Amendment Of Regulation Relating To Measures Against The Emission Of Gaseous And Particulate Pollutants From Internal Combustion Engines For Mobile Machines And Devices (Mot V...)

Original Language Title: Änderung der Verordnung über Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung der Emission von gasförmigen Schadstoffen und luftverunreinigenden Partikeln aus Verbrennungsmotoren für mobile Maschinen und Geräte (MOT-V...

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.ris.bka.gv.at/Dokumente/BgblAuth/BGBLA_2013_II_463/BGBLA_2013_II_463.html

463. Ordinance of the Federal Minister for economy, family and youth, modifies the regulation relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines for mobile machines and devices (MOT-V)

On the basis of §§ 69 (1) and 71 paragraph 3 to 6 of the GewO 1994, Federal Law Gazette I no. 194/1994, as last amended by Federal Law Gazette I no. 202/2013, is prescribed:

The regulation relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines for mobile machines and devices (MOT-V) Federal Law Gazette II No. 136/2005, as last amended by regulation Federal Law Gazette II No. 378/2012, is amended as follows:

1. paragraph 1 para 3:

"(3) by this regulation, the directive is 97/68/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines for mobile machines and devices, OJ No L 59 of the 27.02.1998 p. 1, last amended by the directive of 2012/46/EC, OJ No. L 353 of the 21.12.2012 called S. 80, "Directive", implemented."

2. the directory of the annexes shall be replaced by following:

Directory of the annexes



ANNEX I





Scope, definitions, symbols and abbreviations, marking the motors, regulations and tests, regulations for assessing conformity of production, identification data for defining the engine family, choice of the master engine







Appendix 1





Provisions to ensure of the proper working of equipment to limit NOx emissions







Appendix 2





Test area requirements for tier IV engines







ANNEX II





Information document







Appendix 1





Essential characteristics of the (root) engine







Appendix 2





Essential characteristics of the engine family







Appendix 3





Essential characteristics of engine types within the engine family







ANNEX III





Test procedure for compression ignition engines







Appendix 1





Measurement and sampling procedures







Appendix 2





Calibration procedure (NRSC, NRTC)







Appendix 3





Evaluation of measurements and calculations







Appendix 4





NRTC engine dynamometer schedule







Appendix 5





Cycle durability requirements







Annex 6





Determination of the CO2 emissions for engines of the stages I, II, IIIA, IIIB and IV







Annex 7





Alternative determination of CO2 emissions







ANNEX IV





Test procedure for spark ignition engines







Appendix 1





Measurement and sampling procedures







Appendix 2





Calibration of the analyzers







Appendix 3





Evaluation of measurements and calculations







Appendix 4





Deterioration factors







ANNEX V





Technical data of the reference fuel for the tests for approval and verification of conformity of production







ANNEX VI





Analytical and sampling system







ANNEX VII





Type-approval certificate







Appendix 1





Test report for compression ignition engines - test results







Appendix 2





Test results for spark ignition engines







Appendix 3





Equipment and auxiliary equipment, which are to install during the test to determine the motor power







ANNEX VIII





Numbering scheme for approval







ANNEX IX





List of granted approvals for the engine / engine family







ANNEX X.





List of engines produced







ANNEX XI





Data sheet for motors with type-approval







ANNEX XII





Recognition of alternative type-approvals







ANNEX XIII





Regulations for engines mounted under a "flexibility"system in traffic







ANNEX XIV





CCNR stage I







ANNEX XV





CCNR stage II







ANNEX XVI





Technical services in Austria





3. in annex I, the following sections 3.2.3 and 3.2.4 be attached:

"3.2.3. in parentheses the number of the emission level in Roman numerals, clearly visible close to the type-approval number attached;"

"3.2.4 in brackets the letter combination"SV", which refers to small volume manufacturers and that is clearly visible close to the type-approval number on each engine to install the paragraph 4 in traffic is brought to the derogation for engines in small series pursuant to article 10."

4. in annex I section 8.3.2.2 following replaced:

"8.3.2.2. for stages III and IV shall apply the following test conditions:"

a) test conditions for tier III engines B:

(i) height not exceeding 1 000 m above sea level (or air pressure not below 90 kPa);

(ii) ambient temperature between 275 K and 303 K (2 ° C to 30 ° C);

III) engine coolant temperature of 343 K (70 ° C).

When operating the engine in the conditions referred to in paragraphs i, ii and iii, the additional emission reduction strategy only in exceptional cases should be enabled.

b) test conditions for tier IV engines:

(i) pressure of at least 82.5 kPa;

(ii) ambient temperature within the following range:

-at least 266 K (-7 ° C);

-less than or equal to the temperature, which is calculated with the following formula for the specified air pressure: T c = - 0,4514 · (101.3 - p b) + 311; where: T is the calculated temperature of ambient air in K c and P is the pressure in kPa b.

III) engine coolant temperature of 343 K (70 ° C).

When operating the engine in the conditions referred to in paragraphs i, ii and iii, the additional emission reduction strategy must only be activated if it has been proven for the purposes referred to in section 8.3.2.3 is required and has been approved by the type approval authority.

(c) operating at low temperatures

By way of derogation from the requirements of point (b), an additional emission control strategy for a motor of stage IV with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) can be applied when the ambient temperature is less than 275 K (2 ° C) and one of the two following conditions is met:

i) the temperature of the intake manifold is less than or equal to the temperature, which is calculated using the following equation: IMT c = P IN the / 15.75 + 304,4; where: IMT c is the calculated temperature of the intake manifold in K and P IN the absolute pressure in the intake manifold in kPa;

(ii) the engine coolant temperature is less than or equal to the temperature, which is calculated using the following equation: ECT c = P IN the / 14,004 + 325,8; "where: ECT c is the calculated engine coolant temperature in K and P IN the absolute intake manifold pressure in kPa."

5. in annex I, section 8.3.2.3 receives letter of b shall be replaced by:

"(b) for reasons of operational security;"

6. in annex I the title shall be replaced by section 8.4:

"Requirements for facilities to limit the NO x emissions by engines of stage IIIB"

7. in annex I are the following sections 8.5, 8.6 and 8.7 attached:

"8.5. requirements to limit the NO x emissions by tier IV engines"

8.5.1. the manufacturer must the detailed information on the functional and operational characteristics in annex II Appendix 1 section 2 and in annex II to the boundary of the NO x emissions make annex 3 section 2 mentioned arrangements.

8.5.2. the emission control strategy of the engine must work under all environmental conditions regularly to be found on the territory of the European Union, and in particular at low ambient temperatures. This requirement is not limited to the conditions, under which to apply a standard emission reduction strategy in accordance with paragraph 8.3.2.2.

8.5.3. If a reagent is used, the manufacturer must demonstrate that the ammonia emission ppm do not exceed an average of 10 of the NRTC with warm start or NRSC.

8.5.4 reagent containers are attached or connected to it on a mobile machine or a mobile device a device must exist in containers, which allows the removal of reagent samples. The sampling must be easy and accessible without special tools.

8.5.5 the type-approval pursuant to article 4 paragraph 3 requires the following:

(a) written maintenance instructions are provided each operator of mobile equipment and machinery;

(b) documentation concerning the installation of the engine the original equipment manufacturers to provide that are related also to the installation of emission control system, which is part of the approved engine type;

(c) the OEMs are instructions for a warning system for the operators, to provide for a prompt system and, where appropriate, for freeze protection of the reagent;


(d) the requirements concerning the instructions for operating personnel, the installation documentation, the alert system for the operating staff, prompt system and freeze protection of the reagent, which are described in Appendix 1 to this annex, be adhered to.

8.6. test range for level IV

In accordance with paragraph 4.1.2.7 of this annex you may annex 2 in tier IV engines adopted emission samples that exceed the limits in table 4.1.2.6 of this annex not to more than 100% in the test pane in accordance with Annex I.

8.6.1 certificate requirements

The technical service selects up to three test points for load and speed in the test range at random. The technical service also sets an order for the examination of the points randomly. The test shall be performed in accordance with the main provisions of the NRSC test cycle, but is each checkpoint to evaluate individually. The limit values laid down in section 8.6 is required at each checkpoint.

8.6.2 testing requirements

The test is performed immediately following on the single test cycles in accordance with annex III.

The manufacturer, however, takes decisions listed in annex III section 1.2.1, the procedure to apply amendment series 03, annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96, the test is performed as follows:

(a) the test is either the immediate aftermath to the single test cycles according to paragraph 7.8.1.2 annex 4B of UN/ECE Regulation No 96, amendment series 03, f making letters a to e, but before the sustainability test methods in accordance with letter amendment series 03, points (a) to (d), or by the examination in the graded modal cycle (RMC test) by paragraph 7.8.2.2 annex 4B of UN/ECE Regulation No. 96, , but before the after test procedures referred to in point (e).

(b) the tests are letter b to e of annex 4B of UN/ECE Regulation No 96, amendment series 03, under application of the multiple filter method (a filter for each test point) for each of the three selected test points making pursuant to paragraph 7.8.1.2.

(c) for each test point is calculated a specific emission value (g/kWh).

d) emissions can MOL based in accordance with Appendix A. 7 or Massenbasis in accordance with Appendix A. 8 are calculated, should however for measurement at the single audit or assessing RMC selected procedures match.

(e) for the checksum calculation of the gaseous emissions should N mode be set to 1 and a weighting factor of 1 will be applied.

f) for the calculation of particulate emissions is the multiple filter method to use, and N mode be set to 1 for the checksum calculation and must use a weighting factor of 1.

8.7. verification of gases from the crankcase for tier IV engines

8.7.1 a crankcase emissions in the ambient air is not allowed, apart from the exception in paragraph 8.7.3.

8.7.2. engines to trigger crankcase emissions during the whole operation before flowing through an any exhaust aftertreatment device in the exhaust.

8.7.3. engines with turbochargers, pump, blower or Charger air intake may share the crankcase emissions into the ambient air. In such a case, the crankcase emissions are to add the tailpipe emissions (physically or mathematically) during the entire duration of the emission tests in accordance with paragraph 8.7.3.1 of this section.

8.7.3.1. crankcase emissions

A crankcase emissions in the ambient air is not allowed, except for the following exception: engines with turbochargers, pump, blower or Charger air intake may release crankcase emissions into the ambient air when (physically or mathematically) added to the exhaust emissions during the whole emission testing. The manufacturers who want to take advantage of this exception, must rebuild the engines so that the total emissions of crankcase in the system of the Emissionsprobenahme can be redirected. Crankcase emissions be managed during the whole operation before the exhaust gas aftertreatment in the exhaust, are considered not as directly in the air headed for the purposes of this paragraph.

Open crankcase emissions must begin as follows for the emission measurement in the exhaust system:

(a) the piping material must be smooth, electrically conductive and resistant against crankcase emissions. Pipe lengths must be kept as short as possible.

(b) in the construction of the laboratory, the number of the sweeps of the piping of the crankcase must be kept as small as possible and of any unavoidable curvature RADIUS must be as large as possible run.

(c) in the lab setup, the piping of the crankcase must comply with specified by the manufacturer for the back pressure in the crankcase.

(d) of the crankcase vent tubes must be directed towards the raw exhaust system below all aftertreatment systems and a possible exhaust throttle, as well as sufficiently above each sampling to ensure a perfect blend with the engine exhaust before sampling. The exhaust pipe of the crankcase must protrude into the free flow of the exhaust gases to avoid boundary layer effects and to promote the mixing. The outlet of the exhaust pipe of the crankcase can be relative to the direction of flow of the raw exhaust gas, as directed."

