biodiversity Policy will be governed by the following principles:
I? biological diversity has intrinsic value. deserving respect regardless of their value to man or potential for human use;
II? the nations have the sovereign right to explore their own biological resources, according to their environment and development policies;
Ill? the nations are responsible for the conservation of their biodiversity and for ensuring that activities under their jurisdiction or control do not cause harm in the environment and biodiversity of other nations or areas beyond the limits of jurisdiction national;
IV? conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are a common concern for humanity, but with differentiated responsibilities, with the developed countries the aport of new and additional financial resources and the facilitation of access appropriate to the pertinent technologies to meet the needs of developing countries;
V? all have a right to the ecologically balanced environment. common use goods of the people and essential to the sadia quality of life, imponing, to the Public Power and the collectivity, the duty to defend it and to preserve it for the present and future generations;
Vl? the objectives of manhandling of soils, waters and biological resources are a matter of choice of society, and should involve all relevant sectors of society and all scientific disciplines and consider all relevant forms of information, including scientific, traditional and local knowledge, innovations and customs;
Vll? the maintenance of biodiversity is essential for the evolution and maintenance of the systems necessary to the life of the biosphere and for so much it is necessary to ensure and promote the sexuated and cross breeding capacity of the organisms;
V Ill? where there is consistent scientific evidence of serious and irreversible risk to biological diversity; the Public Power will determine cost-effective measures in terms of cost to prevent environmental degradation;
IX? the internalization of environmental costs and the use of economic instruments will be promoted taking into account the principle that the polluter should, in principle, bear the cost of pollution, with due respect for the public interest and without distorting trade and international investments:
X? the installation of potentially causative work or activity of significant degradation of the environment is to be preceded by prior environmental impact study, the one that will give publicity:
XI? the man is part of nature and is present in the different Brazilian ecosystems more than ten thousand years ago, and all these ecosystems have been and are being changed by it in greater or lesser scale;
XII? maintaining national cultural diversity is important for plurality of values in the society in relation to biodiversity, with indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities playing an important role in the conservation and the sustainable use of Brazilian biodiversity;
XIII? shares related to access to traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity should transcend with informed prior consent of the indigenous peoples, the quilombolas and the other local communities:
XIV? the value of use of biodiversity is determined by cultural values and includes direct and indirect use value, of choice of future use and, still, intrinsic value, including ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational values, cultural, recreational and aesthetic;
XV? the conservation and sustainable use of bio-diversity should contribute to economic and social development and poverty eradication;
XVI? management of ecosystems should seek the appropriate balance between conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and ecosystems should be managed within the limits of their functioning;
XVII? ecosystems should be understood and manhandled in an economic context, objecting to:
a) reduce market distortions that negatively affect biodiversity;
b) promote incentives for the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use; and
c) internalize costs and benefits in a given ecosystem as much as possible;
XVIII? the research. ex situ conservation and value aggregation on components of Brazilian biodiversity should be carried out preferentially in the country, welcoming international cooperation initiatives, respected interests, and coordination national;
XIX? national biodiversity management actions should establish synergies and integrated actions with conventions, treaties and international agreements related to the theme of biodiversity management; and
XX? biodiversity management actions will have integrated, decentralized and participatory character, allowing all sectors of Brazilian society to have, effectively, access to the benefits generated by their use.
3. The National Biodiversity Policy applies to the components of biological diversity located in the areas under national jurisdiction, including the national territory, the continental shelf and the exclusive economic zone; and to the processes and activities carried out under its jurisdiction or control, regardless of where its effects occur, within the area under national jurisdiction or beyond the limits of this.
4. The National Biodiversity Policy will be governed by the following guidelines:
I? to establish cooperation with other nations, directly or, where necessary, by competent international agreements and organizations, with respect to areas beyond national jurisdiction, in particular in the border areas, in the Antarctic, in the high-sea and in the large marine funds and in relation to migratory species, and in other mummy accents of interest, for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity
II? the national conservation effort and the sustainable use of biological diversity should be integrated into relevant sectoral or intersectoral plans, programmes and policies in a complementary and harmonic manner;
III? substantial investments are needed to conserve the biological diversity of which they will result consequently, environmental, economic and social benefits;
IV? it is vital to predict, prevent and combat at the origin the causes of the sensitive reduction or loss of biological diversity;
V? sustainability of the use of components of biodiversity should be determined from the economic, social and environmental point of view, especially as to the maintenance of biodiversity;
VI? management of ecosystems should be decentralized to the appropriate level and ecosystem managers should consider the current and potential effects of their activities on neighboring ecosystems and others:
VII? management of ecosystems should be implemented at the appropriate spatial and temporal scales and the goals for ecosystem management should be established in the long term, recognizing that changes are inevitable.
VIII? management of ecosystems should focus on structures, processes and functional relationships within ecosystems, use adaptive managerial practices, and ensure intersectoral cooperation;
IX? to create conditions for allowing access to genetic resources and for environmentally sound use of these by other countries that are Contracting Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, avoiding the imposition of restrictions contrary to the objectives of the Convention.
OF THE GENERAL AIM OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY
5. The National Biodiversity Policy is aimed at the promotion, in an integrated manner, of the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of its components, with the fair and equitative apportionment of the benefits derived from use of the genetic resources, of components of the genetic heritage and of the traditional knowledge associated with these resources.
OF THE COMPONENTS OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY
6. The components of the National Biodiversity Policy and respective specific objectives, below related and established on the basis of the Convention on Biological Diversity, should be considered as the thematic axes that will guide the steps of implementation of this Policy.
7. The guidelines laid down for the Components should be considered for all Brazilian biomas, when couber.
8. Specific guidelines by biome can be established in the Action Plans, when from the implementation of the Policy.
9. The National Biodiversity Policy covers the following Components:
I? Component I? Knowledge of Biodiversity: conGreek guidelines aimed at generation, systematization and provision of information that allow to know the components of the country's biodiversity and that support the management of biodiversity as well as guidelines related to the production of inventories, to the realization of ecological research and to the realization of research on traditional knowledge;
II? Component 2? Conservation of Biodiversity: encompasses guidelines aimed at in situ and ex situ conservation of genetic variability, of ecosystems, including environmental services, and of species, particularly of those threatened or with economic potential, as well as guidelines for implementation of economic and technological instruments for the sake of biodiversity conservation:
III? Component 3? Sustainable Utilization of Biodiversity Components: it brings together guidelines for the sustainable use of biodiversity and biotechnology, including the strengthening of public management, the establishment of economic mechanisms and instruments, and supporting sustainable practices and business that ensure the maintenance of biodiversity and the functionality of ecosystems, considering not only the economic value but also the social and cultural values of biodiversity;
IV? Component 4? Monitoring, Evaluation, Prevention and Mitigation of Impacts on Biodiversity: encompasses guidelines to strengthen monitoring, assessment, prevention and mitigation systems of impacts on biodiversity, as well as to promote the recovery of degraded ecosystems and components of overblown biodiversity;
V? Component 5? Access to Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge and Benefit Benefits align guidelines that promote controlled access, with views to value aggregation upon scientific research and technological development, and the distribution of the benefits generated by the use of the genetic resources of the components of the genetic heritage and associated traditional knowledge, so that they are shared, in a fair and eequitative manner, with Brazilian society and, inclusive, with Indigenous peoples, with the quilombolas and with other local communities;
VI? Component 6? Education, Public Awareness, Information and Dissemination on Biodiversity: it defines guidelines for public education and awareness and for the management and dissemination of biodiversity information, with the promotion of the participation of society, inclusive of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, in respect of biodiversity conservation, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and eecitable allocation of the benefits derived from using resources genetics, from components of the genetic heritage and traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity;
VII? Component 7-Legal Strengthening and Institutional for the Management of Biodiversity: synthesizes the means of implementation of the Policy; it presents guidelines for strengthening the infrastructure, for the formation and fixing of human resources, for access to technology and technology transfer, for the stimulus to the creation of financing mechanisms, for the strengthening of the framework-legal framework, for the integration of public policies and for international cooperation.
