Section 32-5A-195Cancellation, suspension, or revocation of driver's license; grounds, procedure, etc.
(a) The Director of Public Safety is hereby authorized to cancel any driver's license upon determining that the licensee was not entitled to the issuance thereof hereunder or that said licensee failed to give the correct or required information in his or her application. Upon such cancellation the licensee must surrender the license so cancelled. If such licensee refuses to surrender such license, he or she shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
(b) The privilege of driving a motor vehicle on the highways of this state given to a nonresident hereunder shall be subject to suspension or revocation by the Director of Public Safety in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license issued hereunder may be suspended or revoked.
(c) The Director of Public Safety is further authorized, upon receiving a record of the conviction in this state of a nonresident driver of a motor vehicle of any offense, to forward a certified copy of such record to the motor vehicle administrator in the state wherein the person so convicted is a resident.
(d) When a nonresident's operating privilege is suspended or revoked, the Director of Public Safety shall forward a certified copy of the record of such action to the motor vehicle administrator in the state wherein such person resides.
(e) The Director of Public Safety is authorized to suspend or revoke the license of any resident of this state or the privilege of a nonresident to drive a motor vehicle in this state upon receiving notice of the conviction of such person in another state of any offense therein which, if committed in this state, would be grounds for the suspension or revocation of the license of a driver.
(f) The Director of Public Safety may give such effect to conduct of a resident in another state as is provided by the laws of this state had such conduct occurred in this state.
(g) Whenever any person is convicted of any offense for which this chapter makes mandatory the revocation of the license of such person by the department, the court in which such conviction is had shall require the surrender to it of any driver's license then held by the person convicted and the court shall thereupon forward the same together with a record of such conviction to the Director of Public Safety.
(h) Every court having jurisdiction over offenses committed under this article or any other law of this state or municipal ordinance adopted by a local authority regulating the operation of motor vehicles on highways, shall forward to the Director of Public Safety within 10 days a record of the conviction of any person in said court for a violation of any said laws other than regulations governing standing or parking, and may recommend the suspension of the driver's license of the person so convicted.
(i) For the purposes of this article the term conviction shall mean a final conviction. Also, for the purposes of this article an unvacated forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure a defendant's appearance in court, a plea of nolo contendere accepted by the court, the payment of a fine, a plea of guilty or a finding of guilt of a traffic violation charge, shall be equivalent to a conviction regardless of whether the penalty is rebated, suspended, or probated.
(j) The Director of Public Safety shall forthwith revoke the license of any driver upon receiving a record of such driver's conviction of any of the following offenses:
(1) Manslaughter or homicide by vehicle resulting from the operation of a motor vehicle, including a person who is adjudicated as a youthful offender based on an underlying charge of manslaughter or homicide by vehicle, but there shall be no disclosure, other than to courts and law enforcement agencies by any entity or person of any information, documents, or records relating to the youthful offender's arrest, conviction, or adjudication of or finding of delinquency related to such manslaughter or homicide by vehicle;
(2) Upon a first conviction of driving or being in actual physical control of any vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or under the influence of a controlled substance to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safely driving or under the combined influence of alcohol and a controlled substance to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safely driving, such revocation shall take place only when ordered by the court rendering such conviction;
(3) Upon a second or subsequent conviction within a five-year period, of driving or being in actual physical control of any vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or under the influence of a controlled substance to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safely driving or under the combined influence of alcohol and a controlled substance to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safely driving;
(4) Any felony in the commission of which a motor vehicle is used;
(5) Failure to stop, render aid, or identify himself or herself as required under the laws of this state in the event of a motor vehicle accident resulting in the death or personal injury of another;
(6) Perjury or the making of a false affidavit or statement under oath to the Director of Public Safety under this article or under any other law relating to the ownership or operation of motor vehicles;
(7) Conviction upon three charges of reckless driving committed within a period of 12 months;
(8) Unauthorized use of a motor vehicle belonging to another which act does not amount to a felony.
