Joticia Organisation And Competition- Federal And National Criminal Joticia - Updated Standard

Original Language Title: JUSTICIA ORGANIZACION Y COMPETENCIA- JUSTICIA FEDERAL Y NACIONAL PENAL - Texto actualizado de la norma

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JUSTICE

Law 27146

The Law on the Organization and Competence of Federal and National Criminal Justice.

Sanctioned: June 10, 2015

Promulgated: June 17, 2015

The Senate and Chamber of Deputies of the Argentine Nation assembled in Congress, etc. sanction with force

Law:

LAW OF ORGANIZATION AND COMPETITION OF FEDERAL AND NATIONAL JUSTICE

Part I

Jurisdiction

Chapter 1

General principles

ARTICLE 1 — Jurisdiction. It shall be up to the courts established by this law and by the special Jury Judgment Act to that effect, the trial and decision of federal crimes and ordinary crimes committed within the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires that have not been transferred to local jurisdiction.

Jurisdictional function is indelible. Judges and jurors shall limit themselves to resolving the dispute that the parties submit for their knowledge and decision at the hearings.

ARTICLE 2 - Impartiality and independence. Judges in the development of the judiciary should:

(a) To maintain equal treatment with the parties, their representatives and lawyers.

(b) Preventing behaviours that indicate favouritism, predisposition or prejudice to any party.

(c) Ensure that persons are treated with dignity and equality.

(d) Exercise its interference-free functions.

(e) To communicate to the Council of the Magistracy of the Nation any attempt to influence its decisions by political or economic powers, members of the Judiciary, Executive or Legislative Branch, friendships or pressure groups of any kind, and to request the necessary measures for their protection.

(f) To prevent public cry and fear of criticism from affecting their decisions, and in no case shall they act on the basis of popularity, notoriety or other improper motivations.

(g) Avoid taking advantage of the position to promote or defend private interests, convey or allow others to convey the impression that they are in a special position to influence.

ARTICLE 3 — Essential conditions of jurisdiction. Judges must observe and guarantee throughout the process strict compliance with the principles of orality, advertising, equality between the parties, contradiction, immediacy, simplicity, deformalization, speed and concentration.

ARTICLE 4 Orality and advertising. All procedural activity requiring a jurisdictional decision shall be held in hearings.

The acts of the trial shall be public with the conditions and exceptions provided for in the Federal Criminal Procedure Code and in the special Jury Judgment Act. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

The Judicial Office will arrange the necessary means to facilitate publicity, have appropriate courtrooms for the public and the media and provide information on the events.

Judges shall be expressed in a clear and simple language, which is understandable by all present, in particular the accused and the victim, and shall urge others involved in the process to express themselves equally.

ARTICLE 5 — Equality between the parties, contradiction and immediacy. Judges shall ensure the exercise of the right of the parties to present their positions at the hearings and to contradict those of the counterpart. They may impose reasonable limits on the duration of such exposures.

Judges may not be involved in the activity of the parties and must be resolved solely on the basis of their claims and evidence. In the hearings, they may only ask clarifications to witnesses and experts.

ARTICLE 6 Simplicity, deformalization, speed and concentration. All procedural acts must be clear, concise and appropriate in order to achieve their object. Unnecessary formalities that delay the process will be avoided. Judges must ensure that the proceedings are resolved within a reasonable time. They must avoid and, if necessary, punish any type of activity of the parties contrary to good faith or delay.

They should also seek the unified treatment of the issues under their intervention during the hearings, provided that they do not affect the rights of the parties, in order to concentrate the procedural activity on the fewest possible acts.

ARTICLE 7 Motivation. Judges have an obligation to motivate their decisions to allow them to control the reasons behind them and the proper application of the law. The foundations cannot be replaced by the simple relation of documents, dogmatic affirmations, legal fictions, ritual expressions or moral appeals.

Final sentences must be written in a clear and simple language, without prejudice to their oral explanation in the hearings. The other decisions may be found orally, leaving sufficient record of them.

