§6001. Definitions

Link to law: http://legislature.vermont.gov/statutes/section/10/151/06001
Published: 2015

Print

The Vermont Statutes Online



Title

10

:
Conservation and Development






Chapter

151

:
STATE LAND USE AND DEVELOPMENT PLANS






Subchapter

001
:
GENERAL PROVISIONS










 

§

6001. Definitions

In this chapter:

(1)

"Board" means the Natural Resources Board.

(2)

"Capability and Development Plan" means the Plan prepared pursuant to

section 6042 of this title.

(3)(A)

"Development" means each of the following:

(i) The

construction of improvements on a tract or tracts of land, owned or controlled

by a person, involving more than 10 acres of land within a radius of five miles

of any point on any involved land, for commercial or industrial purposes in a

municipality that has adopted permanent zoning and subdivision bylaws.

(ii) The

construction of improvements for commercial or industrial purposes on more than

one acre of land within a municipality that has not adopted permanent zoning

and subdivision bylaws.

(iii) The

construction of improvements for commercial or industrial purposes on a tract

or tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, involving more than one

acre of land within a municipality that has adopted permanent zoning and

subdivision bylaws, if the municipality in which the proposed project is

located has elected by ordinance, adopted under 24 V.S.A. chapter 59, to have

this jurisdiction apply.

(iv) The

construction of housing projects such as cooperatives, condominiums, or

dwellings, or construction or maintenance of mobile homes or mobile home parks,

with 10 or more units, constructed or maintained on a tract or tracts of land,

owned or controlled by a person, within a radius of five miles of any point on

any involved land, and within any continuous period of five years. However:

(I) A priority

housing project shall constitute a development under this subdivision (iv) only

if the number of housing units in the project is: (aa) 275 or more, in a

municipality with a population of 15,000 or more; (bb) 150 or more, in a

municipality with a population of 10,000 or more but less than 15,000; (cc) 75

or more, in a municipality with a population of 6,000 or more but less than

10,000; (dd) 50 or more, in a municipality with a population of 3,000 or more

but less than 6,000; (ee) 25 or more, in a municipality with a population of

less than 3,000; and (ff) notwithstanding subdivisions (aa) through (ee) of

this subdivision (iv)(I), 10 or more if the construction involves the

demolition of one or more buildings that are listed on or eligible to be listed

on the State or National Register of Historic Places. However, demolition shall

not be considered to create jurisdiction under this subdivision if the Division

for Historic Preservation has determined that the proposed demolition will have

no adverse effect, will have no adverse effect if specified conditions are met,

or will have an adverse effect that will be adequately mitigated. Any imposed

conditions shall be enforceable through a grant condition, deed covenant, or

other legally binding document.

(II) The

determination of jurisdiction over a priority housing project shall count only

the housing units included in that discrete project.

(III) Housing

units in a priority housing project shall not count toward determining

jurisdiction over any other project.

(v) The

construction of improvements on a tract of land involving more than 10 acres

that is to be used for municipal, county, or State purposes. In computing the

amount of land involved, land shall be included that is incident to the use

such as lawns, parking areas, roadways, leaching fields and accessory

buildings.

(vi) The

construction of improvements for commercial, industrial or residential use

above the elevation of 2,500 feet.

(vii)

Exploration for fissionable source materials beyond the reconnaissance phase or

the extraction or processing of fissionable source material.

(viii) The

drilling of an oil and gas well.

(ix) Any support

structure proposed for construction, which is primarily for communication or

broadcast purposes and which will extend vertically 20 feet or more above the

highest point of an attached existing structure or 50 feet or more above ground

level in the case of a proposed new support structure, in order to transmit or

receive communication signals for commercial, industrial, municipal, county, or

State purposes, independently of the acreage involved.

(I) Under this

subdivision (ix): (aa) the word "development" shall also include the

construction of improvements ancillary to the support structure, including

buildings, broadcast or communication equipment, foundation pads, cables,

wires, antennas or hardware, and all means of ingress and egress to the support

structure; and (bb) the word "development" shall not include future

improvements that are not ancillary to the support structure and do not involve

an additional support structure, unless they would otherwise be considered a

development under this subdivision (3).

(II) The

criteria and procedures for obtaining a permit for a development under this

subdivision (ix) shall be the same as for any other development;

(x) Any

withdrawal of more than 340,000 gallons of groundwater per day from any well or

spring on a single tract of land or at a place of business, independently of

the acreage of the tract of land or place of business, if the withdrawal

requires a permit under section 1418 of this title or is by a bottled water

facility regulated under chapter 56 of this title.