DO COMPONENT 1 OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY? KNOWLEDGE OF BIODIVERSITY
10. General objectives: to generate, systematize and make information available for the management of biodiversity in the biomes and their role in the operation and maintenance of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, including jurisdictional waters. Promoting the knowledge of Brazilian biodiversity, its distribution, its determinants, its values, its ecological functions and its potential for economic use.
10.1. First guideline: Inventory and characterization of biodiversity. Surveying, identification, cataloguing and characterization of the components of biodiversity (ecosystems, species, and intra-specific genetic diversity), to generate information that enables the proposition of measures for the management of this.
10.1.1. Institute and implement national program of biological inventories integrated into studies of the physical medium, with emphasis on megadiverse taxonomic groups covering the different habitats and geographical regions of the country, preferentially realized in priority areas for conservation, establishing standardized minimum protocols for collection, with mandatory use of geographical coordinates (georreferencing).
10.1.2. Promote and support research aimed at taxonomic studies of all the species occurring in Brazil and for the characterization and classification of Brazilian biodiversity.
10.1.3. Institute a national, coordinated, and shared system of species registration described in Brazilian territory and in the remaining areas under national jurisdiction, creating, supporting, consolidating and integrating scientific collections and reference centers national and regional.
10.1.4. Elaborate and maintain up-to-date lists of endemic and endangered species in the country, in an articulated manner with the state and regional lists.
10.1.5. Promoting research to identify the ecological characteristics, genetic diversity and population viability of plant, animal, fungal and endangered and endangered plant species in Brazil in order to subsidize recovery actions, regeneration, sustainable use and conservation of these.
10.1.6. Promoting research to determine properties and ecological, biological and genetic characteristics of species of greatest interest for conservation and sustainable socio-economical use, mainly native species used for purposes economic or that possess great value for indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities.
10.1.7. Mapping the diversity and distribution of local varieties of domesticated species and their wildlife relatives.
10.1.8. Inventoriate and map the invasive exotic species and species-problem, as well as the ecosystems in which they were introduced to northerize studies of the generated impacts and control actions.
10.1.9. To promote the systematic evaluation of the methodologies employed in the realization of inventories.
1/10/2010. Establish mechanisms to require, on the part of the entrepreneur, an inventory realization of the biodiversity of those special environments (e.g. canga ferryfera, residual plateau) highly threatened by the activity of economic exploitation, inclusive of mineral.
1/10/2011. Support the formation of human resources in the areas of taxonomy, including taxonomists and auxiliaries (parataxonomes).
10.1.12. Promoting the recovery and synthesis of the existing information in the Brazilian scientific acquis, mainly theses and dissertations.
10.1.13. Promoting the mapping of biodiversity throughout the national territory, generating and distributing widely maps of Brazilian biodiversity, resguarding itself the due secrecy of information of national interest.
10.1.14. Promote the repatriation of the information about existing Brazilian biodiversity abroad.
10.2. Second guideline: Promotion of ecological research and studies on the role played by living beings in the functionality of ecosystems and on the impacts of global changes on biodiversity.
10.2.1. Promote research to determine the ecological properties of species and the synergy forms between this one, aiming to understand their importance in ecosystems.
10.2.2. Promote studies, preferably in the priority areas for biodiversity conservation and conservation units, on the functioning of communities and ecosystems on populations dynamics and situation and on stock assessment and manhandling of the components of biodiversity.
10.2.3. Strengthen and expand long-lasting ecological research, preferably in conservation units.
10.2.4. Promote research to determine the effect of the dynamics of global changes on biodiversity and the participation of species in the flow processes of matter and energy and homeostasis in ecosystems.
10.2.5. Promote research on the effects of environmental changes caused by habitat fragmentation in the loss of biodiversity, with emphasis on the areas with greater levels of unawareness, degradation and loss of genetic resources.
10.2.6. Promoting the development and improvement of ecosystem modelling tools.
10.2.7. To promote and support research on the impact of environmental changes on agrolivestock production and human health, with emphasis on data for risk analyses promoted by the competent bodies of environmental, health and plant health areas.
10.3. Third guideline: Promotion of research for the management of biodiversity. Support for the production of information and knowledge about the components of biodiversity in the different biomes to subsidize biodiversity management.
10.3.1. To promote and support research on conservation biology for the country's different ecosystems and particularly for the components of endangered biodiversity.
10.3.2. To promote and support research and technology development on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, especially on the propagation and development of native species with medicinal, agricultural and industrial potential.
10.3.3. Develop studies for the manhandling of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the legal reserves of rural properties, as provided for in the Forest Code.
10.3.4. Fostering research in techniques for prevention, recovery and restoration of areas in process of desertification, fragmentation or environmental degradation, that utilize biodiversity.
10.3.5. Promote and support researches on wildlife sanity and establish mechanisms for their data to be incorporated into the management of biodiversity.
10.3.6. Promote and support research to subsidize the prevention, eradication and control of invasive exotic species and species-problem that threaten biodiversity, activities of agriculture, animal husbandry, forestry and equiculture and human health.
10.3.7. Support studies on the value of the components of biodiversity and associated environmental services.
10.3.8. Support studies that promote the sustainable use of biodiversity for the benefit of Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities by ensuring their direct participation.
10.3.9. Update the assessments of priority areas and actions for conservation, sustainable use and distribution of the benefits of biodiversity.
10.4. Fourth guideline: Promotion of research on the traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities. Support for studies for organization and systematization of information and procedures related to traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity, with informed prior consent of the populations involved and in compliance with the legislation and with the specific goals set out in the second guideline of Component 5, provided for in item 14.2.
10.4.1. To develop studies and methodologies for the elaboration and implementation of specific economic instruments and legal regime that enable the fair and eequitative apportionment of benefits, economic compensation and other types of compensation for the holders of the associated traditional knowledge, according to the demands by them defined.
10.4.2. To develop studies about the knowledge, innovations and practices of Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, while respecting, rescuing, maintaining and preserving the aggregate cultural values to these knowledge, innovations and practices, and ensuring the confidentiality of the information obtained, whenever requested by the parties holder of these or when their disclosure may cause damage to the social, environmental or cultural integrity of these communities or peoples holders of these knowledge.
10.4.3. Supporting studies and initiatives of Indigenous peoples, quilombos and other local communities of systematization of their knowledge, innovations and practices, with an emphasis on the themes of valuing, valorisation, conservation and sustainable use of the resources of the biodiversity.
10.4.4. Promote studies and initiatives from different sectors of society aimed at the valorisation, valorisation, knowledge, conservation and sustainable use of the traditional sabers of indigenous people's quilombolas and other local communities, ensuring the direct participation of holders of this traditional knowledge.
10.4.5. Promote initiatives that assault Indigenous peoples, quilombolas, other local communities and scientific communities to inform and exchange the legal and scientific aspects on biodiversity research and on the activities of bioprospecting.
10.4.6. Promote dissemination to Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities of the results of the researches involving their knowledge and the legal institutes concerning their rights.
10.4.7. Support and stimulate research into the traditional know-how (knowledge, practices and innovations) of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, ensuring their sociocultural integrity, possession and enjoyment of their land.
