Patronenprüfordnung 2013

Original Language Title: Patronenprüfordnung 2013

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446. Regulation of the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs, Family and Youth on the testing of cartridges for handguns in 2013 (cartridge test for 2013)

On the basis of § § 12 to 15 and 22 of the Law on Prussia, BGBl. No. 141/1951, as last amended by the Federal Law BGBl. I No 50/2012, shall be arranged:

table of contents

1. Main item

General provisions

§

1. factual scope

§

2. Definitions

2. Main piece

Munitions Check

1. Section: General

§

3. Types of ammunition testing

§

4. Information provided by the Permanent Office of the Permanent International Commission for Examination of handguns (C.I.P.)

2. Section: Type examination

§

5. Submission for type examination

§

6. Sample taking in type testing

§

7. Implementation of the type examination

§

8. Visual Inspection

§

9. Control of the labelling of the packs

§

10. Control of the contents of the packs

§

11. Control of the marking of ammunition

§

12. Control of the surface of the ammunition

§

13. Control of the components of the cartridges with lead-free Schred

§

14. Control of the dimensions of ammunition

§

15. Verification of the average gas pressure of the ammunition

§

16. Review of cartridges with lead-free Schred

§

17. Examination of the functional safety of ammunition

Section 3: Checks on testing facilities

§

18. Control of the manufacturer ' s testing equipment

§

19. Control of the importers ' testing facilities

4. Section: Factory control

§

20. Obligations of the beneficiaries

§

21. Sample inspection for factory control

§

22. Implementation of factory control

Section 5: Inspection control

§

23. Implementation of inspection control

3. Main piece

Measurement of the gas pressure and determination of the projectile energy as well as of the muzzle pulse

1. Section: General

§

24. Scope

2. Section: Measurement of the gas pressure

§

25. Types of gas pressure measurement

§

26. Preparation and implementation of gas pressure measurement

§

27. Evaluation of the gas pressure measurement

§

28. Gas pressure measurement by means of mechanical-electrical pressure sensors

§

29. Gas pressure measurement by means of upsetting bodies

§

30. Gas pressure measurement of ammunition for handguns with smooth runs and

Central fire ignition

§

31. Gas pressure measurement of ammunition for handguns with drawn runs and

Central fire ignition

§

32. Gas pressure measurement in the case of cartridges for handguns with edge fire ignition

§

33. Gas pressure measurement in case of propellant cartridges with sleeve for scrubbing apparatus

§

34. Gas pressure measurement in case of cartridges for alarm weapons

§

35. Gas pressure measurement in the case of cartridges for small-scale weapons (cartouches à grenaille)

3. Section: Determination of the projectile energy and the muzzle

§

36. Determination of projectile energy

§

37. Determination of the projectile energy in the case of cartridges for handguns with edge fire ignition

§

38. Determination of the projectile energy in the case of alarm weapons

§

39. Determination of the Mündal pulse in the case of cartridges with lead-free Schred

4. Main piece

Calibration of mechanical-electrical pressure sensors

§

40. Scope

§

41. Measuring system for calibration

§

42. Primary pressure transducer

§

43. Reference pressure sensor

§

44. Primary calibration

§

45. Secondary calibration

§

46. Repeated calibration

§

47. The withdrawal of a pressure transducer

§

48. Election of the Calibrator

§

49. Static Calibrator

§

50. Dynamical Calibrator

§

51. Evaluation of the measurement results

5. Main piece

Binding declaration of technical standards

§

52. Declaration of liability of ÖNORMEN

§

53. Connection declaration of ON-Rules

6. Main piece

Final provisions

§

54. Linguistic treatment

§

55. referrals

§

56. Entry into force and external force

§

57. EU notification

Annex

1: ÖNORMEN

Annex

2: ON rules

1. Main item

General provisions

Objective scope

§ 1. (1) The provisions of this Regulation shall apply to the testing of ammunition for handguns and their labelling and packaging.

(2) This Regulation shall not apply to:

1.

Ammunition for military purposes;

2.

Cluster munitions of a new type of ammunition, which are supplied in small quantities during the development, examination or reprocessing phases for trials on persons who do not belong to the staff of the manufacturer;

3.

Ammunition that is loaded or reloaded in small quantities exclusively for personal use.

(3) The testing of the type of cluster munitions used in another Member State of the Convention on the mutual recognition of handguns for small arms, BGBl. No 269/1971 in the version of Article II of the Federal Law BGBl. No 233/1984, is in principle not subject to the provisions of this Regulation; it may only be made by the President-in-Office in that case if the Office of the Council of the other Member State requests it and confirms that: there are technical reasons which do not make it possible to test them.

(4) Ammunition for handguns may be placed on the market only if it complies with the provisions of this Regulation. Ammunition containing a BGBl in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance on Examination in 2013, BGBl. II No 444/2013, shall be deemed to be equivalent to the provisions of this Regulation. Ammunition for handguns, which is located in the sales warehouse of a trader, shall be placed on the market as a commercial.

(5) The liability of the manufacturer or of the importer of ammunition shall not be affected by the provisions of this Regulation.

Definitions

§ 2. For the purposes of this Regulation:

1.

cartridge: the technical product in which the ignition device, the propellant charge and the projectile, with or without a sleeve, are assembled to form a single unit;

2.

Cartridge: sleeve with ignition device, with or without propellant charge, intended for firing in scare apparatus and alarm weapons;

3.

Ammunition: the totality of cartridges and cartridges;

4.

Cluster munitions: any ammunition for small arms, except for the use of bombs;

5.

Cluster munitions: the munitions used for the official testing of small arms;

6.

High-performance cartridge: the cartridge, which is only made of weapons with smooth runs, which are the increased shelling (§ 14 para. 5 Z 2 and 3 of the decision-making ordinance 2013, BGBl. II No 445/2013) or the "steel scrap fire" pursuant to Article 14 (5) (4) of the 2013 Regulation on the Procurement of steel;

7.

Munitionstype: the respective calibre denomination indicated by the ON-rules under § 53 referred to in § 53 or by a standard commercial designation of ammunition, eg " caliber 7x64 with Cone-pointed projectile ";

8.

Los: the total number of ammunition of the same type of ammunition, produced in series and loaded by the same manufacturer; each lot shall be deemed to have been modified if any of the components of which the ammunition is made is altered;

9.

Package: the smallest container in which ammunition is normally delivered to the final consumer in trade;

10.

Firearm: any device referred to in Article 1 (2) of the 2013 Regulation as a handgun.

2. Main piece

Munitions Check

Section 1

General

Types of ammunition testing

§ 3. (1) The ammunition and its production shall be carried out by the shouting and/or , under the supervision of the manufacturer or importer, under the supervision of the Council, and, where appropriate, in support of the substantive contents of final decisions of the International Commission for the Examination of Weapons Of Handguns (Commission Internationale Permanent pour l' épreuve des armes à feu portative-C.I.P.), BGBl. No 269/1971, to take care.

(2) The following checks shall be carried out:

1.

Control of the type of ammunition type (type check, § § 5 to 17);

2.

Inspection of the manufacturer's testing facilities (§ 18) or the importer (§ 19);

3.

Control of the manufacturing process (factory control, § § 20 to 22);

4.

Inspection control (§ 23).

(3) Due to the successful type test, the manufacturer or the importer may place the test mark in accordance with § 7 (5) on the package.

(4) In the light of the successful control of the testing facilities, the manufacturer or the importer may, at his request, be granted the right to carry out the factory control itself. The factory control is the monitoring of the parameters relevant to the safety of ammunition during the ongoing fabrication.

(5) The inspection control is the official control of the ammunition to be placed on the market.

(6) It is up to:

1.

the type-examination and the inspection of the manufacturer ' s or importer ' s testing facilities;

2.

the factory control of the manufacturer or the importer authorised for this purpose, or at the request of the person responsible for that purpose;

3.

the inspection inspection, which may also be used by the manufacturer ' s or the importer ' s equipment.

Information of the Permanent Office of the Permanent International Commission for the Examination of Handguns (C.I.P.)

§ 4. From the grant (§ 7 para. 2 and 3) and the deprivation (§ 23 para. 6) of the right for a certain type of ammunition to use the test mark pursuant to § 7 para. 5, as well as of all dispositions made pursuant to § 23 (5) and (6), the decision-making office has the right to use the The permanent office of the C.I.P. should be informed. If the authorisation concerns a calibre, the dimensions of which have not yet been determined by a valid decision of the C.I.P., the notification shall be the subject of the C.I.P.'s TDCC data sheet, which has been completed.

Section 2

Type Check

Submission for type-examination

§ 5. (1) The submission of ammunition for type-examination has to be submitted by means of the form of the certificate ("Einreichblatt") shall be made. The form shall contain the following information:

1.

Name (company) and address of the submissions;

2.

the date of submission;

3.

Name (company) of the manufacturer or of the importer;

4.

Designation of the munitionstype;

5.

in the case of ammunition types which are not included in the ON rules referred to in § 53, the reference to the type of ammunition that has been submitted in the trade name is the same;

6.

the estimated number of lots whose production or import is intended to be;

7.

an indication in which different types of execution (e.g. with different types of powder, projectile weights, spark plug models, as use, heavy duty or bombardment) the submitted munitionstype should be placed on the market;

8.

where appropriate, the importer's request to authorise the self-acceptance of the factory control of this type of munition;

9.

where appropriate, the manufacturer ' s request or of the importer to have the factory control of this type of ammunition carried out by the fire-office.

(2) In the case of an ammunition type submitted for type-examination, deviations from the ON-rules referred to in § 53 above, or if they are not included in any of these ON-rules, are appropriate supporting documents (descriptions, drawings, etc.), from which the deviations or the characteristics of the ammunition type are clearly visible, to be connected. In this case, the type test shall be carried out on the basis of the complete information provided by the manufacturer. In this case, the permissible mean maximum gas pressure, which may not exceed 4,400 bar, shall be the measured mean gas pressure and all other manufactured and tested by the manufacturer in the communication (section 7 (2)). Information to be given. This information shall be used as a basis for the control of the ammunition of this calibre until such time as the caliber concerned has been included in a technical standard for technical standards which has been declared to be binding.

(3) When submitting a type-test ammunition type, with the exception of scrap ammunition, no indication is given of the permissible mean maximum gas pressure, or the gas pressure has been established in accordance with one of the provisions of the 3. If the measuring method is different from the main piece, the maximum permissible maximum gas pressure is multiplied by the maximum permissible gas pressure in accordance with the provisions of the 3. The main piece of measured gas pressure should be determined by a factor of 1.07.

(4) If, during the submission of a type-examination ammunition type, the manufacturer does not apply for the inspection of this type of ammunition, and if the importer does not submit an application in accordance with paragraph 1 (9), the form shall be one Certificate from the manufacturer of this type of ammunition, in which it confirms that the factory control on this type of ammunition is carried out by the manufacturer in accordance with the provisions of the 4. Section will be performed. The importer shall, for each of the munitions imported by him, provide proof of the manufacturer's factory inspection carried out by the manufacturer on the basis of the test protocol drawn up by the manufacturer.

(5) If, during the submission of an ammunition type for type examination, the manufacturer requests that the factory control of this type of ammunition be checked by the importer, the authorisation to use the respective test facilities shall be granted at the same time requested by the Office of the Council. The application shall include a list of the existing testing facilities, their exact description and corresponding drawings.

(6) The ammunition intended for the type-examination must be handed over to the person responsible for the submission in the number prescribed in § 6 and in the package placed on the market for the purpose of the submission.

