Advanced Television Systems and Their Impact Upon the Existing Television Broadcast Service


Published: 2008-03-21

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ACTION:
Final rule.
SUMMARY:
This document disposes of the petitions for reconsideration filed in response to the Seventh Report and Order in this digital television (“DTV”) Table of Allotments proceeding and also addresses the comments filed in response to the Eighth Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making in this proceeding. This document finalizes the post-transition DTV table and provides all eligible stations with a channel for digital operation after the transition from analog to digital television in February 2009. This document makes several changes to the DTV Table in response to petitions for reconsideration and comments and establishes in Appendix B the parameters for post-transition operation by television broadcasters.
DATES:
Effective March 21, 2008.
ADDRESSES:
You may submit comments, identified by MB Docket No. 87-268, by any of the following methods:
• Federal eRulemaking Portal:
http://www.regulations.gov . Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
• Federal Communications Commission's Web Site:
http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs/ . Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
• People with Disabilities: Contact the FCC to request reasonable accommodations (accessible format documents, sign language interpreters, CART, etc.) by e-mail: FCC504@fcc.gov or phone: 202-418-0530 or TTY: 202-418-0432. For detailed instructions for submitting comments and additional information on the rulemaking process, see the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
For additional information on this proceeding, contact Kim Matthews of the Media Bureau, Policy Division, (202) 418-2154.
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
This is a summary of the Commission's Memorandum Opinion and Order on Reconsideration of the Seventh Report and Order and Eighth Report and Order (“ MOOR ”) in MB Docket No. 87-268, FCC 08-72, adopted March 3, 2008, and released March 6, 2008. The full text of this document is available for public inspection and copying during regular business hours in the FCC Reference Center, Federal Communications Commission, 445 12th Street, SW., CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. These documents will also be available via ECFS ( http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs/ ). (Documents will be available electronically in ASCII, Word 97, and/or Adobe Acrobat.) The complete text may be purchased from the Commission's copy contractor, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554. To request this document in accessible formats (computer diskettes, large print, audio recording, and Braille), send an e-mail to fcc504@fcc.gov or call the Commission's Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau at (202) 418-0530 (voice), (202) 418-0432 (TTY).
I. Introduction
1. On August 6, 2007, we adopted a new, and final, Table of Allotments for digital television (“DTV”) providing all eligible stations with channels for DTV operations after the DTV transition on February 17, 2009. Seventh Report and Order and Eighth Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making (Seventh RO and Eighth FNPRM), Advanced Television Systems and their Impact Upon the Existing Television Broadcast Service , 22 FCC Rcd 15581 (2007) ( Seventh RO and Eighth FNPRM ). The final DTV Table accommodates all eligible broadcasters, reflects to the extent possible the channel elections made by broadcasters, and is consistent with efficient spectrum use. The final DTV Table also establishes the channels and facilities necessary to complete the digital transition and ultimately will replace the existing DTV Table at the end of the DTV transition. The post-transition DTV Table will be codified at 47 CFR 73.622(i). The revisions to the post-transition table made herein are attached hereto in Appendix A. The current DTV Table, which is contained in 47 CFR 73.622(b), will become obsolete at the end of all authorized pre-transition DTV operations. The current NTSC Table, which is contained in 47 CFR 73.606(b), will become obsolete at the end of the transition, when all full-power analog operations must cease. The existing DTV Table continues to govern stations' DTV operations until the end of the DTV transition. This MOOR resolves all petitions for reconsideration and related issues in connection with the final DTV Table of Allotments.
2. We received 124 timely filed petitions for reconsideration of the Seventh RO reflecting 221 requests for action on individual stations. The vast majority of the petitions request specific changes to the DTV Table and/or Appendix B facilities. The DTV Table specifies a channel for each eligible full power broadcast television station. Appendix B sets forth specific technical facilities—ERP, antenna HAAT, antenna radiation pattern, and geographic coordinates—at which stations will be allowed to operate. Appendix B also includes information on service area and population coverage. In the MOOR , we address these specific requests as well as several more general issues raised by some petitioners. In general, we have accommodated the requests made by petitioners for changes to the DTV Table and/or Appendix B to the extent possible consistent with the interference and other standards outlined in the Seventh Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making ( Seventh FNPRM ), 71 FR 66592, November 15, 2006 and the Seventh RO in this proceeding. A large number of the petitions requested changes to Appendix B facilities to permit the station to use an existing analog antenna when the station returns to its analog channel for post-transition digital operations. We addressed and resolved 30 such requests that were raised during the comment period for the Seventh RO . Where possible, we have made the revisions requested by these petitioners. We note, too, that the flexibility we recently adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Review Report and Order will provide many of the petitioners with the opportunity to request and receive the facilities they sought in this docket when the station files its application for authorization on its final, post-transition channel. Reliance on the application process for modifying facilities is consistent with the requests and preferences of several petitioners, as described, infra . We also note that when stations filed their petitions for reconsideration, they were unaware of the flexibility we would provide in the application process, and many filed to preserve their rights, while advocating for revision through the application process rather than by reconsideration. We also reiterate that requests for revisions to Appendix B in this docket, or for modifications in the application process, that are attempts to maximize beyond authorized post-transition facilities will not be granted at this time. However, as provided in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , stations will have the opportunity to request expanded facilities later this year. See Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , Section V.E., para. 148.
3. In addition, we are adopting an Eighth Report and Order ( Eighth RO ) herein addressing a number of revisions to the DTV Table and/or Appendix B proposed in the Eighth Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making ( Eighth FNPRM ). In the Eighth FNPRM , we sought comment on tentative channel designations (“TCDs”) for three new permittees and identified a number of other proposed revisions to the DTV Table and/or Appendix B advanced by commenters in either reply comments or late-filed comments to the Seventh FNPRM . In the Eighth RO , we address comments received in response to the Eighth FNPRM .
Third DTV Periodic Review
4. On December 22, 2007, the Commission adopted a Report and Order in the Third DTV Periodic Review proceeding. See Report and Order , Third Periodic Review of the Commission's Rules and Policies Affecting the Conversion to Digital Television , MB Docket No. 07-91, FCC 07-228 (rel. Dec. 31, 2007) (“ Third DTV Periodic Report and Order ”) (73 FR 5634, Jan. 30, 2008). In the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , we adopted a number of procedures and rules changes designed to provide flexibility to broadcasters to ensure that they meet the statutory transition deadline and complete construction of their final, post-transition facilities. Among other things, we established construction deadlines for full-power television stations to construct their full, authorized post-transition (DTV Table Appendix B) facilities and decided that stations moving to a different channel for post-transition operation would not be required to construct or complete a digital facility on their pre-transition DTV channel. Specifically, the Commission established the following construction deadlines: (1) May 18, 2008 for stations that will use their pre-transition DTV channel for post-transition operations and already have a construction permit that matches their post-transition (DTV Table Appendix B) facilities; (2) August 18, 2008 for stations that will use their pre-transition DTV channel for post-transition operations, but which do not have a construction permit that matches their post-transition (DTV Table Appendix B) facilities; and (3) February 17, 2009 for stations building digital facilities based on a new channel allotment in the post-transition DTV Table and for stations facing a unique technical challenge, such as the need to reposition a side-mounted antenna, that prevents them from completing construction of their final DTV facilities before turning off their analog transmission. In addition, we announced our intent to lift the freeze on the filing of maximization applications on August 17, 2008, the date by which we expect to have completed processing stations' applications to build their post-transition facilities. Until this date, we will maintain our freeze and, except as discussed below, will not accept maximization applications to expand facilities.
5. We also adopted several policies in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order designed to accommodate stations that apply for facilities that deviate to some extent from the facilities set forth in the Appendix B adopted herein. For example, we adopted a waiver policy that will permit rapid approval of minor ( i.e. , not exceeding 5 miles) expansion applications filed by stations that are moving to a different channel ( e.g. , their analog channel) for post-transition operation. Id. Specifically, we will permit stations to expand beyond their authorized service area where the station demonstrates that such expansion: (1) Would allow the station to use its analog antenna or a new antenna to avoid a significant reduction in post-transition service from its analog service area; (2) would be no more than five miles larger in any direction than their authorized service area, as defined by the post-transition DTV Table Appendix B; and (3) would not cause impermissible interference, i.e. , more than 0.5 percent new interference, to other stations. We also stated that, while we generally will not permit more than 0.5 percent new interference, we will consider on a case-by-case basis allowing stations to cause additional new interference if stations can demonstrate that they need this additional flexibility to serve their analog viewers. Consistent with our existing rules, we will also consider on a case-by-case basis stations' negotiated interference agreements provided these agreements are consistent with the public interest. Id. This policy will allow added flexibility for stations that wish to use their existing analog channel antenna, and will help the transition process by reducing the demands on equipment suppliers and installation crews during a critical time as the transition deadline nears. As noted above, we received a number of petitions for reconsideration from stations seeking changes to the DTV Table and Appendix B to permit them to use their analog antenna when they return to their analog channel. The 5-mile waiver policy we adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , in addition to the relief we grant herein, should provide significant relief to stations in this situation. In addition, with respect to evaluating interference in applications to construct post-transition facilities, we permitted stations a limit of 0.5 percent new interference in addition to that in the DTV Table Appendix B. This approach provides more flexibility than the interference standard proposed in the Third DTV Periodic Review NPRM , which would have permitted a total of 0.5 percent interference post-transition, rather than 0.5 percent interference in addition to existing interference reflected in DTV Table Appendix B. This added flexibility in the interference standard, together with the 5-mile waiver policy, should permit quick action on and approval of the vast majority of applications for the final DTV facilities adopted in the DTV Table and Appendix B herein. In the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , we stated that stations should file their applications for post-transition facilities as soon as possible in order to have the maximum time to order equipment and build their facilities. We provided expedited processing (generally within 10 days) to stations whose applications demonstrate the following requirements: (1) The application does not seek to expand the station's facilities beyond its final post-transition DTV Table Appendix B facilities; (2) the application specifies facilities that match or closely approximate the DTV Table Appendix B facilities ( i.e. , if the station is unable to build precisely the facilities specified in DTV Table Appendix B, then it must apply for facilities that are no more than five percent smaller than its facilities specified in Appendix B with respect to predicted population); and (3) the application is filed within 45 days of the effective date of the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , which became effective January 30, 2008. Stations that filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO may receive expedited processing provided they file their applications within 45 days of the Commission's release of this Memorandum Opinion and Order on Reconsideration and otherwise qualify for expedited processing.
II. Discussion
A. General Issues
6. Most of the petitions for reconsideration filed in response to the Seventh RO pertain to individual station situations. We will discuss these petitions in detail below, grouped according to the nature of the request. However, a number of petitioners raised general issues, and we begin by discussing these petitions.
1. MSTV Petition for Reconsideration and Clarification
7. We grant in part and deny in part the Association for Maximum Service Television, Inc. (“MSTV”) Petition for Reconsideration and Clarification, which, along with several ex parte letters, urges the Commission to afford regulatory flexibility to stations to permit them to build post-transition facilities that will serve current viewers. We agree with many of the points raised by MSTV and have taken a number of steps in this proceeding and in the Third DTV Periodic Review proceeding to address their concerns.
8. MSTV argued in both this docket and the Third DTV Periodic Review that the Commission should entertain and grant stations' requests as part of the applications process rather than through the allotment process based on petitions for reconsideration of the Seventh RO . We agree and grant their petition to the extent that many of the requests made by specific broadcasters can be addressed at the application stage and do not require adjustments to Appendix B. However, we are taking a two-pronged approach by both revising Appendix B in response to petitions for reconsideration, where appropriate, and providing significant flexibility in the Third DTV Periodic Review proceeding for applications for post-transition facilities. These two approaches together will permit stations to apply for post-transition facilities that match as closely as possible the facilities that the station has requested, is authorized to serve, and that reach current analog viewers without causing interference to other stations or violating the freeze.
9. MSTV is particularly concerned that the Commission provide flexibility to stations that are not currently on their final, post-transition channels with respect to antenna patterns, particularly those stations that want to use their current analog antennas for post-transition operation. MSTV argues that, as a technical matter, it can be difficult and in some cases impossible to build DTV facilities to operate on a new channel that will replicate the interim DTV antenna pattern, which is the pattern the Commission tried to replicate in the DTV Table Appendix B. In addition, MSTV states that many stations would like to use their analog antenna for their post-transition operations and this antenna may not be capable of replicating precisely the antenna pattern reflected in DTV Table Appendix B. MSTV also notes that, in light of these difficulties, many stations may have to reduce power significantly on the post-transition channel to shrink the station's service area in order to keep the service contour within the contour allotted on Appendix B. This could result in a loss of service post-transition to many current viewers. We shared MSTV's concern in this regard and therefore urged stations to file petitions for reconsideration, including stations that had not filed during the comment cycle following the Seventh FNPRM . These general concerns, as well as the specific circumstances portrayed in the individual petitions and comments, contributed to the Commission's decisions in the Third DTV Periodic Review Report and Order to provide procedures and policies affording greater flexibility in the application process.
10. MSTV notes that, in the Third DTV Periodic Review proceeding, broadcasters proposed a number of solutions to address these antenna pattern issues. Specifically, MSTV and the National Association of Broadcasters (“NAB”) proposed that the Commission permit stations returning to their analog channel for post-transition operations and planning to use their existing analog antenna to exceed the Appendix B service contour by no more than five miles. In addition, in its Petition for Reconsideration and Clarification in this proceeding, MSTV also proposed, as an alternative measure to address antenna pattern concerns, that the Commission apply a more relaxed interference standard to stations returning to their NTSC channel ( i.e. , permit such stations to cause a maximum of 2 percent interference for 12 months after February 2009) to afford these stations the ability to replicate their NTSC coverage. MSTV asserted that the Commission could resolve the antenna pattern issue by adopting these proposals in the Third DTV Periodic Review proceeding. However, MSTV also urges the Commission to grant individual stations' requests for relief if they have filed petitions for reconsideration of the Seventh RO in this proceeding.
11. As noted above, in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order we adopted a waiver policy that will permit rapid approval of minor ( i.e. , not exceeding 5 miles) expansion applications filed by stations that are moving to a different channel ( e.g. , their analog channel) for post-transition operation. This 5-mile waiver policy will allow added flexibility for stations that wish to use their existing analog antenna and, by permitting more such stations to use existing antennas, should reduce the demand for new equipment and installers for the remainder of the transition period. While we declined in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order to permit more than 0.5 percent new interference generally, we stated that we would consider on a case-by-case basis allowing stations to cause additional new interference if stations can demonstrate that they need this additional flexibility to serve their analog viewers. We also stated that, consistent with our existing rules, we would consider on a case-by-case basis stations' negotiated interference agreements provided these agreements are consistent with the public interest. We decline to adopt any further relief proposed by MSTV in this proceeding. As we stated in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , we believe that the 5-mile waiver policy, together with other policies adopted in that Order, provide sufficient flexibility to stations, especially when combined with the changes to the DTV Table Appendix B we adopt herein for stations that filed petitions for reconsideration.
12. We received a total of 124 timely filed petitions reflecting 221 requests for changes to the DTV Table and/or Appendix B for individual stations. We grant, in whole or in part, 112 of these requests. For these stations, as discussed further below, we are changing Appendix B to either reflect the specific parameters requested by the station for post-transition operation or to otherwise provide the station with substantial relief. For stations for whom the revised Appendix B adopted herein has been changed to reflect the exact parameters sought by the station, these parameters either match a current authorization for the station or the station will presumably file an application for post-transition operation requesting these parameters that will be eligible for expedited processing pursuant to the procedures adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order . Thus, for these stations there should be no antenna pattern issue left to resolve. With respect to stations for whom the revised Appendix B herein provides some but not all of the relief sought by the station, the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order will permit these stations to file an application for post-transition operation that deviates to some extent from these Appendix B parameters. The combination of the relief provided herein and the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order
should be sufficient to address antenna pattern concerns for the vast majority of stations moving to a new channel post transition.
13. We grant MSTV's request that, where stations did not seek reconsideration of discrepancies between Appendix B and the facilities that DTV stations are using or intend to use post-transition, ( See Petition for Reconsideration and Clarification of MSTV at 8-9.), they will not be deemed to have given up any rights to fix these discrepancies at the application or licensing stage.
14. It is worthwhile to clarify that the specific parameters listed on DTV Table Appendix B describe each station's service area based on its certification during the channel election process. In many cases this is a hypothetical facility. See Seventh RO, 22 FCC Rcd at 15588-89, paras. 17-18. When a station applies for the construction permit to build its facility, it may need to depart to some extent from the parameters listed on Appendix B to construct the actual facility, for example, to reflect an achievable directional antenna pattern or to locate the antenna at a height on the tower where mounting is possible. Station applications that cover the same area (or not more than five percent smaller) will be processed quickly. For such stations, no change to Appendix B will be necessary. For stations that wish to make a more significant adjustment, for example, to use their existing analog antenna, we will consider their petition for reconsideration, as described herein, as well as their forthcoming application for construction permit (“CP”). Stations that did not file a petition for reconsideration, or filed too late to be considered, may nevertheless apply for the facilities they want and we will consider their application consistent with the procedures and policies adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Review Report and Order.
2. Protection of DTV Allotments
15. We deny the request of several petitioners to abandon Appendix B and rely exclusively on the DTV Table of Allotments, specifying only communities and channel numbers and not the specific parameters for digital facilities. Contrary to these petitioners' arguments, use of Appendix B is consistent with the Commission's longstanding practice for analog and digital channel allotments.
3. TV Channels 5 and 6
16. Mullaney Engineering, Inc. (“MEI”) and EME Communications (“EME”) have filed petitions requesting that the Commission eliminate the requirement in section 73.525 of the Commission's rules that new FM stations protect channel 6 DTV allotments or, alternatively, that it altogether eliminate channel 6, and possibly channel 5, from the digital TV allotment process and allocate that corresponding spectrum to the FM service. Section 73.525 requires that applications for construction permits for new or modified facilities for a non-commercial educational (“NCE”) FM station on Channels 200-220 (88.1-91.9 MHz) protect affected TV stations operating on channel 6 unless the application is accompanied by a written agreement between the NCE-FM applicant and each affected TV Channel 6 broadcast station concurring with the proposed NCE-FM facilities. See 47 CFR 73.525. Affected stations are defined as TV Channel 6 stations located within specified distances of an NCE-FM station on FM channels 200-220. We deny these requests.
B. Requests for Minor Adjustments
17. In this Memorandum Opinion and Order on Reconsideration, we grant five requests for minor adjustments to station coordinates for stations that are remaining on their pre-transition digital channel. At this stage in the allotment process, we need make such changes only for stations whose pre- and post-transition DTV channels are the same and that, therefore, generally need not file an application for construction or modification. Where the station's pre- and post-transition DTV channels are the same, the corrected coordinates are specified on a station license or construction permit, and the requested change did not result in a change of more than three seconds latitude or longitude for the station, we are making the requested correction. The stations for which we make such a correction are listed in Appendix D1 hereto and the changes requested by those stations are reflected in DTV Table Appendix B adopted herein. We deny the requests for similar changes from nine stations that are moving to a different channel for post-transition operations and that may request such minor coordinate changes as part of the station's application for post-transition facilities. The stations for which we decline to make minor adjustments herein but which may request these adjustments in an application are: KDSE, Dickinson, ND; KFME, Fargo, ND; KUPK, Garden City, KS; WBKO, Bowling Green, KY; WEAU, Eau Claire, WI; WIBW, Topeka, KS; WJHG, Panama City, FL; WSAW, Wausau, WI; and KBSH, Hays, KS. Such minor changes will not prevent applications that otherwise qualify from receiving expedited processing.
18. Some of the stations listed on Appendix D1 requested modification of Appendix B to round a station's geographic coordinates to the nearest whole second rather than merely truncate the data. For such petitioners whose pre- and post-transition channels are the same, and that provided us with station coordinates expressed to the tenth of a second, we have revised DTV Table Appendix B herein to round the coordinates to the nearest whole second.
19. In addition, for five stations we deny the request to change station coordinates because the geographic coordinates as listed in Appendix B match the coordinates listed on the station's license or construction permit. The five stations are KSEE, Fresno, CA; WTAP, Parkersburg, WV; WTVY, Dothan, AL; KKTV, Colorado Springs, CO; WOWT, Omaha, NE. We are revising parameters in Appendix B to match a current license or CP, but any desired adjustment to a license or CP itself must be requested by application. For each of these five stations, the pre- and post-transition DTV channels are the same. Thus, these stations already have an authorization on their post-transition channel and should revise the coordinates on their license or CP by requesting such revisions on FCC Form 302.
C. Requests To Make Changes to Certification
20. We grant 55 petitions consistent with our treatment in the Seventh RO to permit changes to stations' facility certifications (FCC Form 381) based on appropriate demonstrations from these stations where such changes are consistent with the circumstances contemplated in the Seventh Further Notice. In paragraph 28 of the Seventh Further Notice, the Commission recognized that some stations have already constructed or received authorization to construct facilities on the station's TCD that provide service to areas that extend beyond that to which the station certified on FCC Form 381. Because the interference protection provided during the channel election process was limited to the facilities to which the station certified in FCC Form 381, the Commission noted that stations serving or authorized to serve areas beyond their certified area could become subject to interference in those areas. The Commission stated that it would permit stations in this situation to propose to modify their certified facilities to match their authorized or constructed facilities. Stations requesting such a change were required either to (1) submit an engineering analysis demonstrating that the proposed change to their certified facilities would not result in interference in excess of 0.1 percent to any licensee's existing TCD or (2) submit the signed, written consent of every affected licensee. The Commission also stated in the Seventh Further Notice that stations in these circumstances seeking a change in their certification would be required to accept interference from any channel election already approved.
1. Requests That Meet the Interference Criteria
21. We grant 53 petitions, as we did in the Seventh RO, to permit stations to change their facility certifications (FCC Form 381), and thus our post-transition DTV Table Appendix B, where such stations have demonstrated in a petition for reconsideration that such modification of their facilities will conform to licensed or authorized facilities and where the proposed change to the Appendix B facilities either meets the interference criterion discussed above ( i.e. , the proposed change would not result in interference in excess of 0.1 percent to any licensee's existing TCD) or, as discussed further below, the station affected agreed to accept the interference. We have made the changes requested by these petitioners and the changes are reflected in the revised DTV Table Appendix B adopted herein. A list of the stations for which we made these changes is attached hereto in Appendix D2. To address the requests of those commenters in this group whose stations are moving to a different channel for post-transition service, we recalculated their post-transition DTV coverage area based on their authorized or licensed DTV facility, as indicated by the file number shown in Appendix D2. Only one of these stations requires special explanation, KPXC, due to its atypical circumstances.
22. KPXC, Denver, CO. As noted on Appendix D2, we grant the request from Paxson Denver License, Inc. (“Paxson”), licensee of station KPXC-TV, channel 59, and permittee of KPXC-DT, channel 43, Denver, CO, which was allotted channel 43 in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. Paxson requests that the KPXC certification and Appendix B allotment be made consistent with its DTV construction permit originally granted on November 29, 2005. While our interference analysis shows that the change requested by KPXC would cause 2.2 percent interference to KOAA, Pueblo, CO (analog channel 5, digital channel 42 for both pre- and post-transition), KOAA has submitted a letter stating that it consents to the allotment change requested by KPXC.
23. As we noted in the Seventh RO, KPXC has encountered zoning issues that have been the subject of litigation. As Paxson is still lacking zoning approval for its preferred site for KPXC, it has informed the Commission that it will be filing an application to move to a new site. According to Paxson, the combination of the changes to Appendix B for KPXC granted herein and the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order will permit it to file an application to specify a new tower site for KPXC. We continue to request that Paxson keep us informed concerning any relevant progress and events in its zoning case.
2. Requests by Operating Stations That Do Not Meet Interference Criteria
24. We grant requests from two stations, consistent with our treatment in the Seventh RO, to permit stations that are already operating their final, post-transition DTV facilities to change their facility certifications (FCC Form 381), and thus our post-transition DTV Table Appendix B, to reflect those facilities, even though such operations will exceed the 0.1 percent interference standard. As described below, these stations requested changes to the proposed DTV Table Appendix B to reflect operating facilities where we have determined that the interference caused to the TCD of another licensee exceeds the 0.1 percent interference standard and there is no interference agreement with the affected station. While these stations are requesting changes to the parameters adopted in the Seventh RO in situations where the level of interference exceeds the relevant standard, we find that they have met their burden of demonstrating that special circumstances justify a waiver because they are already operating their final, post-transition DTV facilities. We believe it is unnecessary and unfair to require these already-operational facilities to reduce service. In addition, the stations receiving the interference have not filed an opposition to the stations requesting the change.
25. WBNX, Akron, OH. We grant the request of Winston Broadcasting Network, Inc. (“Winston”), licensee of station WBNX-TV, channel 55, and WBNX-DT, channel 30, Akron, OH, which was allotted channel 30 in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. Winston requests that the parameters for WBNX in Appendix B be changed to conform the antenna ID number to the information reflected in the WBNX-DT license. The Commission's interference analysis shows that WBNX-DT's licensed facility causes 0.16 percent interference to WEYI, Saginaw, MI (analog channel 25, digital channel 30 for both pre- and post-transition).
26. KALB, Alexandria, LA. We grant the request of Media General Communications Holdings, LLC (“Media General”), licensee of station KALB, channel 5, and KALB-DT, channel 35, Alexandria, LA, which was allotted channel 35 in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. Media General requests that the certification and Appendix B parameters for KALB be changed. The changes requested would make those parameters consistent with the KALB-DT license. The Commission's interference analysis shows that KALB-DT's licensed facility causes 0.59 percent interference to KARD, West Monroe, LA (analog channel 14, digital channel 36 for both pre- and post-transition).
D. Requests for Modified Coverage Area
27. We grant the requests filed on behalf of 40 stations whose post-transition DTV channel is different from their pre-transition DTV channel to change the coverage area in the Seventh RO DTV Table Appendix B. The stations for which we are modifying the coverage area herein are listed in Appendix D3 and the modified parameters for those stations are reflected in Appendix B as modified herein. In general, these petitioners argue that the facilities specified in the DTV Table Appendix B adopted in the Seventh RO do not permit the station to provide service to the area served by the station's analog facility. We deny the requests filed on behalf of 24 stations for which our adjustment would result in a smaller facility than that described by the parameters on Appendix B as adopted in the Seventh RO or that would shift the station's service area in such a way that existing viewers would lose service post-transition. In addition, we deny the requests filed by 13 stations for which our adjustment to Appendix B would result in impermissible interference. Both groups of petitioners—those granted or denied—can apply for desired facilities in the application process.
28. Many of these petitioners plan to return to their station's analog channel post-transition and request changes to the parameters specified on Appendix B to permit the station to use its existing analog antenna. In general, these petitioners argue that it is difficult or impossible for the station to use their preferred antenna to serve the allotment specified on Appendix B. In many cases, in order to stay within this allotment, as required by the existing freeze on expansion of a station's contour, the station would be required to significantly reduce power, thereby potentially resulting in a loss of service post-transition to existing viewers. Other petitioners request changes to the power level or antenna specified in Appendix B in order to allow the station to continue to serve its analog viewers post-transition.
29. In response to the petitions filed on behalf of these stations, we have provided the same relief herein that we provided to similarly situated stations in the Seventh RO. Specifically, we have recalculated Appendix B facilities based on replicating the analog coverage that was used to determine the station's initial DTV table facilities. If the recalculation would result in a reduction in the Appendix B facilities or would result in an undesirable shift in the station's service area, we are retaining the Appendix B facilities that we adopted in the Seventh RO without change. The stations whose Appendix B facilities are not being changed for this reason are: KABY, Aberdeen, SD; KAII, Wailuku, HI; KARE, Minneapolis, MN; KAZT, Prescott, AZ; KETA, Oklahoma City, OK; KFPH, Flagstaff, AZ; KHAW, Hilo, HI; KHET, Honolulu, HI; KMEB, Wailuku, HI; KPNX, Mesa, AZ; KSFY, Sioux Falls, SD; KUSA, Denver, CO; KUVI, Bakersfield, CA; KWEX, San Antonio, TX; WBIR, Knoxville, TN; WEEK, Peoria, IL; WIRT, Hibbing, MN; WMAE, Booneville, MS; WMAZ, Macon, GA; WMMP, Charleston, SC; WNAC, Providence, RI; WOTF, Melbourne, FL; WTVX, Fort Pierce, FL; and WZZM, Grand Rapids, MI. Although we are not revising Appendix B in these latter cases, we note that these stations may be able to obtain much, if not all, of the relief they seek when they file an application for their final post-transition DTV channel pursuant to the rules and procedures adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order. As discussed above, we adopted a number of policies in that Order designed to give substantial flexibility to stations moving to a different channel for post-transition digital service, including stations that are returning to their analog channel and that plan to use their analog antenna.
30. If our recalculation of Appendix B based on replication of the station's initial DTV table facilities would result in a larger coverage area or a desirable coverage area shift, and our analysis indicates that the recalculated facilities (1) meet the 0.1 percent interference standard specified in the Second DTV Periodic Report and Order or (2) would cause more than 0.1 percent new interference but the affected station(s) agree to accept the interference, we are granting the request to change DTV Appendix B to reflect the larger or shifted coverage area. These stations are listed in Appendix D3, and the revised parameters for these stations are reflected in the revised DTV Table Appendix B, infra. We believe that permitting these changes to Appendix B is consistent with our overall goal in the DTV transition of encouraging replication of analog service. One of the Commission's objectives throughout the transition has been to permit broadcasters to reach with digital service the audiences they have been serving with analog service so that viewers will continue to have access to the stations that they are accustomed to receiving over the air. We remain committed to ensuring that viewers maintain the best possible television service after the transition date. The revisions granted to the stations listed in Appendix D3 are consistent with this goal as they will permit these stations to provide digital service to more of their established analog viewers.
1. Granted Requests for Which an Opposition Was Filed
31. For three stations listed on Appendix D3, WUSA, Washington, DC, WHAS, Louisville, KY, and WPBN, Traverse City, MI, there was an opposition filed to the station's petition for reconsideration. We briefly discuss these oppositions and related pleadings below. As described above, for all stations listed on Appendix D3, including WUSA, WHAS, and WPBN, our recalculation of Appendix B herein resulted in a larger coverage area consistent with our interference standards. Accordingly, we revised Appendix B for these stations to provide them with this larger coverage area. While these revisions to Appendix B may not include the specific parameters requested by WUSA, WHAS, and WPBN in their petitions, the revised Appendix B parameters together with the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order should provide to these stations some, if not all, the relief they seek when they file applications for post-transition facilities.
32. WUSA, Washington, DC. We grant, in part, the request of Gannett Co. Inc. (“Gannett”), indirect owner of WUSA, channel 9, and WUSA-DT, channel 34, Washington, DC, allotted channel 9 in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. Gannett submitted a petition for reconsideration requesting to amend the Form 381 certification of WUSA-DT to specify the station's replicated service area rather than the maximized service area in order to permit the station to use an existing combined analog antenna for its post-transition DTV operations. Sonshine Family Television, Inc. (“Sonshine”) filed an opposition to the petition claiming that the proposed revised allotment for WUSA would cause interference to WBPH-DT, Bethlehem, PA (analog channel 60, post-transition digital channel 9) in excess of the applicable interference standard. Sonshine argued initially that the proposed revised WUSA allotment would cause new interference to WBPH of 3.744 percent. In response to a later pleading filed by Gannett, Sonshine revised its position to support the WUSA proposal if certain power limitations were met by the post-transition WUSA facilities. The Commission recalculated Appendix B facilities for WUSA pursuant to the process described above and performed an interference analysis based on these recalculated Appendix B facilities. The Commission's interference analysis shows no new interference from the revised Appendix B facilities for WUSA to WBPH or any other station and the revised WUSA parameters are reflected in the Appendix B adopted herein. While these revised parameters may not reflect all of the changes requested by Gannett, the changes to Appendix B when combined with the flexibility provided in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order for the application process should provide all or much of the relief sought for WUSA.
33. WHAS, Louisville, KY. We grant, in part, the request of Belo Corp. (“Belo”), licensee of WHAS, channel 11, and WHAS-DT, channel 55, Louisville, KY, allotted channel 11 in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. Belo submitted a petition for reconsideration requesting that its Form 381 certification be amended to specify the WHAS replicated analog service area rather than its maximized service area and that Appendix B be modified to reflect an omni-directional antenna pattern that would permit WHAS to use its existing analog omni-directional antenna for post-transition operations. Primeland Television, Inc. filed an opposition arguing that the proposed changes to WHAS are premature and will cause substantial interference to the post-transition operations of WLFI, Lafayette, LA (analog channel 18, post-transition digital channel 11). Primeland also states that WLFI has declined to enter into an interference agreement with WHAS. Belo acknowledges in its petition that its proposed changes to WHAS would cause interference to WLFI-DT, but argues that its proposal actually represents a reduction from the level of interference currently caused to WLFI-TV by WHAS-TV's analog facility. In its opposition, Primeland argues that the facilities specified in the DTV Table concern post-transition operations and that any masking interference caused by WHAS's analog facilities should be disregarded. In reply Belo argues that grant of its petition would best serve the public interest as the changes it requests for WHAS will permit existing analog viewers of that station to receive WHAS digital service, while those changes will not deprive any current analog viewers of WLFI of that station's digital service. The Commission recalculated Appendix B facilities for WHAS pursuant to the process described above and performed an interference analysis based on these recalculated Appendix B facilities. The Commission's interference analysis shows no new interference from the revised Appendix B facilities for WHAS to WLFI or any other station and those revised WHAS parameters are reflected in the Appendix B adopted herein. While these revised parameters may not reflect all of the changes requested by Belo, the changes to Appendix B when combined with the flexibility provided in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order should provide all or most of the relief sought for WHAS.
34. WPBN, Traverse City, MI. We grant, in part, the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of WPBN. Barrington Traverse City License LLC, licensee of television station WPBN, channel 7, and WPBN-DT, channel 50, Traverse City, MI, was allotted channel 7 for post-transition operations in the Seventh RO. In its petition for reconsideration, Barrington seeks revised technical parameters for WPBN's post-transition operations in order to operate at the coordinates and height of its channel 7 analog operation, using its analog antenna.
35. WOOD License Company, LLC, licensee of WOOD-TV/DT in Grand Rapids, Michigan, opposes Barrington's petition on the grounds that granting the requested change for WPBN would cause interference to WOOD's post-transition operations on DTV channel 7, resulting in loss of service to 11,868 persons or 0.52 percent of WOOD's service population. In its reply, Barrington argues that WOOD is incorrect and that the requested allotment for WPBN would actually cause substantially less interference to WOOD-DT post-transition than is caused currently by the WPBN analog facility.
36. The Commission recalculated Appendix B facilities for WPBN pursuant to the process described above and performed an interference analysis based on these recalculated Appendix B facilities. The Commission's interference analysis shows no new interference from the revised Appendix B facilities for WPBN to WOOD or any other station and those revised WPBN parameters are reflected in the Appendix B adopted herein. While these revised parameters may not reflect all of the changes requested by Barrington, the changes to Appendix B when combined with the flexibility provided in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order should permit Barrington to obtain at least some of the relief it seeks for WPBN.
2. Granted Requests Filed by Stations That Were Previously Addressed in the Seventh Report and Order
37. Petitions for reconsideration were filed on behalf of the following stations requesting reconsideration of the Commission's decisions in the Seventh RO regarding the stations. The Commission has modified Appendix B herein for these stations and the stations appear on Appendix D3 herein. As these petitions relate to particular decisions made in the Seventh RO, they are discussed individually below.
38. KCET, Los Angeles, CA. We grant, in part, the petition for reconsideration of Community Television of Southern California (“CTSC”), licensee of NCE station KCET, channel 28, and KCET-DT, channel 59, Los Angeles, CA, which received channel 28 for its TCD in the proposed DTV Table. In its comments filed in response to the Seventh Further Notice, CTSC requested that the Commission change DTV Table Appendix B to specify maximized parameters for KCET-DT. The Commission denied the CTSC request because the KCET maximized facilities would cause interference to the certified facilities of KEYT, Santa Barbara, CA (analog channel 3, post-transition digital channel 27) on its TCD in excess of the permissible 0.1 percent limit. In its petition for reconsideration, CTSC states that it has determined that Appendix B specifies a different antenna than the current KCET analog antenna, which CTSC states is the antenna it has always intended to use for its post-transition facility. CTSC requests that the Commission modify Appendix B to specify its current antenna, which will permit replication of KCET's current NTSC and DTV service areas.
39. The Commission has recalculated the Appendix B facilities for KCET pursuant to the process described above and performed an interference analysis based on these recalculated Appendix B facilities. The Commission's interference analysis shows no new interference to other stations from the revised Appendix B facilities for KCET and, accordingly, we have revised Appendix B herein to reflect these revised KCET parameters. While these revised parameters may not reflect all of the changes requested by CTSC, the changes we make herein to Appendix B when combined with the flexibility provided in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order should provide all or most of the relief sought for KCET.
40. WGAL, Lancaster, PA. We grant, in part, the petition for reconsideration of Hearst-Argyle Television, Inc. (“Hearst”), parent company of the licensees of WGAL channel 8 and WGAL-DT channel 58, which was allotted channel 8 for post-transition operations in the Seventh RO . Hearst seeks reconsideration of the Commission's denial of its request to change the certified technical parameters for its post-transition facilities to replicate analog service. Specifically, it reiterates its comments filed in response to the Seventh Further Notice where it requested an increase in HAAT to 415 meters and a decrease in ERP to 5.36kW. In response to these comments, the Commission recalculated WGAL's Appendix B facilities based on replicating its analog coverage area and determined that the recalculation resulted in a reduction in the Appendix B facilities for WGAL. Accordingly, in the Seventh RO , we retained the larger Appendix B facilities that we had initially proposed for WGAL. Hearst argues in its petition that the Commission erred in its treatment of WGAL in the Seventh RO because, in fact, the recalculated Appendix B facilities based on replication would result in a larger coverage area for WGAL.
41. As Hearst indicates in its petition that it would prefer a modified coverage area for WGAL even if that coverage area is smaller or shifted from the area on Appendix B, the Commission has recalculated the Appendix B facilities for WGAL pursuant to the process described above and performed an interference analysis based on these recalculated Appendix B facilities. The Commission's interference analysis shows no new interference to other stations from the revised Appendix B facilities for WGAL and, accordingly, we have revised Appendix B herein to reflect these revised parameters.
3. Requests That Do Not Meet the Interference Standard
42. As described in greater detail below, we deny the requests from 13 stations that filed petitions requesting changes to the DTV Table Appendix B adopted in the Seventh RO to increase the station's coverage area, because our recalculations of the Appendix B facilities and interference analysis show that the requested change would result in interference that would exceed the 0.1 percent interference standard and the affected station has not agreed to accept this interference. None of these petitions request changes to reflect DTV facilities they are operating or are authorized to operate. We note, however, that many of these stations must file an application for authority to construct the station's post-transition facility. As a result of the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order, stations whose requests for modified coverage area are denied may be able to specify facilities in that application that more closely approach the parameters requested in the station's petition for reconsideration. The following is a list of these stations and a description of their individual circumstances.
43. KEMV, Mountain View, AR. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by Arkansas Educational Television Commission (“AETC”), licensee of noncommercial educational station KEMV, channel 6, and KEMV-DT, channel 13, Mountain View, AR, which was allotted channel 13 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . AETC requests that the parameters for KEMV-DT in Appendix B be adjusted to include an omnidirectional antenna with an ERP of 6.9 kW. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that KEMV would cause 0.6 percent interference to KTHV, Little Rock, AR (analog channel 11, digital channel 12 for both pre- and post-transition), 2.1 percent interference KETG, Arkadelphia, AR (analog channel 9, digital channel 13 for both pre- and post-transition), and 0.6 percent interference to WHBQ, Memphis, TN (analog channel 13, pre-transition digital channel 53, post-transition digital channel 13).
44. WBBM, Chicago, IL. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by CBS Corporation (“CBS”), the ultimate owner of station WBBM, channel 2, and WBBM-DT, channel 3, Chicago, IL. CBS filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO requesting that the parameters for WBBM-DT in Appendix B be adjusted to reflect operation with a directional antenna and an increase in ERP to 13.6 kW to nearly match the carried-over, maximized service contour of WBBM's channel 3 authorized operations. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WBBM would cause 0.4 percent interference to WINM, Angola, IN (analog channel 63, digital channel 12 for both pre- and post-transition).