DO COMPONENT 2 OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY? CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY
11. General Objective: Promoting conservation, in situ and ex situ, of the components of biodiversity, including genetic, species and ecosystem variability, as well as environmental services maintained by biodiversity.
11.1. First guideline: Conservation of ecosystems. Promotion of in situ conservation actions of biodiversity and ecosystems in unestablished areas as conservation units, maintaining ecological and evolutionary processes and the sustainable supply of environmental services.
11.1.1. Strengthen surveillance for control of degrading and illegal activities: deforestation, habitat destruction, hunting, imprisoning and marketing of wildlife and collection of wild plants.
11.1.2. Develop participatory studies and methodologies that contribute to the definition of the comprehensiveness and use of damping zones for conservation units.
11.1.3. Planning, promoting, deploying and consolidating ecological corridors and other forms of landscaping connectivity, as a form of regional biodiversity planning and management, including compatibilization and integration of legal reserves, areas of permanent preservation and other protected areas.
11.1.4. Support actions for elaboration of ecological-economic, comprehensive national, regional, state, municipal or river basins, with focus on the establishment of conservation units, and adopting their conclusions, with common minimum methodological guidelines and roadmap with transparency, scientific rigor, and social control.
11.1.5. Promote and support studies of improvement of land use and occupancy systems, ensuring the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use, in areas outside of full protection conservation units and including on indigenous lands, quilombolas and other local communities, with particular attention to the buffer zones of conservation units.
11.1.6. Propose an agenda of implementation of priority areas and actions for biodiversity conservation in each Brazilian state and biome.
11.1.7. Promote and support the conservation of biodiversity in the countryside and the surroundings of indigenous lands, quilombolas and other local communities, respecting the ethnoenvironmental use of the ecosystem by its occupants.
11.1.8. Strengthen mechanisms of incentives for the private sector and for local communities with adoption of initiatives aimed at biodiversity conservation.
11.1.9. Create mechanisms of incentives for recovery and protection of areas of permanent preservation and legal reserves provided for in Law.
1/11/2010. Creating strategies for the conservation of pioneering ecosystems, ensuring their representativeness and function.
1/11/2011. Establish a national initiative for conservation and restoration of the biodiversity of inland waters, the coastal area and the marine area.
11.1.12. Articulate actions with the body responsible for sanitary and phytosanitary control with views to the exchange of information to prevent entry into the country of invasive exotic species that could affect biodiversity.
11.1.13. Promote the prevention, eradication and control of invasive exotic species that can affect biodiversity.
1/11/2014. Promote conservation actions aiming at the maintenance of the ecological and evolutionary structure and processes and the sustainable supply of environmental services.
11.1.15. Conserving the biodiversity of ecosystems, including in those under intensive economic production systems, as insurance against climate change and unforeseen environmental and economic changes, while preserving the capacity of the components of the biodiversity to adapt to changes, including climate.
11.2. Second guideline: Conservation of ecosystems in conservation units. Promotion of in situ conservation actions of the biodiversity of ecosystems in conservation units, maintaining ecological and evolutionary processes, the sustainable supply of environmental services and the integrity of ecosystems.
11.2.1. Support and promote the consolidation and expansion of the National System of Nature Conservation Units? SNUC, with particular attention to the integral protection units, ensuring the representativeness of ecosystems and ecorregions and the sustainable supply of environmental services and the intregrity of ecosystems.
11.2.2. To promote and support the development of technical and economic mechanisms for the effective implementation of conservation units.
11.2.3. Support the actions of the official phytosanitary control body with views to prevent the introduction of invasive pests and alien species in areas in the surroundings and interior of conservation units.
11.2.4. Encouraging the establishment of participatory management processes, by propitiating decision-making with participation from the federal, state and municipal sphere of the Public Power and the organised sectors of civil society, in compliance with the National System of Nature Conservation Units Act? SNUC.
11.2.5. Encouraging private sector participation in in-situ conservation, with an emphasis on the creation of Private Reserves Of Natural Heritage-RPPN, and on the sponsorship of public conservation unit.
11.2.6. Promoting the creation of integral and sustainable use protection units, taking into consideration the representativeness, connectivity and complementarity of the unit for the National System of Conservation Units.
11.2.7. Develop additional support mechanisms for integral and sustainable use protection units, including by the remuneration of environmental services provided.
11.2.8. Promote the development and implementation of an action plan to remedy conflicts due to overlapping of conservation units indigenous land and quilombolas.
11.2.9. To encourage and support the creation of marine conservation units with varying degrees of restriction and exploitation.
2/11/2010. Conserving representative and sufficient samples
of the totality of biodiversity, of national genetic heritage (inclusive of species domesticated), from the diversity of ecosystems and the Brazilian flora and fauna (inclusive of threatened species), as a strategic reserve for future enjoyment
11.3. Third guideline: Conservation in situ of species Consolidation of in situ conservation actions of the species that make up biodiversity with the aim of reducing genetic erosion, of promoting their conservation and sustainable use, particularly of the threatened species, as well as the ecological and evolutionary processes to them associated with and to maintain environmental services.
11.3.1. Create, identify, and establish programs and projects for conservation and recovery of threatened, endemic or insufficiently known species.
11.3.2. Identify areas for creation of new conservation units, drawing on the needs of the threatened species.
11.3.3. Strengthen and disseminate incentive mechanisms for private companies and communities that develop threatened species conservation projects.
11.3.4. Implement r perfecting the system of authorization, surveillance and monitoring of collecting biological material and components of the genetic heritage.
11.3.5. Promote the regulation and implementation of genetic reserves to protect local varieties of wild species used in extractivism, agriculture and equiculture.
11.3.6. Implement actions for greater protection of threatened species in and out of conservation units.
11.3.7. Promoting and perfecting the manhandling actions of species-problem in situation of population discontrol.
11.3.8. Establish mechanisms to make it mandatory to include, in part or in the whole, of special environments that exhibit high degree of endemism or contain endangered species in the Intangible Zones of the Sustainable Use Conservation Units.
11.3.9. Establish protection measures of the threatened species in indigenous lands and in the lands of quilombolas.
11.4. Fourth guideline: Conservation ex situ of species Consolidation of conservation actions ex situ of species and of their genetic variability, with emphasis on endangered species and spicies as the potential for economic use, in compliance with the specific goals set out in the Guidelines of Component 5.
11.4.1. To develop studies for the ex situ conservation of species with emphasis on endangered species and species with economic use potential.
11.4.2. To develop and support studies and establish methodologies for the conservation and maintenance of the germoplasm banks of native and exotic species of scientific and commercial interest.
11.4.3. To promote the maintenance, characterization and documentation of germoplasm of plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms contained in scientific institutions and national and regional centres, in a manner to establish nuclear collections to foster genetic improvement programs.
11.4.4. Integrate initiatives, plans and programs of ex silu conservation of species, with emphasis on endangered species and species with economic use potential.
11 .4.5. Promote ex situ conservation aiming at obtaining animal and plant matrices inclusive of microorganisms, of threatened species or with economic use potential for formation of representative living collections.
11.4.6. Broadening, strengthening and integrating the herbarium system, zoos museums, ethnobotanical collections, wildlife cradles. botanical gardens, arboretos forest gardens, zoological collections, botanical collections, native plant nurseries, culture collections of microorganisms, plant germoplasm benches, animal husbandry cores, zoos, aquariums and oceanarians.
11.4.7. Integrate botanical, zoos and wildlife nursery gardens to national plans for conservation of animal and plant genetic resources and environmental research, especially in areas of high endemism.
