Fuel Regulation 2012

Original Language Title: Änderung der Kraftstoffverordnung 2012

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.ris.bka.gv.at/Dokumente/BgblAuth/BGBLA_2014_II_259/BGBLA_2014_II_259.html

259. Regulation of the Federal Minister for agriculture and forestry, environment and water management, fuel regulation 2012 modifies the

On the basis of § § 11 par. 3 and 26a para 2 lit. c and paragraph 3a of the force driving Act 1967, BGBl. No. 267, last amended by Federal Law Gazette I no. 26/2014, is in agreement with the Federal Minister of science, research and industry, the Federal Minister of health, as well as the Federal Minister for transport, innovation and technology used:

1 § 2 Z 9 lit. k is: "k)"Superethanol E 85"are in a tax warehouse in accordance with § 25 para 2 of the Excise Act 1995, Federal Law Gazette I no. 112/2012, produced mixtures, the a bioethanol content exhibit 630/1994, as amended by Federal Law Gazette No. by at least 70% and not more than 85% v/v."

2. paragraph 2 Z 17 - 22: "17"Actual value"is the savings in greenhouse gas emissions at some or all steps of a special bio-fuel production process calculated in accordance with the method set out in the annex X part C.

18. "Typical value" is the estimated value of representative savings of greenhouse gas emissions at a particular biofuel production pathway.

19. "Default value" is the value derived from a typical value by applying previously defined factors that can be used under the conditions laid down in article 19, instead of an actual value.

20. "Certification systems" are structures which can ensure compliance with the requirements to comply with the criteria of sustainability both organizationally and in terms of content and review.

21. 'Control body' is an independent body in a third country, which has received a confirmation of the technical suitability and approval as supervisory authority by the national accreditation body in the third country, to perceive certain control tasks.

22 "Operating mode" is a defined set of variables for a production process of biofuels, which includes in particular the kind of energy supply of the production plant, the used raw materials and plant - and process-specific parameters such as energy consumption and energy and material flows, inserted by the companies as part of the registration. A company can define in part of the registration. several operating conditions"

3. in section 3 para 1, Z 1 is replaced by the date "1 January 2013" the date "1 January 2009".

4. § 3 para 1 No. 2 is: "2. petrol with a Bioethanolgehalt of maximum 10% v/v the specifications set out in annex II, as well as ÖNORM EN 228" fuels for motor vehicles - unleaded petrol - requirements and test methods "by 1 January 2013;"

5. in section 3 para 1, Z 3 is replaced by the date "December 1, 2013" date "may 1, 2010".

6 in section 3 para 1, no. 6 is replaced by the date "1 April 2014" the date "1 November 2012".

7 § 3 para 1 sub-para. 8 is: "8 Superethanol E-85 fuel specifications in accordance with annex VIII, as well as ÖNORM C 1114"fuels for motor vehicles - petrol Superethanol E 85 - requirements and test methods"by July 1, 2007 is valid until April 30, 2014." "The ONR CEN / TS 15293:2014" fuel for motor vehicles - Ethanolkraftstoff (E-85) for motor vehicles - requirements and test methods "shall apply from 1 may 2014."

8 first sentence is article 10:

"Companies that produce biofuels that shall be counted towards the objectives referred to in articles 5 and 7, or with such Act, are obliged to ensure the complete proof of compliance with the sustainability criteria by using a mass balance system."

9 paragraph 11 Z 2: "2. the amount of electricity from renewable energy sources for road vehicles can be credited only, if at least the greenhouse gas reduction quotas referred to in article 12, paragraph 3."

10 § eliminates 11 Z 3.

11 paragraph 12 paragraph 1:

"(1) for precursors of biofuels, that shall be counted towards the fulfillment of the substitution of obligations pursuant to section 5 and the greenhouse gas reduction obligations pursuant to § 7 to comply with sustainability criteria in annex XI are."