Sampling for type validation

§ 6. (1) The sampling for the type-examination of an ammunition type shall be carried out on a completed lot, the number of which is at least 3000 pieces, provided that the second paragraph of 2 does not specify otherwise. A lot of lots of the same type of ammunition shall be used for the removal of the samples of the lot which contains the ammunition with the highest maximum gas pressure indicated by the manufacturer or importer.

(2) The type test shall be carried out on the double number of the number of munitions resulting from the table in section 21 (2). The type test for an ammunition type, from which less than 3000 units are expected to be manufactured or imported within a calendar year, shall each be in proportion to that number of smaller units of ammunition. , The minimum number shall be

1.

visual inspection and control of dimensions: 50 pieces;

2.

the gas pressure test, the test of the speed of the projectile and the determination of the muzzle impulse: 10 pieces;

3.

the functional test: 10 pieces.

Carrying out the type test

§ 7. (1) The type test shall include:

1.

the visual inspection (§ § 8 to 13);

2.

the control of the dimensions (§ 14);

3.

the verification of the average gas pressure (§ 15) or, in its place, the corresponding comparative values for special ammunition (e.g., propellant cartridges with a sleeve for scrubbing apparatus);

4.

the additional checks in the case of cartridges with lead-free Schred (§ 16);

5.

the verification of functional safety (§ 17);

6.

the inspection of the manufacturer ' s testing equipment in accordance with § 18 or Where appropriate, the importer in accordance with § 19.

(2) If the type-examination for a particular type of ammunition has been passed with regard to all the points referred to in paragraph 1, the person who has received the certificate shall be given the right to use the test mark in accordance with paragraph 5 for this type of ammunition (approved) munitionstype); this right shall be linked, in particular, to the conditions laid down,

1.

to carry out all further lots of this type of ammunition in accordance with the type of ammunition that has been authorised;

2.

to provide the ammunition required under the inspection control (§ 23) by means of a request and after selection by the foe office.

If the importer is the importer of the approved type of ammunition, the authorisation of the importer may, if necessary, be accompanied by this communication in order to carry out the factory control (section 19 (2)).

(3) If the type test for a particular type of ammunition has been passed exclusively with regard to the points referred to in paragraph 1 (1) to (5), the manufacturer or the manufacturer shall be responsible for the give the importer the right to use the test mark in accordance with paragraph 5 for this type of ammunition (approved munitionstype)., and this right must be combined, in particular, with the conditions,

1.

to carry out all further lots of this type of ammunition in accordance with the type of ammunition that has been authorised;

2.

to submit each batch to the fire office for the purpose of carrying out the factory control;

3.

to provide the ammunition required under the inspection control (§ 23) by means of a request and after selection by the foe office.

(4) The type-examination certificate shall contain, in particular, the following information:

1.

Name (company) and address of the submissions;

2.

Name of the type of ammunition that is subjected to the test (e.g. "caliber 7x64 with a cone pointed projectile");

3.

the date of the type-examination;

4.

all the conditions set out in paragraph 2 or Paragraph 3.

(5) The type test mark consists of the sign shown below in connection with the sign for the decision-making office in accordance with § 19 (4) (5) of the 2013 Regulation of the German Casting Decree. The characters may only be used on all sides of the same linear magnification or reduction.

CIP

M

(6) If the type test for a particular type of ammunition is not passed, ammunition of the same type, but of another lot, may be submitted again for type-examination.

View Review

§ 8. The visual inspection shall include:

1.

the control of the labelling of packages (§ 9);

2.

the control of the contents of the packs (§ 10);

3.

the control of the identification of ammunition (§ 11);

4.

the control of the surface of the ammunition (§ 12);

5.

the control of the components of the cartridges with lead-free Schreds (§ 13).

Control of the labelling of packages

§ 9. (1) Each pack shall contain the following information:

1.

the name or trade mark of the manufacturer or of the manufacturer for whom the ammunition contained in the pack has been loaded or which is responsible for the conformity of the ammunition contained in the pack with the provisions of this Regulation;

2.

the type designation in accordance with the relevant ON-rules under Article 53, or the usual trade name of the ammunition contained in the pack;

3.

the identification number of the lot and the number of rounds of ammunition contained in the pack;

4.

the test mark, in accordance with § 7 (5) in a perfectly recognisable form;

5.

in the case of packs for high-capacity cartridges, in addition:

a)

In the case of cartridges loaded with lead-red, a clear indication that they may only be fired from handguns which have been subjected to increased fire bombardings

b)

in the case of bullets with lead-free red, a clear indication that they may only be fired from weapons which have been successfully subjected to the "steel scrap shelling" in accordance with Section 14 (5) Z 4 of the 2013 Regulation; if the diameter of the cartridges is the calibre 12 is greater than 4 mm, with a calibre 16 greater than 3.5 mm and in the case of calibre 20 is greater than 3.25 mm, a further clear indication that these cartridges may only be fired from handguns, the barrel constriction of which shall be limited to: the mouth ("Choke") is not more than 0.5 mm.

6.

in the case of packages for cartridges containing lead-free red-red bullets, the indication of the type of the shred and the type of material used; in the case of cartridges containing lead-free types B and C, in addition the inscription: " It shall be on a boundup to avoid shooting on solid and hard surfaces ";

7.

in the case of packs for cluster munitions, the clear indication that it is intended only for the official testing of handguns;

8.

in the case of packs for reloaded ammunition, an additional indication which clearly indicates that it is a reloaded ammunition;

9.

in the case of packs for ammunition, the effect of which is obtained by the release of liquid or gaseous substances, an indication of these substances;

10.

in the case of a pack of full-size ammunition, the hardness of which at its core is greater than that of the leaded line, an indication that the use of such ammunition is not permitted in purchases of polygonal profile; this obligation shall not apply if the (§ 5 (1) (1)) The results are presented, which prove conclusively that in the use of these ammunition in runs with polygonal profile, the gas pressure within the limits of the ON rules, which are to be considered for the respective ones, are listed in § 53. shall remain in the form of ammunition.

(2) Each package must be firmly closed and suitable for transport.

(3) The control shall be deemed to exist if:

1.

no package does not have the characteristics referred to in paragraph 1 (2), (5), (6), (9) and (10)

2.

the characteristics referred to in points (1), (1), (3), (4), (7) and (8) respectively shall not be more than 3, 5, 8 or 12 in each case, depending on the size of the lot (section 21 (2)).

Control of the contents of the packs

§ 10. It is necessary to check whether there is no piece of a piece of ammunition other than the type of ammunition specified on the pack in the packs tested. The control is considered to be a pass if not a single piece of another type of ammunition is found.

Control of the marking of ammunition

§ 11. (1) Each munition, including the reloaded ammunition, must have the following clearly visible and permanent markings:

1.

the name, company (mark) or the well-known symbol of the manufacturer or importer, either on the case floor or on the sleeve; in the case of a re-charged ammunition, the previous markings shall be invalidated;

2.

in the case of ammunition with central fire ignition, in addition to the identification according to Z 1, the indication of the calibre in accordance with the relevant ON-rules or the trade name of the ammunition on the case floor, as referred to in Article 53; If it is not possible to indicate the caliber on the bottom of the case, it may be indicated on the sleeve body;

3.

in the case of cartridges loaded with a red, in addition to the identification according to Z 1, the indication of the diameter in millimetres or the number of the balls and the length of the sleeve, provided that the length of the cartridge is longer than

a)

65 mm for caliber 20 and above;

b)

63,5 mm for caliber 24 and below;

4.

in the case of bullets with lead-free shred, in addition to the marking in accordance with Z 1, the marking "Stahlschrot" or "bille d' acier" or "Steel Shot" or the sign according to Article 19 (4) (4) of the 2013 Regulation and the indication of the essential Material of the Schrote on the cartridge case;

5.

in the case of cartridges of the calibre 20, the sleeve shall be yellow, but this shall not apply to the cartridges already on the market at the time of the release of this Regulation.

(2) In addition to the markings referred to in paragraph 1 above, the use of high-power and shelling munitions must also be marked as follows:

1.

Cluster munitions: either through a knurled sleeve bottom or by the red colour on the rear surface of the case bottom, or by a sleeve with a red colour or by the inscription "bombings" on the cartridge case with the addition of the corresponding bombings gas pressure;

2.

High-performance ammunition: either by a different colour as red on the rear surface of the case bottom or by the inscription "Max. 1050 bar" or "Max. 1050 bar" or " Max. 1050 bar "For weapons tested with 1370 bar" on the cartridge case.

3.

High performance ammunition with lead-free Schred (hardness HV1) 40): an additional clear indication that ammunition may only be fired from weapons which have been able to withstand the "steel scrap fire" pursuant to section 14 (5) Z 4 of the 2013 Regulation.

4.

High performance ammunition with lead-free Schred (hardness HV1) 40) if the diameter of the shredder is greater than 4 mm in the case of caliber 12, in the case of a caliber 16 greater than 3.5 mm and in the case of caliber 20 greater than 3.25 mm: an additional clear indication that the ammunition may only be fired from weapons which are the subject of the invention. "Stahlschrotbeschuss" (steel scrap shelling) have withstood the regulations pursuant to Section 14 (5) (4) of the German Procurement Regulation 2013 and their running Runs a choke 0.5 mm, or .

(3) The control shall be deemed to exist if:

1.

no ammunition is missing the marking provided for in paragraphs 1, Z 2 and 4 and in paragraph 2;

2.

the markings provided for in paragraph 1 (1) (1) and (3) respectively shall be missing on no more than 3, 5, 8 or 12 pieces of ammunition, depending on the size of the lot (section 21 (2)).

Control of the surface of the ammunition

§ 12. The surface of the ammunition is to be checked for material faults and grooves. The control shall be deemed to exist if:

1.

No longitudinal cracks on the sleeve mouth of more than 3 mm in length, other longitudinal or transverse cracks or a floor plan, on no ammunition sleeve, and

2.

not more than 3, 5, 8 and 12 pieces of ammunition, depending on the size of the lot (§ 21 para. 2), longitudinal tears at the tube mouth with a length of not more than 3 mm.

Control of the components of the cartridges with lead-free Schred

§ 13. (1) Patrons with lead-free shrine within the meaning of this Regulation are cartridges, which are homogeneous lead-free Schrote with a hardness 40 HV1 but 110 HV1 on average (single value) 125 HV1) (Type B) or heterogeneous lead-free Schrote with a Deformation 45% (type C). If lead-free shreds are not classified as homogenous or heterogeneous and cannot be properly assigned to one of the above types due to trials, the decision-making office may require that attempts be made to carry out tests. with the weapon used to determine the specifications of the cartridges (speed and momentum).

(2) Heterogeneous lead-free scoops with a deformation smaller than those of steel shred of the same diameter must not be loaded into cartridges.

(3) Patrons with lead-free shred are additionally to be checked for their components. The control shall be deemed to exist if each cartridge is designed in such a way that the friction of the scrap in the barrel is avoided and the shot is contained in a sufficiently solid container (plastic, cardboard or other material). The container must hold the shot at outside temperatures in the range from -20 ° C to +50 ° C.

(4) Lead-free Schred of types B and C, which are loaded in standard cartridges, must be used for cartridges

1.

in calibre 12 a diameter of 3.25 mm (+ 2.0%),

2.

in calibre 16 a diameter of 3,00 mm (+ 2.0%),

3.

in calibre 20, a diameter of 3.00 mm (+ 2.0%)

.