8. in annex I the following section 9 is added:

"9. selection of the motor performance category

9.1. for the verification of motors with variable speed referred to in section 1.a i and section 1.a iv this annex in section 4 this these engines starting from the maximum value of which measured performance allocates capacity ranges in accordance with paragraph 2.4 of annex I annex emission limit values referred to have to be.

"9.2. other the face value of the net power is motor types to use."

 

 

9 Annex I following appendices 1 and 2 shall be added:

"Appendix 1

Provisions to ensure of the proper working of equipment to limit the NO x emissions

1. introduction

Below, the requirements are described, and ensure proper working of equipment to limit the NO x emissions. This includes requirements for engines which work with a reagent to reduce emissions.

1.1. definitions and abbreviations

' Diagnostic system for no. x emissions (NCD)': an engine system that is used for the following:

a) detect of a malfunction of the NO x emission reduction system.

b) determining the probable cause of dysfunction of the NO x emission reduction system based on data stored in the on-board computer or by reading this data in a device outside of the vehicle;

'Dysfunction of the NO x emission reduction system (NCM)': an attempt to manipulate the NO x emission reduction system of a motor or a dysfunction that affects this system and goes back to a manipulation attempt. According to this directive, the discovery of such a function failure must lead to the activation of a warning or prompt system.

' Diagnostic trouble code (DTC)': a numeric or alphanumeric string to identify a dysfunction of the NO x emission reduction system.

'confirmed and active error code': an error code that is stored as long as the NCD system recognizes a malfunction;

'Reader': external testing device that can communicate with the NCD system

' NCD engine family ': a grouping of engine systems, where NCM malfunctions are detected and diagnosed according to the same methods made by the manufacturer.

2. basic requirements

The engine system must be equipped to a diagnostic system for no. x emissions (NCD) is suitable to detect the malfunction referred to in this annex, of the NO x emission reduction system (NCMs). Any engine system covered by this section must be designed, manufactured and installed that it meets these requirements during normal engine lifetime under normal operating conditions. It is acceptable if motors, whose driving over the useful life-cycle according to annex III, Appendix 5, paragraph 3.1 this directive goes beyond, the power and sensitivity of the diagnostic system for no. reduced x emissions (NCD), so that the limit values laid down in this annex can be exceeded before the warning or prompt system is activated / be.

2.1. required information

2.1.1. the emission reduction device with a reagent, works the properties of this reagent must be (art, concentration in solution, operating temperature, references to international standards for the composition and quality) by the manufacturer Appendix 1 section 2.2.1.13 and annex II annex 3 section 2.2.1.13 are specified in annex II.

2.1.2. the approval authority detailed written information on the functional and operational characteristics of the alert system operator referred to in section 4 and the prompt system operator referred to in section 5 shall be at the time of application for type approval.


2.1.3. the manufacturer must submit installation documentation, which when used by the original equipment manufacturer to ensure that the motor including the emission control system, which is part of the approved engine type, working after installation in the machine with the necessary parts, that the requirements of this annex are complied. These documents must include the detailed technical requirements, as well as the requirements for the engine system (software, hardware and communication systems) that are required for the proper installation of the engine system in the machine.

2.2. operating conditions

2.2.1. the diagnostic system for no. x emissions must be ready for use in the following conditions:

a) ambient temperatures between 266 K and 308 K (-7 ° C and 35 ° C);

(b) all altitudes below 1 600 m;

c) engine coolant temperatures above 343 K (70 ° C).

This section does not apply to the monitoring of the filling level of the reagent container to perform under all conditions, under which the measurement is technically feasible, (such as in all conditions where a liquid reagents is not frozen).

2.3. frost protection of the reagent

2.3.1. the reagent tank and the dosing system can be heated or not heated. A heated system must meet the requirements in section 2.3.2. A not heated system must meet the requirements in section 2.3.3.

2.3.1.1. use a non-heated reagent container and dispensing system is to specify in the written instructions to the owner of the machine.

2.3.2. reagent container and dispensing system

2.3.2.1. If the reagent is frozen, there must be maximum 70 minutes after the engine at an ambient temperature of 266 K (- 7 ° C) was left on, are ready for use.

2.3.2.2. design criteria for a heated system

A heated system must be designed so that it meets the performance requirements of this section during the test according to the procedure.

2.3.2.2.1. the reagent tank and dispensing system for 72 hours or until the reagent set become (whichever occurs first) is cooled down to 255 K (- 18 ° C).

2.3.2.2.2. after the cooling time specified in section 2.3.2.2.1 the machine / engine is to allow and to operate at an ambient temperature of 266 K (- 7 ° C) as follows:

(a) 10 to 20 minutes at idle,

(b) then up to 50 minutes at more than 40 percent of the load.

2.3.2.2.3. the reagent dosing system must be fully operational at the end of the test procedure in accordance with section 2.3.2.2.2.

2.3.2.3 the assessment of design criteria can perform in a cold test Chamber, using a complete machine or components that are representative of the components to be installed on the machine, or from audits.

2.3.3. activation of the warning and prompt system for the operating personnel for a not heated system

2.3.3.1 the alert system operator described in section 4 is activated if at an ambient temperature of ≤ 266 K (- 7 ° C) no reagent dosing occurs.

2.3.3.2 the strong invitation system described in section 5.4 is activated if at an ambient temperature of ≤ 266 K (- 7 ° C) after 70 minutes after starting the engine no reagent dosing occurs.

2.4. diagnosis requirements

2.4.1. the diagnostic system for no. x emissions (NCD) must be suitable to detect the malfunction referred to in this annex, of the NO x emission reduction system (NCMs) by using computer-stored diagnostic fault codes (DTCs) and to submit this information.

2.4.2. requirements for the recording of diagnostic fault codes (DTCs)

2.4.2.1 the NCD system must record a DTC for every individual function disorder of the NO x emission reduction system (NCM).

2.4.2.2 the NCD must determine within 60 minutes of motor operation time if an apparent malfunction exists. That is the case, it is a confirmed and active DTC' to save, and the warning system is to enable pursuant to paragraph 4.

2.4.2.3 in cases in which more than 60 minutes operating time are required to make the interception equipment properly recognize a NCM and confirm (for example, when monitoring devices that work with statistical methods or capture the consumption of fluids of the machine), a longer period of time may admit to the approval authority for monitoring if the manufacturer shows (such as technical reasoning, test results or their own experience) that a longer period is necessary.

2.4.3. requirements for deleting diagnostic fault codes (DTCs)

(a) DTCs may be deleted so long by the NCD system by the memory of the computer, until the underlying DTC error has been fixed.

(b) the NCD system can clear all DTCs on the initiative of a proprietary reader provided by the engine manufacturer on request or maintenance tool or by using an access key provided by the motor manufacturer.

2.4.4. an NCD system may be not programmed or designed that parts of it or the whole system will be disabled during the lifetime of the machine depending on the age or mileage of the engine, and in him no algorithm, and no strategy can be implemented, which will minimize its effect over time.

2.4.5 Any reprogrammable computer codes or operating parameters of the NCD system must be protected against tampering.

2.4.6 NCD motor family

The manufacturer is responsible for the composition of NCD engine family. The composition of NCD engine family is determined by the manufacturer professional discretion and in agreement with the approval authority.

Motors which are not same engine family, can nevertheless belong to same NCD motor family.

2.4.6.1. characteristics for determining a NCD motor family

NCD family can be defined based on a set of fundamental design features, where the motor systems belonging to a family of such must match.

Engine systems can be associated with a single NCD engine family with regard to the emissions if they agree on the following essential characteristics:

a) pollution control devices,

(b) NCD surveillance procedures,

(c) criteria for the NCD surveillance

(d) characteristics of surveillance (such as monitoring frequency).

The match is to prove by the manufacturer through technical analysis or through other appropriate means, and in agreement with the approval authority.

The manufacturer may request the permission of slight variations in the procedures for monitoring/diagnosis of the NCD system if they are caused by different engine configurations, the procedures in his view are similar and differ only to meet particular characteristics of the components in question (E.g. size, exhaust flow, etc.), or if the similarities were discovered after good professional judgement.

3. maintenance requirements

3.1. the manufacturer must allow make written statements about the emission reduction system and its proper function available to all owners of new engines or new machines or make available.

Must emerge from these statements that the warning system the operator displayed a problem, if the emission reduction system is not functioning properly, and that results in ignoring this warning activation of the prompt system for the operating personnel is, that is the machine in the location, perform their tasks.

3.2. in the instructions is to be, how the engines to operate properly and to wait, to keep their emission reduction performance, and, if necessary, whether to use and what self consuming reagents.

3.3. which statements must be clear and written in a layman language. These same terms must be used as in the operating instructions for the mobile device, the mobile machine or the motor.

3.4. in the instructions is to indicate whether a self consuming reagent must be refilled by the operator between the scheduled maintenance. Also the quality of required reagent must be specified in the instructions. In them, it must be also described as the reagent tank by the operating personnel is to be filled. With what reagent consumption and the type of engine is to be expected and how often the reagent must be refilled, must be drawn from this information also.

3.5. in the instructions is to indicate that the use and refill of a required reagent of the prescribed specification is essential so that the engine meets the requirements for the type-approval for this type of motor.

3.6. in the instructions is to explain how the alert system for the operating staff and the prompt system for the operating staff. The consequences in terms of performance and incident reports are also to explain, that arise when the warning is ignored, the reagent is refilled or a problem is not fixed.

4. warning system for operating personnel


4.1. the machine must have a warning system for the operating personnel which operating personnel by means of optical signals that attention is, that the reagent level is low, the quality of the reagents is inadequate, the reagent supply is interrupted or that a malfunction within the meaning of paragraph 9 was detected, which enabled the prompt system for operating personnel if it is not in time fixed. The warning system must remain active after the prompt system described in paragraph 5 for the operating personnel has been activated.

That differ from 4.2. need warning, used for reporting a malfunction or other necessary maintenance work on the motor; It can be used but the same warning system.

4.3. that alert system for the operating personnel can consist of one or more lights or display short warnings, including those that clearly indicate the following:

-the time of activation of the weak or strong prompt,

-the extent of the weak or strong prompt, such as the level of torque reduction

-the conditions under which the machine will restart.

Displays messages as the system for the display of these messages can be the same as the system used for other maintenance purposes.

4.4. the manufacturer may lay down that the alert system should emit an acoustic signal to alert the operator. The shut-down of acoustic signals by the operating personnel is allowed.

4.5. the warning system for the operating personnel is in accordance with the sections 2.3.3.1, 6.2, 7.2, 8.4 or 9.3 enabled.

Disabled 4.6. that alert system for the operating personnel must be if the conditions for its activation no longer exist. The alert system for the operating personnel must automatically be disabled if the cause of its activation has been fixed.

4.7. that may alert system be temporarily interrupted by other warning signals unless these important security-related information.

4.8. which are procedures for the activation and deactivation of the alert system operator described in section 11.

4: 9 a manufacturer, who submits an application for type-approval pursuant to this directive, must demonstrate how of the alert system operator referred to in section 11.

5. prompt system for operating personnel

5.1. that machine must have a prompt system for the operating staff, which one of the following principles underlying:

5.1.1. a two-tier system of prompt, which begins with a weak prompt (a performance limitation), followed by a strong request of (effective deactivation of the machine is in operation);

5.1.2. a single-stage system of the strong prompt (effective deactivation of the machine is in operation), which is activated under the conditions of a weak request in accordance with the sections 6.3.1, 7.3.1, 8.4.1 and 9.4.1.

5.2. with the prior approval of the type approval authority may engine be equipped with a function, can be disables the prompt system for the operating personnel in the event of an emergency by a national or regional government, the emergency services or armed forces.

5.3. weak prompt

5.3.1. the weak prompt must enable, if one has occurred which in the sections 6.3.1, 7.3.1, 8.4.1 and 9.4.1 conditions.