11.4.8. Create and strengthen screening centers of wild animals and plants, integrating them to the system of zoos and botanical gardens, to be transformed into fauna and flora conservation centers.
11.4.9. Create centres and promote initiatives for the reproduction of threatened species, using techniques such as insemination.
4/11/2011. Promote measures and initiatives for the enrichment of the genetic variability available in the germoplasm banks establishing representative collections of the genetic heritage (animal, plant and microorganisms).
11.4. 12. Establish and support collection initiatives to increase the geographic representativeness of the germoplasm banks.
4/11/2013. Create and maintain regional germoplasm banks and base collections for the conservation of genetic variability by mainly promoting the conservation of native species underrepresented in collections local varieties relatives wildlife species rare, endemic threatened or with economic potential.
4/11/2014. Establish reintroduction and exchange initiatives of native species of socio-economic importance, including local varieties of domesticated species and threatened species, for maintenance of their genetic variability.
11.4.15. Support and subsidize the conservation and augmentation of germoplasm banks of introduced species with economic or ornamental purposes, maintained by research entities, botanical gardens, zoos and the private initiative.
11.4.16. Extend national programs for collection and conservation of soil microorganisms of economic interest.
4/11/2017. Integrate ex situ conservation actions with the management actions of the access to genetic resources and apportionment of benefits derived from the use of traditional knowledge.
11.4.18. Support the actions of official sanitary and phytosanitary control body with regard to the control of invasive species or pests.
11.5. Fifth guideline: Economic and technological Instruments of biodiversity conservation. Development of economic and technological instruments for the conservation of biodiversity.
11.5.1. To promote studies for the assessment of the effectiveness of economic instruments for biodiversity conservation.
11.5.2. Create and consolidate specific legislation concerning the use of economic instruments that target the conservation of biodiversity conservation, associated with the process of tax reform.
11.5.3. Develop economic and legal instruments to reduce the anthropic pressures on biodiversity associated with the tax reform process.
11.5.4. Develop economic instruments and legal instruments for public charging, when couber, by the use of environmental services associated with the tax reform process.
11.5.5. Promoting the internalization of costs and benefits of the conservation of biodiversity (goods and services) in public and private accounting.
11.5.6. Stimulates mechanisms for reversing the benefits of public collection by the use of environmental services from biodiversity to their conservation.
11. 5.7. Create and deploy specific tax, crediting, and administrative facilitation mechanisms for rural homeowners who maintain legal reserves and protected permanent preservation areas.
11.5.8. Enhance existing legal instruments of stimulating biodiversity conservation by means of the commodity circulation tax (ICMS Ecological) and encourage its adoption in all federation states by encouraging the application of the resources in the management of biodiversity.
OF COMPONENT 3 OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY-SUSTAINABLE USE OF THE COMPONENTS OF BIODIVERSITY
12. General Objective: Promoting mechanisms and instruments involving all government and nongovernmental, public and private sectors, which act on the use of components of biodiversity, aiming at the entire use of components of the biodiversity is sustainable and considering not only its economic value, but also the environmental, social, and cultural values of biodiversity.
12.1. First guideline: Management of biotechnology and biosafeness. Elaboration and implementation of legal and economic instruments and mechanisms that encourage the development of a national sector of competitive biotechnology and excellence, with biosafeing and with attention to the opportunities for use sustainable of components of the genetic heritage, in compliance with the current legislation and with the specific guidelines and objectives set forth in Component 5.
12.1.1. Elaborating and implementing codes of ethics for biotechnology and bioprospecting, in a participatory manner involving the different segments of Brazilian society, based on the current legislation.
12.1.2. Consolidate the regulation of the uses of genetically modified products, based on the current legislation, in accordance with the precautionary principle and with risk analysis of the potential impacts on biodiversity, health and the environment, involving the different segments of Brazilian society, ensuring transparency and social control of these and with civil, criminal and administrative accountability for the introduction or unauthorized diffusion of genetically modified organisms modified that offer risks to the environment and human health.
12.1.3. Consolidate the structuring, both in composition and operation procedures, of the collegiate bodies dealing with the use of biodiversity, especially the National Technical Committee on Biosafeity? CTNBio and the Board of Management of Genetic Heritage? CGEN.
12.1.4. Fostering the creation and Strengthening of national institutions and national, public and private research groups, specializing in bioprospecting, biotechnology and biosafeing, including supporting studies and projects for the improvement of the knowledge about the biosafeing and conformity assessment of genetically modified organisms and derivative products.
12.1.6. Supporting and nurturing the training of national companies dedicated to scientific and technological research, value aggregation, conservation and sustainable use of biological and genetic resources.
12.1.7. Support and foster the formation of partnerships between public and private scientific institutions, including national technology companies, with their foreign congeners, objectifying to establish and consolidate value aggregation chains, marketing and return of benefits pertaining to the business of biodiversity.
12.1.8. Supporting and nurturing the training of postgraduate personnel specializing in sustainable business administration with biodiversity, with the aim of its harnessing by the public and private systems active in the sector, conferring the country conditions suitable interlocution with your foreign partners.
12.1.9. Require environmental licensing of activities and endeavors that make use of Genetically Modified Organisms? GMO and derivatives, effective or potentially polluting, pursuant to the current legislation.
1/12/2010. Support the implementation of the infrastructure and empowerment of human resources of public bodies and private institutions for conformity assessment of biological material, certification and labelling of products, environmental licensing and study of environmental impact.
12.2. Second guideline Management of the sustainable use of biological resources. Structuring of regulatory systems of the use of biodiversity resources.
12.2.1. Create and consolidate manhandling programs and regulation of activities related to the sustainable use of biodiversity.
12.2.2. Promote the spatial planning and territorial management of environmental resource exploitation areas in accordance with the capacity of support of these and in an integrated manner with the in situ conservation efforts of biodiversity.
12.2.3. Implement actions that meet the demands of Indigenous peoples, from quilombolas and other local communities, as to the priorities related to the conservation and sustainable utilization of existing biological resources in their territories, safeguarding the principles and legislation inherent in the matter and ensuring its sustainability in its places of origin.
12.2.4. To develop and support programs, actions and measures that promote the conservation and sustainable use of agrobiodiversity.
12.2.5. Promote policies and programmes aiming at the aggregation of value and the sustainable use of biological resources.
12.2.6. Promote programs in support of small and medium-sized enterprises, which use biodiversity resources sustainably.
12.2.7. Promote instruments to ensure that touristic activities are compatible with the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
12.2.8. To promote, in an integrated manner, and when legally permitted, the sustainable use of forest resources, loggers and non-loggers, fishing and faunists privileging the certified manhandling, the reposition, the multiple use and the maintenance of the stocks.
12.2.9. Adapt to the Brazilian conditions and apply the principles of the Ecosystem Approach in the manhandling of biodiversity.
12.3. Third guideline: Economic, technological instruments and encouragement of sustainable practices and business for the use of biodiversity. Deployment of mechanisms, including fiscal and financial, to encourage ventures and productive initiatives of sustainable use of biodiversity.
12.3.1 Create and consolidate specific legislation, concerning the use of economic instruments that target the stimulus to the sustainable use of biodiversity.
12.3.2. To create and strengthen mechanisms of tax and credit incentives, for the creation and application of technologies, ventures and programs related to the sustainable use of biodiversity.
12.3.3. Promote economic incentives for the development and consolidation of practices and business carried out in wholly-owned and sustainable use protection units, in quilombolas territories, indigenous lands and too many territorial spaces under formal protection from the Public Power.
