Law On Consent To The Stockholm Convention On Persistent Organic Pollutants And To Annexes A, B, C, D, E And F, Made In Stockholm On 22 May 2001 (1) (2)

Original Language Title: Loi portant assentiment à la Convention de Stockholm sur les polluants organiques persistants, et aux Annexes A, B, C, D, E et F, faites à Stockholm le 22 mai 2001 (1)(2)

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Posted the: 2006-06-14 Numac: 2005015139 FEDERAL Foreign Affairs, external trade and development COOPERATION PUBLIC SERVICE September 17, 2005. -Law concerning consent to the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants and to Annexes A, B, C, D, E and F, made in Stockholm on 22 May 2001 (1) (2) ALBERT II, King of the Belgians, to all, present and future, hi.
The Chambers have adopted and we endorse the following: Article 1. This Act regulates a matter referred to in article 77 of the Constitution.
S. 2. the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants, and Annexes A, B, C, D, E and F, made in Stockholm on 22 May 2001, will release their full and complete effect.
The amendments to the Annexes to the Convention or Annexes added to the Convention news which are adopted pursuant to article 22 of the Convention, while the Belgium opposes their adoption, will come out full and complete effect.
Promulgate this Act, order that it self under the seal of the State and published by le Moniteur.
Given in Brussels, September 17, 2005.
ALBERT by the King: the Minister for Foreign Affairs, K. DE GUCHT Minister of economy and scientific policy, M.
VERWILGHEN the Minister of public health, R. DEMOTTE Minister of Agriculture, Mrs S. LARUELLE Minister of Cooperation for development, A. DE DECKER Minister of mobility, Ms. R. LANDUYT. the Minister of the environment, B.
TOBBACK sealed with the seal of the State: the Minister of Justice, Ms. L. ONKELINX Notes (1) Session 2004 - 2005.
Senate.
Documents. -Bill filed January 12, 2004, no. 3 - 1019/1. -Report, n ° 3-1019/2. Text adopted by the Commission.
Parliamentary Annals. -Discussion, meeting of 14 April 2005. -Vote meeting of 14 April 2005.
House of representatives.
Documents.
-Draft transmitted by the Senate, no. 51-1717/1. -Report - text adopted in plenary and subject to Royal assent, session No. 51-1717/2.
Parliamentary Annals. -Discussion, meeting of May 26, 2005.
-Vote meeting of May 26, 2005.
(2) see Decree of the Flemish community / the Flemish Region of 26 March 2004 (Moniteur belge of 21 May 2004), Decree of the Walloon Region on 27 November 2003 (Moniteur belge of 8 December 2003), order of the Region of Brussels - capital of April 20, 2006 (Moniteur belge of 9 May 2006) Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants the Parties to this Convention Recognizing that persistent organic pollutants possess toxic properties, resist degradation, accumulate in living organisms and are transported, through air, water and migratory species across borders international and deposited far from their site of origin, where they accumulate in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems aware of the health concerns, especially in developing countries, caused by exposure at the local level on persistent organic pollutants , especially the exposure of women and, through them, that of future generations, knowing that the Arctic ecosystem and indigenous peoples who live there are particularly at risk because of the biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants and that contamination of indigenous traditional foods is a public health issue, conscious of the need to take measures at the global level relating to persistent organic pollutants Bearing in mind decision 19/13 C of the Governing Council of the United Nations Programme environment, on 7 February 1997, on international action to protect human health and the environment by adopting measures designed to reduce and eliminate emissions and discharges of persistent organic pollutants, recalling the relevant provisions of the relevant international conventions on the environment , especially the Rotterdam Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain chemicals and pesticides informed hazardous which are subject to international trade and the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal, including regional agreements in respect of article 11 thereof, recalling also the pertinent provisions of the Rio Declaration on environment and development and Agenda 21 Declaring that all the Parties are animated by a concern for caution that manifests in the present Convention, recognising that this Convention and other international agreements in the field of trade and environment contribute to the same goal, reaffirming that, pursuant to the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, States have the sovereign right to exploit their own resources according to their policies on environment and development and the duty to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or under their control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or areas beyond national jurisdiction, taking into account the situation and needs of the developing countries, particularly the least developed among them, and countries with economies in transition, in particular the need to strengthen their national chemicals management means , thanks in particular to the transfer of technology, the provision of financial and technical assistance and the promotion of cooperation between the Parties, taking full account of the Programme of action for the sustainable development of small island developing States, adopted in Barbados on 6 May 1994, noting the respective capabilities of developed and developing, as well as the common but differentiated responsibilities of States as set forth in principle 7 of the Rio Declaration on environment and development, recognizing the important contribution that can bring the private sector and non-governmental organizations for the reduction, or even elimination, of emissions and discharges of persistent organic pollutants, stressing the importance that the manufacturers of persistent organic pollutants are responsible for mitigating the harmful effects of their products and give users to Governments and the public with information on the properties of these chemicals that make substances dangerous, conscious of the need to take measures to prevent adverse effects of persistent organic pollutants at all stages of their life cycle, reaffirming principle 16 of the Rio Declaration on environment and development, pursuant to which national authorities should endeavour to promote the internalization of environmental costs and the use of instruments
economic, under the principle that it is the polluter who should, in principle, bear the cost of pollution, for the sake of the public interest and without distorting international trade and investment, encouraging Parties lack systems of regulation and evaluation of pesticides and industrial chemicals to develop such systems, recognizing that it is important to put to the point and use processes and chemicals replacement that are environmentally rational, determined to protect human health and the environment against the poisonous effects of persistent organic pollutants, have agreed as follows: Article 1 objective-taking into account the precautionary approach contained in principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on environment and development, the objective of this Convention is to protect human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants.
Article 2 Definitions for the purposes of this Convention: a) "Party" means a State or a regional economic integration organization that has consented to be bound by this Convention and for which the Convention is in force;
(b) "regional economic integration organization" means an organization constituted by sovereign States of a given region to which its Member States have transferred their competence over matters governed by this Convention and which has been duly authorized, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept or approve the Convention, or to accede to them;
(c) "Parties present and voting" means Parties present casting an affirmative or negative vote.
Article 3 measures to reduce or eliminate releases from intentional use 1 and a production. Each party: a) prohibit and/or take the legal and administrative measures which are necessary to eliminate: i) the production and use of chemicals listed in Annex A, under the provisions of said; Annex
(ii) the import and export of chemicals listed in Annex A in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2;
(b) limit the production and use of chemicals listed in Annex B in accordance with the provisions of that annex.
2. each Party shall take measures to ensure: has) that any chemical listed in Annex A or Annex B is imported only: i) for such environmentally sound disposal as provided in paragraph d) of paragraph 1 of article 6; or ii) for a use or purpose permitted for that party under Annex A or Annex B;
(b) that any chemical substance

