Law Approving The Following International Acts: 1 ° The Seventh Additional Protocol To The Constitution Of The Postal Union Universal, 2 ° The General Regulations Of The Universal Postal Union, 3 ° The Universal Postal Convention And The Protocol

Original Language Title: Loi portant assentiment aux Actes internationaux suivants : 1° le Septième Protocole additionnel à la Constitution de l'Union postale universelle, 2° le Règlement général de l'Union postale universelle, 3° la Convention postale universelle et le Protocole

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Posted the: 2007-09-17 Numac: 2007015083 SERVICE PUBLIC FEDERAL Foreign Affairs, external trade and development COOPERATION may 8, 2007. -Law on consent in the following international acts: 1 ° the seventh additional protocol to the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union, 2 ° the general regulations of the Universal Postal Union, 3 ° the Universal Postal Convention and final Protocol and 4 ° the agreement concerning payment of post services, made in Bucharest on 5 October 2004 (1) (2) ALBERT II, King of the Belgians , A all, present and future, hi.
The Chambers have adopted and we endorse the following: Article 1. This Act regulates a matter referred to in article 77 of the Constitution.
S. 2. the following international acts: 1 ° the seventh additional protocol to the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union;
2 ° the general regulations of the Universal Postal Union;
3 ° the Universal Postal Convention and final Protocol and 4 ° the agreement concerning payment of mail services, made in Bucharest on 5 October 2004, will release their full and complete effect.
Promulgate this Act, order that it self under the seal of the State and published by le Moniteur.
Given to Brussels, may 8, 2007.
ALBERT by the King: the Minister for Foreign Affairs, K. DE GUCHT Minister of economy, Mr. VERWILGHEN the Secretary of State for State enterprises, B. TUYBENS sealed with the seal of the State: the Minister of Justice, Ms. L. ONKELINX _ Note (1) 2006-2007 Session: Senate: Documents. -Filed February 15, 2007 Bill, no. 3 - 2078/1 - report, n ° 3-2078/2.
Parliamentary Annals. -Discussion. Meeting of March 8, 2007. -Vote.
Meeting of March 8, 2007.
House of representatives: Documents. -Draft transmitted by the Senate, no. 51 - 2982/1 - text adopted in plenary meeting and submitted to the Royal assent, no. 51-2982/2.

Parliamentary Annals. -Discussion. Meeting of March 22, 2007. -Vote. Meeting of March 22, 2007.
(2) the deposit of the instrument of ratification of the Belgium was recorded as of June 6, 2007.

Seventh Protocol additional to the CONSTITUTION the UNION postal universal Table of contents section I.
(amended preamble)
II. (art. 1A added) Definitions III. (art. 22 modified) Acts of the Union IV. (art. 30 modified) Amendment of Constitution v (art. 31 amended) amendment of the general regulations, of the Convention and the Arrangements VI. Adherence to the additional protocol and the other acts of Union VII. Update performance and duration of the additional protocol to the Constitution of the Postal Union universal plenipotentiaries of Governments of countries-members of the Universal Postal Union Congress in Bucharest in, having regard to article 30.2 of the Universal Postal Union Constitution concluded at Vienna on 10 July 1964, adopted, subject to ratification, the following changes to the Constitution.
Article I (amended preamble) in order to develop communications between peoples by effective functioning of postal services and contribute to achieving the high international collaboration in cultural, social and economic aims, Governments of Plenipotentiaries of the contracting countries were adopted, subject to ratification, the present Constitution.
The Union aims to stimulate the sustainable development of universal postal services of quality, efficient and accessible, to facilitate communication between inhabitants of the planet by:-ensuring the free movement of postal items on a single postal territory composed of networks interconnected;
-encouraging the adoption of fair common standards and the use of technology;
-ensuring cooperation and interaction between stakeholders;
-promoting effective technical cooperation;
-ensuring to the satisfaction of the evolving needs of clients.
Article II (Article 1a added) Definitions 1. For the purposes of the acts of the Universal Postal Union, the following terms are defined as follows: 1.1 postal Service: all of the postal services whose scope is determined by the bodies of the Union. The main obligations attaching to these benefits consist to meet certain social and economic objectives of member countries, ensuring the collection, sorting, transmission and distribution of postal items.
1.2 member country: country which fulfils the conditions laid down in article 2 of the Constitution.
1.3 single postal territory (a single postal territory): obligation for the contracting parties of acts of the UPU to ensure, according to the principle of reciprocity, exchange of letter-post items letters in respect of freedom of transit and without distinction treat mailings from other territories and transiting their countries as their own mailings.
1.4 freedom of transit: principle whereby an intermediate postal administration is required to transport postal items that are given to him in transit by other postal administration, by booking this mail to the same treatment as that which is applied to shipments of domestic.
1.5 send mail to letters: shipments described in the Convention.
1.6 international postal service: postal services regulated by the acts or operations. All of these operations or services.
Section III (Article 22 amended) acts of the Union 1. The Constitution is the fundamental act of the Union.
It contains the organic rules of the Union, and cannot be the subject of reservations.
2. the general regulation contains provisions ensuring the application of the Constitution and the functioning of the Union. It is mandatory for all Member countries and cannot be the subject of reservations.
3. the Universal Postal Convention, the rules of the letter-post and parcel post regulations have common rules applicable to the international postal service as well as the provisions concerning the letter-post and parcel post services. These acts are mandatory for all Member countries.
4. the Arrangements of the Union and their regulations regulate the services other than those of the post and postal parcels between Member countries that are parties to it.
They are mandatory for these countries.
5. the regulations, which contain the implementing measures necessary for the implementation of the Convention and Arrangements, are stopped by the postal operations Council, taking into account the decisions taken by the Congress.
6. the possible final protocols annexed to the acts of the Union referred to in 3 to 5 contain the reservations to these acts.
Article IV (section 30 amended) amendment to the Constitution 1. To be adopted, the proposals submitted to the Congress and related to this Constitution must be approved by two-thirds at least of the Member countries of the Union have the right to vote.
2. the amendments adopted by a Congress are under an additional protocol and, unless this Congress, shall enter into force at the same time that acts renewed during the same Congress. They are ratified as soon as possible by member countries and the instruments of ratification are treated in accordance with the rule referred to in article 26.
Article V (section 31 amended) amendment of the general regulations, of the Convention and Arrangements 1. The general regulation, the Convention and agreements lay down the conditions to which is subject to approval of the proposals concerning them.
2. the Convention and the Arrangements are implemented simultaneously and they have the same length. On the day fixed by the Congress for the implementation of these acts, the relevant acts of the previous Congress are repealed.
Article VI accession to the Protocol and other acts of the Union 1. Member countries that have not signed the Protocol may accede at any time.
2-member countries which are parties to the acts renewed by Congress but who have not signed are required to accede within the shortest possible time.
3. the instruments of accession relating to the cases referred to in 1 and 2 should be addressed to the Director general of the international Bureau. This filing it notify the Governments of the countries - members.
Section VII implementation to performance and duration of the additional protocol to the Universal Postal Union Constitution this additional protocol will be implemented on 1 January 2006 and shall remain in force for an indefinite period.
In witness whereof, the Plenipotentiaries of Governments of countries-members drew this additional protocol, which will have the same force and the same value as if its provisions were inserted in the text of the Constitution, and they have signed in a copy which shall be deposited with the Director general of the international Bureau.
A copy will be provided to each party by the international Bureau of the Postal Union universal.
Done at Bucharest, October 5, 2004.

CONSTITUTION of the universal postal UNION (as amended by the protocols of Tokyo 1969, Lausanne 1974, Hamburg 1984, 1989 Washington, Seoul 1994, 1999 Beijing and Bucharest 2004) Table of contents preamble title I provisions organic chapter I General Article 1.
Scope and purpose of the 1A Union. Definitions 2. Members of the Union 3. Competence of the Union 4. Exceptional relations 5. The seat of the Union 6. Official language of the Union 7. Monetary unit 8. Restricted unions. Special arrangements 9.
Relations with the Organization of the United Nations 10. Relations with international organizations chapter II membership or admission to the Union. The output of the Union 11. Membership or admission to the Union.

Procedure 12. Out of the Union. Procedure chapter III Organisation of the Union 13.
Organs of the Union 14. Congress 15. Extraordinary Congress 16. Administrative conferences (deleted) 17. Board of Directors 18. Postal Operations Council 19. Special commissions (deleted) 20. International Bureau chapter IV Finance of Union 21. Expenditure of the Union. Contributions of Member States title II acts of Union chapter I General 22. Acts of Union 23.
Application of acts of the Union in the territories for which a member country provides international relations 24.
National legislation chapter II acceptance and denunciation of the 25 Union acts.
Signature, authentication, ratification and approval of the acts of the Union 26 other modes.
Notification of ratification and other modes of approval of the acts of the Union 27. Membership Arrangements 28. Denunciation of a chapter III amendment to the acts of the Union 29 Arrangement. Presentation of the 30 proposals. Amendment of the Constitution of 31.
Modification of the general regulation, of the Convention and chapter IV 32 dispute settlement Arrangements. Title III final provisions 33 arbitrations.
Update performance and duration of the Constitution preamble 1 in view to develop communications between peoples by effective functioning of postal services and contribute to achieving the high international collaboration in cultural, social and economic aims, Governments of Plenipotentiaries of the contracting countries, subject to ratification, adopted this Constitution.
The Union aims to stimulate the sustainable development of universal postal services of quality, efficient and accessible, to facilitate communication between inhabitants of the planet by:-ensuring the free movement of postal items on a single postal territory composed of networks interconnected;
-encouraging the adoption of fair common standards and the use of technology;
-ensuring cooperation and interaction between stakeholders;
-promoting effective technical cooperation;
-ensuring to the satisfaction of the evolving needs of clients.
Title i. - Organic provisions chapter I. - General Article first scope and purpose of the Union 1. Countries that adopt this Constitution form, under the name of Universal Postal Union, a single postal territory for the reciprocal exchange of letter post items. Freedom of transit is guaranteed in the entire territory of the Union.
2. the Union is intended to ensure the Organization and development of postal services and to promote the development of international collaboration in this area.
3. the Union is involved, to the extent of its possibilities, to postal technical assistance requested by its member countries.
Article 1a 2 Definitions 1.
For the purposes of the acts of the Universal Postal Union, the following terms are defined as follows: 1.1 postal Service: all of the postal services whose scope is determined by the bodies of the Union.
The main obligations attaching to these benefits consist to meet certain social and economic objectives of member countries, ensuring the collection, sorting, transmission and distribution of postal items.
1.2 member country: country which fulfils the conditions laid down in article 2 of the Constitution.
1.3 single postal territory (a single postal territory): obligation for the contracting parties of acts of the UPU to ensure, according to the principle of reciprocity, exchange of letter-post items letters in respect of freedom of transit and without distinction treat mailings from other territories and transiting their countries as their own mailings.
1.4 freedom of transit: principle whereby an intermediate postal administration is required to transport postal items that are given to him in transit by other postal administration, by booking this mail to the same treatment as that which is applied to shipments of domestic.
1.5 send mail to letters: shipments described in the Convention.
1.6 international postal service: postal services regulated by the acts or operations. All of these operations or services.
Article 2 members of the Union are member countries of the Union: has) those countries that have the quality of Member at the date of the entry into force of this Constitution;
(b)) the countries that became members in accordance with article 11.
Article 3 competence of the Union the Union has within its jurisdiction: has) the territories of the Member countries;
(b) post offices established by member countries in Territories not included in the Union;
c) territories which, without being a member of the Union, are included in this because they are postal perspective of member countries.
Article 4 exceptional Relations postal administrations serving Territories not included in the Union are required to be intermediaries of other jurisdictions. The provisions of the Convention and its regulations are applicable to these exceptional relationships.
Section 5 headquarters of the Union headquarters of the Union and its standing bodies shall be Berne.
Article 6 the official language of the Union Union official language is French.
Article 7 (3) monetary unit the currency unit used in the acts of the Union is the unit of account of the international monetary Fund (IMF).
Article 8 restricted Unions. Special arrangements 1.
Member countries, or their postal administrations if the legislation of these countries does not preclude may establish restricted Unions and make special arrangements regarding the international postal service provided, however do not introduce provisions less favourable to the public than those provided by the acts to which the interested member countries are parties.
2. the Restricted Unions may send observers to congresses, Conferences and meetings of the Union on the Board of Directors as well as to the postal operations Council. 4 3.
The Union can send observers to the Congress, Conferences and meetings of the Restricted Unions.
Article 9 Relations with the Organization of the United Nations relations between the Union and the United Nations United are governed by agreements whose texts are annexed to this Constitution.
Section 10 Relations with the international organizations in order to ensure close cooperation in the international postal sector, the Union can collaborate with international organizations having interests and activities.
CHAPTER II. -Membership or admission to the Union output of Union Article 11 5 membership or admission to the Union. Procedure 1.
Any member of the Organization of the United Nations may accede to the Union.
2. any sovereign country not a member of the United Nations may apply for admission as a member country of the Union.
3. membership or the application for admission to the Union must have a formal declaration of accession to the Constitution and the binding acts of the Union. It is directed by the Government of the country concerned to the Director-general of the international Bureau, which, as the case may be, shall notify the membership or consults with member countries on the application for admission.
4. the country not a member of the Organization of the United Nations is considered to be admitted as a member country if its application is approved by two-thirds at least of the Member countries of the Union. Member countries that did not reply within the period of four months are considered as abstaining.
5. membership or admission as a member shall be notified by the Director general of the international Bureau to the Governments of member countries. It takes effect from the date of this notification.
Article 12 6 out of the Union. Procedure 1. Each member country has the right to withdraw from the Union subject to denunciation of the Constitution given by the Government of the country concerned to the Director-general of the international Bureau and by the latter to the Governments of the countries - members.
2. the output of the Union becomes effective on the expiry of one year from the day of receipt by the Director general of the international Bureau of the denunciation 1.
CHAPTER III. -Organization of the Union Article 13 7 bodies of the Union 1. The bodies of the Union are the Congress, the Board of Directors, the postal operations Council and the international Bureau.
2. the permanent bodies of the Union are the governing body, the postal operations Council and the international Bureau.
Article 14 Congress 1. The Congress is the supreme organ of the Union.
2. Congress consists of representatives of the Member countries.
Article 15 extraordinary Congress an extraordinary Congress may be convened at the request or with the consent of two-thirds at least of the Member countries of the Union.
Article 16 (deleted) administrative Conferences 8 Article 17 9 Executive Board 1. Between two congresses, the Governing Council (GC) ensures the continuity of the work of the Union in accordance with the provisions of the acts of the Union.
2. the members of the Board of directors exercise their functions on behalf of and in the interests of the Union.
Article 18 10 postal operations Council the postal operations Council (POC) is responsible for the operational, commercial, technical and economic issues affecting the postal service.
Article 19 (deleted) Special Commissions 11 Article 20 12 Office international a central office, based at the headquarters of the Union under the name of international Bureau of the Universal Postal Union, headed by a

Director general and place under the control of the Board of Directors, serves as executing agency, support, liaison, information and consultation.
CHAPTER IV. -Finance of the Union Article 21 13 expenditure of the Union. Contributions of the countries - members 1. Each Congress shall adopt the maximum amount that can reach: a) annual expenditure of the Union;
(b)) the costs of the meeting of the next Congress.
2. the maximum amount of expenditure 1 may be exceeded if the circumstances so require, that are observed the provisions subject y relating of the general regulation.
3. the expenditure of the Union, possibly including expenditure referred to under 2, are supported in common member countries of the Union. To this end, each member country chooses contribution class in which it is intended to be stored. Contribution classes are laid down in the general regulation.
4. in the case of accession or admission to the Union under article 11, the country concerned freely chooses contribution class in which he wishes to be stored at the point of view of the apportionment of the expenses of the Union.
Title II. -Acts of the Union chapter I. - General Article 22 acts of the Union 1. The Constitution is the fundamental act of the Union. It contains the organic rules of the Union, and cannot be the subject of reservations. 14 2. The general regulation contains provisions ensuring the application of the Constitution and the functioning of the Union. It is mandatory for all Member countries and cannot be the subject of reservations. 14 3. The Universal Postal Convention, the rules of the letter-post and parcel post regulations have common rules applicable to the international postal service as well as the provisions concerning the letter-post and parcel post services. These acts are mandatory for all Member countries.
15 4. Arrangements of the Union and their regulations regulate the services other than those of the post and postal parcels between Member countries that are parties to it.
They are mandatory for these countries. 15 5. The regulations, which contain the implementing measures necessary for the implementation of the Convention and Arrangements, are stopped by the postal operations Council, taking into account the decisions taken by the Congress. 16 6. The potential final protocols annexed to the acts of the Union referred to in 3 to 5 contain the reservations to these acts.
Article 23 17 Application of acts of the Union in the territories for which a member country provides international relations 1.
Any country may declare at any time that the acceptance by him of acts of the Union includes all territories which it ensures international relations, or some of them only.
2. the declaration provided for under 1 shall be addressed to the Director general of the international Bureau.
3. any Member State may at any time notify the Director General of the international Bureau to denounce the application of the acts of the Union for which he made the statement under 1. This notification is effective one year after the date of its receipt by the Director general of the international Bureau.
4. the declarations and notifications under 1 and 3 shall be communicated to member countries by the Director-general of the international Bureau.
5. the provisions laid down under 1 to 4 shall not apply to the territories with membership of the Union and which a Member State ensures international relations.
Article 24 national legislation the provisions of the acts of the Union are without prejudice to the legislation of each member country in all that is not expressly provided for by these acts.
CHAPTER II. -Acceptance and denunciation of acts of the Union Article 25 18 Signature, authentication, ratification and other modes of approval of the acts of the Union 1. From Union of the Congress acts are signed by the Plenipotentiaries of the Member States.
2. the regulations are authenticated by the President and the Secretary general of the postal operations Council. 19 3.
The Constitution is ratified as soon as possible by the signatory countries.
4. the approval of the acts of the Union other than the Constitution is governed by constitutional rules of each signatory country.
5. where a country does not ratify the Constitution or does not approve the other acts signed by him, the Constitution and other acts are no less valuable for countries which have ratified or approved.
Article 26 20 Notification of ratifications and other modes of approval of the acts of the Union the instruments of ratification of the Constitution, additional protocols to it and possibly approval of other acts of Union are deposited within the shortest time with the Director general of the international Bureau, which shall notify such deposits to the Governments of the countries - members.
Article 27 accession Arrangements 1. Member countries may, at any time, join one or more of the Arrangements provided for in article 22.4.
2. the accession of countries to the Arrangements shall be notified in accordance with article 11.3.
Article 28 denunciation of an Arrangement each member country has the right to cease its participation in one or more of the Arrangements, to the conditions specified in article 12.
CHAPTER III. — Amendment of acts of the Union Article 29 submission of proposals 1. The postal administration of a member country has the right to present proposals for acts of the Union to which his country is a Party Congress, either between two congresses.
2. However, proposals for the Constitution and the general rules cannot be submitted to the Congress.
3. in addition, proposals for regulations are submitted directly to the postal operations Council, but they must be transmitted by the international Bureau to all postal administrations of member countries.
19 article 30 amendment of the Constitution 1. To be adopted, the proposals submitted to the Congress and related to this Constitution must be approved by two-thirds at least of the Member countries of the Union have the right to vote. 21 2.
The amendments adopted by a Congress are under an additional protocol and, unless this Congress, shall enter into force at the same time that acts renewed during the same Congress. They are ratified as soon as possible by member countries and the instruments of ratification are treated in accordance with the rule referred to in article 26.
Article 31 22 amendment of the general regulations, of the Convention and Arrangements 1. The general regulation, the Convention and agreements lay down the conditions to which is subject to approval of the proposals concerning them.
2. the Convention and the Arrangements are implemented simultaneously and they have the same length. On the day fixed by the Congress for the implementation of these acts, the relevant acts of the previous Congress are repealed. 21 CHAPTER IV. -Settlement of disputes Article 32 arbitration in case of dispute between two or more Member countries relatively postal administrations to the interpretation of the acts of the Union or of the liability arising for postal administration, enforcement of these acts, the issue is regulated by arbitral judgment.
Title III. -Final provisions Article 33 23 performance and duration of the Constitution this Constitution will be enforced on January 1, 1966 and shall remain in force for an indefinite period.
In witness whereof, the Plenipotentiaries of the Contracting Governments have signed this Constitution in a copy which shall remain deposited in the Archives of the Government of the country seat of the Union. A copy will be provided to each party by the international Bureau of the Postal Union universal.
Done at Vienna, July 10, 1964.
_ Footnotes 1 as amended by the 2004 Bucharest Congress.
2 introduced by the 2004 Bucharest Congress.
3 as amended by Congress in Washington 1989.
4 amended by the Convention of Tokio 1969 and Seoul 1994.
5 amended by the Congress of the 1969 Tokyo and Washington 1989.
6 as amended by Congress in Washington 1989.
7 amended by the Congress of Tokyo 1969, Hamburg 1984 and Seoul 1994.
8 by the Congress of Hamburg 1984.
9 as amended by the 1994 Seoul Congress.
10 modified by the Congress of the 1969 Tokyo and Seoul 1994.
11 by the Congress of Hamburg 1984.
12 modified by the Congress of Hamburg 1984 and Seoul 1994.