12.3.4. To promote the internalization of costs and benefits of the use of biodiversity (goods and services) in public and private accounting.
12.3.5. To identify, evaluate and promote experiences, practices, technologies, business and markets for products arising from the sustainable use of biodiversity by encouraging voluntary certification of processes and products, in a participatory manner and integrated.
12.3.6. To stimulate the use of voluntary product certification instruments, processes, companies, government bodies and other forms of productive organizations related to the sustainable use of biodiversity, including in the procurement of the government.
12.3.7. Promote the insertion of native species with commercial value in the domestic and external market, as well as the diversification of the sustainable use of these species.
12.3.8. Stimulating the interaction and articulation of National Biodiversity Policy actors with the business sector to identify business opportunities with the sustainable use of biodiversity components.
12.3.9. Support local communities in identifying and developing sustainable practices and business.
3/12/2010. To support, in an integrated manner, the domestication and sustainable use of native species of flora, fauna and microorganisms with economic potential.
12.3.11. Stimulate the implantation of wildlife cradles and native plant nurseries for consumption and commercialization.
12.3.12. Stimulating the sustainable use of non-timber products and the activities of sustainable extractivism, with local value aggregation through protocols for production and the marketing of these products.
12.1.13. Stimulate the deployment of projects based on the Kyoto Protocol Clean Development Mechanism that are in line with the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
12.3.14. Encouraging policies to support new businesses, aiming at value aggregation, conservation, the sustainable use of biological and genetic resources.
12.4. Fourth guideline: Use of biodiversity in the sustainable use conservation units. Development of methods for the sustainable use of biodiversity and indicators to measure their effectiveness in the sustainable use conservation units.
12.4.1. Enhancing methods and creating new technologies for the utilization of biological resources, eliminating or minimizing the impacts caused to biodiversity.
12.4.2. To develop environmental, economic, social and cultural sustainability studies of the use of biological resources.
12.4.3. Fostering the development of sustainable use projects of biological resources coming from associations and communities in sustainable use conservation units, so as to integrate with biodiversity conservation.
OF COMPONENT 4 OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY MONITORING, ASSESSMENT PREVENTION AND MITIGATION OF IMPACTS ON BIODIVERSITY
13. General objective: to establish forms for the development of systems and procedures for monitoring and assessing the state of Brazilian biodiversity and the anthropic pressures on biodiversity, for the prevention and mitigation of impacts on biodiversity
13.1. First guideline: Monitoring of biodiversity, Monitoring the state of pressures and the responses of the components of biodiversity.
13.1.1. Support the development of methodologies and indicators for monitoring the components of biodiversity of ecosystems and environmental impacts responsible for their degradation, including those caused by the introduction of species invasive and species exotic-problem.
13.1.2. To deploy and strengthen system of indicators for permanent monitoring of biodiversity, especially of threatened species and in conservation units, indigenous lands, quilombolas land, manning areas of biological resources, legal reserves and in the areas indicated as a priority for conservation.
13.1.3. Integrate the biodiversity monitoring system with the monitoring systems of other existing natural resources.
13.1.4. Expand, consolidate and upgrade a surveillance and protection system for all biomas, including the Amazon Surveillance System, with transparency and social control and with the allowed access to the information obtained by the system by the communities involved, including locally entered populations and research or teaching institutions.
13.1.5. Institute system for monitoring the impact of global changes on distribution, abundance and extinction of species.
13.1.6. Deploy system of identification, monitoring and control of the areas of legal reserve and permanent preservation.
13.1.7. To stimulate the development of local population empowerment program, aiming at their participation in biodiversity monitoring.
13.1.8. Support the actions of the official body responsible for sanity and plant health with a view to monitoring invasive exotic species to prevent and mitigate the impacts of pests and diseases on biodiversity.
13.1.9. Carry out the periodic mapping of remaining natural areas in all the biomes.
1/13/2010. Promote self-monitoring and its advertising.
13.2. Second guideline: Assessment, prevention and mitigation of impacts on the components of biodiversity. Establishment of evaluation procedures, prevention and mitigation of impacts on the components of biodiversity.
13.2.1. Creating capacity in the organs responsible for environmental licensing in the country for impact assessment on biodiversity.
13.2.2. To identify and evaluate public and nongovernmental policies that negatively affect biodiversity.
13.2.3. Strengthen the systems of licensing, surveillance and monitoring of biodiversity-related activities.
13.2.4. To promote the integration between Ecological-Economic Zoning and environmental licensing actions, especially through the realization of Strategic Environmental Assessments made with a regional scale.
13.2.5. Support policies, programs and projects for assessment, prevention and mitigation of impacts on biodiversity, including those related to national, regional, and local development programs and plans.
13.2.6. Support the realization of risk analyses and studies of the impacts of the introduction of potentially invasive exotic species, potentially problem species and others that threaten biodiversity, economic activities and population health, and the creation and implementation of control mechanisms.
13.2.7. Promoting and perfecting actions of prevention, control and eradication of invasive exotic species and species-problem.
13.2.8. Supporting fragmentation impact studies of habitats on the maintenance of biodiversity.
13.2.9. Developing environmental impact studies and implementing risk control measures associated with biotechnological development on biodiversity, especially when use of genetically modified organisms, when potentially causative cause of significant degradation of the environment.
2/13/2010. Perfecting procedures and standards of collection of native species with tempers-scientific purposes with seen in the mitigation of their potential impact on biodiversity.
13.2.11. Develop awareness and capacity-building initiatives of Civil Society entities in monitoring and surveillance practices of the use of biological resources.
13.2.12. To promote, together with the diverse actors involved, the planning of biodiversity management in agricultural frontier zones, aiming at minimizing environmental impacts on biodiversity.
13.2.13. Intensify and ensure the efficiency of combating illegal hunting and the illegal trade of species and agricultural varieties.
13.2.14. Developing instruments for collection and application of resources earned by the use of environmental services to reduce anthropic pressures on biodiversity.
13.2.15. Support the realization of inventory of the sources of pollution of biodiversity and their risk levels in the biomes.
13.2.16. Support zoning actions and indentification of critical areas, by river basins, for conservation of biodiversity that of water resources.
13.2.18. Support impact studies on biodiversity in the different river basins, not least in riparian woods, bedding, water eyes and other areas of permanent preservation and in critical areas for the conservation of water resources.
2/13/2019. Establish mechanisms to determine the realization of environmental impact studies, inclusive Strategic Environmental Assessment, in large-scale projects and ventures, including those that can generate aggregate impacts, which involve resources biological, including those using exotic species and genetically modified organisms. when potentially causers of significant degradation of the environment.
13.3. Third guideline: Recovery of degraded ecosystems and the components of overblown biodiversity. Establishment of instruments that promote the recovery of degraded ecosystems and components of overblown biodiversity.
13.3.1. Promote studies and programs adapted for conservation and recovery of threatened or overblown species and of ecosystems under anthropic pressure, according to the Oluidor-Pagador Principle.
13.3.2. Promote the restoration of regeneration and control of plant cover and environmental services to it related in altered, degraded areas and in process of desertification and arenization, including for carbon capture, according to the Principle of the Poluidor-Pager.
13.3.3. Promote the recovery of overblown fishing stocks, including by the identification of alternative species for the redirection of the fishing effort.
13.3.4. Stimulates palcoecological researches as strategic for the recovery of natural ecosystems.
13.3.5. Support Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities in the elaboration and application of corrective measures in degraded areas, where biodiversity has been reduced.
13.3.6. to identify and support initiatives, programs, technologies and projects of obtaining germoplasm, reintroduction and translocation of native species, especially those threatened, observing studies and referrals regarding the sanity of ecosystems.