12 § 13 ABS. 6 Z 8 is: "(8. Angaben über a) type, quantity, year of harvest and growing countries or countries of origin of the raw materials, b) the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions in grams of CO2-equivalent per megajoule biofuel (g CO2eq/MJ) as a default value or an actual value, c) for biofuels, which are not listed in annex IX, the energy content in mega joules, d) the name and address of the purchaser of the bio-fuels" , e) emissions from carbon inventory changes in a row changed land use in accordance with annex X part C Z 7: el less than or equal to zero, f) information, whether the bonus in accordance with annex X part C was made after annex X part C claims Z 1 Z 7 and 8 in the calculation of greenhouse gas emissions, g) indicated whether the was made in annex X part C Z 1 called factor for emissions savings claimed by accumulation of carbon in the soil as a result of better agricultural management practices ", and" 13 section 19 para 1 is:

"(1) (the savings achieved through the use of bio-fuels in the life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions will be calculated 1, using a default value if a) such a value in accordance with annex X, part A or part B for the greenhouse gas emission savings for the production route is set and b) is the value calculated in accordance with annex X digit 7 for these bio-fuels less or equal to zero, 2. by using an actual value calculated in accordance with the methodology laid down in annex X part C or 3 using an as" Sum of the factors referred to in the formula in annex X part C paragraph 1 computed value, and the disaggregated default values in accordance with annex X, part D and E, part actual values calculated according to the methodology in annex X part C can be used in part."

14 paragraph 19 paragraph 3:

"(3) the default values set out in annex X part A and the disaggregated default values for cultivation in accordance with annex X part D apply only when the corresponding precursors 1 outside the European Union are grown or 2nd in the European Union in areas are grown, for the regions on at least the level 2 of the"nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS)"has been proven that the typical greenhouse gas emissions from cultivation of agricultural raw materials more than the default values for cultivation in accordance with annex X part" D meeting or 3 waste or residual materials with the exception of agricultural residues and waste from aquaculture or fishing."

15 paragraph 5 deleted § 19.

16. the text of article 23 is preceded by the sales designation (1); 2 the following paragraph added:

"(2) § 2 Z9, § 2 Z 17-22, § 3 paragraph 1 Z 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 10, sentence 1, § 11 Z 2, article 12, para. 1, § 13 ABS. 6 Z 8, article 19, paragraph 1 and paragraph 3, annex I (1), (2), (3), (5), annex II (1), (2), (3), (5), annex III (1), (2) (3), annex IV, annex VIII, annex X and annex XI in the version of Federal Law Gazette. II come with expiration of the day of the announcement in the Federal Law Gazette No. 259/2014 in" Force."

17. in the annex I (para. 1) the date of "1 January 2009" replaces "1 January 2013" the date.

18. in annex I (para. 2) the designation "ISO standard 4259' by the designation is" ÖNORM EN ISO 4259 "replaced.

19. in annex I (para. 3) the date "1 January 2009" replaced "1 January 2013" with the date.

20. in annex I (paragraph 5) the date of "1 January 2009" replaces "1 January 2013" date.

21. the annex II (para. 1) is as follows:

"(1) the test methods are in ÖNORM EN 228" fuels for motor vehicles - unleaded petrol - requirements and test methods ", issued on January 1, 2013, the procedure referred." "The analysis methods can use if necessary it in ÖNORM EN 228" fuels for motor vehicles - unleaded petrol - requirements and test methods ", issued on 1 January 2013, replacing standards are called if they have proven at least the same level of precision as the replaced methods of analysis."

22. the annex II (para. 2) is as follows:

"The values quoted in the specification are"actual values". Have been applied in the establishment of their limit the provisions of ÖNORM EN ISO 4249 "petroleum products - determination and application of the values for the precision of test methods" by April 1, 2007, and a minimum difference was taken into account in determining a minimum of 2 R above zero (R = reproducibility). The results of individual measurements are evaluated 4259 criteria described by April 1, 2007 based on ÖNORM EN ISO."

23. in the annex, II (paragraph 3) is replaced by the date "1 January 2013" the date "1 January 2009".

24. in the annex, II (paragraph 5) is replaced by the date "1 January 2013" the date "1 January 2009".

25. in annex III (paragraph 1), the date of "may 1, 2010" is replaced by the date "1 December 2013".

26. in annex III (2) the designation "ISO standard 4259' by the designation is" ÖNORM EN ISO 4259 "replaced.


27. in annex III (paragraph 3), the date "1 November 2012" is replaced by the date "1 April 2014".