Control of the dimensions of ammunition

§ 14. (1) The following measures shall be complied with for reasons of security and shall be considered in so far as they are indicated for the type of ammunition in question in the respective ON rules listed in § 53:

1.

In the case of cartridges for handguns with drawn runs, including cartridges for pistols and revolvers and fringe fire-cartridges:

a)

L3: Length from the bottom of the sleeve to the tube mouth (total length of the sleeve, maximum cartridge);

b)

H2: Diameter at the tube mouth (maximum size cartridge);

c)

G1: the diameter of the projectile at the tube mouth (maximum cartridge);

d)

the length L3 G taking into account

the field diameter F of the barrel,

of the diameter G1 (minimum size of cartridge bearings),

of the diameter H2 of the cartridge chamber,

the length G of the cartridge chamber and

the differential length of the cartridge chamber.

The dimensions determined in accordance with (a), (b) and (c) must be the same as or less than those specified in the relevant ON rules, as referred to in Section 53. The amount determined according to lit. d must be equal to or less than L3 G, as defined above.

2.

In the case of scrap cartridges for handguns with smooth runs:

a)

d: diameter of the sleeve at the bottom of the sleeve;

b)

t: thickness of the edge on the case bottom

The measured dimensions, taking into account the tolerances, must correspond to those values which are indicated in the ON-rule 191395.

3.

For cartridges for shuffing apparatus:

a)

L3: Length from the bottom of the sleeve to the tube mouth (total length of the sleeve, maximum cartridge);

b)

H2: diameter at the tube mouth (maximum size of cartridge).

The measured dimensions must be equal to or less than those values specified in the ON rule 191396.

4.

For alarm weapons cartridges:

a)

L3: Length from the bottom of the sleeve to the tube mouth (total length of the sleeve, maximum cartridge);

b)

L6: Total length of the sleeve in front of the shot;

c)

H2: diameter at the end of the cylindrical part of the sleeve.

The measured dimensions must be the same as or smaller than those given in the ON rule 191397.

5.

In the case of cartridges for small-scale weapons (cartouches à grenaille):

a)

L3: Length from the case bottom to the tube mouth (total length of the sleeve, maximum cartridge);

b)

P1: the diameter of the sleeve at the end of the groove or the edge;

c)

H2: diameter at the end of the cylindrical part of the sleeve;

d)

R: Thickness of the sleeve edge (edge thickness).

The measured dimensions, taking into account the tolerances, must correspond to those values which are stated in the ON-rule 191395.

(2) The following dimensions, which determine the type of ammunition, shall be considered in so far as they are indicated for the type of ammunition in question in the respective ON-rules listed in Section 53 above:

1.

In the case of cartridges for handguns with drawn runs, including cartridges for pistols and revolvers and fringe fire-cartridges:

a)

L1: Length from the bottom of the case to the beginning of the shoulder (with diameter P2);

b)

L2: Length from the case bottom to the beginning of the sleeve neck (in diameter H1);

c)

L3: Length from the bottom of the case to the mouth of the sleeve;

d)

R: Thickness of the sleeve edge (edge thickness);

e)

R1: the diameter of the case bottom;

f)

E: Length from the bottom of the case to the end of the belt P1;

g)

P1: the diameter of the sleeve at the end of the groove, the edge or the belt;

h)

P2: the diameter of the sleeve at the beginning of the shoulder;

i)

H1: Diameter at the beginning of the sleeve neck;

j)

H2: Diameter at the tube mouth;

k)

G1: Diameter of the projectile at the tube mouth.

The measured dimensions must be the same as or smaller than those specified in the respective ON rules referred to in § 53. The measure according to lit. f is specified for the determination of the position of the measure P1, but must be exactly maintained in the case of Magnum cartridges.

2.

In the case of scrap cartridges for handguns with smooth runs: The dimensions mentioned under section 1 Z 2 and additionally the total length l of the sleeve before the shot. The measured dimensions, taking into account the tolerances, must correspond to those values which are stated in the ON-rule 191395.

3.

For cartridges for shuffing apparatus:

a)

L3: Total length of the sleeve after the shot;

b)

L6: total length of the sleeve in front of the shot;

c)

R: Thickness of the sleeve edge (edge thickness);

d)

R1: the diameter of the case bottom;

e)

P1: the diameter of the sleeve at the end of the groove or edge;

f)

H2: Diameter at the end of the cylindrical part of the sleeve.

The measured dimensions must be the same as or smaller than those given in the ON rule 191396.

4.

For alarm weapons cartridges:

a)

L3: Total length of the sleeve after the shot;

b)

L6: total length of the sleeve in front of the shot;

c)

R: Thickness of the sleeve edge (edge thickness);

d)

R1: the diameter of the case bottom;

e)

E: Thickness of the case bottom;

f)

P1: The diameter of the sleeve at the end of the groove or the edge.

g)

H2: Diameter at the end of the cylindrical part of the sleeve.

The measured dimensions must correspond to those values which are stated in the ON-rule 191397. The measure according to lit. e is specified for the determination of the position of the measure P1.

5.

For small-scale firearms cartridges:

a)

L3: Total length of the sleeve after the shot;

b)

L6: total length of the sleeve in front of the shot;

c)

R: Thickness of the sleeve edge (edge thickness);

d)

R1: the diameter of the case bottom;

e)

E: Thickness of the case bottom;

f)

P1: the diameter of the sleeve at the end of the groove or edge;

g)

H2: Diameter at the end of the cylindrical part of the sleeve.

The measured dimensions must correspond to those values which are stated in the ON-rule 191395. The measure according to lit. e is specified for the determination of the position of the measure P1.

(3) In the case of ammunition types not included in the relevant ON-rules listed in Section 53, it is necessary to check whether:

1.

The ammunition is loaded and fired into the cartridge chamber of a handgun for ammunition of a calibre already contained in one of these ON rules, with the same or similar dimensions and lower permissible mean maximum gas pressure , or

2.

an ammunition already contained in one of these ON-rules and having the same or similar dimensions and higher permissible mean maximum gas pressure in the cartridge chamber of a handgun for the type of ammunition submitted to a lesser extent to be granted medium maximum gas pressure can be loaded and fired.

(4) The measures provided for in paragraph 2 are by means of an apprenticeship of general form, taking into account the provisions of paragraph 1 (1) (1) (lit). d to check the minimum dimensions of the cartridge bearings. All extracted pieces of ammunition must be easily introduced into this teaching.

(5) It is also necessary to check whether the spark plug does not project beyond the plane of the sleeve bottom.

(6) In the case of cartridges with lead-free Schred, the hardness of the shredder is to be:

1.

on the surface: HV1 110;

2.

inside: HV1 100.

(7) Patrons intended for small-scale firearms must have dimensions which differ from those of the cartridges for alarm weapons, so that it is not possible to load such cartridges into alarm weapons.

Verification of the average gas pressure of the ammunition

§ 15. (1) The verification of the average gas pressure of the ammunition shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of Section 6 (2) of this Regulation in application of the provisions of the third paragraph of Article 6 of the Perform the main item. If a gas pressure is not specified for a particular type of ammunition in the respective ON-rules listed in Section 53 above, the determination of the projectile energy in accordance with § 35 occurs at the point of the gas pressure measurement.

(2) In the case of use munitions, no individual value of the determined gas pressure shall be subject to the value P max by more than 15% and not a single value of the estimated projectile energy, the value E max by more than 7%.

(3) The bombardons for small handguns with smooth runs shall be subject to the following conditions:

1.

The average gas pressure of the coating cartridges has to correspond to the value stated in the ON-rule 191395 at the first point of the measuring run.

2.

The average gas pressure of the bombardons has to be between 450 bar and 600 bar at the second measuring point of the measuring run.

The conditions according to Z 1 and 2 shall be met for both types of bombings with two identical cartridges, which simultaneously satisfy both conditions. If such cartridges are not available, then two cartridges, which satisfy the condition of Z 1, as well as a cartridge which meets the condition of Z 2, can be used.

(4) The scrap mass of the bombardons shall be within the following limits; the diameter of the shredders shall not exceed 3 mm:

Caliber

Scrap mass in g

10

38-47

12

33-42

14

30-37

16

27-34

20

23-30

24

21-28

28

19-25

32

15-21

410

7-13

9 mm

5-10

In the case of bombells, which correspond only to the condition laid down for the second measuring point (par. 3 Z 2), an increase of the scrap mass is permissible.

(5) The seizure cartridges for handguns with drawn runs shall be subject to the following conditions: the average gas pressure of the bombardons shall, as a rule, be 25% higher than the maximum permissible gas pressure of the relevant fittings for the relevant Handgun provided for use cartridges. It is defined in the ON-Rule, which is applicable in each case, in § 53.

Checks on cartridges with lead-free Schred

§ 16. (1) In the case of cartridges with lead-free shred (§ 13 para. 1), the average speed of the projectile (V2, 5), the muzzle pulse (§ 39) as well as for normal cartridges are to be checked for the size of the scrap in addition to the tests in accordance with § 15. The values to be observed shall be

1.

Caliber 10/89, high-power cartridges:

a)

Average velocity of the projectile 440 m/s;

b)

Mündungimpulse: 19 Ns;

2.

Caliber 12, standard cartridges:

a)

Average speed of the projectile: 425 m/s;

b)

Mündungimpulse: 12 Ns;

c)

Scrap Size: 3,25 mm ( 2.0%);

3.

Caliber 12, high-power cartridges:

a)

Average speed of the projectile: 430 m/s;

b)

Caliber 12/70 Mündungimpulse: 13,5 Ns;

c)

Caliber 12/73 Mündungimpulse: 15.0 Ns;

d)

Caliber 12/76 Mündungimpulse: 15.0 Ns;

e)

Caliber 12/89 Mündungimpulse: 19.0 Ns;

4.

Caliber 16, standard cartridges:

a)

Average speed of the projectile: 390 m/s;

b)

Mündungimpulse: 9,5 Ns;

c)

Scrap Size: 3.0 mm ( 2.0%);

5.

Caliber 16/70, high-power cartridges:

a)

Average speed of the projectile: 420 m/s;

b)

Mündungimpulse: 12,0 Ns;

6.

Caliber 20, standard cartridges:

a)

Average speed of the projectile: 410 m/s;

b)

Mündungimpulse: 9,3 Ns;

c)

Scrap Size: 3.0 mm (+ 2.0%);

7.

Caliber 20/70, high-power cartridges:

a)

Average speed of the projectile: 410 m/s;

b)

Mündungimpulse: 11,0 Ns;

8.

Caliber 20/76, High-power cartridges:

a)

Average speed of the projectile: 430 m/s;

b)

Mündungimpulse: 12,0 Ns;

(2) The bombardons with lead-free Schred shall comply with the following conditions:

1.

Cartridges caliber 10/89:

a)

Scrap Size: 4.6 mm;

b)

medium maximum gas pressure at the first measuring point: 1320 bar (132 MPa);

c)

medium maximum gas pressure at the second measuring point: 450 bar to 600 bar (45 MPa to 60 MPa);

d)

Mündungimpulse: 22 Ns;

2.

Cartridges caliber 12:

a)

Scrap Size: 4.6 mm;

b)

medium maximum gas pressure at the first measuring point: 1320 bar (132 MPa);

c)

medium maximum gas pressure at the second measuring point: 450 bar to 600 bar (45 MPa to 60 MPa);

d)

Mündungimpulse caliber 12/70: 15.0 Ns;

e)

Mündungimpulse caliber 12/73 to 12/76: 17.5 Ns;

f)

Mündungimpulse caliber 12/89: 21.5 Ns;

3.

