Decree No. 5758, Of 13 April 2006

Original Language Title: Decreto nº 5.758, de 13 de Abril de 2006

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DECREE NO 5,758, DE April 13, 2006.

Institutes the National Strategic Plan of Protected Areas-PNAP, its principles, guidelines, objectives and strategies, and gives other arrangements.

THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC, in the use of the assignments conferring you the art. 84, incisos IV and VI, paragraph "a", of the Constitution, and

Considering the commitments undertaken by Brazil by signing the Convention on Diversity Biological, during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development-CNUMAD, in 1992, passed by Legislative Decree no 2 of February 3, 1994, and promulgated by Decree No 2,519 of March 16, 1998 ;

Considering that the development of national strategies, policies, plans and programmes for protected areas is one of the key commitments made by the member countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Considering that the Work Programme for Protected Areas of the Convention on Diversity Biological provides for the development of strategies to establish comprehensive system of protected, ecologically representative areas and effectively manned, integrated into broader landscapes and wider marine landscapes by 2015 ;

DECRETA:

Art. 1º It is instituted the National Strategic Plan of Protected Areas-PNAP, its principles, guidelines, objectives and strategies, as per the provisions of the Annex to this Decree.

Art. 2º The implementation of the PNAP will be coordinated by commission instituted within the Ministry of the Environment and will contain participation and collaboration of representatives of the federal, district, state and municipal governments, of indigenous peoples, of kilomanic communities and extraction communities, the business sector and civil society.

Art. 3º The implementation of the PNAP is to be evaluated every five years from the publication of this Decree, heard the National Environment Council-CONAMA, the National Indian-FUNAI Foundation and the Special Office of Promotion Policies of the Racial Equality of the Presidency of the Republic.

Art. 4º This Decree shall enter into force on the date of its publication.

Brasilia, April 13, 2006 ; 185º of the Independence and 118º of the Republic.

LUIZ INACIO LULA DA SILVA

Marina Silva

ANNEX

NATIONAL STRATEGIC PLAN OF PROTECTED AREAS-PNAP

Of Principles and Guidelines

1. The principles and guidelines are the pillars of the National Strategic Plan of Protected Areas-PNAP and should guide the actions that will develop for the establishment of a comprehensive system of ecologically representative protected areas, effectively manhandled, integrated into broader land and marine areas, up to 2015.

1.1. Principles.

I-respect for the diversity of life and the evolutionary process ;

II-national sovereignty over protected areas ;

III-valorisation of ethical, ethnic, cultural, aesthetic and conservation of nature ;

IV-valuation of natural heritage and well diffuse, guaranteeing the rights of the present and future generations ;

V-the defense of the national interest ;

VI-the defense of the public interest ;

VII-recognition of protected areas as one of the effective instruments for the conservation of biological and socio-cultural diversity ;

VIII-valorisation of the importance and completion of all categories of conservation units and too many protected areas in the conservation of biological and socio-cultural diversity ;

IX-respect for the specificities and constraints of the categories of conservation units of the National System of Nature Conservation Units-SNUC, of the indigenous lands and of the land occupied by remnants of the communities of the kilombos ;

X-adoption of the ecosystem approach in the management of protected areas ;

XI-recognition of the integrative elements of the landscape, in particular the areas of permanent preservation and legal reserves, as key in the conservation of biodiversity ;

XII-fair and equal distribution of the costs and benefits advent of conservation of nature, contributing to the improvement of quality of life, eradication of poverty and reduction of regional inequalities ;

XIII-development of the potential for sustainable use of protected areas ;

XIV-recognition and foster to the different forms of knowledge and practices of manejo sustainable natural resources ;

XV-environmental sustainability as a premise of national development ;

XVI-cooperation between the Union and the States, Federal District and the Municipalities for the establishment and management of conservation units ;

XVII-harmonisation with the public policies of spatial planning and sustainable regional development ;

XVIII-pactuation and articulation of the establishment and management actions of the areas protected with the different segments of the society ;

XIX-articulation of the management actions of protected areas, indigenous lands and land occupied by remnants of the communities of the quilombos with the public policies of the three levels of government and with the segments of the society ;

XX-promotion of participation, social inclusion and the exercise of citizenship in management of protected areas, permanently seeking social development, especially for the populations of the interior and the surroundment of the protected areas ;

XXI-consideration of gender balance, generation, culture and ethnicity in the management of areas protected ;

XXII-technical and financial sustainability, ensuring administrative continuity and managerial in the management of protected areas ;

XXIII-recognition of the importance of territorial consolidation of the units of conservation and too many protected areas ;

XXIV-guarantee of broad disclosure and public access to information related to areas protected ;

XXV-strengthening of the National Environment System-SISNAMA and the organs and entities managers of protected areas ; and

XXVI-application of the precautionary principle.