(B) Repealed.]

(C) For the

purposes of determining jurisdiction under subdivision (3)(A) of this section,

the following shall apply:

(i) Repealed.]

(ii) Repealed.]

(iii) Repealed.]

(iv) Railroad

projects. In the case of a project undertaken by a railroad, no portion of a

railroad line or railroad right-of-way that will not be physically altered as

part of the project shall be included in computing the amount of land involved.

In the case of a project undertaken by a person to construct a rail line or

rail siding to connect to a railroad's line or right-of-way, only the land used

for the rail line or rail siding that will be physically altered as part of the

project shall be included in computing the amount of land involved.

(v) Permanently

affordable housing. Notwithstanding subdivisions (3)(A)(iv) and (19) of this

section, jurisdiction shall be determined exclusively by counting affordable

housing units, as defined by this section, that are subject to housing subsidy

covenants as defined in 27 V.S.A. § 610 that preserve their affordability for a

period of 99 years or longer, provided the affordable housing units are located

in a discrete project on a single tract or multiple contiguous tracts of land,

regardless of whether located within an area designated under 24 V.S.A. chapter

76A.

(D) The word

"development" does not include:

(i) The

construction of improvements for farming, logging, or forestry purposes below

the elevation of 2,500 feet.

(ii) The

construction of improvements for an electric generation or transmission

facility that requires a certificate of public good under 30 V.S.A. § 248, a

natural gas facility as defined in 30 V.S.A. § 248(a)(3), or a

telecommunications facility issued a certificate of public good under 30 V.S.A.

§ 248a.

(iii) Repealed.]

(iv) The

construction of improvements for agricultural fairs that are registered with

the Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets and that are open to the public for

60 days per year or fewer, provided that, if the improvement is a building, the

building was constructed prior to January 1, 2011 and is used solely for the

purposes of the agricultural fair.

(v) The

construction of improvements for the exhibition or showing of equines at events

that are open to the public for 60 days per year, or fewer, provided that any

improvements constructed do not include one or more buildings.

(vi) The

construction of improvements for any one of the actions or abatements

authorized in subdivision (I) of this subdivision (vi):

A remedial or

removal action for which the Secretary of Natural Resources has authorized

disbursement under section 1283 of this title. (bb) Abating a release or

threatened release, as directed by the Secretary of Natural Resources under

section 6615 of this title. (cc) A remedial or removal action directed by the

Secretary of Natural Resources under section 6615 of this title. (dd) A

corrective action authorized in a corrective action plan approved by the

Secretary of Natural Resources under section 6615b of this title. (ee) A

corrective action authorized in a corrective action plan approved by the

Secretary of Natural Resources under subchapter 3 of chapter 159 of this title.

(ff) The management of "development soils," as that term is defined

in 10 V.S.A. § 6602(39), under a plan approved by the Secretary of Natural

Resources under section 6604c of this title.

(II) The

exemption provided by this subdivision shall not apply to subsequent

development.

(vii) The

construction of improvements below the elevation of 2,500 feet for the onsite

storage, preparation, and sale of compost, provided that one of the following

applies:

(I) The compost

is produced from no more than 100 cubic yards of material per year;

(II) The compost

is principally produced from inputs grown or produced on the farm;

(III) The

compost is principally used on the farm where it was produced;

(IV) The compost

is produced on a farm primarily used for the raising, feeding, or management of

livestock, only from: (aa) manure produced on the farm; and (bb) unlimited

clean, dry, high-carbon bulking agents from any source;

(V) The compost

is produced on a farm primarily used for the raising, feeding, or management of

livestock, only from: (aa) manure produced on the farm; (bb) up to 2,000 cubic

yards per year of organic inputs allowed under the Agency of Natural Resources'

acceptable management practices, including food residuals or manure from off

the farm, or both; and (cc) unlimited clean, dry, high-carbon bulking agents

from any source;

(VI) The compost

is produced on a farm primarily used for the cultivation or growing of food,

fiber, horticultural, or orchard crops, that complies with the Agency of

Natural Resources' solid waste management rules, only from up to 5,000 cubic yards

per year of total organic inputs allowed under the Agency of Natural Resources'

acceptable management practices, including up to 2,000 cubic yards per year of

food residuals;

(E) When

development is proposed to occur on a parcel or tract of land that is devoted

to farming activity as defined in subdivision 6001(22) of this section, only

those portions of the parcel or the tract that support the development shall be

subject to regulation under this chapter. Permits issued under this chapter

shall not impose conditions on other portions of the parcel or tract of land

which do not support the development and that restrict or conflict with

required agricultural practices adopted by the Secretary of Agriculture, Food

and Markets. Any portion of the tract that is used to produce compost

ingredients for a composting facility located elsewhere on the tract shall not

constitute land which supports the development unless it is also used for some

other purpose that supports the development.