5.3.2. the weak prompt must the available maximum torque of the engine speed range gradually by at least 25 percent between the speed at maximum torque and the maximum speed as in Appendix 1 describes reduce. The torque reduction must be at least 1% per minute.

 





 

5.3.3. other possibilities of the prompt must be applied when compared to the type-approval authority, it has been demonstrated that the same or more stringent requirements are met.

5.4. strong prompt

5.4.1. the strong request must enable, if one entered the conditions referred to in the section 2.3.3.2, 6.3.2, 7.3.2, 8.4.2 and 9.4.2.

5.4.2. the strong request must reduce the function of the machine up to a level that so worse affects, that operator must resolve the problems that are discussed in the sections 6 through 9. The following strategies are allowed:

5.4.2.1 is the torque between the speed at maximum torque and the maximum speed gradually by the torque of the weak prompt in Figure 1 by at least 1% per minute with not more than 50% of the maximum torque to reduce; the engine speed is gradually to reduce to no more than 60% of the nominal speed within the same time period as the torque reduction as shown in Figure 2.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 2

The torque reduction of the strong request schema



5.4.2.2 other ways of the prompt must be applied when compared to the type-approval authority, it has been demonstrated that the same or more stringent requirements are met.

5.5. safety is taken into account and allows a self healing diagnosis, using a clipping function on the prompt system to reach the full engine power is allowed, provided that

-It is not longer than 30 minutes enabled, and

-their use is limited in any period during which the prompt system for the operating personnel is enabled on three activations.

Disabled 5.6. that should prompt system for operating personnel if the conditions for its activation no longer exist. The prompt system for the operating personnel must automatically be disabled if the cause of its activation has been fixed.

5.7. which procedures to enable or disable the prompt system for operating personnel are described in detail in section 11.

5.8: a manufacturer, who submits an application for type-approval pursuant to this directive, must demonstrate how of the prompt system operator referred to in section 11.

6. availability of reagent

6.1. the reagent fill indicator

The machine must have a display, which informs the operating personnel well above the level of reagent in its container. The minimum acceptable level of service the reagent indicator includes continuously indicate the level, while the alert system operator, referred to in section 4 is activated. The reagent indicator can exist in the form of an analog or digital display and can display the level as a proportion of the capacity of the tanks, the amount of remaining reagent or the estimated number of hours left.

6.2. activation of the alert system for the operating personnel

6.2.1. the warning system specified in section 4, for the operating personnel must enable if the filling level of the reagent is less than 10% of the capacity of the reagent container, or a higher percentage laid down by the manufacturer.

6.2.2. the warning and the reagent indicator must the operator clearly show, that the reagent level is low. If the warning system includes a system to display warnings, the optical signal with a warning note must show that the reagent level is low (E.g. 'low urea level', 'low level of AdBlue' or 'low reagent level').

6.2.3. the warning system for the operating personnel needs to be activated (E.g. a note must not continuously appear) initially not continuously, the activation must amplify but until permanent activation, if the level of reagent approaching a very low percentage of the capacity of the reagent container and the point, where the prompt system for the operating personnel is enabled (such as the frequency , with a lamp will light up). It must increase to a level specified by the manufacturer, the operator receives a message that is sufficiently conspicuous at the point at which enabled the prompt system operator referred to in section 6.3, than at the point where the warning system is first activated.

6.2.4. the alert of duration of may not simply be turned off or can be ignored. If the warning system includes a system to display warnings, a clear warning must be displayed (such as 'Urea refill', 'AdBlue refilling' or 'Reagent refill'). The alert of duration of may be interrupted temporarily by other warning signals, unless these important security-related information.

6.2.5. the warning system for the operating personnel to allow a first then turn off, if the reagent has been filled for up to a level, which requires not the activation of the warning system.

6.3. activate the prompt system for operating personnel

6.3.1. the weak prompt as described in section 5.3 should enable if the filling level in the reagent tank under 2.5% of its nominal capacity falls or a higher percentage laid down by the manufacturer.


6.3.2. the strong request as described in section 5.4 must activate when the reagent tank is empty (if the dispensing system is no longer able, reagent from the container to obtain d. h.) or, at the discretion of the manufacturer, if the filling level below 2.5% of its nominal capacity falls.

6.3.3. the weak or strong call for operating personnel may can except to the extent permitted in section 5.5 first then turn off, if the reagent has been filled for up to a level, which requires no activation prompt system.

7 monitor of the quality of reagents

7.1. who needs engine or the machine about have a way to determine the presence of an insufficient reagent in a machine.

7.1.1. the manufacturer must set a minimum acceptable reagent concentration CDmin, which requires that the NO x emissions do not exceed the limit of 0.9 g / kWh

7.1.1.1. is the correct value of CDmin during the type-approval by the procedure laid down in section 12 to demonstrate and record section 8 in the Advanced documentation in accordance with Annex I.

7.1.2. any reagent concentration under CDmin is to determine and shall apply for the purposes of section 7.1 as insufficient reagent.

7.1.3. a certain counter ('the counter for reagent quality') is to associate the reagent quality. The counter for reagent quality counts the motor operating hours, where an insufficient reagent was used.

7.1.3.1 optionally summarize the manufacturer the malfunction of the reagent quality with one or more of the failures listed in sections 8 and 9 on a single counter.

7.1.4. activation and deactivation criteria and mechanisms of the counter for reagent quality are described in section 11.

7.2. activation of the alert system for the operating personnel

If the monitoring system confirms that the quality of the reagents is inadequate, the alert system operator described in section 4 is activated. If the warning system includes a system to display warnings, a clear warning must appear with the reason of the warning (such as 'False urea detected', 'Wrong AdBlue detected' or 'Incorrect reagent detected').

7.3. activation of the prompt system for operating personnel

7.3.1. the weak prompt as described in section 5.3 must activate when the reagent quality within corrected 10 engine hours after the activation of the alert system operator described in section 7.2.

7.3.2. the strong request as described in section 5.4 must activate when the reagent quality within corrected 20 engine hours after the activation of the alert system operator described in section 7.2.

7.3.3. the number of hours before the activation of the call system is to reduce in case of a repeated occurrence of the fault according to the mechanisms described in section 11.

8 dosage of reagent

8.1 which engine must be equipped with a device be collected the interruption of reagent dosing.

8.2. counter for the dispensing of reagent

8.2.1. the dispensing of reagent a certain counter must be provided (the ' meter for metering'). The counter must count the number of engine operating hours during which an interruption of reagent dosing occurs. This is not required when the interruption is caused by the electronic engine control unit, because the emission reduction performance under the current operating conditions of the machine requires no reagent dosing.

8.2.1.1 optionally summarize the manufacturer the malfunction of the reagent dosing with one or more of the failures listed in sections 7 and 9 on a single counter.

8.2.2. activation and deactivation criteria and mechanisms of the counter for the reagent dosing are described in section 11.

8.3. activation of the alert system for the operating personnel

The warning system as described in section 4 for the operating personnel must activate when the dosage is broken, what enabled the count for the reagent dosing according to section 8.2.1. If the warning system includes a system to display warnings, a clear warning must be displayed with the reason of the warning (such as 'disorder of the urea supply',' the AdBlue supply' or 'Interruption of reagent dosing').

8.4. activation of the prompt system for operating personnel

8.4.1. the weak prompt as described in section 5.3 should enable if an interruption of reagent dosing within fixed by no more than 10 motor operating hours after the activation of the alert system operator described in section 8.3.

8.4.2. the strong request as described in section 5.4 to enable if an interruption of reagent dosing within fixed by no more than 20 engine hours after the activation of the alert system operator described in section 8.3.

8.4.3. the number of hours before the activation of the prompt systems must be reduced in the case of a repeated occurrence of the fault according to the mechanisms described in section 11.

9 audit failure, which could be attributed to manipulation

9.1. in addition to the reagent level in the container which reagent quality and the interruption of reagent supply monitors the following errors, because they due to manipulation could be:

i) troubled EGR valve;

(ii) failure of the diagnostic system for no. x emissions (NCD) referred to in section 9.2.1.

9.2. audit requirements

9.2.1. the diagnostic system for no. is x emissions (NCD) electrical interference, and the removal or deactivation of probes to monitor, through the diagnosis of further error to the sections 6 to 8 impossible (component monitoring).

A non-exhaustive list of probes, the disabling affects the diagnosis performance, includes, for example, those that directly measure the NO x concentration, urea probes, environment probes and probes are used to monitor reagent dispenser, reagent level or reagent consumption.

9.2.2. counter for the EGR valve

9.2.2.1. is an EGR valve, the functioning is disturbed, a certain counter associate. The counter for the EGR valve must count the number of engine operating hours, if it is confirmed that the Diagnostics error code corresponding to the faulty EGR valve is activated.

9.2.2.1.1. either the manufacturer can the error 'troubled EGR valve' with one or more which combine listed malfunctions on a single counter in the sections 7, 8 and 9.2.3.

9.2.2.2 activation and deactivation criteria and mechanisms of the counter for the EGR valve are described in section 11.

9.2.3. NCD system counters

9.2.3.1. each section monitoring error referred to in 9.1 ii is in a certain counter associate. The NCD system counter must count the number of engine operating hours is confirmed, that the Diagnostics error code associated with a malfunction of the NCD system is enabled. The summary of multiple malfunctions on a single counter is allowed.

9.2.3.1.1. either the manufacturer can be the malfunction of the NCD system with one or more of the malfunction on a single counter listed in the sections 7, 8 and 9.2.2.

9.2.3.2. activation and deactivation criteria and mechanisms of / the Zähler(s) for the NCD system are described in section 11.

9.3. activation of the alert system for the operating personnel

The alert system operator described in section 4 must enable, if one of the errors referred to in section 9.1, and show that urgent repair is required. If the warning system includes a system to display warnings, a clear warning must appear with the reason of the alert (for example, 'Separated of the reagent dosing valve' or 'critical emission error').

9.4. activation of the prompt system for operating personnel

9.4.1 the weak prompt as described in section 5.3 must enable, if not within fixed a bug described in section 9.1 of no more than 36 engine hours after the activation of the alert system operator described in section 9.3.

9.4.2. the strong request as described in section 5.4 must enable, if not within fixed a bug described in section 9.1 of at most 100 engine hours after the activation of the alert system operator described in section 9.3.

9.4.3 the number of hours before the activation of the prompt system are to reduce in case of a repeated occurrence of the fault according to the mechanisms described in section 11.

9.5. as an alternative to the provisions in section 9.2 the manufacturer may use a NO x probe, which is located in the exhaust gases. In this case:

-the NO x value 0.9 g / kWh not exceed that.

-the use of a single fault ' high no. x emissions - cause unknown ' is allowed.

-Section 9.4.1 is ' within by 10 engine hours ',

-Section 9.4.2 is ' within of 20 engine hours '.

10 proof requirements

10.1. General provisions


Compliance with the requirements of this annex is to take 1 and this section in the course of type-approval by the provision of the following documents according to the table:

a) proof of the activation of the alert system

b) proof of the activation of the weak prompt, if applicable

(c) proof of the activation of the strong prompt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1

Illustration of the contents of the detection process in accordance with the provisions of the sections 10.3 and 10.4 of this plant



10.2 engine and NCD motor families

The conformity of an engine family or an NCD motor family with the requirements of this section 10 can be demonstrated by testing a motor of considered family unless the manufacturer to the approval authority can prove that surveillance systems necessary for compliance with the requirements of this annex within the family are similar.

10.2.1 proof that the monitoring systems in the NCD family are similar, can be provided by template algorithms function analyses, etc. with the approval authority.

