Law No. 1565 law of 7 July 1994 GONZALO SANCHEZ DE LOZADA constitutional the President because the Honorable National Congress, has sanctioned the following law: the HONORABLE National Congress, DECREED: reform education Act title preliminary article only. Modify the code of the Bolivian education, in its five titles, sixty-three chapters, and three hundred and twenty-nine articles as follows: title I of the education BOLIVIAN chapter only BASES and purposes of the education BOLIVIAN article 1. For the transformation constant of the system educational national, depending on them interests of the country as a process planned, continuous and of long reach, the education Bolivian is structure on them following bases fundamental: is it more high function of the State, because is a right of the people e instrument of release national and because has the obligation of hold it, direct it and control it , through a vast school system.
It is universal, free in all tax settlements and compulsory at the primary level, because it contains basic democratic tenets and all Bolivian has the right to equal opportunities.
It is democratic, because the society is actively involved in its planning, organization, implementation and evaluation, that respond to their interests, needs, challenges and aspirations.
It is national, because it functionally meets the vital requirements of the country in its different geografico-culturales regions, looking for integration and solidarity of its people for the formation of the national consciousness through a common historical destiny.
It is intercultural and bilingual, because it assumed the heterogeneity of cultural partner of the country in an atmosphere of respect among all Bolivians, male and female.
It is right and duty of every Bolivian, because it is organized and developed with the participation of the whole society without restriction or discrimination of race, culture, region, social, physical, mental, sensory, condition of gender, creed or age.
Is revolutionary, because contains a new content doctrinal of projection historical that tends to transform the orientation spiritual of the people and of the future generations.
It is comprehensive, coeducational, active, progressive and scientific, because it meets the learning needs of the trainees and thus serves the local, regional and national needs of integral development.
It is promoter of social justice, solidarity and equity because it encourages autonomy, creativity, sense of responsibility and the critical spirit of students, men and women.
Is indispensable for the development of the country and for the deepening of the democracy, because assumes the interdependence of the theory and of it practice, together with the work manual e intellectual, in a process of permanent self-criticism and renewal of content and methods.
It is the Foundation of national integration and Bolivia's participation in the regional and world community of Nations, on the basis of the assertion of our sovereignty and identity.
Article 2. End of Bolivian education are: form fully to the man and woman bolivianos, stimulating the harmonious development of all its potential, depending on the interests of the community.
Defend and strengthen the health of the people, promoting good nutrition, hygienic and health care, physical education, the widespread practice of sports and raising the level of life.
Promote the practice of human values and universally recognized ethical standards, as well as those of our cultures, by promoting responsibility in personal decision-making, the development of critical thinking, respect for human rights, the preparation for a biological sexuality and ethically sound as the basis for a responsible family life, the consciousness of duty and provision for democratic life , and strengthening the social consciousness from person and of belonging to the community.
Strengthen national identity, highlighting the historical and cultural values of the Bolivian nation in its huge and diverse multicultural and multiregional wealth.
Encourage attitudes and skills towards art, science, technique and technology, promoting the ability to deal creatively and efficiently, the local, departmental and national development challenges.
Develop skills and competencies, starting with understanding the language and expression of thought through reading and writing, and by logical thinking through mathematics, as bases of progressive learning for the development of knowledge, the domain of science and technology and productive work and the improvement of the quality of life.
Assess the work as productive and dignified activity, training and human performance, factor cultivating the aesthetic and artistic sensitivity, creativity and the pursuit of quality and excellence.
Generate gender equity in the educational environment, stimulating a more active participation of women in society.
Encourage love and respect for nature and form awareness of defence and sustainable management of natural resources and the preservation of the environment.
Inculcate the people the principles of political and economic sovereignty, territorial integrity and social justice, promoting peaceful coexistence and international cooperation.
Title II of the educational system national chapter I of the objectives of the education system, article 3. Objectives and policies of the national education system: ensure solid and permanent training of our human resources, through dynamic instruments, to bring the Bolivian education at the height of the demands of the processes of change in the country and the world.
Organize a national educational system able to renew itself and constantly improve their quality to meet the changing needs of learning and national development, as well as to incorporate innovations technological and scientific; creating instruments of control, monitoring and evaluation with emphasis on the measurement of quality, instruments of information and educational research.
Improve the quality and efficiency of education, making it relevant to the needs of the community and extending it in its coverage and in the permanence of students in the education system and ensuring the equal rights of men and women.
