LEI No. 12,805, DE April 29, 2013
Institution the National Policy of Integration Lavoura-Livestock-Forest and amends Law No. 8,171 of January 17, 1991.
P R E S I D E N T A D A R E P B L I C A
I make it known that the National Congress decrees and I sanction the following Law:
Art. 1º This Law establishes the National Policy of Integration Lavoura-Livestock-Forest, whose objectives are:
I-sustainably improve productivity, product quality and income from agri-livestock activities, through the application of integrated wastewater, animal and forest exploration systems in already dismal areas, such as alternative to traditional monocultives ;
II-mitigate deforestation caused by the conversion of areas of native vegetation into areas of pasture or crop, thus contributing to the maintenance of the areas of permanent preservation and legal reserve ;
III-stimulating research, development and technological innovation activities, as well as technologies transfer activities aimed at the development of production systems that integrate, among themselves, ecological and economically, animal husbandry, agriculture and forest ;
IV-stimulate and promote environmental education, by means of teaching different disciplines, at all school levels, as well as for the various agents of agronomic producer chains, such as inputs suppliers and raw materials, rural producers, financial agents, and for society in general ;
V-promote the recovery of degraded pasture areas by means of sustainable productive systems, mainly from the Lavoura-Livestock-Forest-ILPF Integration ;
VI-support the adoption of conservational agrolivestock practices and systems that promote the improvement and maintenance of soil organic matter levels and the reduction of greenhouse gas emission ;
VII-diversify the income of the rural producer and foster new models of land use, combining the sustainability of agribusiness with environmental preservation ;
VIII-diffuse and stimulate alternative practices to the use of bursts in the agrolivestock, with a view to mitigating its negative impacts on the chemical, physical and biological properties of the soil and, with this, reduce its damage on flora and fauna and the emission of greenhouse gases ;
IX-foster diversification of production systems with insertion of forest resources, targeting the commercial exploitation of logical and non-logical products through forest activity, the reconstitution of corridors of vegetation for the fauna and protection of ciliar matas and forest reserves, extending the producer's generation of income generation ;
X-stimulate and diffuse agrossilvopastoris systems allied to conservationist practices and animal welfare.
§ 1º The ILPF, for the devices of this Act, is understood to be the sustainable production strategy integrating agricultural, livestock and forest activities, carried out in the same area, in consortic cultivation, in succession or rotation, seeking synergistic effects between the components of the agroecosystem, with views to the recovery of degraded areas, economic viability and environmental sustainability.
§ 2º The ILPF strategy covers 4 (four) modalities of systems, thus characterized:
I-Integration Lavoura-Pecuaria or Agropastoril: system that integrates agricultural and livestock components, in rotation, consortium or succession, in the same area, in one agricultural year or for multiple years ;
II-Agricultural Integration-Livestock-Forest or Agrossilvopastoril: system that integrates the agricultural, livestock and forest components, in rotation, consortium or succession, in the same area ;
III-Pecuarian Integration-Forest or Silvopastoril: system that integrates the livestock and forest components into consortium ; and
IV-Lavoura-Forest or Silvoagricultural Integration: system that integrates forest and agricultural components, by the consorting of arcane species with agricultural, annual or perennial cultural crops.
Art. 2º The National Policy of Lavoura-Livestock-Forest Integration will be implemented on the basis of the following principles:
I-preserving and improving the physical, chemical and biological conditions of soil ;
II-economic sustainability of rural ventures, by improving productivity and quality indices of agri-livestock and forestry products, by diversification of sources of income and improvement of return financial of the activities ;
III-scientific and technological research aimed at the development of integrated systems involving agriculture, livestock and forest in sequential or simultaneous form in the same area ;
IV-integration of traditional knowledge on the sustainable use of natural resources ;
V-synergy between local, regional and national actions, with a view to optimizing the efforts and implementation of financial resources ;
VI-cooperation between the public and private sectors and non-governmental organizations ;
VII-stimulus to diversification of economic activities ;
VIII-observance of Brazil's ecological-economic zoning and respect for the areas of environmental protection, of relevant ecological interest, and extractivist reserves ;
IX-observance of the principles and laws of environmental protection ;
X-incentive to plantio straight on the straw as a conservationist manejo practice of the soil.
Art. 3º Competes to the public power, within the framework of Politics
National of Lavoura Integration-Livestock-Forest:
I-set regional and national action plans for expansion and improvement
of the systems, with the participation of local communities ;
II-stimulates the adoption of traceability and certification
of livestock, agricultural and forestry products originating from systems
production integrated ;
III-empower rural, public, private or third sector extension agents to act with the environmental and economic aspects of the processes of diversification, rotation, consortion and succession of the agriculture activities, animal husbandry and forest ;
IV-create and foster rural credit lines consonant with the objectives and principles of the National Policy of Integration Lavoura-Livestock-Forest and with the interests of the society ;
V-stimulating integrated production, associativism, cooperativism, and family farming ;
VI-promote the generation, adaptation and transfer of knowledge and technologies ;
VII-scrutinize the application of resources from receivable and tax incentives ;
VIII-diffuse the need for rationalization of the use of natural resources in the agroanic and forestry activities, through empowering technicians, rural producers, public power agents, credit agents, students of agrarian sciences, means of communication and others ;
IX-ensuring the local infrastructure necessary to the mechanisms of surveillance of the conservationist use of soils ;
X-stimulate the change of use of conventional grazing land in wooded pastures for livestock production in environmentally appropriate conditions in order to provide increased productivity by comfort improvements and animal welfare ;
XI-stimulate and scrutinize the use of agroanic inputs.
Art. 4º In its implementation, the National Policy on Integration Lavoura-Livestock-Forest will use the instruments of Agricultural Policy, instituted by Law No. 8,171 of January 17, 1991, and the National Environment Policy, instituted by the Law Act. 6,938, August 31, 1981, and the financing of the National Rural Credit System under the terms of the Laws 4,595, December 31, 1964, and 4,829, of November 5, 1965.
Art. 5º The caput of the art. 103 of Law No. 8,171 of January 17, 1991, passes in addition to the following inciso IV:
" Art. 103. ........................................................................................
IV-adopt, on its property, agroforestry integrated systems, agropastoris or agrossilvopastoris aimed at the recovery of degrated areas or in degradation phase.
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Art. 6º This Act enters into force 180 (one hundred and eighty) days after the date of its publication.
Brasilia, April 29, 2013 ; 192º of Independence and 125º of the Republic.