ARTICLE 8 — Disciplinary powers of judges. Judges must ensure the normal development of hearings and the regularity of litigation. To this end they will possess the police power and may require the assistance of the public force. In the event of repeated or serious non-compliance, judges shall make complaints to the relevant disciplinary bodies.

ARTICLE 9 — Cooperation duty. Public or private authorities and institutions have the duty to cooperate with the execution of the necessary proceedings in the judicial proceedings and must comply with the provisions of the acting judges, except for the exceptions provided by law. In the event of non-compliance by a public authority, judges may address their superior officer to satisfy the judicial requirement, without prejudice to promoting the corresponding administrative and criminal sanctions. If the requested entity is a private entity, the judges may require compliance by setting up pecuniary conminations. The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation shall regulate the units, values and scales of the pecuniary conminations.

ARTICLE 10. - Administrative activity. Judges should not perform administrative or resource management functions. The administrative functions and procedures necessary to optimize the activity of judges will be carried out by the Judicial Office, which must ensure quality standards in the management and efficiency of the judicial service.

The delegation of jurisdictional tasks within the judiciary is prohibited and constitutes a serious and causal failure to perform.

Chapter 2

Competition

ARTICLE 11. - Federal criminal jurisdiction. Federal Criminal Justice shall be exclusively competent to deal with the following offences:

(a) Those committed on the high seas or in airspace, in accordance with the provisions of special laws.

(b) Those committed in waters, islands, Argentine ports or maritime areas subject to national jurisdiction.

(c) Those committed in the territory of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires or in the province, in violation of national laws, such as all those who offend the sovereignty and security of the Nation, or tend to defraud their rents or obstruct and corrupt the good service of their employees, or violent, hinder or falsify the correspondence of the mails, or falsify or falsify the national elections, or represent the national elections.

(d) Those of any kind that are committed in places or establishments where the National Government has absolute and exclusive jurisdiction, with the exception of those who under this law are subject to the ordinary jurisdiction of the judges in criminal matters and the judges in criminal matters of adolescents of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

(e) Articles 142 bis, 142 ter, 145 bis, 145 ter, 149 ter (2), 170, 189 bis (1), (3) and (5), 212, 213 bis, 258 bis and 306 of the Criminal Code. It shall also deal with offences aggravated under article 41 quinquies of the Criminal Code. (Incision replaced by art. 64 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

(f) Those provided for in laws that attribute such competence to it.

ARTICLE 12. - Federal material competition in economic criminal matters. Federal Justice in the Economic Penal Code shall be competent exclusively to deal with the following offences:

(a) Act No. 24,769 and its amendments.

(b) Those provided for in the Customs Code, Law 22,415, and its amendments, in accordance with article 1027 of that legal body.

(c) Acts that attribute such competence to it.

ARTICLE 13. - National criminal jurisdiction in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The National Criminal Justice will be competent to deal with crimes committed within the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires that are not of federal jurisdiction and have not yet been transferred to the jurisdiction of that city.

ARTICLE 14. - National criminal jurisdiction of adolescents in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The National Criminal Justice of Adolescents shall be competent to deal with crimes committed within the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, attributed to persons under 18 years of age at the time of commission of the act.

If, in the same case, the National Criminal Justice for Adolescents will be known in the case.

If the act in which a minor is charged is of material competence of the Federal Criminal Justice, the latter shall know in the case.

If the act in which a minor is charged is of material competence of the Federal Justice in the Economic Criminal, the latter shall know in the case.

Part II

Judicial bodies and territorial competence

Chapter 1

Federal Criminal Justice

ARTICLE 15. - Federal Districts. For the purposes of organising jurisdictional bodies, the national territory will be divided into the following Federal Districts:

(a) Paraná (Province of Entre Ríos): includes the section on the jurisdiction of the Federal Appeals Chamber of Paraná.