1.2. Guidelines.

I-the remnants of Brazilian biomas and the priority areas for conservation, sustainable use and distribution of benefits of Brazilian biodiversity (Priority Areas for Biodiversity) should be reference for the creation of conservation units ;

II-ensure the representativeness of the various ecosystems in the SNUC ;

III-the location, category and management of protected areas in the border strip should rely on the prior assentiment of the National Defense Council ;

IV-the representative system of coastal and marine areas must be formed by a network of highly protected areas, integrated into a network of multi-use areas ;

V-coastal and marine protected areas must be created and managed targeting compatibilize the conservation of biological diversity with the recovery of fishing stocks ;

VI-protected areas should be supported by a system of manejo practices sustainable natural resources, integrated with the management of the river basins ;

VII-facilitate the genic flow between conservation units, other protected areas and their areas of interstiction ;

VIII-the planning for the establishment of new conservation units, as well as for your specific and collaborative management with the other protected areas, you should consider the interfaces of biological diversity with sociocultural diversity, the economic aspects, of the infrastructure necessary for the development of the Country, of integration South American, security and national defense ;

IX-ensuring the territorial rights of kilomballs communities and indigenous peoples as a tool for conservation of biodiversity ;

X-foster social participation in all steps of the implementation and evaluation of the PNAP ;

XI-to ensure the involvement and qualification of the different social actors in the process decision making for the creation and management of protected areas, ensuring respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples, kilomanic and local communities ;

XII-strengthen existing instruments of participation and social control, as well as those for monitoring and controlling the state ;

XIII-ensuring the participation of representation of the Armed Forces in the management of areas protected in the border strip ;

XIV-use the National Forum of Protected Areas as instance of communication, participation, collaboration and social control over PNAP ;

XV-ensure, in accessible language, the wide spread of information on PNAP ;

XVI-use the national cadaster of conservation units as a basic instrument for management and monitoring of the effectiveness of the SNUC ;

XVII-assess PNAP impacts, effects, and results, and permanently adjust the goals and actions ensuring their functionality and effectiveness ;

XVIII-structuring, qualifying and consolidating SISNAMA's organs and entities to implement the SNUC and support the other protected areas ;

XIX-foster the qualified interlocation between SISNAMA bodies, too much organs managers of protected areas and the society in general ; and

XX-include the creation of protected areas in the formulation and implementation of policies of territorial planning and regional development.

Of Themed Axes

2. The detailing of the objectives and actions for the SNUC, for the indigenous lands and for land occupied by remnants of the communities of the quilombos is guided in the form of four interconnected and interrelated thematic axes, as per the Programme of Work on Protected Areas of the Convention on Biological Diversity (Decision VII/28).

2.1. Thematic Axis-Planning, Strengthening and Management: proposes actions related to the implementation and strengthening of the SNUC and the management of biodiversity in Indigenous lands and kilomballs land. Formulated within the framework of the ecosystem approach, it seeks the effectiveness of the set of protected areas and their contribution to the reduction of loss of biological diversity.

2.2. Thematic Axis-Governance, Participation, Equity, and Repartition of Costs and Benefits: predicts related actions:

I-the participation of indigenous peoples, kilomballs and local communities in the management of the conservation units and other protected areas ;

II-to the establishment of governance systems ;

III-to the equal distribution of costs and benefits ; and

IV-to integration between conservation units and among other protected areas.

2.3. Thematic axis-Institutional capacity: actions related to the development and strengthening of institutional capacity for SNUC management and for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in Indigenous lands and kilomballs. It further provides for the establishment of standards, as well as a national education and communication strategy for protected areas.

2.4. Thematic axis-Evaluation and Monitoring: actions related to the evaluation and monitoring of protected areas, as well as management, monitoring and evaluation of PNAP.

Of General Objectives, Specific Objectives and Strategies for the SNUC

3. Thematic Axis-Planning, Strengthening and Management.

3.1. OBJECTIVE: GENERAL: establish and strengthen the federal, district, state and municipal components of the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) draw an effective and representative system of conservation units ;

b) broaden the SNUC ;

c) set the percentage of protected areas for protection conservation units integral and sustainable use for each biome ;

d) integrate PNAP into the other public policies in the three spheres of government ; and

e) integrate the protection and manejo policies of conservation units with the policies of the other protected areas.