Cartridges caliber 16:

a)

Scrap Size: 3.8 mm;

b)

medium maximum gas pressure at the first measuring point: 1320 bar (132 MPa);

c)

medium maximum gas pressure at the second measuring point: 450 bar to 600 bar (45 MPa to 60 MPa);

d)

Mündungimpulse caliber 16/70: 13,5 Ns;

4.

Cartridges caliber 20:

a)

Scrap Size: 3.8 mm;

b)

medium maximum gas pressure at the first measuring point: 1320 bar (13 MPa);

c)

medium maximum gas pressure at the second measuring point: 450 bar to 600 bar (45 MPa to 60 MPa);

d)

Mündungimpulse caliber 20/70: 12,5 Ns;

e)

Mündungimpulse caliber 20/76: 14,0 Ns.

Testing of the functional safety of ammunition

§ 17. (1) The verification of functional safety shall be carried out using a measuring run which shall be subject to the conditions of the 3. The main piece or a handgun, the chamber dimensions of which correspond to those measures specified in the respective ON rules, which are in each case under § 53. In order to check the functional reliability of the cartridges for handguns with smooth runs, use is made in particular of a handgun, in which the dimensions of the cartridge bearing and of the closure distance are of maximum dimensions.

(2) By way of derogation from the provisions of paragraph 1, the verification of functional safety may also be carried out by using a handgun, the chamber dimensions of which are within the control of the factory control (§ 22). shall be subject to the limits specified in Section 53 of each of the above-mentioned rules, and which has been approved by the Committee on the occasion of the inspection of the testing facilities in accordance with § 19. The characteristic dimensions of this handgun shall be entered in a list.

(3) In the case of cartridges for alarm weapons, the ejection of fragments or parts of the sleeve, the powder, the plug or other elements must also be determined with the aid of a measuring run, provided that the latter is a paper sheet in the A2 format, with 100 g/m²-115 g/m² and a thickness of 0.12 mm ± 0.02 mm, which is located in a device at a distance of 1.5 m from the mouth of the measuring run.

(4) The verification of functional safety shall be deemed to have been passed if any of the following deficiencies have not been identified in any ammunition:

1.

Gas exit to the rear, beyond the closure;

2.

If the projectile or fragments thereof remain in the barrel;

3.

fracture of the sleeve, provided that it remains fully or partially in the barrel;

4.

complete damage to the sleeve;

5.

Bursting of the case bottom;

6.

In the case of cartridges for alarm weapons: ejection of fragments or parts.

Section 3

Inspection of testing facilities

Control of the testing equipment of the manufacturer

§ 18. (1) When carrying out the investigative procedure for the type-testing of ammunition, a control of the manufacturer ' s testing equipment must be carried out by the Office, in order to determine whether the test equipment is used for the purpose of determining the dimensions of the ammunition, for the purpose of measuring the Gas pressure or, where appropriate, the comparative values of the equipment required for the type of ammunition submitted and of suitably trained personnel for the operation of such equipment.

(2) The control of the testing facilities shall include:

1.

the verification of the dimensional accuracy of the gas pressure measurements;

2.

the state check of the measuring devices using sample munitions or a calibrated measuring run;

3.

the examination of the teaching and the testing of the munitions dimensions;

4.

the examination of the functional safety of ammunition Handguns.

(3) The result of this control is an integral part of the authorisation of the munitionstype (§ 7 para. 1 to 3).

Inspection of the inspectors of the importer

§ 19. (1) In order to obtain authorisation for the use of its test facilities for the purpose of self-acceptance of the factory control, the person responsible for the inspection shall have the right to inspect the equipment in the scope described in § 18 (1) and (2).

(2) This control shall ensure that the testing and measuring equipment of the importer is subject to the provisions of this Regulation or for the purposes of the 2013 Regulation, and which are suitable for carrying out the factory control and are available to suitably trained personnel for the operation of such equipment, the importer shall be authorised to inform the to carry out the control of manufacture on all the lots of the type of ammunition concerned, in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation itself; this right shall, in particular, be linked to the requirement to modify any modification in the existing testing and measuring equipment; to notify the Office of the Council without delay.

Section 4

Factory control

Obligations of the beneficiaries

§ 20. (1) Where the manufacturer or the importer is authorized, in accordance with § 7 para. 2, to use the test mark in accordance with § 7 para. 5 for a certain type of ammunition, and the importer has also been authorized, in accordance with § 19 para. 2, to carry out the factory control of this type of ammunition itself, they shall have each lot of current production, or every imported lot in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2) Where the manufacturer or the importer in accordance with Section 7 (3) authorises the use of the test mark pursuant to Section 7 (5) for a certain type of ammunition, the latter shall submit each lot made by him to the fire office for the purpose of carrying out the factory control.

(3) The results of the factory control shall be entered by the person who carries out the tests in accordance with the provisions of § 22 in a continuously conducted and numbered list. This list shall be kept for 10 years each. In the cases referred to in paragraph 1, the institutions of the decision-making office shall be granted access to that list at all times.

Sampling for factory control

§ 21. (1) The removal of the pieces of ammunition of a lot intended for the control of the production shall be carried out at random; the ammunition taken shall be as representative as possible of the lot in question.

(2) The minimum number of ammunition to be taken out shall be as follows:

35.001

150.001

500.001

Lot Size

up to

to

to

to

35.000

150.000

500.000

1,500,000

1.

Verification of dimensional accuracy and visual inspection

125

200

315

500

2.

Gas pressure test or Examination of the speed and determination of the muzzle impulse in the case of cartridges with lead-free Schred

20

30

30

50

3.

Function Check

20

32

32

50

(3) In the case of cartridges for shouting apparatus, the sampling for the gas pressure test is carried out on the strongest cartridge in the series and comprises, by way of derogation from paragraph 2, 12 cartridges for each additional volume decided on (section 33 (1)).

(4) The minimum number of cases referred to in paragraph 2 may be amended if the manufacturer has a certified quality assurance system (ISO 9000 series). In this case, a test plan must be submitted to the decision-making office. The decision-making authority may authorise a check during manufacture if the verification of the test plan has shown that all the other provisions of this Regulation are fully complied with.

Implementation of factory control

§ 22. (1) The factory control includes:

1.

the visual inspection (§ § 8 to 13);

2.

the control of the dimensions (§ 14);

3.

the verification of the average gas pressure (§ 15) or, in its place, the corresponding comparative values for special ammunition (e.g., propellant cartridges with a sleeve for scrubbing apparatus);

4.

the additional checks in the case of cartridges with lead-free Schred (§ 16);

5.

the verification of functional safety (§ 17).

(2) The batch size of an approved type of ammunition (§ 7 para. 2) shall not exceed 500,000 units for the production control of central fire cartridges, and 1,500,000 units in the case of fringe fire-cartridges and cartridges.

(3) For the visual inspection, § § 8 to 13 shall apply with the proviso that the series of numbers shall be 2, 3, 5, and 8 in § 9 para. 3 Z 2, § 11 paragraph 3 Z 2 and § 12 Z 2, respectively.

(4) The storage of ammunition prescribed in accordance with section 26 (1) shall not be required under special climatic conditions for factory control. In borderline cases, however, the gas pressure measurement shall be repeated in accordance with these conditions. The measured values thus obtained are then finally decisive.

(5) The measured gas pressure values and the determined values of the projectile energy shall be in accordance with the provisions of § § 30 to 38. If this is not the case, the determined maximum limit value does not exceed the value 1.15 P max or 1.07 E max , then a counter-sample with twice the number of ammunition is to be carried out. The average of the results of the sample and of the sample taken together must be in accordance with the provisions set out above. If this is not the case, then the ammunition of this lot may only be placed on the market as high-power cartridges or as a cluster munition in compliance with the requirements set out in § § 9 (1) Z 5 and 11 (2). If one of the conditions is not fulfilled in the case of a shot apparatus, an additional check must be carried out on another twelve cartridges.

(6) If the factory control is not passed on for reasons other than those mentioned in paragraph 5, the lot in question shall be returned for rework. A new factory control of this lot is allowed after post-processing has been completed.

Section 5

Inspection Control

Implementation of inspection control

§ 23. (1) The Office shall, on its own account, carry out inspection inspections on the basis of:

1.

Importers not authorised to control the production of any of the lots imported by the latter, but at least once a year;

2.

Manufacturers and importers authorised to control the production (Article 19 (2)) at least every three years;

3.

all manufacturers and importers if there is reasonable suspicion that a lot of a type of ammunition placed on the market or intended for this purpose, for which a type-approval (§ 7 para. 2 and 3) or the authorization to take a lead according to the The provisions of the Certification Mark Regulation 2013 shall not be in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation, either in whole or in part.

(2) Inspection control shall include:

1.

In the cases referred to in paragraph 1 (1) and (3):

a)

a review of the imported ammunition for compliance with existing type approvals (§ 7 para. 2 and 3);

b)

a review of the certificates of manufacture controls carried out by the manufacturer (§ 5 (4));

c)

one of the factory control (§ 22) corresponding to a lot after selection of the shuthless.

2.

In the cases referred to in paragraph 1 Z 2:

a)

Inspection of the testing facilities in accordance with § 19;

b)

a check of the list to be carried out in accordance with section 20 (3);

c)

one of the factory control (§ 22) corresponding to a lot after selection of the shuthless.

(3) § 21 shall apply for the inspection of inspection checks, with the following proviso: If less than 3 000 units per delivery are produced by an approved ammunition type, or in each case, a smaller number of ammunition is to be used in the same proportion to that number. In any event, however, the authorities shall carry out the inspection inspection on ammunition of a single lot and at least on the number of ammunition referred to in section 6 (2).

(4) The inspection authority shall issue a confirmation of the inspection carried out. If the inspection inspection has shown that the provisions of this Regulation have not been complied with, the deficiencies in question shall be indicated in the confirmation; at the same time, if the deficiencies are recoverable, a reasonable period of time shall be required to remedy the situation. .

(5) The inspection inspection shall be subject to unrecoverable defects or remediable defects within the time limit set (para. 4) shall be informed that the lots affected by such defects shall not be placed on the market. If such a defect exists exclusively in too high a value for the gas pressure or for the projectile energy, it may be provided that the affected lots may only be placed on the market if the ammunition is in accordance with Section 11 (2) and the Packings according to § 9 para. 1 Z 5 have been marked.

(6) If found defects are found in such a way that they cause the danger to persons, in particular the users of the ammunition, to be feared, the decision-making office has a new control, which corresponds to the factory control (§ 22), on the affected person. or to another lot of the same type of ammunition, but to the double number of the number of pieces resulting from § 6 (2) and (21). If this new inspection does not result in any deficiencies which are dangerous to security, the decision-making system shall be required to proceed in accordance with the second sentence of section 4 and 5. If this control also results in the same or another safety-related defect, the decision-making office has to withdraw the type-approval (Section 7 (2) and (3)) for the relevant type of ammunition and have to have already placed on the market such ammunition is withdrawn. If the type of ammunition in question has the right to conduct a test mark which is equivalent to the provisions of the regulation in question in 2013, the committee shall have the right to ensure that the lots concerned are not placed on the market may be such munitions already placed on the market shall be withdrawn and, at the same time, inform the competent authority of the State concerned and the C.I.P.'s permanent office of the lack of such ammunition.