(b) Rosario (province of Santa Fe): includes the section corresponding to the competence of the Federal Appeals Chamber of Rosario.

(c) Posadas (province of missions): includes the section on the jurisdiction of the Federal Appeals Chamber of Posadas.

(d) Resistance (Chaco Province): includes the section on the competence of the Federal Resistance Appeals Chamber.

(e) Tucumán (province of Tucumán): includes the section on the jurisdiction of the Federal Appeals Chamber of Tucumán.

(f) Cordoba (Province of Cordoba): includes the section corresponding to the competence of the Federal Appeals Chamber of Cordoba.

(g) Mendoza (province of Mendoza): includes the section corresponding to the jurisdiction of the Federal Appeals Chamber of Mendoza.

(h) General Roca (province of Río Negro): includes the section corresponding to the jurisdiction of the Federal Appeals Chamber of General Roca.

(i) Comodoro Rivadavia ( Chubut Province): includes the section on the jurisdiction of the Federal Chamber of Appeals of Comodoro Rivadavia.

(j) Bahía Blanca (Province of Buenos Aires): includes the section corresponding to the competence of the Federal Chamber of Appeals of Bahía Blanca.

(k) San Martín (Province of Buenos Aires): includes the section corresponding to the Federal Appeals Chamber of San Martín.

(l) La Plata (Province of Buenos Aires): includes the section corresponding to the competence of the Federal Appeals Chamber of La Plata.

(m) Mar del Plata (Province of Buenos Aires): includes the section corresponding to the Federal Appeals Chamber of Mar del Plata.

(n) Currents (Province of Currents): includes the section corresponding to the Federal Chamber of Appeals of Currents.

(o) Salta (Salta Province): includes the section of the Federal Chamber of Appeals.

p) Autonomous City of Buenos Aires: it comprises the section corresponding to the Federal Court of Appeals in the Criminal Case of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

ARTICLE 16. - Bodies. Judicial bodies of the Federal Criminal Justice constitute the following:

(a) Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation.

(b) Federal Criminal Court.

(c) Federal District Appeals Chambers.

(d) Federal Economic Criminal Appeals Chamber.

(e) Federal District Courts.

(f) Federal Courts of Judgment in the Economic Criminal.

(g) Federal District Guarantee Courts.

(h) Federal Economic Criminal Guarantees Courts.

ARTICLE 17. - Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation. The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation knows criminal matters within the framework of its constitutional powers and in accordance with the special laws.

In cases of original jurisdiction, one of its members shall exercise the function of guarantees and another the functions of review, in accordance with articles 55 and 53 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. The functions of the Court of Judgment shall be exercised by three other members, in accordance with article 54 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 18. - Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation. The Federal Criminal Court will have jurisdiction throughout the country. It shall be competent to hear and decide on the review of the judicial decisions adopted by the Federal Courts of Judgment of each district and the Federal Courts of Judgment of the Economic Criminal Courts, in accordance with the functions provided for in article 53 bis of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code and the forms of integration therein.

The Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation may unify its jurisprudence in accordance with the rules established in its internal rules of procedure.

(Article replaced by Article 60 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 19. - Federal Appeals Chambers. The Federal Appeals Chamber of each district shall, in the cases provided for in article 53 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code, deal with the forms of integration therein.

(Article 61 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 20. - Federal Economic Appeals Chamber. The Federal Judicial District of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires will operate the Federal Economic Criminal Appeals Chamber, which will deal with the cases provided for in article 53 (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (g) of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code in respect of decisions handed down by the Federal Courts of Guarantees in the Economic Penal Code, and in the cases provided for in subparagraph (f) of that article in respect of decisions of the performance of the Federal Criminal Procedures. In all cases, it shall act in the forms of integration provided for in that article.

