Fuel Regulation 2012

Original Language Title: Änderung der Kraftstoffverordnung 2012

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259. Regulation of the Federal Minister for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management, with which the Fuel Regulation 2012 will be amended

On the basis of § § 11 (3) and (26a) (2) (2) of c and para. 3a of the Kraftfahrgesetz 1967, BGBl. No. 267, as last amended by the Federal Law BGBl. I n ° 26/2014, is assigned in agreement with the Federal Minister for Science, Research and Economics, the Federal Minister for Health and the Federal Minister for Transport, Innovation and Technology:

1. § 2 Z 9 lit. k is:

" k)

"Superethanol E 85" are in a tax warehouse pursuant to Section 25 (2) of the Mineral Oil Tax Act 1995, BGBl. No. 630/1994, in the version of the Federal Law BGBl. I No 112/2012, mixtures containing at least 70% bioethanol and not more than 85% v/v. '

2. § 2 Z 17-to 22 reads:

" 17.

"Actual value" means the saving of greenhouse gas emissions in some or all of the steps of a special biofuel production process, calculated in accordance with the method set out in Annex X, Part C.

18.

"Typical value" is the estimate of the representative savings in greenhouse gas emissions from a given biofuel production route.

19.

"Default value" is the value derived from a typical value by applying pre-determined factors, which can be used in place of an actual value under the conditions specified in § 19.

20.

"Certification systems" are structures that can ensure and verify the fulfilment of the requirements for compliance with the sustainability criteria, both in terms of content and organization.

21.

"control body" means an independent body in a third country which has received a certificate of professional competence and authorisation as a control body from the national accreditation body in that third country in order to carry out certain control tasks performing.

22.

"Operating condition" means a defined set of variables for a production process of biofuels, which is introduced by the companies within the framework of the registration process, and in particular the type of energy supply to the production plant, the the raw material used as well as plant and process-specific parameters such as energy consumption and energy and material flows. An operation can define several operating states within the scope of the registration. "

3. In § 3 (1) Z 1, the date shall be: " 1. Jänner 2009 " by the date " 1. Jänner 2013 " replaced.

4. § 3 para. 1 Z 2 reads:

" 2.

Petrol with a bioethanol content of not more than 10% v/v to the specifications set out in Annex II and to ÖNORM EN 228 "Fuel for motor vehicles-Unleaded petrol-requirements and test procedures" of 1. Jänner 2013; "

5. In § 3 (1) Z 3, the date shall be: "1 May 2010" by the date "1. December 2013" replaced.

6. In § 3 (1) Z 6, the date shall be: "1. November 2012" by the date "1. April 2014" replaced.

7. § 3 (1) Z 8 reads:

" 8.

Superethanol E 85 fuel the specifications in accordance with Annex VIII and ÖNORM C 1114 "fuels for motor vehicles-gasoline superethanol E 85-requirements and testing procedures" of 1 July 2007 shall be valid until 30 April 2014. The ONR CEN/TS 15293:2014 "Fuel for motor vehicles-ethanol fuel (E 85) for motor vehicles-requirements and testing procedures" shall apply from 1 May 2014. "

8. § 10 First sentence reads:

" Undertakings producing biofuels which are to be credited to the objectives in accordance with § § 5 and 7 shall be obliged to provide full proof of compliance with the sustainability criteria by the use of a Mass balance systems to be guaranteed. "

9. § 11 Z 2 reads:

" 2.

The amount of electricity produced from renewable energy sources for road vehicles can only be credited if at least the greenhouse gas reduction quotas referred to in Article 12 (3) are reached. "

10. § 11 Z 3 is deleted.

11. § 12 (1) reads:

" (1) The sustainability criteria set out in Annex XI shall be applied to the starting materials of biofuels to be credited to the fulfilment of the substitution obligations pursuant to § 5 and the greenhouse gas reduction obligations pursuant to § 7. "

12. § 13 (6) Z 8 reads:

" 8.