13.3.7. Support national and state initiatives of promoting the study and diffusion of environmental restoration technologies and recovery of degraded areas with native native species.
13.3.8. Supporting creation and consolidation of germoplasm banks as an additional instrument of recovery from degraded areas.
13.3.9. Create forest units in the Brazilian states, for production and supply of seeds and seedlings for the execution of environmental restoration projects and recovery of degraded areas, supported by universities and research centers in the country.
3/13/2010. Promote mechanisms for coordination of government initiatives and support for nongovernmental initiatives to protect areas in natural recovery.
3/13/2011. Promote recovery, revitalization and conservation of biodiversity in the different river basins, not least in riparian woods, in the headwaters, in the water eyes, in other areas of permanent preservation and in critical areas for the conservation of water resources.
3/13/2012. Promote actions of recovery and restoration of degraded ecosystems and components of overblown marine biodiversity.
DO COMPONENT 5 OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY? ACCESS TO GENETIC RESOURCES AND ASSOCIATED TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND BENEFIT APPORTIONMENT
14. General Objective: To enable controlled access to genetic resources, to the components of genetic heritage and associated traditional knowledge with views to value aggregation by scientific research and technological development and from form that the Brazilian society, in particular the indigenous peoples. quilombolas and other local communities, can share, fairly and equitatively, from the benefits derived from access to genetic resources, to the components of genetic heritage, and to the traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity.
14.1. First guideline: Access to genetic resources and apportionment of benefits derived from the use of genetic resources. Establishment of a controlled system of access and fair and equitative allocation of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources and components of genetic heritage, which promote value aggregation by scientific research and technological development and that contributes to conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity.
14.1.1. Regulating and enforcing specific law, and too much legislations required, drawn up with broad participation of Brazilian society, in particular from the academic community, the business sector, indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other communities places, to normalize the relationship between provider and user of genetic resources, from components of genetic heritage and knowledge. traditional associates, and to establish the legal bases for fair and eequitative apportionment of benefits derived from the use of these.
14.1.2. Establish legal and institutional mechanisms for greater publicity and to enable the participation of civil society (nongovernmental organizations, indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, academic sector and private sector) in the advice, committees and collegiate bodies dealing with the topic of management of genetic resources and the components of genetic heritage.
14.1.3. Identify the needs and interests of Indigenous peoples, quilombolas, other local communities, landowners, national technological companies and economic agents, government bodies, research institutions and de development in the regulation of access system and fair and eequitative allocation of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources and the components of genetic heritage.
14.1.4. Define the norms and procedures for the collection, storage and for the shipment of genetic resources and components of the genetic heritage for research and bioprospecting.
14.1.5. Implant and streamline mechanisms for monitoring, social control and governmental negotiation in the results of marketing of products and processes arising from bioprospecting, associated with reversion of part of the benefits for funds public intended for research, conservation and sustainable use of hyodiversity.
14.1.6. Establish economic exploitation contracts of biodiversity, enrolled and homologated by the federal government, with clear and objective clauses, and with benefit apportionment clauses to holders of the genetic resources, of the components of the genetic heritage and associated traditional knowledge accosted.
14.1.7. Support actions for implementation of infrastructure, human resources, and material resources on collegiate boards and bodies dealing with genetic heritage management, including the Genetic Heritage Management Board.
14.2. Second guideline: Protection of knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples, of quilombolas and other local communities and apportionment of the benefits arising from the use of traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity. Development of mechanisms that ensure the protection and fair and equitative allocation of benefits derived from the use of knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, relevant to conservation and to sustainable use of biodiversity.
14.2.2. Establish and implement specific economic instruments and legal regime enabling the fair c eequitative apportionment of benefits derived from access to traditional associated knowledge, with economic and other types of compensation for the holders of the traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity, according to the demands for these defined and resguarding their cultural values.
14.2.3. Establish and implement mechanisms to respect, preserve, rescue, protect confidentiality, and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities.
14.2.4. Regulating and implementing legal mechanisms and instruments that guarantee Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities participation in the negotiation processes and definition of protocols for access to knowledge, innovations and practices associated with biordiversity and apportionment of the benefits derived from their use.
14.2.5. Develop and implement sui generis mechanisms of protection of traditional knowledge and fair and eequitative sharing of benefits for indigenous peoples, quilombolas, other local communities holders of knowledge associated with biodiversity, with the participation of these and resguarded their interests and values.
14.2.6. Establish initiatives targeting the management and participatory control of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities in the identification and enrollment, when couber, of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices associated with the use of the components of biodiversity.
14.2.7. To establish, when couber and with the direct participation of holders of traditional knowledge, mechanism of enrollment of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, associated with biodiversity, of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, and of their potential for commercial use, as one of the forms of proof as to the origin of these knowledge.
14.2.8. Promote the recognition and value of the rights of indigenous people, quilombolas and other local communities, as to the traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity and the relationship of mutual dependence between ethnocultural diversity and biodiversity.
14.2.9. Elaborate and implement code of ethics for work with Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, with the participation of these.
2/14/2010. Ensure the recognition of the collective intellectual rights of Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, and the necessary apportionment of benefits by the use of traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity in their territories.
OF COMPONENT 6 OF THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY POLICY? EDUCATION, PUBLIC AWARENESS, INFORMATION AND DISSEMINATION ABOUT BIODIVERSITY
15. General Purpose Systematization, to integrate and disseminate information on biodiversity, its potential for development and the need for its conservation and its sustainable use, as well as the apportionment of the benefits derived from use of genetic resources, of components of genetic heritage and associated traditional knowledge, at the various levels of education, as well as together with the population and decision makers.
15.1. First guideline: Information systems and dissemination. Development of national system of information and dissemination of biodiversity information.
15.1.1. Spreading information for all sections of the society about Brazilian biodiversity.
15.1.2. facilitate access to information and promote the dissemination of information for decision making by the different producers and users of goods and services advinds of biodiversity.
15.l.3. Instituting and permanently updating an information network on biodiversity management, promoting and facilitating access to a database available in electronic medium, integrating it with existing initiatives.
15.1.4. Identifying and cataloguing the biological collections (herbariums, zoological collections, of microorganisms and germoplasm) existing in the country, followed by standardization and integration of the information about them.
15.1.5. Map and maintain databases on local variety, wild relatives of the cultivated national plants and of current or potential use cultivars.
15.1.6. Instituting and implementing mechanisms to facilitate access to information on collections of existing Brazilian biodiversity components abroad and, when couber, repatriation of the material to information.
15.1.7. Supporting and disseminating experiences of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, including by Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, when there is consent from these and provided that the rights on the intellectual property and the national interest.
15.1.8. Disseminate the economic, financial and legal instruments aimed at the management of biodiversity.
15.1.9. Organize, promote the production, distribute and facilitate access to institutional and educational materials on biodiversity and on ethnic and cultural aspects related to biodiversity.
1/15/2010. To promote the elaboration of the systematization of case studies and lessons learned as to the sustainable management of biodiversity.
15.1.11. Creating mechanisms for monitoring the use of data, access to the networks of databases and the users of these networks, aiming at the apportionment of the benefits arising from the use of the information available on the network.
15.1.12. To promote and support national programmes of scientific publications on topics concerning biodiversity, and to encourage the valorisation of national publications concerning the biological diversity of institutions connected with research and teaching.
