Education - Superintendent of Public Instruction - Certification of School Nurses


Published: 1979

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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION

CERTIFICATION OF SCHOOL NURSES

(By authority conferred on the state board of education by section 623 of Act No. 269 of

the Public Acts of 1955, being S340.623 of the Michigan Compiled Laws)

R 340.1161 Definitions.

Rule 1. (1) "Registered nurse" means a person licensed by the state board of nursing

to practice as a registered nurse.

(2) "School nurse certification" means that an interim, standard, or professional

school nurse certificate has been issued to a registered nurse by the state board of

education.

(3) "Year" means a contractual period between an employing school district and a

school nurse and may be referred to as calendar year or academic year and either or

both shall satisfy the requirements of these rules. In no case may a calendar year be

counted as more than 1 year.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1162 School nursing services.

Rule 2. A professional school nursing services program is designed to enhance the

educational processes of children and youth through improvement in their health

status and contribute to their attainment of greater knowledge in the area of health. A

program shall include:

(a) A plan for assessment and evaluation of the health and developmental status of

students.

(b) Interpretation of nursing assessments and medical evaluations to students, their

parents and school personnel while recognizing and maintaining the confidential

nature of the information.

(c) A plan by which the health problems that interfere with a student's learning are

eliminated, minimized, or understood.

(d) A system to make recommendations for modification of the educational program

when student health problems are indicated.

(e) Consultation and recommendation of resources in areas of health problems and

instruction.

(f) Channels for communication between the school and the home, private physician

and health and social agencies in the community.

(g) Selective health guidance and counseling according to the needs of students.

(h) A team approach to educational problems of students, including studies of health

problems that may affect their scholastic attainment.

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(i) A plan for in service education for school personnel including observations of

the health of students, referral systems, and first aid and emergency care procedures.

(j) A system by which school personnel may initiate appropriate referral of students.

(k) Policies and procedures enabling school personnel to comply with established

health laws.

(l) Policies and procedures for the prevention and control of health problems,

including communicable diseases.

(m) Policies and procedures for the prevention and control of accidents and injuries.

(n) Policies and procedures for maintaining a healthful school environment.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1163 Functions of the school nurse.

Rule 3. A school nurse shall:

(a) Assess and evaluate the health and development status of students through nursing

diagnosis and the use of appropriate evaluative techniques.

(b) Interpret nursing assessments of medical evaluations to the students, their

parents and school personnel and provide an understanding of implications for the

educational performance of students, while recognizing and maintaining the

confidential nature of the information.

(c) Plan a course of action and assist students, their parents and school personnel in

assuming proper roles for eliminating, minimizing, preventing, or understanding the

health problems which interfere with effective learning by the student.

(d) Recommend to parents and appropriate school personnel modifications in the

educational program as indicated by the health and developmental status of students.

(e) Stimulate incorporation of health education in the school curriculum by serving on

curriculum committees, serving as a consultant and resource person or participating in

teacher-parent education programs.

(f) Serve as intermediary between the school and the home, private physician, and

health and social agencies regarding the health status of students and their needs for

consideration in future community health planning.

(g) Assist students and their families to obtain optimum health and well-being by

stimulating behavior change through the educative process, including individual or

group counseling.

(h) Interpret health information when serving as a member of a special education

placement committee or other programs in which health information is desirable.

(i) Plan and provide inservice education, in cooperation with other appropriate

personnel, for school personnel regarding health observations, referral systems and first

aid and emergency care procedures.

(j) Identify and recommend students for placement in special programs, initiate

referrals for supplemental testing when health information or developmental history

indicates, and refer students to appropriate personnel when necessary.

(k) Assume leadership in the development and revision of written first aid and

emergency care policies.

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(l) Recommend and implement school policies to comply with established health laws,

and make specific recommendations to students and school personnel regarding

immunizations and communicable diseases.

(m) Cooperate with the administration and staff in establishing school health program

policies and procedures in order that professional skills and knowledge may be used

effectively in working with students, teachers, and parents.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1164 Competencies of school nurse.

Rule 4. (1) A school nurse shall demonstrate:

(a) Ability to apply principles of education and learning theory in the identification of

health status of students and the solution of health problems.

(b) Ability to recognize health factors which create obstacles and handicaps for

exceptional students.