Organize all the educational activities offering multiple and complementary options that allow the learner to learn by itself, in a process of permanent self-improvement.
Build an intercultural and participatory education system that enables all Bolivians access to education, without any discrimination.
Achieve the democratization of educational services from full coverage at the primary level, to the significant expansion of coverage in secondary education, developing actions that promote equality of access, opportunities and achievements in education, giving preferential attention to women and underprivileged sectors and valuing the critical role that, in this sense tax education.
Promote interest in manual, creative and productive work in children and young people, facilitating their professionalism in all the specialties required for national development.
Supporting institutional and curricular transformation of higher education. Chapter II of the structures of the national education system, article 4. The national education system is organized in four structures: of participation populaire, which determines the levels of organization of the community, for their participation in the education.
Of Curricular organization, which defines the areas, levels and forms of education.
Curriculum management, which determines the degrees of responsibility in the administration of the educational activities.
Tecnico-pedagogicos services and resource management, which aims to meet the requirements of the previous structures of the system and organizes pedagogical technical and administrative support units.
Chapter III of the structure of article 5 POPULAR participation. Objectives and policies of the structure of Popular participation: responding to the demands of citizens, men and women, and their territorial organizations base to achieve the efficiency of educational services, extending the coverage of equal opportunities for all Bolivians.
Improve the quality of education, developing goals relevant to the characteristics and requirements of the community.
Optimize the operation of the system, improving it efficiency administrative and eliminating the corruption by means of the control social.
Take the opinions of the educational community, promoting the concertation.
Take the learning of subjects of education needs.
Article 6. They are the mechanisms for Popular participation in education: the school boards, which will be made up of grassroots territorial organizations, taking into account equitable representation of men and women in the community.
Core boards, which will be constituted by representatives of the school boards, and the Subdistritales boards and district, which will be constituted by representatives of the core boards.
The Honorable councils and municipal boards.
The departmental councils of education, which will be formed by a representative of each District Board, a representative of the Trade Union of teachers of the Department, one of the public universities, one of the private universities of the Department and a representative of the student organizations at secondary and higher levels. Its functions shall be established by regulation.
The educational councils of indigenous peoples, which according to the concept of the transterritoriality will have a national character and are organized in: Aymara, Quechua, Guarani, multi-ethnic Amazonian and other. They will participate in the formulation of educational policies and shall ensure its proper implementation, particularly on interculturalism and bilingualism.
The National Council of education, which will consist of a representative of each departmental Council, a representative of each educational Council of the indigenous peoples, a representative of the Trade Union Confederation of teachers of Bolivia, a representative of the municipalities throughout the country, a representative of the Universidad Boliviana, a representative of the private universities, a representative of the Confederation of professionals of Bolivia , a representative of the Central Obrera Bolivian, a representative of the Confederation of them entrepreneurs private of Bolivia, a representative of the Confederation Union only of workers peasants of Bolivia and a representative of the Confederation of indigenous of the East Bolivian. Its functions and powers, as well as those of the departmental councils, will be defined by regulation, in the framework of the Constitution and on the basis of the functions and powers of the National Council of education until the promulgation of the present law. He will chair the Council the National Secretary of education, accompanied by their undersecretaries, and act as Permanent Secretary to the Board Director General of education.
The national education Congress, which brings together all sectors of society to discuss the development and progress of national education, will be convened at least every five years, in accordance with regulations, its conclusions and recommendations will provide an orientation for the development of education.
Article 7. The school boards, from core, Subdistritales and district, and the Honorable councils and municipal boards will participate, according to a general regulation of national character, in the planning, management and the social control of educational activities and the administration of educational services in the field of their competence. Chapter IV of article 8 CURRICULAR organization structure. Objectives and policies of the Curricular organization structure: enable education to men and women, establishing possibilities of access and egress at all levels of the system.
Prioritise the learning of the educating as the activity objective of it education, facing the teaching as activity of support; developing a curriculum focused on organized experiences that encourage the self-esteem of students and their ability to learn to be, to think, to act and to continue to learn by themselves.
Structure and develop a concept of education based on research, creativity, question, horizontal treatment, hope and the construction of knowledge, based on the most up-to-date methods of learning.
Organize the process educational on the life daily, according to them interests of them people and of the community, starting of the base of a trunk common of objectives and content national that will be complemented with objectives and content departmental and local.