Information on

a)

Species, quantity, year of harvest and growing countries or the countries of origin of the starting materials used,

b)

Life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions in grams of CO 2 -Equivalent per megajoule biofuel (g CO 2 eq/MJ) in the form of a standard value or an actual value,

c)

for biofuels not listed in Annex IX, the energy content in megajoules,

d)

the name and address of the purchaser of the biofuels,

e)

Emissions from carbon stock changes as a result of changes in land use as set out in Annex X, Part C Z 7: e I less than or equal to zero,

f)

an indication as to whether the bonus referred to in Annex X, Part C Z 7 and 8, has been claimed in the calculation of greenhouse gas emissions in accordance with Annex X, Part C Z 1;

g)

Information as to whether the emission savings factor referred to in Annex X, Part C, Z 1, has been claimed by the accumulation of carbon in the soil as a result of better agricultural management practices, and "

13. § 19 (1) reads:

" (1) The savings achieved by the use of biofuels for life cycle greenhouse gas emissions are calculated

1.

using a default value if

a)

is defined in accordance with Annex X, Part A, or part B, for greenhouse gas emission savings for the production route; and

b)

the value for these biofuels, calculated in accordance with Annex X, point 7, is less than or equal to zero;

2.

use of an actual value calculated in accordance with the methodology set out in Annex X, Part C, or

3.

by using a value calculated as the sum of the factors referred to in the formula in Annex X, Part C, point 1, in part the disaggregated default values as set out in Annex X, Part D and E, in part the disaggregated default values in Part C of Annex X calculated actual values can be used. "

14. § 19 (3) reads:

" (3) The default values set out in Annex X, Part A and the disaggregated default values for cultivation in accordance with Annex X, Part D shall apply only if the relevant starting materials are:

1.

be grown outside the European Union, or

2.

in the European Union in areas where, for regions at least level 2 of the "Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS)", the typical greenhouse gas emissions from the cultivation of of agricultural starting materials shall be at most equal to the standard values for cultivation in accordance with Annex X, Part D, or

3.

wastes or residues other than agricultural residues and residual substances from aquaculture or fisheries. '

15. § 19 (5) deleted.

16. The text of § 23 will be the sales designation "(1)" , the following paragraph 2 is added:

" (2) § 2 Z9, § 2 Z 17-22, § 3 paragraph 1 Z 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, § 10 sentence 1, § 11 Z 2, § 12 para. 1, § 13 paragraph 6 Z 8, § 19 para. 1 and paragraph 3, annex I (1), (2), (3), (5), annex II (1), (2), (3), (5), annex III (1), (2) (3), annex IV, annex VIII, annex X and Annex XI, as amended by the BGBl. II No. 259/2014 shall enter into force at the end of the day of the customer's presentation in the Federal Law Gazans. "

(17) Annex I (paragraph 1) 1) the date " 1. Jänner 2009 " by the date " 1. Jänner 2013 " replaced.

Annex I (par. 2) the designation shall be: "ISO-NORM 4259" by the name "ÖNORM EN ISO 4259" replaced.

(19) Annex I (paragraph 1) 3) will be the date " 1. Jänner 2009 " by the date " 1. Jänner 2013 " replaced.

(20) Annex I (par. 5) will be the date " 1. Jänner 2009 " by the date " 1. Jänner 2013 " replaced.

(21) Annex II (para. 1) is:

"(1) The test procedures are those in ÖNORM EN 228" fuels for motor vehicles-unleaded petrol fuels-requirements and test procedures ", issued on 1 January 2008. Jänner 2013. It is possible, where appropriate, to use the analytical methods used in ÖNORM EN 228 "Motor vehicles-Unleaded petrol fuels-requirements and test methods", issued on 1 January 2008. Jänner 2013 shall be replaced by standards which have been replaced if it has been shown to have at least the same level of accuracy as the analytical methods they replaced. "

22. Annex II (paragraph 1) 2) is:

"The values specified in the specification are" actual values ". When setting their limit values, the provisions of the ÖNORM EN ISO 4249 "Petroleum products-Determination and application of the precision of test methods" of 1 April 2007 were applied, and in determining a minimum value A minimum difference of 2 R above zero has been taken into account (R= reproducibility). The results of the individual measurements shall be evaluated on the basis of the criteria described in ÖNORM EN ISO 4259 of 1 April 2007. "

Annex II (paragraph 1) 3) will be the date " 1. Jänner 2009 " by the date " 1. Jänner 2013 " replaced.

(24) In Annex II (para. 5) will be the date " 1. Jänner 2009 " by the date " 1. Jänner 2013 " replaced.

Annex III (paragraph 1) 1) the date "1 May 2010" by the date "1. December 2013" replaced.

Annex III (paragraph 1) 2) the designation shall be: "ISO-NORM 4259" by the name "ÖNORM EN ISO 4259" replaced.