3. Main piece

Measurement of the gas pressure and determination of the projectile energy as well as of the muzzle pulse

Section 1

General

Scope

§ 24. (1) The provisions of this main piece shall be applied to the verification of the mean gas pressure, projectile energy and muzzle of ammunition, which is to be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the second main piece.

(2) If no gas pressure is specified for a particular type of ammunition in the respective ON-rule, which is to be considered in § 53, the determination of the projectile energy occurs at the point of the measurement of the gas pressure. In so doing, the provisions of this item shall be applied in the appropriate way.

Section 2

Measurement of gas pressure

Types of gas pressure measurement

§ 25. (1) As a general rule, the gas pressure shall be determined by means of one of the provisions of the 4. Measuring the main piece of calibrated mechanical-electrical pressure transducer. In this case, the representation of the gas pressure is effected by the measurement designations PT or, if a conformal-pressure transducer is used, by the measurement designation PTc.

(2) However, the gas pressure shall be determined with the help of the upsetting cylinder method, if the gas pressure specified in the relevant ON-rule referred to in § 53 above was determined by this method. In this case, the representation of the gas pressure takes place by means of the measurement designations PCr or, if a conformal-pressure stamp is used, by the measurement designation PCrc.

(3) By way of derogation from the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, the gas pressure may also be measured in accordance with any other procedure at the specified points, provided that it has been demonstrated by comparison measurements that the results obtained in this procedure are: The results correspond to those of the reference procedure. In this case, the necessary conversion shall be made.

Preparation and implementation of gas pressure measurement

§ 26. (1) Prior to the review of the average gas pressure, the pieces of ammunition to be tested shall be at a temperature of 21 ° C for 24 hours 1 ° C and a relative humidity of 60% ± 5%.

(2) For the purpose of checking the average gas pressure of the ammunition, measurement runs shall be used, the internal dimensions of which correspond to those minimum dimensions specified in the respective ON rules referred to in Section 53. The permissible tolerances for the different types of ammunition are in these ON-rules and/or specified in § § 30 to 35.

(3) The measurement of the average gas pressure must be carried out in principle in the powder chamber. If, however, this basic method has uncertainties, e.g., by influencing the speed of the projectile within the statistical limits, by the pressure measurement, then the pressure can also be measured at the sleeve mouth, in the sleeve or behind the projectile. . The measuring point for the gas pressure of the various types of ammunition is in the respective ON-Rules or the ON-Rules, respectively, which are to be taken into consideration in § 53. specified in § § 30 to 35.

(4) The measurement results shall be presented in a measurement protocol, which shall contain at least the following information:

-

Name and address of the person responsible for the decision

-

Name and address of the applicant

-

The order number of the measurement log

-

Date of gas pressure measurement

-

Name of the organ carrying the gas pressure measurement

-

Name and signature of the person responsible for the decision-making

-

technical data of the cartridge (caliber, type and weight of the projectile, lot, manufacturer),

-

Meteorological conditions in gas pressure measurement

-

technical data of the measuring system (identification number of the measuring run, mechanical-electrical transducer, sensitivity of the introduced transducer, details of the parameters selected and the system for speed measurement)

-

Climatic conditions under which the cartridges were stored before the bombardings

-

Individual values of pressures and velocities

-

Average values of pressures and velocities

-

Standard deviation

-

statistical evaluation

-

Observations of any anomalies of the conditions or of the results of the attack.

Evaluation of gas pressure measurement

§ 27. The measurement results are evaluated according to the rules of the statistics according to the following formulas:

It means: Pi: the gas pressure of the individual measurement;

n: the number of measurements;

Pmax: the maximum permissible mean gas pressure;

: the arithmetic mean of the gas pressure from n measurements;

Sn: the standard deviation of the gas pressure from n measurements;

Kin: the tolerance coefficient for n measurements in accordance with the following table, in order to: to obtain static security at:

K1n 99% of cases;

K2n 95% of cases;

K3n 90% of the cases.

N

K1n

K2n

K3n

5

5.75

4.21

3.41

6

5.07

3.71

3.01

7

4.64

3.40

2.76

8

4.36

3.19

2.58

9

4.14

3.03

2.45

10

3.98

2.91

2.36

11

3.85

2.82

2.28

12

3.75

2.74

2.21

13

3.66

2.67

2.16

14

3.59

2.61

2.11

15

3.52

2.57

2.07

16

3.46

2.52

2.03

17

3.41

2.49

2.00

18

3.37

2.45

1.97

19

3.33

2.42

1.95

20

3.30

2.40

1.93

25

3.15

2.29

1.83

30

3.06

2.22

1.78

35

2.99

2.17

1.73

40

2.94

2.13

1.70

45

2.90

2.09

1.67

50

2.86

2.07

1.65

60

2.81

2.02

1.61

70

2.77

1.99

1.58

80

2.73

1.97

1.56

90

2.71

1.94

1.54

100

2.68

1.93

1.53

For intermediate values it is linear to interpolate.

Gas pressure measurement by means of mechanical-electrical pressure sensor

§ 28. (1) The measuring system shall consist of:

1.

the mechanical-electrical pressure sensor;

2.

the amplifier;

3.

the display device;

4.

the electrical filter.

(2) The mechanical-electrical pressure sensor has the following conditions to be met:

1.

Measuring range: 0 to 1.2 times the maximum gas pressure to be expected;

2.

Linearity deviation in the measurement range: 1% of the final value of the calibration;

3.

Natural frequency greater than or equal to:

a)

100 kHz for the pressure sensor with membrane;

b)

50 kHz for the force transducers;

4.

Minimum sensitivity: 1.0 pC/bar;

5.

effective diameter of the membrane: 6 mm;

6.

Calibration range: 100 bar to 1,2times the maximum gas pressure to be expected;

7.

Calibrating product with the sensitivity data of the pressure transducer not older than two years.

(3) The measuring channel shall be prepared in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

(4) To avoid or Reduction of the heat transfer to the membrane and pressure plate of the pressure transducer shall be used for thermal protection in accordance with the manufacturer ' s instructions; also a mechanical protection according to the manufacturer ' s specifications shall be used.

(5) The amplifier must meet the following conditions:

1.

Linearity deviation: 1% of the final value of the calibration;

2.

Limit frequency (-3 dB): 80 kHz;

3.

Input resistance of charge amplifier: 10 12 ;

4.

Drift: and relative humidity (rH).

(6) Both analog and digital display devices can be used as display devices. Analog display devices-peak voltage meter and oscillograph or memory oscillograph-have a bandwidth of 100 kHz, digital indicators-transit recorder or comparable device-have the following conditions to be met:

1.

Sampling rate: ;

2.

Resolution: 12 bit;

3.

Recording time: 4 ms;

4.

Limit frequency (-3 dB): .

(7) It is a BESSEL or BUTTERWORTH second-order low-pass filter with a cut-off frequency of 20/22 kHz (-3 dB), N = 2 (12 dB/octave), which is integrated in the charge amplifier, the connected display unit or the software.

Gas pressure measurement by means of upsetting bodies

§ 29. (1) The measurement procedure consists of:

1.

the piston with piston guide;

2.

the abutment;

3.

the upsetting body (crusher).

(2) The length of the piston guide shall be at least 10 mm, the diameter of the piston shall be 6.18 mm with a tolerance of -0.004 mm. The radial clearance between the piston and the guide must be between 0.002 mm and 0.006 mm. The mass of the piston must be 3.0 g 0.5 g.

(3) Crusher of the Laboratoire Central de l' Armement, Paris, or in relation to these calibrated upsetting bodies, shall be used as the stowage body.

(4) The choice of the diameter of the piston and the upsetting body is obtained with respect to the reference crushers from the following table:

Stamp Ø (mm)

Stamp-

Cross section

(mm) 2 )

Crusher-

Dimension

Ø x length

(mm x mm)

Selection criteria

PL P max ; P max PU

or

PL P max PU and

PL 1.3 P max PU

Measurement Range

PL (bar)

PU (bar)

PL (bar)

PU (bar)

6.18

3.91

3.91

3.91

3.91

30

12

12

12

12

2 x 4

2 x 4

3 x 4.9

4 x 6

5 x 7

240

600

1350

2350

3600

600

1350

3100

4700

6000

220

550

1200

2200

3300

650

1500

3400

5200

7000

In the case of the comparative determination of the gas pressures of the bombardons and the used ammunition of a particular type of ammunition, the same measuring run with the same stamps and upsetting cylinders shall be used with the same characteristic values and from the same lot.

Gas pressure measurement of ammunition for handguns with smooth runs and central fire ignition

§ 30. (1) For the verification of the average gas pressure of ammunition for handguns with smooth runs and central fire ignition, measurement runs shall be used whose internal dimensions correspond to those minimum dimensions specified in the ON-rule 191395.

1.

The following tolerances are allowed for the measurement runs:

a)

0,10 mm for the fin diameter B;

b)

0.05 mm for the diameter of the cartridge bearing D and H;

c)

2,00 mm for the length of the cartridge chamber L;

d)

Rim diameter G: +0.05 mm;

e)

Edge depth T: 0.05 mm.

2.

Angle of transition cone = 10 ° 30 ': -30 ;

3.

The closure distance shall not exceed 0,10 mm;

4.

The length of the gas pressure measuring run is 700 mm ± 10 mm (cylindrical barrel without choke);

5.

The control of the dimensional accuracy of the measurement runs is to be carried out with the aid of such measuring systems, which give direct access to the values to be measured.

(2) The measurement operations referred to in paragraph 1 shall have at least two measuring points. These must either be an integral part of the run or be located in a manometer block in which the barrel is fixed. The axis of the first measuring point shall be at a distance of

1.

25 to 30 mm for the caliber 24 and larger;

2.

17.0 mm 1.0 mm for the calibers smaller than 24;

3.

12,5 mm-0,5 mm for the calibers 32-50, 7, 410/50, 8mm and 9 mm,

the axis of the second measuring point must be at a distance of 162.0 mm 0,5 mm from the butt floor of the barrel.

(3) The measurement of the gas pressure at the second measuring point is carried out indirectly. For this purpose, the point in time of the passage of the propellant base is recorded by the cross-section of the second measuring point and the pressure prevailing at the first measuring point at this point in time is measured. The registration of the passage of the propellant base can be carried out either with a mechanical-electrical pressure sensor or with any other suitable measuring sensor, for example by means of a photodiode behind a quartz glass window.

(4) When using a mechanical-electrical pressure sensor, the diameter and the depth of the measuring bores must be carried out as a function of the dimensions and the type of installation of the pressure transducer and according to the specifications of the manufacturer of the pressure transducer. The hole drilled in the cartridge case must have a diameter of 3.0 mm + 0.1 mm. In order to reduce the heat transfer to the membrane and the printing plate, a disc of a heat-insulating, flexible material, e.g. Teflon, is to be mounted in front of the pressure transfer surface during drilling of the sleeve. Tangentially incorporated pressure sensors are additionally protected by gluing onto the cartridge a stretchable adhesive tape which spans the cartridge bore.

(5) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out using the provisions of paragraphs 6 and 7 in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27.

(6) In the case of use cartridges for handguns with smooth runs and central fire ignition, no individual value may be given the value P max by more than 15%. This requirement is considered to be fulfilled if 95% of the cases with a statistical safety of 95% of the upper limit of the tolerance limit 1.15 P max shall not be exceeded, i.e. where the following inequality applies: Pn + K2n Sn 1.15 P max .

