815 KAR 10:060.
Kentucky standards of safety.
TO: KRS 198B.110, 227.300, 227.320, 227.330, 227.990, 234.140
AUTHORITY: KRS 227.300(1), (2)
FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 227.300(1) authorizes the commissioner to
promulgate an administrative regulation establishing the Kentucky Standards of
Safety, which shall provide a reasonable degree of safety for human life
against the exigencies of fire and panic and insuring against fire loss. This
administrative regulation establishes the Kentucky Standards of Safety to supplement
the Kentucky Building Code, promulgated as 815 KAR 7:120, in matters of fire
1. Definitions. (1) "Accepted" means that all deficiencies
communicated, in writing, to the owner have been corrected to the satisfaction
of the inspecting authority.
"Distinct fire hazard" means a condition that poses a threat to life
or property, including a condition likely to inhibit escape from danger of fire
or explosion. A building shall be deemed a distinct fire hazard if the
authority having jurisdiction determines:
A fire, explosion, or asphyxiation is likely to occur;
Conditions may provide a ready fuel supply to augment the spread or intensity
of a fire or explosion;
A building is vacant, unguarded and open to unauthorized entry;
An accumulation of combustible dust, debris, or materials is present;
Required exits or fire protection are in non-working condition or not present;
Objects are placed or installed so as to interfere with exits or exit routes;
Combustible materials or items are in dangerous proximity to an ignition source
such as a stove, fireplace, or heater;
Electrical or mechanical systems or installations create a hazardous condition;
Operations, conditions, processes, use, or materials being used fail to afford
adequate safety to the public.
of construction that met the uniform state building code requirements, as
applicable, at the time of construction shall not be deemed a distinct fire
"Fire protection system" is defined by KRS 198B.550(6).
"NFPA" means the National Fire Protection Association.
"NICET" means the National Institute for Certification of Engineering
"Unsafe Building" means a building characterized by:
Deficiency in means of egress;
Danger to human life or public welfare by reason of illegal or improper use,
occupancy, or maintenance;
Non-compliance with construction codes in place at time of construction;
Significant damage including as the result of:
Falling away, hanging loose, or loosening of siding, block, or other building
material, appurtenance, or part thereof; or
Existence of structurally unsafe conditions.
2. Scope. (1) Applicability. This administrative regulation shall apply to all buildings
except one (1) and two (2) family dwellings.
State Fire Marshal. The State Fire Marshal shall:
Have primary jurisdiction over all property, unless a local government has
established a fire inspection program by ordinance adopting this administrative
regulation pursuant to KRS 227.320; and
Have exclusive jurisdiction over state-owned property and primary jurisdiction
for code compliance for health care facilities and other facilities licensed by
the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services.
Local fire chief. Jurisdictions wherein a local fire chief is designated by
ordinance to operate a fire inspection program pursuant to KRS 227.320 shall
have primary jurisdiction for the enforcement of all property within the local
governmental boundary except as provided in subparagraph (a)2. of this subsection.
3. Existing Buildings and Conditions. (1) The standards for the construction
pursuant to 815 KAR 7:120, Kentucky Building Code, in effect at the time of construction,
and for which there has been issued a lawful certificate of occupancy, shall
supersede different construction standards regarding the requirements for
egress facilities, fire protection, and built-in fire protection equipment established
in this administrative regulation or conflicting local ordinances.
Change of use. It shall be unlawful to make a change in the use of a building
or portion thereof without project plan review and approval in accordance with 815
KAR 7:120, Kentucky Building Code, except as specified in Chapter 34 therein.
Buildings and conditions approved under other codes.
Buildings constructed prior to promulgation of the uniform state building code.
A building, or portion thereof, which was constructed and approved prior to the
effective date of the uniform state building code shall be maintained as constructed
Previous fire code. A building, or portion thereof, which was inspected,
approved or accepted pursuant to the 1996 Kentucky Fire Prevention Code shall:
Be maintained as previously approved or accepted; and
Not be required to make a modification or change for so long as the building is
maintained and used as previously accepted or approved.
Buildings not occupied or used for one (1) year or more. Prior to occupancy, a
building shall be subject to safety inspection by the State Fire Marshal or his
designee to ensure that the structure is neither a distinct fire hazard or an unsafe
Distinct Fire Hazards.
