Section 40-29-90Jeopardy assessment - For income tax.
(a) Termination of taxable period. If the commissioner or his delegate finds that a taxpayer designs quickly to depart from the State of Alabama or to remove his property therein, or to do any other act tending to prejudice or to render wholly or partly ineffectual proceedings to collect the income tax for the current or the preceding taxable year unless such proceedings be brought without delay, the commissioner or his delegate shall declare the taxable period for such taxpayer immediately terminated, and shall cause notice of such finding and declaration to be given the taxpayer, together with a demand for immediate payment of the tax for the taxable period so declared terminated and of the tax for the preceding taxable year or so much of such tax as is unpaid, whether or not the time otherwise allowed by law for filing return and paying the tax has expired; and such taxes shall thereupon become immediately due and payable. In any proceeding in court brought to enforce payment of taxes made due and payable by virtue of the provisions of this section, the finding of the commissioner or his delegate, made as herein provided, whether made after notice to the taxpayer or not, shall be for all purposes presumptive evidence of jeopardy.
(b) Reopening of taxable period. Notwithstanding the termination of the taxable period of the taxpayer by the commissioner or his delegate, as provided in subsection (a), the commissioner or his delegate may reopen such taxable period each time the taxpayer is found by the commissioner or his delegate to have received income, within the current taxable year, since a termination of the period under subsection (a). A taxable period so terminated by the commissioner or his delegate may be reopened by the taxpayer if he files with the commissioner or his delegate a true and accurate return of the items of gross income and of the deductions and credits allowed under this title for such taxable period, together with such other information required under this title. If the taxpayer is a nonresident, the taxable period so terminated may be reopened by him if he files, or causes to be filed, with the commissioner or his delegate a true and accurate return of his total income derived from all sources within the State of Alabama, in the manner prescribed in this title.
(c) Abatement if jeopardy does not exist. The commissioner or his delegate may abate the jeopardy assessment if he finds that jeopardy does not exist. The period of limitation on the making of assessments and levy or a proceeding in court for collection, in respect of any deficiency, shall be determined as if the jeopardy assessment so abated had not been made, except that the running of such period shall in any event be suspended for the period from the date of such jeopardy assessment until the expiration of the tenth day after the day on which such jeopardy assessment is abated.
(d) Approved bond. When a jeopardy assessment has been entered as provided in subsection (a), the collection of all or any part of such assessment may be stayed by filing with the commissioner or his delegate an approved bond conditioned upon the payment of the assessment together with applicable interest and costs of collection. The commissioner or his delegate shall have sole discretion to approve or disapprove the bond, but such approval shall not be unreasonably withheld.
(e) Appeal. A final jeopardy assessment entered hereunder may be appealed to either the Administrative Law Division of the department or the appropriate circuit court of Alabama in the same manner as provided by the procedures contained in Chapter 2A of this title for the appeal of final assessments. If the appeal is taken to the Administrative Law Division, the taxpayer must file the bond required by subsection (d).
(Acts 1983, 4th Ex. Sess., No. 83-891, p. 128, §27; Acts 1992, No. 92-186, p. 349, §78.)