(k) The Director of Public Safety is hereby authorized to suspend the license of a driver without preliminary hearing upon a showing by its records or other sufficient evidence that the licensee:
(1) Has committed an offense for which mandatory revocation of license is required upon conviction;
(2) Has been convicted with such frequency of serious offenses against traffic regulations governing the movement of vehicles as to indicate a disrespect for traffic laws and a disregard for the safety of other persons on the highways;
(3) Is an habitually reckless or negligent driver of a motor vehicle, such fact being established by a record of accidents, or by other evidence;
(4) Is incompetent to drive a motor vehicle;
(5) Has permitted an unlawful or fraudulent use of such license;
(6) Has committed an offense in another state which if committed in this state would be grounds for suspension or revocation;
(7) Has been convicted of fleeing or attempting to elude a police officer; or
(8) Has been convicted of racing on the highways.
(l) Upon suspending the license of any person as hereinbefore in this section authorized, the Director of Public Safety shall immediately notify the licensee in writing and upon his or her request shall afford him or her an opportunity for a hearing as early as practicable, not to exceed 30 days after receipt of such request in the county wherein the licensee resides unless the Director of Public Safety and the licensee agree that such hearing may be held in some other county. Such hearing shall be before the Director of Public Safety or his or her duly authorized agent. Upon such hearing the Director of Public Safety or his or her duly authorized agent may administer oaths and may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses in the production of relevant books and papers and may require a reexamination of the licensee. Upon such hearing the Director of Public Safety or his or her duly authorized agent shall either rescind its order of suspension or, good cause appearing therefor, may continue, modify or extend the suspension of such licensee or revoke such license. If the license has been suspended as a result of the licensee's driving while under the influence of alcohol, the director or his or her agent conducting the hearing shall take into account, among other relevant factors, the licensee's successful completion of any duly established "highway intoxication seminar," "DWI counterattack course" or similar educational program designed for problem drinking drivers. If the hearing is conducted by a duly authorized agent instead of by the Director of Public Safety himself or herself, the action of such agent must be approved by the Director of Public Safety.
(m) The Director of Public Safety shall not suspend a driver's license or privilege to drive a motor vehicle upon the public highways for a period of more than one year, except as permitted under Section 32-6-19.
(n) At the end of the period of suspension a license surrendered to the Director of Public Safety under subsection (o) shall be returned to the licensee.
(o) The Director of Public Safety upon cancelling, suspending, or revoking a license shall require that such license be surrendered to and be retained by the Director of Public Safety. Any person whose license has been cancelled, suspended, or revoked shall immediately return his or her license to the Director of Public Safety. If such licensee refuses to surrender such license, he or she shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
(p) Any resident or nonresident whose driver's license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle in this state has been suspended or revoked as provided in this section shall not operate a motor vehicle in this state under a license or permit issued by any other jurisdiction or otherwise during such suspension or after such revocation until a new license is obtained when and as permitted under this article.
(q) Any person denied a license or whose license has been cancelled, suspended, or revoked by the Director of Public Safety except where such cancellation or revocation is mandatory under the provisions of this article shall have the right to file a petition within 30 days thereafter for a hearing in the matter in the circuit court in the county wherein such person resides, or in the case of cancellation, suspension, or revocation of a nonresident's operating privilege in the county in which the main office of the Director of Public Safety is located, and such court is hereby vested with jurisdiction and it shall be its duty to set the matter for hearing upon 30 days' written notice to the Director of Public Safety, and thereupon to take testimony and examine into the facts of the case and to determine whether the petitioner is entitled to a license or is subject to suspension, cancellation, or revocation of license under the provisions of this section.
(Acts 1980, No. 80-434, p. 604, §9-106; Acts 1981, No. 81-803, p. 1412, §1; Acts 1993, No. 93-622, p. 1040, §1; Act 2010-599, p. 1346, §1.)