13 amended by the Congress of Tokyo 1969, Lausanne 1974 and Washington 1989.
14 as amended by the 2004 Bucharest Congress.
15 as amended by the 1999 Beijing Congress.
16 amended by the Congress of the 1989 Washington, Seoul 1994 and 1999 Beijing.
17 as amended by Congress in Washington 1989.
18 amended by the Congress of the 1989 Washington and Seoul 1994.
19 as amended by the 1999 Beijing Congress.
20 modified by the Congress of the 1969 Tokyo and Washington 1989.
21 as amended by the 2004 Bucharest Congress.
22 amended by Congress of Hamburg 1984.
23 amended by the 2004 Bucharest Congress.

GENERAL regulations of the universal postal UNION Table of contents chapter I functioning of the organs of the Union art.
101 organization and meeting of the Congress and extraordinary Congress 102. Composition, functioning and meetings of the Board of Directors 103. Information on the activities of the Board of Directors 104.
Composition, functioning and meetings of the postal operations Council 105. Information on the activities of the postal operations Council 106. Composition, functioning and meetings of the Advisory Committee

107. information on the activities of the Committee 108.
Rules of procedure of the Congress 109. Working languages of the international Bureau 110.
Languages used for documentation, discussions and correspondence service chapter II international Bureau 111. Election of the Director-general and Deputy Director general of the international Bureau 112. Functions of the Director-general 113. Functions of the Deputy Director general 114. Secretariat of the organs of the Union 115. List of countries - members 116.
Information. Notice. Requests for interpretation and modification of the acts. investigations. Intervention in the liquidation of the 117 accounts. Technical cooperation 118. Formulas provided by the international Bureau 119. Acts of the Restricted Unions and special arrangements 120.
Journal of the Union 121. Biennial report on the activities of the Union chapter III Procedure of introduction and review of 122 proposals. Procedure for the submission of proposals to Congress 123. Procedure for the submission to the postal operations Council's proposals concerning the development of the new regulations taking into account the decisions taken by the Congress 124.
Procedure for the submission of proposals between two Congress 125. Review of proposals between two Congress 126. Notification of decisions adopted between two Congress 127. Entry into force of the regulations and other decisions adopted between two Congress chapter IV finance 128.
Fixing and regulation of the 129 Union spending. Automatic sanctions 130. Contribution classes 131. Payment of supplies from the international Bureau chapter V arbitrations 132.
Chapter VI final provisions 133 arbitration proceedings. Conditions for approval of proposals for the general regulation 134. Proposals for agreements with the Organization of the United Nations 135. Update performance and duration of the general regulation the undersigned, Plenipotentiaries of Governments of member countries of the Union, given article 22.2 of the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union concluded at Vienna on 10 July 1964, have, by mutual agreement and subject to article 25(4)(b) of the said Constitution, arrested in the present general regulations, the following provisions ensuring the application of the Constitution and the functioning of the Union.
Chapter i. - Functioning of the organs of the Union Article 101 organization and meeting of the Congress and extraordinary Congress (Const. 14, 15) 1. Representatives of member countries meet in Congress no later than four years after the end of the year during which the previous Congress took place.
2. each member country is represented in Congress by one or more bearing plenipotentiaries, by their Government, necessary powers. It can, if necessary, be represented by the delegation to another Member country. However, it is understood that a delegation may represent only one single member country other than his own.
3. in the deliberations, each member country has one vote, subject to the penalties provided for in article 129.
4. in principle, each Congress means the country in which the next Congress will be held. If this designation turns out to be inapplicable, the Governing Council is authorised to designate the country where the Congress held its Foundation, after agreement with the latter.
5. after agreement with the international Bureau, inviting Government fixed the final date and the exact location of the Conference. One year, in principle, before that date, the inviting government sends an invitation to the Government of each member country. This invitation may be addressed either directly or through another Government, or through the Director general of the international Bureau.
6. when a Congress must be convened without having a Government inviting, the international Bureau, with the approval of the Board of Directors and after agreement with the Government of the Swiss Confederation shall arrange to convene and organize the Congress in the country seat of the Union. In this case, the international Bureau performs the functions of inviting Government.
7. the place of meeting of an extraordinary Congress is set upon agreement with the international Bureau, by member countries having taken the initiative of this Congress.
8. the provisions laid down under 2 to 6 shall apply by analogy to the extraordinary Congress.
Article 102 Composition, functioning and meetings of the Board of Directors (Const. 17) 1. The Board of Directors consists of forty-one members who perform their duties during the period between two successive congresses.
2. the Presidency is vested right to the host country of the Conference. If this country withdraws, he became a member of law and, as such, the geographical group to which it belongs has one additional seat to which the restrictions under 3 are not applicable. In this case, the Board of Directors elected to the Presidency a Member belonging to the geographical group including the host country.
3. the forty other members of the Board of Directors are elected by the Congress on the basis of equitable geographical distribution. At least half the members is renewed on the occasion of each Congress; No member country can be selected successively by three congresses.
4. each Member of the Board of Directors designates its representative, who must be proficient in the postal sector.
5. the functions of Member of the Board of Directors are free. The operating costs of this Council are the responsibility of the Union.
6. the Board of Directors has the following responsibilities: 6.1 supervising all activities of the Union in the interval of the Congress, taking into account the decisions of the Congress, by studying questions concerning the policies in postal matters, taking into account regulatory international policies such as those relating to trade in services and competition;
6.2 review and approve, within its competence, any action deemed necessary to safeguard and enhance the quality of the international postal service and modernize it;
6.3 promote, coordinate and monitor all forms of postal technical assistance through technical cooperation;
6.4 examine and approve the budget and the annual accounts of the Union;
6.5 allow, if the circumstances so require, the excess of costs pursuant to section 128.3 to 5;
6.6 stop the financial regulations of the UPU;
6.7 stop rules governing the contingency fund;
6.8 adopt rules governing the special fund;
6.9 adopt rules governing the special activities Fund;
6.10 stop the rules governing the voluntary fund;
6.11 ensure control of the activity of the international Bureau;
6.12 allow, if asked, the choice of a lower contribution class, in accordance with the conditions laid down in article 130.6;
6.13 authorize the change of geographical group, a country's request, taking into account the views expressed by the countries that are members of the geographical groups concerned;
6.14 stop of the staff regulations and the conditions of service of elected officials;
6.15 create or remove workstations from the international Bureau taking into account restrictions on the ceiling expenditures set;
6.16 stop regulation of the social fund;
6.17 approve biennial reports drawn up by the international Bureau on the Union's activities and financial management and submit, if appropriate, comments thereon;
6.18 decide contacts to with postal administrations to carry out its functions;
6.19 after consultation of the postal operations Council, decide to contact to take with organizations who are not observers of law, examine and approve the reports of the international Bureau on the relations of the UPU with other international bodies, the decisions which it considers relevant to the conduct of these relationships and the follow-up to them; designate, in due time, after consultation with the Council of postal operations and the Secretary-General, international organizations, associations, businesses and qualified individuals who should be invited to be represented at the Congress and its committees-specific sessions, when this is in the interests of the Union or can enjoy the work of Congress, and load the Director-general of the international Bureau to send the necessary invitations;
6.20 stop, where it deems appropriate, the principles that the postal operations Council must take into account in considering issues having significant financial implications (taxes, transit fees, terminal fees, basic rate of transport of mail by air and filing abroad of letter-post items), to monitor these issues and examine and approve to ensure compliance with the above principles, the proposals of the postal operations Council on the same subjects;
6.21 study, at the request of Congress, Council of postal operations and postal administrations, administrative, legislative and legal issues affecting the Union or the international postal service; It belongs to the Governing Council to decide, in the above-mentioned areas, if it is appropriate or not to undertake studies requested by the postal administrations in the interval of the Congress;
6.22 to formulate proposals which will be submitted for approval or Congressman, or postal administrations in accordance with article 124;
6.23 approve, within the framework

its competence, the recommendations of the Board of postal operations concerning the adoption, if necessary, of a regulation or a new practice until Congress decides on the subject;
6.24 consider the annual report prepared by the postal operations Council and, where appropriate, the proposals submitted by the latter;
6.25 submit topics of study to the review of the postal operations Council, in accordance with article 104.9.16;
6.26 designate the country seat of the next Congress in the case provided for in article 101.4;
6.27 determine, in a timely manner and after consultation with the postal operations Council, the number of Commissions needed to carry out the work of the Congress and set responsibilities;
6.28 designate, after consultation of the Board of postal operations and subject to the approval of the Congress, member countries likely to:-to assume the Vice-Presidencies of Congress and chairmanships and vice-chairmanships of committees, taking into account as much as possible of the equitable geographical distribution of member countries;
-to be part of the restricted Congress Commissions;
6.29 review and approve the draft strategic plan to present to the Congress and developed by the postal operations Council with the assistance of the international Bureau; review and approve the annual revisions of the plan agreed by the Congress on the basis of the recommendations of the postal operations Council and work with the postal operations Council in the development and annual updating of the plan;
6.30 establish the framework for the Organization of the Advisory Committee and approve its organization of the Advisory Committee, in accordance with the provisions of article 106;
6.31 establish criteria for membership of the Advisory Committee and approve or reject applications for membership according to these criteria, ensuring that the latter are treated following an expedited, between meetings of the Board of Directors;
6.32 designate members who will be part of the Advisory Committee;
6.33 receive reports and recommendations from the Advisory Committee discuss and review the recommendations for submission to the Congress.
7. at its first meeting, which is convened by the President of the Congress, the Board of Directors shall elect from among its members, four Vice-presidents and shall adopt its rules of procedure.
8. at the invitation of its President, Governing Council meets, in principle once a year, at the headquarters of the Union.
9. the President, the Vice-presidents, the Presidents of Commissions of the Council of administration and the Chairman of the strategic planning group form the Management Committee. The Committee prepares and directs the work of each session of the Governing Council. It approves, on behalf of the Board of Directors, the annual report prepared by the international Bureau on the activities of the Union and it assumes any other task which the governing body decides to entrust him or the need appears during the strategic planning process.
10. the representative of each of the members of the Board of Directors participating in the sessions of this body, with the exception of the meetings which were held during the Congress, entitled return or the price of a-return economy class air ticket or a ticket of railway in 1st class, either the cost of travel by any other means provided that this amount does not exceed the price of the-return economy class air ticket. The same right is granted to the representative of each Member of its committees, working groups or other organs when they gather outside the Conference and sessions of the Council.
11. the President of the Council of postal operations represents it at the meetings of the Board of Directors the agenda which included issues relating to the body he leads.
12. the Chairman of the Advisory Committee represents it in the meetings of the Board of directors when the agenda includes issues of concern to the Advisory Committee.
13. in order to ensure an efficient link between the work of the two bodies, the postal operations Council may designate representatives to attend the meetings of the Governing Board as observers.
14. the postal administration in the country where the Board of Directors meets is invited to attend meetings as an observer, if that country is not a member of the Board of Directors.
15. the Board of Directors may invite to its meetings, without the right to vote, any organization, international representative of association or company or any qualified person that he wishes to involve in its work. It can also invite one or more postal administrations of member countries interested in matters included in its agenda under the same conditions.
16. at their request, the following observers may participate in the plenary meetings and the meetings of the Commissions of the Board of Directors, without the right to vote: 16.1 members of the postal operations Council.
16.2 members of the Advisory Committee;
16.3 intergovernmental organizations involved in the work of the Board of Directors;
16.4 other Member countries of the Union.
17. for logistical reasons, the Board of Directors may limit the number of participants per observer. It can also limit their right to speak during the debate.
18. the members of the Board of Directors participate effectively in its activities. Observers may, at their request, be authorized to collaborate on studies undertaken, subject to the conditions that the Council may establish for the performance and the effectiveness of its work. They can also be called upon to preside over the working groups and project teams where their knowledge or experience warrant. The participation of observers is carried out without additional cost to the Union.
19. in exceptional circumstances, observers may be excluded from a meeting or part of a meeting. Likewise, their right to receive certain documents may be limited if the confidentiality of the subject of the meeting or document required; the decision on such a restriction can be taken case by case by any body concerned or its President; different cases are reported to the Board of Directors, and the postal operations Council if it comes to issues of particular interest to this body. Subsequently, the governing body may, if it considers it necessary, reconsider the restrictions, in consultation with the postal operations Council when appropriate.
Article 103 Information on the activities of the Board of Directors 1. After each session, the governing body shall inform Member countries of the Union, the Restricted Unions and members of the Advisory Committee on its activities by including sending them a summary record as well as its resolutions and decisions.
2. the Board of Directors made the Congress a report on all its activity and sends it to the postal administrations of member countries of the Union and the members of the Committee Advisory at least two months before the opening of the Congress.
Article 104 Composition, functioning and meetings of the Board of postal operations (Const. 18) 1. The postal operations Council consists of 40 members who perform their duties during the period between two successive congresses.
2. Member of the postal operations Council are elected by the Congress, on the basis of a specified geographical distribution. Twenty-four seats are reserved for developing countries and sixteen seats to developed countries. The third member is renewed on the occasion of each Congress.
3. each Member of the postal operations Council appoint its representative who assumes the responsibilities referred to in the acts of the Union in the delivery of services.
4. the operating costs of the postal operations Council are borne by the Union. Its members do not receive any remuneration. The travel and subsistence expenses of representatives of the postal administrations participating to the postal operations Council are borne by them. However, the representative of each of the countries considered as disadvantaged according to the lists established by the United Nations is entitled, except for meetings that take place during the Congress, return or the price of a plane ticket round-trip in economy class or a ticket by way of iron in 1st class, either the cost of the trip by any other means provided that this amount does not exceed the price of the-return economy class air ticket.
5. at its first meeting, which is convened and opened by the President of the Congress, the postal operations Council chooses, from among its members, a President, a Vice-president, the Presidents of the Commissions and the Chairman of the strategic planning group.
6. the postal operations Council shall adopt its rules of procedure.
7. in principle, the postal operations Council meets annually at the headquarters of the Union. The date and place of the meeting are set by its President, after agreement with the President of the governing body and the Director-general of the international Bureau.
8. the Chairman, the Vice-Chairman, the Presidents of the Commissions of the postal operations Council as well as the Chairman of the strategic planning group form the Management Committee. The Committee prepares and directs the work of each session of the operations Council