45. KTVU, Oakland, CA. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by KTVU Partnership (“Cox”), licensee of KTVU, channel 2, and KTVU-DT, channel 56, Oakland, CA. KTVU was allotted channel 44 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Cox requests a change in certified facilities and a revision of KTVU-DT's allotment in Appendix B to reflect operation with a directional antenna, a decrease in ERP to 500 kW, and an increase in HAAT to 513 meters. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that KTVU would cause 0.6 percent interference to KCSM, San Mateo, CA (analog channel 60, digital channel 43 for both pre- and post-transition) and 0.4 percent interference to KBCW, San Francisco, CA (analog channel 44, digital channel 45 for both pre- and post-transition).
46. WTOV, Steubenville, OH. We deny the petition for reconsideration of WTOV, Inc. (“Cox”), licensee of WTOV, channel 9, and WTOV-DT, channel 57, Steubenville, Ohio. WTOV was allotted channel 9 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Cox requests a change in certified facilities and a revision of WTOV-DT's allotment in Appendix B to reflect operation with a nondirectional antenna, an increase in ERP to 12 kW, and an increase in HAAT to 282 meters. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WTOV would cause 2.9 percent interference to WWCP, Johnstown, PA (analog channel 8, pre-transition digital channel 29, and post-transition digital channel 8) and 0.6 percent interference to WVFX, Clarksburg, West Virginia (analog channel 46, digital channel 10 for both pre- and post-transition).
47. WKRG, Mobile, AL. We deny the petition for reconsideration of Media General Communications Holdings, LLC (“Media General”), licensee of WKRG, channel 5, and WKRG-DT, channel 27, Mobile, AL. WKRG was allotted channel 27 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Media General requests a change in the certification for WKRG and a revision of the station's allotment in Appendix B to reflect operation with a new antenna ID. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WKRG would cause 1.0 percent interference to WAIQ, Montgomery, AL (analog channel 26, digital channel 27 for both pre- and post-transition).
48. WRBL, Columbus, GA. We deny the petition for reconsideration Media General Communications Holdings, LLC (“Media General”), licensee of WRBL, channel 3, and WRBL-DT, channel 15, Columbus, GA. WRBL was allotted channel 15 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Media General requests a change in the certification for WRBL and a revision of the station's allotment in Appendix B to reflect operation with an increased HAAT of 543 meters. The Commission's interference analysis based upon the recalculated Appendix B facilities for WRBL shows that WRBL would cause 0.2 percent interference to WGXA, Macon, GA (analog channel 24, digital channel 16 for both pre- and post-transition).
49. WKMG, Orlando, FL. We deny the petition for reconsideration of Post-Newsweek Stations, Orlando, Inc. (“Post-Newsweek”), licensee of WKMG, channel 6, and WKMG-DT, channel 58, Orlando, FL. WKMG was allotted channel 26 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Post-Newsweek requests that its post transition DTV allotment parameters be modified to reflect use of a polarized dielectric antenna with an ERP of 866 kW. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WKMG would cause 0.9 percent interference to WVEA, Venice, FL (analog channel 62, digital channel 25 for both pre- and post-transition) and 0.2 percent interference to WRDQ, Orlando, FL (analog channel 27, pre-transition digital channel 14, post-transition digital channel 27).
50. WAFB, Baton Rouge, LA. We deny the petition for reconsideration of Raycom Media, Inc. (“Raycom”), licensee of WAFB, channel 9, and WAFB-DT, channel 46, Baton Rouge, LA. WAFB was allotted channel 9 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Raycom requests that Appendix B be revised to reflect use of WAFB's existing analog omnidirectional antenna. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WAFB would cause 1.0 percent interference to WVUE, New Orleans, LA (analog channel 8, pre-transition digital channel 29, post-transition digital channel 8) and 12.9 percent interference to KLFY, Lafayette, LA (analog channel 10, pre-transition digital channel 56, post-transition digital channel 10).
51. WITV, Charleston, SC. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by South Carolina Educational Television Commission (“SCETV”), licensee of WITV, channel 7, and WITV-DT, channel 49, Charleston, SC. WITV was allotted channel 7 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . SCETV requests an increase in ERP to 20 kW to aid the station in replicating its analog coverage. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WITV would cause 0.2 percent interference to WOLO, Columbia, SC (analog channel 25, digital channel 8 for both pre- and post-transition).
52. WFUT, Newark, NJ. We deny the petition for reconsideration of Univision New York LLC (“Univision”), licensee of WFUT, channel 68, and WFUT-DT, channel 53, Newark, NJ, which was allotted channel 30 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Univision requests an increase in ERP and a change to the WFUT antenna radiation pattern to aid the station in replicating the WFUT-DT coverage area. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WFUT would cause 0.2 percent interference to WFME, West Milford, NJ (analog channel 66, digital channel 29 for both pre- and post-transition).
53. WDEF, Chattanooga, TN. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by WDEF-TV, Inc. (“WDEF”), licensee of WDEF, channel 12, and WDEF-DT, channel 47, Chattanooga, TN. WDEF was allotted channel 12 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . WDEF requests use of its existing nondirectional antenna with a decrease in ERP to 13 kW. The Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WDEF would cause 0.5 percent interference to WRCB, Chattanooga, TN (analog channel 3, digital channel 13 for both pre- and post-transition).
54. WWBT, Richmond, VA. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by WWBT, Inc. (“WWBT”), licensee of WWBT, channel 12, and WWBT-DT, channel 54, Richmond, VA. WWBT was allotted channel 12 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . WWBT requests an increase in ERP to 12.1 kW. Although WWBT could cause up to 2 percent interference because it is a station with a pre-transition digital allotment out of core that is moving to its analog channel, the Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities shows that WWBT would cause 3.0 percent interference to WVEC, Chattanooga, TN (analog channel 13, pre-transition digital channel 41, post-transition digital channel 13).
55. KAAL, Austin, MN. We deny the petition for reconsideration of Hubbard Broadcasting Inc. (“Hubbard”), licensee of station KAAL-TV, channel 6, and KAAL-DT, channel 33, Austin, MN. KAAL was allotted channel 36 for post-transition operations in the Seventh RO . In its petition for reconsideration, Hubbard requests that it be permitted to operate post-transition using the existing channel 36 facilities of station KTTC-DT, Rochester, MN (analog channel 10, pre-transition digital channel 36, post-transition digital channel 10). We find that KTTC's facilities are roughly 30 miles from KAAL's current tower and that KTTC is licensed to a different community (Rochester, MN instead of Austin, MN). Both findings indicate that it would be difficult for KAAL to properly serve Austin. In addition, the Commission's interference analysis based on recalculated Appendix B facilities that KAAL would cause 0.40 percent interference to KWSD, Sioux Falls, SD (analog channel 36, pre-transition digital channel 51, and post-transition digital channel 36).
E. Requests for Alternative Channel Assignments
56. We received 13 requests for an alternative channel assignment. We grant herein eight of these requests and deny five requests, consistent with our treatment of such channel change requests in the Seventh RO . A list of the stations for which we are granting a change appears in Appendix D4, infra, and we have revised the DTV Table for these stations accordingly. For each of these stations, we believe that the circumstances described by the station are consistent with one or more of the criteria for consideration of alternative channel assignments outlined in the Seventh Further Notice. Each of these requested channel changes granted herein and listed on Appendix D4 meets the 0.1 percent interference standard.
57. The Commission stated that any request for an alternative channel assignment must either meet the 0.1 percent additional interference standard or be accompanied by a request for a waiver of the 0.1 percent limit or the signed written consent of the affected licensee. The Commission stated that it would grant waivers of the 0.1 percent limit where doing so would promote overall spectrum efficiency and ensure the best possible service to the public, including service to local communities.
58. We deny the channel change requests of five stations. As discussed further below, for three of these stations the Commission's interference analysis shows that the new channel requested by the station would cause interference to one or more other stations in excess of the 0.1 percent standard, and there is no agreement with the affected station(s) accepting this interference. In one case where the interference standard is exceeded, that of KCWX, Fredericksburg, TX, the petition for reconsideration was opposed. As discussed below, we decline to waive our interference limit for these stations. In addition, we decline to grant the channel change request of two stations that filed their requests too late for consideration in this Memorandum Opinion and Order on Reconsideration. Following is a brief discussion of these stations and the relevant circumstances.
59. WCOV, Montgomery, AL. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of WCOV. Woods Communications Corporation (“Woods”), licensee of station WCOV, channel 20, and WCOV-DT, channel 16, Montgomery, AL, elected and was allotted channel 16 for post-transition operations in the Seventh RO . In its petition for reconsideration, Woods requests the substitution of channel 20 for its final, post-transition digital channel in the Table of Allotments. The Commission's interference analysis shows that the proposed operation of WCOV on channel 20 would cause 0.40 percent interference to WIIQ, Demopolis, AL (analog channel 41, digital channel 19 for both pre- and post-transition), 0.17 percent interference to WTBS, Atlanta, GA (analog channel 17, digital channel 20 for both pre- and post-transition), 0.45 percent interference to WMPV, Mobile, AL (analog channel 21, digital channel 20 for both pre- and post-transition), 0.31 percent interference to WYLE, Florence, AL (analog channel 26, digital channel 20 for both pre- and post-transition), and 0.23 percent interference to WDHN, Dothan, AL (analog channel 18, digital channel 21 for both pre- and post-transition). Because the proposed channel substitution causes impermissible interference to five other stations, we deny Woods' request for channel change for WCOV. Woods has submitted neither evidence of agreement from the stations receiving the interference nor a request for waiver. WCOV may file a request for a channel substitution when the Commission lifts the filing freeze. The 0.5 percent interference standard adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order will apply to such requests for channel substitution.
60. WWAZ, Fond du Lac, WI. We deny the channel change request of WWAZ because the basis it offers for the request, financial need, is not a basis for a channel change. WWAZ License, LLC (“WWAZ”), licensee of station WWAZ, channel 68, and WWAZ-DT, channel 44, Fond du Lac, WI, was allotted channel 44 for post-transition operations in the Seventh RO . WWAZ requests the substitution of channel 9 for its final, post-transition digital channel in the Table of Allotments. The Commission's interference analysis shows that the requested channel change would cause 1.45 percent interference to WMVS, Milwaukee, WI (analog channel 10, digital channel 8 for both pre- and post-transition), and 2.19 percent interference to WAOW, Wausau, WI (analog channel 9, pre-transition digital channel 29, and post-transition digital channel 9). In view of the impermissible interference caused by the proposed WWAZ channel substitution to two other stations, we deny its channel substitution request and decline to waive our interference standard. WWAZ may request a channel substitution after the freeze is lifted.
61. KCWX, Fredericksburg, TX. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of KCWX. Corridor Television, LLP is the licensee of KCWX-DT, Fredericksburg, Texas, a single channel analog station on Channel 2. In the Seventh Report and Order, the Commission denied Corridor's request to change its DTV channel from 5 to channel 8. finding that the change would cause 0.79 percent interference to KTBC, Austin, Texas (analog channel 7, post-transition digital channel 7) and 0.47 percent interference to NCE station KLRN, San Antonio, Texas (analog channel 9, post-transition digital channel 9). In its petition for reconsideration, Corridor amends its request for channel change specifying a proposal with 15 kW non-directional ERP at 413 meters HAAT. Although Corridor acknowledges that its channel change would still result in greater than 0.1 percent interference, Corridor again requests a waiver pending adoption of the Commission's proposed 0.5 percent DTV interference standard in the Third DTV Periodic Review proceeding. Alamo and KTBC both oppose Corridor's revised request for channel change. Both argue that the issue of a channel change was already considered in the Seventh RO and was properly denied because the Commission found that it would cause impermissible interference to KLRN and KTBC. They point out that Corridor's new proposal also would cause impermissible interference to their stations.
62. We note that Corridor does not challenge the denial of its original channel change proposal but rather it introduces a new proposal with revised technical parameters. The parameters requested by Corridor in its petition are not consistent with replication of its analog coverage contour, which is the coverage to which it certified on FCC Form 381. Accordingly, the revised channel change proposal cannot be considered in this proceeding. Once the freeze is lifted with respect to channel substitutions, Corridor may submit a petition for rulemaking and request that channel 8 be substituted for channel 5 for KCWX-DT. Corridor may request specific parameters for its proposed channel 8 operations at that time, and the channel substitution will be examined under the 0.5 percent interference standard. Corridor acknowledges that its revised channel change proposal does not comply with our 0.1 percent interference limit with respect to KTBC and KLRN. Corridor claims that its revised channel change proposal complies with the new 0.5 percent DTV interference standard recently adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Review Report and Order. However, the 0.5 percent interference proposal is not the standard for revisions to Appendix B. Rather, the 0.5 percent standard was adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Review Report and Order to apply to post-transition modifications.
63. KMBC, Kansas City, MO. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of KMBC. KMBC Hearst-Argyle Television, Inc. (“Hearst”), licensee of station KMBC, channel 9, and KMBC-DT, channel 7, Kansas City, MO, was allotted channel 9 for post-transition operations in the Seventh RO . Hearst requests the substitution of channel 29 for its assigned channel 9 in the DTV Table of Allotments. Because Hearst's petition was filed after the statutory deadline, it cannot be considered in this Memorandum Opinion and Order on Reconsideration.
64. WFXS, Wittenberg, WI. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of WFXS. Davis Television Wausau, LLC (“Davis”), licensee of WFXS, channel 55, and WFXS-DT, post-transition channel 50, Wittenberg, WI, requested leave to file a late petition for reconsideration requesting the substitution of DTV channel 31 for DTV channel 50. Davis' Petition was filed too late to be considered in this proceeding but the petitioner may file a request for channel substitution after the freeze is lifted.
F. Changes That Should Be Requested During the Application Process
65. We deny the petitions for reconsideration filed on behalf of 53 stations whose requests are not consistent with the types of allotment changes covered in the Seventh Further Notice for this DTV Table proceeding. These stations are listed on Appendix D5 herein. The changes requested for these stations can be requested in an application filed pursuant to the policies and procedures adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order. These requests are not for modification of the coverage area defined by the DTV Table Appendix B to match authorized or licensed coverage. Instead, these stations generally state in their petitions that they do not want or may not be able to construct the precise facilities specified in the proposed DTV Table Appendix B. We conclude that the stations identified in Appendix D5 can use the application process to request the facility they seek to build. In addition, those seeking to expand their facilities beyond the service area described by the Appendix B parameters can file requests to maximize their facilities when the freeze on such filings is lifted later this year.
66. Stations listed in Appendix D5 should use Form 301 or 340 to apply to construct or modify their post-transition facilities, consistent with the procedures and standards for such applications adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order, including compliance with the interference standard and filing freeze. As discussed above, the rules and procedures adopted in that Order provide significant regulatory flexibility to many stations, particularly stations moving to a different channel for post-transition operations, and permit all stations to file applications for facilities that differ to some extent from the parameters specified in DTV Table Appendix B.
67. Stations have begun filing their applications for a CP on their final DTV channel now, and we encourage all stations to file their applications as soon as possible. Although stations that filed petitions for reconsideration are permitted to file their applications before their petitions are resolved, we recognize that many of these stations may have waited to see how the Commission would address their request. Therefore, stations that filed petitions for reconsideration may receive expedited processing provided they file no later than April 21, 2008, which is 45 days from the release of this Memorandum Opinion and Order. Stations that do not seek expedited processing or whose applications do not meet the criteria for expedited processing still must file their applications soon. As specified in the Public Notice issued on January 30, 2008, most stations filing an application for a construction permit must file the application by June 19, 2008 at the latest. However, stations with a construction deadline of August 18, 2008 must file by March 17, 2008 at the latest.
68. Stations listed on Appendix D5 fall into three categories. First, some stations that are moving to a different channel post-transition filed petitions requesting relatively minor adjustments to the station's parameters identified in Appendix B. For some stations, the requested change represents a change to the station's coordinates of three seconds or less latitude or longitude. These kinds of requests for facilities that deviate only slightly the parameters reflected on Appendix B can be easily accommodated during the application process. As discussed in Section III.B. above, while we made these kinds of minor adjustments on Appendix D1 herein for stations whose pre- and post-transition DTV channels are the same, we are requiring that stations moving to a different channel for post-transition operation make these requests for minor adjustments as part of their application for their post-transition channel. Other stations in this category request changes to the station's coordinates of slightly more than three seconds latitude or longitude or request relatively minor changes to other station parameters. These relatively minor deviations from Appendix B can also be accommodated as part of the license application process for these stations.
69. Second, many of the stations denied revisions to Appendix B requested changes that would violate the freeze on maximizations. Some of these stations, particularly those that are seeking to serve their current analog viewers, may be able to increase their coverage area during the application process. Others will be able to apply for a larger coverage area when the Commission lifts its filing freeze later this year. In the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , the Commission announced its intent to lift the freeze on the filing of maximization applications on August 17, 2008, the date by which we expect to have completed processing stations' applications to build their post-transition facilities. Until that date, we will maintain the freeze and will not accept maximization applications to expand facilities, except pursuant to the 5-mile waiver policy for stations that are moving to a different channel for post-transition operations.
70. Third, the petitions for reconsideration filed on behalf of KFNR, Rawlins, WY; KGWL, Lander, WY; and KTWO, Casper, WY request that the facilities described on Appendix B for these stations be revised to reduce the stations' coverage area. These stations must file an application requesting a modification of their CP. In the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , the Commission stated that it would provide expedited processing to applications for facilities that are no more than five percent smaller than the facility specified in Appendix B with respect to predicted population, and that meet the other criteria for expedited processing.
71. In addition to the stations listed on Appendix D5, we note that in Section III.D., supra , we declined to modify the coverage area for a number of stations that filed petitions requesting changes to the station's coverage area as defined in Appendix B. Stations for which we did not make changes to Appendix B in Section III.D. herein and that are moving to a different channel for post-transition operations must file an application for post-transition facilities. As a result of the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , these stations may be able to obtain some or all of the relief they seek through the application process.
72. The petitions for reconsideration filed on behalf of the following stations require individual discussion. In some cases, the petition was opposed. In other cases, the petition requests reconsideration of a Commission decision in the Seventh RO regarding the station, or requests changes to Appendix B in addition to those granted in the Seventh RO .
73. WPVI, Philadelphia, PA . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of WPVI. WPVI, which is licensed on analog channel 6 and pre-transition DTV channel 64, was allotted channel 6 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission modified WPVI's Appendix B facilities to help WPVI replicate its analog Grade B coverage area. The Walt Disney Company (“Disney”) filed a petition for reconsideration requesting that the FCC permit WPVI to use its present analog antenna with parameters that meet the 0.1 percent interference standard applicable to Appendix B.
74. The parameters specified on Appendix B for WPVI (ERP of 6.22 kW and HAAT of 332 meters) were revised in the Seventh RO to the maximum amount consistent with replication of the station's analog contour and the 0.1 percent interference standard. Disney is requesting further changes for WPVI that should be requested in that station's application for post-transition facilities. It appears that the requested changes can be accommodated at the application stage.
75. KHAS, Hastings, NE and KNOP, North Platte, NE . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of KHAS and KNOP. KHAS, which is licensed on analog channel 5 and pre-transition DTV channel 21, was allotted channel 5 for post-transition operations. KNOP, which is licensed on analog channel 2 and pre-transition DTV channel 22, was allotted channel 2 for post-transition operations. Hoak Media, LLC filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO for these stations stating that, while the Appendix B facilities adopted in the Order may permit KHAS and KNOP to replicate, reconsideration is necessary because the Commission did not address Hoak's request for additional power for these stations.
76. The parameters specified on Appendix B for KHAS (ERP of 6.78 kW and HAAT of 223 meters) and KNOP (ERP of 6.75 kW and HAAT of 192 meters) were revised in the Seventh RO to the maximum amount consistent with replication of the station's analog contour and the 0.1 percent interference standard. As a result of the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , Hoak will be able to apply for at least some of the changes it seeks when it files its application for post-transition facilities for these stations. To the extent that Hoak seeks additional relief for KHAS and KNOP that cannot be accommodated during the application process, Hoak may file an application for increased facilities once the Commission lifts its filing freeze.
77. WDSE, Duluth, MN . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of WDSE. WDSE, which is licensed on analog channel 8 and pre-transition DTV channel 38, was allotted channel 8 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission modified the WDSE Appendix B facilities to help this station replicate its analog Grade B coverage area. Duluth-Superior Area Educational Television Corporation (“Duluth-Superior”) filed a petition for reconsideration of the
Seventh RO stating that while the Commission purported to grant its request to change the coverage area of WDSE in that Order, the revised Appendix B does not reflect the requested operating parameters.
78. The parameters specified on Appendix B for WDSE (ERP of 17.4 kW and HAAT of 290 meters) were revised in the Seventh RO to the maximum amount consistent with replication of the station's analog contour and the 0.1 percent interference standard. The further changes requested by WDSE should be requested in the station's application for post-transition facilities. It appears that the requested changes can be accommodated at the application stage, especially in view of the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order .
79. KUAC, Fairbanks, AK . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of KUAC. KUAC, which is licensed on analog channel 9 and pre-transition DTV channel 24, was allotted channel 9 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission modified the KUAC Appendix B facilities in order to help this station replicate its analog Grade B coverage area. The University of Alaska (“University”) filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO requesting that the Commission revise Appendix B to increase HAAT and ERP for KUAC and to change the antenna ID to permit use of the station's existing non-directional antenna.
80. The parameters specified on Appendix B for KUAC (ERP of 3.2 kW and HAAT of 152 meters) were revised in the Seventh RO to the maximum amount consistent with replication of the station's analog contour and the 0.1 percent interference standard. As a result of the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , the University will be able to apply for at least some of the changes it seeks when it files its application for post-transition facilities for this station. To the extent that the University seeks additional relief for KUAC that cannot be accommodated during the application process, the University may file an application for increased facilities once the Commission lifts its filing freeze.
81. KUHT, Houston, TX . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of KUHT. KUHT, which is licensed on analog channel 8 and pre-transition DTV channel 9, was allotted channel 8 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission modified the KUHT Appendix B facilities by increasing ERP to help this station replicate its analog Grade B coverage area. The University of Houston System (“UHS”) filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO requesting that the Commission revise Appendix B to change the antenna ID for KUHT to permit use of the station's existing directional analog antenna.
82. The parameters specified on Appendix B for KUHT (ERP of 21.9 kW and HAAT of 564 meters) were revised in the Seventh RO to the maximum amount consistent with replication of the station's analog contour and the 0.1 percent interference standard. As a result of the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , UHS will be able to apply for at least some of the changes it seeks when it files its application for post-transition facilities for KUHT. To the extent that UHS seeks additional relief that cannot be accommodated during the application process, it may file an application for increased facilities once the Commission lifts its filing freeze.
83. KNRR, Pembina, ND . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of KNRR. KNRR, which is licensed on analog channel 12 and pre-transition DTV channel 15, was allotted channel 12 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission declined to modify the coverage area for KNRR on Appendix B because it determined that, if it recalculated Appendix B facilities for the station based on replicating the station's analog coverage that was used to determine their initial DTV facilities, the recalculated service area would be smaller than the Appendix B service area. Red River Broadcast Co., LLC (“Red River”) filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO requesting that the Commission revise Appendix B to reduce the facilities for KNRR by changing the ERP and HAAT.
84. We decline to make the changes to Appendix B requested by KNRR because it can accomplish what it seeks when it files its application for post-transition facilities for KNRR. In addition, by retaining the larger Appendix B facilities for the station, KNRR will ultimately have more flexibility to make changes for KNRR in the future. When it files its application for post-transition facilities on channel 12, KNRR should make its request for new parameters at that time.
85. KBRR, Thief River Falls, MN . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of KBRR. KBRR, a full-power satellite station, is licensed on analog channel 10 and has been issued a CP for channel 32 for pre-transition DTV facilities. KBRR was allotted channel 10 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission declined to modify the coverage area for KBRR on Appendix B because it determined that, if it recalculated Appendix B facilities for the station based on replicating the station's analog coverage that was used to determine their initial DTV facilities, the recalculated service area would be smaller than the Appendix B service area. Red River Broadcast Co., LLC (“Red River”) filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO requesting that the Commission revise Appendix B to change the ERP, HAAT, and antenna information for KBRR.
86. Red River is requesting changes for KBRR that should be requested in that station's application for post-transition facilities. The requested changes can be accommodated at the application stage to the extent they are consistent with the coverage expansion and interference criteria adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order .
87. WEDU, Tampa, FL . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of noncommercial educational station WEDU. WEDU, which is licensed on analog channel 3 and pre-transition DTV channel 54, was allotted channel 13 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission declined to modify the coverage area for WEDU on Appendix B because our recalculation of the Appendix B facilities and subsequent interference analysis showed that the requested change would result in interference in excess of the 0.1 percent interference standard. Florida West Coast Public Broadcasting, Inc. (“FWCPB”) filed a petition for reconsideration of the Seventh RO requesting that the Commission change the antenna ID in Appendix B to specify an omnidirectional antenna.
88. FWCPB is requesting changes for WEDU that should be requested in that station's application for post-transition facilities. The requested changes can be accommodated at the application stage to the extent they are consistent with the coverage expansion and interference criteria adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order .
89. KETZ, El Dorado, AR . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of DTV singleton station KETZ. KETZ is licensed on pre-transition DTV channel 12 and was allotted channel 10 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission granted KETZ's request to change its TCD from 12 to 10. The Arkansas Educational Television Commission (“AETC”) filed a petition for reconsideration requesting that Appendix B be revised to specify an omnidirectional antenna for KETZ.
90. The parameters specified on Appendix B for KETZ were revised in the Seventh RO to permit KETZ to change its TCD to 10 consistent with replication of the station's certified coverage area and the 0.1 percent interference standard. As a result of the flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , AETC will be able to apply for at least some of the additional coverage area it seeks when it files its application for post-transition facilities for KETZ. To the extent that AETC seeks additional relief that cannot be accommodated during the application process, it may file an application for increased facilities once the Commission lifts its filing freeze.
91. KCBS, Los Angeles, CA . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by KCBS. KCBS, which is licensed on analog channel 2 and pre-transition DTV channel 60, was allotted channel 43 for post-transition operations. CBS Corporation filed a petition for reconsideration of our decision in the Seventh RO directing that the station should request the changes it seeks in an application to construct or modify post-transition facilities. CBS requests that the parameters in the DTV Table Appendix B for KCBS be changed to correspond to those specified in the co-owned KCAL construction permit.
92. The parameters sought by CBS for KCBS are those authorized for another station, KCAL. While the two stations are co-owned, that relationship does not confer on KCBS the right to expand its coverage area beyond the area to which it certified in FCC Form 381. We reaffirm our decision in the Seventh RO that KCBS should use the application process to request the facility it wishes to operate post-transition. As indicated above, as a result of the regulatory flexibility adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order , KCBS may be able to obtain part, if not all, of the relief it seeks through the application process. KCBS may request additional expansion when we lift the freeze on maximization requests later this year. Our decision does not prevent KCBS from using the KCAL site and equipment; rather, we are ensuring that KCBS does not use these facilities to expand beyond its authorization and thus step ahead of other stations that are waiting for the proper time to request to maximize.
93. KTCI, St. Paul, MN . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by Twin Cities Public Television (“Twin Cities”), licensee of KTCI, channel 17, and KTCI-DT, channel 16, St. Paul, MN, which was allotted channel 26 in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO . Although we deny the request to revise Appendix B, we generally agree with Twin Cities that KTCI-DT should be able to operate using the KMSP-DT tower and antenna. Rather, we deny the petition because we continue to believe that Twin Cities will be able to achieve its goal of serving its current service area with the KMSP-DT antenna, albeit at a much lower power through the CP application process. We do not find it necessary to revise Appendix B to reach this result.
94. In its petition for reconsideration, Twin Cities argues that the Commission should have permitted its proposed changes to the Appendix B facility of KTCI-DT. Twin Cities argues that requiring it to await Commission action on its application for a construction permit to modify Station KTCI-DT's facilities “will create unnecessary uncertainty in the transition process, contrary to the Commission's stated goals throughout the transition.” The State of Wisconsin Educational Communications Board (State of Wisconsin), licensee of WHWC-DT, Menomonie, Wisconsin, opposes Twin Cities' petition for reconsideration. State of Wisconsin maintains that Twin Cities' proposed changes to the Appendix B facilities of KTCI-DT would result in prohibited 14.9 percent interference to WHWC-DT. Twin Cities responds that its requested changes to the Appendix B facilities of KTCI-DT do not create new post-transition interference to WHWC-DT. Rather, Twin Cities maintains that WHWC-DT currently receives 22.5 percent interference from KMSP-DT, channel 26. Twin Cities argues that its proposal, which seeks to use the same antenna and antenna pattern as KMSP-DT, will use less than 10 percent of the power and would decrease from 22.5 percent to 14.9 percent the amount of interference that WHWC-DT, channel 27 receives from “existing analog and DTV operations.”
95. While we do not disagree with Twin Cities' arguments with respect to interference to WHWC-DT, we are not persuaded that we should reverse our decision in the Seventh RO . We reaffirm that the appropriate next step would be for Twin Cities to submit an application for its post-transition channel 26 based upon the facility described in Appendix B. In that application, Twin Cities may specify the pre-transition channel 26 technical facilities of KMSP-DT and that proposal will be examined. Pursuant to the procedures recently adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Review Report and Order , Twin Cities, as a station whose post-transition channel is different from its pre-transition DTV channel, may avail itself of the “five mile” waiver policy and the 0.5 percent interference standard.
96. WCAX, Burlington, VT . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of WCAX. WCAX, which is licensed on analog channel 3 and pre-transition DTV channel 53, was allotted channel 22 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission modified the WCAX Appendix B facilities to help this station replicate its analog Grade B coverage area. Mt. Mansfield Television, Inc. (“Mt. Mansfield”) filed a petition for reconsideration stating that its election of channel 22 required extensive coordination with Canada which led to a solution in 2005 specifying certain parameters for WCAX. Mt. Mansfield requests that Appendix B be revised to reflect the parameters approved by Canada.
97. We modified Appendix B in the Seventh RO to provide WCAX with the largest coverage area consistent with replication of its analog service area. We recognize that Canada has agreed to permit WCAX to serve a slightly different coverage area than that described on Appendix B, and when WCAX files its application for post-transition operations on channel 22, it may apply to match that different coverage area, including an increase in its coverage area to the extent it is consistent with the flexibility provided to all stations moving to a new channel in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order .
98. KVEA, Corona, CA . We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by KVEA. KVEA, which is licensed on analog channel 52 and pre-transition DTV channel 39, was allotted channel 39 for post-transition operations. In the Seventh RO , the Commission granted KVEA's request for minor adjustment to the station's coordinates as listed on Appendix B. NBC Telemundo License Co. (“NBC Telemundo”) filed a petition for reconsideration proposing that the Commission waive the current freeze and approve an increase in KVEA's ERP at any time after February 17, 2008.
99. NBC Telemundo acknowledges that its requested change for KVEA would violate the freeze on maximizations. It is possible that KVEA could increase its coverage area during the application process. Otherwise, KVEA must wait to request additional expansion until the Commission lifts its filing freeze later this year.
G. Stations Not Eligible to Participate in the Channel Election Process
100. Pappas Telecasting of America and South Central Communications Corporation. We deny the petition for reconsideration filed by Pappas Telecasting of America (“Pappas”) and South Central Communications Corporation (“SCCC”). Pappas and SCCC are pending applicants for a new single-channel television station on Channel 48 at Owensboro, Kentucky. Pappas and SCCC filed joint comments in response to the Seventh NPRM requesting that the Commission substitute DTV Channel 35 for Channel 48. Pappas and SCCC recognized that it was not possible to seek an alternate channel but argued that the Commission should act on its own motion to modify the Owensboro allotment “in the same way it has awarded Tentative Channel Designations (TCD's) to new permittees.” In the Seventh RO, the Commission denied their request to change the allotment for Owensboro along with several other proposals submitted by pending applicants to add new allotments to the post-transition DTV Table. The Commission explained that, in the Second DTV Periodic Report and Order, it clearly stated that only Commission licensees and permittees would be eligible to participate in the channel election process. Applicants for new stations and petitioners for new allotments were expressly excluded from making elections.
101. With respect to applicants that receive a construction permit after the close of the comment period in this proceeding, the Commission stated that those parties may either construct their analog facilities or apply to the Commission for permission to construct a digital facility on their analog channel. If any other pending applications were granted before the end of the transition, the Commission stated that it would attempt to accommodate these stations with a DTV channel for post transition operation. But in all situations, the Commission would only act to make allotment decisions once an application was granted and there was a new permittee. Since the Pappas and SCCC applications were still pending, it was to correct to deny consideration of their channel change proposal. Therefore, the Pappas and SCCC petition for reconsideration is denied.
102. Pappas and SCCC also have pending a petition for rulemaking filed on March 8, 2002, requesting DTV Channel 54 be substituted for Channel 48 at Owensboro, Kentucky (“DTV Channel 54 substitution petition. The DTV Channel 54 substitution petition is hereby dismissed. Pappas and SCCC applications for Channel 48 at Owensboro, Kentucky continue to cause impermissible interference to Channel 48 at Bowling Green, Kentucky and are therefore dismissed. See File Nos. BPCT-19960722KL and 19960920IV.
103. Montana University System Board of Regents. We deny the petitions for reconsideration filed by the Board of Regents of the Montana University System (“MSU”). MSU is the permittee of new single-channel television stations on Channel 21 at Great Falls, Montana (Facility ID No. 169030) and Channel 16 at Billings, Montana (Facility ID No. 169028). MSU filed petitions for rulemaking that resulted in these channels being added to the pre-transition DTV Table. Subsequently, MSU was the only applicant for these new NCE stations and received grants of its construction permits to build these pre-transition channels after the Seventh RO and Eighth Further Notice was adopted. Thus MSU was not a permittee in time to be included in this rulemaking.
104. Although, as MSU acknowledges, we cannot allot these new post-transition channels for MSU's NCE stations at Great Falls and Billings, Montana, at this time, we will initiate an NPRM to add these allotments or to propose replacement channels. In the interim, MSU may file modification applications for post-transition operation for these two stations on their pre-transition channels. As long as these post-transition facilities will not cause more than 0.5 percent interference to other post-transition stations and otherwise comply with our rules, they will be granted. If either of the post-transition facilities for these stations would cause more than 0.5 percent interference to other post-transition DTV facilities, then MSU may file a petition for rulemaking and seek a channel substitution.
H. Analog Singleton Stations
105. We decline to grant the petitions for reconsideration filed by analog singleton stations WCAV, Charlottesville, VA, KUTH, Provo, UT, and KRBK, Osage Beach, MO. These stations were given, in Appendix B, a coverage area to replicate their analog service area. Each station presents arguments supporting their request to make a change to their digital allotment as described by these Appendix B parameters. However, these changes would result in expanded coverage areas in violation of the freeze. These stations should be able to achieve their goal of serving current analog viewers with digital service using their existing equipment by requesting modifications through the application process, which is currently underway, and, where necessary, filing for maximization later this year. As described above, these stations must file an application to operate digitally on their post-transition channel and can file those applications at any time. At the application stage, these stations may take advantage of the 5-mile waiver policy and the 0.5 percent new interference policy adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order.
I. Modifications to Appendix B To Address International Coordination Issues
106. WKYC, Cleveland, OH. We grant the request of WKYC and change Appendix B herein for that station to reflect a directional antenna pattern to reduce interference to a Canadian station. WKYC, which is licensed on analog channel 3 and pre-transition DTV channel 2, was allotted channel 17 for post-transition operations. WKYC-TV, Inc. (“WKYC”) filed a comment in this proceeding stating that the request for channel 17 was referred to Canada for coordination and that Canada has responded by specifying a revision to the parameters that it requests for WKYC. WKYC advises the Commission that the parameters specified by Canada are acceptable to WKYC. We have revised Appendix B herein for WKYC to conform to the parameters negotiated with Canada.
J. Antenna Information
107. We deny the petitions for reconsideration filed on behalf of the following stations seeking to add antenna identification numbers to Appendix B: KPLC, Lake Charles, LA; WFIE, Evansville, IN. These stations request that we change Appendix B to include antenna identification numbers for these stations and state that the stations will be operating with omnidirectional antennas. In developing Appendix B, we did not include antenna identification numbers for stations operating with an omnidirectional antenna. Accordingly, we decline to add an antenna identification number to Appendix B where the petition indicates the station will be operating omnidirectionally and our database indicates that the station is authorized for an omnidirectional antenna.
K. Other Requests
108. WBOY, Clarksburg, WV. We deny the request of West Virginia Media Holdings, LLC (“WVMH”), licensee of WBOY, channel 12 and the permittee of WBOY-DT, channel 52, Clarksburg, WV. WBOY-DT was allotted channel 12 in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. WVMH notes that in the Seventh RO the Commission allotted technical facilities for WMFD-DT, Channel 12, Mansfield, Ohio, that WVMH claims will cause interference to WBOY-DT at “levels many times in excess of the applicable 0.1 percent limit on new interference.” In the Seventh RO, Mid-State Television, Inc. (Mid State) had requested that its allotment for WMFD-DT be modified to specify facilities it had included in an April 2005 amendment to its maximization application. The Commission approved this change, allotted Channel 12 for WMFD-DT, and acknowledged that this modification would result in 0.44 percent interference to WBOY-DT. The Commission explained that this allotment was “the result of a negotiated solution with Canada to resolve international coordination issues.” The Commission also found that WVMH had not filed comments opposing WMFD's proposed change to Appendix B.”
109. In its Petition for Reconsideration, WVMH argues that it had no notice that WBOY-DT might be adversely affected by this change. WVMH argues that the increase in ERP from 13 kW to 14 kW is not essential to the Canadian concurrence with the WMFD-DT allotment facilities. WVMH maintains it was Mid State's amendment to include a directional antenna that resolved the Canadian concerns. WVMH submits an engineering statement and claims that the excessive interference caused to WBOY-DT can be reduced.
110. In its opposition, Mid State states that WVMH's petition for reconsideration “raises no issues not previously considered fully by the Commission, nor does it provide any support for reversal of the Commission's considered decision in this matter.” Mid State argues that the public interest and equities support maintaining the WMFD-DT allotment due to Canadian concurrence and “the limited impact of the projected interference alleged.”
111. We agree that WVMH's petition fails to demonstrate error in our previous decision. Nor does WVMH's petition raise any new issues or evidence not previously considered. In the Seventh RO, we found that the public interest would be served by allotting the changed facilities for WMFD-DT. We continue to believe that this was the correct allotment for this station. Stations like WMFD-DT face international coordination issues that provide unique challenges in completing the digital transition. Resolving border area conflicts often involves compromises and multiple adjustments. WVMH's petition for reconsideration is denied.
112. KPRY, Pierre, SD. We grant the request of Hoak Media, LLC (“Hoak”), licensee of KPRY, channel 4, and KPRY-DT, channel 19, Pierre, SD, which was allotted channel 19 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. In that Order, the Commission grouped station requests into several categories before acting upon them. The Commission placed KPRY-DT in Category 1 along with other stations proposing to modify their certified facilities to match their authorized or constructed facilities. Hoak claims that KPRY-DT should have been grouped in Category 2 along with stations that anticipate filing a request for change to their station's parameters in the future, but that did not yet have all of the information necessary to request such a change. On reconsideration, we grant KPRY-DT's request for Appendix B facilities of 1000 kW and 378 m HAAT. Hoak may submit an application to specify a lower power and antenna height as noted in its comments.
113. KFJX, Pittsburg, KS. We grant the petition for partial reconsideration filed by KFJX. Surtsey Media, LLC (“Surtsey”), licensee of analog singleton station KFJX, channel 14, Pittsburg, KS, was allotted channel 13 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. In that Order, the Commission granted KFJX's request to change its TCD from 14 to 13. Surtsey filed a petition for reconsideration requesting that Appendix B be revised to match the facilities of KOAM, a related station in the Pittsburg, KS market with which KFJX currently shares facilities.