(Article 62 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 21. - Federal District Courts. The Federal Courts of Judgment of each district shall perform trial and enforcement functions, as provided for in articles 54 and 56 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 22. - Federal Courts of Judgment in the Economic Criminal. In the Federal Judicial District of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Federal Courts of Judgment shall operate in the Economic Penal Code, which shall carry out trial and enforcement functions, as provided for in articles 54 and 56 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 23. - Federal District Guarantee Courts. The Federal Courts of Guarantees of each district shall perform the functions of guarantees provided for in article 55 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 24. - Federal Courts of Guarantees in the Economic Criminal. In the Federal Judicial District of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Federal Courts of Economic Guarantees will operate, which will perform the functions of guarantees provided for in article 55 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

Chapter 2

National Criminal Justice

ARTICLE 25. - Territorial division of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires will constitute a single district for the National Criminal Justice. The same can be divided into constituencies.

ARTICLE 26. - Bodies. The following judicial bodies are established:

(a) National Criminal Court.

(b) National Criminal Appeals Chamber.

(c) National Courts of Judgment.

(d) National Juvenile Courts.

(e) National Assurance Courts.

(f) National Adolescent Guarantee Courts.

(g) National Criminal Execution Courts.

(h) National Criminal Court.

ARTICLE 27. - National House of Criminal Cassation. The National Chamber of Criminal Cassation will have jurisdiction in the district of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. It shall be competent to hear and decide on the review of judicial decisions adopted by the National Courts of Judgment and the National Courts of Adolescents, in accordance with article 53 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. It may review the decisions of the National Criminal Appeals Chamber only in cases where there is a direct and immediate relationship with a sufficient federal issue and its intervention is necessary as the superior court of the case.

In competition conflicts and in the review of excuses and recussions, it will act unipersonally.

The National Chamber of Criminal Cassation may unify its jurisprudence in accordance with the rules established in its internal rules of procedure.

ARTICLE 28. - National Criminal Appeals Chamber. The National Criminal Appeals Chamber shall have jurisdiction in the district of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and shall know in the cases provided for in article 53 (a), (b), (c) and (d) of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code in respect of decisions taken by the National Guarantees Courts, the National Adolescent Guarantees Courts and the National Criminal Execution Courts. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

In competition conflicts and in the review of excuses and recussions, it will act unipersonally.

ARTICLE 29. - National Courts of Judgment. The National Courts of Judgment shall have jurisdiction in the district of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and shall perform the functions provided for in article 54 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 30. - National Juvenile Courts. The National Juvenile Courts shall have jurisdiction in the district of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and shall perform the functions provided for in article 54 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 31. - National Courts of Guarantees. The National Courts of Guarantees shall have jurisdiction over the constituency of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires that is assigned to it rotatively and shall perform the functions of guarantees provided for in article 55 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 32. - National Adolescent Guarantee Courts. The National Juvenile Guarantees Courts shall have jurisdiction in the district of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and shall perform the duties of guarantees provided for in article 55 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 33. - Interdisciplinary team. The National Juvenile Courts of Judgment and the National Youth Guarantee Courts will be assisted by an interdisciplinary team of professionals specializing in infant-juvenile issues.

The team will operate under the jurisdiction of the Judicial Office, and it will have to monitor the coercion and protection measures imposed during the development of the process.

ARTICLE 34. - National Criminal Execution Courts. The National Criminal Execution Courts shall have jurisdiction in the district of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and shall know in the execution of the judgements and judicial decisions provided for in article 56 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 35. - National Criminal Court of Rogatoria. The National Criminal Court of Rogatory shall know in the cases provided for in law 22,777 and in which it is assigned in the special laws.

Chapter 3

College of Judges

ARTICLE 36. - College of Judges. The College of Judges is a functional grouping of judges and bodies with the assistance of a judicial office. Its functioning will be governed by the principles of organizational flexibility and rotation of its members, according to the regulation that the full of each College dictates to that effect.

The formation of the Colleges of Judges shall be carried out by the plenary of the Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation and the National Chamber of Criminal Cassation, in respect of judges and organs of federal and national justice, respectively.