(4)

"District Commission" means the District Environmental Commission.

(5)

"Endangered species" means those species the taking of which is

prohibited under rules adopted under chapter 123 of this title.

(6)

"Floodway" means the channel of a watercourse which is expected to

flood on an average of at least once every 100 years and the adjacent land

areas which are required to carry and discharge the flood of the watercourse,

as determined by the Secretary of Natural Resources with full consideration

given to upstream impoundments and flood control projects.

(7)

"Floodway fringe" means an area which is outside a floodway and is

flooded with an average frequency of once or more in each 100 years as

determined by the Secretary of Natural Resources with full consideration given

to upstream impoundments and flood control projects.

(8)

"Productive forest soils" means those soils which are not primary

agricultural soils but which have a reasonable potential for commercial

forestry and which have not been developed. In order to qualify as productive

forest soils, the land containing such soils shall be of a size and location,

relative to adjoining land uses, natural condition, and ownership patterns so

that those soils will be capable of supporting or contributing to a commercial

forestry operation. Land use on those soils may include commercial timber

harvesting and specialized forest uses, such as maple sugar or Christmas tree

production.

(9)

"Historic site" means any site, structure, district, or archeological

landmark which has been officially included in the National Register of

Historic Places and/or the State Register of Historic Places or which is

established by testimony of the Vermont Advisory Council on Historic

Preservation as being historically significant.

(10) "Land

use plan" means the plan prepared pursuant to section 6043 of this title.

(11)

"Lot" means any undivided interest in land, whether freehold or

leasehold, including interests created by trusts, partnerships, corporations,

cotenancies, and contracts.

(12)

"Necessary wildlife habitat" means concentrated habitat which is

identifiable and is demonstrated as being decisive to the survival of a species

of wildlife at any period in its life including breeding and migratory periods.

(13)

"Plat" means a map or chart of a subdivision with surveyed lot lines

and dimensions.

(14)(A)

"Person":

(i) shall mean

an individual, partnership, corporation, association, unincorporated

organization, trust or other legal or commercial entity, including a joint

venture or affiliated ownership;

(ii) means a

municipality or State agency;

(iii) includes

individuals and entities affiliated with each other for profit, consideration,

or any other beneficial interest derived from the partition or division of

land;

(iv) includes an

individual's parents and children, natural and adoptive, and spouse, unless the

individual establishes that he or she will derive no profit or consideration,

or acquire any other beneficial interest from the partition or division of land

by the parent, child or spouse;

(B) The

following individuals and entities shall be presumed not to be affiliated for

the purpose of profit, consideration, or other beneficial interest within the

meaning of this chapter, unless there is substantial evidence of an intent to

evade the purposes of this chapter:

(i) a

stockholder in a corporation shall be presumed not to be affiliated with

others, solely on the basis of being a stockholder, if the stockholder and the

stockholder's spouse, and natural or adoptive parents, children, and siblings

own, control or have a beneficial interest in less than five percent of the

outstanding shares in the corporation;

(ii) an

individual shall be presumed not to be affiliated with others, solely for

actions taken as an agent of another within the normal scope of duties of a

court-appointed guardian, a licensed attorney, real estate broker or

salesperson, engineer or land surveyor, unless the compensation received or

beneficial interest obtained as a result of these duties indicates more than an

agency relationship;

(iii) a seller

or chartered lending institution shall be presumed not to be affiliated with

others, solely for financing all or a portion of the purchase price at rates

not substantially higher than prevailing lending rates in the community, and

subsequently granting a partial release of the security when the buyer

partitions or divides the land.