114. According to Surtsey, it requested the change in TCD in part because of interference issues on channel 14 and in part because it has the opportunity to acquire the channel 13 facilities of KOAM-DT in Pittsburg, which is moving off of channel 13 to another channel post-transition. Surtsey argues that permitting KFJX to take over the facilities of an existing, operating DTV station is consistent with the Commission's goal of facilitating a smooth, efficient transition as otherwise Surtsey would have to acquire new equipment to install at its currently specified site while KOAM would have to discard its equipment once the transition occurs. Instead, Surtsey requests that its digital allotment be modified to reflect the existing KOAM-DT facilities. Surtsey acknowledges, however, that the non-directional KOAM antenna at the requested power would extend the KFJX-DT signal beyond the KFJX analog footprint, thereby violating the filing freeze. Surtsey's petition states that it would accept modifications to Appendix B for KFJX to specify the KOAM antenna site, antenna type and antenna height but at a reduced power in order to shrink the resulting service area into the KFJX analog footprint. Surtsey states that it would accept this restriction on its initial digital allotment as long as it was permitted to increase its power prior to February 17, 2009 (the final digital transition date) to the level currently utilized by KOAM.
115. We agree that public interest considerations warrant granting Surtsey's request to change Appendix B for KFJX to specify the KOAM antenna site, antenna height, and antenna type. Specification of these parameters will permit Surtsey to utilize the KOAM equipment, thereby facilitating the transition for KFJX. We will therefore grant Surtsey's request for the exact coordinates, antenna type, and height, which are currently used by KOAM for its antenna. We agree with Surtsey that these parameters will allow KFJX to operate using KOAM's facility, thus speeding the transition process, reducing costs, and eliminating the need for new equipment or coordination with tower crews. Surtsey's petition reflects the licensee's appreciation that, at this time, Appendix B will specify an ERP that will maintain the station's coverage area within its analog coverage area. Moreover, as the Commission concluded in the Third DTV Periodic Review Report and Order, and as noted in Surtsey's petition, the Commission is not lifting the filing freeze at this stage in the transition for any stations. We are, however, expecting that the freeze will be lifted later this year to enable Surtsey to apply to increase the ERP for KFJX. As Surtsey's Petition recognizes, to waive the freeze now to permit KFJX to increase power before the filing freeze is lifted for all stations, would permit Surtsey to step ahead of other stations that are waiting for the proper time to request to maximize. Indeed, there are other stations that are moving to a channel vacated by another station that would like to immediately operate the facilities of the existing station. (discussion of KCBS, Los Angeles, CA). As discussed above, to permit such a step would expand these stations' coverage, unfairly disadvantaging other stations in these markets that would like to expand on their existing stations.
116. Surtsey need not wait until the freeze is lifted to request expanded coverage. Stations that are moving to a different channel, as KFJX is doing, may file now to request a waiver of the freeze for up to five miles, where, as here, the increase is necessary to better serve current analog viewers, and where the modification would not cause more than 0.5 percent new interference to any other station. Thus, KFJX, and other similarly situated stations may build upon the changes we have made to the Appendix B facilities to apply for larger area.
117. WSJV, Elkhart, IN. We grant the petition for reconsideration filed on behalf of WSJV. WSJV Television, Inc. (“WSJV”), licensee of WSJV, channel 28, and WSJV-TV, channel 58, was allotted channel 28 for post-transition operations in the DTV Table in the Seventh RO. In that Order, the Commission revised Appendix B for WSJV to conform to that stations' DTV authorization on channel 58. WSJV filed a petition for reconsideration requesting that the Commission instead revise Appendix B to permit the station to use the existing directional antenna system of its analog facility. WSJV explains that, when the original DTV Table was created, an inaccuracy in the orientation of the directional antenna system that existed on WSJV's analog license prior to December 1999 was carried over to the station's associated digital channel 58 allotment. The station subsequently resolved the inaccuracy in the station's analog antenna orientation on the analog license, but could not eliminate the discrepancy that was built into the original DTV Table. WSJV elected to return to its in-core analog channel for post-transition use and, based on its certification of replication, the Commission relied on the initial channel 58 allotment parameters to compute the WSJV facilities on channel 28 on Appendix B. These facilities were therefore based on the incorrect antenna pattern rotation.
118. We will change Appendix B for WSJV to reflect the correct antenna pattern rotation. Those changes are reflected on Appendix B, herein.
III. Eighth Report and Order
119. In the 8th FNPRM we sought comment on tentative channel designations (“TCDs”) and technical facilities for three new permittees that had recently attained permittee status. We also identified a number of other revisions to the DTV Table and Appendix B advanced by commenters in either reply comments or late-filed comments to the Seventh Further Notice, and we analyzed these revisions and submitted proposals upon which we invited public comment.
120. As we stated in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order, stations that need to request authority to construct or modify their post-transition facilities must file construction permit (CP) or modification applications. In that Order and in a recently adopted Public Notice, the Commission established the deadlines and procedures for filing such applications. These deadlines and procedures apply to the stations discussed below that have been granted a post-transition allotment herein.
A. New Permittees
121. The Commission established a separate pleading cycle in the Eighth Further Notice to give interested parties an opportunity for comment on three new permittees that had recently attained permittee status. We now adopt our proposals to the extent they are unopposed.
122. Entravision Holdings, LLC, Pueblo, CO. We found that post-transition operations for Entravision on channel 48 in Pueblo would create no additional interference, and we proposed channel 48 as this station's TCD. We received no comments in response to this proposal and accordingly will now grant the modification to the post-transition DTV Table and Appendix B to reflect this new allotment.
123. Northwest Television, Inc., Galesburg, IL. With respect to new permittee Northwest Television in Galesburg, IL, our engineering analysis determined that channel 8 was the best available post-transition channel because this channel created no new interference to the TCD of any other full-power station, and the only interference was received by Class A Station WQFL-CA, Rockford, IL. However, WQFL had an application for a minor modification to its license pending, the grant of which eliminated the interference from channel 8 but necessitated a waiver of the filing freeze. In order to locate an interference-free post-transition channel for Galesburg, we proposed to grant WQFL-CA a waiver of the filing freeze and to grant the WQFL-CA modification application, thereby resolving any potential interference. We received no comments with respect to either of these proposals, and accordingly we will make the necessary adjustments to the DTV Table and Appendix B.
124. Richland Reserve, Greeley, CO. Although Richland Reserve was allotted channel 45 for pre-transition digital operation our analysis indicated that, post-transition, channel 45 for Richland in Greeley would have caused 0.3 percent new interference. Therefore, we proposed channel 49 as the TCD of Richland. Richland contests our proposal, and in its comment it requests that the DTV Table be amended to specify DTV channel 38 as its post-transition TCD instead of channel 49. Richland asserts that, because the Eighth Further Notice proposed channel 48 as the TCD for Entravision Holdings, LLC, in Pueblo, Colorado (analog channel 48), the channel 48 TCD for Entravision will receive 0.8 percent interference from the Commission's currently proposed 49 TCD for Richland. Richland points out that using its substitute proposal of channel 38 as its TCD will eliminate all interference concerns, and that it would file a construction permit to reflect this change. The Commission has determined that Richland's proposed use of channel 38 is acceptable, and we will make the necessary adjustments to the DTV Table and Appendix B.
B. Late Filed Requests for Changes to the Table of Allotments and Appendix B
125. Several stations filed late requests after the close of the reply comment period of the Seventh FNPRM, seeking revisions to the proposed DTV Table and Appendix B. Where the proposed changes to the DTV Table and/or Appendix B could affect other stations, we determined that it was appropriate to seek public comment on these late requests.
1. Requests To Make Changes That Meet the Interference Criteria
126. We stated in the Seventh RO that we would permit stations to change their facility certifications (FCC Form 381), and thus our post-transition DTV Table Appendix B, where such stations have demonstrated that such modification of their facilities would conform to licensed or authorized facilities and where the proposed change to the Appendix B facilities either met the 0.1 percent interference criterion or the station affected agreed to accept the interference. We proposed two such changes in the Eighth Further Notice. The request of Fox Television Stations of Philadelphia, Inc. has been withdrawn, and we grant the other request.
127. WDCA, Washington, DC. Fox Television Stations, Inc., (“Fox”), licensee of station WDCA-TV, channel 20, and WDCA-DT, channel 35, Washington, DC, received channel 35 for its TCD in the proposed DTV Table. Fox filed late comments requesting that the Commission modify Appendix B to reflect WDCA's actual, authorized facilities. WDCA-DT has a CP that specifies facilities at its main studio where WDCA-DT is currently “located, authorized and operating,” and WDCA-DT has applied for a license to cover that CP. As noted by Fox, previous engineering analysis had indicated that this location and these parameters caused no impermissible interference, and the Commission proposed granting this request. As no comments were received in response, the Commission will adjust Appendix B accordingly to reflect WDCA's authorized facilities.
2. Requests for Modified Coverage Area
128. As we explained in the Seventh RO, we have granted requests of stations whose post-transition DTV channel is different from their pre-transition DTV channel, who are returning to their analog channel for post-transition operations, and whose proposed Appendix B facilities would not permit them to replicate their station's analog grade B contour, or who are seeking changes to specific parameters to permit these stations to serve more of the area served by the station's analog facilities. In response to such comments, we recalculated Appendix B facilities for stations based on replicating their analog coverage which was used to determine their initial DTV facilities, and typically granted the benefit of the larger coverage area resulting from our calculations, whether that turned out to be the station's initially proposed Appendix B facility, or the larger coverage area resulting from our calculations provided our interference standards were met. This process was designed to meet our goal for ensuring that audiences previously served by stations continued to receive those stations. We applied this methodology below and grant the request with respect to KOAM.
129. KOAM, Pittsburg, KS. Saga Quad States Communications (“Saga”), licensee of station KOAM-TV, channel 7, and KOAM-DT, channel 13, Pittsburg, KS, received channel 7 for its TCD in the proposed DTV Table. In a comment to the Seventh FNPRM, Saga proposed parameter changes in order to more closely replicate its analog Grade B contour than it was capable of doing with its current Appendix B parameters. Having analyzed Saga's request and recalculated its Appendix B facilities based upon replicating the analog coverage that was used to determine KOAM-DT's initial DTV facilities, we solicited comments on our proposal to grant Saga's request and to adjust KOAM's facilities in Appendix B. In comments filed in response to the Eighth FNPRM, Saga supports the Commission's proposal, and no reply comment has been filed. Accordingly, we will make the proposed change to Appendix B.
3. Requests for Alternative Channel Assignments
130. We grant the requests of four stations for alternative channel assignments in conformance with the standards set out in the Seventh FNPRM. The Commission in that Notice stated that licensees that want to change their DTV allotment, but which are not in any of the specified acceptable categories (i.e., are technically able to construct their full, authorized DTV facilities on their existing TCD) may request a change in allotment only after the DTV Table is finalized and must do so through the existing allotment procedures. Those requests for an alternative channel assignment that we can consider must either meet the 0.1 percent additional interference standard or be accompanied by a request for a waiver of the 0.1 percent limit or the signed written consent of the affected licensee. The Commission stated that it would grant waivers of the 0.1 percent limit where doing so would promote overall spectrum efficiency and ensure the best possible service to the public, including service to local communities.
131. Adoption of stations' channel change requests may not mean that we are adopting every parameter requested by the station. Stations should file the necessary applications for a construction permit in light of the procedures adopted in the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order to finalize parameters with respect to their build-out on their new channel.
132. KOLO, Reno, NV. Gray Television Licensee, Inc. (“Gray”), licensee of station KOLO-TV, channel 8, and KOLO-DT, channel 9, Reno, NV, received channel 9 for its TCD in the proposed DTV table. Gray filed a late request that KOLO's TCD be changed to permit it to operate post-transition on its NTSC channel 8 due to concerns that its antenna was optimized for channel 8. We proposed granting this request upon finding no additional interference from the proposed change. In a comment filed in response to our Eighth FNPRM, KOLO supports the Commission's proposal and, as no other comments were filed, we will make the approved change to Appendix B and the DTV Table to reflect KOLO's facilities on channel 8.
133. WEHT, Evansville, IN. Gilmore Broadcasting Corp. (“Gilmore”), licensee of station WEHT, channel 25, and WEHT-DT, channel 59, Evansville, IN, received channel 25 for its TCD. Gilmore filed reply comments to the Seventh FNPRM requesting a change in its TCD to channel 7 and adjustment to its parameters on Appendix B, and we proposed granting this request upon finding no additional interference from the proposed change. Gilmore filed comments supporting the proposed change and no other comments were filed. Accordingly we will make the necessary change to the DTV Table and Appendix B to reflect the change in WEHT's use of channel 7 facilities.
134. KTRV, Nampa, ID. Idaho Independent Television, Inc. (“IIT”), licensee of KTRV-TV, and KTRV-DT, Nampa, ID, received channel 12 for its TCD in the proposed DTV Table. IIT filed comments seeking to retain its existing DTV facilities and requesting revision to Appendix B to reflect that retention, but also seeking a channel change to 13 as its new TCD as well as an antenna ID change. We proposed to grant IIT's request after studying KTRV's post-transition operation on channel 13. IIT filed comments and reply comments, both supporting the Commission's proposal and yet asking for a change in antenna ID number and no reply or opposition was filed. We shall therefore substitute channel 13 for channel 12 as the TCD for post-transition use by KTRV-DT in both the DTV Table and Appendix B. We note that the lack of an antenna ID in Appendix B for KTRV indicates that KTRV is not using a directional antenna, which is consistent with our records for this station. Therefore, we are continuing not to specify an antenna ID for this station.
135. WUOA, Tuscaloosa, AL. The Board of Trustees of The University of Alabama (“the University”), singleton licensee of analog station WUOA, channel 23, Tuscaloosa, AL, received 23 as its TCD in the proposed DTV Table. The University filed a Supplement to its Comments in June 2007, seeking a change to a low VHF channel 4 or channel 6 post-transition allotment with new coordinates and parameters due to limited resources of the University. In the alternative, the University had sought replication facilities on channel 4 or 6. We proposed replication facilities for WUOA on channel 6 as this showed no additional interference. The University filed comments supporting the proposed replication facility on channel 6, but seeking a correction to its azimuthal pattern through utilization of a non-directional antenna. No other comments were filed and we grant the University's request and make the necessary changes to the DTV Table and Appendix B to reflect the facilities on channel 6. We have corrected the tabulation of antenna ID 80096 to eliminate the incorrect null at N 100.0° E and have substituted the correct relative field value of 0.717. However, we deny the University's request for a change in its technical parameters to reflect use of a non-directional antenna. The University can request use of a non-directional antenna when it files its application in accordance with the Third DTV Periodic Report and Order.
4. Other Requests
136. WPCW, Jeannette, PA. We adopt the proposed channel change for WPCW. CBS Corporation (“CBS”), parent company of the licensee of WPCW, channel 19, and applicant for construction permit for a DTV station on channel 49, Jeannette, PA, received channel 49 for its TCD in the proposed DTV Table. The licensee of WPCW is Pittsburgh Television Station WPCW, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of CBS. In comments filed in response to the Seventh Further Notice, CBS requested an adjustment in Appendix B to reflect a change in parameters approved by the Commission in its 2006 decision substituting channel 49 for 30 as WPCW's digital frequency and reallocating channel 49 from Johnstown, PA to Jeannette, PA. Larry L. Schrecongost (“Schrecongost”), licensee of Class A television Station WLLS-CA, channel 49, Indiana, PA, had opposed the CBS request and argued that the proposed DTV Table should have specified channel 30 rather than channel 49 for WPCW because operation on channel 49 would have caused interference to WLLS-CA in violation of the Community Broadcasters Protection Act of 1999. The Commission found that WPCW's operations on channel 49 would have caused impermissible interference to two stations and, to resolve the dispute, we proposed to allot channel 11 to WPCW with the site location specified in the 2006 Report and Order. In a comment filed in response to the Eighth Further Notice, CBS supports the proposal to allot it channel 11, and accordingly, we will make the requisite changes to the DTV Table and Appendix B to reflect CBS's facilities on this new channel and site.
137. WGNO WNOL, New Orleans, LA. We grant the request of Tribune and adopt the proposed changes for WGNO and WNOL. Tribune Broadcasting Co. (“Tribune”) is licensee of station WGNO, channel 26, and permittee of WGNO-DT, channel 15, New Orleans, LA, which received channel 26 for its TCD in the proposed DTV Table, and licensee of station WNOL, channel 38, and permittee of WNOL-DT, channel 40, New Orleans, LA, which received channel 15 for its TCD in the proposed DTV Table. Tribune filed reply comments to the Seventh Further Notice stating that the analog and digital transmission facilities of both of these stations had been destroyed by Hurricane Katrina. After seeking alternative locations for its DTV operations, Tribune subsequently filed late comments requesting that the DTV allotments and technical parameters for the channels be changed to reflect new operations from the transmitter site of station WDSU, with which it proposed to share an antenna. We considered Tribune's request and found that the proposed parameters, while not causing impermissible interference, would have exceeded WGNO and WNOL's respective authorized contours, in violation of the filing freeze. Nevertheless, in light of the circumstances resulting from Hurricane Katrina, we proposed to waive the freeze and substitute the technical parameters requested by Tribune for these stations. Tribune filed comments supporting our proposal, and as no replies or objections were filed, we therefore will modify Appendix B accordingly.
IV. Procedural Matters
A. Memorandum Opinion and Order on Reconsideration
1. Regulatory Flexibility Act
138. Appendix E sets forth the Supplemental Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for the MOOR on Reconsideration , as required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, as amended.
2. Paperwork Reduction Act
139. The MOOR was analyzed with respect to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (“PRA”) and does not contain any information collection requirements.
3. Congressional Review Act
140. The Commission will include a copy of the MOOR in a report to be sent to Congress and the General Accounting Office pursuant to the Congressional Review Act.
4. Accessible Formats
141. To request information in accessible formats (computer diskettes, large print, audio recording, and Braille), send an e-mail to fcc504@fcc.gov or call the FCC's Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau at (202) 418-0530 (voice), (202) 418-0432 (TTY). This document can also be downloaded in Word and Portable Document Format (PDF) at: http://www.fcc.gov .
B. Eighth Report and Order
1. Regulatory Flexibility Act
142. Appendix G sets forth the Supplemental Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis for the Eighth RO , as required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, as amended.
2. Paperwork Reduction Act
143. The Eighth RO was analyzed with respect to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (“PRA”) and does not contain any information collection requirements.
3. Congressional Review Act
144. The Commission will include a copy of this Eighth RO in a report to be sent to Congress and the General Accounting Office pursuant to the Congressional Review Act.
V. Ordering Clauses
145. It is ordered that, pursuant to the authority contained in sections 1, 4(i) and (j), 7, 301, 302, 303, 307, 308, 309, 316, 319, 324, 336, and 337 of the Communications Act of 1934, 47 U.S.C 151, 154(i) and (j), 157, 301, 302, 303, 307, 308, 309, 316, 319, 324, 336, and 337, the MOOR of the Seventh RO and Eighth RO IS ADOPTED.
146. It is further ordered that pursuant to the authority contained in Sections 1, 2, 4(i), 303, 303a, 303b, and 307 of the Communications Act of 1934, 47 U.S.C. 151, 152, 154(i), 303, 303a, 303b, and 307, the Commission's rules are hereby amended as set forth in Appendix A.
147. It is further ordered that the rules as revised in Appendix A shall be effective upon publication of this MOOR of the Seventh RO and Eighth RO in the Federal Register . We find good cause for the rules adopted herein to be effective March 21, 2008 to ensure that full power television stations can meet the statutory deadline for transitioning to all-digital service.
148. It is further ordered that the petitions for reconsideration or clarification listed in Appendix C are granted to the extent provided herein and otherwise are denied.
149. It is further ordered that the Commission's Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau, Reference Information Center, shall send a copy of the OOR and Eighth RO , including the Supplemental Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis and Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis, to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration.
150. It is further ordered that the Commission shall send a copy of this MOOR and Eighth RO in a report to be sent to Congress and the General Accounting Office pursuant to the Congressional Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A).
List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73
Television.
Federal Communications Commission.
William F. Caton,
Deputy Secretary.
Final Rules
For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission amends 47 part 73 as follows:
PART 73—RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES
1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows:
Authority:
47 U.S.C. 154, 303, 334, 336 and 339.
2. Section 73.622(i) is amended by revising the entries for “Tuscaloosa, AL,” “Fairbanks, AK,” “Pueblo, CO,” “Nampa, ID,” “Sun Valley, ID,” “Evansville, IN,” “Wichita, KS,” “Vicksburg, MS,” “Reno, NV,” “Lima, OH,” “Jeannette, PA,” “Lead, SD,” “Kingsport, TN,” and “Eagle Pass, TX” and by adding entries for “Greeley, CO” and “Galesburg, IL,” in the DTV Table to read as follows:
§ 73.622
(i) * * *
Community
Channel No.
ALABAMA
*****
Tuscaloosa
6, 33
*****
ALASKA
*****
Fairbanks
7, *9, 18, 26
*****
COLORADO
*****
Greeley
38
*****
Pueblo
*8, 42, 48
*****
IDAHO
*****
Nampa
13, 24
*****
Sun Valley
5
*****
ILLINOIS
*****
Galesburg
8
*****
INDIANA
*****
Evansville
7, *9, 28, 45, 46
*****
KANSAS
*****
Wichita
10, 19, 26, 45
*****
MISSISSIPPI
*****
Vicksburg
41
*****
NEVADA
*****
Reno
7, 8, 13, *15, 20, 26, 44
*****
OHIO
*****
Lima
8, 44
*****
PENNSYLVANIA
*****
Jeannette
11
*****
SOUTH DAKOTA
*****
Lead
5, 10
*****
TENNESSEE
*****
Kingsport
27
*****
TEXAS
*****
Eagle Pass
24
*****
Note:
The following Appendices will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations:
Appendix B—DTV Table of Allotments Information
Appendix C—List of Petitions for Reconsideration, Oppositions, and Replies
Appendix D1—Granted Requests for Minor Adjustments
Appendix D2—Granted Requests for Changes to Certification That Meet the Interference Criteria
Appendix D3—Granted Requests for Modified Coverage Area
Appendix D4—Granted Requests for Alternative Channel Assignments
Appendix D5—Stations Requesting Changes That Should Be Requested In An Application
Appendix E—Supplemental Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
Appendix F—Eighth Report and Order List of Comments and Replies
Appendix G—Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
Appendix B.—DTV Table of Allotments Information
Facility ID
State
City
NTSC chan
DTV chan
DTV ERP (kW)
DTV HAAT (m)
DTV antenna
ID
DTV latitude
(DDMMSS)
DTV longitude
(DDDMMSS)
DTV area (sq km)
DTV population
(thousand)
DTV % interference
received
21488
AK
ANCHORAGE
5
5
45
277
612010
1493046
45353
348
0
804
AK
ANCHORAGE
7
8
50
240
77186
612522
1495220
26532
317
0
10173
AK
ANCHORAGE
2
10
21
240
67943
612522
1495220
22841
317
0
13815
AK
ANCHORAGE
13
12
41
240
65931
612522
1495220
25379
317
0
35655
AK
ANCHORAGE
4
20
234
55
74791
611311
1495324
10885
302
0
83503
AK
ANCHORAGE
9
26
1000
212
74792
610402
1494436
23703
323
0
49632
AK
ANCHORAGE
11
28
28.9
61
73156
611133
1495401
7254
292
0
25221
AK
ANCHORAGE
33
32
50
33
74793
610957
1494102
8943
287
0
4983
AK
BETHEL
4
3
1
61
604733
1614622
10324
9
0
64597
AK
FAIRBANKS
7
7
3.2
214
74449
645520
1474255
11355
82
0
69315
AK
FAIRBANKS
9
9
3.2
152
80229
645442
1474638
6873
82
0
13813
AK
FAIRBANKS
2
18
16
230
645520
1474249
10344
82
0
49621
AK
FAIRBANKS
11
26
52
1
84814
645036
1474248
5216
81
0
8651
AK
JUNEAU
3
10
1
1
581756
1342407
4249
30
0
13814
AK
JUNEAU
8
11
0.14
1
581805
1342626
2239
30
1.1
60520
AK
KETCHIKAN
4
13
3.2
1
29997
552059
1314012
4355
15
0
20015
AK
NORTH POLE
4
20
50
5
644532
1471926
6209
82
0
60519
AK
SITKA
13
7
3.2
1
80181
570301
1352004
6048
8
0
56642
AL
ANNISTON
40
9
15.6
359
39744
333624
862503
24554
1437
6.6
71325
AL
BESSEMER
17
18
350
675
44013
332851
872403
37533
1549
1.4
717
AL
BIRMINGHAM
10
10
3
426
332904
864825
22733
1363
5
74173
AL
BIRMINGHAM
13
13
17.7
408
84859
332926
864748
31722
1652
2
5360
AL
BIRMINGHAM
42
30
1000
426
43265
332904
864825
31006
1687
0.4
16820
AL
BIRMINGHAM
68
36
885
406
68103
332904
864825
28264
1553
1.1
71221
AL
BIRMINGHAM
6
50
1000
420
74797
332919
864758
33118
1692
0.9
720
AL
DEMOPOLIS
41
19
1000
324
60739
322145
875204
26322
330
6.5
43846
AL
DOTHAN
18
21
1000
205
311425
851843
23559
436
0
4152
AL
DOTHAN
4
36
995
573
305510
854428
43948
886
0.4
714
AL
DOZIER
2
10
3.2
393
313316
862332
23623
353
8.7
65128
AL
FLORENCE
15
14
1000
431
66619
350009
870809
30337
1112
0
6816
AL
FLORENCE
26
20
50
230
74798
343438
874657
15572
355
1.7
715
AL
FLORENCE
36
22
419
208
343441
874702
20118
526
0.1
1002
AL
GADSDEN
60
26
150
315
29932
334853
862655
17744
1379
0.2
73312
AL
GADSDEN
44
45
225
309
43164
335327
862813
17536
1350
0.6
83943
AL
GULF SHORES
55
25
64.5
308
74787
303640
873626
15544
932
0
74138
AL
HOMEWOOD
21
28
765
427
68108
332904
864825
30801
1663
0.9
48693
AL
HUNTSVILLE
19
19
40.7
514
344419
863156
23609
992
2.2
713
AL
HUNTSVILLE
25
24
396
338
344413
863145
26992
1091
0.3
57292
AL
HUNTSVILLE
31
32
468
538
67239
344412
863159
32626
1301
0.9
28119
AL
HUNTSVILLE
54
41
400
518
43864
344412
863159
29827
1213
1
591
AL
HUNTSVILLE
48
49
41
552
344239
863207
22282
936
0.8
710
AL
LOUISVILLE
43
44
925
262
59887
314304
852603
18777
337
0.1
4143
AL
MOBILE
10
9
29