Facilitate the adequate mechanisms for the participation of the various stakeholders of education, organizations and social institutions in the generation, management, and evaluation of development curriculum, with community, intercultural, gender perspective and interdisciplinary.
Provide a flexible curriculum, open, dialectical, systemic and integrative, guiding by objectives, present in all educational activities: the national conscience, interculturality, education for democracy, respect for the human person, the conservation of the environment, preparation for family life and human development.
Incorporate the concept of gender equity in the process of curriculum design. Article 9. The structure of training curriculum consists of two areas: Formal education, organized for the entire population; and alternative education, addressing cannot develop to their education in the Formal Area. Both areas should be dealt with in four groups modes: modes of learning: regulated, for learners without learning difficulties.
Special integrated that it caters for learners with special learning difficulties, through classrooms of psycho-pedagogical support within the regular mode.
Modes of language:-mono-lingual Spanish speaking with any native national language learning. -Bilingual, native national language as a first language; and in Spanish as a second language.
Teaching modalities: Unidocente, with a single docente-guia for various learning activities.
Pluridocente, with the support of a team of docentes-guia.
Modalities of care:-on campus, with Regular attendance to training courses. -A drive, with the support of media, shipping materials and assistance of monitors. The Formal Area is organized on four levels: pre-school, primary, secondary and higher, whose objectives also reaches the alternative area of education in its three components: adult, permanent and special. Chapter V of the FORMAL education levels in pre-school, primary and secondary article 10. The pre-school level of education started under the responsibility of one's home. The national education system has the duty to promote the early psycho-sensory stimulation, nutrition and family health care. The State will offer a formal course of preschool education of at least one year's duration, with the aim of preparing learners for primary education.
Article 11. The primary level focuses on the achievement of the cognitive, affective and psychomotor objectives of learners, with a desgraduada and flexible structure that allows them to progress at their own pace of learning, without loss of the year, to the attainment of the objectives of the level. The primary level, with a duration of eight years, is organised in three cycles: cycle of basic learning, mainly oriented to the achievement of comprehensive and thoughtful, the verbal and written expression reading basic skills; and the elementary mathematical reasoning.
Cycle of essential learnings, mainly oriented to the achievement of the objectives related to the cultivation of the natural sciences, social sciences, the development of language, mathematics and Visual, musical and performing arts.
Applied learning cycle, aimed at the learning of scientific and technological knowledge and basic technical skills based on the basic needs of life in the natural and social environment.
In the three cycles of learners native culture symbolic codes will be assumed. The practice of manual skills and the cultivation of physical education and sports will be also common to the three cycles.
Achieved learning outcomes defined at this level, the learner will receive the corresponding certificate of discharge that will allow you to access the world of work and to continue studies at the next level.
Article 12. The secondary level, is composed of two cycles in accordance with the personal rhythm of learning, without loss of the year, to the attainment of the objectives of the level: technological learning cycle, aimed at the achievement of skills and technical knowledge of first grade designed according to departmental and local development needs; In addition to the deepening of the objectives of primary fields in cognitive, affective and psychomotor. Accomplished the objectives of this cycle, the learner will receive the Diploma of technical basic allowing you to join the world of work and continue studies in the next cycle.
Cycle of learning distinct, organized in two options:-media technical learning planned in accordance with the departmental and local development needs, destined to complete the technical training of second grade. At its conclusion the educating will receive the Diploma of Bachelor technical. Corresponding Diploma will be awarded by the District Director of education with a minor in the chosen option, which allows it to access the world of work and follow the technical formation of third grade at the top level.
-Cientifico-humanisticos learning planned in coordination with the universities, to complete the necessary scientific, humanistic and artistic training to the entrance of the university degrees of the same nature. At its conclusion, the learner will receive the Bachelor Diploma in Humanities, awarded by the District Director of education.
Article 13. The development of each of the areas, levels and modalities will include permanent experimentation and validation of changes prior to your generalization.
Chapter VI of the top-level article 14. The top level of education includes training professional support of third level, the technological, humanistic artistic and scientific, including training and postgraduate specialization.
Article 15. The normal urban and rural schools will be transformed into higher normal institutes which carry out the formation and training of the teachers required by the educational system. These institutes may be ascribed to the universities, through agreements for the development of undergraduate for teacher training programs. The Ministry of human development shall establish, according to regulations, guidelines for the Constitution of new institutes and for the conversion of the current normal schools.
