Agriculture and Food - Plant Industry - Utah Seed Law

Published: 2008-07-02

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R68. Agriculture and Food, Plant Industry.
R68-8. Utah Seed Law.
R68-8-1. Authority.
Promulgated under authority of Sections 4-2-2, 4-16-3 and 4-17-3.
R68-8-2. Noxious Weed Seeds and Weed Seed Restrictions.
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to sell, offer, or expose for sale or distribute in the State of Utah any agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree and shrub seeds, or seeds for sprouting for seeding purposes which:
A. Contain, either in part or in whole, any prohibited noxious weed seeds.
1. "Prohibited" noxious weed seeds are the seeds of any plant determined by Utah Commissioner of Agriculture and Food to be injurious to public health, crops, livestock, land, or other property and which is especially troublesome and difficult to control.
2. Utah prohibited noxious weed seeds are as follows:
Bermudagrass (Except in Cynodon dactylon (L.)
Washington County) Pers.
Bindweed (Wild Morning-glory) Convolvulus spp.
Black henbane Hyoscyamus niger (L.)
Broad-leaved Peppergrass (Tall Lepidium latifolium L.
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense (L.)
Dalmation Toadflax Linaria dalmatica (L.)
Diffuse Knapweed Centaurea diffusa (Lam.)
Hoary cress Cardadia spp.
Houndstongue Cynoglossum
officinale (L.)
Dyers Woad Isatis Tinctoria L.
Oxeye daisy Chrysanthemum
leucanthemum (L.)
Perennial Sorghum spp. including but not
limited to Johnson
Grass (Sorghum
halepense (L.)
Pers.) and Sorghum
Almum (Sorghum
almum, Parodi).
Poison Hemlock Conium maculatum (L.)
Leafy Spurge Euphorbia esula L.
Medusahead Taeniatherum
caput-medusae (L.)
Musk Thistle Carduus nutans L.
Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria L.
Quackgrass Agropyron repens (L.)
Russian Knapweed Centaurea repens L.
SaltCedar (Tamarix) Tamarix ramosissima
Scotch Thistle (Cotton Thistle) Onopordum acanthium L.
Spotted Knapweed Centaurea maculosa
Squarrose Knapweed Centaurea virgata Lam. Ssp
squarrosa Gugle.
St. Johnswort, common Hypericum
perforatum (L.)
Sulfur cinquefoil potentilla recta L.
Yellow Starthistle Centaurea
solstitialis L.
Yellow toadflax Linaria vulgaris (Mill.)
B. Contain any restricted weed seeds in excess of allowable amounts:
1. The following weed seeds shall be allowed in all crop seed, but shall be restricted not to exceed a maximum of 27 such seeds per pound, either as a single species or in combination:
Dodder Cuscuta app.
Halogeton Halogeton glomeratus (M. Bieb.)
Jointed goatgrass Aegilops cylindrica (Host.)
Poverty Weed Iva axillaris Pursh.
Wild Oats Avena fatua L.
2. The following maximum percentage of weed seeds by weight shall be allowed:
a. Two percent (2.0%) of Cheat (Bromus secalinus), Chess (Bromus brizaformis), (B. commutatus), (B. mollis), Japanese Brome (Bromus japonicus) and Downy Brome (Bromus tectorum) either as a single species or in combination in grass seeds.
b. One percent (1.0%) of any weed seeds not listed in 2.a. above in grass, flower, tree and shrub seeds.
c. One half of one percent (0.50%) in all other kinds or types of seeds.
R68-8-3. Special Labeling Provisions.
A. Prepackaged containers must be labeled in accordance with requirements applying to the specific kind(s) of seed in said prepackaged container as provided by Section 4-16-4.
B. Seed weighed from bulk containers, including jars, cans, bins, etc., in the presence of the customer and sold in quantities of five pounds or less will be exempt from the full labeling provisions; provided, that the container from which the seed is taken is fully and properly labeled in accordance with the provisions of the law and regulations thereunder. Labels on such seed containers must be attached thereto and must be kept in a conspicuous place. The name and address of the supplier or vendor must be plainly printed on all lots of seed sold from bulk containers along with the required labeling and name of substance used in treatment, if any. If the seed was treated, the appropriate treatment labeling must be on both the master container from which the seed is weighed and on each receiving container. The vendor must also mark on any receiving container, when requested by the purchaser, any additional labeling information required by the laws and regulations thereunder.