28 four "Flammpunktk" on "Flammpunktj" changes in line in annex VI; It is changed the "Cetanzahlh, k" on 'Cetanzahlg, j', they are removed from the sixth row in the table concerning the "Coke residue"; It will be the "ÖNORM EN ISO 2719 c, f" "ÖNORM EN ISO 2719c, e" and the "ÖNORM EN ISO 3679c, g" on "ÖNORM EN ISO 3679c, f" changed; in the line total pollution is the "ÖNORM EN 12662i" on "ÖNORM EN 12662 h" changed; the "ÖNORM EN 14108 c, k" on "ÖNORM EN 14108 c, j" is changed in the line "Content of alkaline metals (Na + K)".

29. in annex VI, lit. (a) is replaced the date "1 November 2012" with the date "1 April 2014".

30. in annex VI, lit. (b) is replaced the date "1 November 2012" with the date "1 April 2014".

31. in annex VI, lit. (c) is replaced the date "1 November 2012" with the date "1 April 2014".

32. in annex VI, lit. (d) if the designation "EN ISO 3104" by the term "ÖNORM EN ISO 3104" replaced.

33. lit. (e) in annex VI is: "it's procedure A the ÖNORM EN 14214" fuels for motor vehicles - fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) for diesel engines - requirements and test methods "to apply by April 1st, 2014." It can be used only a flash point apparatus with suitable detector (thermal or ionization detector)."

34. lit. is f) in the annex VI: "a sample of 2 ml and a device with a thermal detector are to use."

35. lit. (g) in annex VI is: "for determining the cetane number may in the event of a dispute also alternative test methods used, provided that they come from a recognised procedure number with valid precision data obtained in accordance with ÖNORM EN ISO 4259"petroleum products - determination and application of the values for the precision of test methods"by April 1, 2007. Used test methods must have at least the precision of the reference procedure. As the test result must have after the alternative test procedures. a demonstrable relation to the outcome of the reference procedure"

36. lit. h) is in annex VI: "the test procedures developed for diesel fuel determination of FAME to analytical problems cause. A procedure more suitable for arbitration is currently at CEN in development. "

37. lit. (i) in annex VI is: "when used as a panel component, table 3 of the ÖNORM EN 14214 is for diesel fuel" fuels for motor vehicles - fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) for diesel engines - requirements and test methods "to use April 1, 2014."

38. lit. (j) in annex VI is: "see Appendix A of the ÖNORM EN 14214" fuels for motor vehicles - fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) for diesel engines - requirements and test methods "by April 1, 2014, for precision information."

39. lit. (k) in annex VI.

40. Annex VIII is: 'annex VIII



Specifications for Superethanol E 85



Table 1 – requirements and test methods for Superethanol E 85



Property



Unit



Limit values



Limit values



Test method a.



Publication



min.



Max.



Density (at 15 ° C)



kg/m3



760,0



800,0



ÖNORM EN ISO 12185



December 1, 1997



Oxidation stability



min



360



-



ÖNORM EN ISO 7536



July 1, 1996



Evaporation residue (washed)



mg / 100ml



-



5



ÖNORM EN ISO 6246



April 1, 1998



Effect of corrosion on copper (3 h at 50 ° C)



Corrosion-grade



Class 1



Class 1



ÖNORM EN ISO 2160



March 1, 1999



Total acid number (expressed as acetic acid)



%(m/m)



-



0.005



ÖNORM EN 15491



December 1, 2007



Electric Leitfähigkeitb



µS/cm



-



1.5



ÖNORM EN 15938



November 1, 2010



Methanol content



% (V/V)



-



1.0



ÖNORM EN 1601



1 September 2012



Higher saturated Mono-alcohols (C3-C5)



% (V/V)



-



6.0



ÖNORM EN 1601



1 September 2012



Ether (5 or more C atoms)



% (V/V)



-



11.0



ÖNORM EN 1601



1 September 2012



Wassergehaltc



% (m/m)



