Agriculture and Rural Development - Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division - Regulation No. 715. Seed Law Implementation


Published: 1990

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

PESTICIDE AND PLANT PEST MANAGEMENT DIVISION

REGULATION NO. 715. SEED LAW IMPLEMENTATION (By authority conferred on the director of the Department of Agriculture by section 11 of 1965 PAR 329, MCL 286.711.) R 285.715.1 Definitions. Rule 1. (1) The terms defined in the publication of the association of official seed analysts entitled "Rules for Testing Seed" volume 12, no. 3, 1988 edition, shall have the same meanings when used in Act No. 329 of the Public Acts of 1965, as amended, being S286.701 et seq. of the Michigan Compiled Laws, and these rules, unless otherwise defined in Act No. 329 of 1965, as amended. The definitions in the publication entitled "Rules for Testing Seed" are adopted by reference in these rules. The publication may be obtained from the Illinois Department of Agriculture, State Seed Lab, 801 E. Sangamon Avenue, Springfield, Illinois 62794-9281 or from the Michigan Department of Agriculture, Laboratory Division, 1615 South Harrison Road, East Lansing, Michigan 48823, at a cost of $30.00. (2) The terms defined in section 2 of Act No. 329 of the Public Acts of 1965, as amended, being S286.702 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, have the same meanings when used in these rules. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.2 Classification of crop and weed seed; adoption by reference of standards. Rule 2. The classification of crop and weed seed shall be pursuant to the provisions of the publication of the association of official seed analysts entitled "Handbook 25, Uniform Classification of Weed and Crop Seeds." The provisions of this publication are adopted by reference in these rules. The publication may be obtained from the Illinois Department of Agriculture, State Seed Lab, 801 E. Sangamon Avenue, Springfield, Illinois 62794-9281 or from the Michigan Department of Agriculture, Laboratory Division, 1615 South Harrison Road, East Lansing, Michigan48823, at a cost of $3.00. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.3 Testing procedures and tolerances; adoption by reference of standards. Rule 3. The testing procedures and tolerances set forth in the association of official seed analysts publication entitled "Rules for Testing Seed" are adopted by

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reference in these rules. The publication is available from the Illinois Department of Agriculture, State Seed Lab, 801 E. Sangamon Avenue, Springfield, Illinois 62794-9281 or from the Michigan Department of Agriculture, Laboratory Division, 1615 South Harrison Road, East Lansing, Michigan 48823, at a cost of $30.00. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.4 Kinds and commercial classes of agricultural seeds; labeling. Rule 4. The following kinds or commercial classes of agricultural seeds are generally labeled as to variety and shall be labeled to show the variety name or the words "Variety Not Stated": (a) Alfalfa. (b) Bahiagrass. (c) Barley. (d) Cranberry bean. (e) Black bean. (f) Small red bean. (g) Pink bean. (h) Small white bean. (i) White pea bean or navy bean. (j) Light red kidney bean. (k) Dark red kidney bean. (l) Great northern bean. (m) Yellow eye bean. (n) Pinto bean. (o) Horticultural bean. (p) White kidney bean. (q) Field beet. (r) Smooth brome. (s) Broomcorn. (t) Crimson clover. (u) Red clover. (v) White clover. (w) Field corn. (x) Popcorn. (y) Cotton. (z) Cowpea. (aa) Crambe. (bb) Tall fescue. (cc) Flax. (dd) Striate lespedeza. (ee) Foxtail millet. (ff) Pearl millet. (gg) Oat. (hh) Field pea. (ii) Peanut.

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(jj) Rice. (kk) Rye. (ll) Safflower. (mm) Sorghum. (nn) Sorghum-sudangrass. (oo) Soybean. (pp) Sudangrass. (qq) Sunflower. (rr) Tobacco. (ss) Birdsfoot trefoil. (tt) Triticale. (uu) Hard red winter wheat. (vv) Soft red winter wheat. (ww) Soft white winter wheat. (xx) Hard red spring wheat. (yy) Durum wheat. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.5 Brand names. Rule 5. (1) Brand names and terms taken from trademarks may be associated with the kind and variety or mixtures of kinds or varieties or blends of varieties of seed as an indication of source; however, the names and terms shall be clearly indicated as being other than part of the name of the kind and variety, mixture, or blend. Brand names shall not be used in place of variety names or in any manner in which they may be interpreted as being a variety name. (2) The brand name may incorporate the name of the variety in the complete brand name or be shown separately on the label. When the variety name is shown as being separate from the brand name, the variety name shall be adequately identified by using the term "Variety" preceding or following the variety designation. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.6 Blend labeling. Rule 6. Seed that consists of 2 or more varieties of the same kind shall be designated as a blend. The word "blend" shall be shown as a part of the name of the blend. Blends or mixtures may be assigned brand names but not variety names. The labeling and advertisements of varietal blends shall not create the impression that the seed is a single variety. For example, the soybean blend that consists of 2 varieties could not be named "golden pod soybeans" because "golden pod" could be mistaken for a variety name. The same soybean blend could be labeled and represented in an advertisement as "gold pod brand soybean blend." If the variety names of the components making up the blend are shown on the label, the percentage, by weight, of each named variety shall be shown in the order of predominance.