27. In Annex III (paragraph 1) 3) will be the date "1. November 2012" by the date "1. April 2014" replaced.

28. In Annex VI, row four " flashpoint K " on " flashpoint Y " change; it will be the " cetane number h, k " on " cetane number g,, j " , the sixth line in the table relating to the "Koksrückstand" it will remove the " ÖNORM EN ISO 2719 c, f " on " ÖNORM EN ISO 2719 c, e " and the " ÖNORM EN ISO 3679 c, g " on " ÖNORM EN ISO 3679 c, f " ; in the total pollution line, the " ÖNORM EN 12662 I " on " ÖNORM EN 12662 h " changed; on the line "Content of alkali metals (Na + K)" the " ÖNORM EN 14108 c, k " on " ÖNORM EN 14108 c, j " changed.

29. In Annex VI, lit. (a) the date "1. November 2012" by the date "1. April 2014" replaced.

30. In Annex VI lit. (b) the date "1. November 2012" by the date "1. April 2014" replaced.

31. In Annex VI, lit. (c) the date "1. November 2012" by the date "1. April 2014" replaced.

32. In Annex VI, lit. (d) the name "EN ISO 3104" by the name "ÖNORM EN ISO 3104" replaced.

33. Lit. (e) in Annex VI: "It is procedure A of the ÖNORM EN 14214" fuels for motor vehicles-fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) for diesel engines-requirements and testing procedures " of 1 April 2014 to be applied. Only one flashpoint apparatus with a suitable detector (thermal or ionisation detector) may be used. "

34. Lit. (f) in Annex VI: "A 2 ml sample and an apparatus with a thermal detector are to be used."

35. Lit. (g) in Annex VI: " For the determination of the cetane number, alternative testing methods may also be used in the event of a dispute, provided that they come from a recognized series of proceedings with valid precision specifications, which are in accordance with ÖNORM EN ISO 4259 "Mineral oil products-Determination and application of the precision of test methods" of 1 April 2007. Test methods used must have at least the precision of the reference method. In the same way, the test result must have a demonstrable relation to the result of the reference procedure in accordance with the alternative test procedure. "

36. Lit. (h) in Annex VI: " The test procedure developed for diesel fuel can lead to analytical problems in the determination of FAME. A test procedure which is more suitable for arbitration is currently under development at CEN. "

37. Lit. (i) in Annex VI: "When used as a blend component, the ÖNORM EN 14214" Fuel for motor vehicle-fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for diesel engines-requirements and test procedures "of 1 April 2014 shall be used for diesel fuel."

38. Lit. (j) in Annex VI: "See Annex A of the ÖNORM EN 14214" fuels for motor vehicles-fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) for diesel engines-requirements and testing procedures " of 1 April 2014, for precision specifications.

39. Lit. (k) in Annex VI.

Annex VIII is:

" Annex VIII

Fuel specifications for Superethanol E 85

Table 1-Requirements and test methods for superethanol E 85

Property

Device

Grenz values

Grenz values

Test method A

Publication

Min

max.

Density (at 15 °C)

kg/m 3

760.0

800.0

ÖNORM EN ISO 12185

1 December 1997

Oxidation stability

min

360

-

ÖNORM EN ISO 7536

1 July 1996

Evaporation residue (washed)

mg/100ml

-

5

ÖNORM EN ISO 6246

1 April 1998

Corrosion effect on copper (3h at 50 °C)

Degree of corrosion

Class 1

Class 1

ONORM EN ISO 2160

1 March 1999

Total acid number (indicated as acetic acid)

% (m/m)

-

0.005

ÖNORM EN 15491

1 December 2007

electrical conductivity B

µ S/cm

-

1.5

ÖNORM EN 15938

1 November 2010

Methanol content

% (V/V)

-

1.0

ÖNORM EN 1601

1 September 2012

Higher saturated monoalcohols (C3-C5)

% (V/V)

-

6.0

ÖNORM EN 1601

1 September 2012

Ethers (5 or more C atoms)

% (V/V)

-

11.0

ÖNORM EN 1601

1 September 2012

Water content C

% (m/m)