10.2.2 the test engine is selected by the manufacturer in agreement with the approval authority. The test engine can be the master motor of considered family.

10.2.3 in case of motors of engine family, who belong to a family of NCD motor, which already type approved in accordance with section 10.2.1 (Figure 3), is considered the match of this engine family demonstrated, without requiring additional checks, unless the manufacturer to the approval authority can demonstrate that the necessary for compliance with the requirements of this annex monitoring systems within the considered engine family and NCD motor family are similar to.



10.3. detection of the activation of the alert system

10.3.1 the accordance of the activation of the warning system shall be demonstrated by two tests: lack of reagent and one of the categories of errors referred to in sections 7 to 9 of this annex.

10.3.2 selecting of the error to be tested

10.3.2.1. for the detection of the activation of the warning system in case of a wrong reagent quality is to choose a test tube with a dilution of the active ingredient, which is equal to or greater than that which has been notified by the manufacturer according to the requirements in section 7 of this annex.

10.3.2.2. for the detection of the activation of the warning system in the case of errors that could be due to manipulation as defined in section 9 of this annex, is the selection in accordance with the following requirements to meet:

10.3.2.2.1. the approval authority, the manufacturer shall provide a list of possible errors.

10.3.2.2.2. the error to be taken into account when assessing is to select by the approval authority from the list referred to in section 10.3.2.2.1.

10.3.3. detection

10.3.3.1. for this detection is a separate test for each error in section 10.3.1 perform.

10.3.3.2. during a test no other error must occur as the one who subjected the testing is.

10.3.3.3. before beginning a test are to clear all diagnostic error codes.

10.3.3.4. at the request of the manufacturer and with the agreement of the approval authority, the errors that are subject to the inspection, can be simulated.

10.3.3.5. detection of other errors in addition to the lack of reagent

For other errors as the lack of reagents is the detection of the fault, once he was conditionally or simulated, carried out as follows:

10.3.3.5.1. the NCD system must respond to a selected by the type approval authority and caused error in accordance with the provisions of this annex. Proof is considered to have been provided when activation occurs within two consecutive NCD cycles in accordance with section 10.3.3.7 of this annex.

Is in the be specified description a monitoring device, that for the completion of a monitoring operation more than two NCD test cycles are necessary, so may the number of NCD test cycles with the agreement of the approval authority on three NCD cycles increases.

The engine can be placed after any NCD test cycle. The pause is to be such that after the expiring surveillance operations come to the conclusion and the requirements for a new monitoring procedure are met after the restarting up to the next start.

10.3.3.5.2. proof of the activation of the warning system is considered met if at the end of every diploma examination was performed in accordance with section 10.3.2.1 the warning system has properly activated and the diagnostic error code for the selected error "confirmed and active" has the status.

10.3.3.6. determine the lack of a reagent

For the determination of the activation of the warning system in case of a defect of the reagent, the engine system is at sole discretion of the manufacturer about one or more NCD test cycles to operate.

10.3.3.6.1. proof must start with a level of reagent tank, which the manufacturer and the approval authority have agreed that but not less than 10% of the nominal capacity of the container.

10.3.3.6.2. the warning system is considered to have been going, if the following conditions are simultaneously met:

(a) the warning system was activated with an availability of reagents means greater than or equal to 10% of the capacity of the reagent container and

(b) the 'permanent alert' has enabled an availability of the reagent by means of greater than or equal to the value specified by the manufacturer in accordance with the provisions in section 6 of this annex.

 

 

10.3.3.7. NCD test cycle

10.3.3.7.1. where in this section 10 treated NCD test cycle for the verification of the correct functioning of the NCD system it is the NRTC reboot cycle.

10.3.3.7.2. at the request of the manufacturer and with the agreement of the approval authority an alternative NCD test cycle (for example, the NRSC cycle) can be used for a specific monitoring body. The application must contain evidence (technical considerations, simulation and test results, and so on), that

(a) the monitoring operations in the alternative test cycle correspond to those in the real operation,

(b) the applicable relevant NCD test cycle according to section 10.3.3.7.1 to the testing which is suitable each monitors.

10.3.4 the proof of the activation of the warning system is considered provided when at the end of each proof test, which was carried out in accordance with section 10.3.3, the warning system has properly activated.

10.4. detection of activate the prompt system

10.4.1. activate the prompt system evidence is to provide on the basis of testing on an engine bench.

10.4.1.1. components or subsystems that are fitted, such as ambient temperature sensors, liquid level sensors and warning and information systems for the operating staff, who are required to produce the documents, not in the motor system must be linked for this purpose to the satisfaction of the approval authority with the engine system or be simulated.

10.4.1.2. of the manufacturer may subject to the agreement of the approval authority decide that the detection exams to a whole machine or a complete device be carried either by or provided to a suitable test or by them and it operated on a test track under controlled conditions is.

10.4.2. the test sequence to demonstrate the activation of the prompt system in the case of a lack of reagents and in the case of one of the errors that are described in the sections 7, 8 or 9 of this annex.

10.4.3. for the purposes of this document:

a) the approval authority in addition to the lack of reagent must one who choose described errors in the sections 7, 8 or 9 of this annex, which was previously used for the activation of the alert system for the demonstration;

(b) is it permissible that the manufacturer with the agreement of the approval authority performs testing accelerated by it simulates the reaching of a certain number of engine operating hours.

(c) achieving the torque reduction that is required for a weak call, can be shown at the time when the general process for approval of engine power in accordance with this directive is carried. A separate torque measurement in the course of the proof for the prompt system is not required in this case.

(d) the strong call shall be demonstrated in accordance with the requirements in section 10.4.6 of this plant.

The manufacturer must demonstrate 10.4.4 also operating the prompt system among those in error conditions described the sections 7, 8 or 9 of this annex, not selected for use in detection tests, which are described in the sections 10.4.1 to 10.4.3.

This supporting evidence can be provided by a technical case study using documents such as algorithms, functional analyses, and the results of previous audits is submitted to the approval authority.

10.4.4.1. This supporting evidence to prove to the satisfaction of the approval authority in particular the integration of the correct torque reduction mechanisms in the electronic engine control unit.

10.4.5 diploma examination of the weak prompt


This proof begins 10.4.5.1., if you selected the alert system, or, where appropriate, the 'permanent warning system', due to the detection of an error that is selected by the approval authority.

10.4.5.2. If the system on his reaction in case of a shortage of reagent in the container is checked, is the motor system to operate until the availability of the reagent has reached a value of 2.5% of the nominal capacity of the container or the value specified by the manufacturer in accordance with section 6.3.1 of this annex, where the weak prompt to activate itself.

10.4.5.2.1. the manufacturer can simulate continuous operation with the agreement of the approval authority, by he draws reagent out of the tank, either when running or when engine is switched off.

10.4.5.3. If the system on his reaction in case of other error than lack of reagent in the tank, check the motor system for the appropriate number of engine operating hours according to table 3 in this system is to operate, or, on decision of the manufacturer and, until the corresponding counter reaches the value, where the weak prompt is activated.

Proof of the weak prompt is 10.4.5.4. as given, if at the end of each according to the section 10.4.5.2 and 10.4.5.3 conducted diploma examination the manufacturer to the approval authority has demonstrated that the electronic engine control unit has enabled the torque reduction mechanism.

10.4.6. diploma examination of strong prompt

This proof begins with a condition, in which the weak prompt was previously enabled and can as a continuation of the tests be carried out that have been undertaken to demonstrate the weak prompt 10.4.6.1..

10.4.6.2. If the system on his reaction in case of a shortage of reagent in the container is checked, is the motor system to operate until either the reagent tank is empty or the level below 2.5% of the nominal capacity of the container is dropped, when the activation of the strong prompt occurs according to manufacturer.

10.4.6.2.1. the manufacturer can simulate continuous operation with the agreement of the approval authority, by he draws reagent out of the tank, either when running or when engine is switched off.

10.4.6.3. If the system on his reaction in case of other error than lack of reagent in the tank, tested the motor system for the appropriate number of engine operating hours according to table 3 in this system is to operate, or, on the decision of the manufacturer to until the corresponding counter reaches the value has, in which the strong prompt enabled.

The proof of the strong request considered provided when at the end of every man according to the sections 10.4.6.2 and 10.4.6.3 carried out diploma examination the manufacturer to the approval authority has proven, established the necessary mechanism to activate the strong prompt 10.4.6.4..

10.4.7 subject to the agreement of the approval authority the manufacturer may select as an alternative, that the proof of the efficiency of the mechanisms for the activation of the request in accordance with the requirements conducted in section 5.4 on a full machine either by setting the machine to a suitable test or by it is operated on a test track under controlled conditions.

10.4.7.1. machine is to operate until the count associated with the selected error reaches the appropriate number of hours of operation, which is specified in table 3 of this annex, or, where appropriate, until the reagent tank is either empty or the level has fallen below 2.5% of the nominal capacity of the container, when the activation of the strong prompt occurs according to manufacturer.

11 description of activation and deactivation mechanisms of the warning system and the prompt system for operating personnel

11.1. to supplement the requirements referred to in this annex with regard to the activation and deactivation mechanisms of the warning system and the prompt system the technical requirements for the implementation of this activation and deactivation mechanisms laid down below.

11.2. activation and deactivation mechanisms of the alert system

11.2.1. the warning system for the operating personnel must activate when the diagnostic error code, which is assigned to a NCM dysfunction, which caused the activation of the alert system, is in the State defined in table 2 of this annex.



11.2.2. the warning system for the operating personnel must be disabled if the diagnostic system detects that the error corresponding to the warning no longer exists or if the data, including the diagnostic error codes which correspond to the errors, which lead to the activation of the warning system, have been deleted by a reader.

11.2.2.1. rules for the deletion of ' information about the reduction of no. x emissions '

11.2.2.1.1. delete/reset by ' information about the reduction of no. x emissions ' with a reader

The following data can be deleted on command from a reader or reset to the value referred to in this annex (see table 3):



11.2.2.1.2. information on the reduction of no. x emissions may not be deleted by disconnecting the battery of the machine.

11.2.2.1.3. deletion of ' information about the reduction of no. x emissions ' may be possible only when 'the motor'.

11.2.2.1.4. If ' information about the reduction of no. x emissions ', including diagnostic error codes, be deleted, can the counter values be deleted, associated with this malfunction and that are defined in this annex as a counter values; not be deleted they are instead to be reset to the value referred to in the relevant section of this annex.

11.3. activation and deactivation mechanisms of the prompt system for operating personnel

11.3.1 the prompt system operator must activate when the alarm is active and the counter, which is relevant for the type of NCM malfunction caused the activation of the prompt system, reaches the value in table 4 of this annex.

11.3.2 the prompt system for the operating personnel must disable itself if the system more detects any malfunction that caused the activation of the prompt system, or if the data, including the corresponding to the NCM malfunction Diagnostics error codes that require the activation of the prompt system, have been deleted by a reader or a maintenance tool.

11.3.3 the alert system for the operating staff and the prompt system for the operating personnel must be immediately activated after the evaluation of the quality of reagent in the reagent tank in accordance with the provisions in section 6 of this annex or, if necessary, disabled. In this case the activation and deactivation mechanisms do not depend on the status of associated diagnostic error codes.

 

 

11.4. counter mechanism

11.4.1 General information

11.4.1.1. in order to match the requirements of this annex that has at least four counters include system to record the number of hours that the motor starts running, recognized one of the following malfunctions during the system must:

a) insufficient reagent quality;

Reagent b) interruption;

(c) troubled EGR valve;

d) functional failure of the NCD system in accordance with section 9.1 point ii of this annex.

11.4.1.1.1. either the manufacturer can use a single or multiple counters to associate the listed in section 11.4.1.1 malfunctions in groups.