-



0.400



ÖNORM EN 15489

ÖNORM EN 15692



December 1, 2007

July 1, 2009



Inorganic chlorine



mg/kg



-



1.2



ÖNORM EN 15492



March 1, 2012



Kupferc



mg/kg



-



0.10



ÖNORM EN 15488

ÖNORM EN 15837



December 1, 2007

March 1, 2010



Phosphorc



mg/l



-



0.15



ÖNORM EN 15487

ÖNORM EN 15837



December 1, 2007

March 1, 2010



Schwefelc



mg/kg



-



10.0



ÖNORM EN 15485

ÖNORM EN 15486



December 1, 2007

December 1, 2007



Sulphate



mg/kg



-



4.0



ÖNORM EN 15492



March 1, 2012



(a) for all these test methods are 15293:2014 in the event of a dispute that in section 5.7.1 of the ONR CEN / TS "fuel for motor vehicles ―Ethanolkraftstoff (E 85) for motor vehicles — requirements and test methods" to apply from the 1 may 2014 specified procedure.

(b) if the requested limit is exceeded, then should be checked whether corrosion inhibitors affect the conductivity. In such a case, the compliance with the limit value can be certified for the sample if measurements according to EN 15490 or ASTM a pHe value of the sample between 6.5 and 0.9 is determined by D 6423.

(c) in the event of a dispute under 5.7.2. ONR CEN / TS are 15293:2014 "fuel for motor vehicles ―Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) for motor vehicles — requirements and test methods" to apply from the 1 may 2014 specified procedure.



Volatility requirements: from 1 May to 30 September the values of class A (summer goods) are verification to be used.
From 1 November to 28 February (in a leap year to 29 February) the values for class B (winter items) in the review are to be used.
From 1 October to 31 October and from 1 March to 30 April the values of in table 2, being the review to attract, may be the lower limit of the class not lower than A and the upper limits of the class not exceed B.
                            Table 2 - volatility classes and test methods



Properties



Unit



Class A



Class B



Prüfverfahrena)



Procedure



Publication



Ethanol and higher alcohols



% (v/v), min.

% (v/v), max.



70

85



70

85



ÖNORM EN 1601



1 September 2012



Steam pressure



kPa, min

kPa, max.



35.0

60.0



50.0

80.0



ÖNORM EN 13016-1 b)



February 1, 2008 a): for all these test methods are 15293:2014 in the event of a dispute that in section 5.7.1 of the ONR CEN / TS "fuel for motor vehicles ―Ethanolkraftstoff (E 85) for motor vehicles — requirements and test methods" to apply from the 1 may 2014 specified procedure.

              "b): dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) shall be indicated."

41. Annex X is: 'annex X



Rules for the calculation of the contribution of biofuels and fossil fuels to the greenhouse effect A corresponding comparison value. Typical and default values for biofuels in production without net - CO 2-emissions resulting from land-use changes;



Biofuel production pathway



Typical values for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions



Default values for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions



Ethanol from sugar beet



61%



52%



Ethanol from wheat (process fuel not specified)



32%



16%



Ethanol from wheat (lignite as process fuel in CHP plant)



32%



16%



Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in conventional plant)



45%



34%



Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)



53%



47%



Ethanol from wheat (straw as process fuel in CHP plant)



69%



69%



Corn-based ethanol, produced in the Community (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)



56%



49%



Ethanol from sugar cane



71%



71%



Ethyl-Tertiär-Butylether / ETBE), part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



As for ethanol production pathway



Tertiär-Amyl-Ethyl-Ether / TAEE) portion from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



As for ethanol production pathway



Biodiesel from rapeseed



45%



38%



Biodiesel from sunflower



58%



51%



Biodiesel made from soy beans



40%



31%



Biodiesel from Palm oil (process fuel not specified)



36%



19%



Biodiesel from Palm oil (process with at the oil mill)



62%



56%



Biodiesel made from vegetable or animal waste oil (*)



88%



83%



Hydrogenated rapeseed oil



51%



47%



Hydrogenated sunflower oil



65%



62%



Hydrogenated palm oil (process not specified)



40%



26%



Hydrogenated palm oil (process with at the oil mill)



68%



65%



Pure canola oil



58%



57%



Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas



80%



73%



Biogas from manure as compressed natural gas



84%



81%



Biogas from dry manure as compressed natural gas



86%



82%


              (*) With the exception of animal oils of animal by-products, in Regulation (EC) No. 1069/2009 with hygiene requirements for animal by-products not intended for human consumption and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1774/2002, OJ No. 300 from November 14, 2009 p. 1, as last amended by Directive 201/63/EC, OJ No. 276, p. 33 as category 3 material classified by 10.