-

0.400

ÖNORM EN 15489

ÖNORM EN 15692

1 December 2007

1 July 2009

Inorganic chlorine

mg/kg

-

1.2

ÖNORM EN 15492

1 March 2012

Copper C

mg/kg

-

0.10

ÖNORM EN 15488

ÖNORM EN 15837

1 December 2007

1 March 2010

Phosphorus C

mg/l

-

0.15

ÖNORM EN 15487

ÖNORM EN 15837

1 December 2007

1 March 2010

Sulphur C

mg/kg

-

10.0

ÖNORM EN 15485

ÖNORM EN 15486

1 December 2007

1 December 2007

Sulphate

mg/kg

-

4.0

ÖNORM EN 15492

1 March 2012

a) For all the above test methods, the procedures referred to in Section 5.7.1 of the ONR CEN/TS 15293:2014 "Fuel for motor vehicles -ethanol fuel (E 85) for motor vehicles-requirements and test procedures" of 1 May 2014 in the event of a dispute shall be the procedures specified in Section 5.7.1 of the ONR ,

b) If the required limit value is exceeded, it is to be checked whether corrosion inhibitors have influenced the conductivity. In such a case, the test sample can be certified to comply with the limit value if a pHe value of the sample between 6.5 and 0.9 is determined by measurements according to EN 15490 or ASTM D 6423.

c) In the event of a dispute, the following are under 5.7.2. ONR CEN/TS 15293:2014 "Fuel for motor vehicles -ethanol fuel (E85) for motor vehicles-requirements and testing procedures" of 1 May 2014.

Volatility requirements:

From From 1 May to 30 September, the values of Class A (Sommerware) shall be used in the review.

From 1 November to 28 February (in a leap year to 29 February), the values for Class B (Winterware) shall be used in the review.

1. October to 31. The values of Table 2 shall be used during the review from 1 March to 30 April and the lower limits of Class A shall not be undershot and the upper limits of Class B shall not be exceeded.

Table 2-volatility classes and test methods

Properties

Device

Class A

Class B

Test method a)

Procedure

Publication

Ethanol and higher alcohols

% (v/v), min.

% (v/v), max.

70

85

70

85

ÖNORM EN 1601

1 September 2012

Vapour pressure

kPa, min

kPa, max.

35.0

60.0

50.0

80.0

ÖNORM EN 13016-1 b)

1 February 2008

a): For all the above-mentioned test methods, those in dispute are those in section 5.7.1 of the ONR CEN/TS 15293:2014 " Fuel for motor vehicles -ethanol fuel (E 85) for motor vehicles-requirements and testing procedures " of 1 May 2014.

(b) Dry Vapour Pressure Equivalent (DVPE) shall be indicated. "

41. Annex X is:

" Annex X

Rules for the calculation of the contribution of biofuels and the corresponding comparison value for fossil fuels to the greenhouse effect

A. Typical values and default values for biofuels in production without net

-

CO 2 emissions as a result of changes in land use;

Biofuel production route

Typical values for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

Default values for reducing greenhouse gas emissions

Ethanol from sugar beet

61%

52%

Ethanol from wheat (process fuel not specified)

32%

16%

Ethanol from wheat (lignite as process fuel in CHP plant)

32%

16%

Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in conventional plant)

45%

34%

Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)

53%

47%

Ethanol from wheat (straw as process fuel in CHP plant)

69%

69%

Ethanol from maize produced in the Community (natural gas as a process fuel in CHP plant)

56%

49%

Ethanol from sugar cane

71%

71%

Ethyl-Tertiar-Butylether/ETBE), share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

As in the production route for ethanol

Tertiary-Amyl-ethyl-ether/TAEE) Share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

As in the production route for ethanol

Biodiesel from rapeseed

45%

38%

Biodiesel from sunflower

58%

51%

Biodiesel from soybeans

40%

31%

Biodiesel from Palmöl (process fuel not specified)

36%

19%

Biodiesel from palm oil (processing with methane binding at the oil mill)

62%

56%

Biodiesel from vegetable or animal waste oil (*)

88%

83%

Hydrogenated rapeseed oil

51%

47%

Hydrogenated sunflower oil

65%

62%

Hydrated palm oil (process not specified)

40%

26%

Hydrogenated palm oil (processing with methane binding at the oil mill)

68%

65%

Pure rapeseed oil

58%

57%

Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas

80%

73%

Biogas from liquid manure as compressed natural gas

84%

81%

Biogas from dry mist as compressed natural gas

86%

82%

(*) With the exception of animal oils derived from animal by-products, which are included in the Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009 laying down health rules for non-human consumption animal by-products and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1774/2002, OJ L 327, 31.12.2002, p. No. 300 of 14 November 2009 p. 1, as last amended by Directive 201 /63/EU, OJ L 201, 31.7.201, p No 276 of 20.10.2010 33 are classified as Category 3 material.

B.