Article 16. Teachers the levels of preschool, primary and secondary will be formed in normal colleges and universities. Them graduates of them institutes normal superior with title of master in Provision national, can access to them studies of degree in the universities, with the recognition of their studies academic. The National Ministry of education will grant academic recognition equivalent to the degree of technician graduates of normal schools, with degree in national Provision, wishing to continue her undergraduate studies, prior accreditation of their knowledge, experience and learning special by the competent body.
The National Ministry of education, in coordination with the higher normal institutes and universities, scheduled courses complementary modalities face-to-face or distance, in order to give the title in national Provision and academic recognition enabling temporary teachers in teaching exercise, without that title, to pursue university studies, prior accreditation by the competent body.
Article 17. Holder campus of the higher normal institutes will be formed by professionals with academic degree equal or superior to the Bachelor's degree.
Article 18. The national system of technical education and technological (SINETEC) was created to regulate the formation of teachers and professional technicians and job training, based on the centres and public and private technical institutes in the areas of agricultural, commercial, industrial and other. Its structure, terms of reference and operation will be determined in consultation with the productive and labor sectors through regulation.
Article 19. The educational systems of the armed forces and the national police are part of the national educational system at higher level, being the command in Chief of the armed forces and the General command of the national police, respectively, responsible for planning and administration in accordance with the provisions of this law.
He Ministry of development human, in application of the Art. 190 ° of the Constitution political of the State, ensure by the correct inclusion of it education military and police, in their aspects cientifico-humanisticos, in the system educational national and by its due accreditation by the body competent.
Article 20. The Central coordinating body of the Universidad Boliviana, according to article 185 of the political Constitution of the State, shall prepare the National Plan for University development, according to the development of economic, social and cultural, with the following objectives: development of research, teaching, extension and cultural diffusion, as features substantive higher education.
Optimization of the efficiency, effectiveness and quality of higher education.
Adequacy of the activities of it education top to the needs of development national and regional. Article 21. Created the national system of accreditation and measurement of the quality education (SINAMED), which will be administered by the National Council for accreditation and educational quality measurement (CONAMED) as a specialized and autonomous entity. THE CONAMA will be composed of five members each appointed for a period of five years: a President and four members. The vowels will be initially renewed by draw, each year, according to regulation. The Honorable National Senate shall elect as members ideal citizens, two-thirds of votes of its members present. Two vowels will be chosen preferably from a list presented by the Bolivian University to the Commission for Social development of the Honorable Senate national. Likewise, the Chamber of deputies will elect a slate of three of qualified citizens, two-thirds of votes of its members present. The President of the Republic shall appoint this shortlisting the President of CONAMA, in accordance with article 62 °, paragraph 5, of the political Constitution of the State. The President of the CONAMA can be reelected for another term of five years, after a period of equal duration than had his previous term. The President and the members of the CONAMA will be full-time and may not exercise any other charge, or public or private.
THE CONAMA certify measuring the quality of education and the accreditation of programmes and educational institutions, public and private, of any level, in a permanent process and constant renewal. This will be supported by technical teams that are necessary and shall adopt procedures and parameters of accreditation and educational quality measurement, whereas those of international acceptance, as well as the entities involved in the measurement and accreditation criteria.
Article 22. The accreditation process which includes the phases of self-evaluation, external evaluation and accreditation, will have as objectives guiding and promoting the development of public and private education institutions, ensuring that they perform their activities on minimum quality and efficiency indicators in educational management. Accreditation will be required for the entry into force of the operating license of private education institutions.
Article 23. In accordance with the provisions of article 188 ° of the political Constitution of the State, private universities are authorized to issue academic degrees. The titles in national Provision for these universities will be awarded by the National Ministry of education, upon certification of the CONAMA.
Courts organized in private universities, for receiving the degree examinations, will be formed by five examiners: two inmates of the private University and three external: two of the public University of the Department and the other appointed by the CONAMA. For this purpose, private universities will request, by a notarized letter, the appointment of external examiners, no less than fifteen calendar days in advance.
The courts may function with three examiners. Chapter VII of article 24 alternative education. Alternative education will be aimed to complete the training of persons and provide access to education to those who for reasons of age, exceptional physical and mental conditions had not started or completed her studies in Formal education.
Article 25. Alternative education consists of adult education, continuing education and special education.
Article 26. Adult education will be organized in schoolchildren cores and any other environment, starting with adult literacy and looking his way designated targets in this law for the levels of Formal education according to the educational experiences that exist in the country in this field and to local needs.