(15)

"Primary agricultural soils" means each of the following:

(A) An important

farmland soils map unit that the Natural Resources Conservation Service of the

U.S. Department of Agriculture (NRCS) has identified and determined to have a

rating of prime, statewide, or local importance, unless the District Commission

determines that the soils within the unit have lost their agricultural

potential. In determining that soils within an important farmland soils map

unit have lost their agricultural potential, the Commission shall consider:

(i) impacts to

the soils relevant to the agricultural potential of the soil from previously

constructed improvements;

(ii) the

presence on the soils of a Class I or Class II wetland under chapter 37 of this

title;

(iii) the

existence of topographic or physical barriers that reduce the accessibility of

the rated soils so as to cause their isolation and that cannot reasonably be overcome;

and

(iv) other

factors relevant to the agricultural potential of the soils, on a site-specific

basis, as found by the Commission after considering the recommendation, if any,

of the Secretary of Agriculture, Food and Markets.

(B) Soils on the

project tract that the District Commission finds to be of agricultural

importance, due to their present or recent use for agricultural activities and

that have not been identified by the NRCS as important farmland soil map units.

(16)(A)

"Existing settlement" means an area that constitutes one of the

following:

(i) a designated

center; or

(ii) an existing

center that is compact in form and size; that contains a mixture of uses that

include a substantial residential component and that are within walking

distance of each other; that has significantly higher densities than densities

that occur outside the center; and that is typically served by municipal

infrastructure such as water, wastewater, sidewalks, paths, transit, parking

areas, and public parks or greens.

(B) Strip

development outside an area described in subdivision (A)(i) or (ii) of this

subdivision (16) shall not constitute an existing settlement.

(17)

"Shoreline" means the land adjacent to the waters of lakes, ponds,

reservoirs, and rivers. Shorelines shall include the land between the mean high

water mark and the mean low water mark of such surface waters.

(18)

"Stream" means a current of water which is above an elevation of

1,500 feet above sea level or which flows at any time at a rate of less than 1.5

cubic feet per second.

(19)(A)

"Subdivision" means each of the following:

(i) A tract or

tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, which the person has

partitioned or divided for the purpose of resale into 10 or more lots within a

radius of five miles of any point on any lot, or within the jurisdictional area

of the same District Commission, within any continuous period of five years. In

determining the number of lots, a lot shall be counted if any portion is within

five miles or within the jurisdictional area of the same District Commission.

(ii) A tract or

tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, which the person has

partitioned or divided for the purpose of resale into six or more lots, within

a continuous period of five years, in a municipality which does not have duly

adopted permanent zoning and subdivision bylaws.

(iii) A tract or

tracts of land, owned or controlled by a person, which have been partitioned or

divided for the purpose of resale into five or more separate parcels of any size

within a radius of five miles of any point on any such parcel, and within any

period of ten years, by public auction.

(I) In this

subdivision (iii), "public auction" means any auction advertised or

publicized in any manner, or to which more than ten persons have been invited.

(II) If sales

described under this subdivision (iii) are of interests that, when sold by

means other than public auction, are exempt from the provisions of this chapter

under the provisions of subsection 6081(b) of this title, the fact that these

interests are sold by means of a public auction shall not, in itself, create a

requirement for a permit under this chapter.

(B) The word

"subdivision" shall not include each of the following:

(i) a lot or

lots created for the purpose of conveyance to the State or to a qualified

organization, as defined under section 6301a of this title, if the land to be

transferred includes and will preserve a segment of the Long Trail;

(ii) a lot or

lots created for the purpose of conveyance to the State or to a "qualified

holder" of "conservation rights and interest," as defined in

section 821 of this title.

(20)

"Fissionable source material" means mineral ore which:

(A) is extracted

or processed with the intention of permitting the product to become or to be

further processed into fuel for nuclear fission reactors or weapons; or

(B) contains

uranium or thorium in concentrations which might reasonably be expected to

permit economically profitable conversion or processing into fuel for nuclear

reactors or weapons.

(21)

"Reconnaissance" means:

(A) a geologic

and mineral resource appraisal of a region by searching and analyzing published

literature, aerial photography, and geologic maps; or

(B) use of

geophysical, geochemical, and remote sensing techniques that do not involve

road building, land clearing, the use of explosives, or the introduction of

chemicals to a land or water area; or

(C) surface

geologic, topographic, or other mapping and property surveying; or

(D) sample

collections which do not involve excavation or drilling equipment, the use of

explosives or the introduction of chemicals to the land or water area.

