LEY N° 14.072 Forward the Regulation of the Exercise of Veterinary Medicine.
Sanctioned: September 29-1951
Promulgated: October 15-1951
The Senate and the Chamber of Deputies of the Argentine Nation, meeting in Congress, sanction with force
From the exercise of veterinary medicine ARTICLE 1
The exercise of veterinary medicine in any of its branches or specialties shall be governed by the provisions of this Act in the Capital of the Republic. ARTICLE 2°-
They may only exercise veterinary medicine in any of their branches or specialties:
(a) Professionals graduated from national universities;
(b) Professionals graduated from foreign universities, whose qualifications have been recognized, enabled or revalued in accordance with the current regulations. ARTICLE 3°-
They are excluded from the provisions of the preceding article:
(1) Professionals recruited by the national Government, national universities or other public law entities exercising their own powers;
(2) Persons who, at the time of the publication of the present Act, perform public functions or positions.
In such cases, they may exercise the profession only where it is indispensable for the fulfilment of their obligations. ARTICLE 4°-
For the purposes of this law, the exercise of veterinary medicine includes any act that supposes or requires the application of the knowledge of persons with qualifications covered by Article 2 or not, whether or not their services are paid and especially if they consist of:
(a) Offering or performing professional services inherent in the activity that is regulated;
(b) Performance of expert functions arising from judicial decisions of its own accord to the proposal of parties;
(c) Preventive, curative or surgical treatment, prescription of vaccines, serums, viruses, drugs, medicines, orthopaedic devices, correctors or pathological devices and any other treatment to preserve health in third-party animals, as well as the administration of products susceptible to infection or contagion;
(d) Conduct of bacteriological, parasitological, biological, chemical and physical analyses necessary for the prevention, treatment and treatment of animal diseases and the medical-veterinary aspects of medicine;
(e) The preparation of all types of therapeutic products, substances, elements or means for the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of diseases in different animal species;
(f) The sanitary and hygienic inspection of the animals, their products and by-products and the necessary analysis for such inspection, in such cases, may issue the corresponding certificates;
(g) Sanitary inspection and inspection of the various phases of the production, processing or processing of food products of animal or perishable nature;
(h) Demonstrate the health and hygienic conditions in the medical-veterinary aspect of the premises, places, establishments and means of transport where they are produced, produced, deposited, treated, transformed, sold or produced food of animal origin or perishable nature, for the consumption of the population;
(i) Dictamine the health and hygienic state, biological condition and aptitude for the therapeutic use of animal glands, organs and tissues intended to produce organoterapic products for human and veterinary use;
(j) Control and appreciation of the health and hygienic status and nutritional value of substances for animal feeding. ARTICLE 5°-
Veterinary doctors, without prejudice to the functions that are agreed upon by other legal provisions, are empowered to:
(a) Exercising the technical direction of dedicated laboratories, industrial and commercial establishments:
(1) To study animal diseases;
(2) To the preparation of products or substances to be applied to animals;
(3) To perform analysis of products of animal origin and to control their purity.
(b) Exercise the management, inspection and delivery of veterinary services in:
(1) Establishments of meat, milk and other products and by-products of animal origin;
(2) Health facilities and quarantine lazarts of animals, racetracks, hospitals and livestock schools and other livestock establishments;
(3) Riding stations, haras and cabins of breeders, as well as animal genetic parks and zoological gardens.