Estimated typical values and default values for future biofuels, which were not available on the market in January 2008, or only in negligible quantities, in the case of production without net CO 2 -Emission as a result of changes in land use

Biofuel production route

Typical values for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

Default values for reducing greenhouse gas emissions

Ethanol from Weizenstroh

87%

85%

Ethanol from waste wood

80%

74%

Ethanol from cultivated wood

76%

70%

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from waste wood

95%

95%

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from Kulturholz

93%

93%

Dimethyl ether (DME) from waste wood

95%

95%

DME from Kulturholz

92%

92%

Methanol from waste wood

94%

94%

Methanol from cultivated wood

91%

91%

Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), share from renewable sources

As in the production route for methanol

As in the production route for methanol

C. Methodology

1.

Greenhouse gas emissions in the production and use of fuels, biofuels and bioliquids shall be calculated as follows:

E = e ec + e I + e p + e td + e u -e sca -e ccs -e ccr -e ee ,

Where

E = total emissions when using the fuel

e ec = emissions from the extraction or cultivation of raw materials;

e I = emissions converted to the year due to changes in carbon stocks as a result of changes in land use;

e p = emissions during processing;

e td = emissions from transport and distribution;

e u = emissions in the use of fuel;

e sca = emission saving by accumulation of carbon in the soil as a result of better agricultural management practices;

e ccs = emission savings through deposition and geological storage of carbon dioxide;

e ccr = .Emission savings through capture and replacement of carbon dioxide and

e ee = emission saving due to excess electricity from combined heat and power.

The emissions associated with the production of installations and equipment shall not be taken into account.

2.

Greenhouse gas emissions E caused by fuels will be in gCO 2 jMJ (grams of CO 2 -equivalent per megajoule of fuel).

3.

By way of derogation from point 2, fuels which may be used in gCO 2eq /MJ shall be adjusted in such a way as to take account of differences between fuels in the work carried out in the km/MJ operation. Such adjustments shall be permitted only if evidence is given of the differences in the useful work performed.

4.

The savings in greenhouse gas emissions achieved through the use of biofuels and bioliquids is calculated as follows:

SAVINGS = (E F -E B ) /E F

where:

E B = total emissions from the use of biofuel or bioliquids;

E F = total emissions of the comparator for fossil fuels.

5.

The greenhouse gases taken into account for the purposes referred to in point 1 shall be CO 2 , N2 O and CH 4 . For the calculation of CO 2 -Equivalence shall be weighted as follows:

CO 2 : 1

N 2 O: 296

CH 4 : 23

6.

The emissions from extraction or cultivation of raw materials (e ec ) include the emissions of the profit or cultivation process itself, the collection of raw materials, waste and leaks, and the production of the chemicals used for extraction or cultivation. The CO 2 -Binding on the cultivation of raw materials is not taken into account. Certified reductions of greenhouse gas emissions from the flare to oil production sites in all parts of the world are deducted. As an alternative to the actual values, estimates can be derived from the averages calculated for smaller than the geographical areas used in the calculation of the default values for the cultivation of the crop.

7.

The annual emissions from carbon stock changes due to changes in land use (e I ) shall be calculated by uniform distribution of the total emissions over 20 years. These emissions shall be calculated as follows:

e I = (CS R -CS A ) × 3,664 × 1/20 × 1/P-eB ( 1 )

where:

e I = greenhouse gas emissions from carbon stock changes due to changes in land use changes due to changes in land use (measured as Mass of CO 2 -equivalent per biofuel energy unit);

CS R = the carbon stock per unit area connected to the reference surface (measured as mass of carbon per unit area including soil and vegetation). Land use of the reference areas is land use in January 2008 or 20 years prior to the production of the raw material, whichever is the later;

CS A = .the carbon stock associated with the actual land use per Surface unit (measured as mass of carbon per unit area including soil and vegetation). If the carbon stock is over more than one year, accumulates, is considered to be CS A value of the estimated carbon stock per unit area after 20 years or at the time of ripening of the plants, whichever is the the date of the previous one;

P = plant productivity (measured as the energy of the biofuel or liquid biofuel per unit per unit per unit per unit of unit per year); and

e B = Bonus of 29 g CO 2eq /MJ Biofuel or liquid biofuel if the biomass is recovered on degraded land under the conditions set out in point 8

8.

The bonus of 29 gCO 2eq /MJ shall be granted if the proof is furnished that the area concerned

a)

was not used for agricultural purposes or for any other purpose in January 2008, and

b)

in one of the following two categories:

i)

Heavily degraded land, including earlier agricultural land,

ii)

heavily polluted areas.