Article 27. Permanent education adopts as its central reference the reality of educational sectors recipients. It includes the community education, open education and community support to various educational activities services.
Article 28. Special education will be oriented to meet the educational needs of children, adolescents, or adults who require specialized educational care and will be carried out by specialized teachers.
Chapter VIII of the structure of curriculum management article 29. Objectives and policies of the structure of curriculum management: ensure the performance of the highest function of the State, creating a suitable environment and conditions for education stakeholders achieve their objectives efficiently.
Plan, organize, direct, and evaluate the educational process in all areas, levels and modalities of the system, facilitating and promoting Popular participation in the educational process.
Article 30. The structure of curriculum management includes: in the area of Formal education, six levels: national, departmental, district, sub-district, nuclei and educational units.
In the area of alternative education, creates the following administrative structure at levels national and departmental, and must expand at district and sub-district levels if necessary.
-Adult education division, responsible for literacy and the accelerated methods primary and secondary education, as well as socio-educational development projects and programmes.
-Division of education special, responsible of the training of them people with needs educational special with disability, difficulty of learning or talent top, integrated and non-integrated, both in the area formal as alternative.
-Division of continuing education, responsible for the open education that is taught by means of written and audiovisual communication.
Article 31. National level has educational jurisdiction throughout the national territory and the departmental level within the territory of the respective Department. The district level extends its educational jurisdiction in the territory of every municipality, and joint municipalities form a single jurisdiction of the educational system. The subdistrict level is organised in very populated or extensive and isolated municipalities to ensure the attendance of the schools in that jurisdiction.
Educational nuclei make up the level of nuclei. Each core is a network of complementary services comprised of a Central Unit with pre-school, primary and secondary education services; Sub-Centrales units with pre-school and primary education services; and finally, in rural areas, also by sectional schools with pre-school education services and, at least for the first two cycles of primary education. In rural areas, the educational centres will be reorganized taking into account criteria of community of interests, culture, language and accessibility; and in the cities will be organized by areas or neighborhoods.
The various levels will be integrated bodies of Popular participation, in accordance with regulation.
Article 32. It dispónelos is the administrative unification of urban education and Rural education, which implies the unification of the Bolivian teachers without prejudice to the application of the salary differential for staff serving in places of difficult access and lacking or inadequate basic infrastructure, according to regulation.
Article 33. The Director-General, departmental managers and the District Directors and Subdistritales of education, may be university teachers with degree in national or professional Provision of proven ability, with sufficient experience in activities related to education, in accordance with regulation and do not have sheets of charge pending or enforceable sentence. They will be selected according to the procedures of the Civil Service, with enough experience and certification of the CONAMA.
Article 34. Teachers with degree in national Provision, the academics and senior technicians have the right to enter in the teaching service, prior competency test, prepared and administered by the CONAMA, according to the needs of the education service. In cases of necessity, may also enter in the teaching service the high schoolers and the qualified by experience or by means of special learning, examination of competition.
Article 35. The directors of them establishments educational and of them nuclei school must be educators formed in the level upper, of proven ability and experience educational. They will be selected by competitive examination and appointed by the superior authority, according to regulation or Convention.
Article 36. Them together school, of core, Subdistritales and district to which is concerns the Art. 6 ° will exert the control social on the performance of them authorities educational, directors and personal teaching and may poroponer authorities educational of the core, district or departmental, according to appropriate, its hiring, ratification by good services or its removal by cause justified, according to regulation.
Article 37. Without prejudice to the antique effect regime, is reform of the existing rankings and the creation of new careers teaching and administrative to encourage staff to their training, performance and creativity, opening possibilities for recognition by those concepts.
Article 38. In accordance with article 184 ° public Constitution of the State, teachers enjoy the right of immunity if they meet the following conditions: having been incorporated into the educational service in accordance with article 34 of this law which stipulates.
Have accredited professional proficiency every five years, in accordance with regulation.
Not have engaged in serious misconduct, in accordance with regulation.
Have not been convicted with judgment rendered in criminal matters or have cargo specification or fault auto-executed.
Those who fail to comply with any of these conditions shall be suspended or exempted from service, as the case may be. Article 39. It recognizes the right of Association and unionization of teachers according to the Art. 7 ° and 159 ° of the political Constitution of the State, to defend their professional interests, the dignity of his career and the improvement of education.