II-STRATEGIES:

a) update the priority areas for biodiversity in the various biomas, by means of a regional approach ;

b) evaluate the main areas of aquifer recharge and add them to the schedule for magnification of the SNUC ;

c) to consider areas susceptible to desertification in the establishment of areas protected ;

d) assess the representativeness of major Brazilian ecosystems ;

e) evaluate the representativeness of existing conservation units between the biomas continental and marine ;

f) assess the existing conservation gaps in the SNUC, including the areas of exclusion of legally established fishing ;

g) set methodologies to quantify the percentage of conservation units to be protected ;

h) to extend the SNUC in the Priority Areas for Biodiversity and those resulting from the analyses of gaps ;

i) adopt precautionary measures in areas with high sensitivity indication environmental and under threat, so as to restude these environments for the future creation of conservation units ;

j) propose and implement actions and instruments for the integration of PNAP with the Plan National Water Resources-PNRH ;

l) to encourage the increment of natural areas in urban and periurban environments contributing to the connectivity effort of protected areas ;

m) establish mechanisms for the use of compensation of legal reservation liabilities in rural properties in the widening and creation of conservation

n) to establish an agenda of understandings with the government sectors, in the three spheres of government, with the aim of harmonizing the federal, state and municipal systems of conservation units, in the various setorial territorial ordinations ; and

(o) set standards, criteria and guidelines for the establishment of the areas networks coastal and marine protected marines.

3.2. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to enhance the planning and management of the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) establish and adopt guidelines, criteria and best practices for the management of the SNUC ;

b) to enhance SNUC regulation in relation to public consultation, management shared, mosaics, ecological corridors, environmental compensation, and categories of manejo among others ;

c) to establish and promote the operation of the boards of conservation units ;

d) solution the conflicts of use of natural resources in conservation units ;

e) solution the conflicts arising from the overlap of conservation units with indigenous lands and kilomballs ;

f) to conclude, within the environmental bodies, the land regularization processes of all conservation units ;

g) to endol the conservation units of management instruments and basic infrastructure of health ; and

h) develop and implement an effective surveillance and control system for the conservation units ;

II-STRATEGIES:

to) examine existing management practices by proposing and implementing new mechanisms for your enhancement ;

b) to promote the exchange of information on forms of planning and management of conservation units ;

c) carry out the suitability of the categories of conservation units that do not fall within the SNUC ;

d) to regulate the categories of conservation units, contemplating specificities coastal and marine ;

and) potentialize the areas of environmental protection as a relevant instrument of territorial planning ;

f) articulate the planning of the management of the conservation units with the distinct ones spheres of government ;

g) support the deployment of the SNUC's state and municipal components, as well as appropriate to the SNUC the practices and concepts of existing state and municipal systems ;

h) strengthen the organs and advice of environment for the management of the units of conserving ;

i) promote empowerment to qualify the representations on the boards of the units of conserving ;

j) support the effective participation of representatives of local communities, quilomballs and indigenous peoples in the meetings of the councils ;

l) to mobilize and formalize partnerships for the management of conservation units ;

m) promote volunteer service in supporting conservation units ;

n) to potentialize and strengthen the role of conservation units as vector of regional and local development ;

o) identify and support economic alternatives in the surroundings and dampening zones of the conservation units ;

p) to encourage cooperation between the public institutions and bodies involved in the surveillance and control processes of the conservation units ;

q) articulate with the competent bodies the establishment of a programme of dispropriation and resettlement of resident households in conservation units ;

r) define and agree on criteria, in conjunction with competent bodies and social segments involved, for identification of the overlapping areas of the conservation units with the indigenous lands and kilomballs land, proposing solutions to conflicts arising from this overlap ;

s) establish mechanisms and priorities for the funeral regularization of units of conserving ;

t) carry out the funeral survey and promote with the competent bodies the process of dispropriation or assignment of the properties within the limits of the conservation units ;

u) elaborate, revise and implement the management plans of the conservation units ; and

v) use the information of the national cadaster of conservation units for the planning and management of the SNUC.

3.3. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: Integrating the conservation units to broader landscapes and marine landscapes so as to maintain their ecological and socio-cultural structure and function.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

to) adopt political, legal and administrative measures, among others, to enhance the integration of conservation units to continental landscapes and continental water and wider navies ;

b) ensure the establishment and maintenance of connectivity between ecosystems ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) establish and administer, among others, ecological corridors, according to the needs for maintenance of ecological processes and migratory species ;

b) to ensure, by means of the networks of coastal and marine protected areas, the maintenance of connectivity between marine ecosystems ;

c) multiply exitous experiences about specific efforts to integrate the units of conservation to plans and strategies developed for landscapes and broader marine landscapes ;

d) to assess the applicability of territorial management instruments of large landscapes, as Biosphere Reserves, ecological corridors, mosaics, hydrographic basins and coastal zone, taking into account the overlaps, conflicts, effectiveness of them and advinde social benefits ;

e) rehabilitating and restoring degraded habitats and ecosystems in the areas of interstine between protected areas ;

f) propose mechanisms that favor the recovery of the areas of permanent preservation and the recomposition, manhandling and allocation of legal reserves ;

g) establish representative networks of interconnected protected areas, increasing the resilience of ecosystems in the face of various impacts, including climate change ; and

h) propose and implement actions of integration and articulation between the instruments of connectivity and the conservation units and other protected areas, highlighting the wetlands ;