(B).
Estimates for typical and default values for future biofuels that were in January 2008 not or in negligible quantities on the market in production without net CO2 emissions resulting from land-use change



Biofuel production pathway



Typical values for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions



Default values for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions



Ethanol from wheat straw



87%



85%



Waste wood ethanol



80%



74%



Farmed wood ethanol



76%



70%



Waste wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



95%



95%



Farmed wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



93%



93%



Dimethyl ether (DME) from waste wood



95%



95%



Farmed wood DME



92%



92%



Waste wood methanol



94%



94%



Farmed wood methanol



91%



91%



Methyl tertio butyl-ether (MTBE), part from renewable sources



It's like that of production pathway methanol



It's like that of production pathway methanol



C. methodology 1.
Greenhouse gas emissions in the production and use of fuels, biofuels and bioliquids are calculated as follows: E = eurochinacom + el + ep + etd + eu - esca - eccs - eccr – eee, where E = total emissions during the use of the fuel eurochinacom = emissions from the extraction or cultivation of raw materials;

 

El annualised emissions due to carbon inventory = on the year as a result of land-use changes;

 

EP = emissions from processing;

 

ETD = emissions from transport and distribution;

 

EU = emissions during the use of the fuel;

 

ESCA = emission saving due to accumulation of carbon in the soil as a result of better agricultural management practices;

 

ECCs = emission savings from capture and geological storage of carbon dioxide;

 

eccr              =. Emission savings from capture and substitution of carbon dioxide and eee emission savings = excess electricity from combined heat and power.

 

The emissions associated with the manufacture of plant and equipment are not included.

 

2. the greenhouse gas emissions caused by fuels shall be in gCO2jMJ (grams of CO2 equivalent per megajoule fuel) specified.

 

3. by way of derogation from number 2 values calculated in gCO2eq/MJ can be customized for fuels, to consider differences between fuels in useful work expressed in km/MJ. Such adjustments are allowed only if evidence of the differences in the commercial work are shown.

 

4. the savings achieved through the use of biofuels and bioliquids in greenhouse gas emissions is calculated as follows: saving = (EF - EB) / EF are: EB = total emissions during the use of biofuel or liquid organic fuel;

 

EF = total emissions from the fossil fuel comparator.

 

5. the greenhouse gases taken into account for the purposes referred to in paragraph 1 are CO2, N2O and CH4. To calculate the CO2 equivalence, these gases are weighted as follows: CO2: 1 N2O: 296 CH4: 23 6.
The emissions from the extraction or cultivation of raw materials (eec) include the emissions of the extraction or cultivation process itself, while gathering the raw materials from waste and leakage, as well as in the manufacture of chemicals used for the production or cultivation. The CO2 capture is not included in the cultivation of raw materials. Certified reductions of greenhouse gas emissions from flaring at oil production sites in all parts of the world will be deducted. Alternatively to the actual values estimates can be derived for the growing emissions from the average values, calculated for smaller geographical areas identified in the calculation of the default values.

7. the emissions from carbon changes as a result of changed land use (el) converted on an annual basis are computed by uniform distribution of total emissions over 20 years. These emissions are calculated as follows: el = (CSR – CSA) 3,664 × 1/20 × 1/P - eB(1) are here: el annualised greenhouse gas emissions from carbon inventory = on the year as a result of land use change (measured as mass of CO2-equivalent per unit biofuel energy);

 

CSR = the carbon stock per unit area associated with the reference surface (measured as mass of carbon per unit area, including both soil and vegetation). The land use of the reference area is the land use in January 2008 or 20 years before the production of the raw material, depending on which date is the latest;

 

CSA .der with the actual land use = associated carbon stock per unit area (measured as mass of carbon per unit area, including both soil and vegetation). If the carbon stock for more than a year accumulates, the estimated carbon stock per unit area is considered CSA value after 20 years or at the time of maturity of the plants, depending, which date is the earlier.

 

P = the productivity of the crop (measured as energy of biofuel or liquid organic fuel per unit area per year) and eB = bonus of 29 g CO2eq/MJ biofuel or liquid biofuel if biomass under the conditions referred to in point 8 on restored degraded areas obtained 8.
The bonus of 29 gCO2eq/MJ is granted if the proof is provided that the concerned area a) was used in January 2008 non-agricultural or for any other purpose and b) falls under one of the following two categories: i) severely degraded areas, including the former agricultural land, ii) heavily soiled surfaces.