C. If responsibility is accepted therefore, it shall be permissible under the law for the local merchant or distributor of seed in this State to adopt and use the analysis furnished by the original seller to remain attached to the proper container of such seed for a period not to exceed nine calendar months for vegetable, flower, tree, and shrub seeds and eighteen calendar months for agricultural seeds or in the case of hermetically sealed seed, thirty-six calendar months, after which time said local dealer or distributor must retest or have retested any remaining seed in his possession, remove the original analysis label and attach a new analysis label or place an appropriately printed permanently adhering sticker on the original label bearing the lot number, percent of germination and date of test.
D. Any vegetable or flower seeds in packets or containers of one pound or less and preplanted containers offered, exposed for sale, or distributed in the State of Utah, must be labeled with the date of test or the current calendar year for which the seed is packed.
R68-8-4. Treated Seed - Use of Highly Toxic, Moderately Toxic, and Low Toxicity Substances and Labeling of Containers.
Any agricultural, vegetable, flower, or tree and shrub seed or mixture thereof that has been treated, shall be labeled in type no smaller than eight point to indicate that such seed has been treated and to show the name of any substance or a description of any process (other than application of a substance) used to treat such seed. The label shall contain the required information in any form that is clearly legible and complies with Section 4-16-5, Federal Laws which apply, and the following paragraphs of this regulation which are subsequently applicable. The information may be on the seed analysis tag, on a separate tag, or printed on each container in a conspicuous manner.
A. Names of Substances.
1. The required name of the substance used in treatment shall be the commonly accepted coined, chemical (generic), or abbreviated chemical name. Commonly accepted coined names are not private trademarks and are available for use by the public and are commonly recognized as names of particular substances.
2. Examples of commonly accepted chemical (generic) names are: blue-stone, calcium carbonate, cuprous oxide, zinc hydroxide, hexachlorobenzene and ethyl mercury acetate. The terms "mercury" or "mercurial" may be used to represent all types of mercurial compounds. Examples of commonly accepted abbreviated chemical names are BHC (1,2,3,4,5,6, Hexachloroclohexane) and DDT (Dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane).
B. Treatment Coloring.
Any substance which is toxic in nature used in the treatment of seed shall be distinctly colored so as to be readily discernible.
C. Labeling.
Containers of treated seed shall, in addition to the name of the treatment substance used be labeled in accordance with Subsection R68-8-4(C), and shall bear appropriate signal words and warning statements required according to the relative toxicity of the chemical(s) applied. In addition, all seed treated with a chemical seed treatment shall bear the statement, "Keep out of Reach of Children."
1. Labeling Seed Treated with Highly Toxic Substances.
a. Seed treated with a chemical substance, designated by the Environmental Protection Agency or the Commissioner as a highly toxic substance, shall be labeled to conspicuously show the words, "TREATED SEED," together with the name of the substance. Example: "THIS SEED TREATED WITH (name of substance)," or "(name of substance) TREATED". The labeling shall also bear in red coloring the signal words, "DANGER-POISON," and a representation of a skull and crossbones at least twice the size of the type used for the name of the substance. The label shall also include in red letters additional precautionary statements stating hazards to humans and other vertebrate animals, special steps or procedures which should be taken to avoid poisoning, and wording to inform physicians of proper treatment for poisoning.
b. All bags, sacks, or other containers of seed which have been or are being used to contain seeds treated with "highly toxic" substances, shall be identified with the words "DANGER POISON," and a representation of a skull and crossbones. The printing shall be directly printed or impregnated on or into the containers, or applied by other means approved by the department, as to be permanent. Any such container in which seed treated with highly toxic substances has been contained, except for future similar use for seed, shall not again be used to contain any food, feed, or agricultural products, without the prior written approval of the department.
2. Labeling Seed Treated with Moderately Toxic Substances.
Seed treated with a chemical substance designated as moderately toxic, shall be labeled with the words, "TREATED SEED," together with the name of the substance. Examples: "THIS SEED TREATED WITH (name of substance)" or "(name of substance) TREATED." The label shall also bear the signal word, "WARNING". Additional precautionary statements describing hazards to humans and other vertebrate animals, and special handling procedures to avoid poisoning shall also appear in the labeling.
3. Labeling Seed Treated with Low Toxicity Substances.
Seed treated with a chemical designated as low toxicity, or comparatively free from danger shall be labeled with the words, "TREATED SEED" together with the name of the substance. Example: "THIS SEED IS TREATED (name of substance)", or "(name of substance) TREATED." The label shall also bear the signal word, "CAUTION". Additional precautionary statements describing hazards to humans and other vertebrate animals, and special handling procedures to avoid poisoning shall also appear in the labeling.
4. Effective Warning.
Any words or terms used on the label which tend to reduce the effectiveness of the warning statements required by section 4-16-5 and this regulation are construed to be misleading.
