National System Of Marine Protected Areas.

Original Language Title: Sistema Nacional de Áreas Marinas Protegidas.

Read the untranslated law here: https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/#!DetalleNorma/10612744/20160703

MARITIME areas maritime spaces law 27.037 national system of marine protected Areas. Adopted: 19 November 2014 promulgated: 09 December 2014 the Senate and Chamber of deputies of the Argentina nation gathered in Congress, etc. they attest to the force of law: article 1 - instituting the national system of marine protected Areas to protect and conserve marine areas representative of habitats and ecosystems under the objectives of environmental policy in accordance with current legislation in the maritime areas set out in articles 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Act 23.968. In the Argentine Antarctic Sector and in the area of implementation of the Convention for the conservation of the marine living resources Antarctic (CCAMLR), approved by law 22.584 shall apply only the standards of the Convention, as well as the approved law 15.802 Antarctic Treaty and its Protocol of protection of the environment, approved by law 24.216. (The present law not will be of application: to) in them spaces maritime low jurisdiction provincial according to the legislation current, with exception of the areas whose jurisdiction is transferred previously to the State national; (b) in the Interjurisdictional marine parks created by 26,446, 26.817 and 26.818 laws.
Article 2 ° - for the purposes of this law, are considered protected marine areas to natural areas established for the protection of ecosystems, communities or biological or geological elements of the marine environment, including the subsoil, funds and associated marine columns, which because of its rarity, fragility, importance or uniqueness deserve special protection for the use, education and enjoyment of present and future generations.
Article 3 °-the creation of areas marine protected must carry out is by law of the nation, with precise delimitation of its perimeter.
Article 4 ° - marine protected areas shall be managed and used in a sustainable way under one of the categories created by this law, in order to meet the needs of the inhabitants of the Argentina nation without compromising the structure and function of natural ecosystems, in accordance with the guidelines established in the General Law of the 25,675 environment.
(Article 5 °-to them purposes of the present law, the authority of application should establish them areas marine protected low the following categories, that may be unique or combined for each area and https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/pdf/linkQR/MkxyRHpKYkpmNkZycmZ0RFhoUThyQT09 physically horizontal or vertical: to) Book National Marina strict. Maximum protection permanent or temporary area. Its objective is long-term biodiversity conservation marine and ecological processes reducing to a minimum any anthropic impact and be reserved as areas of reference essential for scientific research and monitoring, as well as for the control and surveillance activities. Its use for these purposes should be strictly controlled and limited. They are prohibited in the strict marine national reserve, according to the management plan establishes it: i. military exercises of surface and submarines; II. of submarines and surface water sports; III. the hunting and the fishing in any of its forms; IV. any type of prospecting, exploration and extraction activities in the bed and marine subsoil; v. Visit public recreational and educational; VI. introduction, transplanting and spread of chemicals and biological products of any kind, including seeding or restocking with native species. (b) Marine National Park). Protected area with the aim of conserving biodiversity marina, the quality of the landscape and ecological processes on a large scale; ensuring controlled scientific, educational and recreational applications, admitting to tourism as only economic activity under the parameters established in their respective management plan. They are prohibited in the Marine National Park: i. military surface and submarine exercises that generate impacts on species and ecosystems and the disposal of such waste; II. fisheries under the arrangements not included in the management plan; III. any extractive activity into the bed and marine subsoil; IV. introduction, transplanting and spread of chemical elements and exotic biological products. (c) marine national monument. Protected area limited to the aim of preserving an attribute of special or unique interest in biodiversity marine or the quality of the landscape, ensuring controlled scientific, educational and recreational applications, admitting to tourism as only economic activity under the parameters of the management plan and is characterized by a location limited to their special or unique interest. They are prohibited in the Marine National Monument: i. military surface and submarine exercises that generate impacts on species and ecosystems and the disposal of such waste; II. fisheries under the arrangements not included in the management plan; III. any extractive activity into the bed and marine subsoil; IV. introduction, transplanting and spread of chemical elements and exotic biological products; v. Any activity that might disturb or modify the feature only that justified its categorization. d) national marine reserve for the management of Habitats/species: Area marina to protect the needs identified according to the best reliable scientific information of particular species or the maintenance of habitats, characterized by a location limited to their special or unique interest and which can be permanent or temporary. They are prohibited in the national marine reserve for the management of Habitats/species: i. military surface and submarine exercises that generate impact on species and habitats, and the disposal of such waste; II. fisheries under modalities not considered in the management plan;