3.4. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: establish and strengthen collaboration with neighboring countries for management of conservation units and other contiguous or nearby protected areas.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) propose mechanisms and instruments for collaborative management of conservation units and too many protected areas with neighboring countries ;

b) promote the participation of Brazil in existing regional collaboration networks ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) define Brazil's participation mechanisms in regional collaboration networks of protected areas ;

b) propose policies and develop programs with neighbouring countries, with the cooperation of interested partners, for the establishment of regional collaboration networks of conservation units and other protected areas ;

c) to propose to neighbouring countries the collaborative management of conservation units and too much contiguous or close protected areas, through national borders ;

d) propose agreements with neighbouring countries, specific by river basin, for conservation and for the sustainable use of natural resources ;

e) to propose to neighbouring countries joint creation of new conservation units and other protected, contiguous or close areas, through national borders, and the creation of contiguous protected areas in the adjacent countries confronted to those existing in Brazil to ensure connectivity ; and

f) monitor discussions on protected areas in international waters within the framework of United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea-CNUDM or other relevant forums.

3.5. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: preventing threats and mitigating the negative impacts to which conservation units and their buffer zones are exposed.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) minimize or avoid the negative effects of impactful activities on the units of conservation and their buffer zones ;

b) to elaborate and deploy instruments that contribute to the fulfilment of the objectives of the conservation units and territorial planning ;

c) to combat and prevent biopiracy and trafficking of animals and plants ;

d) reduce the incidence of fires in conservation units, their zones of dampening and surroundings ;

e) rehabilitate and restore the degraded natural environments of the conservation units and your buffer zones ; and

f) control the cultivation of organisms in the conservation units and their zones of dampening, especially in the coastal and marine environments ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) identify and evaluate the threats to conservation units, and their zones of damping and fishing exclusion zones ;

b) develop and implement actions to prevent or mitigate the threats to the units of conservation and their buffer zones ;

c) articulate the institutions and public policies within the federal, state and municipal to minimize or avoid the negative effects of impactful activities on the conservation units and their damping zones ;

d) compatibilize the promotion and development programmes in the three spheres of government to PNAP ;

and) promote the integrated management of forest and water resources, especially by means of of the interaction of forest managers bodies with the organs and entities of the National Water Resource Management System ;

f) carry out environmental assessment of government development programs and their influences in the management policies of conservation units and fishing exclusion zones ;

g) establish criteria and implement measures for the rehabilitation and restoration of ecological integrity of conservation units ;

h) encourage and foster adoption of socio-environmental responsibility instruments between the actors and local institutions ;

i) propose measures that facilitate access to credit for rehabilitating degraded areas ;

j) to define with institutions to foster criteria of good environmental practice, targeting prevent degradation or extension of degraded areas ;

l) propose effective control mechanisms, including penalties, on the use of land and of natural resources in the buffer zones ;

m) develop specific approaches for environmental compensation, application, and of fines for the benefit of the conservation units ;

n) strengthen international and regional cooperation to eliminate the illegal trade of the natural resources ;

o) implement instruments for the establishment of a national system for prevention and combating the trade in animals and biopiracy ;

p) perfecting the fire prevention and fighting systems within the units of conservation and their buffer zones ;

q) identify and control the main risks of invasive, exotic species or genetically modified in conservation units and their buffer zones ;

r) contain the illegal suppression of natural vegetation in conservation units and in zones of damping as well as in the Provisional Administrative Limitation Areas-ALAP ;

s) to draw up specific standards on the cultivation of organisms in the conservation units and their buffer zones, especially in coastal and marine environments ;

t) identify productive activities that utilize invasive exotic species and regulate them as part of the preventive measures to invasion in natural environments of conservation units ; and

u) carry out environmental education actions on problems generated by exotic species invasive.

4. Thematic axis-Governance, Participation, Equestion and Repartition of Costs and Benefits.

4.1. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to promote and ensure the equal distribution of the costs and benefits resulting from the creation and management of conservation units.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

to) recognize and respect the rights of indigenous peoples, kilomanic communities and places within the SNUC ;

b) establish mechanisms for sharing eequtivecosts and benefits resulting from the creation and management of conservation units ;

c) to implement mechanisms for sharing benefits arising from the use of resources biological conservation units with the participation of local communities, quilomballs and indigenous peoples ; and

d) to implement, in conservation units, mechanisms of regulation to access and use of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge.