381
304117
874754
34970
1203
0
11906
AL
MOBILE
15
15
510
558
74580
303640
873627
35589
1283
0.5
60827
AL
MOBILE
21
20
105
529
70813
303640
873627
23682
1116
0
83740
AL
MOBILE
23
337
574
75124
303645
873843
38025
1283
0
73187
AL
MOBILE
5
27
1000
581
74800
304120
874949
45375
1406
0.3
721
AL
MOBILE
42
41
199
185
303933
875333
16357
912
0.1
13993
AL
MONTGOMERY
12
12
24.9
507
74369
315828
860944
31615
788
0.5
73642
AL
MONTGOMERY
20
16
1000
518
29552
315828
860944
37703
829
1.3
706
AL
MONTGOMERY
26
27
600
179
322255
861733
18271
555
3.7
72307
AL
MONTGOMERY
32
32
199
545
75049
320830
864443
28378
579
0.7
60829
AL
MONTGOMERY
45
46
500
308
28430
322413
861147
21909
641
0.3
711
AL
MOUNT CHEAHA
7
7
24.1
610
80203
332907
854833
42613
2362
3.8
11113
AL
OPELIKA
66
47
136
539
74487
321916
844728
24321
662
1.3
32851
AL
OZARK
34
33
15
151
68078
311228
853649
8868
244
0
84802
AL
SELMA
29
29
1000
408
32810
323227
865033
26741
621
5.9
701
AL
SELMA
8
42
787
507
320858
864651
38739
722
0.1
62207
AL
TROY
67
48
50
345
30182
320336
855701
14891
479
2
77496
AL
TUSCALOOSA
23
6
1
266
80096
330315
873257
18093
595
0
21258
AL
TUSCALOOSA
33
33
160
625
70330
332848
872550
30987
1357
0.5
68427
AL
TUSKEGEE
22
22
100
325
74464
320336
855702
17798
532
0.3
2768
AR
ARKADELPHIA
9
13
7.3
320
335426
930646
22157
299
16.9
86534
AR
CAMDEN
49
49
1000
183
331615
924214
20174
212
0.5
92872
AR
EL DORADO
10
6
541
80186
330441
921341
26324
442
1.6
35692
AR
EL DORADO
10
27
823
582
330441
921341
43407
631
5.4
84164
AR
EL DORADO
43
43
206
530
74776
330441
921341
26259
446
0.1
81593
AR
EUREKA SPRINGS
34
34
87.1
213
75069
362630
935825
12963
442
0.1
2767
AR
FAYETTEVILLE
13
9
19
501
354853
940141
35150
889
1.5
60354
AR
FAYETTEVILLE
29
15
180
266
360057
940459
19569
560
3.5
66469
AR
FORT SMITH
5
18
550
286
354949
940924
25959
736
0.2
60353
AR
FORT SMITH
40
21
325
602
350415
944043
33811
525
7.4
29560
AR
FORT SMITH
24
27
200
305
41354
354236
940815
19234
627
0.8
78314
AR
HARRISON
31
31
191
339
75064
364218
930345
18376
533
2.8
608
AR
HOT SPRINGS
26
26
66.4
258
74370
342221
930247
13726
250
0.1
13988
AR
JONESBORO
8
8
18
531
355322
905608
39532
689
0.2
2769
AR
JONESBORO
19
20
50
310
355414
904614
18806
312
0
2784
AR
JONESBORO
48
48
982
295
75036
353616
903118
24784
1386
0
2770
AR
LITTLE ROCK
2
7
49.8
543
84843
342823
921211
45815
1110
0
2787
AR
LITTLE ROCK
11
12
55
519
344757
922959
43098
1128
0.8
33543
AR
LITTLE ROCK
7
22
750
574
342824
921210
43307
1087
0.3
11951
AR
LITTLE ROCK
16
30
1000
449
40344
344757
922929
32289
1043
0
33440
AR
LITTLE ROCK
4
32
989
474
29656
344757
922959
37939
1084
0.2
58267
AR
LITTLE ROCK
36
36
50
394
74768
344756
922945
16626
809
0.2
37005
AR
LITTLE ROCK
42
44
1000
485
59098
344745
922944
31880
1038
0.4
2777
AR
MOUNTAIN VIEW
6
13
4.05
407
66439
354847
921724
20288
260
14.5
607
AR
PINE BLUFF
25
24
725
356
40413
343155
920241
24562
845
0
41212
AR
PINE BLUFF
38
39
1000
590
40345
342631
921303
34162
1006
0
29557
AR
ROGERS
51
50
1000
267
362447
935716
23556
643
0
67347
AR
SPRINGDALE
57
39
316
114
40726
361107
941749
12789
422
0.1
81441
AZ
DOUGLAS
3
36
1000
9
74708
312208
1093145
10673
34
0
24749
AZ
FLAGSTAFF
2
2
11.2
488
84844
345806
1113028
41766
281
0.2
41517
AZ
FLAGSTAFF
13
13
19.6
474
74998
345805
1113029
29913
203
0
74149
AZ
FLAGSTAFF
4
18
726
487
74804
345804
1113030
34193
227
0
35104
AZ
FLAGSTAFF
9
32
1000
343
72238
345806
1113029
26812
213
1
63927
AZ
GREEN VALLEY
46
46
70.8
1095
74581
322454
1104256
26056
802
0
83491
AZ
HOLBROOK
11
11
3.2
54
74722
345505
1100825
8819
16
0
24753
AZ
KINGMAN
6
19
1000
585
74805
350157
1142156
30420
175
0
35486
AZ
MESA
12
12
22
543
74517
332000
1120348
33724
3236
0
2728
AZ
PHOENIX
8
8
30.7
527
75007
332000
1120349
35929
3239
0
35587
AZ
PHOENIX
10
10
22.2
558
74488
332003
1120343
34519
3236
0
59440
AZ
PHOENIX
15
15
218
509
332000
1120346
28668
3229
0
41223
AZ
PHOENIX
5
17
1000
507
67336
332002
1120340
31756
3237
0
67868
AZ
PHOENIX
21
20
500
489
332002
1120342
30913
3232
0
40993
AZ
PHOENIX
3
24
1000
501
43557
332001
1120345
31415
3234
0
68886
AZ
PHOENIX
45
26
1000
517
33195
332001
1120332
32353
3237
0
35705
AZ
PHOENIX
33
33
196
510
74503
332000
1120346
22493
3226
0
81458
AZ
PHOENIX
39
39
50
538
80243
332003
1120338
17660
3209
0.1
7143
AZ
PHOENIX
61
49
531
497
43560
332002
1120344
24945
3227
0
35811
AZ
PRESCOTT
7
7
3.2
850
74984
344115
1120701
24427
266
0.6
35095
AZ
SIERRA VISTA
58
44
1000
319
65401
314532
1104803
18972
893
0
26655
AZ
TOLLESON
51
51
197
546
332003
1120338
25018
3227
0
36918
AZ
TUCSON
9
9
9.23
1134
74508
322454
1104259
39703
999
0.1
11908
AZ
TUCSON
18
19
480
1123
59934
322456
1104250
37731
924
0.1
25735
AZ
TUCSON
4
23
405
1123
68106
322456
1104250
35116
914
0.2
44052
AZ
TUCSON
11
25
480
1123
64314
322456
1104250
35738
911
0.2
2722
AZ
TUCSON
27
28
50
178
42999
321253
1110021
8550
831
0
2731
AZ
TUCSON
6
30
668
1092
322455
1104251
45415
983
0
48663
AZ
TUCSON
13
32
108
1123
43979
322456
1104250
25662
807
0.7
30601
AZ
TUCSON
40
40
396
621
74564
321456
1110658
22249
933
0
74449
AZ
YUMA
11
11
22.3
468
74556
330310
1144940
34281
326
0
33639
AZ
YUMA
13
16
510
475
74806
330317
1144934
28310
324
0
24518
CA
ANAHEIM
56
32
1000
949
71423
341335
1180358
37118
15339
0.1
8263
CA
ARCATA
23
22
45
550
81081
404339
1235817
18586
122
0
29234
CA
AVALON
54
47
350
937
66764
341337
1180357
31249
14695
0.2
40878
CA
BAKERSFIELD
23
10
4.6
1128
74808
352714
1183537
23144
841
0
34459
CA
BAKERSFIELD
17
25
135
405
44570
352617
1184422
18738
698
0
4148
CA
BAKERSFIELD
29
33
110
1128
27939
352711
1183525
24592
992
0
7700
CA
BAKERSFIELD
45
45
210
387
74619
352620
1184424
16819
697
0
63865
CA
BARSTOW
64
44
1000
596
343634
1171711
27479
1578
0
83825
CA
BISHOP
20
20
50
928
74744
372443
1181106
16923
23
0
40517
CA
CALIPATRIA
54
36
155
476
75040
330302
1144938
20044
318
0
4939
CA
CERES
23
15
15
172
372934
1211329
11349
1202
0
33745
CA
CHICO
24
24
331
537
401531
1220524
28699
422
0
24508
CA
CHICO
12
43
1000
396
74809
395730
1214248
25916
597
1.5
23302
CA
CLOVIS
43
43
283
642
364446
1191657
31884
1452
0.1
21533
CA
CONCORD
42
14
50
942
80194
375254
1215505
29972
8383
0.1
19783
CA
CORONA
52
39
54
912
41582
341248
1180341
21797
14149
0.2
57945
CA
COTATI
22
23
110
628
68181
382054
1223438
23262
4471
0
51208
CA
EL CENTRO
9
9
19.5
414
75031
330319
1144944
31675
325
0
36170
CA
EL CENTRO
7
22
1000
477
36690
330302
1144938
33284
325
0
53382
CA
EUREKA
3
3
8.39
503
74390
404352
1235706
35110
149
0
55435
CA
EUREKA
13
11
40
550
404338
1235817
39817
149
0
42640
CA
EUREKA
6
17
30
550
44483
404339
1235817
17975
118
0
58618
CA
EUREKA
29
28
119
381
28858
404336
1235826
15820
121
0
8378
CA
FORT BRAGG
8
8
44.9
733
74379
394138
1233443
38696
142
0.5
67494
CA
FRESNO
53
7
38
560
29423
370423
1192552
33624
1631
0.2
8620
CA
FRESNO
30
30
182
614
74349
370437
1192601
22934
1437
0.1
56034
CA
FRESNO
47
34
185
577
44959
370414
1192531
24853
1422
0.1
35594
CA
FRESNO
24
38
326
601
69073
370419
1192548
28138
1466
0.1
69733
CA
FRESNO
18
40
250
698
67432
364445
1191651
29501
1441
0
34439
CA
HANFORD
21
20
350
580
29793
370422
1192550
28070
1509
0
4328
CA
HUNTINGTON BEACH
50
48
1000
949
65049
341335
1180357
35188
15139
0
35608
CA
LONG BEACH
18
18
111
889
75204
341250
1180340
19277
14109
2.8
282
CA
LOS ANGELES
7
7
11.2
978
74603
341337
1180358
37164
15562
0.1
21422
CA
LOS ANGELES
9
9
12
951
69629
341338
1180400
34447
15439
0
22208
CA
LOS ANGELES
11
11
40.2
902
74702
341329
1180348
40526
15807
0.1
33742
CA
LOS ANGELES
13
13
14.1
899
74704
341342
1180402
36927
15505
0
13058
CA
LOS ANGELES
28
28
107
927
84837
341326
1180344
25793
14197
1.9
35670
CA
LOS ANGELES
5
31
1000
954
32823
341336
1180356
42312
15543
0.2
35123
CA
LOS ANGELES
34
34
392
956
74509
341336
1180359
31607
15014
0
47906
CA
LOS ANGELES
4
36
711
984
74810
341332
1180352
41039
15464
0
38430
CA
LOS ANGELES
58
41
162
901
41475
341326
1180345
22058
13992
1
26231
CA
LOS ANGELES
22
42
486
892
42167
341248
1180341
24724
14376
1.4
9628
CA
LOS ANGELES
2
43
300
947
69117
341338
1180400
31477
14815
0.5
58608
CA
MERCED
51
11
58
575
75200
370419
1192549
35621
1691
0
58609
CA
MODESTO
19
18
500
555
36726
380707
1204327
29812
3331
0
35611
CA
MONTEREY
67
31
50
701
29629
364523
1213005
14541
1065
42.1
26249
CA
MONTEREY
46
32
46
758
44481
363205
1213714
16387
761
9
49153
CA
NOVATO
68
47
1000
402
28688
380900
1223531
15940
5258
3
35703
CA
OAKLAND
2
44
811
433
74637
374519
1222706
23024
6336
0
60549
CA
ONTARIO
46
29
400
937
68117
341336
1180359
32847
14976
1
56384
CA
OXNARD
63
24
85
533
40843
341949
1190124
16934
2418
38.4
25577
CA
PALM SPRINGS
42
42
50
219
72090
335158
1162602
7331
372
4.4
16749
CA
PALM SPRINGS
36
46
50
207
74811
335200
1162556
7220
371
0
58605
CA
PARADISE
30
20
661
448
27908
395750
1214238
23929
576
0
35512
CA
PORTERVILLE
61
48
197
804
38116
361714
1185017
27716
1741
0
55083
CA
RANCHO PALOS VERDES
44
51
1000
937
65079
341335
1180357
33638
15007
0
8291
CA
REDDING
7
7
11.6
1106
74504
403610
1223900
38353
371
0.1
47285
CA
REDDING
9
9
9.69
1097
74412
403609
1223901
37993
370
1.4
22161
CA
RIVERSIDE
62
45
670
907
74510
341250
1180340
31637
15069
0
35855
CA
SACRAMENTO
6
9
19.2
567
74604
381618
1213018
34662
5980
2.7
25048
CA
SACRAMENTO
10
10
22.3
595
84845
381424
1213003
38949
6597
0
51499
CA
SACRAMENTO
31
21
850
581
381554
1212924
39963
6384
0
33875
CA
SACRAMENTO
3
35
1000
591
74812
381554
1212924
37884
5024
17.7
10205
CA
SACRAMENTO
40
40
765
581
70334
381618
1213018
31502
4587
4.2
52953
CA
SACRAMENTO
29
48
1000
489
44981
381554
1212924
30324
4218
1.1
19653
CA
SALINAS
8
8
19.2
736
70343
364523
1213005
28304
2557
14.9
14867
CA
SALINAS
35
13
19.8
720
44925
364522
1213006
23793
1122
49.2
58795
CA
SAN BERNARDINO
24
26
475
510
335757
1171705
20569
13293
0
58978
CA
SAN BERNARDINO
30
38
1000
909
46152
341246
1180341
23330
14414
0.1
42122
CA
SAN DIEGO
8
8
14.9
226
80224
325017
1171456
24515
3087
0.2
40876
CA
SAN DIEGO
10
10
11
205
74985
325020
1171456
19575
2948
0.7
10238
CA
SAN DIEGO
51
18
355
576
39587
324150
1165604
29082
2910
3.5
58827
CA
SAN DIEGO
69
19
323
598
65036
324147
1165607
29443
3106
0.2
6124
CA
SAN DIEGO
15
30
350
567
33507
324153
1165603
27819
3013
0.3
35277
CA
SAN DIEGO
39
40
370
563
68010
324148
1165606
26970
2968
0.3
34470
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
7
7
21
509
74465
374520
1222705
32516
6516
7.3
51189
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
20
19
383
418
19024
374519
1222706
22989
6360
1
37511
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
26
27
500
403
67202
374112
1222603
21218
6116
1.8
25452
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
5
29
1000
506
74813
374520
1222705
36730
7115
0
35500
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
9
30
709
509
74814
374519
1222706
33404
6593
4.7
43095
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
32
33
50
491
74815
374520
1222705
16151
5924
0.1
65526
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
4
38
712
446
74655
374519
1222706
23165
6338
1.4
71586
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
38
39
1000
428
29544
374519
1222706
24293
6266
4
69619
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
44
45
400
446
27801
374519
1222706
19753
6005
2.9
33778
CA
SAN FRANCISCO
14
51
476
701
28493
372957
1215216
19534
6377
0.1
35280
CA
SAN JOSE
11
12
103
377
64426
374107
1222601
36145
6703
0.1
34564
CA
SAN JOSE
36
36
740
668
74585
372917
1215159
28576
6601
4.5
22644
CA
SAN JOSE
65
41
1000
418
60706
374115
1222601
23495
6250
3.3
64987
CA
SAN JOSE
48
49
257
688
38067
372957
1215216
21071
6083
1.5
35663
CA
SAN JOSE
54
50
290
662
34197
372917
1215159
16608
6021
1.7
19654
CA
SAN LUIS OBISPO
6
15
1000
515
28386
352137
1203918
30360
439
0
12930
CA
SAN LUIS OBISPO
33
34
82
441
44369
352138
1203921
18410
410
0.2
58912
CA
SAN MATEO
60
43
536
428
44617
374519
1222706
20821
6089
2.4
59013
CA
SANGER
59
36
372
600
43974
370437
1192601
27078
1440
0
67884
CA
SANTA ANA
40
23
50
900
39876
341327
1180344
21304
13620
5.6
12144
CA
SANTA BARBARA
38
21
1000
923
33205
343128
1195735
36089
1343
0
60637
CA
SANTA BARBARA
3
27
699
917
74818
343132
1195728
42055
1299
2.1
63165
CA
SANTA MARIA
12
19
188
591
74819
345437
1201108
26167
413
0
34440
CA
SANTA ROSA
50
32
19.9
928
72086
384010
1223752
18189
742
4.5
56550
CA
STOCKTON
13
25
1000
594
32519
381424
1213003
39491
6024
7.9
20871
CA
STOCKTON
64
26
425
599
71124
381424
1213003
27821
4135
4.8
10242
CA
STOCKTON
58
46
600
580
381554
1212924
32953
4769
10.3
16729
CA
TWENTYNINE PALMS
23
150
784
36709
340217
1164847
20848
1940
44.1
51429
CA
VALLEJO
66
34
150
419
39592
374519
1222706
17320
5876
3.3
14000
CA
VENTURA
57
49
1000
937
65163
341335
1180357
34730
15072
0
51488
CA
VISALIA
26
28
219
763
28096
364002
1185242
30550
1433
0
16950
CA
VISALIA
49
50
185
834
361714
1185017
31085
1753
0
8214
CA
WATSONVILLE
25
25
81.1
699
70678
364522
1213004
17432
1895
7.1
57219
CO
BOULDER
14
15
200
351
66988
394017
1051306
21679
2934
0
22685
CO
BROOMFIELD
12
13
34.4
730
80221
394055
1052949
33459
3042
0
37101
CO
CASTLE ROCK
53
46
300
178
30026
392557
1043918
13108
2332
0
35037
CO
COLORADO SPRINGS
11
10
20.1
725
20589
384441
1045141
29268
959
54
35991
CO
COLORADO SPRINGS
21
22
51
641
44318
384443
1045140
22342
1109
0
52579
CO
COLORADO SPRINGS
13
24
459
652
74820
384445
1045138
30518
2149
0
40875
CO
DENVER
7
7
37.4
295
74403
394350
1051353
24932
2899
2
23074
CO
DENVER
9
9
39.6
318
74392
394350
1051353
25732
2925
1.8
14040
CO
DENVER
6
18
115
331
76810
394017
1051306
16903
2641
1.7
68581
CO
DENVER
20
19
1000
295
44187
394350
1051353
25055
2956
0
126
CO
DENVER
31
32
1000
314
30041
394345
1051412
23205
2875
0
35883
CO
DENVER
2
34
1000
318
394358
1051408
26818
2981
0.2
47903
CO
DENVER
4
35
1000
373
44452
394351
1051354
25932
2957
0.2
20476
CO
DENVER
41
40
74.8
344
393559
1051235
17700
2624
0
68695
CO
DENVER
59
43
1000
356
27960
394024
1051303
24751
2922
2.9
24514
CO
DENVER
50
51
900
233
36173
394358
1051408
19718
2711
0
48589
CO
DURANGO
6
15
46
90
44437
371546
1075358
8794
91
0
84224
CO
DURANGO
20
46
130
65291
371546
1075358
7843
65
0
82613
CO
DURANGO
33
33
50
122
75068
371546
1075345
6607
54
0
125
CO
FORT COLLINS
22
21
50
233
403832
1044905
15477
620
0
70578
CO
GLENWOOD SPRINGS
3
23
16.1
771
71566
392507
1072206
14435
82
0
70596
CO
GRAND JUNCTION
5
2
0.8
28
29734
390517
1083358
7398
116
0
52593
CO
GRAND JUNCTION
8
7
9.7
829
74825
390255
1081506
31964
185
0
24766
CO
GRAND JUNCTION
11
12
5.3
452
44527
390400
1084445
17978
138
0.3
31597
CO
GRAND JUNCTION
4
15
71.5
407
29771
390358
1084446
12155
130
0
14042
CO
GRAND JUNCTION
18
18
51.2
883
74404
390314
1081513
19336
121
0
166510
CO
GREELEY
45
38
816
382
402448
1041940
32307
2403
0
38375
CO
LONGMONT
25
29
540
379
71598
400559
1045402
24252
2839
0
70579
CO
MONTROSE
10
13
2.6
35
29766
383102
1075112
7576
53
1
69170
CO
PUEBLO
8
8
20.3
727
74992
384444
1045139
29601
900
56.5
59014
CO
PUEBLO
5
42
880
660
68141
384442
1045139
30727
752
15
166331
CO
PUEBLO
48
50
695
80244
384442
1045137
21123
914
0
20373
CO
STEAMBOAT SPRINGS
24
10
0.481
175
44199
402743
1065057
6228
29
0
63158
CO
STERLING
3
23
599
204
403457
1030156
21554
73
0
70493
CT
BRIDGEPORT
43
42
1000
156
412143
730648
18461
5591
1.7
13594
CT
BRIDGEPORT
49
49
50
222
74586
411643
731108
10597
3792
3.3
147
CT
HARTFORD
61
31
380
506
66902
414213
724957
23488
3645
16.3
53115
CT
HARTFORD
3
33
1000
289
44846
414630
724820
21115
3536
16.1
13602
CT
HARTFORD
24
45
465
505
65933
414213
724957
26813
4226
1.3
3072
CT
HARTFORD
18
46
217
269
414630
724804
16467
3302
7.6
74170
CT
NEW BRITAIN
30
35
250
434
65777
414202
724957
24346
4252
3.8
13595
CT
NEW HAVEN
65
6
0.4
88
411942
725425
9068
2713
10.1
74109
CT
NEW HAVEN
8
10
20.5
342
65037
412522
725706
25651
6215
12
33081
CT
NEW HAVEN
59
39
170
301
46284
412522
725706
17709
4376
2.9
51980
CT
NEW LONDON
26
26
76
368
80220
412503
721155
18575
3333
2.6
13607
CT
NORWICH
53
9
3.2
192
75021
413114
721003
11997
1198
29.8
14050
CT
WATERBURY
20
20
58.5
515
74364
414213
724957
21645
3935
9.5
1051
DC
WASHINGTON
7
7
13.6
235
84823
385701
770447
24275
7250
0.1
65593
DC
WASHINGTON
9
9
13.6
235
84830
385701
770447
24047
7238
0.2
65670
DC
WASHINGTON
26
27
90
254
66360
385701
770447
16086
6626
1.6
27772
DC
WASHINGTON
32
33
100
254
385701
770447
17550
6781
0.1
51567
DC
WASHINGTON
20
35
500
227
385722
770459
20241
6949
0.2
22207
DC
WASHINGTON
5
36
1000
235
74830
385721
770457
22334
7096
0.8
47904
DC
WASHINGTON
4
48
1000
237
74831
385624
770454
22223
7074
0.1
30576
DC
WASHINGTON
50
50
123
253
385744
770136
17031
6767
0.1
72335
DE
SEAFORD
64
44
98
196
66096
383915
753642
11086
465
7.4
72338
DE
WILMINGTON
12
12
14.9
294
84855
400230
751424
23192
8187
1.2
51984
DE
WILMINGTON
61
31
200
374
39302
400230
751411
18478
6836
9.5
51349
FL
BOCA RATON
63
40
1000
310
255934
801027
29971
4925
0
6601
FL
BRADENTON
66
42
210
476
274910
821539
28906
3722
1
70649
FL
CAPE CORAL
36
35
930
404
67859
264742
814805
28363
1378
1.1
11125
FL
CLEARWATER
22
21
1000
409
32885
274910
821539
26800
3503
0.1
53465
FL
CLERMONT
18
17
1000
472
38022
283512
810458
36917
3225
0.1
6744
FL
COCOA
68
30
182
491
38429
283635
810335
26292
2631
0
24582
FL
COCOA
52
51
50
514
283512
810458
23814
2623
0
25738
FL
DAYTONA BEACH
2
11
54.9
511
41527
283635
810335
43816
3125
4.4
131
FL
DAYTONA BEACH
26
49
150
459
285516
811909
25951
2645
0.1
81669
FL
DESTIN
48
1000
318
65951
305952
864313
23444
743
1.5
64971
FL
FORT LAUDERDALE
51
30
329
304
74587
255909
801137
20549
4770
0.2
22093
FL
FORT MYERS
11
9
20
445
264801
814548
37322
1532
0
71085
FL
FORT MYERS
20
15
1000
454
59198
264921
814554
36098
1643
0
62388
FL
FORT MYERS
30
31
50
293
74833
264854
814544
17120
943
0.1
35575
FL
FORT PIERCE
34
34
522
438
75041
270719
802320
28293
2144
0
29715
FL
FORT PIERCE
21
38
765
297
71509
270132
801043
22636
2117
0
31570
FL
FORT WALTON BEACH
53
40
33.5
219
29918
302409
865935
11996
581
0
54938
FL
FORT WALTON BEACH
58
49
50
59
74834
302343
863011
3785
163
12
6554
FL
FORT WALTON BEACH
35
50
1000
221
302346
865913
21954
689
0
83965
FL
GAINESVILLE
29
9
3.2
278
75127
293747
823425
18401
500
1.7
16993
FL
GAINESVILLE
20
16
344
254
70423
293211
822400
18598
793
0
69440
FL
GAINESVILLE
5
36
1000
263
294234
822340
26470
1150
0
7727
FL
HIGH SPRINGS
53
28
168
265
73079
293747
823424
17693
635
0.1
60536
FL
HOLLYWOOD
69
47
575
297
43915
255909
801137
21946
4801
0
73130
FL
JACKSONVILLE
7
7
16.2
288
74527
301651
813412
25919
1314
0.5
65046
FL
JACKSONVILLE
12
13
25
310
301624
813313
31176
1381
1.6
35576
FL
JACKSONVILLE
47
19
1000
291
42083
301651
813412
27268
1345
0.3
11909
FL
JACKSONVILLE
30
32
1000
291
42562
301651
813412
25771
1324
0.2
29712
FL
JACKSONVILLE
17
34
863
283
71837
301636
813347
24352
1304
0.1
53116
FL
JACKSONVILLE
4
42
976
294
41583
301624
813313
26562
1329
0
29719
FL
JACKSONVILLE
59
44
715
235
69233
301634
813353
19675
1267
0
72053
FL
KEY WEST
22
3
1
62
243318
814807
9983
45
0
27387
FL
KEY WEST
8
8
3.2
33
74365
243419
814425
5713
45
0
27290
FL
LAKE WORTH
67
36
1000
385
43353
263520
801244
28708
4345
12.9
53819
FL
LAKELAND
32
19
1000
458
274910
821539
41503
4346
1.7
60018
FL
LEESBURG
55
40
1000
514
32830
283511
810458
37186
3155
0.2
9881
FL
LEESBURG
45
46
1000
472
59171
283512
810458
31806
3050
0.2
22245
FL
LIVE OAK
57
48
1000
597
304051
835821
44034
970
0
81594
FL
MARIANNA
51
51
50
254
74785
303042
852917
13673
278
0
5802
FL
MELBOURNE
43
43
1000
300
74433
281822
805445
23789
2340
0.3
67602
FL
MELBOURNE
56
48
1000
456
67869
280537
810728
31239
2955
3.5
63840
FL
MIAMI
7
7
145
291
80184
255749
801244
36091
5031
0
53113
FL
MIAMI
10
10
30
294
74350
255759
801244
27703
4931
0
13456
FL
MIAMI
2
18
1000
309
30258
255730
801244
26169
4906
0
10203
FL
MIAMI
39
19
1000
239
67745
255807
801320
20430
4771
0.4
66358
FL
MIAMI
17
20
625
301
42558
255846
801146
23263
4880
0
47902
FL
MIAMI
4
22
1000
298
255807
801320
31232
4922
0
73230
FL
MIAMI
23
23
485
257
74466
255807
801320
18379
4714
0
63154
FL
MIAMI
6
31
1000
311
255807
801320
30510
4920
0
12497
FL
MIAMI
33
32
1000
263
41330
255802
801234
21017
4771
0
48608
FL
MIAMI
35
35
242
282
74993
255909
801137
18162
4564
2.8
67971
FL
MIAMI
45
46
500
308
36387
255934
801027
19031
4815
0
19183
FL
NAPLES
26
41
1000
454
59197
264921
814554
32033
1491
2
61504
FL
NAPLES
46
45
1000
456
33429
264708
814740
28232
1369
0.4
12171
FL
NEW SMYRNA BEACH
15
33
308
491
59744
283635
810335
28477
2677
0.1
70651
FL
OCALA
51
31
500
259
39152
292132
821943
19210
910
0.2
11893
FL
ORANGE PARK
25
10
12
298
301624
813313
26962
1318
0.9
41225
FL
ORLANDO
35
22
1000
392
28032
283613
810511
34755
2981
0.2
12855
FL
ORLANDO
24
23
950
380
40155
283608
810537
32898
2991
0
71293
FL
ORLANDO
6
26
547
516
71980
283635
810335
35732
2960
0.2
55454
FL
ORLANDO
27
27
247
477
283407
810316
32237
2872
0
72076
FL
ORLANDO
9
39
1000
492
283407
810316
40585
3220
0.2
54940
FL
ORLANDO
65
41
1000
515
283635
810335
40291
3165
2.7
11123
FL
PALM BEACH
61
49
800
125
44853
264547
801219
13671
2395
0
73136
FL
PANAMA CITY
7
7
52
244
74969
302600
852451
25857
372
0.4
2942
FL
PANAMA CITY
28
9
2.3
142
67964
302342
853202
12161
238
2.4
66398
FL
PANAMA CITY
13
13
35.5
405
74426
302108
852328
32536
721
0.1
6093
FL
PANAMA CITY
56
38
49.2
137
302202
855528
12069
275
0
4354
FL
PANAMA CITY BEACH
46
47
50
59
74838
301059
854642
5037
154
0
71363
FL
PENSACOLA
3
17
1000
579
303645
873843
47474
1408
0
17611
FL
PENSACOLA
23
31
1000
549
75266
303640
873626
33317
1254
0.1
10894
FL
PENSACOLA
33
34
1000
415
33836
303735
873850
27979
1210
0
41210
FL
PENSACOLA
44
45
1000
457
42957
303516
873313
28956
1244
0
61251
FL
SARASOTA
40
24
116
233
273321
822149
15298
2563
12
11290
FL
ST. PETERSBURG
10
10
18.1
458
84846
281104
824539
33246
3447
0.2
4108
FL
ST. PETERSBURG
38
38
1000
438
70212
275032
821546
30498
3664
0.1
74112
FL
ST. PETERSBURG
44
44
463
452
275052
821548
32510
3887
0.8
83929
FL
STUART
44
773
80
264337
800448
14826
2240
0
82735
FL
TALLAHASSEE
24
24
39
65784
302940
842503
5304
304
0
41065
FL
TALLAHASSEE
27
27
1000
487
304006
835810
41970
951
0.1
21801
FL
TALLAHASSEE
11
32
938
237
302131
843638
25384
516
0
66908
FL
TALLAHASSEE
40
40
1000
600
70213
304051
835821
38436
784
0.1
64592
FL
TAMPA
8
7
19
465
275032
821545
37491
4250
0.8
68569
FL
TAMPA
13
12
72.3
436
17613
274908
821426
41899
4200
6.7
21808
FL
TAMPA
3
13
17.1
473
75058
274948
821559
36363
4123
1.2
64588
FL
TAMPA
28
29
987
475
67821
275032
821545
38497
4186
0
69338
FL
TAMPA
16
34
475
453
275052
821548
32898
3939
2
60559
FL
TAMPA
50
47
500
317
59290
275032
821545
22988
3453
0.3
51988
FL
TEQUESTA
25
16
1000
454
29425
270717
802342
33467
2807
0.9
71580
FL
TICE
49
33
1000
429
32880
264708
814741
27350
1275
0.4
16788
FL
VENICE
62
25
750
472
39529
274910
821539
32426
3786
0.1
59443
FL
WEST PALM BEACH
5
12
41
302
84819
263520
801243
33128
4986
0.1
52527
FL
WEST PALM BEACH
12
13
29.5
291
39117
263518
801230
28983
4782
0
61084
FL
WEST PALM BEACH
42
27
400
440
44609
263437
801432
26429
4992
0
39736
FL
WEST PALM BEACH
29
28
630
458
38600
263437
801432
31715
5137
0
70713
GA
ALBANY
10
10
18.2
272
74405
311952
835144
24614
626
1.2
70815
GA
ALBANY
31
12
60
287
38373
311952
835143
28865
746
0.7
23948
GA
ATHENS
8
8
15.9
326
80225
334818
840840
28087
4632
0.4
48813
GA
ATHENS
34
48
1000
310
334826
842022
27603
4694
0.1
51163
GA
ATLANTA
11
10
80
303
334524
841955
34627
4867
0.6
72120
GA
ATLANTA
46
19
1000
329
334826
842022
32016
4822
0.1
64033
GA
ATLANTA
17
20
1000
310
334826
842022
30474
4766
0.5
4190
GA
ATLANTA
30
21
50
334
74839
334535
842007
18186
4148
3.2
22819
GA
ATLANTA
36
25
500
332
334826
842022
26868
4612
2
70689
GA
ATLANTA
5
27
1000
332
334751
842002
30573
4773
0.6
23960
GA
ATLANTA
2
39
1000
301
65852
334551
842142
27454
4618
0.1
13206
GA
ATLANTA
57
41
165
319
340359
842717
20717
4373
0.5
6900
GA
ATLANTA
69
43
1000
335
334440
842136
29766
4733
0.1
73937
GA
AUGUSTA
12
12
20.2
485
74489
332429
815036
37025
1357
0.6
70699
GA
AUGUSTA
26
30
400
483
332420
815001
35012
1261
0
27140
GA
AUGUSTA
6
42
1000
507
332420
815001
40539
1454
0
3228
GA
AUGUSTA
54
51
37
363
67958
332500
815006
16372
615
0.1
23486
GA
BAINBRIDGE
49
49
226
597
304051
835821
34589
873
0
69446
GA
BAXLEY
34
35
1000
349
77877
320248
812027
29995
725
0
71236
GA
BRUNSWICK
21
24
500
418
75243
304939
814427
29155
1290
0
23942
GA
CHATSWORTH
18
33
426
537
32774
344506
844254
27651
2782
1.2
23935
GA
COCHRAN
29
7
22
369
322811
831517
32901
784
1.7
595
GA
COLUMBUS
9
9
1
503
70342
321925
844646
22410
642
4.7
3359
GA
COLUMBUS
3
15
1000
449
321925
844646
39904
1113
11.5
23918
GA
COLUMBUS
28
23
250
462
33233
325108
844204
27183
1332
0
37179
GA
COLUMBUS
38
35
50
399
74840
322728
845308
21298
660
0
12472
GA
COLUMBUS
54
49
500
312
67961
322739
845243
19986
638
2.4
63867
GA
CORDELE
55
51
200
109
315335
834818
14405
356
0.3
60825
GA
DALTON
23
16
300
425
28422
345707
852258
24445
1157
2.7
23930
GA
DAWSON
25
8
6
313
44505
315615
843315
19598
471
21
46991
GA
MACON
13
13
30
238
324510
833332
27301
820
4.2
58262
GA
MACON
24
16
1000
216
77955
324458
833335
21248
676
0.3
43847
GA
MACON
41
40
110
189
324512
833346
15105
538
0
24618
GA
MACON
64
45
1000
223
60980
324551
833332
19160
655
0.8
68058
GA
MONROE
63
44
700
303
334441
842136
25422
4531
0.2
23917
GA
PELHAM
14
6
3.8
474
74339
304013
835626
30535
844
0
54728
GA
PERRY
58
32
100
186
68372
324504
833327
13242
504
0
51969
GA
ROME
14
51
1000
622
32746
341848
843855
35465
5192
0.4
23947
GA
SAVANNAH
9
9
15.2
320
80230
320848
813705
28965
759
0.3
590
GA
SAVANNAH
11
11
14.8
420
74380
320314
812101
28682
752
0
37174
GA
SAVANNAH
22
22
166
436
74457
320330
812020
25120
667
0
48662
GA
SAVANNAH
3
39
1000
442
320331
811755
37667
832
0.1
31590
GA
THOMASVILLE
6
46
1000
619
304013
835626
45196
972
0.1
63329
GA
TOCCOA
32
24
600
209
343644
832205
20917
1161
1.8
28155
GA
VALDOSTA
44
43
50
253
40583
311018
832157
13316
328
0
23929
GA
WAYCROSS
8
8
20
286
311317
823424
28624
426
5.9
23937
GA
WRENS
20
6
30
436
74332
331533
821709
25555
782
0
36914
HI
HILO
9
9
3.2
33
74970
194300
1550813
10655
79
0
4146
HI
HILO
11
11
3.35
33
74440
194357
1550404
5336
78
0
64544
HI
HILO
13
13
3.73
1
74413
194357
1550404
6703
79
0
34846
HI
HILO
2
22
8
1
44792
194351
1550411
1638
64
0.5
37103
HI
HILO
14
23
35
33
28420
194300
1550813
7064
78
0
4144
HI
HONOLULU
2
8
7.2
1
211746
1575036
11570
817
0
36917
HI
HONOLULU
9
9
7
33
74971
211746
1575036
9210
826
0
51241
HI
HONOLULU
38
10
14.3
577
66350
212345
1580558
26942
812
7.5
26431
HI
HONOLULU
11
11
3.2
637
74414
212403
1580610
22766
862
0
34527
HI
HONOLULU
20
19
60.7
606
43104
212351
1580600
16294
788
0
34445
HI
HONOLULU
5
23
5.4
453
67839
212255
1580619
6285
764
0
3246
HI
HONOLULU
26
27
262
580
45219
212345
1580558
14530
829
0
36846
HI
HONOLULU
14
31
50
33
28782
211849
1575143
6227
746
0
65395
HI
HONOLULU
32
33
49.6
1
77218
211849
1575143
5500
751
0
34867
HI
HONOLULU
13
35
5.9
453
69970
212255
1580619
6006
759
0
64548
HI
HONOLULU
4
40
85
1
68040
211737
1575034
4992
767
1.4
27425
HI
HONOLULU
44
43
6.46
577
212345
1580558
14133
764
0
83180
HI
KAILUA
50
50
50
632
74783
211949
1574524
25899
841
0
664
HI
KAILUA KONA
6
25
700
871
66907
194316
1555515
42674
64
3.4
77483
HI
KANEOHE
66
41
297
632
211949
1574524
37079
778
8.5
4145
HI
WAILUKU
7
7
3.69
1809
74519
204241
1561526
44292
146
0
26428
HI
WAILUKU
10
10
3.2
1811
74479
204240
1561534
41025
131
2.2
64551
HI
WAILUKU
12
12
3.94
1664
75008
204216
1561635
30905
139
0
34859
HI
WAILUKU
15
16
50
1723
74846
204234
1561554
27836
135
0
37105
HI
WAILUKU
21
21
53.1
1298
75029
204058
1561907
28579
146
0
36920
HI
WAILUKU
3
24
72.4
1814
204241
1561535
48982
137
9.2
89714
HI
WAIMANALO
56
38
50
632
74789
211949
1574524
27066
843
0
8661
IA
AMES
5
5
3.91
613
74683
414947
933656
43150
987
0
51502
IA
AMES
23
23
246
613
74753
414947
933656
38510
952
0
82619
IA
AMES
34
34
50
150
75070
415849
934423
12611
598
0
7841
IA
BURLINGTON
26
41
500
388
29888
410808
904830
26895
855
0.4
9719
IA
CEDAR RAPIDS
9
9
19.2
607
74589
421859
915131
42342
970
0.8
35336
IA
CEDAR RAPIDS
28
27
1000
449
29380
420525
920513
33845
815
0
21156
IA
CEDAR RAPIDS
48
47
500
309
421717
915254
25135
694
0
25685
IA
CEDAR RAPIDS
2
51
500
585
421859
915130
38136
900
0.1
29108
IA
COUNCIL BLUFFS
32
33
200
98
411515
955008
13206
816
0
5471
IA
DAVENPORT
36
34
3.5
233
80421
411844
902246
8144
424
0
6885
IA
DAVENPORT
6
36
696
329
411844
902246
29295
999
0.2
54011
IA
DAVENPORT
18
49
1000
344
44477
411844
902245
28483
958
0
33710
IA
DES MOINES
8
8
29.4
566
74490
414835
933716
43129
983
1.3
29102
IA
DES MOINES
11
11
19.8
600
75043
414833
933653
43085
983
0.4
66221
IA
DES MOINES
13
13
36.1
609
74427
414947
933656
47702
1038
2.2
56527
IA
DES MOINES
17
16
500
612
39534
414947
933656
40497
974
0
78915
IA
DES MOINES
31
628
589
74639
414947
933656
37868
947
0.1
17625
IA
DUBUQUE
40
43
800
262
39740
423109
903711
19008
305
0.9
29100
IA
FORT DODGE
21
25
600
355
75579
424903
942441
27727
295
0.3
29095
IA
IOWA CITY
12
12
17.8
439
75030
414315
912030
35040
1110
0.1
35096
IA
IOWA CITY
20
25
1000
419
39521
414329
912110
33241
1058
1.4
29086
IA
MASON CITY
24
18
250
449
76886
432832
924229
25774
479
0
66402
IA
MASON CITY
3
42
1000
447
432220
924959
38283
717
1.2
81509
IA
NEWTON
39
39
116
154
74772
414905
931232
11998
651
0
53820
IA
OTTUMWA
15
15
50
332
74372
411142
915715
17119
305
0.1
29085
IA
RED OAK
36
35
600
475
32182
412040
951521
30526
932
0.1
11265
IA
SIOUX CITY
9
9
22.3
616
74480
423512
961357
44501
639
1.5
29096
IA
SIOUX CITY
27
28
400
348
423053
961815
28422
342
0
39665
IA
SIOUX CITY
14
39
1000
611
423512
961319
45543
662
0
66170
IA
SIOUX CITY
4
41
873
609
423512
961318
44386
655
0
77451
IA
SIOUX CITY
44
44
914
587
75037
423512
961318
37919
553
0.7
593
IA
WATERLOO
7
7
22.6
604
84824
422404
915043
43266
990
0.5
81595
IA
WATERLOO
22
22
80.9
198
74750
422453
920034
14283
453
0.2
29114
IA
WATERLOO
32
35
250
584
421859
915131
35668
869
1
34858
ID
BOISE
7
7
17.2
808
84825
434516
1160556
41139
555
0
62442
ID
BOISE
4
21
725
858
66936
434521
1160554
35287
552
0
49760
ID
BOISE
2
28
978
777
74847
434517
1160553
45215
558
0
35097
ID
BOISE
39
39
50
534
74773
434423
1160815
10348
464
0
59363
ID
CALDWELL
9
10
14
818
41421
434518
1160552
30230
551
0
62424
ID
COEUR D'ALENE
26
45
50
465
74848
474354
1164347
14948
548
0
12284
ID
FILER
19
18
50
161
74849
424347
1142452
13431
132
0
66258
ID
IDAHO FALLS
8
8
63
463
433003
1123936
42673
272
0
41238
ID
IDAHO FALLS
20
20
50
223
74745
434544
1115730
14669
165
0
56028
ID
IDAHO FALLS
3
36
200
457
28614
432951
1123950
22981
247
0
56032
ID
LEWISTON
3
32
200
361
29292
462727
1170556
16016
133
0
62382
ID
MOSCOW
12
12
78
340
464054
1165813
35158
238
12.7
28230
ID