11.4.1.2. have any of the counter which can capture largest with 2 bytes representable number with 1 hour resolution and hold the collected value stored, as long as the conditions for its resetting to zero are not fulfilled.

11.4.1.3. of the manufacturer can use a single or multiple NCD system counters. A single counter can save the cumulative duration of two or more different, relevant for this type of meter malfunction of which none reaches the duration indicated by the single counter.

11.4.1.3.1. If the manufacturer decides to use several NCD system counters for the monitoring system the system capable of must be to associate a specific monitoring system counter any malfunction that is relevant pursuant to this annex for this type of counter.

11.4.2 principle of the counter mechanism

Each meter must work 11.4.2.1. as follows:

11.4.2.1.1. If he starts at zero, the counter must start counting as soon as a malfunction corresponding to the meter is detected and the corresponding diagnostic error code is the State set out in table 2.

11.4.2.1.2. in the case of repeated failures, one of the following provisions is applied at the choice of the manufacturer:

(i) If a single monitoring event occurs and the malfunction, which has initially enabled the counter is no longer detected or if the error was deleted by a reader or a maintenance tool, the counter should stop and hold its current value stored. The counter stops counting, if the strong call is active, he has either the value defined in table 4 of this annex or a value that is at least as large as the counter value of the strong call minus 30 minutes be frozen.


(ii) the counter must be at a value that is at least as large as the counter value of the strong call minus 30 minutes be frozen or the value defined in table 4 of this annex.

11.4.2.1.3. in the case of a single monitoring system-counter must this counter further count, if a NCM malfunction relevant for this counter was detected and their corresponding diagnostic error code has a status of "confirmed and active". The counter should stop and keep saved one of the values specified in section 11.4.2.1.2, if any NCM dysfunction, which would require the activation of the counter is detected, or if all errors corresponding to the counter were deleted by a reader or a maintenance tool.



11.4.2.1.4. once it is frozen, the counter is reset when the monitoring functions for this counter have completed their audit cycle at least once without that they have detected a malfunction, and not a malfunction relevant to this counter was detected in the 40 engine operating hours since the last stop of the meter (see Figure 4).

11.4.2.1.5. the counter must the value again start counting, where he paused, if malfunctioned relevant for this counter was recognized during the period in which the counter was frozen (see Figure 4).

11.5 illustration of activation, de-activation and counter mechanisms

11.5.1 follows the activation, de-activation and counter mechanisms for some typical cases. In the depicted sections 11.5.2 and 11.5.3 11.5.4 illustrations and descriptions are intended solely for the purpose of illustration in this annex and should not be named as examples for the requirements of this directive or as a definitive explanation of the processes involved. The counter hours in figures 6 and 7 refer to the maximum values for the strong request in table 4. For reasons of simplification, for example, the fact that the warning system will be also active when the prompt is active, was not mentioned in viewpoints.



11.5.2 Figure 5 illustrates the function of activation and deactivation mechanisms while monitoring the availability of reagents means in five cases:

-Operating scenario 1: The operator operates the machine despite the warning further, until the machine operation is disabled.

-Refill, case 1 ('sufficient' filling): The operator fills the reagent tank, so that a level above the 10% threshold is reached. Alert and prompt system are disabled.

-Refill, cases 2 and 3 ('inadequate' refill): The alarm is enabled. The level of warning depends on the amount of reagent.

-Refill, case 4 ('very inadequate' refill): The weak prompt is activated immediately.



11.5.3. Figure 6 shows three cases with incorrect reagent quality:

-Operating scenario 1: The operator operates the machine despite the warning further, until the machine operation is disabled.

-1 ('poor' or 'unfair' repair) repair: After the deactivation of the machine operating personnel changes from the reagent against a reagent with higher reagent quality, exchanges but after a short time again against a reagent with lower quality this reagent. The prompt system is activated immediately once again and the machine operation is disabled after two hours of engine operation.

-Repair 2 ('good' repair): After disabling the machine operator corrected the reagent quality. However it exchanges again the reagent for some time against a reagent with a low quality. The warning and prompt system, as well as the processes of counting start again from scratch.



11.5.4 Figure 7 illustrates three cases of errors in the urea dosing system. This figure illustrates also the process that applies in the case of the audit failures described in section 9 of this annex.

-Operating scenario 1: The operator operates the machine despite the warning further, until the machine operation is disabled.

-Repair 1 ('good' repair): After disabling the machine operating personnel repaired the dosing system. However the dosing system is failing again after some time. The warning and prompt system, as well as the processes of counting start again from scratch.

-Repair 2 ('good' repair): During the period in which the weak prompt is active (torque reduction), the operating staff repaired the dosing system. However the dosing system is failing again after a short time. The weak prompt activates immediately again, and the counter starts again at the value counting, he showed before the repair.



12 detection of minimal acceptable reagent concentrations of CD min

12.1 of the manufacturer must min to prove the correct value of the CD during the type approval procedure by performing the reboot part of the NRTC cycle min using a reagent with the concentration of CD.

12.2. the test must follow on (the) relevant NCD (NCD cycle) or to the pre-conditioning cycle established by the manufacturer which allows a closed loop system to reduce the NO x emissions, min to adapt to the reagent quality with the concentration of CD.

12.3. the emissions must be x-Grenzwerten during this test under the in section 7.1.1 of this annex of set no..

Appendix 2

Test area requirements for tier IV engines

1. engine test area

The test range (see Figure 1) is defined as follows:

Speed range: Speed A to high speed;

where:

Speed A = low speed + 15% (high speed - low speed);

High speed and low speed according to the definition in annex III or, if the manufacturer according to the option in section 1.2.1 of annex III applies the procedure of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments, as defined by paragraph 2.1.33 and 2.1.37 of UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

The deviation of the measured engine speed (A) the engine speed specified by the manufacturer is within ± 3%, are so to use the specified engine speeds. One of the test speeds greater than this tolerance, the measured engine speeds shall use.

2. the following operating conditions shall be disregarded when assessing:

(a) points below 30% of the highest torque;

(b) points below 30% of the maximum power.

The manufacturer may request the technical service that at the certification/approval be excluded certain operating points from the test range defined in sections 1 and 2 of this annex. Unless the licensing authority gives a favourable opinion of the technical service can accept this exception if the manufacturer can prove that the engine is any engine combination in the position is to work on these operating points.



10. in annex II, Appendix 1, the title 3 shall bereplaced by number:

"FUEL SYSTEM FOR DIESEL ENGINES"

11. in annex II, Appendix 1, paragraph 4, shall be replaced by:

              "4. FUEL SYSTEM FOR GASOLINE ENGINES (*)"

              4.1.              Vergaser: ...................................................................................................................................................................................

              4.1.1.              Fabrikmarke(n): ......................................................................................................................................................................

              4.1.2.              Typ(en): ....................................................................................................................................................................................

              4.2. indirect injection: single-point or multi-point:...

              4.2.1.              Fabrikmarke(n): ......................................................................................................................................................................

              4.2.2.              Typ(en): ....................................................................................................................................................................................

              4.3.              Direkteinspritzung: ................................................................................................................................................................

              4.3.1.              Fabrikmarke(n): ......................................................................................................................................................................


              4.3.2.              Typ(en): ....................................................................................................................................................................................

              "4.4. fuel flow (g/h) and air / fuel ratio at rated speed and full open throttle:"

12. in annex II, you will be added following sections 5, 6 and 7:



"5. valve adjustment 5.1. maximum lift and angles of opening and closing, related to the Totpunkte or equivalent data:."

5.2. reference and/or setting ranges (*): 5.3. variable valve timing (if applicable and where: intake and/or exhaust) 5.3.1. type: continuous or on/off (*) 5.3.2. angle the twisted Nockenwelle(n):...

6 air inlet - and exhaust channel arrangement 6.1. position, size and number: 7 ignition system 7.1. ignition coil: 7.1.1. Fabrikmarke(n):...

7.1.2.
Typ(en): ....................................................................................................................................................................................

7.1.3.
Anzahl: .....................................................................................................................................................................................

7.2.
Zündkerze(n): .........................................................................................................................................................................

7.2.1.
Fabrikmarke(n): ......................................................................................................................................................................

7.2.2.
Typ(en): ....................................................................................................................................................................................

7.3.
Magnetzündung: ....................................................................................................................................................................

7.3.1.
Fabrikmarke(n): ......................................................................................................................................................................

7.3.2.
Typ(en): ....................................................................................................................................................................................

7.4.
Zündeinstellung: ....................................................................................................................................................................

7.4.1 ignition timing in relation to the top dead Centre (in degrees crank angle):...

7.4.2.
Gegebenenfalls Verstellkurve: ..............................................................................................................................................

13. in annex II, Appendix 2, section 1.8 the following replaced:



„1.8.
Abgasnachbehandlungssystem (*) ..........................................................................................................................................

 

"(*) if necessary ' n. e.g. ' for 'not applicable' specify."

14. in annex II, Appendix 2, receives the table in section 2.2 shall be replaced by:





15. in annex III shall be section 1.2 shall be replaced by:

"1.2. selection of the test method

For testing, the engine on an appropriate test facility is to build and connect to a dynamometer.

1.2.1. test procedures for levels I, II, IIIA, IIIB and IV

The test shall be performed in accordance with the procedures in this annex or, at the option of the manufacturer in accordance with the procedures of annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

In addition the following requirements:

(i) service shelf-life requirements to Appendix 5 of this annex;

(ii) requirements for the engine test area in accordance with section 8.6 of annex I (only tier IV engines);

III) provisions for the reporting of CO 2 emissions in accordance with Appendix 6 of this annex for motors which are tested according to the procedures of this annex. Applies for engines tested according to the procedure of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments, Appendix 7 of this annex;

(iv) the reference fuel in annex V of this directive can be used which are tested according to the requirements of this annex for engines. The reference fuel in annex V of that directive is to use, amendment series 03 tested according to the regulations of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 engines.

1.2.1.1 decides section 8.6.2 of the manufacturers listed in annex I, to apply the testing amendment series 03 for the testing of engines of the stages I, II, IIIA or IIIB annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96, test cycles referred to in section 3.7.1 are carried out."

16. in annex III Appendix 5 shall be replaced by following:

"Annex 5

Cycle durability requirements

(1) TESTING THE DURABILITY OF COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINES OF THE STAGES IIIA AND IIIB

This annex applies only for compression ignition engines of stage IIIA and IIIB.

1.1. laying manufacturer for each regulated pollutant for all families of stages IIIA and IIIB determine a deterioration factor. This deterioration factors are applied for the type-approval and testing on the production line.

1.1.1. tests to determine the deterioration factors shall be as follows:

1.1.1.1 of the manufacturer must carry out an inspection of endurance tests. This inspection plan is to select best technical discretion, so that it is representative of characteristics of deterioration of the emissions performance of motors. The Dauerhaltbarkeitsprüfzeitraum should be at least a quarter of the emission durability period.

The durability test can be performed by running the engine on a dynamometer or is actually in operation. Accelerated endurance tests can be carried out where the accumulation program at higher stress levels would run, as it is usually in this area. The acceleration factor that relates the number of Motorhaltbarkeitsprüfstunden to the corresponding number of EDP hours in the relationship, is set by the engine manufacturer for best engineering judgement.

During the period of the durability test, emission sensitive components may be serviced or replaced only after the regular maintenance schedule recommended by the manufacturer.

The test engine, assemblies or components, which are used to determine the exhaust gas emission deterioration factors for an engine family or engine families with comparable emission reduction technology, must be selected by the engine manufacturer for best engineering judgement. The test engine should represent the emission deterioration characteristics of the engine families that apply the resulting deterioration factor values in the type-approval. Motors with different bore and varying stroke, different configuration, different air conditioning systems and different fuel systems can be classified in relation to the emission deterioration characteristics as equivalent if there is a reasonable technical basis for this.