              The bonus of 29 gCO2eq/MJ is valid for a period of up to 10 years from the date of the conversion of the area into an agricultural area, and soil pollution provided that ensures a continuous increase in the carbon stock and a significant decline in the erosion areas covered by section i on under point ii covered surfaces is reduced.

9 which will number 8 letter of b above categories defined as follows: a) "severely degraded areas" are areas that were either salinated heavily during a longer period of time or that have a low content of organic matter and are eroded.

(b) "heavily soiled areas" are areas that are unsuitable for the cultivation of food and feed as a result of soil pollution.

Include also land the subject of a Commission decision in accordance with article 18 paragraph 4 are under paragraph 4.

 

10. for the purposes of this regulation, the calculation of soil carbon stock is done on the basis of guidelines created by the Commission on the basis of volume 4 of the IPPC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories from the year 2006 for the calculation of the soil carbon stock (Commission decision 2010/335/EC on guidelines for the calculation of the stock of carbon in the soil for the purposes of annex V of to Directive 2009/28/EC , OJ No. L 151 of June 17, 2010 S. 19).

 

11. the emissions processing (ep) include the emissions processing itself, from waste and leakage, as well as in the production of the chemicals used for processing or other products.


              In accounting for the consumption not in the production plant for fuel generated electricity, it is assumed that the greenhouse gas emission intensity of production and distribution is equivalent to this electricity of the average emission intensity of the production and distribution of electricity in a specific region. By way of derogation from this rule shall apply: the producers can use an average value for the electricity produced by a single electricity generation plant, if this is connected to the electricity network.

 

12. the emissions from the transport and distribution (etd) include emissions during the transport and storage of raw and semi-finished materials and for the storage and distribution of finished products. The emissions from the transport and distribution, which are taken into account under point 6, not included in this number.

 

13. the emissions from the use of fuel (eu) be set for biofuels and bioliquids with null.

 

14. the emission savings is limited by capture and geological storage of carbon dioxide (eccs), which was not taken in ep on emissions avoided through the capture and sequestration of emitted CO2 that are immediate with the extraction, transport, processing and distribution of fuel.

 

15. the emission reduction is limited by CO2 capture and substitution (eccr) on the emissions avoided through the capture of CO2 and the carbon originates from biomass and is used instead of declining fossil fuel carbon dioxide for industrial products and services.

 

16. the emission savings from excess electricity from cogeneration (eee) is in relation to the fuel production systems with power-heat coupling, which employ other by-products as crop residues as fuel, considered excess of generated electricity. For the consideration of this electricity surplus, it is assumed that the size of the CHP plant corresponds to the minimum that is required to provide the heat required for the production of fuel. The reduction of greenhouse gas emissions associated with this excess electricity be equated the amount of greenhouse gas would emitted in the production of a corresponding quantity of electricity in a power plant that uses the same fuel as the CHP plant.

 

17 be made where a fuel production process in addition to the fuel for which emissions are calculated, more other products ("co-products"), so the greenhouse gas emissions will be divided between the fuel or its intermediate product and the co-products according to their energy content (which is determined by other by-products as electricity through the lower calorific value).

 

18. for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 17 emissions allocated to are eec + el + the proportions of ep, etd and eee, the up including apply to the procedure, which produces a by-product. In an earlier step of process emissions assigned to by-products, so the fraction of these emissions is used for this purpose instead of the total emissions allocated to intermediate products in the last process step the.

              In the case of biofuels and Bioliquids all by-products, including electricity falling under paragraph 16, for the purposes of the calculation are taken into account, except for agricultural crop residues, including straw, bagasse, husks, cobs and nut shells. For the purposes of the calculation, the energy content shall be determined by by-products containing negative energy to zero.

              The life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from waste, crop residues, including straw, bagasse, pods, corn cobs and nut shells production residues including raw glycerol (not refined glycerine) be applied to the collection of these materials to zero.

              Fuels produced in refineries, the unit of analysis for the purposes of the calculation is the refinery to number 17.