NAMPA
12
13
17
829
434518
1160552
41141
555
0
59255
ID
NAMPA
6
24
823
811
74850
434520
1160555
45069
558
0
86205
ID
POCATELLO
15
15
251
327
74733
425150
1123110
16199
216
0
62430
ID
POCATELLO
10
17
190
465
74851
433002
1123936
29893
260
0
1270
ID
POCATELLO
6
23
505
452
28852
425515
1122044
24439
241
0
78910
ID
POCATELLO
31
31
72.3
447
75065
425515
1122044
13633
207
0
81570
ID
SUN VALLEY
5
5
6.09
572
84839
432647
1141252
32640
163
0
35200
ID
TWIN FALLS
11
11
16.4
323
74393
424348
1142452
27640
152
0
62427
ID
TWIN FALLS
13
22
50
161
74852
424347
1142452
12892
124
0
1255
ID
TWIN FALLS
35
34
21.7
152
66302
424342
1142443
7375
99
0
60539
IL
AURORA
60
50
172
509
74684
415244
873808
23585
9162
1
5875
IL
BLOOMINGTON
43
28
1000
293
403845
891045
30031
1013
0.2
4297
IL
CARBONDALE
8
8
14.1
271
74549
380611
891440
25125
737
3.2
25684
IL
CHAMPAIGN
15
41
950
375
68470
400411
875445
28692
921
7
42124
IL
CHAMPAIGN
3
48
1000
245
400621
882700
23439
761
0.3
18301
IL
CHARLESTON
51
50
255
146
69577
393415
881825
14097
449
0
73226
IL
CHICAGO
7
7
3.2
515
74590
415244
873810
29074
9389
0.7
9617
IL
CHICAGO
2
12
3.2
497
415244
873808
28938
9367
0.5
72115
IL
CHICAGO
9
19
645
453
39765
415244
873810
31644
9509
0.5
12279
IL
CHICAGO
20
21
98.9
378
33366
415356
873723
20821
8983
0.1
71428
IL
CHICAGO
26
27
160
510
45223
415244
873810
26129
9287
0.1
47905
IL
CHICAGO
5
29
350
508
31269
415244
873810
32080
9520
0.2
22211
IL
CHICAGO
32
31
690
475
415244
873810
37880
9711
0.1
10981
IL
CHICAGO
38
43
200
509
38347
415244
873808
26028
9256
0.5
70119
IL
CHICAGO
44
45
467
472
27856
415244
873810
28750
9402
0.2
10802
IL
CHICAGO
11
47
300
465
33534
415244
873810
27544
9338
0.3
70852
IL
DECATUR
17
18
350
375
29834
395707
884955
25571
913
0
16363
IL
DECATUR
23
22
253
401
46084
395656
885012
25397
918
0
57221
IL
EAST ST. LOUIS
46
47
187
345
74855
382318
902916
19175
2686
0
4689
IL
FREEPORT
23
23
50
219
74557
421748
891015
14184
909
6.1
81946
IL
GALESBURG
8
15
333
80193
411844
902245
24719
795
0.7
73999
IL
HARRISBURG
3
34
1000
302
373650
885220
31461
703
0.1
70536
IL
JACKSONVILLE
14
15
75
295
393609
900247
19431
508
1.2
12498
IL
JOLIET
66
38
137
401
74605
415356
873723
19882
8980
0.2
998
IL
LASALLE
35
10
16
403
28403
411651
885613
29036
2834
2.1
70537
IL
MACOMB
22
21
75
131
402354
904355
13181
224
0.2
67786
IL
MARION
27
17
800
213
41637
373326
890124
20778
529
0
5468
IL
MOLINE
24
23
80
269
45050
411844
902245
16674
596
0.1
73319
IL
MOLINE
8
38
1000
334
411844
902246
30696
927
13.3
40861
IL
MOUNT VERNON
13
21
1000
242
68044
383253
892917
22609
2280
0.6
4301
IL
OLNEY
16
19
46
284
385019
880747
17582
308
0
6866
IL
PEORIA
19
19
52.7
160
74550
403911
893514
12050
556
0.8
24801
IL
PEORIA
25
25
246
212
75203
403746
893253
17471
652
1.7
42121
IL
PEORIA
31
30
800
193
71928
403806
893219
19343
710
0
52280
IL
PEORIA
59
39
100
180
403834
893238
14576
599
0.1
28311
IL
PEORIA
47
46
190
216
403744
893412
17264
655
0
54275
IL
QUINCY
10
10
13.9
238
80231
395703
911954
25734
311
1.3
4593
IL
QUINCY
16
32
50
302
74856
395818
911942
17825
236
0
71561
IL
QUINCY
27
34
58.6
153
395841
911832
13069
187
0
13950
IL
ROCK ISLAND
4
4
3.88
408
74670
413249
902835
33309
983
0
73940
IL
ROCKFORD
13
13
12.4
216
80211
421750
891424
22246
1487
8.7
72945
IL
ROCKFORD
17
16
196
201
421714
891015
18378
1234
0
52408
IL
ROCKFORD
39
42
1000
149
40572
421726
890951
16227
1101
9.1
42116
IL
SPRINGFIELD
49
13
5.08
183
74606
394727
893053
19180
552
0.4
25686
IL
SPRINGFIELD
20
42
950
402
68475
394815
892740
29924
963
1.4
62009
IL
SPRINGFIELD
55
44
335
416
394757
892646
28977
881
0
68939
IL
URBANA
12
9
30
302
400218
884010
30279
1066
4.6
69544
IL
URBANA
27
26
507
138
44738
401846
875500
15153
385
0
67787
IN
ANGOLA
63
12
16.5
132
33342
412715
844810
17294
874
6.2
66536
IN
BLOOMINGTON
30
14
224
221
43429
390831
862943
17415
1005
0
10253
IN
BLOOMINGTON
63
27
165
310
392416
860837
22019
1993
0
68007
IN
BLOOMINGTON
42
42
391
297
392412
860850
23254
2054
0.1
56523
IN
BLOOMINGTON
4
48
870
337
66628
392427
860852
22528
2100
1.8
74007
IN
ELKHART
28
28
205
335
85074
413658
861138
20931
1296
3.7
24215
IN
EVANSVILLE
25
7
3.2
301
80191
375157
873404
21506
699
0.1
67802
IN
EVANSVILLE
9
9
11.7
177
84831
380127
872143
20611
694
5.3
3661
IN
EVANSVILLE
7
28
1000
273
39643
380127
872143
24657
765
0
72041
IN
EVANSVILLE
44
45
500
288
375317
873237
23639
730
0.2
13991
IN
EVANSVILLE
14
46
250
310
375314
873107
22329
711
0
13960
IN
FORT WAYNE
33
19
285
239
410539
851036
19941
1027
2.7
73905
IN
FORT WAYNE
21
24
335
224
410608
851105
20240
1052
0.1
39270
IN
FORT WAYNE
15
31
1000
242
66172
410538
851048
21871
1106
2
25040
IN
FORT WAYNE
55
36
1000
219
77897
410633
851142
19630
1048
0.2
22108
IN
FORT WAYNE
39
40
90
221
410613
851128
16043
835
0
49803
IN
GARY
56
17
300
290
46333
412056
872402
17974
6919
0
48772
IN
GARY
50
51
1000
523
30328
415244
873810
36200
9648
0
32334
IN
HAMMOND
62
36
50
455
20094
415244
873810
13905
7988
0.2
39269
IN
INDIANAPOLIS
8
9
19.5
284
395325
861220
26105
2488
3.1
70162
IN
INDIANAPOLIS
13
13
15.1
299
80212
395543
861055
26707
2510
0.8
37102
IN
INDIANAPOLIS
40
16
225
284
28275
395340
861221
19773
2154
0.4
41397
IN
INDIANAPOLIS
20
21
200
236
33405
395359
861201
16842
1912
0.1
40877
IN
INDIANAPOLIS
6
25
898
294
395357
861204
29516
2604
0.1
7908
IN
INDIANAPOLIS
69
44
215
167
395320
861207
14297
1830
3.7
146
IN
INDIANAPOLIS
59
45
700
285
395320
861207
24873
2432
1
56526
IN
KOKOMO
29
29
624
285
75202
395320
861207
22949
2371
0.5
73204
IN
LAFAYETTE
18
11
30
214
46110
402320
863646
26505
1953
4.4
28462
IN
MARION
23
32
1000
271
33152
400856
855615
24181
2240
1.2
3646
IN
MUNCIE
49
23
79.1
246
400537
852332
17374
1494
0.1
67869
IN
RICHMOND
43
39
500
281
17601
393044
843809
20981
3107
0.7
34167
IN
SALEM
58
51
1000
390
43303
382100
855057
30937
1759
0.7
73983
IN
SOUTH BEND
22
22
192
332
413700
861301
24663
1521
2.2
41671
IN
SOUTH BEND
34
35
50
333
413649
861120
18549
1202
1.2
41674
IN
SOUTH BEND
16
42
695
299
413620
861246
26344
1633
0.8
36117
IN
SOUTH BEND
46
48
300
295
30032
413543
860938
20015
1214
2.2
70655
IN
TERRE HAUTE
10
10
14.2
293
74468
391436
872307
26481
742
2.5
20426
IN
TERRE HAUTE
2
36
1000
248
391433
872329
24733
706
0.3
65247
IN
TERRE HAUTE
38
39
850
248
391433
872329
23495
664
0.1
4329
IN
VINCENNES
22
22
50
174
74592
383906
872837
11671
268
0.5
65523
KS
COLBY
4
17
1000
232
391509
1012109
26138
40
0
162115
KS
COLBY
19
500
384
67184
391431
1012138
28456
43
0.6
166332
KS
DERBY
46
570
276
374801
973129
23316
712
0
79258
KS
DODGE CITY
21
21
8.42
99
374933
1001040
8571
41
0
66414
KS
ENSIGN
6
6
20
198
373828
1002039
35374
155
0
72361
KS
GARDEN CITY
11
11
7.4
244
74394
374640
1005208
23078
136
0
65535
KS
GARDEN CITY
13
13
21.2
250
74415
373900
1004006
26607
139
0.6
66416
KS
GOODLAND
10
10
34.7
285
74373
392810
1013319
29681
45
0
72359
KS
GREAT BEND
2
22
1000
296
74857
382554
984618
30069
200
0
66415
KS
HAYS
7
7
10.3
216
74434
385301
992015
23256
93
0
60675
KS
HAYS
9
16
496
304
43521
384616
984416
26243
116
0.4
83181
KS
HOISINGTON
14
14
50
163
74728
383754
985052
13887
84
0
33345
KS
HUTCHINSON
8
8
9.28
244
75009
380321
974635
22260
672
4.1
66413
KS
HUTCHINSON
12
12
18.5
463
74428
380340
974549
36509
822
0.1
77063
KS
HUTCHINSON
36
35
1000
310
29560
375623
973042
22741
712
0
60683
KS
LAKIN
3
8
33
153
68690
374940
1010635
20351
80
2.4
42636
KS
LAWRENCE
38
41
551
291
74520
385842
943201
19399
1978
0
58552
KS
PITTSBURG
7
7
15.5
332
80204
371315
944225
29037
542
0.8
83992
KS
PITTSBURG
14
13
0.167
302
371315
944225
11630
289
0.3
11912
KS
SALINA
18
17
65
314
28829
390616
972315
15730
202
0
70938
KS
TOPEKA
11
11
15.4
305
80233
390351
954549
27153
1122
0.4
166546
KS
TOPEKA
22
12
3.2
225
80241
390350
954549
13374
420
8.6
63160
KS
TOPEKA
13
13
18.1
421
75026
390019
960258
33546
674
0.5
67335
KS
TOPEKA
27
27
50
320
74472
390534
954704
18654
485
0
49397
KS
TOPEKA
49
49
123
451
75032
390134
955458
19858
519
0
65522
KS
WICHITA
10
10
24.6
310
74441
374653
973108
30061
743
0.1
72348
KS
WICHITA
33
19
765
345
374801
973129
32518
748
0
11911
KS
WICHITA
24
26
350
303
43659
374640
973037
21248
704
0
72358
KS
WICHITA
3
45
891
312
374626
973051
28473
740
0.1
34171
KY
ASHLAND
25
26
61.3
137
31365
382744
823712
11240
483
0.8
67798
KY
ASHLAND
61
44
50
189
74858
382511
822406
9527
517
1.8
27696
KY
BEATTYVILLE
65
7
28
322
373647
834018
29307
1000
0.8
4692
KY
BOWLING GREEN
13
13
12.6
226
84860
370352
862607
22905
602
2.8
61217
KY
BOWLING GREEN
40
16
600
224
43547
370210
861020
18291
424
1.5
71861
KY
BOWLING GREEN
24
18
61
177
370349
862607
14430
362
0.9
34177
KY
BOWLING GREEN
53
48
54.8
234
44491
370522
863805
13561
342
0.1
25173
KY
CAMPBELLSVILLE
34
19
1000
370
32906
373151
852645
30014
2015
0.5
34204
KY
COVINGTON
54
24
53.5
117
31523
390150
843023
10320
1949
2.2
64017
KY
DANVILLE
56
4
26.5
327
64813
375251
841916
36995
1251
0
34181
KY
ELIZABETHTOWN
23
43
61
178
31543
374055
855031
12210
840
0
37809
KY
HARLAN
44
51
550
577
364800
832236
33564
1196
3.3
24915
KY
HAZARD
57
12
50
398
371138
831052
32160
793
8
34196
KY
HAZARD
35
16
53.2
369
31615
371135
831117
16906
377
2.2
24914
KY
LEXINGTON
27
13
30
282
40363
380223
842410
23841
919
3.2
73203
KY
LEXINGTON
18
39
475
286
70206
380203
842339
19494
830
3.5
51597
KY
LEXINGTON
36
40
69.5
305
74859
380203
842339
17819
810
0.1
34207
KY
LEXINGTON
46
42
45.8
258
70943
375245
841933
13515
738
0.4
73692
KY
LOUISVILLE
21
8
27
200
45865
380159
854517
22004
1500
0.7
32327
KY
LOUISVILLE
11
11
6.72
390
84851
382123
855052
26983
1617
0.2
21432
KY
LOUISVILLE
15
17
60.3
237
17602
382201
854954
15178
1350
0
53939
KY
LOUISVILLE
32
26
600
392
39847
382208
854948
29065
1687
0.1
34195
KY
LOUISVILLE
68
38
61.6
218
64196
382201
854954
13653
1295
0
13989
KY
LOUISVILLE
3
47
1000
392
42782
382208
854948
29288
1681
0.1
28476
KY
LOUISVILLE
41
49
1000
390
29606
382100
855057
32130
1759
0.7
74592
KY
MADISONVILLE
19
20
1000
216
372456
873130
23946
744
0.4
34212
KY
MADISONVILLE
35
42
55.1
298
31621
371121
873049
15780
419
0.1
34202
KY
MOREHEAD
38
15
51.4
289
31617
381038
832417
16277
340
0.3
23128
KY
MOREHEAD
67
21
719
428
67075
375426
833801
30369
1018
1.5
34174
KY
MURRAY
21
36
56.9
187
31619
364134
883211
12682
320
0.6
39738
KY
NEWPORT
19
29
227
290
19124
390719
843252
17827
2366
12.3
34205
KY
OWENSBORO
31
30
63.3
124
31660
375107
871944
11399
529
0
34211
KY
OWENTON
52
44
49.7
214
31662
383131
844839
12714
763
2.4
51991
KY
PADUCAH
6
32
906
492
371131
885853
40545
865
0.1
65758
KY
PADUCAH
29
41
55.7
143
44512
370539
884020
11313
239
0.1
39561
KY
PADUCAH
49
49
550
324
372342
885623
26292
631
0.4
34200
KY
PIKEVILLE
22
24
50.4
423
32103
371706
823128
16779
419
0.6
34222
KY
SOMERSET
29
14
53.3
429
31822
371003
844930
21530
541
0.2
38590
LA
ALEXANDRIA
25
26
76
413
64838
313356
923250
20973
324
0
52907
LA
ALEXANDRIA
31
31
50
333
75022
313354
923300
19028
273
0.1
51598
LA
ALEXANDRIA
5
35
1000
457
310215
922945
36973
878
2.2
16940
LA
ALEXANDRIA
41
41
191
307
74775
305420
923717
16241
368
0
589
LA
BATON ROUGE
9
9
0.36
509
70344
302158
911247
16013
847
1.1
38616
LA
BATON ROUGE
2
13
30
515
36880
301749
911140
34334
1962
8
38586
LA
BATON ROUGE
27
25
200
295
65435
302222
911216
19288
997
0
70021
LA
BATON ROUGE
33
34
1000
522
32895
301934
911636
37357
1695
0.1
12520
LA
BATON ROUGE
44
45
1000
424
29743
301935
911636
30315
1564
0
52046
LA
COLUMBIA
11
11
17.8
572
74657
320319
921112
41209
677
0.3
83945
LA
HAMMOND
42
1000
294
58980
295841
895626
25352
1754
0
35059
LA
LAFAYETTE
10
10
17.2
507
74641
301919
921659
39308
1166
1.9
33261
LA
LAFAYETTE
15
16
800
359
29847
302144
921253
29700
851
0
38588
LA
LAFAYETTE
24
23
50
463
32658
301919
921658
21068
658
0
33471
LA
LAFAYETTE
3
28
1000
537
75545
301925
921724
42222
1279
0.2
13994
LA
LAKE CHARLES
7
7
17
451
302346
930003
36541
1017
0
38587
LA
LAKE CHARLES
18
20
55
299
59155
302346
930003
16195
351
0
35852
LA
LAKE CHARLES
29
30
1000
315
17585
301726
933435
25760
730
0
81507
LA
MINDEN
21
21
1000
502
66613
324108
935600
36243
952
2.4
48975
LA
MONROE
8
8
17
518
321150
920414
39190
663
0.3
38589
LA
MONROE
13
13
21.1
543
74429
321145
920410
38390
679
2.1
82476
LA
NEW IBERIA
50
50
179
303
74784
302032
915832
17747
767
0
4149
LA
NEW ORLEANS
8
8
14.7
302
75010
295714
895658
28567
1795
0
25090
LA
NEW ORLEANS
12
11
70.8
306
67937
295713
895658
29992
1898
0
54280
LA
NEW ORLEANS
38
15
775
286
80216
295659
895728
24543
1724
0
37106
LA
NEW ORLEANS
20
21
300
254
41946
295511
900129
19099
1617
0
72119
LA
NEW ORLEANS
26
26
1000
286
80217
295659
895728
24703
1734
0
18819
LA
NEW ORLEANS
32
31
200
274
31303
295857
895709
17661
1516
0
74192
LA
NEW ORLEANS
4
36
958
311
295422
900222
30245
1829
0
71357
LA
NEW ORLEANS
6
43
1000
283
74862
295701
895728
28471
1791
0
21729
LA
NEW ORLEANS
49
50
1000
272
44211
295511
900129
21583
1671
0
70482
LA
SHREVEPORT
12
17
175
518
324028
935600
33403
943
1.5
38591
LA
SHREVEPORT
24
25
50
326
74863
324041
935535
19407
591
0
35652
LA
SHREVEPORT
3
28
1000
543
74864
324108
935600
42940
1075
1.7
12525
LA
SHREVEPORT
33
34
1000
551
29201
323958
935559
38998
1012
0.1
73706
LA
SHREVEPORT
45
44
500
505
32870
323957
935558
30463
888
0.1
13938
LA
SLIDELL
54
24
1000
272
43616
295511
900129
24235
1729
0
3658
LA
WEST MONROE
14
36
1000
521
320542
921034
40964
625
10.2
38584
LA
WEST MONROE
39
38
1000
154
323021
920855
19639
356
0
74419
MA
ADAMS
19
36
48
631
68110
423814
731008
20520
1724
7.7
72145
MA
BOSTON
7
7
15.4
306
80205
421840
711300
27184
7035
0.1
72099
MA
BOSTON
2
19
700
374
421837
711414
32268
7320
0.4
65684
MA
BOSTON
5
20
625
390
421837
711414
30535
7199
2.1
25456
MA
BOSTON
4
30
825
390
421837
711414
31712
7274
1.2
6463
MA
BOSTON
25
31
1000
341
30342
421812
711308
26108
6911
3.2
7692
MA
BOSTON
68
32
300
292
41971
421827
711327
19086
6346
2.3
73982
MA
BOSTON
38
39
70.8
354
74865
421812
711308
19832
6586
1.1
72098
MA
BOSTON
44
43
500
391
421837
711414
28103
7091
0.6
73238
MA
CAMBRIDGE
56
41
550
345
46190
421812
711308
22764
6870
0.2
41436
MA
LAWRENCE
62
18
1000
357
67714
421827
711327
29071
6975
1.9
60551
MA
MARLBOROUGH
66
27
100
334
69136
422302
712937
17821
6431
0.4
3978
MA
NEW BEDFORD
28
22
350
203
64975
414639
705541
17274
4604
0.9
22591
MA
NEW BEDFORD
6
49
350
284
66255
415154
711715
19160
5455
0.6
23671
MA
NORWELL
46
10
5
144
420038
710242
15414
5297
3.4
136751
MA
PITTSFIELD
51
13
12.6
396
71986
423731
740038
7287
653
27.5
6868
MA
SPRINGFIELD
22
11
10
247
72934
420505
724214
16158
2473
11.6
72096
MA
SPRINGFIELD
57
22
50
306
74672
421430
723854
14133
2074
9.7
25682
MA
SPRINGFIELD
40
40
380
324
70318
421430
723857
17575
2286
10.6
6476
MA
VINEYARD HAVEN
58
40
300
153
42283
414120
702049
14774
973
3.7
30577
MA
WORCESTER
27
29
200
453
422007
714254
24769
6977
8.9
18783
MA
WORCESTER
48
47
365
217
40890
421827
711327
15283
5984
0
65942
MD
ANNAPOLIS
22
42
350
265
74866
390036
763633
19332
6752
2.4
65696
MD
BALTIMORE
11
11
6.91
312
74686
392005
763903
22401
6953
3.9
25455
MD
BALTIMORE
13
13
21.4
312
70306
392005
763903
25622
7452
5
65944
MD
BALTIMORE
67
29
50
250
74867
392701
764637
14260
5285
4.6
59442
MD
BALTIMORE
2
38
775
305
74593
392005
763903
26023
7730
0.3
7933
MD
BALTIMORE
54
40
845
373
46004
392010
763859
26825
7782
0.5
60552
MD
BALTIMORE
24
41
200
313
66845
391715
764538
17292
6151
5.6
10758
MD
BALTIMORE
45
46
550
373
46108
392010
763859
22879
7062
5.2
40626
MD
FREDERICK
62
28
30
159
67466
391537
771844
7313
2448
34.6
25045
MD
HAGERSTOWN
25
26
575
359
74627
393945
775754
22215
1362
28.7
10259
MD
HAGERSTOWN
68
39
82.5
394
74528
395331
775802
13861
814
6
65943
MD
HAGERSTOWN
31
44
209
359
33311
393904
775815
15728
977
4.1
40619
MD
OAKLAND
36
36
71.7
291
75062
392414
791737
10550
216
6.7
71218
MD
SALISBURY
16
21
635
279
64847
383017
753837
21695
659
0
40618
MD
SALISBURY
28
28
76.7
157
382309
753533
14077
426
0
16455
MD
SALISBURY
47
47
225
292
75201
383006
754400
18155
579
0.4
39659
ME
AUGUSTA
10
10
15.3
305
74406
440916
700037
25690
818
1.3
39644
ME
BANGOR
2
2
3.02
192
84817
444410
684017
22407
339
0
3667
ME
BANGOR
7
7
14.5
250
74374
444535
683401
24704
334
0.6
17005
ME
BANGOR
5
19
465
402
74868
444213
690447
30384
488
1.1
39656
ME
BIDDEFORD
26
45
50
231
41344
432500
704817
10502
659
5
39649
ME
CALAIS
13
10
3.5
133
450145
671925
13040
29
3.4
48408
ME
LEWISTON
35
35
57.2
241
80218
435106
701940
13589
641
0.4
39648
ME
ORONO
12
9
15
375
40127
444211
690447
25072
442
5.5
73288
ME
POLAND SPRING
8
8
21.3
586
74574
435044
704543
33555
1358
4.1
25683
ME
PORTLAND
13
38
1000
491
28274
435528
702928
34527
1169
0
53065
ME
PORTLAND
51
43
137
254
435106
701940
14615
619
11
39664
ME
PORTLAND
6
44
1000
610
74869
435132
704240
34340
1319
1
48305
ME
PRESQUE ISLE
8
8
3.2
333
80189
463305
674836
19268
58
0
39662
ME
PRESQUE ISLE
10
10
16.4
332
74435
463305
674837
25597
66
0.6
83708
ME
PRESQUE ISLE
47
47
50
86
75129
464512
681028
6607
39
0
84088
ME
WATERVILLE
23
23
213
331
74754
440915
700037
18925
769
0
67048
MI
ALPENA
11
11
19.8
202
74982
444211
833126
20697
131
1.9
9917
MI
ALPENA
6
24
106
393
450818
840945
24405
219
1.5
5800
MI
ANN ARBOR
31
31
106
328
74499
422225
840410
18881
4073
7.1
16530
MI
BAD AXE
35
15
200
309
433233
833937
23073
1204
6.1
10212
MI
BATTLE CREEK
41
20
270
311
423415
852807
25083
2119
0.4
71871
MI
BATTLE CREEK
43
44
212
305
424045
850357
20028
1909
4.7
41221
MI
BAY CITY
5
22
1000
275
67337
432814
835036
26723
1507
4.6
82627
MI
BAY CITY
46
46
50
306
74778
432826
835044
12942
965
0
26994
MI
CADILLAC
9
9
20.1
497
74551
440812
852033
38645
826
0
9922
MI
CADILLAC
27
17
338
393
60511
444453
850408
26844
392
0
25396
MI
CADILLAC
33
47
500
393
67847
444453
850408
25466
378
0
76001
MI
CALUMET
5
5
6.89
295
84820
470212
884142
23406
55
0
21254
MI
CHEBOYGAN
4
35
78
168
58961
453901
842037
11815
82
0
73123
MI
DETROIT
2
7
11.2
305
74673
422738
831250
24569
5547
2.6
51570
MI
DETROIT
50
14
50
293
74870
422901
831844
18484
5122
0.1
74211
MI
DETROIT
20
21
500
324
28693
422653
831023
25252
5597
3
10267
MI
DETROIT
7
41
1000
305
74871
422815
831500
27193
5767
0.3
16817
MI
DETROIT
56
43
200
318
422652
831023
22343
5247
0
72123
MI
DETROIT
62
44
345
323
422653
831023
22657
5131
5.6
53114
MI
DETROIT
4
45
973
281
19013
422858
831219
22741
5397
1.2
6104
MI
EAST LANSING
23
40
50
296
74628
424208
842451
16787
1481
4.4
9630
MI
ESCANABA
3
48
989
327
460805
865655
29896
159
0
21735
MI
FLINT
12
12
13.7
287
74521
431348
840335
26526
2103
5.5
21737
MI
FLINT
66
16
1000
287
28994
431318
840314
23878
2363
1.7
69273
MI
FLINT
28
28
126
258
74594
425356
832741
17128
4320
0
36838
MI
GRAND RAPIDS
8
7
30
288
424114
853034
25304
2187
9.2
24784
MI
GRAND RAPIDS
35
11
50
238
64586
425735
855345
25748
1697
3.1
49713
MI
GRAND RAPIDS
13
13
15.1
305
74541
431834
855444
27942
1392
0.1
68433
MI
GRAND RAPIDS
17
19
725
306
43453
424115
853157
22476
1789
6.1
15498
MI
IRON MOUNTAIN
8
8
3.2
190
74452
454910
880235
16892
112
2.6
59281
MI
ISHPEMING
10
10
4.54
105
74721
462110
875115
11139
84
3.2
29706
MI
JACKSON
18
34
130
299
39980
422513
843125
18640
1398
2.2
24783
MI
KALAMAZOO
52
5
10
174
421823
853925
26295
2246
4.9
74195
MI
KALAMAZOO
3
8
20
305
74333
423756
853216
28492
2333
1.8
11033
MI
KALAMAZOO
64
45
420
331
69393
423352
852731
18737
1717
11.8
74420
MI
LANSING
6
36
663
288
72523
424119
842235
25555
3054
2
74094
MI
LANSING
47
38
1000
281
29954
422803
843906
20865
1458
0
36533
MI
LANSING
53
51
900
300
59127
422513
843125
24069
1807
0.2
9913
MI
MANISTEE
21
21
50
93
74674
440357
861958
9143
81
4.3
4318
MI
MARQUETTE
13
13
15.7
332
74500
462109
875132
29278
183
0.1
81448
MI
MARQUETTE
19
19
50
248
74742
463614
873715
12597
69
0
21259
MI
MARQUETTE
6
35
83
262
67896
462011
875056
13760
93
0
455
MI
MOUNT CLEMENS
38
39
1000
170
32831
423315
825315
16235
4698
1.2
9908
MI
MOUNT PLEASANT
14
26
226
299
434511
851240
22581
643
0
67781
MI
MUSKEGON
54
24
280
281
40886
425725
855407
20561
1480
2.3
6863
MI
ONONDAGA
10
10
14.8
299
84847
422633
843421
27690
2439
1.9
72052
MI
SAGINAW
25
30
193
356
431301
834317
24095
2170
13.5
67792
MI
SAGINAW
49
48
1000
287
40887
431318
840314
23991
2035
0.1
59279
MI
SAULT STE. MARIE
8
8
24
288
74353
460308
840638
23547
98
0.1
26993
MI
SAULT STE. MARIE
10
10
16.3
370
75038
460349
840608
30785
103
0.1
21253
MI
TRAVERSE CITY
7
7
19.1
411
84826
441633
854249
30172
393
18.5
59280
MI
TRAVERSE CITY
29
29
62.1
393
74491
444453
850408
19503
332
0
9632
MN
ALEXANDRIA
7
7
15.6
341
74469
454103
950814
30282
438
0.1
35584
MN
ALEXANDRIA
42
42
395
358
454159
951035
27590
404
0.3
71549
MN
APPLETON
10
10
24.2
364
74492
451003
960002
28995
219
0.4
28510
MN
AUSTIN
15
20
400
303
433834
923135
26035
497
0.1
18285
MN
AUSTIN
6
36
500
295
433742
930912
25023
484
0.1
49578
MN
BEMIDJI
9
9
15.4
329
74416
474203
942915
29401
114
2
83714
MN
BEMIDJI
26
26
50
141
74758
472807
944923
12672
72
0
49579
MN
BRAINERD
22
28
46.8
227
462521
942742
15201
153
0
82698
MN
CHISHOLM
11
11
12.2
200
74723
475139
925646
22244
112
2.9
132606
MN
CROOKSTON
16
105
220
38385
475838
963618
15345
124
0
17726
MN
DULUTH
8
8
17.4
290
80226
464731
920721
27233
271
1
71338
MN
DULUTH
10
10
17.5
301
84848
464713
920717
27702
274
0.2
35525
MN
DULUTH
21
17
1000
299
464737
920703
30737
294
0.2
166511
MN
DULUTH
27
27
50
268
80242
464715
920721
13164
204
0.4
4691
MN
DULUTH
3
33
381
312
464721
920651
24856
252
0
71336
MN
HIBBING
13
13
3.9
211
74522
472253
925715
15849
116
0.2
159007
MN
HIBBING
31
500
212
59939
472253
925715
16478
118
0
68853
MN
MANKATO
12
12
15.3
317
84856
435614
942441
29045
399
0.9
68883
MN
MINNEAPOLIS
9
9
17.9
435
74995
450330
930727
34544
3381
0.6
23079
MN
MINNEAPOLIS
11
11
24
435
74511
450344
930821
36645
3437
0.1
36395
MN
MINNEAPOLIS
23
22
1000
410
30005
450344
930821
33367
3310
0
11913
MN
MINNEAPOLIS
29
29
1000
352
74442
450330
930727
29943
3302
0
9629
MN
MINNEAPOLIS
4
32
1000
432
450344
930821
37736
3468
0
35843
MN
MINNEAPOLIS
45
45
1000
430
450345
930821
35610
3421
0
35585
MN
REDWOOD FALLS
43
27
50
167
74875
442903
952927
10112
84
0
35678
MN
ROCHESTER
10
10
16.8
381
74523
433415
922537
31210
565
0.9
35906
MN
ROCHESTER
47
46
1000
343
28767
433834
923135
19950
424
0.7
35907
MN
ST. CLOUD
41
40
1000
430
64438
452300
934230
30570
3263
0
68597
MN
ST. PAUL
17
26
63.1
396
74396
450329
930727
19236
3053
0
68594
MN
ST. PAUL
2
34
662
411
75131
450330
930727
30531
3331
0.2
28010
MN
ST. PAUL
5
35
755
433
450344
930821
35389
3408
0.1
55370
MN
THIEF RIVER FALLS
10
10
9.7
113
74660
480119
962212
16952
121
0.3
9640
MN
WALKER
12
12
14.3
283
74436
465603
942725
26923
214
1.5
71558
MN
WORTHINGTON
20
15
200
290
33521
435352
955650
19967
290
0
592
MO
CAPE GIRARDEAU
12
12
4.01
564
74661
372546
893014
32285
689
0.5
19593
MO
CAPE GIRARDEAU
23
22
435
543
66965
372423
893344
31966
691
1
65583
MO
COLUMBIA
8
8
13.6
242
80227
385316
921548
25205
492
0.5
63164
MO
COLUMBIA
17
17
50
348
384629
923322
20656
475
0
4690
MO
HANNIBAL
7
7
13.6
271
75011
395822
911954
25042
309
0.2
41110
MO
JEFFERSON CITY
13
12
15.1
308
384130
920544
27879
590
0.7
48521
MO
JEFFERSON CITY
25
20
1000
293
29933
384215
920521
25334
533
0.2
51101
MO
JOPLIN
26
25
55
281
370437
943215
17523
402
0
18283
MO
JOPLIN
12
43
1000
269
370437
943215
25289
533
1.6
67766
MO
JOPLIN
16
46
175
322
370433
943316
21648
461
0.2
65686
MO
KANSAS CITY
9
9
85
357
74967
390501
943057
34707
2334
0
53843
MO
KANSAS CITY
19
18
55
355
390459
942849
21206
2033
0
41230
MO
KANSAS CITY
5
24
1000
319
67335
390414
943457
29705
2259
0
64444
MO
KANSAS CITY
29
31
1000
332
390501
943057
31265
2227
0.1
11291
MO
KANSAS CITY
4
34
1000
344
74877
390420
943545
31293
2286
0.5
59444
MO
KANSAS CITY
41
42
450
276
43791
385842
943201
21585
1987
0
33336
MO
KANSAS CITY
62
47
1000
356
390526
942818
31520
2174
0
33337
MO
KANSAS CITY
50
51
1000
339
390120
943049
30240
2158
0
21251
MO
KIRKSVILLE
3
33
87
290
44120
403147
922629
15915
149
0
166319
MO
OSAGE BEACH
49
49
204
463
80245
374910
924452
23362
524
0
73998
MO
POPLAR BLUFF
15
15
50
184
74417
364804
902706
11945
143
1.2
4326
MO
SEDALIA
6
15
322
603
383736
925203
41154
733
0.1
28496
MO
SPRINGFIELD
10
10
19.6
573
74595
371308
925656
41152
838
0.3
35630
MO
SPRINGFIELD
33
19
1000
596
371308
925656
47586
935
0.1
51102
MO
SPRINGFIELD
21
23
100
617
371011
925630
33191
715
0
3659
MO
SPRINGFIELD
27
28
1000
493
371308
925656
41263
844
0.5
36003
MO
SPRINGFIELD
3
44
967
628
371026
925627
43607
870
2.2
20427
MO
ST. JOSEPH
2
7
7.45
247
74608
394612
944753
21812
952
2.6
999
MO
ST. JOSEPH
16
21
1000
316
68463
390120
943049
27013
2118
0
48525
MO
ST. LOUIS
24
14
1000
396
33092
382140
903254
32831
2821
0
70034
MO
ST. LOUIS
4
24
540
335
74644
383147
901758
29120
2842
0
35417
MO
ST. LOUIS
11
26
1000
288
383424
901930
29590
2841
0
56524
MO
ST. LOUIS
30
31
1000
321
383450
901945
31023
2858
0
46981
MO
ST. LOUIS
5
35
1000
332
74879
383405
901955
31112
2855
0.1
62182
MO
ST. LOUIS
9
39
991
326
74880
382856
902353
29480
2832
0.1
35693
MO
ST. LOUIS
2
43
1000
337
383207
902223
30721
2851
0
13995
MS
BILOXI
13
13
14.1
366
74542
304323
890528
27980
951
4.8
43197
MS
BILOXI
19
16
150
477
45861
304518
885644
25127
877
16.8
43170
MS
BOONEVILLE
12
12
5.89
227
74629
344000
884505
20440
418
2.9
43184
MS
BUDE
17
18
1000
341
312222
904504
34462
721
0
12477
MS
COLUMBUS
4
35
1000
610
74881
334506
885240
44464
727
3.8
83735
MS
COLUMBUS
43
81
204
43679
335031
884148
18843
412
2.6
25236
MS
GREENVILLE
15
15
330
269
333926
904218
23434
322
0
43176
MS
GREENWOOD
23
25
625
317
332234
903232
28909
387
3.6
43203
MS
GREENWOOD
6
32
1000
572
68863
332223
903225
34348
442
0.9
53517
MS
GULFPORT
25
48
300
456
28507
304448
890330
26058
946
14.2
48668
MS
HATTIESBURG
22
22
140
244
312420
891413
18687
353
0.1
60830
MS
HOLLY SPRINGS
40
41
500
122
345920
894113
16080
1279
0.1
83310
MS
HOUSTON
45
45
537
491
72853
334739
890515
27543
525
0
68542
MS
JACKSON
3
7
7
393
321249
902256
28100
725
0.2
48667
MS
JACKSON
12
12
20.3
497
84857
321426
902415
38592
854
0.1
43168
MS
JACKSON
29
20
400
482
321129
902422
36368
826
0.1
49712
MS
JACKSON
16
21
1000
332
39758
321641
901740
28450
740
2.5
71326
MS
JACKSON
40
40
981
598
80223
321249
902256
40292
886
0
166512
MS
JACKSON
51
51
184
384
80213
321426
902415
24384
681
0.7
21250
MS
LAUREL
7
28
79
128
42804
312712
891705
11124
251
0.1
136749
MS
MAGEE
34
34
98.7
305
75071
320718
893239
19444
680
0.4
4686
MS
MERIDIAN
11
11
11.8
165
84852
321938
884128
21080
294
2
73255
MS
MERIDIAN
24
24
956
170
74996
321940
884131
18636
278
0.1
24314
MS
MERIDIAN
30
31
1000
183
27899
321940
884131
18932
263
0.3
43169
MS
MERIDIAN
14
44
880
369
320818
890536
31834
662
0
43192
MS
MISSISSIPPI STATE
2
10
4.3
349
332114
890900
24623
370
0.3
16539
MS
NATCHEZ
48
49
1000
313
38528
314008
914130
24104
338
0.4
43193
MS
OXFORD
18
36
225
421
33510
341728
894221
23767
905
2.1
74148
MS
TUPELO
9
8
9
542
74662
334740
890516
35700
634
3.2
84253
MS
VICKSBURG
35
41
209
253
84840
321935
903703
11835
445
16.2
37732
MS
WEST POINT
27
16
450
494
39741
334740
890516
33099
599
0.6
35694
MT
BILLINGS
2
10
26.1
180
454601
1082726
21980
155
0
35724
MT
BILLINGS
8
11
14.5
229
74882
454535
1082714
21681
152
0
5243
MT
BILLINGS
6
18
1000
228
454826
1082025
24478
153
0
43567
MT
BOZEMAN
9
8
17.9
271
69541
454024
1105202
14163
84
0.3
33756
MT
BOZEMAN
7
13
18.9
271
67232
454024
1105202
13985
84
0
35959
MT
BUTTE
4
5
10.7
588
43752
460027
1122630
43135
183
0
18066
MT
BUTTE
6
6
11.2
591
80201
460027
1122630
42931
192
0
14674
MT
BUTTE
18
19
125
585
42948
460024
1122630
15884
65
0
81438
MT
BUTTE
24
24
50
570
74755
460024
1122630
15762
67
0
24287
MT
GLENDIVE
5
10
30
152
470315
1044045
20893
21
1.3
35567
MT
GREAT FALLS
3
7
28.5
150
73758
473209
1111702
19067
89
0
34412
MT
GREAT FALLS
5
8
28.6
180
473208
1111702
22360
91
0
81331
MT
GREAT FALLS
26
26
50
65
74759
473223
1111706
8905
84
0
13792
MT
GREAT FALLS
16
45
157
300
30029
473626
1112127
16946
90
0
47670
MT
HARDIN
4
22
1000
248
454424
1080818
24748
151
0
83689
MT
HAVRE
9
9
3.2
389
74719
482032
1094341
22474
25
0
5290
MT
HELENA
12
12
9.36
697
74375
464935
1114233
26659
152
0
68717
MT
HELENA
10
29
43.4
697
68037
464935
1114233
14425
139
0
18079
MT
KALISPELL
9
9
3.2
850
80210
480048
1142155
28213
110
0
84794
MT
LEWISTOWN
13
13
3.2
636
74726
471046
1093205
25112
16
0.4
5237
MT
MILES CITY
3
3
1.03
30
74367
462534
1055138
7580
11
0
35455
MT
MISSOULA
8
7
22.5
654
470106
1140041
36798
170
0
66611
MT
MISSOULA
11
11
3.2
631
74999
464809
1135821
18430
132
0
18084
MT
MISSOULA
13
13
26.7
610
80239
470104
1140047
35664
168
0.1
81348
MT
MISSOULA
17
17
50
628
74739
464808
1135819
16846
132
0
14675
MT
MISSOULA
23
23
92.6
618
74525
470110
1140046
18786
150
0
56537
NC
ASHEVILLE
13
13
29.8
853
70317
352532
824525
37735
2348
2.1
69300
NC
ASHEVILLE
33
25
185
797
41130
352532
824525
22420
1437
5.8
70149
NC
ASHEVILLE
62
45
1000
555
351320
823258
34531
2043
0.1
73152
NC
BELMONT
46
47
1000
595
352144
810919
40397
3404
0.6
65074
NC
BURLINGTON
16
14
95
213
361454
793921
16777
1712
1.1
69080
NC
CHAPEL HILL
4
25
300
448
69110
355159
791000
26537
2744
0.4
10645
NC
CHARLOTTE
42
11
2.2
363
351714
804145
20685
2180
3.7
32326
NC
CHARLOTTE
36
22
791
577
64697
352049
811015
36927
3095
1.4
30826
NC
CHARLOTTE
3
23
1000
565
352151
811113
43975
3599
0.1
49157
NC
CHARLOTTE
18
27
1000
368
28621
351601
804405
30079
2748
6.1
74070
NC
CHARLOTTE
9
34
1000
348
351541
804338
31482
2747
5.7
69124
NC
CONCORD
58
44
149
422
74886
352130
803637
24194
2537
3.7
8617
NC
DURHAM
11
11
19.2
607
74597
354005
783158
40935
2807
4.5
54963
NC
DURHAM
28
28
225
610
354028
783140
36204
2685
1.5
69292
NC
EDENTON
2
20
543
489
355400
762045
39125
1359
0
21245
NC
FAYETTEVILLE
62
36
1000
242
36997
345305
790429
20290
985
0.2
16517
NC
FAYETTEVILLE
40
38
500
509
60837
353044
785841
33401
2898
0.6
50782
NC
GOLDSBORO
17
17
244
628
70663
354029
783140
32343
2496
7
25544
NC
GREENSBORO
48
33
700
575
38478
355203
794926
33109
2816
11.6
54452
NC
GREENSBORO
61
43
105
527
42438
355202
794926
25142
2207
5.7
72064
NC
GREENSBORO
2
51
1000
569
355213
795025
41290
3777
5.9
57838
NC
GREENVILLE
9
10
35
575
352155
772338
45399
1370
15.8
35582
NC
GREENVILLE
14
14
50
205
352644
772208
15450
649
0
69149
NC
GREENVILLE
25
23
71
331
42548
353310
773606
17438
801
0.1
81508
NC
GREENVILLE
38
51
90.7
155
74769
352409
772510
13446
594
0.1
65919
NC
HICKORY
14
40
600
182
67111
354359
811951
11030
776
19.1
72106
NC
HIGH POINT
8
8
15
398
70590
354846
795029
29992
2769
3.7
69444
NC
JACKSONVILLE
19
19
66.6
561
74418
350618
772015
23999
799
0.4
37971
NC
JACKSONVILLE
35
34
600
199
41098
343110
772652
18502
568
0
12793
NC
KANNAPOLIS
64
50
50
348
351541
804338
18157
2047
2.1
35385
NC
LEXINGTON
20
19
800
576
355202
794926
44456
4288
2
69114
NC
LINVILLE
17
17
61.6
546
74613
360347
