Kyoto Protocol to the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change including attachments
[German text of the Treaty (translation) see attachments]
[Equipment see annexes A and B]
[English text of contract see attachments]
[Equipment see annexes A and B]
The instrument of ratification signed by the Federal President and countersigned by the Federal Chancellor was deposited on May 31, 2002, with the Secretary-General of the United Nations; the Protocol is with February 16, 2005 in force paragraph 1 in accordance with its article 25.
After release of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, following more States have ratified, accepted, approved or acceded:
Antigua and Barbuda
(including SAR Hong Kong)
(excluding the Faroe Islands)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic People's Republic
Republic of Korea
the former Yugoslav Republic
Republic of Macedonia
Federated States of Micronesia
(for the Kingdom in Europe)
Papua New Guinea
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
United Republic of Tanzania
Trinidad and Tobago
On the occasion of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the following States have submitted following observations:
In accordance with the provisions of article 153 of the Basic Law of the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong of the people's Republic China from 1990, the Government of the people's Republic of China Decides that the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change and the Kyoto Protocol to the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change on the Special Administrative Region Hong Kong find application.
The framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change is still applied to the Special Administrative Region of Macao of the people's Republic of China. Up to an other message of the Government of China, the Kyoto Protocol to the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change does not apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.
Declaration by the European Community in accordance with article 24 paragraph 3 of the Kyoto Protocol
The following States are currently members of the European Community1: Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany, Hellenic Republic, Kingdom of Spain, French Republic, Ireland, Italian Republic, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Republic of Austria, Portuguese Republic, Republic of Finland, Kingdom of Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The European Community is empowered to conclude international agreements and to implement the obligations resulting therefrom, which are used to achieve the following objectives in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community, in particular Article 175 paragraph 1:
-Conservation and protection of the environment and improving the quality;
-Protection of human health;
-prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources;
-Promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.
The European Community declares that the compliance with their quantified emission reduction commitments under the Protocol will be made by measures of the community and its Member States within the framework of their powers, and that it has already adopted legal acts, the issues regulated by the Protocol relate to and are legally binding for the Member States.
The European Community will regularly provide information about relevant legal instruments of the community in the framework of the supplementary information available, which are included in their national communications submitted under article 12 of the Convention with the aim to prove the fulfilment of their commitments under the Protocol pursuant to its article 7 (2) and the guidelines adopted on this basis.
The ratification of the Protocol by the French Republic is to interpret article 4 of the Protocol relating to the commitment assumed by the European Community. Therefore, the ratification does not refer to territories of the French Republic, to which the Treaty establishing the European Community does not apply.
In accordance with article 4, paragraph 6 of the Protocol remains the French Republic in case of not reaching the aggregate overall level of emission reductions yet individually responsible for its own level of emissions.
The Government of the Republic of Kiribati declares to assume that joining the Kyoto represents Protocol in any way existing under international law a waiver of any rights with regard to State responsibility for negative effects of climate change and that no provision of the Kyoto Protocol can be designed, that she derogiert principles of general international law.
The Government of the Republic of Nauru is of the opinion that the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in no way constitutes a waiver of legal rights under international law concerning the responsibility of States for the adverse effects of climate change.
The Government of Nauru further explains that she log for inadequate considered the emission reduction commitments in the light of the available scientific information and assessment of climate change and their effects according to article 3 of the Kyoto, to prevent the dangerous anthropogenic impact on the climate system.
The Government of Nauru declares that the provisions of this Protocol in such a way may be interpreted, that they derogieren general principles of international law.
The ratification of the Protocol shall not apply to Tokelau, unless the Government of New Zealand submitted the depositary no announcement after appropriate consultation with that territory.