(c) To direct, guide and/or advise the breeding of different animal species for the purpose of conservation, improvement and animal development;
(d) To effect artificial insemination and related interventions for zootechnic improvement;
(e) To perform the necessary clinical, biological, chemical and physical examinations to investigate the possible commission of malicious frauds or manoeuvres that animals may be subjected on the basis of their intervention in sport and in livestock exhibitions;
(f) To conduct, advise and/or direct scientific, professional or technical interventions required for the diagnosis, treatment, cure or prevention of zoonosis in its veterinary medical aspect;
(g) To submit to official authorities or institutions and to persons or private entities expert reports related to zootechnics, studies and bacteriological, parasitological, biological and anatomopathological research or similar work related to other knowledge of veterinary medicine or comparative medicine;
(h) Prepare the relevant reviews to register the births of race animals in the official genealogical records and may, in effect, issue the corresponding certificates;
(i) Perform secondary and normal teaching in zoology, livestock, biological and chemical. ARTICLE 6°-
It shall also be considered the exercise of the profession, the performance of public posts or functions of a professional technical nature relating to the activity regulated by this law. ARTICLE 7°-
Expertises and valuations of animals and their products or by-products, in cases where legal provisions are to be made, in addition to other qualified professionals, by veterinary doctors, whether the appointment corresponds to the parties or the judges involved. ARTICLE 8°-
It is a prerequisite for the exercise of the profession that is regulated, the registration of the professional tuition established by this law, for which, upon request, the qualification, certificate of good conduct and other precautions that require the regulation that is given for the purpose.
The exercise of the profession without the corresponding registration will be repressed with a fine of fifty pesos national currency to five hundred pesos national currency.
PART II ARTICLE 9
The use of professional title
The use of the professional veterinary doctor's degree will only correspond:
(a) Persons of visible existence who are empowered for their exercise in accordance with article 2;
(b) To any entity or grouping of persons provided that the entire membership is within the conditions set out in Article 2. Otherwise, it will only correspond individually to each of the associate professionals. ARTICLE 10-
Arrogation or misuse of title shall be deemed, for the purposes of article 247 of the Criminal Code, any manifestation that allows to attribute to persons not legally authorized the exercise of the profession of veterinary physician, such as the use of legends, drawings, badges, cards, sheets, notices, posters, inclusion in guides of any nature; or the issuance, reproduction or dissemination of words or sounds; or the use of terms such as academy, study, practice, practice or practice ARTICLE 11-
Persons who have no qualifications under the conditions required by this Act, perform under any denomination tasks proper to veterinary medicine, as well as those covered by article 3 if they do not conform to the provisions of the Act and to the requirements established by the relevant regulation, shall be liable to imprisonment for one (1) month to one (1) year.
PART III ARTICLE 12-
Any veterinarian who provides services as a professional technician in State-dependent or subsidized establishments shall enjoy a minimum monthly remuneration indicating the regulation. ARTICLE 13-
Any private law entity which, by imposition of the competent authorities, requires the examination of veterinary doctors for its activity, shall assign them a remuneration consistent with the basic salaries of the National Administration for professionals performing similar functions. ARTICLE 14-
The established minimum wage shall in no case mean the reduction of higher remuneration currently perceived by professionals covered by this Act. ARTICLE 15-
Persons covered by this Act who serve the State at times between 22 and 5 hours shall receive a bonus on their remuneration.
PART IV ARTICLE 16-
A- Organization and functioning
A Professional Veterinary Medical Council, consisting of twelve members, will operate in the Federal Capital, with jurisdiction in the Federal Capital, national territories and places of national jurisdiction. ARTICLE 17-
To be a member of the Professional Council it is required:
(a) To be an Argentine citizen;
(b) To be registered in the registration;
(c) To have two years of practice;
(d) To be of unblemished personal and professional background. ARTICLE 18-
The members of the Professional Council shall be elected by the registered professionals, in secret and compulsory voting elections. The elections will be regulated and controlled by the Ministries of Labour and Prevision and Agriculture and Livestock.
The term of office will be four years, with members renewed for half every two years, not being able to be reelected but with an interval of two years. Those appointed for the first council, after meeting, will determine by lot who will have to meet the two-year period.
The charges shall be "ad honorem" and compulsory, with the exceptions established by the corresponding regulations.
At the same time with the members and in the same manner as those members, alternate members shall be elected, which shall be incorporated into the council as holders in the cases determined by the regulation.