815033
18558
1085
4.1
69416
NC
LUMBERTON
31
31
109
319
69624
344750
790242
17337
889
3.5
76324
NC
MANTEO
4
9
21.3
274
74336
363254
761116
29530
1725
0
37982
NC
MOREHEAD CITY
8
8
9.88
216
74470
345301
763021
20774
299
0
18334
NC
NEW BERN
12
12
22.2
591
80237
350618
772015
42635
1324
2.9
73205
NC
RALEIGH
22
27
568
610
354028
783140
41286
2847
2.8
8688
NC
RALEIGH
5
48
916
629
69133
354029
783139
41666
2852
0.1
64611
NC
RALEIGH
50
49
1000
614
354029
783140
44278
2980
0.1
69397
NC
ROANOKE RAPIDS
36
36
50
368
74543
361728
775010
19141
604
8.4
20590
NC
ROCKY MOUNT
47
15
180
354
36353
360611
781129
22787
1759
0.1
594
NC
WASHINGTON
7
32
806
594
74887
352155
772338
44561
1497
1.1
69332
NC
WILMINGTON
39
29
700
297
341916
781343
28039
801
0.3
72871
NC
WILMINGTON
26
30
80
590
73235
340753
781117
26462
609
0
48666
NC
WILMINGTON
6
44
575
280
59015
341916
781343
20378
591
0
12033
NC
WILMINGTON
3
46
1000
594
74888
340751
781116
44363
1060
0
10133
NC
WILSON
30
42
873
539
68096
354953
780850
32166
2162
2
414
NC
WINSTON-SALEM
45
29
990
576
39890
355203
794926
37521
3484
4.8
53921
NC
WINSTON-SALEM
12
31
815
572
362231
802226
37577
2625
4.2
69360
NC
WINSTON-SALEM
26
32
263
504
74889
362234
802214
22287
1868
6.9
55686
ND
BISMARCK
12
12
19.1
466
74459
463517
1004826
35627
127
0.3
22121
ND
BISMARCK
17
16
1000
275
68012
463515
1004820
25005
113
0
53324
ND
BISMARCK
3
22
97.3
392
18952
463523
1004802
21415
110
0
82611
ND
BISMARCK
26
26
50
300
74760
463523
1004739
17826
104
0
41427
ND
BISMARCK
5
31
500
389
73210
463620
1004822
26522
118
0
22124
ND
DEVILS LAKE
8
8
16.2
451
74687
480824
975938
35778
150
0
162016
ND
DEVILS LAKE
25
134
245
66852
480348
992009
18198
39
0
41430
ND
DICKINSON
7
7
11.3
223
74419
465649
1025917
22461
33
0.9
53329
ND
DICKINSON
9
9
8.35
246
74437
464334
1025456
22539
36
0
55684
ND
DICKINSON
2
19
50
217
59817
464335
1025457
13157
28
0
53315
ND
ELLENDALE
19
20
72.3
163
64873
461756
985156
13632
18
0
53321
ND
FARGO
13
13
11.4
344
74460
470048
971137
28996
257
0
55372
ND
FARGO
15
19
1000
379
28940
464029
961340
28028
320
0.1
22129
ND
FARGO
6
21
1000
356
470028
971202
34973
345
0
61961
ND
FARGO
11
44
356
576
73213
472032
971720
31290
314
0
53320
ND
GRAND FORKS
2
15
50
408
74645
480818
975935
20362
116
0
86208
ND
GRAND FORKS
27
27
50
96
74762
475745
970312
11054
108
0
55364
ND
JAMESTOWN
7
7
13
135
80206
465530
984621
18175
42
0.5
41425
ND
MINOT
10
10
7.69
207
80232
481256
1011905
21143
75
1.7
55685
ND
MINOT
13
13
16.1
344
74570
480302
1012029
29701
89
0
22127
ND
MINOT
14
14
60
216
480311
1012305
16113
70
0
82615
ND
MINOT
24
24
50
239
74756
480314
1012603
15862
69
0
53313
ND
MINOT
6
40
146
249
59853
480302
1012325
15514
70
0
55362
ND
PEMBINA
12
12
28.7
413
74382
485944
972428
35647
43
0.1
49134
ND
VALLEY CITY
4
38
382
573
73275
471645
972026
32236
317
0
41429
ND
WILLISTON
8
8
7.21
323
74598
480802
1035136
24857
38
0
55683
ND
WILLISTON
11
14
50
257
59878
480830
1035334
14655
32
0.5
53318
ND
WILLISTON
4
51
53.9
248
64823
480830
1035334
12463
31
0
47996
NE
ALLIANCE
13
13
20.9
469
74471
415024
1030318
33136
89
1.5
47981
NE
BASSETT
7
7
18.7
453
74383
422005
992901
35064
41
3.3
7894
NE
GRAND ISLAND
11
11
15.2
308
74493
403520
984810
28343
219
0.3
27220
NE
GRAND ISLAND
17
19
1000
186
28644
404344
983413
18605
195
0
48003
NE
HASTINGS
5
5
6.78
223
80198
403906
982304
28719
229
0
47987
NE
HASTINGS
29
28
200
366
39665
404620
980521
22116
179
0.1
21162
NE
HAYES CENTER
6
18
1000
216
74892
403729
1010158
24515
76
0
21160
NE
KEARNEY
13
36
753
338
74893
403928
985204
30484
227
0
47975
NE
LEXINGTON
3
26
375
251
32442
402305
992730
19875
107
0
11264
NE
LINCOLN
8
8
17.8
440
75015
405259
971820
35535
695
2.8
7890
NE
LINCOLN
10
10
18.4
454
74987
404808
971046
36426
887
0.4
66589
NE
LINCOLN
12
12
8.16
253
74553
410818
962719
23215
1145
0.1
84453
NE
LINCOLN
51
51
200
461
74786
404738
971422
25974
454
0
72362
NE
MCCOOK
8
12
10.4
218
394948
1004204
23270
48
0.3
47971
NE
MERRIMAN
12
12
15.7
328
74407
424038
1014236
26524
27
1.8
47995
NE
NORFOLK
19
19
53.8
348
74397
421415
971641
15941
214
5.9
49273
NE
NORTH PLATTE
2
2
6.75
192
80195
411213
1004358
27013
67
0
47973
NE
NORTH PLATTE
9
9
15.5
311
74398
410116
1010910
28103
66
0
23277
NE
OMAHA
15
15
295
475
410416
961331
34708
1240
0
47974
NE
OMAHA
26
17
200
117
411528
960032
15002
836
0
53903
NE
OMAHA
7
20
700
396
411832
960133
35092
1220
0
65528
NE
OMAHA
6
22
1000
398
411840
960137
37205
1242
0
51491
NE
OMAHA
42
43
700
475
410414
961333
36280
1255
0
35190
NE
OMAHA
3
45
1000
426
411824
960136
35409
1221
0.3
17683
NE
SCOTTSBLUFF
4
7
32
475
415028
1030427
37186
95
3.4
136747
NE
SCOTTSBLUFF
16
17
91.5
238
74736
415023
1034935
14585
56
0.2
63182
NE
SCOTTSBLUFF
10
29
1000
256
74894
415958
1033955
24074
74
1.1
21161
NE
SUPERIOR
4
34
1000
344
74895
400515
975512
31807
185
0.1
48406
NH
CONCORD
21
33
100
344
42932
431104
711912
16703
2327
3.5
14682
NH
DERRY
50
35
7.3
191
424407
712331
8996
3843
2.3
69237
NH
DURHAM
11
11
15.8
302
80234
431033
711229
26397
4074
0.5
69271
NH
KEENE
52
49
50
329
74896
430200
722204
11793
404
5
69328
NH
LITTLETON
49
48
50
390
74897
442114
714423
11253
131
0
73292
NH
MANCHESTER
9
9
7.11
305
74688
425902
713524
20862
4589
2.6
51864
NH
MERRIMACK
60
34
80
293
28154
425902
713520
13421
3094
4
9739
NJ
ATLANTIC CITY
44
200
284
40339
394341
745039
13582
5320
11
23142
NJ
ATLANTIC CITY
62
49
130
296
27898
393753
742112
15516
1908
0.2
7623
NJ
BURLINGTON
48
27
160
354
68951
400230
751411
19775
7092
4.5
48481
NJ
CAMDEN
23
22
197
266
394341
745039
20659
6862
0
73333
NJ
LINDEN
47
36
832
408
42433
404454
735910
28663
19700
1.6
48477
NJ
MONTCLAIR
50
51
200
238
405153
741203
16560
17216
0.3
48457
NJ
NEW BRUNSWICK
58
8
20.2
212
32754
403717
743015
20769
16912
10.5
18795
NJ
NEWARK
13
13
3.2
500
74696
404243
740049
25695
19240
1.6
60555
NJ
NEWARK
68
30
189
321
80192
404522
735912
16609
17182
2.8
43952
NJ
NEWTON
63
18
1000
250
67170
405153
741203
18520
17260
0
74215
NJ
PATERSON
41
40
300
421
29858
404454
735910
23316
19038
0.4
74197
NJ
SECAUCUS
9
38
136
500
74898
404243
740049
26502
19428
0.3
48465
NJ
TRENTON
52
43
50
271
74899
401700
744120
14079
8751
11.3
60560
NJ
VINELAND
65
29
225
396
72018
400230
751411
20524
7421
5.7
20818
NJ
WEST MILFORD
66
29
200
167
33869
404718
741519
8192
13959
12.2
61111
NJ
WILDWOOD
40
36
200
128
390728
744556
14738
739
0.9
53928
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
7
7
27.6
1243
74445
351253
1062701
53948
961
0
48575
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
13
13
7.03
1287
74399
351240
1062657
43540
925
0
1151
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
32
17
65.6
1247
58949
351251
1062701
34322
913
0
57220
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
14
22
303
376
74730
352444
1064332
16156
820
0
993
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
23
24
200
1243
351254
1062702
47308
935
0
35313
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
4
26
270
1277
351242
1062658
48914
934
0.1
55528
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
5
35
250
1287
351249
1062701
46539
929
0
35084
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
41
42
321
1262
351241
1062656
46959
928
0
55049
NM
ALBUQUERQUE
50
45
245
1287
41944
351248
1062700
42560
921
0
53908
NM
CARLSBAD
6
19
912
333
324738
1041229
32390
153
0.6
83707
NM
CARLSBAD
25
25
50
134
74757
322609
1041114
11804
51
0
40450
NM
CLOVIS
12
20
598
204
74900
341134
1031644
21451
87
0
53904
NM
FARMINGTON
3
8
40
166
364017
1081352
23531
151
0
35321
NM
FARMINGTON
12
12
13.7
125
84833
364143
1081314
16977
138
0
27431
NM
HOBBS
29
29
67.4
159
74400
324328
1030546
13761
81
0
55516
NM
LAS CRUCES
22
23
200
205
68952
321733
1064151
15162
540
0
36916
NM
LAS CRUCES
48
47
200
134
74901
320230
1062741
8205
693
0
18338
NM
PORTALES
3
32
82.6
190
341508
1031420
15679
81
0
62272
NM
ROSWELL
8
8
20.8
499
74533
332231
1034612
38887
159
0
48556
NM
ROSWELL
10
10
24.3
610
74558
330320
1034912
43742
187
0.1
84157
NM
ROSWELL
21
21
164
128
74747
330601
1041515
11510
77
0
53539
NM
ROSWELL
27
27
50
115
74474
332458
1043359
7382
63
0
84215
NM
SANTA FE
9
0.2
1241
67438
351245
1062658
20827
857
0.8
60793
NM
SANTA FE
11
10
30
608
354648
1063133
38985
904
1.3
32311
NM
SANTA FE
2
27
255
1278
351250
1062701
48241
933
0.2
76268
NM
SANTA FE
19
29
245
1289
351244
1062657
47629
935
0
53911
NM
SILVER CITY
10
10
3.2
485
74976
325146
1081428
22295
59
0.2
85114
NM
SILVER CITY
6
12
3.2
502
74712
325149
1081427
16454
58
0
63845
NV
ELKO
10
10
3.2
557
404152
1155413
21628
36
0
86537
NV
ELY
3
3
1
279
74709
391446
1145536
6317
8
0
86538
NV
ELY
6
27
1000
270
74713
391553
1145335
13318
8
0
86201
NV
GOLDFIELD
7
50
50
448
74716
380305
1171330
8739
3
0
35870
NV
HENDERSON
5
9
86
385
360026
1150022
29838
1362
0.1
69677
NV
LAS VEGAS
3
2
27.7
384
360030
1150020
41187
1418
0.1
35042
NV
LAS VEGAS
8
7
30.1
609
355644
1150233
33021
1366
0
11683
NV
LAS VEGAS
10
11
105
371
360027
1150024
30092
1360
0
74100
NV
LAS VEGAS
13
13
16
606
355643
1150232
27920
1363
0
67089
NV
LAS VEGAS
15
16
1000
571
36067
355646
1150234
24277
1352
0
10179
NV
LAS VEGAS
21
22
630
383
73225
360028
1150024
18735
1351
0
10195
NV
LAS VEGAS
33
29
1000
383
73223
360028
1150024
19334
1351
0
41237
NV
LAUGHLIN
34
32
1000
607
66737
353907
1141842
27099
1276
0.1
63768
NV
PARADISE
39
40
200
357
360036
1150020
14586
1350
0
60307
NV
RENO
4
7
16.1
879
391857
1195302
39288
677
3
63331
NV
RENO
8
8
15.6
893
80185
391849
1195300
39660
667
2.6
59139
NV
RENO
2
13
16.1
876
391857
1195302
38571
678
0.3
10228
NV
RENO
5
15
50
140
74902
393501
1194752
6245
389
0
19191
NV
RENO
21
20
53
176
42485
393503
1194751
6065
363
0
51493
NV
RENO
27
26
1000
894
28095
391847
1195259
36813
577
0.5
48360
NV
RENO
11
44
1000
836
44000
393523
1195537
19310
403
0
86643
NV
TONOPAH
9
9
3.2
448
74720
380305
1171330
12955
3
0
63846
NV
WINNEMUCCA
7
7
3.2
650
410041
1174559
23096
17
0
11970
NY
ALBANY
23
7
10
434
423731
740038
26077
1488
1.1
73363
NY
ALBANY
13
12
9.1
436
423731
740038
26438
1477
0.2
74422
NY
ALBANY
10
26
700
426
67986
423731
740038
27072
1496
1.5
13933
NY
AMSTERDAM
55
50
450
207
38556
425904
741056
13763
993
0
2325
NY
BATAVIA
51
23
445
279
74609
425342
780056
19868
2211
0.5
72623
NY
BATH
14
14
50
318
74731
421828
771317
15650
468
14.6
23337
NY
BINGHAMTON
12
7
20.4
342
420331
755706
27192
1000
1.9
62210
NY
BINGHAMTON
40
8
7.9
371
70921
420322
755639
21243
751
1.4
11260
NY
BINGHAMTON
34
34
450
263
70326
420339
755636
16714
635
2.2
74034
NY
BINGHAMTON
46
42
50
408
420340
755645
17846
603
1.2
415
NY
BUFFALO
29
14
1000
300
76608
430132
785543
20685
1403
1.1
71905
NY
BUFFALO
23
32
1000
303
430148
785515
28159
1513
2.1
64547
NY
BUFFALO
2
33
480
295
424307
783347
22900
1848
1.2
67784
NY
BUFFALO
49
34
175
288
78226
430132
785543
12091
1291
1.9
54176
NY
BUFFALO
7
38
358
433
423815
783712
29175
1990
0.2
7780
NY
BUFFALO
4
39
790
417
423933
783733
32947
2280
0.1
71928
NY
BUFFALO
17
43
156
330
74905
430148
785515
21439
1386
0.1
68851
NY
CARTHAGE
7
7
15.1
221
84827
435716
754345
22614
259
5.6
78908
NY
CORNING
30
30
25
334
76601
420830
770439
12414
352
2.1
62219
NY
CORNING
48
48
50
166
75045
420943
770215
9513
285
1
60653
NY
ELMIRA
18
18
90
363
70327
420622
765217
16933
606
3.1
71508
NY
ELMIRA
36
36
50
320
74631
420620
765217
15737
545
0.2
38336
NY
GARDEN CITY
21
21
89.9
111
74455
404719
732709
10930
13638
0.1
34329
NY
ITHACA
52
20
0.015
1
422546
762948
382
66
2.6
30303
NY
JAMESTOWN
26
26
234
463
75000
422336
791344
22922
1548
0.2
74156
NY
KINGSTON
48
950
378
65356
412918
735656
23706
14181
1.2
1328
NY
NEW YORK
7
7
3.2
491
74571
404243
740049
26537
19365
0.9
73881
NY
NEW YORK
11
11
3.2
506
80235
404243
740049
26002
19228
2
6048
NY
NEW YORK
25
24
151
310
404522
735912
20860
18221
1.3
47535
NY
NEW YORK
4
28
164
515
74906
404243
740049
28669
19696
1
73356
NY
NEW YORK
31
31
225
458
74482
404243
740049
20490
17944
5.8
9610
NY
NEW YORK
2
33
239
482
74646
404243
740049
26765
19217
3.4
22206
NY
NEW YORK
5
44
225
515
74907
404243
740049
27036
19135
3.6
57476
NY
NORTH POLE
5
14
650
845
72521
443132
724858
39057
642
0
62137
NY
NORWOOD
18
23
40
242
442929
745127
14994
163
0.1
46755
NY
PLATTSBURGH
57
38
100
737
66309
444143
735300
26048
413
0
67993
NY
POUGHKEEPSIE
54
27
800
358
43683
412920
735653
23834
10810
34.2
73206
NY
RIVERHEAD
55
47
410
196
72009
405350
725456
14328
4541
1
70041
NY
ROCHESTER
10
10
12.7
152
84849
430807
773502
20451
1207
0
73371
NY
ROCHESTER
13
13
5.83
152
74689
430807
773503
17099
1134
0.7
57274
NY
ROCHESTER
21
16
180
130
68025
430807
773503
12874
1118
0.1
413
NY
ROCHESTER
31
28
320
161
66841
430805
773507
13190
1127
0
73964
NY
ROCHESTER
8
45
1000
122
69994
430807
773502
15154
1146
0.4
77515
NY
SARANAC LAKE
40
40
50
440
74774
440935
742834
11926
38
1.7
73942
NY
SCHENECTADY
6
6
4.46
426
74544
423731
740038
30364
1567
1.7
73263
NY
SCHENECTADY
17
34
325
426
423731
740038
24147
1423
0.8
73264
NY
SCHENECTADY
45
43
676
413
67289
423731
740038
24332
1399
0.9
60553
NY
SMITHTOWN
67
23
150
204
39829
405323
725713
13615
4096
15.2
9088
NY
SPRINGVILLE
67
7
15.5
411
74575
423814
783711
16459
1363
1.1
64352
NY
SYRACUSE
56
15
78.2
379
74790
431818
760300
17835
1053
0.8
73113
NY
SYRACUSE
9
17
105
402
44725
425642
760128
22102
1222
0.1
40758
NY
SYRACUSE
68
19
621
445
29285
425250
761200
29954
1648
0.3
21252
NY
SYRACUSE
3
24
210
405
425642
760707
26516
1368
0.1
53734
NY
SYRACUSE
24
25
97
393
425642
760707
22555
1272
0.1
58725
NY
SYRACUSE
43
44
680
445
68111
425250
761200
27037
1403
0
74151
NY
SYRACUSE
5
47
500
290
425719
760634
22565
1246
0
43424
NY
UTICA
33
27
688
433
59327
430213
752641
25154
1066
2.1
60654
NY
UTICA
2
29
708
402
45240
430609
745627
28378
1294
3.3
57837
NY
UTICA
20
30
50
227
45963
430843
751035
10520
449
8.4
16747
NY
WATERTOWN
50
21
25
331
44780
435247
754312
15745
186
0
62136
NY
WATERTOWN
16
41
50
370
74911
435144
754340
18784
234
0.3
70491
OH
AKRON
23
23
317
296
74690
410353
813459
21976
4065
0.2
72958
OH
AKRON
55
30
1000
331
71743
412302
814144
25072
3710
0
49421
OH
AKRON
49
50
180
305
410458
813802
18680
3641
6.7
49439
OH
ALLIANCE
45
45
388
223
74576
405423
805439
15811
2304
0
50147
OH
ATHENS
20
27
250
242
391852
820859
19481
708
1.9
6568
OH
BOWLING GREEN
27
27
110
320
410812
835424
21416
1313
0
50141
OH
CAMBRIDGE
44
35
310
385
68039
400532
811719
24017
1218
1.1
67893
OH
CANTON
17
39
200
292
410320
813538
20718
3970
1
43870
OH
CANTON
67
47
1000
134
40562
410633
812010
15841
3693
0
21158
OH
CHILLICOTHE
53
46
1000
328
33138
393520
830644
27391
2595
0.2
59438
OH
CINCINNATI
9
10
15.4
305
75072
390731
842957
27029
3082
0.6
11289
OH
CINCINNATI
12
12
15.6
305
75016
390658
843005
26169
3013
1.9
11204
OH
CINCINNATI
64
33
500
337
39190
391201
843122
24994
3100
0
65666
OH
CINCINNATI
48
34
400
326
78227
390727
843118
23378
2979
0.1
46979
OH
CINCINNATI
5
35
1000
311
390727
843118
29790
3176
0.1
73150
OH
CLEVELAND
8
8
15.7
305
75017
412147
814258
27926
3964
1.5
59441
OH
CLEVELAND
5
15
1000
311
75073
412227
814306
31477
4147
3.2
73195
OH
CLEVELAND
3
17
1000
296
84838
412310
814121
30387
4263
0
18753
OH
CLEVELAND
25
26
100
313
42131
412028
814425
18860
3498
0.1
60556
OH
CLEVELAND
61
34
525
334
40362
412258
814207
25232
3931
0.3
56549
OH
COLUMBUS
6
13
59
286
39803
395614
830116
26405
2526
10.4
50781
OH
COLUMBUS
4
14
902
264
395816
830140
28164
2467
0.4
71217
OH
COLUMBUS
10
21
1000
279
395816
830140
28074
2497
2.6
74137
OH
COLUMBUS
28
36
1000
271
395614
830116
25893
2312
1.6
66185
OH
COLUMBUS
34
38
250
291
400933
825523
21605
2191
0.4
25067
OH
DAYTON
16
16
126
320
394316
841500
21274
3118
2.2
411
OH
DAYTON
45
30
425
351
29247
394328
841518
22696
2885
7
41458
OH
DAYTON
7
41
1000
290
67218
394402
841453
24364
3196
0.5
65690
OH
DAYTON
2
50
1000
323
394307
841522
29198
3497
0.3
73155
OH
DAYTON
22
51
138
351
394328
841518
21345
3050
1.9
37503
OH
LIMA
35
8
27.5
148
72830
404451
840755
22513
995
8.8
1222
OH
LIMA
44
44
47.4
207
84841
404547
841059
14071
556
0.1
8532
OH
LORAIN
43
28
200
337
38130
412245
814312
22230
3706
0
41893
OH
MANSFIELD
68
12
14
180
69497
404550
823704
19484
1109
12.2
11118
OH
NEWARK
51
24
1000
132
39194
400445
824141
18218
1935
0.2
25065
OH
OXFORD
14
28
400
268
43343
390719
843252
20730
2781
0
65130
OH
PORTSMOUTH
30
17
50
358
75391
384542
830341
12136
492
0.7
66190
OH
PORTSMOUTH
42
43
50
382
384542
830341
19181
604
8.3
11027
OH
SANDUSKY
52
42
700
213
41148
412348
824731
18330
1542
0.1
39746
OH
SHAKER HEIGHTS
19
10
3.5
304
19316
412315
814143
18665
3558
1.3
70138
OH
SPRINGFIELD
26
26
50
291
74421
394328
841518
15181
2003
0.9
74122
OH
STEUBENVILLE
9
9
8.82
261
74665
402033
803714
21161
2829
0.1
17076
OH
TOLEDO
40
5
10
155
43356
414441
840106
18262
2235
17.4
13992
OH
TOLEDO
11
11
13.1
263
74409
414022
832247
22521
2387
0.5
74150
OH
TOLEDO
13
13
14.6
305
84861
414100
832449
22715
2547
3
66285
OH
TOLEDO
30
29
50
314
75078
413927
832555
18428
2208
0
19190
OH
TOLEDO
36
46
110
356
40304
413922
832641
18875
2041
0.8
73354
OH
TOLEDO
24
49
59
409
42576
414003
832122
18182
1915
0
72062
OH
YOUNGSTOWN
21
20
460
295
43442
410448
803825
23468
3296
0
4693
OH
YOUNGSTOWN
33
36
50
148
410343
803807
12151
1299
3.1
73153
OH
YOUNGSTOWN
27
41
700
418
410324
803844
29686
3817
26.3
61216
OH
ZANESVILLE
18
40
620
169
395542
815907
18268
818
1.3
35666
OK
ADA
10
26
1000
426
342134
963334
37746
516
1.1
1005
OK
BARTLESVILLE
17
17
210
296
74384
363059
954610
20962
949
0
50194
OK
CHEYENNE
12
8
30
303
353536
994002
30020
102
2.7
57431
OK
CLAREMORE
35
36
144
255
76140
362403
953630
15572
915
0
50198
OK
EUFAULA
3
31
1000
364
351101
952019
31391
600
0
35645
OK
LAWTON
7
11
138
327
341255
984313
40168
446
1.7
78322
OK
MUSKOGEE
19
20
245
252
80215
354508
954815
20096
1001
0.4
84225
OK
NORMAN
46
46
50
416
74779
353552
972922
18745
1211
0.1
12508
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
5
7
34
430
41104
353345
972924
33879
1406
0.1
25382
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
9
9
19.4
465
74545
353258
972950
36596
1436
0.2
50205
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
13
13
26.4
465
74494
353552
972922
38931
1456
0
67999
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
14
15
500
358
353435
972909
29701
1365
1.1
35388
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
25
24
1000
476
44126
353258
972918
37403
1448
0
66222
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
4
27
790
489
353552
972922
39060
1449
0.7
50170
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
34
33
1000
458
353258
972918
39194
1464
0
50182
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
43
40
55.6
475
74566
353522
972903
23666
1272
0
2566
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
62
50
200
483
353552
972922
28774
1341
0
38214
OK
OKLAHOMA CITY
52
51
1000
458
353552
972922
36936
1428
0
7078
OK
OKMULGEE
44
28
1000
219
19049
355002
960728
20118
978
0.5
77480
OK
SHAWNEE
30
29
770
474
353336
972907
38646
1451
0.5
59439
OK
TULSA
2
8
18.2
558
74648
360115
954032
40032
1292
0.3
35685
OK
TULSA
8
10
6.9
542
42996
355808
953655
28628
1166
1.9
66195
OK
TULSA
11
11
21.3
521
84853
360115
954032
38946
1281
0.4
11910
OK
TULSA
23
22
1000
400
360136
954044
35867
1235
1
54420
OK
TULSA
41
42
900
381
360136
954044
32279
1195
0.2
35434
OK
TULSA
6
45
840
573
74632
360115
954032
40750
1297
0.7
37099
OK
TULSA
47
47
50
460
75034
360115
954032
19212
1018
0
24485
OK
TULSA
53
49
50
182
74912
360234
955711
13058
893
0
86532
OK
WOODWARD
35
35
50
339
74767
361606
992656
16828
37
0
50588
OR
BEND
3
11
160
226
440441
1211957
29073
157
0
55907
OR
BEND
21
21
53.7
197
74422
440440
1211949
10195
150
0
166534
OR
BEND
51
84.1
206
75180
440440
1211956
10034
148
0
49750
OR
COOS BAY
11
11
3.2
188
74446
432326
1240746
12943
82
0
35183
OR
COOS BAY
23
22
10
179
44658
432339
1240756
8368
65
0.9
50590
OR
CORVALLIS
7
7
10.1
375
74546
443825
1231625
24451
1118
9.6
34406
OR
EUGENE
9
9
12.1
502
75028
440657
1225957
24311
513
0.1
49766
OR
EUGENE
13
13
30.9
407
74988
440007
1230653
28949
648
7.6
35189
OR
EUGENE
16
17
70
473
44473
440657
1225957
17731
465
0.1
50591
OR
EUGENE
28
29
100
403
60215
440007
1230653
15614
477
0
8322
OR
EUGENE
34
31
88
372
67996
440004
1230645
13922
460
0
83306
OR
GRANTS PASS
30
30
50
654
74763
422256
1231629
19481
185
0
8284
OR
KLAMATH FALLS
2
13
9
659
420548
1213757
29481
84
0.2
60740
OR
KLAMATH FALLS
31
29
50
691
74913
420550
1213759
19200
65
0
61335
OR
KLAMATH FALLS
22
33
50
656
74914
420550
1213759
20779
67
0
50592
OR
LA GRANDE
13
13
31.8
775
74341
451833
1174354
27852
78
3.3
81447
OR
LA GRANDE
16
29
50
773
74737
451835
1174357
20192
42
0
8260
OR
MEDFORD
5
5
6.35
823
74385
424149
1231339
49279
483
0
61350
OR
MEDFORD
8
8
16.9
818
74567
424132
1231345
36640
386
1
22570
OR
MEDFORD
10
10
11.5
1009
74513
420455
1224307
38336
337
0
60736
OR
MEDFORD
12
12
16.9
823
74535
424132
1231346
35257
377
2.2
32958
OR
MEDFORD
26
26
50
428
75001
421754
1224459
11117
216
0
12729
OR
PENDLETON
11
11
22
472
74974
454451
1180211
30211
316
0
34874
OR
PORTLAND
8
8
21.9
509
74577
453121
1224446
30424
2379
3.6
50589
OR
PORTLAND
10
10
32
509
75002
453121
1224445
32672
2474
0.1
50633
OR
PORTLAND
12
12
21.9
543
74483
453119
1224453
30824
2429
1.2
35380
OR
PORTLAND
6
40
1000
523
453058
1224358
30516
2489
0
21649
OR
PORTLAND
2
43
1000
524
453057
1224359
30145
2486
0
47707
OR
PORTLAND
24
45
1000
522
453058
1224359
29841
2479
0
31437
OR
ROSEBURG
36
18
50
213
34395
431409
1231916
9672
93
0
61551
OR
ROSEBURG
4
19
50
274
28609
431408
1231918
9394
89
0
35187
OR
ROSEBURG
46
45
12
109
44472
431222
1232156
5477
76
0.2
5801
OR
SALEM
22
22
1000
490
74337
453121
1224445
31809
2507
0
10192
OR
SALEM
32
33
750
523
453058
1224358
30060
2482
0.1
36989
PA
ALLENTOWN
39
39
50
302
74699
403358
752606
15373
4857
2.5
39884
PA
ALLENTOWN
69
46
400
331
75251
403352
752624
16472
6590
2
20287
PA
ALTOONA
23
24
1000
311
29784
403406
782638
19812
757
0.8
23341
PA
ALTOONA
10
32
883
305
70018
403401
782630
22736
817
1.5
13929
PA
ALTOONA
47
46
50
308
74915
403412
782626
13077
575
0.7
60850
PA
BETHLEHEM
60
9
3.2
284
59326
403352
752624
15693
5211
10.6
66219
PA
CLEARFIELD
3
15
810
413
59340
410720
782629
31830
862
1.4
24970
PA
ERIE
12
12
8.63
305
74599
420352
800019
24248
675
0.7
49711
PA
ERIE
35
16
200
279
30039
420215
800343
19713
636
0.6
19707
PA
ERIE
66
22
850
276
65637
420233
800356
14972
581
0
65749
PA
ERIE
24
24
523
310
70354
420225
800409
20313
702
1.1
53716
PA
ERIE
54
50
200
271
67971
420234
800356
18066
531
3.5
13924
PA
GREENSBURG
40
50
362
264
44438
402334
794654
16433
2646
2.3
72326
PA
HARRISBURG
27
10
14
346
40451
401857
765702
22368
2185
0.6
72313
PA
HARRISBURG
21
21
500
372
70325
402043
765209
22848
2357
4.6
73083
PA
HARRISBURG
33
36
50
411
19302
402044
765207
14856
1808
7.5
73375
PA
HAZLETON
56
45
420
488
411100
755210
26257
1879
16.5
69880
PA
JEANNETTE
19
11
6.5
303
80099
402334
794654
21639
2960
0.1
20295
PA
JOHNSTOWN
8
8
6.5
352
70335
401053
790905
20987
2536
0.8
73120
PA
JOHNSTOWN
6
34
1000
386
65822
402217
785856
24695
1984
3
53930
PA
LANCASTER
8
8
5.4
415
84829
400204
763708
24456
4088
3.6
23338
PA
LANCASTER
15
23
500
381
41227
401545
762751
25174
3340
1.1
8616
PA
PHILADELPHIA
6
6
6.22
332
80202
400239
751426
32281
10186
0.2
73879
PA
PHILADELPHIA
17
17
237
354
74615
400230
751411
24810
8188
0
25453
PA
PHILADELPHIA
3
26
770
375
400233
751433
31614
10075
1.6
12499
PA
PHILADELPHIA
57
32
250
400
44229
400230
751411
22512
7859
3.6
63153
PA
PHILADELPHIA
10
34
325
377
71122
400230
751411
27178
8934
1.6
28480
PA
PHILADELPHIA
35
35
358
377
71123
400230
751411
25483
8584
4.2
51568
PA
PHILADELPHIA
29
42
273
347
74917
400226
751420
22025
7599
8.5
41315
PA
PITTSBURGH
13
13
12.6
210
80240
402646
795751
21749
2933
1.3
25454
PA
PITTSBURGH
2
25
1000
311
402938
800109
29482
3587
0.1
41314
PA
PITTSBURGH
16
38
64.1
215
74997
402646
795751
14493
2602
0.2
73907
PA
PITTSBURGH
22
42
1000
315
43259
402943
800017
22255
2996
3.9
73875
PA
PITTSBURGH
53
43
1000
303
45946
402943
800018
23931
3093
0
73910
PA
PITTSBURGH
11
48
1000
289
402748
800016
25263
3258
0.1
65681
PA
PITTSBURGH
4
51
1000
273
40377
401649
794811
20794
2868
0.6
55305
PA
READING
51
25
900
395
67694
401952
754141
20961
5185
35.2
55350
PA
RED LION
49
30
50
177
74918
395418
763500
11529
1959
17.2
17010
PA
SCRANTON
22
13
30
471
411058
755226
32173
2482
5.9
64690
PA
SCRANTON
64
32
528
354
59210
412606
754335
20285
1051
5.2
73374
PA
SCRANTON
38
38
57.6
385
75018
412609
754345
15550
899
3.7
47929
PA
SCRANTON
44
41
200
487
411055
755217
23850
1905
2.3
73318
PA
SCRANTON
16
49
100
506
411100
755210
21428
1732
0.5
71225
PA
WILKES-BARRE
28
11
30
471
411058
755226
32642
2524
5.2
52075
PA
WILLIAMSPORT
53
29
200
223
17599
411157
770739
12710
326
2.1
10213
PA
YORK
43
47
933
385
45937
400141
763600
22845
3255
26.3
50063
RI
BLOCK ISLAND
69
17
1000
228
67093
412941
714706
21896
2966
4
73311
RI
PROVIDENCE
64
12
11.5
295
74616
415214
711745
21844
5899
0.8
47404
RI
PROVIDENCE
12
13
18
305
415236
711657
28045
6539
0.8
56092
RI
PROVIDENCE
36
21
50
268
65226
415154
711715
11209
2916
34.3
50780
RI
PROVIDENCE
10
51
1000
305
84850
415154
711715
27224
6489
0.4
61003
SC
ALLENDALE
14
33
427
241
67765
331115
812350
15210
603
0
56548
SC
ANDERSON
40
14
310
311
30073
343851
821613
22074
1365
0
61007
SC
BEAUFORT
16
44
440
365
70516
324242
804054
19925
835
0
61005
SC
CHARLESTON
7
7
12
562
70358
325528
794158
31487
849
0
416
SC
CHARLESTON
24
24
283
583
74554
325624
794145
30857
818
0
21536
SC
CHARLESTON
4
34
630
522
43263
325528
794158
32715
848
0
9015
SC
CHARLESTON
36
36
50
583
74514
325624
794145
21692
657
0
71297
SC
CHARLESTON
5
47
1000
521
45846
325528
794158
33547
866
0.3
10587
SC
CHARLESTON
2
50
1000
581
66300
325624
794145
35154
925
0
60963
SC
COLUMBIA
25
8
43.7
529
34078
340658
804551
40718
1723
9.5
13990
SC
COLUMBIA
10
10
18.1
462
74559
340729
804523
32006
1450
1.8
37176
SC
COLUMBIA
19
17
1000
500
43474
340549
804551
33240
1341
6.5
61013
SC
COLUMBIA
35
32
62
316
340706
805613
18857
966
0
136750
SC
COLUMBIA
47
47
50
192
74780
340238
805951
5835
584
16.7
19199
SC
COLUMBIA
57
48
520
464
43955
340658
804551
27312
1158
1.4
61004
SC
CONWAY
23
9
20
230
335658
790631
27745
778
0
66407
SC
FLORENCE
13
13
22.4
594
84834
342202
791922
43473
1647
1.4
17012
SC
FLORENCE
15
16
421
602
342153
791949
42129
1611
1.2
3133
SC
FLORENCE
21
21
384
581
74438
342153
791949
32639
1312
0.1
61008
SC
FLORENCE
33
45
45
242
341648
794435
14727
495
0.2
82494
SC
GEORGETOWN
38
500
171
66448
335012
785111
14797
379
2
61010
SC
GREENVILLE
29
9
65
378
64722
345629
822438
30476
1753
0.1
9064
SC
GREENVILLE
16
16
98.4
337
345626
822441
20693
1507
0.5
72300
SC
GREENVILLE
21
21
164
765
84836
351056
824056
29139
1820
0.7
53905
SC
GREENVILLE
4
36
1000
610
84818
350640
823617
38470
2132
0.5
60931
SC
GREENWOOD
38
18
49
230
342219
821005
15770
1009
0.7
27245
SC
HARDEEVILLE
28
28
1000
455
75003
320245
812027
34454
819
0
9054
SC
MYRTLE BEACH
43
18
1000
459
39594
341119
791100
36913
1343
0.9
83969
SC
MYRTLE BEACH
32
32
165
186
77954
334350
790432
13305
334
0
61009
SC
ROCK HILL
30
15
403
212
67767
345023
810107
15304
1610
0.2
20624
SC
ROCK HILL
55
39
200
595
352144
810919
30125
2793
2.7
66391
SC
SPARTANBURG
7
7
20.5
657
74611
351012
821727
40644
2745
0.4
61011
SC
SPARTANBURG
49
43
50
302
345311
814916
16629
1263
4
61012
SC
SUMTER
27
28
98.4
364
335251
801615
22690
1018
0.4
40902
SC
SUMTER
63
39
500
391
66995
340658
804551
23915
1157
7.1
48659
SD
ABERDEEN
9
9
19.4
427
74475
450632
975330
32920
127
2.8
61064
SD
ABERDEEN
16
17
50
357
74927
452955
974035
21097
80
0
61067
SD
BROOKINGS
8
8
9.16
230
70586
442016
971342
19513
123
4.1
61071
SD
EAGLE BUTTE
13
13
21.9
518
74989
450320
1021540
37160
18
3
41975
SD
FLORENCE
3
3
3.7
241
74334
445753
973450
25730
122
0
28501
SD
HURON
12
12
13.5
259
84858
441139
981905
24749
77
1.1
34348
SD
LEAD
5
5
6.71
564
84816
441930
1035014
43278
164
0
17686
SD
LEAD
11
10
34.8
576
441936
1035012
44028
162
0
61063
SD
LOWRY
11
11
10.6
317
74386
451634
995903
27187
27
0.7
61062
SD
MARTIN
8
8
12.9
265
74461
432606
1013314
24925
28
0
55375
SD
MITCHELL
5
26
1000
315
434533
982444
31314
100
0
61066
SD
PIERRE
10
10
21.4
488
74447
435755
993556
37734
62
1.3
48660
SD
PIERRE
4
19
1000
378
44050
440307
1000503
30333
45
0
17688
SD
RAPID CITY
3
2
7.1
185
39981
440407
1031503
21008
131
0
34347
SD
RAPID CITY
7
7
12.3
204
80208
440400
1031501
19308
129
1
41969
SD
RAPID CITY
15
16
150
154
68112
440413
1031501
14080
118
0
81464
SD
RAPID CITY
21
21
50
211
74748
440533
1031453
14030
121
0
61068
SD
RAPID CITY
9
26
76.3
202
74931
440307
1031436
13945
117
0
41964
SD
RELIANCE
6
13
40
318
45870
435757
993611
27251
49
6.7
28521
SD
SIOUX FALLS
17
7
65
126
29257
432920
964540
21044
318
2.5
41983
SD
SIOUX FALLS
11
11
24.1
589
74495
433107
963205
40976
530
2
48658
SD
SIOUX FALLS
13
13
22.7
610
75012
433107
963205
41131
542
6.5
60728
SD
SIOUX FALLS
23
24
29
75
433428
963919
9342
217
0
29121
SD
SIOUX FALLS
36
36
152
209
433019
963419
16927
287
0
55379
SD
SIOUX FALLS
46
47
1000
608
433018
963322
43736
577
0
61072
SD
VERMILLION
2
34
236
204
430301
964701
17956
395
1.4
22590
TN
CHATTANOOGA
9
9
10.7
317
74516
350941
851903
21462
1022
4.4
54385
TN
CHATTANOOGA
12
12
20.3
376
74582
350806
851925
25744
1171
1.8
59137
TN
CHATTANOOGA
3
13
34.8
335
39987
350940
851851
22294
1065
3.6
65667
TN
CHATTANOOGA
45
29
200
336
351226
851652
20169
974
1.1
71353
TN
CHATTANOOGA
61
40
84
350
68567
351234
851639
15882
880
0.3
72060
TN
CLEVELAND
53
42
500
333
67273
351234
851639
21132
1017
0.3
69479
TN
COOKEVILLE
22
22
50
425
74600
361026
852037
20663
419
4.3
28468
TN
COOKEVILLE
28
36
733
429
64292
361604
864744
28993
1833
0.5
72971
TN
CROSSVILLE
20
20
189
719
75046
360633
842017
33281
1435
0.8
40761
TN
GREENEVILLE
39
38
1000
795
59933
360124
824256
33197
1840
0.2
60820
TN
HENDERSONVILLE
50
51
264
417
62261
361603
864744
23496
1687
1.5
68519
TN
JACKSON
16
39
392
296
354722
890614
23937
609
0
65204
TN
JACKSON
7
43
920
323
74935
353815
884132
29064
630
0.5
52628
TN
JELLICO
54
23
18
608
29572
361153
841351
18076
1024
0.6
57826
TN
JOHNSON CITY
11
11
23
692
74679
362555
820815
33619
1273
5.9
27504
TN
KINGSPORT
19
27
200
699
29681
362552
820817
20047
817
1.1
83931
TN
KNOXVILLE
7
55
382
66337
360036
835557
27676
1275
2.7
46984
TN
KNOXVILLE
10
10
24.7
530
75019
360013
835635
32945
1396
3.2
18267
TN
KNOXVILLE
15
17
100
551
355944
835723
25572
1229
0.4
71082
TN
KNOXVILLE
6
26
930
529
360013
835634
33972
1438
1.9
35908
TN
KNOXVILLE
8
30
398
551
355944
835723
29948
1352
0.8
19200
TN
KNOXVILLE
43
34
460
529
360013
835634
29596
1344
0.2
7651
TN
LEBANON
66
44
50
161
74936
360913
862246
9894
1179
0
71645
TN
LEXINGTON
11
47
1000
195
74937