ARTICLE 37. - President and Vice President of the College. Functions. Each College will elect annually a president and a vice president. They will have function:

(a) To carry out the protocol representation of the College.

(b) Coordinating the institutional activities of the College.

(c) Coordinate the administrative functioning of the College with the Director of the Judicial Office.

(d) To produce an annual report on management, results of the jurisdictional activity and resources to which it counts, which will be raised to the respective House of Cassation.

The President shall perform his judicial functions simultaneously, without prejudice to the time in which he is responsible for the exercise of the presidency.

Chapter 4

Working equipment

ARTICLE 38. - Working equipment. The courts, trial courts and appeal chambers shall be assisted by a working team consisting of technical, administrative and masters, which shall act under the technical direction of a Judicial Secretary.

The working team will perform the following functions:

(a) Providing technical-legal assistance to judges in their jurisdictional role.

(b) Assist judges in management control and compliance with procedural deadlines.

(c) Facilitate coordination between the judge or court and management offices.

The task force shall in no case perform jurisdictional functions entrusted to judges or administrative functions entrusted to the judicial offices.

Part III

Judicial offices

ARTICLE 39. - Judicial offices. The Judicial Offices are the bodies responsible for carrying out the administrative tasks of criminal justice, in order for judges to exercise jurisdictional function exclusively, transparently and efficiently.

ARTICLE 40. - Guiding principles of action. The Judicial Offices shall be governed by strict principles of speed, deformalization, efficiency, effectiveness, responsibility for the management of public resources, cooperation and coordination between the different areas of work and the parties involved in the process.

ARTICLE 41. - Functions in audience management. The Judiciary Office will assist judges by fulfilling their own and exclusive functions under article 57 and in accordance with the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. It will have functions: (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

(a) Distribute the work of judges in a reasonable, objective and equitable manner.

(b) Assist judges in administrative tasks.

(c) Provide information to persons who legitimately require it.

(d) To provide material support to judges and parties during the development of hearings.

(e) Fix the day and time of hearings established by the Code of Criminal Procedure and special laws.

(f) Manage the court agenda.

(g) Receiving and registering hearing requirements.

(h) Custody, initiation or maintenance of the chain of custody on the evidentiary elements in the office.

(i) Convening the procedural subjects.

(j) Make necessary communications, both internal and external.

(k) To develop a judicial folder, for each case, for the purposes of registering court decisions that are issued, under deformalization criteria.

(l) To update the records of litigative lawyers, prosecutors and public defenders of the territorial district to facilitate communication.

(m) Register hearings, resolutions and judgements, and proceed to their safeguards.

(n) Receiving the documentation that the parties accompany and forward, if appropriate, copies to others.

(o) Organize all matters relating to jury trial, in accordance with the provisions laid down in the special law to that effect.

(p) Conduct statistics on the functioning of criminal justice.

(q) Register complaints for delays of justice.

(r) Designate a mediator enabled in the causes of private action.

(s) To verify the satisfaction of conciliatory agreements.

(t) Practice the liquidation of proceedings and judicial fees.

(u) Maintain coordination and communication with the various State units involved regularly in criminal proceedings.

ARTICLE 42. - Allocation of cases and setting of hearings. The assignment of cases will be by lot.

During the preparatory phase, the assignment of a case to a judge will determine its intervention until the completion of the prosecution ' s control. However, objective work compensation parameters may be established.

The establishment of shift tables shall be avoided, without prejudice to the provision of passive guards for emergency situations where the presence or intervention of a judge is required.

ARTICLE 43. - Functions in the execution of the sentence. With regard to the execution of sentences, judicial offices shall have the following functions:

(a) Receive a copy of the conviction.

(b) Form, manage and manage the criminal execution folder.

(c) To notify the Directorate of Control and Assistance in Criminal Enforcement of cases in which it must exercise control and supervision.