 

19. for biofuels, the fossil comparison size EF the last available actual average reported in accordance with Directive 98/70/EC the emissions from the fossil petrol and is diesel fuel consumption for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 4 in the community. These data are not available, is the value to use 83.8 gCO2eq/MJ.

              For bioliquids used for electricity generation, the comparison value of fossil fuels EF is 91 gCO2eq/MJ for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 4.

              For bioliquids used for heat production, the comparison value of fossil fuels EF is 77 gCO2eq/MJ for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 4.

              For bioliquids used for the CHP, the comparison value of fossil fuels EF is 85 gCO2eq/MJ for the purposes of the calculation pursuant to paragraph 4.

D. disaggregated default values for biofuels and bioliquids disaggregated default values for cultivation: 'eec' as defined in part C of this annex



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse

Gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from sugar beet



12



12



Ethanol from wheat



23



23



Corn-based ethanol, produced in the community



20



20



Ethanol from sugar cane



14



14



ETBE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



TAEE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



Biodiesel from rapeseed



29



29



Biodiesel from sunflower



18



18



Biodiesel made from soy beans



19



19



Biodiesel from Palm oil



14



14



Biodiesel made from vegetable or animal (*) waste oil



0



0



Hydrogenated rapeseed oil



30



30



Hydrogenated sunflower oil



18



18



Hydrogenated palm oil



15



15



Pure canola oil



30



30



Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas



0



0



Biogas from manure as compressed natural gas



0



0



Biogas from dry manure as compressed natural gas



0



0 (*) with the exception of animal oils of animal by-products, which are classified in Regulation (EC) no 1069/2009 as category 3 material.
              Disaggregated default values for the processing (including excess electricity): 'ep - eee' as defined in part C of this annex



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels



Typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse gas

emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from sugar beet



19



26



Ethanol from wheat (process fuel not specified)



32



45



Ethanol from wheat (lignite as process fuel in CHP plant)



32



45



Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in conventional plant)



21



30



Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)



14



19



Ethanol from wheat (straw as process fuel in CHP plant)



1



1



Corn-based ethanol, produced in the Community (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)



15



21



Ethanol from sugar cane



1



1



ETBE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



TAEE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



Biodiesel from rapeseed



16



22



Biodiesel from sunflower



16



22



Biodiesel made from soy beans



18



26



Biodiesel from Palm oil (process fuel not specified)



35



49



Biodiesel from Palm oil (process with at the oil mill)



13



18



Biodiesel made from vegetable or animal waste oil



9



13



Hydrogenated rapeseed oil



10



13



Hydrogenated sunflower oil



10



13



Hydrogenated palm oil (process not specified)



30



42



Hydrogenated palm oil (process with at the oil mill)



7



9



Pure canola oil



4



5



Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas



14



20



Biogas from manure as compressed natural gas



8



11



Biogas from dry manure as compressed natural gas



8



11 disaggregated default values for transport and distribution: 'etd' as defined in part C of this annex



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels



Typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from sugar beet



2



2



Ethanol from wheat



2



2



Corn-based ethanol, produced in the community



2



2



Ethanol from sugar cane



9



9



ETBE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



TAEE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



Biodiesel from rapeseed



1



1



Biodiesel from sunflower



1



1



Biodiesel made from soy beans



13



13



Biodiesel from Palm oil



5



5



Biodiesel made from vegetable or animal waste oil



1



1



Hydrogenated rapeseed oil



1



1



Hydrogenated sunflower oil



1



1



Hydrogenated palm oil



5



5



Pure canola oil



1



1




Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas



3



3



Biogas from manure as compressed natural gas



5



5



Biogas from dry manure as compressed natural gas



4



4 total for cultivation, processing, transportation and distribution



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels



Typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse gas

emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from sugar beet



33



40



Ethanol from wheat (process fuel not specified)



57



70



Ethanol from wheat (lignite as process fuel in CHP plant)



57



70



Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in conventional plant)



46



55



Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)



39



44



Ethanol from wheat (straw as process fuel in CHP plant)



26



26



Corn-based ethanol, produced in the Community (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)



37



43



Ethanol from sugar cane



24



24



ETBE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



TAEE, part from renewable sources



As for ethanol production pathway



Biodiesel from rapeseed



46



52



Biodiesel from sunflower



35



41



Biodiesel made from soy beans



50



58



Biodiesel from Palm oil (process fuel not specified)