II-STRATEGIES:

to) enhance mechanisms and policies, and promote adjustments to legislation, if necessary, to ensure the respect and recognition of the rights and knowledge of indigenous peoples, kilomanic and local communities in the processes of establishment and management of conservation units and other protected areas ;

b) to ensure prior and informed consent and the equal apportionment of benefits when there is access to biological resources and associated traditional knowledge, related to the lands of Indigenous peoples, local communities and quilomballs ;

c) ensure that any resettlement or restriction of land use or resources biological by indigenous peoples, kilomological or local communities only occur after the prior and informed consent of these communities, which should be obtained in accordance with national legislation and international obligations ;

d) implement valorization, conservation and improvement initiatives of systems traditional production, organization and management for indigenous peoples, local communities and quilomballs ;

e) develop methodology to identify and calculate the costs and benefits of creation and management of conservation units ;

f) make available the necessary information for the fair and equal distribution of the benefits advinds from the use of natural resources of conservation units and other protected areas ;

g) diffuse national policy of access and use of genetic resources and knowledge traditional associate ;

h) define and implement mechanisms to ensure that local communities, quilomballs and indigenous peoples have priority in the implementation and management of economic activities within the conservation units and their damping zones ;

i) to assess the socio-economic and cultural effects resulting from the establishment and maintenance of conservation unit, particularly for indigenous peoples, local communities and quilomballs and create mechanisms to mitigate them or potentialize them ;

j) implement compensation mechanisms, together with other sectors of government, to the local communities, kilomballs and indigenous peoples subjected to economic, social and cultural losses with the creation and implementation of conservation units and fishing exclusion zones ; and

l) to create and implement mechanisms for the remuneration of environmental services for those that retain biological diversity.

4.2. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to promote the diversified, participatory, democratic and transparent governance of the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) strengthen innovative governance systems and those anticipated in the SNUC ;

b) foster the involvement of the various sectors of government and civil society in management of the SNUC ; and

c) establish mechanisms that ensure the participation of local communities, quilomballs and indigenous peoples, as well as other interested parties, in the establishment and management of conservation units and other existing protected areas ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) recognize and incorporate innovative forms of governance in the management of the SNUC ;

b) establish and strengthen mechanisms and instruments of participation that can broaden the inclusion of sociocultural diversity in the management of conservation units ;

c) promote and disseminate exitous experiences of different forms of governance of the conservation units and other protected areas, particularly those that include the involvement of indigenous peoples, kilomballs and local communities ;

d) develop mechanisms and allocate resources to ensure participatory processes for the planning and management of conservation units and other protected areas ;

and) qualify local communities and kilomballs, Indigenous peoples and other parts interested in the effective participation in the processes of creation, deployment and management of conservation units ;

f) foster the organization and institutional strengthening of local communities, kilomballs and indigenous peoples, as well as other interested parties ;

g) to stimulate and support the participation of local communities, quilomballs and indigenous peoples in the discussions promoted by the National Forum of Protected Areas ; and

h) prioritize the categories extractive reserves and development reserves sustainable in planning activities for the creation of conservation units where there are communities of fishermen and traditional extraction populations.

4.3. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to potential the role of conservation units and other protected areas in sustainable development and poverty reduction.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) articulate public policies in the three spheres of government for the development of productive chains of goods and services originating from the conservation units and other protected areas ;

b) strengthen the sustainable man-handling practices of natural resources in the units of conservation, in their buffer zones and in the other protected areas, which contribute to poverty reduction ;

c) to make the conservation units of sustainable development ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) identify production methods and techniques on the basis of diversity conservation biological and in the sustainable use of natural resources ;

b) articulate with different sectors and spheres of government, together with society civil, integrated planning and the development of actions that take advantage of productive potential for goods and services of conservation units ;

c) develop projects that incorporate indigenous peoples and local communities and kilomballs in the process of implantation and management of economic activities within the conservation units and their damping zones ; and

d) to implement incentive policies and support for production, runoff and marketing of the products of the conservation units, their buffer zones and other protected areas.