postal and assume all tasks the latter decides to entrust him or have the need appears during the strategic planning process.
9. the functions of the postal operations Council are the following: 9.1 lead the study of problems of exploitation, commercial, technical, economic and most important technical cooperation which are of interest for administrations of all Member countries of the Union, including issues having significant financial implications (fees, transit fees, terminal fees, basic rate of transport of mail by air (, assessments of postal parcels and filing abroad of letter-post items), develop information and advice thereon and recommend measures to be taken in their regard;
9.2 proceed to the revision of the regulations of the Union within six months following the closing of the Congress, unless it decides otherwise; in cases of urgent necessity, the postal operations Council may also amend these regulations to other sessions; in both cases, the operations Council remains subject to the directives of the Board of Directors with regard to policies and the fundamental principles;
9.3 coordinate practical measures for the development and improvement of international postal services;
9.4 undertake, subject to the approval of the Board of directors within the competence of the latter, any action deemed necessary to safeguard and enhance the quality of the international postal service and modernize it;
9.5 make proposals that will be submitted for approval or Congressman, or postal administrations in accordance with article 125. the approval of the Board of Directors is required when these proposals relate to matters within the jurisdiction of the latter;
9.6 examine, at the request of the administration mailing a member country, any proposal that this postal administration shall transmit to the international Bureau under article 124, prepare comments and entrust the Office annex to the said proposal before it is submitted for the approval of administrations of member countries;
9.7 recommend, if necessary, and possibly after approval by the Governing Council and consultation of all the postal administrations, the adoption of a regulation or a new practice until Congress decides on the subject;
9.8 develop and present, in the form of recommendations to postal administrations, technical standards, operating and other areas of jurisdiction where a uniform practice is indispensable; Similarly, he proceeds, if necessary, changes to standards already established;
9.9 review, in consultation with the Governing Council and with its approval, the draft strategic plan of the UPU, developed by the international Bureau and submitted to the Congress; revise annually the plan approved by the Congress with the support of the Group of strategic planning and the international Bureau, as well as with the approval of the Board of Directors;
9.10 approve the annual report prepared by the international Bureau on the activities of the Union in its parts that relate to the responsibilities and functions of the postal operations Council.
9.11 decide contacts to with postal administrations to carry out its functions;
9.12 proceed to the study of the problems of teaching and vocational training relevant to new countries and development;
9.13 take the necessary measures to study and disseminate experiences and the progress made by some countries in fields of technology, operation, economy and vocational training concerning postal services;
9.14 study the current situation and the needs of postal services in new countries and developing and develop suitable recommendations on the ways and means to improve postal services in these countries;
9.15, after agreement with the Board of Directors, take appropriate measures in the field of technical cooperation with all Member countries of the Union, in particular with the new countries and in development;
9.16 deal with all other matters referred to it by a member of the postal operations Council, by the Council; of directors or by any postal administration of a member country
9.17 receive and discuss the reports as well as the recommendations of the Advisory Committee, and for issues of interest to the postal operations Council, review and comment on the recommendations of the Advisory Committee for submission to the Congress;
9.18 designate members who will be part of the Advisory Committee.
10. on the basis of the strategic plan of the UPU adopted by the Congress and, in particular, of the part relating to the strategies of the permanent bodies of the Union, the postal operations Council establishes, at its session following the Congress, a work programme containing a number of tactics aimed at the realization of the strategies. This basic program, comprising a limited number of works on subjects of topical and common interest, is revised each year on the basis of the realities and emerging priorities, as well as changes to the strategic plan.
11. in order to ensure an efficient link between the work of the two bodies, the Board of Directors may designate representatives to attend the meetings of the Board of postal operations as observers.
12. at their request, the following observers may participate, without the right to vote, in the plenary meetings and the meetings of the Commissions of the postal operations Council: 12.1 members of the Board of Directors;
12.2 members of the Advisory Committee;
12.3 intergovernmental organizations interested in the work of the postal operations Council.
12.4 other Member countries of the Union.
13. for logistical reasons, the postal operations Council may limit the number of participants per observer. It can also limit their right to speak during the debate.
14. the members of the postal operations Council participate effectively in its activities. Observers may, at their request, be authorized to collaborate on studies undertaken, subject to the conditions that the Council may establish for the performance and the effectiveness of its work. They can also be called upon to preside over the working groups and project teams where their knowledge or experience warrant. The participation of observers is carried out without additional cost to the Union.
15. in exceptional circumstances, observers may be excluded from a meeting or part of a meeting. Likewise, their right to receive certain documents may be limited if the confidentiality of the subject of the meeting or document required; the decision on such a restriction can be taken case by case by any body concerned or its President; different cases are reported to the Board of Directors, and the postal operations Council if it comes to issues of particular interest to this body. Subsequently, the governing body may, if it considers it necessary, reconsider the restrictions, in consultation with the postal operations Council when appropriate.
16. the Chairman of the Advisory Committee represents it to the postal operations Council meetings when the agenda includes issues of concern to the Advisory Committee.
17. the postal operations Council may invite to its meetings, without the right to vote: 17.1 any international body or any qualified person he wishes to involve in its work;
17.2 of the postal administrations of member countries not belonging to the postal operations Council;
17.3 any association or company that wishes to consult on issues relating to its activities.
Article 105 Information on the activities of the postal operations Council 1. After each session, the postal operations Council shall inform Member countries of the Union, the Restricted Unions and members of the Advisory Committee on its activities by including sending them a summary record as well as its resolutions and decisions.
2. the postal operations Council establishes an annual report on its activities to the Board of Directors.
3. the postal operations Council shall, for the Congress, a report on all its activity and sends it to the postal administrations of member countries of the Union and the members of the Committee at least two months before the opening of the Congress.
Article 106 Composition, functioning and meetings of the Advisory Committee 1. The Advisory Committee is designed to represent the interests of the postal sector in the broad sense of the term and provide a framework for effective dialogue between interested parties. It includes non-governmental organizations representing customers, distribution services providers, organizations of workers, suppliers of goods and service for the postal sector, and similar bodies bringing together individuals, as well as companies interested in international postal services. If these organizations are registered, they must be in a member country of the Union.
The Board of administration and the postal operations Council shall designate their respective members serving as members of the Advisory Committee. Apart from the members designated by the Board of Directors

and the postal operations Council, the Advisory Committee membership is determined on the basis of a process of filing of application and acceptance of it, prepared by the Board of Directors and carried out in accordance with article 102.6.31.
2. each Member of the Advisory Committee refers to its own representative.
3. the operating costs of the Advisory Committee are divided between the Union and the members of the Committee, in the manner determined by the Board of Directors.
4. the members of the Committee do not receive any remuneration or compensation.
5. the Advisory Committee reorganizes after each Congress, according to the framework established by the Board of Directors.
The President of the Board of directors chaired the organizational meeting of the Advisory Committee, during which it proceeded to the election of the Chairman of the Committee.
6. the Advisory Committee determines its internal organization and establishes its own rules of procedure, taking into account the General principles of the Union and subject to the approval of the Board of Directors, after consultation with the postal operations Council.
7. the Advisory Committee meets twice per year. In principle, the meetings take place at the headquarters of the Union at the time of the sessions of the Board of administration and the postal operations Council. The date and place of each meeting are fixed by the Chairman of the Advisory Committee, in agreement with the Presidents of the Council of administration and the postal operations Council and the Director general of the international Bureau.
8. the Advisory Committee establishes its own program under the list following: 8.1 review documents and relevant reports of the Board of administration and the postal operations Council. in exceptional circumstances, the right to receive certain texts and documents may be limited if the confidentiality of the subject of the meeting or document required; the decision on such a restriction can be taken case by case by any body concerned or its President; different cases are reported to the Board of Directors, and the postal operations Council if it comes to issues of particular interest to this body; Subsequently, the governing body may, if it considers it necessary, reconsider the restrictions, in consultation with the postal operations Council where appropriate;
8.2 conduct studies and discuss important issues for members of the Advisory Committee;
8.3 issues concerning the sector of postal services and to report on these issues;
8.4 contribute to the work of the Board of administration and the postal operations Council, including the presentation of reports and recommendations, and the presentation of opinion at the request of the two Councils;
8.5 make recommendations to Congress, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors and, for issues of interest to the postal operations Council, through review and comment of the latter.
9 President of the Council of administration and the postal operations Council President represent these bodies at the meetings of the Advisory Committee when the agenda of these meetings includes matters of interest to those bodies.
10. to ensure effective liaison with the bodies of the Union, the Committee Advisory may designate representatives to attend the meetings of the Congress, the Board of administration and the postal operations Council as well as their respective committees as observers without the right to vote.
11. at their request, the members of the Advisory Committee may attend the plenary meetings and the meetings of the committees of the Council of administration and the postal operations Council, in accordance with articles 102.16 and 104.12. They can also participate in the work of project teams and working groups under the terms of articles 102.18 and 104.14. The members of the Advisory Committee may participate in the Congress as observers without the right to vote.
12. at their request, the following observers may participate, without the right to vote, in the sessions of the Advisory Committee: 12.1 the Board of administration and the postal operations Council members;
12.2 intergovernmental organizations involved in the work of the Advisory Committee;
12.3 restricted unions;
12.4 other Union Member.
13. for logistical reasons, the Advisory Committee may limit the number of participants per observer. It can also limit their right to speak during the debate.
14. in exceptional circumstances, observers may be excluded from a meeting or part of a meeting. Likewise, their right to receive certain documents may be limited if the confidentiality of the subject of the meeting or document required; the decision on such a restriction can be taken case by case by any body concerned or its President; different cases are reported to the Board of Directors, and the postal operations Council if it comes to issues of particular interest to this body. Subsequently, the governing body may, if it considers it necessary, reconsider the restrictions, in consultation with the postal operations Council when appropriate.
15. the international Bureau, under the responsibility of the Director general, provides the secretariat for the Advisory Committee.
Article 107 Information on the activities of the Advisory Committee 1. After each session, the Advisory Committee informed the Board of Directors and the Board of postal operations of its activities by submitting to the Chairmen of these bodies, inter alia, a summary record of its meetings and its recommendations and opinions.
2. the Advisory Committee reports to the Council of Directors an annual activity report and send a copy to the postal operations Council. This report is included in the documentation of the Board of Directors provided to member countries of the Union and the Restricted Unions, in accordance with article 103.
3. the Advisory Committee reported to the Congress on all of its activity and sends it to the postal administrations of member countries of the Union at least two months before the opening of the Congress.
Article 108 rules of procedure of the Congress (Const. 14) 1. To the Organization of its work and the conduct of deliberations, Congress applied the rules of procedure of the Congress.
2. each Congress can amend the regulations under the conditions laid down in the rules of procedure itself.
Article 109 the international Bureau working languages the working languages of the international Bureau are the french and the English.
Article 110 languages for documentation, discussions and correspondence of service 1. For documentation of the Union, French, English, Arabic and Spanish languages are used. Are also used German, Chinese, Russian, and Portuguese languages provided that production in these last languages is limited to the most important basic documentation. Other languages are also used, provided that Member countries that request them in bear all costs.
2. the Member countries having requested one language other than the official language are a linguistic group.
3. the documentation is published by the international Bureau in the official language and in the languages of the linguistic groups, either directly or through the regional offices of these groups, in accordance with the terms agreed upon with the international Bureau.
The publication in different languages is made according to the same model.
4. the documentation published directly by the international Bureau is, insofar as possible, distributed simultaneously in the requested languages.
5. the correspondence between postal administrations and the international Bureau and the latter to third parties can be exchanged in any language for which the international Bureau has a translation service.
6. the costs of translation into a language whatsoever, including those resulting from the application of the provisions laid down under 5, are supported by the language group requesting that language. Member countries using the official language shall pay, in respect of the translation of non-official documents, a lump sum contribution whose amount per contributory unit is equal to one supported by member countries having recourse to the other working language of the international Bureau. All other costs associated with the provision of the documents are supported by the Union. The ceiling of the costs to be borne by the Union for the production of documents in German, Chinese, Portuguese and Russian is by a resolution of the Congress.
7. the costs to be borne by a linguistic group are distributed among the members of this group proportionately to their contribution to the Union's expenditure. These costs may be allocated among the members of the language according to an another key group, provided that stakeholders agree thereon and shall notify their decision to the international Bureau through the intermediary of the spokesman for the group.
8. the international Bureau responds to any language changes requested by a member country after a period which shall not exceed two years.
9. for discussion at the meetings of the organs of the Union, the languages French, English, Russian and Spanish shall be permitted, subject to a system of interpretation - with or without electronic equipment - including the choice is left to the discretion of the organisers

of the meeting in consultation with the Director-general of the international Bureau and member countries concerned.
10. other languages are also allowed for deliberations and meetings listed under 9.
11. the delegations employing other languages provide simultaneous interpretation into one of the languages mentioned under 9, either by the system indicated in the same paragraph, where the necessary technical modifications may be made, either by special interpreters.
12. the costs of interpretation services are distributed among member countries using the same language in proportion to their contribution to the Union's expenditure. However, the costs of installation and maintenance of technical equipment are supported by the Union.
13. postal administrations may agree on the language to be used for service matching in their mutual relations.
In the absence of such an agreement, the language to be used is the french.
CHAPTER II. -office international section 111 Election of the Director-general and Deputy Director general of the international Bureau 1.
The Director general and the Deputy Director general of the international Bureau are elected by Congress for the period between two successive congresses, the minimum duration of their mandate is four years. Their mandate is renewable only once. Unless otherwise decided by the Conference, the date of their entry on duty is set at 1 January of the year following the Congress.
2. at least seven months before the opening of the Congress, Executive Director of the international Bureau addressed a note to Governments of countries inviting them to submit any nominations for the posts of Executive Director and Deputy Director general and at the same time indicating if the Director general or the Deputy Director general in office are interested in the possible renewal of their initial mandate. Applications, accompanied by a curriculum vitae, should reach the international Bureau two months prior to the opening of the Congress. Candidates must be nationals of member countries that present them. The international Bureau is preparing the necessary documentation for the Congress. The election of the Director-general and Deputy Director general are held by secret ballot, the first election for the post of Director general.
3. in case of vacancy of the post of Director general, Deputy Director general assumes the position of CEO until the end of the mandate provided for it; He is eligible for this position and is accepted office as a candidate, provided that its original mandate as a Deputy Director general has already been renewed once by the previous Congress and he declares his interest to be considered as a candidate for the post of Director general.
4. in the event of simultaneous vacancy of Director general and Deputy Director general, the Board of Directors elects, on the basis of the nominations received as a result of a competition, a Deputy Director general for the period until the next Congress. For the presentation of candidatures, the provisions laid down under 2 shall apply by analogy.
5. in case of vacancy of the post of Deputy Director general, the Board of Directors charge, upon proposal of the Director-general, one of the directors of grade D 2 to the international Bureau the functions until the next Congress, of Deputy Director general.
Article 112 the Director General 1. Executive Director organizes, administers and directs the international Bureau, of which he is the legal representative. It is competent to classify grades G 1 D 2 positions and to appoint and promote staff members in these grades. For appointments in grades P-1 to D 2, it must take into account the professional qualifications of the candidates recommended by the postal administrations of member countries of which they are nationals, or in which they perform their professional activity, taking into account equitable geographical distribution continental and languages. The posts at grade D 2 must, as far as possible, be filled by candidates from different regions and other regions including the Director general and Deputy Director general are originating, taking into account the paramount consideration of the efficiency of the international Bureau. In the case of positions requiring special skills, the Director-general may apply outside. It also takes into account, when the appointment of a new staff member, that in principle the persons occupying the positions of grades D 2, D 1 and P 5 must be nationals of different Member countries of the Union.
During the promotion of an official of the international Bureau at grades D 2, D 1 and P 5, it is not required the application of the same principle. In addition, the requirements of equitable geographical distribution and languages pass after the merit in the recruitment process. The Director general informs the Board of Directors once per year of appointments and promotions at grades P-4 to D 2.
2. the Director-general has the following functions: 2.1 ensure the functions of depositary of the acts of the Union and an intermediary in accession and acceptance procedure in the Union as well as output;
2.2 notify the decisions taken by the Congress to all Governments of the countries - members;
2.3 notify all postal administrations regulations arrested or reviewed by the postal operations Council;
2.4 prepare the draft annual budget of the Union at the lowest level possible consistent with the needs of the Union and submit in a timely manner for consideration by the Governing Council; After the approval of the Board of Directors, provide the Member countries of the Union budget and run it;
2.5 perform specific activities requested by the bodies of the Union and those attributed to it by the acts;
2.6 take initiatives to achieve the objectives set by the organs of the Union, under the established policy and funds available;
2.7 submit suggestions and proposals to the Board of directors or the postal operations Council;
2.8 after the closing of the Congress, submit to the postal operations Council proposals for changes to the regulations due to the decisions of the Congress, in accordance with the rules of procedure of the postal operations Council;
2.9 prepare for the Board of postal operations and on the basis of the guidelines given by the latter, the draft strategic plan to be submitted to the Congress and draft annual review;
2.10 ensure the representation of the Union;
2.11 serve as an intermediary in relations between:-the UPU and restricted; Unions
-UPU and the Organization of the United Nations;
-UPU and international organizations whose activities are of interest to the Union;
-UPU and international organizations, associations or businesses that the bodies of the Union wish to consult or involve in their work;
2.12. assume the function of Secretary general of the organs of the Union and ensure this title, taking into account the special of this Regulation provisions, including:-the preparation and the Organization of the work of the organs of the Union;
-the development, production and distribution of documents, reports and minutes.
-for the functioning of the secretariat during the meetings of the organs of the Union;
2.13 attend the meetings of the organs of the Union and take part in the deliberations without the right to vote, with the possibility to be represented.
Section 113 of Deputy Director general 1. The Deputy Director general assists the Director-general and is accountable to him.
2. in the case of absence or incapacity of the Director general, the Deputy Director general shall exercise the powers of it. It is the same in the case of vacancy in the office of Director-general referred to in article 111.3.
Article 114 Secretariat of the organs of the Union (Const. 14, 15, 17, 18) the secretariat of the organs of the Union is provided by the international Bureau under the responsibility of the Director-general. It address all documents published on the occasion of each session to the postal administrations of the members of the body, the postal administrations of the countries which, without being a member of the body, are collaborating on studies undertaken, in the Restricted Unions as well as the other postal administrations of member countries that so request.
Section 115 list of member countries (Const. 2) the Bureau international establishes and maintains a list of member countries of the Union by specifying their contribution class, their geographical group, and their situation from the acts of the Union.
Section 116 information. Notice.
Requests for interpretation and modification of the acts. investigations. Intervention in the liquidation of the accounts (Const. 20, Reg. Gen. 124, 125, 126) 1. The international Bureau stands at any time at the disposal of the Board of Directors, the Board of postal operations and postal administrations to provide them with all relevant information on issues relating to the service.
2. it is responsible, inter alia, to gather, coordinate, publish and distribute information of any nature affecting the international postal service; to issue, at the request of the parties concerned, a notice on contentious issues; to respond to requests for interpretation and amendment of the acts of the Union and, in general, to carry out studies and the work of writing or documentation