to schedule A with a derogation specific concerning the production or use, or any chemical listed in Annex B with a specific exemption or an acceptable purpose for production or use, taking into account all relevant provisions of the international instruments in force on prior informed consent, is exported only: i) for environmentally sound disposal as laid down in paragraph (d)) , paragraph 1 of article 6;
(ii) to a party which is permitted to use that chemical under Annex A or Annex B; or iii) to a State not party to this Convention, on annual certification to the exporting Party. This certification must specify the intended use of the chemical and include a statement to the effect that the importing State is committed, with regard to this chemical, to: a) protect human health and the environment by taking the necessary measures to minimize or prevent releases;
b) comply with the provisions of paragraph 1 of article 6;
c) comply, where appropriate, the provisions of paragraph 2 of part II of Annex B.
The supporting documentation required, such as legislation, regulatory instruments, administrative instructions or guidelines, are attached to the certification. The exporting Party shall transmit the certification to the Secretariat within 60 days of its receipt;
c) that any chemical listed in Annex A for which a party benefits more specific exemption concerning the production and utilization is not exported by this part, except for the purpose of environmentally sound disposal as provided for in paragraph (d)), paragraph 1 of article 6;
(d) for the purposes of this paragraph, the term "State not party to this Convention" includes, with respect to a particular chemical substance, any State or regional economic integration organization that has not agreed to be bound by the provisions of the Convention for this chemical.
3. each party that has one or more regulatory regimes and evaluation of new pesticides or new industrial chemicals shall take measures aimed at preventing the production and use of new pesticides or new industrial chemicals which, taking into account the criteria set out in paragraph 1 of Annex D, exhibit the characteristics of persistent organic pollutants.
4. each party that has one or more regulatory and assessment of pesticides or industrial chemicals schemes takes, if there is place into consideration within these schemes the criteria in paragraph 1 of Annex D when conducting an assessment of pesticides or industrial chemicals in circulation.
5. unless otherwise provided in this Convention, paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to quantities of a chemical to be used for the research laboratory or as a reference standard.
6 any party with a specific derogation in accordance with Annex A or a specific exemption or acceptable purpose in accordance with Annex B takes appropriate measures to ensure that any production or use in respect of the said derogation or for this purpose is made so as to prevent or minimize human exposure and release into the environment. In the case of the title uses exemptions or acceptable purposes giving rise to intentional release into the environment under normal operating conditions these releases will be reduced to the minimum necessary, taking into account applicable directives and standards.
Article 4 register of specific exemptions 1. A register is established hereby to identify the Parties benefiting from specific derogations provided for in Annex A or Annex B. It only lists Parties that the provisions of Annex A or Annex B, which the Parties may rely. This registry is maintained by the Secretariat and is available to the public.
(2. the register shall include: a) a list of the types of specific exemptions in Annex A and Annex B;
b) a list of the parts with a specific derogation under Annex A or Annex B;
(c) a list of the expiry dates for each registered specific exemption).
3. any State which becomes party may, upon written notification to the Secretariat, register one or more types of specific exemptions in Annex A or annex B. 4. Unless an earlier date is indicated in the register by a party, or an extension is granted pursuant to paragraph 7, all recorded specific derogations expire five years after the date of entry into force of the present Convention with respect to a particular chemical.
5. at its first meeting, the Conference of the Parties shall adopt a review process for entries in the register.
6. prior to the review of a registration in the register, the party concerned shall submit to the Secretariat a report attesting that the registration of this derogation remains necessary. The Secretariat distributed the report to all Parties. Review the derogation is done on the basis of all available information. The Conference of the Parties may make thereon any recommendations it considers appropriate to the party concerned.
7. at the request of the party concerned, the Conference of the Parties may decide to extend a specific exemption for a period up to five years. In making its decision, the Conference of the Parties duly takes into account the particular situation of those who are from developing countries and countries with economies in transition.
8. a party may, at any time, withdraw its registration in the register for a specific exemption, on written notification to the Secretariat. The withdrawal shall take effect on the date indicated in the notification.
9. when plus no part is registered for a particular type of specific exemption, no new record is accepted for such derogation.
Article 5 measures to reduce or eliminate releases from unintentional production each party at least takes the following measures to reduce the total releases derived from anthropogenic sources of each of chemicals listed in Annex C, to reduce their volume to a minimum and, where feasible, ultimate elimination: has) develop, within two years following the entry into force of the Convention in her respect ((, an action plan or, where appropriate, a regional or subregional action plan, and apply it then under the implementation plan referred to in article 7, to identify, characterize and manage releases of chemicals listed in Annex C and to facilitate the application of paragraphs b) to (e)). This action plan should include the following elements: i) an evaluation of current and projected releases, and including the establishment and maintenance of inventories of sources and release estimates, taking into account the source categories identified in Annex C;
II) an evaluation of the effectiveness of legislation and policies applied by the party to manage these discharges;
((iii) strategies to ensure compliance with the obligations in respect of this paragraph, account in light of the evaluations referred to in points) i and ii);
(iv) measures to make known the above strategies and to promote education and training in this area;
v) a review of these strategies every five years, to determine to what extent they have allowed the party to fulfil the obligations under this paragraph;
the results of these reviews will be included in the reports submitted pursuant to article 15;
VI) a timetable for implementation of the action plan, including strategies and measures are outlined;
(b) encourage the application of materially possible and practical measures enabling to quickly reach a level realistic and appreciable reduction of discharges or disposal of sources.
c) promote the development and, where it deems appropriate, require the use of materials, products and processes modified or replacement to prevent the formation and release of chemicals listed in Annex C, taking into account the guidelines on measures of prevention and reduction of waste listed in Annex C and guidelines to be adopted by decision of the Conference of the Parties;
(d) promote and, in accordance with the schedule of implementation of its action plan, require the use of best available techniques for new sources within source categories which a party has identified as justifying the treatment in the context of its action plan, focusing initially on the source categories listed in part II of Annex C. In any case, the use of best available techniques for new sources within the categories listed in part II of the said Annex will be introduced as soon as possible and no later than four years after the entry into force of this Convention for that party. For the categories thus identified, the Parties shall encourage the use of best environmental practices. For the application of best available techniques