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History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.7 Prohibited and restricted noxious weeds. Rule 7. (1) All of the following are prohibited noxious weeds: (a) Field bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis. (b) Hedge bindweed, Convolvulus sepium. (c) Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense. (d) Morning glory, Ipomoea species. (e) Puncturevine, Tribulus terrestris. (f) Plumeless thistle, Carduus acanthoides. (g) Musk thistle, Carduus nutans. (h) Bull thistle, Cirsium vulgare. (i) Perennial sowthistle, Sonchus arvensis. (j) Whitetop = hoary cress = perennial peppergrass, Cardaria draba. (k) Russian knapweed, Centaurea picris. (l) Spotted knapweed, Centaurea maculosa. (m) Leafy spurge, Euphorbia esula. (n) Quackgrass, Agropyron repens = Elytrigia repens. (o) Johnsongrass, Sorghum halapense, including sorghum almum and seed which cannot be readily distinguished from Johnsongrass. (p) Dodder, Cuscuta species. (q) Horsenettle, Solanum carolinense. (r) Yellow nutsedge, Cyperus esculentus, both seed and tubers. (s) Serrated tussock, Nasella trichotoma. (2) All of the following are restricted noxious weeds: (a) Black mustard, Brassica nigra. (b) Charlock, Sinapis arvensis. (c) Indian mustard, Brassica juncea. (d) Wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum. (e) Hoary alyssum, Berteroa incana. (f) Buckhorn plantain, Plantago lanceolata. (g) Wild carrot, Daucus carota. (h) Wild onion, Allium canadense. (i) Wild garlic, Allium vineale. (j) Giant foxtail, Seteria faberii. (k) Yellow rocket, Barbarea vulgaris. (l) Curled dock, Rumex crispus. (m) Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti. (n) Wild oat, Avena fatua. (o) Jimsonweed, Datura stramonium. (p) Cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium. (q) Nightshade complex, including all of the following Solanum species and any other species with indistinguishable seed: (i) Bitter nightshade, Solanum dulcamara. (ii) Black nightshade, Solanum nigrum. (iii) Eastern black nightshade, Solanum ptycanthum.

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(iv) Silverleaf nightshade = purple nightshade, Solanum eleagnifolium. (v) Hairy nightshade, Solanum sarrachoides. (3) The limit for restricted noxious weed seed is 1 seed of any or all of the restricted noxious weed seeds to 2,000 seeds of the seed sold, offered, exposed, or transported for sale, except that for buckhorn and yellow rocket, the limit is 1 seed to 1,000 seeds of the seed sold, offered, exposed, or transported for sale. If present in a lesser ratio, the restricted noxious weeds shall be named on the tag with the number per pound also shown on the tag, except that buckhorn and yellow rocket need not be shown on the tag unless they exceed 90 seeds per pound. History: 1990 AACS; 2015 AACS. R 285.715.8 Agricultural and vegetable seed; labeling of hybrid seed percentages. Rule 8. When agricultural and vegetable seed consists of less than 95% hybrid seed, the percent which is hybrid shall be labeled parenthetically in direct association following the named variety, for example, Comet (85% hybrid). Varieties for which the pure seed consists of less than 75% hybrid seed shall not be labeled hybrids. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.9 Vegetable and herb seed; germination standards. Rule 9. (1) The minimum germination standards set forth in the following table, including hard seeds, shall apply for vegetable and herb seed:

TABLE 1 VEGETABLE AND HERB SEED MINIMUM GERMINATION STANDARDS

Seed Name Percent Anise 50 Artichoke 60 Asparagus 70 Asparagus bean 75 Basil, sweet 70 Bean, garden (all varieties) 70 Bean, lima 70 Bean, runner 75 Beet, garden 65 Broadbean 75 Broccoli 75 Brussels sprouts 70 Cabbage 75 Cabbage, Chinese 75 Cabbage, tronchuda 75 Cantaloupe (see muskmelon) Caraway 55 Carrot 55

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Catnip 40 Cauliflower 75 Celeriac 55 Celery 55 Chard, Swiss 65 Chervil, salad 65 Chicory 65 Chives 50 Citron 65 Collards 80 Coriander 70 Corn, popcorn 75 Corn, sweet 75 Cornsalad 70 Cowpea 75 Cress, garden 75 Cress, upland 60 Cress, watercress 40 Cucumber 80 Dandelion 60 Dill 60 Eggplant 60 Endive 70 Fennel, Florence 60 Fennel, sweet 50 Kale, all varieties 75 Kohlrabi 75 Lavender 40 Lettuce 80 Marjoram, sweet 50 Muskmelon 75 Mustard, India 75 Mustard, spinach 75 Okra 50 Onion 70 Onion, Welsh 70 Oregano 60 Pak-choi 75 Parsley 60 Parsnip 60 Pea 80 Peanut 60 Pepper 55 Pumpkin 75 Radish 75 Rhubarb 60

