law no 421
LAW OF OCTOBER 07, 2013
EVO MORALES AYMA
CONSTITUTIONAL PRESIDENT OF THE PLURINATIONAL STATE OF BOLIVIA
For the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, it has The following Act:
THE PLURINATIONAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY,
D E C R E T A:
LAW ON DISTRIBUTION OF SEATS BETWEEN DEPARTMENTS
Article 1. (AMENDMENTS TO LAW NO 026 OF 30 JUNE 2010). The Articles are modified
50. (d) and (e); 56. I, 57. I and 60. I of Law 026 of June 30, 2010, Law of the Electoral Regime, according to the following content:
Article 50. (ELECTORAL CONSTITUENCIES).
d) Uninominal Circumunitas for female deputies and uninominal deputies, defined by Law.
) Special Circuncencies for Indigenous Members and Members of Indigenous Peoples, defined by Law.
Article 56. (COMPOSITION OF THE CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES).
I. The Chamber of Deputies of the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, consists of one hundred and thirty (130) members, according to the following departmental distribution:
La Paz 29
Santa Cruz 28
Article 57. (FROM THE DISTRIBUTION OF SEATS).
I. The following distribution of uninominal, plurinominal, and special seats is established in each of the country's departments:
DEPARTMENT SEATS DEPARTMENT
LA PAZ 29 14 14 1
SANTA CRUZ 28 14 13 1
COCHABAMBA 19 9 9 1
Potosi 13 7 6 0
Chuquisaca 10 5 5 0
Oruro 9 4 4 1
Tarija 9 4 4 1
Beni 8 4 3 1
Pando 5 2 2 1
TOTAL 130 63 60 7
Article 60. (ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT).
I. For the election of deputies and deputies in single-member constituencies, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal
will establish electoral constituencies that will be based on the population and territorial extension, and must have geographical continuity, affinity and territorial continuity and not transcend departmental boundaries. ?
ARTICLE 2. (MODIFICATIONS AND INCORPORATION INTO LAW NO. 026 OF JUNE 30, 2010).
modifies Paragraph II and incorporates Paragraph III to Article 56 of Law 026 of June 30, 2010, Law of the Electoral Regime, according to the following content:
? II. For the distribution of the hundred thirty (130) seats among the nine departments, the
next procedure is set:
Allocation of Seats to Departments with Minor Population. To assign seats to departments with lower population, the following methodology is adopted:
A baseline is established to identify departments that have the lowest population and those with greater number of inhabitants, for this purpose the central trend statistical measure is used, called arithmetic mean and that as a general rule when working with population is known as a population mean.
Also determined, the population mean of the departments with: i) greater number of inhabitants and, ii) lower population. As in the previous point, statistics are used for this calculation.
The electoral reason is found, which relates the population mean of the departments with the greatest number of inhabitants, with the average population of the departments with the lowest population.
The number of total seats to be distributed (130) is linked to the electoral reason, which allows the number of seats to be allocated to be calculated to departments with lower population.
The number of seats obtained by the previous relationship is divided, among the departments with the lowest population. The result is the number of seats that corresponds to each of the departments with the lowest population. For the allocation of seats to each department, the whole number of the quotient is taken into account and if it is accompanied by decimal or fraction, according to the result of the mathematical algorithm, the rule of rounding to the distribution is applied departmental.
Allocation of Seats to Departments with Minor Economic Development Degree. To assign seats to departments with a lower degree of economic development, the following methodology is adopted:
Two weight factors expressed in quantitative terms are determined. The first factor is connected to the total number of seats and the second to the remainder of the curules resulting from the first allocation per smaller population.
The index numbers are related, in the formula, to the weighting factors. In the numerator the Human Development Index (HDI) of Bolivia, with the factor, and in the denominator the lowest Human Development Index (HDI) departmental, with the factor. The result is the amount of seats to be allocated to the departments with the least degree of economic development. Depending on this outcome, it will be up to one or more departments to distribute seats. For the allocation of seats to the departments, the whole number of the quotient is taken into account and if it is accompanied by decimal or fraction, according to the result of the mathematical algorithm, the rule of rounding to the distribution is applied departmental.
Allocation of Seats by the Principle of Proportionality. Each Department allocates seats according to the proportional system as follows:
The number of inhabitants each Department has is considered.
The the population of each of the departments, successively among the dividers composed of natural numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, etc.) in a correlative and continuous form, to distribute the remaining seats after the application of the equity principle.
They are ordered from greater to less, the electoral ratios obtained from the dividing operation, to cover the amount of total seats, which remain after assigning the same by the principle of equity, to the respective departments.
Each Department is assigned, the proportional amount of seats that it mathematically corresponds to.
III. This composition will be amended by Law of the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, after a new
national population census.?
ONLY. All provisions contrary to this Law are hereby repealed.
Remitase to the Executive Body for constitutional purposes.
It is given in the Session Room of the Plurinational Legislative Assembly, five days from the October of the
year two thousand thirteen.
Fdo. Lilly Gabriela Montano Viana, Betty Asunta Tejada Soruco, Andres Agustín Villca Daza, Marcelina
Chávez Salazar, Marcelo Elio Chavez, Angel David Cortez Villegas.
Therefore, I enact it so that it has and complies with the law of the State Plurinational of Bolivia.
Palace of Government of the city of La Paz, seven days of the month of October of the year two thousand thirteen.
FDO. EVO MORALES AYMA, Juan Ramón Quintana Taborga, Elba Viviana Caro Hinojosa, Claudia Stacy
Peña Claros, Amanda Davila Torres.