The administrative career with executive responsibility staff can not unionize. Chapter IX of the structure of facilities technician - teaching and administration of resources article 40. Objectives and the structure of technical services - teaching and resource management policy: ensure the smooth running of the national educational system to provide tecnico-pedagogico support to authorities and teaching staff of the structure of Curricular administration, through specialized functions units; and efficiently managing staff and infrastructure resources, materials and necessary financial terms the objectives of the curriculum.
Article 41. Structure of Tecnico-pedagogicos services and resource management comprises the following levels: national, departmental, district and sub-district, the pedagogical technical aspect, both in the administration of personnel and material and financial resources.
These levels are organized in two divisions: Division of Tecnico-pedagogico services and Administration Division of resources.
Article 42. Technical services - teaching Division is responsible for the functions of curriculum development, research, planning, evaluation, and others, in functional coordination between the relevant level. Dependent Tecnico-pedagogicos services, creates the body of pedagogical advisors, each address district and subdistrict, to provide pedagogical support to principals and teachers of the nuclei and schools. Eliminates the position of Supervisor.
Article 43. The Division of resources management comprises two offices: Office staff and Office of infrastructure and property. Both offices depend on the corresponding addresses education levels national and departmental. At the district and subdistrict levels, the Office of personnel depends on the respective Directorate of education; While the Office of infrastructure and assets depends on the corresponding municipality.
Article 44. The structure of Tecnicos-pedagogicos services and resource management staff will be professional staff qualified and selected by examination of competition, after satisfying requirements that have the corresponding regulation.
Article 45. Operation and equipment, and the payment of the staff of the offices of the central level of the seat of Government, the departmental level in the capital of each Department, and the levels district and sub-district in rural and urban municipalities will be covered by the General Treasury of the nation. The staff of the office of infrastructure and assets of the district and sub-district level will be paid by the respective municipal treasures. CHAPTER X FUNDING LEVELS, PRE-SCHOOL, PRIMARY, SECONDARY AND ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION AREA.
Article 46. The State, according to the precepts constitutional, offers education tax free to all. Accordingly, and prioritizing the education primary, the State attends them levels pre-school, primary, secondary and the area of education alternative of them establishments fiscal of the system educational national and of them entities that had subscribed Convention with the State, with resources financial that come of them following sources: the Treasury General of the nation, them treasures municipal and the budget of investment public.
Article 47. He Treasury General of the nation will hold the operation of them levels pre-school, primary, secondary and of the area of education alternative with resources destined to them expenses current in payments to the personal teaching and administrative of them units educational.
Article 48. Municipal treasuries will finance the construction, replacement and maintenance of infrastructure, furniture equipment and teaching material public educational establishments of the levels of preschool, primary, secondary and alternative education in the field of their jurisdiction.
Article 49. Each municipality is responsible for the administration of the educational infrastructure in the scope of its own jurisdiction. In this instance, designate and will pay its own administrators. The Monitoring Committee of the municipality in coordination with the district boards of educational participation and grassroots territorial organizations, must be maintained in careful observation on the State of maintenance, upkeep and replacement of infrastructure and school equipment needs.
Article 50. Each municipality will build the new educational establishments according to their Plan of buildings and equipment, subject to tecnico-pedagogico approval of the National Ministry of education, in accordance with regulation. Municipal plans should incorporate the needs of maintenance of the infrastructure, in the short term, and the needs of enlargement and replacement in the medium and long term, within the framework of the objectives of the curriculum in their budgets. In extraordinary situations, municipalities need help will go to funding institutions of the State which, according to its possibilities, will offer its support through public investment programmes, supported by extraordinary resources according to regulation.
Chapter XI of the financing of the level upper article 51. Centers and State institutes of the national system of technical education and technology will be funded by the General Treasury of the nation and by voluntary contributions from the private sector, according to regulation.
Article 52. The higher normal institutes will be financed by the Treasury General of the nation, according to the national budget.
Article 53. They are public and autonomous universities resources: the resources from participation in national taxes, established by law for public and autonomous universities.
Revenues from the collection of tuition, and sale of laboratory services, workshops, and others.
The revenue by services of advice and research scientific and technological. They are grants from the public and autonomous universities additional transfers from the General Treasury of the nation, and the extraordinary allocations of the public investment budget.