(c) Ability to function effectively in inservice health education for school personnel.

(d) Knowledge of curriculum development to participate effectively on health related

curriculum committees.

(e) Ability to apply principles of human growth and development and to recognize

variations within normal range significant to the education of the student.

(f) Ability to define and demonstrate the clinical and technical role of the professional

nurse in the school health program.

(g) Ability to develop cooperatively with other school and health related

professionals, a comprehensive school health program coordinating school and

community resources to serve effectively the health needs of the school population.

(h) Ability to identify the health needs of students and understand the influence of the

family, society and culture on the student's ability to cope with school health problems.

(i) Ability to assist students, their families and school personnel in recognizing

potential and current health needs and in the development of plans for utilizing available

resources to meet these needs.

(2) These competencies shall be utilized as criteria in determining whether work

experience as a school nurse has been successful.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1165 Continuing education of school nurse.

Rule 5. A school nurse shall submit evidence of continuing attainment of theoretical and

practical knowledge in the following areas to qualify for a higher level of school nurse

certification, as required in R 340.1167 to R 340.1169.

(a) Human growth and development.

(b) Community health problems and resources.

(c) School health problems.

(d) Special problems of exceptional children.

(e) Analysis of family health and social problems.

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(f) Communication arts.

(g) Organization and administration of the school health program, including

necessary skills or understanding of curriculum development.

(h) Learning theory.

(i) Guidance and counseling.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1166 School nurse certification criteria.

Rule 6. (1) An application for school nurse certification shall be directed to the

department of education on a form supplied or approved by the department.

(2) Credits beyond those required for a registered nurse, to be applied toward

certification as a school nurse, shall be earned through an approved teacher

education or nursing education institution program or accepted by the institution in

transfer. The state board of education shall determine the acceptability of credits

leading toward programs approved by it.

(3) A registered nurse with a currently valid license issued by the state board of

nursing employed as a school nurse by an employing school district for a period of not

less than 1 school year prior to June 30, 1975, and whose experience is successful as

determined by the state board of education upon the recommendation of the employing

school district, is eligible for a professional school nurse certificate. Application under

this subrule shall be made prior to June 30, 1977.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1167 Interim school nurse certificate.

Rule 7. (1) An interim school nurse certificate may be issued, after July 1, 1975,

upon request of the employing school district to an applicant who holds a currently

valid Michigan license as a registered

nurse.

(2) An interim school nurse certificate is valid for 2 years and may be renewed for 1

additional 2-year period upon request of the employing school district and submission

of evidence of the completion of 8 semester hours of course work in a program planned

to fulfill the requirements specified in R 340.1165.

(3) This rule is in effect as long as the applicant holds a currently valid Michigan

license as a registered nurse.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1168 Standard school nurse certificate.

Rule 8. (1) A standard school nurse certificate may be issued, after July 1, 1975,

upon request of the employing school district to an applicant who holds a currently

valid Michigan license as a registered nurse and presents evidence of completion of the

following requirements:

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(a) Two years of work experience in public health or school nursing practice.

(b) Fifteen semester hours of work in areas of theoretical and practical knowledge as

outlined in R 340.1165.

(2) A standard school nurse certificate is valid for 3 years and may be renewed for 1

additional 3-year period upon recommendation of the employing school district if the

holder has completed a total of 24 semester hours of course work outlined in R

340.1165. An additional 3 years' renewal may be given upon recommendation of the

employing school district if the holder has completed a total of 36 semester hours of

course work outlined in R 340.1165.

(3) This rule is in effect as long as the applicant holds a currently valid Michigan

license as a registered nurse.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1169 Professional school nurse certificate.

Rule 9. (1) A professional school nurse certificate may be issued, after July 1, 1975, to

an applicant who holds a currently valid Michigan license as a registered nurse and

presents evidence of completion of the following requirements:

(a) Three years of successful experience as a school nurse as determined by the state

board of education upon recommendation of the employing school district.

(b) A baccalaureate degree in nursing or a health-related field.

(2) A professional school nurse certificate shall be valid if the holder maintains a

currently valid Michigan registered nurse license.

History: 1979 AC.

R 340.1170 School nurse certificate expiration.

Rule 10. All certificates expire on June 30 of the expiration year indicated on the

certificate.

History: 1979 AC.

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