The bonus of 29 gCO 2eq /MJ shall apply for a period of up to 10 years from the date of the conversion of the area into an agricultural area, provided that there is a continuous increase in the carbon stock and a significant decrease in erosion on the basis of point (i) shall be guaranteed and soil pollution is reduced to areas referred to in point (ii).

9.

The categories referred to in point 8 (b) shall be defined as follows:

a)

"heavily degraded areas" means areas which have either been largely salted during a longer period or which have a particularly low content of organic substances and are strongly eroded;

b)

"heavily polluted areas" means areas which are unsuitable for the cultivation of food and feed due to soil pollution.

This shall include areas which are the subject of a decision of the Commission in accordance with the fourth subparagraph of Article 18 (4).

10.

For the purposes of this Regulation, the calculation of the soil carbon stock shall be carried out on the basis of the guidelines for the guidelines drawn up by the Commission on the basis of Volume 4 of the IPPC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories of 2006. Calculation of the soil carbon stock (Commission Decision 2010 /335/EU on guidelines for the calculation of the carbon stock in the soil for the purposes of Annex V to Directive 2009 /28/EC, OJ L 175, 5.7.2009, p. No. OJ L 151, 17.06.2010 p.19).

11.

The emissions during processing (e p ) include emissions from processing itself, from waste and leaks, as well as in the manufacture of chemicals or other products used for processing.

When taking into account the consumption of electricity not produced in the fuel production plant, it is assumed that the greenhouse gas emission intensity in the production and distribution of this electricity is the average. Emission intensity in the production and distribution of electricity in a given region. By way of derogation from this rule, producers may use an average value for electricity produced by a single electricity generation plant, if this system is not connected to the electricity grid.

12.

The emissions from transport and distribution (e td ) shall include the emissions arising from the transport and storage of raw materials and semi-finished products, as well as in the storage and distribution of finished products. Emissions from transport and distribution, which shall be taken into account in point 6, shall not be covered by this number.

13.

The emissions of fuel use (e u ) shall be set at zero for biofuels and bioliquids.

14.

The emission savings through deposition and geological storage of carbon dioxide (eccs), which has not already been taken into account in ep, will be based on the carbon capture and sequestration of emitted CO 2 Emissions avoided directly linked to the extraction, transport, processing and distribution of fuel.

15.

Emission saving by CO 2 -deposition and replacement (e ccr ) shall be limited to the separation of CO 2 the carbon derived from biomass and the use of carbon dioxide for commercial products and services instead of the fossil fuel.

16.

The emission savings from excess electricity from combined heat and power (CHD) ee ) shall be taken into account in relation to the electricity surplus generated by fuel-producing systems with combined heat and power, which use as fuel other by-products as crop residues. In order to take account of this electricity surplus, it is assumed that the size of the cogeneration plant corresponds to the minimum size required to supply the heat required for the production of fuel. The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions associated with this excess electricity shall be equated to the amount of greenhouse gas emitted in the production of a corresponding amount of electricity in a power station which is the same as the Fuel uses as the CHP plant.

17.

In the case of a fuel-production process, in addition to the fuel for which the emissions are calculated, other products ("by-products") , the greenhouse gas emissions shall be produced between the fuel or its intermediate product and the by-products, in accordance with their energy content (for other by-products as electricity by the lower calorific value) ).

18.

For the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 17, the emissions of eec + el + to be divided shall be the shares of ep, etd and eee, which shall be obtained up to and including the procedural step in which a secondary product is produced. If, in an earlier process step, by-products have been assigned emissions, the fraction of these emissions shall be used for this purpose instead of the total emissions, which shall be assigned to the intermediate product in the last step of the process.

In the case of biofuels and liquid fuels, all by-products, including electricity not falling under point 16, shall be taken into account for the purposes of the calculation, with the exception of crop residues such as straw, bagasse, Sleeves, corn cobs and nut shells. For the purposes of the calculation, the energy content of by-products with a negative energy content shall be set at zero.

The life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of waste, crop residues such as straw, bagasse, husks, corn cobs and nut shells, as well as production residues including crude glycerine (not refined glycerine) will be used up to the collection of these materials. set to zero.

In the case of fuels manufactured in refineries, the unit of analysis shall be the refinery for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 17.

19.

In the case of biofuels, for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 4, the fossil reference size EF of the last available actual average of emissions from fossil petrol and diesel fuel consumption as reported in accordance with Directive 98 /70/EC shall be: of the Community. If these data are not available, the value shall be 83,8 gCO 2eq /MJ.