(d) Communicate to the parties the computation of the sentence and the reports of the Prison Service and the Directorate for Control and Assistance in Criminal Enforcement of Non-custodial Prisoners.

(e) Request reports and manage the procedure provided for in article 332 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

(f) Organize visits to the prison units of judges with enforcement functions.

(g) Control the payment of the fine.

(h) Control and coordinate with public and private units the enforcement of disqualification sentences.

(i) Communicate any breach of the convicted person.

ARTICLE 44. - Address. Each Judicial Office shall be headed by a Director, with rank equivalent to a Legal Secretary or Director-General of the Supreme Court, who shall have specific knowledge in the area of management and administration of judicial remedies.

ARTICLE 45. - Organization. The Judicial Offices will be made up of the officials and employees necessary to carry out their duties, who will only receive orders and directives from the Directors and their dependants.

The Judicial Offices will be organized on the basis of the following functional coordination, without prejudice to the fact that other areas of work can be established to ensure the proper administration of the justice service of each judicial body:

(a) One Administration and Logistics.

(b) One Public Service.

(c) One Case Management.

(d) One sentence execution for federal jurisdictions.

ARTICLE 46. - Functional location and dependency. Each district of Federal and National Justice shall have the necessary judicial offices to ensure the service of justice, as set out in the implementing regulations.

If the territorial provision of the courts requires it, subsedes of these judicial offices shall be available to ensure their performance in the territory of that jurisdiction.

The Judicial Offices shall respond directly to the plenary of the Court or College to which they intervene, but shall be held accountable only through its President, who shall act as interlocutor between the Director of the Judicial Office and the judges of that body.

The National Criminal Execution Courts shall have their own Judicial Office, which shall be responsible for completing the functions provided for in articles 41 and 43 of this Act in the field of national justice.

ARTICLE 47. - Institutional coordination. The Judicial Offices of the Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation and the National Chamber of Criminal Cassation shall be responsible for the institutional coordination of all the judicial offices of the Federal and National Justice, respectively. Coordination activities:

(a) Develop operational rules and protocols for action.

(b) Monitor the operational functioning of the judicial offices.

(c) Generate regular meetings between those in charge of the judicial offices or areas that intervene with each body to encourage the exchange of experiences.

(d) Conduct annual reports on services provided by judicial offices.

(e) Establish monitoring processes to prevent the frustration of scheduled audiences.

(f) To make proposals to improve the benefits of judicial offices.

(g) To inform the president of the respective chamber of administrative management conflicts that are generated in the courts.

(h) Manage agreements with State and non-State public bodies to coordinate common actions.

(i) Develop the annual budget of judicial offices.

(j) Develop staff training plans.

(k) Generate channels of dialogue with all users of the justice service.

(l) Design and coordinate communication strategies.

Part IV

Supplementary standards

Chapter 1

Superintendence

ARTICLE 48. - Colleges of superintendence. The chambers provided for in this Act shall exercise their own superintendence, as well as those judicial bodies which arise from the legal and regulatory rules. The full of each of them should develop its internal regulations in order to regulate and organize its functioning, without affecting the powers provided for by the Judicial Office.

Chapter 2

Modification of standards

ARTICLE 49. - Restitution. Replace articles 5, 11, 19, 31, 32 and 49 of Decree-Law 1285/58, ratified by law 14.467, and their amendments to the following:

Article 5: To be a judge of the Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation, the National Chamber of Criminal Cassation, the federal and national appeals chambers and the federal and national courts of trial are required: to be an Argentine citizen, a lawyer with a title that is nationally valid, with six (6) years of exercise of the profession or judicial function that requires the right and thirty (30) years of age.

Article 11: Judges of first instance, of Guarantees, of the Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation, of the National Criminal Cassation Chamber, of the federal and national appeals chambers, and of federal and national courts of trial, shall attend their offices every working day, during the working hours of the Tribunal.

The Supreme Court Judges will do so in the days and hours they set for the agreements and hearings.