B. Attributions ARTICLE 19-
The Professional Council shall have the following powers:
(1) Create and maintain registration of registration for the profession;
(2) To issue certificates for which it is credited to be enabled for the exercise of the profession;
3) To certify the signatures and legalize the opinions produced by the registered professionals, when such a requirement is required;
(4) To structure and submit to the national Executive the regulations necessary for the implementation of this Act and to propose the measures and provisions it deems relevant to the best exercise of the profession;
(5) To project the Code of Professional Ethics, as well as the tariffs corresponding to the profession, which will elevate the executive branch:
(6) To monitor and monitor compliance with this law, its regulations, the Code of Professional Ethics and the tariff, by applying disciplinary sanctions to those who do not comply with its provisions;
(7) To act as a court of honour when the conduct of professionals or their attitudes is contrary to the prestige and good name of the profession;
(8) Complain and complain in cases of articles 8, 10 and 11;
9) Propose to the Executive the amount of the contributions prescribed in article 24.
10) To collect and manage the fund created by article 24, whose investment will be made in accordance with the budget that the council should be approved by the executive branch.
11) Designate the administrative staff as necessary for the functioning of the council.
C. Disciplinary Sanctions ARTICLE 20-
Disciplinary sanctions will include:
(d) Suspension of one (1) month to one (1) year in the exercise of the profession;
(e) Cancellation of registration. ARTICLE 21-
Denunciated or established an irregularity, the Professional Council shall proceed to instruct the corresponding summary; hearing that it is the summary, received the evidence to offer and taken to effect all the measures it deems necessary, the Council shall issue a resolution within fifteen days. ARTICLE 22-
Against the conviction, an appeal may be lodged within the tenth day of notice.
In cases of subparagraphs (d) and (e) of article 20, appeals may be appealed to the judge on a civil basis within ten days of notification of the decision denying the revocation.
The Council ' s resolution shall not be implemented or published as long as the deadlines are set, appeals have been lodged and pending an enforceable judgement. In cases of cancellation of registration, re-registration may not be requested until three years after the date on which the corresponding resolution was signed. ARTICLE 23-
The resolutions of the Professional Council denying registration or re-registration shall be appealed to the judge on a civil basis.
D. From Heritage ARTICLE 24-
The heritage will consist of:
(1) A fee that will pay any professional when registering for registration;
(2) An annual fee that will give effect to all registered professionals.
With the amount of the above-mentioned rights and the fine applied for non-compliance with this law and regulations, a fund will be set up to cover the costs incurred by the Professional Council and the enforcement of this law, in accordance with article 19, paragraph 9.
PART V ARTICLE 25-
Veterinary doctors are obliged to report to the competent health authorities the occurrence of any contagious or suspicious disease, as well as any abnormal cattle mortanity and the chlorination of any infectious-contagious disease that is susceptible to epizootic character. ARTICLE 26-
When the Professional Council is required to address the national executive branch, it will do so through the Ministries of Labour and Prevision and Agriculture and Livestock, as appropriate. ARTICLE 27-
The Professional Council shall be under the supervision of the Ministries of Labour and Security and Agriculture and Livestock in all matters relating to the development of its activities, and the Executive Power may intervene when it considers that it does not properly fill the functions assigned by this Act. ARTICLE 28-
The provinces may avail themselves of the provisions of this law.
PART VI ARTICLE 29-
For the purpose of choosing the Professional Council that is established in Title IV, the Ministry of Labour and Providence shall make the first list of the professionals covered by this Law within ninety days of the publication of the Act. ARTICLE 30-
The Professional Council shall proceed within sixty days of its constitution, to the formation of the respective registrations and shall elevate to the executive branch, for approval, within the same period, the draft Code of Professional Ethics and tariffs for the exercise of the profession and regulation of this law. ARTICLE 31-
Until such time as the Professional Council is constituted, the issues arising from this statute will be resolved by the Executive Branch. ARTICLE 32
- All provisions opposing this law are repealed. ARTICLE 33-
Contact the Executive.
Given in the meeting room of the Argentine Congress, in Buenos Aires, on the twenty-nine days of the month of September of the year thousand nine hundred and fifty-one.
|A. TEISAIRE |
|H.J. CAMPORA |
|Alberto H. Reales |
|L. Zavalla Carbó |
Registered under No. 14.072