(7) The requirements of Section 15 (3) shall be deemed to be fulfilled for the bombardons of both the normal and the increased shelling, if in 90% of the cases, with a statistical security of 95%, the lower value of the tolerance limit does not apply. below 1.15 P max . Accordingly, these bombells shall be in accordance with the following conditions:

1.

For the condition pursuant to § 15 (3) Z 1:

a)

at the first measuring point: Pn 1.30 P max ,

-K3n Sn 1.15 Pmax,

b)

at the second measuring point: Pn + K3n Sn 650 bar.

2.

For the condition pursuant to § 15 para. 3 Z 2:

a)

at the first measuring point: Pn + K3n Sn 1.60 P max ;

b)

at the second measuring point: Pn = 450 to 600 bar.g

Gas pressure measurement of ammunition for handguns with drawn runs and central fire ignition

§ 31. (1) For the verification of the average gas pressure of the cartridges for handguns with drawn runs and central fire ignition, measurement runs shall be used whose internal dimensions correspond to those minimum dimensions, which shall be taken into consideration in each of the following: coming in accordance with § 53 of the ON rules.

1.

The following tolerances are allowed for measurement runs:

a)

0.02 mm for the field diameter F of the barrel;

b)

0,03 mm for the train diameter Z of the barrel;

c)

0,10 mm for the total length L3;

d)

0,03 mm for the diameter P1;

e)

0.02 mm for the diameter P2;

f)

0.02 mm for the diameter H2;

g)

0,03 mm for the diameter G1;

h)

-5/60i for the angle i of the transition cone at i 12 ';

i)

-1 ' for the angle i of the transition cone at i 12 '.

A positive tolerance for the angle i is allowed when the tolerance range for G1 is taken into account. In this case, G1real has to comply with the following inequality:

This means that the G1real, which is related to Fmin, must not have a lower value than the Gmin specified in the ON rules listed above.

2.

The closure distance shall not exceed 0,10 mm.

3.

The length of the gas pressure measurements shall be:

a)

Gas pressure measuring run for cartridges without edge: Lc = 600 mm 10 mm;

b)

Gas pressure measuring run for cartridges with edge: Lc = 600 mm 10 mm;

c)

Gas pressure measuring run for Magnum cartridges: Lc = 650 mm 10 mm;

d)

Gas pressure measuring run for pistol and turret cartridges: Lc = 150 mm 10 mm.

4.

The control of the dimensional accuracy of the measurement runs is to be carried out with the aid of measuring systems which give direct access to the values to be measured.

(2) The measurement runs in accordance with paragraph 1 shall have at least one measuring point. The installation of the measuring point must be carried out in accordance with the ON rules. For calibers not included in the ON rules, the measuring point shall be placed at a distance of 25 mm ± 2 mm from the butt floor if the sleeve is longer than 40 mm; the measuring point shall be measured at a length of the sleeve including 30 mm to 40 mm. at a distance of 17.5 mm ± 2.0 mm from the butt; in the case of a sleeve length of less than 30 mm, the gas pressure measurement shall be between 7.5 mm and 7.5 mm, and of the sleeve length L1 or L3. In these cases, the measuring point in the measurement protocol (section 26 (4)) is to be found together with the gas pressure value obtained.

(3) The provisions of § 30 (4) shall apply to the measurement of the gas pressure, with the following proviso: irrespective of the length of the sleeve and the pressure sensor used, the hole drilled into the sleeve has a diameter of 2.0 mm.

(4) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out using the provisions of paragraphs 5 and 6 in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27.

(5) In the case of use cartridges for hand-held firearms with drawn runs and central fire ignition, no individual value shall be subject to the value P max by more than 15%. This requirement is considered to be fulfilled if, in 99% of the cases, with a statistical certainty of 95%, the upper value of the tolerance limit 1.15 P max shall not be exceeded, i.e. where the following inequality applies: Pn + K1n Sn 1.15 P max .

(6) For seizure cartridges for long arms with drawn runs and central fire ignition, the requirement pursuant to section 15 (5) shall be deemed to be fulfilled if, in 90% of the cases, with a statistical safety of 95%, the lower value of the tolerance limit is not smaller. than 1.15 P max . These bombings therefore have to correspond to the following inequalities:

1.

1.25 P max ,

2.

-K3n Sn 1.15 P max ,

3.

+ K3n Sn 1.40 P max ,

4.

Ē EE.

(7) For the bombardment of pistols and turrets with drawn runs and central fire-ignition, the requirement pursuant to section 15 (5) shall be deemed to be fulfilled if, in 90% of the cases, with a statistical safety of 95%, the lower value of the tolerance limit does not apply. is less than 1.15 P max . These bombings therefore have to correspond to the following inequalities:

1. Pn

1.30 P max ,

2. Pn

-K3n Sn 1.15 P max ,

3. Pn

K3n Sn 1.50 P max .

Gas pressure measurement in the case of cartridges for handguns with edge fire ignition

§ 32. (1) For the verification of the average gas pressure of the cartridges for firearms with edge fire ignition, measurement runs are to be used whose internal dimensions correspond to those minimum dimensions specified in the ON-rule 191390.

1.

The following tolerances are permitted for the measurement of the gas pressure of ammunition for handguns with smooth runs:

a)

+0,03 mm for the inner diameter F = Z of the barrel;

b)

+0,10 mm for total length L3;

c)

+0.05 mm for diameter P1;

d)

+0.05 mm for the diameter P2;

e)

+0,03 mm for the diameter H2;

f)

+0,03 mm for the diameter G1;

g)

-5/60i (maximum -1 °) for the angle i of the transition cone.

2.

The following tolerances are permitted for the measurement of the gas pressure of ammunition for weapons with drawn runs:

a)

+0.02 mm for the field diameter F of the barrel;

b)

+0.02 mm for the train diameter Z of the barrel;

c)

+0,10 mm for total length L3;

d)

+0.03 mm for diameter P1,

e)

+0.02 mm for the diameter H2;

f)

+0,03 mm for the depth of edge milling R;

g)

0.05 mm for the diameter R1;

h)

0 ° 20 ' for the angle i of the transition cone.

3.

In the case of measuring runs according to Z 1 and 2, the closure distance must not exceed the extent of 0.10 mm.

4.

The length of the reference measurement according to Z 1 and 2 is: LC = 600 mm 10 mm.

5.

The control of the dimensional accuracy of the measuring runs according to Z 1 to 4 must be carried out with the aid of such measuring systems, which give direct access to the values to be measured.

(2) The measuring runs must have at least one measuring point. This is to be fitted with a tolerance of ± 0,20 mm at the level L3 + 1,80 mm (L3 total length of the sleeve).

(3) The measuring points of the measurement runs for the caliber .22 short, .22 l.f.B., .22 WMR, .17 HMR and .17 Mach 2 must have the following distance from the butt floor:

.22 short: 7,00 mm + 0,20 mm

.22 l.f.B.: 9,00 mm + 0,20 mm

.22 WMR: 17,50 mm + 0,20 mm

.17 HMR: 17,50 mm + 0,20 mm

.17 Mach 2: 6,50 mm + 0,20 mm

The gas duct must have a diameter of 2.00 mm + 0.10 mm and a length of 2.00 mm + 0.10 mm. The milling on the sleeve has a diameter of 2.00 mm and a depth of 0.15 mm.

(4) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27, applying the provisions of paragraphs 4 and 5.

(5) In the case of use cartridges for firearms with fringe fire ignition, no single value P max by more than 15%. This requirement is considered to be fulfilled if 95% of the cases with a statistical safety of 95% of the upper limit of the tolerance limit 1.15 P max shall not be exceeded, i.e. where the following inequality applies: Pn + K2n. Sn 1.15 P max .

(6) The claims pursuant to Section 15 (5) shall be deemed to be fulfilled for the bombells, if in 90% of the cases, with a statistical safety of 95% the lower value of the tolerance limit is not below 1.15 P max . The following conditions must therefore be met by these bomblet cartridges:

1. Pn

1.30 P max ;

2. Pn

-K3n Sn 1.15 P max ;

3. Pn

+ K3n Sn 1.50 P max .

Gas pressure measurement in case of fuel cartridges with sleeve for scrubbing apparatus

§ 33. (1) In accordance with Article 21 (3), the review of the propellant cartridges with the sleeve for shavings shall be carried out on twelve cartridges for each additional volume decided upon. In the case of edge fire tubes, this is the additional volume Va = 0.16 cm.sup.3 and 0.8 cm.sup.3, and the additional volume Va = 0.4 cm.sup.3 in the case of the central fire-type tubings. Erroneous values should be deleted or corrected immediately; in particular, a measured value should be eliminated if there are signs of excessive gas outflow. The measured values are to be numbered consecutively and the extreme values should be checked. P1 and P12 are to be assessed according to the criterion of J. W. Dixon with the following formula:

If it is found that ZB is greater than 0.490, the relevant value P1 or P12. If none of the values is deleted, the last two values are negligible; if only one measurement value is deleted, then the last one is negligible.

(2) A measuring run with thrust piston according to ÖNORM S 1232 is to be used for the checking of the gas pressure, the dimensions of which correspond to the dimensions specified in this ÖNORM as well as to the dimensions indicated in the ON-rule 191396.

1.

The following tolerances are allowed for the cartridge case of the measuring run:

a)

+0,03 mm for the diameter P1;

b)

+0,03 mm for the diameter H2;

c)

+0.05 mm for the diameter R1;

d)

+0.05 mm for the depth of edge milling R;

e)

+0.10 mm for the length of the bearing L3.

2.

The gas pressure measuring run has the following dimensions:

a)

Caliber: 16 mm (F7);

b)

Length from the end of the cartridge bearing: 200 mm 1 mm;

c)

Position of the measuring point: 1,5 mm from the end of the cartridge-storage facility;

d)

Diameter of bore: 3 mm;

e)

Hole height: 3 mm.

3.

The thrust piston shall be subject to the following conditions:

a)

Diameter: 16 mm (h7);

b)

Mass: Mp = 80 g 1 g;

c)

Material: brass (58%-70% Cu) or medium-hard steel (R = 55 to 65 Deka-N/mm²);

d)

Length proportional to the mass;

e)

Additional volume: Va = 0.04 to 0.80 cm³.

4.

The control of the dimensional accuracy of the measurement runs must be carried out with the aid of such measuring systems, which give direct access to the values to be measured.

5.

The gas pressure measurement is carried out with the aid of a mechanical-electrical pressure transducer according to § 28 and subject to the following conditions:

a)

Measuring range: up to 7000 bar;

b)

Pressure Transfer Surface: Diameter 6 mm.

(3) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27 as well as the following provisions:

1.

In addition:

a)

P max (0.16) P max (0, 8): the maximum pressure allowed according to the ON-rule 191396 for cartridges with fringe fire ignition with the additional volume Va = 0.16, or 0.8 cm³;

b)

P max (0, 4): the maximum pressure permitted by the ON-rule 191396 for cartridges with a central fire ignition with the additional volume Va = 0.4 cm³;

c)

Pn (Va): the arithmetic mean gas pressure of n (10) Measurements for the additional volume Va.

2.

For use cases with edge fire ignition, the average gas pressure must be Pn for the two additional volumes Va = 0,16 cm³ and Va = 0.8 cm³ lower than or equal to the maximum permissible values Pmax (0.16) and Pmax (0, 8) be.

3.

The average gas pressure for use cases with central fire ignition Pn for the additional volume V = 0.4 cm³ lower than or equal to the maximum permissible value P max (0, 4).