354212
883610
20726
465
0
19184
TN
MEMPHIS
5
5
7.26
308
84821
351009
895312
33239
1600
0.8
85102
TN
MEMPHIS
10
3.2
306
74651
350916
894920
18964
1299
0.2
12521
TN
MEMPHIS
13
13
12.9
308
75055
351028
895041
26711
1453
0.6
81692
TN
MEMPHIS
14
23
255
379
80188
352803
901127
19956
1415
0.1
11907
TN
MEMPHIS
24
25
1000
340
351633
894638
32105
1643
1.3
66174
TN
MEMPHIS
3
28
1000
305
74938
351052
894956
30178
1518
0.3
42061
TN
MEMPHIS
10
29
835
320
350916
894920
30623
1534
0
68518
TN
MEMPHIS
30
31
871
340
351633
894638
31598
1615
0.2
21726
TN
MEMPHIS
50
51
1000
298
351241
894854
27402
1452
0.1
11117
TN
MURFREESBORO
39
38
1000
250
32815
360458
862552
20770
1547
0.1
36504
TN
NASHVILLE
5
5
10.3
425
80199
361605
864716
39216
2087
0.2
41398
TN
NASHVILLE
8
8
17.6
411
74578
360250
864949
31972
1855
1.7
41232
TN
NASHVILLE
4
10
42.4
415
360827
865156
36974
2000
0.9
418
TN
NASHVILLE
17
15
1000
411
39931
361550
864739
31670
1874
3
9971
TN
NASHVILLE
30
21
1000
413
39919
361550
864739
31591
1916
0.9
73310
TN
NASHVILLE
58
23
350
367
65623
361550
864739
25194
1708
0.1
73188
TN
NASHVILLE
2
27
946
411
360250
864949
36057
2007
0.1
18252
TN
SNEEDVILLE
2
41
445
567
362252
831049
30546
1678
1.1
81750
TN
TAZEWELL
48
48
193
431
74781
361530
833743
16166
1003
0.3
62293
TX
ABILENE
15
15
165
298
74734
321631
993523
18689
215
2.4
59988
TX
ABILENE
32
24
1000
258
321638
993551
27447
268
0
306
TX
ABILENE
9
29
1000
258
77885
321638
993551
22366
226
0
60537
TX
ALVIN
67
36
1000
579
43470
293415
953037
41745
4843
0
40446
TX
AMARILLO
7
7
21.9
518
74462
352229
1015258
39374
350
0
1236
TX
AMARILLO
2
8
5
519
352230
1015256
29297
314
5.6
51466
TX
AMARILLO
10
10
20.8
466
351734
1015042
37002
347
0.1
33722
TX
AMARILLO
14
15
925
464
352033
1014921
40775
356
0.1
8523
TX
AMARILLO
4
19
400
455
352033
1014921
34791
341
0
68834
TX
ARLINGTON
68
42
1000
368
60704
323525
965823
26621
5223
0.9
35649
TX
AUSTIN
7
7
15.9
384
74653
301836
974733
31188
1835
0
35920
TX
AUSTIN
36
21
700
395
301933
974758
34015
1894
1.8
8564
TX
AUSTIN
18
22
700
358
301919
974812
33104
1897
0.1
35867
TX
AUSTIN
24
33
1000
376
301918
974811
33409
1874
3
33691
TX
AUSTIN
42
43
1000
395
60307
301918
974811
31315
1837
2.1
144
TX
AUSTIN
54
49
500
396
28952
301933
974758
26233
1589
3.2
70492
TX
BAYTOWN
57
41
1000
596
38691
293415
953037
40536
4831
0
10150
TX
BEAUMONT
12
12
12.9
292
75047
301124
935315
27428
707
0
22589
TX
BEAUMONT
6
21
50
254
44573
300824
935844
14995
489
0
12896
TX
BEAUMONT
34
33
500
312
29808
301041
935426
23659
661
0
9754
TX
BELTON
46
46
232
360
74537
305908
973751
22126
1398
5.6
42008
TX
BIG SPRING
4
33
174
83
66027
321655
1012934
10867
96
0
125710
TX
BLANCO
17
18
224
204
75128
294148
983045
16810
1769
0
83715
TX
BORGER
31
700
306
66220
352033
1014920
23168
314
0
12523
TX
BROWNSVILLE
23
24
1000
445
39305
260601
975020
35542
959
0
60384
TX
BRYAN
28
28
50
220
75013
304118
962535
12801
270
0
6669
TX
BRYAN
3
50
1000
477
43579
303316
960151
36945
2953
0
65301
TX
COLLEGE STATION
15
12
3.2
119
74940
303748
962033
13045
278
4.9
58835
TX
CONROE
49
32
1000
555
74342
293415
953037
38783
4814
0
28324
TX
CONROE
55
42
1000
597
43288
293344
953035
39190
4840
0
10188
TX
CORPUS CHRISTI
3
8
160
269
65123
273930
973604
36835
541
0.1
33079
TX
CORPUS CHRISTI
10
10
14.3
287
74423
274650
973803
27676
539
0
25559
TX
CORPUS CHRISTI
6
13
46.1
240
71769
274429
973609
24373
527
1.8
58408
TX
CORPUS CHRISTI
16
23
200
273
31667
273920
973355
18472
500
0
64877
TX
CORPUS CHRISTI
28
27
1000
287
38420
274227
973759
26335
536
0
82910
TX
CORPUS CHRISTI
38
38
50
280
74770
274522
973625
12804
476
0
72054
TX
DALLAS
8
8
21.5
512
74356
323506
965841
39164
5431
0.5
49324
TX
DALLAS
13
14
475
500
323443
965712
39475
5462
0
22201
TX
DALLAS
33
32
780
537
36873
323235
965732
36512
5404
0
33770
TX
DALLAS
4
35
1000
511
74941
323506
965841
41095
5492
0
17037
TX
DALLAS
27
36
1000
495
29430
323236
965732
37393
5405
0.1
35994
TX
DALLAS
39
40
1000
494
323507
965806
40034
5463
0.1
67910
TX
DALLAS
58
45
1000
494
65026
323236
965732
33987
5352
0
73701
TX
DECATUR
29
30
1000
544
65411
323519
965805
37279
5435
0
55762
TX
DEL RIO
10
28
1000
100
292039
1005139
17248
56
0
49326
TX
DENTON
2
43
1000
494
64993
323235
965732
33538
5346
0
32621
TX
EAGLE PASS
16
24
57.5
85
84815
284332
1002835
17905
68
0
49832
TX
EL PASO
7
7
38.1
574
74410
314818
1062858
42990
854
0
67760
TX
EL PASO
9
9
24
582
74401
314818
1062857
39562
854
0
19117
TX
EL PASO
13
13
24.4
265
74485
314715
1062847
22908
849
0
33716
TX
EL PASO
14
15
1000
602
68879
314855
1062920
39112
857
0
33764
TX
EL PASO
4
18
1000
475
74942
314746
1062857
35035
851
0
51708
TX
EL PASO
26
25
1000
439
36510
314746
1062857
28858
851
0
10202
TX
EL PASO
38
39
50
557
74943
314855
1062917
18504
851
0
68753
TX
EL PASO
65
51
70
525
29633
314818
1062859
16890
846
0
81445
TX
FARWELL
18
18
50
112
74740
342621
1031222
9122
77
0
29015
TX
FORT WORTH
52
9
6.87
545
75052
323519
965805
25183
5229
1.5
23422
TX
FORT WORTH
11
11
26.3
500
74431
323443
965712
38000
5412
1.3
51517
TX
FORT WORTH
21
18
220
535
19052
323235
965732
28958
5279
0.4
49330
TX
FORT WORTH
5
41
1000
514
74944
323515
965759
40533
5475
0
24316
TX
FREDERICKSBURG
2
5
10.2
413
74707
300813
983635
38961
2966
0
24436
TX
GALVESTON
22
23
247
566
291756
951411
35208
4479
2.3
64984
TX
GALVESTON
47
48
1000
597
43454
293415
953037
39815
4836
0
35841
TX
GARLAND
23
23
186
518
323521
965812
33002
5332
0
42359
TX
GREENVILLE
47
46
600
496
60867
323236
965732
30628
5313
0.1
34457
TX
HARLINGEN
4
31
1000
368
44581
260856
974918
26278
949
0
12913
TX
HARLINGEN
44
34
200
283
65860
261300
974648
18751
925
0
56079
TX
HARLINGEN
60
38
1000
346
46306
260714
974918
25290
944
0
69269
TX
HOUSTON
8
8
21.9
564
80228
293428
952937
37914
4826
0.1
34529
TX
HOUSTON
11
11
17
570
293340
953004
38950
4822
0.5
35675
TX
HOUSTON
13
13
22.2
588
70860
293427
952937
42534
4833
0.4
51569
TX
HOUSTON
20
19
421
596
33045
293344
953035
36222
4827
0
12895
TX
HOUSTON
14
24
900
579
59136
293415
953037
42319
4848
0
22204
TX
HOUSTON
26
26
234
594
75005
293428
952937
31274
4768
0.1
53117
TX
HOUSTON
2
35
1000
585
293406
952957
45364
4862
0
23394
TX
HOUSTON
39
38
1000
582
33161
293406
952957
35952
4818
0
69531
TX
HOUSTON
61
44
1000
461
68030
293344
953035
32739
4777
0
60534
TX
IRVING
49
48
225
535
39591
323235
965732
27401
5245
0
55643
TX
JACKSONVILLE
56
22
1000
459
33098
320340
951850
35608
924
0.8
31870
TX
KATY
51
47
1000
597
69142
293415
953037
40037
4838
0
51518
TX
KERRVILLE
35
32
1000
531
46137
293638
985333
33391
1818
0.2
148
TX
KILLEEN
62
13
45
484
304334
975923
41662
1828
1.2
17433
TX
LAKE DALLAS
55
39
57.3
494
74617
323236
965732
18912
5077
0.9
10061
TX
LAREDO
8
8
33.3
285
74387
274021
993951
27256
199
5.9
33078
TX
LAREDO
13
13
3.2
280
74376
273114
993119
19464
201
1.8
51479
TX
LAREDO
27
19
200
49
36711
273004
993037
8202
193
0
35909
TX
LLANO
14
27
660
249
304036
983359
22137
903
9.7
70917
TX
LONGVIEW
51
31
1000
361
29517
321535
945702
29711
821
0.5
83913
TX
LONGVIEW
38
38
191
268
74771
321536
945702
15446
554
0.3
27507
TX
LUBBOCK
11
11
15
232
333232
1015014
24161
371
0.6
53544
TX
LUBBOCK
16
16
50
83
74990
333312
1014913
9355
283
0
40820
TX
LUBBOCK
28
27
1000
219
333133
1015207
23831
358
0
55031
TX
LUBBOCK
34
35
1000
274
333008
1015220
27678
377
0
65355
TX
LUBBOCK
5
39
890
143
32592
333455
1015325
14440
342
1.4
3660
TX
LUBBOCK
13
40
1000
219
333133
1015207
22626
354
0
68541
TX
LUFKIN
9
9
10
204
74363
312509
944803
20490
309
4.7
69692
TX
MCALLEN
48
49
1000
286
39111
260518
980344
23860
956
0
86263
TX
MIDLAND
18
18
240
284
74741
315019
1023159
16457
276
0
35131
TX
MIDLAND
2
26
1000
323
320511
1021710
32226
345
0
55644
TX
NACOGDOCHES
19
18
640
457
315420
950505
35050
829
8.3
6865
TX
ODESSA
7
7
13.1
226
80209
315150
1023441
25197
283
0
42007
TX
ODESSA
9
9
25.7
391
315917
1025241
34523
341
0
12524
TX
ODESSA
24
23
600
333
39998
320551
1021721
26889
324
0
84410
TX
ODESSA
30
30
50
212
74764
320551
1021721
11292
254
0
50044
TX
ODESSA
36
38
500
82
315158
1022248
14075
267
0
53541
TX
ODESSA
42
42
50
142
75023
320254
1021804
9745
254
0
61214
TX
PORT ARTHUR
4
40
1000
360
300920
935910
32745
776
0
62354
TX
RIO GRANDE CITY
40
20
1000
287
260723
980420
30426
971
0
53847
TX
ROSENBERG
45
45
356
578
74579
293344
953035
33056
4793
0
31114
TX
SAN ANGELO
8
11
18.8
434
312201
1000248
33418
163
2.4
307
TX
SAN ANGELO
3
16
1000
160
313722
1002614
21754
130
0
58560
TX
SAN ANGELO
6
19
1000
277
74948
313521
1003100
27865
132
0.3
749
TX
SAN ANTONIO
9
9
8.3
259
74347
291938
982117
21643
1787
0.4
53118
TX
SAN ANTONIO
12
12
18.4
427
70242
291611
981531
32978
1888
0.7
27300
TX
SAN ANTONIO
23
16
500
307
45032
291724
981520
24963
1830
0.2
56528
TX
SAN ANTONIO
29
30
1000
441
28869
291728
981612
34435
1982
0
64969
TX
SAN ANTONIO
60
38
1000
414
41078
291738
981530
29713
1891
0.2
26304
TX
SAN ANTONIO
5
39
751
424
74634
291607
981555
34215
1903
0.1
35881
TX
SAN ANTONIO
41
41
416
414
74547
291738
981530
25480
1848
0.2
69618
TX
SAN ANTONIO
4
48
844
451
74680
291610
981555
34527
1894
1.3
35954
TX
SHERMAN
12
12
14.4
543
74439
340158
964800
38337
946
13
77452
TX
SNYDER
17
17
184
138
74359
324652
1005352
8618
45
0
308
TX
SWEETWATER
12
20
561
427
74949
322448
1000625
31757
243
2.6
10245
TX
TEMPLE
6
9
25
527
41595
311624
971314
34738
1265
6.8
35648
TX
TEXARKANA
6
15
1000
454
325411
940020
42049
1055
0.1
68540
TX
TYLER
7
7
15
302
74360
323223
951312
25397
761
0.5
61173
TX
UVALDE
26
26
235
560
74761
293711
990257
31324
1771
1.6
35846
TX
VICTORIA
19
11
18
290
285042
970733
24235
256
13.4
73101
TX
VICTORIA
25
15
900
312
59285
285042
970733
29932
310
1.8
35903
TX
WACO
10
10
13.8
552
75056
311919
971858
38053
1164
1.1
6673
TX
WACO
34
20
700
319
69374
311917
972040
25553
679
0.9
9781
TX
WACO
25
26
1000
561
58939
312016
971836
38287
1343
2.2
12522
TX
WACO
44
44
160
552
74667
311852
971937
22371
743
10
43328
TX
WESLACO
5
13
57
445
38452
260602
975021
33861
962
0
7675
TX
WICHITA FALLS
18
15
1000
325
39767
341205
984345
24386
379
3
6864
TX
WICHITA FALLS
6
22
200
311
335404
983221
23697
346
0
65370
TX
WICHITA FALLS
3
28
1000
274
335323
983330
28507
377
0
77719
TX
WOLFFORTH
22
43
77.1
228
80190
333008
1015220
15511
312
0
59494
UT
CEDAR CITY
4
14
1000
819
373229
1130404
45405
141
0
69694
UT
LOGAN
12
12
22.3
690
74725
414703
1121355
32963
792
5.9
77512
UT
OGDEN
24
24
450
1229
59860
403933
1121207
37197
1798
0
69582
UT
OGDEN
9
36
200
1256
38687
403933
1121207
29628
1781
0
1136
UT
OGDEN
30
48
200
1257
41318
403933
1121207
27529
1768
0
84277
UT
PRICE
3
11
51.1
658
74335
394522
1105922
39858
210
0
57884
UT
PROVO
16
29
530
1171
18846
403912
1121206
27532
1785
0
81451
UT
PROVO
32
32
138
812
75067
401645
1115600
17405
1617
0
6823
UT
PROVO
11
44
346
1257
32909
403933
1121207
31400
1787
0
82576
UT
RICHFIELD
19
0.33
441
46081
383804
1120333
4806
22
0
22215
UT
SALT LAKE CITY
13
13
43.4
1234
74476
403932
1121208
38745
1812
0.4
10177
UT
SALT LAKE CITY
20
20
73.3
1171
74746
403912
1121206
24439
1734
0
35823
UT
SALT LAKE CITY
2
34
423
1267
39866
403933
1121207
34886
1796
0
6359
UT
SALT LAKE CITY
5
38
546
1267
19903
403933
1121207
34973
1791
0
68889
UT
SALT LAKE CITY
4
40
476
1256
27794
403933
1121207
33954
1790
0
69396
UT
SALT LAKE CITY
7
42
239
1266
30673
403933
1121207
30198
1785
0
36607
UT
SALT LAKE CITY
14
46
123
1181
75006
403912
1121206
27341
1761
0
35822
UT
ST. GEORGE
12
9
3.2
43
44874
370348
1133423
4214
85
0.4
82585
UT
ST. GEORGE
18
1.62
67
43602
370350
1133420
3637
81
0
83729
UT
VERNAL
6
16
1000
676
74714
402122
1090841
36226
44
0
69532
VA
ARLINGTON
14
15
900
173
29445
385624
770454
19793
6911
0.2
10897
VA
ASHLAND
65
47
1000
249
28058
374431
771515
20211
1398
0.3
2455
VA
BRISTOL
5
5
8.93
680
80200
362657
820631
46471
1934
0.7
363
VA
CHARLOTTESVILLE
19
19
50
326
74743
375903
782852
14121
381
1.2
70309
VA
CHARLOTTESVILLE
29
32
1000
368
67231
375902
782853
28673
1512
1.8
9990
VA
CHARLOTTESVILLE
41
46
340
332
41219
375859
782902
16348
439
7.4
15507
VA
DANVILLE
24
24
141
332
370210
793230
21206
917
0
9999
VA
FAIRFAX
56
24
50
215
74668
385228
771324
14900
5838
0.1
66378
VA
FRONT ROYAL
42
21
50
400
32594
385736
781952
13538
714
16.9
10019
VA
GOLDVEIN
30
160
229
383743
772621
17529
4650
0.5
37808
VA
GRUNDY
68
49
1000
662
364947
820445
35029
1179
0.8
74167
VA
HAMPTON
13
13
19.1
344
74561
364900
762806
31544
1937
1.1
25932
VA
HAMPTON-NORFOLK
15
16
950
361
33525
364831
763013
33081
2003
0
4688
VA
HARRISONBURG
3
49
65
638
383605
783757
15417
468
1.1
73988
VA
LYNCHBURG
13
13
19.6
568
74507
371854
793806
34544
1169
1.1
24812
VA
LYNCHBURG
21
20
400
500
39495
371914
793758
27193
972
3.4
74091
VA
MANASSAS
66
34
1000
254
72356
385701
770447
10594
3094
35.3
5982
VA
MARION
52
42
100
448
365407
813232
17079
494
1.1
40759
VA
NORFOLK
33
33
905
361
74538
364831
763013
26943
1894
0
47401
VA
NORFOLK
3
40
950
377
364831
763013
33295
2003
0
67077
VA
NORFOLK
49
46
1000
360
19107
364831
763013
27594
1786
0.2
5985
VA
NORTON
47
32
100
591
365353
823721
27184
974
0.1
74416
VA
PETERSBURG
8
22
450
328
373045
773605
28598
1526
0
71127
VA
PORTSMOUTH
10
31
1000
280
364914
763041
28778
1917
0
9762
VA
PORTSMOUTH
27
50
800
264
364843
762745
23806
1762
0
30833
VA
RICHMOND
12
12
5.41
241
74618
373023
773012
21438
1277
2.4
57832
VA
RICHMOND
6
25
410
347
373045
773605
28828
1531
0
412
VA
RICHMOND
35
26
800
328
373045
773605
30742
1594
1.4
9987
VA
RICHMOND
23
42
160
346
373045
773604
22009
1323
2.3
9989
VA
RICHMOND
57
44
100
328
373045
773605
20348
1242
0
5981
VA
ROANOKE
15
3
7.25
618
39733
371146
800917
42351
1469
0
24813
VA
ROANOKE
27
17
400
594
29905
371146
800916
28286
1106
5.1
71329
VA
ROANOKE
7
18
460
606
371142
800923
36523
1296
1.3
57840
VA
ROANOKE
10
30
950
592
69296
371203
800854
31210
1162
4
70251
VA
ROANOKE
38
36
700
623
27852
371137
800925
28659
1055
1.3
60111
VA
STAUNTON
51
11
3.2
680
31834
380954
791851
19631
552
5.6
82574
VA
VIRGINIA BEACH
21
7
4.86
310
75265
364831
763012
19356
1714
0.1
65387
VA
VIRGINIA BEACH
43
29
1000
241
30040
364914
763041
21875
1737
0
11259
VT
BURLINGTON
22
13
10
831
71724
443133
724857
32138
587
0.2
46728
VT
BURLINGTON
3
22
444
835
80197
443136
724857
42718
620
0.4
69944
VT
BURLINGTON
33
32
90
830
443132
724851
30304
536
0
10132
VT
BURLINGTON
44
43
47
839
71757
443133
724857
24761
479
0.8
73344
VT
HARTFORD
31
25
117
651
43680
432615
722708
21926
618
0.1
69946
VT
RUTLAND
28
9
15
385
67939
433931
730625
21748
544
2.8
69940
VT
ST. JOHNSBURY
20
18
67
590
443416
715339
21648
239
0.7
69943
VT
WINDSOR
41
24
55.7
692
432615
722708
23709
772
0.4
56852
WA
BELLEVUE
33
33
179
716
80219
473017
1215803
26579
3579
0
4624
WA
BELLEVUE
51
50
240
719
17552
473017
1215804
28362
3664
0
53586
WA
BELLINGHAM
24
19
165
757
43180
484046
1225031
33673
982
7.4
35862
WA
BELLINGHAM
12
35
612
722
74955
484040
1224948
43278
1644
0
62468
WA
CENTRALIA
15
19
43.7
334
463316
1230326
13904
489
22.8
35396
WA
EVERETT
16
31
700
218
44001
473755
1222059
18375
3525
0
2495
WA
KENNEWICK
42
44
160
390
460611
1190754
23073
373
0
56029
WA
PASCO
19
18
50
366
74956
460551
1191130
20149
362
0
71024
WA
PULLMAN
10
10
6.2
408
74411
465143
1171026
25722
259
0
78921
WA
PULLMAN
24
24
1000
569
66879
473444
1171746
32886
657
0
12427
WA
RICHLAND
25
26
200
411
460612
1190749
26245
384
0
71023
WA
RICHLAND
31
38
47.6
361
60199
460612
1190740
11914
290
0
33749
WA
SEATTLE
9
9
7.49
252
74562
473658
1221828
21801
3579
0
69571
WA
SEATTLE
22
25
1000
290
473657
1221826
27243
3646
0
21656
WA
SEATTLE
4
38
1000
247
74957
473755
1222109
22159
3592
0.1
66781
WA
SEATTLE
7
39
1000
230
65845
473801
1222120
19081
3534
0.1
49264
WA
SEATTLE
45
44
240
714
38740
473017
1215806
25492
3632
0
34847
WA
SEATTLE
5
48
960
239
18954
473755
1222059
18736
3562
0
34537
WA
SPOKANE
6
7
45.1
653
74388
473452
1171747
45079
684
0
61956
WA
SPOKANE
7
8
21.6
558
473434
1171758
36062
666
0.2
61978
WA
SPOKANE
4
13
23.3
936
475518
1170648
46084
655
0.3
34868
WA
SPOKANE
2
20
893
641
64696
473541
1171753
37651
663
0
58684
WA
SPOKANE
28
28
91.4
601
74486
473444
1171746
26401
586
0
81694
WA
SPOKANE
34
34
104
450
74766
473604
1171753
17181
537
0
35606
WA
SPOKANE
22
36
250
622
64693
473541
1171753
20760
538
0
23428
WA
TACOMA
11
11
14.7
271
84854
473656
1221829
24877
3628
0
33894
WA
TACOMA
13
13
23.1
610
84835
473253
1224822
35976
3815
0
67950
WA
TACOMA
20
14
90
473
39524
473250
1224740
22129
3629
0
62469
WA
TACOMA
28
27
47.2
224
471641
1223042
13991
3136
0
35419
WA
TACOMA
56
42
144
695
473017
1215806
29896
3638
0
35460
WA
VANCOUVER
49
30
741
528
453119
1224453
29877
2443
1.4
84238
WA
WALLA WALLA
9
9
45
432
460558
1190740
38298
459
0.1
2506
WA
YAKIMA
35
14
160
293
463157
1203037
15036
248
0.1
12395
WA
YAKIMA
23
16
200
266
463159
1203026
14954
247
0
33752
WA
YAKIMA
47
21
50
280
463158
1203033
11735
236
0
56033
WA
YAKIMA
29
33
50
296
74958
463158
1203033
10949
235
0
86496
WI
ANTIGO
46
50
286
38603
450322
892754
11094
243
0.1
361
WI
APPLETON
32
27
50
336
74693
442130
875848
19462
961
0
2709
WI
CHIPPEWA FALLS
48
49
1000
203
445724
914003
20780
395
0
81503
WI
CRANDON
4
12
3.2
119
74710
453423
885257
11762
86
0.4
77789
WI
EAGLE RIVER
34
28
70
144
67695
454630
891455
12379
92
0.2
7893
WI
EAU CLAIRE
13
13
22.9
607
74548
443951
905741
43031
858
2
64550
WI
EAU CLAIRE
18
15
200
280
67697
444800
912757
19543
336
0.2
60571
WI
FOND DU LAC
68
44
700
195
66227
432620
883129
18054
2137
0.1
4150
WI
GREEN BAY
11
11
17.2
384
75053
442431
875929
31619
1089
2.6
74417
WI
GREEN BAY
2
23
1000
372
442435
880006
35501
1152
0.6
9635
WI
GREEN BAY
5
39
1000
364
68312
442001
875856
30736
1115
1.4
2708
WI
GREEN BAY
26
41
1000
321
27828
442130
875848
26965
1084
0.8
18798
WI
GREEN BAY
38
42
200
375
442434
880006
25059
1041
0.5
26025
WI
JANESVILLE
57
32
200
387
65253
430303
892913
25102
1265
0.3
37104
WI
KENOSHA
55
40
830
358
43896
430544
875417
26695
2947
0.4
74424
WI
LA CROSSE
8
8
20.3
462
74563
440528
912016
35254
714
2.5
64549
WI
LA CROSSE
19
14
250
327
434823
912202
25195
419
0.8
2710
WI
LA CROSSE
25
17
450
349
29449
434815
912220
25973
487
0.6
18780
WI
LA CROSSE
31
30
308
345
434817
912206
25639
421
0
10221
WI
MADISON
47
11
15
471
30020
430321
893206
29375
1533
4.4
6870
WI
MADISON
15
19
56
387
430303
892913
21196
1026
3.9
6096
WI
MADISON
21
20
100
453
430321
893206
26579
1250
1.2
64545
WI
MADISON
27
26
400
455
33126
430321
893206
30128
1450
1.3
65143
WI
MADISON
3
50
603
466
430321
893206
32793
1639
2.5
68547
WI
MAYVILLE
52
43
300
186
432611
883134
16768
1878
7.9
18793
WI
MENOMONIE
28
27
291
350
450249
915147
26272
743
13.7
42663
WI
MILWAUKEE
10
8
25
354
67092
430546
875415
29509
3035
1.4
74174
WI
MILWAUKEE
18
18
368
302
74698
430544
875417
22781
2496
3.6
72342
WI
MILWAUKEE
30
22
196
297
42943
430544
875417
19180
2440
1.3
71278
WI
MILWAUKEE
24
25
625
340
41342
430544
875417
26207
2873
1.1
74098
WI
MILWAUKEE
4
28
1000
305
74959
430529
875407
30594
2856
4.5
73107
WI
MILWAUKEE
6
33
1000
305
74960
430524
875347
30009
2916
0.6
65680
WI
MILWAUKEE
12
34
863
263
59757
430642
875542
23269
2660
0
42665
WI
MILWAUKEE
36
35
500
355
66933
430546
875415
25395
2769
0.1
71427
WI
MILWAUKEE
58
46
1000
322
32644
430642
875550
27046
2827
1.9
63046
WI
PARK FALLS
36
36
50
445
74583
455643
901628
22223
139
0
68545
WI
RACINE
49
48
176
303
74961
430515
875401
17104
2279
0.1
49699
WI
RHINELANDER
12
16
538
489
28605
454003
891229
38587
375
0
33658
WI
SUPERIOR
6
19
384
312
464721
920651
26329
264
0
73042
WI
SURING
14
21
450
332
43297
442001
875856
20367
938
0.2
6867
WI
WAUSAU
7
7
16.9
369
74555
445514
894131
31405
527
0.7
64546
WI
WAUSAU
9
9
17
369
75014
445514
894131
31158
526
0.8
73036
WI
WAUSAU
20
24
172
387
445514
894128
26595
482
0.2
86204
WI
WITTENBERG
55
50
160
327
74788
450322
892754
18272
378
1.2
37806
WV
BLUEFIELD
40
40
1000
386
74377
371308
811539
24131
705
1.2
74176
WV
BLUEFIELD
6
46
1000
372
371520
811054
25413
700
0.2
417
WV
CHARLESTON
11
19
475
514
382428
815413
37398
1311
0.3
73189
WV
CHARLESTON
29
39
1000
350
40580
382812
814635
25868
924
2
71280
WV
CHARLESTON
8
41
475
514
382428
815413
33607
1168
3.1
10976
WV
CLARKSBURG
46
10
30
235
44599
391802
802037
21897
566
4.9
71220
WV
CLARKSBURG
12
12
11.3
262
80238
391706
801946
22840
584
2.1
71680
WV
GRANDVIEW
9
10
18.6
305
80261
375346
805921
24852
649
2.1
23342
WV
HUNTINGTON
13
13
16
396
70338
383021
821233
27894
1025
4.7
36912
WV
HUNTINGTON
3
23
724
402
383036
821310
33731
1182
0.6
71657
WV
HUNTINGTON
33
34
63.1
379
74962
382941
821203
16631
738
1
74169
WV
LEWISBURG
59
8
3.68
577
374622
804225
26153
590
1.7
23264
WV
MARTINSBURG
60
12
23
314
392727
780352
24844
2471
6.6
71676
WV
MORGANTOWN
24
33
145
457
74963
394145
794545
20788
1370
0.5
66804
WV
OAK HILL
4
50
1000
236
80182
375726
810903
18914
515
1.7
4685
WV
PARKERSBURG
15
49
47.4
193
392059
813356
12882
350
1.5
70592
WV
WESTON
5
5
7.09
268
84822
390427
802528
29741
640
0.5
6869
WV
WHEELING
7
7
15.5
293
74497
400341
804508
25673
2373
0.1
82575
WY
CASPER
6
6
1
536
74715
424426
1062134
20136
70
0
68713
WY
CASPER
13
12
3.2
534
74727
424426
1062134
18050
70
0
63177
WY
CASPER
14
14
53.3
573
74389
424426
1062134
25030
70
0
18286
WY
CASPER
2
17
741
588
424403
1062000
40682
80
0.1
74256
WY
CASPER
20
20
52.4
582
74425
424437
1061831
21652
70
0
18287
WY
CHEYENNE
33
11
16
650
67257
403247
1051150
28369
2763
0
40250
WY
CHEYENNE
27
27
169
232
74478
410255
1045328
13499
438
0
63166
WY
CHEYENNE
5
30
630
189
410601
1050023
18799
415
2.9
1283
WY
JACKSON
2
2
1
293
74378
432742
1104510
17622
31
0
35103
WY
JACKSON
11
11
3.2
327
74724
432742
1104510
10697
22
0
63162
WY
LANDER
5
7
31.7
82
74964
425343
1084334
15754
32
2.8
10036
WY
LANDER
4
8
60
463
74965
423459
1084236
36626
35
0.6
10032
WY
LARAMIE
8
8
3.2
318
74718
411717
1052642
12970
109
0.1
21612
WY
RAWLINS
11
9
3.2
70
74966
414615
1071425
9432
11
0
21613
WY
RIVERTON
10
10
13.9
526
74402
432726
1081202
26335
49
0.1
63170
WY
ROCK SPRINGS
13
13
14.2
495
74448
412621
1090642
33002
43
0
81191
WY
SHERIDAN
7
7
3.2
349
74717
443720
1070657
12316
28
0
17680
WY
SHERIDAN
12
13
50
372
443720
1070657
32735
52
0
51233
GU
AGANA
8
8
3.2
282
132553
−1444236
25511
GU
AGANA
12
12
38.9
75
132613
−1444817
29232
GU
TAMUNING
14
14
50
1
133009
−1444817
3255
PR
AGUADA
50
50
50
343
74700
181907
671048
13079
862
2.3
71725
PR
AGUADILLA
12
12
7.31
665
74705
180900
665900
35964
1570
1.9
61573
PR
AGUADILLA
44
17
50
372
74920
181906
671042
17148
918
2.5
26602
PR
AGUADILLA
32
34
250
605
180906
665923
35049
1393
6.6
26676
PR
ARECIBO
60
14
50
833
80214
180917
663316
23099
2851
9.4
3001
PR
ARECIBO
54
46
50
600
74610
181406
664536
16621
2420
5.7
4110
PR
BAYAMON
36
30
50
329
74691
181640
660638
14518
2514
0.5
19777
PR
CAGUAS
11
11
3.2
357
74649
181654
660646
16753
2655
0.1
8156
PR
CAGUAS
58
48
50
329
74666
181640
660638
12923
2406
2.3
54443
PR
CAROLINA
52
51
450
585
32803
181644
655112
30994
2770
0.1
73901
PR
FAJARDO
13
13
2.8
863
181836
654741
34770
2702
0.1
2174
PR
FAJARDO
40
16
140
852
79754
181835
654743
29992
2734
3.4
15320
PR
FAJARDO
34
33
50
848
74765
181836
654741
24915
2595
0
18410
PR
GUAYAMA
46
45
50
642
74921
181648
655108
23740
2490
0.9
67190
PR
HUMACAO
68
49
46
623
75154
181644
655110
20292
2501
0.9
60357
PR
MAYAGUEZ
16
22
50
338
74738
181851
671124
16336
808
14.3
73336
PR
MAYAGUEZ
22
23
400
693
65201
180900
665900
37898
1376
0.9
64865
PR
MAYAGUEZ
5
29
1000
607
180902
665920
45696
1574
14.2
53863
PR
MAYAGUEZ
3
35
620
674
180900
665900
43682
1920
0.1
19561
PR
NARANJITO
64
18
50
142
74703
181734
661602
12482
2515
0.1
60341
PR
PONCE
7
7
16.4
826
80207
180917
663316
46704
3722
0
19776
PR
PONCE
9
9
15.6
857
84832
181009
663436
47124
3693
0
26681
PR
PONCE
14
15
380
839
67269
181010
663436
41344
3361
5.7
58341
PR
PONCE
20
19
700
269
65948
180449
664453
24888
1701
0.1
2175
PR
PONCE
26
25
200
310
41622
180448
664456
19187
1516
0
29000
PR
PONCE
48
47
50
247
74924
180450
664450
11769
1118
0.3
58340
PR
SAN JUAN
24
21
1000
564
181645
655114
44300
3102
0.4
52073
PR
SAN JUAN
4
27
1000
794
180642
660305
53151
3389
0.5
64983
PR
SAN JUAN
2
28
871
861
74925
180654
660310
52474
3313
4
4077
PR
SAN JUAN
30
31
75.9
287
181630
660536
14563
2453
2.1
28954
PR
SAN JUAN
18
32
50
847
77557
181836
654741
23429
2359
1.9
53859
PR
SAN JUAN
6
43
791
825
74633
180642
660305
48283
3343
0
58342
PR
SAN SEBASTIAN
38
39
700
627
65242
180900
665900
34738
1692
0
39887
PR
YAUCO
42
41
185
832
181010
663436
39318
3448
0
3113
VI
CHARLOTTE AMALIE
17
17
50
455
182126
645650
24541
104
0.1
83270
VI
CHARLOTTE AMALIE
43
1.4
28
182043
645545
1687
0
0
70287
VI
CHARLOTTE AMALIE
12
44
30.4
505
75403
182128
645653
18332
11
0
84407
VI
CHRISTIANSTED
15
15
50
296
74735
174521
644756
14545
0
0
2370
VI
CHRISTIANSTED
8
20
501
292
74953
174521
644756
17484
7
0
83304
VI
CHRISTIANSTED
39
23
0.85
130
174440
644340
5461
0
0
Appendix C—List of Petitions for Reconsideration, Oppositions, and Replies
Petitions for Reconsideration (filed by October 26, 2007)
1. Ackerley Broadcasting Operations, LLC.
2. Allbritton Communications Company Gannett Co., Inc.
3. American Christian Television Service, Inc.
4. Arkansas 49, Inc.
5. Arkansas Educational Television Commission.
6. Bahakel Communications, Ltd.
7. Barrington Traverse City Licensee, LLC.
8. Belo Corp.
9. BlueStone License Holdings, Inc.
10. Board of Regents of the Montana University System.
11. Board of Regents of the Montana University System.
12. Brigham Young University.
13. CBS Corporation.
14. CBS Corporation.
15. Channel 20 TV Company.
16. Community Television of Southern California.
17. Connecticut Public Broadcasting, Inc.
18. Corridor Television, LLP.
19. Davis Television Clarksburg, LLC.
20. Duluth-Superior Area Educational Television Corporation.
21. Ellis Communications KDOC Licensee, Inc.
22. Florida West Coast Public Broadcasting, Inc.
23. Fort Meyers Broadcasting Company.
24. Fox Television Stations, Inc.
25. Gannett Co., Inc.
26. Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission.
27. Granite Broadcasting Corporation.
28. Granite Broadcasting Corporation.
29. Gray Television, Inc.
30. Hawaii Public Television Foundation.
31. Hearst-Argyle Television, Inc.
32. Hoak Media, LLC.
33. Hoak Media, LLC.
34. Holston Valley Broadcasting Corporation.
35. Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc. KAAL-DT.
36. Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc. WDIO-DT.
37. Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc. WIRT-DT.
38. Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc.
39. Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc.
40. Independence Television Company.
41. Independent Communications, Inc.
42. Independent Communications, Inc.
43. International Broadcasting Corporation.
44. Joint Public Television Petitioners.
45. KAZT, LLC.
46. KEVN, Inc.
47. KTVU Partnership.
48. KWWL Television, Inc.
49. Lambert Broadcasting of Burlington, LLC.
50. Lehigh Valley Public Telecommunications Corp.
51. Lima Communications Corporation.
52. LIN Television Corporation.
53. Long Communications, LLC.
54. Malara Broadcast Group, Inc.
55. Maranatha Broadcasting Company, Inc.
56. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
57. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
58. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
59. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
60. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
61. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
62. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
63. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
64. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
65. Media General Communications Holdings, LLC.
66. Meredith Corporation.
67. Meredith Corporation.
68. Meredith Corporation.
69. Mississippi Authority for Educational Television.
70. Mississippi Television, LLC.
71. Montana State University.
72. Montecito Hawaii License, LLC.
73. Montecito Hawaii License, LLC.
74. The Association for Maximum Service Television—MSTV.
75. Mt. Mansfield Television, Inc.
76. Mullaney Engineering, Inc.
77. Nashville Public Television, Inc.
78. NBC Telemundo License Co.
79. Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc.
80. Oklahoma Educational Television Authority.
81. Pappas Telecasting of America South Central Communications Corporation.
82. Paxson Denver License, Inc.
83. Post-Newsweek Stations, Orlando, Inc.
84. Radio Perry, Inc.
85. Raycom Media, Inc.
86. Red River Broadcast Co., LLC KBRR-DT.
87. Red River Broadcast Co., LLC KNRR-DT.
88. Rocky Mountain Public Broadcasting Network, Inc.
89. Schurz Communications, Inc.
90. Scripps Howard Broadcasting Company.
91. Silverton Broadcasting Company, Inc., Mark III Media, Inc. and First National Broadcasting Corp.
92. Sky Television, LLC.
93. South Carolina Educational Television Commission.
94. Southeastern Media Holdings, Inc.
95. Southern TV Corporation.
96. Sunflower Broadcasting.
97. Surtsey Media, LLC.
98. Tribune Broadcasting Company.
99. Tri-State Public Teleplex, Inc.
100. Marcia T. Turner d/b/a Turner Enterprises.
101. Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.
102. United Communications Corporation.
103. University of Alaska.
104. University of Houston System.
105. Univision Communications, Inc.
106. Univision New York, LLC.
107. Vermont ETV, Inc.
108. The Walt Disney Company.
109. WDEF-TV, Inc.
110. West Virginia Media Holdings LLC.
111. WHYY, Inc.
112. Winston Broadcasting Network, Inc.
113. Withers Broadcasting Company of West Virginia.
114. WMMP Licensee, L.P.
115. WNAC, LLC.
116. Woods Communications Corporation.
117. WSJV Television, Inc.
118. WTAT Licensee, LLC.
119. WTOV, Inc.
120. WTVZ Licensee, LLC.
121. WVTV Licensee, Inc.
122. WWAZ License, LLC.
123. WWBT, Inc.
124. Dr. Joseph A. Zavaletta.
Oppositions (Filed by November 6, 2007 or December 3, 2007)
1. Alamo Public Telecommunications Council.
2. KTBC License, Inc.
3. Mid State Television, Inc.
4. Primeland Television, Inc.
5. Sonshine Family Television, Inc.
6. Sonshine Family Television, Inc.
7. State of Wisconsin—Educational Communications Board.
8. The Association for Maximum Service Television, Inc.
9. The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama.
10. West Virginia Educational Broadcasting Authority.
11. WOOD License Company, LLC.
12. WTNH Broadcasting, Inc.
Replies to Oppositions (Filed by November 16, 2007 or December 13, 2007)
1. Barrington Traverse City Licensee, LLC (12/21/07) (Request for Extension filed on 12/13).
2. Belo Corp.
3. Connecticut Public Broadcasting, Inc.
4. Corridor Television, LLP.
5. Gannett Co., Inc.
6. Gannett Co., Inc.
7. Robert E. Lee.
8. Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.