If the State Fire Marshal or local fire chief determines that a distinct fire
hazard exists, the fire hazard shall be remedied so as to render the property
The State Fire Marshal shall use the standards specified in this paragraph to
identify and to order the correction of a distinct fire hazard acting in
accordance with the procedures established in KRS Chapter 227 and Section 5 of
this administrative regulation. In exercising authority granted, the following
shall be applicable:
NFPA 1, Uniform Fire Code, 2012 edition, and the NFPA referenced standards
included in Chapter 2 of NFPA 1 except:
NFPA 402, Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Operation, 2002 edition;
NFPA 472, Standard for Professional Competence of Responders to Hazardous
Materials Incidents, 2002 edition;
NFPA 1031, Standard for Profession Qualifications for Fire Inspectors and Plan
Examiner, 2003 edition;
NFPA 5000, Building Construction and Safety Code, 2012, edition;
Code reference 18.104.22.168, High Rise Buildings;
Code reference 22.214.171.124, Existing Assembly Occupancies; and
Code reference 13.6, Portable Extinguishers, which if required, shall be
modified to exclude the provisions for installation of portable extinguishers
in the occupancies listed in Table 13.6. Portable extinguishers shall be
installed as required in the occupancy chapters of NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, 2012
NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, 2012 edition, and the NFPA referenced standards
included in Chapter 2 of NFPA 101;
NFPA 70, National Electrical CodeÒ,
2011 Edition; and
815 KAR 7:120, Kentucky Building Code.
Modifications, alternatives, and interpretations. If the State Fire Marshal
accepts or approves an alternative to a code provision or issues an
interpretation and the alternative or interpretation is of general
applicability, it shall be published and forwarded to all known fire inspectors
and other persons requesting a copy.
Abatement of fire hazards. The abatement of a distinct fire hazard pursuant to
this administrative regulation shall not require construction measures that
would exceed the requirements of the current edition of 815 KAR 7:120, Kentucky
Building Code, if the building were being newly constructed.
Maintenance of equipment.
All fire suppression and fire protection equipment, systems, devices, and
safeguards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable NFPA
referenced code and the manufacturer’s recommendations.
This administrative regulation shall not be the basis for removal or abrogation
of a fire protection or safety system or device installed in a building without
approval granted by the authority having jurisdiction.
Cooperation with building official. The State Fire Marshal and the local fire
chief shall coordinate and cooperate with the building code official having
jurisdiction in assessing a building for relative fire safety and to assure
that the proper standards are applied.
4. Permits. (1) State permits required. A permit shall be required from the
State Fire Marshal for flammable, combustible, and hazardous material storage
Local permits allowed.
A permit from a local government shall not be required unless required by local
An inspection or permit fee, if applicable, shall be established within the
local adopting legislation.
5. Enforcement of Violations. (1) Notice of deficiency. If the State Fire
Marshal or local fire chief observes an apparent violation of a provision of
this administrative regulation and the standards incorporated herein or other
codes or ordinances under state or local jurisdiction, the State Fire Marshal
or local fire chief shall prepare a written notice of deficiency. The notice of
deficiency shall state the applicable code provision violated and specify the
date by which the required repairs or improvements shall be completed. Pursuant
to KRS 227.336, corrective action shall be ordered remedied within a period of
time not to exceed sixty (60) days.
Service of notice. The written notice of deficiency shall be served personally
or via certified U.S. Mail upon the owner or the owner's duly authorized agent
and upon each other person responsible for the deficiency. Proof of service
shall be required to perfect service.
Failure to correct deficiency. Any person who fails to correct a deficiency
ordered to be remedied shall be subject to enforcement actions authorized in
6. Means of Appeal. (1) Appeals of orders issued by the State Fire Marshal.
An appeal to the State Fire Marshal from a notice of deficiency issued by the
Division of Fire Prevention shall be:
In writing; and
Received by the Division of Fire Prevention, State Fire Marshal prior to the
completion date specified in the notice of deficiency served.
If the matter is not resolved by agreement of the affected parties and the
State Fire Marshal, legal action shall be instituted pursuant to KRS Chapter
Appeal of an order to remedy. Pursuant to KRS 227.380, the owner of the subject
property may appeal to the State Fire Marshal within ten (10) days following
receipt of the issued order.