5. Bulk Seed.
In the case of seed in bulk, the information required on the labels of packaged seed shall appear on the invoice or other records accompanying and pertaining to such seed.
D. Treatment by Custom Applicators.
The provisions of this regulation shall apply to seed which has been treated by custom applicators, or in a custom manner, even though the transfer of ownership is not intended on said seed.
E. Changes in Federal Law.
The kinds of chemicals declared highly toxic, moderately toxic, or low toxicity and their approved uses on seed must of necessity be in conformity with applicable federal laws and regulations. If at any time the federal government prohibits the use of such substances on seed or makes other changes affecting seed then the provisions of this regulation are considered to be modified to the extent necessary to conform to such federal laws and regulations.
R68-8-5. Inoculated Seed.
The term "inoculant" means a commercial preparation containing nitrogen-fixing bacteria applied to seed. Seed claimed to be inoculated shall be labeled to show the month and year beyond which the inoculant on the seed is no longer claimed to be effective.
R68-8-6. Weight or Seed Count Requirements.
Net weight on all containers is required except that preplanted containers, mats, tapes, or other planting devices shall state the minimum number of seeds in the container. All weight labeling shall be consistent with the requirements of the Weights and Measures Law and rules. Under appropriate circumstances when a seed tag is used, the weight information may appear on the seed tag rather than on the seed bag. The term "weight" shall be understood and construed to mean the net weight of the commodity.
R68-8-7. Labeling of Agricultural Seed Varieties.
A. The following kinds of agricultural seeds shall be labeled to show the variety name or the words, "Variety Not Stated."
Beans, field
Beets, field
Brome, smooth
Clover, crimson
Clover, red
Clover, white
Corn, field
Corn, pop
Fescue, tall
Lespedeza, striate
Millet, foxtail
Millet, pearl
Pea, field
Sudangrass hybrid
Trefoil, birdsfoot
B. The following kinds of agriculture seeds shall be labeled to show the variety name:
Wheat, Common
Wheat, durum
C. When two or more varieties are present in excess of five percent and are named on the label, the name of each variety shall be accompanied by the percentage of each.
R68-8-8. Labeling of Lawn Seed Mixtures.
A. Format. When labeling lawn and turf seed mixtures as provided by Section 4-16-4, the following format shall be used:
Grass Seed Mixture
Lot 77-7
42.20% Kentucky Bluegrass 80%
28.37% Annual Ryegrass 85%
11.90% Creeping Red Fescue 85%
5.43% White Dutch Clover 75%
.50% Weed Seed Tested: July 1979
1.60% Other crop seed
10.00% Inert matter
Noxious weed seed-none
John Doe Seed Company, Inc.
1977 Bell Street, Salt Lake City, Utah 84000
Net Weight: 5 pounds
B. Agricultural seed other than seed required to be named on the label shall be designated as "other crop seed" or "crop seed." If a mixture contains no crop seed, the statement "contains no other crop seed," may be used.
C. The headings "pure seed" and "germination" or "germ," shall be used in the proper place.
D. The word "mixed" or "mixture" shall be stated with the name of the mixture.
R68-8-9. Vegetable Seeds and Minimum Germination Standards.
A. Vegetable seeds are the seeds of the following, and the minimum germination standards are as indicated:
Artichoke--Cynara scolymus 60
Asparagus--Asparagus officinalis 70*
Bean, garden--Phaseolus vulgaris 70*
Bean, asparagus--Vigna sequipedalis 75*
Bean, lima--Phaseolus lunatus var. 70*
Bean, runner--Phaseolus coccineus 75
Beet--Beta vulgaris 65
Broadbean--Vicia fava 75
Broccoli--Brassica oleracea var. botrytis 75
Brussels sprouts--Brassica oleracea var. 70