5. Static axis-Institutional Capacity.

5.1. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: To establish a favorable political, institutional, administrative and socioeconomic environment for the implementation of the SNUC in the three spheres of government.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) reduce or eliminate loopholes and legal and institutional barriers that prevent the establishment and management of conservation units and fishing exclusion zones ;

b) strengthen the institutional articulation for the implementation of the SNUC in the three spheres of government ;

c) administer the federal, state and municipal components of SNUC with structure suitable and qualified personnel ; and

d) support the structuring and integrated acting of the scrutinizing bodies ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) propose legal instruments and institutional mechanisms or enhance existing ones for the effective establishment and management of conservation units, fishing exclusion zones and buffer zones ;

b) create and potentialize incentives for the sectorial policies compatible with the conservation and the sustainable use of conservation units ;

c) harmonize sectoral policies and laws to ensure the effective management of the SNUC ;

d) identify and eliminate incentives for the setorial policies incompatible with the conservation and sustainable use in the conservation units and their buffer zones ;

e) support and strengthen the institutional capacity of social organizations for the establishment of partnerships within the SNUC ;

f) structuring the surveillance of the organs of SISNAMA and articulating the support of the Forces Armed, from the Federal and State Poles for the monitoring and control of the conservation units and their damping zones ;

g) compose the effective frames of the environment bodies for the management of the units of conserving ;

h) to enable basic structure for the administration, the permanence and the safety of the officials of environmental bodies managers of the conservation units ;

i) to endol the technical and administrative structure conservation units compatible with your needs ;

j) adopt the conservation units as an instrument in the management policies of the fishing resources ;

l) propose the establishment of technical sectors to address coastal areas and navies in the organic chart of environmental managers ; and

m) establish legal instruments and procedures for regulation of others modalities for special marine areas, such as fishing exclusion zones, artificial reefs and areas of cultivation of aquatic organisms.

5.2. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to develop the ability to plan, establish and administer conservation units.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

to) qualify and empower local managers, technicians and communities for unit management of conservation ;

b) to implement the national cadaster of conservation units ; and

c) enhance mechanisms for the planning and management of conservation units ;

IV-implement a continued capacity-building program ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) to establish and implement continuing training guidelines for the governing bodies of conservation units ;

b) to conduct national assessments of the empowerment needs and human resources for conservation units ;

c) empower, qualify and broaden technical body responsible for planning and management of conservation units, also considering the specificities of coastal and marine units ;

d) institute differential professional habilitation, aimed at planning, management and surveillance of conservation units and other protected areas ;

e) enter the thematic of the conservation units and protected areas in the programmes of empowerment of managers of related areas ;

f) foster exchanges of national and international experiences on units of conservation and protected areas ;

g) establish effective mechanisms for documenting knowledge and experiences existing on the management of protected areas, among which, traditional knowledge ;

h) evaluate the existing planning tools and propose new tools considering the dynamics of the conservation units ;

i) to enhance the national cadaster of conservation units considering the gaps of information for conservation units management.

5.3. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: develop, apply and transfer technologies to the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) evaluate technological management needs and deploy corresponding solutions in the scope of the conservation units ;

b) incremental transfer and technological cooperation processes, within the national framework and international ; and

c) establish lines of funding for research and development of technologies for the SNUC ;

II-STRATEGIES:

(a) to stimulate the development and use of technologies for creation, management, monitoring and surveillance of conservation units, ensuring empowerment for their use ;

b) stimulate research aimed at the development of technologies related to protecting, rehabilitation and restoration of habitats in conservation

c) stimulate research and development of returned technologies for mapping of natural resources and the lifting of possibilities for their sustainable use ;

d) stimulate scientific studies and development of technologies, targeting the interaction of conservation strategies in situ and ex situ, for the protection and rehabilitation of endangered species ;

e) to stimulate the use of new technologies in taxonomy, systematic, genetic studies, landscapes and ecosystem relations in conservation units ;

f) enhance the techniques for rapid assessments of biological diversity ;

g) enhance adaptive handling techniques incorporating the knowledge of peoples indigenous people, kilomballs communities and local users of natural resources ;

h) enhance the national fishing statistic to subsidize the development of technologies for resource management and making available a fishing database for continental, coastal and marine conservation units, as well for fishing exclusion zones ; and

i) propose to the organs of fomenting and stimulate private initiative to create lines of research and development of specific technologies for protected areas.