that those acts attribute to him or which he would be seized in the interest of the Union.
3. It also conducts surveys that are requested by the postal administrations for the views of other postal administrations on a certain issue. The result of an investigation is not the character of a vote and is not formally binding.
4. he can intervene as an office of compensation, in the liquidation of the accounts of any kind relating to the postal service.
Article 117 Technical Cooperation (const. 1) the international Bureau is responsible, in the context of international technical cooperation, to develop postal technical assistance in all its forms.
Article 118 formulas provided by the international Bureau (Const.
(20) the international Bureau is responsible to make international reply coupons and in supply, the cost of postal administrations who request them.
Article 119 acts of the Restricted Unions and special arrangements (Const. 8) 1. Two copies of the acts of the Restricted Unions and special arrangements concluded pursuant to article 8 of the Constitution must be transmitted to the international Bureau by the offices of these Unions or, failing that, by one of the contracting parties.
2. the international Bureau shall ensure that the acts of the Restricted Unions and special arrangements do not provide less favourable terms for the public than are provided for in the acts of the Union and informs the postal administrations of the existence of the Unions and the aforesaid arrangements. It reports to the Board of Directors any irregularity found under this provision.
Article 120 the Union the international Bureau reviewed drafts, using documents that are made available, a review in German, English, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French and Russian languages.
Article 121 biennial report on the activities of the Union (Const. 20, Reg. Gen. 102.6.17) the international Bureau, on the activities of the Union, a biennial report which is communicated, after approval by the Board of Directors, postal administrations and the Restricted Unions, the United Nations United.
CHAPTER III. -Procedure of introduction and review of proposals Article 122 Procedure for submission of proposals to the Congress (Const. 29) 1. Subject to the exceptions provided for under 2 and 5, the following procedure sets the introduction of proposals of any kind to be submitted to the Congress by the postal administrations of member countries: has) are admitted the proposals that reach the international Office at least six months before the date fixed for the Congress;
(b) no proposal drafting is allowed during the period of six months preceding the date fixed for the Congress.
(c) substantive proposals that reach the international Bureau in the interval between six and four months before the date fixed for the Congress are admitted only if they are supported by at least two postal administrations;
(d) substantive proposals that reach the international Bureau in the interval between four and two months preceding the date fixed for the Congress are admitted only if they are supported by at least eight postal administrations; the proposals that come later are more accepted;
(e) the statements of support must reach the international Bureau within the same period as the proposals as they refer to.
2. the proposals concerning the Constitution or general regulation should reach the international Bureau six months before the opening of the Congress. those who arrive after that date but before the opening of the Congress may not be taken into consideration only if the Congress so decides by a majority of two thirds of the countries represented at the Congress and if the conditions laid down under 1 are met.
3. each proposal must be in principle than an objective and contain only the changes justified by this objective.
4. the drafting proposals have in mind, by the words "Drafting proposal" by postal administrations who present them and published by the international Bureau as a number followed by the letter R. Proposals not fitted with this mention but which, in the opinion of the international Bureau, will only affect the wording are published with an annotation appropriate; the international Bureau established a list of these proposals to the Congress.
5. the procedure prescribed under 1 and 4 shall not apply to the proposals concerning the rules of procedure of the Congress or to amendments to proposals already made.
Article 123 Reporting Procedure to the postal operations Council's proposals concerning the development of the new regulations taking into account decisions taken by the Conference 1. Regulations of the Universal Postal Convention and the agreement concerning payment of mail services are stopped by the postal operations Council, taking into account the decisions taken by the Congress.
2. the proposals of consequence to the amendments that it proposed amendments to the Convention or to the agreement concerning payment services must be submitted to the international Bureau as proposals to the Congress to which they relate. They may be submitted by the postal administration of a single UPU member countries, without the support of the postal administrations of other Member countries. These proposals should be sent to all Member countries at the latest one month before the Congress.
3. the other proposals for regulations, expected to be considered by the postal operations Council for the development of the new regulations within six months of the Congress, must be submitted to the international Bureau at least two months before the Congress.
4. the proposals concerning the changes to the regulations due to the decisions of the Congress, which are submitted by the postal administrations of member countries, should reach the international Bureau not later than two months before the opening of the postal operations Council. These proposals should be sent to all Member countries at the latest one month before the opening of the postal operations Council.
Article 124 Procedure for submission of proposals between two congresses (Const. 29, Reg. Gen. 116) 1. To be taken into account, each proposal regarding the agreement or Arrangements and introduced by a postal administration between two Congress must be supported by at least two other postal administrations. These proposals remain unimplemented when the international Bureau does not receive, at the same time, the necessary declarations of support.
2. these proposals are addressed to other postal administrations through the international Office.
3. the proposals for the regulations do not have need for support, but only are taken into account by the postal operations Council that if it approves the urgent need.
Article 125 proposals between two congresses (Const. 29, Reg. Gen. 116, 124) 1. Any proposal for the Convention, Arrangements and their final protocols is subject to the following procedure: when the postal administration of a member country has sent a proposal to the international Bureau, the latter shall forward it to all the postal administrations of member countries for consideration. They have two months to consider the proposal and, where appropriate, to submit comments to the international Bureau.
The amendments are not allowed. At the end of this period of two months, the international Bureau sends to the postal administrations of member countries all comments that were received and invites the postal administration of each member country having the right to vote to vote for or against the proposal. The postal administrations of member countries that did not reach their vote within a period of two months shall be considered as abstentions. Above times are from the date of the international Bureau circulars.
2. the proposed amendments of the regulations are treated by the postal operations Council.
3. If the proposal relates to an Arrangement or its final Protocol, only the postal administrations of member countries which are parties to that agreement may take part in the operations specified under 1.
Article 126 Notification of decisions adopted between two congresses (Const.
29, regs. Gen. 124, 125) 1. The amendments to the Convention, Arrangements and final protocols of these acts are devoted by notification from the Director-general of the international Bureau to the Governments of member countries.
2. changes made by the Council of postal operations to regulations and their final protocols are notified to the postal administrations by the international Bureau. It is the performances referred to in section 36.3.2 Convention and the corresponding provisions of the Arrangements.
Article 127 implemented regulations and other decisions adopted between two Congress 1. The regulations come into force on the same date and have the same duration as from acts of Congress.
2. subject to the provisions under 1, the amendment to the acts of Union decisions adopted between two congresses are binding as three months, at least, after their notification.
CHAPTER IV. -Finance Article 128 fixing and regulation of expenses of the Union (Const.
(21) 1. Subject to the provisions laid down under 2 to 6, the annual expenditure in the

activities of the organs of the Union shall not exceed the amounts below for 2005 and following years: 37 000 000 CHF for the years 2005 to 2008. The basis for 2008 limit also applies to subsequent years in the event of postponement of the Congress planned for 2008.
2. the costs of the meeting of the next Congress (moving of the secretariat, costs of transport, fresh technical installation of simultaneous interpretation costs of reproduction of documents during the Congress, etc.)
must not exceed the limit of 2,900, 000 CHF.
3. the Board of Directors is allowed to exceed the limits set under 1 and 2 to take into account increases in the salary scales, contributions in respect of pensions or allowances, including allowances of position, accepted by United Nations be applied to their staff in functions in Geneva.
4. the Board of Directors is also authorized to adjust each year, the amount of expenses other than those relating to staff on the basis of the consumer price index.
5. by way of derogation from the provisions laid down under 1, the Board of Directors, or in the case of extreme emergency the Director-general may authorize exceeded the limits to deal with important and unexpected international office building repairs, without however that the amount of the excess does not exceed 125 000 CHF per year.
6. If the appropriations provided for under 1 and 2 prove insufficient to ensure the proper functioning of the Union, these limits may be exceeded with the approval of the majority of member countries of the Union. Any consultation must include a full statement of the facts warranting such a request.
7. the countries that join the Union or who are admitted as members of the Union as well as those coming out of the Union must pay their dues for the entire year in which their entry or exit becomes effective.
8. Member countries in advance pay their contribution to the annual expenditure of the Union, on the basis of the budget by the Board of Directors. These contributory shares must be paid no later than the first day of the fiscal year to which the budget relates. Past this term, the amounts due are productive of interests for the benefit of the Union, at the rate of 3% per year during the first six months and 6% per year from the seventh month.
9. when the arrears of assessed contributions excluding interest owed to the Union by a member country are equal to or greater than the sum of the contributions of this member country for the two previous financial years, this member country may irrevocably assign to the Union all or part of its claims on other Member countries, according to the procedures laid down by the Governing Council.
The conditions of assignment of receivables are set according to an agreement between the Member country, creditors/debtors and the Union.
10. the Member countries which, for legal or other reasons, are unable to perform such a transfer are committed to conclude a depreciation of their back accounts.
11. except in exceptional circumstances, the recovery of arrears of assessed contributions due to the Union will not extend to more than ten years.
12. in exceptional circumstances, the Board of Directors may release a member country of all or part of the interest if it is paid in capital, completeness of its overdue debts.
13 a member country may also be released, under a plan for depreciation of its arrears accounts approved by the Board of Directors, of all or part of accrued interest or running; the release is however subject to executing full and timely depreciation plan within a timeframe agreed to up to ten years.
14. to overcome the shortcomings of EU cash, it consists a reserve fund whose amount shall be fixed by the Board of Directors. This is funded by budget surpluses. It can be used also to balance the budget or reduce the amount of the contributions of member countries.
15. with regard to temporary cash flow deficiencies, the Government of the Swiss Confederation make the necessary advances under conditions which are to be fixed by mutual agreement in the short term. The Government monitors toll the holding of the financial accounts and the accounts of the international Bureau within the allocations set by Congress.
Section 129 automatic penalties 1.
Any member country being unable to perform the assignment referred to in article 128.9 and does not accept to submit to an amortization plan proposed by the international Bureau in accordance with article 128.10, or does not automatically loses its right to vote in the Congress and meetings of the Board of administration and the postal operations Council and is not eligible anymore on these two boards.
2. automatic sanctions are lifted office and with immediate effect as soon as the Member countries concerned has discharged fully its arrears of assessed contributions due to the Union, in capital and interest, or accept to submit to a depreciation of its back accounts.
Article 130 contribution Classes (const. 21, Reg. Gen. 115, 128) 1. Member countries contribute to cover the expenditure of the Union depending on the contribution class to which they belong.
These classes are as follows: 50 units class;
class 45 units;
class of 40 units;
class of 35 units;
class of 30 units;
class 25 units;
class 20 units;
class 15 units;
class of 10 units;
class 5 units;
class 3 units;
class 1 unit;
class 0.5 unit, reserved for the least developed countries listed by the United Nations Organization and other countries designated by the Board of Directors.
2. in addition to the contribution classes listed under 1, any member country can choose to pay a number of units of contribution higher than 50 units.
3. Member countries are classified in one of the above contribution classes at the time of their admission or their Union membership, according to the procedure referred to in article 21.4 of the Constitution.
4. Member countries may change later contribution class, on condition that this change is notified to the international Bureau at least two months before the opening of the Congress. This notification, which is brought to the attention of the Congress, shall take effect on the date of entry into force of the financial arrangements established by the Congress. Member countries that have not made known their wish to change the class of contribution in a timely manner are maintained in the contribution class to which they belonged until then.
5. Member countries may not require be downgraded more of a class at a time.
6. However, in exceptional circumstances such as natural disasters requiring international assistance programs, the Board of Directors may authorize a temporary decommissioning of a class, only once between two congresses, at the request of a member country if it proves that it can no longer maintain its contribution according to the initially chosen class. In the same circumstances, the Governing Council can also authorize the temporary decommissioning of member countries not belonging to the category of least developed countries already stored 1 unit class by passing in 0.5 unit class.
7. in accordance with the provisions laid down under 6, temporary decommissioning may be authorized by the Board of Directors for a period of up to two years or until the next Congress, if this takes place before the end of this period. The expiry of the fixed period, the country automatically rejoins its initial class.
8. by way of derogation from the provisions laid down under 4 and 5, upgrades are subject to no restrictions.
Article 131 payment of supplies from the international Bureau (o. reg. Gen. 118) supplies the international Bureau delivers against payment to the postal administrations must be paid within the shortest period possible, and no later than within six months from the first day of the month following that of the dispatch of the account by the said Office. After this period, owed are productive of interests for the benefit of the Union, at the rate of 5% per annum, from the day of expiry of the said period.
Chapter V. - Arbitration Article 132 arbitration (Const. 32) 1. Disputes to be settled by arbitration judgment, each of the postal administrations in question chooses a postal administration of a member country which is not directly interested in the dispute. Where several postal administrations are common cause, they account, for the purposes of this provision, for a single.
2. in the event that one of the postal administrations in question only responds with a proposal for arbitration within a period of six months, the international Bureau, if the application therefor is filed, in turn causes the appointment of an arbitrator by the faulting postal administration or nominate one himself, ex officio.
3. the parties may agree to designate a single arbitrator, who may be the international Bureau.
4. the decision of the arbitrators is taken by a majority of the votes.
5. in the case of equality of votes, the arbitrators choose to settle the dispute, another postal administration also disinterested in the proceedings. In the absence of an agreement on the choice, this administration

postal is designated by the international Bureau among postal administrations not proposed by the arbitrators.
6 if there is a dispute concerning one of the Arrangements, the arbitrators cannot be named outside the postal administrations participating in this Arrangement.
CHAPTER VI. -Final provisions Article 133 Conditions for approval of the proposals concerning the general regulation to become enforceable, proposals submitted to the Congress and related general regulations must be approved by the majority of member countries represented at the Congress and having the right to vote. Two-thirds at least of the Member countries of the Union have the right to vote must be present at the time of the vote.
Article 134 proposals for agreements with the Organization of the United Nations (Const 9) the conditions for approval referred to in article 133 shall also apply to the proposals to amend the agreements concluded between the Universal Postal Union and the Organization of the United Nations insofar as these agreements do not provide the conditions for modification of the provisions they contain.
Article 135 implementation to performance and duration of the general regulations general regulations will be implemented January 1, 2006 and will remain in force for an indeterminate period.
In witness whereof, the Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the countries - members have signed this general regulation in a copy which shall be deposited with the Director general of the international Bureau. A copy will be provided to each party by the international Bureau of the Postal Union universal.
Done at Bucharest, October 5, 2004.

CONVENTION POSTALE UNIVERSELLE Table of contents part I common rules applicable to the international postal service chapter unique provisions general article
1 definitions 2. Designation of the entities to fulfil the obligations arising from accession to the Convention 3.
Universal postal service 4. Freedom of transit 5. Membership mailings.
Withdrawal. Amendment or correction of address. Forwarding. Returned to the sender of the undeliverable 6.
Taxes 7. Exemption from postal charges 8. Stamps 9. Postal Security 10.
11 environment. Offences part 2 rules applicable to mail letters and parcels Chapter 1 offers benefits 12. Basic services 13. Additional services 14. Electronic mail, EMS, integrated logistics and new services 15. Shipments not allowed. Prohibitions 16. Radioactive materials and biological materials eligible 17. Claims 18. Customs control. Customs duties and other rights 19. Exchange closes with military units 20 headlines.
Quality of service objectives and standards Chapter 2 liability 21.
Responsibility of postal administrations. Allowances 22. Disclaimer of the 23 postal administrations. Responsibility of the consignor 24. Payment of the allowance for 25.
Possible recovery of compensation on the sender or recipient 26. Reciprocity applicable to reservations regarding liability Chapter 3 special provisions 27 letters mailed. Filing abroad of letter-post items pay part III Chapter 1 provisions specific to the 28 letter-post.
Terminal dues. General provisions 29. Terminal dues. Provisions applicable to trade between countries in the 30 target system. Terminal dues. Provisions applicable to the mail flow to, from and between the countries of the transitional system 31. Fund for the improvement of the quality of service 32. Transit costs Chapter 2 other provisions 33.
Rate base and provisions at the expense of air transport 34. Shares land and sea parcel post 35. Power of the postal operations Council to fix the amount of the fees and assessments part IV final provisions 36. Conditions for approval of proposals for the Convention and regulations 37. Reservations made during Congress 38. Updated final of the Postal Convention implementation and duration of the Convention Protocol universal art.
I. membership mailings. Withdrawal. Amendment or correction of address II. Taxes III. Exception to the exemption from postal charges in favour of literature for the blind IV. Basic services V. small packages VI. Acknowledgement of receipt VII. International trade-response correspondence service (CIRB) VIII.
Prohibitions (post) IX. Bans (parcel post) X. objects liable to duty XI. Claims XII. Presentation to customs XIII tax.
Filing abroad XIV letter-post items. Territorial assessments of exceptional arrival XV. Special rates the undersigned, Plenipotentiaries of Governments of member countries of the Union, article 22.3 of the Constitution of the Postal Union universal concluded at Vienna on 10 July 1964, have, by mutual agreement and subject to article 25(4)(b) of the said Constitution, arrested in the present Convention, the rules applicable to the international postal service.
First part common rules applicable to the international postal service chapter UNIQUE.
-Provisions General Article first Definitions 1. For the purposes of the Universal Postal Convention, the following terms are defined as follows: 1.1 universal postal service: providing permanent customers of quality basic postal services, in any point of the territory of a country, at affordable prices.
1.2 hurry close: bag or set of bags or other containers labelled, sealed or sealed, containing mail-outs;
1.3 short transit: transit, through an intermediate country, of remittances the number or weight does not justify the making of a dispatch close to the country of destination;
1.4 mailing: generic term for each of the shipments by mail (sending of mail to letters, postal parcels, money, etc.);
1.5 terminal dues: remuneration due to the postal administration of destination by sending postal administration as compensation for expenses relating to the treatment of the letter-post remittances received in the country of destination;
1.6 transit expenses: compensation for benefits made by a carrier of the country (postal administration, another service or combination of both), Organization concerning transit territorial, maritime or air dispatches;
1.7 territorial share of arrival: remuneration due to the postal administration of destination by sending postal administration as compensation for the costs of processing of a mail parcel in the country of destination;
1.8 territorial share of transit: remuneration payable for benefits made by a body carrier of the country (postal administration, another service or combination of both), concerning territorial and/or air transit, for the delivery of a parcel post through its territory;
1.9 maritime share: remuneration payable for benefits made by a body participating air carrier (postal administration, another service or combination of both) of a parcel post shipping.
Article 2 Designation of the entities responsible for fulfilling the obligations arising from accession to the Convention 1. The Member countries shall notify the international Bureau, within six months of the closing of the Congress, the name and address of the Government body responsible for overseeing Postal Affairs. In addition, member countries shall communicate to the international Bureau, within six months following the closing of the Congress, the name and address of the officially designated operators to ensure the operation of postal services and fulfil the obligations arising from the acts of the Union on its or their territories. Between two congresses, any change in government bodies and designated operators officially must be notified to the international Bureau as soon as possible.
Article 3 1 universal postal Service. To reinforce the concept of uniqueness of the postal territory of the Union, the Member States shall ensure that all users/customers enjoy the right to a universal postal service that corresponds to an offer of quality basic postal services provided on a permanent basis at any point in their territory at affordable prices.
2. at this end, the Member States shall establish, under their postal legislation or by other customary means, the scope of the postal services concerned as well as the conditions of quality and affordable prices taking into account both the needs of the population and their national conditions.
3. Member countries shall ensure that the offers of postal services and quality standards are respected by operators responsible for providing the universal postal service.
4. Member countries shall ensure that the provision of the universal postal service is sustainably, thus ensuring its sustainability.
Article 4 freedom of transit 1. The principle of freedom of transit is set out in article 1 of the Constitution.
It entails the obligation for each postal administration to deliver always by the most rapid ways and means the safest that it uses for its own shipments closed dispatches and short letter-post items which are supplied to him by another postal administration. This principle applies also to shipments or misdirected the headlines.
2. the Member countries which do not participate in the exchange of letters containing perishable biological substances or radioactive materials