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Roquette 60 Rosemary 30 Rutabaga 75 Sage 60 Salsify 75 Savory, summer 55 Sorrel 65 Soybean 75 Spinach 60 Spinach, New Zealand 40 Squash 75 Thyme 50 Tomato 75 Tomato, husk 50 Turnip 80 Watermelon 70 (2) The germination standard for all other vegetable and herb seed for which a standard has not been established shall be 50%. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.10 Flower seeds; labeling kind and variety or type and performance characteristics. Rule 10. (1) The requirements of section 5 of Act No. 329 of the Public Acts of 1965, as amended, being S286.705 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, which specify that flower seeds shall be labeled with the name of the kind and variety or a statement of type and performance characteristics as prescribed in these rules shall be met as follows: (a) For seeds of plants grown primarily for their blooms, the following provisions apply: (i) If the seeds are of a single named variety, the kind and variety shall be stated, for example, "Marigold, Butterball." (ii) If the seeds are of a single type and color for which there is no specific variety name, the type of plant, if significant, and the type and color of bloom shall be indicated, for example, "Scabiosa, Tall, Large Flowered, Double, Pink." (iii) If the seeds consist of an assortment or mixture of colors or varieties of a single kind, the kind name, the type of plant, if significant, and the type or types of bloom shall be indicated. In addition, it shall be clearly indicated that the seed is mixed or assorted. An example of labeling such a mixture or assortment is, "Marigold, Dwarf Double French, Mixed Colors." (b) If the seeds consist of an assortment or mixture of kinds or kinds and varieties, it shall be clearly indicated that the seed is assorted or mixed and the specific use of the assortment or mixture shall be indicated, for example, "Cut Flower Mixture," or "Rock Garden Mixture." Such statements as "General Purpose Mixture" or "Wonder Mixture" or any other statement which fails to indicate the specific use of the seed shall not be considered as meeting the requirements of this provision. Containers that have more

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than 3 grams of seed shall list the kind or kind and variety names of each component that is more than 5.0% of the total content by weight in the order of its predominance and shall list the percentage by weight of each component. Components of 5.0% or less shall be listed, but need not be in order of predominance. A single percentage, by weight, shall be given for these components. If no component of a mixture is more than 5% of the total content, the statement "No component in excess of 5%" may be used. Containers that have 3 grams of seed or less shall list the components without giving the percentage by weight. Such listing need not be in order of predominance. (2) The kinds of flower seeds listed in table 2 are those for which standard testing procedures have been prescribed and which are therefore required to be labeled in accordance with the germination labeling provisions of section 5 of Act No. 329 of the Public Acts of 1965, as amended, being S286.705 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

TABLE 2 FLOWER SEED GERMINATION STANDARDS

The percentage listed opposite each kind of flower seed is the germination standard for that kind. For the kinds of seed marked with an asterisk, the percentage is the total of percentage germination and percentage hard or dormant seed. Seed Name Percentage Achillea (The Pearl) - Achillea ptarmica . . . . . . . . . 50 Adam's needle - Yucca filamentosa . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 African daisy - Dimorphoteca aurantiaca . . . . . . . . 55 African lilac daisy - Arctotis stoechadifolia. . . . . . . 50 African violet - Saintpaulia species . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Ageratum - Ageratum mexicanum . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 60 Agrostemma (rose campion) - Agrostemma coronaria . .65 Alyssum - Alyssum compactum, A. maritimum, A. procumbens, A. saxatile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Amaranthus - Amaranthus species. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Anagalis (pimpernel) - Anagalis arvensis, Anagalis coerulia, Anagalis grandiflora . . . . . . . . . 60 Anchusa - Two genera species: Cape bugloss - Anchusa capensis Italian bugloss - Anchusa azura Forget-me-not - Brunnera macrophylla . . . . . . . . . . .50 Anemone - Anemone coronaria, A. pulsatilla . . . . . .55 Angel's trumpet - Datura arborea . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 Arabis - Arabis alpina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 Arctotis (African lilac daisy) - Arctotis grandis . . . . 45 Armeria - Armeria formosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Asparagus, fern - Asparagus plumosus . . . . . . . . . . 50 Asparagus, sprenger - Asparagus sprengerigeri . . . . 55 Aster, China - Callistephus chinensis; except Pompom, Powderpuff, and Princess types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