Burdock, great--Arctium lappa 60
Cabbage--Brassica oleracca var. capitata 75
Cabbage, Chinese--Brassica Pekinensis 75
Cabbage, tronchuda--Brassica oleracea 75
var. tronchuda
Cantalope (see Muskmelon)
Cardoon--Cynara cardunculus 60
Carrot--Daucus carota 55
Cauliflower--Brassica oleracea var. 75
Celery and celeriac--Apium graveolens var. 55
dulce and repaceum
Chard, Swiss--Beta vulgaris var. cicla 65
Chicory--Cichorium intybus 65
Chives--Allium schoenoprasum 50
Citron--Citrullus lanatus var. citroides 65
Collards--Brassica oleracea var. acephala 80
Corn, Sweet--Zea mays 75
Cornsalad (Fetticus--Valerianella locusta) 70
Cowpea--Vigna sinensis 75
Cress, garden--lepidium sativum 75
Cress, Upland--Barbarea verna 60
Cress, Water--Rorippa nasturtium-acquaticum 40
Cucumber--Cucumis sativus 80
Dandelion--Taraxacum officinals 60
Eggplant--Solanum melongena 60
Endive--Cichorium endivia 70
Herbs--(all kinds and varieties not listed) 50
Kale--Brassica spp. 75
Kohlrabi--Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes 75
Leek--Allium porrum 60
Lettuce--Lactuca sative 80
Muskmelon (Cantalope)--Cucumis melo 75
Mustard, India--Brassica juncea 75
Mustard, spinach--Brassica perviridis 75
Okra--Hibiscus esculentus 50
Onion--Allium cepa 70
Onion, Welsh--Allium fistulosum 70
Pak-choi--Brassica chinensis 75
Parsley--Petroselinum crispum 60
Parsnip--Pastinaca sativa 60
Pea, garden--Pisum sativum 80*
Pepper--Capsicum spp. 55
Pumpkin--Cacurbita pepo 75
Radish--Raphanus sativus 75
Rhubard--Rheum rhaponticum 60
Rutabaga--Brassica napus var. napobrassica 75
Salsify--Tragapogon porrifolius 75
Sorrel--Rumex spp 65
Soybean--Glycine max. L. 75
Spinach--Spinacia oleracea 60
Spinach, New Zealand--Tetragonia expansa 40
Squash--Cucurbita pepo 75
Tomato--Lycopersicon esculentum 75
Tomato, husk--Physalis spp 50
Turnip--Brassica rapa 80
Watermelon--Citrullus vulgaris 70
*Including hard seeds
R68-8-10. Flower Seeds and Minimum Germination Standards.
The kinds of flower seeds listed below are those for which standard testing procedures have been prescribed and which are therefore required to be labeled in accordance with the germination labeling provisions of Section 4-16-4. The percentage listed opposite each kind is the germination standard for that kind. For the kinds marked with an asterisk, this percentage is the total percentage of germination and percentage of hard seed.
Archillea (The Pearl)--Achillea ptarmica 50
African daisy--Dimorphotheca aurantiaca 55
African Violet--Saintpaulia SPP 30
Ageratum--Ageratum mexicanum 60
Agrostemma (rose campion)--Agrostemma 65
Alyssum-Alyssum compactum, A. 60
maritimum, A. procumbens, A. saxatile
Amaranthus--Amaranthus spp. 65
Anagalis (pimpernel)--Anagalis 60
arvensis, Anagalis coerulea, Anagalis
Anemone--Anemone coronaria, A. pulsatilla 55
Angel's trumpet--Datura arborea 60
Arabis--Arabis alpina 60
Arctotis (African lilac daisy)--
Arctotis grandis 45
Armeria--Armeria formosa 55
Asparagus, fern--Asparagus plumosus 50
Asparagus, sprenger--Asparagus sprengeri 55
Aster, China--Callistephus chinensis, 55
except Pompom, Powderpuff and
Princess types
Aster, China--Callistephus chinensis, 50
Pompom, Powderpuff and Princess types.
Aubrietia--Aubrietia deltoides 45
Baby Smilax--Asparagus asparagoides 25
Balsam--Impatiens balsamina 70
Begonia--(Begonia fibrous rooted) 60
Begonia--(Begonia tuberous rooted) 50
Bells of Ireland--Molucella laevis 60
Brachycome (swan river daisy)--
Brachycome iberidifolia 60
Browallia--Browallia elata and B 65
Buphthalmum (willowleaf oxeye)--
Buphthalmum salicifolium 60
Calceolaria--Calceolaria spp 60
Calendula--Calendula officinalis 65
California Poppy--Eschscholtzia 60
Calliopsis--Coreopsis bicolor, C. 65
drummondi, C. elegans
Campanula: 60
Cantebury bells--Campanula medium 60
Cup and Saucer bellflower--Campanula 60