https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/pdf/linkQR/MkxyRHpKYkpmNkZycmZ0RFhoUThyQT09 iii. Any extractive activity into the bed and marine subsoil; IV. introduction, transplanting and spread of chemical elements and exotic biological products; v. Any activity that might disturb or modify the unique feature which justified its categorisation. (e) national marine reserve. Protected area with the aim of conserving biodiversity marina, the quality of the landscape and large-scale ecological processes, ensuring controlled uses scientific, educational, recreational, and the sustainable use of one or more of its resources, including areas designed to perform specific conservation objectives. Its purpose is the regulation of economic activities based on the resource management and conservation objectives specific, within the framework of a management plan. They are prohibited in the marine national reserve: i. military surface and submarine exercises that generate impacts on species and ecosystems and the disposal of such waste; II. fishing activities not considered in the management plan that is established; III. any non-sustainable extractive activity, which generate irreversible impacts on ecosystems and affect the objectives of conservation of the area; IV. introduction, transplanting and spread of chemical elements and exotic biological products.
Article 6 ° - the enforcement authority must prepare a management plan for each marine area established within a period of five (5) years since its creation, through a consultative and participatory process involving an ecological vision in the long term and protection through an ecosystem approach, a zoning if appropriate, a public awareness-raising policy and mechanisms for control and monitoring.
Article 7 ° - the management plans that are established on the basis of the previous article must be revised at least every five (5) years, and modifications that are available should be published at sites of public access to the information of the implementing authority.
Article 8 ° - in order to protect ecosystems and conserve biodiversity marina, considerations primary in the development and modification of management plans and interim management measures applicable to marine areas protected created, are the principles of the environmental policy laid down in article 4 of the General Law of the 25,675 environment and the ecosystem approach.
Article 9 ° - the enforcement authority must submit to the Congress of the nation with a periodicity of five (5) years as a maximum, a report on the status of areas created marine conservation and the progress achieved towards the establishment of a system of marine protected areas.
ARTICLE 10. -The enforcement authority must be set for each established marine protected area an Advisory Committee of non-binding, duly representative and inclusive nature of Government, scientists, universities and representatives of non-governmental organizations specialized in marine matters, designed to facilitate the formulation, review and evaluation of the implementation of the management plans for marine areas created.
ARTICLE 11. -The authority of application can establish others committees of advice to review and evaluate any aspect of them political of conservation or administration on the areas https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/pdf/linkQR/MkxyRHpKYkpmNkZycmZ0RFhoUThyQT09 marine protected created.

ARTICLE 12. -In case of violation of the rules laid down in the management plan, the enforcement authority will give intervention to the competent authorities.
ARTICLE 13. -Marine protected areas established at the time of the enactment of this law shall be governed under their respective rules of creation for a period of 5 (five) years. With subsequently to said period, the power Executive national must adapt them same to it established in the present law, with express indication of the category of management and the system of administration and governance planned in them articles preceding.
ARTICLE 14. -Communicate to the national executive power.
GIVEN IN THE CHAMBER OF THE CONGRESO ARGENTINO, BUENOS AIRES, NINETEEN DAYS AFTER THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER IN THE YEAR TWO THOUSAND FOURTEEN.
-REGISTERED UNDER THE N ° 27.037-AMADO BOUDOU. -JULIAN A. DOMINGUEZ. -Lucas Chedrese. -John H. Estrada.

Date of publication: 16/12/2014 https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/pdf/linkQR/MkxyRHpKYkpmNkZycmZ0RFhoUThyQT09