and best environmental practices, the Parties should take account of the General guidelines on the measures of prevention and reduction of waste listed in Annex C and guidelines on best available techniques and best environmental practices to be adopted by decision of the Conference of the Parties;
(e) encourage, in accordance with its action plan, the use of best available techniques and best environmental practices: i) for existing sources, within the source categories identified in part II of Annex C and source categories such as those listed in part III of that annex;
(ii) for new sources, within categories of sources such as those listed in part III of Annex C for which this part has not done under paragraph (d)).
In the application of best available techniques and best environmental practices, the Parties should take account of the General guidelines on the measures of prevention and reduction of waste listed in Annex C and guidelines on best available techniques and best environmental practices to be adopted by decision of the Conference of the Parties;
(f) for the purposes of this paragraph and Annex C: i) "best available techniques" means the stage of the most effective and advanced development of activities and their methods of operation, demonstrating the practical suitability of particular techniques for providing, in principle, the basis of limitation of discharges to prevent and, when this is not possible, to reduce overall releases of chemicals listed in part I of Annex C and their impact on the environment as a whole. In this regard: ii) 'techniques' includes both the technology used, the way in which the installation is designed, built, maintained, operated and put out of service;
((iii) by 'available' techniques means those techniques to which the operator may have access and that are developed on a scale which allows implementation in the industrial sector, in conditions economically and technically viable, taking into account the costs and benefits, iv) 'best' means most effective techniques to achieve a high general level of protection of the environment as a whole (((, v) "best environmental practices" means the application of the most appropriate combination of strategies and environmental regulatory measures, vi) "new source" means any source that is beginning to build or undertaken to modify substantially at least one year after the date of entry into force: has) of this Convention for the party concerned (, or b) an amendment to Annex C for the party concerned, when the source is subject to the provisions of this Convention only under this amendment.
g) values limits releases or performance standards may be used by a party to fulfill its obligations regarding bat under this subsection.
Article 6 measures to reduce or eliminate releases from stockpiles and wastes 1. In order to ensure that stockpiles consisting of listed chemicals to Annex A or in Annex B, or containing, and wastes, including products and articles reduced to becoming wastes, consisting of chemicals listed in Annex A, B or C, containing, or contaminated with these substances are managed so as to protect human health and the environment (((, each party: a) developed appropriate strategies to identify: i) stockpiles consisting of chemicals listed in Annex A or Annex B or in container, and ii) products and articles in use and wastes consisting of a chemical listed in Annex A, B or C, containing, or contaminated with the substance;
b) identifies, insofar as possible, the stockpiles of chemicals listed in Annex A or Annex B, or containing, on the basis of the strategies referred to in paragraph a);
(c) manages stocks, where appropriate, in a safe, efficient and environmentally sound manner.
Stocks of chemicals listed in annex has or in Annex B that it is no longer permitted to use in accordance with a specific derogation to Annex A or a specific exemption or acceptable purpose specified in Annex B, with the exception of stocks that it is allowed to export in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 3, are regarded as waste and are managed in accordance with subparagraph (d));
(d) take appropriate measures to ensure that waste, including products and articles upon becoming wastes: i) are handled, collected, transported and stored in an environmentally sound manner;
(ii) are disposed of in a way that the persistent organic pollutants they contain are destroyed or irreversibly transformed so that they do have more the characteristics of persistent organic pollutants, otherwise disposed in an environmentally sound manner when destruction or irreversible transformation is not the environmentally preferable option or the persistent organic pollutant content is low taking into account the rules, international standards and guidelines, including those that may be developed pursuant to paragraph 2, and of regional and global regimes relevant governing the management of hazardous waste;
(iii) cannot be subjected to disposal operations that may lead to recovery, recycling, reclamation, direct reuse or other uses of persistent organic pollutants;
(iv) are not the subject of transboundary movements without taking account of the rules, standards and relevant international guidelines;
(e) strives to develop appropriate strategies for identifying sites contaminated by chemicals listed in Annex A, B or C; If remediation of those sites is undertaken, it should be performed in an environmentally sound manner.
(2. the Conference of the Parties is working closely with the appropriate bodies of the Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal, including: a) establish levels of destruction and irreversible transformation necessary to ensure that the characteristics of persistent organic pollutants listed in paragraph 1 of Annex D are not present;
(b) determine the methods which they consider that they constitute environmentally sound disposal referred to above;
c) seek to establish, as appropriate, the concentration levels of the chemicals listed in annexes A, B and C in order to define the low persistent organic pollutant content referred to in point ii), paragraph (d)), of paragraph 1.
Article 7 Implementation Plans 1. Each party: has) drawn up and endeavour to implement a plan to fulfil its obligations under this Convention;
(b) transmit its implementation plan to the Conference of the Parties within a period of two years from the date of entry into force of the Convention in respect;
c) review and update, as appropriate, its plan of implementation at regular intervals and in a manner to be specified by the Conference of the Parties in a decision to this effect.
2. the Parties shall cooperate, as appropriate, either directly or through global, regional and subregional organizations, and consult their national stakeholders, including women's groups and organizations working in the field of children's health, in order to facilitate the development, implementation and updating of their implementation plans.
3. the Parties shall endeavour to use and, if necessary, to implement ways of integration of the national plans of implementation for persistent organic pollutants in their sustainable development strategies, as appropriate.
Article 8 listing of chemicals in annexes A, B and C 1. A party may submit to the Secretariat a proposal for listing a chemical in annexes A, B and/or C. This proposal shall contain the information required in Annex D. A party may be assisted by other Parties or the Secretariat in the preparation of its proposal.
2. the Secretariat verifies whether the proposal contains the information required in Annex D. If the Secretariat considers that the proposal well has this information, it passes it to the persistent organic pollutants Review Committee.
3. the Committee examines the proposal and apply the screening criteria set out in Annex D in a flexible and transparent manner, taking into account how integrated and balanced of all the information provided.
4. If the Committee decides that: has) the proposal meets the selection criteria, it communicates, through the Secretariat, the proposal and the evaluation of the Committee to all Parties and observers and invite them to submit the information specified in Annex E;
(b) the proposal does not meet the selection criteria, it shall inform, through the Secretariat, the Parties and observers and communicates the proposal and the evaluation of the Committee to all Parties and the proposal is rejected.
5. any party may submit to the Committee a proposal

that the Committee has rejected pursuant to paragraph 4. The proposal may again make the concerns of the party in question, as well as reasons for a further review by the Committee. If, as a result of this procedure, the Committee again rejects the proposal, the party may challenge the decision of the Committee, and the Conference of the Parties considered the question at its next session.
The Conference of the Parties may decide, on the basis of the annex D screening criteria and has view of the assessment of the Committee and any additional information provided by a party or an observer, must be given following the proposal.
6. where the Committee has decided that the proposal meets the selection criteria, or that the Conference of the Parties decided to implement the proposal, the Committee proceeded to a new review of the proposal, taking into account any relevant additional information which was received, and shall prepare a draft of the risk profile in accordance with Annex E.
He communicates this project, through the Secretariat, the Parties and observers, collects their technical comments and taking into account these comments, complete the risk profile.
7. If, on the basis of the risk profile established in accordance with Annex E, the Committee decides: has) that the chemical is likely, as a result of its long-range transport in the environment, to have significant adverse effects on human health and/or the environment justifying the adoption of measures at the global level, it is given following the proposal. The absence of scientific certainty does not respond to the proposal. The Committee, through the Secretariat, requests to all Parties and observers to provide information relating to the considerations specified in annex F. He then establishes an evaluation of risk management which includes an analysis of possible control measures for the chemical in accordance with that annex;
(b)) that he should not be given following the proposal, it communicates, through the Secretariat, the risk to all Parties and observers and rejected the proposal.
8. for any proposal rejected in accordance with paragraph (b)), paragraph 7, a party may request the Conference of the Parties to consider instructing the Committee to request additional information to the party submitting the proposal and other Parties during a period not exceeding one year. Once this period has elapsed, and on the basis of all information received, the Committee reviewing the proposal in accordance with paragraph 6 with a rank of priority determined by the Conference of the Parties. If, as a result of this procedure, the Committee again rejects the proposal, the party may challenge the decision of the Committee, and the Conference of the Parties considered the question at its next session. The Conference of the Parties may decide, on the basis of the narrative risks established in accordance with Annex E and taking into account the evaluation of the Committee and any additional information provided by a party or an observer, that it must be given following the proposal.
If the Conference of the Parties decides that he must be given following the proposal, the Committee establishes the risk management evaluation.
9. on the basis of the risk profile referred to in paragraph 6 and the assessment of the management of the risks referred to in paragraph) of paragraph 7 and in paragraph 8, the Committee recommends that the Conference of the Parties to consider the inclusion of the chemical in annexes A, B and/or C. The Conference of the Parties, taking due account of the recommendations of the Committee, including any scientific uncertainty, decide, precautionary, to include way whether the chemical in the annexes A, B and/or C, by specifying the control measures of this substance.
Article 9 exchange of information 1. Each party facilitates or undertake the exchange of information related: has) A reduction or elimination of the production, use and releases of persistent organic pollutants;
(b) to the alternatives to persistent organic pollutants, information on their risk as well as on their economic and social costs.
2. the Parties shall exchange the information referred to in paragraph 1 directly or through the Secretariat.
3. each Party shall designate a national focal point for the exchange of such information.
4. the Secretariat acts as a clearing-house mechanism for information on persistent organic pollutants, including those provided by the Parties and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations.
5. for the purposes of this Convention, information on health and safety of persons as well as safety and environmental protection are not considered as confidential.
The Parties that Exchange other information pursuant to the Convention shall respect the confidential information as mutually agreed.
Article 10 Information, awareness and education of the public 1. Each Party shall, to the extent of its means, promotes and facilitates: has) awareness of its political leaders and its decision-makers to persistent organic pollutants;
(b) the provision to the public of all available information on persistent organic pollutants persistent, account taken of the provisions of paragraph 5 of article 9;
c) the development and implementation of programmes of education and awareness, especially for women, children of less educated, on persistent organic pollutants and their effects on health and the environment and alternatives;
(d) the participation of the public in consideration of persistent organic pollutants and their effects on health and the environment and the development of appropriate solutions, including the possibilities of national contributions to the implementation of the Convention);
e) training of workers, scientists, educators and technical staff and management;
f) the development and exchange of materials for education and awareness at the national and international levels;
g) the development and implementation of programmes of education and training at the national and international levels.
2 each Party shall, to the extent of its means, ensures that the public has access to the public information referred to paragraph 1 and that this information be kept up to date.
3 each Party shall, to the extent of its means, encourage industry and professional users to promote and facilitate the provision of the information referred to in paragraph 1 at national level and, where appropriate, at subregional, regional and global levels.
4. for the provision of information, on persistent organic pollutants and their alternatives, Parties may use sheets of safety, reports, media and other means of communication, and establish centres of information at the national and regional levels.
5. each party is sympathetic to developing mechanisms, such as registries of releases and transfers of pollutants, for the collection and dissemination of information on estimates of the annual quantities of the chemicals listed in Annex A, B or C that are released or disposed.
Article 11 research and development and monitoring 1. The Parties shall, to the extent of their means, encourage and/or undertake, at the national and international levels, appropriate activities of research and development, monitoring and cooperation with regard to persistent organic pollutants and, where appropriate, alternatives and potential persistent organic pollutants, including on the following points: a) Sources and releases into the environment;
(b) presence, levels and trends in humans and in the environment;
(c) propagation, fate and transformation in the environment;
d) effects on human health and the environment;
(e) socio-economic and cultural Impacts).
(f) reduction or elimination of releases;
g) harmonised Methodologies for inventory of production sources and analytical techniques for the measurement of releases.
2. when they undertake activities pursuant to paragraph 1, the Parties, to the extent of their means: has) support and strengthen, where appropriate, organizations, networks and international programmes which are designed to define, lead, assess and fund research, data collection and monitoring, taking into account the need to minimize possible duplication of work;
(b) support national and international activities to strengthen national scientific and technical research capacities, in particular in developing countries and countries with economies in transition, and to promote access to data and analysis and Exchange;
((c) take into account the concerns and needs, particularly in the financial and technical resources, of developing countries and countries with economies in transition, and cooperate in strengthening their capacity to participate in the activities referred to in paragraphs a) and b);
(d) undertake research to mitigate the effects of persistent organic pollutants on reproductive health;
(e) make the results of their research and development and monitoring activities referred to in this paragraph at the disposal of the public, in a timely manner and at regular intervals;