The values of the deterioration factors of other manufacturers can be applied if there is a sufficient basis for this to be in relation to the deterioration in emissions of technical equivalence, and the tests were verifiably carried in accordance with the prescribed requirements. The emission test is carried out in accordance with the procedure laid down in this directive for established test engines before the audit of accumulation of and at the end of the durability test. Emission tests can be carried out at intervals during the exam period of duration of and used to determine the deterioration trend.

1.1.1.2 the duration tests performed to determine deterioration or emissions testing must be present no representatives of the permitting authority.

1.1.1.3 determination of the deterioration factor values by endurance tests

An additive DF is defined as the value obtained by subtracting the value of the value given at the end of the emission durability period that corresponds to the emission performance, given at the beginning of the emission durability period.

A multiplicative df is defined as the end of the emission durability period specific emission value divided by the emission value recorded at the beginning of the emission durability period.


For each pollutant covered by legislation, create separate values for the deterioration factor. X + HC standard determines the value of the deterioration factor compared to the NO, do so at an additive DF based on the amount of pollutants, without prejudice to the fact that a negative deterioration for one pollutant may not offset the deterioration of another factor. For a multiplicative NO x + separate deterioration factors for no. HC Verschlechterung factor when calculating the deteriorated emission levels based on the result of an emission testing to set x and HC and are to apply, before the resulting deteriorating NO be combined x and HC values in terms of compliance with the standards.

Conducted the test not for the complete emission durability period, so the emissions are determined at the end of the emission durability period by extrapolating the emission deterioration trend established for the test period on the complete emission durability period.

Results regularly recorded by emissions testing during the durability test, based standard techniques of statistical treatment are in determining the emission values at the end of the emission durability period on best practices to apply; statistical significance can be checked when determining the final emission values.

The calculation yields a value less than 1.00 for a multiplicative DF or 0.00 for an additive DF, the deterioration factor is 1.0 or 0.00.

A manufacturer can use 1.1.1.4 with approval of the type approval authority deterioration factor values were determined on the basis of the results of endurance tests, which were performed to determine deterioration factor values for compression ignition engines for heavy goods vehicles. This is allowed when the vehicle-inspection engine and the engine families for mobile machines and devices that apply the deterioration factor values for type approval purposes, are technically equivalent. The deterioration factor values derived from the results of emission endurance tests of automobile engines shall be calculated on the basis of the values of the emission durability period defined in section 3.

1.1.1.5 the engine family used approved technologies, so an analysis based on good engineering practice may be used after approval by the type-approval authority instead of testing, to determine a deterioration factor for that engine family.

1.2. information on the deterioration factor in applications for type-approval

1.2.1. for each pollutant additive DFS shall be in the type approval request for an engine family of compression ignition engines without aftertreatment.

1.2.2. for each pollutant multiplicative DFS shall be in the type approval request for an engine family of compression ignition engines with aftertreatment device.

1.2.3. the manufacturer must be of the type-approval authority on request information provide, showing the deterioration factors. Usually the results of emissions tests, the accumulation program, the maintenance procedures and, where appropriate, supporting data includes the technical discretion with regard to the technical equivalence.

2. TESTING THE DURABILITY OF COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINES OF LEVEL IV

2.1. General remarks

2.1.1. This section applies to tier IV compression ignition engines. He can be applied at the request of the manufacturer or to the provisions in section 1 of this annex on compression ignition engines of stage IIIA and IIIB.

2.1.2. This section describes the procedures for the selection of those engines that are selected for the accumulation program to determine of the deterioration factors in the framework of the type-approval and ratings of conformity of production at tier IV engines. The deterioration factors are to be applied in accordance with paragraph 2.4.7 on the emissions measured in accordance with annex III to this directive.

2.1.3. operating accumulation programmes carried out to determine the deterioration or emissions testing, no representative of the permitting authority must be present.

2.1.4. also, this section 2 contains provisions for emission-relevant and non-emission-related maintenance of engines, which are subjected to an accumulation program. This maintenance must comply with the maintenance that will be made and communicated to the owners of new engines on in-service engines.

2.1.5. at the request of the manufacturer, the type-approval authority may allow the use of deterioration factors obtained by means other than with the sections 2.4.1 to 2.4.5 described in. In this case, the manufacturer to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority must demonstrate that these alternative procedures are at least as stringent as those described in the sections 2.4.1 through 2.4.5.

2.2. definitions

To apply for Annex 5 section 2.

2.2.1. 'aging cycle' means the machine or motor operation (load, speed, power), which is to be realised during the accumulation period of operation;

2.2.2. 'critical emission-related components' means the components, which are mainly due to the reduction in emissions, i.e. all exhaust gas aftertreatment systems, the electronic engine control unit with associated sensors and actuators and the exhaust gas recirculation system (EGR) including all associated filter, cooler, control valves and tubes;

2.2.3. 'critical emission-related maintenance' referred to the maintenance, that conduct is critical emission-related components;

2.2.4. 'emission-related maintenance' means the maintenance that significantly affects emissions or will likely affect on the deterioration of the emissions performance of the vehicle or engine in normal driving;

2.2.5. ' exhaust gas aftertreatment system engine family ' may refer to a subset that is formed by the manufacturer of engines of engine family, which are however divided into a further subfamily of engine families with similar exhaust after-treatment systems;

2.2.6. 'non-emission-related maintenance' referred to the maintenance, that do not significantly affect emissions and after implementation has no sustainable impact on the deterioration of the emissions performance of the machine or of the engine in the normal driving;

2.2.7 'accumulation program' refers to the aging cycle and the accumulation period for establishing deterioration factors for the exhaust aftertreatment system engine family;

2.3. selection of engines for establishing deterioration factors for the emission durability period

2.3.1. of the family established in accordance with section 6 of annex I to this directive be found in engines for the emissions test for the determination of deterioration factors for the emission durability period.

2.3.2. engines from different engine families can be grouped together according to the type of exhaust after-treatment system to other engine families. If the manufacturer wants to summarize motors, which with regard to the arrangement of the cylinders differ, but in terms of technical characteristics and installation of the exhaust aftertreatment system similar to that in an exhaust gas aftertreatment system engine family, he must submit data to the permitting authority, you indicate that the performance of this engine systems emission reduction is similar.

2.3.3. the engine manufacturer selects a motor that is representative for the exhaust aftertreatment system engine family pursuant to section 2.3.2. This engine is tested in accordance with the operating accumulation program set out in section 2.4.2. Before the start of the tests, the type-approval authority over the selected motor is to inform.

If the type-approval authority comes to the conclusion that it is better to determine the worst emission rates of the exhaust aftertreatment system of family based on a motor, the test engine by the type-approval authority and the manufacturer is 2.3.3.1 together to select.

2.4. determination of deterioration factors for the emission duration haltbarkeit period

2.4.1. General remarks

The deterioration factors applicable for an exhaust aftertreatment system family of motor are derived from the selected engines based on an operating accumulation program, which includes the regular check on particulate and gaseous pollutants during the NRSC - and NRTC tests.

2.4.2. operating accumulation program

The manufacturers can either carry out operating accumulation programs on the basis of an operating machine with the selected motor, or on the basis of operation of the selected engine on the test bench.

2.4.2.1 testing in the operation and testing on the bench

2.4.2.1.1. the manufacturer determined according to the rules of the art, the nature and duration of operating accumulation program and the aging cycle for engines.


2.4.2.1.2 sets the manufacturer, when during the NRTC test gaseous and particulate emissions are measured with warm start and the NRSC test. It must be at least three checkpoints, one at the beginning, one about in the middle and one at the end of the test program.

2.4.2.1.3. the emission values at the beginning and at the end of the emission durability period, calculated in accordance with section 2.4.5.2, must comply with the limit applicable to the engine family; individual emission results of the test points may exceed these limits however.

2.4.2.1.4. at the request of the manufacturer and with the agreement of the type-approval authority needs only a test cycle at each test point (either NRTC cycle with warm start or NRSC cycle) to be carried out the other test cycle is carried out only at the beginning and at the end of the operation accumulation program.

2.4.2.1.5. for engines with constant speed engines below 19 kW Motors over 560 kW and engines intended for use in the drive of locomotives and railcars or barges, is only the NRSC cycle at each checkpoint to use.

2.4.2.1.6. the operating accumulation programs can engines different exhaust gas aftertreatment system families vary.

2.4.2.1.7. the operating accumulation programs may be shorter than the emission durability period, but they must be shorter than at least a quarter of the corresponding, specified in section 3 of this annex emission durability period.

2.4.2.1.8. artificial aging is allowed, by adjusting the operating accumulation program based on fuel consumption. The adjustment must be based on the relationship between the typical fuel consumption in operation and fuel consumption in the aging cycle, but the aging cycle fuel consumption may exceed the typical fuel consumption in operation not by more than 30 percent.

2.4.2.1.9. at the request of the manufacturer and with the agreement of the type-approval authority, other methods can be used to the accelerated aging.

2.4.2.1.10. the operating accumulation program is to describe in detail in the application for type-approval and to be communicated prior to the tests of the type-approval authority.

2.4.2.2 If the type-approval authority concludes that additional measurements between test points specified by the manufacturer are required, tells them this the manufacturer with. The manufacturer must then revise the operating accumulation programs and by the type-approval authority grant leave.

2.4.3. motor test

2.4.3.1. stabilization of the motor system

2.4.3.1.1. for each engine family with regard to the exhaust aftertreatment system determined the manufacturer, the performance of the exhaust aftertreatment system have stabilized after how many hours of operation of the machine or engine. At the request of the approval authority the manufacturer shall provide the underlying this value data and calculations you. Either the manufacturer can run long or over the corresponding time in the aging cycle the engine or the machine between 60 and 125 hours, in order to stabilize the exhaust aftertreatment system.

2.4.3.1.2. the end of the stabilisation period in accordance with section 2.4.3.1.1 is regarded as operating accumulation program began.

2.4.3.2. audit of accumulation of

2.4.3.2.1. after the stabilisation of the motor in accordance with the chosen by the manufacturer, and in section 2.3.2 operated described operation accumulation program. The engine regularly undergoes the NRTC test cycle with warm start and the NRSC test cycle on particulate and gaseous pollutants at the times specified by the manufacturer and, where appropriate, of the type-approval authority in accordance with section 2.4.2.2 operating accumulation program.

The manufacturer can measure separately the pollutant emissions after fitting an exhaust aftertreatment system pollutant emissions before attaching an exhaust aftertreatment system.

According to section 2.4.2.1.4. agreed that only one test cycle (NRTC with warm start or NRSC) is performed at each checkpoint, the other test cycle (NRTC with warm start or NRSC) run at the beginning and at the end of the operation accumulation program.

In accordance with section 2.4.2.1.5 is for engines with constant speed, to use engines below 19 kW, over 560 kW and engines, which are intended to be used in inland waterway or to power locomotives and Railbuses, only the NRSC cycle at each checkpoint.

2.4.3.2.2. during operation accumulation programme are carried out maintenance work on the motor according to section 2.5.

2.4.3.2.3. during the operation accumulation program non-scheduled maintenance work on the motor can be made if, for example, the normal diagnostic system of the manufacturer has detected an error that would have displayed an error the operator.

2.4.4. reporting

2.4.4.1 that results are all operating accumulation programme carried out emission tests (NRTC with warm start and NRSC) to present the type-approval authority. The manufacturer declares an emissions test for invalid, so he must justify this. In such a case, another set of emission controls is within the next 100 hours operation accumulation.