4.

The conditions set out in points 2 and 3 shall be deemed to be fulfilled if the following inequality applies:

Pn (Va) P max (Va).

5.

The condition for use cases that no individual value of the gas pressure may be higher than 1.15 Pmax (Va) shall be deemed to be satisfied if the following inequality applies:

Pn (Va) + K3n Sn 1.15 P max (Va).

Gas pressure measurement in case of cartridges for alarm weapons

§ 34. (1) A measuring run according to ÖNORM S 1233 is to be used for the checking of the gas pressure, the dimensions of which correspond to the dimensions specified in this ÖNORM as well as to the measures indicated in the ON-rule 191397.

1.

The following tolerances are allowed for the measurement runs:

a)

H8 for the inner diameter of the running F = Z;

b)

H11 for total length L3;

c)

H8 for diameter P1;

d)

H8 for the diameter H2;

e)

H9 for the depth of edge milled R;

f)

H10 for diameter R1;

g)

H11 for the diameter G1;

h)

20 ' for the angle i of the transition cone.

2.

The following tolerances are allowed for the measuring run for turret coverings:

a)

js14 for the location of the measuring point M;

b)

h13 for the length of the running LT;

c)

H11 for the gap w.

3.

The following tolerances are allowed for the measurement run for pistol cartouts:

a)

js14 for the location of the measuring point M;

b)

h13 for the total length of the measuring run LC.

(2) The control of the dimensional accuracy of the measurement operations referred to in paragraph 1 shall be carried out with the aid of such measuring systems, which give direct access to the values to be measured.

(3) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27 and

1.

for the measurement of the gas pressure of the use cases in accordance with the provisions of section 31 (5);

2.

for the measurement of the gas pressure of the scouting tubes according to the provisions of § 31 (6).

Gas pressure measurement of cartridges for small-scale scrap (cartouches à grenaille)

§ 35. (1) A measuring run according to ÖNORM S 1234 shall be used for the checking of the gas pressure of the cartridges for small-scale weapons; the following tolerances are permissible for this:

1.

js14 for the location of the measuring point;

2.

h13 for the total length of the measuring run LC.

(2) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27 and

1.

for the measurement of the gas pressure of the used cartridges in accordance with the provisions of section 31 (5);

2.

for the measurement of the gas pressure of the bombells according to the provisions of § 31 (6).

Section 3

Determination of the projectile energy and the muzzle impulse

Determination of projectile energy

§ 36. (1) The determination of the projectile energy provided for in Article 24 (2) shall be justified in the following cases:

1.

if the volume of the combustion chamber is so small that the application of a gas pressure meter can change the normal pressure development;

2.

if the additional charge is at the same time the propellant;

3.

in the measurement of the gas pressure of ammunition with non-folded-up parts;

4.

if, in the case of new types of ammunition or rarely used calibers, the corresponding measurement run for measuring the gas pressure is not available.

(2) The projectile energy E is composed of the mass of the projectile m and the projectile velocity v according to the formula

to be calculated. The speed of the projectile shall be determined by measuring the projectile flight time by means of light barriers between two points on the projectile trajectory in such a way that the first measuring point is 0.5 m and the second measuring point 1.5 m in front of the mouth of the barrel. , the time measurement by means of an electronic counter shall be at least 10 is exactly what it is. The speed of the projectile is determined as the quotient of the measurement base (1 m) and the measured projectile flight time.

(3) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27 under the application of subsections 4 to 6. However, it means:

E max : the maximum permissible average projectile energy;

En: the average projectile energy from n measurements;

Sn: the standard deviation of the projectile energy from n measurements;

K3n: the tolerance coefficient for n measurements for a statistical safety of 95% in 90% of all cases (see Table in § 27).

(4) In the case of use munitions, in 90% of all cases, with a statistical certainty of 95%, no individual value may exceed Emax by more than 7%. This requirement shall be deemed to have been met if the following inequality applies: En K3n Sn 1.07 Emax.

(5) If, in accordance with paragraph 1, the projectile energy is to be determined instead of the measurement of the gas pressure, the average projectile energy of the bombshell bombs shall, as a rule, be 10% higher than the permissible projectile energy of the weapon in question for the handgun concerned. of the use of cluster munitions. It is defined in the ON-Rule, which is applicable in each case, in § 53. If the required projectile energy for cluster munitions cannot be achieved by increasing the propellant charge weight, the projectile weight can be increased by 10%, with the energy losses not being allowed to increase as a result of the friction in the barrel.

(6) The requirement laid down in paragraph 5 shall be deemed to be fulfilled if, in 90% of the cases, with a statistical certainty of 95%, the lower value of the tolerance limit is not less than 1.07 E max . The cluster munitions thus have to comply with the following inequalities:

1. En

1.10 E max ;

2. En

-K3n Sn 1.07 E max ;

3. En

+ K3n Sn 1.25 E max .

Determination of projectile energy in the case of cartridges for firearms with fringe fire ignition

§ 37. (1) For the inspection of the projectile energy of cartridges for firearms with edge fire ignition, measurement runs must be used whose internal dimensions of the cartridge bearings correspond to those minimum dimensions which are indicated in the ON-rule 191390. The following runway dimensions are required for the measurement runs:

1.

200 mm 2 mm for the length of the measuring run Lc;

2.

4.05 mm or 5.45 mm 0.02 mm for the field diameter F;

3.

4.30 mm, or 5.60 mm 0,03 mm for the train diameter Z;

4.

5.50 mm, respectively. 8.38 mm 0,03 mm for the diameter of the smooth running F = Z;

5.

450 mm for the swirl length u;

6.

1.25 mm 0,10 mm for the width of the trains b;

7.

6 for the number of trains N.

(2) The control of the dimensional accuracy of the measurement runs must be carried out with the aid of such measuring systems, which give direct access to the values to be measured.

(3) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27 and

1.

for the measurement of the projectile energy of the used cartridges in accordance with the provisions of section 36 (4);

2.

for the measurement of the projectile energy of the bombells according to the provisions of section 36 (5) and (6).

Determination of projectile energy in case of alarm weapons

§ 38. (1) For checking the projectile energy of the cartridges for alarm weapons, a measuring run according to ÖNORM S 1233 shall be used, the dimensions of which correspond to the dimensions indicated in this ÖNORM as well as in the ON-rule 191397.

1.

The following tolerances are allowed:

a)

H11 for the length of the ammo bearing L3;

b)

js16 for the length of the running LT.

2.

For the measurement of projectile energy, projectiles are to be used which meet the following conditions:

a)

Diameter: 6 mm (f8) or 9 mm (f7);

b)

Weight: m = 4,0 g 0.04 g m = 10 g 0,1 g;

c)

Material: brass (58%-70% Cu) or medium-hard steel (R = 55 to 65 Deka-N/mm²);

d)

Length: proportional to weight.

(2) The control of the dimensional accuracy of the measurement operations referred to in paragraph 1 shall be carried out with the aid of such measuring systems, which give direct access to the values to be measured.

(3) The evaluation of the measurement results shall be carried out in accordance with the rules of the statistics of § 27 and

1.

for the measurement of the projectile energy of the use cases in accordance with the provisions of section 36 (4);

2.

for the measurement of the projectile energy of the scouting tubes in accordance with the provisions of § 36 (5) and (6).

Determination of the Mündal impulse in the case of cartridges with lead-free Schred

§ 39. The muzzle impulse Mo is to be determined from the mass m and the velocity v of the projectile according to the formula Mo = m-v. The speed of the projectile shall be measured at a distance of 2.5 m from the mouth of the barrel in accordance with § 36 para. 2 in a cylindrical measuring run according to § 30 para. 2 without choke, and is the average value from a series of 10 shots .

4. Main piece

Calibration of mechanical-electrical pressure sensors

Scope

§ 40. (1) Each of the mechanical-electrical pressure sensors, which are used in the measurement of the gas pressure of ammunition in accordance with the determination of the second main piece and described in § 28, shall be repeated throughout its period of use. check.

(2) With the aid of the calibration of the mechanical-electrical pressure sensors in the laboratory, their main metrological characteristics are to be determined. These are:

1.

Sensitivity over the whole measurement range;

2.

Linearity deviation;

3.

Repeatability.

(3) By means of the regular calibrations of the mechanical-electrical pressure transducers, a scattering of the measurements of the peak pressure values is to be achieved, which is below 4%. The target measurement error should be less than 3%.

Measurement system for calibration

§ 41. (1) The measuring system consists of:

1.

a static or dynamic calibrator;

2.

an amplifier (load or voltage amplifier);

3.

a display device (voltmeter, peak-value reader, oscillograph, etc.).

(2) The accuracy of the entire measurement system must be

1.

be less than 1% for primary calibration;

2.

shall be less than 2% in the secondary calibration.

(3) If the secondary calibration is carried out by comparison with a reference pressure transducer, the accuracy of this device shall be less than or equal to 0.5%.

(4) The accuracy of the entire measuring system shall be verified at least every 5 years and on the occasion of the exchange of a substantial component of one of the following entities:

1.

Federal Office of Eich-und Vermessungswesen or this equivalent metrological institution of other States;

2.

from calibration bodies accredited for this purpose.

A certificate shall be issued on the outcome of the review.

Primary pressure transducer

§ 42. (1) The measurement system for primary calibration as well as the dynamic comparison system for checking the reference pressure sensors must be checked with the aid of a primary pressure transducer.

(2) The primary pressure sensor shall be equipped with the corresponding adapter by the Federal Office of Eich-und Vermessungswesen or equivalent metrological institutes of other states or by accredited test centres respectively after 50 cycles, or if: Doubt the accuracy, but at least every two years, to verify. A certificate shall be issued on the outcome of the review.

(3) The primary pressure sensor shall be subject to the following conditions:

1.

Measurement range, according to the application purpose:

20 MPa to 200 MPa + 10% or 200 MPa to 600 MPa + 10%;

2.

Temperature range: -50 ° C to +100 ° C;

3.

Linearity: + 0.3% of final value;

4.

Limit frequency: 100 kHz;

5.

Insulation resistance: 1-10 14 .

(4) If it is found during the examination that a primary pressure transducer no longer meets the required conditions, it can be used as a reference pressure sensor as long as it meets the conditions applicable to these conditions (section 43 (2)).

Reference pressure sensor

§ 43. (1) Reference pressure transducers used in the dynamic calibration (Section 50 (4)) shall be provided with the corresponding adapter by the Federal Office of Eich-und Vermessungswesen or equivalent metrological institutes of other states or by the Federal Office for the Protection of Measurements (§ 50). Accredited test sites for this purpose. A certificate shall be issued on the outcome of the review.

(2) The reference pressure sensor shall be subject to the following conditions:

1.

Measuring range, according to the scope of application:

20 MPa to 200 MPa + 10% or 200 MPa to 600 MPa + 10%;

2.

Temperature range: -50 ° C to +100 ° C;

3.

Linearity: + 0.5% of the final value;

4.

Limit frequency: 100 kHz;

5.

Insulation resistance: 1.10 13 .

(3) In the subsequent verifications referred to in paragraph 1, greater deviations from the sensitivity shall be determined than:

1.

2% compared to the last review,

2.

4% compared to the first review,

If only one of the two values is exceeded, the pressure transducer must no longer be used as a reference pressure sensor. However, it can be used as a pressure sensor for gas pressure measurements, as long as it meets the relevant conditions (§ 47).