(22)

"Farming" means:

(A) the

cultivation or other use of land for growing food, fiber, Christmas trees,

maple sap, or horticultural and orchard crops; or

(B) the raising,

feeding, or management of livestock, poultry, fish, or bees; or

(C) the

operation of greenhouses; or

(D) the

production of maple syrup; or

(E) the on-site

storage, preparation and sale of agricultural products principally produced on

the farm; or

(F) the on-site

storage, preparation, production, and sale of fuel or power from agricultural

products or wastes principally produced on the farm; or

(G) the raising,

feeding, or management of four or more equines owned or boarded by the farmer,

including training, showing, and providing instruction and lessons in riding,

training, and the management of equines.

(23)

"Adjoining property owner" means a person who owns land in fee

simple, if that land:

(A) shares a

property boundary with a tract of land where a proposed or actual development

or subdivision is located; or

(B) is adjacent

to a tract of land where a proposed or actual development or subdivision is

located and the two properties are separated only by a river, stream, or public

highway.

(24) "Solid

waste management district" means a solid waste management district formed

pursuant to 24 V.S.A. section 2202a and chapter 121, or by charter adopted by

the General Assembly.

(25) "Slate

quarry" means a quarry pit or hole from which slate has been extracted or

removed for the purpose of commercial production of building material, roofing,

tile, or other dimensional stone products. "Dimensional stone" refers

to slate that is processed into regularly shaped blocks, according to

specifications. The words "slate quarry" shall not include pits or

holes from which slate is extracted primarily for purposes of crushed stone

products, unless, as of June 1, 1970, slate had been extracted from those pits

or holes primarily for those purposes.

(26)

"Telecommunications facility" means a support structure which is

primarily for communication or broadcast purposes and which will extend

vertically 20 feet, or more, above the highest point of an attached existing

structure or 50 feet or more above ground level in the case of a proposed new

support structure, in order to transmit or receive communication signals for

commercial, industrial, municipal, county, or state purposes.

(27) "Mixed

income housing" means a housing project in which the following apply:

(A)

Owner-occupied housing. At the option of the applicant, owner-occupied housing

may be characterized by either of the following:

(i) at least 15

percent of the housing units have a purchase price which at the time of first

sale does not exceed 85 percent of the new construction, targeted area purchase

price limits established and published annually by the Vermont Housing Finance

Agency; or

(ii) at least 20

percent of the housing units have a purchase price which at the time of first

sale does not exceed 90 percent of the new construction, targeted area purchase

price limits established and published annually by the Vermont Housing Finance

Agency;

(B) Rental

Housing. At least 20 percent of the housing units that are rented constitute

affordable housing and have a duration of affordability of no less than 20

years.

(28) "Mixed

use" means construction of both mixed income housing and construction of

space for any combination of retail, office, services, artisan, and

recreational and community facilities, provided at least 40 percent of the

gross floor area of the buildings involved is mixed income housing. "Mixed

use" does not include industrial use.

(29)

"Affordable housing" means either of the following:

(A) Housing that

is owned by its occupants whose gross annual household income does not exceed

80 percent of the county median income, or 80 percent of the standard

metropolitan statistical area income if the municipality is located in such an

area, as defined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and

the total annual cost of the housing, including principal, interest, taxes,

insurance, and condominium association fees, is not more than 30 percent of the

gross annual household income.

(B) Housing that

is rented by the occupants whose gross annual household income does not exceed

80 percent of the county median income, or 80 percent of the standard

metropolitan statistical area income if the municipality is located in such an

area, as defined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and

the total annual cost of the housing, including rent, utilities, and

condominium association fees, is not more than 30 percent of the gross annual

household income.

(30)

"Designated center" means a downtown development district, village

center, new town center, growth center, Vermont neighborhood, or neighborhood

development area designated under 24 V.S.A. chapter 76A.

(31)

"Farm," for purposes of subdivisions (3)(D)(vii)(V) and (VI) of this

section, means a parcel of land devoted primarily to farming, as farming is

defined in subdivision (22)(A) or (B) of this section, and:

(A) from which

parcel, annual gross income from farming, as defined in subdivision (22) of this

section, exceeds the annual gross income from a composting operation on that

parcel. For purposes of this subdivision, a federal, State, or municipal

highway or road shall not be determined to divide tracts of land that are

otherwise physically contiguous;

(B) for purposes

of subdivision (3)(D)(vii)(V) of this section, uses no more than 10 acres or 10

percent of the parcel, whichever is smaller, for commercial compost management,

not including land used for liquid nutrients management;

(C) for purposes

of subdivision (3)(D)(vii)(VI) of this section, uses no more than four acres or

10 percent of the parcel, whichever is smaller, for commercial compost

management, not including land used for liquid nutrients management.