15.2. Second guideline: Public awareness. Realization of programs and awareness campaigns on biodiversity.
15.2.1. Promote and support national, regional and local campaigns for valorisation and dissemination of knowledge on biodiversity, underscoring the importance and value of the heterogeneity of different biomes for conservation and for use sustainable biodiversity.
15.2.2. To promote national campaigns of valorisation of cultural diversity and traditional knowledge about biodiversity.
15.2.3. Promote campaigns alongside the productive sectors, especially the agri-business, fishing and mineral exploration sectors, and to research on the importance of legal reserves and permanent preservation areas in the conservation process of the biodiversity.
15.2.4. Creating new stimuli, such as prizes and contests, that promote the involvement of populations in the defense of threatened species and biomes subjected to anthropic pressure, taking into account regional specificities.
15.2.5. To promote and support the awareness and empowerment of decision makers, opinion formers and the business sector as to the importance of biodiversity.
15.2.6. To stimulate organized civil society acting for the conduct of initiatives in environmental education related to biodiversity.
15.2.7. Disseminate information on traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and others from local communities and their importance in the conservation of biodiversity when there is consent from these.
15.2.8. Sensitize Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities on the importance of knowledge they hold on biodiversity, enabling conservation actions, sustainable use of biodiversity and apportionment of the benefits arising from the uses of the traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity.
15.2.9. To publicize the importance of the interaction between biodiversity management and public health.
2/15/2010. Promote awareness of the management of biodiversity in areas of public use.
2/15/2011. To develop, implement and disseminate indicators that allow to evaluate and monitor the evolution of the degree of awareness of society as to biodiversity.
15.2.12. Promote the integration of the environment surveillance actions with environmental education programs, as far as biodiversity is concerned.
15.2.13. Promote courses and trainings for journalists on biodiversity management concepts.
15.3. Third guideline: Incorporation of themes concerning conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in education. Integration of themes concerning the management of biodiversity in education processes.
15.3.1. Strengthen the use of the biodiversity theme as content of the cross-sectional theme environment proposed by parameters and curriculum guidelines in teacher's continued formation policies
15.3.2. Promote articulation between environmental bodies and educational institutions, for continuous updating of information on biodiversity.
15.3 3. Introduce the theme? biodiversity? in the community extension activities.
15.3.4. Incorporate into formal education the principles of the Convention on Biological Diversity and ethnobiodiversity, attending to the principle of differentiated education for indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities.
15.3.5. Stimulating partnerships, research and too much activities among universities, nongovernmental organizations, professional bodies, and private initiative for the ongoing enhancement of education professionals.
15.3.6. Promote the initial and continued training of environmental education professionals, as far as biodiversity is concerned.
15.3.7. To promote the empowerment of rural extension technicians and health actors on the theme? biodiversity ".
15.3.8. To promote initiatives for articulation of the institutions involved with environmental education (educational, research, conservation and civil society institutions) in a network of environmental education centres, to address the topic ? biodiversity ".
15.3.9. Establish the integration between the ministries and the remaining bodies of government for the articulation of the educational policies of biodiversity management.
3/15/2010. Strengthen the National Policy on Environmental Education.
OF COMPONENT 7 OF THE NATIONAL POLICY OF THE BIODIVERSITY-LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF BIODIVERSITY
16. General Objective: Promoting means and conditions for the strengthening of research and management infrastructure, for access to technology and technology transfer, for the formation and fixation of human resources, for funding mechanisms, for international cooperation and legal suitability aiming at the management of biodiversity and the integration and harmonization of sectoral policies pertinent to biodiversity.
16.1. First guideline: Strengthening the research infrastructure and management of biodiversity. Strengthening and augmentation of the infrastructure of Brazilian, public and private institutions, involved with the knowledge and the management of biodiversity.
16.1.1. Recover the capacity of the organs of the National Environment System-SISNAMA to carry out its mission in relation to the licensing and the surveillance of biodiversity.
16.1.2. Enhance the definition of the competences of the various governing bodies in such a way as to prevent possible conflicts of competence when the application of the environmental legislation pertinent to biodiversity.
16.1.3. To strengthen the set of conservation units and their integration into SISNAMA.
16.1.4. Stimulating initiatives for the creation of permanent field research bases in integral protection conservation units in each of the Brazilian biomas.
16.1.5. Promoting the strengthening of the infrastructure and modernization of the Brazilian institutions involved with the inventory and characterization of biodiversity, such as zoological, botanical and microorganisms collections, germoplasm banks and nuclei of animal husbandry.
16.1.6. Strengthen scientific institutions with research programs, creating, when necessary, specific centers in each of the biomes aiming to strengthen research on biological resources and their applications.
16.1.7. Appropriate the infrastructure of the institutions working with genetic resources, components of genetic heritage and traditional knowledge to conserve safely, in the short, medium and long term, species of socio-economic interest and the cultures of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities of the country.
16.1.9. Support the effective participation of specialists from the different regions of the country in genetic sequencing programs and other programs for the development of technologies from the utilization of biological resources.
1/16/2010. Formalize and strengthen depository reference centers of organisms associated with patented products and processes in Brazil.
16.1.11. To promote the integration of programs and actions of the federal sphere, state and municipal and organized civil society, related to research, human resource formation, programs and projects in biodiversity-related areas.
1/16/2012. To encourage the formation of the consolidation of national research networks, technological development and biodiversity management, as a way to promote and facilitate the exchange on biodiversity among different sectors of society.
16.1.13. Creating stimuli to the management of biodiversity, such as awards to research and conservation and sustainable use projects.
16.1.14. Create stimuli for nongovernmental organizations that act on the protection of biodiversity.
16.1.15. Support the creation of specialized documentation centers for each of the Brazilian biomas to facilitate scientific cooperation in and out of the country.
16.1.16. Stimulates the development of support program for scientific publications on Brazilian biodiversity, particularly field guides, taxonomic keys, electronic cataloguing of flowers and faunas, systematic reviews, monographs and studies ethnobiological.
16.2. Second guideline: Training and fixation of human resources. Promotion of training, upgrading and fixation programmes of human resources, including the empowerment of indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, for the broadening and mastery of knowledge and technologies required for the management of the biodiversity.
16.2.1. Institute programs of training, upgrading and fixing human resources in institutions aimed at the inventory, characterization, classification and management of biodiversity of the country's diverse biomas.
16.2.2. Reducing regional disparities by stimulating human and institutional empowerment in biodiversity management, including in biotechnology, by promoting the creation of differentiated mechanisms for immediate contracting in educational institutions and research in needy regions and realizing the fixation of professionals involved with the empowerment in research and management of biodiversity.
16.2.3. Strengthen postgraduate education or doctoral programs in research institutions in the themes related to the aims of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
16.2.4. Support the empowerment and upgrading of Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities as to the management of biodiversity, especially for value aggregation and commercialization of biodiversity products derived from techniques traditional sustainable.
16.2.5. Support training or outreach in biodiversity management of technicians acting on projects or ventures with potential environmental impact.
16.2.6. Support distance learning initiatives in areas related to biodiversity.
16.2.7. To promote the broad dissemination of the terms of the access legislation to genetic resources, to the components of genetic heritage and to the associated traditional knowledge with the sectors related to this thematic.
16.2.8. Promote courses and trainings for public servants, including judges, members of the Public Prosecutor's Office, federal, civil and military police in the fields of management and protection of biodiversity.
16.2.9. To promote and support the formation of human resources aimed at the development and dissemination of biodiversity information networks.
2/16/2010. Empower personnel for the management of biodiversity in conservation units.
2/16/2011. Promote regional events for Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities with the aim of publicizing and clarifying the terms of the legislation of access to genetic resources, and empowging local actors.