Mandatory and sufficient subsidies of the State with national funds, provided by the art. 187 ° of the Constitution political of the State, is will determine by the need of resources additional to them own of them universities, required for the compliance of them late, them objectives and the achievement of them results of the Plan national of development University, made by the body central of the University Bolivian and compatibilizado with the Plan General of development economic and Social of the Republic presented by the Executive Branch to the legislative branch, in accordance with articles 96 ° and paragraph 8 °, 144 °, of the political Constitution of the State.
The implementation of the National Development Plan of the University by each of the universities and autonomous, will allow as creditor to the additional subsidy, which will be distributed through its central agency.
The evaluation and certification of the CONAMA will allow to know the fulfillment of the goals and objectives of the National Plan of University development, for the cuale public universities and autonomous must adhere to the SINAMED, following the same procedures.
Part of the subsidies will be destined to special funds of a competitive nature. Elsewhere may be aimed at the system of individual scholarships, so poor students have access to higher education cycles, so whether your vocation and capacity conditions that they prevail over social or economic position in accordance with article 180 of the political Constitution of the State.
Article 54. In accordance with that established in the Arts. 152° to 155° of the political Constitution of the State, public and autonomous universities shall submit annually to the Congress accounts of their incomes and expenses, accompanied by a report of the Comptroller General of the Republic, in accordance with the rules laid down by the relevant governing bodies. The legislature, through its committees, shall have power to control on those universities. Title III chapter I General provisions article 55. The text reformed by this law is the code of education which is referred to in article 184 ° of the political Constitution of the State.
Repeal of all laws, decrees and provisions contrary to this law. Article 56. In accordance with the political Constitution of the State, public education and private levels in pre-school, primary, secondary, normal and special, it shall be governed by the State, through the Ministry of human development through the National Ministry of education.
Article 57. In the non-confessional tax and private establishments will be taught the Catholic religion; and in denominational private ones, according to its confessional nature religion. In both cases, if it is not according to the religion taught in the establishment, you may request the change of religion by the matter of ethical and moral training which can be attended by any teacher trained to effect settlement. Chapter II transitional provisions article 1. To make the changes necessary for the implementation of the present law will develop an educational reform, which will take place through two programmes executed at the same time giving priority to primary education: transformation and improvement program of the education program. Program improvement will also school in joint actions between the universities and the National Ministry of education.
Article 2. The Executive branch shall regulate all aspects of the present law. Article 3. There is the re-registration of all private institutions with top level to determine the degree of professional or occupational certification issued according to regulation. Article 4. Sets a term of three years from the promulgation of this law, to all institutions public and private national educational system, are incorporated into the accreditation process. Article 5. It dispónelos is the renewal of all inter-agency educational conventions within the framework of this law and its regulations. Article 6. The National Ministry of education, in coordination with the interested universities, will organize special programs that enable staff with hierarchical functions or functions of teaching in normal schools, to obtain within a reasonable time, in accordance with regulations, degree, in carrying the laid down in articles 33 °, 34 ° and 35 ° of this law, without prejudice to the exercise of its current functions.
Article 7. Respected tenure of current in-service teachers, who within a maximum period of five years, after enacted this law, shall also comply with the requirements established in the Arts. 35° and 38° of this law.
Article 8. The Director-General, departmental directors, the District Directors and Subdistritales of education, will temporarily, be selected, until you develop the new regulation of the ladder, according to contest of merits and tests of competence on the basis of public call issued by national Ministry of education. Article 9. Provides the creation of a joint Commission for the elaboration of the new regulation of the ranks of the Magisterium and of failures and disciplinary regulations. The Committee shall be composed by representatives of the National Secretariat of education and teaching.
Article 10. Current Directors holders of nuclei and school units, remaining in their positions. For its ratification or substitution, shall be an assessment according to the new regulation. They may be removed by infringement of the current regulation of misconduct and disciplinary action. Refer to the Executive Branch, for constitutional purposes.
Session room of the H. Congress. Peace, 7 July 1994. FDO. Juan Carlos Durán Saucedo, Guillermo Bedregal, G., Walter Zuleta Roncal, Guido R. Capra Gemio, Georg Prestel Kern, Mirtha Quevedo Acalinovic, therefore enacted it so that you have and observe as the law of the Republic. Government Palace of the city of La Paz, to the seven days of the month of July one thousand nine hundred ninety-four years. FDO. GONZALO Sánchez DE LOZADA, Enrique Ipiña Melgar, Carlos Sánchez Berzaín, Ernesto Machicao Argiro.