(f) encourage and/or undertake cooperation with regard to storage and maintenance of information resulting from the activities of research and development and monitoring.
Article 12 Technical Assistance 1.
The Parties recognize that the timely provision of technical assistance at the request of Parties that are developing countries or economies in transition is essential to implement the Convention successfully.
2. the Parties shall cooperate to provide timely technical assistance appropriate to Parties that are developing countries or economies in transition to assist them, taking into account their particular needs, to develop and strengthen their capacity to fulfil their obligations under the Convention.
3. at this regard, technical assistance to be provided by developed country Parties, and other Parties in their capabilities, include, as appropriate and as agreed by mutual agreement, the provision of technical assistance for capacity-building for the purpose of performing the obligations under the Convention. The Conference of the Parties will provide additional guidance in this area.
4. Parties shall take, if appropriate, the provisions for providing technical assistance and promoting the transfer of technology to Parties that are developing countries or economies in transition for the implementation of this Convention. These provisions include the creation of regional and subregional centres for capacity-building and transfer of technology to assist Parties that are of developing countries and countries with economies in transition to fulfil their obligations under the Convention. The Conference of the Parties will provide additional guidance in this area.
5. for the purposes of this article, Parties take full account of the specific needs and special situation of least developed countries and small island developing States when they take decisions regarding technical assistance.
Article 13 financial resources and funding mechanisms 1. Each party undertakes to provide, to the extent of its means, support and financial incentives for national activities aimed at the achievement of the objective of this Convention, in accordance with its plans, priorities and programmes.
2. the developed country Parties provide new and additional financial resources to enable Parties that are developing countries or economies in transition to cover all of the agreed incremental costs of measures to fulfil their obligations under the Convention, as agreed between a recipient Party and an entity participating in the mechanism described in paragraph 6. Other Parties may also, on a voluntary basis and to the extent of their resources, provide such financial resources. Contributions from other sources should also be encouraged. The implementation of these commitments, account shall be taken of the need for funding adequacy, predictability and timely and the importance of a sharing among the contributing Parties.
3. the developed country Parties, and other Parties to the extent of their means and in accordance with their plans, priorities and programmes, may also provide, and Parties that are developing countries or economies in transition get financial resources to assist in the implementation of this Convention through other bilateral, regional or multilateral channels and sources.
4. the measure in which the developing country Parties will carry out effectively their commitments under the Convention will depend on the extent to which the developed country Parties shall carry out effectively their commitments under the Convention with respect to financial resources, technical assistance and technology transfer. It will be fully taken into account the fact that economic and social development sustainable and the elimination of poverty are, for the developing country Parties, priority, taking due account of the need to protect human health and the environment.
5. the Parties take full account of the specific needs and special situation of least developed countries and small island developing States when they make decisions about funding.
6. it is defined by the present a mechanism for the provision to the Parties that are the developing countries and countries with economies in transition of adequate and regular financial resources, as a gift or concessional to assist in the implementation of the Convention. For the purposes of this Convention, this mechanism will be placed under the authority, as appropriate, and the direction of the Conference of the Parties, to which it will make account. Its management will be entrusted to one or more agencies, including existing international organizations, according to what will decide the Conference of the Parties. The mechanism may also include other organizations providing financial and technical assistance, multilateral, regional and bilateral. Contributions to the mechanism will add to other financial transfers to Parties that are developing countries or economies in transition, as indicated in paragraph 2 and in accordance with the provisions of that paragraph.
7. pursuant to the objectives of this Convention and paragraph 6, the Conference of the Parties at its first meeting adopt appropriate guidance to be provided to the mechanism and agrees with the entity or entities participating in the mechanism of funding arrangements to give effect to these guidelines. These guidelines will include the following points: a) the definition of priorities for policies, strategies and programmes, and criteria and clear and detailed guidelines on the conditions required for access to financial resources and use them, including monitoring and evaluation regular from this use;
b) presentation to the Conference of the Parties, by the body or bodies, of periodic reports on the adequacy and the regularity of the funding of activities related to the implementation of the Convention;
c) promotion methods, mechanisms and devices using several sources of funding;
d) modalities determination in a predictable and clear manner, the amount of funding necessary and available for the implementation of the Convention, taking into account the fact that the elimination of persistent organic pollutants might require funding supported, and the conditions in which this amount will be subject to a periodic review;
(e) the modalities for the provision to interested Parties of assistance concerning the assessment of needs and information on available funding sources and modes of funding, so as to facilitate coordination between them).
8. the Conference of the Parties shall examine no later than at its second meeting and thereafter periodically, the effectiveness of the mechanism established under this article, its ability to deal with the evolution of Parties that are developing or countries with economies in transition, the criteria and guidance referred to in paragraph 7, the level of funding as well as the effectiveness of the institutional bodies responsible for administering the funding mechanism. On the basis of this review, it takes appropriate measures, where appropriate, to improve the effectiveness of the mechanism, including by formulating recommendations and guidelines on the measures to be taken to ensure adequate and regular financial resources to meet the needs of the Parties.
Article 14 Interim Financial Arrangements the institutional structure of the Fund for the global environment, which operates in accordance with the Instrument for the restructuring of the global environment facility, serves as, provisionally, principal entity entrusted the operation of the financial mechanism referred to in article 13, in the interval between the date of entry into force of this Convention and the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties , or until the Conference of the Parties decides to the institutional structure to be designated in accordance with article 13. The institutional structure of the global environment facility should fulfill this function through operational measures specifically addressing persistent organic pollutants, taking into account that new arrangements in this area may be required.
Article 15 reporting 1. Each Party shall report to the Conference of the Parties on the measures it has taken to implement the provisions of this Convention and their effectiveness in achieving the objective of the Convention.
(2 each Party shall provide to the Secretariat: a) statistical data on the quantities produced, imported and exported of each of the chemicals listed in annexes A and B, or a plausible estimates of these amounts;
(b) to the extent possible, a list of the States from which it has imported each substance and the States to which it has exported each substance.
3. this information is communicated periodically and in a format to be determined by the Conference of the Parties at its first meeting.
Article 16 assessment of effectiveness 1.