16.2.12. Stimulating cooperation between governments, universities, research centers, the private sector and civil society organizations in the elaboration of biodiversity management models.
16.2.13. Support the cooperation between the public sector and the private for training and fixation of human resources aimed at the performance of research activities in biodiversity management, especially in what tange the use of biological resources, maintenance and use of the germoplasm banks.
16.3. Third guideline: Access to technology and technology transfer. Promotion of access to technology and the transfer of national and international scientific technology on the management of Brazilian biodiversity.
16.3.1. To create and support programs that promote the transfer and diffusion of technologies in biodiversity management.
16.3.2. Support the exchange of knowledge and technologies in selected topics and in defined areas as prioritised for biodiversity management, including with international and foreign reference centers.
16.3.3. Establish facilitator mechanisms of the process of exchange and generation of biotechnological knowledge with its potential users, resguarded the rights on intellectual property.
16.3.4. Promoting the enhancement of the Brazilian legal arcabal with regard to access to technology and the transfer of technologies.
16.3.5. Establish national initiative to disseminate the use of useful public domain technologies to the management of biodiversity.
16.3.6. Implant demonstrative units of use of technologies for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
16.3.7. Promote the cooperation for the certification of technologies transferred from the developed countries to the country.
16.3.8. Define and implement standards and procedures for the exchange of technologies for the use of genetic and biological resources, with transparency and ensuring national interests, of the academic community and indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other of the local communities.
16.4. Fourth guideline: Funding mechanisms. Integration, development and strengthening of financing mechanisms of biodiversity management.
16.4.1. Strengthen existing funding for the management of biodiversity.
16.4.2. To stimulate the creation of investment funds for the management of biodiversity by encouraging inclusive of the business sector.
16.4.3. Support study for the creation of a trust fund or other equivalent mechanisms, capable of ensuring financial stability for the implementation and maintenance of conservation units, including for funnical regularization.
16.4.4. To stimulate the creation of funds or other mechanisms, managed in a participatory manner by Indigenous peoples, quilombolas and other local communities, which promote the fair and equitative apportionment of benefits, monetary or otherwise, arising from access to the genetic resources, the components of the genetic heritage and the associated traditional knowledge.
16.4.5. Strengthen acting for the sake of biodiversity of the state bodies of fostering research in all states.
16.4.6. To promote mechanisms that aim to ensure the forecasting and application of budget resources as well as other sources for the management of biodiversity.
16.4.7. To stimulate the creation of funding lines by the bodies of fostering research, directed the implementation of the research plans and the management of biodiversity in conservation units and in their surroundings.
16.4.8. Stimulate the creation of financing lines for cooperative ventures and for small and medium-sized rural producers that use the biodiversity resources sustainably.
16.4.9. Stimulating private sector participation in investments in the management of the country's biodiversity.
4/16/2010. Stimulating the creation of economic and fiscal mechanisms that encourage the business sector to invest in the inventory and research on conservation and sustainable utilization of the country's biodiversity, in partnership with research and sector institutions public.
4/16/2011. Fostering upon economic incentives, conservation and sustainable use, biodiversity in the areas under private domain.
16.5. Fifth guideline; International cooperation. Promotion of international cooperation on the management of biodiversity, with the strengthening of international legal acts.
16.5.1. Strengthen the preparation and participation of Brazilian delegations in international negotiations related to the themes of biodiversity.
16.5.2. Promote the implementation of international agreements and conventions related to the management of biodiversity, with special attention to the Convention on Biological Diversity and its programs and initiatives.
16.5.3. Establish synergies aiming at the implementation of the country-signed environmental conventions.
16.5.4. Support the negotiation of agreements and arrangements, fair and with benefits for the country, for the exchange of knowledge and technology transfers with international and foreign research centers.
16.5.5. Strengthen international cooperation in researches, programs and projects related to the knowledge and the management of biodiversity, and value aggregation to its components, in compliance with the 5 Component guidelines.
16.5.6. Support the participation of national research centers in international research networks, development of technologies and programs related to knowledge and the management of biodiversity.
16.5.7. To identify and stimulate the use of constant mechanisms of international agreements that can benefit the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, including the use of the Clean Development Mechanism.
16.6. Sixth guideline: Strengthening of the milestone-legal and integration of sectoral policies. Promotion of actions aiming at the strengthening of Brazilian legislation on biodiversity and articulation, integration and harmonization of sectoral policies.
16.6.1. Promoting the lifting and evaluation of the entire normative framework concerning biodiversity in Brazil, with a view to proposing suitability for biodiversity management.
16.6.2. Consolidate the Brazilian legislation on biodiversity.
16.6.3. To promote the articulation, integration and harmonization of sectoral policies relevant to the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of its components and the allocation of benefits derived from the use of genetic resources, from components of the genetic heritage and associated traditional knowledge.
17. LEGAL ARCABHEAR INSTlTUCIONAL
17.1. Many ongoing institutional initiatives in Brazil have been related to the purposes of the Convention on Biological Diversity-CDB and with the guidelines and objectives of this National Biodiversity Policy. Plans, policies and sectoral programmes need to be integrated, so as to avoid duplication or conflict between actions. The National Biodiversity Policy requires that participatory mechanisms be strengthened or created so that it articulates the action of society towards the goals of the CDB. The implementation of this policy depends on the performance of various sectors and ministries of the Federal Government, according to their legal competencies as well as from the State Governments, the Federal District, the Municipal Governments and the civil society.
17.2. With a view to the ensemble of public actors and politicians who directly or indirectly guarded interest with the management of biodiversity and therefore with the commitments made by Brazil in the implementation of the CBD, and necessary that the implementation of the Policy propitiate the creation or strengthening of institutional arrangements that ensure legitimacy and sustainability in fulfilling the objectives of the CBD, with regard to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and apportionment fair and eequitative of the benefits arising from its use.
17.3. In the implementation of the National Biodiversity Policy, it will be up to the Ministry of the Environment:
a) articulate the actions of the National Biodiversity Policy in the framework of SISNAMA and together with the other government and society sectors;
b) follow up and evaluate the implementation of the components of the National Biodiversity Policy and draw up reports national on biodiversity;
c) monitor, including with indicators, the execution of the predicted actions naa National Policy on Biodiversity;
d) formulate and implement programs and projects in support of the execution of the actions provided for in the National Biodiversity Policy and propose and negotiate financial resources:
e) articulate with the remaining affected ministries to the themes dealt with for the drafting and forwarding of proposals for creating or modifying legal instruments required to good implementation of the National Biodiversity Policy;
f) promoting the integration of policies setorials to increase synergy in the implementation of actions directed to sustainable management of biodiversity (conservation, sustainable utilization and distribution of benefits), preventing these from being conflicted; and
g) stimulates the inter-institutional and international cooperation for the improvement of the implementation of the management actions of biodiversity.
17.4. The implementation of the National Biodiversity Policy requires collegiate instance seeking to fulfill the interests of this National Biodiversity Policy with the federal government, zele for the decentralization of the execution of the actions and vise ensure the participation of the interested sectors.
17.5. It will seek, likewise, that collegiate instance to take care that the principles and objectives of the National Biodiversity Policy are met by providing technical assistance in support of public and private actors responsible for the execution of its components in the national territory.
17.6. The Ministry of the Environment, through the National Biological Diversity Program-Pronabio, established by Decree No. 1,354 of December 29, 1994, will coordinate the implementation of the National Biodiversity Policy by promotion of the partnership between the Public Power and civil society for knowledge, biodiversity conservation, sustainable use of its components and the fair and eecitable allocation of the benefits derived from its use.