In the case of bioliquids used for the production of electricity, the reference value for fossil fuels for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 4 is EF 91 gCO 2eq /MJ.

In the case of bioliquids used for the production of heat, the reference value for fossil fuels for the purposes of the calculation referred to in point 4 is EF 77 gCO 2eq /MJ.

In the case of bioliquids used for cogeneration, the reference value for fossil fuels for the purposes of the calculation referred to in paragraph 4 is EF 85 gCO 2eq /MJ.

D. Disaggregated defaults for biofuels and bioliquids

Disaggregated Default values for cultivation: " e ec " as defined in Part C of this Annex

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Default Tfriction House-

Gas emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from sugar beet

12

12

Ethanol from wheat

23

23

Ethanol produced from maize, produced in the Community

20

20

Ethanol from sugar cane

14

14

ETBE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

TAEE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

Biodiesel from rapeseed

29

29

Biodiesel from sunflower

18

18

Biodiesel from soybeans

19

19

Biodiesel from Palmöl

14

14

Biodiesel from vegetable or animal (*) waste oil

0

0

Hydrogenated rapeseed oil

30

30

Hydrogenated sunflower oil

18

18

Hydrogenated palm oil

15

15

Pure rapeseed oil

30

30

Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas

0

0

Biogas from liquid manure as compressed natural gas

0

0

Biogas from dry mist as compressed natural gas

0

0

(*) With the exception of animal oils derived from animal by-products, which are classified in Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009 as Category 3 material.

Disaggregated Default values for processing (including Electricity surpluses): " e p -e ee " as defined in Part C of this Annex

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Default propellant gas-

emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from sugar beet

19

26

Ethanol from wheat (process fuel not specified)

32

45

Ethanol from wheat (lignite as process fuel in CHP plant)

32

45

Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in conventional plant)

21

30

Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)

14

19

Ethanol from wheat (straw as process fuel in CHP plant)

1

1

Ethanol from maize produced in the Community (natural gas as a process fuel in CHP plant)

15

21

Ethanol from sugar cane

1

1

ETBE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

TAEE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

Biodiesel from rapeseed

16

22

Biodiesel from sunflower

16

22

Biodiesel from soybeans

18

26

Biodiesel from Palmöl (process fuel not specified)

35

49

Biodiesel from palm oil (processing with methane binding at the oil mill)

13

18

Biodiesel from vegetable or animal waste oil

9

13

Hydrogenated rapeseed oil

10

13

Hydrogenated sunflower oil

10

13

Hydrated palm oil (process not specified)

30

42

Hydrogenated palm oil (processing with methane binding at the oil mill)

7

9

Pure rapeseed oil

4

5

Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas

14

20

Biogas from liquid manure as compressed natural gas

8

11

Biogas from dry mist as compressed natural gas

8

11

Disaggregated Default values for transport and distribution: " e td " as defined in Part C of this Annex

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Standard greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from sugar beet

2

2

Ethanol from wheat

2

2

Ethanol produced from maize, produced in the Community

2

2

Ethanol from sugar cane

9

9

ETBE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

TAEE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

Biodiesel from rapeseed

1

1

Biodiesel from sunflower

1

1

Biodiesel from soybeans

13

13

Biodiesel from Palmöl

5

5

Biodiesel from vegetable or animal waste oil

1

1

Hydrogenated rapeseed oil

1

1

Hydrogenated sunflower oil

1

1

Hydrogenated palm oil

5

5

Pure rapeseed oil

1

1

Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas

3

3

Biogas from liquid manure as compressed natural gas

5

5

Biogas from dry mist as compressed natural gas

4

4

Total for cultivation, processing, transport and distribution

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Default propellant gas-

emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from sugar beet

33

40

Ethanol from wheat (process fuel not specified)

57

70

Ethanol from wheat (lignite as process fuel in CHP plant)

57

70

Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in conventional plant)

46

55

Ethanol from wheat (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant)

39

44

Ethanol from wheat (straw as process fuel in CHP plant)

26

26

Ethanol from maize produced in the Community (natural gas as a process fuel in CHP plant)

37

43

Ethanol from sugar cane

24

24

ETBE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

TAEE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for ethanol

Biodiesel from rapeseed

46

52

Biodiesel from sunflower

35

41

Biodiesel from soybeans

50

58

Biodiesel from Palmöl (process fuel not specified)

54

68

Biodiesel from palm oil (processing with methane binding at the oil mill)