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Aubrieta - Aubrieta deltoides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Baby smilax - Asparagus asparagoides . . . . . 25 Balloonvine - Cardiospermum halicacebum . . . 50 Balsam - Impatiens balsamina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Beach evening primrose - Camissonia cheiranthifolia (Oenothera cheiranthifolia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Begonia - (Begonia fibrous rooted) . . . . . . . . . . .60 Begonia - (Begonia tuberous rooted) . . . . . . 50 Bells of Ireland - Molucella laevis . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Bellflower (Bluebells of Scotland) Campanula rotundifolia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Bergamot - Monarda species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta . . . . . . . . . . 50 Brachycome (Swan river daisy) - Brachycome iberidifolia. 60 Browallia - Browallia elata and B. speciosa . . . . 65 Buphthalum (sunwheel) - Buphthalum salicifolium . . . . . 60 Buttercup - Ranunculus species . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Butterfly milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa . . . . . . .50 Cactus - Cactaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Calceolaria - Calceolaria species . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Calendula - Calendula officinalis . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Californica poppy - Eschscholtzia californica . . . .60 Calliopsis - Coreopsis bicolor, C. drummondi, C. elegans 65 Camomile, golden - Anthemis tinctoria . . . . . . . . .50 Camomile, St. John's - Anthemis sancti - johannis 50 Campanula: Canterbury bells - Campanula medium . . . . . . . . . 60 Cup and saucer bellflower - Campanula medium calycanthema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Carpathian bellflower - Campanula carpatica . . . . 50 Peach bellflower - Campanula persicifolia . . . . . .. 50 Campion, clammy - Lychnis viscaria . . . . . . . . . .. 50 Candytuft, annual - Iberis gibraltarica, I. umbellata.65 Candytuft, perennial - Iberis amara, I. sempervirens.55 *Castor bean - Ricinus communis . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Cathedral bells - Cobaea scandens . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Celosia - Celosia argentea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Centaurea: Basket flower - Centaurea americana Cornflower - C. cyanus Dusty Miller - C. Candidissima Royal centaurea - C. imperialis Sweet sultan - C. moschata Velvet centaurea - C. gymnocarpa . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Cerastium (snow-in-summer) Cerastium biebersteini and C. tomentosum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

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Chinese forget-me-not - Cynoglossum amabile . . . . . . . 55 Chinese Houses - Collinsia heterophylla . . . . . . . . . 50 Chrysanthemum, annual - Chrysanthemum carinatum, C. coronarium, C. segetum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Cineraria - Senecio cruentus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 Clarkia - Clarkia elegans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Cleome - Cleome gigantea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Coleus - Coleus blumei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Columbine - Aquilegia species . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Coral bells - Heuchera sanguinea . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Coreopsis, perennial - Coreopsis lanceolata . . . . . . . 40 Corn, ornamental - Zea mays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Cosmos: Sensation, mammoth, and crested types - Cosmos bipinnatus Klondyke type - C. sulphureus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Crossandra - Crossandra infundibuliformis . . . . . . . . 50 Cyclamen - Cyclamen africanum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Dahlia - Dahlia species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Dames rocket - Hesperis matronalis . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Daylily - Hemerocallis species . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Delphinium, perennial: Belladonna and bellamosum types Cardinal larkspur - Delphinium cardinale Chinensis types Pacific giant, gold medal and other hybrids of D. elatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Devils claws - Probosicidea louisianica . . . . . . . . 50 Dianthus: Carnation - Dianthus caryophyllus . . . . . . . . . . . .60 China pinks - Dianthus chinensis, heddewigi, heddensis . 70 Grass pinks - Dianthus plumarius . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Maiden pinks - Dianthus deltoides . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Sweet William - Dianthus barbatus . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Sweet Wivelsfield - Dianthus allwoodi . . . . . . . . . 60 Didiscus - (blue lace flower) - Didiscus coerulea . . . 65 Dittany - Dictamus albus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Doronicum (leopard's bane) - Doronicum caucasicum . . . 60 Dracaena - Dracaena indivisa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Dragon tree - Dracaena draco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Edelweiss - Leontopodium alpinum . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 English daisy - Bellis perennis . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Euphorbia, painted - Euphorbia heterophylla . . . . . . 50 Evening primrose - Oenothera biennis, O. argillicola . . 50 Everlasting pea - Lathyrus latifolius . . . . . . . . . 50 Flame violet - Episcia species . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

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Flax: Golden flax, Linum flavum Flowering flax, L. grandiflorum Perennial flax, L. perenne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Fleece flower - Polygonum capitatum . . . . . . . . . . 50 Flowering maple - Abutilon species . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Foxglove - Digitalis species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Fuschia - Fuschia species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Gaillardia: Annual - Gaillardia pulchella, G. picta Perennial - G. grandiflora . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Gasplant - Distamus albus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Gayfeather (blazing star) - Liatris species . . . . . . 50 Gazania, pied - Gazania rigens . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Geranium - Geranium species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Gerbera (transvaal daisy) - Gerbera jamesoni . . . . . . 60 German violet - Exacum affine . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Geum - Geum species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Gilia - Gilia species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Gladiolus - Gladiolus species . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Globe amaranth - Gomphrena globosa . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Globethistle, small - Echinops ritro . . . . . . . . . . 50 Gloriosa daisy (rudbeckia) - Echinacea purpurea and Rudbeckia hirta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Gloxinia - Sinningia speciosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Godetia - Godetia amoena, G. grandiflora . . . . . . . . 65 Goldmoss sedum - Sedum acre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Gourds: Yellow flowered - Cucurbita pepo White flowered - Lagenaria sisceraria Dishcloth - Luffa cyllindrica . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 Gypsophila: Annual baby's breath - Gypsophila elegans Perennial baby's breath - G. paniculata, G. pacifica, G. repens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Helenium - Helenium autumnale . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Helichrysum (strawflower) - Helichrysum bracteatum . . . 60 Heliopsis - Heliopsis scabra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Heliotrope - Heliotropium species . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Helipterum (acroclinium) - Helipterum roseum . . . . . . 60 Hens and chickens - Sempervivum species . . . . . . . . 50 Herb treemallow - Lavatera trimestris . . . . . . . . . 50 Hesperis (sweet rocket) - Hesperis matronalis . . . . . 65 Hibiscus - Hibiscus species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 *Hollyhock - Althea rosea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Hunnemania (mexican tulip poppy) - Hunnemania