5.4. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: ensuring the economic sustainability of the conservation units and the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) implement an economic sustainability plan for the SNUC articulated at three spheres of government ;

b) strengthen existing mechanisms and create new mechanisms of fomenting and capturing of resources for conservation units in national and international scope ; and

c) regulate the application of resources from environmental compensation and conversion of fines in conservation units ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) devise an economic sustainability plan for the SNUC articulated to the three spheres of government ;

b) to stimulate the integration of the needs of the SNUC to development strategies and financing ;

c) create joint budget planning mechanisms between the Middle Ministries Environment and Planning, Budget and Management, States and Municipalities ;

d) to guide the bodies or institutions responsible for financial support to the units of conservation and other protected areas about the financing needs of the SNUC ;

and) ensure that the resources generated by the conservation units or in their name return to the SNUC ;

f) to conduct studies and plan institutional and legal instruments and procedures aiming to achieve the economic sustainability of the SNUC ;

g) set criteria for distribution and application of resources from environmental compensation of conservation units ;

h) foster research that can result in value aggregation to the goods and services and new potentials for use of conservation units, fishing exclusion zones and APPs; and

i) to identify and promote economic opportunities arising from conservation units and areas of exclusion of fishing for populations in their areas.

5.5. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness for participation and social control over the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) establish and implement the national environmental education strategy, training and qualifying for participation and social control over conservation units ;

b) establish and implement the national communication strategy, dissemination and awareness of conservation units ; and

c) to deploy and strengthen the National Forum of Protected Areas ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) to carry out exchanges and other forms of integration between the different experiences in the theme education environmental, awareness and social control in conservation units ;

b) to conduct dissemination campaigns of the successful experiences on the themes environmental education, awareness and social control in conservation units ;

c) monitor and evaluate the impacts of communication programs, education and public awareness for conservation units ;

d) to potentialize the communication space of the National Forum of Protected Areas, releasing it and making it available to the society ;

and) monitor and evaluate the functioning of the National Forum of Protected Areas ;

f) articulate the National Forum of Protected Areas to socio-environmental public spaces already existing ;

g) foster environmental education programs that enable access to information and the understanding of the importance and benefits of conservation units and fishing exclusion zones ;

h) disseminate and disseminate the advinde benefits of coastal conservation units and navies for fishing management ;

i) to promote awareness campaigns in the various sectors of government on the social, environmental and economic importance of conservation units and fishing exclusion zones ;

j) propose incorporation of the theme conservation units and other protected areas to the formal school curricula.

6. Static axis-Evaluation and Monitoring.

6.1. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to monitor and evaluate the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC GOAL:

a) implement a SNUC monitoring program ; and

b) evaluate and monitor the results of PNAP ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) establish guidelines and criteria for the monitoring of the SNUC ;

b) evaluate SNUC and other forms of conservation, such as exclusion zones of fishing and Areas of Permanent Preservation, based on the representativeness of the various ecosystems ;

c) engage the executor bodies and other institutions in the monitoring program of the SNUC ;

d) identify and evaluate exitous experiences of monitoring and evaluation of systems of protected areas ;

e) propose to neighbouring countries joint development and adoption of guidelines, criteria and best practices for monitoring systems of protected areas ;

f) foster exchange of information on best practices adopted by others countries and public and private organizations for the monitoring of the SNUC and other protected areas ;

g) define and continuously monitor the results of PNAP ; and

h) to set up regional technical committees, within the framework of the institutional arrangement of PNAP, to monitor, monitor and promote the necessary adjustments to the implementation of PNAP.

6.2. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to evaluate and promote the effectiveness, effectiveness and efficiency of the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) establish institutional mechanisms and arrangements for monitoring and evaluation of effectiveness, efficacy and efficiency of conservation units, considering interaction with other protected areas ; and

b) adopt the adaptive management model within the framework of the ecosystem approach based on the results of monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness, effectiveness and efficiency of conservation units ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) to implement assessments of the effectiveness, effectiveness and efficiency of the management of a number representational of conservation units ;

b) collaborate with other countries and organizations interested in the conservation of diversity biological, for the development, testing, evaluation and promotion of standards and best practices for monitoring conservation units and other protected areas ;

c) identify indicators and establish protocols for monitoring compliance of the objectives of the conservation units ;

d) monitor the effects arising from the establishment and implementation of the units of conservation in the quality of life of indigenous peoples, kilomballs and local communities, and proposing measures to mitigate or potentialize these effects ; and

e) consider the interaction with fishing exclusion zones and other protected areas in the establishment of institutional mechanisms and arrangements for monitoring coastal and marine conservation units.

6.3. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to evaluate and monitor the SNUC consolidation trends.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) establish and implement continuous evaluation procedures of the trends of conservation units and other protected areas ; and

b) establish and implement mechanisms for incorporation of the results of the evaluation of trends in the planning of the conservation units and the SNUC ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) stimulate studies to enhance knowledge on distribution, situation and trends of biological diversity in conservation units ;

b) to assess trends in the conservation of biological diversity in the units of conservation and their buffer zones, as well as in the other protected areas, the light of the advinent impacts of climate change ; and

c) incorporate the results arising from the analysis of trends in the instruments of planning of conservation units and buffer zones.