2.4.4.2. of the manufacturer has to record all information about all operating accumulation programme on the engine emission tests and maintenance work. This information can be passed the type-approval authority along with the results of the emission tests performed in the operating accumulation programme.

2.4.5 determination of deterioration factors

2.4.5.1. for each pollutant measured in the NRTC cycle with warm start and NRSC cycle and for each test point of operation accumulation program is on the basis of the test results a linear 'Best fit'-to perform regression analysis. For each pollutant, the results to as many decimal places shall be indicated as the pollution limit is intended for the appropriate engine family, as well as in addition to one decimal place.

Only a test cycle (NRTC with warm start or NRSC) was conducted in accordance with section 2.4.2.1.4 or section 2.4.2.1.5 for each test point, the regression analysis only on the basis of the results of the test cycle is carried out at all checkpoints is to carry out.

On the manufacturer's request and with prior approval of the type approval authority, a non-linear regression is allowed.

2.4.5.2. that emission levels for each pollutant at the start of the operation accumulation program and at the end of the emission durability period current for the motor being tested shall be calculated from the regression equation. If the accumulation program is shorter than the emission durability period, then the emission levels are at the end of the emission durability period by extrapolating the regression line pursuant to section 2.4.5.1 to determine.

Emission values used for engine families, which are in terms of the exhaust aftertreatment system belongs to the same family, have different duration emission durability periods, then the emission levels are at the end of the emission durability period through extrapolation or interpolation of regression equation in accordance with section 2.4.5.1 to determine.

2.4.5.3. the deterioration factor for each pollutant is the ratio of the current emission levels at the end of the emission durability period and at the beginning of the operation accumulation program (multiplicative DF).

On the manufacturer's request and with prior approval of the type approval authority, you can apply an additive deterioration factor for each pollutant. The additive degradation factor is the difference between the calculated emission levels at the end of the emission durability period and at the beginning of the operation accumulation program.

An example of the determination of deterioration factors, using the linear regression is specified in Figure No. 1 x emissions.

The mixing of multiplicative and additive deterioration factors within a set of pollutant is not allowed.

The calculation yields a value less than 1.00 for a multiplicative DF or 0.00 for an additive DF, the deterioration factor is 1.0 or 0.00.

So was agreed after section 2.4.2.1.4, that only one test cycle (NRTC with warm start or NRSC) should be performed at each test point and the other test cycle (NRTC with warm start or NRSC) is performed only at the beginning and at the end of the operation accumulation program, the deterioration factor calculated for the test cycle, which was performed at each checkpoint, to apply also the other test cycle is.



2.4.6 given deterioration factors

2.4.6.1. as an alternative to the determination of deterioration factors by means of an operating accumulation program can attract motor manufacturer following given multiplicative DFS:



Given additive deterioration factors are not specified. It is not permitted to convert given multiplicative deterioration factors for additive deterioration factors.


Used predetermined deterioration factors, the manufacturer of the type-approval authority must proof unique present, that the emission control components can be assumed, that the emission durability period is associated with the specified factors. This proof can be supported by a design analysis, testing, or a combination of both.

2.4.7 use of the deterioration factors

2.4.7.1. the motors to application of deterioration factors on the test results, which were measured in accordance with annex III (weighted results of the test cycle for the specific emissions of particles and each individual gas), comply with the relevant emission limit values for each pollutant, which apply for the engine family. Depending on the nature of the deterioration factor (DF), the following shall apply:

-Multiplicative: (weighted results of the test cycle for the specific emission) x DF ≤ emission limit value

-Additive: (weighted results of the test cycle for the specific emission) + DF ≤ emission limit value

If the manufacturer according to the option in section 1.2.1 of this annex applies the procedure of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments, the weighted result of the test cycle for the specific issue may include, where appropriate, the adjustment with regard to a sporadic regeneration.

2.4.7.2. with a multiplicative NO separate deterioration factors for NO x are x + HC DF when calculating the deteriorated emission levels based on the result of an emission test and to set HC and apply before x - and HC - combines the resulting deteriorating NO values in regard to compliance with the emission limit.

2.4.7.3. of the manufacturer can the deterioration factors determined for an exhaust aftertreatment system family of motor a motor system transfer to, not for same exhaust aftertreatment system family belongs. In this case, he must demonstrate to the type approval authority, that similar technical characteristics and rules apply to the motor system for which the exhaust aftertreatment system was originally tested and the motor system, the deterioration factors which are transferred to it for the installation in the machine and that the emissions of the engine or motor systems are similar.

Deterioration factors has been transferred to a motor system with a different emission durability period, then the deterioration factors for the applicable emission durability period through extrapolation or interpolation of regression equation in accordance with section 2.4.5.1 shall be determined.

2.4.7.4. for each test cycle are the deterioration factors for each pollutant in the annex VII Appendix 1 contained report for test results entered.

2.4.8 review of conformity of production

2.4.8.1. verifies the conformity of production with regard to compliance with the emission limit values in accordance with section 5 of annex I.

2.4.8.2. on the occasion of the type-approval tests can measure the manufacturers at the same time the pollutant emissions before attaching an exhaust aftertreatment system. While the manufacturer for the engine and the exhaust aftertreatment system can work out separate informal deterioration factors, which he can use as an aid for the testing at the end of the production line.

2.4.8.3. for the purposes of type-approval will be only the deterioration factors in the annex VII Appendix 1 entered contained report for test results, which have been determined in accordance with sections 2.4.5 or 2.4.6.

2.5. maintenance

For the purposes of operating accumulation program, the maintenance work according to the instructions of the manufacturer for service and maintenance must be carried.

2.5.1. producing scheduled maintenance work

2.5.1.1. producing scheduled maintenance during engine operation for the purposes of carrying out an operation accumulation program must in equal intervals take place such as those that are set in the maintenance instructions of the manufacturer for the owners of machines or engines. The maintenance instructions can be updated, if necessary, during the entire operation accumulation program, if no maintenance operation of the maintenance program is deleted, after he was carried out on the test engine.

2.5.1.2 of the motor manufacturer must provide information for the operation accumulation programs setting, cleaning and maintenance (if applicable) and the planned Exchange of the following components:

-Filter and cooler in the exhaust gas recirculation system,

-where appropriate, crankcase vent valve,

-Injector tips (only the cleaning is permitted),

-Fuel injectors,

-Turbocharger

-electronic engine control unit with sensors and actuators,

-Particulate after-treatment system (including related components),

-NO x treatment systems (including associated components).

-Exhaust gas recirculation system including all related control valves and tubes, as well as

-any exhaust aftertreatment systems.

2.5.1.3 critical emission-related scheduled maintenance work are carried out only on machines in operation and must be communicated to the owner of the machine.

2.5.2. changes to scheduled maintenance

2.5.2.1. the manufacturer must allow to approve all new scheduled maintenance, which he would like to perform during the operation accumulation program and recommend therefore the owners of machines or vehicles, of the type-approval authority. Data must be accompanied the request, giving rise to the new scheduled maintenance and the maintenance intervals.

2.5.3 scheduled non-emission-related maintenance

2.5.3.1. can scheduled non-emission-related maintenance that are technically justified (such as oil change oil filter change fuel filter replacement, air filter replacement, maintenance of the cooling system, idle adjustment, controller, screw tightening torque, valve clearance, injector game, valve setting, adjustment of the tension of the belt, etc.) with the least amount of the manufacturer recommended maintenance frequency of engines or machines in operation accumulation programme will be performed (E.g. in the intervals that are recommended for important maintenance work).

2.5.4. repair

2.5.4.1. component of a motor system that was selected for examination in an operating accumulation programme, may be repaired only if there is a malfunction of components or of the motor system. Repairs to the engine, the emission control system or the fuel system are permitted to the extent which is set in section 2.5.4.2.

If the motor itself, the emission reduction system or the fuel system has a malfunction during the operation accumulation program, so the accumulation of operation considered 2.5.4.2. invalid and it must be initiated a new accumulation of operating with a new engine system, unless the faulty components are replaced by equivalent parts with a similar operating hours.

3. EMISSION DURABILITY PERIOD FOR MOTORS OF STAGES IIIA, IIIB AND IV

3.1. manufacturers must use the emission durability period in table 1 of this section.



17. in annex III following attachments 6 and 7 are added:

"Annex 6

Determination of the CO 2 emissions for engines of the stages I, II, IIIA, IIIB and IV

1. introduction

1.1. the rules and test procedures are described for the reporting of carbon dioxide emissions for stages I to IV. If the manufacturer according to the option in section 1.2.1 of this annex applies the procedure of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments, the provisions of Appendix 7 of this Annex apply.

2. General rules

2.1. that carbon dioxide emissions are to be determined according to the appropriate Appendix III section 1.1 of the described test cycle as defined in annex III section 3 (NRSC) or section 4 (NRTC with warm start). For the stage IIIB emissions of carbon dioxide are after the NRTC test cycle with warm start to determine.

2.2. that are test results as forward averaged over the test cycle, brake-specific values in the Unit g/kWh.

2.3. the manufacturer carries out the NRSC test cycle as a graded modal cycle, either apply the provisions contained in this annex in relation to the NRTC test cycle or those of annex III annex 7.

3. determination of CO 2 emissions

3.1. measurement of the raw exhaust gas

This section shall apply if the carbon dioxide in the undiluted exhaust gases is measured.

3.1.1. measurement

The carbon dioxide emissions in the undiluted exhaust gases of the engine to be tested shall be with a non-dispersive infra-red absorption analyser (NDIR) referred to in annex III Appendix 1 section 1.4.3.2 (NRSC) or section 2.3.3.2 (NRTC).

The measuring system must satisfy the linearity requirements in annex III Appendix 2 section 1.5.

The measuring system must comply with the requirements of annex III Appendix 1 section 1.4.1 (NRSC) or section 2.3.1 (NRTC).

3.1.2. data evaluation

The emission-related data must be registered in annex III section 3.7.4 (NRSC) or section 4.5.7.2 (NRTC) and stored.

3.1.3. calculation of emissions averaged to the cycle


Is measured on a dry basis, the values set out in annex III shall convert Appendix 3 section 1.3.2 (NRSC) or section 2.1.2.2 (NRTC) wet basis.

For the NRSC test, the CO is determined by calculation in accordance with annex III annex 3 section 1.3.4 2 mass (g/h) for each test phase. The exhaust flow values are set out in annex III to Appendix 1, sections 1.2.1 to 1.2.5 determine.

For the NRTC test, the CO is determined by calculation in accordance with annex III annex 3 section 2.1.2.1 2 mass (g/test). The exhaust gas flow rates shall be determined Appendix 1 section 2.2.3 in accordance with annex III.

3.2. measurement in the diluted gas

This section shall apply if the CO2 in the diluted exhaust is measured.

3.2.1. measurement

The carbon dioxide emissions in the diluted exhaust gases of the engine to be tested shall be with a non-dispersive infra-red absorption analyser (NDIR) referred to in annex III Appendix 1 section 1.4.3.2 (NRSC) or section 2.3.3.2 (NRTC). The exhaust gases are with filtered ambient air to dilute synthetic air or nitrogen. The flow capacity of the dilution system must be as large, completely prevent water condensation in the dilution and the sampling system.

The measuring system must satisfy the linearity requirements in annex III Appendix 2 section 1.5.

The measuring system must comply with the requirements of annex III Appendix 1 section 1.4.1 (NRSC) or section 2.3.1 (NRTC).

3.2.2. data evaluation

The emission-related data must be registered in annex III section 3.7.4 (NRSC) or section 4.5.7.2 (NRTC) and stored.

3.2.3. calculation of emissions averaged to the cycle

Is measured on a dry basis, the values set out in annex III shall convert Appendix 3 section 1.3.2 (NRSC) or section 2.1.2.2 (NRTC) wet basis.