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fumariaefolia 60 *Hyacinth bean - Lablab purpureus . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Impatiens - Impatiens holstii, I. sultani . . . . . . . 55 *Ipomea: Cypress vine - Ipomea quamoclit Moonflower - I. noctiflora Morning glories, cardinal climber, hearts and honey vine - Ipomea species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Japanese Iris - Iris kaempferi . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Jasmine primrose - Oenothera pallida . . . . . . . . . . 50 Jerusalem cross (maltese cross) - Lychnis chalcedonica . 70 Job's tears - Coix lacrymajobi . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Jupiter's beard - Centranthus ruber . . . . . . . . . . 50 Kalanchoe - Kalanchoe blossfeldiana . . . . . . . . . . 50 Kochia - Kochia childsi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Larkspur, annual - Delphinium ajacis . . . . . . . . . . 60 Lamb's ear - Stachys byzantina . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Lantana - Lantana camara, L. hybrida . . . . . . . . . . 35 Lemon mint - Monarda citriodora . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Lilium (regal lily) - Lilium regale . . . . . . . . . . 50 Linaria - Linaria species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Livingstone daisy (iceplant) - Dorotheanthus belliformis 50 Lobelia, annual - Lobelia erinus . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Lunaria, annual - Lunaria annua . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 *Lupine - Lupinus species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Maltese cross - Lychnis coronaria . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Marigold - Tagetes species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Marvel of Peru (four o'clock) - Mirabilis jalapa . . . . 60 Matricaria (feverfew) - Matricaria species . . . . . . . 60 Mignonette - Reseda odorata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Monarch daisy - Venidium fastuosum . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Mullein pink - Lynchnis coronaria . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Myosotis - Myosotis alpestris, M. oblongata, M. palustris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Nasturtium - Tropaeolum species . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Nemesia - Nemesia species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Nemophila - Nemophila insignis . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Nemophila, spotted - Nemophila maculata . . . . . . . . 60 New England aster - Aster novae-angliae . . . . . . . . 50 Nicotiana - Nicotiana affinis, N. sanderae, N. sylvestris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Nierembergia - Nierembergia species . . . . . . . . . . 55 Nigella - Nigella damascena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Oregon fleabane - Erigeron speciosus . . . . . . . . . 50 Ozark sundrops - Oenothera macrocarpa, (Oenothera missouriensis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

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Pansy - Viola tricolor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Pearlwort - Sagina sabulata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Pearly everlasting - Anaphalis margaritacea . . . . . . 50 Penstemon - Penstemon barbatus, P. grandiflorus, P. laevigatus, P. pubescens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Peppermint - Mentha piperita . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Periwinkle - Catharanthus roseus . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Petunia - Petunia species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Phacelia - Phacelia campanularia, P. minor, P. tanacetifolia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Phlox, annual - Phlox drummondi all types and varieties 55 Physalis - Physalis species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Platycodon (balloon flower) - Platycodon grandiflorum 60 Plumbago, cape - Plumbago capensis . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Polka-dot plant - Hypoestes phyllostachya . . . . . . . 50 Ponytail - Beaucarnea recurvata . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Poppy: Shirley poppy - Papaver rhoeas Iceland poppy - P. nudicaule Orientale poppy - P. orientale Tulip poppy - P. glaucum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Portulaca - Portulaca grandiflora . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Prairie coneflower - Ratibida columnifera . . . . . . . 50 Prairie gentian - Eustoma grandiflorum . . . . . . . . . 50 Primula (primrose) - Primula species . . . . . . . . . . 50 Purple coneflower - Echinacea purpurea . . . . . . . . . 50 Purple loosetrife - Lythrum salicaria . . . . . . . . . 50 Pyrethrum (painted daisy) - Pyrethrum coccineum . . . . 60 Rock rose - Helianthemum nummularium . . . . . . . . . . 50 Rose campion - Lynchnis coronaria . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Salpiglossis - Salpiglossis gloxinaeflora, S. sinuata . 60 Salvia: Scarlet sage - Salvia splendens Mealycup sage (blue bedder) - Salvia farinacea . . . . 50 Saponaria - Saponaria ocymoides, S. vaccaria . . . . . . 60 Scabiosa, annual - Scabiosa atropurpurea . . . . . . . . 50 Scabiosa, perennial - Scabiosa caucasica . . . . . . . . 40 Schizanthus - Schizanthus species . . . . . . . . . . . 60 *Sensitive plant (mimosa) - Mimosa pudica . . . . . . . 65 Shasta daisy - Chrysanthemum maximum, C. leucanthemum . 65 Silk oak - Grevillea robusta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Snapdragon - Antirrhinum species . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Snow-on-the-mountain - Euphorbia marginata . . . . . . . 50 Solanum - Solanum species . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Speedwell, Hungarian - Veronica austriaca . . . . . . . 50 Speedwell, spike - Veronica spicata . . . . . . . . . . 50