6.4. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: ensuring that scientific and traditional knowledge contribute to the effectiveness of the SNUC.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) establish mechanisms for continuous incorporation of technical-scientific knowledge and traditional knowledge in the establishment and management of conservation units ;

b) to create and implement foster programs and incentives for knowledge generation ; and

c) to stimulate and foster studies that generate technical-scientific knowledge and traditional that contribute to the conservation of biological and sociocultural diversity, assisting the establishment and management of conservation units.

II-STRATEGIES:

a) establish and implement research programs with the goal of fixing and improving the management of conservation units and other protected areas, considering the identified needs in their planning instruments ;

b) define a program of research and its priority lines for units of coastal and marine conservation, taking into account the needs identified in the manejo plans ;

c) enhance cooperation, including financial, in the area of scientific and technical research related to conservation units, at national, regional and international level, with public and private institutions of foster care and educational institutions ;

d) foster interdisciplinary research to improve understanding of aspects ecological, social, cultural and economic of conservation units, including methods and techniques for the assessment of goods and services ;

and) create and foster lines of research that incorporate indigenous peoples and communities kilomballs and locations in the planning and execution of studies, developing a collaborative and participatory practice aimed at the demands of the populations ;

f) to promote the dissemination of technical and scientific information, arising from the units of conservation and other protected areas and on them, in appropriate language for decision makers, managers and communities involved ;

g) develop and strengthen working partnerships with organizations and institutions of research, and studies that enable you to broaden the understanding of biological diversity in conservation units ;

h) stimulate, within the framework of cooperation for scientific research and related techniques to conservation units, studies to enhance knowledge on the distribution, situation and trends of biological and socio-cultural diversity ; and

i) define the scale and conceptual treatment over the division of coastal environments and marine, with the aim of optimizing the establishment of conservation units to effectively comply with their goals and functions.

The General Objectives, Specific Objectives and National Strategies for Indigenous Lands and Land Occuped by Remnants of the Communities of the Quilombos

7. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: establish a national program of conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in indigenous lands and land occupied by remnants of the communities of the kilombos.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

(a) to define strategies for conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in indigenous lands and land occupied by remnants of the communities of the kilombos ; and

b) implement national programme of conservation and sustainable use of diversity biological in indigenous lands and land occupied by remnants of the communities of the kilombos ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) articulate with competent governmental bodies, communities and organisations indigenous to the formulation and implementation of a national programme of conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in indigenous lands ; and

b) articulate with competent government bodies, communities and organisations quilomballs the formulation and implementation of a national program of conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity on land occupied by remnants of the communities of the quilombos.

Of National Strategies for Areas with International Recognition

8. OBJECTIVE GENERAL: to implement conventions, treaties and intergovernmental programs, related to protected natural areas, of which Brazil is a party.

I-SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

a) consolidate existing international recognition areas ;

b) broaden the number of internationally recognized Brazilian areas ;

c) to implement the Biosphere Reserves management system ;

d) establish integrated management of the areas of international recognition situated in the national territory ;

e) strengthen relations with other signatory countries of the conventions, treaties and intergovernmental programs of which Brazil is a part ; and

f) establish a national policy for wetlands, in the scope of the Convention of Ramsar ;

II-STRATEGIES:

a) establish agreements and partnerships that favor the implementation of the Conventions of the World Heritage and Ramsar, the Treaty on Amazonian Cooperation and the Unesco's "The Man and the Biosphere" Program in Brazil ;

b) prioritize areas of international recognition in the implementation and consolidation of the conservation units ;

c) select new national areas that meet the criteria for recognition international by the conventions ;

d) set national strategy for nomination and recognition of new Reserves of the Biosphere in Brazil ;

e) to elaborate and implement communication, education and public awareness plans for the importance of these areas in particular, facilitating the understanding and appropriation of the principles and concepts of these intergovernmental treaties by society, in an articulated manner to the national communication and education strategy for the SNUC ;

f) to develop and implement management systems and monitoring of the implementation of conventions and intergovernmental programs ;

g) periodically assess the operation and effectiveness of the deliberative advice of the Reserves of the Biosphere ;

h) to carry out the exchange of information and experiences between the signatory countries of the Conventions of the World Heritage and Ramsar, the Treaty of Amazonian Cooperation and the Unesco's "The Man and Biosphere" Program ;

i) empower technicians and managers to take advantage of the advantages and fulfillment of the obligations of the treaties and intergovernmental programs related to the protected areas of which Brazil is a part ;

j) carry out diagnosis and classification of Brazilian wetlands, relating the characteristics of the areas to the criteria necessary for international recognition by the Ramsar Convention ; and

l) formulate national policy proposal for wetlands.