Four years after the date of entry into force of this Convention, and periodically thereafter at intervals to decide it, the Conference of the Parties evaluate the effectiveness of the Convention.
2. in order to facilitate this assessment, the Conference of the Parties at its first meeting decided the establishment of arrangements for comparable monitoring data on the presence of the chemicals listed in annexes A, B and C, as well as on their spread into the environment at the regional and global levels. These arrangements: has) should be implemented by the Parties on a regional basis, if it is necessary, according to their technical and financial capabilities, using to the extent possible, programs and existing monitoring mechanisms and promoting harmonization of approaches;
(b) may be supplemented where necessary, taking into account the differences between regions and their capabilities to implement monitoring activities;
(c) provide for the preparation of reports to the Conference of the Parties on the results of the monitoring activities at the regional and global levels at intervals to be specified by the Conference of the Parties.
(3. the evaluation described in paragraph 1 is carried out on the basis of scientific, environmental, technical and economic information available, including: a) reports and other monitoring data provided pursuant to subsection 2;
b) national reports submitted pursuant to article 15;
(c) information on non-compliance received in accordance with the procedures established under article 17).
Article 17 non-compliance the Conference of the Parties, develop and approve as soon as possible, the procedures and institutional mechanisms for determining non-compliance with the provisions of this Convention and the measures to be taken against the offending Parties.
Article 18 settlement of disputes 1. The Parties govern any dispute arising between them concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention through negotiation or any other peaceful means of their choice.
2. when it ratifies, accepts or approves the Convention or accedes thereto, or at any time thereafter, any party which is not a regional economic integration organization may declare in a written instrument submitted to the depositary that, in respect of any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, it recognizes as compulsory one or both means of dispute settlement following relation to any Party accepting the same obligation (: a) arbitration in accordance with procedures be adopted as soon as possible by the Conference of the Parties in an annex;
b) submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice.
3. any regional economic integration organization party to the Convention may make a similar declaration relating to arbitration, in accordance with the procedure referred to in paragraph a), paragraph 2.
4. any declaration made pursuant to paragraph 2 or 3 shall remain in force until the expiry of the period stipulated in this declaration or until the expiration of a period of three months from the filing of the written notice of its revocation with the depositary.
5. the expiry of a declaration, a notice of the revocation of a declaration or the filing of a new declaration does not affect proceedings pending before an arbitral tribunal or the International Court of Justice, unless the parties to the dispute agree otherwise.
6. If the parties to a dispute have not accepted the same means of regulation or one of the procedures provided for in paragraph 2, and if they are unable to settle their dispute within twelve months following notification by one party to another part of the existence of a dispute between them, it is submitted to a conciliation commission , at the request of any parties to the dispute. The conciliation commission shall submit a report with recommendations. Additional procedures relating to the conciliation commission will be included in an annex that the Conference of the Parties will adopt no later than at its second meeting.
Article 19 Conference of the Parties 1. A Conference of Parties shall be established hereby.
2. the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties is convened by the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme one year at the latest after the entry into force of this Convention.
Thereafter, ordinary meetings of the Conference of the Parties will be held at regular intervals to be decided by the Conference.
3. extraordinary meetings of the Conference of the Parties may take place at any time if the Conference deems it necessary, or at the written request of a party, provided that this request is supported by a third party at least portions.
4. the Conference of the Parties and adopt by consensus, at its first meeting, its rules of procedure and its financial rules and those of any subsidiary bodies, as well as the financial provisions governing the functioning of the Secretariat.
5. the Conference of the Parties follows and evaluates continuously the implementation of this Convention. It carries out the duties assigned to it by the Convention and, to this end: a) creates, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 6, the subsidiary bodies as it deems necessary for the implementation of the Convention;
b) cooperate, as appropriate, with international organizations and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations competent;
(c) periodically examines all information communicated to the Parties pursuant to article 15, and studied the effectiveness of item (iii)), paragraph b), paragraph 2, of article 3;
d) Examine and take any other measures necessary for the achievement of the objectives of the Convention.
6. the Conference of the Parties, at its first meeting, creates a subsidiary body called the persistent organic pollutants Review Committee, which shall perform the functions assigned to it under the Convention. In this regard: a) the persistent organic pollutants Review Committee members are appointed by the Conference of the Parties. The Committee is composed of specialists assessment or management of chemical substances designated by Governments. The members of the Committee are appointed on the basis of equitable geographical distribution;
(b) the Conference of the Parties decides the mandate, organization and the functioning of the Committee;
(c) the Committee make every effort to adopt its recommendations by consensus. When all efforts have been exhausted and no agreement has been reached, its recommendations are adopted, as a last resort, by a majority of two-thirds of the members present and voting.
(7. the Conference of the Parties assessing, at its third meeting, the need for the continuation of the procedure laid down in paragraph b) of paragraph 2 of article 3, including consideration of its effectiveness.
8. the United Nations, its specialized agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as well as any State which is not a party to this Convention, may be represented at meetings of the Conference of the Parties as observers.
Any body or agency, national or international, governmental or non-governmental, competent in the areas covered by the Convention and which has informed the Secretariat of its wish to be represented at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties as an observer may be admitted to take part unless one third of the Parties present unless objection. The admission and participation of observers shall be subject to compliance with the rules of procedure adopted by the Conference of the Parties.
Article 20 Secretariat 1. A Secretariat is hereby established hereby.
2. the functions of the Secretariat are as follows: has) the meetings of the Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies, and provide them with services;
(b) facilitate the provision of assistance to the Parties, in particular Parties that are developing countries or economies in transition, on request, for the purposes of the application of this Convention;
c) ensure the necessary coordination with the secretariats of other relevant international bodies;
d) prepare and forward to the Parties periodic reports based on information received pursuant to article 15 and other available information;
e) conclude, under the supervision of the Conference of the Parties, such administrative and contractual arrangements which may be necessary for the effective performance of its functions;
(f) to perform other secretariat tasks specified in the Convention and any other functions which may be entrusted by the Conference of the Parties.
3. the secretariat functions for this Convention are provided by the Executive Director of the United Nations Programme for the environment, unless the Conference of the Parties decides, by a majority of three-fourths of the Parties present and voting, to entrust the functions of secretariat to one or more other international organizations.
Article 21 amendments to the Convention 1. Any party may propose amendments to this Convention.
2. the amendments to the Convention shall be adopted at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties. The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat six months before the meeting at which it is presented for adoption. The Secretariat shall also communicate proposed