have the right not to admit these shipments to the short transit through their territory. It is same for the post items to the letters, other than letters, postcards and literature for the blind. This also applies to printed matter, periodicals, journals, in small packets and bags M whose content does not comply with the legal provisions that regulate the conditions of their publication or circulation in the country.
3. the freedom of transit of postal parcels to route by land and sea routes is limited to the territory of the countries participating in this service.
4. the freedom of transit of the parcel – air is ensured in the whole territory of the Union. However, member countries that do not participate in the service of postal parcels may be required to ensure the delivery by surface, a parcel-air.
5. If a member country not observed the provisions on freedom of transit, other Member countries have the right to remove the postal service with that country.
Article 5 membership mailings.
Withdrawal. Amendment or correction of address. Forwarding. Returned to the sender of the undeliverable mail 1.
Any mailing belongs to the sender as long as it has not been issued to the claimant, except if said shipment was seized pursuant to the legislation of the country of origin or destination and, in the case of application of article 15.2.1.1 or 15.3, under the legislation of the country of transit.
2. the sender with a mailing can remove from service or make change or correct the address.
Taxes and other conditions prescribed in the regulations.
3. Member countries shall ensure forwarding of mail, in the event of change of address of the recipient, and the return to sender of consignments not distributable. Taxes and other conditions are set out in the regulations.
Article 6 fees 1. Relating to the various postal services international and special taxes are fixed by postal administrations, in accordance with the principles set out in the Convention and regulations. In principle, they should be related to costs associated with the provision of these services.
2. the administration of origin fixed taxes of postage for the transport of the letter-post and parcel post shipments. Postage charges include delivery of remittances to the home of the recipients, provided that the distribution service is organized in the country of destination for the shipments in question.
3. applied taxes including those mentioned indicatively in acts, must be at least equal to those applied to domestic shipments with the same characteristics (category, quantity, processing time, etc.).
4. postal administrations are allowed to exceed any indicative taxes contained in the records.
5 above the minimum limit of fees set under 3 postal administrations have the faculty to grant reduced taxes based on their domestic legislation to the letter-post items and parcels deposited in their country. They have including the possibility of granting preferential rates for their customers with an important postal traffic.
6. it is prohibited to collect on customers of the postal charges of any nature other than those provided for in the acts.
7. except as provided in the acts, each postal administration keeps the taxes collected.
Article 7 exemption from postal charges 1. Principle 1.1 cases of postal franchise, as an exemption from the payment of postage, are expressly provided for in the Convention. However, regulations may fix provisions for both exemption from payment of postage that the exemption from the payment of transit fees, terminal dues and assessments of arrival for shipments by mail to letters and parcels post relating to the postal service sent by the postal administrations and the Restricted Unions. In addition, shipments of mail to letters and parcels sent by the international Bureau of the UPU restricted Unions destined and the postal administrations are considered related to postal service shipments and are exempt from all postal charges. However, the administration of origin has the right to collect airline surcharges for these last shipments.
2 prisoners of war and civilian internees 2.1 are exempt from all postal charges, excluding air surcharges, shipments of mail to letters, parcels and remittances of postal financial services addressed to prisoners of war or shipped by them either directly or through the offices mentioned in the regulations of the Convention and the agreement concerning payment services of the post office.
The warring parties collected and interned in a neutral country are considered themselves prisoners of war in relation to the application of the foregoing provisions.
2.2 the provisions set out under 2.1 also apply to shipments of mail to letters, parcels and shipments of postal financial services, coming from other countries, addressed to the interned civilians under the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949 relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war, or shipped by them either directly , or through the intermediary of the offices mentioned in the regulations of the Convention and the agreement concerning payment of mail services.
2.3 the offices mentioned in the regulations of the Convention and the agreement concerning payment services of mail also receive the post free for items of mail to letters, parcels and remittances of postal financial services concerning the persons referred to in 2.1 and 2.2 they ship or they receive, either directly or as an intermediary.
2.4 packages are admitted duty-free mailing up to 5 kilograms. The weight limit is increased to 10 kg for shipments whose contents are indivisible and for those who are sent to a camp or his men of trust for distribution to prisoners.
2.5 as part of the settlement of accounts between the postal administrations, service packages and parcels of prisoners of war and civilian internees give rise to the award of any quota, with the exception of air transport charges for parcel-air.
3 Cécogrammes 3.1 literature for the blind are exempt from all postal charges, excluding airline surcharges.
Article 8 stamps 1.
The "postage stamp" appellation is protected under this Convention and is exclusively for the stamps which fulfil the conditions of this article and the regulations.
2. the stamp: 2.1 is issued exclusively by a competent issuing authority, in accordance with the acts of the UPU; the issuance of stamps includes putting them into circulation;
2.2 is an attribute of sovereignty and constitutes: 2.2.1 a proof of payment of postage for its intrinsic value, when it is affixed to a mailing in accordance with the acts of the Union;
2.2.2 a source of additional revenue for the postal administrations as a philatelic object;
2.3 must be in circulation in the territory of origin of the issuing postal administration for use for the purposes of postage and Philately.
3. as an attribute of sovereignty, the stamp contains: 3.1 the name of the Member country or territory responsible for issuing postal administration in Latin characters;
3.1.1 optionally, the official emblem of the Member country which the issuing postal administration;
3.1.2 in principle, its face value in Latin characters or Arabic numerals;
3.1.3 optionally, the indication 'jobs' in Latin or other characters.
4. the State emblems, official signs of control and the emblems of intergovernmental organizations appearing on the stamps are protected, within the meaning of the Paris Convention for the protection of intellectual property.
5. the subjects and motives of stamps must: 5.1 conform to the spirit of the preamble of the Constitution of UPU and the decisions taken by the bodies of the Union;
5.2 be closely related to the cultural identity of the country's postal administration issuing or contribute to the promotion of culture or the maintenance of peace;
in the event of commemoration of personalities or evenementsetrangers to the country or the territory of the issuing postal administration, 5.3 have a close link with the said country or territory;
5.4 be devoid of any political or offensive character for a personality or a country;
5.5 have an important meaning for the country which the issuing postal administration or the latter.
6. as a subject of intellectual property rights, the stamp may contain: 6.1 the indication of the issuing postal administration right to use property rights concerned, namely: 6.1.1 the copyright, by affixing the logo copyright (C), the indication of the owner of the copyright and the reference to the year of issue.
6.1.2 the mark registered on the territory of the Member country which the Administration postal sending, by affixing the registration of the trademark (R) symbol after the brand name;
6.2 the name of the artist;
6.3 the name of the printer.
7 postage marks, footprints of machines

postage and printing presses fingerprints or other printing or stamping processes comply with the UPU acts can be used only on permission of the postal administration.
Article 9 postal security 1. Member countries adopt and implement a strategic action plan for security at all levels of the postal operations, in order to maintain and increase the public's confidence in the postal services in the interest of all concerned.
Such a strategy should involve the exchange of information relating to the maintenance of safety and security of transport and transit of dispatches between the Member countries.
Article 10 environment 1.
Member countries should adopt and implement a dynamic environmental strategy at all levels of operations and promote awareness of environmental issues in the context of postal services.
Article 11 offences 1. Postal items 1.1 member countries undertake to take all necessary measures to prevent the following acts and to prosecute and punish perpetrators: 1.1.1 insertion in mail-outs of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or explosive, flammable or otherwise hazardous materials not expressly authorized by the Convention;
1.1.2 insertion in mail-outs of paedophilic or pornographic objects representing children.
2 postage in general and means of postage in particular 2.1 member countries are committed to take all measures necessary to prevent, Suppress and punish offences relating to the means of postage provided for in this Convention, namely: 2.1.1 the stamps in circulation or withdrawn from circulation;
2.1.2 the marks of postage;
2.1.3 the imprints of franking machines or printing presses;
2.1.4 international reply coupons.
2.2 for the purposes of this Convention, an offence relating to the means of postage means one of the following acts committed with intent to obtain an unjust enrichment to its author or a third party. Must be punished: 2.2.1 falsification, imitation or counterfeiting of means of postage, or any illegal or criminal act related to their manufacture unauthorized;
2.2.2 use, putting into circulation, marketing, distribution, dissemination, transport, presentation or exposure, including for advertising purposes, by means of forged postage, imitated or counterfeited;
2.2.3 the use or putting into circulation for postal purposes by means of postage having already served;
2.2.4 attempts to commit any of the above-mentioned offences.
3 reciprocity 3.1 with regard to sanctions, no distinction should be drawn between the acts provided for under 2, whether it is national or foreign postage means; This provision may not be subject to any condition of reciprocity legal or conventional.
Second part.
-Rules applicable to mail letters and parcels Chapter 1. -Range of services Article 12 of basic Services 1. Member countries provide the admission, treatment, transport and distribution of postal shipments mailbox.
2. the post mailbox items include: 2.1 priority and non-priority items up to 2 kg.
2.2 letters, postcards, printed and packets up to 2 kg.
2.3 literature for the blind up to 7 kg;
2.4 special bags containing newspapers, the magazines, books and similar printed material, address of the consignee and the same destination, called "M bags", up to 30 kilograms.
3. the post mailbox items are classified according to the speed of their treatment or their content, in accordance with the rules of the post.
4. weight limits higher than those indicated under 2 optionally apply to certain categories of letter-post items, according to the conditions specified in the regulations of the post.
5. Member countries provide also the admission, treatment, transport and distribution of postal parcels up to 20 kg, either by following the provisions of the Convention, is, in the case of outgoing parcels and after bilateral agreement, by using better means for their client.
6 greater than 20 kg weight limits apply optionally for certain categories of postal parcels, according to the conditions specified in the regulations concerning postal parcels.
7. all country including postal administration undertakes the carriage of packages not has the right to carry out the provisions of the Convention by the transport companies. At the same time, it can limit this service to parcels originating or destined for communities served by these companies.
8. by way of derogation from the provisions laid down in 5 countries which, before January 1, 2001, were not parties to the agreement concerning postal parcels are not required to provide the service of postal parcels.
Article 13 additional Services 1. Member countries provide mandatory additional services below: 1.1 recommendation service for aircraft shipments and the runners priority post mailbox items;
1.2 recommendation service for shipments of non-priority runners letter-post and surface for destinations for which no priority or airmail service is provided;
1.3 recommendation service for all shipments entrants to the post.
2. the provision of a service recommendation for non-priority shipments and outgoing surface mail mailbox for destinations for which a priority or airmail service is insured is optional.
3. Member countries may provide optional additional services below in the context of relations between administrations having agreed to provide these services: 3.1 service shipments with declared value for shipments by mail to letters and parcels;
3.2 service mail delivery certified for shipments of the post;
3.3 service shipments against reimbursement for items of mail to letters and parcels;
3.4 service of express mail for items of mail to letters and parcels;
3.5 service of hand-delivery for shipments of the recommended post, recorded delivery or declared value;
3.6 service francs remittances of taxes and rights for items of mail to letters and parcels;
3.7 service of fragile parcels and bulky;
3.8 groupage service Consignment» for bulk shipments of a single consignor for abroad.
4. three additional services below include both mandatory aspects and optional aspects: 4.1 correspondence commerciale-response international (CIRB) service, which is essentially optional; but all authorities are obliged to ensure the return of remittances CIRB service;
4.2 service international reply coupons; These coupons can be redeemed in any member country, but their sale is optional;
4.3 acknowledgement of receipt to the post items recommended mailbox or recorded delivery, parcels and shipments with declared value; all postal administrations accept notifications for shipments arrivals; However, the provision of a service for acknowledgement of receipt for outgoing shipments is optional.
5. these services and taxes y relating are described in the regulations.
6. If the following service elements subject to special taxes in domestic, postal administrations are allowed to collect the same fees for international shipments, according to the conditions set out in the regulations: 6.1 distribution of small packets of more than 500 grams;
6.2 deposit of shipments of the post in the final limit of time;
6.3 deposit of shipments outside the normal opening hours of the counters;
6.4 collection at the home of the sender;
6.5 removing Outbox mail mailbox outside the normal opening hours counters;
6.6 remaining position;
6.7 shopping post mailbox items exceeding 500 grams, and postal parcels;
6.8 delivery of packages in response to the notice of arrival;
6.9 coverage against the risk of force majeure.
Article 14 electronic mail, EMS, integrated logistics and new services 1.
Postal administrations may agree among themselves to participate in the following services that are described in the regulations: 1.1 electronic mail, which is a service involving the electronic transmission of messages;
1.2 EMS, which is an express postal service for documents and goods and which is, as far as possible, the fastest of the postal services by physical means; postal administrations have the option to provide this service on the basis of the EMS standard agreement or bilateral multilateral;
1.3 logistics incorporated, which fully meets the needs of the customers in logistics and includes the steps preceding and following the physical transmission of goods and documents.
1.4 the electronic postmark, which proves conclusively the reality of an electronic Act in a given form, at any given time, and attended part one or more parties.
2. the postal administrations may, by mutual agreement, create a new service not expressly provided

by the acts of Union. Relating to the new service fees are set by each authority concerned, taking into account the costs of operating the service.
Article 15 not allowed shipments. Prohibitions 1. General provisions 1.1 shipments that do not meet the requirements of the Convention and the regulations are not allowed. Shipments for a fraudulent act or the non-payment of completeness of the amounts due are not allowed either.
1.2 exceptions to the prohibitions contained in this section are prescribed in the regulations.
1.3 all postal administrations have the possibility of extending the set out prohibitions in this article, that can be applied immediately after their inclusion in the appropriate collection.
2 prohibitions for all categories of items 2.1 the insertion of the following objects is prohibited in all categories of items: 2.1.1 the narcotic and psychotropic substances;
2.1.2 objects obscene or immoral;
2.1.3 the objects whose import or circulation is prohibited in the country of destination;
2.1.4 objects which, by their nature or their packaging, may present danger to officers or the public, mess or damage other shipments, postal equipment or goods belonging to third parties;
2.1.5 the documents having the character of current and personal correspondence exchanged between persons other than the consignor and the consignee or persons living with them.
3 explosive, flammable or radioactive materials and other dangerous substances 3.1 inserting materials explosive, flammable or other hazardous materials as well as radioactive materials is prohibited in all categories of items.
3.2 exceptionally, substances and materials below are coming: 3.2.1 radioactive material shipped to post letters and parcels items referred to in article 16(1);
3.2.2 biological substances shipped in the post items in the letters referred to in article 16(2).
4 live animals 4.1 the insertion of live animals is prohibited in all categories of items.
4.2 exceptionally, animals below are admitted in the post items mailbox other than shipments with declared value: 4.2.1 bees, leeches and silk worms;
4.2.2 parasites and harmful insect killers intended for the control of these insects and exchanged between the institutions officially recognized;
4.2.3 flies of the family of the drosophilides used for biomedical research between officially recognized institutions.
4.3 exceptionally, animals below are allowed in the package: 4.3.1 live animals permitted for carriage by mail by the postal regulations of the country concerned.
5 matches in the package 5.1 inserting the insertion of the following objects is prohibited in parcels: 5.1.1 documents having the character of current and personal correspondence;
5.1.2 the matches of any kind exchanged between persons other than the consignor and the consignee or persons living with them.
6 coins, banknotes, and other valuables 6.1 it is prohibited to insert coins, bank notes, currency notes, or values any bearer, traveller's cheques, Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, of precious stones, jewellery and other precious objects: 6.1.1 in the post mailbox without declared value items;
6.1.1.1 However, if the domestic legislation of countries of origin and destination, these objects can be shipped in envelope close as items;
6.1.2 in the package without declared value, unless the domestic law of the country of origin and destination;
6.1.3 in the package without declared value exchanged between two countries that admit the statement of value;
6.1.3.1 more, each administration has the right to prohibit the inclusion of gold in ingots in packages with or without declared value coming from or destined to the territory or transmitted in short transit through its territory; It can reduce the real value of remittances.
7 printed matter and literature for the blind 7.1 printed matter and literature for the blind: 7.1.1 cannot wear any annotation or contain no element of correspondence;
7.1.2 cannot contain no stamp, no formula postage, stamps or not, or no representative paper worth, except in cases where the shipment includes a card, an envelope or a band pre-paid for his return, and on which is printed address of the sender of the shipment or its agent in the country of filing or destination of the original shipment.
8. treatment of remittances allowed wrongly 8.1 treatment of remittances allowed wrongly pertains to regulations.
However, shipments that contain objects referred to in 2.1.1, 2.1.2 and 3.1 are never routed to destination, delivered to recipients, nor returned originally. If objects referred to in 2.1.1 and 3.1 are discovered in shipments in transit, these will be treated in accordance with the national legislation of the country of transit.
Article 16 radioactive materials and biological materials eligible 1. Radioactive materials are allowed in shipments from the letter-post and parcel post, in the relations between the postal administrations who declared themselves agree to admit these shipments in their mutual relations, either in one direction, to the following conditions: 1.1 radioactive material are wrapped and packaged in accordance with the respective regulations provisions;
1.2 when they are shipped in the post mailbox items, they are subject to the priority rate or tariff of the letters and the recommendation;
1.3 radioactive material contained in the post mailbox or postal parcels items must be sent by the fastest way, normally by air, subject to payment of the corresponding airline surcharges.
1.4 the radioactive material may be filed only by duly authorized senders.
2. the biological materials are allowed in shipments of the post, under the following conditions: 2.1 perishable biological substances, infectious substances and solid carbon dioxide (dry ice), when it is used to refrigerate infectious substances, cannot be sent by mail as part of exchanges between officially recognized qualified laboratories. These dangerous goods may be accepted for forwarding by air mail, provided that national legislation, the technical instructions in force of the Organization of international civil aviation (ICAO) and the regulations of IATA dangerous goods permit.
2.2 perishable biological substances and infectious substances packed and packed in accordance with the respective provisions of the regulation are subject to the priority rate or tariff of the letters and the recommendation. It is permitted to submit postal treatment of remittances to the payment of a surcharge.
2.3 the admission of perishable biological substances and infectious substances is limited to member countries whose postal administrations are declared agree to accept remittances in their mutual relations, either in one direction.
2.4 these substances or materials are sent by the fastest means, normally by air, subject to payment of the corresponding airline surcharges, and priority shipping.
Article 17 claims 1. Each postal administration is obliged to accept claims for a mailing deposited in its service or with any other postal authority, provided that these claims are filed within a period of six months from the day of filing of the submission. The six-month period concerns the relations between claimants and postal administrations and does not cover the transmission of claims between postal administrations.
1.1 However, acceptance of claims for non-receipt of a consignment of regular mail mailbox is not mandatory. Thus, postal administrations who accept claims for non-receipt of ordinary letter-post items have the option to limit their investigations to research in the service of waste.
2. the complaints are accepted under the conditions laid down by the regulations.
3. the processing of claims is free. However, the additional costs of a request for transfer by the EMS service are in principle to be borne by the applicant.
Article 18 Customs control. Customs duties and other rights 1.
The postal administration of the country of origin and that of the country of destination are allowed to submit shipments to customs control, according to the legislation of these countries.
2. consignments subject to customs control may be beaten, as the postal, a tax of presentation to customs, the indicative amount is fixed by the regulations. This tax is collected only for presentation to customs and clearance of consignments which have hit's of customs duties or any other right of the same nature.
3. postal administrations who have obtained authorization to operate the customs clearance on behalf of clients are allowed to charge a fee based on actual costs on clients