32

37

Biodiesel from vegetable or animal waste oil

10

14

Hydrogenated rapeseed oil

41

44

Hydrogenated sunflower oil

29

32

Hydrated palm oil (process not specified)

50

62

Hydrogenated palm oil (processing with methane binding at the oil mill)

27

29

Pure rapeseed oil

35

36

Biogas from organic municipal waste as compressed natural gas

17

23

Biogas from liquid manure as compressed natural gas

13

16

Biogas from dry mist as compressed natural gas

12

15

E. Estimated disaggregated default values for future biofuels and bioliquids, which were not available on the market in January 2008, or only in negligible quantities

Disaggregated Default values for cultivation: " e ec " as defined in Part C of this Annex

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Standard greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from Weizenstroh

3

3

Ethanol from wood

1

1

Ethanol from cultivated wood

6

6

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from waste wood

1

1

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from Kulturholz

4

4

DME from waste wood

1

1

DME from Kulturholz

5

5

Methanol from waste wood

1

1

Methanol from cultivated wood

5

5

MTBE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for methanol

Disaggregated Default values for processing (including Electricity surpluses): " e p -e ee " as defined in Part C of this Annex

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Default propellant gas-

emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from Weizenstroh

5

7

Ethanol from wood

12

17

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from wood

0

0

DME of wood

0

0

Methanol from wood

0

0

MTBE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for methanol

Disaggregated Default values for transport and distribution: " e td " as defined in Part C of this Annex

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Standard greenhouse gas emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from Weizenstroh

2

2

Ethanol from waste wood

4

4

Ethanol from cultivated wood

2

2

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from waste wood

3

3

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from Kulturholz

2

2

DME from waste wood

4

4

DME from Kulturholz

2

2

Methanol from waste wood

4

4

Methanol from cultivated wood

2

2

MTBE, share from renewable sources

As in the production route for methanol

Total for cultivation, processing, transport and distribution

Manufacturing route of biofuels and bioliquids

Typical greenhouse gases

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Default propellant gas-

emissions

(gCO 2eq /MJ)

Ethanol from Weizenstroh

11

13

Ethanol from waste wood

17

22

Ethanol from cultivated wood

20

25

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from waste wood

4

4

Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel from Kulturholz

6

6

DME from waste wood

5

5

DME from Kulturholz

7

7

Methanol from waste wood

5

5

Methanol from cultivated wood

7

7

MTBE, share from renewable sources

As in the case of the methanol production route "

42. Annex XI is added to Annex XI:

" Annex XI

Sustainability criteria for starting materials for the production of biofuels

Starting materials for the production of biofuels must not come from the following areas with a high level of biodiversity, that is to say, areas which had the following status in or after January 2008, whether or not the areas were still in place Status have:

1.)

primary forest and other wooded areas, that is, forest and other wooded areas with native species in which there is no clearly visible sign of human activity and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed;

2.)

the following designated areas, unless it is established that the extraction of the raw material does not run counter to the nature of the conservation objectives mentioned;

a)

, by means of statutory provisions or land designated by the competent authority for nature conservation purposes,

b)

Areas for the protection of rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems or species recognised in international agreements, or in the directories of intergovernmental organizations or the International Union for the Conservation of nature, subject to its recognition in accordance with the procedure laid down in The second subparagraph of Article 18 (4) of Directive 2009 /28/EC.

3.)

Grassland with great biological diversity, that is:

a)

natural grassland, which would remain grassland without human intervention, and whose natural species composition and ecological features and processes are intact, or

b)

artificially created grassland, that is, grassland, which would not remain a grassland without human intervention, and which is rich in species and not degraded, unless it is proved that the harvest of the raw material for the preservation of the grassland status is required is.

4.)

Areas with a high carbon stock, which had one of the following stati in January 2008, but no longer have this status. This paragraph shall not apply if, at the time of production of the starting material for the production of biofuels, the areas had the same status as in January 2008:

a)

Wetlands, d. h. areas which are constantly or partially covered by water for a significant part of the year;

b)

continuously wooded areas, d. h. Areas of more than one hectare with trees over five metres high and a degree of protection of more than 30% or with trees, which reach these values at their respective sites;

c)

Areas of more than one hectare with trees of more than five metres and a degree of protection of 10 to 30% or with trees capable of achieving these values on the respective site, provided that it is not established that the area before and after the Conversion of such a carbon stock is that, using the method described in Annex X, Part C, the conditions set out in Article 12 (3) would be fulfilled. "

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