For the NRSC test, the CO is determined by calculation in accordance with annex III annex 3 section 1.3.4 2 mass (g/h) for each test phase. The diluted exhaust gas flow rate values are in accordance with annex III to determine Appendix 1 section 1.2.6.

For the NRTC test, the CO is determined by calculation in accordance with annex III annex 3 section 2.2.3 2 mass (g/test). The flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas is to determine system 3 in accordance with annex III section 2.2.1.

The values must background be corrected in accordance with annex III annex 3 section 2.2.3.1.1.

3.3. calculation of the brake specific emissions

3.3.1. NRSC

The brake specific emissions e CO2 (g/kWh) shall be calculated as follows:



3.3.2. NRTC

The is cycle work required for calculating the brake specific CO 2 emissions to determine in accordance with annex III section 4.6.2.

The brake specific emissions e CO2 (g/kWh) shall be calculated as follows:



Annex 7

Alternative determination of CO 2 emissions

1. introduction

If the manufacturer according to the option in section 1.2.1 of this annex applies the procedure of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments, they apply in this plant contained provisions and procedures for reporting emissions of carbon dioxide.

2. General rules

2.1. which are carbon dioxide emissions to determine Appendix 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 amendment series 03 described NRTC test cycle with warm start in section 7.8.3.

2.2. that are test results as to provide brake-specific, the cycle average values in the Unit g/kWh.

3. determination of CO 2 emissions

3.1. measurement of the raw exhaust gas

This section shall apply if the carbon dioxide in the undiluted exhaust gases is measured.

3.1.1. measurement

The carbon dioxide emissions in the raw exhaust of the engine to be tested shall be with a non-dispersive infra-red absorption analyser (NDIR) in accordance with annex 4 B section 9.4.6 of the UNECE UNECE Regulation No. 96 03 series of amendments.

The measuring system must meet the linearity requirements of annex 4B section 8.1.4 of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

The measuring system must comply with the requirements of annex 4 B section 8.1.9 of UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

3.1.2. data evaluation

The emission-related data must be in accordance with annex 4 B section 7.8.3.2 of UN/ECE Regulation No 96 registers 03 series of amendments and stored.

3.1.3. calculation of emissions averaged to the cycle

Is measured on a dry basis, so the instantaneous concentration values are according to annex 8 section A. 8.2.2 or Annex 7 section A. 7.3.2 of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 to convert change serie 03 in the wet basis, before they are used for further calculations.

The CO 2 mass (g/test) is by multiplying the time-corrected instantaneous CO 2 concentrations with the exhaust gas flow as well as the integration over the test cycle in accordance with the following rules to determine: either

(a) for Annex 8 section A. 8.2.1. 2, and section. 8.2.5 of annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 amendment series 03, where the u-values for CO 2 from table A. 8.1 are used, or by the u-values according to annex 8 of section A. 8.2.4. 2 of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96; calculated 03 series of amendments or

(b) after annex 7 section A. 7.3.1, and section. 7.3.3 of annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

3.2. measurement in the diluted gas

This section shall apply if the CO2 in the diluted exhaust is measured.

3.2.1. measurement

The carbon dioxide emissions in the diluted exhaust gases of the engine to be tested shall be with a non-dispersive infra-red absorption analyser (NDIR) in accordance with section 9.4.6 of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments. The exhaust gases are with filtered ambient air to dilute synthetic air or nitrogen. The flow capacity of the dilution system must be as large, completely prevent water condensation in the dilution and the sampling system.

The measuring system must meet the linearity requirements of annex 4B section 8.1.4 of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

The measuring system must comply with the requirements of annex 4 B section 8.1.9 of UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

3.2.2. data evaluation

The emission-related data must be in accordance with annex 4 B section 7.8.3.2 of UN/ECE Regulation No 96 registers 03 series of amendments and stored.

3.2.3. calculation of emissions averaged to the cycle

Is measured on a dry basis, so the instantaneous concentration values are according to annex 8 section A. 8.3.2 or Annex 7 section A. 7.4.2 of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 to convert change serie 03 in the wet basis, before they are used for further calculations.

The CO 2 mass (g/test) is by multiplying the CO 2 concentrations with the flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas according to the following rules to determine: either

(a) for Annex 8 section A. 8.3.1, and section. 8.3.4 of annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 amendment series 03, where the u-values for CO 2 from table A. 8 2 be used, or by the u-values according to annex 8 section A. 8.3.3 of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96; calculated 03 series of amendments or

(b) after annex 7 section A. 7.4.1, and section. 7.4.3 of annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

The values must be in accordance with Annex 8 section A. 8.3.2. 4 or Annex 8 section A. 7.4.1 of annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 amendment series 03 background be corrected.

3.3. calculation of the brake specific emissions

Which is cycle work required for calculating the brake specific CO 2 emissions in accordance with annex 4 B section 7.8.3.4 of UN/ECE Regulation No. 96 to determine 03 series of amendments.

The brake specific emissions e CO2 (g/kWh) shall be calculated as follows:



18. in annex VI, the following section 1a is added:

"1.a this annex applies as follows:"

(a) the regulations for stages I, II, IIIA, IIIB and IV of section 1 of this annex VI;

(b) if the manufacturer according to the option in section 1.2.1 of this annex applies the procedure of annex 4B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments, the provisions of section 9 in Appendix 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 shall apply amendment series 03."

19. in annex VII Appendix 1 shall be replaced by following:

"Appendix 1

Test report for compression ignition engines - test results (1)

Information about the engine being tested

Motortyp: ..........................................................................................................................................................................................

Motoridentifizierungsnummer: .....................................................................................................................................................



1. information about the conduct of the examination:...

1.1. reference fuel used for the test 1.1.1. cetane number:...

1.1.2.
Schwefelgehalt: .................................................................................................................................................................................

1.1.3.
Dichte: ................................................................................................................................................................................................

1.2.

Schmiermittel

1.2.1.
Fabrikmarke(n): .................................................................................................................................................................................

1.2.2.
Typ(en): ..............................................................................................................................................................................................

(Please percentage of the oil to the mixture indicate if lubricant and fuel are mixed.)

1.3. equipment driven by the engine (if applicable) 1.3.1. enumeration and details:...

1.3.2. power absorbed at specified engine speeds (according to the manufacturer):



1.4. engine performance 1.4.1. engine speeds: idle: ...min 1

Mittlere Drehzahl:.................................................................................................................................min –1

Höchstleistung: .....................................................................................................................................min –1

Nenndrehzahl (2): ...............................................................................................................................min –1



(1) to specify in the case of several parent engine for each individually.

(2) enter engine speed that corresponds to 100% of the standardized speed if the NRSC test uses this speed.



3.2. sampling system used for the NRTC test:

Gasförmige Emissionen (4): ............................................................................................................................................................

PM (4): .................................................................................................................................................................................................

Method (5): Single / multiple filter



(1) that indicate change series 03 number of illustration of the system used in annex VI, section 1 or section 9 of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96.

(2) delete if not applicable.

(3) delete if not applicable.

(4) that specify number of the figure of the system used in annex VI, section 1 or section 9 of annex 4 B of the UN/ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

(5) Delete where inapplicable."

 

 

 

20 annex XI is replaced by the following:

"ANNEX XI"

DATA SHEET FOR MOTORS WITH TYPE-APPROVAL

1 FZ motors





21 annex XII is replaced by the following:

"ANNEX XII"

RECOGNITION OF ALTERNATIVE TYPE-APPROVALS

1. as regards engines of categories A, B and C provided for in article 9, the following type-approvals and, where appropriate, the corresponding approval marks as equivalent recognized with the approvals granted pursuant to this directive be paragraph 2:

1.1. type-approvals according to Directive 2000/25/EC relating to measures against the emission of gaseous pollutants and particulate from engines intended for the propulsion of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors;

1.2. type-approvals according to Directive 88/77/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous pollutants and particulate from diesel engines for use in vehicles, the requirements for the level A or B in accordance with article 2 and annex I section 6.2.1 of Directive 88/77/EEC or of UN/ECE Regulation No. 49 series 02 corrigenda I/2 match.

1.3. type-approvals according to UN-ECE Regulation No 96;

2. as regards engines of categories D, E, F and G (stage II) in accordance with article 9, paragraph 3 is the equivalence of the following type-approvals and, where appropriate, the corresponding approval mark with the directive permits granted to recognized:

2.1. approvals according to stage II of Directive 2000/25/EC;

2.2. type-approvals according to Directive 88/77/EEC in Directive 99/96/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from diesel engines for use in vehicles OJ No. of L 44 amended by the 16.0.2.2000 S 1 according to the requirements of level A, B1, B2 or C according to article 2 and section 6.2.1 of annex I to the directive;

2.3. type-approvals according to UN/ECE Regulation No. 49 amendment series 03.

2.4. UN/ECE Regulation No 96, licences for steps D, E, F and G in accordance with paragraph 5.2.1 of UN-ECE Regulation No 96 01 series of amendments.

3. in relation to engines of categories H, I, J and K (stage IIIA) in accordance with article 9 paragraph 3a and article 9 paragraph 3 b is recognition of the equivalence of the following type-approvals and, where appropriate, the corresponding approval mark with the approvals granted pursuant to this directive:

3.1. type-approvals according to Directive 2005/55/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous pollutants and particulate from compression ignition engines for use in vehicles, and the emission of gaseous pollutants from positive ignition engines fuelled with natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas for use in vehicles OJ No. L 275 of 20.10.2005 S 1, by Directive 2005/78/EC on the implementation of Directive 2005/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous pollutants and particulate from compression ignition engines for use in vehicles, and the emission of gaseous pollutants from positive ignition engines fuelled with natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas for use in vehicles and amending their annexes I , II, III, IV and VI, OJ No. 312 of the 29.11.2001 S 1, and Directive 2006/51/EC as amended in accordance with the requirements of the level B1, B2 or C according to article 2 and section 6.2.1 of annex I to the directive;

3.2. type-approvals according to UN/ECE Regulation No. 49 series 05, which meet the requirements of stages B1, B2 and C in accordance with section 5.2 of the regulation;

3.3. type-approvals according to UN-ECE Regulation No 96 levels H, I, J and K according to paragraph 5.2.1 of UN-ECE Regulation No 96 02 series of amendments.

4. relating to engines of categories L, M, N, and P (stage IIIB) in accordance with article 9, paragraph 3c recognises the equivalence of the following type-approvals and, where appropriate, the corresponding approval mark with the approvals granted pursuant to this directive:

4.1. type-approvals according to Directive 2005/55/EC as amended by Directive 2005/78/EC and Directive 2006/51/EC according to the requirements of level B2 or C according to article 2 and section 6.2.1 of annex I to the directive;

4.2. type-approvals according to UN/ECE Regulation No. 49 series 05, which meet the requirements of level B2 or C in accordance with section 5.2 of the regulation;

4.3. UN/ECE Regulation No 96, approvals according to levels of L, M, N, and P in accordance with paragraph 5.2.1 of UN-ECE Regulation No 96 03 series of amendments.

5. in terms of engines of category Q and R (level IV) referred to in article 9 paragraph 3d recognized equivalence of the following type-approvals and, where appropriate, the corresponding approval mark with the according to permissions granted to this directive:

According to Regulation (EC) No. 595/2009 and its implementing measures, if by a technical service has been confirmed 5.1. type-approvals, that the engine section 8.5 of this directive complies with the requirements of annex I;

5.2. type-approvals according to UN/ECE Regulation No. 49 series 06, settled by a technical service has been confirmed, that the engine section 8.5 of this directive complies with the requirements of annex I."

Mitterlehner