the operation.
4. postal administrations are allowed to collect on the senders or recipients of remittances, as appropriate, the customs duties and all other possible rights.
Article 19 exchange of headlines closes with military units 1. Dispatches closed mailbox post can be exchanged through the services territorial, maritime or air in other countries: 1.1 between post offices of one of the Member countries and the commanders of military units put at the disposal of the Organization of the United Nations;
1.2 between the commanders of the military units;
1.3 between the post offices of one of the Member countries and the commanders of divisions Naval, air or land, ships of war or military aircraft of the same country in station abroad.
1.4 between the commanders of divisions Naval, air or land, ships of war or military aircraft of the same country.
2. post mailbox items included in the headlines referred to under 1 shall be exclusively address or from members of military units or staffs and crews of vessels or aircraft of destination or shippers of the headlines. Rates and sending conditions that apply to them are determined according to its regulations, by the postal administration of the country which has made available military unit or to which belong the ships or planes.
3. unless special arrangement, the postal administration of the country which has made available military unit or responsible for warships or military aircraft is liable towards the administrations concerned, the costs of transit of the headlines, terminal dues and the cost of air transport.
Section 20 standards and objectives of quality of service 1. Governments must set and publish their standards and objectives for delivery of items of mail to letters and parcels arrivals.
2. these standards and goals, plus the time normally required for customs clearance, must not be less favourable than those applied to comparable shipments of their domestic service.
3. Governments of origin must also set and publish standards from end to end for priority shipments and shipments – air mail letters as well as parcels and economic packages / surface.
4. postal administrations assess the application of the standards of quality of service.
CHAPTER 2. -Liability section 21 responsibility of postal administrations. Allowances 1. General 1.1 except in the cases provided for in article 22, the postal administrations respond: 1.1.1 of loss, despoilment or damage to registered mail, ordinary parcels and shipments with declared value;
1.1.2 the loss of remittances to certified delivery;
1.1.3 the reference of a package including the distribution pattern is not given.
1.2 postal administrations do not engage their responsibility if items other than those listed under 1.1.1 and 1.1.2.
1.3 in any other case not provided for by this Convention, the postal administrations do not engage their responsibility.
1.4 when the loss or damage total a registered item, an ordinary parcel or a shipment with declared value is the result of a case of force majeure not giving rise to compensation, the sender is entitled to the restitution of paid taxes, with the exception of the insurance tax.
1.5 the amounts of compensation payable cannot exceed the amounts indicated in the letter-post regulations and the regulations concerning postal parcels.
1.6 in the event of liability, consequential or non-profits are not being considered in the amount of compensation to be paid.
1.7 all provisions relating to the responsibility of postal administrations are strict, mandatory and comprehensive. Postal administrations are under no circumstances liable - even in the event of fault grave (serious error) - outside the limits established in the Convention and regulations.
2 mail 2.1 loss, total despoilment or total damage of a registered item, the sender is entitled to a compensation fixed by regulation of the post. If sender advertising an amount less than the amount laid down in the post, government regulations have the option to pay the lesser amount and be reimbursed on that basis by the other possibly relevant administrations.
2.2 in case of partial spoliation or partial damage of a registered item, the sender is entitled to an indemnity which corresponds, in principle, to the actual amount the despoilment or damage.
3 shipments to certified delivery 3.1 loss, total despoilment or total damage of a mailing to verified delivery, the sender is entitled only to the return of paid fees.
4 ordinary parcel 4.1 loss, total despoilment or total damage of a regular package, the consignor is entitled to compensation fixed by the regulation concerning postal parcels. If the sender claims an amount less than the amount laid down in the regulations concerning postal parcels, postal administrations have the option to pay the lesser amount and be reimbursed on that basis by the other possibly relevant postal administrations.
4.2 in case of partial spoliation or partial damage of a regular package, the consignor is entitled to an indemnity which corresponds, in principle, to the actual amount the despoilment or damage.
4.3 the postal administrations may agree to apply in their mutual relations the amount per package prescribed by the regulations concerning postal parcels, without regard to the weight of the package.
5 shipments with declared value 5.1 in the event of loss, total despoilment or total damage of a shipment with declared value, the sender is entitled to an allowance which corresponds, in principle, to the amount, in DTS, the declared value.
5.2 in case of partial spoliation or partial damage of a shipment with declared value, the sender is entitled to an indemnity which corresponds, in principle, to the actual amount the despoilment or damage. It cannot however in no case exceed the amount in DTS, the declared value.
6. in the cases referred under 4 and 5, the allowance is calculated based on current prices, converted to DTS, objects or goods of the same nature, instead, and at the time where the shipment was accepted transport. The absence of price, the indemnity is calculated according to the ordinary value of objects or goods valued on the same basis.
7. where compensation is due to the loss, the total despoilment or damage total of a registered mail, ordinary package or shipment with declared value, the sender or, where appropriate, the recipient is entitled, in addition, to the refund of taxes and duty paid, with the exception of the recommendation or insurance tax. It is the same by registered mail, ordinary packages or shipments with declared value rejected by recipients because of their poor condition, if due to the postal service and responsibility.
8. by way of derogation from the provisions laid down under 2, 4 and 5, the recipient is entitled to the allowance after taking delivery of a registered mail, ordinary package or shipment with declared value looted or damaged.
9. the postal administration of origin has the ability to pay shippers in his country the benefits provided for in its domestic law for registered mail and parcels without declared value, provided that they are not less than those that are set out under 2.1 and 4.1. It is same for the destination postal administration when compensation is paid to the recipient. The amounts set out under 2.1 and 4.1 shall however remain applicable: 9.1 in the event of recourse against the responsible administration;
9.2 If the sender withdraws his rights in favour of the recipient or vice versa.
10. no reservations concerning the payment of compensation to postal administrations, except in the case of bilateral agreement, is applicable to this article.
Article 22 non-responsibility of postal administrations 1. Postal administrations shall cease to be responsible for registered mail, remittances to certified delivery, parcels and shipments with declared value which they have conducted the rehabilitation under the conditions prescribed by regulations for shipments of the same nature. The responsibility is however maintained: 1.1 when a spoliation or a damage is found either before delivery, upon delivery of the shipment;
1.2 when, domestic regulation permit, the recipient, the sender if there is reference to the origin, form of reserves in taking delivery of a shipment looted or damaged.
1.3 when domestic regulation allowing it, recommended sending has been circulated in a mailbox and the recipient declares not receiving;
1.4 when the recipient or, when referring to the origin, the sender of a parcel or shipment with declared value, notwithstanding discharge given regularly, said without delay to the administration supplied him sending have found damage; It must show that the despoilment or damage has not occurred after delivery; the term 'without delay' should be interpreted in accordance with the national legislation.
2. the postal administrations are not responsible: 2.1 force majeure, subject to article 13.6.9;
2.2 where the evidence of their responsibility

not having not been administered otherwise, they cannot report on remittances as a result of the destruction of the records of service resulting from a case of force majeure;
2.3 when the damage was caused by the fault or negligence of the sender or derives from the nature of the content;
2.4 when it comes to shipments which fall within the scope of the prohibitions laid down in article 15;
2.5 in the event of seizure, under the legislation of the country of destination, according to notification from the administration of this country;
2.6 when it comes to shipments with declared value were the subject of a fraudulent misrepresentation of value greater than the actual value of the contents.
2.7 when the sender made no claim within the period of six months from the day after the day of shipment;
2.8 when it comes to packages of prisoners of war and civilian internees;
2.9 suspected sender acted with fraudulent intentions to receive compensation.
3. the postal administrations assume no responsibility the leader in customs, in any form that they are made, statements and decisions taken by the customs services on the verification of consignments subject to customs control.
Article 23 liability of the sender 1. The sender of a shipment is responsible for injuries suffered by officers positions and all damage caused to other mail-outs as well as the postal equipment as a result of the expedition of objects not accepted for carriage or non-observance of the conditions of admission.
2. in the event of damage to other postal items, the sender is responsible for within the same limits as the postal administrations for each damaged shipment.
3. the sender remains liable even if the filing office accepts such mailing.
4. on the other hand, when eligibility requirements are met by the shipper, it is not responsible to the extent where there has been fault or negligence of the postal administrations or carriers in the treatment of remittances after their acceptance.
Article 24 1 payment. Subject to the right of recourse against the responsible administration, the obligation to pay the compensation and restitution fees and rights rests, as appropriate, to the administration of origin or the destination management.
2. the sender has the faculty to withdraw from its rights to compensation in favour of the recipient. Conversely, the recipient has the faculty to withdraw from its rights in the favour of the sender. The shipper or the consignee may authorize a third party to receive the allowance if the domestic legislation so permits.
Article 25 possible recovery of compensation on the sender or the recipient 1. If, after payment of the allowance, a registered delivery, a package or a shipment with declared value or part of the content previously as lost is found, the shipper or the consignee, as appropriate, is notified that the consignment is required at his disposal for a period of three months, subject to reimbursement of the amount of the indemnity paid. It is asked, at the same time at which the consignment is to be delivered. In case of refusal or failure to reply within the time limit, the same approach is made to the addressee or the sender, as the case may be, by giving him the same response time.
2. If the sender and recipient are waiving to take delivery of the consignment or do not respond within the time limit set under 1, it becomes the property of the authority or, if applicable, Governments which have supported the damage.
3. in the event of subsequent discovery of a shipment with declared value whose content is recognized as being of value less than the amount of the indemnity paid, the shipper or the consignee, as the case may be, must repay the amount of such indemnity against delivery of the consignment, without prejudice of consequences arising from fraudulent declaration of value.
Article 26 reciprocity applicable to reservations regarding liability 1. By way of derogation from the provisions of articles 22 to 25, any member country that reserves the right not to pay compensation in respect of the liability is not entitled to compensation in the amount of this nature on the part of another Member country that accepts the responsibility in accordance with the provisions of the above articles.
CHAPTER 3. -Provisions specific to the post Article 27 filing abroad of the 1-letter-post items.
No member country is obliged to deliver or distribute to recipients the post items mailbox that senders residing on its territory to file or make deposit in a foreign country, to benefit from the tariff conditions more favourable which are applied.
2. the provisions laid down under 1 apply without distinction or post items letters prepared in the country of residence of the sender and then across the border, transported or post items mailbox made in a foreign country.
3. the administration of destination has the right to require sender and, failing that, of the administration of deposit payment of domestic tariffs. If neither sender nor the administration of depot agrees to pay these rates within a deadline set by the administration of destination, it can either return shipments to deposit administration by having the right to be reimbursed for the costs of returning, or treat them in accordance with its own legislation.
4. no member country is obliged to deliver or to distribute to recipients the post items that shippers have filed or deposit in large quantities in one country other than where they live if the Terminal to collect dues amount turns out to be less than the amount that would have been perceived if remittances had been filed in the country of residence of the senders mailbox. The administrations of destination have the right to require the administration of filing a remuneration in relation to the costs incurred, which may be greater than the highest amount of the following two formulas: either 80% tariff applicable to equivalent items inside, or 0.14 DTS by sending 1 SDR per kilogram. If the administration's filing does not agree to pay the amount claimed within the period fixed by the administration of destination, it can either return shipments to deposit administration by having the right to be reimbursed for the costs of returning, or treat them in accordance with its own legislation.
Third part. -Pay chapter 1. -Special provisions Article 28 terminal dues letters mailed.
General provisions 1. Subject to the prescribed exemptions in the regulations, each authority who receives from another administration of the post mailbox items has the right to remuneration for the costs of incoming international mail dispatching administration.
2. for the purposes of the provisions concerning the remuneration of terminal dues, postal administrations are classified as countries and territories of the system target or countries and territories entitled to be part of the transitional system, in accordance with the list established for this purpose by the Congress in its resolution C 12 / 2004. In the provisions on terminal dues, the countries and territories are named 'country '.
3. the provisions of this Convention concerning the payment of terminal dues constitute transitional measures leading to the adoption of a payments system taking into account country-specific elements.
4. access to domestic 4.1 each administration makes available to other administrations across the rates, terms and conditions it offers in its internal system, under the same conditions, to its domestic customers.
4.2 a dispatching authority may, to comparable conditions, ask the administration of the system target to benefit from the same conditions as the latter has planned with national clients for equivalent shipments.
4.3 the administrations of the transitional system should indicate if they allow access to the conditions mentioned under 4.1.
4.3.1 when a transitional system administration States available for the conditions offered in its domestic, this permission applies to all of the administrations of the Union in a nondiscriminatory manner.
4.4 it belongs to the administration of destination to determine if access to its domestic conditions are fulfilled by the administration of origin.
5. the rate of terminal charges of mail in number must not exceed the most favourable rates applied by the administration of destination under bilateral or multilateral agreements on terminal dues. It belongs to the administration of destination to judge whether or not the administration of origin has fulfilled the conditions of access.
6. the remuneration of terminal dues will be based on the performance of the quality of service in the country of destination. The postal operations Council will therefore authorized to grant incentives pay as specified in articles 29 and 30 in order to encourage participation in the control system and to reward Governments that reach their objective of quality. The postal operations Council may also establish penalties in case of poor quality, but compensation can not go below the minimum wage specified in articles 29 and 30.
7. any administration may waive fully or partially pay 1.

8. the public authorities concerned may, by bilateral or multilateral agreement apply to other systems of remuneration for the settlement of accounts in respect of terminal dues.
Article 29 terminal dues. Provisions applicable to trade between countries of the system target 1. Pay for items of mail to letters, including number, excluding bags M mail, is based on the application of the rate per consignment and per kilogram reflect the costs of treatment in the country of destination; These costs must be in relation to domestic tariffs. Rates are calculated according to the conditions specified in the regulations of the post.
2. per consignment and per kilogram rates are calculated based on a percentage of a priority letter of 20 grams of domestic tax, as follows: 2.1 for 2006: 62%;
2.2 for 2007: 64%;
2.3 for 2008: 66%;
2.4 for 2009: 68%.
3. the rates may not exceed: 3.1 for 2006: 0.226 DTS by sending and 1.768 per kilogram;
3.2 for 2007: 0.231 DTS by sending and 1,812 per kilogram;
3.3 for 2008: 0,237 DTS by sending and 1,858 per kilogram;
3.4 for 2009: 0.243 DTS by sending and 1,904 per kilogram.
4. for the period from 2006 to 2009, the rates to be applied cannot be lower than 0.147 DTS per consignment and 1.491 DTS per kilogram.
Provided that the increase does not exceed 100% of the tax of a priority letter from 20 grams of the internal regime of the country concerned, the minimum rates will take the following values: 4.1 for 2006: 0.151 DTS by sending and 1,536 per kilogram;
4.2 for 2007: 0.154 DTS by sending and 1.566 per kilogram;
4.3 for 2008: 0.158 DTS by sending and 1.598 per kilogram;
4.4 for 2009: 0.161 DTS by sending and 1,630 per kilogram.
5. for M bags, the rate to be applied is of 0.793 SDRS per kilogram.
5.1 M of less than 5 kg bags are considered to be weighing 5 kilograms for the remuneration of terminal dues.
6 0.5 DTS by sending additional payment is intended for registered mail and additional remuneration of SDR 1 by sending is scheduled for shipments with declared value.
7. the provisions between countries in the target system apply to any of the transitional system reporting country wanting to join the target system. The postal operations Council may fix the transitional measures in the settlement of the post.
8. no reservations, except in the case of bilateral agreement, is applicable to this article.
Article 30 terminal dues. Provisions applicable to the mail flow to, from and between the countries of the transitional system 1. Remuneration 1.1 compensation for items of mail to letters, excluding M bags, is 0.147 DTS per consignment and 1.491 DTS per kilogram.
1.1.1 for flows less than 100 tonnes per year, the two components are converted to a total rate of 3,727 SDRS per kilogram on the basis of a global average of 15.21 shipments per kilogram.
1.1.2 for the stream above 100 tonnes per year, the total rate of 3.727 SDR per kilogram is applied if the administration of destination nor the administration of origin does require a revision of the rates on the basis of the actual number of consignments per kilogram of the flow in question.
In addition, this rate is applied when the actual number of consignments per kilogram between 13 and 17.
1.1.3 when authorities application of the actual number of items per kilogram, the calculation of the remuneration of the flow in question is made according to the revision mechanism provided in the letter-post regulations.
1.1.4 the downward revision of the total rate under 1.1.2 cannot be invoked by a country of the system target against a country of the transitional system, unless the latter requests a revision in the opposite direction.
1.2 for bags M, the rate to be applied is of 0.793 SDRS per kilogram.
1.2.1 M of less than 5 kg bags are considered to be weighing 5 kilograms for the remuneration of terminal dues.
1.3 0.5 DTS by sending additional payment is intended for registered mail and additional remuneration of SDR 1 by sending is scheduled for shipments with declared value.
2 mechanism of harmonization of systems 2.1 where a system administration target recipient of a mail flow more than 50 tons per year notes that annual this stream's weight exceeds the threshold calculated in accordance with the conditions specified in the rules of the post, it may apply to mail exceeding this threshold the system of remuneration provided for in article 29 provided that it has not implemented the review mechanism.
2.2 when administration of the transitional system that receives in a year a mail flow exceeding 50 tonnes of another country of the transitional system establishes the annual weight of this stream is greater than the threshold calculated in accordance with the conditions specified in the regulations of the post, it can apply to mail exceeding this threshold pay supplement provided for in article 31 provided that it has not implemented the review mechanism.
3 number 3.1 mail pay for mail in number for countries in the target system is established according to the application of rates per consignment and per kilogram provided for in article 29.
3.2 the administrations of the transitional system may request, for mail received number, remuneration and 0.147 DTS per sending 1.491 DTS per kilogram.
4. no reservations, except in the case of bilateral agreement, is applicable to this article.
Article 31 Fund for the improvement of quality of service 1. Except for M bags and bulk mail, terminal dues payable by all the countries and territories in the countries ranked by the economic and social Council in the category of least developed countries subject to an increase corresponding to 16.5% of the rate of 3.727 SDR per kilogram stated in article 30, for the purposes of the power of the Fund to improve the quality of service in the least developed countries. No payments of this nature takes place between the least developed countries.
2. the UPU member countries and territories included in the Union entitled to file with the Board of Directors, a duly justified request to have their country or territory is considered as requiring additional resources. The TRAC 1 (former countries developing) countries have the option of submitting a request to the Board of Directors to benefit from the Fund for the improvement of the quality of service to the same conditions as the least developed countries.
In addition, countries categorized by the United Nations Programme for development in the category of net contributor countries have the Faculty of submitting a request to the Board of Directors to benefit from the Fund for the improvement of the quality of service to the same conditions as the countries eligible for TRAC 1. Requests considered favourably under this section shall take effect on the first day of the calendar year following that of the decision of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors evaluates the request and decides, on the basis of strict criteria, whether or not a country can be considered as a least-developed country or an eligible country to TRAC 1, as appropriate, with regard to the Fund for the improvement of the quality of service. The Board of Directors shall review and update annually the list of member countries of the UPU and the territories included in the Union.
3. except for M bags and bulk mail, Terminal expenses payable by countries and territories classified by the Congress in the category of industrialized countries for the purposes of remuneration of Terminal to countries and territories classified by the United Nations Programme for development in the category of countries other than least developed countries eligible for TRAC 1 resources are subject to a surcharge corresponding to 8% rate of 3.727 SDR per kilogram indicated in article 30 in respect of the said power Fund to improve the quality of service in the country in the latter category.
4. except for M bags and bulk mail, Terminal expenses payable by countries and territories classified by the Congress in the category of industrialized countries for the purposes of remuneration of Terminal to countries and territories classified by the same Congress in the category of developing countries other than those listed under 1 and 3 are subject to a surcharge corresponding to 1% of the rate of 3.727 SDR per kilogram indicated in article 30 , in respect of food fund to improve the quality of service.
5. the countries and territories eligible for TRAC 1 resources may seek to improve the quality of their service through regional or multi-country projects in favour of the least developed countries and low-income countries. These projects would directly benefit all parties which would contribute to their financing through the Fund for the improvement of the quality of service.
6. regional projects should include promoting the realization of the programs of the UPU for the improvement of the quality of service and the implementation of cost accounting systems in developing countries. The postal operations Council will adopt in 2006. at the latest procedures adapted to the financing of these projects.
Section 32 1 transit charges. Closed dispatches and remittances in transit uncovered exchanged between two administrations or between two offices of the same country through the services of one or several other administrations