amendment to the signatories of the Convention and, for information, to the depositary.
3. the Parties make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, the amendment is adopted as a last resort by a vote by the majority of three-fourths of the Parties present and voting.
4. the depositary shall communicate the amendment to the Parties for ratification, acceptance or approval.
5. ratification, acceptance or approval of an amendment shall be notified in writing to the depositary. Any amendment adopted pursuant to paragraph 3 enter into force for the Parties having accepted it on the ninetieth day after the date of the deposit of the instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval by three quarters at least portions. Thereafter, the amendment shall enter into force for any other party the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by that party of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval of the amendment.
Article 22 Adoption and amendment of annexes 1. The annexes to this agreement are an integral part of the Convention and, unless expressly provided otherwise, any reference to the Convention also constitutes a reference to its annexes.
2. any new annex exclusively relates to procedural matters or to matters scientific, technical or administrative nature.
3. the proposal, adoption and entry into force of additional annexes to the Convention are governed by the following procedure: a) additional annexes shall be proposed and adopted according to the procedure set out in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of article 21;
b) any party that is not able to accept an additional annex shall in writing notify the depositary in the year following the date of communication by the depositary of the adoption of the additional annex. The latter shall without delay inform all Parties of any notification received. A party may at any time withdraw a previous notification of non-acceptance of an additional annex, and this annex enters into force for that party subject to the provisions of subparagraph (c));
(c) A the expiry of a period of one year from the date of communication by the depositary of the adoption of an additional annex, the annex shall enter into force for all Parties that have not provided a notification pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (b)).
4. the proposal, adoption and entry into force of amendments to Annex A, B or C are subject to the same procedure as for the proposal, adoption and entry into force of additional annexes to the Convention, if it is only an amendment to Annex A, B or C does not come into force for a party which has made a declaration regarding the amendments to those annexes in implementation of paragraph 4 of article 25 , in which case the amendment between into force for this party the ninetieth day after the date of deposit with the depositary of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval or accession thereto.
5. the following procedure shall apply to the proposal, adoption and entry into force of any amendment to Annex D, E or F: has) the amendments are proposed according to the procedure laid down in paragraphs 1 and 2 of article 21;
(b) the Parties agree to any amendment to Annex D, E or F by consensus;
c) any decision to amend Annex D, E or F is immediately communicated to the Parties by the depositary. This amendment shall enter into force for all Parties on a date to be specified in the decision.
6. If an additional annex or an amendment to an annex is related to an amendment to the Convention, the additional annex or the amendment is in force when the amendment to the Convention enters into force.
Article 23 right to vote 1. Each party to the Convention shall have one vote, subject to the provisions of paragraph 2.
2. the regional economic integration organisations have to exercise their right to vote in the areas that fall within their competence, to a number of votes equal to the number of their Member States which are Parties to the Convention. They are not exercising their right to vote if any of their Member States exercised his, and vice versa.
Article 24 Signature this Convention is open to signature by all States and RFMOs REIOs in Stockholm, May 23, 2001, and at the headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations in New York from 24 May 2001 to 22 May 2002.
Article 25 Ratification, acceptance, approval or accession 1. This Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by the States and regional economic integration organizations. It is open for accession by States and regional organizations of economic integration the day after which it ceases to be open for signature. The instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited with the depositary.
2. any regional economic integration organization which becomes a party to this Convention without any of its Member States being a party is be bound by all obligations set out in the Convention. Where one or more States members of one of these organizations are Parties to the Convention, the Organization and its Member States agree their respective responsibilities with regard to the implementation of the obligations that their obligations under the Convention. In such cases, the Organization and its Member States are not empowered to exercise their rights under the Convention concurrently.
3. in their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the regional economic integration organizations indicate the extent of its competence in respect of matters governed by the Convention.
These organizations shall also inform the depositary, who shall inform in turn the Parties, of any relevant modification in the extent of their competence.
4. in its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, any party may declare that any amendment to Annex A, B or C shall enter into force in its respect only after the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval or accession thereto.
Article 26 entry into force 1.
This Convention comes into force the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
2. in respect of each State or regional economic integration organization which ratifies, accepts approves it or accedes thereto after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention enters into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
3. for the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization is not considered coming in addition to the instruments already deposited by States members of the organization.
Article 27 reservations no reservation may be made to this Convention.
Article 28 denunciation 1. The expiration of a period of three years from the date of entry into force of this Convention for a party, that party may at any time denounce the Convention by giving written notification to the depositary.
2. the denunciation takes effect upon the expiration of a period of one year from the date of receipt of the notification of denunciation by the depositary, or at any later date specified in the notification of denunciation.
Article 29 depositary the Secretary-General United general of the United Nations is the depositary of this Convention.
Article 30 authentic texts the original of this Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, french, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations.
In witness whereof, the undersigned, being duly authorized, have signed this Convention.
Made in Stockholm, 22 May 2001.

Annex A Elimination first part for the consultation of the table, see image Notes: i) unless otherwise provided in the Convention, quantities of a chemical present not intentionally in products and articles in the form of trace contaminant are not considered as part of this annex.
(ii) this note shall not be regarded as constituting a specific exemption for production and use for the purposes of paragraph 2 of article 3. The amounts of a chemical substance present as constituents of articles manufactured or in circulation before or on the date of entry into force of the relevant obligation with respect to this substance already are not considered as part of this annex, provided that the party has notified the Secretariat that a particular type of article remains in circulation in this part. The Secretariat provides such notifications available to the public.
(iii) this note, which does not apply to chemical substances whose name is followed by an asterisk in the "Chemical Substance" column of the first part of this annex, should not be regarded as constituting a specific exemption for production and use

for the purposes of paragraph 2 of article 3. Given that appreciable chemical substance quantities are not expected to reach human beings humans and the environment during the production and the use of a CCTV site-limited intermediate, a party that notifies the Secretariat may authorise the production and the use as an intermediate in closed-system site-limited, of quantities of a chemical substance in the annex chemically transformed in the manufacture of other chemicals that taking into account the criteria set out in paragraph 1 of Annex D, do not have the characteristics of a persistent organic pollutant. This notification includes data on total production and use of this chemical or a plausible estimate of such data and information on the nature of the process in closed-system site-limited, including the amount of persistent organic pollutant used as starting material transformed and this unintentionally form of trace contaminant in the final product. This procedure applies unless otherwise provided in this annex. The Secretariat puts these notifications available to the Conference of the Parties and the public. This production or use is not considered as a specific exemption for production and use. It is this production and this usage at the end of ten years, unless the party concerned sends to the Secretariat a new notification, in which case the time limit is extended by ten years, unless the Conference of the Parties decides otherwise, after review of the production and utilization.
The notification procedure can be repeated.
(iv) the Parties are having record in what concerns them in accordance with article 4 may rely on all the specific derogations provided for in this annex, with the exception of the use of polychlorinated biphenyls in articles in use in accordance with the provisions of the second part of this annex, notwithstanding which all Parties may rely.
Part II polychlorinated biphenyls each party: has) regards the elimination of the use of polychlorinated biphenyls in equipment (e.g., transformers, capacitors or other receptacles containing liquids) by 2025, subject to review by the Conference of the Parties, take measures in accordance with the following priorities: i) make determined efforts to identify, label and remove traffic equipment containing over 10%, and 5 litres of polychlorinated biphenyls;
(ii) if use committed to identify, label and remove from use equipment containing more than 0.05% and 5 litres of polychlorinated biphenyls;
(iii) endeavour to identify and remove traffic equipment containing more of 0.005% and 0.05 litres of polychlorinated biphenyls;
(b) according to the priorities set out in paragraph a), promote the following measures to reduce exposure and risk to control the use of polychlorinated biphenyls: i) use only in intact equipment and that do not leak and only in places where the risk of release into the environment can be minimized and where it can be quickly remedied;
II) no use in equipment located in places connected with the production or processing of food or feed;
(iii) in the case of use in populated areas, including schools and hospitals, adoption of all measures that could reasonably be taken to prevent electrical failure which could result in a fire, and regular inspection of equipment for leaks;
c) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2 of article 3, ensure that equipment containing polychlorinated biphenyls, as described in paragraph), ne are not exported or imported except for the purpose of environmentally sound waste management;
(d) except for maintenance and maintenance operations, not allow recovery for the purpose of reuse in other equipment of liquids with polychlorinated biphenyls content above 0.005 per cent;
(e) seeks resolutely to achieve an environmentally sound waste management of liquids containing polychlorinated biphenyls and equipment contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls with polychlorinated biphenyls content above 0.005 per cent, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of article 6, as soon as possible and more no later than 2028, subject to review by the Conference of the Parties;
((f) instead of the note ii) of the first part of this annex, endeavour to identify other articles including polychlorinated biphenyls content above 0.005 per cent (for example painted sheaths of cables, caulking materials and objects) and manage them in accordance with paragraph 1 of article 6;
g) shall draw up every five years a report on the progress made in eliminating polychlorinated biphenyls and submit it to the Conference of the Parties pursuant to article 15;
h) reports referred to in paragraph (g)) are, as appropriate, considered by the Conference of the Parties in the context of the review of polychlorinated biphenyls. The COP examines the progress made in the elimination of polychlorinated biphenyls every five years or at other intervals, where appropriate, taking into account the above-mentioned reports.
Annex B Restriction part for the consultation of the table, see image Notes: i) unless otherwise provided in the Convention, quantities of a chemical present not intentionally in products and articles in the form of trace contaminant are not considered as part of this annex.
(ii) this note shall not be regarded as constituting a specific exemption or an acceptable purpose for production or use for the purposes of paragraph 2 of article 3. The amounts of a chemical substance present as constituents of articles manufactured or in circulation before or on the date of entry into force of the relevant obligation with respect to this substance already are not considered as part of this annex, provided that the party has notified the Secretariat that a particular type of article remains in circulation in this part. The Secretariat provides such notifications available to the public.
(iii) this note shall not be regarded as constituting a specific derogation concerning the production or the use for the purposes of paragraph 2 of article 3. Given that appreciable chemical substance quantities are not expected to reach human beings humans and the environment during the production and the use of a CCTV site-limited intermediate, a party that notifies the Secretariat may authorise the production and the use as an intermediate in closed-system site-limited, of quantities of a chemical substance in the annex chemically transformed in the manufacture of other chemicals that taking into account the criteria set out in paragraph 1 of Annex D, do not have the characteristics of a persistent organic pollutant. This notification includes data on total production and use of this chemical or a plausible estimate of such data and information on the nature of the process in closed-system site-limited, including the amount of persistent organic pollutant used as starting material transformed and this unintentionally form of trace contaminant in the final product. This procedure applies unless otherwise provided in this annex. The Secretariat puts these notifications available to the Conference of the Parties and the public. This production or use is not considered as a specific exemption for production and use. It is put end to this production and this usage at the end of ten years, unless party sends to the Secretariat a new notification, in which case the time limit is extended by ten years, unless the Conference of the Parties decides otherwise, after a review of the production and utilization. The notification procedure can be repeated.
(iv) the Parties are having record in what concerns them in accordance with article 4 may rely on any specific derogations provided for in this annex.
Part II DDT (1-1-1-trichloro-2,2bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane) 1. The production and use of DDT are eliminated except for Parties that have notified the Secretariat of their intention to produce and/or use DDT. A DDT Register accessible to the public is hereby made. The Secretariat shall maintain the DDT Register.
2. each party that produces and/or uses DDT limit this production or that use in the fight against the disease vector control in accordance with the recommendations and guidelines of the world Organization of health related to the use of DDT and, provided that the party in question lacks safe, effective and affordable local alternatives.
3. in the event that a party not listed in the DDT Register determines that it has need of DDT for disease vector control, it shall notify the Secretariat immediately