54



68



Biodiesel from Palm oil (process with at the oil mill)



32



37



Biodiesel made from vegetable or animal waste oil



10



14



Hydrogenated rapeseed oil



41



44



Hydrogenated sunflower oil



29



32



Hydrogenated palm oil (process not specified)



50



62



Hydrogenated palm oil (process with at the oil mill)



27



29



Pure canola oil



35



36



Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas



17



23



Biogas from manure as compressed natural gas



13



16



Biogas from dry manure as compressed natural gas



12



15 E. estimated disaggregated default values for future biofuels and bioliquids that in January 2008 not or in negligible quantities on the market were disaggregated default values for cultivation: 'eec' as defined in part C of this annex



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels



Typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from wheat straw



3



3



Wood ethanol



1



1



Farmed wood ethanol



6



6



Waste wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



1



1



Farmed wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



4



4



Waste wood DME



1



1



Farmed wood DME



5



5



Waste wood methanol



1



1



Farmed wood methanol



5



5



MTBE, part from renewable sources



It's like that of production pathway methanol



Disaggregated default values for the processing (including excess electricity): 'ep - eee' as defined in part C of this annex



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels



Typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse gas

emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from wheat straw



5



7



Wood ethanol



12



17



Wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



0



0



DME from wood



0



0



Wood methanol



0



0



MTBE, part from renewable sources



It's like that of production pathway methanol



Disaggregated default values for transport and distribution: 'etd' as defined in part C of this annex



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels



Typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from wheat straw



2



2



Waste wood ethanol



4



4



Farmed wood ethanol



2



2



Waste wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



3



3



Farmed wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



2



2



Waste wood DME



4



4



Farmed wood DME



2



2



Waste wood methanol



4



4



Farmed wood methanol



2



2



MTBE, part from renewable sources



It's like that of production pathway methanol



Total for cultivation, processing, transportation and distribution



Production pathway of bio fuels and liquid biofuels



Typical greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Default greenhouse gas

emissions

(gCO2eq/MJ)



Ethanol from wheat straw



11



13



Waste wood ethanol



17



22



Farmed wood ethanol



20



25



Waste wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



4



4



Farmed wood Fischer-Tropsch diesel



6



6



Waste wood DME



5



5



Farmed wood DME



7



7



Waste wood methanol



5



5



Farmed wood methanol



7



7



MTBE, part from renewable sources



As for methanol production pathway"



42. Annex X annex XI is added:

Primary forest and other wooded land, i.e. forest and other wooded land with native species " , where there are no clearly visible indications of human activity and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed;

2.) following designated land, unless it is demonstrated that the extraction of the raw material did not interfere with these conservation purposes;

a) area by regulations or by the competent authority designated for nature protection purposes, b) areas for the protection of rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems or species that are recognized in international conventions or in the intergovernmental organizations or the International Union for the conservation of nature listed, subject to their recognition in accordance with the procedure of laid down in article 18 paragraph 4 subparagraph 2 of Directive 2009/28/EC.

3.) grassland with great biological diversity, that is to say: a) natural grassland that would remain grassland without intervention by humans and which natural species composition and ecological characteristics and processes are intact, or b) artificially created green land, that is to say grassland that would remain no grassland without intervention by humans and which is species-rich and not degraded, unless it is demonstrated that the harvesting of raw materials to maintain the grassland status is required.

4.) land with high stocks of carbon, which had one of the following statuses in January 2008, but no longer have that status. This paragraph shall not apply if at the time of harvesting of the raw material for the production of bio-fuels, the surfaces had equal status as in January 2008: a) wetland areas, i.e. areas that are constantly or for a significant part of the year is covered by water or saturated.

(b) continuously forested areas, i.e., areas of more than one hectare over five metres tall trees with a canopy cover of more than 30%, or trees, which can reach these values on the site;

(c) areas of more than one hectare with about five meters high trees and a canopy cover of 10 to 30%, or trees that can reach these values on the site, if not detected that the area has such a carbon stock before and after the conversion, that using the method described in annex X part C which would be fulfilled conditions mentioned in article 12, paragraph 3."

Raj