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Spiderflower - Cleome hasslerana . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Statice - Statice sinuata, S. suworonii (flower heads) . 50 Stocks: Common - Mathiola incana Evening scented, Mathiola bicornis . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Sunflower - Helianthus species . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Sunflower, Inula - Inula grandiflora . . . . . . . . . . 50 Sunrose - Helianthemum species . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Swan river daisy - Brachycome iberidifolia . . . . . . . 50 *Sweet pea, annual and perennial other than dwarf bush Lathyrus odoratus, L. latifolius . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 *Sweet pea, dwarf bush - Lathyrus odoratus . . . . . . . 65 Sweet sultan - Amberboa moschata . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Sweet William catchfly - Silene armeria . . . . . . . . 50 Tahoka daisy - Machaeanthera tanacetifolia . . . . . . . 60 Tansy - Tanacetum vulgare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Texas bluebonnet - Lupdinus subcarnosus . . . . . . . . 50 Thunbergia - Thunbergia alata . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Tidy tips daisy - Layia platyglossa . . . . . . . . . . 50 Tiger monkeyflower - Mimulus hybrids . . . . . . . . . . 50 Torch flower - Tithonia speciosa . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Torenia (wishbone flower) - Torenia fournieri . . . . . 70 Transvaal daisy - Gerbera jamesoni . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Tritoma (torch lily) - Kniphofia species . . . . . . . . 65 Unicorn plant - Probosicides louisianica . . . . . . . . 50 Verbena, annual - Verbena hybrida . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Vinca - Vinca rosea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Viola - Viola cornuta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Virginian stocks - Malcolmia maritime . . . . . . . . . 65 Wallflower - Cheiranthus allioni; Erysimum x allionii . 65 Willowleaf oxeye - Buphthalmum salicifolium . . . . . . 50 Wooly marigold - Baileya multiradiata . . . . . . . . . 50 Yarrow - Achillea millefolium . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Yucca (Adam's needle) - Yucca filamentosa . . . . . . . 50 Zinnia (except Linearis and creeping) - Zinnia angustifolia, Z. elegans, Z. grandiflora, Z. gracillima, Z. haegeana, Z. multiflora, Z. pumila . . . . . . . . . 65 Zinnia, Linearis and creeping - Zinnia linearis, Sanvitalia procumbens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 All other kinds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 (3) A mixture of kinds of flower seeds will be considered to be below standard if the germination of any kind or combination of kinds that constitutes 25% or more of the mixture, by number, is below standard for the kind or kinds involved. History: 1990 AACS.

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R 285.715.11 Tree seed germination standards. Rule 11. The germination labeling provisions of section 6 of Act No. 329 of the Public Acts of 1965, as amended, being S286.706 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, apply to the tree and shrub species listed in table 3. The minimum germination standard for species of Pinus and Picea shall be 60%.

TABLE 3. TREE SEED GERMINATION STANDARDS

Abies amabilis (Dougl.) Forbes - Pacific silver fir Abies balsamea (L.) Mill, - balsam fir Abies concolor (Gord. & Glend.) Lindl. - white fir Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir - Fraser fir Abies grandis (Dougl.) Lindl. - grand fir Abies homolepis Sieb. & Zucc. - Nikko fir Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt. - subalpine fir Abies magnifica A. Murr. - California red fir Abies magnifica var. shastensis Lemm. - shasta red fir Abies procera Rehd. - nobel fir Abies veitchii (Lindl.) - veitch fir Acer ginnala Maxim. - amur maple Acer macrophyllum Pursh. - bigleaf maple Acer negundo L. - boxelder Acer pensylvanicum L. - striped maple Acer platanoides L. - sycamore maple Acer rubrum L. - red maple Acer saccharinum L. - silver maple Acer saccharum Marsh, - sugar maple Acer spicatum Lam. - mountain maple Aesculus pavia L. - red buckeye Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) swingle - tree of heaven, ailan thus Berberis thunbergii DC. - Japanese barberry Berberis vulgaris L. - European barberry Betula lenta L. - sweet birch Betula nigra L. - river birch Betula papyrifera Marsh. - paper birch Betula pendula Roth. - European white birch Betula populifolia Marsh. - gray birch Carya illinoensis (Wang.) K. Koch - pecan Carya ovata (Mill) K. Koch - shagbark hickory Casuarina species - beefwood Catalpa bignonioides Walt. - southern catalpa Cedrus atlantica Manetti - atlas cedar Cedrus libani (Loud.) - cedar of Lebanon Celastrus scandens L. - American bittersweet