(32)

"Livestock" means cattle, sheep, goats, equines, fallow deer, red

deer, American bison, swine, water buffalo, poultry, pheasant, chukar

partridge, courtnix quail, camelids, ratites (ostriches, rheas, and emus),

llamas, alpacas, yaks, rabbits, cultured trout propagated by commercial trout farmers,

or other animal types designated by the Secretary of Agriculture, Food and

Markets by procedure.

(33)

"Compost" means a stable humus-like material produced by the

controlled biological decomposition of organic matter through active

management, but shall not mean sewage, septage, or materials derived from

sewage or septage.

(34)

"Agricultural fair" means an event or activity that is intended to

promote farming by:

(A) exhibiting a

variety of livestock and agricultural products;

(B) exhibiting

arts, equipment, and implements related to farming; or

(C) conducting

contests, displays, and demonstrations designed to advance farming, advance the

local food economy, or train or educate farmers, youth, or the public regarding

agriculture.

(35)

"Priority housing project" means a discrete project located on a

single tract or multiple contiguous tracts of land that consists exclusively

of:

(A) mixed income

housing or mixed use, or any combination thereof, and is located entirely

within a designated downtown development district, designated new town center,

designated growth center, or designated village center that is also a

designated neighborhood development area under 24 V.S.A. chapter 76A; or

(B) mixed income

housing and is located entirely within a designated Vermont neighborhood or

designated neighborhood development area under 24 V.S.A. chapter 76A.

(36) "Strip

development" means linear commercial development along a public highway

that includes three or more of the following characteristics: broad road

frontage, predominance of single-story buildings, limited reliance on shared

highway access, lack of connection to any existing settlement except by

highway, lack of connection to surrounding land uses except by highway, lack of

coordination with surrounding land uses, and limited accessibility for

pedestrians. In determining whether a proposed development or subdivision

constitutes strip development, the District Commission shall consider the

topographic constraints in the area in which the development or subdivision is

to be located.

(37)

"Industrial park" means an area of land permitted under this chapter

that is planned, designed, and zoned as a location for one or more industrial

buildings, that includes adequate access roads, utilities, water, sewer, and

other services necessary for the uses of the industrial buildings, and includes

no retail use except that which is incidental to an industrial use, and no

office use except that which is incidental or secondary to an industrial use.

(Added 1969, No. 250 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. April 4, 1970; amended 1973, No.

85, § 8; 1979, No. 123 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 1-3, eff. April 14, 1980; 1981, No. 240

(Adj. Sess.), § 6, eff. April 28, 1982; 1983, No. 114 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; 1985,

No. 64; 1987, No. 64, § 2; 1987, No. 273 (Adj. Sess.), § 2, eff. June 21, 1988;

1989, No. 154 (Adj. Sess.); 1989, No. 231 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. July 1, 1991;

1989, No. 234 (Adj. Sess.), § 4; 1993, No. 200 (Adj. Sess.), § 1; 1993, No. 232

(Adj. Sess.), § 24, eff. March 15, 1995; 1995, No. 10, § 1; 1995, No. 30, § 1,

eff. April 13, 1995; 1997, No. 48, § 1; 1997, No. 94 (Adj. Sess.), § 5, eff.

April 15, 1998; 2001, No. 40, § 1; 2001, No. 114 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 6, 7, eff.

May 28, 2002; 2003, No. 66, § 217c; 2003, No. 115 (Adj. Sess.), § 46, eff. Jan.

31, 2005; 2003, No. 121 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 75, 76, eff. June 8, 2004; 2005, No.

183 (Adj. Sess.), § 6; 2007, No. 79, § 13, eff. June 9, 2007; 2007, No. 92

(Adj. Sess.), § 4; 2007, No. 176 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 6, 7; 2009, No. 54, § 52,

eff. June 1, 2009; 2009, No. 141 (Adj. Sess.), §§ 1a-3, eff. June 1, 2010;

2011, No. 18, §§ 1, 2, eff. May 11, 2011; 2013, No. 11, § 1; 2013, No. 59, §

11; 2013, No. 147 (Adj. Sess.), § 1, eff. June 1, 2014; 2013, No. 159 (Adj.

Sess.), § 16b; 2013, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), § 37; 2015, No. 52, § 4, eff. June

5, 2015; 2015, No. 64, § 13.)
Read Entire Law on legislature.vermont.gov