Other Pleadings
1. Allbritton Communications Company Gannett Co., Inc.
2. Arkansas Educational Television Commission.
3. Bahakel Communications, Ltd.
4. Barrington Traverse City Licensee, LLC.
5. Brigham Young University.
6. Connecticut Public Broadcasting, Inc.
7. Corridor Television, LLP.
8. Corridor Television, LLP.
9. Dan Priestley.
10. Fox Television Stations of Philadelphia, Inc.
11. Gannett Co., Inc.
12. Hawaii Public Television Foundation.
13. Hoak Media, LLC.
14. Holston Valley Broadcasting Corporation.
15. Holston Valley Broadcasting Corporation.
16. Holston Valley Broadcasting Corporation.
17. Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc., KAAL-DT.
18. KEVN, Inc.
19. Koplar Communications International.
20. KWWL Television, Inc.
21. Lehigh Valley Public Telecommunications Corp.
22. Media General.
23. Media General.
24. Media General.
25. Robert E. Lee.
26. SagamoreHill Broadcasting of Wyoming/Northern Colorado, LLC.
27. Sangre de Cristo Communications, Inc.
28. Sunbelt Multimedia Co.
29. United Communications.
30. West Virginia Media Holdings, LLC.
31. WKYC-TV, Inc.
32. WMMP Licensee L.P.
33. WTAT Licensee, LLC.
34. WTVZ Licensee, LLC.
35. WVTV Licensee, Inc.
Ex Parte/Late Filed Comments (Filed After October 26, 2007, December 13, 2007 and November 16, 2007)
1. Davis Television Wasau, LLC.
2. EME Communications.
3. KMBC Hearst-Argyle Television, Inc.
4. Mountain TV, LLC.
5. School Board of Miami Dade County, Florida.
6. Lake Superior Community Broadcast Corporation.
7. Mullaney Engineering Inc.
Notices of Ex Parte Communications
1. Allbritton Communications Company Gannett Co., Inc.
2. Association of Public Television Stations.
3. Capitol Broadcasting/Hubbard Broadcasting.
4. Cohen, Dippell and Everist, P.C.
5. Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission.
6. Holston Valley Broadcasting Corporation.
7. ION Media Networks.
8. ION Media Networks, Inc.
9. MSTV.
10. MSTV.
11. MSTV.
12. MSTV.
13. MSTV Inc.
14. MSTV Inc.
15. MSTV Inc.
16. MSTV Inc.
17. MSTV Inc.
18. MSTV Inc.
19. Sunflower Broadcasting, Inc.
20. The Association of Maximum Service Television—MSTV.
21. The Walt Disney Company, CBS Corporation, Capitol Broadcasting, Hubbard Broadcasting.
22. Tribune Broadcasting Company.
Appendix D1.—Granted Requests for Minor Adjustments
Call sign
Facility ID No.
Community
State
Current NTSC channel
Current DTV channel
Post transition
channel
WISE
13960
FORT WAYNE
IN
33
19
19
KCTV
41230
KANSAS CITY
MO
5
24
24
KMDE
162016
DEVILS LAKE
ND
25
25
WCNY
53734
SYRACUSE
NY
24
25
25
KBJR
33658
SUPERIOR
WI
6
19
19
Appendix D2.—Granted Requests for Changes to Certification That Meet the Interference Criteria
Call sign
Facility ID No.
Community
State
Current NTSC channel
Current DTV channel
Post transition
channel
File No.
KAKM
804
ANCHORAGE
AK
7
8
8
BLEDT-20050915APL
WFIQ
715
FLORENCE
AL
36
22
22
BLEDT-20060718ACG
WHIQ
713
HUNTSVILLE
AL
25
24
24
BLEDT-20060927ALU
WAIQ
706
MONTGOMERY
AL
26
27
27
BLEDT-20060706ACK
KKYK
86534
CAMDEN
AR
49
49
BPCDT-20050224ABE
KDOC
24518
ANAHEIM
CA
56
32
32
BMPCDT-20040323ATA
KAEF
8263
ARCATA
CA
23
22
22
BPCDT-20070914AAG
KVCR
58795
SAN BERNARDINO
CA
24
26
26
BLEDT-20070904AIC
KPXC
68695
DENVER
CO
59
43
43
BPCDT-19990923AAM
KRMA
14040
DENVER
CO
6
18
18
BMPEDT-20061205AAG
KFCT
125
FORT COLLINS
CO
22
21
21
BMPCDT-20050916ACG
WINK
22093
FORT MYERS
FL
11
9
9
BLCDT-20060531ADP
WCWJ
29712
JACKSONVILLE
FL
17
34
34
BLCDT-20060630AFM
WSRE
17611
PENSACOLA
FL
23
31
31
BLEDT-20060621AAS
WGSA
69446
BAXLEY
GA
34
35
35
BMPCDT-20060717AAC
WPGA
54728
PERRY
GA
58
32
32
BMPCDT-20041203ADW
KFVE
34445
HONOLULU
HI
5
23
23
BDSTA-20041012AKF
KHNL
34867
HONOLULU
HI
13
35
35
BLCDT-20070220ABH
KQIN
5471
DAVENPORT
IA
36
34
34
BMPEDT-20070809AAX
KTIN
29100
FORT DODGE
IA
21
25
25
BMPEDT-20060911AAJ
KYIN
29086
MASON CITY
IA
24
18
18
BMPEDT-20060714ABL
KSIN
29096
SIOUX CITY
IA
27
28
28
BLEDT-20050726AMC
WSBT
73983
SOUTH BEND
IN
22
30
22
BMPCDT-20050613AFU
KSWK
60683
LAKIN
KS
3
8
8
BLEDT-20050203ADS
WKLE
34207
LEXINGTON
KY
46
42
42
BLEDT-20060926AJQ
KALB
51598
ALEXANDRIA
LA
5
35
35
BPCDT-19991025ACQ
WWLP
6868
SPRINGFIELD
MA
22
11
11
BLCDT-20060619AAS
KDLH
4691
DULUTH
MN
3
33
33
BMPCDT-20060519AAE
KOZJ
51101
JOPLIN
MO
26
25
25
BLEDT-20060620ABP
KYTV
36003
SPRINGFIELD
MO
3
44
44
BLCDT-20020213AAA
KUSM
43567
BOZEMAN
MT
9
8
8
BLEDT-20050926ALC
WSFX
72871
WILMINGTON
NC
26
30
30
BMPCDT-20060630ADE
KRWG
55516
LAS CRUCES
NM
22
23
23
BMPEDT-20041104AXJ
WNLO
71905
BUFFALO
NY
23
32
32
BLCDT-20070320AAV
WSKA
78908
CORNING
NY
30
30
BLEDT-20060705ABL
WBNX
72958
AKRON
OH
55
30
30
BLCDT-20070430AXX
WCET
65666
CINCINNATI
OH
48
34
34
BLEDT-20061031AAR
WLIO
37503
LIMA
OH
35
8
8
BMPCDT-20060517ABE
WQCW
65130
PORTSMOUTH
OH
30
17
17
BLCDT-20060630AFJ
WFMZ
39884
ALLENTOWN
PA
69
46
46
BLCDT-20060621AAU
WITF
73083
HARRISBURG
PA
33
36
36
BLEDT-20000922AHE
WMTJ
2174
FAJARDO
PR
40
16
16
BMPEDT-20070629AEN
WTCV
28954
SAN JUAN
PR
18
32
32
BPCDT-20070125AAX
WRLK
61013
COLUMBIA
SC
35
32
32
BMLEDT-20040826AAL
WSMV
41232
NASHVILLE
TN
4
10
10
BLCDT-20021029AAV
KXAN
35920
AUSTIN
TX
36
21
21
BLCDT-20050630AAG
KTLM
62354
RIO GRANDE CITY
TX
40
20
20
BPCDT-19991026ACA
KBYU
6823
PROVO
UT
11
44
44
BLEDT-20020813ABC
WDBJ
71329
ROANOKE
VA
7
18
18
BLCDT-20020502AAP
WETK
69944
BURLINGTON
VT
33
32
32
BLEDT-20061011ADW
WVNY
11259
BURLINGTON
VT
22
13
13
BLCDT-20061113ABH
WVTB
69940
ST. JOHNSBURY
VT
20
18
18
BPEDT-20071026ABW
WVTA
69943
WINDSOR
VT
41
24
24
BMPEDT-20060306BRA
WHLA
18780
LA CROSSE
WI
31
30
30
BMLEDT-20041013AAL
WHRM
73036
WAUSAU
WI
20
24
24
BLEDT-20051014AAW
Appendix D3.—Granted Requests for Modified Coverage Area
Call sign
Facility ID No.
Community
State
Current NTSC channel
Current DTV channel
Post transition
channel
WVTM
74173
BIRMINGHAM
AL
13
52
13
KETS
2770
LITTLE ROCK
AR
2
5
7
KNAZ
24749
FLAGSTAFF
AZ
2
22
2
KCET
13058
LOS ANGELES
CA
28
59
28
KXTV
25048
SACRAMENTO
CA
10
61
10
WJLA
1051
WASHINGTON
DC
7
39
7
WUSA
65593
WASHINGTON
DC
9
34
9
WHYY
72338
WILMINGTON
DE
12
55
12
WTSP
11290
ST. PETERSBURG
FL
10
24
10
WPTV
59443
WEST PALM BEACH
FL
5
55
12
WGTV
23948
ATHENS
GA
8
12
8
KWWL
593
WATERLOO
IA
7
55
7
KTVB
34858
BOISE
ID
7
26
7
WNIN
67802
EVANSVILLE
IN
9
12
9
WBKO
4692
BOWLING GREEN
KY
13
33
13
WHAS
32327
LOUISVILLE
KY
11
55
11
WLBZ
39644
BANGOR
ME
2
25
2
WBKP
76001
CALUMET
MI
5
11
5
WILX
6863
ONONDAGA
MI
10
57
10
WPBN
21253
TRAVERSE CITY
MI
7
50
7
WDIO
71338
DULUTH
MN
10
43
10
KEYC
68853
MANKATO
MN
12
38
12
WJTV
48667
JACKSON
MS
12
52
12
WTOK
4686
MERIDIAN
MS
11
49
11
KOBF
35321
FARMINGTON
NM
12
17
12
WWNY
68851
CARTHAGE
NY
7
35
7
WHEC
70041
ROCHESTER
NY
10
58
10
WTVG
74150
TOLEDO
OH
13
19
13
KOED
66195
TULSA
OK
11
38
11
WGAL
53930
LANCASTER
PA
8
58
8
WSUR
19776
PONCE
PR
9
43
9
WJAR
50780
PROVIDENCE
RI
10
51
51
WBTW
66407
FLORENCE
SC
13
56
13
WHNS
72300
GREENVILLE
SC
21
57
21
WYFF
53905
GREENVILLE
SC
4
59
36
KTTM
28501
HURON
SD
12
22
12
WMC
19184
MEMPHIS
TN
5
52
5
KCPQ
33894
TACOMA
WA
13
18
13
KSTW
23428
TACOMA
WA
11
36
11
WDTV
70592
WESTON
WV
5
6
5
Appendix D4.—Granted Requests for Alternative Channel Assignments
Call sign
Facility ID No.
Community
State
Current NTSC channel
Current DTV channel
Post transition
channel
KTVF
49621
FAIRBANKS
AK
11
26
26
KIDA
81570
SUN VALLEY
ID
5
5
KSCW
72348
WICHITA
KS
33
31
19
WUFX
84253
VICKSBURG
MS
35
41
WTLW
1222
LIMA
OH
44
47
44
KIVV
34348
LEAD
SD
5
29
5
WKPT
27504
KINGSPORT
TN
19
27
27
KVAW
32621
EAGLE PASS
TX
16
18
24
Appendix D5.—Stations Requesting Changes That Should be Requested in an Application
Call sign
Facility ID No.
Community
State
Current NTSC channel
Current DTV channel
Post transition
channel
Stations Whose Post-Transition Channel is Different from Their Pre-Transition Channel
KBRR
55370
THIEF RIVER FALLS
MN
10
57
10
KBSH
66415
HAYS
KS
7
20
7
KCBS
9628
LOS ANGELES
CA
2
60
43
KDSE
53329
DICKINSON
ND
9
20
9
KETZ
92872
EL DORADO
AR
12
10
KFME
53321
FARGO
ND
13
23
13
KFVS
592
CAPE GIRARDEAU
MO
12
57
12
KGIN
7894
GRAND ISLAND
NE
11
32
11
KHAS
48003
HASTINGS
NE
5
21
5
KNOP
49273
NORTH PLATTE
NE
2
22
2
KNRR
55362
PEMBINA
ND
12
15
12
KOLN
7890
LINCOLN
NE
10
25
10
KPNE
47973
NORTH PLATTE
NE
9
16
9
KRMJ
14042
GRAND JUNCTION
CO
18
17
18
KTCI
68597
ST. PAUL
MN
17
16
26
KTSC
69170
PUEBLO
CO
8
26
8
KUAC
69315
FAIRBANKS
AK
9
24
9
KUHT
69269
HOUSTON
TX
8
9
8
KUPK
65535
GARDEN CITY
KS
13
18
13
KWCH
66413
HUTCHINSON
KS
12
19
12
KWTX
35903
WACO
TX
10
53
10
WAKA
701
SELMA
AL
8
55
42
WBKO
4692
BOWLING GREEN
KY
13
33
13
WCAX
46728
BURLINGTON
VT
3
53
22
WDSE
17726
DULUTH
MN
8
38
8
WEAU
7893
EAU CLAIRE
WI
13
39
13
WEDU
21808
TAMPA
FL
3
54
13
WIBW
63160
TOPEKA
KS
13
44
13
WJHG
73136
PANAMA CITY
FL
7
8
7
WLEF
63046
PARK FALLS
WI
36
47
36
WLVT
36989
ALLENTOWN
PA
39
62
39
WNPT
41398
NASHVILLE
TN
8
46
8
WPTD
25067
DAYTON
OH
16
58
16
WPVI
8616
PHILADELPHIA
PA
6
64
6
WRDW
73937
AUGUSTA
GA
12
31
12
WSAW
6867
WAUSAU
WI
7
40
7
WSKY
76324
MANTEO
NC
4
4
9
WTAT
416
CHARLESTON
SC
24
40
24
WTVM
595
COLUMBUS
GA
9
47
9
WTVZ
40759
NORFOLK
VA
33
38
33
WVTV
74174
MILWAUKEE
WI
18
61
18
Stations Whose Post-Transition Channel is the Same as Their Pre-Transition Channel
KBTV
61214
PORT ARTHUR
TX
4
40
40
KFNR
21612
RAWLINS
WY
11
9
9
KGWL
63162
LANDER
WY
5
7
7
KMID
35131
MIDLAND
TX
2
26
26
KQTV
20427
ST. JOSEPH
MO
2
53
7
KTWO
18286
CASPER
WY
2
17
17
KUPN
63158
STERLING
CO
3
23
23
KVEA
19783
CORONA
CA
52
39
39
WBBJ
65204
JACKSON
TN
7
43
43
WFXV
43424
UTICA
NY
33
27
27
WHKY
65919
HICKORY
NC
14
40
40
WMYO
34167
SALEM
IN
58
51
51
Appendix E—Supplemental Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
151. As required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, as amended (“RFA”) an Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (“IRFA”) was incorporated in the Seventh Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“ Seventh FNPRM ”) in MB Docket 87-268. The Commission sought written public comment on the proposals in the Seventh FNPRM , including comment on the IRFA. In addition, a Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (“FRFA”) was incorporated in the Seventh RO in MB Docket 87-268. This present Supplemental Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (“Supplemental FRFA”) on the MOOR conforms to the RFA.
A. Need for, and Objectives of, the Order on Reconsideration
152. The Commission initiated this proceeding to establish a final DTV Table of Allotments with the Seventh FNPRM , which proposed a final, post-transition DTV channel for each eligible, (Only Commission licensees and permittees were eligible to participate in the channel election process to select a final DTV channel. See Second DTV Periodic Report and Order , 19 FCC Rcd at 1830, paragraph 66.), full power television broadcast station. After reviewing comments, the Commission adopted a final DTV Table in the Seventh RO . The Commission received approximately 124 petitions for reconsideration of the Seventh RO requesting changes to the Table and/or to the station operating parameters on Appendix B for more than 200 stations. The MOOR responds to these petitions and, in response to some of the petitions, modifies the DTV Table and/or Appendix B adopted in the Seventh RO . This Supplemental FRFA is associated with the MOOR and discusses the changes made to the DTV Table and Appendix B in response to the petitions for reconsideration.
153. The final post-transition DTV Table, as modified herein on reconsideration, finalizes the channel and facilities necessary to complete the digital transition for full power television stations, including full power commercial and noncommercial broadcast television stations. The changes we made to the DTV Table and Appendix B in response to the petitions will help promote overall spectrum efficiency and ensure the best possible service to the public, including service to local communities. For example, for 55 stations, we made changes to Appendix B station operating parameters to be consistent with current authorizations for these stations. For 8 stations, we granted channel changes requested by the station, which will assist those stations in making the transition to digital service and in continuing to serve their communities. For 40 stations, we modified the station's post-transition coverage area to help the station better serve their community post-transition, and for 6 stations we granted minor changes to Appendix B station parameters to reflect correct coordinates for the station. These and other changes to the final DTV Table and Appendix B made herein will assist these broadcasters in transitioning to digital service.
B. Summary of Significant Issues Raised by Public Comments in Response to the IRFA
154. There were no comments filed that specifically addressed the FRFA in this proceeding.
C. Description and Estimate of the Number of Small Entities To Which the Rules Will Apply
155. The RFA directs the Commission to provide a description of and, where feasible, an estimate of the number of small entities that will be affected by the rules adopted herein. The RFA generally defines the term “small entity” as having the same meaning as the terms “small business,” “small organization,” and “small government jurisdiction.” In addition, the term “small business” has the same meaning as the term “small business concern” under the Small Business Act. Id . § 601(3) (incorporating by reference the definition of “small business concern” in 15 U.S.C. 632). Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 601(3), the statutory definition of a small business applies “unless an agency, after consultation with the Office of Advocacy of the Small Business Administration and after opportunity for public comment, establishes one or more definitions of such term which are appropriate to the activities of the agency and publishes such definition(s) in the Federal Register .” 5 U.S.C. 601(3). A small business concern is one which: (1) Is independently owned and operated; (2) is not dominant in its field of operation; and (3) satisfies any additional criteria established by the Small Business Administration (SBA). 15 U.S.C. 632. Application of the statutory criteria of dominance in its field of operation and independence are sometimes difficult to apply in the context of broadcast television. Accordingly, the Commission's statistical account of television stations may be over-inclusive. The rules of this MOO will primarily affect full power television stations, as opposed to low power television stations and television translator stations. A description of such small entities, as well as an estimate of the number of such small entities, is provided below.
156. Television Broadcasting . The rules and policies adopted in this MOOR apply to television broadcast licensees and potential licensees of television service. The SBA defines a television broadcast station as a small business if such station has no more than $13.0 million in annual receipts. Business concerns included in this industry are those “primarily engaged in broadcasting images together with sound.” Id . This category description continues, “These establishments operate television broadcasting studios and facilities for the programming and transmission of programs to the public. These establishments also produce or transmit visual programming to affiliated broadcast television stations, which in-turn broadcast the programs to the public on a predetermined schedule. Programming may originate in their own studios, from an affiliated network, or from external sources.” Separate census categories pertain to businesses primarily engaged in producing programming. See Motion Picture and Video Production, NAICS code 512110; Motion Picture and Video Distribution, NAICS Code 512120; Teleproduction and Other Post-Production Services, NAICS Code 512191; and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries, NAICS Code 512199. The Commission has estimated the number of licensed commercial television stations to be 1,376. See News Release, “Broadcast Station Totals as of December 31, 2006,” 2007 WL 221575 (dated Jan. 26, 2007) (“ Broadcast Station Totals ”); also available at http://www.fcc.gov/mb/ . According to Commission staff review of the BIA Financial Network, MAPro Television Database (“BIA”) on March 30, 2007, about 986 of an estimated 1,374 commercial television stations (or about 72 percent) have revenues of $13.0 million or less and thus qualify as small entities under the SBA definition. The Commission has estimated the number of licensed NCE television stations to be 380. We note, however, that, in assessing whether a business concern qualifies as small under the above definition, business (control) affiliations, (“[Business concerns] are affiliates of each other when one concern controls or has the power to control the other or a third party or parties controls or has to power to control both.” 13 CFR 121.103(a)(1).), must be included. Our estimate, therefore, likely overstates the number of small entities that might be affected by our action, because the revenue figure on which it is based does not include or aggregate revenues from affiliated companies. The Commission does not compile and otherwise does not have access to information on the revenue of NCE stations that would permit it to determine how many such stations would qualify as small entities.
157. In addition, an element of the definition of “small business” is that the entity not be dominant in its field of operation. We are unable at this time to define or quantify the criteria that would establish whether a specific television station is dominant in its field of operation. Accordingly, the estimate of small businesses to which rules may apply do not exclude any television station from the definition of a small business on this basis and are therefore over-inclusive to that extent. Also as noted, an additional element of the definition of “small business” is that the entity must be independently owned and operated. We note that it is difficult at times to assess these criteria in the context of media entities and our estimates of small businesses to which they apply may be over-inclusive to this extent.
158. Class A TV, LPTV, and TV translator stations . The rules and policies adopted in this MOOR do not directly affect low power television stations, as the DTV Table adopted in the MOO finalizes post-transition digital channels only for full power television stations. Nonetheless, as discussed in Section E, infra , low power television stations will also eventually transition from analog to digital technology and may be indirectly affected by the channel allotment decisions herein. The broadcast stations indirectly affected include licensees of Class A TV stations, low power television (LPTV) stations, and TV translator stations, as well as to potential licensees in these television services. In general, low power television stations are secondary to full power television stations and must accept interference from full power stations. The Community Broadcasters Protection Act, and the Commission's rules implementing that statute, give certain low power television (LPTV) stations, known as Class A stations, some limited protection from interference by full-service stations. See Community Broadcasters Protection Act of 1999, Pub. L. No. 106-113, 113 Stat. Appendix I at pp. 1501A-594-1501A-598 (1999), codified at 47 U.S.C. 336(f). See also 47 CFR 73.6000-6027. The same SBA definition that applies to television broadcast licensees would apply to these stations. The SBA defines a television broadcast station as a small business if such station has no more than $13.0 million in annual receipts. Currently, there are approximately 567 licensed Class A stations, 2,227 licensed LPTV stations, and 4,518 licensed TV translators. Given the nature of these services, we will presume that all of these licensees qualify as small entities under the SBA definition. We note, however, that under the SBA's definition, revenue of affiliates that are not LPTV stations should be aggregated with the LPTV station revenues in determining whether a concern is small. Our estimate may thus overstate the number of small entities since the revenue figure on which it is based does not include or aggregate revenues from non-LPTV affiliated companies. We do not have data on revenues of TV translator or TV booster stations, but virtually all of these entities are also likely to have revenues of less than $13.0 million and thus may be categorized as small, except to the extent that revenues of affiliated non-translator or booster entities should be considered.
D. Description of Projected Reporting, Recordkeeping and Other Compliance Requirements
159. The rules adopted in the MOOR involve no changes to reporting, recordkeeping, or other compliance requirements beyond what is already required under the current regulations.
E. Steps Taken To Minimize Significant Impact on Small Entities, and Significant Alternatives Considered
160. The RFA requires an agency to describe any significant alternatives that it has considered in reaching its proposed approach, which may include the following four alternatives (among others): (1) The establishment of differing compliance or reporting requirements or timetables that take into account the resources available to small entities; (2) the clarification, consolidation, or simplification of compliance or reporting requirements under the rule for small entities; (3) the use of performance, rather than design, standards; and (4) an exemption from coverage of the rule, or any part thereof, for small entities.
161. As noted in paragraph 3 of this Supplemental FRFA, we made a number of changes to the final DTV Table and Appendix B in the MOOR in response to petitions for reconsideration filed on behalf of stations. The changes we made will help promote overall spectrum efficiency and ensure the best possible service to the public, including service to local communities. In general, we accommodated the requests made by petitioners to the extent possible consistent with the interference and other standards outlined in the Seventh FNPRM and the Seventh RO in this proceeding. Making changes wherever possible in response to station requests and consistent with previous standards advances the Commission's overall goal of facilitating the digital transition. An alternative, which we did not pursue, would have been to consider petitions without reference to the interference and other standards set forth in the Seventh FNPRM and the Seventh RO . We rejected that alternative on the ground that station requests should be treated consistently to the extent possible, so that stations that requested relief earlier in the proceeding, in a comment filed in response to the Seventh FNPRM , do not get treated differently from those that requested relief later, in a petition for reconsideration filed in response to the Seventh RO .
162. The changes to the final post-transition DTV Table adopted in the MOOR provides stations that filed petitions for reconsideration—large and small alike—with the best channels and facilities possible for accomplishing the digital transition. Large and small broadcasters alike benefited from our approach of accommodating petitioner requests where possible, which was taken in an effort to expedite finalization of the DTV Table and Appendix B so that stations can complete construction of their post-transition facilities by the statutory deadline for the DTV transition. Where petitioners made specific requests for changes to the proposals in the Seventh FNPRM , requests that provided for an alternative service area for the station or parameters that differed from those adopted by the Commission, those requests were granted to the extent possible consistent with the standards of the Seventh FNPRM and the Seventh RO and, in particular, with the applicable interference standards. This process has been open and transparent, and has provided consistent treatment for large and small broadcasters.
163. The final DTV Table adopted herein does not provide for channels for low power television stations, and we received no petitions for reconsideration from low power stations. The Commission will address the digital transition for low power television (“LPTV”) stations in a separate proceeding. The statutory transition deadline established by Congress in 2006—February 17, 2009—applies only to full-power stations. See Digital Television and Public Safety Act of 2005, which is Title III of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, Pub. L. No. 109-171, 120 Stat. 4 (2006) (codified at 47 U.S.C. 309(j)(14) and 337(e)). One of the Commission's goals in this proceeding is to permit full power stations to finalize their post-transition facilities by this rapidly approaching deadline. The Commission previously determined that it has discretion under 47 U.S.C. 336(f)(4) to set the date by which analog operations of stations in the low power and translator service must cease. Amendment of Parts 73 and 74 of the Commission's Rules to Establish Rules for Digital Low Power Television, Television Translator, and Television Booster Stations and to Amend Rules for Digital Class A Television Stations , MB Docket No. 03-185, Report and Order, 19 FCC Rcd 19331, 19336 paragraph 12 (2004) (“ LPTV DTV Report and Order ”). The Commission has stated that the intent is to ensure that low power and translator stations not be required to prematurely convert to digital operation in a manner that could disrupt their analog service or, more importantly, that might cause them to cease operation. The Commission decided not to establish a fixed termination date for the low power digital television transition until it resolved the issues concerning the transition of full-power television stations. The Commission has recognized that low power television stations are a valuable component of the nation's television system and has stated its intention to facilitate, wherever possible, the digital transition of these stations.
F. Report to Congress
164. The Commission will send a copy of this MOOR , including this Supplemental FRFA, in a report to be sent to Congress pursuant to the Congressional Review Act. In addition, the Commission will send a copy of this MOOR , including the Supplemental FRFA, to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration. A copy of the MOOR and Supplemental FRFA (or summaries thereof) will also be published in the Federal Register .
Appendix F—Eighth Report and Order,List of Comments and Replies
1. Richland Reserve, LLC.
2. Fox Television Stations of Philadelphia, Inc.
3. Maryland Public Broadcasting Commission d/b/a Maryland Public Television.
4. Saga Quad States Communications.
5. Gray Television Licensee, Inc.
6. Gilmore Broadcasting Corp.
7. Idaho Independent Television, Inc.
8. The Board of Trustees of The University of Alabama.
9. CBS Corporation.
10. Tribune Broadcasting Co.
Appendix G—Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
1. As required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, as amended (“RFA”) an Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (“IRFA”) was incorporated in the Eighth Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“ 8th FNPRM ”). The Commission sought written public comment on the proposals in the Eighth Further Notice, including comment on the IRFA. The Commission received no comments on the IRFA. This present Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (“FRFA”) accompanying the Eighth Report and Order (“ Eighth RO ”) conforms to the RFA.
A. Need for, and Objectives of, the Report and Order
2. This Eighth RO addresses comments filed by licensees and permittees in response to the Eighth Further Notice. The Eighth Further Notice proposed modifications to the new post-transition DTV Table of Allotments and Appendix B (“DTV Table”). It provided three new full power permittees and nine existing full power licensees and permittees with channels and parameters for digital broadcast operations after the DTV transition. Changes to the new post-transition DTV Table affect full power commercial and noncommercial broadcast television stations as the new DTV Table provides post-transition channels for all eligible full power stations and changes to the Table may have interference or other implications for other broadcasters in the Table.
3. The Commission announced in the Seventh Further Notice that, to the extent possible, it would accommodate future new permittees in the new post-transition DTV Table, but that it would provide an opportunity for public comment before doing so. Three new construction permits were issued to permittees too late to be offered for comment in the Public Notice revising the Seventh Further Notice, (Public Notice, “Revisions to Proposed New DTV Table of Allotments, Tentative Channel Designations To Be Added to the DTV Table of Allotments Proposed in the Seventh Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making in MB Docket No. 87-268,” DA 07-20 (MB rel. Jan. 8, 2007), 72 FR 2485 (Jan. 19, 2007) (`` New Permittees PN ”).), but it was found that these permittees could be accommodated in the new DTV Table without causing impermissible interference. Having provided the requisite notice and comment periods, in the Eighth RO we have now granted the specific facilities and parameters we proposed for these permittees, including the request for a different post-transition digital channel in a comment filed by one of the permittees. Furthermore, ten, (Initially, ten licensees or permittees requested changes and were under consideration, however one licensee, Fox Television Stations of Philadelphia, Inc., has withdrawn its request to adjust its Appendix B parameters and therefore only nine such requests are being considered. See Brief Comment of Fox Television Stations of Philadelphia, Inc., filed Oct. 18, 2007.), existing licensees and permittees made late-filed requests to the Seventh Further Notice for modifications to the new DTV Table, and we found it appropriate to provide a full opportunity for comment with respect to these entities in the Eighth Further Notice. With the issuance of the instant Eighth RO, we have now considered any comments filed in connection with these proposals. We grant the request of one station to modify Appendix B to reflect its authorized facilities, we grant the request of another station seeking to modify its Appendix B facilities to more closely replicate its analog Grade B contour, we grant alternative post-transition digital channel assignments to five stations, and we grant the request to modify the technical parameters of two stations whose transmission facilities were destroyed by Hurricane Katrina.
4. We believe these modifications to the new post-transition DTV Table support the goals set forth for the channel election process. By these modifications, the new permittees are provided with channels for DTV operations after the transition. Where adjustments bring the Table into line with the facilities or service areas of existing licensees or permittees, they recognize industry expectations and respect investments already made. These adjustments also move the overall post-transition DTV Table more quickly towards finality without sacrificing clarity or transparency. Finally, we believe the adjustments we have granted in the Eighth RO reflect our efforts to promote overall spectrum efficiency and, in particular, ensure the best possible DTV service to the public.
B. Summary of Significant Issues Raised by Public Comments in Response to the IRFA
5. There were no comments filed that specifically addressed the rules and policies proposed in the IRFA.
C. Description and Estimate of the Number of Small Entities To Which the Rules Will Apply
6. The RFA directs the Commission to provide a description of and, where feasible, an estimate of the number of small entities that will be affected by the rules adopted herein. The RFA generally defines the term “small entity” as having the same meaning as the terms “small business,” ``small organization,” and “small government jurisdiction.” In addition, the term “small business” has the same meaning as the term “small business concern” under the Small Business Act. Id. § 601(3) (incorporating by reference the definition of “small business concern” in 15 U.S.C. 632). Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 601(3), the statutory definition of a small business applies “unless an agency, after consultation with the Office of Advocacy of the Small Business Administration and after opportunity for public comment, establishes one or more definitions of such term which are appropriate to the activities of the agency and publishes such definition(s) in the Federal Register .” 5 U.S.C. 601(3). A small business concern is one which: (1) Is independently owned and operated; (2) is not dominant in its field of operation; and (3) satisfies any additional criteria established by the Small Business Administration (SBA). 15 U.S.C. 632. Application of the statutory criteria of `non-dominance in its field of operation' and ‘independence' are sometimes difficult to accomplish in the context of broadcast television. Accordingly, the Commission's statistical account of television stations may be over-inclusive. The rules of this Eighth RO will primarily affect full power television stations, as opposed to low power television stations and television translator stations. A description of such small entities, as well as an estimate of the number of such small entities, is provided below.
7. Television Broadcasting. The rules and policies adopted in this Eighth RO apply to television broadcast licensees and permittees of television service. The SBA defines a television broadcast station as a small business if such station has no more than $13.0 million in annual receipts. Business concerns included in this industry are those “primarily engaged in broadcasting images together with sound.” Id. This category description continues, “These establishments operate television broadcasting studios and facilities for the programming and transmission of programs to the public. These establishments also produce or transmit visual programming to affiliated broadcast television stations, which in turn broadcast the programs to the public on a predetermined schedule. Programming may originate in their own studios, from an affiliated network, or from external sources.” Separate census categories pertain to businesses primarily engaged in producing programming. See Motion Picture and Video Production, NAICS code 512110; Motion Picture and Video Distribution, NAICS Code 512120; Teleproduction and Other Post-Production Services, NAICS Code 512191; and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries, NAICS Code 512199. The Commission has estimated the number of licensed commercial television stations to be 1,376. See News Release, “Broadcast Station Totals as of December 31, 2006,” 2007 WL 221575 (dated Jan. 26, 2007) (“ Broadcast Station Totals ”); also available at http://www.fcc.gov/mb/. According to Commission staff review of the BIA Financial Network, MAPro Television Database (“BIA”) on March 30, 2007, about 986 of an estimated 1,374 commercial television stations (or about 72 percent) have revenues of $13.5 million or less and thus qualify as small entities under the SBA definition. The Commission has estimated the number of licensed NCE television stations to be 380. See Broadcast Station Totals, supra note15. We note, however, that, in assessing whether a business concern qualifies as small under the above definition, business (control) affiliations, (“[Business concerns] are affiliates of each other when one concern controls or has the power to control the other or a third party or parties controls or has to power to control both.” 13 CFR 121.103(a)(1).), must be included. Our estimate, therefore, likely overstates the number of small entities that might be affected by our action, because the revenue figure on which it is based does not include or aggregate revenues from affiliated companies. The Commission does not compile and otherwise does not have access to information on the revenue of NCE stations that would permit it to determine how many such stations would qualify as small entities.
8. In addition, an element of the definition of “small business” is that the entity not be dominant in its field of operation. We are unable at this time to define or quantify the criteria that would establish whether a specific television station is dominant in its field of operation. Accordingly, the estimate of small businesses to which rules may apply do not exclude any television station from the definition of a small business on this basis and are therefore over-inclusive to that extent. Also as noted, an additional element of the definition of “small business” is that the entity must be independently owned and operated. We note that it is difficult at times to assess these criteria in the context of media entities and our estimates of small businesses to which they apply may be over-inclusive to this extent.
9. Class A TV, LPTV, and TV translator stations. The rules and policies proposed in this Eighth RO do not directly affect low power television stations, as the DTV Table to which changes are being proposed will finalize post-transition digital channels only for full power television stations. Nonetheless, as discussed in Section E, infra, low power television stations will also eventually transition from analog to digital technology and may be indirectly affected by the channel allotment decisions herein. The broadcast stations indirectly affected include licensees of Class A TV stations, low power television (LPTV) stations, and TV translator stations, as well as to potential licensees in these television services. The same SBA definition that applies to television broadcast licensees would apply to these stations. The SBA defines a television broadcast station as a small business if such station has no more than $13.0 million in annual receipts. Currently, there are approximately 567 licensed Class A stations, 2,227 licensed LPTV stations, and 4,518 licensed TV translators. Given the nature of these services, we will presume that all of these licensees qualify as small entities under the SBA definition. We note, however, that under the SBA's definition, revenue of affiliates that are not LPTV stations should be aggregated with the LPTV station revenues in determining whether a concern is small. Our estimate may thus overstate the number of small entities since the revenue figure on which it is based does not include or aggregate revenues from non-LPTV affiliated companies. We do not have data on revenues of TV translator or TV booster stations, but virtually all of these entities are also likely to have revenues of less than $13.0 million and thus may be categorized as small, except to the extent that revenues of affiliated non- translator or booster entities should be considered.
D. Description of Projected Reporting, Recordkeeping and Other Compliance Requirements
10. The rules adopted in this Eighth RO involve no changes to reporting, recordkeeping, or other compliance requirements beyond what is already required under the current regulations.
E. Steps Taken To Minimize Significant Impact on Small Entities, and Significant Alternatives Considered
11. The RFA requires an agency to describe any significant alternatives that it has considered in reaching its proposed approach, which may include the following four alternatives (among others): (1) The establishment of differing compliance or reporting requirements or timetables that take into account the resources available to small entities; (2) the clarification, consolidation, or simplification of compliance or reporting requirements under the rule for small entities; (3) the use of performance, rather than design, standards; and (4) an exemption from coverage of the rule, or any part thereof, for small entities.
12. The new post-transition DTV Table adopted in the Seventh RO provides all eligible broadcast television stations—large and small alike—with channels for post-transition DTV operations. Small broadcasters, just like large ones, benefited from participating in the channel election process, and had an equal opportunity to review the proposed DTV Table and request modifications to it. Furthermore, no distinction was made between large and small licensees and permittees when determining which proposals to include in the Eighth Further Notice or which proposals to grant in the Eighth RO. All licensees and permittees affected by the Eighth RO had the opportunity to comment, and the Commission considered all comments, including those proposing alternative allotments for specific stations. The channel designations and parameters granted in the Eighth RO are based almost entirely on elections by licensees and permittees. The transition procedures utilized in selecting final DTV allotments have been sufficiently transparent and flexible and were the most efficient means of minimizing the impact on small entities. The narrow scope of the Commission's authority did not permit for alternative procedures for selecting final DTV allotments, nor has the Commission ever utilized any alternative procedure for finalizing the DTV Table.
13. In addition, the new DTV Table to which the Eighth RO grants modifications does not provide for channels for low power television stations. The Commission will address the digital transition for low power television (“LPTV”) stations in a separate proceeding. The statutory transition deadline established by Congress in 2006—February 17, 2009—applies only to full-power stations. See Digital Television and Public Safety Act of 2005, which is Title III of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, Pub. L. No. 109-171, 120 Stat. 4 (2006) (codified at 47 U.S.C. 309(j)(14) and 337(e)). One of the Commission's goals in this proceeding is to permit full power stations to finalize their post-transition facilities by this rapidly approaching deadline. The Commission previously determined that it has discretion under 47 U.S.C. 336(f)(4) to set the date by which analog operations of stations in the low power and translator service must cease. Amendment of Parts 73 and 74 of the Commission's Rules To Establish Rules for Digital Low Power Television, Television Translator, and Television Booster Stations and To Amend Rules for Digital Class A Television Stations, MB Docket No. 03-185, Report and Order, 19 FCC Rcd 19331, 19336 paragraph 12 (2004) ( LPTV DTV Report and Order ). The Commission has stated that the intent is to ensure that low power and translator stations not be required to prematurely convert to digital operation in a manner that could disrupt their analog service or, more importantly, that might cause them to cease operation. The Commission decided not to establish a fixed termination date for the low power digital television transition until it resolved the issues concerning the transition of full-power television stations. The Commission has recognized that low power television stations are a valuable component of the nation's television system and has stated its intention to facilitate, wherever possible, the digital transition of these stations.
F. Report to Congress
14. The Commission will send a copy of this Eighth RO, including this FRFA, in a report to be sent to Congress pursuant to the Congressional Review Act. In addition, the Commission will send a copy of this Eighth RO, including the FRFA, to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration. A copy of this Eighth RO and FRFA (or summaries thereof) will also be published in the Federal Register .
[FR Doc. E8-5662 Filed 3-20-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6712-01-P

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