(a) General requirements. This course is recommended for students in Grades 11-12. Recommended prerequisite: Small Engine Technology. (b) Introduction. Advanced Small Engine Technology includes advanced knowledge of the function, diagnosis, and service of the systems and components of all types of small engines such as lawn mowers, motorcycles, and irrigation engines. This course is designed to provide advanced training for employment in the small engine technology industry. Instruction includes the repair and service of cooling, air, fuel, lubricating, electrical, ignition, and mechanical systems and small engine overhauls. In addition, the student will receive instruction in safety, academic, and leadership skills as well as career opportunities. (c) Knowledge and skills. (1) The student explores the employability characteristics of a successful worker in the modern workplace. The student is expected to: (A) identify career development and entrepreneurship opportunities in the small engine technology industry, including how to search for and obtain employment, what qualifications are required for varying career fields, and how to advance in a position; (B) identify careers in the small engine technology industry; (C) apply competencies related to resources, information, interpersonal skills, problem solving, critical thinking, and systems of operation in the small engine technology industry; (D) discuss certification opportunities; (E) demonstrate skills and knowledge of personal and occupational health and safety in the workplace; (F) discuss response plans to emergency situations; (G) identify employers' expectations, appropriate work habits, ethical conduct, legal responsibilities, and good citizenship skills; (H) develop personal goals, objectives, and strategies as part of a plan for future career and educational opportunities; (I) prepare a resumé; and (J) demonstrate job interview skills. (2) The student develops an occupational experience program as it relates to the small engine technology industry. The student is expected to: (A) plan, propose, conduct, and evaluate industry-based occupational experiences; and (B) use a customized record-keeping system for the individual industry-based occupational experiences. (3) The student describes the historical, current, and future significance of the small engine technology industry. The student is expected to: (A) describe how emerging technologies and globalization impacts the small engine technology industry; (B) compare and contrast issues affecting the small engine technology industry such as employment, safety, and environmental issues; and (C) describe marketing factors and practices that impact other cultures. (4) The student analyzes the structure of the small engine technology industry organizations. The student is expected to: (A) describe common business management principles; (B) identify opportunities for leadership development and personal growth; (C) demonstrate democratic principles in conducting effective meetings; (D) describe team dynamics; (E) describe the development of organizational vision, mission, and goals through the strategic planning process; (F) develop a local program of activities for a career and technical student organization; and (G) develop a report that summarizes key information about the performance and use of resources within a career and technical student organization. (5) The student explains the small engine technology industry at local, state, national, and international levels. The student is expected to: (A) identify reasons for world trade and globalization; (B) review regulations and major laws to evaluate their impact on the small engine technology industry; (C) read appropriate written material to stay abreast of current issues impacting the small engine technology industry; (D) use critical-thinking skills to identify and organize alternatives and evaluate public-policy issues related to the small engine technology industry; (E) evaluate performance and contract compliance of contractors and service providers; (F) develop and manage preventative maintenance plans and systems to keep facility, tools, and equipment operating safely and properly; (G) assess preventive maintenance plans to meet facility, tool, and equipment design and manufacturer requirements; (H) successfully complete repair orders and paperwork related to the small engine technology industry; (I) estimate parts and labor costs on repair orders for small engine repair; (J) read and interpret documents such as small engine schematics, charts, and service-repair manuals and bulletins; and (K) demonstrate knowledge of new and emerging technologies that may affect the service and repair of small engines. (6) The student demonstrates appropriate personal and communication skills. The student is expected to: (A) describe and apply ethical and legal responsibilities for appropriate workplace conduct; (B) define the uses of proper etiquette and behavior; (C) identify appropriate personal appearance and health habits; (D) practice written and oral communication skills and employ effective listening skills; (E) comprehend technical reading materials common to the transportation industry; (F) employ technical writing and preparation skills; and (G) demonstrate effective speaking skills through prepared and extemporaneous oral presentations. (7) The student applies appropriate research methods on small engine technology topics. The student is expected to: (A) define major fields of research and development; (B) identify and apply scientific methods of research in the small engine technology industry; (C) use a variety of resources for research and development; (D) describe the scientific method of research; (E) evaluate scientific constructs such as conclusions, conflicting data, controls, data, inferences, limitations, questions, sources of errors, and variables; and (F) apply scientific methods through direct and indirect observation. (8) The student applies problem-solving, mathematical, and organizational skills to maintain financial and logistical records. The student is expected to: (A) develop project proposals; (B) develop and maintain records appropriate to the small engine technology industry; (C) collect and organize data in graphs, tables, charts, and plots; (D) analyze and interpret data from graphs, tables, charts, and plots; (E) maintain appropriate financial records such as management journals, inventories, income and expense logs, and financial statements and balance sheets; (F) conduct formative, summative, and financial analyses on project learning objectives and records; (G) derive engine calculations such as cylinder volume, engine displacement, combustion chamber volume, compressed head gasket volume, piston and deck height, piston dish volume, dome volume, cylinder volume, compression ratio, and horsepower; (H) derive and measure electrical calculations such as electrical resistance, current, and voltage in engines; (I) apply Ohm's law and power theory to small engines; (J) apply electronic theory to generators, electric motors, power supplies, electronic amplifiers, electronic oscillators, and circuits found in engines; (K) explain Newton's Law as it relates to engines; and (L) calculate Bernoulli's principle and Venturi effect as it relates to small engines. (9) The student uses information technology tools specific to the small engine technology industry to access, manage, integrate, and create information. The student is expected to: (A) use personal management software such as email applications, Internet applications, word-processing, database, spreadsheet, presentation, collaborative, groupware, and virtual meeting software; (B) discuss Geographic Information Systems and Global Positioning Systems applications; and (C) use other computer-based equipment. (10) The student knows advanced technical knowledge and skills of small engine technology. The student is expected to: (A) identify the use and application of small engines and components; (B) identify the components of electrical-electronic systems; (C) demonstrate knowledge of engine designs, components, and applications; (D) identify and use engine measuring tools and test equipment; (E) use tools used in the operation, maintenance, and repair of small engines; (F) compare and contrast the characteristics of two- and four-cycle engines; and (G) identify and discuss the functions of the major small engine components. (11) The student applies advanced technical knowledge and skills in simulated or actual work situations. The student is expected to: (A) troubleshoot and repair small engines; (B) perform preventive maintenance on small engines; (C) assess the proper fuel mixtures and analyze the efficiency of various fuels used in small engines; (D) distinguish between valve arrangement positions and analyze valve timing with respect to crankshaft rotation; (E) demonstrate the ability to maintain and service engine systems such as lubrication, belts, cooling, crankcase breathers, filters, starters, ignition, electronics, points, valves, and other systems; (F) perform routine installations, inspections, adjustments, and maintenance on small engine testing tools and equipment; (G) demonstrate knowledge of electrical testing tools and equipment commonly used in small engine maintenance; (H) collect measurements using precision instruments; (I) evaluate small engine parts for wear tolerances; (J) explain the relationship between an electric current and magnetic fields using starters, generators, or electromagnets; (K) analyze the effects of heating and cooling on small engines; (L) explain the thermophysical properties of fluid systems commonly used in small engines; (M) analyze electric circuits and electronic systems in small engines; (N) define, analyze, and explain the laws of thermodynamics; (O) evaluate heat energy transfer in small engines; (P) calculate speed, momentum, acceleration, work, and power in small engines; and (Q) compare and contrast efficiency of various engine sizes and types.
Source Note: The provisions of this §130.401 adopted to be effective August 23, 2010, 34 TexReg 5945