Carpathian bellflower--Campanula 50
Peach bellflower--Campanula persicifolia 50
Candytuft, annual--Iberis amara, I. 65
Candytuft, perennial--Iberis 55
gibraltarica I. sempervirens
Caster bean--Richinus communis 60
Cathedral bells--Cobaea scandens 65
Celosis--Celosia argentea 65
Centaurea: Basketflower--Centaurea 60
americana, Cornflower-C. cyanus,
Dusty Miller--C. candidissima, Royal
centaurea C. imperialis, Sweet
Sultan--C. moschata, Velvet centaurea
C. gymnocarpa
Cerastium (snow in summer)--Cerastium 65
biebersteini and C. tomentosum
Chinese forget-me-not--Cynoglossum 55
Chrysanthemum, annual--Chrysanthemum 40
carinatum, C. coronarium, C. segetum
Cineraria--Senecio cruentus 60
Clarkia--Clarkia elegans 65
Cleome--Cleome gigantea 65
Coleus--Coleus blumei 65
Columbine--Aquilegia spp 50
Coral Bells--Heuchera sanquinea 55
Coreopsis, perennial--Coreopsis 40
Corn, Ornamental--Zea Mays 75
Cosmos: Sensation, Mammoth and 65
Crested type--Cosmos bipinnatus;
Klondyke type-C. sulphureus
Crossandra--Crossandra infundibuliformis 50
Dahlia--Dahlia spp 55
Daylily--Hemerocallis spp. 45
Delphinium, perennial; Belladonna 55
and Bellamosum types: Cardinal
larkspur--Delphinium cardinale;
Chinesis types; Pacific Giant, Gold
Medal and other hybrids of D. elatum
Carnation--Dianthus caryophyllus 60
China pinks--Dianthus chinensis, 70
Heddewigi, Heddensis
Grass pinks--Dianthus plumarius 60
Maiden pinks--Dianthus deltoides 60
Sweet William--Dianthus barbatus 70
Sweet Wivelsfield--Dianthus allwoodi 60
Didiscus (blue lace flower)--Didiscus 65
Doronicum (leopard's bane)--Doronicum 60
Dracena--Cracena indivisa 55
Dragon Tree--Dracaena Draco 40
English daisy--Bellis perennis 55
Flax, Golden--Linum flavum, Flowering 60
flax L. grandiflorum, perennial flax
L. perenne
Flowering Maple--Abutilon spp. 35
Foxglove--Digitalis spp 60
Gaillardia, annual--Gallardia 45
pulchella, G. picta; perennial G.
Gerbera (transvaal daisy)--Gerbera 60
Geum--Geum spp 65
Gilia--Gilia spp 65
Gloriosa daisy (rudbeckia) Echinacea 60
purpurea and Rudbeckia hirta
Gloxinia--Sinningia speciosa 40
Godetia--Godetia amonea, G. grandiflora 65
Gourds: Yellow flowered--Cucurbita 70
pepo; White flowered Lagenaria
sisceraria; Dishcloth-Luffa cylindrica
Gypsophila, annual Baby's breath-- 70
Gypsophila elegans; perennial Baby's
breath-G. paniculata, G. pacifica,
G. repens
Helenium--Helenium autummale 40
Helichrysum--Helichrysum monstrosum 60
Heliopsis--Heliopsis scabra 55
Heliotrope--Heliotropium spp 35
Helipeterum (Acroclinum)--Helipeterum 60
Hesperis (sweet rocket)--Hesperis 65
Hollyhock--Althea rosea 65*
Hunnemannia (Mexican tulip poppy)-- 60
Hunnemannia fumariaefolia
Hyacinth bean--Dolichos loblab 70*
Impatiens--Impatiens holstii, I. sultani 55
Ipomea: Cypress vine--Ipomea 75*
quamoclit; Moonflower-I. noctiflora;
Morning glories, Cardinal climber,
Hearts and Honey vine--Ipomea spp
Jerusalem cross (Maltese cross)-- 70
Lychnis chalcedonica
Job's tears--Ciox lacryma-jobi 70
Kochia (Mexican fire bush)--Kochia 55
Larkspur, annual--Delphinium ajacia 60
Lantana--Lantana camara, L. hybrida 35
Lilium (regal lily)--Lilium regale 50
Linaria--Linaria spp 65
Lobelia--Lobelia erinus 65
Lunaria, honesty--Lunaria annua 65
Lupine--Lupinus spp 65*
Marigold--Tagetes spp 65
Marvel of Peru (Four-O'clock)-- 60
Mirabilis jalapa
Matricaria (feverfew)--Matricaria spp 60
Migonette--Reseda odorata 55
Myosotis--Myosotis alpestris, 50
M. oblongata, M. pulastris
Nasturtium--Tropeaolum spp 60
Nemesia--Nemesia spp 65
Nemophila--Nemophila insignis 70
Nemophila, spotted--Nemophila maculata 60
Nicotiana--Nicotiana affinis, N. 65
sanderae, N. sylvestris
Nierembergia--Nierembergia spp 55
Nigella--Nigella damascena 55
Pansy--Viola tricolor 60
Penstemon--Penstemon barbatus, P. 60
grandiflorus, P. laevigatus, P.
Petunia--Petunia spp 45
Phacelia--Phacelia campanularia, P. 65