Article 19: The disciplinary sanctions applied by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, by the Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation, by the National Court of Criminal Cassation, by the federal and national appeal chambers and by the courts of trial shall be subject to reconsideration only.

Sanctions applied by other national judges will be appealed to the respective appeal chambers.

Resources should be deducted within three (3) days.

Article 31: The Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation, the National Chamber of Criminal Cassation, the Federal Courts of Judgment and the Federal Criminal Appeals Chamber of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, the National Courts of Judgment and the National Court of Appeals in Criminal Matters, and the Federal Courts of Justices in the Economic Criminal Courts, shall be composed by lot of draw between the other members of the Courts; then, with the previous order of the other

The above-established integration system will be applied to the federal civil and commercial national appeal chambers, in the federal and federal administrative content of the social security of the Federal Capital.

It will also govern this system for national appeals chambers in the civil, commercial and work of the Federal Capital.

Federal appeals chambers with a seat in the provinces shall be integrated with the judge or judges of the section where the Tribunal operates.

In the event of a recusal, apprehension, a licence, a stay or other impediment of the judges of the National Electoral Chamber, the National Electoral Chamber shall be divided by lot among the members of the Federal Appeals Chamber in the Criminal matters of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. The provisions of Decree 5046 of 14 March 1951 and their amendments to the judges which, for the reasons indicated, constitute the National Electoral Chamber shall not apply.

Article 32: The national courts of the Federal Capital shall consist of:

1. Federal Chamber of Criminal Cassation.

2. Federal Chamber of Cassation in the Federal Administrative Dispute.

3. Federal and National Chamber of Labor and Social Security.

4. Federal and National Chamber of Civil and Commercial Cassation.

4 bis. National Appeals Chamber in Consumer Relations.

5. National House of Criminal Cassation.

6. Federal Capital Appeals Chambers:

(a) National Civil and Commercial Federal.

(b) National Federal Administrative Disputes.

c) Federal in the Criminals of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

(d) National Civil Affairs.

(e) National Commercial.

(f) National Labour.

(g) National criminality.

(h) Federal National Social Security.

(i) National Electoral.

(j) Federal Economic Criminal Law.

7. Courts of Judgment:

(a) National Judgment.

(b) Federal Economic Penal Code.

(c) National Court of Adolescents.

(d) Federal of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

8. Trial Judges:

(a) Nationals in Civil and Commercial Federal.

(b) Nationals in the Federal Administrative Dispute.

(c) Federal Guarantees of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

(d) Nationals in Civil Affairs.

(e) Nationals in the Commercial.

(f) National Guarantees.

(g) National Adolescent Guarantees.

(h) Federal guarantees in the Economic Criminal.

(i) Nationals of Labour.

(j) Nationals for Criminal Enforcement.

(k) Federal Courts of First Instance of Social Security.

(l) Federal Courts of First Instance of Tax Executions.

(m) National Trial Courts in Consumer Relations.

Article 49: Federal courts with seats in the provinces shall consist of:

(1) Federal Appeals Chambers.

(2) Federal District Courts.

(3) Federal Courts of First Instance and Federal Courts of Guarantees.

ARTICLE 50. - Effects on other rules. The rules that are contrary to this law are without effect.

ARTICLE 51. - Entry into force. The provisions of this Act shall apply in accordance with the progressive regime established by the Act on the Implementation of the Federal Criminal Procedure Code. (Denomination of the Code replaced by art. 63 of the Act No. 27.482 B.O. 7/1/2019)

ARTICLE 52. - Contact the national executive branch.

IN THE SESSION OF THE ARGENTINE CONGRESS, IN GOOD AIRES, TO THE TWENTY DAYS OF THE JUNE OF THE YEAR DOS MIL QUINCE.

— REGISTRATION BAJO #27146 —

LOVE BOUDOU. - JULIAN A. DOMÍNGUEZ. — Juan H. Estrada. - Lucas Chedrese.