EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 390 of 1976
30.406 Obligation of person within state; compensation for services or property; record; claims; exceptions.
(1) All persons within this state shall conduct themselves and manage their affairs and property in ways that will reasonably assist and will not unreasonably detract from the ability of the state and the public to cope with the effects of a disaster or an emergency. This obligation includes appropriate personal service and the use or restriction of the use of property in time of a disaster or an emergency. This act neither increases nor decreases these obligations but recognizes their existence under the state constitution of 1963, the statutes, and the common law. Compensation for services or for the taking or use of property shall be paid only if obligations recognized herein are exceeded in a particular case and only if the claimant has not volunteered his or her services or property without compensation.
(2) Personal services may not be compensated by the state, or a subdivision or agency of the state, except pursuant to statute, local law, or ordinance.
(3) Compensation for property shall be paid only if the property is taken or otherwise used in coping with a disaster or emergency and its use or destruction is ordered by the governor or the director. A record of all property taken or otherwise used under this act shall be made and promptly transmitted to the office of the governor.
(4) A person claiming compensation for the use, damage, loss, or destruction of property under this act shall file a claim with the emergency management division of the department in the form and manner prescribed by the division.
(5) If a claimant refuses to accept the amount of compensation offered by the state, a claim may be filed in the state court of claims which court shall have exclusive jurisdiction to determine the amount of compensation due the owner.
(6) This section does not apply to or authorize compensation for either of the following:
(a) The destruction or damaging of standing timber or other property to provide a firebreak.
(b) The release of waters or the breach of impoundments to reduce pressure or other danger from actual or threatened flood.
History: 1976, Act 390, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 1976
Am. 1990, Act 50, Imd. Eff. Apr. 6, 1990
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