Primary calibration

§ 44. (1) In order to carry out the calibrations, those adapters are to be used which are provided by the manufacturers of the mechanical-electrical pressure sensors.

(2) The measurements shall be carried out from the lower end of the measuring range of the mechanical-electrical pressure sensor, but at least 100 bar, up to at least 1.3 times the pressure of the ammunition to be checked. At least five intermediate values are to be determined, i.e., it is to be measured in total at at least seven measuring points.

(3) At each measuring point, at least three tests shall be carried out in order to obtain a mean sensitivity value.

(4) The calibration curve shall be calculated as the straight line of the "smallest error squares". In the case of the mechanical-electrical pressure sensor with channel, it has to pass through the origin. In the case of the mechanical-electrical tangential or conformal-pressure sensor, the offset determined by the calibration must be taken into consideration. In both cases, the firing tests are based on a non-linear dependence between the charge Q and the gas pressure P as the basis for consideration of the sensitivity.

Secondary calibration

§ 45. (1) In order to carry out the calibrations, those adapters are to be used which are provided by the manufacturers of the mechanical-electrical pressure sensors.

(2) If a static calibrator is used, the measurements shall be carried out with the appropriate application of section 44 (2). If a dynamic calibrator is used, at least one experiment shall be carried out with at least 20% of the maximum gas pressure to be checked, which must be 1.3 times the measured value.

(3) At each measuring point, at least three tests shall be carried out in order to obtain a mean sensitivity value.

(4) The calibration line is to be calculated like the straight line of the "smallest error squares". It can go through the origin. If it does not originate from the origin (Section 44 (4)), the offset must be taken into account.

Repeated Calibration

§ 46. (1) The repeated calibration consists of a number of

1.

primary calibrations (§ 44) and

2.

secondary calibrations (§ 45).

(2) The checks of the primary calibrations shall be carried out:

1.

During the first 600 shots, at least every 200 shots and then at least all 3000 shots;

2.

in addition, whenever the sensitivity of a secondary calibration has been changed by more than 3% compared to the last calibration;

3.

Further, if the measured mean values for tests which were carried out simultaneously with several mechanical-electrical pressure transducers deviate by more than 4% from each other.

(3) The secondary calibration controls shall be carried out:

1.

if any of the following anomalies are detected in the shots used to determine the gas pressure of the ammunition:

a)

the dispersion of the values;

b)

Non-indication of the values;

c)

Escape of gas;

2.

The control of the sensitivity of the pressure transducers must be carried out at least every 500 shots at the value of the pressure to be measured.

Withdrawal of a pressure transducer

§ 47. (1) If irregularities are found in the calibrations of a pressure transducer, the tests shall be carried out at least twice, after each of the pressure sensors has been cleaned and dried at 65 ° C. Care must be taken to ensure that the measuring chain always has the required precision limits (§ 41 para. 2).

(2) The mechanical-electrical pressure sensor shall be separated if nevertheless one of the following deficiencies is established:

1.

instability of the measurements at the same pressure and at any attempt of more than 2%;

2.

Linearity deviation in the curve of the primary calibration by more than 1%;

3.

Determination of deviations of the pressure transducer during the calibration process.

Choice of calibrator

§ 48. (1) For the examination of the static behavior of the mechanical-electrical pressure sensors, these are to be subjected to a reference pressure, which serves as the primary variable, with the aid of a static calibrator (manometer scale).

(2) For the verification of the correspondence between the dynamic sensitivities of measurements and the static sensitivities in the calibration, is a dynamic calibrator (oil bomb, reference ammunition with multi-stage charges, Shock wave tube).

(3) The choice of the calibrator shall be made in accordance with the scale of the pressure transducer to be calibrated. With regard to the functioning of the calibrator, the technical instructions of its manufacturer must be observed. The assembly instructions of the manufacturer of the pressure transducer must also be taken into consideration. The adapters corresponding to this information are to be used. In particular, it is to be avoided that air is enclosed in the hydraulic circuit.

(4) Prior to calibration, the insulation resistance (Risol) of the mechanical-electrical pressure transducer shall be measured with the aid of an insulation tester (ohmmeter with a high test voltage):

1.

Is Risol > 1-10 12 , calibration may be carried out;

2.

is Risol < 1-10 12 , the plug is to be cleaned or to suspend the pressure sensor for several hours at a temperature of approximately 80 ° C and then to re-examine the insulation resistance;

3.

Risol remains < 1-10 12 , the pressure transducer is to be taken out of operation.

(5) Weiters must be subjected to a pre-treatment before each calibration of the pressure pickups to be tested by exposing the maximum pressure to the intended calibration with the aid of the manometric equipment in three successive loads. .

Static Calibrator

§ 49. (1) The static calibration shall be carried out by means of a gauge scale according to the following measurement scheme:

(2) The individual elements of the measuring chain must comply with the following precision limits:

1.

Reference pressure: 0.2%;

2.

Calibration capacitor: 0.3%;

3.

Voltage normal: 0.1%;

4.

Charge amplifier: 0.1% of the final value;

5.

Measured value collection: 0.1%;

6.

composite measurement uncertainties: 1%.

(3) In the course of each calibration cycle (section 45 (2) and (46) (2)), the pressure stages shall be carried out sequentially in ascending order, with the pressure being returned to atmospheric pressure between the individual points for a few seconds.

(4) Before each calibration cycle (par. 3) the amplification factor of the charge amplifier can be determined with the aid of the standard voltage and the capacitance of the calibrating capacitor.

(5) All voltages that correspond to the settings and pressure levels must be recorded. From this, the calibration curve, the linearity deviation, the repeatability in the course of the calibration and the sensitivity of the pressure transducer must be determined. For each measuring point, the electrical charge Q of the pressure transducer shall be determined as follows:

Q = (V1-V0)-G.

It means: V1: the voltage that is read at the respective pressure stage;

V0: the residual voltage which is detected when the pressure is equal to zero;

G: the amplification factor of the charge amplifier defined by the initial setting.

(6) Starting from the three charge values, which are each obtained at the individual pressure stages, the straight line of the "smallest error squares" (§ 44 (4) and § 45 (4)) is determined.

Dynamic Calibrator

§ 50. (1) For the dynamic calibration, the energy of the case of a mass M is used, which defines a value pair of pressure charge. The calibration is carried out according to the following measurement scheme:

It means: A: Pulse printers;

B1: ratio of pressure/case hey;

B2: Referential converters;

C: Calibration capacitor;

D: Charge amplifier;

E: Voltage normal;

F: Measured value collection;

G: Computer;

H: Case height;

I: printers;

T: to calibrate pressure transducers;

M: Case mass.

The individual elements of the measuring chain have to comply with the accuracy limits in accordance with § 49 (2). The composite measurement uncertainties must: 1%.

(2) The provisions of Section 49 (3) and (4) shall apply mutaly to the preparation and conduct of the measurements.

(3) In the "ratio pressure drop height" method, a mass M is used, which is dropped in succession from ever higher heights according to the load stages and measurements. The maximum pressure value is recorded at each drop height and at each measurement, and the calibration curve is determined therefrom.

(4) In the method "reference pressure sensor", a mass M is dropped from a maximum height and the dynamic response of the reference converter (B2), which indicates the pressure of the manometric device (A), is compared with the dynamic reaction of the reference pressure sensor (B2). A pressure transducer (T) which indicates the value of the measured charge is registered. The value pairs of pressure/charge result in the calibration curve of the pressure sensor (T) to be tested, which is valid for the entire measuring width.

Evaluation of measurement results

§ 51. (1) From all points of the calibration cycles (§ 45 (2) and (46) (2)), the calibration curve shall be calculated, which represents a regression curve x-th degree in accordance with the following diagram, and of which the sensitivity of the pressure transducer and its Dependency on the value P can be derived.

(2) For the determination of the straight line of the "smallest error squares" (Section 44 (4) and § 45 (4)), the average value shall be: To calculate qk from the three measurements carried out for each pressure stage k, as follows:

It means: Qk1: first measurement, level k;

Qk2: second measurement, level k;

Qk3: third measurement, stage k.

(3) The sensitivities S K are with the help of the value pairs P K and Q K to be identified as follows:

.

For comparison purposes, the mean sensitivity S is to be calculated using the following equation:

.

It means: S: mean sensitivity;

Pk: calibration pressure of pressure level k;

Qk: medium charge under pressure Pk;

n: number of calibration stages.

(4) The calculation of linearity L shall be carried out in accordance with the following formula:

.

It means: Q max = ( Qk-S-Pk) max;

QFS = S-PFS;

QFS = Top Level Load

PFS = highest level print.

5. Main piece

Binding declaration of technical standards

Connection declaration of ÖNORMEN

§ 52. The following in which: Appendix 1 The ÖNORM shall be declared binding:

1.

ÖNORM S 1232 "Kartuschen mit sleeve für Schussapparate-Messlauf" Edition: 1. April 1997;

2.

ÖNORM S 1233 "Kartuschen für Alarmweapons-Messoccurrences" Edition: 1 April 1997;

3.

ÖNORM S 1234 "Patrons mit Kleinschrot-Messlauf" Edition: 1. April 1997.

Connection declaration of ON-Rules

§ 53. The following: Appendix 2 ON-rules shall be declared binding:

1.

ONR 191390 "Randfire patrons-dimensions and gas pressures" Edition: 1 January 2013;

2.

ONR 191391 "Pistols-and turret cartridges-dimensions and gas pressures"

Issue: January 1, 2013;

3.

ONR 191392-1 "Iron patrons with no edge-dimensions and gas pressures"

Part 1: Metrian Calibre Edition: January 1, 2013;

4.

ONR 191392-2 "Iron patrons with no edge-dimensions and gas pressures"

Part 2: Metric Calibre Edition: January 1, 2013;

5.

ONR 191393-1 "Büchsenpatrons mit Rand-Dimensions and gas pressures"

Part 1: Metrian Calibre Edition: January 1, 2013;

6.

ONR 191393-2 "Büchsenpatrons mit Rand-Dimensions and gas pressures"

Part 2: Calibre in Customs Edition: 1 January 2013;

7.

ONR 191394 "Magnum patrons-dimensions and gas pressures" Edition: January 1, 2013;

8.

ONR 191395 "Schrotpatrons" Edition: 1. January 2013;

9.

ONR 191396 "Kartuschen für Schussapparate-Dimensions and gas pressures"

Issue: January 1, 2013;

10.

ONR 191397 "Cups for alarm weapons-dimensions and gas pressures"

Issue: January 1, 2013;

11.

ONR 191399 "Special ammunition-dimensions and gas pressures" Edition: 1 January 2013.

6. Main piece

Final provisions

Linguistic equality

§ 54. As far as natural persons are referred to in this Regulation only in male form, they shall refer to women and men in the same way. In applying the name to certain natural persons, the gender-specific form shall be used.

References

§ 55. References in this Regulation to other Regulations are to be understood as references to their version in force.

Entry into force and external force

§ 56. This Regulation shall enter into force at the end of the day of its operation; at the same time, the Office of the Test of Cartridges shall enter into force in 1999, BGBl. II No 388/1999, except for force.

EU notification

§ 57. This Regulation has been adopted in accordance with Directive 98 /34/EC laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations and of rules on information society services, OJ L 206, 22.7.1998, p. No. OJ L 204 of 21.07.1998 p. 37, as last amended by Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012, OJ L 206, 22.7.2012, p. No. OJ L 316, 14.11.2012 p. 12, notified under the notification number 2013 /0303/A.

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