Kyoto Protocol To The Framework Convention Of The United Nations On Climate Change Including Attachments

Original Language Title: Protokoll von Kyoto zum Rahmenübereinkommen der Vereinten Nationen über Klimaänderungen samt Anlagen

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Kyoto Protocol to the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change including attachments

[German text of the Treaty (translation) see attachments]

[Equipment see annexes A and B]

[English text of contract see attachments]

[Equipment see annexes A and B]

The instrument of ratification signed by the Federal President and countersigned by the Federal Chancellor was deposited on May 31, 2002, with the Secretary-General of the United Nations; the Protocol is with February 16, 2005 in force paragraph 1 in accordance with its article 25.



After release of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, following more States have ratified, accepted, approved or acceded:



Egypt







Albania







Algeria







Antigua and Barbuda







Equatorial Guinea







Argentina







Armenia







Azerbaijan







Ethiopia







Bahamas







Bangladesh







Barbados







Belgium







Belize







Benin







Bhutan







Bolivia







Botswana







Brazil







Bulgaria







Burkina Faso







Burundi







Chile







China

(including SAR Hong Kong)







Cook Islands







Costa Rica







Denmark

(excluding the Faroe Islands)







Germany







Dominica







Dominican Republic







Djibouti







Ecuador







European Community







El Salvador







Estonia







Fiji







Finland







France







Gambia







Georgia







Ghana







Grenada







Greece







Guatemala







Guinea







Guyana







Honduras







India







Indonesia







Ireland







Iceland







Israel







Italy







Jamaica







Japan







Yemen







Jordan







Cambodia







Cameroon







Canada







Qatar







Kenya







Kyrgyzstan







Kiribati







Colombia







Democratic Republic of the Congo







Democratic People's Republic

Korea







Republic of Korea







Cuba







Kuwait







Lao PDR







Lesotho







Latvia







Liberia







Liechtenstein







Lithuania







Luxembourg







Madagascar







Malawi







Malaysia







Maldives







Mali







Malta







Morocco







Marshall Islands







Mauritius







the former Yugoslav Republic

Republic of Macedonia







Mexico







Federated States of Micronesia







Moldova







Mongolia







Mozambique







Myanmar







Namibia







Nauru







New Zealand

(without Tokelau)







Nicaragua







Netherlands

(for the Kingdom in Europe)







Niger







Nigeria







Niue







Norway







Oman







Pakistan







Palau







Panama







Papua New Guinea







Paraguay







Peru







Philippines







Poland







Portugal







Rwanda







Romania







Russian Federation







Solomon Islands







Samoa







Saudi Arabia







Sweden







Switzerland







Senegal







Seychelles







Slovakia







Slovenia







Spain







Sri Lanka







St. Lucia







St. Vincent and the Grenadines







South Africa







Sudan







United Republic of Tanzania







Thailand







Togo







Trinidad and Tobago







Czech Republic







Tunisia







Turkmenistan







Tuvalu







Uganda







Ukraine







Hungary







Uruguay







Uzbekistan







Vanuatu







Venezuela







U.A.E







United Kingdom







Viet Nam







Cyprus





On the occasion of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the following States have submitted following observations:

China:

In accordance with the provisions of article 153 of the Basic Law of the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong of the people's Republic China from 1990, the Government of the people's Republic of China Decides that the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change and the Kyoto Protocol to the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change on the Special Administrative Region Hong Kong find application.

The framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change is still applied to the Special Administrative Region of Macao of the people's Republic of China. Up to an other message of the Government of China, the Kyoto Protocol to the framework Convention of the United Nations on climate change does not apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.

European Community:

Declaration by the European Community in accordance with article 24 paragraph 3 of the Kyoto Protocol

The following States are currently members of the European Community1: Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany, Hellenic Republic, Kingdom of Spain, French Republic, Ireland, Italian Republic, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Republic of Austria, Portuguese Republic, Republic of Finland, Kingdom of Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The European Community is empowered to conclude international agreements and to implement the obligations resulting therefrom, which are used to achieve the following objectives in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community, in particular Article 175 paragraph 1:



-Conservation and protection of the environment and improving the quality;



-Protection of human health;



-prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources;



-Promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.

The European Community declares that the compliance with their quantified emission reduction commitments under the Protocol will be made by measures of the community and its Member States within the framework of their powers, and that it has already adopted legal acts, the issues regulated by the Protocol relate to and are legally binding for the Member States.

The European Community will regularly provide information about relevant legal instruments of the community in the framework of the supplementary information available, which are included in their national communications submitted under article 12 of the Convention with the aim to prove the fulfilment of their commitments under the Protocol pursuant to its article 7 (2) and the guidelines adopted on this basis.

France:

The ratification of the Protocol by the French Republic is to interpret article 4 of the Protocol relating to the commitment assumed by the European Community. Therefore, the ratification does not refer to territories of the French Republic, to which the Treaty establishing the European Community does not apply.

In accordance with article 4, paragraph 6 of the Protocol remains the French Republic in case of not reaching the aggregate overall level of emission reductions yet individually responsible for its own level of emissions.

Kiribati:

The Government of the Republic of Kiribati declares to assume that joining the Kyoto represents Protocol in any way existing under international law a waiver of any rights with regard to State responsibility for negative effects of climate change and that no provision of the Kyoto Protocol can be designed, that she derogiert principles of general international law.

Nauru:

The Government of the Republic of Nauru is of the opinion that the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in no way constitutes a waiver of legal rights under international law concerning the responsibility of States for the adverse effects of climate change.


The Government of Nauru further explains that she log for inadequate considered the emission reduction commitments in the light of the available scientific information and assessment of climate change and their effects according to article 3 of the Kyoto, to prevent the dangerous anthropogenic impact on the climate system.

The Government of Nauru declares that the provisions of this Protocol in such a way may be interpreted, that they derogieren general principles of international law.

New Zealand:

The ratification of the Protocol shall not apply to Tokelau, unless the Government of New Zealand submitted the depositary no announcement after appropriate consultation with that territory.

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