as possible to be immediately included in the DDT Register. It shall at the same time notify the World Health Organization.
4. each party that uses DDT provides every three years to the Secretariat and the World Health Organization of the information on the amount used, the conditions of such use and its relevance to the prophylactic strategy of this part, in a form to be decided by the Conference of the Parties in consultation with the World Health Organization.
5. with the objective of reducing and eventually, to eliminate the use of DDT, the Conference of the Parties encourages: a) any party using DDT to develop and implement a plan of action in the context of the implementation plan referred to in article 7. This action plan includes: i) development of regulatory mechanisms and others to ensure that DDT use is limited to the fight against the disease vector control;
II) utilization of products, adequate methods and replacement strategies, including management strategies of resistance to ensure that such alternatives are effective;
(iii) measures to strengthen health care and to reduce the incidence of the disease.
b) Parties to promote, to the extent of their resources, research and development of chemical and non-chemical substances, methods and safe replacement strategies for Parties using DDT, in relation to the situation of these countries and with the aim of reducing the burden of disease for women and the economy. The factors for the study of alternatives or combinations of alternatives include the risks to human health and the impact on the environment of these alternatives. Viable alternatives to DDT shall pose less risk to human health and the environment, be suitable for combating the disease taking into account the situation of each party, and be supported by monitoring data.
(6. from its first meeting and at least every three years thereafter, the Conference of the Parties evaluates, in consultation with the world Organization of health, DDT remains necessary for the fight against disease vector control on the basis of the information scientific, technical, environmental and economic available, including: a) the production and use of DDT and the conditions set out in paragraph 2;
b) the availability, suitability and implementation of the alternatives to DDT;
(c) progress in strengthening the capacity of countries to use such alternatives safely).
7. a party may at any time withdraw from the DDT Register, through written notification to the Secretariat. This withdrawal shall take effect on the date indicated in the notification.

Annex C Production non-intentional part I: persistent organic pollutants subject to the requirements laid down in article 5 this annex applies to the following persistent organic pollutants when they are produced and released unintentionally from anthropogenic sources: for consultation table, see part II image: Categories of sources polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and dibenzofurans, hexachlorobenzene and polychlorinated biphenyls are produced and released unintentionally during thermal processes involving organic matter and chlorine as a result of incomplete combustion or chemical reactions. The following industrial source categories have a relatively high potential for production and release of these substances into the environment: a) waste incinerators, including co-incinerators of municipal, hazardous or medical waste or of sewage sludge;
(b) the burning of hazardous wastes in cement kilns;
(c) production of pulp using elemental chlorine or chemicals generating elemental chlorine for bleaching;
(d) the following thermal processes in the metallurgical industry: i) secondary copper Production;
II) metallurgical sintering Installations;
III) secondary aluminium Production;
(iv) secondary zinc Production).
Part III: Categories of sources polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and dibenzofurans, hexachlorobenzene and polychlorinated biphenyls may also be produced and released unintentionally by the following source categories, including: has) opened the burning of waste, including landfills.
(b) thermal metallurgical processes other than those mentioned in part II;
(c) residential combustion sources;
(d) combustion of fossil fuel in industrial boilers and power boilers);
(e) the burning of wood and biomass fuels facilities);
f) specific production processes of chemical substances causing discharges of persistent organic pollutants unintentionally, especially production of chlorophenols and chloranil;
(g) crematoria;
h) motor vehicles, particularly those using leaded petrol;
i) destruction of animal carcasses;
j) dyeing textiles or leather (with chloranil) and finishing (with alkaline extraction);
k) of crushers of the wrecks of vehicles;
(l) the slow heating of cables copper;
m) waste oil refineries.
Part IV: Definitions 1.
For the purposes of this Annex: a) "Polychlorinated biphenyls" means aromatic compounds whose structure is such that the hydrogen atoms on the biphenyl molecule (two benzene rings connected by a single carbon-carbon bond) may be replaced by a number of chlorine ranging up to ten;
(b) "polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins" and "polychlorinated dibenzofurans", means tricyclic aromatic compounds formed by two benzene rings connected by two oxygen atoms in the case of polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and by one oxygen atom and one carbon-carbon bond in the case of polychlorinated dibenzofurans and the hydrogen atoms may be replaced by up to eight chlorine atoms.
2. in this annex, the toxicity of polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and dibenzofurans is expressed using the concept of toxic equivalency which defines the toxic activity on dioxin of different congeners of polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls coplanar compared to 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. The toxic equivalency factors to be used for the purposes of this Convention must conform to accepted international standards, starting with the toxic equivalency factors for mammals published in 1998 by the World Health Organization concerning polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and dibenzofurans and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls. The concentrations are expressed as toxic equivalence.
Part V: General guidance on best available techniques and best environmental practices this part contains general guidance to Parties on preventing or reducing releases of the chemicals listed in part I. A. measures general prevention concerning both bat as best environmental practices should give priority to the consideration of approaches to prevent the formation and release of chemicals listed in part I. The measures include the following: has) a technology producing little waste;
(b) use of less hazardous chemical substances;
(c) promotion of recovery and recycling of waste, and substances produced and used in the applied methods;
d) replacement of the starting materials which are persistent organic pollutants or who have a direct link with the rejection of persistent organic pollutants from the source;
(e) proper management and preventive maintenance programs);
(f) improving the methods of waste management to put an end to their combustion opencast or other uncontrolled forms, including landfills). In the study of the proposals for the construction of new waste disposal facilities, should consider alternatives such as activities to minimize the production of waste municipal and medical, including resource recovery, reuse, recycling, waste separation and promoting products generating less waste. In this regard, public health concerns should be carefully taken into account;
(g) Reduction to the minimum of these chemicals as contaminants in products;
h) Exclusion of elemental chlorine or chemicals generating elemental chlorine for bleaching.
B. best available technical the concept of 'best available techniques' is not intended to prescribe a technique or a particular technology; It takes into account the technical specifications of the installation concerned, its geographical location and local environmental conditions. Control techniques that are suitable to reduce releases of chemicals listed in part I are in general the same. In General as in special cases, pay special attention to the factors listed below, bearing in mind the costs and likely benefits of the proposed measure, to determine what are the best available techniques, should be