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Celastrus orbiculata Thunb. - oriental bittersweet Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murr.) Parl - Port Orford cedar Chamaecyparis nootkatensis (D. Don.) Spach. - Alaska cedar Cornus florida L. - flowering dogwood Cornus stolonifera Mich. - red-osier dogwood Crataegus mollis - downy hawthorn Cupressus arizonica Greene - Arizona cypress Eucalyptus deglupta Eucalyptus grandis Fraxinus americana L. - white ash Fraxinus excelsior L. - European ash Fraxinus latifolia Benth. - Oregon ash Fraxinus nigra Marsh. - black ash Fraxinus pensylvanica Marsh. - green ash Fraxinus pensylvanica var. lanceolata (Borkh.) Sarg. - green ash Gleditsia triacanthos L. - honey locust Grevillea robusta - silk-oak Larix decidua Mill. - European larch Larix eurolepis Henry - Dunkfeld larch Larix leptolepis - (Sieb. & Zucc.) Gord. - Japanese larch Larix occidentalis Nutt. - western larch Larix sibirica Ledeb. - Siberian larch Libocedrus decurrens - incense-cedar Liquidambar styraciflua L. - sweetgum Liriodendron tulipifera L. - yellow-poplar Magnolia grandiflora - southern magnolia Malus species - apple Malus species - crabapple Nyssa aquatica L. - water tupelo Nyssa sylvatica var. sylvatica - black tupelo Picea abies (L.) Karst. - Norway spruce Picea engelmanni Parry - Engelmann spruce Picea glauca (Moench.) Voss - white spruce Picea glauca var. albertiana (S. Brown) Sarg. - western white spruce, Alberta white spruce Picea glehnii (Fr. Schmidt) Mast. - Sakhalin spruce Picea jezoensis (Sieb. & Zucc.) Carr - Yeddo spruce Picea koyamai Shiras. - Koyama spruce Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P. - black spruce Picea omorika a(Pancic.) Purkyne - Serbian spruce Picea orientalis (L.) Link. - oriental spruce Picea polita (Sieb. & Zucc.) Carr - tigertail spruce Picea pungens Engelm. - blue spruce, Colorado spruce Picea pungens var. glauca Reg. - Colorado blue spruce Picea rubens Sarg. - red spruce Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr - Sitka spruce

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Pinus albicaulis Engelm. - whitebark pine Pinus aristata Engelm. - bristlecone pine Pinus banksiana Lamb. - jack pine Pinus canariensis C. Smith - canary pine Pinus caribaea - Caribbean pine Pinus cembroides Zucc. - Mexican pinyon pine Pinus clausa - sand pine Pinus contorta Dougl. - lodgepole pine Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm. - lodgepole pine Pinus coulteri D. Don. - Coulter pine, bigcone pine Pinus densiflora Sieb. & Zucc. - Japanese red pine Pinus echinata Mill. - shortleaf pine Pinus elliottii Engelm. - slash pine Pinus flexilis James - limber pine Pinus glabra Walt. - spruce pine Pinus griffithi McClelland - Himalayan pine Pinus halepensis Mill. - Aleppo pine Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf. - Jeffrey pine Pinus khasya Royle - Khasia pine Pinus lambertiana Dougl. - sugar pine Pinus heldreichii var. leucodermis (Ant.) Markgraf ex Fitschen - Balkans pine, Bosnian pine Pinus markusii DeVriese - Markus pine Pinus monticola Dougl. - western white pine Pinus mugo Turra. - mountain pine Pinus mugo var. mughus (Scop.) Zenari - Mugo Swiss mountain pine Pinus muricata D. Don. - bishop pine Pinus nigra Arnold - Austrian pine Pinus nigra poiretiana (Ant.) Aschers & Graebn. - Corsican pine Pinus palustris Mill. - longleaf pine Pinus parviflora Sieb. & Zucc. - Japanese white pine Pinus patula Schl. & Cham. - Jelecote pine Pinus pinaster Sol. - cluster pine Pinus pinea L. - Italian stone pine Pinus ponderosa Laws. - ponderosa pine, western yellow pine Pinus radiata D. Don. - Monterey pine Pinus resinosa Ait. - red pine, Norway pine Pinus rigida Mill. - pitch pine Pinus serotina Michx. - pond pine Pinus strobus L. - eastern white pine Pinus sylvestris L. - scotch pine Pinus taeda L. - loblolly pine Pinus taiwanensis Hayata - Formosa pine Pinus thunbergii Parl. - Japanese black pine Pinus virginiana Mill. - Virginia pine, scrub pine Platanus occidentalis L. - American sycamore

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Populus species - poplars Prunus armeriaca L. - apricot Prunus avium (L.) L. - cherry Prunus domestica L. - plum, prune Prunus persica Batsch. - peach Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco - blue Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii var. caesia (Beissn.) Franco - gray Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii var. viridis - green Douglas fir Pyrus communis L. - pear Quercus species - (red or black oak group) Quercus alba - L. - white oak Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm. - Chinkapin oak Quercus virginiana Mill. - live oak Rhododendron species - rhododendron Robinia pseudoacacia L. - black locust Rosa multiflora Thunb. - Japanese rose Sequoia gigantea (Lindl.) Decne. - giant sequoia Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don.) Engl. - redwood Syringa vulgaris L. - common lilac Thuja occidentalis L. - northern white cedar, eastern arborvitae Thuja orientalis L. - oriental arborvitae, Chinese arborvitae Thuja plicata Donn. - western red cedar - giant arborvitae Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. - eastern hemlock, Canada hemlock Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. - western hemlock, Pacific hemlock Ulmus americana L. - American elm Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. - Chinese elm Ulmus pumila L. - Siberian elm Vitis vulpina L. - riverbank grape History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.12 Hermetically sealed containers. Rule 12. A germination test for seed in hermetically sealed containers shall apply for a period of 36 months if all of the following conditions are met: (a) The seed was packaged within 9 months after harvest. (b) The container used does not allow water vapor penetration (WVP)through any wall, including the seals, at a rate of more than 0.05 grams of water per 24 hours per 100 square inches of surface at 100 degrees Fahrenheit with a relative humidity (RH) on 1 side of 90% and on the other side of 0%. Water vapor penetration is measured by the standards of the United States bureau of standards as: Gm. H2 O/24 hr./100 sq. in./100oF./90% RH V.0% RH. (c) The seed in the container does not exceed the percentage of moisture, on a wet- weight basis, as listed in the following table:

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TABLE 4 Agricultural Seeds Seeds Percent Beet, field 7.5 Beet, sugar 7.5 Bluegrass, Kentucky 6.0 Clover, crimson 8.0 Fescue, red 8.0 Ryegrass, annual 8.0 Ryegrass, perennial 8.0 All others 6.0 Vegetable Seeds Seeds Percent Bean, garden 7.0 Bean, lima 7.0 Beet 7.5 Broccoli 5.0 Brussels sprouts 5.0 Cabbage 5.0 Carrot 7.0 Cauliflower 5.0 Celeriac 7.0 Celery 7.0 Chard, Swiss 7.5 Chinese cabbage 5.0 Chives 6.5 Collards 5.0 Corn, sweet 8.0 Cucumber 6.0 Eggplant 6.0 Kale 5.0 Kohlrabi 5.0 Leek 6.5 Lettuce 5.5 Muskmelon 6.0 Mustard, India 5.0 Onion 6.5 Onion, Welsh 6.5 Parsley 6.5 Parsnip 6.0 Pea 7.0 Pepper 4.5 Pumpkin 6.0 Radish 5.0

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Rutabaga 5.0 Spinach 8.0 Squash 6.0 Tomato 5.5 Turnip 5.0 Watermelon 6.5 All others 6.0 (d) The container is conspicuously labeled in not less than 8-point type to indicate all of the following: (i) That the container is hermetically sealed. (ii) That the seed has been preconditioned as to moisture content. (iii) The calendar month and year in which the germination test was completed. (e) The percentage of germination of vegetable seed at the time of packaging was equal to or above the standards specified in R 285.715.9. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.13 Laboratory seed testing fees. Rule 13. (1) The fees of $6.00 for purity testing, $5.00 for germination testing, and $10.00 for purity and germination testing are the fees for general crops which include all of the following: (a) Corn. (b) Cereals. (c) Soybeans. (d) Field beans. (e) Field peas. (f) Buckwheat. (g) Millet. (h) Rape. (i) Flax. (j) Sunflower. (k) Vetch. (l) Clovers. (m) Trefoil. (n) Alfalfa. (o) Lespedeza. (p) Timothy. (q) Sorghum. (r) Vegetables and similar kinds of crops. (2) The fees of $8.00 for purity testing, $7.00 for germination testing, and $14.00 for purity and germination testing are the fees for grasses, which include all of the following: (a) Bromes. (b) Fescues. (c) Orchardgrass.

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(d) Reed canarygrass. (e) Wheatgrasses. (f) Bluegrasses. (g) Bentgrass. (h) Red top. (i) Ryegrass. (j) Green needlegrass. (k) Prairie sandreed. (l) Sand dropseed. (m) Switchgrass. (n) Similar kinds of grasses. (3) The fees of $16.00 for purity testing, $8.00 for germination testing, and $22.00 for purity and germination testing are the fees for chaffy rangegrasses, which include all of the following: (a) Big bluestem. (b) Little bluestem. (c) Buffalograss. (d) Indiangrass. (e) Side oats grama. (f) Similar kinds of chaffy rangegrasses. (4) The following are fees for testing flower and tree seed: (a) Purity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 8.00. (b) Germination . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 6.00. (c) Purity and germination . . . . . . . . $12.00. (5) The following are fees for testing mixtures of lawn, pasture, or flower seed: (a) Purity - $8.00 for the first component, plus $5.00 for each additional component. (b) Germination - $7.00 for the first component, plus $4.00 for each additional component. (c) Purity and germination - combine the prices of subdivisions (a) and (b) of this subrule. (6) The fee for an all states noxious weed examination is $4.00, in addition to a standard purity charge. (7) The fee for a tetrazolium test is $12.00. (8) The fee for a sod grower's analysis is $40.00. (9) The fee for a cold test for soybeans, field beans or corn is $8.00. (10) The fee for tests that are not listed, for special procedures, extra time, is $20.00 per hour. (11) The fee for a moisture test is $3.00. (12) The fees for testing for bacterial blight of a field bean are as follows: (a) October 1 through December 15 - $15.00. (b) December 16 through March 30 - $25.00. Blight tests are not conducted from April 1 through September 30. (13) The fee for testing for bean common mosaic virus, from October 1 through January 15 only, is $10.00.

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(14) Seed will not be tested for persons who do not reside in Michigan without the prior approval of the state seed analyst. History: 1990 AACS. R 285.715.14 Rescission. Rule 14. R 285.714.1 to R 285.714.21 of the Michigan Administrative Code, appearing on pages 1313 to 1324 of the 1979 Michigan Administrative Code, are rescinded. History: 1990 AACS.

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