(third party services) are subject to the payment of transit fees. These constitute compensation for benefits concerning territorial transit, maritime transit and air transit.
CHAPTER 2. -Other provisions Article 33 base rate and provisions relating to air transportation expenses 1. The base rate to be applied to the settlement of accounts between administrations in respect of air transportation is approved by the postal operations Council. It is calculated by the international Bureau according to the formula specified in the regulations of the post.
2. the calculation of the costs of airlift closed dispatches, priority shipments, aircraft shipments and parcel-air transit uncovered, as well as the modes of counting y, is described in the regulation of mail to the letters and parcel post regulations.
3. the transport costs for the air race are: 3.1 when it comes to closed dispatches to the burden of the administration of the country of origin, including where these headlines through one or more intermediate postal administrations;
3.2 when it comes to priority shipments and shipments-aircraft in transit uncovered, including those that are misdirected, borne by the administration that delivers mail to another authority.
4. these rules are applicable to free costs of transit territorial and maritime shipments if they are transported by air.
5. each destination management which provides air transport for international mail inside his country is entitled to reimbursement of the additional costs of this transport, provided the weighted average distance of the courses carried out more than 300 kilometres. The postal operations Council may replace the average distance weighted by another relevant criterion. Except agreement providing for free, costs must be uniform for all priority news and headlines-aircraft from abroad, this mail is forwarded or not by air.
6. However, when the compensation of terminal dues collected by the administration of destination is specifically based on costs or on domestic fares, no additional refund of air freight domestic is made.
7. the recipient administration excludes, for the calculation of the weighted average distance, the weight of all dispatches for which the calculation of the compensation of terminal dues is specifically based on costs or administration of destination domestic tariffs.
Article 34 shares land and sea postal parcels 1. Parcels exchanged between two postal administrations are subject to territorial assessments of calculated arrival by combining the basic package rate and base rate per kilogram set by regulation.
1.1 taking into account above base rates, postal administrations may also be allowed to benefit from additional rate per package and per kilogram, in accordance with the provisions laid down in the regulation.
1.2 assessments referred to in 1 and 1.1 are the responsibility of the administration of the country of origin, unless the regulation concerning postal parcels provides for derogations from this principle.
1.3 territorial assessments of arrival must be uniform for the whole of the territory of each country.
2. parcels exchanged between two administrations, between two offices of the same country through the land of a services, or several other administrations are subject, for the benefit of countries whose services are involved in the territorial delivery, assessments of transit laid down in the regulation according to the level of remote land.
2.1 for packages in transit short, intermediate authorities are allowed to claim the lump share by sending fixed by regulation.
2.2 territorial assessments of transit are the responsibility of the administration of the country of origin, unless the regulation concerning postal parcels provides for derogations from this principle.
3. each of the countries whose services are involved in the maritime transport of packages is allowed to claim maritime assessments. These assessments are the responsibility of the administration of the country of origin, unless the regulation concerning postal parcels provides for derogations from this principle.
3.1 for each borrowed maritime service, the maritime share is fixed by regulation concerning postal parcels according to the level of distance.
3.2 the postal administrations have the faculty to increase by 50% maximum the maritime share as calculated in accordance with 3.1. On the other hand, they can reduce it at their discretion.
Article 35 power of the postal operations Council to fix the amount of the fees and assessments 1. The postal operations Council has the power to set fees and assessments below, which must be paid by postal administrations according to the conditions set out in the regulations: 1.1 costs of transit for the treatment and transport of the dispatches from the post by at least a third country;
1.2 Basic and rates applicable to air mail air transportation;
1.3 territorial assessments of arrival for the treatment of parcels arrivals;
1.4 territorial assessments of transit for treatment and the transport of packages by a third country;
1.5 maritime assessments for the maritime transport of packages.
2. revisions which may be made through a methodology that ensures fair compensation to Governments providing services, will have to rely on economic and financial data reliable and representative. Possible changes that may be decided will enter into force on a date determined by the postal operations Council.
Fourth part. -Provisions finals Article 36 Conditions for approval of proposals for the Convention and regulations 1. To become enforceable, the proposals submitted to the Congress and relating to this Convention must be approved by the majority of the countries-members present and voting with the right to vote. The at least half of the Member countries represented at the Congress having the right to vote must be present at the time of the vote.
2. to become enforceable, the proposals relating to the regulation of post letters and parcels regulations must be approved by the majority of the members of the postal operations Council having the right to vote.
3. to become enforceable, the proposals introduced between two congresses and relating to this Convention and its final Protocol must meet: 3.1 two-thirds of the votes, the at least half of the Member countries of the Union have the right to vote and who participated in the vote, if it changes;
3.2 the majority of votes if it comes to the interpretation of the provisions.
4. Notwithstanding the provisions laid down under 3.1, any member country whose national legislation is still incompatible with the proposed amendment has the right to make a written declaration to the Director general of the international Bureau indicating that it is not possible to accept this amendment, within ninety days from the date of notification thereof.
Article 37 reservations made during Congress 1.
Any reservation incompatible with the object and purpose of the Union is not allowed.
2. as a general rule, member countries that are unable to share their views by other Member countries must strive, insofar as possible, to join the opinion of the majority. The reserve must be done in the event of absolute necessity and be motivated in an appropriate manner.
3. the reservation to articles of this Convention shall be submitted to the Congress in the form of a written proposal in one of the working languages of the international Bureau in accordance with y pertaining to the rules of procedure of the Congress.
4. to be effective, the reserve submitted to Congress must be approved by the majority required in each case for the amendment of the article to which the reservation relates.
5. in principle, the reserve is applied on the basis of reciprocity between the Member country having issued the and other countries.
6. the reservation to this Convention will be inserted into its final Protocol on the basis of the proposal approved by the Congress.
Article 38 update performance and duration of the Convention 1. This agreement will be implemented January 1, 2006 and will remain in force until the implementation of the actions of the next Congress.
In witness whereof, the Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the countries - members have signed this Convention in a copy which shall be deposited with the Director general of the international Bureau. A copy will be provided to each party by the international Bureau of the Postal Union universal.
Done at Bucharest, October 5, 2004.
FINAL Protocol of the universal postal CONVENTION at the time to proceed with the signing of the Universal Postal Convention concluded at the date of this day, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have agreed as follows: Article I belonging of postal items.
Withdrawal. Amendment or correction of address 1. The provisions of article 5.1 and 2, does not apply to Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain (Kingdom), in Barbados, to the Belize, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, to the Canada, in Hong Kong, China, Dominica, Egypt, in Fiji, to the Gambia, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, territories overseas dependent of the United Kingdom, Grenada, Guyana, at the Ireland , at the Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Lesotho, to the

Malaysia, Malawi, in Mauritius, Nauru, Nigeria, to the New Zealand, Uganda, to Papua - New Guinea, to Saint Kitts and Nevis, in Saint Lucia, to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, to Solomon Islands, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, to Singapore, Swaziland, to Tanzania (United Rep.), to Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and to Zambia.
2. the provisions of article 5.1 and 2 shall not apply to the Austria, the Denmark and Iran (Islamic Rep.), whose laws allow not the withdrawal or amendment of address of shipments of the post at the request of the sender from the moment where the recipient has been informed of the arrival of a shipment to his address.
3. article 5(1) does not apply to the Australia, Ghana and the Zimbabwe.
4. article 5.2 does not apply in the Bahamas, Iraq, Myanmar and the Rep. pop's Rep. of Korea, including the laws do not allow the withdrawal or amendment of address of letter-post items letters at the request of the sender.
5. article 5.2 does not apply to America (United States).
6. article 5(2) applies to the Australia insofar as it is compatible with the domestic legislation of this country.
7. by way of derogation from article 5(2), El El Salvador, the Philippines, the Rep, Panama (Rep.). Rep. of Congo and Venezuela are allowed to not to return packages after the recipient has requested clearance, because their customs legislation is opposed.
Article II fees 1. By way of derogation from article 6, the Australia, the Canada and the New Zealand postal administrations are allowed to collect postal taxes other than those provided for in the regulations, when the taxes in question are eligible under the laws of their country.
Article III Exception to the exemption from postal charges in favour of literature for the blind 1.
By way of derogation from article 7, the postal administrations of the Indonesia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Turkey, which do not grant the postal franchise to literature for the blind in their domestic service, have the right to collect taxes of postage and fees for special services, which however cannot be higher than those of their domestic service.
2. by way of derogation from article 7, the postal administrations of the Germany, America (United States), the Australia, the Austria, the Canada, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Japan and the Switzerland shall be entitled to collect fees for special services that are applied to literature for the blind in their domestic service.
Article IV Basic Services 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of article 12, the Australia does not approve the extension of the basic services for parcels.
2. the provisions of section 12.2.4 shall not apply to Britain, whose national legislation imposes a lower weight limit.
Health and safety legislation limits to 20 kg the weight of mail bags.
Article V small packages 1. By way of derogation from article 12, the Afghanistan postal administration is authorized to restrict to 1 kg weight maximum small packet arrivals and outbound.
Article VI notification of receipt 1. The postal administration of the Canada is permitted to not apply article 13.1.1 in relation to packages, because it does not offer the service of receipt for packages in its domestic.
Article VII correspondence Service commercial international response (CIRB) 1. By way of derogation from article 13.4.1 the postal administration of Bulgaria (Rep.) will provide the service CIRB after negotiation with the postal administration concerned.
Article VIII prohibitions (post) 1. Exceptionally, the postal administrations of the Lebanon and the Rep. pop's Rep. of Korea accept not registered mail that contain coins or banknotes currency or any value to the bearer or cheques or of Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, precious stones, jewellery and other precious objects. They are not bound by the provisions of the rules of the post in a way rigorous with regard to their responsibility in case of theft or damage of registered mail, as well as with regard to consignments containing objects in glass or fragile.
2A exceptionally, Saudi Arabia, the Bolivia postal administrations, the China (people's Rep), excluding the special administrative Region of Hong Kong, Iraq, the Nepal, Pakistan, the Sudan and Viet Nam accept not items containing coins, banknotes, coins or values tickets any bearer cheques travel, Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, jewels, jewellery and other precious objects.
3 Myanmar postal administration reserves the right not to accept shipments with declared value containing the precious objects mentioned in article 15.5, as its domestic legislation to oppose the admission of this kind of shipments.
4. the postal administration of the Nepal does not accept registered mail or those with declared value containing clippings or coins, except special agreement for this purpose.
5. the postal administration of the Uzbekistan does not accept registered mail or those with declared value containing pieces of currency, banknotes of Bank, cheques, stamps or foreign currencies and accepts no liability in case of loss or damage of such consignments.
6. the postal administration of the Iran (Islamic Rep.) does not accept consignments containing objects contrary to the Islamic religion.
7. the Philippines postal administration reserves the right not to accept shipments of the post (regular, recommended or with declared value) containing coins, tickets of any value to the bearer, traveller's cheques or currency of Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, gems or other valuable items.
8. the postal administration of the Australia does not accept any postal item containing ingots or banknotes. In addition, it accepts not items destined for the Australia or remittances in short transit containing valuables, such as jewellery, precious metals, precious and semi-precious stones, securities, coins or other negotiable instruments. She accepts no liability in relation to shipments mailed in violation of this reservation.
9. the postal administration of the China (people's Rep), excluding the Hong Kong Special administrative Region, accepts no shipments with declared value containing coins, bank notes, currency notes, values any bearer or traveller's cheques, in accordance with its internal regulations.
10. the postal administrations of the Latvia and the Mongolia reserves the right not to accept ordinary, recommended or with declared value shipments containing coins, banknotes, traveller's cheques and bearer effects, given that their national legislation is opposed.
11. the postal administration of the Brazil reserves the right not to accept mail regular, recommended or with declared value containing coins, banknotes in circulation and values any bearer.
12. the postal administration of Viet Nam reserves the right to not accept letters containing objects and goods.
Article IX prohibitions (parcel post) 1. The postal administrations of Myanmar and Zambia are allowed to do not accept parcels with declared value containing precious objects referred to in article 15.6.1.3.1, as their domestic regulation is opposed.
2A exceptionally, the postal administrations of the Lebanon and the Sudan will not accept packages containing coins, currency notes, or any value bearer cheques travel, Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, precious stones and other valuable objects, or which contain liquids and easily liquefiable elements or assimilated or fragile glass objects. They are not required by the provisions y relating to Regulation concerning postal parcels.
3. the postal administration of the Brazil is authorized to do not accept parcels with declared value containing the coins and of banknotes in circulation, as well as any value to the bearer, as its domestic regulation is opposed.
4. the postal administration of Ghana is authorized to do not accept parcels with declared value containing the coins and of banknotes in circulation, given that its domestic regulation is opposed.
5. in addition the objects mentioned in article 15, the postal administration of Saudi Arabia does not accept packages containing coins, currency notes, or values any bearer, traveller's cheques, Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, of jewels and other precious objects. It does not accept packages containing drugs of any kind, unless they are accompanied by a prescription from a competent official authority, products for the extinction of fire, chemical liquids or objects contrary to the principles of the Islamic religion.
6 in addition to the objects mentioned in article 15, the postal administration of Oman does not accept packages containing:

6.1 drug of any kind, unless they are accompanied a medical prescription issued by a competent official authority;
6.2 of products intended for the extinction of fire and liquid chemicals;
6.3 objects contrary to the principles of the Islamic religion.
7 in addition to the objects mentioned in article 15, the postal administration of the Iran (Islamic Rep.) is allowed to do not accept packages containing articles that are contrary to the principles of the Islamic religion.
8. the postal administration of the Philippines is allowed to not accept parcels containing coins, currency notes, or any value bearer cheques travel, Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, gems or other valuable objects, or which contain liquids and easily liquefiable elements or assimilated or fragile glass objects.
9. the postal administration of the Australia does not accept any postal item containing ingots or banknotes.
10. the postal system of the China (people's Rep) accept no ordinary packages containing coins, currency notes, or values any bearer, travellers cheques, Platinum, gold or silver, manufactured or not, precious stones and other valuable items. In addition, except in relation to the Hong Kong Special administrative Region, with declared value packages containing coins, currency notes, values whatsoever the bearer or traveller's cheques are not accepted either.
11. the postal administration of the Mongolia reserves the right not to accept, according to its national legislation, packages containing coins, banknotes, securities at sight and traveller's cheques.
12. the postal administration of the Latvia does not accept ordinary parcels or packages with declared value containing coins, banknotes, values any (cheques) the bearer or foreign currencies, and it accepts no liability for any loss or damage relating to such items.
Article X objects liable to customs duties 1. With reference to article 15, the postal administrations of the following countries do not accept shipments with declared value containing dutiable objects of customs duties: Bangladesh and El El Salvador.
2. with reference to article 15, the postal administrations of the following countries do not accept regular and recommended letters containing dutiable objects of customs duties: Afghanistan, Albania, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cambodia, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, El El Salvador, Estonia, Italy, Latvia, Nepal, Uzbekistan, Peru, Rep. pop's Rep. of Korea, San Marino, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Venezuela.
3. with reference to article 15, the postal administrations of the following countries do not accept ordinary letters containing dutiable objects of customs duties: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire (Rep.), Djibouti, Mali and Mauritania.
4. Notwithstanding the provisions laid down under 1 to 3, shipments of serums, vaccines, as well as shipments of drugs of urgent necessity that it is difficult to obtain are allowed in all cases.
Article XI claims 1. By way of derogation from article 17(3), the postal administrations of Saudi Arabia, Bulgaria (Rep.), of the Cape Verde, Egypt, Gabon, territories overseas dependent of the United Kingdom, of Greece, of the Iran (Islamic Rep.), of Kyrgyzstan, of the Mongolia, Myanmar, Uzbekistan, Philippines, the Rep. pop. Rep. of Korea, the Sudan, the Syrian (Arab Rep.), Chad, Turkmenistan, the Ukraine and Zambia reserves the right to charge a fee to claim on their customers to the letter-post items.
2. by way of derogation from article 17(3), the postal administrations of the Argentina, Austria, the Azerbaijan, the Slovakia and the Czech (Rep.) reserves the right to charge a special fee when, at the end of business approaches continued to claim, proves that it is unjustified.
3. postal administrations of the Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, of Bulgaria (Rep.), Cape Verde, Congo (Rep.), Egypt, Gabon, of the Iran (Islamic Rep.), of the Kyrgyzstan, of the Mongolia, Myanmar, of the Uzbekistan, Sudan, Suriname, the Syrian (Arab Rep.), Turkmenistan, of the Ukraine and Zambia reserves the right to charge a fee to claim on their customers for packages.
4. by way of derogation from article 17(3), postcards from America (United States) administrations, the Brazil and Panama (Rep.) reserve the right to charge customer a fee to claim for items of mail to letters and parcels deposited in countries that apply this kind of tax under under 1 to 3.
Article XII tax presentation to customs 1. The postal administration of Gabon reserves the right to charge a fee for presentation to customs on its customers.
2. the postal administrations of the Congo (Rep.) and Zambia reserves the right to charge a fee for presentation to customs on their customers for packages.
Article XIII filing abroad of the 1-letter-post items.
The postal administrations of America (United States), the Australia, the Austria, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Greece and the New Zealand reserves the right to charge a fee in relation to the cost of the incurred work on any postal administration which, under article 27(4), returns it objects that did not originally shipped as postal items by their services.
2. by way of derogation to article 27(4), the postal administration of the Canada reserves the right to remuneration of the administration of origin to at least recoup the costs him having been caused by treatment of such consignments.
3. article 27(4) allows the destination postal administration to ask the administration of deposit an appropriate remuneration in respect of delivery of the letter-post items posted abroad in large quantities. The Australia and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland reserves the right to limit this payment to the amount corresponding to the applicable to equivalent mailings destination country's domestic tariff.
4. article 27(4) allows the destination postal administration to ask the administration of deposit an appropriate remuneration in respect of delivery of the letter-post items posted abroad in large quantities. The following countries reserve the right to limit this payment to the limits permitted in the regulations for bulk mail: America (United States), the Bahamas, Barbados, Brunei Darussalam, China (people's Rep), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, territories overseas dependent of the United Kingdom, Grenada, Guyana, India, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname and Thailand.
5. Notwithstanding the reservations under 4, the following countries reserve the right to apply in full the provisions of article 27 of the Convention to the mail received from member countries of the Union: Germany, Saudi Arabia, Argentina, Austria, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cyprus, Côte d'Ivoire (Rep.), Denmark, Egypt, France, Greece, Guinea, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Monaco Norway, Portugal, Senegal, Syrian (Arab Rep.) and Togo.
6. for the purposes of the application of article 27(4), the Germany postal administration reserves the right to ask the postal administration of the country of filing of remittances pay an amount equivalent to that which she would have received the postal system of the country where the sender resides.
7. Notwithstanding the reservations made to article XIII, the China (people's Rep) reserves the right to limit any payment in respect of the distribution of the letter-post items deposited abroad in large quantities in the limits allowed in the UPU Convention and the regulation of the post for mail in number.
Article XIV quotas territorial exceptional arrival 1. By way of derogation from article 34, the Afghanistan postal administration reserves the right collect 7.50 DTS territorial share of exceptional arrival extra per package.
Article XV 1 special tariffs. The postal administrations of America (United States), the Belgium and the Norway have the ability to collect more than for surface parcel parcel-air of territorial assessments.
2. the postal administration of the Lebanon is authorised to collect the tax applicable to the package above 1 up to 3 kilograms for parcels up to 1 kg.
3. the postal administration of Panama (Rep.) is authorized to collect 0.20 SDR per kilogram for surface packages transported by air (S.A.L.) in transit.
In witness whereof, the Plenipotentiaries below have developed this Protocol that will have the same force and the same value as if its provisions were inserted in the text of the Convention, and they have signed in a copy which shall be deposited with the Director general of the international Bureau. A copy will be provided to each party by the international Bureau of the Postal Union universal.
Done at Bucharest, October 5, 2004.

ARRANGEMENT for payment of the post Table of contents SERVICES chapter I introductory provisions 1. Object of the agreement and products covered chapter II mandate

post art.
2. definition of the product 3. Filing of orders 4. Taxes 5.
Obligations of the postal administration to issue 6. Transmission of orders 7. Treatment in the country of destination 8. Remuneration of the directors mailing paying 9.
Obligations of the authority postal payor chapter III postal transfer 10.
11 product definition. Filing of orders 12. Taxes 13. Obligations of the postal administration to issue 14. Transmission of orders 15. Treatment in the country of destination 16.
Remuneration of the directors mailing paying 17. Obligations of the authority postal payor chapter IV accounts link, monthly statements, claims, liability 18.
Financial relations between participating postal administrations 19. Claims 20.
Responsibility chapter V electronic networks 21. General rules chapter VI miscellaneous provisions 22. For opening a postal account abroad Chapter VII final provisions 23. Final provisions the undersigned plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the countries - members of the Union, having regard to article 22.4 of the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union concluded at Vienna on 10 July 1964, have, by mutual agreement and subject to article 25(4)(b), of the said Constitution, arrested the following Arrangement.
Chapter i. - Provisions preliminary Article first object of the agreement and products covered 1. This agreement governs all of the postal services aimed at the transfer of funds. The contracting countries agree to a mutual agreement of the products of this Arrangement they intend to establish in their mutual relations.
2. non-postal organizations may participate, through the postal administration, the Giro service or an organization that manages a network of postal remittance exchanges regulated by the provisions of this agreement. It is for these bodies to agree with the postal administration of their countries to ensure the full implementation of all clauses of the agreement and, under this agreement, to exercise their rights and fulfil their obligations as a postal administration defined by this Arrangement. The postal administration acts as them an intermediary in their relations with administrations of the other contracting countries and with the international Bureau.
In the event that a UNPA would not provide the financial services described in this agreement or if the quality of service does not match the requirements of the customers, postal administrations can cooperate with non-postal organizations in the country concerned.
3. Member countries shall notify the international Bureau, within six months of the closing of the Congress, the name and address of the Government body responsible for overseeing postal financial services as well as the name and address of the officially designated operators to provide postal financial services and fulfil the obligations arising from the acts of the Union in their territory.
3.1 member countries shall notify the international Bureau, within six months of the closing of the Congress, the contact details of the persons responsible for the operation of postal financial services and claims service.
3.2 between two congresses, any change in government bodies, operators and persons responsible for officially designated must be notified to the international Bureau as soon as possible.
4. this agreement governs the following postal payment products: 4.1 post mandates, including mandates for reimbursement;
4.2 transfers from account to account.
5. the interested postal administrations can provide other benefits governed by bilateral or multilateral agreements.
CHAPTER II. -Money Article 2 Definition of the product 1. Ordinary mandate 1.1 the ordering customer shall provide funds at the counter of a post office or directs the debiting of his account and requests payment of the full amount without restraint in cash to the recipient.
2 term of payment 2.1 the ordering customer shall provide funds at the counter of a post office and demand that they be paid fully and without restraint on the account of the beneficiary managed by a postal administration or an account managed by other financial organizations.
3 refund warrant 3.1 the recipient of a ' sending c.o.d. "delivers funds or direct debiting his account and requests payment of the full amount without restraint whatsoever to the sender of the ' sending c.o.d..
Article 3 filing of orders 1. Except special agreement, the amount of the money is expressed in the currency of the country of destination.
2. the postal administration to issue fixed the conversion rate of its currency in the country of destination.
3. the maximum amount of the mandates of position is fixed bilaterally.
4. the postal administration to issue has complete freedom to define the documents and the manner of filing of the mandates of post. If the mandate must be transferred by mail, only must be used the formulas provided for in the regulation.
Article 4 Taxes 1.
The postal administration to issue freely determines the taxes to be collected at the time of the show.
2 mandates exchanged position, through a country party to this Arrangement between a Contracting and non-contracting country may be subjected, by interim administration, an additional fee, determined by the latter on the basis of the costs generated by the operations that it performs, whose amount is agreed between the postal administrations concerned and collected on the amount of the money; However, this tax may be levied on the sender and attributed to the postal administration of the intermediate country if postal administrations made an agreement to this effect.
3 are exempt from all tax documents, titles and orders of payment exchanged postal remittances between postal administrations by mail, under the conditions laid down in articles RL 110 and 111.
Article 5 Obligations of the postal administration to issue 1. The postal administration of emission must meet the service standards set out in the regulations to provide satisfactory services to the customer.
Article 6 Transmission of orders 1. The mandates of mail exchanged are using electronic networks established by the international Bureau of the UPU or other agencies.
2. electronic exchanges operate by sending addressed directly to the payment office or office of Exchange.
The safety and the quality of the exchanges must be ensured by the technical specifications relating to the networks used or a bilateral agreement between the postal administrations.
3. the postal administrations may agree to Exchange warrants through formulas on paper, laid down in the regulation, and shipped in priority regime.
4. postal administrations may agree to use other means of Exchange.
Article 7 treatment in the country of destination 1.
The mandates of position shall be paid according to the regulations of the country of destination.
2. as a general rule, the entire sum of the money must be paid to the beneficiary; Optional taxes can be levied if requested additional special services.
3. the validity of the electronic post mandates must be secured through bilateral agreements.
4. the validity of the mandates of hard copies as a general rule, extends until the end of the first month following the date of issuance.
5. after the time limit indicated above, an unpaid money must be returned immediately to the postal administration of emission.
Article 8 Remuneration of administration mailing paying 1. For each paid money, the postal administration to issue attributed to the postal administration paying remuneration which the rate is fixed in the regulations.
2. instead of the flat rate provided in the regulations, the postal administrations may agree different wage rates.
3. transfers of funds carried out free of fees does not entitle to any compensation.
4. when there is agreement between the postal administrations interested, transfers of emergency fund exempted from taxes by the postal administration of emission can be exempt from pay.
Article 9 Obligations of the authority postal paying 1. Administration postale payor must meet the service standards set out in the regulations to provide satisfactory services to the customer.
CHAPTER III. -Transfer postal Article 10 Definition of the product 1. The holder of a postal account application, by debit from his account, an amount to the credit of the account of the beneficiary by the postal administration or another account, through the postal administration of the destination country.
Article 11 filing of orders 1. The amount of the transfer shall be expressed in the currency of the country of destination or in another currency, the arrangement agreed between the postal administrations of emission and reception.
2. the postal administration to issue fixed the conversion rate of its currency in that in which is expressed the amount of the transfer.
3. the amount of the transfer is unlimited, unless a decision is taken by the postal administrations concerned.
4. the postal administration to issue has complete freedom to define the materials and terms of issuance of transfers.
Article 12 fees 1. Administration

postal emission freely determines the tax collectible at the time of the show. The main tax, she eventually added fees for special services rendered to the sender.
2. the transfers made through a country party to this Arrangement, between a Contracting and non-contracting country may be subjected, by the interim administration, at an additional fee.
The amount of this fee is agreed between the administrations concerned and collected on the amount of the transfer. However, this tax may be levied on the sender and attributed to the administration of the intermediate country if interested administrations put agreement for this purpose.
3 are exempt from all tax documents, titles, and payment orders relating to postal transfers by mail between postal administrations, in the conditions laid down in articles RL 110 and 111.
Article 13 Obligations of the postal administration to issue 1.
The postal administration of emission must meet the service standards set out in the regulations to provide satisfactory services to the customer.
Article 14 Transmission of orders 1.
Transfers should be made through the electronic networks established by the international Bureau of the UPU or other agencies, according to the technical specifications adopted by the public authorities concerned.
2. the safety and the quality of the exchanges must be guaranteed by the technical specifications relating to the networks used or a bilateral agreement between the issuing postal administrations and paying.
3. the postal administrations may agree to make transfers through formulas on paper, laid down in the regulation, and shipped in priority regime.
4. postal administrations may agree to use other means of Exchange.
Article 15 treatment in the country of destination 1. Transfers arrivals should be treated according to the rules in force in the country of destination.
2. as a general rule, the fees payable in the country of destination must be paid by the beneficiary; However, this tax can be collected from the sender and attributed to the postal administration of the country of destination, in accordance with a bilateral agreement.
Article 16 the administration pay postal paying 1.
For each transfer administration postal payor may request the payment of a fee for the arrival.
This fee may be either debited from the account of the beneficiary, be supported by the issuing postal administration by debit of its postal current account of binding.
2. the transfers made duty-free give rise to any remuneration.
3. where there is agreement between the postal administrations interested, transfers of emergency exempted from taxes by the issuing postal administration Fund may be exempt from pay.
Article 17 Obligations of the authority postal paying 1. Administration postale payor must meet the service standards set out in the regulations to provide satisfactory services to the customer.
CHAPTER IV. -Accounts link, monthly statements, claims, liability Article 18 Financial Relations between participating postal administrations 1. Postal administrations agree between them the technical means to be used to settle their claims.
2 accounts for binding 2.1 as a general rule, when postal administrations have a giro institution, each is open to his name with the corresponding administration, an account of liaison through which are liquidated debts and reciprocal claims arising from exchanges in respect of the service of transfers and the mandates of post and all other operations that postal administrations agree to settle this through.
2.2 when the postal administration of the destination country does not a giro system, the link can be opened from another administration.
2.3 the postal administrations may agree to adjust their financial exchanges through jurisdictions designated by a multilateral agreement.
2.4 overdraft on a liaison account, owed are producing interests, whose rate is set out in the regulation.
2.5 an account of binding with a credit balance must be producer interests.
3 monthly accounts 3.1 in the absence of binding account, each administration p.o. payor establishes, for each postal administration issue a monthly account of sums paid to the mandates of post. Monthly accounts are incorporated, periodically, in a general account that gives rise to the determination of a balance.
3.2 regulation of Auditors may also take place on the basis of the monthly accounts, without compensation.
4. it cannot be reached by any unilateral measures such as moratorium, prohibition of transfer, etc., the provisions of this section or regulation deriving therefrom.
Article 19 claims 1. Claims are accepted within the period of six months from the day following the day of the filing of a term position, or the execution of a transfer.
2. the postal administrations have the right to collect on their clients a tax claim for the mandates of position or transfers.
Article 20 liability 1. Principle and scope of liability 1.1 the postal administration is responsible for the amounts paid at the counter or credited to the account of the shooter until the time when the mandate has been regularly paid or the beneficiary's account has been credited.
1.2 the postal administration is responsible for the incorrect particulars provided and which resulted in either non-payment, or errors in the execution of the transfer of funds. The responsibility extends to conversion errors and transmission errors.
1.3 the postal administration is relieved of liability: 1.3.1 delays that may occur in the transmission, shipping or payment of titles and orders;
1.3.2 when subsequently the destruction of records of service resulting from a case of force major, it cannot account for the execution of a transfer of funds, unless proof of liability has otherwise been administered;
1.3.3 when the sender has made no claim within the time limit provided for in article 19;
1.3.4 when the limitation period of the mandates in the issuing country has elapsed.
1.4 If, regardless of the cause, the sum refunded to the sender may exceed the paid or which has been debited his account.
1.5 postal administrations may agree among themselves to implement more extensive liability conditions tailored to the needs of their domestic services.
1.6 the conditions of the application of the principle of responsibility, and including issues of determining liability, payment of the sums due, remedy, the payment deadline and the provisions relating to the reimbursement to the intervener administration, are those prescribed in the regulations.
Chapter V. - Networks electronic Article 21 General rules 1. For the transmission of electronic orders, postal administrations use the network of the UPU or any other network to perform transfers of fast, reliable and safe manner.
2. electronic financial services of the UPU are regulated between postal administrations on the basis of bilateral agreements. The General rules of operation of financial services electronic of the UPU are subject to the relevant provisions of the acts of the Union.
CHAPTER VI. -Provisions various Article 22 application for a postal current account opening abroad 1. When overseas opening a postal account or another account type, or when a request is made to obtain a financial product abroad, postal organizations of the countries parties to this agreement agree to provide assistance on the use of the products in question.
2. the parties may agree bilaterally on the assistance they can lend each other on the procedure to follow and agree to costs related to the provision of such assistance.
CHAPTER VII.
-Provisions finals section 23 final provisions 1. The Convention is applicable, where appropriate, by analogy, which is not expressly regulated by this agreement.
2. article 4 of the Constitution is not applicable to the present Arrangement.
3. conditions for approval of proposals concerning this agreement and its regulations.
3.1 to become enforceable, the proposals submitted to the Congress or relating to this agreement must be approved by the majority of the countries-members present and voting with the right to vote and who are party to the agreement. The at least half of these member countries represented at the Congress and having the right to vote must be present at the time of the vote.
3.2 to become enforceable, the proposals relating to the rules of this Arrangement must be approved by the majority of the postal operations Council members which are parties to the agreement and having the right to vote.
3.3 to become enforceable, the proposals introduced between two congresses and relating to this agreement must meet: 3.3.1 the two thirds of the votes, half at least of member countries party to the agreement and having the right to vote who participated in the vote, if it comes to the addition of new provisions;

3.3.2 the majority of the votes, half at least of countries party to the agreement and having the right to vote who participated in the vote, whether amendments to the provisions of this agreement;
3.3.3 the majority of votes if it comes to the interpretation of the provisions of this agreement.
3.4 Notwithstanding the provisions under 3.3.1 any member country whose national legislation is still incompatible with the proposed addition has the right to make a written declaration to the Director general of the international Bureau indicating that it is not possible to accept this addition, within ninety days from the date of notification thereof.
4. this Arrangement will be implemented on January 1, 2006 and will remain in force until the implementation of the actions of the next Congress.
In witness whereof, the Plenipotentiaries of the Governments of the contracting countries have signed this agreement in a copy which shall be deposited with the Director general of the international Bureau. A copy will be provided to each party by the international Bureau of the Postal Union universal.
Done at Bucharest, October 5, 2004.
STATEMENT on behalf of the federal Republic of Germany, of the Republic of Austria, of the Belgium, of the Republic of Cyprus, of the Kingdom of Denmark, of the Spain, of the Republic of Estonia, of the Republic of Finland, of the French Republic, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and Isle of Man, of the Greece, the Republic of Hungary of the Ireland, of the Italy, of the Republic of Latvia, of the Republic of Lithuania, of the Luxembourg, of Malta, of the Netherlands, of the Poland, of the Portugal, the Slovak Republic, of the Republic of Slovenia, of the Sweden and the Czech Republic: "the delegations of the Member countries of the European Union declare that their countries will implement the acts adopted by the present Congress in accordance with the obligations that their come under the Treaty establishing the European Community and of the general agreement on.
trade in services (GATS) of the World Trade Organization. »

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