and considerations of precaution and prevention: a) General Considerations: i) Nature, effects and mass of the releases concerned; techniques may vary depending on source size;
(ii) date of commissioning of new or existing installations;
III) time needed to introduce the best available techniques;
(iv) nature and consumption of raw materials used for the considered process and efficiency of this process;
v) need to prevent or reduce to a minimum the overall impact of the releases to the environment and the risks to the environment;
VI) need to prevent accidents and minimize the consequences for the environment;
VII) need to protect the health of workers and to ensure their safety in the workplace;
VIII) processes, facilities or comparable operating modes which have been tested with success on an industrial scale;
IX) progress of the evolution of scientific knowledge and technique.
b) general release reduction measures: when considering proposals of construction of new installations or substantial modification of existing facilities using processes resulting in releases of the chemical substances listed in this annex, should examine priority processes, techniques or replacement methods that have the same usefulness but which avoid the formation and release of these chemicals.
In the case of construction or substantial modification of such facilities, in addition to prevention measures outlined in section A of part V, could consider the reduction below for determining best available techniques: i) use of improved methods for flue gas cleaning such as thermal or catalytic oxidation, dust precipitation, or adsorption;
II) treatment of residuals, wastewater, wastes and sewage by heat treatment, treatment making them inert or chemical process detoxifying them, for example;
III) process changes resulting in a reduction or elimination of releases, such as the use of closed circuit systems;
IV) Modification of the design of processes to improve combustion and prevent formation of the chemicals listed in the present annex, through the control of parameters such as incineration temperature and residence time.
C. best practices environmental the Conference of the Parties may establish guidelines on best environmental practices.

Annex D information and selection criteria 1. A party who submits a proposal for listing a chemical in annexes A, B and/or C identifies this substance in the manner described in paragraph a) and provides information on this substance, and where appropriate on its transformation products, relating to the screening criteria set out in paragraphs b) to (e)): has) the chemical identity (: i) geographical indications, including appellation (s) commerciale (s), name (s) make (s) and synonyms, number of Service file of abstracts of Chemistry (CAS), the International Union of pure and applied chemistry (IUPAC) name; and ii) Structure, including specification of isomers, where applicable, and structure of the chemical class;
(b) persistence: i) evidence that the half-life of the chemical in water is greater than two months, or that the soil it is more than six months, or that sediment it is greater than six months; or ii) evidence that the substance is otherwise sufficiently persistent to justify its consideration under this Convention;
c) Bioaccumulation: i) proof that the bioconcentration factor or bioaccumulation factor corresponding to the chemical substance in aquatic species is greater than 5,000 or, in the absence of data on these factors, that the log Kow is greater than 5;
(ii) evidence that the chemical gives other reasons for concern, such as bioaccumulation in other species high toxicity or ecotoxicity high; or iii) biota monitoring data indicate that the bioaccumulation potential of the substance is sufficient to justify its consideration under this Convention;
(d) potential for long-range environmental transport: i) Concentrations of the chemical substance found in remote locations of the sources of release potentially concern;
(ii) monitoring data indicating that a long-range transport of the substance by the air, water or migratory species, with the potential for transfer to a receiving environment, may have occurred; or iii) properties of the substance from the point of view of its environmental fate and/or results of models demonstrating that it can be spread in the environment over long distances by air, water or migratory species, and lead to a receiving environment in remote locations of sources of release. In the case of a substance which the atmospheric propagation is important, the half-life of life in air should be greater than two days;
((e) adverse effects: i) evidence of harmful effects on human health or the environment justifying the examination of the substance within the framework of this agreement, or ii) toxicity or ecotoxicity data indicating that the substance may be harmful to human health or the environment.
2. the party submitting the proposal presents a statement of his reasons for concern, including, if possible, a comparison of the data for toxicity or ecotoxicity showing the levels detected the chemical resulting from its long-range in the environment, or planned because of this spread, and a brief statement highlighting the need for a global regulation.
3. the party who submits the proposal, to the extent possible and taking into account its means, provides additional information in support of the review of the proposal referred to in paragraph 6 of article 8. In preparing such a proposal, a party may appeal to the technical skills of any source.
Annex E information requirements for the risk profile the purpose of the review is to assess whether a chemical is likely, as a result of its long-range transport in the environment, to have significant adverse effects on human health and/or the environment, justifying the adoption of measures at the global level. For this purpose, a risk profile that complements and evaluates the information referred to in Annex D is developed;
This descriptor includes, to the extent possible, the following types of information: a) Sources, including as appropriate, indications on: i) production, including quantity and location;
(ii) uses;
III) spread as discharges, losses and emissions;
(b) assessment of the danger to the (x) threshold (s) of concern, including study of toxicological interactions between various chemicals;
c) fate in the environment, including data and information on the physical and chemical of substance as well as properties its persistence and its links to its environmental transport, transfer within and between various media, its degradation and its transformation into other substances. A determination of bioconcentration and bioaccumulation, based on measured values, factors are brought except where it considers that monitoring data meet this need;
(d) monitoring data);
e) exhibition at fixed locations, in particular due to long-range transport in the environment, and including information on bioavailability;
(f) assessments or national and international risk, descriptive labelling information and hazard classifications, in so far as such information is available;
g) status of the chemical under international conventions.
Annex F information relating to socio-economic considerations an evaluation of possible control measures for chemicals being considered for inclusion in the title of this Convention should be undertaken, taking into account all possibilities, including management and elimination. To this end, relevant information should be provided on the socio-economic impact of possible regulatory measures, to enable the Conference of the Parties to take a decision. This information should duly take into account capacity and different situations the Parties and should include consideration of the elements listed in the following indicative list: a) efficacy and efficiency of possible control measures to meet the objectives of risk reduction: i) technical feasibility;
II) costs, including environmental and health costs;
(b) alternatives (products and processes): i) technical feasibility;
II) costs, including environmental and health costs;
III) efficacy;
IV) risk;
v) availability;
VI) accessibility;
c) positive and/or negative impacts on society of implementing possible control measures: i) health, including public, environmental and occupational health;
II) Agriculture, including aquaculture and forestry;
III) biota (biodiversity);
IV) Economic Aspects;
v) Evolution towards sustainable development;
VI) social costs;
d) effects of waste and disposal (in particular obsolete stocks of pesticides and decontamination

(contaminated sites): i) technical feasibility;
II) cost;
e) access to information and public education;
(f) status of control and monitoring means);
(g) any national or regional regulations, including information on alternatives, and other relevant information on the risk management).
For the consultation of the table, see image

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