7. Special Provisions. (1) Fire incident reporting. The fire chief or highest
ranking fire department officer shall promptly notify the State Fire Marshal
upon becoming aware of any of the following:
A hazardous materials incident;
Fire-related fatality (including a vehicle or home);
Fire-related injury serious enough to become a fatality; or
A fire involving major structural damage in the following buildings:
An institutional, educational, state-owned or state-leased, or high-hazard
A business, mercantile, or industrial occupancy having a capacity over 100 persons;
An assembly occupancy having a capacity over 100 persons;
A place of religious worship with a capacity over 400 persons and more than
6,000 square feet; or
Any other building more than three (3) stories in height or 20,000 square feet
of floor area.
Fire protection systems testing and inspection.
Reporting. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this subsection, an
inspection or test required by this administrative regulation, Chapter 11, 13,
or 20 of the NFPA 1, Uniform Fire Code shall be conducted and reported to the
owner by a person authorized or certified by the State Fire Marshal.
Inspection and test reports.
A required inspection or test shall be recorded on the applicable form
contained in NFPA 25 or NFPA 72 as determined by the State Fire Marshal.
If any violations are noted, the completed report shall be given to the owner
and a copy forwarded to the State Fire Marshal within ten (10) working days of
the date of the inspection.
Portable fire extinguishers and single station smoke detectors may be inspected
and tested by the property owner or property owner’s agent.
Allowable reports by owners and owner agents shall not be required to be filed
with the State Fire Marshal, but shall be kept on file within the building and
available for review upon request by the State Fire Marshal.
Frequency. Periodic testing and inspection of each fire suppression and each alarm
system shall be performed as follows:
Fire detection and alarm systems and all fire suppression systems in buildings
other than state licensed hospitals, nursing homes, and ambulatory surgical
centers shall be inspected and tested for proper operation annually;
Fire detection and alarm systems and all fire suppression systems in state
licensed hospitals, nursing homes, and ambulatory surgical centers shall be
inspected and tested quarterly by a Kentucky certified inspector for sprinkler
systems and fire alarms, respectively; and
Systems or components for which the manufacturer recommends more frequent
checks shall be performed as described by the manufacturer's instructions.
Fire alarm inspectors shall apply to be certified by the department on a Form
FPS 33-01, Application for Fire Alarm Systems Certification, and shall:
Be qualified as NICET level two (2), level three (3), or level four (4) in fire
alarm systems; or
Pass the examination for alarm inspector administered by an examination
provider approved by the department;
Have had at least eighteen (18) months of experience in installation, repair,
testing, or a combination thereof during the five (5) year period immediately
Pay an annual certification fee of fifty (50) dollars for each classification
applied for; and
Submit a passport-sized color photograph with the application.
For renewals of fire alarm inspector certification, an applicant shall:
Submit completed Form FPS 33-02, Renewal Application for Fire Alarm Systems
Certification, October 2012;
Pay an annual certification renewal fee of fifty (50) dollars for each
Submit a passport-sized color photograph with the renewal application; and
(i) Provide proof of six (6) hours of continuing education from an approved
provider obtained in the twelve (12) months prior to renewal; or
Provide proof of current NICET certification.
Penalties. An applicant shall be subject to penalties established in KRS
227.990 and may be denied certification or renewal for:
Failure of a certified fire alarm inspector to conduct an inspection in
accordance with the NFPA 72 standard;
Submission of false inspection reports;
Performing inspections without first having been certified by the department as
a fire alarm inspector; or
Making a false or misleading statement on an application for certification or
8. Incorporation by Reference. (1) The following material is incorporated by
(a) NFPA 1, "Uniform Fire
Code", 2012 edition;
NFPA 101, "Life Safety Code", 2012 edition;
NFPA 70, "National Electrical CodeÒ",
FPS 33-01, "Application for Fire Alarm Systems Certification", October
FPS 33-02, "Renewal Application for Fire Alarm Systems
Certification", October 2012.
(2) This material may be
inspected, copied, or obtained, subject to applicable copyright law, at the
Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction, 101 Sea Hero Road, Suite
100, Frankfort, Kentucky 40601-5405, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
(25 Ky.R. 2482; Am. 2900; eff. 5-26-99; 29 Ky.R. 566; 961; eff. 10-16-2002; 30
Ky.R. 2385; 31 Ky.R. 81; eff. 8-6-04; 32 Ky.R. 2352; 33 Ky.R. 395; eff. 9-1-06;
33 Ky.R. 395; 3255; 4169; eff. 7-6-07; 34 Ky.R. 1229; 1741; eff. 2-1-2008; 35
Ky.R. 2364; 36 Ky.R. 77; TAm. 1857; eff. 7-29-2009; 39 Ky.R. 1066; eff.